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        Restoring &
       America's Waters

February 1999

The Clean Water Action Plan is a far-reaching and innovative plan that unites the efforts of citizens, local, state, tribal, and

federal governments and a wide array of other stakeholders in the business of protecting and restoring our water resources.

The Clean Water Action Plan is about action —• cutting red tape, getting the right people with the right tools to the right place,

stopping pollution that continues to degrade almost half of our waters. The Action Plan sets an ambitious agenda and we are

pleased to share the highlights of the many first year accomplishments.

One of the most significant achievements of the Clean Water Action Plan is the way it has brought peopk together in a true

spirit of cooperation to help restore and protect our nation's rivers,  lakes, coastal waters, and wetlands. During this first year, an

unprecedented commitment to cooperation has developed among federal agencies as they unite the missions of many departments

and programs in the pursuit of clean water. There has also been a resurgence of local leadership that is guiding all of our

efforts to protect our water resources. Undoubtedly, this will be the greatest legacy of the Clean Water Action Plan.

We are committed to continuing the work of the Clean Water Action Plan so that, as we approach the 2ist century, we leave a

legacy of environmental stewardship that is worthy of future generations.
 US Army Corps
 of Engineers


                       The first year.  T fa,  6    / U t  U T €
    To commemorate the 25th anniversary of
the Clean Water Act, the Vice President asked
the federal agencies to develop and implement a
comprehensive plan that would help revitalize
the nation's commitment to our valuable water
resources. The result was the Clean Water
Action Plan, which was released on February 19,
1998. Since that time the federal agencies have
been working with tribal, state,  and local part-
ners to implement the more than 100 key actions
in the Action Plan and build a new framework
for watershed protection in the 21st century.
    This report marks the first  anniversary of
the Clean Water Action Plan. It highlights the
progress that has been made toward implement-
ing this ambitious plan and outlines the agenda
for the coming year.
    The Clean Water Action Plan is about each
of us working to protect the waters we love - the
river that runs through town, the lake or beach
we vacation at year after year, or the wetland we
visit to enjoy the wide variety of birds, plants,
and wildlife it supports. The goal of the Action
Plan is to reinvigorate our efforts to protect
these waters by strengthening leadership for
those efforts at the local level.
                 Department of Agriculture
                  Department of the Interior
                   Department of the Army
                    Department of Commerce
                     Protection Agency
        Tennessee Valley Authority
Department of Energy
Department of Transportation
Department of Justice
   The Action Plan itself contains 111 key
actions designed to further this goal. More
specifically, the Action Plan seeks to organize the
efforts of citizens, business, and government, so
that we more effectively respond to the unique
needs of individual watersheds around the coun-
try. (An index of each action and its page num-
ber in the original Action Plan is on page 20.)
 "We're not only improving water

 quality in the Guest River; we're

 changing people's attitudes and

 behaviors.  A lot of different

 government agencies are involved—

 and their support is important—but

 I'm convinced that our success is

 due to one key factor: dedicated

 local leadership."
 Carol Green
 Coordinator, Wise County Virginia Clean Team

The organizing principle behind the Clean Water
Action Plan is:

• The Watershed Approach

The Action Plan has four major objectives:

• Improve Information and Citizens' Right to Know
• Address Polluted Runoff
• Enhance Natural Resources Stewardship
• Protect Public Health
**""   '    '               ACTIONS         "~
  Throughout this document you will find boxes like this one
  highlighting major accomplishments under the Clean Water
  Action Plan. Key actions are numbered in the order they
  appeared in the Action Plan and as they are listed on the web
  site. You can find out more about the Clean Water Action
  Plan at or by contacting one of the part-
  ner agencies listed on the inside back cover. To find out more
  about a particular key action or program, look up the Action
  Plan on the internet and click on the internet symbol.     |

                                The first year.  The   /UtMTfi
Our   Nation's
                         The Watershed Approach
                                  is the Key
                       The heart of the Clean Water Action Plan is
                    the "watershed approach." The watershed
                    approach represents a new paradigm for protect-
                    ing and restoring our water resources (rivers,
                    lakes, coastal waters, and wetlands) for future
                    generations. The key to this approach is tailoring
                    efforts to the particular needs of individual
                    watersheds. Because the problems affecting our
                    waters vary greatly from watershed to watershed
                    and from region to region, a "one-size-fits-all"
                    approach will not effectively address today's
                    water resource problems.
 .-:	iv	LEavS'1}	f"	i1'	3	9ii	««K»*"*	<«"	m
 National WatershM Characterizafion
      Watershed Classification
      iFI Better Water Quatty- Low Vulnerability
      HI B«ler Water Quality - High Vulnerability
      C""l Less Serious Water Quality
      — Probteros - Low VulneraoiMy
      •El Lets Serious Water QuaHy
        Problems - High Vulnerability
|—JMore Serious Water Quality
  Problems - Low Vulnerability
m More Serious Water QuaSty
  Problems - High Vulnerability
HI Data Sufficiency Threshold Not Met
Source: Index of Watershed Indicators. This map is a composite illustration
based on many sources of water quality information and is the best overall
characterization of the condition of the 2000 watersheds in the U.S.  It
shows that approximately 50% or 1000 of these watersheds are experiencing
a significant level of degradation.
                                                           Federal Agency
                                         What  is the Condition
                                           of our Watersheds?
                                       Before the Clean Water Act of 1972, Lake
                                   Erie was dying. The Potomac River was clogged
                                   with blue-green algae blooms that were both a
                                   nuisance and a threat to public health. Many of
                                   our rivers were overwhelmed with discharges of
                                   sewage and industrial waste. The Clean Water
                                   Act brought strong regulatory and financial tools
                                   to bear to clean up discharges from municipal
                                   sewage systems and industries. By 1987, signifi-
                                   cant progress had been made in curbing the
                                                                        WATERSHED HEALTH
                                                                          KEY ACTION  #94
                                                                The Index of Watershed Indicators is a collec-
                                                                tion of information on many aspects of water-
                                                                shed health. You can use the index and many
                                                                other sources of information on the internet to
                                                                find out more about your watershed.      ffj

                           The first year.  T  fl  6    f U t U  T  €
impacts from these sources and awareness was
growing regarding the threats posed by polluted
runoff, especially from urban, agricultural, and
forested lands.  The 1987 Amendments to the
Clean Water Act included new financial and
technical tools  to help address these emerging
and complex sources of water pollution.  The
Clean Water Action Plan represents another
major step forward as we strive to address these
    There are many methods of measuring the
health of our nation's watersheds.  Typically, these
different systems tell us that approximately 40% to
50% of our watersheds are in need of restoration.

