:BMr&rirterital Protection:
.':vV-.r4. ' '•: ••'•'-.: t-'  ''<•'<•','•• !><•)•• •'
Agency >   - \  .H*);' i'.:':'::

Pear Harvest in Oregon (Ste organophosphate pesticide use reduction writeup on page 20)        Photo Courtesy of Kathleen Knox

            Message  from  the  Director

Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 was a year for impressive accomplishments in the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office
of Pesticide Programs (OPP).  My staff worked hard to address our pesticide regulatory responsibilities-from ensuring that
new pesticide technology can enter the market and meet the tough requirements of the Food Quality Protection Act
(FQPA), to reevaluating existing pesticides and managing uses to ensure that they also meet  FQPA's tough standards. We
continued to make our pesticide regulatory decisions in a transparent fashion by involving our many stakeholders. While
our report more fully describes our overall accomplishments over the  past year, I want to touch on a few highlights:

Major Regulatory/Programmatic Actions - Several significant actions were taken this past year to help reduce potential
risks from pesticides.  These included announcing the phase-out of the widely used insecticides Dursban and diazinon in
schools and homes-thus assuring reductions in exposure for the nation's children; registering the pesticide product
Harpin as a potential alternative to methyl bromide, which causes harm to the ozone layer; issuing a stop sale of the
contaminated hospital disinfectant, medaphene; proposing new restrictions on labels  of insect repellants used on
children; and signing a Memorandum of Understanding between EPA and the Centers for Disease Control to provide a
framework for coordinating joint efforts on public health pesticides and other issues.

Improving Science - The program continued to deal with cutting-edge and high-profile science issues, many of which will
have a profound effect on not only the pesticide program but also throughout EPA. Some examples of policies that have
been advanced over the past year include: cumulative risk assessment guidance, use of cholinesterase inhibition data in
risk assessments, aggregate exposure assessment, and drinking water exposure assessment.

Safer Foods - All 39 of the organophosphate (OP) pesticides moved through the OP pilot process for tolerance
reassessment, which began in 1998, and decisions were issued for 14  of them. More than 20 technical stakeholder briefings
were held to heighten awareness and understanding of the risk assessments. Beyond the tremendous progress achieved
in addressing the OPs, 121 tolerances were reassessed. We established 276 tolerances for reduced-risk conventional
pesticides to be used on food and 4 tolerances for biopesticides.  Solid progress continued with completion of
Reregistration Eligibility Decisions (REDS) and interim REDS covering 19 chemicals, more than 500 product reregistration
decisions, and several hundred product chemistry and acute toxicity reviews. The program also made significant progress
in harmonizing pesticide regulatory programs with other countries to ensure safe imported foods.

Protection of Natural Resources and Wildlife - We worked with  states and tribes to develop generic pesticide
management plans to manage, at a local level, pesticides that have the potential to leach and contaminate water. We
reduced and phased out uses of a number of pesticides that have been shown to contribute to water contamination. We
also worked with the Fish and Wildlife Serviceto J)rptect-the;ehdari|ered jaguar from pesticides, and we declined to
register the pesticide chlorfenapyr (Pirate) for use on  cotton due to adverse effects on bird reproduction.
 Increased Protection for Pesticide Handlers and Agricultural Workers - Through our reregistration program, we
 implemented risk mitigation measures that will better protect pesticide handlers and workers. Additionally, we have began
 a national process to assess the effectiveness of the Worker Protection Standard to better protect the health of pesticide
 handlers and agricultural workers.

 Reaching out to Stakeholders - We increased our efforts over the past year to further improve the quality and timeliness
 of our outreach materials. More than 130 pesticide announcements made during the past year were developed and placed
 on our Web site. Our public advisory committees held key meetings-the Committee to Advise on Reassessment and
 Transition and the Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (and its workgroups: Inerts Disclosure Stakeholder Workgroup
 and Rodenticides Workgroup).  These meetings and workgroups continue to provide meaningful opportunities for our
 stakeholders to interact with EPA on a wide variety of regulatory and policy issues.

 I want particularly to thank the professional employees within the Office of Pesticide Programs for their dedication and
 hard work in making this past year successful. We thank our regional, state, and tribal partners, as well as the many other
 stakeholders who participated in our open decisionmaking processes.  I hope you will take a few moments to review this
 year's report. We will look ahead to making even more progress as we fulfill our mission to protect human health and
 safeguard the natural environment.

 The Year In Review
 1  Advancing Science: Improved Pesticide Regulatory Decisions	1
    New Science Policy Guidance Documents	2
    Advanced Techniques:	3
    K Models	4
    >• Monitoring Efforts	5
    K Methods	6
    >• Databases and Information Systems	6
    Highlight:  Consulting with the SAP	8

 2  Registering Pesticide Products	9
    5 OP Alternatives Registered	 10
    16 Reduced-Risk Conventional Pesticides and Biopesticides Registered	 10
    Registering Conventional Pesticides	 10
    Registering Antimicrobial Pesticides	 1 o
    901 New Minor Uses Registered	 11
    549 Emergency Exemptions Processed	 11
    95 Other Ingredients Approved	 12
    Highlight: Use of Chlorfenapyr on Cotton Not Granted	 12

 3  Regulating Plant-Incorporated Protectants Derived from Biotechnology	13
    Updated Scientific Assessment of Expiring Bt Registrations	 14
    Understanding Bt Corn's Potential Effects on the Monarch	 14
    Insect Resistance and Refuge Requirements	 15
    StarLink Corn	 1 6
    Responding to Stakeholders	 16
    Promoting Dialogue and Peer Review on Biotechnology Issues	 16
    International Meetings	 16

 4  Reregistering Pesticides and Reassessing Tolerances	17
    19 Pesticide Reregistration Decisions	 18
    121 Tolerance Reassessment Decisions	 18

 S  Ensuring Transition to Alternative Pest Management Tools	19
    Committee to Advise on Reassessment and Transition Established (CARAT)	20
    Supporting Innovative Pest Management Tools Through PESP	20
    Highlight: Wlio are the PESP Members?	22

6   Responding  to Pesticide Safety and Public Health Concerns	25
    Pesticide Product Uses Eliminated Due to Health Concerns	26
    Pesticide Product Recalled Due to Asthma Concerns	26
    Pesticide Products Recalled Due to Malfunctioning Container	26
    Water Purifier Failure Prompts Recall	26
    Fact Sheets Developed on Pesticides and Mosquito Control	26
    Chlorpyrifos Mosquito Control Use Retained	26
    Highlight: "TreatedArticles" and Public Health Claims	28

7   Supporting Field Programs	29
    Increasing Protection for Pesticide Handlers and Field Workers	30
    ป•  Reassessing Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training	30
    >•  Worker Protection Assessment Group	30
    >•  National Program to Tram Farmworkers and Their Families	30
    >•  Educational Mentoring Program for Children of Farmworkers	31
    Increasing the Quality of Groundwater Resources	31

    > Finalizing Groundwater Pesticide Management Plans	31
    Protection of Wildlife and Endangered Species	32
    >• New Endangered Species Information Management System	32
    *• New Information Sheet on the Jaguar	32
    V Improving the Process for Protecting Endanged Species	32
    Highlight: Endangered Species Information Sheets Available	32
    Tribal Initiatives and Programs	33
    )>• The Tribal Pesticide Program Council	33
    *• The Tribal Medicine Project	33
    >• Tribal Groundwater Workshops	33
    *• Strategic Plan for Tribal Programs	34
    > Tribal Newsletter	34

8   Building Partnerships for the Environment	35
    Supporting Regional Initiatives	36
    *• Pesticide Urban Initiative	36
    Joining Forces with Other Federal Agencies and States 	36
    > Pesticides and the Health Care Community	36
    *• Quality Management Plan Workgroup 	37
    > Working with State Labs	37
    Developing Stakeholder Partnerships	38
    > Wisconsin Potato Project	38
    >• Consumer Labeling Initiative	38
    > Inert Disclosure Stakeholder Workgroup	38
    ป• Spray Drift Team	39
    Highlight: New Birdcast Web Site	39
    International Activities	40
    *• North American Free Trade Agreement Technical Working Group	40
    >•  Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
       Working Group on Pesticides 	41
    *• Persistent Organic Pollutants	41
    >  Prior Informed Consent	42
    >•  United Nations Environment Programme Activities	42

9   Providing  the  Public with Pesticide Information	43
    Sending OPP Electronic Updates	44
    Disseminating Fact Sheets and Brochures  	44
    Responding to Written and Electronic Inquiries	46
    Providing More Avenues to Pesticide Information	46
    Toll-Free Access to Pesticide Information: NPTN and NAJJST	47
    Highlight: EPA's Truck-side Advertisement	47
    Communicating OPP Policies and Regulations	49

 10 Appendices	51
    A-l - FY 2000  New Active Ingredient Registrations	52
    A-2 - FY 2000  New Uses for New Active Ingredients and
             Previously Registered Active Ingredients	53
    A-3 - OP Alternatives Registered Since Passage of the FQPA	53
    A-4 - Number of Pesticide Registrations by Category Registered Since 1984	54
    B-l - Summaries of FY 2000 Reregistration and Tolerance Reassessment Decisions	55
    B-2 - Status of OPs in the Pilot Process	59
     B-3 - Public Participation in the Pesticide Reregistration Process	60
       C- OPP Structure — Divisions	61
       D - Glossary	62

 EPA's overarching mission is to protect human health and to safeguard the
 environment-air, water and land-upon which life depends. An important
 component of this goal is the protection of human health and the environment
 from adverse risks that pesticides may pose.

 EPA regulates the use of pesticides under the  authority of two federal statutes
 — the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide; and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the
 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). Under FIFRA, pesticides
 intended for use hi the U.S. must be registered (licensed) by EPA before they
 may be sold  or distributed hi commerce. EPA will register a pesticide if
 scientific data provided by the registrant show that, when used according to label
 directions, it will not cause unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the
 environment. Under FIFRA, EPA also has the authority to suspend or cancel
 the registration of a pesticide if subsequent information shows that continued use
 would pose unreasonable risks.  The Agency is responsible under FFDCA for
 setting tolerances (maximum permissible residue levels) for any pesticide used
 on food or animal feed.

 Our mission is challenging and complex. Pesticides are used not only in
 agriculture, but also in parks and in almost every home, business, hospital, and
 school in America. Moreover, pesticide regulations affect 20 major pesticide
 producers, 100 small  producers, 2,500 pesticide formulators, 29,000 distributors,
 40,000 commercial pest control firms, one million farms, several million
 professional users, and 90 million households.

EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) is responsible for registering
pesticides and establishing tolerances if they are to be used on food.  Pesticide
registration is the process through which EPA examines the ingredients of a
pesticide; the site or crop on which it is to be used; the amount, frequency and
timing of its use; and storage and disposal practices. EPA evaluates the
pesticide to ensure that it will not have any adverse effects on humans, the
environment and non-target species.  To determine whether a pesticide can be
registered, applicants seeking pesticide registration are required to submit to EPA
for review data on  a wide range of health effects including cancer, reproductive
effects, neurological effects, acute and chronic toxic effects.  A pesticide cannot
be legally used if it has not been registered by OPP.

In considering whether a tolerance may be established, EPA reviews a
comprehensive battery of laboratory and field data on a pesticide to determine if
residue limits will be protective of public health. Commodities that contain a
   EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs
       consists of more than 800
       people in nine divisions:

 Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention
           Health Effects
    Environmental Fate and Effects
   Biological and Economic Analysis
   Special Review and Reregistration
   Information Resources and Services
       Field and External Affairs

      EPA professional expertise
        include among others:

           Public health

(See Appendix C for details on
OPP's structure and for contact

 EPA Regional Offices
            Region 1
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
   New Hampshire, Rhode Island,
          and Vermont

            Region 2
 New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico,
     and the U.S. Virgin Islands

            Region 3
 Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania,
       Virginia, West Virginia,
    and the District of Columbia

            Region 4
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
 Mississippi, North Carolina, South
      Carolina, and Tennessee

            Region 5
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota,
       Ohio, and Wisconsin

            Region 6
 Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico,
       Oklahoma, and Texas

            Region 7
      Iowa, Kansas, Missouri,
          and Nebraska

            Region 8
 Colorado, Montana, North Dakota,
 South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming

            Region 9
 Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada,
and Pacific Islands and Tribal Nations
         subject to U.S. law

            Region 10
       Alaska, Idaho, Oregon,
         and Washington
                                    detectable level of a pesticide for which no tolerance has been established and
                                    commodities containing pesticide residues over the established tolerance limit
                                    are considered to be adulterated under the FFDCA.

OPP is also reviewing older pesticides to ensure that they meet current health,
safety, and environmental standards. The goal is to update labeling and use
requirements and reduce risks associated with older pesticides — those first
registered when the standards for government approval were less stringent than
they are today. At the same time, EPA is reassessing more than 9,000
tolerances to ensure that they also meet current safety standards.  In
conducting these reassessments, EPA considers the potential risks pesticides
may pose to children who may be more vulnerable.

OPP has broadened its efforts to promote systems of pest management that
better protect health and the environment, and enhance the quality of our lives.
This approach recognizes that conventional pesticides are only one element in
controlling pests and that, in some cases, nonchemical alternatives can be as
effective as chemical pesticides while posing fewer health or environmental
risks. We are also working with pesticide producers and the pesticide user
community to promote and develop reduced-risk pesticides. More than half of
the new pesticide registrations in recent years have involved biopesticides and
other pesticides that pose less risk than conventional pesticides.  Biopesticides
include "microbial pesticides" (bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms used
to control pests), and "biochemical pesticides," such as pheromones
(compounds that disrupt the mating behavior of insects). Based on specific
criteria, some conventional chemicals may be classified as safer because of
their lower toxicity or lower potential for exposure.

 OPP works with pesticide officials in EPA's Office of Enforcement and
 Compliance Assurance, the Agency's 10 Regional offices across the country,
 and state and tribal pesticide regulatory agencies to implement pesticide
 programs, communicate with the public about pesticides issues, and support
 compliance and enforcement efforts.

Together, OPP and the regions manage four major pesticide field programs
involving work with pesticide users and others to ensure that they carry out
safe practices. These programs involve 1) implementing regulations for the
protection of agricultural workers, 2) protecting endangered species, 3)
protecting ground water, and 4) ensuring applicators who use the more
hazardous pesticides are appropriately trained and certified. OPP also works
with other government agencies, Federal advisory committees, grower groups,
environmental and consumer groups, academia, industry, the international
community, and many other stakeholders.

For more information on pesticide issues, visit our Internet Web site at
www.epa.gov/pesticides/ or write to us at: U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, Office  of Pesticide Programs (7506C), 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue,
N.W., Washington, DC 20460. You may also contact the National Pesticide
Telecommunications Network (NPTN)-  Staffed by highly qualified and trained
pesticide specialists, NPTN is our sponsored toll-free telephone service that
provides a variety of pesticide information. Visit ace.orst.edu/info/nptn or
telephone: 1-800-858-7378; fax: 1-541-737-0761.



Improved Pesticide Regulatory Decisions

                      1    ADVANCING SCIENCE

    1 he passage of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) ushered
   in new, complex questions that had not yet faced EPA: What factors need to
   be considered when conducting a cumulative risk assessment?  What are the
   appropriate tools for conducting a probabilistic risk assessment? How can
   we refine our risk assessments to better reflect real world situations and also
   provide an adequate margin of safety for children? How do we determine if
   a pesticide will adversely affect the endocrine system?

   In FY 2000, EPA worked diligently to advance our scientific knowledge to
   better understand these questions and more accurately assess the risks
   pesticides may pose to public health and the environment. We developed and
   employed new science policy guidance documents and advanced techniques
   for conducting human health and ecological risk assessments. In developing
   these documents and techniques, we maintained our commitment to
   collaborate with experts in the field. While actively engaging the public, we
   established a transparent process whereby ideas could be generated, refined,
   and implemented. We received and will continue to seek guidance from the
   Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Scientific
   Advisory Panel (SAP) and input from our stakeholders through the
   Committee to Advise on  Reassessment and Transition (CARAT)and its
   predecessor, the Tolerance Reassessment Advisory Committee  (TRAC).

   With the assistance of TRAC, EPA identified nine science policy issue areas
   (see box) and several other related issues following passage of FQPA. Most
   of the policies were issued as drafts for public comment in 1998 and 1999.
   For a complete list of these science policies and other related issues, visit
   www.epa.gov/trac/science/. The following documents were published in

   Revised Draft Documents:

   • Office of Pesticide Programs' Science Policy on the Use  of Data on
     Cholinesterase Inhibition for Risk Assessments (9/08/00)

   • A User's Guide to Available OPP Information on Assessing
     Dietary(Food) Exposure to Pesticides (7/12/00)

   • Data for Refining Anticipated Residue Estimates Used in Acute
     Dietary Probabilistic Risk Assessments (6/23/00)   This paper was
     merged with two other documents: Guidelines for the Conduct of
     Bridging Studies for Use in Probabilistic Risk Assessment, and
     Guidelines for the Conduct of Residue Decline  Studies for Use  in
     Probabilistic Risk Assessment

   • Assigning Values to Nondetected/Nonquantified Pesticide Residues in
     Human Health Dietary Exposure Assessments (3/31/00)  This paper was
       The Nine Science

          Policy Issues
1.    Applying the FQPA Tenfold
     Safety Factor
2.    Dietary Exposure Assessment -
     Whether and How to Use
     "Monte Carlo" Analyses
3.    Exposure Assessment -
     Interpreting "No Residues
4.    Dietary (Food) Exposure
5.    Dietary (Drinking Water)
     Exposure Estimates
6.    Assessing Residential Exposure
7.    Aggregating Exposures
     from all Non-Occupational
8.    How to Conduct a Cumulative
     Risk Assessment for
     Organophosphate Insecticides
     or Other Pesticides with a
     Common Mechanism of
9.    Selection of Appropriate
     Toxicity Endpoints for
     Risk Assessments of
Did You Know:  A part per trillion  represents a teaspoon in  1.3 billion gallons  of water.

