News and Notes
  ; Combatting animal
 , ^'waste, vehicle emissions,
**•* and nitrogen oxide

   P2 Goes to College
   Case studies in saving
 , *money, too

   ENERGY STAR Programs
  Builders, Allies
  "recognized with awards

  Green Federal
  Pentagon, Fort Carson
  implement new programs

    ;ln the States:
  Companies do well by
- ~ doing good


 the Internet!
                          United States
                          Environmental Protection
                                                      Office of Pollution
                                                      Prevention and Toxics
                                                      Washington, DC 20460
                     April-May-June 1998
                      EPA 742-N-98-OO2
                          EPA to Expand Chemical Right-to-Know
                          Initiative Will Give Public Access to More Health Data
                            Vice President Gore announced a
                            major expansion of EPA's chemical
                            right-to-know program on April 21,
                       the eve of Earth Day, and directed the
                       Agency to proceed with a new initiative to
                       accelerate the collection and dissemination
                       of information about widely used chemi-
                       cals to which people, especially children,
                       may be exposed.
                        The Chemical Right-to-Know Initiative
                       (ChemRTK) builds on EPA's right-to-know
                       philosophy and the Toxics Release Inven-
                       tory (TRI),  a program that has helped
                       communities and industry work together
                       to achieve significant reductions in
                       pollution for more than a decade.
                       ChemRTK will address:
   ^- High production volume (HPV)
 chemicals. The Vice President challenged
 industry to come forward with complete
 test data for HPV chemicals, 43% of which
 currently have no testing data on basic
 toxicity, and EPA will propose test rules to
 fill remaining data gaps. An OPPT analy-
 sis issued in April reported that, of the
 3,000 HPV chemicals that the U.S. im-
 ports or produces at more than I  million
 pounds per year, only 7% have been fully
 tested for toxicity. (The Chemical Hazard_
 Data Availability Study is available at
 http ://www. epa.gov/opptintr/chemtest/.)
   K Children's health. EPA will consider
 additional testing for chemicals that
                        Continued on page 5
                          Commercial Buildings Vow to  Cut CO2
                          New York, Chicago Landmarks Volunteer for ENERGY STAR
                          Three of the world's greatest landmark
                          buildings — the World Trade Center
                          and the Empire State Building in New
                      York and the Sears Tower in Chicago —
                      will take action to reduce energy consump-
                      tion and cut the pollution that contributes
                      to global warming, EPA Administrator
                      Carol M. Browner and Department of
                      Energy (DOE) Secretary Federico Pena
                      announced in April.
                        The effort is part of EPA's ENERGY STAR
                      Buildings Program, which creates volun-
                      tary partnerships with owners of commer-
                      cial buildings to save energy and combat
                      global warming.                    ,
                        Commercial buildings in the United
                      States account for 19 percent of green-
                      house gases through their use of energy.
If all commercial office buildings in this
country follow the lead of the three
landmark buildings and other partners in
this program, energy consumption will be
cut 30 percent and $25 billion per year
could be saved. EPA estimates that carbon
dioxide emissions could be reduced by 130
million tons by 2010.
  EPA and DOE are jointly developing
and managing the ENERGY STAR Buildings
Program, which encourages voluntary use
of more efficient products ranging from
new lighting to improved heating and
cooling systems. For example, the World
Trade Center already has converted
23,000 light fixtures for an annual savings
of $1 million.
                       Continued on page 6

2 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                             April-May-June 1998
 News  & Notes
               The proposal is on the
               Internet at http://
               under "Recent Actions.
   Editorial Staff:
   Maureen Eichclbcrgcr,
   Gilah Languor
   Suzanne Harris
   Jon Rendey
   Free Hand Press, Layout

   To be added to or removed
   from our mailing list, please
   Pollution Prevention News
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   Washington, DC 20460
   or fax to:
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   or e-mail to:
  i cpamail.epa.gov

   Printed with vegetable oil-based
   ,a>, inks on 100% recycled paper
   'fey (50% post-consumer).
EPA proposed an emissions trading
program in April to help protect public
health, from air pollution in the eastern
U.S. The program is part of a regional
strategy for cost-effectively meeting EPA's
new public-health standard for ozone, or
        smog, by reducing by 35 percent
        the nitrogen oxide pollution from
        "upwind" states.
          The program, called "cap and
        trade," gives industries flexibility
        in choosing pollution controls by
        allowing them to buy and sell
        market-based "credits" to reduce
their nitrogen oxide emissions.
   In November 1997, EPA proposed that
22 states and Washington, B.C. reduce
emissions of air pollution that blow across
state boundaries. The proposed emissions
trading program would allow each juris-
diction to establish a cap on nitrogen oxide
emissions. 'Power plants' and other sources
that reduce emissions in amounts greater
than required would be allowed to sell
credits to facilities that cannot reduce
emissions as quickly or as cost-effectively.
A similar market-based program has
 proven successful in reducing sulfur
 dioxide to control acid rain.
   For more information, contact Kimber
 Scavo of EPA's Air Program at 919-541-
 3354 or e-mail scavo.kimber@epa.gov.

