United States
          Environmental Protection
          Agency
Office of Environmental Information
(2844)
Washington, DC 20460
EPA-745-S-00-001
May 2000
4EPA  1998  Toxic  Release
          Inventory (TRI)
          Data  Summary
                 Internet Address (URL)  http://www.epa.gov
    Recycled/Recyclable  Printed with Vegetable Oil Based Inks on Recycled Paper (Minimum 30% Posteonsumer)

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                 1998 Toxics Release Inventory Data Summary

                                        Contents

Summary of 1998 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Data	1

Comparison of TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, 1988-1998	8

TRI Total Releases,  1998 (pie chart)	9

TRI Total Releases,  1998 (bar chart)	10

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases by Industry, 1998	11

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, New Industries compared to Original Industries, 1998	12

TRI Releases, Transfers and Waste Management, Original Industries for 1995-1998	13

TRI Total On-site and Off-site Releases by State, Original Industries for 1995-1998	14

TRI Releases, Transfers and Waste Management, Original Industries for 1988-1998	15

TRI Total On-site and Off-site Releases by State, Original Industries for
       1988,1995-1998	16

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State,  1998, Original Industries	17

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State,  1998, Metal Mining	19

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State, 1998, Coal Mining	21

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State,  1998, Electric Utilities	,.	23

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State, 1998, Petroleum Bulk Terminals	25

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State, 1998, Chemical Wholesalers.....	27

TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State, 1998, RCRA/Solvent Recovery	29

Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, Original Industries	31

Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, Metal Mining	32

Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, Coal Mining	33

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 Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, Electric Utilities	34

 Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998,
       Petroleum Bulk Terminals	       35

 Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998,
       Chemical Wholesalers	        36

 Top Facilities with Largest Total On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998,
       RCRA/Solvent Recovery Facilities	             37

 Top 20 Chemicals with Largest On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, Original Industries	38

Top 20 Chemicals with Largest On-site and Off-site Releases, 1998, New Industries	39

Maps

       Releases by Manufacturers, by State, 1998	40

       Releases by Metal Mines, by State, 1998	41

       Releases by Coal Mines, by State, 1998	42

       Releases by Electric Utilities, by State, 1998	43

       Releases by Petroleum Bulk Terminals, by State, 1998	44

       Releases by Chemicals Wholesalers, by State, 1998	45

       Releases by RCRA TSDs and Solvent Recovery Facilities, by State, 1998	46

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                   Summary of 1998 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Data
Background
The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is a publicly available database that contains information on
specific toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities reported annually by certain
covered industries as well as by federal facilities. This inventory was established under the
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA), which requires
facilities to use their best readily available data to calculate their releases and waste management
estimates. If facilities do not have actual monitoring data,  submitted values are derived  from
various estimation techniques.  There are now nearly 650 toxic chemicals and chemical compounds
on the list of chemicals that must be reported to EPA and the States under the EPCRA/TRI
Program.

A facility must report to TRI if it meets the following three criteria:

             Conducts manufacturing operations within Standard Industry Classification (SIC)
              codes 20 through 39 and, beginning in the 1998 reporting year, if it is in one of the
              following industry categories: metal mining, coal mining, electrical utilities, RCRA
              Subtitle C hazardous waste treatment and disposal facilities, chemicals distributors,
              petroleum terminals, and solvent recovery services; (Also, federal facilities must
              report to TRI regardless of their SIC code classification.)

              Employs 10 or more full-time equivalent employees;

              Manufactures or processes more than 25,000 pounds or otherwise uses more than
              10,000 pounds of any listed chemical during the reporting year.

1998 Data Release

The time period covered for the data released today is for reporting year 1998. A reporting year is
equal to a calendar year. This  1998 data was submitted to EPA by July 1, 1999 and  is the focus of
the current data release. This report briefly summarizes the 1998 TRI data and trends in  the data
from  1988 to 1998, 1995 to 1998 and from 1997 to 1998. This report also describes assumptions
made in the analysis and provides information on the uses as well as limits of the data. The full
Public Data Release report and State Fact Sheet report will be complete in June, 2000.

1998  was the first year that seven "new" industries were required to report their releases  and other
waste management quantities to EPA under the TRI program. The seven new industries are metal
mining, coal mining, electric utilities, chemicals  distributors, petroleum bulk terminals, RCRA
Subtitle C hazardous waste treatment and disposal facilities, and solvent recovery services.  1,957
of these new facilities reported to TRI in'1998.

The "old" or "original" industries that have been reporting to TRI  since 1987 are facilities in the
manufacturing sector.  Manufacturing facilities are defined as facilities in Standard Industrial
                                             1

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 Classification (SIC) Codes 20-39.  Federal facilities, which have been required to report since 1994
 regardless of their SIC code classification, are also included as an "old'' or "original" industry.
 21,439 of these original facilities reported to TRI in 1998.

 1998 TRI Data (Original and New Industries^

 In 1998, facilities reported a total of 7.3 billion pounds of releases to air, land, water and
 underground injection. The original industries reported approximately 2.4 billion pounds, or
 32.6%, of the 7.3 billion pounds. These industries submitted 61,234 Form Rs 'and 10.840 Form
 As.1 Facilities in the new sectors reported almost 4.9 billion pounds, or 67.4%, of the 7.3 billion
 pounds. The new industries submitted  12,567 Form Rs and 2,688 Form As.

 On-site releases were 93.9 % (6.9 billion pounds) of the total releases in 1998.  Of these on-site
 releases, 62.8 % were to  land, 29.9 % were to air, 3.9 % were to underground injection, and 3.4 %
 were to surface water.  Reporting from the new industries accounted for 91.7 % of the land releases
 on-site, 38.8% of the air releases, 21.2 % of the releases to underground injection wells, and 3.5%
 of the discharges to surface  water.

 Off-site releases were 6.1% (444 million pounds) of the total releases in 1998.  Off-site  releases
 result when a facility sends quantities of a toxic chemical to another facility, where they are then
 released. Of these off-site releases, 65.6 % (292 million pounds) were to landfills/surface
 impoundments.

 Of the seven new sectors, two sectors (metal mining and electric utilities) accounted for 93.9% of
 the 4.9 billion pounds of total releases from these newly reporting industry sectors.  The metal
 mining sector reported 3.5 billion pounds, or 71.2 %, of the 4.9 billion pounds.  On-site releases
 were 99.97 % of the metal mining sector's total releases and 98.9% of these on-site releases were
 to land.

 Metal mines move, store and dispose of very  large volumes of heavy metals which are
 components of waste rock and tailings. In order to get at an ore body, some mines must remove
 a large amount of submarginal ore, or waste rock, and dispose of it. This material may contain
 small amounts of various heavy metals, and if reporting thresholds are exceeded elsewhere in the
 facility, the amount of these TRI-listed chemicals that are disposed must be reported.  All metals
 originally occurred naturally. However, these metals are on the TRI list because they are known to
 cause human  health and/or environmental toxicity.  The previously buried metals in waste rock
 are exposed to the elements upon excavation and become susceptible to leaching by rain and
snow. Unless carefully controlled and monitored, the leaching process can lead to ground and
surface water sources contaminated with heavy metals and other toxic chemical pollution that
        Tho Form R. is the reporting form that must be annually submitted by the facility. Facilities report the amounts of toxic chemicals
released on- or oil-site to air. land, water, underground injection; the amounts transferred off-site for recycling, energy recovery, treatment, and
disposal: and the amounts recycled, burned for energy recovery', or treated at the facility. A facility can report using a Form A ifthe facility does
not exceed the total production-related waste amount of 500 pounds, and does not manufacture, process, or otherwise use more than 1 million
pounds of the chemical. Instead of filing a Form R detailing all its releases and waste management activities, the facility can submit a
certification statement (Form A).

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would not have occurred naturally. Significant factors are the chemistry of the rock, particle
size, precipitation rates, and most importantly, a mine's operating and waste management
practices. Somemines also produce tailings, which is the processed rock that remains after the
target metal is extracted from the ore. Tailings often contain various other metals, such as
chromium and copper. Under TRI Regulations, mines are required to report the metal
compounds contained in the tailings when the rock is disposed of.

The electric utility sector (SIC code 49) reported 1.1 billion pounds of releases, or 22.7%, of the
4.9 billion pounds of the releases from the new industries. On-site releases were 94.4% of the
electric utility sector's total releases and 74.3% of these on-site releases were to the air.  Most of
the releases from  electric utilities are the result of burning coal or oil to generate electricity. (Note:
Only coal-fired and oil-fired electric utilities are required to report to TRI.)  Both coal and oil
contain metals that  are released to the air when the fuel is combusted. These metals include
barium, copper, chromium, manganese, lead, nickel and zinc. Other chemicals formed during
combustion include hydrochloric acid, sulfuric  acid, and hydrogen fluoride. The ash that remains
after coal is combusted will also contain metals. Large quantities of this ash may be disposed of
in on- or off-site  landfills, or returned to coal mines for disposal there.

The sector made up of RCRA Subtitle C hazardous waste treatment and disposal facilities (SIC
code 4953) and solvent recovery facilities (SIC code 7389) reported 282 million pounds, or 5.7 %
of the 4.9 billion pounds of releases from the new industries.  Since many of the facilities in these
two SIC codes arc co-located and the activities are closely related, their releases were aggregated
for this analysis.  I luzardoiis waste treatment facilities handle large quantities of materials which
may contain heavy metals, asbestos, and other chemicals.  (Note: The reporting requirements apply
only to those facilities regulated by subtitle C of RCRA.)  Solvent recovery services collect,
recycle, and redistribute solvents. On-site  releases made up 83.0  % of this sector's total releases
and 84.0% of these  on-site releases were to landfills permitted under RCRA subtitle C.

In terms of reporting from the original (manufacturing sector) industries, the top 3 sectors for total
releases are the chemical manufacturing sector (SIC code  28), the primary metals sector (SIC code
33), and the paper sector (SIC code 26). The chemical manufacturing sector (SIC code 28)
reported 739 million pounds of total releases, or 31.1%, of the 2.4 billion pounds reported by the
original industries.  94.4 % of the 739 million pounds were on-site releases  and 46.2 % of those
on-site releases \\ere to air and 29.6% were to Class I underground injection wells. The primary
metals sector (SIC code 33) reported 614 million pounds of total  releases, or 25.8%, of the 2.4
billion pounds reported by the original industries. On-site releases made up 68.6% of the 614
million pounds of total releases and 31.4% were off-site releases. Of the on-site releases, 58.0%   .
were to land, 29.0% were to air, and  12.8% were to surface water. The paper sector (SIC code 26)
reported 230 million pounds of total releases, or 9.7%, of the 2.4 billion pounds reported by the
original industries.  On-site releases were 97.9% of the 230 million pounds  of total releases and
82.7% of those on-site releases were to air and 9.7% were to surface water.

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 Trend Data

 Year-to-year comparisons must be based on a consistent set of chemicals and reporting industries
 to assure that any changes in releases or other waste management do not simply reflect changes in
 reporting requirements from one year to another. Since the seven new industries just began
 reporting in 1998, the year-to-year comparisons below only include the original industries that have
 been required to report to TRI since the program began in 1987. The trend comparisons for 1997
 to 1998 and 1995 to 1998 include only chemicals that were reportable in all years from 1995
 through 1998. The trend comparison for 1988 to 1998 includes only chemicals that were
 reportable in all years from 1988 through 1998.

 1997-1998 TRI Data

 Overall, between  1997 and  1998, total releases (including both on-site and off-site releases)
 decreased approximately 3.5% or 90 million pounds.  On-site releases decreased 4% or 85 million
 pounds and off-site releases decreased 1.2% or 6 million pounds. At the same time, total forms
 submitted decreased 1.4% and total facilities decreased 1.9% (410 fewer facilities reported in 1998
 compared to 1997).

 Of the four on-site release categories, two decreased and two increased. Air releases decreased 6%
 or 80 million pounds, and underground injection decreased 5% or 11 million pounds.  Surface
 water discharges increased 0.5% or 1 million pounds,  and on-site land releases increased  1.5% or 5
 million pounds.

 1995-1998 TRI Data

 Overall, between  1995 and  1998, total releases (including both on-site and off-site releases)
 decreased approximately 5% or 141  million pounds. On-site releases decreased 12%,or 274
 million pounds: while off-site releases increased 42%  or 134 million pounds.  At the same time,
total forms submitted decreased 5.3% and total facilities decreased 5.9% (1.342 fewer  facilities
 reported in 1998 compared to 1995).

 Of the four on-site release categories, two decreased and two increased. Air releases decreased
21% or 328 million pounds, and underground injection decreased 11% or 26 million pounds.
Surface water discharges increased 24% or 43 million pounds, and on-site land releases increased
 11% or 36 million pounds.

1988-1998 TRI Data

Overall, on- and off-site releases have decreased 1.5 billion pounds or 45% since 1988. On-site
releases substantially decreased with air releases making up 1.3 billion pounds of the 1.5 billion
pound  total decrease in on-site releases.  Off-site releases increased 2.0 million pounds or 0.5%.
In terms of absolute amounts, four categories made up most of the off-site releases:
solidification/stabilization (metals and metal compounds), landfills/disposal surface

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impoundments, other off-site management, and transfers to waste broker for disposal.  In terms
of the change in off-site releases from 1988 to 1998, solidification/stabilization (metals and metal
compounds) increased 107 million pounds and was off-set by decreases in three categories
including landfills/disposal surface impoundments, other off-site management, and transfers to
waste broker for disposal (decreases of 44 million pounds, 31 million pounds, 18 million pounds,
respectively).

Understanding the Uses, Scope and Limits of TRI Data

The TRI Program has given the public unprecedented direct access to toxic chemical release and
other waste management data at the local, state, regional, and national level.  Responsible use of
this information can enable the public to identify potential concerns, gain a better understanding of
potential risks, and work with industry and government to reduce toxic chemical releases and the
risks associated with them.  When combined with hazard and exposure data, this information can
allow informed environmental priority-setting at the local level.

Federal, state, and local governments can use the data to compare facilities or geographic areas, to
identify hot spots, to evaluate existing environmental programs, to more effectively set regulatory
priorities, and to track pollution control and waste reduction progress. TRI data, in conjunction
with demographic data, can help government agencies and the public identify potential
environmental justice concerns.