    What Kind of  Problems are
    Affecting Our  Watersheds?
    Today, the overwhelming majority of water
quality problems are caused by literally millions of
diffuse sources  of polluted runoff' from agricul-
tural lands, residential areas, city streets, forests,
and even from  pollutants settling out of the air.
    States report that agricultural sources
account for approximately 70% of the identified
water quality problems in assessed rivers, 49% in
lakes, and 27% in estuaries. In addition, sewage
treatment systems, urban storm water, and atmos-
pheric sources are significant contributors of
nutrients and other pollutants.
Source:  Adapted from 1996 National Water
Quality Inventory
  1 The Clean Water Act refers to sources of polluted runoff
  as "nonpoint sources." Point sources include industries and
  sewage treatment facilities where pollution is discharged at a
  discrete point, usually through a pipe. Nonpoint sources
  contribute pollutants to waters via surface runoff, movement
  of water through the ground, or air deposition. In this docu-
  ment, we use the term polluted runoff to mean all nonpoint
| .Five Leadiog-S0.urcie$,QfvWa^^^
Munical Point
Nonpoint Sources
Urban Runoff/
Storm Sewers
Municipal Point
Industrial Discharges
Urban Runoff/
Storm Sewers
Municipal Point
Upstream Sources
Source: 1996 National Water Quality Inventory

               The first year.  The     f U  t  U  T 6  .
Source: Adapted from Index of Watershed
Indicators (for illustrative purposes only)
                                                  ^UNIFIED WATERSHED ASSESSMENTS
                                                                KEY ACTION #94
                                                    Unified Watershed Assessments represent the
                                                    first coordinated statement of water quality pri-
                                                    orities in the history of our clean water pro-
                                                    grams. You can find out more about the
                                                  I Unified Watershed Assessments on the internet
                                                  I  as part of the Index of Watershed Indicators. A
    While we can make some generalizations
about the nature of the problems facing our
watersheds today, we need to keep in mind that
each watershed faces a unique set of threats. The
map above illustrates the geographic distribution
of three different water quality problems. To
find out about the water quality problems in
your watershed, visit the internet site for the
Index of Watershed Indicators.
    The goal of the Action Plan is to use the
watershed approach to guide all of our restoration
and protection efforts. To do this we must adapt
our programs, tools, and efforts to the unique
challenges facing our watersheds.

 Taking the Watershed Approach
    In order to bring  together different perspec-
tives and different sets of information, states and
tribes were asked to take the lead in developing
Unified Watershed Assessments.
    All 50 states, the District of Columbia, 5 ter-
ritories, and 18 tribes completed these assessments
in a very short period of time — just 7 months
after the release of the Action Plan.2
    States and tribes were asked to coordinate
with stakeholders at all levels and develop an
overall statement of water quality.  Specifically,
Unified Watershed Assessments identify:
• Watersheds not meeting, or facing imminent
 threat of not meeting, clean water or other nat-
 ural resource goals (Category I);
• Watersheds meeting goals but needing action to
 sustain water quality (Category II);
• Watersheds with pristine/sensitive aquatic sys-
 tem conditions on federal, state, or tribal lands
 (Category III); and
• Watersheds where more information is needed
 to assess conditions (Category IV).
2 The timef rame for tribes to complete Unified Watershed
Assessments has been extended. Federal partners continue to
provide assistance to several hundred tribes around the country.

                         The first year.  T  K C    f U  t  U  T
        Identifying Priorities
States and tribes identified those watersheds they
believe are most in need of restoration efforts
during 1999 and 2000. The map to the right
shows these watersheds. This information will be
used in two ways.  First, additional federal funds
received in 1999 and 2000 will be directed to
these watersheds.  Second, this information  can
help target the broader efforts, programs, and
resources of all stakeholders including local, trib-
al, state, and federal governments, citizens, inter-
est groups, and businesses.

                            The first year. T h  C   f U t U f &
and  Citizens'
Right   to   Know
                    Today, the dramatic advances in information
                 technology have created a new opportunity to pro-
                 vide people with significantly improved informa-
                 tion about the quality of waters where they live.

                         Getting  Involved
                    Public involvement is essential to the success-
                 ful protection and restoration of our valuable
                 water resources. In fact, watershed management
                 works best when local citizens and organizations
                 help guide and enhance public sector programs.
       KEY ACTIONS #92j 93  ' * _ ":
The internet-based Watershed information
Network (WIN) is a roadmap to consolidated
watershed information and services to help
communities protect and restore water quality.
It is now operational and accessible to the pub-
lic as a prototype. Full implementation of this
project is expected over the next few years. |fj|
   "Adopt Your Watershed" campaign chal-
lenges thousands of citizens and organizations
to join federal agencies and others who are
working to protect and restore our valuable
rivers, streams, wetlands, lakes, ground water,
   estuaries. To encourage stewardship of
the nation's water resources, EPA is building a
voluntary, national catalog of organizations
involved in protecting local water bodies,
including formal watershed alliances, local
groups, and schools that conduct activities such
as volunteer monitoring, cleanups, and restora-
tion projects. The 4,300 groups are listed
watershed-by-watershed to make it easy for
anyone to find out how to get involved.   ^

                          The first year.  T  fl  6    /  U  t  U  T  C
            Assisting  Local
          Watershed Groups
    The Clean Water Action Plan supports com-
munity involvement through the creation of a
new Watershed Assistance Grants program.  In
September 1998, the River Network, with fund-
ing from EPA, began the process of making funds
available to local watershed partnerships to sup-
port their organizational development and long-
term effectiveness. Through this grant program,
local watershed groups can receive up to $30,000.
Grants will be distributed to applicants which
are diverse in terms of geography, watershed
issues, the type of partnership, and approaches.
            WATERSHED  FORUM
             KEY ACTION #108
  The Watershed Forum was established to
  enhance interaction, coordination, and infor-
  mation exchange among stakeholders at all
  levels.  Regional fora will meet periodically over
  the next two years and, in 2001, representa-
  tives from these groups will convene in a
  national watershed forum.  The Southeast
  Watershed Forum and Northeast Watershed
  Roundtable are already up and running.
  Federal agencies plan to help sponsor or col-
  laborate with up to 12 regional fora around the
  country.                               m
       ~  ~~* KEY ACTION #103
L" Action Plan funding has supported the River
L ^Network's new Watershed Assistance Grants
I- program that will help local organizations build
I the capacity to protect their local watersheds. £

                                The first year.  The    f U  t U T C
Polluted   Runoff
                                     =_NUTRIENT STANDARDS STRATEGY
                                     |U_      KEY_JACTION #74_  „	