 The United States, Japan, and the Euro-
 pean Community have agreed to cooperate
 in regulating the performance and design
 of motor vehicles.
    The Agreement on Global Technical
 Regulations, announced on March 12,
 establishes a process that will decrease
 environmental pollution, increase energy
 efficiency, and improve the safety and anti-
 theft performance of vehicles, equipment,
 and related  components through globally
 uniform governmental technical regulations.
    The United States spearheaded this
move, which will open the door for every
United Nations member nation—and
selected non-members—to instill unifor-
mity in the design of testing protocols,"
explained Ken Feith, senior policy advisor
in EPA's Office of Air and Radiation.
  Feith, a member of the U.S. team
working on the negotiations, said a key
purpose of the agreement is to promote the
adoption of higher standards in developing
countries. "We believe that the only way
we can persuade developing countries and
other countries that lack the resources and
intrinsic knowledge to implement pollu-
tion prevention on their own is to provide
test protocols and performance standards
as a resource to them, at no cost. We have
had inquiries from throughout the Pacific
Rim, southeast Africa, and elsewhere."
   The agreement, under development for
18 months, is being established under the
United Nations' Economic Commission for
Europe and administered by its Working
Party on the Construction of Vehicles. The
agreement calls for regulatory activities to
be carriedr6ut=openly with objective"'" "*
consideration of best available technology,
public benefits, and cost effectiveness.
Final approval is expected in June.
   For more information, access the agree-
 ment at http:I /www.itu.ch/itudoc/un/
 editrans/ wp29.html or contact Ken Feith at
202-260-4996 or feith.ken@epamail.epa.gov.

 As part of the Clinton Administration's new
 Clean Water Action Plan, EPA has released
 a draft strategy to minimize environmental
 impacts from animal feeding operations
 (AFOs), a major source of water pollution.
 The strategy calls for new water pollution
 control requirements, immediate inspec-
 tions, and more aggressive enforcement to
 reduce animal waste runoff into water-
 ways. Ideas from the EPA strategy will be
 incorporated into a joint strategy with the
 U.S. Department of Agriculture, a draft of
 which is expected July I. ' •:' '>"
    For more information, call Will Hall at
 202-260-1458 or Jeff Lape at 202-260- 6057.

3 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                          April-May-June 1998
                                                                               P2 Goes to College
 National Wildlife Federation Tallies
 'Green  Return'  on Nation's  Campuses
     Colleges and universities are achieving
     big savings through environmental
     initiatives, many of which concen-
trate on pollution prevention.
   This is the message of Green Investment,
Green Return: How Practical Conservation
Projects Save Millions on America's Cam-
puses, a report released by the National
Wildlife Federation (NWF) in March.
   "This study proves that you don't have
to choose between a healthy environment
and healthy bottom line," said NWF
President Mark Van Putten. "The fact is,
the actions being taken on these campuses
are actually improving the environment
and the financial condition of the institu-
tion, often in very dramatic  ways."

Consider, for example:
>• Over $9 million
   is being saved r ,
   annually at the
   State Univer-
   sity of New
   York (SUNY)-
   Buffalo, through
   a variety of
   creative energy-
   saving strategies
   that also prevent
   the emission of
   63.4 million                 '
   pounds of carbon dioxide, 140,000 .
   pounds of sulfur dioxide, and 214,000
   pounds of nitrous oxide.
     Energy efficiency is both an economic
   goal and a moral imperative at SUNY-
   Buffalo. The person responsible for much
   of the strategy and implementation is
  Walter Simpson, the campus's long-time
  Energy Officer. Simpson has overseen
  more than 300 energy-related retrofit
  projects over the past 16 years, including
  the installation of efficient lights and
  motors, weatherizing buildings and
  modifying heating, ventilating, and air
  conditioning systems. SUNY estimates
  the savings resulting from these activi-
  ties at $6 million per year. Another $3
Walter Simpson oversees
a vast program at SUNY-
 million in savings was
 achieved through a compre-
 hensive energy retrofit.

- Over $3 million is being saved
 each year at Cornell Univer-
 sity by "getting students and
 staff out of the car," which
 also prevents emission of 6.7
 million pounds of carbon
   Cornell's Transportation
 Demand Management Pro-
 gram, created in 1991 to
 address a 2,500-parking space
 shortfall, proposed a number of alterna-
 tives to transportation by single-
 occupant vehicles. These included the
 OmniRide bus pass system, under
 which staff and faculty can ride city and
 county buses anytime for free, and a ,
 RideShare program that offers incen-
 tives for high-occupancy vehicles.
 Approximately 3,000 faculty and staff—
 one-third of the total—participate in
 some^aspect of the program.