                    1   ADVANCING  SCIENCE

  merged with the paper, A Statistical Method for Incorporating
  Nondetected Pesticide Residues into Human Health Dietary Exposure

• Choosing a Percentile  of Acute Dietary Exposure as  a Threshold of
  Regulatory  Concern (99.9th percentile) (3/22/00)

• Estimating  the Drinking Water Component of a Dietary Exposure
  Assessment  (11/10/99)

• Threshold of Regulation Policy-Deciding Whether a  Pesticide with a
  Food Use Pattern Needs a Tolerance  (10/27/99)

• The Role of Use Related Information in Pesticide Risk Assessment and
  Risk Management (9/27/00).

Draft Documents:

  •  Cumulative Risk Assessment Guidance ( 6/30/00 )

  •  Guidance for Performing Aggregate and Exposure Risk Assessment


Ensuring that our decisions rest on sound science not only involves clear
policies, but also requires continually advancing the basic tools upon which
these policies  depend. In FY 2000, OPP worked to expand its repertoire of
science tools.  We have adopted models that provide information on the
potential presence of pesticides in drinking water, how pesticides can affect

                    1    ADVANCING SCIENCE
 fish and bird populations, and the risks posed by pesticide spray drift. We have
 new protocols for testing the efficacy of disinfectants against Hepatitis B Virus
 (HBV) that reduce the need for animal subjects. We also expanded and
 continued the development of our databases, such as our ecotoxicity database
 and environmental incident information system. These tools are described in
 greater detail below.


 New Approach for Estimating Pesticides in Drinking Water:  OPP made
 its estimates of pesticides in drinking water more realistic by adopting a new
 approach that uses a small drinking water reservoir model rather than a small
 pond model.  We also consider the percentage of the area around the reservoir
 used for growing crops.

 More Precise Estimates for Measuring Pesticide Concentrations:  We
 worked with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to develop advanced models to
 estimate more precise pesticide concentrations at specific drinking water utility
 intakes. These models will allow OPP to tailor its risk management decisions to
 specific locations and help the program measure exposure to pesticides in
 drinking water across a large segment of the population.

 Preliminary Model for Predicting Fish and Bird Kills:  OPP developed a
 preliminary model that predicts the likelihood and magnitude of bird and fish kills
 as a result of pesticide use.  A case study for one pesticide is being used to
 develop a more general probabilistic model that can be used for all pesticides.

Incorporating Spray Drift Considerations  into Risk Assessments:  In
 cooperation with EPA's Office of Research and Development and the Spray
Drift Task Force, a consortium of registrants, OPP developed a preliminary
model to predict pesticide spray drift and the associated risks under a wide range
of agricultural applications and weather conditions. We expect to incorporate
spray drift considerations in our risk assessments for agricultural pesticide sprays
                                                                             Shipman Lake, Illinois

                   1    ADVANCING SCIENCE
in FY 2001. Using this model will improve estimates of pesticide
concentrations in the environment and result in better risk management

Hampshire Research Institute's Lifeline  Software Model:  OPP
engaged in a significant amount of work this year in preparation for releasing
the first phase of the Lifeline Software Model in December 2000. This model
is the result of a cooperative agreement between OPP and the Hampshire
Research Institute (HRI) that will support the development of an aggregate
and cumulative risk modeling tool to be made available to the general public.
The computer-based modeling tool will allow persons interested in risk
assessment to better engage in a discussion of exposure and risks from
pesticides in the environment. This effort is geared to more effectively
protect public health and the environment through fostering the dissemination
of reliable information on risk and by increasing the public's ability to analyze,
understand, and make decisions about environmental problems.


Pilot Reservoir Monitoring Program:  Working with USGS,  OPP
designed and implemented a pilot reservoir monitoring program that provides
pesticide monitoring data from raw and finished water in 12 reservoirs
throughout the United States. The results of this monitoring study will be
made public in 2001.
National Survey of Drinking Water Sources:  In FY 2000, OPP, USGS,
and USDA formed an Inter-Governmental FQPA Drinking Water Steering
Committee to oversee the development of a drinking water survey design
protocol that would be used to collect surface water monitoring data on a
national level. The Agricultural Crop Protection Association also sits on this

                  1   ADVANCING SCIENCE

 committee as an observer.  OPP will use information from this survey to pro-
 duce more predictive and higher-tiered water assessment models and more
 reliable and refined dietary risk assessments. The Steering Committee desig-
 nated two scientific working groups to plan for the collection of drinking water
 monitoring data: the Monitoring/Modeling Workgroup (MMWG) and the Ancil-
 lary Data Workgroup (ADWG).  These workgroups will meet on a regular basis
 in F Y 2001 to plan a pilot drinking water monitoring program.


 New Multianalyte  Methods: As a result of a collaborative effort with the
 pesticide industry, we developed 10 new multianalyte methods (MAM) to detect
 certain groups of acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor herbicides in soil and
 water at limits of quantitation (LOQ) between 2.0 and 0.01 parts per billion.
 These new methods allow state authorities to test soil or water in the field and
 detect extremely low levels of these herbicides.

 ALS inhibitor herbicides, such as the sulfonyl ureas, are used at low application
 rates, but some low-level residues may remain in the soil or water. Because
 extremely low levels may cause phytotoxic effects in non-target plants sometime
 after application, state authorities need these analytical methods to enable them
 to test soil and water in the field.

 Protocols for  Testing the Efficacy of Disinfectants Against HBV:  OPP
 developed new guidance regarding an HBV testing alternative that reduces
 animal testing. As part of EPA's continuing commitment to advance scientific
 methodologies that will protect the public and also reduce animal testing, EPA
 endorsed an in vitro (test tube) duck assay as the appropriate and preferred
 alternative. The FIFRA SAP also has  endorsed and supported this approach.
 The in vitro duck assay uses duck HBV as a surrogate for human HBV. This
 method maintains rigorous efficacy testing requirements to ensure public health

 New Methods of Estimating Ecological Risk: OPP  developed preliminary
 methods that estimate the magnitude, probability, and certainty of ecological risk.
 These probabilistic methods have been peer reviewed by the SAP, and OPP has
 started using these new methods in its ecological risk assessments.
Pesticides in Ground and Surface Water Database: OPP continued to
develop this database, which compiles monitoring data on pesticides in ground
and surface water across the United States provided by the states, other
federal agencies, academia, and pesticide companies. These data will be used
in developing risk assessments for water resources, and the database will be
accessible to the public on OPP's Web site by end of 2001.

                                                     1    ADVANCING SCIENCE
   Health Effects Division
     Records Reference
   June 1,2000 - OPP held the
   grand opening of the Health
   Effects Division (HED)
   Records Reference Center
   (RRC). This center houses
   all HED files, including
   toxicity reports on pesticides.

   Although the HED files are
   not directly available to the
   general public, the new
   Records Management Team
   in charge of this center is an
   invaluable resource when
   responding to Freedom of
   Information Act (FOIA)
   requests in a timely fashion.

   As of September 30,2000, the
   RRC Series database
   contained over 8,700 records.
   The turnaround time for
   obtaining a hard copy of
   records is only four minutes.
   The RRC is a centralized,
   integrated system that is just
   one step in OPP's efforts to
   increase efficiency
   throughout the program.
Ecotoxicity Database: In FY 2000, OPP added 500 new ecotoxicity studies to
the ecotoxicity database, including wildlife and plant toxicity information for over
630 active ingredients.  The toxicity data are compiled from actual studies
submitted by pesticide manufacturers, which are reviewed by EPA and judged for
acceptability for use in OPP's ecological risk assessment process. The database
also contains acceptable studies performed by EPA, USDA, and Fish and Wildlife
Service laboratories.

Fate Database: The Fate Database contains studies that describe what happens
to a pesticide in soil, water, and the air after it has been applied. Developed in FY
2000, this database contains fate and transport properties of 250 registered
pesticides.  The final version of this database will be completed in 2001.

Ecological Incident Information System:  The Ecological Incident Information
System was updated to include 850 incident reports. This database contains
information on reports of adverse effects to non-target wildlife and plants from the
use of pesticides. Information in this database is used in the Agency's ecological
risk assessments.

The Pesticide Ground and Surface Water Incident Database:  This
electronic data base was created in 1999.  In FY 2000, OPP entered the remaining
incidents data it had hi hard copy before this database was created. The system
contains adverse effects data for specific pesticides involving ground and/or
surface water incidents. These incidents are considered in OPP's drinking water

Office of Pesticide Programs Information Network:  This year we made
significant progress on the Office of Pesticide Programs Information Network
(OPPIN). When completed, OPPIN will combine regulatory and scientific data,
workflow tracking, and electronic document management Into one integrated
system. OPPIN will consolidate information currently stored on EPA mainframe
systems, the OPP Local Area Network (LAN), stand-alone computers, and paper
documents. OPPIN will: decrease OPP's data entry burden; increase analytical
capabilities; track decision-making processes more effectively; prevent loss of, and
improve access to, critical decision documents; and make OPP information readily
available to those outside of the program.
Photo: EPA officials at opening of OPP's
      Records Reference Center.

                 1    ADVANCING SCIENCE

              PANEL  (SAP) IN FY 2000

 November 30,1999:
   • Testing on Human Subjects

 December 8-9, 1999:
   • Characterization and Non-target Organism Data Requirements
    for Protein Plant-pesticides
   • Cumulative Risk Assessment Methodology Issues of Pesticide
    Substances That Have a Common Mechanism of Toxicity

 February 29 - March 3, 2000:
   • Food Allergenicity of Cry9C Endotoxin

 April 5-7, 2000:
   • Implementing Probabilistic Ecological Assessments
   • Insect Repellent Product Performance Testing Guideline

 June 6-9, 2000:
   • Mammalian Toxicity Assessment Guidelines for Protein Plant

 June 27-29, 2000:
   • Atrazine Health Risk Assessment
   • National Drinking Water Survey Design for Assessing ChroQif ~

August 17-18, 2000:
   • A Consultation on the EPA Health Effects Division's Propel
    Classification of the Human Carcinogenic Potential of   ^

September 26-29, 2000:
  • Test Guidelines for Chronic Inhalation Toxicity and
    Carcinogenicity of Fibrous Particles
  • End Point Selection and Determination of Relative Potency i  w
    Cumulative Hazard Assessment: A Pilot Study of         ~* "
    Organophosphorus Pesticide Chemicals
  • Residential Exposure Models
  • Calendex Dietary Exposure Model
  • Aggregate and Cumulative Assessments Using Lifeline™
Problems cannot be
solved at the same
level of awareness
that created them.

—Albert Einstein
                                                              Einstein Making an Exit Berlin
                                                                 Physikalisches Institut

              THHMPIMmnj,  . ™ ^ .=Jfa_^-^.r.g-._.. -L
                     Jim Hollins is the Team Leader of the Document Processing
                         Office where pesticide data are submitted.

                   2  REGISTERING PESTICIDES

  \-SnQ important responsibility of the Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP)
 is to register, or license, new active ingredients (A.I.). In the last year we
 continued to not only exceed our annual registration goals, but we also
 placed a high priority on registering "safer" or "reduced-risk" pesticides.

 In FY 2000, EPA registered 22 new pesticides, including 9 new
 biopesticides, 7 conventional reduced-risk pesticides, 2 antimicrobials, and 4
 conventional pesticides. OPP also registered 427 new food uses and non-
 food uses for pesticides. Many of these pesticides are safer substitutes  for
 more toxic conventional pesticides. Many have public health benefits and
 are of particular economic importance to growers.

 See Appendix A-l for a list of pesticide active ingredients registered in
 FY 2000. Appendix A-2 lists FY 2000 new uses for both new active
 ingredients and previously registered active ingredients.

 5 Organophosphate (OP) Alternatives Registered:   With these 5, at
 the end of FY 2000, the total of pesticides registered as alternatives to the
 more toxic OP pesticides was 12. In registering a new active ingredient,
 EPA gives priority to  and expedites review of alternatives to OPs.  Since
 FQPA, the average registration rimeframe for a new conventional reduced-
 risk active ingredient (including OP alternatives) has been 22 months,
 compared to 31 months for non-reduced-risk/non-OP alternative
 conventional chemicals. The average registration timeframe for new uses
 of conventional reduced-risk pesticides (including OP alternatives) is 16
 months, compared to 46 months for non-reduced-risk/non-op alternatives
 new uses. Appendix A-3 lists OP alternatives registered since the passage
 of FQPA.

 16 Reduced-Risk Conventional Pesticides  and Biopesticides
 Registered: We remained strongly committed to promoting the
 development and use of safer pesticides. Reduced-risk conventional
 pesticides and biopesticides accounted for 73 percent of all new registered
 active ingredients in FY 2000.  EPA registered 211 new uses for reduced-
 risk conventional pesticides and 276 new tolerances for all reduced-risk
 conventional pesticides (which includes both newly registered and existing
 active ingredients).  We also registered 120 new uses for biopesticides and
 four new tolerances for all biopesticides in FY 2000. Appendix A-4 depicts
 the increased registration of less risky pesticides over the past 16 years.

 Registering Conventional Pesticides:  New uses for conventional
 pesticides registered hi FY 2000 totaled 88, and OPP established 172 new
 tolerances for all conventional pesticides.

 Registering Antimicrobial Pesticides:  OPP made significant progress
 in the regulation of antimicrobials this year. We registered two new
 antimicrobial pesticides and eight new uses for antimicrobial pesticides.
 FQPA requirements mandated that OPP streamline antimicrobial
 registration.  This was accomplished, and with revisions to registration
procedures, we have been able to significantly shorten the review time.
All FQPA deadlines were met in shorter times than required, and non-
                                                                               New Active ingredients
                                                                                Registered in FY 2000
                                                                               Average Registration
                                                                                       10   20   30
                                                                                New conventional "reduced risk" A.l.s
                                                                                (including "OP Alternatives")
                                                                                Non-"reduced-risk" /non- "OP alternative"
                                                                                conventional A.l.s
                                                                                New uses of existing conventional "reduced-
                                                                                risk" A.l.s (including "OP alternatives")
                                                                                New uses of existing non-"reduced-risk"/non-
                                                                                ฐOP alternative" conventional A.l.s

                                                2 REGISTERING PESTICIDES
                                   FQPA pending actions were reduced from a high of 388 on December 31,
                                   1996, to 16 as of September 30, 2000.
Antimicrobial Decisions vs. Approvals Since FY98

Old Chemical
Fast Track
Old Chemcial
Non-Fast Track
Fast Track
Non-Fast Track



Did You Know:  The
Cucurbitaceae family is a
medium-sized plant family,
comprising some 118 genera
and 825 species widely
distributed throughout
warmer regions of the
901 New Minor Uses Registered:  The Agency worked with USDA,
registrants, and other stakeholders to register 901 new uses for minor use
crops in FY 2000. FQPA also directed us to give special consideration to
minor uses. We registered more than 100 new minor uses just for Candida
oleophila, a biopesticide used on bulb vegetables, cucurbits (includes crops
such as melons, cucumbers, squash, and pumpkins), legumes, root and tuber
vegetables, flowers,  and other ornamentals.

549 Emergency Exemption Requests Processed:  In FY  2000, OPP
received 549 requests for emergency exemptions, of which 458 were
authorized, 34 were denied, and 59 were withdrawn by states. The average
turnaround time for emergency exemption requests was a historic low of 44
days despite the additional work required by FQPA.  OPP is currently
processing requests faster than the regulatory goal of 50 days  (in 1997 the
average processing time was 81 days).
                                                              Status of Emergency
                                                             Exemptions Processed
                                                                    in FY 2000

                 2  REGISTERING  PESTICIDES
    Approval of 95 Other Ingredients in Pesticide Products:  During
    this year, OPP approved 95 "other ingredients" (also known as inert
    ingredients in pesticide products). All of these have been determined to
    be safer than many of the older ingredients of this type.  The Agency also
    formed the Inert Disclosure Stakeholder Workgroup (IDSW) through the
    Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC). The IDSW will advise
    EPA through the PPDC on ways to increase the availability of information
    about other ingredients in pesticide products to the public.
       IJse jjf gUiorJenapyr on Cotton Not Granted Duejto .Potential^
              Birdsj  Jn Mrarch 20QQ," EPA completed its review of the™ *'j
        _(    ^chlorfenapyr for use on cotton.  EPA maderthe    ip ti     |
     || dฃtenninationj|iat chlorfenapyr does not meet the requirements for   J
     ง re|tsiratiqn under FIFRA. EPA made this determination after     	"" *
        ""	i	"	
                                used on cottonwoul^ersist _uvthe_
                               reproductive effects on birds. The
ericv'cMcluded that the

      application for the cotton use.
                                  istaoAmerkan ariculture
       fflftgffilSL^liffiffitiyffi	tg	control	fagsjgling cotton
                              lE2*il^Sll!'S2lrSilewlIS!sl51-?.^ in,    /'
          2000--spinosad (Tracer^^and.tebufemSe'gpnSrn};" '.'   	"*
One of our greatest
opportunities to
reduce pesticide
risks to public health
and the environment
is through our
pesticide registration

—Marcia E. Mulkey, Director,
Office of Pesticide Program


 JtyPA's Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) also regulates the manufacture,
 sale, and use of pesticides derived from biotechnology—plant-incorporated
 protectants (PIPs).  OPP must register these types of pesticides and set food
 tolerances for residues of plant-incorporated protectants (or determine on a
 case-by-case basis to exempt them from the food tolerance requirement)
 before they can be marketed.  The United States Department of Agriculture
 (USDA) also regulates the plants which produce these pesticides by requiring
 that the manufacturers of the plants obtain permits (or an exemption from the
 permit requirements) before the plants may move  in  commerce or be
 released into the environment. USDA also regulates crops genetically
 engineered to be tolerant of herbicides, but not the herbicide applied to the
 plant. FDA's regulatory responsibilities are to ensure that the food is safe to
 eat, to set standards for food labeling, and to take corrective action if
 contaminants are found in food.