                                      EPA has developed a multi-year strategy for
                                      the development and implementation of nutri-
                                      ent criteria and standards tailored to specific
                                      needs of different types of water bodies and
                                      different natural conditions found around the
                                      country. The Action Plan sets an ambitious
                                      goal that would have standards in place across
                                      the country by 2003.
                       Polluted runoff from a wide variety of
                    sources is today's leading cause of water pollu-
                    tion. Addressing the impacts of polluted runoff
                    is a major goal of the Clean Water Action Plan.
                       Polluted runoff comes from many sources,
                    including urban streets and lawns, highways,
                    forests, and agricultural lands. The Clean Water
                    Action Plan contains a number of key actions to
                    address many of these important sources over
                    the next several years. This section highlights
                    key actions that focus primarily on agriculture.
                    Other sections of this report discuss polluted
                    runoff from federal lands, mining operations,
                    and urban sources.
                                       Nutrients (particularly nitrogen and phos-
                                    phorous) are among the most common and most
                                    difficult pollutants to address.  In excessive
                                    amounts, nutrients cause algal blooms which can
                                    quickly rob oxygen from the surrounding waters.
                                    These algal blooms themselves can also be toxic
                                    to aquatic and marine life and pose health risks
                                    to humans, as in the case of Pfiesteria (see page
                                    16). Nutrients react in a wide variety of ways
                                    depending on the type of water body and the
                                    local characteristics.
Rank   Rivers
Priority Toxic
Organic Chemicals
       Oxygen-Depleting   Oxygen-Depleting   Oxygen-Depleting
       Substances         Substances         Substances
Noxious Aquatic
Oil and Grease
Source: 1996 National Water Quality Inventory

                          The first year.   T ft  6    f U  t  U  T € .
Source:  Adapted from 1996 National Water
Quality Inventory
    Agriculture is recognized as a significant
source of nutrient pollution. Addressing prob-
lems caused by various agricultural activities
while maintaining the overall, long-term sustain-
ability of the industry presents special challenges.
Key actions under the Clean Water Action Plan
were designed to address these challenges by
combining voluntary, incentive- based approach-
es (such as financial and technical assistance) with
back-up regulatory approaches where needed.
      :~,   PRO0RAM—KEY ACTIONS #65,66

  Approximately $976,000,000 in federal funds have been
  committed to 6 states that have signed up to participate in
  the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP).
  This program uses financial incentives to encourage farmers
  and ranchers to voluntarily remove sensitive land from
  agricultural use.  The CREP program will continue to
  expand to other states in 1999 and beyond.           |fi|
    One of the key features of the Unified
Watershed Assessment process is the identifica-
tion of high priority watersheds in need of
restoration in 1999 and 2000 (see page 5). States
and tribes are now developing Watershed
Restoration Action Strategies to guide restora-
tion activities.  In the 1999 budget, the
Administration requested and received an addi-
tional $100 million to fund polluted runoff proj-
ects in these high priority waters. Additionally,
these assessments and strategies are intended to
serve as a guide for targeting a much broader array
of efforts, programs, and financial resources at the
local, state, tribal, and federal levels.
 £r "•-
f~  •-21
|j Conservation buffers are relatively small areas of land plant-
JL ed with permanent vegetation; they include filter strips,
|- field borders, and forest buffers.  Buffers are designed to
t3" intercept pollutants before they reach rivers, lakes, and
^_ streams. The National Conservation Buffer Initiative is a
jr cooperative venture that relies heavily on the active partici-
F pation of major agribusiness firms and most of the nation's
P; conservation and agricultural organizations.
*:•• Since the initiative was started in 1997, conservation pro-
| grams have resulted in the installation of nearly 800,000
|.- acres or about 220,000 miles of buffers along rivers,
t streams, and field borders.
      Clean  Water Action  Plan  Goal
      Establish 2 million miles of conservation  buffers by 2002.

The first year.   The     f  U  t  U  T  6
   Watershed   Success    Stories    :   The    S
The Northwest Forest Plan, initiated by.
President Clinton, was established to
manage federal forest land, help people"
and communities, and improve ecosys-:
tcm health. The Plan sets out to manage"
25 million acres and improve water qual-
ity on public lands in Oregon,
Washington, and Northern California.
The holistic nature of the tasks laid out
In the Plan is leading to more effective
interagency work and decision-making
that brings federal, state, and local part-
ners together. The Plan gave $1.2 billion
In economic assistance to communities
during its first five years.
   WASHINGTON            1
   The Spencer Island Wetland Restoration t
   Project and Nature Pajk in SnphomisfT~~
   County recently restored a 50 acre tidal
      h and mudflats to provide food and
      ge_for juvenile salmon and other
  ,lfjsh species as well as habitat foFshore-
   birds with Clean Water Act funding.
                                      FEDERAL LANDS AND NATIONAL PARKS
                                      Federal landjnanagers are working fo protect Watersheds in
                                      our national parks and other valuabje federal*lands  Under
                                      the Action Plan, more than $30 million has been targeted
                                      toward improving water quality in  watersheds on federal
                                      lands andjittional parks.
                        CALIFORNIA                  T  —;  _
                        The San Francisco Bay/Sacramento San Joaquin DeTta estuary provides
                        drinking water to 20 million people irrigation water for^seven million acres
                        of farm land, and critical habitat for "more than 120 fish an3 wildlife
                        species. Due to these sometimes conflicting demands, habitats ^re in,
                        decline and fish populations are decreasing. Key. state and federal agencies
                        formed CALFED to reduce conflicts'in the Bay-Delta system by solving
                        problems in ecosystem quality, water:o,ualify, water supply reliability, arid
                        levee and channel integrity. In 1998, CALFED proposed a long-term plan
                        to address all these problems and directed'approximately $.100 million^.   "
                        towards ecosystem restoration activities. %»;.>:
                                         ^^   -BJU.
          NORTH DAKOTA
        £ The Bowman/Hayley Watershed Project
          has become a model for improving the
          quality of North Dakota s watgrs  Project
          efforts have focused" on controlling the
          flow of nutrients and sediments jrom agn
          cultural lands.^ Work with "local "farmers"
          and other slakeholdersjp increase, awagf  „
          ness ofthe impacts of polluted runoftdn
        - water quality has ted to conservation plans
          for over 50 percent of the watershed
          Some of the best bass_ fishing in Kansas™
          can be found along HillsdaifTCake So   t
          local  residents formed the Hillsdale Lake
          Water Quality Protection* Project to reduce"
          the runoff from farms and wastewater
          treatment plajjts entering the lake,, Today
          $1 016 423 in pollution control practices
          have been installed in the watershed alorig
          113 acres of waterways 33% 240 linear
          feet of terraces  10acresjS grassed buffer
          strips five livestock waste systems, and"
           *®'           -«   ^   Ze&egssy '      -ffifi-
          three constructed wetlands^ _ c
            -             _     te -^  _^  -  ,
              w  £*      »     » «i.-1t*  '
 COLORADO      _.'     *       lj
 The^Animas River Stakeholders Grofipjleveloped  a
wiodel to i^prove^ aquatic habitat in sou£jjy/estern_^   __ I
 Colorado  Local citizens have joined with federal sq   **"
 entists  state and  university biologists students and1  f
 land managers to^evajuate fiow to improve water qual
 ity while preserving the historical heritage of Ihis  area
 Clean Water Action  Plan funding and private compa
 nies and citizens have dedicated over $1 Sjpilhon in"
 reclamation and water treatment efforts         ^^
The lands of the 556 tribal nations encompass large portions of key watersheds in the U S  Inadequate wastewater treat-
ment and polluted runoff from tribal lands continue to impact watersheds on tribal lands and their downstream neighbors
Clean water and healthy watersheds are vital to the creation and maintenance of vibrant and stable tribal communities.

