United States
                            Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
February, 1997
                            Protecting  Endangered
                            Interim Measures
                            Yuma County, Arizona
                               The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                               what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                               Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                           Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                           effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                           law at this time, but are being provided now for
                           your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                           threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                           use. We encourage you to use this information.
                           We also welcome your comments.

                            The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                           protect and promote recovery of animals and
                           plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                           to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                           must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                           not result in harm to the species listed as
                           endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                           Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                           species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                           Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                           pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                           this sample pamphlet.  This program will protect
                           endangered and threatened species from harm due
                           to pesticide use.
                            EPA requests your comments regarding the
                           information presented in this publication. Please
                           let us know whether the information is clear and
                           correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                           recommended measures would affect you typical
                           pesticide use or productivity. This information
                           will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                           of program development.

                                              Please submit comments to:
                                            Interim Endangered Species
                                            Protection Program (7506C)
                                                           U.S. EPA
                                                    401 M Street, SW
                                                Washington, DC 20460
i \\ Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on-paper that
IK,_7  contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions^
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

               	   County Border
                     County Seat
                     City, Town

         (64j(64J     Interstate, U.S. Highway

                     River, Stream, Creek
                     Martinez Lake,
                 8 km
         Yuma clapper rail (bird), Rallus longirostris yumanensis.  Within the shaded area shown on the map, the
         species habitat is in freshwater marshes within 3 miles of the edge of the rivers and lakes.

 How To Use This Information


On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
In the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
Pesticide Use."
If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
                                                      Shading Pattern

                                                 YUMA CLAPPER RAIL
TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)
Limitations On Pesticide Use

20c  Do not apply directly to water within the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use