 OPP's biotechnology activities for FY 2000 focused on increasing
 transparency and public participation in decision-making and strengthening the
 scientific foundations of our regulatory programs.  We did this through a series
 of public advisory committee meetings and workshops on scientific issues, as
 well as through publication of new data and analysis for public review and

 Updated Scientific Assessment of Expiring Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)
 Registrations: One of the major efforts of FY 2000 was  a comprehensive
 risk and benefit assessment for expiring Bt PIPs.  The reassessment covered
 all data submitted to EPA for the initial registration of these products and all
 data and information that have become available since the initial registration.
 OPP submitted a preliminary reassessment document to the public for
 comment and to the FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP) in October.

 Although the reassessment will guide the comprehensive reconsideration of all
 aspects of the registration of Bt products, in FY 2000, it has prompted EPA to
 make several interim changes. EPA strengthened insect resistance
 management requirements for these registrations.  One Bt corn product
 scheduled to expire was voluntarily canceled, and three additional products are
 being phased out by the registrant.

 In addition to consideration of recommendations made by the SAP and the
public, the final reassessment-due in FY2001~will be guided by the findings
 of the 1999 National Academy of Sciences (NAS)  report on Genetically
Modified Pest-Protected Plants.  The assessment covers all data submitted to
EPA for the initial registration of these products and everything available since
the registration.  Several prominent aspects of the  Bt Reassessment are
discussed below.

Understanding Bt Corn's Potential Effects  on  the Monarch Butterfly:
In June 1999, a published study raised questions regarding the potential risks to
Monarch butterflies from pollen of certain strains of genetically modified corn.
Potential effects on non-target pests including several insects were part of
Two Divisions in OPP regulate
products of modern

• The Registration Division
  regulates the herbicides used on
  herbicide tolerant crops such
  as Round Up Ready Soy-

• The Biopesticides and Pollution
  Prevention Division regulates
  products  of biotechnology that
  directly  produce pesticidal
  pesticides such as Bt  engineered
  to produce an additional
  insecticidal compound; the Bt
  plant-incorporated protectant-
  the plants produce the protein
  toxic to insects; and biochemical
  pesticides manufactured using
  engineered bacteria.
  Using a pin inoculator, a technician can
     simultaneously test 32 separate
     Bacillus thuringiensis isolates.

Did You Know:

The first generation of
biotech  crops was
approved by  EPA, FDA,
and USDA in the mid
1990s.  By 1999, trans-
genie varieties accounted
for 33 percent of corn
acreage, 50 percent of
soybean acreage, and 55
percent of cotton acreage
in the U.S.
EPA's evaluation prior to registration. EPA estimated that non-target moths and
butterflies would not be exposed to a significant amount of Bt corn pollen. To
help identify actual risks to Monarch butterflies, EPA issued a data call-in (DCI)
notice to the registrants of Bt corn products in December of 1999. The DCI
focused on information in several areas relating to potential Bt corn impacts on
non-target lepidopterans, especially Monarchs and the endangered Karner Blue

In November 1999 and February 2000, OPP staff participated in USDA
meetings to review the preliminary results of these  field studies and identify
future needs for Monarch research. Two additional workshops are planned for
Fall 2001 to discuss the results of the 2000 season's field trials. Authors of
these Monarch studies will try to expedite the publications of their scientific
papers  so they can share their results with the public more rapidly. The final
risk assessment for Bt, due in FY 2001, will reflect the field trial results, as well
as OPP's analysis of the data.

Insect  Resistance and Refuge Requirements:   In FY 2000, the insect
resistance management plans for Bt potatoes were modified to make the refuge  S
requirements mandatory rather than voluntary, and the Bt cotton refuge         jฃ
requirements were strengthened.  A new type of refuge option called an        g.
embedded refuge  was also included.  EPA also mandated a consistent set of    g;
required refuge strategies for all Bt corn products and strengthened existing     ^
resistance monitoring plans.  OPP worked collaboratively with industry, grower  cง
groups, environmental organizations, and USDA to make these changes.        g

  StarLink Corn:  In the fall of 2000, EPA and USDA learned that some corn
  products in grocery stores contained traces of StarLink corn, a strain of
  genetically modified com approved for use in animal feed but not cleared for
  human consumption due to unresolved allergenicity questions. These findings
  resulted in the voluntary cancellation of StarLink's registration by Aventis
  CropScience, the manufacturer.  In addition, EPA has worked closely with
  USDA and FDA to remove all possible StarLink corn from the food supply
  and ensure that no more StarLink is used in food products.  In FY 2001, EPA
  will continue to follow the StarLink issue closely. Next steps by the
  government relating to StarLink include:

      •   EPA, FDA, and CDC conducting a follow-up investigation of the
         health incidents reported,
      •   EPA evaluating new data on processing effects on  StarLink residues,
      •   EPA evaluating analytical methods to measure StarLink residues,
      •   FDA further monitoring of the food supply to determine if StarLink
         residues are present, and
|     •   Continued review of scientific data by the FIFRA SAP.
i. Responding to Stakeholders: OPP produced a detailed  scientific response
: to a Greenpeace petition that focused on insect-resistance management and
I ecological effects. To support the response, we revised, updated, and
I producedtechnicalfactsheetsforeachregisteredBtplant-pesticide.  In
I addition, we produced reports for meetings with the FIFRA SAP on
: ecological effects anddatarequirementsforproteinPIPs.  Following OPP's
3 response, on July 21,2000, Greenpeace withdrew its lawsuit related to the
5 petition. The petition response and other documents can be found on our
; biotechnology Web site atwww.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides.
  Promoting Dialogue and Peer Review on Biotechnology Issues:  OPP
  staff gave presentations at workshops, symposia, and public meetings on
  biotechnology. In addition, the Agency held three public meetings of the SAP
  on specific biotechnology issues in FY 2000:

     •  December 8-9,  1999-Data Requirements for Currently Registered
     •  February 4,2000—Food Allergenicity of Cry9C Endotoxin and Non-
        Digestible Proteins, and
     •  May 17, 2000—Mammalian Toxicity Assessment Guidelines for PIPs.

 EPA also took part in an administration-wide biotechnology review led jointly by
 the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Office of Science and
 Technology Policy (OSTP). The review focused on regulation of ecological
 impacts of biotechnology products including relevant PIPs.  A report was
 developed using a case study approach to be issued in FY 2001. The Agency
 also coordinated with the NC 205, a combination of USDA and independent
 scientists studying the European corn borer. NC 205 provided the Agency with
 research and suggestions regarding insect-resistance management programs for
 the Bt crops.
                                                        Agricultural engineer examines a sampla
                                                         of grain collected from this combine's f
                                                                 grain flow sensor

                                                       ^^',..iSaugBj^g^^ftซ^^si	iiii mgiLi
                                                       fiternational meetings held on     j
                                                       arofechnologyiiTFY 200(fincluded"^
                                                               exAd Hoc Task Force
                                                               nf*%at.ซ 1,,  it, ^.tasaekftk
                                                               ^sfo^ Foods Derived
                                                            'versjjty protocol, and
                                                             rfl^™m!IM"L^TO'lซ™ •1'mm "9 nmar -TlOiar T
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                                                       -enses ^ Soufe ^^  ^ ^ ^

                                                          I, and Europe and
                                                           IS,sn oujtregulation of	
                                                           " ^" ^ - .i A"Srปซ :ze,,,wnft,n"~ -   ''



  JL his fiscal year, through the pesticide reregistration program, EPA made
  significant progress in completing risk assessments and risk management
  decisions for many of the organophosphates (OPs) and for several other
  pesticides, our highest priority for reregistration and tolerance reassessment.
  The Agency initiated actions to significantly reduce use and exposure to two
  OP pesticides used widely in and around the home: chlorpyrifos and diazinon.
  Our agreements with the manufacturers to phase out and cancel indoor and
  outdoor residential uses and other uses of concern during the next few years
  will significantly mitigate risks to children, families, workers, wildlife, and the
  environment. EPA reviewed the safety of 19 pesticide active ingredients
  found in approximately 2,000 pesticide products on the market and completed
  121 tolerance reassessment decisions.

  The Agency issued Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Documents for 6
  of these 9 pesticides, Interim REDs (TREDs) for 7 pesticides, and Tolerance
  REDS (TREDs) for the remaining 6 pesticides. Of these 19 pesticides, all
  uses of 1 pesticide-ethyl parathion~are being cancelled; some uses of 6
  pesticides are being cancelled: terrazole, vinclozolin, fenthion, oxamyl,
>  phorate, propetamphos; and other types of risk mitigation measures are being
i  taken for all except mevinphos and fenitrothion. Appendix B-l contains
1  summaries of our decisions for these 19 pesticides. Some examples of other
• risk-reduction measures include: prohibiting certain application methods,
[  increasing entry intervals, requiring protective clothing, and restricting use
• near bodies of water.

jj Fourteen of the 19 pesticides for which reviews were completed are OPs.
; Appendix B-2 presents the review status of the OP pesticides. OP status
I information and the available risk assessment and risk management
; documents are also on EPA's web page (www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/).

• In conducting reviews of the OPs, EPA piloted a process to enhance
 transparency and public participation.  The process was devised in
 consultation with the Tolerance Reassessment Advisory Committee (TRAC),
 an advisory group with a wide variety of stakeholders, co-chaired by the
 Deputy Administrator of EPA and the USDA Deputy Secretary.  Using this
 process, we have presented for comment and refined our risk assessments for
 OPs based on sound scientific data and information from our stakeholders.
 The Agency is committed to following a similar process to conduct
 reassessments mandated by FQPA for the remaining OPs and other food-use
 pesticides and for all pesticides undergoing pesticide reregistration.  EPA took
 action to increase opportunities for public involvement in the development of
 future REDs by publishing a proposed process for public participation in risk
 assessment and risk management for all chemicals  in reregistration. This final
 process will be hi place for chemicals to be reviewed after 2001.  An interim
 process was applied to non-OP chemicals reviewed in 2000 and will be used
 in 2001 (see Appendix B-3).
Reregistration Decisions
 Completed in FY 2000

       6 REDs:
    Ethyl Parathion*
  Terrazole (Etridiazole)

      7 IREDs:

      6 TREDs:
  Organophosphate (OP)
     ** Carbamate

                   •, :- • ^iife
                           .     .  -,
                         '^•jz*ti&;ป&*^&3^^.&g ^f •

                         ^> *L<& ~••*•>.?'-" i-JT* • ซ.5rk< FI.?WC:*jฃ_, .
                         Kiป6y-_-f- ;ฑt JaS^r'-iaSs^W^-.—C,*-*^- -i -

 1 his year, EPA worked closely with USDA, the agricultural community, and
 other pesticide users to ensure that our pesticide regulatory decisions —primarily
 our aggregate risk assessments for the OPs — were realistic and based on
 sound science. The Agency increased opportunities for public involvement in
 the risk assessment and risk management processes for all chemicals in
 reregistration.  We re-affirmed our commitment to registering safer OP
 alternatives and supported the development of other innovative pest
 management tools.  The Committee to Advise on Reassessment and Transition
 (CARAT) was created as a  follow-on to TRAC. At its first meeting in June
 2000, CARAT members reviewed current efforts to assess pest management
 issues and considered ways the committee's advice could advance USDA and
 EPA efforts.

 We also worked together to ensure that growers are able to make the transition
 to safer, cost-effective alternative pest management tools and approaches. For
 many crops, lower risk pesticides already exist. The Agency also supported
 innovative pest management through the Pesticide Environmental Stewardship
 Program (PESP), a voluntary partnership between  EPA and pesticide users.
 The goal of PESP is to reduce pesticide risks encountered in both agricultural
 and non-agricultural settings. The voluntary program includes more than 130
partnerships (see page 22).  PESP members come  from a range of different
organizations: commercial and residential pest control, agriculture, landscape and
turf, utilities/rights of way companies, networking/technology transfer companies,
and government.

Many of the FY 2000 submissions included encouraging results, enabling
growers to transition to safer, cost-effective alternative pest management tools
and approaches, for example:

   •   Del Monte Foods,  along with the Yakima Valley Pear IPM Project,
       has been able to reduce OP use by 45 percent.  Its canned products
       showed no detectible residues.

   •   The Winter Pear Control Committee in  Oregon has been able to
       reduce  synthetic pesticide use by 74 percent during the last 5 years and
       also reduce OP use  by 66 percent.

   •   Apples in Michigan.  In test trials last year, OP use was cut in half on
       an experimental plot of 900 acres of apples  in Michigan. In FY 2001,
       the trial plot area will be expanded to 2,900 acres and many of the
       orchard blocks are on track to be OP-free.

   •    Pears in Yakima, Washington.  More than 2,000 acres, were
       enrolled in this project. OP and carbamate  use were reduced 30 to 50
      percent in trial areas.

                                                                                   PESP GOES BEYOND

                                                                                The New York City Board of
                                                                                Education, one of our PESP
                                                                                Partners, reduced pesticides use
                                                                                in its schools by 33 percent last
                                                                                year.  This school year
                                                                                (September 2000), they began
                                                                                using only boric acid and baits.
                                                                                The Board avoids any and all use
                                                                                of pesticide products in
                                                                                classrooms and other areas where
                                                                                students might be exposed to
                                                                            Photo on previous page:
                                                                            Pineapple in Hawaii grown
                                                                            with biodegradable plastic mulch.

Did You  Know:

Paris green, also called
Schweinfurt green, was
used in 1867 to control
an outbreak of the
Colorado  Potato Beetle.
This extremely
poisonous, bright green
powder was once used
extensively as a pigment
(e.g.,  in wallpaper).
Chemically it is a copper
acetoarsenite  that  may be
prepared from arsenic
trioxide and copper
Other exciting projects include:

      Campbell Soup Supply Company is using disease forecasting for
      tomatoes, celery, and peppers. By using this process called
      TOM-CAST, Campbell has been able to reduce sprays by 50 percent.

      Glades Crop Care, Inc., in Florida has found that its pepper
      growers can spend 63 percent less money on pest management by
      making fewer applications of pesticides, applying chemicals that are
      much less environmentally disruptive, and using a more biointensive
      pest management program. In addition, these growers used 43
      percent fewer pesticides on their pepper crops.

   •  Pineapple Growers Association of Hawaii is using an innovative
      injection sprayer that releases herbicides  only where they are needed.
      The association is also testing a "living mulch" grass cover crop that is
      stunted in height and out-competes other weeds.

      The Mint Industry Research Council promotes the use of
      predatory mites to control spider mites and the use of clean rootstock
      that will prevent the introduction of diseased material into new fields at
      the time they are being established.

    Many PESP projects are made possible through EPA grants. For example,
    EPA provides grants to the American Farmland Trust's Center for Agriculture
    in the Environment, and the USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and
    Education Program (SARE). American Farmland Trust, Center for Agriculture
    in the Environment projects are pesticide risk/use reduction activities targeted to
    major commodity groups and intended to complement the FQPA. Most of the
    projects are unique public-private partnerships with multiple funding sources,
    including private foundations (.e.g, Pew Charitable Trusts) and environmental
    groups (e.g., the World Wildlife Fund).

    The SARE program is a regionally administered education and demonstration
    program designed to promote environmentally friendly (and sustainable) farming
    practices that include: increased biodiversity, clean water, use of advanced
    IPM, cover crops and rotations, and soil tilth. EPA contributes grant funds to
    the SARE program through an IAG with USDA, and provides technical and
    administrative support to the program.  For more information on PESP and its
    members, visit our Web site at http://www.pesp.org  The 2000 Pesticide
    Environmental Stewardship Program Members are:

 ,   PESP Partners  (Organizations that  use pesticides or
2j   represent pesticide users are eligible to become PESP
   All Service Pest Management, Inc.
   Almond Board of California
   American Electric Power Service Corporation
   American Mosquito Control Association
   American Nursery and Landscape Association
   American Peanut Council
   American Pest Management, Inc.
   Arizona Public Service
   Artichoke Research Association
   California Citrus Research Board
   California Cling Peach Growers Advisory Board
   California Floral Council
   California Fresh Carrot Advisory Board
   California Lettuce Research Board
   California Melon Research Advisory Board
   California Pear Advisory Board
   California Pear Growers
   California Pistachio Commission
   California Prune Board
   California Tomato Commission
   Carolina Power & Light
   Central Maine Power Company
   Central Virginia Electric Cooperative
   Chevy Chase Village
   Chicago Parks District, Department of Conservatories
   City of Davis, CA

Hawaii Agriculture Research Center
Hawaii Banana Industry Association
Hawaiian Electric Company
Hood River Grower-Shipper Association
Kansas Corn Growers Association
Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association
Lodi-Woodbridge Winegrape Commission
Low Input Viticulture and Enology of Oregon
Massachusetts IPM Council
Massey Services, Inc.
Michigan Cherry Committee
Mint Industry Research Council
Monroe County School Corporation
National Grape Cooperative, Inc.
National Grid (formerly Eastern Utilities)
National Pest Management Association
National Potato Council
New England, Vegetable & Berry Growers ssociation
New Orleans Mosquito Control Board
New York Berry Growers Association
New York City Board of Education
New York State Gas & Electric
Northeast Utilities
Northern Indiana Public Service Corporation
Northwest Alfalfa Seed Grower Association
Owen Specialty Services, Inc.
Pacific Coast Producers
Pear Pest Management Research Fund
Pebble Beach Company
Pennsylvania Electric
Pennsylvania Power & Light
Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association
Pineapple Growers Association of Hawaii
Processed Tomato Foundation
Professional Lawn Care Association of America
Reliable Pest Control
Roses  Inc.
Sanitary Pest Control Company
Sarasota  County Government Public Works
South Dakota Cattlemen's Association
Sprague Pest Solutions
Steritech Group, Inc.
Sunkist Growers
Sun-Maid Growers of California
Tennessee Valley Authority
Texas Association of Nurserymen, Inc.
Texas Pest Management Association
U.S. Apple Association
U.S. Canola Association
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Hop Industry Plant Protection Committee



 U.S. Public Health Service - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 University of Georgia-College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences
 Utilicorp United
 VA, MD & DE Association of Electric Cooperatives
 Vegetation Managers, Inc.
 Walnut Marketing Board
 Walt Disney World Resort
 Washington State Department of Transportation
 West Virginia Power
 Winter Pear Control Committee
 Wisconsin Ginseng Growers Association
 Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

 PESP  Supporters (Organizations that have an interest in
 pesticide issues are eligible to become PESP  Supporters.)

