United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	
                                                            Pesticides and
                                                            Toxic Substances (7506C)
                         EPA-735-K-97-047
                         February, 1997
                        Protecting  Endangered
                        Species
                       Interim  Measures
                       Pima  County, Arizona
                           The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                           what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                           Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                       Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                       effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                       law at this time, but are being provided now for
                       your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                       threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                       use. We encourage you to use this information.
                       We also welcome your comments.

                        The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                       protect and promote recovery of animals and
                       plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                       to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                       must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                       not result in harm to the species listed as
                       endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                       Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                       species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                       Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                       pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                       this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                       endangered and threatened species from harm due
                       to pesticide use.
                        EPA requests your comments regarding the
                       information presented in this publication. Please
                       let us know whether the information is clear and
                       correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                       recommended measures would affect you typical
                       pesticide use or productivity.  This information
                       will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                       of program development.

                                         Please submit comments to:
                                       Interim Endangered Species
                                       Protection Program (7506C)
                                                      U.S. EPA
                                                401M Street, SW
                                           Washington, DC 20460
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Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on- paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
 About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection1.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area.  The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
 necessary to protect the species. The section titled
 Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you  .
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you',
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
 species.                               *
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
 should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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PIMA  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
                                                                       Tohono O'Odham Indian Nation
            LEGEND
                 County Border
                 County Seat
                 City, Town
                 Interstate, U.S., State,
                   Bureau of Indian  Affairs
                   Highway
                 Unimproved Road
                   or Trail
                 Park, Indian  Reservation,
                   Forest, Refuge
                 Wash, Draw,  Canyon
                 Spring
                 River, Stream, Creek
                 Lake, Reservoir, Pond
                                                                County Border        /

                                                                          0     2ml
                                                                          0   2km

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Active Ingredient Shading Pattern
NICHOLS
DESERT GILA(YAQUI) MASKED TURK'S HEAD
PUPFISH TOPMINNOW BOBWHITE CACTUS
^^ [
Mil
Code Code TAR* Code Code
METRIBUZIN _ _ 	 32i 	
NALED 2a 5a,396 20
OXAMYL 2a
OXYDEMETON-METHYL 2a - -
OXYFLUORFEN 2a _ 17h
PARAQUAT _ _ 29
PARATHION (ethyl) 2a
PENDIMETHALIN 2a
PHORATE 2a
PHOSMET 2a
PICLORAM (all forms)
PROFENOFOS 2a 
29
PROPACHLOR (granular) . 2a 296 13 - " 	 ~ 	
PROPACHLOR (non-granular) 2a 396 04
PROPARGITE 2a
PYRETHRINS 2a,20a 1x,5a,10a -
SODIUM CYANIDE _ 28
SULFOMETURON METHYL _ _ ^?a
SULPROFOS 2a
TEBUTHIURON
TERBUFOS 2a
THIODICARB 2a
THIOPHANATE-METHYL 2a
TRIBUFOS (DEF) 2a
TRICHLORFON (granular) 2a 2a
TRICHLORFON (non-granular) 2a 396
TRIFLURALIN 2a
ZINC PHOSPHIDE  _
- 29
28
3.5 28
28
*TAR - Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations

1x   Within the area described under the Shading Key and 1/a mile up all streams that join the area, do not apply this pesticide
     within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

2a   Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for
     ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

2g   For applications that will not be soil-incorporated, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for
     ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications, within the area described under the Shading Key.

3x   Within the area described under the Shading Key and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do not apply this pesticide
     within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

5a   Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applications within 1 mile from the edge of water within the area described under
     the Shading Key.

10a Do not apply directly to water within the area described under the Shading Key,  nor within 1 mile upstream  from the
     area.
17b Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  For ground applications do not
     apply within 100 yards of the habitat, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

20a Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply directly to water.

28  Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded area shown on the map, within 20 yards of the shaded area for ground
     applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

29  Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  For ground applications do not
     apply within 20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

32a Do not apply this pesticide on rights-of-way in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).

43a Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water for
     ground applications, nor within 1A mile for aerial applications.

196 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

296 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

396 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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How To Use This Information

On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
1)  Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
2)  In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
3)  Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
4)  When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
        Use."
5)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
    shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
6)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.

Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients	
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
NICHOL'S
DESERT GILA(YAQUI) MASKED TURK'S HEAD
PUPFISH TOPMINNOW BOBWHITE CACTUS
111
Code Code
2,4-D (ad forms)
ALDICARB 2a
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL 2a
BENOMYL 2a
BENSULIDE 2a
1 i ^^ PS$$^
TAR* Code Code
1 29
- - - 29
CAPTAN 2a 1x - -
CARBARYL 2a 3x
CARBOFURAN 2a
CHLOROTHALONIL 2a
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa 43a 43a
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide 2a,20a 3x,10a
CLOPYRALID
COPPER SULFATE (all salts) 2a
DIAZINON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids 2a 2a
Liquids not Soil-incorporated 2a 3x
DICAMBA (all forms)
DICHLORPROP (2.4-DP)
- 29
- 28 -
28
- 29
- 29
DICOFOL 2a
DICROTOPHOS 2a - - - -
DISULFOTON 2a - -
ENDOSULFAN 2a . - -
ETHION 2a _ _ 
ETHOPROP 2a - . -
FENAMIPHOS 2a - - ' " -
FONOFOS 2a - , _
HEXAZINONE - -- 29
ISOFENPHOS 2a - - - -
MALATHION 2a,20a 3x,5a,10a - - -
MANCOZEB 2a
MCPA(aH forms) - - 29
METHIDATHION 2a - > -
METHOMYL 2g 5a,196 0.2-
METHYL PARATHION 2a,20a 3x,5a,10a -- 28

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               Zoom D
                                                                         Zoom C
                                     0  2km
SHADING  KEY
          Desert pupfish (fish), Cyprinodon macularius.  The shaded areas shown in Zoom A and G are for:

          Zoom A         Quitobaquito Springs in T18S R7W Sec. 18
          ZoomC         TohonoChulinT12SR13ESec. 35


          Gila (include Yaqui) topminnow (fish), Poeciliopsis occidentalis. The shaded areas shown in Zooms B, C, and
          D are for:

          Zoom B         Arivaca Lake
         i

          ZoomC         TohonoChulinT12SR13ESec. 35

          Zoom D         Little Nogales Spring and Nogales Spring in T18S R18E Sec. 11
                          Cienega Creek from the southern edge of T17S R17E Sec. 27 north to a trail crossing in T17S
                            R18ESec. 31


        J. Masked (quail) bobwhite (bird),  Colinus virginianus ridgwayi. Within the shaded area shown on map,
        3 the species habitat is in semi-arid and desert grasslands, and scrub.
           SJ0|2 TUuk!f 1ead CaCtUS (plant)' Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholii (Cactaceae, the cactus family)
           ithin the shaded area shown on the map, the species habitat is in sunny limestone talus slopes Pesticide
          use limitations do not apply in irrigated pastureland or cropland.

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