vvEPA

     &•
            United States
            Environmental Protection
            Agency
            Office Of Water
            (4204)
EPA 832-F-97-004
November 1997
Federal Funding Sources For
Small Community Wastewater
Systems

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Facts about
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                           Wastewater Systems*
       Pooled sewage from failing septic systems still plagues countless neighborhoods and small
communities across the country. More than a million homes in America still lack basic indoor plumbing,
and many communities with fewer than 10,000 people have central wastewater systems that need
extensive repair. All these conditions pose serious health and environmental problems for local
residents. Among them are communities and tribes throughout the United States, as well as native
villages in Alaska and economically disadvantaged areas along the U.S.-Mexico border.

       Working together, federal and state agencies, along with the small communities themselves, can
go a long way to help meet the wastewater and drinking water needs in these communities—and to
promote economic development at the same time. This publication highlights 10 federal programs that
help state, tribal, and local officials identify possible funding sources, whom to contact, and how to
apply.  Although this publication describes some drinking water programs, it focuses mainly on
wastewater.
Ten Federal Programs That Help

The federal agencies listed here offer financial and
technical assistance to help small communities plan,
design, and build water and wastewater systems.
Through these federal programs, thousands of rural
and isolated communities have vastly improved their
systems.

Environmental Protection Agency

CD Clean Water SRF.
(D Drinking Water SRF.

EPA's Office of Water manages two separate but
related water programs: the Clean Water State
Revolving Loan Fund for wastewater facilities and
the Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund for
drinking water facilities. Each of these federal
programs awards grants to states to "seed" revolving
loan funds that provide low-interest loans to eligible
communities to build wastewater or water facilities.
Community loan repayments go back into the state
fund to be loaned to other communities.
® Hardship Grants Program for Rural Communities.

Many disadvantaged rural communities cannot afford
the full cost of SRF loans. These communities can seek
help through EPA's Hardship Grants program, which
helps small, disadvantaged rural communities with
fewer than 3,000 people address their wastewater
treatment needs.

® Colonias Program.

This program makes grants to states along the U.S.-
Mexico border to provide wastewater facilities to
Colonias. Colonias are low-income, unincorporated
communities along the U.S. side of the border.


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     Federal  Funding Sources for Small Community
                          Wastewater Systems*
Department of Housing and Urban Development
(HUD)

® Community Development Block Grant Program.
Department of Health and Human Services, Indian
Health Service (IBS)

® Sanitation Facilities Construction Program.
HUD gives block grants to participating states, which   This program gives technical and financial assistance
allocate the funds to units of local government that
carry out development activities principally for
people with low and moderate incomes. Funded
activities include wastewater, drinking water, and
economic development projects.

Department of Agriculture's Rural Utilities
Service (RUS)

© Water and Waste Disposal Program.

RUS provides grants and loans to rural communities
with fewer than 10,000 people for wastewater,
drinking water, solid waste, and storm drainage
projects.
for the sanitation needs of American Indians and Alaska
Natives, including water, sewer, or solid waste disposal
facilities.

Department of Commerce

® Economic Development Administration Grants for
Public Works and Development Facilities.

Fundable projects include water and wastewater
facilities that promote economic development in
economically distressed areas.

® Appalachian Regional Commission *s Community
Development Supplemental Grants Program.

This program funds water and wastewater facilities in
13 states to create jobs and promote private sector
initiatives.
                                           n
                                               * The focus of this publication is on wastewater
                                               programs; however, descriptions of a few drinking water
                                               programs are included.

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     Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                     Wastewater Systems*
Contents
 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
 +  Project Grants
       Community Development Block Grant Program	  1
 U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service
 + Grants and Loans
       Rural Utilities Service Water and Waste Disposal Program	3
 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Indian Health Service
 + Technical and Financial Assistance
       Sanitation Facilities Construction Program		 .  7
 U.S. Department of Commerce
 + Project Grants
       Economic Development Grants for Public Works
       and Development Facilities  , ,	9
 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
 + Federal Formula Grants to States
       Clean Water State Revolving Fund Program	 13
       * Federal Formula Grants to States
       Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Program	 15
       + Formula Grants
       Hardship Grants for Rural Communities ,	17
       + Grants, Technical Assistance, and Studies
       Clean Water Act Indian Set-Aside Grant Program (Wastewater)	21
       + Grants, Loans, Technical Assistance, and Studies
       Colonias Wastewater Assistance Program	25
       ^ Grants, Loans, Technical Assistance, and Studies
 Appalachian Regional Commission
       + Project Grants
       Appalachian Supplements to Federal Grants-in-Aid 	27
                                  in

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                        Wastewater Systems
      State  Community Development Block Grant Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Department of Housing and
Urban Development.
Type Of       Project Grants.
                The Community Development Block
                Grant (CDBG) program gives grants
                directly to states, which then allocate
                them to small cities and nonurban
                counties. Grants may be used for
                community and economic development
                activities, but are primarily used for
                                 housing rehabilitation, public
                                 infrastructure projects—e.g.,
                                 wastewater and drinking water
                                 facilities—and economic development.
                                 Seventy (70) percent of grant funds
                                 must be used for activities that
                                 principally benefit low- and moderate-
                                 income persons.
What's
Funded?
States decide funding priorities, and
tailor the programs to their own needs.