 Agricultural Conservation Innovation Center
 American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators
 Aqumix, Inc.
 Association of Applied Insect Ecologists
 Auburn University - Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology
 Audubon International
 Bay Area Stormwater Management Agencies Association
 Bio-Integral Resource Center
 Campbell Soup Company
 Claymont Center for Continuous Education
 Del Monte
 Farm*A*Syst / Home*A*Syst
 Gempler's Inc.
 General Mills, Inc.
 Gerber Products Company
 Glades Crop Care, Inc.
 Institute  for Agriculture and Trade Policy
 IPM Institute of North America, Inc.
 Maryland Department of Agriculture
 Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
National Council of Farmer Cooperatives
Northeast Research,  Extension & Academic Program Committee for IPM
Rainforest Alliance - ECO O.K.  Program
United States Golf Association
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service
University of Wisconsin Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems


JT esticides contribute to an ample food supply, are vital for controlling
disease-causing vectors (pests, such as mosquitoes, which spread disease),
and keep our homes and gardens free from deleterious pests. EPA is
dedicated to ensuring that pesticides can be used without posing
unreasonable risks to public health and the environment. Our dedication
does not end once a pesticide has been registered. In FY 2000, EPA
responded to several pesticide safety and public health concerns:

    •    Chlorpyrifos:  We made an agreement with registrants to phase out
        and eliminate chlorpyrifos termiticide and residential indoor and lawn
        uses. The agreement also will significantly lower allowable residues
        on certain crops, including fruits and vegetables regularly eaten by
        children, thereby reducing or eliminating the most important sources
        of exposure.

    •    Allercare:  To avert additional possible harmful effects to
        consumers,  at our urging, S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc., issued an
        immediate voluntary recall after more than 400 people reported
        experiencing medical problems after using one of two products:
        AllerCare™ Dust Mite Powder or AllerCare™ Dust Mite
        Allergen Spray for Carpet and Upholstery.

    •    Pull 'N Spray  Containers:  We worked in cooperation with the
        Scotts Company and Monsanto Corporation to alert consumers to
        return two pesticide products in Pull 'N Spray containers for full
        refunds — Roundupฎ Ready-to-Use Weed & Grass Killer and
        Orthoฎ Ready-to-Use Home Defense™ Indoor & Outdoor Insect
        Killer. The Pull 'N Spray pump mechanism had the potential to
        malfunction and expose the user to the pesticide contents.

    •    PUR Water Purifier Failure: In cooperation with  Procter &
        Gamble, EPA worked to remove from the marketplace all PUR
        water purifiers with carbon filters. It was determined that the
        carbon filter actually removed the  purifying chemical from the
        water before it  was fully successful in treating the water.  Procter
        & Gamble recalled all such products and placed signs identifying
        the deficiency in retail outlets where the units were sold.  They
        also published ads in camping magazines to advertise the recall.
       The company then submitted data to the Agency demonstrating that
       the product still works effectively without the carbon filter, so the
       Agency allowed remaining stocks to stay in the channels of trade.

    •   Pesticides and  Public Health:  In FY 2000,  OPP's Public Health
       Official (PHO) coordinated with the Centers for Disease Control
       and Prevention (CDC) and USDA on public health issues relating to
       pesticides used to control mosquitoes carrying the West Nile Virus.
       In May 2000, OPP developed a series of fact sheets relating to
       pesticides used to control mosquitoes carrying the West Nile Virus:

                  "Pesticides and Mosquito Control"
                  "Larvicides for Mosquito Control"
                                                                               USE OF CHLORPYRIFOS RETAINED FOR
                                                                                MOSQUITO CONTROL TO PROTECT
                                                                                         PUBLIC HEALTH
   'espite great strides in vector control
 over the past 50 years, mosquito-borne
 diseases continue to pose significant
 threats to the public in the United States.
 Current challenges posed by the West Nile
 virus, for example, illustrate the importance
 of having effective mosquito control tools
 available. State and local health
 departments which have a critical, front-
 line role in protecting the public from
 mosquito-borne diseases, carry out
 prevention, education, and eradication
 efforts. They can rely on many EPA-
 registered insecticides that they can
 employ without posing unreasonable risk
 to human health or the environment.

 Within the arsenal of pesticide products
 still available for public health uses are OP
 insecticides such as chlorpyrifos. OPs
 affect the functioning of the nervous
 system and are in the priority group of
 pesticides being reviewed under FQPA.
 Chlorpyrifos is commonly found in many
 home and garden bug sprays.  It has been
 used to combat termites and is also used
 on some agricultural crops.

 EPA released its revised risk assessment of
 chlorpyrifos and announced an agreement
 with registrants to eliminate and phase out
 certain uses of the pesticide.  Chlorpyrifos
 use will be virtually eliminated in and
 around homes and in nonresidential
 settings. Under the agreement, ultra low
 volume applications of chlorpyrifos for
 mosquito control will be allowed to
 continue.  Chlorpyrifos use by
professional applicators for fire ant control
will also be allowed to continue.  These
applications provide an important public
health benefit without posing risks  of

 During 2000, infected or dead
 birds, such as crows, often
 provided the first indication
 that the West Nile Virus was
 present in the area.
 Mosquitoes, which are largely
 bird feeding species, transmit
 the virus to people and
                                              •   "Synthetic Pyrethroids for Mosquito Control"
                                              •   "Naled for Mosquito Control"
                                                 "Malathion for Mosquito Control"

                                       EPA's mosquito-related fact sheets are available online at
                                       www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/skeeters.htm. Our website also
                                       links to CDC's website which provides information on West Nile Virus:

                                       In FY 2000, OPP's PHO also chaired EPA's Public Health Steering
                                       Committee, which includes members from each OPP Division. This
                                       Committee worked with CDC to develop a list of public health pests;
                                       an EPA/CDC Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that provides a
                                       framework for interagency coordination; and standard operating
                                       procedures for the EPA and CDC consultative process.

                                       Other pesticide issues EPA and CDC worked together on in FY 2000
                                       include: insect repellent labeling and efficacy testing protocols, and
                                       identifying ways to further enhance coordination activities, including staff
                                       exchanges and Week in Residence (WIRE) programs.

3 I
                                          EPA and CDC officials sign a Memorandum of Understanding to
                                           coordinate programs to control pests of public health concern.
                                          From left to right: Dr. James M. Hughes, Director of The National
                                          Center for Infectious Disease; Marcia E. Mulkey, Director of EPA's
                                       Pesticide Programs; and Dr. Richard J. Jackson, Director for the National
                                                      Center for Environmental Health.
Did You Know:  Use of Methyl Parathion on many fruit and vegetable crops became
unlawful as of January 1, 2000 as a result of 1999 voluntary cancellation.

"Treated Articles" and Public Health Claims:  In recent years,
the marketplace has experienced a proliferation of products (e.g.,
sponges and cutting boards) that are treated with pesticides ("treated
articles") that bear implied or explicit public health claims. Product
labels for many treated articles contain claims of antibacterial
properties for protection against bacteria, fungi, and viruses, or make
specific claims against pathogenic organisms that may cause food
poisoning, infectious diseases, or respiratory problems. EPA's treated
articles policy (Federal Register Notice, 4/17/98) clarified the current
enforcement policy that "no implied or explicit public health claims of
any kind may  be made..." for treated articles. Further, EPA's policy
states that "the claims concerning the presence of a pesticide in the
treated article are limited to the protection of the treated article only."

To minimize bom consumer and industry confusion over what
constitutes a correct and acceptable product claim, EPA clarified its
current policy  and offered guidance with respect to the scope of the
treated-article exemption hi Pesticide Registration (PR) Notice 2000-1.
Subsequently, EPA issued PR Notice 2000-10, which indicated that the
Agency will begin to rely on the guidance in PR Notice 2000-1 as of
April 30,2001.
Making Sure Hospital Disinfectants
Work:  OPP's Microbiology Laboratory
is testing hospital disinfectants and
tuberculocides.  In the past year the new
lab at the Environmental Science Center
at Ft. Meade, Maryland, has been
evaluating selected product performance
claims (Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus,
and Mycobacterium) for hospital
disinfectants and tuberculocides to
ensure that they perform as intended.

The team tested product formulations
including towelette, spray, and ready-to-
use formulations. Results of the tests
are then shared with OPP's Antimicrobial
Division and the Office of Enforcement
and Compliance Assurance for
appropriate followup.  We have also
expanded the testing program by
including four state laboratories (Ohio,
Michigan, North Carolina, and
Mississippi) in the project.

Workshops on antimicrobial testing at the
Environmental Science Center in
November 1999 and August 2000
brought scientists together from the state
laboratories and the Food & Drug
Administration to learn more about the
technical aspects of product testing.

  Tribal Pesticide Program Council members and EPA staff meet at the
 Yakima Nation in Washington State - September 2000.

                  7    SUPPORTING FIELD PROGRAMS
  X hrough increased coordination and a strong commitment to continued
 collaborative relationships among EPA regional offices, state pesticide
 regulatory agencies, tribes, public interest groups, private organizations, and
 other stakeholders, OPP has been successful at implementing its regulatory
 programs in the field.


 Reassessing Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training: Comprised
 of OPP, USDA, state pesticide agencies, tribes, and pesticide safety educators,
 the Certification and Training Assessment Group (CTA.G) is reassessing the
 adequacy of current programs for training and certifying applicators of
 restricted use pesticides. These higher-risk pesticides may be applied only by or
 under the direct supervision of specially trained and certified applicators.
 States, territories, and tribes conduct these programs according to national
 standards set by OPP.  In January 1999, CTAG published recommendations for
 changes to guide the program's future. In FY 2000, OPP implemented certain
 recommendations, which include conducting national test validation workshops,
 initiating public and private projects to develop training materials, and sharing
 training materials through website postings. Pesticide applicator certification
 and training information can be found at www.epa.gov/oppfeadl/safety/

 Worker Protection Assessment Group:  In June 2000,  OPP hosted the first
 meeting of the Worker Protection Assessment Group, which includes over 100
 stakeholders representing state departments of agriculture, worker advocacy
 groups, county extension services, grower groups, and federal agencies, to
 discuss issues and needs for improving worker protection regulations.  The goal
 of this group is to assess the current worker protection program, generate a
 consortium of interests that can effect change in the program, provide a means
 to foster the partnerships essential to make the program work, and provide a
 continuing forum to focus on and resolve worker protection issues.  Broad
 themes emerged from the meeting that will serve as the focal point for the
 assessment, such as inspection, training, children's health, and communication
 and information exchange. The worker protection assessment group will help
 the Agency develop a strategic plan for improving the national worker
protection program.

National Program to Train Farmworkers  and Their Families  about
Pesticide Safety:  Through a cooperative agreement with the Association of
Farmworker Opportunity Programs (AFOP), EPA funded a national program to
train farmworkers and their families about pesticide safety. Joining forces with
AmeriCorps, AFOP expanded its small pesticide safety education program into
a highly successful partnership between AFOP, AmeriCorps, EPA, and 37
community-based organizations across the country.

                                                                                             KEEP OUT
                                                                                             HO EHTRE
                                                                                     Farmworkers participate in
                                                                                  training led by Angela Campos, an
                                                                                   AFOP AmeriCorps member who
                                                                                    received the All-AmeriCorp
                                                                                  '  Leadership Award for 2000.
                                                                                 Farmworkers participate in training
                                                                                 led by Victoria Gonzales, an AFOP
                                                                                      AmeriCorps member.

                                              7     SUPPORTING FIELD PROGRAMS
        Courage am I

Courage am I.
Outstanding art is in my community.
Read our path-
In our community we share.
Now I will change the world.
Amazing is our community.

Reflecting in my thoughts
Unity is our community.
In our community we educate.
Zipping our minds.

When I make these choices
I am a hero
I am Corina Ruiz
I am part of the Young Farm
Workers' Academy.

               -C.Ruiz, 10
In the sixth year of this program, AFOP AmeriCorps members have
trained more than 150,000 farmworkers, farmworker children, farmers, and
community members in 22 states: AZ, AR, CA, CO, FL, GA, HI, IN, LA,
MA, ME, MD, MT, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, TX, UT, VA, and WA.  As part of
this effort, farmworkers, their families, and farmers learn ways to protect
themselves and others from adverse effects of pesticides and to comply with
the Worker Protection Standard.  Many of the AFOP AmeriCorps members
come from farmworker families and will go on to utilize their educational
awards toward a career in public health, community service, or the

Educational Mentoring Program for  Children of Farm Workers:  In FY
2000, EPA provided funds for the development of the Young Farm Workers'
Academy (YFA).  Implemented by Equity Research Corporation, the
University of Texas at Brownsville, and the Texas Southmost College, this pilot
mentoring program provided 55 elementary, middle, and high school children of
migrant workers with an increased awareness of organic gardening, pesticide
safety, health and well-being, and opportunities for a college education. Fifty
trained mentors (university students, parents, and community leaders)
developed and established bonds with the children.  They were also able to
increase the children's awareness of pesticide safety and parents'
participation in their children's education.

On September 21, 2000, 10 YFA students participated in EPA's  2000 Hispanic
Heritage Month Celebration in Washington, B.C. EPA's theme was "Children:
Our Hope for the Future." The YFA students shared with OPP their
experiences working on the farm and what they have learned in the program.
The students-Kimberley Benitez, Guadalupe Gaona, Anna Karem Garza,
Rosita Reyes, Corina Torrina Ruiz, Leo Mariscal, Rodrigo Reyes, Cindy
Alonso, Daisy Alonso, and Gloria Castillo-were accompanied by their
chaperones-Aaron Brenner; YFA staff members; Ofelia Gaona, the Runn
Elementary Principal; and Dr. Manzillas from the University of Texas at


 YFA students share their farming
     experiences with OPP.
 Finalizing the Groundwater Pesticide Management Plans (PMPs):  In
 1996, OPP published a proposed rule that represents a new regulatory
 approach to the management of certain pesticides that would otherwise be
 considered for cancellation due to their toxicity and their widespread
 occurrence and persistence in the environment. Under the proposed rule, use
 would be allowed to continue in states and on tribal lands if the state or tribe
 develops chemical-specific management plans for them. These plans must
 specify the variability in local hydrogeology, vuhierability, and use patterns.
 This rule was developed with state and tribal input. As of FY 2000, 24 states
 and one tribe have voluntarily completed "generic" management plans that
 have received regional concurrence.

                   7    SUPPORTING  FIELD  PROGRAMS


 New Information Management System: An industry task force (the
 FIFRA Endangered Species Task Force, or FESTF), in partnership with OPP,
 this year developed an Internet-based information management system to
 facilitate risk assessments for endangered and threatened species. Test runs
 and pilots of the system are expected to occur through next summer. When
 the system is operational at OPP, anticipated in 2002, it will provide both
 FESTF-member registrants and OPP risk assessors  with a consistent,
 Standardized method for analyzing pesticide-use information and species-
 location data.  The system includes a list of species in the areas of interest, a
 list of EPA-approved mitigation measures applicable to the particular situation,
 and a large database of information from subject-area experts, allowing
 registrants and EPA either to identify existing mitigation measures or to
 propose new ones. Information on OPP's Endangered Species Protection
 Program is available at wvwv.epa.gov/espp/.

 New Jaguar Information Sheet: OPP worked with the Fish and Wildlife
 Service (FWS) to determine and implement mitigation measures to protect the
jaguar in six counties in Arizona and one in New Mexico — the jaguar's
 current range in the U.S.  As an obligation to conserve threatened and
 endangered species under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, OPP
 developed a draft fact sheet on the endangered jaguar. The information sheet
 is under review by FWS.  (See box for list of available information sheets on
 endangered species.)

 Improving the Process for Protecting Endangered Species:  In FY 2000,
 OPP began discussions with the FWS  and the National Marine Fisheries
 Service  on ways to more quickly and efficiently protect threatened and
endangered species.
   Endangered Species
    Information Sheets

        Amber Darter
       Arizona Cliffrose
   Attwater's Prairie Chicken
      Autumn Buttercup
         Bald Eagle
       Blackside Dace
    Blue Ridge Goldenrod
       Boulder Darter
   Brady Pincushion Cactus
     Bunched Arrowhead
     California Least Tern
  Chapman's Rhododendron
        Clay Phacelia
     Colorado Squawfish
    Conasauga Logperch
       Desert Tortoise
       Houston Toad
Flat-Spired Three-toothed Snail
       Florida Torreya
    Fresno Kangaroo Rat
      Giant Gaiter Snake
      Humpback Chub
      Interior Least Tern
    Iowa Pleistocene Snail
      Rutland's Warbler
  Kuenzler Hedgehog Cactus
      Maguire Primrose
     Mesa Verde Cactus
   Miccosukee Gooseberry
    Minnesota Trout Lily
  Mississippi Sandhill Crane
       Navajo Sedge
      Okaloosa Darter
       Painted Snake
     Coiled Forest Snail
   Peebles Navajo Cactus
     Persistent Trillium
       Piping Plover
     Prairie Bush-Clover
Sacramento Mountains Thistle
   Siler Pincushion Cactus
        Snail Darter
       Spotfin Chub
Tennessee Purple Coneflower
      Toad-Flax Cress
Uinta Basin Hookless Cactus
      Utah Prairie Dog
     Whooping Crane
       Wood Stork
Woundfin/Virgin River Chub
      Wyoming Toad

Working  together
on these issues
[pesticide and toxic
issues in Indian
Country] - as
teachers,  parents,
citizens, and
governments — we
set an example of
respect for each
other and for all
parts of our Earth
- Susan Wayland, Acting
Assistant Administrator for
                                         7    SUPPORTING FIELD PROGRAMS
                                TRIBAL INITIATIVES AND PROGRAMS

                                The Tribal Pesticide Program Council (TPPC):  The TPPC, formed
                                through a cooperative agreement with OPP and the Native Ecology
                                Initiative, held two meetings this year which were attended by
                                approximately 35 tribes and tribal organizations. The Council formed four
                                working groups: Tribal Strategy; Development of a Resource Guide for
                                Tribes; Tribal Legal Authority under FIFRA — particularly Section 18; and
                                Subsistence, which includes the concerns of native fishermen, hunters,
                                gatherers, traditional medicine people, and cultural and crafts people, such
                                as basketweavers. The Council will be working closely with EPA to
                                advance work and resolve issues in these and other areas of interest to

                                The Tribal Medicine Project: In FY 2000 OPP launched the tribal
                                medicine project as part of the OPP health care provider outreach
                                initiative. The project will provide health care providers with training on
                                how to identify, treat, and prevent acute pesticide poisoning. The project
                                also focuses on pesticide-related health conditions tailored to the unique
                                types of exposures and health care infrastructures in tribal communities.