In addition, industry can use the data to obtain an overview of the release and other waste
management of toxic chemicals, to identify and reduce costs associated with toxic chemicals in
waste, to identify promising areas of pollution prevention, to establish reduction targets, and to
measure and document progress toward reduction goals.  Public availability of the data has
prompted many facilities to work with communities to develop effective  strategies for reducing
environmental and human health risks.posed by toxic chemical releases.

While TRI provides the public, industry, and state and local governments an invaluable source  of
key environmental data, it has some limitations that must be considered when using the data. First,
users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste
management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals. Release estimates alone
are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health
and the environment.  TRI data, in conjunction with other information, can be used as a starting
point in evaluating exposures that may result from releases and other waste management activities
of toxic chemicals.

Also, TRI data are only collected from certain industrial sectors. These include the manufacturing
sector (SIC codes 20-39), metal mining,  coal mining, electric utilities, petroleum bulk terminals,
chemicals wholesalers, RCRA commercial hazardous waste treatment, and solvent recovery.
Federal facilities also report to TRI regardless of their SIC classification. Although TRI is
successful in capturing information on a significant portion of toxic chemicals currently  being used
by covered industry sectors, it does not cover all toxic chemicals or all industry sectors.  For
instance, TRI does not include toxic emissions from cars and trucks, nor  from the majority of

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sources of releases of pesticides, volatile organic compounds, fertilizers and many other non-
industrial sources. In addition, facilities that do not meet the TRI threshold levels (for
manufacturing/processing or otherwise using or for number of employees) are not required to
report.

Another limitation of the existing TRI program is that the data currently collected provide limited
information on the life cycle of chemicals used by facilities.  Beyond reporting on releases and
other.vvaste  management, only limited and very general information on chemicals storage is
provided and none on the toxicity of the chemicals.

Furthermore, facilities  report estimated data to TRI, and the program does not mandate that they
monitor their releases.  Various estimation techniques are used when monitoring data are not
available, and EPA has published estimation guidance for the regulated community. Variations
between facilities can result from the use of different  estimation methodologies.  These factors
should be taken into account when considering data accuracy and comparability.

Finally, the TRI report alone does not indicate whether a facility's chemical releases are  legal.
These releases must be compared with applicable permits to evaluate whether the facility is in
compliance  with other  environmental regulations. Many of the releases included in the TRI report
are permitted by EPA and State Regulatory Agencies.

Assumptions in Analysis

1998 was the first year that EPA  collected  information from the commercial hazardous waste
treatment sector.  In the analysis  of this year's data, EPA has taken steps to adjust for possible
double counting of some releases in TRI now that EPA collects information from this sector.  The
potential for double counting arises because some manufacturing facilities report transfers  of.
chemicals to other facilities that may then report the release of these chemicals. TRI facilities
transfer off-site chemicals in waste to other facilities for disposal. These other facilities can
dispose of the wastes in on-site landfills, disposal surface  impoundments, in  land treatment
facilities, other types of land disposal, and  underground injection wells or, if metals are sent to a
wastewater treatment facility, they may be discharged to surface waters. These other facilities
generally are treatment, storage and disposal (TSD) facilities regulated under the federal  Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).  As mentioned above, such facilities are in one of the
new industries required to report to TRI for the first time in the 1998 reporting year.

To avoid counting the transfers to the TSD facilities that are also reported to TRI as on-site releases
by the TSD  facilities, off-site transfers for  disposal to these TSD facilities have been omitted from
tables that compare or summarize on-site and off-site releases nationally or at a state level. Only
the on-site releases from the TSD facilities have been included. The attached tables contain a note

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at the bottom of the table if transfers were omitted for that particular table. In general, these
transfers were omitted if the data were being analyzed from a national or state perspective.2

In addition to the double counting adjustment described above, EPA reclassified reporting for
metals and metal compounds in this analysis in an effort to correct facility reporting errors.  EPA
requires the transfer of metals and metal compounds for further waste management be reported as
either a transfer to recycling or a transfer to disposal (due to the fact that metal has no heat value
and thus can not be combusted for energy recovery and can not be treated because it can not be
destroyed). Two new disposal codes were added to the TRI reporting form in 1997 to provide
more accurate reporting, codes M41 (solidification/stabilization-metals and metal compounds) and
M62 (wastewater treatment (excluding POTWs)-metals and metal compounds).  A number of
facilities incorrectly reported the waste management of metals and metal compounds in 1998.
These chemicals were incorrectly reported under codes M40 or M61, as being treated. In order to
account for this error, EPA included metals and metal compounds that were incorrectly reported in
the waste treatment categories in the corresponding disposal categories for metals and metal
compounds instead. In order to compare data across reporting years, EPA made similar
adjustments for prior years in tables that compared 1997 or 1998 data to earlier years of data.

Accessing the TRI data

You may access the TRI data through a number of web-based tools by going to the EPA's TRI
home page at http://www.epa.gov/tri.  The TRI home page also includes other background
information on the TRI program and TRI data as well as information on applicable statutes,
regulations, and guidance.
        2Conducting this exercise required that EPA match amounts transferred to TSD facilities with amounts reported by these TSD
 facilities by using the reported RCRA ID number. In some cases, these RCRA ID numbers were not reported correctly by the facility so there are
 some quantities that cannot be matched and, therefore, these quantities could not be omitted from the analysis.

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 TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, New Industries compared to Original Industries, 1998
 Total Facilities

 Total Forms
  FormRs
  FoimAs
 On-ate Releases
 Total Air Emissions
  Fugitive Air Emissions
  Point Source Air Emissions
 Surface WaSer Discharges
 Underground Injection
  Class I Wells
  Class H-V Wells
 On si'.o Land Releases
  RCRA Subtitle C Landfills
  Other On-site Landfills
  Land Treatment
  Surface Impoundments
  Other Disposal

 Total On-sile Releases

 Off-Slit Releases
 Storage Only*
 Sotdification/Stabilizalion "
   Metals and Metal Compounds Only
 Wastewater Treatment (excluding POTWs) -
   Mela's and Metal Compounds Only
 Transfers to POTWs -
   Metals and Melal Compounds Only
 Underground injection
 Landfills/Surface Impoundments
 Land Treatment
 Other Land Disposal
 Othf Off-site Management
 Transfers to Waste Broker for Disposal
 Unknown	

 Total Off-site Releases
  (Transfers Off-site to Disposal)

 Total On- and Off-site Releases
      Original
    Industries
      Number

       21.517

       72,074
       61,234
       10,840

      Pounds

1.256,951,444
  292,504,215
  964,447,229
  223,365,762
  210,639,389
  210.544,864
       94,525
  355,674,874
   15,339,494
   99,730.347
    5.210.603
   90,237,471
  145,156,959

2,046,631,469
   11.749.488
   42,828,884

    3,992,958

    3.045.974

   13.382,660
  212,635.847
    1,326.956
   15.597.579
    9,816,029
   14,052,361
    3,784,392

  332,213,128


2,378,844.597
         New
    Industries
      Number

        1,970

       15,255
       12,567
        2,688

      Pounds

  796,550,006
    6,983,226
  789,566,780
    8,074,161
   56,677,417
   23,425,024
   33,252,393
3,955,141,581
  197,617,507
  162,677,586
    1,313,197
1,289,578,793
2,303,954,498

4,816,443,165
  2,746,021
  5,801,573

    114,693

    493,189

    334,945
 78,974,401
    495,175
 11,328,044
 10,520,218
    673,476
    567,726

112,049,461
                                                                     4,928,492,626
         Total
      Number

       23,487

       87,329
       73,801
       13,528

      Pounds

2,053,501,450
  299,487,441
1,754,014,009
  231,439,923
  267,316,806
  233,969,888
   33,346,918
4,310,816,455
  212,957,001
  262,407.933
    6,523,800
1,379,816,264
2,449,111,457

6,863,074,634
                                          14,495,509
                                          48,630,457

                                           4,107,651

                                           3,539,163

                                          13,717,605
                                        291,610,248
                                           1,822,131
                                          26,925,623
                                          20,336,247
                                          14,725,837
                                           4.352,118

                                        444,262,589
                                                                                        7,307,337,223
                                                                                                              Percent
                                                                                                               of Total
                                                                                                               Percent
                                                               100.0
                                                                84.5
                                                                15.5

                                                             Percent

                                                                28.1
                                                                 4.1
                                                                24.0
                                                                 3.2
                                                                 3.7
                                                                 3.2
                                                                 0.5
                                                                59.0
                                                                 2.9
                                                                 3.6
                                                                 0.1
                                                                18.9
                                                                33.5

                                                                93.9
                                             0.2
                                             0.7

                                             0.1

                                             0.0

                                             0.2
                                             4.0
                                             0.0
                                             0.4
                                             0.3
                                             0.2
                                             0.1
                                                                                                                100.0
                                                    New Industries
                                                       as Percent
                                                           of Total
                                                           Percent

                                                               8.4

                                                              i7.5
                                                              17.0
                                                              19.9

                                                           Percent

                                                              38.8
                                                               2,3
                                                              45.0
                                                               3.5
                                                              21.2
                                                              10.0
                                                              99,7
                                                              91.7
                                                              92,8
                                                              62.0
                                                              20.1
                                                              93.5
                                                              94.1

                                                             70.2
                                           18.9
                                           11.9

                                            2.8

                                           13.9

                                            2.4
                                           27.1
                                           27.2
                                           42.1
                                           51.7
                                            4.6
                                           13.0

                                           25.2
                                                                                                                                    67,4
Note: On-sltD Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs,
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Fatitities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code'and no SIC code in 20-39,
II the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the
original industry category
K Ins facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in
the new industry category
One facility, Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool, AZ. that reported under SIC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and  previous years has been included in the new industry
category SIC code 10 for the purpose of this analysis.
* "Storage only" (disposal code M10) indicates that the toxic chemical is sent off-site for storage because there is no known disposal method. Amounts reported
as transferred to "storage only" are included as a form of disposal (off-site release).
" Beginning in reporting year 1997. transfers to solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds (waste treatment code M41) are reported separately
from transfers to solidification/stabilization of non-metal TRI chemicals (waste treatment code M40). Because this treatment method prepares a metal for disposal,
but does not destroy It, such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). Reports under code M40 of metals and metal compounds
have been included m solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds in this report
*** Beginning in reporting  year 1997. transfers to wastewater treatment (excluding POTWs) of metals and metal compounds (waste treatment code M61) are
reported separately from transfers to wastewater treatment of non-metal TRI chemicals (waste treatment code M60). Because wastewater treatment does not
destroy metals, such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). Transfers of metals and metal compounds reported under code M60
have been included in transfers of metals metal compounds to wastewater treatment,
"" Reported as discharges to POTWs in Section 6,1 of Form R.  EPA considers transfers of metals and metal compounds to POTWs as an off-site release because
sewage treatment does not destroy the metal content of the waste material.
	"Unknown" (disposal code M99) indicates that a facility is not aware of the type of waste management used for the toxic chemical that is sent off-site. Amounts
reported as "unknown* transfers  are treated as  a form of disposal (off-site release).

Use's of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Rc'Mso estimates atone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment.  TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities
which involve toxic chemicals
                                                                                 12

-------
TRI Releases, Transfers and Waste Management, Original Industries, 1995-1998
1995
Number
22,859
76,139
69,471
6,668
Pounds
1,585,156,840
392,706,983
1,192,449,857
180,516,139
236,194,397
319,250,562
94,460,060
8,087,867
75,899,426
140,803,209
2,321,117,938
2,395,446
26,723,956
3,740,028
2,542.345
17,956,560
223,840,275
4,688,153
13,655,120
12,817,023
6,418,199
1,638,043
316,415,148
2,637,533,086
2,264,288,077
518,969,202
250,844,541
250,389,543
2,510,305
3.287,001,668
11,663,554,919
2,350,533,667
2,740,388,125
503,968.089
6,794,862.115
569,710,695
2,556,354,462
27,179,372,072
34,060.993
1996
Number
22,340
73,669
66,167
7,502
Pounds
1,470,214,042
351,331,196
1,118,882,846
184,739,434
209,317,311
333,685,655
83,463,962
6,032,164
84,831,782
159,357,747
2,197,956,442
1,451,317
59,253,534
3,776,635
2,448,282
11,614,971
237,372,538
2,208,908
12,085,985
10,665,955
4,838,441
1,610,439
347,327,005
2,545,283,447
2,200,626,637
478,301,979
226,781.151
244,511,023
1.044.503
3,151,265.293
7,533,569,188
2,243,302,912
2,727.639,231
512,680,522
5,943,643,124
511,458,178
2,469,858,172
21,942,151,327
30.846,845
1997
Number
21,927
73,076
62,390
10,686
Pounds
1,336,600,706
318,148,917
1,018,451,789
222,302,322
221,732,690
350,551,945
110,056,796
6,115,770
96,953,726
137,425,653
2,131,187,663
6,595,584
144,629,694
5,467,652
2,450,875
15,187,697
246,075,735
1,238,127
12,051,182
11,970,541
7,678,059
2,439,375
455,784,521
2,586.972,184
2,189,348,418
507,689,578
262,423,782
272,349,506
34,528
3.231.845,812
8,232,956.364
2,202,661,577
2,794,347,219
521,798,706
6,020,549,126
530,911.878
2,496,082,319
22,799.307,189
35,306,677
1998
Number
21,517
72,074
61,234
10,840
Pounds
1,256,951,444
292,504,215
964,447,229
223,365,762
210,639,389
355,674,874
115,069,841
5,210,603
90,237,471
145,156,959
2,046,631,469
11,749,603
137,084,182
4,225,724
3,045,974
16,481,522
232,738,747
1,326,956
15,597,579
9,873,534
14,052,361
3,952,21 4
450,128,396
2.496,759,865
1,989,546,130
478,821.401
251,823,538
266,724,175
921,574
2,987,836,818
9,646,825,222
2,059,419,896
2,851,489,429
485,373,723
6,012,991,050
547,355,031
2,449,256,842
24,052,711,193
26,993,463
Change 1997-1 998 .
Number
-410
-1,002
-1,156
154
Pounds
-79,649,262
-25,644,702
-54,004,560
1,063,440
-11,093,301
5,122,929
5,013,045
-905,167
-6,716,255
7,731,306
-84,556,194
5,154,019
-7,545,512
-1.241,928
595,099
1,293,825
-13,336,988
88,829
3,546,397
-2,097,007
6,374,302
1,512,839
-5,656,125
-90,212.319
-199,802,288
-28,868,177
-10,600,244
-5,625,331
887,046
-244,008,994
1,413,868,858
-143,241,681
57,142,210
-36,424,983
-7,558,076
16,443,153
-46,825,477
1,253,404,004
-8,313.214
Percent
-1.9
-1.4
-1.9
1.4
Percent
-6.0
-8,1
-5.3
0.5
-5.0
1.5
4.6
-14.8
-6.9
5.6
-4.0
78.1
-5.2
-22.7
24,3
8.5
-5.4
7.2
29.4
-17.5
83.0
62.0
-1.2
-3.5
-9.1
-5.7
-4.0
-2.1
2,569.1
-7.6
17.2
-6.5
2.0
-7.0
-0.1
3.1
-1,9
5.5
-23.5
Change 1995-1 998
Number
-1,342
-4,065
-8,237
4,172
Pounds
-328,205.396
-100,202,768
-228,002,628
42,849,623
-25,555,008
36,424,312
20,609,781
-2,877,264
14.338,045
4.353,750
-274,486,469
9,354,157
110,360,226
485,696
503.629
-1 ,475,038
8,898,472
-3,361,197
1,942,459
-2,943,489
7,634,162
2,314,171
133,713,248
-140,773,221
-274,741,947
-40,147,801
978,997
16,334,632
-1 ,588,731
-299,164.850
-2,016,729,697
-291,113.771
111,101,304
-18,594,366
-781,871,065
-22,355,664
-107,097,620
-3,126,660.879
-7.067,530
Percent
 -5.9
-5.3
-11.9
62.6
Percent
-20.7
-25.5
-19.1
23.7
-10.8
11.4
21.8
-35.6
18,9
3.1
-11.8
390.5
' 413.0
13.0
19.8
-8.2
4.0
-71.7
14.2
-23.0
118.9
141.3
42.3
-5.3
-12.1
-7.7
0,4
6.5
-63.3
-9,1
-17.3
-12.4
4.1
-3.7
-11.5
-3.9
-4.2
-11.5
-20.7
Total Facilities