The Clean Water Action Plan seeks to provide assistance to tribal nations to begin the process of addressing these problems
• Watershed restoration activities are underway in a number of tribal watersheds,  including the Confederated Salish and
  Kootenai Tribes In Montana, the Umatilla in Oregon, the Seminole in Florida, and the Colville Confederated Tribes in
• Approximately $18 million in Clean Water Action Plan funds are being provided to tribes to assist them in two ways—to
  complete Unified Watershed Assessments and build expertise in water quality management and to address high priority
  sources of polluted runoff.  (Additional funds are provided to  address high priority wastewater treatment projects)
• 32 tribes submitted draft Unified Watershed Assessments and 18 have completed the process.
• Federal agencies have sponsored 5 workshops on the Clean Water Action Plan, Unified Watershed Assessments,
  Watershed Restoration Action Plans and will conduct additional workshops in February and March, 1999
• Approximately 200 Tribes are expected to  complete Unified Watershed Assessments in 1999.

                                 The first year.   T  K  6     f U  t  U  T  6
t     of    the    Clean    Water    Action    Plan
  Thanks to the Indian Cake Watershed Project, "the lake.
  is 400,percent clearer than it was in 1990  One
  observer attributes'rts success to the Project's ability to
  bring together_ all possible private and public interests
  to develop and implement the watershed manage-
  ment plan."  In a watershed that .is. 79 percent crop-
  land, the1ake"Fiad Iost35 ^percent of its"briginal capac-
  ity-j-filling with almost 80 tons of sediment annually
  As a result of the Project no tilffarming in the area
  increased from 6 percent to 79 percent_and 264 acres
  of filtet,strips have been,established and 1,600feet.of
  eroding streambank stabilized          ,	
  There are fnanjTefforts to clean up"pollution in the
  Mississippi Ritfer watershed to restore it to its historic'
 ".grandeur The Mississippi River Initiative is a coordinated™ _
  federal effortto T t *.

     f *
                             V  r
                              ,r.  *
                              it «•  "%
                — *T» * -*   - l'       *«*lPNi
                ...,  i*   -_*., *  j,   ^.ipr^i
             -** * twiv5 I^MPSH i RE *  ^
                 * Jn July 1998 Vice, PresiderTt fiore annOT^^fl 6
               ss=  ^million in federal resources to help speed the _^
                   "restoration of Ne*w Hampshire's SeacoasfTEsluaries*
              4g j-^andljebperfshellfish beds four years earlier than
Acid Mine Drainage was polluting the Lower
Cheat River in WesE Virgima'untjJ a working
group of local state and federal partners stepped
in to coordmate mitigation activities The Fnends_
of the Cheat, Trout Unlimited,,and Anker Energy
worked together with state and federal govern
ments to share information and resources in the
region The group called Ihe River of Pron^se^"*
has coordinated eight major mteragency water
shed improvement projects with a valufTbf $30
million in the last three years.  -    ~~
 On November 5 1998  the new Federal Agencies
 Chesapeake Ecosystem  Unified Plan was announced
 htexpands current restoration efforts by adding 50
—new commitments aimed at protecting the
 Chesapeake Bay region. The Chesapeake Plan .will
 help the living resources of trie Bay by targeting
 specific habitat restoration projects on federal lands
 and assisting state and local governments and pn
 vate landowners in similar efforts The Action Plan
 also addressed a number_of other issues such as
 nutrient and toxic pollution prevention and reduc
 tion smart growth policies for federal projects pro
 tecting priority watersheds and increasing public
 access to federal lands            _   """"
 'GULF OF                ^
  The Gulf of Mexico Program activities*focus on reducing *•
  excessive nutrient enrichment, protecting public health,
  restoring habitat, and reducing risks associated with
  harmful nonindigenous species Local, federal, and state
  stakeholders have focused more than $2 millionVon
  these issues.. In particular, excess nutrients has gamed
  national focus because.'the "Dead Zone", an annually
  recurring area of hypoxia (oxygen-deficient water) off
  the coast of Louisiana, has doubled over t0n years.
          In August 1998, the Clinton Administration announced
          that North Caro(Tna?eceived $221jriillion in federal aid
          to_help farmers reduce water pollution and the threat of_
          fish kills in the Neuse River The package—spread over.
          10 STB years—pays for 100,000 acres m agricultural
          "rJirfrer strips and olher measures to reduce runoff and
             vent outbreaks of harmful marine organisms      J*
 Py^Numeroujactlvities^are underwa^y to
        restore the Everglades watershed system
        Among these, the purchase of additional
        lands to expand the Everglades National
    ^  PanX the creation of 30,000 acres of ~
    " j/vetlands and theT-emovai of canals will
     *5?help to restore the healthy functioning of
     TjEnTs national treasure
                   AMERICAN HERITAGE
                   RIVERS INITIATIVE
                  ; This new program to assist com-
                   munities as they restore and revi-
                   talize their waters and water-
                   fronts, was announced by the
                   President last February  Since
                   that time, 14 rivers of national
                   significance have been nominated.
                   and chosen.  This program seeks
                   to cut red, tape and focus federal
                   programs to support community-
                   based plans whjch integrate eco-
                   nomic, environmental, and^hisr^
                   tone preservation goals

The first year.   The    f  U  t  U
                                    There are two main categories of agricultur-
                                al pollution.
                                • Crop production can contribute significant
                                 amounts of nutrients due to the runoff of fer-
                                 tilizers. Soil erosion and contamination from
                                 pesticides and herbicides are also of concern.
                                • Animal production can contribute bacteriologi-
                                 cal contamination to our waters as well as high
                                 levels of nutrient pollution, especially where
                                 animals are raised in strictly confined areas. As
                                 of 1992, there were approximately 450,000 ani-
                                 mal feeding operations in the U.S.