                                Tribal Groundwater Workshops are carried out by a grantee to assist
                                tribes on technical, legal, and policy issues associated with developing
                                groundwater management plans. In just over 2 years, more than 120 tribes
                                have attended the workshops and over 15 tribes are developing
                                groundwater management plans.
                                                              Tribal Pesticide Program Council
                                                                      (TPPC) Logo
Did You Know:  Ospreys are one of the birds tiiat made a dramatic comeback due,
in part, to the banning of DDT.  Nationwide, Ospreys increased from fewer than 8,000
pairs in 1981 to 14,246 pairs in 1994.

Five-Year Strategic Plan for Tribal Programs: In FY 2000, OPP's tribal
team began work with EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics to
develop a strategic plan that will set goals for the two offices' tribal programs
for the next 5 years.  The strategic plan, to be adopted in FY 2001, will reflect
extensive input not only from EPA stakeholders but also from individual tribal
members and tribal environmental groups. As the tribes' needs change, the
strategic plan will be revised.

Tribal Newsletter: In FY 2000, the OPP tribal team worked with the Office
of Pollution Prevention and Toxics staff to publish several issues of the Office
of Pesticides, Prevention, and Toxic Substances (OPPTS) newsletter, OPPTS
Tribal Neivs. The newsletter is intended to serve as a news exchange
between the Agency and tribes.  It features  tribal success stories,' summaries
of the two EPA offices' activities with tribes, information on conferences,
meetings and grants, resources available to tribes, and a popular kid's page.
For a look at all of the issues, point your browser to www.epa.gov/opptbitr/


  Jt5y continuing to build on existing partnerships and forging new alliances, OPP
  and its regional counterparts are better able to implement EPA's mission of
  protecting public health and the environment from the risks pesticides may
  pose. In FY 2000, through unique partnerships, OPP worked to promote safer
  means of pest control and was able to develop and apply better, more consistent
  policies to decisionmaking. The various stakeholders include other government
  agencies, states, and the international community, as well as a host of others.

 Pesticide Urban Initiative: OPP continued to provide funding in support of
 EPA regional and state projects to prevent the misuse of pesticides in urban
 residential settings. The strategy is a direct response to increased Agency
 concerns about a series of highly dangerous incidents where a toxic agricultural
 pesticide, methyl parathion, was illegally used indoors in residential settings to
 control cockroaches. In addition to providing increased regulatory and
 enforcement presence in targeted urban communities, as well as training and
 compliance assistance to states, EPA regions have developed an array of
 outreach materials and programs.  Partnerships have been formed with USDA
 cooperative extension services, state agencies, universities, and other groups.

 Pesticides and the Health Care Community:  OPP partnered with the
 public health community to develop and publish in the Federal Register a draft
 implementation plan for public comment that identifies strategies for educating
 health care providers on how to recognize, diagnose, and manage pesticide-
 related conditions. The plan and implementation progress will be showcased at
 a national forum for health care providers scheduled for early 2001 in
 Washington, D.C. For more information, see the Pesticides and National

                                              8   PARTNERS  FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
     State FIFRA Issues
 Research and Evaluation
      Group (SFIREG)

SFIREG was established through a
cooperative agreement in 1978 by OPP
and the Association of American
Pesticide Control Officials (AAPCO)to
exchange information between OPP and
state regulatory officials. The following
meetings were held hi FY 2000:

December 6-7,1999 - SFIREG Group

February 7-8,2000 - SFIREG Water
Quality and Pesticide Disposal Working

March 6-8,2000 - AAPCO Spring

April 17-18,2000 - SFIREG Pesticide
Operations and Management Working

June 26-27,2000 - SFIREG Group

August 7-8,2000 - AAPCO Summer
Strategies for Health Care Providers report, created by OPP in collaboration
with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, USD A, the
Department of Labor, and the National Environmental Education Training
Foundation.  To obtain more information, visit www.epa.gov/pesticides/

Quality Management Plan Workgroup:  States and tribal agencies are
required to develop Quality Management Plans to ensure that environmental
data collected are of known, documented quality.  States also are required to
develop Quality Assurance Project Plans, detailing the procedures for data
gathering and analyses. In June 1999, OPP collaborated with state pesticide
lead agencies, state pesticide laboratories, EPA regions, and EPA's Office of
Enforcement and Compliance Monitoring to develop Guidance for Quality
Management Plan Development.  The workgroup also began developing
similar guidance for states and tribes to develop Quality Assurance Project
Plans to be finalized by the end of calendar year 2000.

Working with State Labs: OPP's laboratories  support  state FIFRA
laboratories through training workshops, the check-sample program, and
provision of analytical methods and reference standards.

     •   Two week-long training workshops were held during the year. The
        first,  High Performance Liquid  Chromatography/Mass
        Spectrometry:   Fundamentals and Practical Application to
        Pesticide Residue Analysis,  was hosted  by California Department of
        Food and Agriculture Laboratory.  The second, Analysis of
        Herbicides Found in Groundwater, was hosted  by the Ohio
        Department of Agriculture.  These workshops included a combination
        of classroom instruction and "hands-on" lab work, a format particularly
        popular with state lab personnel.

     •   Check sample exercises provide an opportunity for state laboratories to
        assess their performance in analyzing standard samples for pesticides
        and to help identify areas where additional training or better analytical
        methods may be needed.  Participation has been excellent, with 35
        state labs participating in November 1999 and 48 in March 2000.

        State laboratories are OPP's primary customers for analytical methods
        for pesticide residues. In June 2000, to  facilitate methods requests, we
        posted an index of available environmental chemistry methods on the
        Internet, along with an e-mail request form. In the first 4 months, we
        received 88 requests for 173 methods. In comparison, during the same
        period for the prior fiscal year, we processed 48 requests for 62
        methods. Similar indices for product chemistry and food residue
        methods are planned for the coming year.

     •   In its first full year of operation, the new Repository of Pesticide
        Analytical Standards at the Environmental Science Center showed real
        improvements in service to state labs. In FY 2000, nearly 3,000
        standards were distributed to state labs, significantly exceeding initial
        projections of 3,000 in the first 5 years.


 Wisconsin Potato Project:  This year OPP partnered with the grower
 community, environmental and consumer interest groups, and the University of
 Wisconsin Potato IPM Research and Extension Team to enhance ecosystem
 health and grower profitability.  This was achieved through pesticide risk/use
 reductions and promotion of IPM.  This collaboration has been successful at
 lowering growers' use of toxic pesticides, and EPA is in the process of
 expanding the project to include more growers.

 Consumer Labeling Initiative (CLI):  In March 2000 at the Philadelphia
 Flower Show, OPP and industry partners launched a nationwide public
 education campaign to encourage consumers to read the information on
 household product labels. The "Read the Label First!" campaign is part of
 CLI, a voluntary partnership to improve labels and help the public purchase,
 use, and dispose of products more safely and responsibly. The campaign
 coincides with new, easier-to-read labels on many home pesticide and cleaning
 products now on store shelves. For more information on CLI, visit

 Inert Disclosure Stakeholder Workgroup:    Early this year, OPP
 established the Inert Disclosure  Stakeholder Workgroup to advise the Agency
 through the Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC) on ways to make
 information on inert ingredients more available to the public while working
 within the mandates of FIFRA and related Confidential Business Information
 (CBI) concerns. The group has been examining the current Agency processes
 and policies for disseminating inert ingredient information to the public, including
 informational needs for a variety of stakeholders, as well as business reasons
 for limiting the disclosure of inert ingredient information. In FY 2001, the
workgroup is expected to make recommendations on how to increase the
availability of inert ingredient information to the public.

Spray Drift Team:  OPP's Spray Drift Team worked with industry, academia,
applicators, USDA, states, tribes, and EPA regions to develop guidance for new
labeling language for off-target pesticide drift control.  As a result, the Team
developed a draft PR Notice, "Spray and Dust Drift Label Statements for
Pesticide Products," and a supporting draft Federal Register Notice, both
expected to be published in FY 2001. The purpose of the PR Notice is to
provide registrants and applicators with improved and more consistent product
label statements for controlling pesticide drift from spray and dust applications.
In FY 2000, team members consulted stakeholders and met with state
representatives to discuss their needs for effectively enforcing off-target drift
and held a question-and-answer session with aerial applicators. The team has
developed a draft guidance document for performing screening-level spray drift-
related risk and exposure assessments using the AgDRJFT model.

Birdcast Web Site: OPP supported the development of the new Birdcast Web
Site (launched March 2000), which provides the public with near real -time
forecasts of bird migration in the Mid-Atlantic region.  Birdcast integrates
weather radar, audio monitoring, and ground observations of birds to track
migration. One major goal is to enable people to make better-informed decisions
about when to apply pesticides and conduct other activities that might affect
migrating birds.  The coalition of partners who developed Birdcast includes the
Academy of Natural Sciences, National Audubon Society, Clemson University
Radar Ornithology Lab, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Geomarine, and EPA's
Environmental Monitoring for Public Access and Community Tracking Program
(EMPACT).  Visit the Web  site at www.birdcast.org.


 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Technical Working
 Group (TWG): Under the NAFTA TWO on Pesticides, OPP's cooperation with
 Canada and Mexico produced significant accomplishments in FY 2000. For
 example, the TWG:

 •  Completed the North American Crop Field Trial Zone Maps for
 Canada and the U.S. to support registration of pesticides in all three
 NAFTA countries and development of data in support of minor crops.

 •  Identified, through the USDA and State-Funded Interregional Research
   (IR-4) Project, 10 pesticide/crop combinations in Canada and the
 U.S., and one combination between Mexico and the U.S. for development
 of field trial data to support minor-use registrations.

 •  Finalized a Geographic Information System that registrants can use to
 select field dissipation study sites that will satisfy requirements of both
 Canadian and American regulators.

 •  Agreed on assessment procedures for occupational and residential
 exposures that have facilitated routine work sharing and common

 •  Developed a NAFTA document entitled, Status of Harmonization of
Pesticide Registration Between Canada and the United States -
Environmental Fate.  This document outlines the  areas of substantial
agreement between Canada and the United States for environmental fate data
requirements and test protocols.

•  Developed a NAFTA document entitled, "Harmonization of Regulation of
Pesticide Seed Treatment in Canada and the United States," which outlines how
pesticide products used for seed treatment are currently regulated in both Canadian
and the United States. Seed treatment products are primarily intended to provide
protection against soil fungi and insect damage. The document also explains the
degree of harmonization between the two countries' pesticide registration data
requirements and test protocols related to pesticide seed treatment (www.epa.gov/

                                          8   PARTNERS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
Did You Know:

The OECD Working
Group is the only
forum for OECD
member countries to
meet regularly to
discuss pesticide
regulatory issues of
common interest.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Working Group on Pesticides:  In FY 2000, OPP worked closely with
OECD to develop and implement pesticide program activities of common
interest.  OPP worked with OECD on many pesticide issues:

• Developed data requirements.  Common data requirements are an
important building block of harmonizing regulatory reviews between
countries. The data requirements for agricultural pesticides are largely
harmonized.  The work group developed proposals  for similar core data
requirements for biological pesticides, pheromones, and microbials.

• Developed harmonized guidelines applicable to industrial chemicals and
pesticides through the OECD Test Guidelines Program.

• Agreed with the European Commission (EC), and Germany to conduct a
parallel review of an application to register the new corn herbicide,
foramsulfuron (Equipฎ, Tribute™).  The parallel review is a pilot project to
identify the similarities and differences between EPA's and the EC's  data
requirements, data evaluations, and overall regulatory processes.  The
successful completion of this parallel review project will lay the ground work
for further cooperation on pesticide regulation between the U.S. and  Europe.

ซ Continued to develop information that would assist national governments
in measuring the success of risk reduction programs.  As a beginning,
OECD has developed prototypes of aquatic risk indicators, which are
designed to measure trends in pesticide risk over time. In 2001, member
countries will test the risk indicators in pilot projects to determine their
applicability for national use.

' Attended several OECD meetings and workshops throughout the year:
the OECD Environmental Exposure to Wood Preservatives Workshop; the
Biennial Science and Technology Meeting; the  OECD Human Exposure
to Wood Preservatives Workshop in Ottawa, Canada; and the OECD/
FAO/UNEP Obsolete Pesticides Workshop.

Persistent Organic  Pollutants: OPP Provided pesticide program
 expertise to and participated in the U.S. delegation to intergovernmental
negotiations for a global treaty on persistent organic pollutants. The fourth
 intergovernmental negotiating session occurred in March 2000 in Bonn,
 Germany and the fifth, and last, was held in December 2000 in South Africa.

   Prior Informed Consent:
   In FY 2000, EPA worked
   on the issue of Prior
   Informed Consent (PIC).

   PIC began when, in
   September 1998, the U.S.
   signed the Convention on the
   PIC Procedure for Certain
   Hazardous Chemicals  and
   Pesticides in International
   Trade (The Rotterdam

   This agreement governs
   trade in pesticides and other
   hazardous chemicals that
8  have been banned or severely restricted based on health or environmental risk
™  concerns, or which pose special risks in developing countries. The agreement
8. has been transmitted to the U.S. Senate for its formal advice and consent.
I In FY 2000, the signatory countries established an Interim PIC Procedure,
< which will be in effect until the agreement is ratified. During this interim
I period, four pesticides have been approved for inclusion on the PIC list:
3? toxaphene, binapacryl, ethylene dichloride, and ethylene oxide. Also in FY
j| 2000, an Interim Chemical Review Committee (ICRC) was .established,
;g and OPP currently provides the U.S. representative., .ThejCRC has been
Jป developing streamlined operationaj[prpcldures anxHrnprovements in"theT_"""
 - Decision Guidance DocumentsJwfilcTi summarise* the P*IC-listed  *
                        	.:JJฐ''fZSagr „„.,,. |j|.jr -Jb T5T.''".ฃ.'ป, 'i*"™**"   .ifc ~"
  chemicals and their health and^r/environmenMrCqnc  "       ~T'
  working on a simplified InciiSSRepof*   " ~^^~ *
  pesticide poisoning incident^id ti
  agreement.      ,    , jjjf J&L^j

  United Nations Environnlent Programme Activities:."1
  through the Intergovernlfflital Forum on hGhemi|al Safei' *
  Nations EnvkonmerifPribfranime (UNEP) ,formed"-a
  pilot project to provideTgfemg access tp chg
  several countries in AfKc3 Tlie pil
  representatives, involved||ttingup c'omputer ^^
  providing guidance onliQioo aqcess_Q

              - " - -' -,-,. J ;s.;ซ-::a~rti.*. • ,JT •:ซ" • >
             •'-.•-• -          •-"•.
             ,- *;,:ฃSBBSS!ffi^WซyปS!SS3tt-.'":i



    JQPA knows that when people have ready access to accurate pesticide
    information they can better understand pesticide risks and take actions to
    reduce their exposure.  All Americans have a right to know about the pesticides
    in their environment, as well as those used to grow the food they eat.

    Sending OPP Updates to Our Electronic Listserv (an electronic mailing
    list):  In late 1998, OPP established an electronic listserv for people who want
    to stay abreast of pesticide issues and decisions. By the end of FY 2000, more
    than 1,680 people added their names to the listserv. In FY 2000, OPP
    distributed over  147 Pesticide Program Updates to the listserv to provide
    information on OPP's actions and policies.

    Disseminating Pesticide Information Publications:  During the past year,
    we developed and disseminated more than 17 publications, including 9 fact
    sheets, 4 brochures, 2 reports, 1 poster, and 1 bookmarker for kids.

    Fact Sheets
    December 1999
    March 2000
    May 2000
    May 2000
    May 2000
    May 2000
    May 2000
Spray Drift of Pesticides
Proposed Public Participation Process for
   Tolerance Reassessment and Reregistration
Pesticides and Mosquito Control
Larvicides for Mosquito Control
Synthetic Pyrethroids for Mosquito Control
Naled for Mosquito Control
Malathion for Mosquito Control

I Timeline  of OPP Announcements and Related Pesticide Events
  {•••••••••••••I •••••••••••••••• •IIIJMMIIIMIIIIimmi ••• IJMIIH
  October 1999
     •  EPA Publishes Science Policy Paper on Threshold of Regulation.
     •  EPA Publishes Cancellation Order for Methyl Parathion Products.
     •  EPA Seeks Public Comment on Preliminary Risk Assessment for
     •  Risk Management Public Participation Period Begins for Fenthion.
     •  EPA Launches Website for Endocrine Disrupter Program.
     •  Missouri Lab Cited for Selling Ineffective Hospital and Tuberculocidal
     •  Complaint Against Dupont for not Alerting EPA of Possible Adverse
       Effects of a Pesticide.
     •  EPA-USDA Tolerance Reassessment Advisory Committee Meeting Oct.
     •  Stakeholder Meeting on Labeling of Rodent Control Products Seeks
       Public Input on their ecological Risks.
     •  Risk Management Public Participation Period Begins for Naled &
     •  Public Docket Opens for Chlorpyrifos Methyl.
     •  EPA Distributes Pesticides  and Mosquito Control Fact Sheet.
     •  EPA Awards Cooperative Agreement to Native Ecology Initiative  to
       organize Tribal Pesticide Program Council
                                  November 1999
                                    •  EPA Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Awards Announced.
                                    •  Science Advisory Board/Scientific Advisory Panel Discuss Human
                                    •  EPA Extends Comment Period For Its Proposed Rule Concerning
                                      Antimicrobial Procedures.
                                    •  EPA Extends Propargite Tolerance Revocation Stay Until December 18
                                    •  EPA Publishes Fact Sheet on Keeping Water Clean  from Pesticides.
                                    •  Public Dockets Open for Dicrotophos and Trichlorfon.
                                    •  EPA Publishes Science Policy Paper on Aggregate Exposure Assessments ]
                                      for Public Comment.
                                    •  EPA Science Policy Paper on Drinking Water Exposure Assessment.
                                    •  EPA Issues Supplemental Notice on Pesticide Containers.
                                    •  USDA Holds Meeting on Pesticide Grants.
                                    •  Californians for Pesticide Reform and CA Public Interest Research Group I
                                      Release Report on "Toxic on Tap."
                                    •  Texas Firm Sentenced for FIFRA Violations.
  Did YOU  Know:  In 1999  an  estimated  79,000  children were involved in common
  household pesticide related poisonings (up from 73,260 in 1998).