Total Forms
 Form Rs
 Form As


On-site Releas es
Total Air Emissions
 Fugitive Air Emissions
 Point Source Air Emissions
Surface Water Discharges
Underground Injection
On-site Land Releases
 On-site Landfills
 Land Treatment
 Surface Impoundments
 Other Disposal

Total On-site Releases

Off-site Releases
Storage Only* '               ^
Solidification/Stabilization -**
   Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Wastewater Treatment (excluding POTWs) -***
   Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Transfers to POTWs -****
   Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Underground injection
Landfills/Surface Impoundments
Land Treatment
Other Land Disposal
Other Off-site Management
Transfers to Waste Broker for Disposal
Unknown***"*

Total Off-site Releases
  (Transfers Off-site to Disposal)

Total On-site and Off-site Releases

Transfers Off-site for Further Waste Management
Transfers to Recycling
Transfers to Energy Recovery
Transfers to Treatment
Transfers to POTWs
Other Off-site Transfers******

Total Transfers Off-site for
 Further Waste Management

Waste Management
Recycled On-site
Recycled Off-site
Energy Recovery On-site
Energy Recovery Off-site
Treated On-site
Treated Off-site
Quantity Released On- and Off-site

Total Production-related Waste

Non-Production-related Waste

Note:  On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs,
Other On-site Waste Managem ent from Section 8.
Total Transfers Off-site for Further Waste Managem ent from Section 6 (excluding transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Breakdown of Underground Injection and On-site Land Releases (for RCRA Subtitle C landfills) began in 1996 reporting year.
* "Storage only" (disposal code M10) indicates that the toxic chemical is sent off-site for storage because there is no known disposal method. Amounts reported
as transferred to "storage only" are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). See Box 2-2.
** Beginning  in reporting year 1997, transfers to solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds (waste treatment code M41) are reported separately
from transfers to solidification/stabilization of non-metal TR! chemicals (waste treatment code M40). Because this treatment method prepares a metal for disposal.
but does not destroy it, such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). See Box 2-3. Reports under code M4Q of metals and metal compounds
have been included in solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds in this report.
*** Beginning in reporting year 1997, transfers to wastewater treatment (excluding POTWs) of metals and metal  compounds (waste treatment code M61) are
reported separately from transfers to wastewater treatment of non-metal TRI chemicals (waste treatment code M60), Because wastewater treatment does not
destroy metals, such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). See Box 2-3  Transfers of metals and metal compounds reported under code M60
have been included in transfers of metals metal compounds to wastewater treatment.
""* Reported as discharges to POTWs in Section 6.1 of Form R. EPA considers transfers of metals and metal compounds to POTWs as an off-site release because
sewage treatment does not destroy the metal content of the  waste material.
..... "Unknown" (disposal code M99) indicates that a facility is not aware of the type of waste management used for the toxic chemical that is sent off-site. Amounts
reported as "unknown" transfers are treated as a form of disposal  (off-site release).
****** Other Off-site Transfers are transfers reported without  a valid waste management code.
                                                                                 13

-------
 TRI Total On-site and Off-site Releases, by State, Original Industries for 1995-1998

                                                Total On-site and Off-site Releases
Slalo

Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona*
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhoda Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
1995
Pounds
115,003,067
6,840,330
5,300
40,492,953
38.742,824
56,312,582
5,307,467
11,860,417
5,520,318
56,970
81,525,208
61.042,615
3,100
656,692
16,120,221
120,924,965
114,966,053
38,928,564
29,164,165
48,539,755
180,310.077
11,497,422
18,271,418
10,091,082
102,920,423
24,467,157
61,434,085
61,155,281
43.931,043
15,164,831
3,922,022
2,923,904
19,224,662
45.032,577
43.490,743
96,546,219
2,932.925
157,260.172
30,045,985
28.545,660
129,697,137
10,051.513
3,409,326
59,417,978
4.186,498
110,980,496
305,641,800
79,853,420
692,851
1,493,257
59,952.147
29,992,922
32,571,087
47.056,858
11,354,542
1996
Pounds
103,332,043
6,908,783
10,500
47,549,250
42.146,898
53,788,702
5,290,856
9,149,657
4,479,297
9,460
88,401,454
62,192,067
3,000
540,267
18,310,011
115,330,836
112,817,420
35,407,819
26,798,538
49,974,774
190,278,748
9,631,285
13,336,439
8,105,515
94,885,669
22,075,160
58,207,309
59,980,750
48,520,477
12,962,565
3,798,706
2,966,639
18,907,321
44,347,541
37,954,432
94,878,345
2,325,812
153,643,964
26,546,507
28,713,017
120,389,458
9,019,800
2,402,424
58,353,270
3,731,672
107,014,100
267,670,497
88,118,018
501,317
1,506,143
58,856,804
29,364,350
29,333,199
44,724,438
9,790,124
1997
Pounds
94,777,907
4,617,154
7,000
31,641,811
59,618,614
44,677,505
5,152,559
10,238,786
4,180,960
6,615
97,507,175
72,830,528
0
452,405
17,761,541
127,158,423
122,643,217
34,194,004
26,831,425
46,844,950
187,808,271
9,973,645
14,106,599
7,178,480
86,381,065
20,201,397
66,823,769
61,742,224
43,621,812
18,128,326
4,444,713
2,872,430
20,546,909
41 ,779,667
39,491,267
85,758,466
2,422,425
155,865,505
24,886,232
30,492,618
144,947,172
7,959,917
2,207,449
56,823,857
4,218,481
106,744,974
262,400,508
103,895,386
567,574
1,428,697
58,378,853
32,185,569
25,310,249
44,877,440
9,357,659
1998
Pounds
89,519,922
1,948,559
8,750
54,346,031
50,743,995
43,688,750
5,473,006
7,604,324
5,503,568
11,511
78,499,582
64,867,232
0
435,831
22,750,923
116,483,095
120,941,009
40,100,994
29,137,835
41,033,286
175,603,883
9,636,269
13,251,453
7,278,796
83,648,982
19,870,654
60,520,702
57,045,614
51,377,382
16,186,981
4,204,845
2,970,927
19,959,412
24,827,806
35,489,850
76,800,683
2,449,976
153,558,752
24,397,829
33,180,800
145,737,350
7,288,665
1,751,380
59,695,616
3,251,231
94,907,549
262,681,842
106,252,499
417,357
1,055,561
56,848,332
32,108,843
26,185,485
43,780,692
9,437,664
Change 1995-1998
Pounds
-25,483,145
-4,891,771
3,450
13,853,078
12,001,171
-12,623,832
165,539
-4,256,093
-16,750
-45,459
-3,025,626
3,824,617
-3,100
-220,861
6,630,702
-4,441,870
5,974,956
1,172,430
-26,330
-7,506,469
-4,706,194
-1,861,153
-5,019,965
-2,812,286
-19,271,441
-4,596,503
-913,383
-4,109,667
7,446,339
1,022,150
282,823
47,023
734,750
-20,204,771
-8,000,893
-19,745,536
-482,949
-3,701,420
-5,648,156
4,635,140
16,040,213
-2,762,848
-1,657,946
277,638
-935,267
-16,072,947
-42,959,958
26,399,079
-275,494
-437,696
-3,103,815
2,115,921
-6,385,602
-3,276,166
-1,916,878
Percent
-22.2
-71.5
65.1
34.2
31.0
-22.4
3.1
-35.9
-0.3
-79.8
-3.7
6.3
-100.0
-33.6
41.1
-3.7
5.2
3.0
-0.1
-15.5
-2.6
-16.2
-27.5
-27.9
-18.7
-18.8
-1.5
-6.7
17.0
6.7
7.2
1.6
3.8
-44.9
-18.4
-20.5
-16.5
-2.4
-18.8
16.2
12.4
-27.5
-48.6
0.5
-22.3
-14.5
-14.1
33.1
-39.8
-29.3
-5.2
 7.1
-19.6
-7.0
-16.9
Total
                              2,637,533,086    2,545,283,447    2,586,972,184    2,496,759,865    -140,773,221
-5.3
Hole: On-lit* Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-ill* RilcuHi include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs
Fltilies/fonns ire included In the original Industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facil&es/fonns are included In the new Industry category if the facility/form has a new Industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
K 8 fadlty reported In any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category,
tf ttw fadtty reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/fonn is included in the new industry category,
 One (aaity Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool AZ. that reported under SIC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years has been included in the new industry category SIC code 10 for the purpose
of fins analysis

Users o( TRI mformaton should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release esSrnates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
MB! ottw information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                               14

-------
TRI Releases. Transfers and Waste Management. Original Industries for 1988-1998
Total Facilities

Total Forms
 Form Rs
 Form As
On-site Releases
Total Air Emissions
 Fugitive Air Emissions
 Point Source Air Emissions
Surface Water Discharges
Underground Injection
On-site Land Releases

Total On-site Releases

Off-site Releases
Storage Only*
Solidification/Stabilization -"
  Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Wastewater Treatment (excluding POTWs) -""
  Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Transfers to POTWs -""
  Metals and Metal Compounds Only
Underground injection
Landfills/Surface Impoundments
Land Treatment
Other Land Disposal
Other Off-site Management
Transfers to Waste Broker for Disposal
Unknown***"

Total Off-site Releases
 {Transfers Off-site to Disposal)

Total On- and Off-site Releases

Transfers Off-site for Further Waste Management
Transfers to Recycling
Transfers to Energy Recovery
Transfers to Treatment
Transfers to POTWs
Other Off-site Transfers"""

Total Transfers Off-site for
 Further Waste Management

Waste Management
Recycled On-site.
Recycled Off-site
Energy Recovery On-site
Energy Recovery Off-site
Treated On-site
Treated Off-site
Quantity Released On- and Off-site

Total Production-related Waste
Norv-Production-related Waste  .
                                                        1988
                                                     Number
       62.826
       62,826
   1995
Number

 20.783

 63.161
 57.813
  5.348

Pounds
                                      1996
                                    Number
61.636
55,546
 6,090
   1997
Number

 19.999

 61,213
 52,554
  8,659

Pounds
   1998
Number

 19.610

 60.252
 51,480
  8.772

Pounds
                                                                                                                              Change 1988-1998
2.182,565,290
681,200,525
1,501,364.765
164.566,331
161,969,122
459,273,405
1,201,484,542
306,608,931
894,875.611
37.178.869
142,514,672
306.589,692
1,104,879,205
270,369,623
834,509,582
44,607.289
122,769,454
325.331,861
986,118,909
242,048,463
744.070,446
61,601,861
131.462,206
342,010.439
920.705.030
216.215.438
704.489.592
44,660.053
114,554,014
347.031,866
-1.261,860.260
-464.985.087
-796.875.173
-119,906.278
-47.415.108
-112.241.539
2,968,374,148  1,687.767.775  1,597.587,809   1.521,193.415   1,426,950.963 -1.541.423.185
13.841.320
29,540.884
4.647.706
9,587.698
8.962,004
267.252.441
2.785,480
9,646.794
39,569.635 .
30.402,269
11.773.104
2.233.367
26,723.956
3.740.028
2.542,345
12.531,911
211,887,103
1.137.699
11.632,875
10,871.972
4.562.335
1.541.114
1.236.411
59.253.534
3.751,119
2.448.282
9,046,874
223.246.208
546.817
6.176.823
9,345.011
4.368.125
1.514.421
6.324.984
144,626.202
5.417.580
2.450.875 .
10.834.074
233,850.749
650,128
9.115.316.
10.061,063
7.241,334
2.213,534
11.228.031
136,998.955
4.080.969
3.045,974
13,274.293
222.761,082
584.785
13.287.506
8.559.942
12.446.486
3.716.205
-2.613.2S9~
107.458.071
-566.737
-6.541 .724
4.312.289
-44.491.359
-2.200.695
3.640,712
-31.009.693
.-17.955.783
-8.056.899
  428.009,335    289,404.705   .320.933.625    432.785,839    429.984.228
3.396,383.483  1,977.172.480  1.918.521.434   1.953.979.254  1.856,935.191 -1.539.448.292
           -  2.212.526.603  2.154.377.003  2.144.323.655  1,945,915.206
                 489.574.529   447.276.376    469.573.955   . 435.696,242
  334,988.922    201.332.079   185.703.380    218.630.560    210.813,755   -124,175.167
  245,419.292    151.319.024   139.035.489    156.884,773    146.112.643
   43,502.294      2.223.695       817.770         34,528        917,840
                                                                                                                               Number        Percent