                                The Clean Water Action Plan and federal agen-
                                cies provide a number of financial incentives to
                                assist farmers, local governments, citizens groups,
                                environmental groups, and others as they work
                                to address water quality problems in local water-
                                sheds. A detailed listing of funding sources for
                                clean water projects is available on the Clean
                                Water Action Plan home page.
                         STATE REVOLVING  LOAN  FUNDS
                                 KEY ACTION  #73
         Billions of dollars are available each year to fund virtually any important
         water quality project. EPA has completed a nation-wide training program
         to expand the use of these funds for important polluted runoff and habi-
         tat projects.  Currently, 27 states are collaborating with state conservation
         offices, other state organizations, and local soil and water conservation
         districts to target SRF funds to high priority polluted runoff and habitat
         projects.  As of June 1998, these states had funded over 4000 projects
         worth nearly $900 million.                                        gn
                                   KEROMOTING CONSERVATION
                                   J  USDA is working with private insurance compa-
                                   jr^jiies and foundations to develop insurance pro-
                                   |Tr grams that will enable farmers and ranchers to
                                   r offset risks associated with new practices and
                                   ^technologies aimed at reducing or preventing
                                   I* pollution, two insurance products are already
                                   r available to help farmers reduce fertilizer appli-
                                   £ cations and pesticide usage.  Other policies are
                                   pjn the final stages of development and are
                                   ^"designed to reduce the use of fungicides and
                                   j,  promote the use of no-till farming methods,  fp
                                      REDUCE POLLUTION^ FROM ANIMAL
                                      ""*"""                          ''
                                            SSKEY ACTIONS  #81, 82        _
                                             > •*<> t -f <^-tjiwyu- *«jjift,* 'juMfrgmg^ftysHy.-^^

                                   p_ USDA and EPA have cooperated in the devel-   j
                                   |-ppment of a national strategy aimed at         '_
                                   |^ addressing these impacts while ensuring the
                                   I long-term sustainability of livestock production.
                                   |h this strategy's primary goal is to implement
                                   1. comprehensive nutrient management plans at
                                   fc^ all animal feeding operations by 2008.     |p|
                                                                                                            • Established Programs
                                                                                                            • New Programs in
                                                                                                              1998 & 1999

The first year.
                                           / U t U T  €
   This section discusses three major aspects of
protecting natural resources: wetlands, federal
lands, and coasts.

      What  are Wetlands?
    Why Are They Important?
   Wetlands are the link between the land and
the water. They are areas where the flow of
water, the cycling of nutrients, and the energy of
the sun produce a rich variety of plant and ani-
mal life. Over 50% of the wetlands in the con-
tiguous United States have been lost since the
time of European settlement. Wetlands provide
values that no other ecosystem can. These bene-
fits include natural water quality improvement,
flood protection, shoreline erosion control, and
habitat for unique plants and animals. Thus,
protecting wetlands can, in turn, provide a range
of benefits from safety to sustenance.

Source: Index of Watershed Indicators
                     Wetlands Provide Critical
                  Habitat for Healthy Ecosystems
                    Wetlands can be thought of as "biological
                 supermarkets." They are among the most pro-
                 ductive ecosystems in the world, comparable to
                 rain forests and coral reefs. The combination of
                 shallow water and high levels of nutrients is ideal
                 for the development of organisms that form the
                 base of the food web and feed many species of
                 fish, amphibians, shellfish, and insects. Many
                 species of birds and mammals rely on wetlands
                 for food, water, and shelter, especially during
                 migration and breeding.
                                       EXPAND THE WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM
                                                            i #38,',
                   The Wetlands Reserve Program is a voluntary program
                   which offers financial support to landowners for wetlands
                   restoration projects. During 1998, roughly 212,000 acres
                   were enrolled in this program. The Administration is
                   requesting additional authority so that as many as 250,000
                   acres can be enrolled each year.                «j»
    Clean Water Action  Plan Goal
    Reverse historic pattern of Wetland losses in the U.S. and
    achieve  a net increase of 100,000 acres of  wetlands each
    year by  2005.

                                 The first year.  The    f U  t  U  T C .
                                     What Does the
                            Clean  Water Action  Plan  Do
                             to Address Wetland  Loss?
                            The Action Plan contains a large number of
                        key actions aimed at halting wetlands loss and
                        beginning the difficult process of gaining acres
                        of wetlands each year. There are a number of
                        regulatory, financial incentive, and voluntary
                        programs to protect and improve wetlands. The
                        Action Plan seeks to strengthen and improve each
                        of these programs as we work toward the goal of
                        gaining 100,000 acres of wetlands each year.
                    KEY ACTION  #41
  Achieving a net increase in wetlands will require working cooperatively with
  landowners and communities to encourage and support the restoration and
  enhancement of wetlands while ensuring that regulatory programs result in
  no overall net losses. Announced in 1998, the Five-Star Restoration
  Challenge Grant is open to any public or private entity and provides modest
  financial assistance to support community-based wetland/riparian restora-
  tion projects and locally-based,  natural resource stewardship.           lit
                   KEY ACTION  #44
  Highways are a key part of America's transportation system, but they can
  have negative impacts on wetlands through draining, filling, and runoff of
  contaminants and eroded soil.  Through the Clean Water Action Plan, the
  Department of Transportation will continue to monitor wetland losses and
  gains and minimize negative impacts with the goal of replacing 1.5 acres
  for every 1 acre affected within 10 years. The federal highway program
  has already achieved a 120% gain in wetlands acres restored in 1998.  J
L                            STREAM CORRIDOR RESTORATION
                                      KEY ACTION  #61
                        ;  15 agencies collaborated on the Stream
                        j'  Corridor Restoration: Principles, Processes, and
                        ;  Practices (October 1998). The manual pro-
                        t  vides a sound basis for restoring the natural
                        I  ecology of streams and rivers.
                                                                          PROTECTING  FEDERAL LANDS
                                                                         _     KEY ACTION  #19     '  *
                                                                      The Action Plan asks the federal community, in
                                                                      cooperation with states, tribes, and other
                                                                     -stakeholders, to develop a Unified Federal
                                                                      Policy to improve watershed management on
                                                                     :. federal lands. Federal land and resource man-
                                                                      agement agencies will release a draft "starting
                                                                      point" in early 1999 to initiate public dialogue.
                                                                      Federal agencies will sponsor "listening sessions"
                                                                      around the country to facilitate this dialogue. «[§
              Federal Lands
    There are 800 million acres of land, includ-
ing some of our most valued water resources,
being managed by the federal government.
Preserving and protecting these natural
resources in a sustainable manner is a key chal-
lenge for the 21st century. The Clean Water
Action Plan seeks to build connections between
federal land and resource managers and the
greater water quality community, especially state,
tribal, and local partners. Federal land and
resource mangers have already utilized the water-
shed approach and built partnerships to protect
valuable land and water resources in several
major watersheds across the country: these
include the Northwest Forest Plan, Columbia
River Ecosystem Assessment, Puget Sound, San
Francisco Bay-Delta, Florida Everglades, Tennessee
Valley, and Lake Tahoe protection efforts.
                                                                       CLEAN  UP ABANDONED HARDROCK
                                                                            MINESJrrKJY A°CTtONJt.29_
                                                                            		    	-.,.,	-	   uA—UBSi
                                                                   t The Action Plan calls for the addition of 3-5
                                                                   £. abandoned hardrock mines to the clean up
                                                                   | program each year beginning in 1999.  Federal
                                                                   aL»i..                      .            .
                                                                   F land managers have worked with state, tribal,
                                                                   i and local partners to initiate clean ups ahead of
                                                                   f_ schedule. In 1998, 3 cooperative projects were
                                                                   *-- initiated in Colorado, Montana, and Utah.
                          12 watersheds in need of restoration will be
                          chosen to demonstrate these techniques in

