United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	.
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-041
February, 1997

                       Protecting  Endangered
                       Species
                       Interim Measures
                       Graham  County, Arizona
                          The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                          what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                          Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                      Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                      effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                      law at this time, but are being provided now for
                      your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                      threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                      use. We encourage you to use this information.
                      We also welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                      protect and promote recovery of animals and
                      plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                      to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                      must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                      not result in harm to the species listed as
                      endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                      Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                      species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                      Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                      pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                      this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                      endangered and threatened species from harm due
                      to pesticide use.
                       EPA requests your comments regarding the
                      information presented in this publication. Please
                      let us know whether the information is clear and
                      correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                      recommended measures would affect you typical
                      pesticide use or productivity. This information
                      will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                      of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                       Interim Endangered Species
                                       Protection Program (7506C)
                                                     U.S. EPA
                                               401 M Street, SW
                                          Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Primed with Soy/Canola Ink on- paper that
contains at least 50% recycled Tiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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GRAHAM  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
                                   LEGEND
               County Border
               County Seat
               City, Town

               U.S. Highway

               Bureau of Indian Affairs or
                 Forest Service Road
               Dirt or Unimproved Road,
                 Trail
 A        Mt., Pk., Spot Qev.
 j*        Spring
	   Park, Reservation,
             Forest, Monument
                                         N
River, Stream, Creek
Lake, Reservoir
Wash, Draw
                                             Little
                                             Rocky Creak
                                                   North For*
                                                   Ash Creek
                                                   South Fork
                                                   Ash Creak
   Son Carlos Indian Reservation
               Coronado
               National
               Forest


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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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