 Annual savings of more than $2 million
 at Brevard Community College (in
 northeastern Florida near the Kennedy
 Space  Center), which Florida Power &
 Light dubbed "the energy miracle" for
 saving 257 million kilowatt hours of
   Brevard has doubled
 its building space since
 1982 but has kept energy
 usage under control
 through measures such as
 the replacement of all
 fluorescent light fixtures
 with 10,000 energy-efficient T-8 fix-
 tures. The college saves money on air
 conditioning and reduces peak electrical
 demand by using a system that chills
 water at night when electric rates are
 lower, then circulates the cold water
 during the day.
                     Continued on next page
                                                                Brevard (FL) Community College
                                                                worker adjusts energy controls.
                                                 "The actions being taken on these
                                                  campuses are actually improving
                                                  the environment ana* the financial
                                                  condition of the institution."
                                                  ••"  —NWF President Mark Van Putten

4 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                             April-May-June 1998
 P2 Goes to College
   Where Campuses Found Savings
   Annual savings for 23 campus conservation
   projects, as reported in Green, Investment,
   Green Return
   Energy conservation	$11,517,500
   Transportation	4,123,000
   Recycling	327,000
   Water conservation	280,800
   Other	$507,200
     (hazardous waste management,
     composting, re-use and re-distribution,
     dining services)
   Tbtal Savings	.'..: $16,755,500
Columbia University has reduced its
$1 million annual water expenditure by
approximately 25 percent through one
of the largest water conservation
upgrades ever attempted at a univer-
sity. The 1996 upgrades focused on
domestic water, including toilets,
showerheads and faucet aerators.
                Columbia undertook
                the project because of
                the significant
                savings, estimated at
                $235,000 per year,
                and the short pay-
                back period. Even
                with the cost-of
                hiring an outside firm
                to design and imple-
                ment all aspects of
                the work, the payback
                was only 1.8 years.
                The project's annual
                savings have helped
                to finance energy
                conservation projects
                with longer'payback
                              Other money-saving programs:

                              K By promoting bus passes, the Univer-
                                 sity of Colorado in Boulder eliminated
                                 the need for more parking lots at an
                                 annual savings of $1 million.

                              ^- The University of Wisconsin-Madison
                                 earns $241,800 a year by selling surplus
                                 office, classroom and laboratory equip-
                                 ment that otherwise might have ended
                                 up in a landfill. By offering refillable
                                 mugs in dining halls, the university
                                 saves $11,400 a year on disposable cups.

                              ^- Dartmouth College in Hanover, NH,
                                 uses  composted kitchen waste to
                                 fertilize campus gardens at an annual
                                 savings of $10,000.

                              ^ Elizabethtown (PA) College undertook a
                                 major replacement of lighting fixtures
                                 and other equipment for a net annual
  savings of nearly a quarter of a million
  dollars. The $1.8 million project is
  financed by a tax-free bond issue,
  brokered through a performance
  contract underwritten by a major
  energy consulting firm. Recognizing the
  sure-fire savings linked to the project,
  the energy firm helped  overcome
  administration skepticism by guaran-
  teeing the 10-year payback of the
  borrowed money.

Green Investment, Green Return, spon-
sored by NWF's Campus Ecology program,
highlights 23 cost-saving conservation
initiatives at 15 public and private post-
secondary institutions across the United
States. Total savings were $16.8 million.
  "The implications of this study are
incredible," Van Putten said. "When the
average annual campus savings are
multiplied across the  remaining 3,685
campuses nationwide, the potential for
savings is in the billions. This represents  :
real benefits for the economy and the
  NWF points out that college campuses,
as microcosms of society, have great
potential for making positive impacts
through even simple, common-sense
conservation practices such as recycling,
using native plants in landscaping, running
atmospherically safe transportation
systems, creating fertilizer from kitchen
food waste, and maintaining university
vehicles with re-refined motor oil.
  "Many of our current and future leaders
are on these campuses," said Julian
Keniry, NWF's Manager of Campus
Outreach, who co-authored the report with
David J. Eagan, Ph.D., of the University of
Wisconsin. "They will be the ones who
make decisions that affect the whole
planet. What better place to learn how to
be financially and environmentally
responsible than in college?"
   Details of report findings can be viewed
on the NWF Web page at http: / f
www.nwf.org/. For more  information,
contact Kay Lybrand at 703-790-4085.

 5 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                           April-May-June 1998
                                                                                P2 Goes to College
 An alliance between EPA's Design for the
 Environment (DfE) program and a not-for-
 profit organization called Partnership for
 Environmental Technology Education
 (PETE) is introducing pollution prevention
 concepts to community and technical
 college faculty nationwide.
   PETE is a public-private partnership
 among academia, business  and industry,
 and government. The organization is
 composed of six regional partnerships that
 include over 600 technical schools, commu-
 nity colleges and universities. Last year,
 PETE conducted regional workshops to
 introduce new curricula and videos and
 conducted other sessions to present P2 and
 DfE concepts to automotive repair instruc-
 tors and bring chemistry instructors up to
 date on instructional techniques using small
 scale or micro-scale chemistry.
   In the program's second year, PETE
 and DfE are focusing on the printing
 industry, auto and fleet maintenance,
 and garment care.
   For more information, contact Dave
 Boon, PETE/DfE Program Manager, at
 303-404-5259 or Carol Hetfield at 202-260-
 1745 or at hetfield.carol@epamail.epa.gov.