                           The first year.  T  fl  6    f U  t U  T  €
              KEY ACTION  #31
  The Clean Streams Initiative is a cooperative
  venture between states, local watershed
  groups, environmental groups, and the coal
  mining industry that has resulted in 4 clean up
  projects in Indiana and Alabama.  Under the
  Action Plan, an additional $7 million in federal
  funds has been appropriated and will allow a
  significant expansion to occur in 1999.     m

  T           KEY ACTION  #35
  The Action Plan asks the Bureau of
  Reclamation and U.S. Geological Survey to
  assess the quality of reservoirs and streams
  affected by the Bureau's operations.
  Assessments have begun in 3 areas, Upper
  Klamath Lake, OR; Rio Grande/Elephant Butte
  and Caballo Reservoirs,  NM & TX; and Grand
  Coullee Dam, WA.                       A

L Federal land managers have restored over 3200
L miles of stream corridors, 68,000 acres of wet-
s' lands, 38,000 acres of forests, and decomis-
t. sioned 2099 miles of forest roads  and  restored
c 1400 additional miles.                    A
             Coastal Waters
    Americans are deeply connected to the coasts.
In fact, over 50% of the population lives in coastal
watersheds. Travel and tourism is the nation's
largest industry, employer, and foreign revenue
earner and 85% of all U.S. tourist revenues are
earned by coastal states. In addition, coastal areas
support major commercial arid recreational fish-
eries, ports, and a wide variety of industries.
    From an ecological perspective, coastal areas,
particularly estuaries and coastal wetlands, are nec-
essary to the healthy functioning of most of our
ecosystems. The Clean Water Action Plan seeks to
address two important factors affecting our
coastal waters. First, polluted runoff and nutrient
enrichment affect nearly all of our coastal waters.
                                                               YEAR OF THE  OCEAN
                                                                 KEY ACTION #58
                                                     1998 was the "International Year of the
                                                     Ocean."  The year provided many opportuni-
                                                     ties to increase the public's awareness of issues
                                                     affecting our marine environment.  Federal
                                                     agencies  sponsored numerous events, confer-
                                                     ences, and developed many educational mate-
                                                     rials. The President and Vice President  hosted
                                                     an international oceans conference in
                                                     Monterey, CA last June.                   |y|

The first year.   The    f U  t  U  T  6 .
                          The second major area concerns outbreaks
                      of harmful algal blooms such as red tides and
                      toxic Pfiesteria which affect many of our coastal
                      and estuarine waters. Harmful algal blooms con-
                      tribute to or cause thousands of fish kills involv-
                      ing millions of fish each year, and some harmful
                      algal blooms can cause health problems in people.
                          Because of the increasing pressure we place
                      on our coastal waters and ecosystems, we need to
                      place special emphasis on building partnerships
                      among governments, citizens, businesses, and
                      other stakeholders. Programs like the National
                      Estuary Program (29 estuaries currently enrolled)
                      and the National Estuarine Research Reserve
                      Program (22 estuaries designated) provide oppor-
                      tunities to organize efforts on a watershed basis.
                       KEY ACTION  #56
Under the Coastal Zone Management Act, coastal states and territories are
called upon to develop programs to preserve and protect their coastal
resources. The Act specifically asks states and territories to develop pro-
grams to reduce the impacts of polluted runoff. All 29 participating state
and territorial programs have been conditionally approved. EPA and
NOAA are working with the states and territories to fully approve these
important programs.                                             &m
                                        EMERGENCY R E SJf OJIS E JS:?!
                                    TFOR PFJESTE^AJ

                                  r Recent attention to outbreaks of Pfiesteria
                                  L along the east coast has highlighted the need
                                  I. for a coordinated federal response system to
                                  S--assist state and local governments during major
                                  fc outbreaks. This interagency Emergency
                                  p Response plan was distributed on August 18,
                                  I; 19^8 and will continue to be refined and
                                  jL expanded.                              |Q|

The first year.  T K  6    f U  t U  T  €  «
  Protecting Our Drinking Water

    The United States enjoys one of the best
supplies of drinking water in the world.
Nevertheless, many of us who once gave little or
no thought to the water that comes from our
taps are increasingly asking the question: "Is my
water safe to drink?" While tap water that meets
federal and state standards generally is safe to
drink, threats to drinking water quality and
quantity are increasing.
    The water that we drink comes from
streams, rivers, lakes, or from ground water wells
that tap underground aquifers. The costs of
treatment can be reduced or avoided by ensuring
that the sources of drinking water are safe from
    The 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act
Amendments placed a new focus on protecting
the sources of drinking water (rivers, lakes, and
ground water). States and tribes, in cooperation
with local governments, are to develop assess-
ments and protection plans for the sources that
communities use for drinking water. These
assessments will become available over the next
four years.

         Ensuring that Fish
            are Safe to  Eat

Americans are also increasingly concerned about
the quality of the fish and shellfish we eat. This
is an issue that affects us all, and poses increased
risk to the health of women of child- bearing age,
children, and people who for economic or cultur-
al reasons rely on locally caught fish. The issues
are complex - mercury and other long-lasting
pollutants such as dioxin and PCBs stay in the
environment and accumulate in the flesh and
organs of fish and shellfish. Bacteria and other
microbiological contaminants caused the  closing
of 31% of the nation's shell-
fish beds, accord-
ing to the 1995
National Shellfish
                      Public   Health
                        en federal agencies signed an agreement to provide assis-
                       tance to state, tribal, and local governments as they work
                       to assess and protect the nation's sources of drinking
                       water. Regional meetings are now being conducted to
                       define the needs of states, tribes and local governments as
                       .they complete these assessments and protection programs
                       and to specifically define how federal agencies can support
                       their efforts.		   ft
                        •. JLZ,' a," ?
                       Brochures highlighting the risks associated with consuming
                       large amounts of fish were developed in English, Spanish
                       and Asian languages and distributed in areas where locally
                       caught fish pose health risks.  More detailed information
                       has been developed and distributed to health care profes-
                       sionals.  The National Shellfish Register has been released
                       outlining the health of the nation's shellfisheries.      «fe
                          Ensuring that Beaches are
                              Safe for  Swimming
                     Americans want better information on the safe-
                     ty of the rivers, lakes, and coastal waters where
                     they swim. In the past information was relatively
                     difficult to find. Further, the standards and pro-
                     cedures used to monitor water quality and make
                     decisions on closings and warnings varied from
                     place to place.

