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                                                            Clean  Water
                                                            State Revolving Fund

    FACT     use  U1  llie Clean Water State Revolving Fund
  SHEET    to  Implement Security Measures  at Publicly-
                         owned Wastewater Treatment  Works
    Every American needs to be confident that the
    discharge from their community wastewater
treatment plant is safe. Adequate protection of
publicly-owned treatment works (POTW)
conveyance and treatment systems has been an
important goal of the Environmental Protection
Agency's (EPA) wastewater program. Since the
terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, we have
received questions from states about the eligibility of
security measures for financial assistance through the
Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF).

While the events of September 11 have focused
attention on this matter, it is important to note that
POTWs have always worked to protect facilities from
vandalism and have monitored influent waste streams
to assess their vulnerability to industrial discharges.
EPA encourages state wastewater programs and
CWSRF programs to continue to work with POTWs
to help them identify their vulnerability to security
threats and vandalism and take steps to ensure
protection of the public health of their customers.
This fact sheet discusses the types of projects that
may be fundable through the CWSRF that will help
POTWs ensure the protection of their facilities.

What is the CWSRF program?

The EPA's CWSRF program provides grant funding
to states to allow them to assist POTWs to make
infrastructure improvements needed to protect public
health and ensure compliance with the Clean Water
Act. States may use CWSRF monies to provide low
or zero percent interest rate loans to municipalities for
wastewater infrastructure, including facility and
                                              sewer construction and rehabilitation, storm water
                                              management, and combined sewer and sanitary
                                              overflow correction.

                                              What can wastewater utilities do to ensure

                                              Water utilities can take straightforward, commonsense
                                              actions to increase security and reduce threats from
                                              terrorism. Areas in which to focus attention, as
                                              recommended by the Association of Metropolitan
                                              Sewerage Agencies, the Association of State and
                                              Interstate Water Pollution Control Administrators, the
                                              Water Environment Federation, and other leading
                                              professional organizations, include guarding against
                                              unplanned physical intrusion, making security a
                                              priority for employees, coordinating actions for
                                              effective emergency response and investing in security
                                              and infrastructure improvements.

                                              What security measures can be funded through the

                                              States may provide CWSRF assistance to POTWs to
                                              allow them to complete vulnerability assessments and
                                              contingency and emergency response plans. Many of
                                              the types of infrastructure improvements a wastewater
                                              system could need to take to ensure security are also
                                              eligible for CWSRF funding and may have already
                                              been included within the scope of infrastructure
                                              projects funded through the program to date.  Table 1
                                              identifies specific activities that POTWs could take to
                                              ensure the security of their systems and indicates if the
                                              activity would be eligible through the CWSRF

    ; Clean Water
    State Revolving Fund
What security measures cannot be funded through
the CWSRF?

It should be noted that maintaining a human presence
can be the most important security measure a POTW
can take to ensure that its facilities are protected.  The
CWSRF program cannot fund operations and
maintenance activities for POTWs and therefore
could not provide financing for an increased human
security presence. Likewise, the CWSRF program
cannot provide assistance to help a system purchase
the chemicals needed to increase disinfection.
Type of Activity
Vulnerability Assessments
Contingency/Emergency Response
Security Guards
Security Cameras/Lighting
Motion Detectors
Redundancy (systems and power)
Secure Chemical and Fuel Storage
Lab Equipment
Sewer System
Securing Large Sanitary Sewers
Tamper-proof Manholes
Eligible under
 Table 1.  Security Measures & Eligibility under the CWSRF Program
How will states fund POTW projects?

If a municipality is interested in obtaining financing to
implement security measures, the first step in seeking
assistance is to contact the state CWSRF
representative - who can be found on the Office of
Wastewater Management web site at:

Typically, any project that will receive CWSRF
funding must go through public review as part of
development of an annual Intended Use Plan that lays
out how the state will implement its CWSRF program
over the subsequent year.  States do, however, have
the ability to include procedures in their programs that
can allow them to fund emergency projects. Each
state should consider the proposals they receive from
municipalities in order to make a determination as to
whether the proposed improvement would qualify as
an emergency project that should be addressed

In some cases the types of activities that will need to
be implemented may have a longer time horizon. For
example, some communities are switching their
treatment process to  eliminate the use of gaseous
chlorine. This type of project, which may require time
for design and planning, will be on a longer timeline
than a project needed to install adequate security
fencing, and would thus go through the traditional
process for funding CWSRF projects.

Where can I find more information?

The Agency is coordinating with the water industry to
provide information  and technical assistance to states
and utilities to help during this time.  EPA is working
collaboratively with the Association of Metropolitan
Water Agencies and other groups to develop an
Information Sharing and Analysis Center to bolster

; Clean Water
 State Revolving Fund
coordinated notification and response to threats and vulnerabilities. For additional information, you can also
visit the following web sites:

                                     EPA Counter-terrorism

                    EPA Alert on Chemical Accident Prevention and Site Security

                           U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

                          Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies
                                     www. am sa-cl ean water. org

              Association of State and Interstate Water Pollution Control Administrators

                                     National League of Cities
                   www.nlc.org/nl c_org/site/newsroom/terrorism_response/index.cfm

              National Governors Association, Emergency Management and Terrorism
                                        if  2002  *
                                       THE YEAR OF
                                       ClEAN WATER


 For more information about the Clean Water Revolving Fund, or for a program representative in your State,
                                        please contact:
                             Clean Water State Revolving Fund Branch
                              U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                         1201 Constitution Avenue, NW (Mailcode 4204M)
                                    Washington, DC  20004
                           Phone: (202) 564-0752 Fax: (202) 501-2403
                       Internet: http://www.epa.gov/owm/cwfmance/index.htm
                                      Clean Water
                                      State Revolving Fund
Office of Water                             January 2003                        EPA 832-F-03-002