                                              PROVIDING  THE  PUBLIC WITH PESTICIDE INFORMATION
March 2000 -EPA Acting Assistant
Administrator for Pesticides, Susan H.
Wayland, Launches Read The Label
Campaign at Philadelphia Flower
                                                 June 2000
                                                 November 2000
                                                 December  1999

                                                 November 1999
                                               February 2000

                                               March 2000
                                               March 2000
                                               March 2000

                                               March 2000

                                               March 2000
                                                                      Reregistration Eligibility Decisions
                                                                      Projected for FY 2000-FY 2001

                                                                      Supplemental Notice on Pesticide
                                                                      Streamlining Registration of Antimicrobial
                                                                      Pesticides Industry Sales and Usage (1996
                                                                      and 1997) Market Estimates
Read the Label First! Protect Your
Read the Label First! Protect Your Kids
Read the Label First! Protect Your  Garden
Read the Label First! Protect Your Pets
                                                                        Learn About Chemicals Around Your
Timeline of OPP Announcements and Related Pesticide Events
)ecember  1999
 •  EPA Issues Stop Sale On Hospital Disinfectant Product
   Medaphene Plus.
 •  Allergenicity Assessment of Cry9C Bt Corn Plant-Pesticide
   Made Available.
 •  EPA Enhances Web Site containing Reregistration Documents.
 •  EPA Responds to EWG Report on Section 18s.
 •  Consumer Labeling Initiative Phase II Report Released.
 •  EPA Announces "Class Determination" on Safety & Efficacy
   under Section 6(a)(2).
 •  EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Dimethoate;
   Requests  Risk Management Comments.
 •  EPA Extends Comment Period on Supplemental Notice on
   Pesticide  Containers by 60 Days.
 •  EPA Holds Technical Briefing for Dimethoate.
 •  EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Oxydemeton
   Methyl and Methidathion; Risk Management Comments
 •  EPA Publishes Notice of Proposed Use Deletions for
   Azinphos Methyl.
 •  Scientific Advisory Panel  Discusses Plant Pesticides and
   Cumulative Risk Assessment.
 •  Risk Management  Public  Participation Period Begins  for
 •  Pesticide  Spill Reported on Washington Beltway 1-95.
                                                            January 2000
                                                             •  EPA Suspended Registration of Certain Methoxychlor
                                                               Pesticide Products.
                                                             •  Bt Corn Insect Resistance Management Announced for 2000
                                                               Growing Season.
                                                             •  Allercare(tm) Products Recalled Due to Asthma and Respiratory
                                                             •  EPA Releases Preliminary Risk Assessments/Opens Public Dockets
                                                               for Mevinphos and Phosalone.
                                                             •  EPA Proposes to End Special Review of Telone.
                                                             •  EPA Issues Data Call-In for Bt Corn Plant Pesticides.
                                                             •  EPA Releases Fact Sheet on Spray Drift of Pesticides.
                                                             •  EPA Extends Comment Period on Aggregate Risk Policy Document.

       Responding to Written and Electronic Inquiries:  OPP places great
       importance on listening and responding in a timely fashion to comments and
       inquiries from the public on various pesticide issues. In FY 2000, OPP
       responded to more than 15,000 inquiries from the public and then-
       representatives in Congress.  These inquiries came in the form of e-mails,
       postcards, letters, and phone  calls.

       Providing More Avenues to Pesticide Information:  In FY 2000, we
       redesigned the OPP home page, www.epa.gov/pesticides, to make it
       easier to use, providing a list of current activities and offering one-click links
       to information.  In addition, the following new OPP web sites were
                                                                            Learn about Chemicals Around Your House
                                                                           Web site: www.epa.gov/oppintr/kids/hometour
           •   Antimicrobial Pesticides:  www.epa.gov/oppad001
           •   Integrated Pest Management in Schools: www.epa.gov/
           •   Learn about Chemicals Around Your House:  www.epa.gov/
           •   Index of Environmental Chemistry Methods:  www.epa.gov/
           •   Freedom  of Information Act:  www.epa.gov/pesticides/foia

       Information Networks:  To answer questions the public may have about
       pesticides, OPP provided a grant to Oregon State University in Corvallis,
       Oregon, to operate two toll-free telephone services:  the National Pesticide
jTimeline of OPP Announcements  and  Related  Pesticide Events
February 2000
    EPA Requests Comments on Metolachlor's Inclusion in
    the Ground Water Pesticide Management Plan Rule.
    EPA and Household Product Industry Hold Press
    Conference to Launch "Read the Label First" Campaign.
    EPA Extends Comment Period on Supplemental Notice
    on Pesticide Containers to March 20"1-
    EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessments for Acephate
    and Methamidiphos.
    EPA Issues Advisory on Worker Fatality Risk from Skin
    Exposure to 2,4-DCP.
    President Clinton Sends Letter to the Congress on the
    Rotterdam Convention re: Prior Informed Consent.
    EPA Holds Technical Briefing for OP Pesticide Phosmet.
    EPA Releases Treated Articles Policy for Antimicrobial
    EPA Announces Voluntary Cancellation of Sulfotepp.
    EPA Releases Pesticide Programs Biennial Report.
    EPA Holds Technical Briefings For Organophosphates
    Acephate, Disulfoton, and Methamidophos.
    SAP Reports on Ecological Requirements for Plant-Pesticides.
    Woman Admits Testing Pesticides on Unknowing Subjects.
    Hawaiian Illegally Ordered Worker to Use Pesticide.
                                                            March 2000
                                                                 With EPA Support, New Birdcast Website is Launched (www.birdcast.org).
                                                                 New Brochures Encouraging Pesticide Users to "Read the Label FirstV
                                                                 EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Pirimiphos Methyl.
                                                                 EPA Issues Chemical Advisory and Notice of Potential Risk Regarding 2,4-
                                                                 EPA Releases Draft Indoor Residential Insecticide Product Labeling
                                                                 Guidance (PR Notice) for Public Comment.
                                                                 EPA Solicits Comments  on List of Pests of Significant Public Health
                                                                 EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessments for Phostebupirim and
                                                                 EPA Publishes Revised Policy on the Statistical Standard for Regulating
                                                                 Short-Term Pesticide Exposure.
                                                                 EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Phosmet.
                                                                 EPA Holds First Public Meeting of Newly-Established Inerts Disclosure
                                                                 Stakeholder Workgroup;  Public Docket Established.
                                                                 EPA Releases Proposed Revised Public Participation Process for Pesticide
                                                                 Reregistration Decisions.
                                                                 Use of Chlorfenapyr (Pirate) on Cotton Not Granted Due to Adverse
                                                                 Effects on Bird Reproduction.
                                                                 Revised Risk Assessment for Disulfoton Released.
                                                                 EPA's Office of Research and Development Releases Pesticides Research
                                                                 Accomplishments Report.
                                                                 EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessments for Ethyl Parathion and
                                                                 USDA Releases Pesticide Data Program Annual Summary for 1998
                                                                 EPA Participates in Home and Garden Public Safety Campaign at the
                                                                 Philadelphia Flower Show.

                                                 PROVIDING THE  PUBLIC WITH PESTICIDE
                                          Telecommunications Network (NPTN) and the National Antimicrobial
                                          Information Network (NAIN).

                                          National Pesticide Telecommunications  Network:  1-800-858-7378,
                                          Web site: ace.orst.edu/info/nptn.  NPTN provides objective,  science-based
                                          information on a wide variety of pesticide-related subjects to the public. In FY
                                          2000, NPTN answered more than 23,900 requests from the public, including
                                          9,400 health-related calls, 6,500 calls for information about pesticide use, and
                                          2,000 calls  regarding regulations. .The NPTN Web site received over 257,000
                                          hits this year.

                                   •....- ,,u- This, year EPA,also. launched .a public outreach campaign to promote NPTN's
                                      *   ซ&&Wfe*H ^^^             c^iฃmlHi|ties across the country.  The campaign
                                                                     ~-miฃ:sefvice announcements, publishing NPTN
                                                                         1BlBBBB*iiSM5ป-''*=ปW=™!!-*- " ."•-
                                                                         Cnewsjetters, and magazines, and transit
Timeline of OPP
   EPA Begins First Parallel Review of New Corn Herbicide,
   Formasulfuron, with Germany and European Commission.
   Joint EPA, CDC, USGS, and USDA West Nile Virus Media Event
   EPA Begins Campaign on "Make Every Day Earth Day" Around
   EPA Publishes Notice Deleting Uses of Azinphos-Methyl from
   Pesticide Label.
   EPA Denies Greenpeace Petition on Bt Plant-Pesticide.
   EPA Revises First Aid Instructions For Pesticide Labels.
   EPA Launches New Household Chemical Web Site for Children
   (www. epa.gov/oppt/kids/hometour).
   EPA Issues 1998-1999 Report on Streamlining Registration of
   Antimicrobial Pesticides.
   EPA Releases Status Report on Pesticides under Special Review.
   EPA Proposes to Revoke Meat, Milk, Poultry, and Egg
   Tolerances for Which No Residues are Expected.
   EPA and Canada Hold Pesticide Trade Barriers Summit Meeting.
   EPA Registers New Biochemical Pesticide "Harpin" as an
   Alternative to Ozone Depleting Methyl Bromide Use.
   1999 Decision to Cancel Products and Delete Uses of
   Methyl Parathion and Azinphos Methyl Take Effect
   EPA Publishes Revised Science Policy Paper on Non-Detected &
   Non-Quantified Pesticide Residues.
   GAO  Releases Report on "Pesticides:  Improvements Needed to
   Protect Farmworkers and Their Children from Pesticides."
   NCAP Releases Report:  "Unthinkable Risks: How Children Are
   Exposed and Harmed When Pesticides Are Used at School."
EPA Announces Manufacturer's Recall of Two Pesticide
Products Sold In Faulty Pull 'N Spray Containers.
Guidance Issued by EPA on the Exemption  of Minimum
Risk Pesticides Under FIFRA  Section 25(B).
EPA-Sponsored National  Pesticide  Telecommunications
Network  1999  Annual Report Distributed.
EPA Holds and Attends Public Meetings in the U.S. and
Canada to Discuss NAFTA
Pesticide  Technical Working  Group Activities.
EPA Opens Public Docket for Diazinon Preliminary
Risk  Assessment
EPA Issues Guidance (PR Notice) on Mandatory &
Advisory Labeling Statements on
Product Labels.
EPA Distributes Fact Sheets Dealing with Pesticides and
Mosquito  Control.
EPA Seeks Public Comment on Preliminary Risk
Assessment for Malathion.
EPA Holds Workshop  on National Assessment of the
Worker Protection  Program.
EPA and USDA Seek Nominations for Newly Formed
Advisory Committee  on Food Quality  Protection Act
called CARAT.
EPA  Proposes  Draft Guidance on Voluntary Resistance
Management Labeling for Agricultural  Pesticides.

   National Antimicrobial Information Network:  1-800-447-6349
   Web site: ace.orst.edu/info/nain.  NAIN is a toll-free telephone and
   Internet service that provides a wide variety of information about
   antimicrobial pesticides. Operated through a cooperative effort between
   Oregon State University and EPA, NAIN maintains information on
   toxicology, health effects, and safety of antimicrobial pesticides.  It also
   maintains lists of antimicrobial products registered by EPA, including
   sterilants, disinfectants, tuberculocides, and products effective against
   Hepatitis B Virus  (HBV) and HIV. NAIN provides information on EPA
   regulation and registration of antimicrobial pesticides and helps callers
   interpret product labels and permitted uses. The NAIN Web site, which
   receives  about 84,000 hits annually,  contains regulatory and policy
   documents to help keep the  public up to date about  antimicrobial activities.

   NAIN answered over 1,731  inquiries during FY 2000.  Approximately 33
   percent were from the general public, 30 percent from the medical
   community, 25 percent from the regulated community and industry, 6
   percent from the government,  and 6 percent from other parties.
f Timeline of OPP Announcements and Related Pesticide Events
     • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••Hill!••••••••• Bill
      May 2000 cont.
      •   EPA Holds Technical Briefing for OP Pesticide
      •   EPA Seeks Public Comment on Registration Review
      •   EPA Extends Comment Period on Revised Public
          Participation Process for Pesticide  Reregistration
          EPA Invites Public to Hear Inerts Disclosure
          Stakeholder  Workgroup  Teleconference.
      •   EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessments for Coumaphos,
          Trichlorfbn, and Chlorpyrifos Methyl; Comment Period
          Opens for Risk Management
June 2000
•  Dow AgroSciences Wins Presidential Green Chemistry Award for
   Termite Colony Elimination System Based on EPA Reduced-Risk
   Pesticide Technology.
•  EPA Releases Revised Science Policy Guidance on Refining
   Anticipated Residue Estimates for Use in Acute Dietary
   Probabilistic Risk Assessment.
•  EPA Releases Cumulative Risk Assessment Guidance for Public Comment.
•  CARAT Meets for the First Time.
•  EPA Announces Final Azinphos-Methyl Risk Reduction Measures.
•  Pesticide Reregistration Performance Measures and Goals
   Detailed in EPA Annual Federal Register Notice.
•  EPA Proposes New Disposal Instructions for Residential Pesticide
   Product Labels.
•  Revised Risk Assessment for Dicrotophos Released by EPA.
•  EPA Makes Available on the Web an Index of Environmental
   Chemistry Methods (www.epa.gov/oppbeadl/methods/).
•  EPA Acts to Eliminate Major Uses of the Pesticide Dursban
•  FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel Reviews Guidelines for
   Mammalian Toxicity Assessments for Protein Plant-Pesticides.
•  SAB and SAP Release Draft Report on Human Testing for Public
•  EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Atrazine; SAP to
   Review Potential Risks.
•  EPA Proposes to Revoke Methyl  Parathion Tolerances.

                                                 PROVIDING  THE  PUBLIC WITH PESTICIDE  INFORMATION
                                           Communicating OPP Policies and Regulations: A significant tool
                                           available to the  Office of Pesticide Programs in  the regulation of
                                           pesticides is the issuance of rules and regulations, which are published in
                                           the Federal Register.  Because of FIFRA's focus on individual pesticide
                                           review and licensing, OPP places less reliance on rulemakings than many
                                           other EPA offices.  PR Notices are a simple and efficient means of
                                           communicating  our interpretations, not only to the specific  applicants  or
                                           licensees of pesticide products which are immediately before us, but also
                                           to others who in future  licensing actions will encounter these
                                           interpretations.  This greater openness  and announcement of our
                                           approaches in individual licensing contexts also enhances public
                                           awareness of how we interpret our regulations in an effort to protect
                                           human health and  the environment, assuring enhanced public
                                           participation and greater governmental  accountability.  OPP still relies on
                                           regulations to help establish the framework for  its regulatory program.
   Timeline  of OPP Announcements  and  Related Pesticide  Events
Immmmmmmiii •••••• 11 nil

  I July 2000

      •  EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Phosalone.
      •  EPA Publishes Supplemental Notice on Tolerance Fee Rule
      •  EPA Holds Teleconference for Public to Hear Discussion of
        Inert Ingredient Disclosure Stakeholder Workgroup.
      •  EPA Holds Technical Briefing to Discuss Draft Guidance for
        Cumulative Risk Assessment issued in June.
      •  EPA Publishes Guide to Risk Assessment Information
      •  EPA Releases Risk Assessments for Non-Organophosphates:
        Oxamyl, Terrazole, and Triallate.
      •  EPA Releases Revised Risk Assessment for Mevinphos.
      •  First Three OP Pesticides Complete EPA Public
        Participation Process.
      •  National Academy of Sciences Releases Report, "Predicting
        the Future of Pesticides in U.S. Agriculture."
August 2000
 •  EPA and CDC Sign MOU to Coordinate Programs
   to Control Pests of Public Health Concern.
 •  EPA and Canada Release Guidance on Pesticide Treated Seed
   Policies and Requirements.
 •  EPA and USDA Release CD-ROM Containing New
   Food Commodity Intake Data-base.
 •  EPA Releases Propargite Risk Assessment.
 •  EPA SAP Meets to Review Proposed Cancer Classification of
September 2000

 •  EPA Holds Second Tribal Pesticide Program Council Meeting
 •  EPA Announces Chlorpyrifos Registrant Voluntary Cancellations
 •  EPA Releases Revised Guidance on Use of Cholinesterase
   Inhibition Data in Risk Assessments.
 •  EPA Holds Public Meeting to Discuss Mechanisms for Chemical-Specific
   Quantity Limits.
 •  EPA Announces Industry-Wide Task Force to Jointly Develop
   Indoor Residential Exposure Data for Synthetic Pyrethroids,
   Pyrethrum and Synergists.
 •  EPA Reopens Comment Period on July Tolerance Fee Proposed Rule.
 •  GAO Releases Report, "West Nile Virus Outbreak: Lessons for
   Public Health Preparedness."