 At least 200 campuses have conducted
 comprehensive environmental audits
 since 1990, according to the National
 Wildlife Federation, which put some of
 the best examples onto the Web
 (www.nwf.org). One of the most specific is
 from Tulane University in New Orleans,
 LA, whose "Green Card for the Green
 Wave" gave the university an F for
 procurement of cleaning supplies and
 pesticides ("no environmental or safety
 considerations"), a C for buildings (new
buildings "OK"; old buildings "poor, no
retrofitting plans"), and an A- for lights
("upgrading program underway").
   At Rice University, students complete a
campus environmental audit as part of
their coursework in an environmental
studies sequence. They also come up with
environmental designs for a hypothetical
new residential college.
 Continued from page 1
 children are most likely to encounter.
 Working under President Clinton's 1997
 Executive Order on Children's Health,
 EPA will identify chemicals that children
 are disproportionately exposed to and
 propose additional testing where
 necessary. Voluntary measures will also
 be considered.
   ^- Persistent chemicals that accumulate
 in body tissue. EPA will review persistent
 and bioaccumulative toxics (PBTs) and
 determine whether they should be subject
 to TRI reporting or lower reporting
 thresholds. Certain PBTs are already on
the TRI, including mercury, PCBs, and
lead. In addition, EPA will propose to add
 dioxins, octochlorostyrene, and other
chemicals appearing on the U.S.-Canada
Binational Level 1 list.
    Hazard Data Available for U.S.
    High Production Volume Chemicals
        Acute Toxicity
  Reproductive Toxicity
      Chronic Toxicity



   Environmental Fate

   All SIDS Health Data

     All SIDS Test Data
                                    1	1	1	1	1	1	1
                  0%  10%  20%  30% 40%  50%  60%  70% 80%  90%  100%
                                     SIDS: Screening Information Data Set

     6 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                               April-May-June 1998
      ENERGY STAR Programs
      World TVade Center In New York
Buildings  to Cut CO2
Continued from page 1
  Building owners who want to receive
an ENERGY STAR label seek a charter
application and begin tracking their
            utility consumption and
            related criteria to bench-
            mark their buildings'
            energy performance against
            that of other buildings of
            similar type. DOE and EPA
            typically award ENERGY
            STAR Building labels to
            those in the upper 25
            percent of energy efficiency.
               Other landmark commer-
            cial buildings have signed
            on to launch the new
            program in the following
            New York: 4 Times Square
            building, Conde Nast
            building, Foley Square
            Federal Office Building;..
            Time Life building, ,
            McGraw-Hill building,
            American Express Tower,
   1211 Avenue of the Americas, 1251
   Avenue of the Americas, and the New
   York Information Technology Center;
San Francisco: the Transamerica Pyramid;
Nashville: MagneTek headquarters;

St. Paul, MN: the St. Paul Facility-Trane
   Co. building;
Los Angeles: Westwood Gateway I and
   Westwood Gateway II;
Irvine, CA: Jamboree Centers;
Boston: the Lafayette Corporate Center;

Dallas: LBJ Financial Centers, Rolex
   building, Centex building, Jones Day
   Reavis & Pogue International Center,
   International Center Phase IV;

Beverly Hills: Rolex building and Phase
   II building;
Richardson, TX: Chase Bank building;
                                                                           Piano, TX: Harrington Place; and

                                                                           Philadelphia: Wannamaker building and
                                                                             1528 Walnut Street.

                                                                           EPA expects that thousands of additional
                                                                           buildings will be joining the program over
                                                                           the next several years.
 Engineering Foundation
 Conference to Focus on
 Commercial Buildings
 An Engineering Foundation confer-
 ence will explore how problem solving
 and decision making tools can help
 professionals involved in pollution
 prevention communicate with one
 another more effectively. The confer-
 ence, "Improving the Practice of
 Pollution Prevention," will focus
 specifically on managing commercial
 buildings. It will take place August
 16-21 in Crested Butte, CO.
::--•- Tools to be discussed will include  -j
 process mapping, Pareto analysis,
 cause and effect diagrams, brain-
 storming, bubble-up/bubble-down,
 criteria matrices, and action plans.
 Conference participants will work on
 cases that address prevention in a
 wide variety of contexts and will
 present their results in plenary
 sessions for general comment.
   The Engineering Foundation is
 seeking funding to make the confer-
 ence available via Internet. An e-mail
 listserver and web-based archive are
 being used now to develop and
 discuss the cases that will be ana-
 lyzed by conference participants. For
 information about participating in
 the listserver and the  conference, go
 to the Engineering Foundation's web
 site, http://www.engfnd.org/.
   Information about the conference
 is also available directly at 212-705-
 7836 or by sending e-mail to engfnd®