                       The Beach Watch Web Site came online in May 1998 and
                     £;: provides the first national listing of water quality conditions
                     P at beaches and other popular swimming locations (where
                     f  that information is available). EPA has developed and will
                     h  soon release a Beach Action Plan to help guide local, state,
                     I;;  tribal, and federal efforts to improve beach monitoring and
                     j& notification programs.                           $j&

The first year.  The   f U  t  U T 6
Next    Steps—
1999   and   Beyond
                         The Clean Water Action Plan is a multi-year
                     effort with major actions continuing through
                     2008. During the first year, we made important
                     progress in laying the foundation for future
                     implementation activities and in implementing
                     solutions in many watersheds around the country.
                         The second year, 1999, is an important year
                     for everyone involved as we make the transition
                     toward full, on-the-ground implementation.
                     Below are highlights of activities scheduled to
                     occur in 1999.

                            Protecting Watersheds
                     • Watershed Restoration Action Strategies - Key
                      Action *98. States and tribes will be developing
                      Watershed Restoration Action Strategies in
                      1999. Action Strategies are intended to guide
                      restoration efforts in those watersheds that
                      were identified by the states and tribes as most
                      in need of restoration during 1999 and 2000.
                      Action Strategies will be used to target the addi-
                      tional funding, including $100 million appropri-
                      ated for polluted runoff controls. Additionally,
                      these Action Strategies are intended to help
                      guide the efforts, programs, and financial
                      resources of all levels of government in cooper-
                      ation with other stakeholders including agricul-
                      ture, citizen watershed groups, businesses, and
                      environmental interests.

                     • Financial Assistance for Watersheds - Key
                      Actions * 73,95,98,99. Financial assistance
                      programs play a major role in addressing today's
                      water quality problems. The federal partners
                      will expand and improve information available
                      on federal financial assistance programs avail-
                      able to help restore and protect watersheds.

                     • Watershed Assistance Grants - Key Action
                      *103. Additional funding will be provided to
                      expand the Watershed Assistance Grants pro-
                      gram. This program makes financial assistance
                      available to local communities to build capacity
                      for watershed improvement.
                               • Assistance to Tribal Nations - Key Action #101.
                                The federal partners will continue to work
                                together to provide tribal nations with technical
                                and financial assistance to improve water quali-
                                ty on tribal lands. Tribes will continue to devel-
                                op Unified Watershed Assessments, Watershed
                                Restoration Action Strategies, and will begin
                                implementing solutions to water quality prob-
                                lems. The President's FY 2000 Budget proposal
                                asks Congress to remove limits on the amount
                                of Clean Water Act polluted runoff funding
                                available to tribes.

                                   Improving information and
                                     Citizens' Right-to-Know
                               • Water Information Network - Key Actions *92,
                                93. During 1999, the first version of the Water
                                Information Network will be released to the
                                public.  Cooperating agencies and other stake-
                                holders will continue this multi-year project to
                                make a comprehensive set of information avail-
                                able to the public on the condition of each
                                watershed in the U.S.

                               • The National Watershed Forum - Key Action
                                *108. To support and help develop community-
                                based watershed efforts, up to 12 regional water-
                                shed fora will be sponsored across the country.
                                These regional fora will provide a mechanism
                                for information exchange and collaboration on
                                watershed protection and restoration issues
                                among diverse stakeholders such  as local water-
                                shed interests, tribes, and local, state and federal
                                government agencies.

                               • Blue Water Labeling - Key Action *69. A task
                                force, including agricultural producers, business-
                                es, and interested constituencies,  will make rec-
                                ommendations on  a Blue Water marketing
                                recognition program for agricultural products
                                produced under sound environmental manage-
                                ment guidelines.

                               • Tax Incentives for Clean Water - Key Action
                                *86. The federal partners will report on tax
                                proposals that would foster water pollution pre-
                                vention and natural resource enhancement.

                               • Smart Growth - Key Actions *83,84,85. An
                                Interagency Work Group on Sustainable
                                Communities will  conclude efforts to develop
                                federal policies to strengthen America's commu-
                                nities in conjunction with efforts to protect

                          The first year.  The    f U  t  U  T  6
    Addressing  Polluted  Runoff
* Agriculture - Multiple Key Actions. Work will
 continue in 1999 to address polluted runoff
 from agricultural sources. Conservation pro-
 grams, the National Buffer Initiative, and vari-
 ous funding programs (Environmental Quality
 Incentives Program, Nonpoint Source Grants
 Program, the State Revolving Fund Program,
 etc.) will address more sources of polluted
 runoff from agricultural lands.

• State Polluted Runoff Programs - Key Action
 *70. EPA, with the support of other federal
 agencies, will assist states, territories, and tribes
 to upgrade polluted runoff programs (nonpoint
 source management programs).

• Air-borne Sources of Water Pollution - Key
 Actions *75-76, The federal partners will com-
 plete an assessment of the risks associated with
 atmospheric deposition of nitrogen to water-
 sheds and work with appropriate stakeholders to
 address major sources of this type of pollution.

• Address Pollution from Septic Systems - Key
 Actions *77- 78. Septic systems and other
 decentralized systems serve approximately 25%
 of the U.S. population and are responsible for
 significant water quality problems around the
 country.  EPA, in cooperation with other part-
 ners, will develop information on onsite sewage
 disposal technologies, performance standards,
 and innovative technologies and management

• Storm water Regulations - Key Action *79. EPA
 will publish final regulations (stormwater phase
 II) and work with  states, tribes, municipalities,
 and the regulated  community to make sure that
 storm water control measures are implemented.

          Enhancing Natural
       Resources Stewardship
' Natural Resources - Multiple Key Actions.
 Building on the successes of 1998, a wide variety
 of stakeholders will continue to restore wetlands,
 address the impacts of forest roads and mining
 operations, and improve coastal water quality.

• Federal Lands - Key Action *19. The federal
 partners will complete the Unified Federal
 Policy to improve  watershed health on federal
 lands and begin implementation.
• Stream Corridor Restoration Projects - Key
 Action *61, Utilizing techniques contained in
 the new Stream Corridor Restoration document,
 the federal partners and other stakeholders will
 initiate stream restoration demonstration proj-
 ects in 12 areas.

• Identification of Essential Fish Habitat - Key
 Action *54. AH 39 Fisheries Management Plans
 will be updated and approved in 1999. Updated
 plans will include identification of habitat that is
 essential to fish and will include recommendations
 for conservation and enhancement measures.

      Protecting  Public  Health
• Public Health - Multiple Key Actions.  All of
 the public and private sector partners in the
 Clean Water Action Plan will continue to
 implement key actions to protect the sources of
 drinking water (rivers, lakes, and ground water),
 address sources of pollution that affect the qual-
 ity of the fish and shellfish we eat, and protect
 our beaches from pollution.