    In FY 2000, OPP published 1 advance notice of proposed rulemaking on
    Registration Review (4/28/00). There was progress on developing a number
    of rules, including the Section 18 Tolerance Rule and the Tolerance Fee Rule.

    OPP issued 16 PR Notices (7 of which are drafts). Among the more
    prominent PR Notices  OPP issued in FY 2000 were those on Worker Risk
    Mitigation for Organophosphate Pesticides (final) and a listing of pests of
    public health significance (draft). A listing of PR Notices published in the FR
    or issued follows:

PR Notice 2000-1

PR Notice 2000-2

PR Notice 2000-3

PR Notice 2000-4

PR Notice 2000-5

PR Notice 2000-6

PR Notice 2000-7
PR Notice 2000-8

PR Notice 2000-9
Applicability of the Treated Articles Exemption to
Antimicrobial Pesticides (3/6/00)
EPA Forms FIFRA Endangered Species Task Force
First Aid Statements on Pesticide Product Labels
Instructions for Transmitting Information to the
Office of Pesticide Programs (4/25/00)
Guidance for Mandatory and Advisory Labeling
Statements (5/10/00)
Minimum Risk Pesticides Exempted under FIFRA
Section 25(b); Clarification of Issues (5/7/00)
Non-Dietary Exposure Task Force (8/4/00)
Reportability of Attorneys' Opinions and Conclusions
Under 40 CFR Part 159 and FIFRA Section 6(a)(2)
Worker Risk Mitigation for Organophosphate
Pesticides and Response to Public Comments on the
Draft Pesticide Registration Notice on Worker Risk
Mitigation for Organophosphate Pesticides (9/29/00)
    • Guidance for Pesticide Registrants on Disposal Instructions on
      Residential/Household Use Pesticide Product Labels (6/14/00)
    • Indoor Residential Insecticide Product Label Statements (3/29/00)
    • List of Pests of Public Health Significance (3/29/00)
    • Insect repellents-protocols and labeling requirements (12/15/99)
    • Insect repellents-children's claims
    • Resistance Management Categories (NAFTA) 5/10/00)
    • Disposal (6/00)
Protecting public
health, especially the
health of children,
works best when
citizens have good
information on
pesticides to use in
their communities
and homes.
This helps consumers
to make informed
choices in purchasing
pesticide  products
and using them safely.
—Stephen Johnson,
OPPTS Deputy
Assistant Administrator

                    10  APPENDICES

     Appendix A-l.  FY 2000 New Active Ingredients Registered
 Conventional Pesticide
 Amine Oxide, 11/5/99
 Silver Sodium Hydrogen Zirconium Phosphate (5/22/00)
 Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain FZB24 (1/20/00)*
 Harpin Proteins (4/19/00)
 Trichoderma harzianum strain T-39 (5/25/00)
 Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713 (6/20/00)
 Reynoutria sachalinensis bioprotectant (9/29/00)
 Conventional Pesticide
 Acibenzolar-s-methyl (8/18/00)
 Conventional Reduced-Risk Pesticide
 Prohexadione Calcium (5/4/00)*
 *Pesticide also registered for use as a Plant-Growth Regulator
Conventional Pesticide
Diclosulam (3/8/00)
Clodinafop-propargyl (6/22/00)
Conventional Reduced-Risk Pesticide/OP Alternative
Flucarbazone Sodium (9/29/00)

            ..- - ,., -


(z,z)-l 1,13-Hexadecadienal (naval orangewormpheromone) (1/24/00)

                      Cydiapomonella granulosis virus (7/18/00)

                                    Conventional Pesticide

                                   Phosphine Gas (12/29/99)

                                       Indoxacarb (9/29/00

         Conventional Reduced-Risk Pesticide/ OP Alternative

                                   Methoxyfenozide (7/5/00)

                                       Buprofezin (8/31/00)

                                    Fenpyroximate (9/29/00)


                                        Verbenone (12/3/99)
                      Plant-Growth Regulators


         Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain FZB24,1/20/00

                        Conventional/Reduced-Risk Pesticide

                                   PT807 (Ecolyst) (1/12/00)

                              Prohexadione Calcium r5/4/00)


                              p-Menthane-3,8-diol (3/31/00)
c/i I


Appendix A-2. FY 2000 New Uses for New Active Ingredients and
Previously Registered Active Ingredients
     In FY 2000, OPP registered the following 427 New Uses
     (Food and Non-Food):
          406 NEW FOOD USES:
          —Antimicrobial (1)
          --Biopesticide (109)
          —Conventional (87)
          -Conventional Reduced-Risk (209)


           —Antimicrobial (7)
           —Biopesticide (11)
           —Conventional (1)
           —Conventional Reduced-Risk (2)




Appendix A-3.  OP Alternatives Registered Since Passage ofFQPA
       An FY 2000, OPP registered the following Organonphosphates






Head Lettuce and cucurbits

Below ground termite control (bait station)


Termite Control

Above ground termite control (bait station)

Apple, Cotton, Fruiting Vegetables, Head and
Stem Brassica, Lettuce, Pear, Sweet Corn

Cotton, Pome Fruit

Ornamentals, Tobacco, and Tuberous and
Corn Vegetables, Cucurbits, Fruiting Vegetables

Citrus, Cotton, Fruiting Vegetables, Pome Fruit, Tree Nuts, Walnuts

Almonds, Apples, Barley, Beans, Buckwheat, Cilantro, Citrus, Cole
Crops, Cotton, Cucurbits, Field Corn, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy
Vegetables, Legumes, Millet, Oats, Peas, Pistachio, Popcorn, Rye,
Sorghum, Soybeans, Stone Fruit, Sweet Corn, Tropical Fruit,
Tuberous, and Corn Vegetables, Turnip Greens, Watercress, Wheat
Tebufenozide Berries, Brassica, Canola, Cotton, Cranberries,
Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Brassica, Leafy Greens, Leaf Petioles,
Pecan, Peppermint, Pome Fruit, Spearmint, Sugarcane, Tree Nuts,

Appendix A-4. Types of Pesticides Registered Since 1984
                    i   i   i    ii   i    i   i   T   riii   i
        1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
                 Reduced-Risk Conventional Chemicals
                 Conventional Chemicals


         Appendix B-L  Summaries  ofFY 2000 Reregistration and Tolerance
                                          Reassessment Decisions
Uses: OP herbicide, used on carrots, fruiting vegetables,
leafy vegetables (mostly head lettuce), dry bulb vegetables
(onions), cucurbits (mostly melons), and cole crops
(cauliflower, cabbage, broccolini and broccoflower). May
be used outdoors by homeowners on lawns and
ornamentals, by professional lawn care operators, and
commercially on turf (primarily golf course greens and
tees), ornamentals, and for greenhouse and outdoor uses in
Risks/Areas of Concern:
•  Homeowners who apply bensulide, and children entering
   treated turf areas if label directions are not followed
•  Workers who mix, load, and/or apply bensulide to
   agricultural sites, golf courses, and home lawns.
•  Chronic risk for birds, mammals, and some aquatic
•  For mixers and/or loaders require use of respirators;  for
   commercial applicators, require additional personal
   protective equipment or use of closed systems.
•  Chemigation allowed only in California and Arizona
   where acreage treated is low.
•  Prohibit all handheld application methods for turf except
   for spot treatment.
•  Prohibit treatment of large turf areas like parks and
   recreation areas, except golf courses.
•  Require respirators and gloves for all remaining mixer/
   loader turf uses.
•  Add label language directing homeowners to water in
   the herbicide immediately after application, for safety
•  Restrict golf course fairway use to a single^grass type
   (bentgrass) in certain states.
•  Restrict the number of fairway applications on golf
   courses to one.
•  Limit the fairway application to the fall (minimizing
   exposure to birds during breeding season).

Uses:  OP insecticide/nematicide used to control pests
that attack banana plants in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras,
Costa Rica, and Ecuador. There are no domestic uses and
a single import tolerance for residues on bananas.
Risk/Areas of Concern: None
Mitigation: None

Uses: OP insecticide used on field, seed, sweet, and pop
Risk/Area of Concern:  Possible worker risks
Mitigation: Minor label changes to increase worker
protection, including reducing personal protective clothing
requirements in some circumstances, adding emergency
personal protective equipment requirements, and adding a
double notification statement.

Current Uses: OP insecticide/acaricide used on livestock
(beef and dairy cattle, horses,  sheep, goats,  swine) and
swine bedding
Risk/Area of Concern: Occupational risk  to dust
applicators who use mechanical dusters and shaker cans,
and to mixers/loaders of liquids for dip vat use.
• Dip vat use restricted to USDA-APHIS staff enrolled in
  the USDA-APHIS cholinesterase monitoring program
• Mechanical duster use prohibited
• Dust/mist respirator and chemical-resistant apron
  required on all dust product labels
• Use of dust by shaker can limited to 25 head per day per
  applicator and 1,000 sq. ft. of swine bedding per day per
• Formulation of coumaphos  products restricted for use on
  beef cattle, dairy cattle, horses, swine and swine bedding
• Disposal of treated coumaphos dip vat solution restricted
  to shallow, concrete-lined evaporation ponds
• Current use restriction on liquid formulations, limiting the
  use of hand-held sprayers to 100 head per day per
  applicator at the maximum application rate, needs to be
  maintained and moved to a more prominent place on the

Uses: Herbicide used on wheat, barley, golf courses (turf)
Risk/Area of Concern:  Cancer risks to mixers, loaders,
and applicators
Risk Mitigation:
Engineering controls:

   •  closed mixing/loading systems
   •  enclosed equipment for applicators

   Uses: OP insecticide/miticide used on alfalfa, barley, corn,
   cotton, canola, sorghum, soybean, sunflower, and wheat
   Risks/Areas  of Concern:
   •  Worker and ecological (terrestrial and aquatic animals)
   •  Potential drinking water risk based on modeling
   Mitigation: Immediate cancellation; Sale of existing
   stocks until 12/31/00; Use until 10/03

   Uses: OP insecticide used in containerized ant and roach
   baits domestically and in Australia on stored wheat (U.S.
g tolerance for wheat gluten)
2 Risk/Area of Concern: No risks of concern from import
g. tolerances or limited dosmetic use.
ฃ? Mitigation: No mitigation

a Uses: OP insecticide used on cattle and swine, mosquito
g (adulticide) for Florida only; 24C ornamental fish ponds -
t> Florida, Arkansas, and Missouri
,1 Risks/Areas of Concern:
Jj •  Dietary risk is high (both acute and chronic)
*2 •  Residential risk from mosquitocide use is acceptable at
&   typical (but not high) rates
   •  Worker risk is of concern
   •  Ecological risk is high for birds
   •  Canceled cattle and swine use
   •  Remaining mitigation will be finalized after a stakeholder
     meeting is held in Florida
   •  Possible mitigation measures include identification of
     sensitive bird habitats where spraying is restricted
   •  Allow the highest use rate only for public health uses
   •  Require buffer zones to protect aquatic organisms
   •  Closed systems for mixer/loader

   Current Uses: OP insecticide/acaricide
   •  Not registered for use hi the United States.
   *  There are import tolerances for broccoli, cabbage,
     cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, grapes, lettuce, melons,
   peas, peppers, spinach, summer squash, strawberries,
   tomatoes, and watermelon.
Risk/Area of Concern: All  U.S. uses of OP mevinphos|
were voluntarily canceled in 1994 following concerns
raised by the Agency regarding worker risk issues.
Mitigation: No mitigation is nessary at this time.

Uses: Carbamate Insecticide:  Terrestrial food and feed
crop uses.
Food uses include apple, banana, cantaloupe, carrot, celer
citrus, cotton, cucumber, dry onions, eggplant, garlic, gingeij
honeydew, mint, peanut, pears, pepper, pineapples, plantaii
pumpkin, soybean, squash, summer squash, sweet potato,
tomato, white potato, watermelon, winter squash,
watermelon, and yam. May also be used on tobacco.
Risks/Areas of Concern:
•  Aggregate acute risk from food and water for children
   6 years  old.
•  Mixer/loader and applicator risk for all uses at current
   rate for agricultural sites.
•  Risk to  workers reentering fields for citrus tree crops.
•  Acute and chronic risks to birds and small mammals and
   acute risks to aquatic freshwater fish and invertebrates!
•  Risk to  honeybees (based on incident data).
Risk Mitigation:
•  Reduce use rates and number of applications for most
•  Cancel seed piece dip for yams.
•  Cancel  soybean use.
•  Require incorporation of soil applications by water or
   mechanical means.
•  Require use of chemical resistant aprons.
•  Increase restricted entry interval (REI) from 48 hours tc
   4 days for citrus tree crops during hand harvesting.

Uses:  OP insecticide:
•  Food uses:  potatoes, corn (fresh, sweet, field), peanuts]
   cotton, sugarcane, wheat (spring/winter), soybeans,
   beans, sorghum, and sugar beets.
•  Nonfood uses:  lilies, daffodils, and radishes grown for
Risk/Area of Concern:
•  Acute/chronic aggregate (food and drinking water) risk
   to all populations
•  Occupational risks to mixers/loaders/applicators
•  Acute risk to birds
•  Cancellation of use on peanuts at pegging.

• Restriction of use as a sidedress application to cotton to
  CA and AZ only.
• Limitation to one application per season.
• Requirement for soil incorporation.  ,
• Reduction of use rates following submission and review
  of efficacy information.
• Vegetative buffer strips/setbacks.
• Restriction on application and cleaning of equipment
  within 50 feet of drinking water wells.
• Phase-in of the use of closed loading systems by 2002
  phase-out open bag use.
• Requirement for enclosed cabs or equivalent.
• Provision of agricultural practices information to identify
  possible post-application exposures.
• Cancellation of use on wheat.
• Prohibition of aerial application.

Current Use: OP corn  insecticide
Risk/Area of Concern: There are risks to workers from
dermal and inhalation exposure to phostebupirim.
• Dust/must respirator required for loaders of the 2.1%
  granular clay-based formulation (no such requirement for
  the cellulose-based formulation).
• A Restricted Entry Interval (RET) of 48 hours,  or 72
  hours where there is less than 25 inches of rainfall per
  year, in cases where re-entry activities may disturb the
  soil surface.
• Require double notification so that workers are advised
  about application both orally and by posting warning signs
  at entrances to treated areas during the REI.

Uses: OP cotton insecticide
Risks/Areas of Concern:
• Mixers/loaders and applicators for aerial applications.
• Workers reentering fields.
• Acute risk to fish.
Risk Mitigation:
• Require closed mixing/loading systems and enclosed
  tractor cabs and cockpits.
• Reduce maximum application rate, except for control of
  lepidopteran pests.
• Limit number of applications at 1.0 Ib ai/A for
  lepidopteran to twice  per year.
 • Reduce the seasonal maximum rate from 6 to 5 pounds
  active ingredient per acre per season.
 •  Inform certified crop  advisors of need to provide proper
  level of protective clothing and equipment for workers
  reentering treated fields.
• Require a 300 foot buffer zone around water bodies
  for aerial applications.
• Require a 100 foot buffer zone around water bodies
  for ground applications.

Uses: OP insecticide used for indoor pest control only to
primarily control fleas, cockroaches, ants, spiders, and
termites.  Sites include homes, schools, hospitals, offices,
and food service establishments.
Risks/Areas of Concern:
• Risks to mixer/loader/applicators
• Dietary (food) risk when food is not covered
• Risks to children for all residential uses
• Risks from broadcast, spot, and termiticide treatments
• Cancel all residential use.
• Prohibit use in structures which children and the
  elderly occupy, such as schools, day-cares, hospitals,
  and nursing homes, except for areas of food handling.
• Cancel all broadcast, spot, and termiticide treatments.
• Restrict use to crack and crevice applications only.
• For use in food service establishments, all food must be
  removed or covered prior to application.
• Reduce the maximum rate of dilution to 0.5% solution.
• Mixer/loader/applicators to wear single layer clothing
  and gloves.
• Only protected handlers may be in the area during
• Limit sale and distribution of active ingredient to 25,000

Uses: OP insecticide used only as a mosquito larvicide
Risk/Area of Concern: Risk to workers (handlers); risk
to non-target species
Mitigation: Choice of additional PPE or closed systems
for workers; remove use of some hand equipment; label
language restricting use of high rates, limiting use sites
and establishing intervals between applications to reduce
risk to non-target organisms

Uses: Fungicide used on golf courses, cotton (in-furrow),
ornamentals, seed treatment (barley,  beans, corn, cotton,
peanuts, peas, sorghum, soybeans, safflower, wheat),
Risk/Area of Concern:
• Drinking water cancer risks

 •  Occupational handlers for golf courses, ornamentals,
    seed treatment
 •  Greenhouse workers (post-application)
 •  Use of OV respirator (except when applying in-furrow
    to cotton)
 •  Golf course use:  Fairway use removed from labels
    while registrant provides water data and repeats
    mouse cancer study
 •  Reduced rates, frequency and max. amount applied per
 •  Remove high-risk application methods (e.g. push
    spreader, belly grinder, power dust blower, and hand
 •  Dropped granular and dry flowable formulations
 •  Greenhouse use: Use of ventilation during indoor use
 •  Reduced application rates
 •  Seed treatment use: Closed systems
!• Uses: Pre-emergence herbicide regionally  registered in CO,
: ID, KS, MN, MT, NE, NV, ND, OR, SD, UT, WA, and WY
I for use on barley, lentils, peas (dried and succulent), triticale,
; wheat, and canary grass (seed only). A tolerance has
j recently been established for triallate use on sugar beets.
? Risks/Areas of Concern:   Handlers occupational cancer
| risks to handlers.
: Mitigation:
| •  Dust mist filtering respirator for loaders of granular
!    products.
I •  Enclosed cockpits for aerial applicators and enclosed
    trucks for flaggers.