 7 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                     April-May-June 1998
                                                                       ENERGY STAR Programs
 ENERGY STAR  Homes®  a Haven  for
 Efficiency;  Partners Recognized
     EPA's ENERGY STAR Homes Program
     currently has more than 500 builder
     and developer partners in 47 states.
 An estimated 10,000 ENERGY STAR Homes
 will have been constructed by the end of
 1998. Now completing its third year,
 ENERGY STAR Homes is a voluntary
 program encouraging builders to con-
 struct energy-efficient homes. In turn,
 EPA allows them to use the ENERGY STAR
 logo and provides marketing support,
 sales training, technical support and links
 to preferred financing.
   The advantage of an ENERGY STAR
 Home goes beyond the virtue of being
 environmentally responsible. Energy used
 in homes accounts for over 20 percent of
 all air pollution emissions in the country.
 ENERGY STAR Homes deliver at least 30
 percent greater energy efficiency than
Code. Monthly energy savings typically
exceed what the additional energy
features add to mortgage payments.
   EPA encourages buyers to seek out and
purchase ENERGY STAR Homes by pointing
out the following additional advantages:
^ With their savings, buyers can afford
   more upgrades;
^ Buyers can qualify for special mort-

>• Buyers are making a good investment;
^- ENERGY STAR Homes are more comfort-
   able, quieter, and have greater assur-
   ance of good indoor air quality.

   ENERGY STAR Homes also meet builders'
business objectives. By offering more
comfortable, quieter interiors and quality
construction for a lower total outlay each
month, builders can differentiate them-
selves in the, marketplace and improve
customer satisfaction.

This Year's Winners ...
EPA announced nine winners of 1998
ENERGY STAR Homes Builder and Ally
Awards in March. The 1998 ENERGY STAR
Homes Builder Awards will be presented
in October to:

fr* Southlake Development, Inc.
  (Hobart, IN)

*• Watt Homes—Utah (Salt
  Lake City, UT)

> Best Homes (Indianapo-
  lis, IN)

*> Pulte Homes—Arizona
  (Phoenix, AZ)

^ Palm Harbor Homes,
  Inc. (Dallas, TX)
                         SAVING THE EARTH. SAVING YOUR MONEY
 EPA presented the 1998 ENERGY STAR
 Homes Ally Awards in March to:
 >• Energy Rated Homes of Indiana
   (Indianapolis, IN)
   HeniWrating/techtiicar support provider
   to ENERGY STAR Builders.

 > Andersen Corporation (Bayport, MN)
   Window manufacturer recognized for
   conserving natural resources through
   reduction, reclamation, reuse, and
   recycling of materials.

 >• Gainesville Regional Utilities
   (Gainesville, FL)
   Utility company that developed a well-
   attended ENERGY STAR Homes Day.

 > Vermont Star Homes (Burlington, VT)
   A collaborative effort among Burlington
   Electric Department, Central Vermont
   Public Service Corporation, Citizens
   Utilities Company, Green Mountain
   Power, Vermont Electric Cooperative,
   and Vermont Gas Systems. Winner for
   best promotions contest/most creative
   use of media.

   For more information, or to receive an
ENERGY STAR Builder and /or Ally packet,
call the Energy Star Hotline at 888-STAR-
YES (888-782-7937).

8 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                       April-May-June 1998
 Green Federal  Facilities
                            Pentagon Paves  Parking Lots  with
                            Environmentally  Preferable Products
                                The Pentagon's parking lots contain
                                12,000 spaces and occupy 67 acres.
                                It takes a lot of asphalt to keep them
                            up—also traffic paint, reinforced concrete
                            materials, and numerous other products.
                               In June 1997, the Department of
                            Defense (DOD) awarded a five-year, $1
                            million per year contract to maintain and
                            repair the parking lots as well as 10 miles
                            of access roads at various facilities in the
                            Washington, D.C. area.
                               DOD and EPA collaborated on a pilot
   Software Makes It Easier To Decide What to Buy
   As part of its Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) program,
   EPA has contributed to the development of software for use in identi-
   fying products that will reduce energy use, improve air quality, and in
   other ways improve the environmental attributes of buildings.
   Building for Economic and Environmental Sustainability, or BEES,
   was developed under a federal interagency agreement by the National
   Institute of Standards and Technology. EPA provided funding in hopes
   that the software will help federal facility managers make purchasing
   decisions based on both cost and environmental considerations. BEES
   runs on a Windows-based system and requires 32 megabytes of RAM
   and 10 megabytes of available disk space. To purchase BEES, contact
   the U.S. Green Building Council, 90 New Montgomery St., Suite 1001,
   San Francisco, Calif. 94105, 415-543-3001, or order from the Council's
   Internet site at http://www.usgbc.org/.
project to minimize adverse environmental
impact of this repair work through Envi-
ronmentally Preferable Purchasing.
  The contract developed by DOD and
EPA promotes the use of products with
positive environmental attributes. The
work must meet price and performance
requirements, but the contractor can earn
a price differential by using products with
environmentally desirable attributes, such
as low levels of volatile organic compounds
and high percentages of recycled content.
  In developing the contract, DOD and
EPA used publicly available information
from sources such as the Harris Directory,
Thomas Directory, and the National Park
Service's Sustainable Design and Con-
struction Database to identify so-called
"baseline" environmental attributes for 20
product categories representing 90 percent
of the materials to be used	,
  The contractor is eligible for a two
percent price differential for each baseline
environmental attribute included in the
products it uses. If DOD approves, the
contractor can also receive a price differen-
tial for identifying and using products and
processes with environmentally desirable
characteristics beyond the baseline.
   One year into the contract, the winner,
D-M&S Inc. of Woodstock, MD, has
identified several innovative products and
a new process that significantly improve
environmental quality while meeting or
sometimes exceeding performance require-
   Detailed information about this EPP
pilot project is contained in the case study,
Paving the  Road to Success (EPA #742-R-
97-007). Copies of this and other EPP case
studies and guidance can be ordered from
Pollution Prevention Information Clearing-
house, tel: 202-260-1023, fax: 202-260-    '
4659, ppic@epamail.epa.gov. For addi-
tional information, contact Ruth Heikkinen
at 202-260-1803 or at heikkinen.ruth®

