United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-045
February, 1997
                        Protecting   Endangered
                       Species
                       Interim  Measures
                       Mohave County, Arizona
                           The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                           what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                           Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                       Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                       effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                       law at this time, but are being provided now for
                       your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                       threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                       use. We encourage you to use this information.
                       We also welcome your comments.

                        The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                       protect and promote recovery of animals and
                       plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                       to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                       must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                       not result in harm to the species listed as
                       endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                       Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                       species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                       Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                       pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                       this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                       endangered and threatened species from harm due
                       to pesticide use.
                        EPA requests your comments regarding the
                       information presented in this publication. Please
                       let us know whether the information is clear and
                       correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                       recommended measures would affect you typical
                       pesticide use or productivity. This information
                       will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                       of program development.

                                         Please submit comments to:
                                       Interim Endangered Species
                                       Protection Program (7506C)
                                                      U.S. EPA
                                                401 M Street, SW
                                           Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canoia Ink on- paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
            ,   Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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MOHAVE  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
            LEGEND
                 County Border
                 County Seat
                 City, Town
                 Interstate, U.S., State
                  Highway
                 Unimproved Road
                  or Trail
                 Mi, Pk., Spot Hev.
                 Pork, Reservation,
                  Forest, Monument
                 Dam
                 River, Stream, Creek
                 Lake, Reservoir
                         XXX
                         S^ W/N
            /VN/XXXXXXX
                 \/V WV\/\/
                 /WWW>
                 WS/W WW VV
WOLF  HOLEC
      MT. TRUMBULL
                     Lake Mead
                  (Colorado River)
                                                           Grand Canyon
                                                           National  Park
                                 Lake Mead National
                                   Recreation Area
                                                                                             12 mi
                             Colorado
                               River
                                                                             Santa Maria River

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SHADING KEY
          Arizi
          ther
          irrigated pastureiand or cropland.
[v v'v'vj Arizona cliffrose (plant), Cowania subintegra  (Rosaceae, the rose family). Within the shaded area shown on
I? re re T7 d ^g mapi the species habitat is in low rolling hills with gravelly soils. Pesticide use limitations do not apply in
          Siler pincushion cactus (plant), Pediocactus sileri (Cactaceae, the cactus family). Within the shaded area
          shown on the map, the species habitat is in gypsum- and calcium-rich clay soils.  Pesticide use limitations do
          not apply in irrigated pastureiand or cropland.
         Virgin river chub (fish), Gila robusta seminuda and Woundfin (fish), Plagopterus araentissimu*  Th   h A A
	'area ^own on the map is the entire Virgin River in Mohave County.              argentissimus.  The shaded
          Yuma clapper rail (bird) Rallus longirostris yumanensis. Within the shaded area shown on the mao the
          spec.es habitat ,s m freshwater marshes within 3 miles of the edge of the rivers and lakTs

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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations

1    Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 100 yards for,aerial applications.

3    Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 14 mile for aerial applications.

3m  Within the shaded area shown on the map and Vz mile up all streams that join the shaded area, do not apply this
     pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within % mile for aerial applications.

Sd   Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applications within 1 mile from the edge of water within the shaded area shown
     on the map.

10   Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map, nor within 1 mile up all streams from the
     shaded area.

17b Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key). For ground applications do not
     apply within 100 yards of the habitat, nor within % mile for aerial applications.                     ,

20   Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map.                          ;

20c Do not apply directly to water within the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).         ,

29   Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key). For ground applications do not
     apply within 20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

32a Do not apply this pesticide on rights-of-way in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).

43   Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within V* mile for aerial applications.

399 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor within % mile for aerial applications.

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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.

Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
mto the soil.

Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important fgctors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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Active Ingredient
                                                 Shading Pattern
                        ARIZONA CLIFFROSE
                                                         VIRGIN
                                                       RIVER CHUB
                                                       WOUNDFIN
                                                                               YUMA
                                                                             CLAPPER
                                                                               RAIL
                                   Code
                                                       Code   TAR*
                                                                               Code
OXYDEMETON-METHYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
                                   17b
                                   29
                                                       399
                                                       j

                                                       3m
                                                       3m
                                                       3m
                                                              .25
PHOSMET
PICLORAM (all forms)
PROPACHLOR
PROPARGITE
PYRETHRINS
SULFOMETURON METHYL
                                   29
                                   32a
                                                       3m     -

                                                       3m     -
                                                       3m     -
                                                       3m,10
TEBUTHIURON
TEMEPHOS
TERBUFOS
THIODICARB
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN
                                   29
                                                       3m
                                                       1
                                                       j
                                                       3m
                                                       3m
"TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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How To Use This Information
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

6)

7)
On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
When  using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
Pesticide Use."
If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
                                                      Shading Pattern
                                ARIZONA CLIFFROSE
V V
9 V9 *
V V
t TT n
                             SILER PINCUSHION CACTUS
                                          Code
                                                                VIRGIN
                                                              RIVER CHUB
                                                              WOUNDFIN
                                                             Code   TAR*
  YUMA
CLAPPER
  RAIL
                                                                                              Code
2,4-D (all forms)
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLOROTHALONIL
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide
CLOPYRALID
COPPER SULFATE (all salts)
DIAZINON
DICAMBA (all forms)
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
DICOFOL
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
HEXAZINONE
ISOFENPHOS (granular)
ISOFENPHOS (non-granular)
MALATHION
MANCOZEB
MCPA (all forms)
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
METHOPRENE
METHYL PARATHION
METRIBUZIN
NALED
29
29
--
29
29
29

29
29
32a
3m
3m
3m
3m
1
1
43
3m, 10
1
3m
3m
3m
3m
3m
3m
3m
20
3m
3
399 0.5
5d,10
1
3m
1
10
3m,10
3m
-
--
-
--
--
20c

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