                                                                                                                                  -860           -4.2
                                                                                                 -57.8
                                                                                                 -68.3
                                                                                                 -53.1
                                                                                                 -72.9
                                                                                                 -29.3
                                                                                                 -24.4

                                                                                                 -51.9
                                                                                                 -18.9
                                                                                                 363.8

                                                                                                 -12.2

                                                                                                 -68,2

                                                                                                  43.1
                                                                                                 -16.6
                                                                                                 -79.0
                                                                                                  37.7
                                                                                                 -78.4
                                                                                                 -59.1
                                                                                                 -68.4

                                                                                                   0.5
                                                                            -37.1
                                                                            -40.5
                                                                            -97.9
                                        -99.306.649
                                        -42.584.454
           -  3.056.975.930  2.927.210.018  2:989.447.471  2.739,455.686
               6,266,433,735
               2,296,479.187
               2,590.813,050
                 477.437,950
               4,521,301,770
                 399.276,776
               1.901.508.970
         6,439,784,593
         2,196,624,726
         2.550.169.039
          486.036.596
         4.222,748,199
          364.182.972
         1.842.459.683
        6,776,028,076
        2,155,792,100
        2.553,304,855
          483,997,508
        4,345.880.640
          377,251.019
        1.865.247.145
         7,808,090:655
         2.016.895.662
         2,618.126,725
          443,030.841
         4.457.491.546
          387.845.187
         1,810.695,159
              18.453.251.438 18.102,005.808  18.557.501.343 19,542.175.775 .
                  31.402.801     24.300.165     32.525.531     25.278.322
Note: Does not include delisted chemicals, chemicals added in 1990.1991.1994 and 1995. aluminum oxide, ammonia, hydrochloric acid and suifuricacid.
On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.                                     
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Total Transfers Off-site for Further Waste Management from Section 6 (excluding transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Waste Management data from Section 8.
For 1998. facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the
original industry category.
One facility. Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool. AZ. that reported under SIC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years has been included in the new industry
category SIC code 10for1998forthepurpose of this analysis.
* "Storage only" (disposal code M10) indicates that the toxic chemical is sent off-site for storage because there is no known disposal method. Amounts reported
as transferred to "storage only" are  included as a form of disposal (off-site release).
*" Beginning in reporting year 1997. transfers to solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds (waste treatment code M41) are reported separately
from transfers to solidification/stabilization of non-metal TRI chemicals (waste treatment code M40). Because this treatment method prepares a metal for disposal.
but does not destroy it. such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). Reports under code M40 of metals and metal compounds
have been included in solidification/stabilization of metals and metal compounds in this report.
"*" Beginning in reporting year 1997. transfers to wastewater treatment (excluding POTWs) of metals and metal compounds (waste treatment code M61) are
reported separately from transfers to wastewater treatment of non-metal TRI chemicals (waste treatment code M60). Because wastewater treatment does not
destroy metals, such transfers are included as a form of disposal (off-site release). Transfers of metals and metal compounds reported under code M60
have been included in transfers of metals metal compounds to wastewater treatment.
"" Reported as discharges.to POTWs in Section 6.1 of Form R. EPA considers transfers of metals and metal compounds to POTWs as an off-site release because
sewage treatment does not destroy the metal content of the waste material.
	Unknown" (disposal code M99) indicates that a facility is not aware of the type of waste management used for the toxic chemical that is sent off-site. Amounts
reported as "unknown" transfers are treated as a form of disposal (off-site release).
	Other Off-site Transfers are transfers reported without a valid waste management code.

Users of TRI information should be  aware that TRI data reflect releases  and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in  evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                         15

-------
 TRI Total On-stta and Off-site Releases, by State, Original Industries for 1988-1998

                                                 Total On-site and Off-site Releases
Stale

Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona*
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
De'jv.jto
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Mama
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
Now Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
1988
Pounds
111,028,538
3,714,569
0
66.280,900
41,209,387
110,756,053
15,743,170
38,696,367
8,793,803
750
61,723,562
86,694,993
0
847,805
7,354,669
141,237.027
185,248,438
43,056,771
30,569,025
66.948.777
250,924.798
15.560,704
20.258.825
32.303,089
143,507.412
56,097.889
59,669,849
91,212,847
35,630,465
17,123,549
2,357,318
13,975,720
48,474,308
30,427,754
101,432.234
132.089.323
1,195.540
206,027,514
30,594,900
21,648.764
136,473.174
12,869,935
7.821,230
66,161,727
2,393.747
127,004,563
322,558.783
123.845.400
1,750,690
2,592,912
112,871,474
30,678,806
39,676,284
62,526,731
16,740,621
1995

100,913,410
2,158,743
0
38.298,065
25,821,435
38,164,342
3,498,678
9,315,681
2,982,689
56,970
52,835,932
41,262,176
3,100
562,284
12,081,793
85,812,365
93,961,286
22,058,479
17,835,085
34,082,658
125,881,755
6,958,468
12,040.124
8,770,906
89,864,306
18,409,828
40,246,039
50,631,807
42,644,621
11,353,630
3,379,331
2,250,006
14,090,722
43,436,083
31,370,206
73.340,405
1,206,639
126,504,425
16.086.020
22,313,626
97.762,531
8,877,571
3,181,430
49.054,562
1,905,217
93,964,293
208.978,359
69,401,025
562,760
1,235,660
41,023,826
22,655,549
19,962.084
34,798,910
1,324,584
1996
Pounds
89.8^0.659
1,683,698
0
45,840,805
30,380,514
35,414,101
3,204,035
7,290,376
2,085,357
9,460
53,944,608
41,835,078
3,000
448,355
13,868,276
82,306,834
94,244,626
19,117,526
17,526,044
33,251,579
135,400,374
5,608,380
9,568,830
7,017,993
81,672,921
17,091,329
40,625,179
50,092,779
47,219,566
8,817,422
3,315,281
2,247,51 1
12,315,000
42,722,158
27,835,708
72,724,754
773,687
123,169,541
15.320,406
23,547,717
88,165,538
7,942,240
2,252,709
48,554,629
1,401,061
90.647,927
186,249,091
77,730,842
344,045
1,232,275
40,177,272
22,270,714
17,657,607
33,105,187
1,358,830
1997
Pounds
80,129,125
779,045
0
30,584,971
49,085,206
28,263,902
3,131,147
8,489,475
2,023,620
6,615
57,253,531
51,945,469
0
343,620
12,936,773
92,037,91 1
105,254,667
19,866,112
18,939,538
35,269,358
131,501,530
6,368,798
9,908,106
6,285,331
74,642,680
15,653,204
45,708,043
53,029,567
42,565,595
13,891,155
4,017,511
2,368,056
13,559,774
40,093,247
28,650,089
63,683,802
794,419
127,043,535
15,219,915
24,197,432
96,910,470
7,192,393
2,046,266
47,833,188
1,323,017
89,934,912
179,274,943
96,470,201
346,264
1,184,171
40.867,551
24,613,732
15,287,406
33,842,049
1,330,817
1998
Pounds
75,875,560
314,823
0
53,496,957
39,510,512
28,194,920 .
3,569,678
6,023,415
2,283,690
11,511
. 41,651,398
45,239,691
0
306,151
13,313,832
83,581,362
105,549,492
24,847,373
20,770,839
31,078,308
120,503,130
6,576,681
8,753,507
6,540,231
73,924,271
15,017,469
40,763,029
48,645,483
50,530,744
10,218,743
3,671,941
2,346,947
11,492,736
23,788,269
21,965,597
56,574,494
1,045,336
124,018,172
13,905,499
28,039,036
89,865,562
6,694,121
1,607,134
49,997,982
1,287,592
78,245,857
169,996,600
99,492,858
208,300
887,525
39,526,438
24,151,925
16,325,841
33,756,270
950,359
Change 1988-1998
Pounds
-35,152,978
-3,399,746
0
-12,783,943
-1,698,875
-82,561,133
-12,173,492
-32,672,952
-6,510,113
10,761
-20,072,164
-41,455,302
0
-541,654
5,959,163
-57,655,665
-79,698,946
-18,209,398
-9,798,186
-35,870,469
-130,421,668
-8,984.023
-11,505,318
-25,762,858
-69,583,141
-41,080,420
-18,906,820
-42,567,364
14,900,279
-6,904,806
1,314.623
-11,628,773
-36,981,572
-6,639,485
-79,466,637
-75,514,829
-150,204
-82.009,342
-16.689,401
6,390,272
-46,607,612
-6,175,814
-6,214,096
-16,163,745
-1,106,155
-48,758,706
-152,562,183
-24,352.542
-1,542,390
-1,705,387
-73,345.036
-6,526,881
-23,350,443
-28,770,461
-15.790.262
Percent
-31.7
-91.5

-19.3
-4.1
-74.5
-77.3
-84.4
-74.0
1,434.8
-32.5
-47.8

-63.9
81.0
-40.8
-43.0
-42.3
-32.1
-53.6
-52.0
-57.7
-56.8
-79.8
-48.5
-73.2
-31.7
-46.7
41.8
-40.3
55.8
-83.2
-76.3
-21.8
-78.3
-57,2
-12.6
-39.8
-54.5
29.5
-34.2
-480
-79.5
-24.4
-46.2
-38.4
-47.3
-19.7
-88.1
-65.8
-65.0
-21.3
-58.9
-46.0
-94.3
Total
                         3.396.383.483    1,977,172.480    1,918,521,434    1,953,979,254     1,856,935,191   -1,539.448,292       -45.3
Nolc: Does not include delisted chemicals, chemicals added in 1990,1991.1994 and 1995, aluminum oxide, ammonia, hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid.
On-slle Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.                         '                    ....".
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred  off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
For 1998. facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
II the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
One facility, Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool, AZ, that reported under SIC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years has been included in the new industry category
SIC code 10 for 1998 for the purpose of this analysis.
                                                                               16

-------
TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State. 1998
ORIGINAL INDUSTRIES
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona"
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Disbict of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underground Injection RCRA Other Total
Total Total Total Air Water Class I Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds  Pounds Pounds Pounds
531 2.015 , 333 54,160,590 4.810.219 0 5 718.733 11,344.626 71.034.179
6 30 4 1.838.917 96.428 0 256 0 1.872 1.937.473
1 1 0 8.750 00000 8.750
212 542 105 5,840,821 5.038 4 0 4.554 47.391.811 53.242.228
395 1.280 210 25,858.289 1.820.349 1.172.182 -5 169,622 2.091.114 31.111.561
1.376 3.788 634 26.784.463 3,851.112 0 81,905 17.224 1.844.261 32.581.965
172 469 120 2.987.059 996,480 000 62.821 4.046.360
304 843 87 . 4.813.164 600.326 000 36.943 5.450.433
67 266 36 4.238.492 747.352 0 0 250 346.937 5,333.031
3 5 0 2.700 6 00 0 8.800 11.506
523 1.308 250 31.915.108 2.049.041 , 27.473.112 0 2.064 14.552.129 75.991.454
739 2.356 603 46,621.812 6.288.967 0 0 238.189 1.934,127 55.083.095
0 00 O'O 0-00 0 0
14 57 11 376.116 2.057 0 3.849 0 33.634 415.656
65 209 22 6.250.363 5.575.048 000 10.664.410 22.489.821
1.274 4.253 675 58.775.372 6.264.554 250 0 9.286.090 10.402.373 84.728.639
1.000 3.344 387 52.797.207 2.117.917 1.039.913 0 1.172.555 13.249.166 . 70.376.758
414 1.249 214 25.575.473 3.118.336 0 0 336,491 1.945.508 30.975.808
262 896 99 19.492.825 620,344 1.350.665 0 292 1.109.233 22.573.359
423 1.604 186 30,707.376 613.048 0 0 485.532 2.812.464 34.618.420
315 2.202 207 75.490.120 37.153.990 52,845.038 0 782 8.004.650 173.494.580
81 306 33 6.521.208 1,096,895 0 0 155.561 705.948 8.479.612
185 580 144 8.213,866 2.375,596 000 1.994.518 12.583.980
465 1.255 187 4.838.904 51.598 000 4.297 4.894.799
894 3.228 373 40.997,059 483.956 3.431,059 " 0 86.194 . 2.072.063 47.070.331
470 1,290 248 15.904.943 812.176 0 0 1.069 286.453 17.004.641
321 1.088 172 35,436.941 11,383.390 6,892.506 0 6.703 5.502.602 59.222.142
561 1.847 327 30.206.648 2.528.218 0 0 75.750 19.750.936 52.561.552
, 29 160 . 19 4.190.212 94.176 0 0 2.298 42.244.471 46.531.157
162 494 93 6.338.728 2,487.238 0 0 - 3 - 575,591 9.401,560
52 121 26 1.750.522 0 0 00 2.421.469 4.171.991
106 309 51 2.298.511 127.630 0 0 0 32.087 2,508.228
553 1:957 371  9,330.070 6.132,478 2 0 71.759 270.775 15.805.084
44 168 25 1.531.690 12.508 0 0 0 23.174.487 24.718.685
630 1.897 253 21.867,773 7,873,875 500 0 14.688 125.120 29.881.956
815 2.462 516 44.780.426 7.294,815 29.100 0 1.335 18.642.059 70.747.735
33 92 18 2.255.973 43.280 000 2.506 2.301.759
000 0 00 0 O'O 0
1.579 5.263 772 63.602.506 5.778.926 13.329.724 0 1.378.051 24.467.189 108.556.396
290 908 163 16.867.200 751.512 3.318.269 0 - 525.142 189.954 21.652.077
256 766 116 16.266.446 2.573,110 0 0 24.997 2.527.503 21.392.056
1,266 4.086 548 38.602.369 45.483.216 0 0 95.834 2,055.749 86,237.168
146 440 56 6.504.721 128.874 0 0 250 9.307 6.643.152
132 331 69 1.433.349 1.465 0 0 . 0 . . 505 1.435.319
476 1,781 263 43.284.655 3.343.152 0 0 35.750 1.981.029 48,644.586
66 150 19 2.314.440 808.061 0 0 0 13807 3.136.308
639 2.078 268 77.905.764 1.442.948 3.816.300 0 137.682 3.815.938 87.113.682
1.249 5.961 706 110.705485 25.158.641 88,189.920 8.000 167.524 20.070.107 244.299.677
142 486 73 61.208.838 1.131.818 0 0 11.158 36.137.000 98.488.814
34 77 8 189.210 151.374 0 0 0 1.005 341,589
1 25-0 1.016.014 37.903 0 0 0 1.502 1.055.419
433 1.394 191 45,297.883 2.561.850 0 0 104,229 1,513.123 49.477.085
287 957 138 21.604.993 3.497.496 0 0 255 343.960 25.446.704
141 695 34 12.404.749 7.266.259 20 0 10.036 33.521 19.714.585
855 2.560 360 25.035.473 3.711.391 0 0 842 1.441.221 30.188.927
28 145 17 1.708.858 6.325 7,656.300 505 0 40,649 9.412.637
21.517 72.074 10.840 1.256,951.444 223.365.762 210.544.864 94.525 15.339.494 340.335.380 2.046.631.469
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposal
Pounds
17.553.193
286
0
839.920
4.330.200
7.844.079
1.048.238
2.087.069
86.948
5
1.954.024
2,414.899
0
3.268
214.892
17.721.684
44.516.471
4.319.410
6.433.673
5.230.783
1.799.852
1.155.851
645.881
2.381.450
36.042.210
2.375.603
1.187,049
4.405.048
600.495
3,685.052
32.854
454.521
4.088.383
109.121
5.096,339
4.884.200
147.721
0
35.786.258
2.527.302
1.870,536
49.771.001
643.6ff1
297.555
5.263.774
114.923
5.989.694
14.858.547
947.423
71.376
142
6.945.274
2,283.466
6.436,253
' 12.690,355
25.026
332.213.128
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
Pounds
88.587,372
1,937.759
8.750
54.082.148
35.441.761
40.426.044
5.094.598
7,537.502
5,419.979
11,511
77.945.478
57.497,994
0
418.924
22.704.713
102.450.323
114.893.229
35.295.218
29.007.032
39.849.203
175.294.432
9.635.463
13.229,861
7.276.249
83.112.541
19.380.144
60,409.191
56.966.600
47.131,652
13,086.612
4,204.845
' 2.962.749
19.893.467
24,827,806
34.978,295
75.631,935
2.449.480
0
144.342.654
24.179.379
23.262.592
136.008.169
7.286.803
1.732.874
53.908.360
3.251.231
93.108.376
259.158.224
99.436.237
412.965
1.055.561
56.422.359
27.730.170
26.150.838
42.879.282
9.437,663
2.378.844.597
Note: On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SJC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
If the facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category,
* One facility. Cyprus Miami  Mining in Claypool. AZ, that reported under SIC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years has been included in the new industry category SIC code 10 for the purpose
of this analysis.                                                                                                                                                                     '