 9 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                          April-May-June 1998
                                                                         Green  Federal Facilities
 Fort  Carson Reduces HAZMAT Disposal,
 Wins Secretary's Award For  P2  Program
     Secretary of Defense William Cohen
      awarded the Secretary's Environ-
      mental Security Award in April to
 Fort Carson, an Army installation south of
 Colorado Springs, for a broad array of
 pollution prevention efforts.
   "P2 is stressed at all levels of the
 military/civilian hierarchy," wrote the Port
 Carson pollution prevention team, headed
 by civilian Stephen Snyder. "Environmen-
 tal Protection Officers and NCOs and
 Building Energy Monitors are introduced to
 P2 in training and asked to submit their
 ideas to reduce waste/energy usage in their
 respective work areas. Most often this level
 is where the best ideas are generated."
   Fort Carson's Pollution Prevention
 Division reports progress in hazardous
 and solid waste reduction, energy effi-
 ciency, and recycling (see box). ,
   Specific accomplishments in, hazardous. _
 waste reduction range from simple mate-
 rial substitution, such as using sand in
 place of snow-melting chemicals, to the
 establishment of a HAZMAT Pharmacy.
   Military bases use such pharmacies to
 distribute hazardous materials to the user
 in the amount needed, a departure from
 the traditional supply system, which
 simply orders and distributes materials.
   One of the biggest challenges facing
 Fort Carson's P2 staff over the past year
 has been tracking and reducing the
 procurement of hazardous materials. An
 estimated 50 percent of hazardous waste
 disposal is of unopened, expired materials,
 a percentage that P2 staff hope to decrease
 by establishing the Pharmacy and focusing
 attention on proper inventory manage-
 ment. For example, over 1,700 five-gallon
 cans of expired paint were given extension
 dates and made available for use or
 relocation. More than 2,000 gallons of
sulfuric acid were given to the  Bureau of
Reclamation in Leadvile, CO.
  The P2 program also emphasizes energy
reduction. During FY94-96, Fort Carson
committed a total of $12 million to energy
 projects, including a utility control system
 for the entire post, exterior installation on
 barracks, boiler replacements, and a
 number of smaller projects including
 photovoltaic (PV) irrigation and monitoring
 as well as installation of a solar heating
 wall. Fort Carson has over 60 lighting,
 environmental monitoring, and other
 systems that operate using PV power.
   Under an agronomy program called
 "Trees for FC," units are encouraged to use
 trees and shrubs for erosion control,
 wildlife habitat, natural wind breaks/
 shelters, and for energy conservation.
   Recycling has increased steadily since
 that program began in FY92. Materials
 processed include cardboard, white paper,
 computer paper, colored paper, plastics, bi-
 metal and aluminum cans, and tab cards.
 Not only does the Fort Carson recycling
 center handle family housing,  the commis-
 sary, and pick-up at military units, but
 support is also extended to the U.S. Air
 Force Space Command and the Federal
 Bureau of Prisons, located 40 miles to the
 south. As a direct result of recycling, the
 installation reports $114,000 in landfill
 cost avoidance last fiscal year and over
 $200,000 in revenue from the sale of
recyclable material.
  For more information contact Stephen
Snyder at 719-526-1684 or snyders®
carson-emhl. army. mil.
  Thirty of these photovoltaic
  pumps at Fort Carson direct
water into a system of shallow
      ponds, which serve as
wetlands and contribute to the
    area's ecological diversity.
  Targets for the Year 2000
  Hazardous waste reduced by 70% from FY94
  Solid waste reduced by 50% from FY93...........
  Energy efficiency improved 25% from FY85....
  Pesticide use reduced by 50% from FY93	
  Recycling increased by 50% from FY92	
  Water usage reduced by 30% from FY94	
  Develop a sound P2 training program	
  Inform all levels of command on P2 Program .
  Establish a working group throughout
  Directorates to set P2'goals	
        . Achieved
        , Achieved


