United States                  Office of Pollution
               Environmental Protection         Prevention, and Toxics           November 2001
               Agency                       Washington, DC 20460           EPA-742-F-01-026


                            Pollution Prevention  at EPA
                       Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics
                  1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW (7409M) Washington, DC 20460
                            Phone: 202-564-8800; Fax: 202-564-8901

                                   www.epa.gov/p2

 POLLUTION PREVENTION, or P2, was established as the national environmental policy of the United
 States in the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. At EPA, pollution prevention means source reduction -
 preventing or reducing waste where it originates, at the source.  By practicing P2, the amount of end-of-
 pipe control, treatment, and disposal can be greatly reduced.

 The Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) works to promote pollution prevention both inside
 and outside the Agency. This is done in several ways, such as using voluntary pollution reduction
 programs, engaging in partnerships, providing technical assistance, funding demonstration projects, and
 incorporating cost-effective pollution prevention alternatives into  regulations and other initiatives.

 BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PROCESSES

       The Environmental Accounting Project promotes the  improvement of management
        accounting and capital budgeting practices to better identify the costs of wasteful production
        processes and environmental management,  http://www.epa.gov/oppt/acctg

       Pollution Prevention Business Development and Finance Program promotes environmental
        stewardship by assessing a potential role for the financial community.
        http://www.epa.gov/p2/programs/finance.htm


 DESIGN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND GREEN CHEMISTRY

 *      Green  Chemistry is the design, manufacture, and use of environmentally benign chemical
        products and processes that prevent pollution and reduce environmental and human health
        risks,  http://www.epa.gov/oppt/greenchemistry

       Design for the Environment is another example of industry partnerships which promote the
        design  of safer products and processes in areas such as dry cleaning, screen printing, and
        electronics, http://www.epa.gov/dfe

 *      The goal of the Green Engineering Program is to incorporate risk related concepts into
        chemical processes and products designed by academia and industry.
        http://www.epa.gov/oppt/greenengineering


 "GREEN" PRODUCTS AND LABELING

*      EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) Program has developed tools and
        resources to help you "do" EPP, including: a database of environmental information on products,
        stories  of successful EPP pilots, and discussion areas for sharing ideas and experiences.
        http://www.epa.gov/oppt/epp

      The Consumer Labeling Initiative (CLI) is a government  industry and public partnership
       working to provide consumers with better and clearer information on household product labels.
        CLI is currently leading a nationwide education campaign encouraging consumers to "Read the
        Label First.*" http://www.epa.gov/oppt/labeling

*     The Environmental Labeling Website offers information about environmental labeling issues,
        policies and practices worldwide. The site provides access to reports as well as links to other
        environmental labeling resources, http://www.epa.gov/oppt/environmental-labeling

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 PBT CHEMICALS AND HOSPITALS FOR A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT

       EPA's cross-program Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic (PBT) Pollutants Program is
        working to further reduce risks to human health and the environment from existing and future
        exposure to priority PBT pollutants.  While the Program emphasizes prevention as a means to
        stop the transfer of PBT pollutants across environmental media, it is designed to utilize all of the
        Agency's tools. http://www.epa.QOv/pbt

 *      Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E) is an effort led by the American Hospital
        Association and the US EPA to advance pollution prevention efforts in our nation's hospitals.
        Through activities, such as the development of best practices, model plans for total waste
        management, resource directories, and case studies, the project hopes to provide hospitals and
        healthcare systems with enhanced tools for minimizing the volumes of waste generated and the
        production of persistent, bio-accumulative and toxic pollutants.
        http://www.h2e-online.org/index.asp

 P2 INFORMATION RESOURCES

 -      The Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) is a national collaborative effort to
        reduce redundant efforts, establish information standards, and develop a larger vision for a
        national network that serves all regional programs,   http://www.p2rx.org

 -*      The Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse (PPIC) is a free, nonregulatory service
        of the US EPA dedicated to reducing or eliminating industrial pollutants through technology
        transfer, education, and public awareness, http://www.epa.gov/oppt/library/libppic.htm


 STATE AND LOCAL GRANTS

 EPA sponsors three grant programs that specifically promote P2 activities. While it is the policy of the
 Agency to encourage pollution prevention in all of the grant programs sponsored under other EPA
 offices, the Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances is responsible for the following grant
 programs:
                                                                                        ..-
 *      The Pollution Prevention Incentive for States (PPIS) grant program is announced each ye'ar
        in the Federal Register. EPA provides about $5 million annually through PPIS to help develop
        and sustain state P2 program activities and pioneer new P2 approaches in the states.      "*
        http://www.epa.gov/p2/proqrams/ppis.htm

 *      The Environmental Justice through Pollution Prevention (EJP2) grant program was initiated
        in FY 1995. During the last six years, OPPT,  in cooperation with EPA's regional offices, has
        awarded more than 85 grants to economically-disadvantaged and  minority communities for
        training, research surveys, demonstration projects, and development of non-regulatory pollution
        prevention strategies, http://www.epa.gov/oppt/ejp2

       The Pollution Prevention Information Network grant competition was initiated in 1997 to
        promote sharing of P2 information, training, and technical assistance expertise among states.
        Regional Centers receiving these grants call themselves the Pollution Prevention Resource
        Exchange (P2RX).  http://www.epa.gov/p2/programs/ppin.htm


 EPA REGIONAL AND STATE P2 ACTIVITIES

*      Pollution Prevention Regional Contacts -  http://www.epa.gov/p2/resources/regions.htm

     State Pollution Prevention Technical Assistance - http://www.epa.gov/p2/assist/state.htm
                                       PREVENTION

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