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                   17

-------
TRI Cherrtcals in Waste by Stale, 1993
ORIGINAL INDUSTRIES
SUM
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona*
Arkansas
Caltoma
CokvatJo
Connecticut
Oeiavrare
Dtsttcl of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Hoofs
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maim
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mtcttjan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Monura
Nebraska
Nevafc
New Hampshire
Hew Jersey
New Mocto
New York
NomCarolna
North Dakota
Nonnem Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsytoria
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
Soutti Carolna
Soutn Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
V/kott Islands
Wowa
Washington
Westward
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
Quantity
Released
Recycled Enerov Recovery Treated On- and
On-slte Off-site On-slte Off-site On-site Off-site Off-site
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
293.178.514 37.336.496 65.522.931 11.172.203 284.398.610 13.390.960 78.418.482
29,841 25.770 450.000 4.979 1.535,357 832 1,951.419
0 0 00 00 8.750
83.318.075 29.357.820 603.220 1.118.310 9.462,416 3.293,116 54.472.730
307,082,125 45.083,148 31.483.664 6,312,538 120.250.468 1,540,244 47.275.247
41.705.125 79.721.904 27.993.472 10.022.282 77.512.667 20,306.906 43.876.517
15.020.295 19.227.144 392.668 4.745.334 6.941.988 3.280.735 5.249.439
94,526,224 19.528.393 3.070.165 2.305.077 44.169.482 8,793.271 6,841.765
34.449,054 11.979.531 16.155.665 1.496.321 66,770,660 3.953.988 5.490.957
0 7.000 0 0 300 5,700 11.512
706.626.703 21.487.365 15.126.614 3.637.599 108.998,283 9.037.205 76,662.033
280.851.010 53.769.200 45.242.232 11.927.123 174.892,589 7.366.156 64.208.570
0 0 0 0 000
0 110.652 0 1.139 3,568,243 2.468 435.396
3.563.753 2.119.253 31.000 158,899 22,561.924 796,900 22.762,659
1.327.391.943 91.148.220 43.023,655 24,961.812 186.856,266 16.836,814 111.580.789
164.005.314 197.221.070 149,035.099 12.679,271 135.790,062 16,302.192 119.296.537
187.987.387 51.296.173 1.302.522 3.698.314 44.900.575 11.046,771 38.189.865
126.542.458 59.430.708 105.332,327 3.791.045 13.754.125 5.081.096 25.583,848
348.344,246 48.524.049 66.899.304 8.146.849 117,330.012 8.634.842 38,829.320
844.859.683 47.139.502 337.940.984 19.099.381 880.378,400 16.761,232 174.819,499
9.499.057 2.145.059 9.903.867 299.639 64.160.587 360,869 9.800,532
25.867.890 12.711.729 13,281.742 905.351 31.078,971 . 9.597,164 13.170.908
27120.870 24.626.565 6.549.099 6.991.254 21.053,259 12.325,582 5,890.441
. 335.609.755 113.906.959 ' 179.352.021 62.742.845 92.220,412 41.034.588 83.342.074
187.351.415 21.940.758 7.034.602 2.191.446 36.106.015 10.716,446 20.096.775
218.143.589 17.567.013 26,001.891 5.817.512 159.925,362 2.051,241 69.192.130
225.246,952 55,448.281 97.649.194 11,436.473 63,212.942 12.486,677 56.525.357
33.461138 161.043 2.736.683 54,685 8.727.209 29.422 51,408.605
1.660,358 26.345.794 534.716 476.364 11.072.700 4.544.108 20.480.915
2.362.845 1.534.498 0 48.834 18,800,024 74.576 4,199.511
19.759.819 14.636,857 1.291.862 2.310.099 12.528,800 826,675 2.610.514
86.428.952 40.389,248 205.384,100 25.742.415 132.394.426 27.467.724 20.739.656
2.231.074 743.952 25.925.563 52.123 4.485.523 559.469 24.272.903
156.470.019 83.112.852 29.244.695 7,742.986 101.936.741 11.745,062 34.482.342
450,977,261 79.998.828 24.962.940 13.655.285 136.366,086 6,062.485 76,984.678
131.875 683.398 0 37.540 4.581.936 559.345 2.467.835
00 00 000
268.220.342 183.145.482 115.563.551 35.621.104 141.513.103 34.776.713 148.744.315
40.910.547 21.345.349 232.300 4.679.332 18,606.140 1,514.188 23.129.013
31.674.879 15.126.650 15.244.417 2.021.771 137.251.954 14.225.060 32.818.337
399.505.129 140.635.343 54.321.983 22,163.998 176.655.847 28,973.270 142.164.686
12.450,070 11.561.577 692.502 11.095.257 18,518.748 11.680,723 7,306.280
8.516.176 10.988.271 206.716 794.872 7.275,506 499.916 1.681.961
461741.175 54.051.753 73.648.246 14.236.094 108.285,284 14,812.906 59.871.574
479.727 899.786 1,092.000 209.283 1.891.554 1.267.051 3.198.539
213.074.975 69.924,557 89.442.272 4,868.429 89,279.362 10.284.402 94.201.404
1118957774 149.833.364 829.307.121 87,792.352 1,455,423,890 95.273.974 261.684.178
1.596.040 2.756.858 25.386.759 159.747 231.471,430 900.241 97.487.844
136.592 1,644,156 0 17.016 1.319.812 379.625 454,462
736.904 145.485 0 0 14.488.182 390.821 1.055.560
254.849,274 18.914,718 37,236.947 7.662,931 109,085.977 17.193.602 56.241.714
87.128.668 6.791.475 14.323,943 949.756 73,796.501 3.987.101 31.444.599
43338.962 6.081.695 44.353.486 9,802.836 110.440,195 7.055.196 26.112.905
60149.181 54.941.089 10.932.984 17.504.954 115.987.625 17.267.203 40.616.199
1.548.983 105,056 45.655 10.664 2.976,520 178 9.4'12.762
9646.825.222 2,059,419,896 2.851.489.429 485.373.723 6.012.991.050 547.355.031 2.449.256.842
Total
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
783.478.246
3.999.198
8.750
181.625.687
559.027.434
.301.138,873
54.857.603
179.234.377
140.296.176
24,512
941,575.807
638.256,880
0
4.117.893
51.999.388
1.801.799.499
794.329.545
338.421.607
339.515.607
636.708.622
2.320.998.681
96.169,610
106.613.755
104.557.070
908.208,654
285.437.457
498.698.738
522.005.876
96.578,785
65.114.955
27.020.288
53.964.626
538.546,521
58.270.607
424.734.697
789.007.563
8.461.929
0
927.584.610
110.416.869
248.363.068
964.420.256
73.305.157
29.963.418
786,647,032
9.037.940
571.075.401
3.998.272.653
359.758.919
3.951.663
16,816.952
501.185.163
218.422.243
247.185.275
317.399.235
14.099.818
24.052,711.193
Non-
Producti on-
related
Waste
Pounds
233.142
7.656
0
29,476
4.106.494
457.053
82.863
62.444
8.305
0
50.634
65.965
0
0
3.148
" 199.733
297.556
1 232.058
99,249
58.826
375.410
934
85.946
707.790
412.668
19.320
447.356
64.217
74.742
10.296
1.178
6.661
123.335
2.110
103.088
90.473
12.700
0
570.267
234,686
8.477
3.335.635
12,304
3.085
92.491
371
746.569
3.361.190
8.754.117
16.005
0
22.730
115.891
80.476
36.926
19.417
26.993.463
                e included tn the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.                                                 ,                     .      _
Fa tiitc storms are included m ttie new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
tf ttw facftty reported in ony year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
M the factity reported for the first tome in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category.
*Onttfac&ty Cyprus Miami Mining tnClaypooLAZ, that reported under StC code 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years has been included in the new industry category SIC code 10 for the purpose
of this analysts

Users of TRI tnformabon should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates atone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
Win ofter information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                      18

-------
 TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State. 1998
 METAL MINING (SIC CODE 10)
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona*
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underground Injection RCRA Other Total
Total Total Total Air Water Class I Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
000 00000 0 0
4 35 2 511.214 1.335 0 29,024.000 0 274.958.589 304,495.138
000 0 0 0 00 0 0
13 109 5 584.912 193 00 0 1.005.141.555 1.005.726.660
000 0 0 0 0 0 O'O
8 45 0 362.004' 5 '0 0.0 8.373.318 8.735.327
4 19 0 10.768 1,422 0 3.975.703 0 10.322.379 14.310.777
000 00000 0 0
1 4.0 11.963 0 0 0 0 0 11,963
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
111 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 00 0
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
000 00000 0 0
' 29 0 8.693 7.924 0 00 45.176.356 45.192.973
1 8 0 16.521 0000 0 16.521
000 0.0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00000 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 '0
00-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00-0 00 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00000 0 0
0 00 00,0 0 0 0 0
COO 00000 0 0
000 00000 0 0
7 -1 1 139.670 29.661 000 47.112.532 47.281.863
f XI 6 143.173 0000 68.280.457 68.423.630
COOO 0 0 0 0 0 0
3f- ~~- 5 1.453.263 236.050 0 1.404 0 1.261.552.860 1.263,243,577
CCO 0 0 0 0 0 00
0000 0 0 0 0 0 0
? " 4 332,059 8000 221.846.712 222,178.779
J 'J 0 65.560 5.973 000 10.073.005 10.144.538
000 00000 0 0
OOO'O 0 0 0 0 0 0
COO 00 0 0 0 0 0
OCO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
COO 0 00 0 0 00
-1-0 10.460 0 0 0 0 18.179.396 18.189.856
CC'O 0 0 0 0 00 0
COO 00000 0 0
0000 0 0 0 '0 0 0
1 1C 0 24.000 0000 22.993.000 23.017.000
- 1? 1 85.608 210.595 000 16.851.605 17.147.708
 -T 0 177.725 . 14.939 0 0 54 10.560.032 10.752.750
1 4 0 54.030 0000 0 54.030
f S: 1 533.668 14.742 000 448.554.670 449.103.080
00000 0 0 0 00
C 0000 0 0 0 0 0
COOO 0 0 00 0 0
- 70 27.045 0000 547.025 574.070
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
coo.o : o o o o o o
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
114 753 26 4.552.336 522.847 0 33.001.112 54 3.470.523.891 3.508.600240
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposal
Pounds
0
21
0
46.908
0
12.289
290.000
0
750
0
0
0
0
0
33
593.396
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
38
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
15
0
360.600
2.581
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
1.306.635
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
Pounds
0
304.495.159
0
1.005.773.568
0
8.747,616
14.600,777
0
12.713
0
0
0
0
0
45.193.006
609.917
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
47.281.863
. 68.423.630
0
1,263.243,615
0
0
222.178.779
10.144.538
0
0
0
. 0
0
18.189.856
0
0
0
23.017.000
17.147.723
10.752,750
414.630
449.105.661
0
0
0
574.074
0
0
0
3.509.906.875
Note: On-site Releases from Section  of Form K  Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and f or wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year pnor to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
If the facility reported for the first time in 199S and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category.
* Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 33 (Primary metals land SIC code 4931 (Electric utilities). For the purpose of this analysis, also includes one facility. Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool. AZ.
that reported under SIC code .3.3. and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years.                                   _