 Use: OP cotton defoliant
 Risk/Area of Concern:
 •  Risks to workers supporting aerial application
 •  Risk to workers reentering a treated field
 Risk Mitigation:
 •  Reduced the maximum application rate
 •  Increase the restricted entry interval
 •  Closed loading systems for mixers and loaders supporting
    aerial applications
 •  Enclosed cockpits for aerial applicators

 Current Uses: Fungicide used on:
 raspberries, snap beans, dry bulb onions,  chicory grown for
 Belgian endive, canola, lettuce, kiwi, ornamentals, turf
 Import tolerances for cucumbers, peppers and wine
 Risks/Areas of  Concern:
• Carcinogenic risk from vinclozolin and its metabolite
in drinking water, iprodione-derived 3,5-DCA
• Risk to children playing on treated sod/turf
• Risk to airblast applicators
• Postapplication risk concerns on lettuce, kiwi,
ornamentals and turf
• Phase out of all domestic food uses of vinclozolin
  except canola.
• Cancellation of the use on ornamental plants.
• Turf use restricted to golf courses and industrial
• Revocation of import tolerances for cucumbers and
• Enclosed cabs for airblast applicators.
• Increased restricted entry intervals for lettuce, kiwi,
  and turf.
• Ground water and surface water advisory language
  required on vinclozolin labels.
• Drinking water monitoring program for vinclozolin

      Appendix B-2. Status of Organophosphates in the Pilot Process

                                   December 2000
                 (For updates, see www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/status.htm )
Phase 1
Registrant 30-day review
     All OPs have completed Phase 1
Phase 2 -  EPA responds to
registrant's comments re: errors
in preliminary risk assessments
     All OPs have completed Phase 2
Phase 3 - EPA releases
preliminary risk assessments for
public comment
     All OPs have completed Phase 3
Phase 4 - EPA responds to
public comment, develops
revised risk assessments, holds
public Technical Briefing
Phase 5 - EPA releases
revised risk assessments; 60-
day public participation period
begins for risk management
Phase 6
EPA develops risk management
      Azinphos methyl
      Chlorpyrifos methyl
Methyl Parathbn
Oxydemeton methyl
Pirimiphos methyl
EPA completes an Interim
Rereg istration Eligibility
Decision, or

EPA completes tolerance
reassessment risk management
decision, or

EPA completes a Reregisfration
Eligibility Decision for the OP.
 S* Mevinphos
                         /Ethyl Parathion
  Also RED
RED Addendum
                                               * Also canceled

 Appendix B-3    EPA/USDA interim
 Public Participation Process for Non-
 organophosphate Pesticides Scheduled for
 Tolerance Reassessment and Reregistration
 Development Work in 2000 and 2001.

 Stakeholder participation increased substantially this past
 year as a result of the pilot process established for
 organophosphate pesticide tolerance reassessment. The
 organophosphates will continue to follow this pilot public
 participation process.  EPA and USDA are currently
 implementing a revised "interim" public participation
 process for all non-organophosphate pesticides scheduled
 for tolerance reassessment and reregistration hi 2000 and
 2001.  This revised process was necessary hi order to meet
 reregistration and tolerance reassessment commitments and
 mandates.  Meanwhile, a proposal by EPA and USDA was
 issued in the Federal Register in Spring 2000 and a final
' public participation process will be finalized to be applied to
 pesticide tolerance reassessment and reregistration after

. The interim process greatly improves transparency and
 stakeholder access over past practices. It parallels the
 current six-phase organophosphate pilot public participation
 process in principle, and extends the pilot's significant
 benefits because it adheres to two goals: (1) transparency
 by releasing risk assessment and risk management
 documents to the public docket and EPA's Internet website,
 and (2) increased stakeholder consultations by offering
 significant opportunities for stakeholder input, especially
 through meetings and conference calls.  The interim
 process will allow EPA to meet its reregistration and
 tolerance reassessment commitments in 2000 and 2001.

 The Interim Process:
 Phase 1 — Registrant error correction (30 days)
 (Exactly the same as the  current OP Pilot Public
 Participation Process)
 •  EPA sends the risk assessments and related documents
   to the registrant for a 30-day period for the identification
   of errors and Confidential Business Information (CBI).
 •  EPA sends the risk assessments and related documents
   to USDA (and other federal government agencies as
 •  USDA may elect to communicate with stakeholders, but
   will not release any part of the risk assessment
 documents for this purpose (they have not been
 cleared for CBI at this point).

 Phase 2 — EPA addresses registrant's error
 comments (up to 30 days) (Very similar to the current
 OP Pilot Public Participation Process)
 •  EPA revises the risk assessments based on the
   errors identified by the registrant (if warranted).
 •  EPA develops the related risk assessment support
   documents (e.g. an Overview summarizing the
   assessments, EPA's formal response to the
   registrant's comments, etc.)
 •  EPA sends the completed Overview to USDA for
   use in stakeholder communications.
 •  USDA may elect to hold conference calls with
   stakeholders (using the Overview),  and EPA will
   attend these calls as appropriate.

 Phase 3 — Public Participation
 (Consolidates the public participation events of the
 current OP Pilot Public Participation Process in order
 to meet reregistration goals in 2000 and 2001.)
 •  EPA releases the risk assessments and related
   documents to public docket via a Federal Register
   Notice of Availability and posts the  documents on
   EPA's Web site. While  there is no formal public
   comment period, the Agency will accept comments.
   Comments submitted within the first 30 days are
   most likely to be considered before  issuance of the
   RED. All comments will also be considered s part
   of the  comment process on the RED (see below).
 •  EPA sends the risk assessment documents to
   USDA as a courtesy.
 •  USDA may elect to hold conference calls during
   Phase 3, and EPA will  attend, as appropriate.
 •  EPA may hold a public meeting to describe the risk
   assessments (Technical Briefing and/or stakeholder
 •  EPA develops the risk management document
   Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED).
 •  EPA will hold a closure conference call with
   interested stakeholders  to describe the findings of
   the RED.

Phase 4 — EPA issues risk management
•  EPA releases the RED  to the public docket for a
   60-day public comment period via a Federal
   Register Notice of Availability and posts the RED
   on EPA's Web  site.

                               Appendix C:  OPP Divisions
Antimicrobials Division
Responsible for all regulatory activities associated
with antimicrobial pesticides, including product
registrations, amendments, and reregistrations.

Biological and  Economic Analysis Division
Responsible for  assessing pesticide use and benefits;
and operating analytical chemistry and antimicrobial
testing laboratories.

Biopesticides and  Pollution Prevention
Responsible for  risk/benefit assessment and risk
management functions for microbial pesticides;
biochemical pesticides; plant-pesticides and tolerance
reassessment for biopesticides and Pesticide
Environmental Stewardship Program.

Environmental Fate and Effects Division
Responsible for  evaluating and validating data
submitted on pesticide properties environmental fate
and effects on non-target organisms, as well as
characterizing risks  to such non-target organisms.
Health Effects Divison
Responsible for reviewing and validating data on properties and
effects of pesticides, as well as characterizing and assessing
exposure and risks to humans and domestic animals.
Information Resources and Services Division
Responsible for information support; FOIA and Public Docketa
Management; records computer support; FEFRA section     ^
6(a)(2) issues; pesticide incident monitoring; and National    |j
Pesticide Telecommunications Network.                   |

Registration Division                                 g
703-305-5447                                          *
Responsible for product registrations, amendments, tolerances^
experimental use permits, and emergency exemptions for all  *
pesticides not assigned to BPPD or AD.                   ง

Special Review and Reregistration Division
Responsible for Reregistration Eligibility Decisions (REDS),
product reregistration, tolerance reassessment; and Special
Reviews. Managing individual and cumulative reviews of the
organophosphate (OP) pesticides.
Field and External Affairs Division
Responsible for program policies and regulations;
legislation and Congressional interaction; regional,
State and tribal coordination and assistance;
international and field programs; and communication
outreach activities.

                                       Appendix D:  Glossary
  Active Ingredient: In any pesticide product, the
  component which kills, or otherwise controls, target pests.
  Pesticides are regulated primarily on the basis of their
  active ingredients.
  Acute Toxicity: The capacity of a substance to cause a
  poisonous effect (such as skin or eye irritation or damage to
  an organ) or death as a result of a single or short-term
  Aggregate Risk Assessment: Assessing the risk of
  exposure to a pesticide from all possible sources: for
  example, examining the risks to a person who may be
  exposed to the same chemical in a swimming pool and by
  drinking water from the tap.
  Antimicrobial Pesticide: Antimicrobial pesticides, such
  as disinfectants & sanitizers, are pesticides that are
  intended to disinfect, sanitize, reduce, or mitigate growth or
  development of microbiological organisms; or protect
 . inanimate objects (for example floors and walls), industrial
  processes or systems, surfaces, water, or other chemical
  substances from contamination, fouling, or deterioration
  caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae, or slime.
  Biopesticides: Biopesticides (also known as biological
  pesticides) are certain types of pesticides derived from
- such natural materials as animals, plants, bacteria, and
  certain minerals. For example, canola oil and baking soda
  have pesticidal applications and are considered
j Cancellation: The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and
  Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) section 6(b) authorizes
  cancellation of registration if, when used according to
  widespread and commonly-recognized practice,  the
  pesticide generally causes unreasonable adverse effects on
  the environment, or if its labeling or other material required
  to be submitted does not comply with FIFRA provisions.
  Cholinesterase:  An enzyme that helps regulate nerve
  impulses. Cholinesterase inhibition is associated with a
  variety of acute symptoms such as nausea, vomiting,
  blurred vision, stomach cramps, rapid heart rate, and can
  lead to death in severe cases.
  Chronic Toxicity: The capacity of a substance to cause
  harmful health effects after long-term exposure.
  Cumulative Risk Assessment: Assessing the  risk of
  exposure to all pesticides that have a common mode of
  toxicity: for example, examining the combined effect of all
 pesticides that act by disrupting the nervous system.
  Ecotoxicity: The capacity of a substance  to cause adverse
 effects to the environment.
 Endangered Species: Animals, birds, fish, plants, or other
 living organisms threatened with extinction by manmade or
 natural changes in their environment. Requirements for
 declaring a species endangered are contained in the
 Endangered Species Act.
 Environmental Fate: The course a chemical takes
 in the environment after it has been released or
 applied (e.g., whether or not it binds to the soil, finds
 its way into ground water, or breaks down in the
 Experimental Use Permit: Pesticide manufacturers
 are required to obtain experimental use permits for
 testing new pesticides or new uses of pesticides
 whenever they conduct experimental field studies to
 support registration of the pesticide on ten acres or
 more of land or one acre or more of water.
 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide
 Act (FIFRA): FIFRA is the law which requires EPA
 to register pesticides for use in the United States and
 prescribes labeling and other regulatory requirements
 to prevent unreasonable adverse effects on health or
 the environment.
 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
 (FFDCA): FFDCA is the law which requires EPA
 to establishe tolerances for pesticide residues in food.
 Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA): Passed in
 1996, this act amends FIFRA and FFDCA to establish
 a more consistent, protective regulatory scheme,
 grounded in sound science. It mandates a single,
 health-based standard for all pesticides in all foods;
 provides special protections for infants and children;
 expedites approval of safer pesticides; creates
 incentives for the development and maintenance of
 effective crop  protection tools for American farmers;
 and requires periodic re-evaluation of pesticide
 registrations and tolerances to ensure that the
 scientific data supporting pesticide registrations will
 remain up to date in the future.
 Herbicide: A pesticide that is designed to kill weeds
 and other unwanted plants.
 Inert Ingredient: A component of a pesticide such
 as a solvent or carrier that is not active against target
 pests (now referred to as "Other Ingredients").
 Interim Reregistration Eligibility  Document:
 Issued for pesticides that require both a reregistration
 eligibility decision and a cumulative assessment.
 IREDs do not become final until EPA completes a
 cumulative risk assessment and risk management
 decision encompassing all related pesticides.
 Insecticide: A pesticide that is designed to kill insect
Microbial Pesticide: A microorganism that is used
to control a pest. Microorganisms are living organisms

so small that individually they usually can be seen
only through a microscope.
Minor Use: Using a pesticide on a crop with less
than 300,000 acres of total U.S. production is
classified as a minor use.  Minor uses of pesticides
are also defined as uses for which pesticide
product sales are low enough to make it difficult for
a manufacturer (or "registrant")  to justify the costs
of developing and maintaining EPA registrations.
For this reason, the Agency particularly
emphasized working with stakeholders.
Pest: An insect, rodent, nematode, fungus, weed,
or other form of terrestrial or aquatic plant or
animal life or virus, bacteria, or microorganism
considered to be an annoyance and which may be
injurious to health or the environment.
Pesticide: Substance or mixture of substances
intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or
mitigating any pest. Also, any substance or mixture
of substances intended for use as a plant regulator,
defoliant, or desiccant.
Reentry Interval  (REI): The period of time
immediately following the application of a pesticide
to an area during which unprotected workers
should not enter the area.
Registrant: Any manufacturer or formulator who
obtains registration for a pesticide active ingredient
or product.
Registration: Any pesticide used in the U.S. is
required to be be registered with the EPA.  EPA
will register a pesticide only if a review of data
show that it meets the safety standards.
Registration Standards: Published documents
which include summary reviews of all the data
available on a pesticide active ingredient, data gaps
identified, and the Agency's existing regulatory
position on the pesticide
Reregistration: The reevaluation and relicensing
by EPA of existing pesticidal active ingredients
originally registered prior to current scientific and
regulatory standards.
Reregistration  Eligibility Document (RED):
Issued for pesticides that require a cumulative
assessment but do not require a reregistration
eligibility decision (issued for pesticides first
registered after 1984, pesticides that previously had
REDs, and pesticide with import tolerances only).
Like IREDs, TREDs do not become final until EPA
completes a cumulative assessment and risk
management decision.
Residues: The pesticide remaining after natural or
technological processes have taken place.
Restricted Use: When a pesticide is registered, some or all
of its uses may be classified under FIFRA for restricted use if
the pesticide requires special handling because of its toxicity.
Restricted-use pesticides may be applied only by trained,
certified applicators or those under their direct supervision.
Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP): The SAP was created on
November 28, 1975, pursuant to Section 25(d) of the Federal
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), as
amended by Public Law 94-140, Public law 95-936, Public law
96-539, and Public Law 104-170. The Panel is composed of
seven members who are selected on the basis of their
professional qualifications to assess the impact of pesticides
on health and the environment. Members are appointed by
the EPA Administrator from a list of 12 nominees submitted
by the National Institutes of Health and the National Academy
of Sciences. The SAP members, who represent  the disciplines
of toxicology, pathology, environmental biology, and related
sciences, serve a four-year term with appointments made on a
staggered basis.  An additional 50-60 ad hoc members of the
SAP with unique expertise also are available; six to twelve
usually participate at each meeting, providing input on
particular issues within their  areas of expertise.
Suspension: EPA's act of prohibiting the use of a pesticide in
order to prevent an imminent hazard resulting from continued
use of the pesticide.  An emergency suspension takes effect
immediately; under an ordinary suspension, a registrant can
request a hearing before the suspension goes into effect.
Tolerance: The maximum amount of pesticide  residue
allowed by law to remain in or on a harvested crop.
Tolerance Reassessment Eligibility Decision (TRED):
Issued for pesticides that require a cumulative assessment but
do not require a reregistration eligibility decision (issued for
pesticides first registered post-'84, pesticides that previously
had REDs, and pesticides with import tolerances only). Like
IREDs, TREDs do not become final until EPA completes a
cumulative assessment and risk management decision.
Toxicity: Inherent capability of a substance to  cause adverse
effects in human, animal, or plant life.
Unreasonable  Risk: Under FIFRA,  "unreasonable adverse
effects on the environment" means any unreasonable risk to
man or the environment, taking into account the economic,
social, and environmental costs and benefit of the use of any



Photos  Credits

Tractor Applying Pesticides:  USDA, ARS
Ducks on Water:  Steve Delaney
Kids in Classroom:  Department of Education Class-size
Reduction Program
Girl Drinking from Hose: Steve Delaney
Harlem, New York Red Rowhouse: NY Window Gallery
Family in Suburban Area: Image Bank

Page 3, Girl Drinking from Hose:  Steve Delaney
Page 4, Shipman Lake, Illinois Reservoir: Dave Jones
Page 5, Ducks on Water: Steve Delaney
Page 7, OPP/HED Records Reference Center: William
Page 8, Einstein
Page 9, Front End Processing Room for Registration:
William Hodge
Page 11, Cucurbits: Bill Tarpenning: USDA
Page 12, Quail: Jeff Spendelow
Page 14, Pin Inoculator used to test Bt Isolates: USDA
Page 15, Monarch Butterfly: USDA
Page 16, Combines Grain Flow Sensor: USDA
Page 17, Woman in Vegetable Aisle: ARS, USDA
Page 19, Pineapples Growing in Hawaii:  Sheryl Reilly
Page 20, Classroom: Department  of Education Class-size
Reduction Program
                                                                       Young Farmworkers' Academy (YFA) students paint mural in
                                                                       downtown Washington, D.C.,  during the Hispanic Heritage
                                                                       Month Celebration of 2000.
Page 21, Pears: ARS, USDA
Page 25, Consumer Products
Page 27, Signing MOU on Coordinating Pest Public Health Issues:
  Linda Werrell Gerber
Page 27, Crows: Cornell University
Page 28, Pesticide Treated Sponge:  Susan Laing
Page 28, Hospital Room
Page 29, OPP Staff with Tribal Partners: OPP
Page 30, Training Session with Agriculture Workers: AFOP/Americorp
Page 31, Corina Cruz, YFA Student: YFA
Page 31, YFA Students: YFA
Page 32, Jaguar cat: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Gary Stolz
Page 33, Tribal Pesticide Program Council Logo
Page 35, Hands Holding World Globe
Page 36, Harlem, New York Red Rowhouses
Page 36, An Alley Way in Baltimore City
Page 39, Laughing Gulls:  USDA: DonSchuhdrt
Page 42, World Globe
Page 43, Man and Girl at Computer
Page 46, EPA Acting Assistant Administrator/Home and Garden Public
   Safety Campaign
Page 48, EPA Pesticides Safety Truck Advertisement

Back Cover:
EPA Pesticides SafetyTruck Advertisement

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