United States
                              Environmental Protection
                              Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-049
February, 1997
                              Protecting  Endangered
                              Species
                             Interim  Measures
                             Santa  Cruz County, Arizona
                                 The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                                 what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                                 Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                             Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                             effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                             law at this time,'but 'are being provided now for
                             your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                             threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                             use. We encourage you to use this information.
                             We also welcome your comments:

                              The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                             protect and promote recovery of animals and
                             plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                             to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                             must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                             not result in harm to the species listed as
                             endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                             Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                             species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                             Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                            pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                            this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                            endangered and threatened species from harm due
                            to pesticide use.
                              EPA requests your comments regarding the
                            information presented in this publication. Please
                            let us know whether the information is clear and
                            correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                            recommended measures would affect you typical
                            pesticide use or productivity. This information
                            will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                            of program development.

                                               Please submit comments to:
                                             Interim Endangered Species
                                             Protection Program (7506C)
                                                           U.S. EPA
                                                     401 M Street, SW
                                                Washington, DC 20460
     Recycled/Recyclable
X Xj Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paperthat
I3C7 contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
            The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Information" to determine if you should
          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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SANTA  CRUZ  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
                                                                                   LEGEND
                                                                               

                                                                          l64J(64)
County or International Bard
County Seat
City, Town
Interstate, State or Other
  Highway, Forest  Service R<
Dirt or Unimproved
  Road, Trail
Park, Reservation,
  Forest, Monument
Landmark
Spring
River, Stream, Creek
Lake, Reservoir
Dam
                                                                                       821
Zoom /

/

/ Luis Maria Baca Grant
' (Root No. 3)
s
1
^ Patagonia
I L<*e^^---~
s^ Fort Crlttender
.,  Fort Buchanan/^
* / / /*
x / r
' / \
j
Coronado National Forest Jl
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1 PATAGONIA^X/ .^
San Jose $5'^^^^^
de Sonolta J/y ^ ^N
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Coronado National Forest
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     Cuates Buttes
                                                                      2 ml
                                                                  2km

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 Limitations On  Pesticide Use                                                        "	

 Codes/Limitations

 1 a   Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water for
      ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
        nrd  fm          *            ***?* * "^ UP *" Stre3mS thal joi" the *' d "Ot ***** this
       ithin 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1 00 yards for aerial applications.

 2a  Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for
     ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.
     !S!?n Inn ^^ df SCri^ed U"der 'he Shadin9 KeV and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do not apply this pesticide
     within 1 00 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within % mile for aerial applications.
 53                 3 'W V'Ume (ULV) apP"Catins within 1 mile from the ed9^ of water within the area described under
       e

 1 0a Do not apply directly to water within the area described under the Shading Key, nor within 1 mile upstream from the
43a Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water for
     ground applications, nor within M mile for aerial applications.

1 96 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1 00 yards for aerial applications.

296 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

396 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide.above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 1 00 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within M-mile for aerial applications.

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How To Use This Information

1)  On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2)  Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3)  In the Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
4)  Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5)  When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on

6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.

Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients	
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                          GILA (YAQUI)
                                          TOPMINNOW
                                         Code    TAR
               SONORA
                CHUB
            Code    TAR
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide
DIAZINON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
MALATHION
METHOMYL
METHYL PARATHION
NALED
PROPACHLOR (granular)
PROPACHLOR (non-granular)
PYRETHRINS
TRICHLORFON (granular)
TRICHLORFON (non-granular) 	 ^
1x
3x

43a

3x,10a


2a
3x
3x,5a,10a
5a,196
3x,5a,10a
5a,396
296
396
1x,5a,10a
2a
396
-


--

~


~

0.2
2.0
1.3
0.4
-
3.5 .
1x
3x

43a

3x,10a


2a
3x
3x,5a,10a
1x,5a
1x,5a,10a
5a,196
196
196
1x,5a,10a
1a
196



~~

""*


"*"*
-
--
 2.0
.3
0.4

3.5
 *TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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Zoom B
                                                        2 km   
SHADING  KEY

            i (Include Yaqulj topminnow (fish), Poeciliopsis occidentalis. Within the shaded area shown on the map
            ticide use limitations apply within the buffer zones along rivers and streams only when water is present
         The shaded area shown in main map is the Santa Cruz River from Rio Rico upstream toTubac  The
         shaded areas shown in Zooms A and C are for:

                 Zoom A         Cottonwood Spring in T20S R16E Sec. 33
                                Monkey Spring in T21S R16E Sec. 3
                                Redrock Canyon beginning 1/2 mile upstream from the western edge of T22S R16E
                                 Sec. 2 east to the end of Route 765
                                Sonoita Creek:
                                 From the northeastern edge of the San Jose de Sonoita Grant southwest 1/2 mile
                                 From the dam on Patagonia Lake west to the western edge of T22S RUE Sec. 34

                                Sheehy Spring in the San Rafael de la Zanja Grant
                                Santa Cruz river from 1/2 mile north of international border upstream to 1/2 mile
                                north of Route 61
                                Sharp and Heron Springs in T24S R17E Sec. 13

        3Sonora chub (fish), Gila ditaenia.  The shaded area shown in Zoom B are for Sycamore Creek and its
        3 unnamed tributary to the west; Penasco Creek from Sycamore Creek east to 1/2 mile upstream from
         Atascosa Creek; and Yanks Spring.
 Zoom C

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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff                                                                           .            ,  ,  ,
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.                                                                         ;
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Drift                                                                                 '   ..'.,..
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and  Follow Label Directions
       United States
       Environmental Protection
       Agency
       (7506C)
       Washington, DC  20460

       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use
       $300

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