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and  other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                             19

-------
TRlChemca'sm Waste, ty Stale 1993
METAL MINIMS (SIC CODE 10)

Sate
Aiabama
Aii ski
American Samoa
Arizona*
Arkansas
Calforria
Colorado
ConKOcut
Delaware
Bsttctol Columbia
Fkxtds
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
ktaho
Otnois
kviana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
littcftjan
Minnesola
Mississippi
Missouri
Monuna
Nebraska
IcvnJj
ti6w Hampshire
New Jersey
NewMttiso
New York
NonnCaroina
MorsiDaksta
Normem Marianas
Otto
Oklahoma
3rejon
Pemsjtana
Puerto Rico
W3 Island
SounCatokna
SounDaKata
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
WpntsHroi
Wg>na
Washington
WestWrpna
Msconsm
Wyoming
ToUl
Quantity
Released
Recycled Enerov Recovery " Treated On- and
On-sUe Oil-site On-site Off-site On-site Off-site Off-site
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
00 00 000
520404 0 00 41.631 9.330 305.216.317
00 00 000
460522 264.700 0 0 66.199 5,466 1.110.394.842
00 00 000
9903 125.366 0 0 6.375.600 12.670 8.733.609
0 2.000 0 0 0 0 14.600.497
00 00 000
00 00 00 11,963
00 00 000
00 00 000
00 00 000
0 0 0000 0
0 0 0 0 0 .  0 0
1 730 610 00 00 45.241.768
00 00 00 764.649
CO 00 000
0 0 00 00 0
CO 00 000
C 0 00 00 0
to oo ooo
C 0 00 000
CO 00 000
CO 00 000
C 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
C 0 0 0 00 0
CO 00 000
CO 00 00 47.280.463
C 39.000 0 0 1.045.707 0 68.809.534
CO 00 000
i1?27r 46067 0 0 13.233.959 7.199 1.311.576.706
C 0 00 00 0
C 0 0000 0
693846 00 00 222.969.848
0 00 00 10.144.432
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
_':::c o o o o o 13.195.996
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 0 0 00 22.680.000
r.4jy 52,000 0 0 3.897.554 3 17.135.614
'OOIOC 0 00 0 0 10.747.637
0 00 0 0 414.630
ru4C 0 00 85.640 0 452.755.449
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 0 23 595.000
0 00 000
0 00 000
0 00 000
X K' 'f 1 223.589 0 0 24.746.290 34,691 3.668.269.954
Total
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
0
305.787.682
0
1.111.191.729
0
15.257.153
14.602.497
0
11,963
0
0
0
0
0
45.244.108
764.649
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
47,280.463
69.894.241
0
1 .333.082.307
0
0
223.663.694
10.144.432
0
0
0
0
0
20.727.265
0
0
0
22.680,000
21.628.125
18.747.637
414.630
458.880.489
0
0
0
595,023
0
0
0
3.720.598.037
Noiv
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
0
11
0
399.307
0
20
6
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
7
7
0
0
. 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
0
34
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0
7
8
4
22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
399.464
Hole; Data from Section  of Form R
FaoiS&s#srm& arc tncfc>3ft J m ttte onqmal in 3ustr/ category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Fasifraes/tOfmi are tndu-JfrJ trt me ntw ir.austry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
M Bw faulty reported n any year pnor lo 1933 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
M the taolty reported for (he first wne in 193$ and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category.
" Includes faofttie&rfonTts also reporting SIC code 33 (Primary metals) and SIC code 4931 (Electric utilities). For the purpose of this analysis, also includes one facility! Cyprus Miami Mining in
CtaypcoJ AZ ttwueportea under SIC cod& 33 and SIC code 10 in 1998 and previous years.

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals,
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
Wtrt ottf information can be used as a starung point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                           20

-------
 TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State. 1998
 COAL MINING (SIC CODE 12)
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
slew Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
Morth Carolina
slorth Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
-"ennsylvania
=>uerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underoround Injection RCRA Other Total
Total Total Total Air Water Class 1 Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
110 87 10,000 0 45,000 0 975.000 1.030.087
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 00 0 0 0
2 80 419 579 0 0 0 1.592.748 1.593.746
000 0 0 00 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.00 0 0.0 0 0 0 0
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
0 0  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 00 0 0
6 55 30 1.780 4,843 00 0 2.708.418 2.715.041
8 8 0 18.465 0 0 480 0 55,426 75.371
0 00--0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
1 2 0 14.688 0000 4.900 19.588
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 00
2 30 13.313 1,450. 0 ' 45.000 0 260 60.023
000. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 00
000 0 0 0.0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 O'O 0 0 0 0
o'oo o o o o o o o
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2240 0 0 0 O'O 5.620.000 5,620,000
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 20 0 0 000 96.707 96.707
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 41 37 ' 2.390 502 0 0 0 750 3.642
000 0 00 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 19 0 36.853 15 0 . . 0 0 281.695 318.563
000 0 0 0 0 00 0
000.0.0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 _ 0 000 0 0 0
0 00 0 0 ; 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
OO'O 0 0 0 0 0 0 .0
000 0 0-0 0 0 0 0
1 1 0 1.630 0 0 0 0 180 1.810
0 000 00 0 00 0
20 28 6 1.368:089 288.838 0 0 0 134.539 1.791.466
000 .00 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 00 0
55 192 73 1.457.714 306.227 0 90.480 0 11.471.623 13.326.044
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposal
Pounds
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
Pounds
1.030.087
0
0
0
0
0
. 1593.746
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2.715.041
75,371
0
0
19,588
0
0
60.023
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5.620.000
0
0
96,707
0
3.642
0
0
318.563
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.810
0
1.791.466
0
0
13.326.044
Note: On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment. Including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an orvsite release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If tine facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
If the facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category,

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                            21

-------
 TRI CherttCBts in Waste, by State. 1338
 COAL MINING (SIC CODE 12J
Siaie
A!ab*ma
Alaska
American Samoa
Among
Arkansas
CaHomla
Colorado
Comectcut
Delaware
Ossici of Columbia
FfccUa
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Jiho
(XK5
ndana
OVW

-------
 TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by State. 1998
 ELECTRIC UTILITIES (SIC CODES 4911/4931/4939)
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
ndiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
ulississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
>Jorth Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohio*
Oklahoma"
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
'ennessee
Texas*
Utah*
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming*
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underground Infection RCRA Other Tnta
Total Total Total Air Water Class 1 Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
11 122 1 28.660,982 211.735 000 16.841.649 45.714366
1 4 0 567.100 0 0 0 0 0 567 100
000 0 0 0 0 0 o'o
6 56 0 3.531.238 955 0 0 0 5.994.157 9,526350
4 27 0 1.248.681 20,329 0 0 0 2.028.613 3297623
16 44 4 385.620 17 0 0 0 147300 532937
14 63 2 1,912.616 2.980 0 0 0 3.153460 5069056
7 21 0 1,259.018 39 0 0 0 0 1259057
3 27 3 6.818.633 59.740 000 590.579 7468952
1 1 0 66.250 00000 66250
36 218 9 57,697.392 67,446 0 0 934.073 7.493.671 66192582
14 114 0 47.191,872 137,364 000 11.136.522 58.465.758
111 000000 0
10 17 1 3.133.022 0 0 0 0 " 0 3.133.022
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 209 28 32.126,653 40.697 000 4752045 36919395
23 253 12 44.326.731 312,566 0 0 5,000 16405667 61049964
18 98 0 8.696.569 14,967 000 3.945.293 12.656829
8 '72 4 5.113.220 6,515 000 5772385 10892120
19 196 0 44.786.767 788.373 003 12.744,988 58.320.131
4 37 1 4.197.816 79.231 000 4,520798 8797845
230 43.001 0 0 0 0 0 43001
10 59 10 24.749.607 129,725 000 147.282 25026614
13 60 11 5.639.923 531 0 0 0 39.335 5679789
24 173 5 33.812.186 201,662 000 9.540.6S2 43.554.530
13 83 1 1.751.834 18,636 0 00 10.097.510 11.867.980
5 31 0 9.271.476 4,712 000 2028530 11304718
18 118 2 12.983.638 130.117 000 19.316.590 32.430.345
4 32 0 950.655 10 0 0 0 6.830.111 7.780.776
7 42 0 4.086.255 120.760 000 3.611,307 7.818.322
4 24 1 1.209.417 0000 1.661.938 2.871.355
3 19 0 4.026.179 0000 21.700 > 4047879
15 67 11 7.529.062 36.569 0 0 0 311.900 7877531
2 26 0 711,363 8,468 000 1.177.689 1897520
34 108 2 16.100,838 166,365 000 1.925.080 18192283
21 157 1 48.387.026 99,731 000 S.304.S75 56J9l!e32
7 83 15 1.404.407 59.011 000 8.069.360 9!532778
000 0 0 0 0 0 00
27 237 6 95.220.630 386.974 .0 0 0 14,008.971 109.616575
7 52 2 6.178.303 61.874 0 00 1,839.091 8.079,268
270 127.585 0000 620.005 747.590
41 332 12 58.894.300 84,857 . 0 160.800 94.000 5.533.579 64.767.536
10 33 10 9.857,078 62.123 000 154.741 10.073.942
3 . 3 0 455.002 5 0 0 0 0 455.007
1" 116 9 13.713.725 7.925 0 0 0 2.387.S38 16.109^538
2 14 0 189.732 56 0 0 0  1.625.000 1.814.788
9 101 1 26.657.215 332.655 000 7.794.265 34.784 135
19 185 3 8.138.409 33.911 0 0 0 25,280.363 33.452683
6 59 0 2.981.457 198 0 0 0 6.031.746 9.013.401
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
280 81 26.832 0 0 0 0 26913
22 172 3 17.440.563 2.677.567 000 2.807.865 22.925.995
4 20 0 1.139.941 738 0 0 0 3.364.936 4.505.615
14 158 3 62.340.588 81.669 18 0 0 11.500.597 73922872
20 124 8 13.704.098 25.853 000 1758842 15488793
7 77 2 2.270.618 12.647 000 9.891.517 12!l74JS2
612 4.363 184 783.686.372 6.515.135 18 160.800 1.033.076 263210422 1054605823
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposa
Pounds
366.780
0
c
6.708
912
45.823
3.780.883
217.571
2S3.696
0
2.546.115
10
o
4,500
0
1.671.753
838.007
1.036.473
100.464
493,973
2,149
'o
509.100
442.449
2.039.725
1.105.212
0
290
159,400
165.200
10.087
49.870
177.887
5.546.000
504.170
157.242
11.302.469
0
4.307.068
1.628.650
0
8.416.171
203.305
0
20.623
96.990
615.065
7.800.256
211.971
0
0
298.461
. 88.078
1.958.941
2.280.962
'1.169.392
62.540,851
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
	 Pounds
46.081,146
567.100
(
9.533.058
3.298.535
578.760
8.849.939
1,476,628
7.732.648
66.250
68.738.697
58.465.768
[
3.137.522
0
38.591.148
61.887,971
13.693.302
10.992.584
58.814.104
8.799.994
43.001
25.535.714
6,122.238
45,594.255
12.973.192
11.304.718
32.430.635
7.940.176
7.983.522
2.881.442
4.097.749
8.055.418
7.443.520
18.696.453
56.948.874
20.835.247
0
113.923.643
9.707.918
747.590
73.183.707
10.277,247
455.007
16.130.161
1.911.778
35.299.200
41.252.939
9.225.372
0
26.913
23.224.456
4.593:693
75.881.813
17.769.755
13.344.174
1.117.146.674
Note: On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 {transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRi facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
If the facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category.
" Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 12 (Coal mining).
" Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 28 (Chemicals and allied products).