10 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                         April-May-June 1998
 Green Federal Facilities
                            DOE,  EPA Support  P2  at Brookhaven
                                 EPA and the Department of Energy
                                 (DOE) signed an agreement in March
                                 to promote pollution prevention and
                            sustained compliance with environmental
                            safety regulations at the Brookhaven
                            National Laboratory in Upton, Long Island.
                               Under the agreement, the first of its
                            kind, DOE will support comprehensive
                            evaluations of environmental processes
                            and activities at Brookhaven. The labora-
                            tory will also develop a program-by-
                            program blueprint in pollution prevention,
                            waste minimization, and compliance
                            through new and expanded initiatives.
                               EPA Regional Administrator Jeanne M.
                            Fox and Martha Krebs, DOE Director of
                            the Office of Energy Research, signed the
                            voluntary Memorandum of Agreement.
                            "The agreement is the most recent action
on Secretary (Federico) Peiia's May 1997
commitment to ensure that the protection
of public health and the environment will
never again take a back seat to science at
the facility," Fox said.
   Earlier in March, EPA cited DOE and
Associated Universities, Inc., the contrac-
tor formerly responsible for operating the
facility, for violations of the Safe Drinking
Water Act, Clean Air Act, Resource Conser-
vation and Recovery Act and the Toxic
Substances Control Act. EPA is also
investigating and remediating the tritium
plume from the High Flux Beam Reactor,
discovered in January 1997, and oversee-
ing Superfund cleanups.
   For more information contact Richard
Cahill, tel: 212-637-3666, fax: 212-637-5046,
or e-mail: cahill.richard@epamail.epa.gov.
                             New Tools Turn  Buildings  Green
                                  Government agencies are finding a
                                  growing range of innovative ways to
                                  build pollution prevention into new
                             construction and renovation projects. At
                             the Resource Efficient Federal Buildings
                             Symposium in April, speakers presented
                             case histories of successful experiences at
                             Federal, state and local levels, including:
                                ^ Application of alternative energy,
                             energy efficiency, and water conservation
                                >• Use of standard guides and models for
                             selecting resource-efficient materials which
                             can result in improved indoor air quality
                             without increasing project costs. Symposium
                             participants received copies of the Guide to
                             Resource Efficient Building Elements
                             published by the Center for Resourceful
                             Building Technologies in Missoula, MT, and
                             heard presentations on Air Force and Army
                             design guidelines for buildings.
                                > Disassembly of buildings so the
                             materials can be re-used. For example,
                             workers disassembling World War II
                             barracks at the Presidio in San Francisco
                             found valuable Port Orford cedar boards,
                             which are no longer available.
                                Obstacles to sustainable design and
 construction persist, however. Participants
 commented that architects and civil engi-
 neers often regard environmental issues as
 someone else's responsibility. They also
 pointed out that when construction funds
 come from a different source than funding
 for building operations, it can be difficult to
 convince design personnel to spend up-front
 money to reap long-term benefits. Speakers
 noted that construction projects need to be
 monitored on a daily basis to assure that
 green design is not shortchanged by care-
 lessness or last-minute substitutions.
   The symposium, conducted at the U.S.
 Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs,
 was sponsored by the Department of
 Energy Federal Energy Management
 Program, EPA Federal Facilities Enforce-
 ment Office, EPA Region VIII, the Air
 Force Center for Environmental Excel-
 lence and the Air Force Academy Civil
 Engineering Division and Faculty.
   Summaries of all presentations are
 scheduled to be available after June 1 on the
 symposium web site, http://www.eeba.org/
 refb. For more information, contact Dianne
 Thiel, EPA Region VIII, at 303-3,12-6389.

 11 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                        April-May-June 1998
                                                                                       In the States
 Success Stories  Show  How 20  Firms
 Bring  Nature,  Economy Into  Balance
       Washington State is convinced that
       business and the environment can
       find a harmonious balance. To
 prove the point, the State's Department of
 Community Trade and Economic Develop-
 ment recently documented 20 success
 stories in Finding the Balance: Economic
 Prosperity & Environmental Progress —
 Volume II.
   The report, funded in part by EPA,
 follows up on the popular Volume I pub-
 lished in 1996. Among the 20 success
 stories are some of the biggest names in
 corporate America, including Ikea, Intel,
 Starbucks, and Boeing. The stories
 summarized here show how leaders in
 fields as diverse as cargo containers and
 ammunition are becoming more environ-
 mentally responsible while improving
 efficiency and profitability.