• Mercury Contamination - Key Action #2, EPA
 and other partners will complete a multi-media
 strategy for addressing mercury and other
 bioaccumulative pollutants.

• Contaminants in Fish - Key Action *5.
 Guidelines will be completed to improve moni-
 toring of fish tissues and improve decision mak-
 ing on fish consumption advisories.

• Safety of Recreational Waters - Key Action
 *13. EPA will initiate a multi-year effort with
 states and tribes to strengthen standards for
 microbiological contaminants to ensure that
 waters are safer for swimming.

The first year.  The    f U  t  U  T
Directory    of    Key    Actions
No.  Description
            Page No.
1    Fish survey - mercury/contaminants                       25
2    Multimedia strategy for mercury/other toxic pollutants       25
3    Contaminated sediment strategy                          25
4    Sediment recovery demonstrations                        25
5    Consistent fish monitoring/advisories                     25
6    Great Lakes fish epidemiology study                       26
7    Spanish/Asian seafood risk brochures                      26
8    Contaminated seafood outreach to health care professionals    26
9    Shellfish bed condition report                            26
10   Compliance/enforcement for sources of shellfish closures      26
11    Beach Action Plan                                      27
12   Internet information of beach closures                     27
13   Microbiological standards for beaches                      27
14   Compliance/enforcement for sources of beach closures        28
15   Drinking water source water assessments                   29
16   Compliance/enforcement for drinking water contamination   29
17   Endocrine disrupter evaluation study                      29
18   National Academy of Sciences - endocrine disruption         30
19   Unified Federal Policy on federal lands                     33
20   Maintain/relocate/decommission forest roads               34
21   Forest transportation regulations                          34
22   Clean Water Act regulations/pilot on forest roads            34
23   "Restore 25,000 miles of stream corridors"                  34
24   Forest health strategy (disease/wildfire)                     35
25   Assist states/tribes - forest health/water quality assessments    35
26   Forest health survey/monitoring - 50 States                 35
27   Rangeland allotment/monitoring/management             35
28   Rangeland vegetation classification                        35
29   Cleanup of hard rock mines                              36
30   Active mining operations watershed partnerships            36
31   Cooperative coal mine clean up                           37
32   Coal mining effluent guidelines                           37
33   Watershed assessments on federal lands                     38
34   Test watershed analysis process                            39
35   Assessment of Bureau of Reclamation impact on water quality 39
36   Review of federal licensing and use authorization             39
37   Avoidance/no net loss of wetlands in regulatory program      42
38   "Expand wetlands reserve to 250,000 acres"                 42
39   Increase Corps restoration by 50%                        42
40   Wetlands mitigation banking review                       42
41   Wetlands restoration in 500 watersheds                    42
42   Coastal wetlands restoration                              42
43   Restoration through enforcement                         42
44   50% increase in highway wetlands mitigation                43
45   Single wetlands status and trends report                    43
46   "Guidance on restoration, creation, enhancement of wetlands" 43
47   Tracking system for wetland gains                         43
48   Access to information for wetland planning                 45
49   Watershed Assistance Grants for wetlands                  45
50   Assistance to states and tribes for habitat planning            45
51   Response to outbreaks of algae/pfiesteria                   46
52   Technical/financial assistance to reduce coastal polluted runoff 46
53   Algal bloom strategy                                    46
54   Identification of essential fish habitat                      47
55   Beneficial use of dredged material                         47
56   Approved polluted runoff programs in coastal areas           47
No.  Description                                      Page No.

57   Build coastal partnerships                               47
58   Year of the Ocean                                      48
59   Develop multi-agency Coastal Research Strategy            48
60   Coastal monitoring coordination/report                   49
61   Twelve stream restoration demonstrations                  49
62   Two million miles of conservation buffers                  50
63   Four million buffer acres in Conservation Reserve           50
64   Partnerships for buffers                                 50
65   Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program notice/guidance 50
66   CREP assistance to states                                51
67   Marketing and promotion orders for pollution objectives     52
68   Insurance for innovation risks                            53
69   "Blue Water"marketing                                 53
70   Upgrade polluted runoff programs                        55
71   Anti-degradation guidance for polluted runoff              56
72   Enforceable state/tribal authority for non-point sources      57
73   Use of State Revolving Fund for polluted runoff            57
74   Numeric criteria for nutrients in water bodies              59
75   Better quantify atmospheric deposition                    59
76   Link Total Maximum Daily Loads to air emissions           59
77   On site system management guidance                     60
78   Centralized management of decentralized systems           60
79   Phase II Storm water regulations                          61
80   Target stormwater compliance/enforcement                61
81   EPA draft Animal Feeding Operation Strategy              62
82   EPA/USDA Unified National Animal Feeding
     Operation Strategy                                    64
83   Support local smart growth initiatives                     64
84   Total Maximum Daily Load credits for smart growth         64
85   Smart growth and National Environmental Policy Act       64
86   Tax incentive proposals                                 65
87   Develop monitoring standards and protocols                67
88   Report on polluted runoff monitoring/assessment           67
89   Nutrient input and transport model/estimates              67
90   Nutrient reduction tracking system                       68
91   Point source monitoring/reporting                       68
92   Internet-based  Water Information Network                70
93   Internet watershed health system                         71
94   Unified Watershed Assessments                          77
95   Federal support for unified assessments                    77
96   Identification of watershed restoration priorities            "78
97   Upgrade Index of Watershed Indicators                    79
98   Develop Watershed Restoration Action Strategies           80
99   Guidance on Fiscal Year 1999 resources                    81
100  Total Maximum Daily Loads on federal lands                81
101  Bureau of Indian Affairs assists tribes on water quality       81
102  Watershed Restoration Progress Report                    81
103  Watershed partnership grants                            84
104  Assistance to watershed groups                           84
105  National watershed awards                              85
106  Inventory of watershed training programs                 86
107  Compliance/enforcement on watershed basis               86
108  National Watershed Forum                              87
109  Support watershed program coordinators                  87
110  Increase collaboration among federal agencies               88
111   Government Performance Results Act goals coordination     88

  US Army Corps
  of Engineers
Lead Agencies

U.S. Department of Agriculture
(301) 504-2198

U.S. Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

U.S. Department of Defense
Army Corps of Engineers
(202) 761-1980

U.S. Department of Interior
(202) 208-6416

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(202) 260-5700
 US Department
                 Supporting Agencies

                 Tennessee Valley Authority
                 (423) 751-8455
                 U.S. Department of Energy
                 (202) 586-8505
                 U.S. Department of Transportation
                 (202) 366-5004
                 U.S. Department of Justice
                 (202) 514-2701
                                 The federal goverment is an equal opportunity employer

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          ice President Gore
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  11; i1 /a, '„;