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, .can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals,
                                                                                   23

-------
TRlChcmealsinWeste byStote. 1933
ELECTRIC UTILITIES (SIC CODES 4911/4931/4939)
Sle
AJatama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Affcansas
Caiforria
Cetera*)
Connection
Delaware
District cJCekmteia
FtocWe
Georgia
Guam
Havfin
Idaho
Boots
Mana
taw
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Mariana
Massachusetts
Midnjan
Mirtwsola
MISSiStppI
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
NtwHampsNfC
NtwJtfssy
NswMeuJso
NtwYortt
NoreiCarohw
Norn Dakota
Nsrewm Marianas
Onto*
Oklahoma"
Oregon
Permsyf/arta
PucnoRico
Rhode Islani)
SouhCaroina
SouftOaksa
Tennessee
Texas'
Utah*
Vermont
VS>n Islands
Wpnia
Washington
WestWgma
Wisconsin
Wyoming'
Total
Quantity
Released
Recycled Energy Recovery Treated On- and
On-site Off-site On-site Off-site On-site Off-site Off-site
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
0 8,700 8.057.169 0 6.458.000 670 46.084,997
00 00 00 567.100
00 00 000
0 848 00 2,220,160 0 9.675.610
00 00 72,900 0 3.307.911
0 0 0 0 0 395 308,069
00 00 2.154,100 1.700 9.135.042
00 00 00 1.477.400
0 0 0 0 926,667 300 7.732,664
00 00 00 66.000
0 59 00 25,272.870 26,000 66.979,737
00 00 00 58.466.081
00 00 000
00 00 00 3.137.487
0 0 0 0 000
0 77.000 0 0 26,304,728 0 38.360.789
0 331,532 0 28 39.829.342 38 61.877.943
00 00 210.103 0 12.877.232
0 475.991 0 0 1,179,500 414 11.081.439
0 32.800 0 0 21.517,400 3 58.990.240
00 00 1.058.750 0 8.921.510
00 00 00 43,002
00 00 50,269,228 445 25,400.466
0 560 00 62,497 30 6.210.056
0 189.206 0 0 9,924,390 0 45.430.946
00 00 1,134,100 0 12,923.411
00 00 00 11.304.718
' 656.527 656,527 0 0 7,078,716 0 31,898.437
00 00 3.473.960 0 7.948.592
70.732 0 00 00 7.918.735
0 9.400 0 0 577,476 0 2.304.024
, 0 30 00 110 0 4.114.210
0 14.506 0 0 3.683,265 481 8.049.512
00 00 3,350,000 0 7.392.310
0 210.000 0 25.000 6.720,000 300 18,626.623
00 00 3.209.200 0 56,989,360
0 2.500 0 0 832,000 0 21,299.360
0 0 00 00 0
0 309,000 0 0 62.611.060 0 114.379.417
00 00 1.647.600 0 9.671.754
00 00 00 747.560
0 185 0,0 24.393.772 0 73.701.915
00 00 00 10.277.208
0 0 00 0 12 454.997
00 00 6,360,600 0 16,160.065
00 00 282.192 0 1.896.082
0 892,886 0 0 27.593,000 0 35.277.247
0 13.591 0 0 16,237.218 230 41.188.118
00 00 44.138.500 0 10.014.733
00 00 000
00 00 00 26,863
0 3.036.700 0 0 5.750,091 1 23.035.825
00 00 83.365 0 , 4.647.336
0 324.506 0 0 6.510.000 0 75.860.713
00 00 2.207.268 355.783 17.720.952
0 307.000 0 0 1.560.100 0 13.758.563
727,259 6,953-527 8.057.169 25.028 416.894.228 386.802 1.115.720.361
Total
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
60.609.536
567.100
0
11.896.618
3.380.811
308,464
11,290.842
1.477.400
8.659.631
66.000
92.278.666
58.466.081
0
3.137.487
0
64.742.517
102.038.883
13.037.335
12.737.344
80.540.443
9.980.260
43.002
75.670.139
6.273.143
55.544.542
14.057.511
11.304.718
40.290.207
11.422.552
7.989.467
2.800.900
4.114.350
11.747,764
10.742.310
25.581,923
60.198.560
22.133.860
0
177.299,477
11.319.354
747.560
98.095.872
10.277.208
455,009
22.520.665
2.178.274
63.763.133
57,439,157
54.153.233
0
26.863
31,882.617
4.730.701
82.695.219
20.284.003
15.625.663
1.548.764.374
Non-
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
0
4
0
21.009
120
365
4.900
7
2
295
7.539
0
0
0
0
142.254
12.067
1.526
. 2
39
10
0
2
91
12
0
4
0
0
20.000
2
0
242
0
11
531
15
0
101
15
1
30
2
0
4
0
0
9
7
0
0
13
0
0
6
0
211.237
Nolo? Data from Section 8 of Form R
FaeAtses/forms are included HI the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
FaCiUcs-lorms are included tn the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
It tfie faaSty reported w any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
H B f ad&ty reported for tfw first feme In 1998 and the facihty/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/fomn is included in the new industry category.
* todu&s fBOtfeGS/forms also reporting SIC code 12 (Coat mining)
** Includes facSJte&florms also reporting SIC code 28 (Chemicals and allied products).

Users el TRI (nforroation should De aware that TRt data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release cssmates atone ore not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data. in conjunction
wtBl other information can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals,
                                                                                  24

-------
 TRI On-slte and Off-site Releases, by Slate, 1998
 PETROLEUM BULK TERMINALS (SIC CODE 5171)
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
Mew Jersey"
Mew Mexico
Mew York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
3ennsylvania
3uerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia"
Washington"
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
: On-site Land Releases
Surface Underaround Injection RCRA Other Tola
Total Total Total Air Water Class I Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
3 19 0 9,381 78 0 0 0 20 9.479
7 40 1 17,503 0 0 0 0 38 1?!541
1 6 0 5.146 10000 5.147
10 68 19 57,387 0 0 0 00 57^387
1 11 3 24,216 0 00 0 0 24.216
50 362 13 470,307 72 0 0 0 2.043 472.422
5 39 0 79.668 515 0 0 0 34.390 114573
7 52 0 177.468 45 0 0 0 0 177.513
6 41 37 2,100 00 0 0 0 2.100
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
21 130 5 151,682 389 000 1.810 153881
10 72 1 34.607 545 0000 35152
1 5 0 9.783 1.275 0 0 0 0 1l!o5S
5 34 0 56,407 0 00 0 0 56.407
2 15 8 30,224 0 0 0 0 0 30.224
14 81 3 108.246 120 0 0 0 1609 109975
14 98 0 175,042 1,227 0 0 0 15 176.284
2 12 0 9,935 0 0 '0 00 3.935
4 24 6 28,055 1,020 0 0 0 0 29.075
12 70 30 33.309 .0 0 00 0 33.309
4 26 7 9.394 3000 250 9.647
4 26 2 50.787 2 0 0 00 50.789
8 51 0 89.175 1.600 0 0 0 116 9o!s91
11 75 0 237,434 9,468 0000 246.902
20 126 9 130,038 31 0 0 0 0 13o!o69
2 12 0 3,110 00 0 0 0 3,110
11 76 41 28.585 36 0 0 0 0 28.621
9 61 0 67.900 30 0 0 0 0 67.930
2 16 0 23.586 00000 23.586
000 000000 0
0 00 0 00 0 0 O'O
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 153 3 296.064 537 0 0 ' 0 0 296.601
2 16 0 42.055 00000 42.055
51 359 88 302.030 658 0 0 0 169 302.857
21 146 34 153.474 1.048 0000 154.522
OOO'O 0 0 0 0 00
2 10 0 3,066 20 0 0 0 0 3,086
31 213 20 107.514 709 000 3.164 11l'3S7
3 23 0 49.020 0 O'O 0 0 49,020
5 46 0 60.199 38 0 0 0 0 60.237
42 292 13 216.632 2.149 0 0 00 218.781
5 , 32 7 21.796 00000 21.796
4 22 0 48,113 356 0 0 0 0 48.469
6 46 0 27.662 561 0 0 0 0 28.223
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 105 46 45.312 394 0 0 0 0 45.706
40 273 2 522.883 1.558 0 0 0" 1.500 525.941
1 8 0 5.988 0 0 0 0 0 5.988
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 19 6 3.641 0 0 0 0 0 3.641
27 184 55 127.367 113.127 0 0 0 0 240.494
7 57 1 73.452 0000 7.063 80.515
3 24 2 12.119 280 0 0 0 1.505 .. 13.904
8 72 28 24.885 55 0 0 0 0 " 24.940
0000 0 0 0 0 0 0
546 3.748 490 4.263.747 : 137.947 000 53.692 4455386
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposa
Pounds
51
325
0
10
0
24.421
0
25.880
0
0
236
516
0
0
0
4.514
5.574
43
0
114
0
17.164
226
40.008
0
707
751
3.160
0
0
0
0
13.537
0
22.265
1.287
0
0
10.454
0
1.370
3.242
555
35.646
11
0
510
4.070
0
0
35
4.062
11.653
0
1.090
0
233.487
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
	 Pounds
9.530
17.866
5.147
57.397
24.216
496.843
114.573
203.393
2.100
0
154.117
35.668
11.058
56.407
30.224
114.489
181.858
9.978
29.075
33.423
9,647
67.953
91.117
286.910
130.069
3.817
29.372
71,090
23,586
0
0
0
310.138
42.055
325.122
155.809
0
3.086
121.841
49.020
61.607
222.023
22,351
84.115
28.234
0
46.216
530.011
5.988
0
3.676
244.556
92.168
13.904
26.030
0
4.688.873
Note: On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R, Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category,
If the facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category
" Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 29 (Petroleum refining).

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health  and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste  management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                   25

-------
TRl Chemicals m Waste by Stole, 1993
PETROLEUM BULK TERMINALS (SIC CODE 5171)
Slate
Aiabama
AJaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
Calfomia
CdoraJo
Conwctcul
Delaware
District o< Columbia
Fkxtda
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Mario
MHXS
KvJana
towa
Kansas
Kentucky
totisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mi-tijan
'Anwscia
MtSSlSSlppi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nova Jo
M*w Hampshire
Hew Jersey"
New Meuco
New York
NortnCarolna
Horn Dakota
Nomem Mananas
OHO
Oklahoma
Oregon
feonsyrania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
SounCarotna
South Dakota
Tennessee
Tens
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
VWgtnta*
Washington*
WcslWj>rin
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
Quantity
Released
Recycled Enerov Recovery Treated On- and
On-site Off-site On-sita Off-site On-site Off-site Off-site
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
0 634 00 10 7.074
16,075 0 0 269 8,659 2,565 16.285
00 0 4,796 0 0 5,148
0 202 00 0 2,135 55.673
17.780 0 00 00 24,216
0 45.457 6 0 2.645,538 392.328 482.305
3.830 55 00 143,990 0 75.426
00 00 4,198 24.341 159.892
0 210 00 00 2.100
0 0 0 0 0 0 - -0
1,144,000 33.043 0 12,178 84,901 154 148,194
538,000 3.453 00 5 522 25545
0 0 0 0 0 0 11.624
00 0 10 0 64 53.304
00 00 157.400 699 30.240
581.822 9.557 0 21 600.700 14,115 114.567
1.319.937 12.013 0 727 223.046 1.290 175,881
4.520 0 00 1 43 9.935
16.503 5 0 0 43.937 5 27.519
1.093.674 0 0 2.974 0 2.228 33.276
2.770.000' 610.000 0 0 0.0 9.401
00 00 0 23.972 59.961
2.043 22.863 0 635 81.100 1.040 76,911
427.375 0 0 0 1.000 97,041 361.177
2.953.703 10.491 0 5.642 1,264.058 1.964 127.205
932 102 0 0 322.835 0 3.046
02 00 04 28.717
930 24.400 0 51.698 705.355 4.325 103,225
00 00 0 45.566 20.752
0 0 00 00 0
00 00 000
0 0 00 00-0
1,307 6.028 : 0 35,068 46.395 12,937 346,800
00 00 00 39.605
236.300 7.055 0 5,089 266,514 9.567 343.584
0 2,928 0 15.293 0 12,024 275.428
0 0 0 0 ' 0 0 0
0 0 00 00 3.091
2.905.029 39,930 0 326 516,483 3.416 104.671
00 00 29,820 21 46.497
0 29 0 8.239 1.455 401.774 59.447
153.713 9.829.142 0 1.612 18.955 1.327 10,038,394
00 0 15,577 0 2.061 20.448
00 0 307 124.573 985 84.202
1.396 169 0 0 0 11 24.072
0 0 00 000
2.049 5.146 00 0 10,401 34.580
8.604.5O6 424.810 0 172.530 1.872.022 15,537 780.920
00 00 0 6.297 4.776
00 00 000
00 00 00 2.055
2352 45,321 0 1 197 4.563 133.488
0 425 0 397 645.162 70.164 90.699
00 0 3.417 0 .129 6,861
932 3.516 0 410 0 866 25.093
00 00 000
22799.308 11.136.986 6 337.216 9.808,300 1.166.481 14.713.310
Total
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
7,709
43.853
9.944
58.010
41.996
3.566.634
223.301
188.431
2.310
0
1.422.470
567.525
11.624
53,378
188,339
1.320.782
1.732.894
14.499
87.969
1.132.152
3.389.401
83.933
184.592
886.593
4.363,063
326.915
28.723
889.933
66.318
0
0
0
448.535
39.605
868.109
305.673
0
3.091
3.569.855
76.338
470.944
20,043.143
33.086
210.067
25.648
0
52.176
11.870.325
11.073
0
2,055
186,522
806.847
10,407
' 30.817
0
59.961.607
Nori-
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
0
18
0
23
0
100.969
41.2S9
0
1
0
175
2.383
0
6
99
206.300
1.211
135,000
0
0
0
0
125
5.715
284
251
0
10.927
0
0
0
0
4.284
0
51.649
3.307
0
1
3.898
0
1
1.346
0
0
80
0
75
259.743
0
0
0
111.913
0
40
1.373
0
942.486
Note; Data from Section 8 of Form R,
FacASestfarms are included tn me original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Fact&ScsVTorms ere included in ttre new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39,
tf the faci&ty reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category,
W BW fac*ty reported for the first time In 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category,
* Includes fadtttes/Torms also reporting SIC code 29 (Petroleum refining).