 Container-Care International
 ...specializes in the storage, cleaning,
 maintenance, and repair of containers
 used in the Seattle cargo shipping trade.
   The company first became aware of the
 liabilities associated with waste handling
 when it was named as a potentially liable
 party in a waste disposal dispute. Al-
 though the case resulted in a de minimis
 settlement, Container-Care hired a
 consultant to study its waste streams.
   The company installed a wastewater
 recovery and recycling system that elimi-
 nated all water discharges, reducing water
 bills and mitigating water discharge fees.
   Container-Care also instituted low-tech
 solutions for painting and cleaning con-
 tainers. It reduced emissions in larger
 paint jobs by switching to a high volume/
 low pressure spray gun and an enclosed
 spray gun cleaning system using a non-
 hazardous cleaning solvent. The technique
 cut down on;use of paint thinner, and thus
VOC emissions.
   Through such changes, Container-Care
reduced the generation of hazardous waste
from 18,235 pounds in 1992 to 3,949
 pounds in 1995, decreased costs, and
 increased profits.

 Rainier Ballistics Corporation
 .. .of Tacoma, a manufacturer of sport
 shooting projectiles, weathered a "dirty"
 image for waste water standards from
 1991 to 1994, then worked with state and
 local regulators to redesign the electroplat-
 ing process. Examples include:
 > Instead of discharging alkaline waste-
    water from its initial soaking operation
    to avoid heavy buildups of chemicals,
    the company purchased an evaporation
    system, which completely eliminated
    wastewater generation.
 > Rainier switched from an all-chemical
    "brightening process" used for cleaning
    parts and giving a shiny appearance to
:   .a cleaning mixture, of ground walnuts
    and corncobs which reduces chemical
    usage by  50%.
 > Formerly, Rainier treated its products
    in a carbon-filtered bath once every
    month. By modifying the chemical
    content of the bath, it reduced treat-
    ment to once every six months, cutting
    waste levels by 80 percent.

    These and other changes reduced the
 company's wastewater generation from
 5,000 gallons per week to about 800 gallons
 and reduced its use of chemicals by 75
 percent. Since 1994, Rainier has
 saved more than $200,000 on
 treatment costs alone.
    Can other companies do  as
 well? Washington's Department
 of Ecology thinks so. It sponsors
 a Toxics Reduction Engineer
 Exchange (TREE) which offers small and
 medium sized businesses free engineering
 assistance and a survey of relevant
 technology options.
   For more  information, contact Michael
 Johnson, Washington Dept. of Ecology, P.O.
 Box 47600, Olympia, WA; tel: 360-407-
 6338, e-mail: mjoh461@ecy.iua.gov/.
To view the report on
the Internet, go to

12 Pollution Prevention News
                                                                                          April-May-June 1998
July ] Federal Facility Environmental
Was, TX Seminar on Indoor Environment
July 2 Federal Facility Environmental
Date, TX Seminar on the Clean Air Act
July 7-1 0 4* International Interdisciplinary
Washington, DC Conference on the Environment
July 1 6-1 7 ISO 1 4000 Environmental Management
Hilton Head, SC Standards: How To Develop an EMS That
Meets the Standards
July 27 - August 1 First International Week for
Basel, Swrlierland a Sustainable Energy Future
August 3-5 Energy '98: Breaking the Barriers-
Beflewe, WA "You Have the Power* ,
August 23-28 1 998 ACEEE Summer Study on
Pacific Grove, CA Energy Efficiency
August 25-28 Third Annual Joint Service Pollution
Son Antonio, TX Prevention Conference and Exhibition
September 14-15 European Environment Conference
beds, England ' 	 " 	 : 	 """"
October 28-30 European Roundtable on Cleaner
Ihbon, Portugal Production & Pre-Conference For
African Countries
Hovember 15-18 Partnership and Leadership: 7th
Rome, Holy International Conference of the
Greening of Industry Network
Moving? Please enclose mailing label!
EPA Region VI
EPA Region VI
Interdisciplinary Environmental
Government Institutes
US DOE Federal Energy
Management Program (FEMP)
Headquarters Air Force Center for
Environmental Excellence, National
Defense Industrial Association
(formerly ADPVNSIA)
ERP Environment
Centre for Clean Technology
and Environmental Policy
Tel: 21 4-665-7550
Tel: 21 4-665-71 60
Tel: 508-767-7557
Fax: 508-767-7382
Tel: 301 -921 -2345
http://www.epa.gov/earthl r6
http://www.epa.gov/earthl r6
Tel: +41 61 271 0389 info21@sun21.ch
Fax: +41 61 271 1083 http://www.sun21.ch
Tel: 800-960-2242
Extension 132
Tel: 202-429-8873
Christy Kline or
Christin Berry
Tel: 703-522-1 820
ckline@ndia.org or
Tel: 44-1 274-530408
Fax:44-1274-530409 "
Fax: +351 1 71 54084 ercp98@ita.ineti.pt
Tel: +31 53 489 3203 T.J.N.M.deBruijn@
Fax: +31 53 489 4850 CSTM.utwente.nl
United States Environmental
Protection Agency (MC7409)
Washington, DC 20460
Official Business

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