United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-042
February, 1997
                        Protecting   Endangered
                        Species
                        Interim  Measures
                        Greenlee County, Arizona
                           The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                           what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                           Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                       Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                       effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                       law at this time, but are being provided now for
                       your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                       threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                       use. We encourage you to use this information.
                       We also welcome your comments.

                        The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                       protect and promote recovery of animals and
                       plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                       to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                       must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                       not result in harm to the species listed as
                       endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                       Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                       species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                       Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                       pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                       this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                       endangered and threatened species from harm due
                       to pesticide use.
                        EPA requests your comments regarding the
                       information presented in this publication. Please
                       let us know whether the information is clear and
                       correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                       recommended measures would affect you typical
                       pesticide use or productivity. This information
                       will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                       of program development.

                                         Please submit comments to:
                                        Interim Endangered Species
                                        Protection Program (7506C)
                                                       U.S. EPA
                                                401 M Street, SW
                                           Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the  species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below.  The information  applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage  directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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GREENLEE  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
East Fork Black River
                     LEGEND
                         County Border
                         County Seat
                         City, Town
                         Interstate, U.S.,
                           State Highway
                         Mt, Pk., Spot Qev.
                         Park, Reservation,
                          , Forest, Monument
                         River, Stream, Creek
                         Mogollon Rim
                                      N
                6mF
            6km
SHADING  KEY
\ / .' ' 1 Apache (=Arizona) trout (fish), Salmo apache. Within the shaded area
I'   ^ - J shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply within the buffer zones
          along rivers and-streams only when water is present.
          ; Loach minnow (fish),  Tiaroga cobitis and Spikedace (fish), Meda fulgida.  Within
          the shaded areas shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply within the buffer
          zones along Eagle Creek, Campbell  Blue Creek, Blue River and San Francisco River.
                                                                             A- * y  '     x \'*' * -M +'+ *
                                                                             -  > ^   -^ ' !  / ' *   y 
                                                                                          Campbe//
                                                                                           -Blue,
                                       .       .
                /.
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 Limitations On Pesticide Use
 Codes/Limitations

 1    Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

 1 m  Within'the shaded area shown on the map and Vz mile up all streams that join the shaded area, do not apply this pesticide
     within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

 2    Do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

 3    Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown  on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

 3m  Within the shaded area shown on the map and Vz mile up all streams that join the shaded area, do not apply this pesticide
     within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within Vi mile for aerial applications.

 5d   Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applications within 1 mile from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on
     the map.

 10   Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map, nor within 1 mile up all streams from the
     shaded area.

 20   Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map.

 41   Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 1/2 mile for aerial applications.

 43   Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within VA mile for aerial applications.

 199  Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 20 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map  for ground applications,  nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

299  Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 40 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map  for ground applications,  nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

399  Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications,  nor within Vt mile for aerial applications.

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Active Ingredient Shading Pattern
APACHE LOACH MINNOW
TROUT SPIKEDACE
 / .
Code
FENITROTHION 3
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
1SOFENPHOS (granular)
ISOFENPHOS (non-granular)
MALATHION 3,5d,20
MANCOZEB 199
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL 1,5d
METHYL PARATHION 3,5d,20
NALED 5d,199
OXAMYL (granular)
OXAMYL (non-granular) -
OXYDEMETON-METHYL 199
OXYFLUORFEN (granular) 1
OXYFLUORFEN (non-granular) 199
PARATHION (ethyl) (granular)
PARATHION (ethyl) (non-granular) -
PENDIMETHALIN
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids -
Liquids not Soil-incorporated 
PERMETHRIN 1,5d
PHORATE
PHOSMET 1
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROFENOFOS
PROPACHLOR (granular) 299
PROPACHLOR (non-granular) 399
PROPARGITE
PYRETHRINS 1,5d,20
SULPROFOS
TERBUFOS
THIOPHANATE-METHYL 1
TRIBUFOS (DEF)
TRICHLORFON (granular) 2
TRICHLORFON (non-granular) 399
TRIFLURALIN
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids -
Liquids not Soil-incorporated 
/ . : + + * + H
.'/. l*V*Vl
TAR* - Code TAR*
20 -
1m
 1 
" 199 2.8
3m,5d,10 -
0.75 199 0.75
1m -
5d,399 0.2
3m,5d,10 -
2.0 5d,399 2.0
__ 1 _
199 1.5
2.5 199 2.5
 2 
0.75 399 0.75
2 -
- 3m -
2 -
- 3m -
199 0.04
- 3m -
- 3m -
199 4
- 3m -
1.3 299 1.3
0.4 399 0.4 '
199 1.5
3m,5d,10 -
199 1.5
- 3m -
1m -
399 1
2 -
3.5 399 3.5
__ o 	
399 0.5
"TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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How To Use This Information
1)   On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2)   Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3)   Jn the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
4)   Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5)   When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
    Pesticide Use."
6)   If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7)   Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.

Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients	
Active Ingredient
                Shading Pattern
                                              APACHE
                                              TROUT
Code   TAR*
                         LOACH MINNOW
                           SPIKEDACE
                                                                        Code    TAR*
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
BENSULIDE
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (granular)
CARBOFURAN (non-granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular)
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa
Apples
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide
COPPER SULFATE (all salts)
DIAZINON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE (granular)
DIMETHOATE (non-granular)
DISULFOTON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
DIURON
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
 _
3,5d
1


_ _
- . . . _ .
j _
3 
199 0.7
1
1 . - .
199 2.8

43
41

3,20
_ _


2
3
 
_ _
| _
| 	
5d,199 2.3


2
3 
 
 
1,5d
_ _
_ 
- -
199
3m,5d
3m


2
399
1m
3m
299

2
399

43
41

3m,10
1m


2
3m
399
199
1m
3
3m,5d


2
3m
199
3m,5d
1m,5d
399
1m
1m
0.5
-
_



4


0.7


2.8

_



-



 '
1 .
1.2
_





-
4


3.5
_
-

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to  enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift.  Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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