Users of TRt tnformaton should be aware that TRl data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates afonc are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRl data. in conjunction
vritn olftef information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals
                                                                                   26

-------
 TRI On-site and Off-site Releases, by Slate. 1998
 CHEMICAL WHOLESALERS (SIC CODE 5169)
State
Alabama"
Alaska
American Samqa
Arizona
Arkansas
California"
Colorado
Connecticut"
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida-
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois" t
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
.ouisiana*
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts*
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri"
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
^iew Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York"
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Marianas
Ohiofi
Oklahoma
Oregon"
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee*
Texas"
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia:*:
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin}:
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underaround Injection RCRA Other Tola
Total Total Total Air Water Class I Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
11 74 33 25,916 00000 25916
1 4 2 1.255 00000 1,255
000 0 0 0 0 .0 0 0
8 43 18 12,249 00 0 0 0 12.249
265 985 0 0 0 0 0 985
33 254 83 108,745 536 0 0 0 0 109.281
4 34 29 4.092 00000 4092
5 17 6 7.408 0 0 0 0 0 7^408
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 100 54 84.042 50 0 0 0 10 84.102
8 120 63 35.448 00000 35^448
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
133 0 0 0 00 0 0
13 123 40 36.143 36 0 0 0 0 36 179
18 167 101 37.540 0 0 0 00 37^540
6 72 3 13.902 0-0 0 0 2.219 16121
4 43 1 5.350 0 0-0 0 0 5.350
7 82 43 29.946 00000 29.946
15 104 48 42.310 00000 42.310
120 347 0 00 0 0 347
2 17 16 260 00000 260
10 99 30 24.402 00000 24,402
8 104 39 28.177 00 '0 0 0 2SJ77
9 89 59 17.798 5 0 0 .0 5 17^808
4 25 . 7 7.961 0 0 0 0 0 7961
21 171 78 63.269 5 0 0 0 18 63.292
1 7 0 1.907 0 0 0 0 0 1.907
2 10 9 34 0 0 0 0 0 34
1 1 0 475 .0 0 0 0 0 475
2 21 504 0 00 0 0 504
17 162 67 144.514 50000 144.519
364 25 0 0 0 0 0 25
15 100 62 16.473 00000 16.473
13. 129 69 26.311 0 0 0' 0 77.829 104.140
150 772 00 0 0 0 772
000 000000 0
22 263 116 83.073 3O 0 0 0 0 83.103
11 68 44 11.281 0.0 0 0 0 11.281
8 55 25 25.327 0 0 0 0 70 25397
20 202 131 41.652 90100 41662
3 18 6 23.617 10,789 0000 34.406
252 250 00000 250
6 33 19 12.990 0 0 0 ' 0 1.493 14.483
0.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 116 49 28.104 0000 310 28414
57 ' 513 255 .. 214.272 .13 0 0 00 214^285
6 47 15 4.718 00000 4.718
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 65 28 25.787 00 0 0 0 25.787
6 41 . 29 16.565 125 0 0 0 14.600 31.290
3 18 13 2.200 0 0.0 0 0 2.200
7 76 40 15.636 00 0 0. 700 16.336
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
438 3.695 1.745 1.284.032 11.603 0 1 0 97254 1392890
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposa
0
0
0
0
0
10.845
0
0
0
0
0
2,250
0
0
0
17.200
1.505
4.440
5.226
242
3.879
0
0
1.294
0
20
0
2.433
0
2.150
0
0
7.065
1.140
0
11.545
0
0
103.697
0
10.450
1.361
0
0
500
0
0
26.667
0
0
0
1.371
0
100
0
0
215.380
TotalOn-
and Off-site
Releases
	 Pounds
25,916
1.255
0
12.249
985
120.126
4.092
7.408
0
0
84.102
37.698
0
0
0
53.379
39.045
20.561
10.576
30.188
46.189
347
260
25.696
28.177
17.828
7.961
65.725
1.907
2.184
475
504
151.584
1.165
16.473
115.685
772
0
186.800
11.281
35.847
43.023
34.406
250
14.983
0
28.414
240.952
4.718
0
0
27.158
31.290
2.300
16.336
0
1.608.270
Note: On-site Releases from Section 5 of Form R. Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.
Off-site Releases include metals and metaf compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category,
If the facility reported for the first time in 1998 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category,
* Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 28 (Chemicals and allied products).
t Includes facilities/forms aiso reporting SiC code 5171 (Petroleum bulk terminals).
t Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 7389 (RCRA/Solvent recovery).

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates.alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment, TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a  starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities  which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                         27

-------
 TRI Cherrtcelsln Waste by State. 1993
 CHEMICAL WHOLESALERS (SIC CODE 5169)
SUM
Wabama'
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizen*
Arkansas
Cellomfa*
Colorado
COHKStCUt*
Delaware
BsWctofColurnfcia
Florida'
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
newt
ndana
owa

-------
 TRI On-site and Off-site .Releases, by State. 1998
 RCRA/SOLVENT RECOVERY (SIC CODES 4953/73S9)
State
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky*
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts"
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
^Jew Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Mananas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Total
On-site Releases
On-site Land Releases
Surface Underground Injection RCRA Other Total
Total Total Total Air Water Class I Class II-V Subtitle C On-site Land On-site
Facilities Forms Form As Emissions Discharges Wells Wells Landfills Releases Releases
Number Number Number Pounds Pounds - Pounds. Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
6 43 0 13,838 0 0 ' 0 12,060.964 . 0 12.074.802
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 6 0 997 0 00 0 ' 0 997
3 140 0 22.492 49 0 0 22.800 0 45.341
16 158 3 53.196 0 0.0 19.813.437 308.756 20.17s!389
000 0 0 0 0 00 0
3 16 6 0,0.0 0 0 0 0
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00 00 0 0 0 0 0
4 60 18.109 0000 9.840 27.949
362 17.488 00000 17.438
0 0  ' 0 - - - 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0
000 00 0 0 0 0 0
1 17 0 12.465 000 31.641.000 0 31.653.465
11 14" 2 82.283 10 0 0 21.607.926 173.297 21.863.516
S 1-7 0 38.667 1,345 0 0 1.257.263 0 1.297.275
220 10 0 0 0 0 0 10
2 13 0 17,113 0 0 0 0 0 17.113
6 S3 0 41.604 15 0 0 ' 0 1.100.034 1,141,703
4 C1 0 1.583 2 530.351 0 3,803.510 0 ..4.335.446
000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11-0 6 0 0 0 0 06
4 12 0 4.986 5 0 0 0 0 4.991
10 1K 6 126.173 000 8.258.900 0 8.385.073
2 ! 0 345 0 0 0 0-0 345
1102 0 0 0 0 0 2
? 11 0 11.552 75 0 0 17.494 0 29.121
C . 0 0 00 00 0 0 0
'.f 0 16.003 '0 0 00 168.694 184.697
: 1 . 0 1.865 0 00 1.321.200 0 1.323,065
C C 00 0 "0 0 0 0. 0
'. '" 0 25.429 -741 0 0 0 0 26.170
l - 1 5.990 0 0 0 0 0 5,990
- :- 2 922 816 00 6.231.080 0 6.232.818
~ lr ' 0 66.755 - 43 0 0 0 0 66.798
COO 0 0 0 00 0 0
C GO. 0 0 00 0 00
1'- ".' 140 304.834 1,028 17.841.000 0 50.522.000 0 68.668.862
- 2! 0 1.737 0 1.109.751 ' 0 6.642.012 ' 0 7:753.500
Jr 0 4.265 000 6.105.389 6.723.B10 12.833.464
14 f.7 2 5.452 556,760 0 0 1.116,200 2,824.100 4,502,512
1 GO 264,929 0,0 0 0 0 264.929
: 40 422 00000 422
f 154 0 42.891 0_ 0 0 5,145,517 2 5.183.410
C 00 00 0 0 00 0
f 47 3 7.364 . . 7.039 0 00 0 14.403
1r 358 3 59.572 12.474 3.943.904 0 5.482.518 107 9.498.575
3710 3.237 0 0 0 15.535.167 858.502 16.396.906
COO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
CCO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
r '.' 0 4.937 0 0 0 0-0 4.937
TO oo o o o o o
; 106 0 00 0 0 6
~ ~-  0 26.286 0 0 ' 0 0 0 26.286
COO 0 0 00 0 0 0
2C' 14K 170 1.305.805 580.402 23.425.006 0 196.584.377 12.167.192 234.062.782
Off-site
Releases
Transfers
Off-site to
Disposal
Pounds
165.104
0
0
5
212.836
155.642
0
739.191
0
0
0
0
0
0
40
2.908.792
11.103.121
0
7.564
1.573.146
122.371
0
0
1,231.461
3.693.902
1.000
0
0
0
25,034
69.232
0
2.326.678
0
50.822
.. 480.157
0
0
9.029.601
130.236
9.851
1.893.158
59.843
863
9,019.382
0
64.219
1.144.534
50,623
0
0
0
1.469.733
0
14.967
0
47.753.108
Total On-
and Off-site
Releases
Pounds
12.239.906
0
0
1.002
258.177
20.331,031
0
739.191
0
0
27.949
17.488
0
0
31.653,505
24.772.308
12.400.396
10
24,677
2.714.849
4.457.817
0
6
1.236.452
12.078.975
1.345
2
29.121
0
209.731
1.392.297
0
2.352.848
5.990
6.283,640
546.955
0
0
77.698.463
7.883.736
12.843,315
6.395,670
324.772
 ' 1.285
14.207.792
0
78.622
10.643,109
16.447,529
0
0
4.937
1.469.733
6
41.253
0
281.815.890
Note: On-site Releases from Section c< cf Form R  Off-site Releases are from Section 6 (transfers off-site to disposal) of Form R.      .
Off-site Releases include metals an ;J metal compounds transferred off-site for solidification/stabilization and for wastewater treatment, including to POTWs.
Off-site Releases do not include transfers to disposal sent to other TRI facilities that reported the amount as an on-site release.
Facilities/forms are included in the original industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Facilities/forms are included in the new industry category if the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39.
If the facility reported in any year prior to 1993 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
If the facility reported for the first time in 1993 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new industry category,
* Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 34 (Fabricated metals).
** Includes facilities/forms also reporting SIC code 5169 (Chemical wholesalers).

Users of TRI information should be aware that TRI data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not'exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
with other information, can be used as a starting point in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                              29

-------
 TRIChtnwaSsm Waste byState 1998
 RCRASOIVENT RECOVERY (SIC CODES 4953/7389)

st
Atatama
Alaska
American Simon
Atuone
Ariansas
Ciltomo
CO*3fJO
ComcctcM
Delaware
DVKlo( Columbia
FkxWa
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii
Idaho
Moots
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
KerftKky*
Louisiana
Maine
Mar^and
Massachusetts"
WeWjjan
*nesau
*SSISSIJ)pi
lAssoun
Montana
NtrScaska
Hevaaa
ew Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Hew York
North Cerotna
North DaVc'.a
Northern Marianas
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
7cmsyfraao
"uertoRieo
Rhode Islam)
SounCarolna
SouSi Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
W$nlstanM
Vtrgna
Wasrw$:on
WeslVtepna
iViseonsm
Wyoming:
Total
Quantity
Released
Recycled Enerav Recovery Treated On- and
On-site Oil-site On-slte Off-site On-site Off-site Off-site
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds . Pounds Pounds Pounds
4 153.054 252.789 0 29,555.869 3.873 214.508 12.359.925
0 0 0 00 0  0
00 00 000
2667,961 0 0 9.756 14,656 2 881
400 082 434.534 3.164.825 4,402.565 25,563.977 68.112 486.945
2369954 1051.356 0 7,532.021 1,788.348 929,085 20.981.539
0 0 00 00 0
00 00 234,487 32.407 1.063.530
0 0 00 00-0
CO 00 000
44S479 195.333 0 702,177 692.337 0 768.411
0 180.764 0 0 354,728 0 16.928
CO 00 000
CO 00 000
CO 00 00 31,641.000
7 637 441 S74.085 0 13,345.080 15.714.874 3,310,657 25.051.641
8904600 496,723 0 80.645.915 2.815.172 131,905 14.107.071
0 309122 0 0 0 0 10
13582." 312.550 0 0 795.198 29.630 25.561
C 191.900 0 10.433.058 5.652.855 2.211,127 1.139.787
0 70816 0 910 173.123 412.223 4,337,150
CO 00 000
0 192574 0 0 0 0 6
56CJ 261.113 0 260,070 0 116.244 2.102.808
s;4?033 557155 0 130.002.805 1.300.655 43.963.197 11.415.455
40JO'j: 1152410 0 0 78.543 11.698 969
78962 00 002
aff 572702 0 0 96.384 0 30,818
0 00 000
65559 0 84,564 10.095.636 53.224 291.764
1290407 0 0 1.571.156 420.409 1,323,054
0 00 000
?;::f 389444 0 22.213,059 19.852,587 628.929 2.480.949
0 00 440.000 0 6.000
26? 146 00 286.000 56.831 6,283,396
S36S51 0 0 256.000 12.500 611.133
0 00 000
0 0 0 0 00
'7TC54 1719734 0 23.890.411 17.253,160 26.325.028 77.250.474
0 00 154.000 1.995 7.880.837
6569 0 0 364,676 559.298 23.928.531
1 182 151 0 0 4.288,778 358.704 6.392.516
3K341 1875384 0 8,545.872 114.191 2.068.828 332.578
1::S7 10S.500 0 0 0 768.783 846
rtii-" ; 014 279 0 25.180.268 12.355.884 1.387,001 14.747.731
0 0 0 '  0 ' 0 0
143759 122.783 3.726.163 217.574, 10 73.842
t4'4?-! 1K238S 0 30.371.704 37.726.162 1.232.927 8.737,439
0 00 16.322,054 46.445 16,618.933
0 00 000
0 00 000
7f3195 0 0 216,611 0 4.937
0 00 00 338
200269 0 0 00 6
Jtfllj: 465044 0 1.808.900 0 1,811.160 41.585
"0 00 000
1069?7 Qf 4 19861567 3,287,608 392,711.167 176.792.679 87.162.867 292.537.331
Total
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
46.540,018
0
0
2,693.256
34.521.040
34.652.333
0
1.330.424
0
0
2.801.737
552.420
0
0
31,641,000
65.983.778
107.101.386
309.132
1.2'98.762
19.628.727
4.994.222
0
192.580
2.796.865
219.720.262
5.274,609
78,964
709,459
0
10.590.747
4.605.026
0
53.775,599
446.000
6.891.373
1.716.484
0
0
152.215.656
8.036.832
24.909.074
12.222.149
16.797.272
999.10'3
' 59.633.250
0
4.234.131
93.877.931
32,987.437
0
0
. 989.743
333
200.275
13.290,879
0
1.081.290.273
Mon-
Production-
related
Waste
Pounds
282
0
0
1
2
173
0
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
76
0
27
5
0
0
0
6
17
0
0
28.903
0
0
0
0
42
0
1
4
0
0
83.025
21
47
0
1
0
0
0
2.691
9.818
30
0
0
' 0
0
0
0
0
125.181
Note? Data from Section 5 of Form R
Faciities/forms arc included tn Vie onptnal industry category if they did not report a new industry SIC code.
Fac^fies^ocms are mctuded in me new industry category it the facility/form has a new industry SIC code and no SIC code in 20-39,
M thft facttty reported m any year pnor to 1995 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the original industry category.
H tfw (acilty reported for the first feme in 1903 and the facility/form has a combination of original and new industry SIC codes, then the facility/form is included in the new.industry category,
* Includes factttes/forms also reporting SIC code 34 (Fabricated metals),
** Includes fats&ties/forms also reporting SIC code 5169 (Chemical wholesalers).

Users of TRt information should be aware that TR1 data reflect releases and other waste management of chemicals, not exposures of the public to those chemicals.
Release e&Bmales atone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction
wt9i other information can be used as a starting pcmt in evaluating exposures that may result from release and other waste management activities which involve toxic chemicals.
                                                                                       30

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