Generally, fundable projects:

• benefit low- and moderate-income
  persons; or

• help correct or prevent public health
  and safety problems, slums, or blight.
There are three types of projects:

• neighborhood revitalization projects
  that emphasize private housing
  rehabilitation;

• economic development projects that
  can expand employment; and

• water, sewer, and other public
  facilities projects that protect public
  health and reduce environmental risk.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
      State Community  Development Block Grant Program
Who's
Eligible?
Eligibility varies by state. States
administer the state CDBG program.
HUD administers the Small Cities
program only for New York and
Hawaii, which elected not to administer
the program. States that administer
CDBG funds must distribute funds to
such eligible recipients as:
- villages;
- small towns;
- cities with populations of 50,000 or
  less;
- nonurban counties; or
- units of general local government
  that carry out development activities.
How to
Apply
Contact your state agency.  Each state
has its own application forms,
requirements, and procedures. States
must notify localities of opportunities
to apply for CDBG funds. Two
common methods of notification are:
  a public notice published in a general
  circulation newspaper; or

  a mass mailing to every eligible
  community in the state.
Program
Contacts
State or local housing agency:
HUD has approximately 42 offices
nationwide. See your local telephone
directory.  Local officials should
contact their state agencies, then the
appropriate HUD field agency.

Clearinghouse for more information:
1-800-998-9999, or visit the website
below.
Web site:
http:\\www.hud.gov\cdbg.htm
HUD Headquarters office:
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
  Development
Community Planning and Development
Office of Block Grant Assistance
State and Small Cities Division
4517th Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20410

Tel.: 202-708-1322
Fax: 202-401-2044'
                                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                        Wastewater Systems
   Rural Utilities Service Water  and Waste Disposal Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Rural Utilities Service.
Type of
Help
Grants and Loans.

The Water and Waste Disposal
(WWD) program provides both loans
and grants to rural communities (with
10,000 people or fewer) for drinking
water, wastewater, solid waste, and
storm drainage projects. RUS also
administers the "Water 2000" initiative
to bring safe, affordable drinking water
to all rural areas by the year 2000.
These programs are administered
locally by state and area rural
development offices.
What's
Funded?
Almost anything related to getting
water, wastewater, and solid waste
systems up and running in small
municipalities is fundable. For
instance, funds may be used to install,
repair, improve, or expand rural water
or wastewater disposal facilities.

Funding covers such things as:
- construction;
- land acquisition;
— legal fees;
- engineering fees;
- capitalized interest;
- equipment;
- initial operation and maintenance
  costs;
- project contingencies; and
- related costs for completing the
  project.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems

   Rural Utilities  Service Water and Waste Disposal Program
Who's
Eligible?
Eligible applicants include public
bodies and nonprofit organizations
such as:
- municipalities;
- counties;
- districts, authorities, and other
  political subdivisions;
- associations;
- cooperatives;
- nonprofit corporations;
- Indian tribes on federal/state
  reservations;
- other federally recognized Indian
  tribes.

To qualify:

« your project must be located in a
  rural area or town with 10,000
  people or fewer;
 your community is unable to get
 credit elsewhere at reasonable rates
 and terms;

 your project is economically feasible;

 you have no outstanding judgment
 obtained by the United States in
 Federal Court; and

 you have the legal authority to
 construct, operate, and maintain the
 facility, and can obtain, give security
 for, and repay the loan.
How to
Apply
File requests for WWD funds any time
of the year at any rural development
office in the county, district, or state.
Just follow these steps:

« Fill out the simple form, SF-424, or
  "Application for Federal Assistance
  (Construction)" to outline the project
  and the Federal help needed.
• Get satisfactory review comments
  from the appropriate state agency
  (usually takes about 45 days).

• Submit supporting documents, as
  needed.

Your local rural development office
can tell you which state agency covers
your project area and what supporting
documents are needed.
                                 Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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  Federal Funding Sources for Small Community

                     Wastewater Systems


 Rural Utilities Service Water and Waste Disposal Program

             Regional or local office: Contact your   Headquarters office:
             state rural development or rural utilities  U.S. Department of Agriculture
             service county or district office.       Rural Utilities Service
                                          Assistant Administrator
             Tel.: 202-720-9583                Water and Environmental Programs
             Fax: 202-690-0649                1400 Independence Ave., SW
             Web site:                      Washington, D.C. 20250
             http://www.usda.gov/rus/water/
~J Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
             Sanitation  Facilities Construction  Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services, Indian Health
Service,
Type of
Help
Technical and Financial Assistance.

The Indian Health Service (fflS)
Sanitation Facilities Construction
(SFC) program keeps an inventory of
sanitation needs in American Indian
and Alaska Native (AI/AN)
communities for use by IHS and
'Congress. The SFC program provides
funding for projects serving eligible
AI/AN homes. It also funds
professional engineering services and
technical assistance.
The SFC program works cooperatively
with tribes and other government
agencies to pool funds to meet needs.

Typically, SFC projects are designed
to:
• construct affordable sanitation
  facilities;
* provide safe drinking water supplies;
• provide adequate wastewater
  disposal; and
• provide solid waste disposal
  facilities.
What's
Funded?
Funded projects usually provide water,
sewer, and/or solid waste disposal
facilities to AI/AN homes. Funding
may go to provide first-time sanitation
facilities for new and existing homes.
It may also be used to upgrade
community water and sewer systems
for previously served homes.
Approved projects are classified as one
of the following:
« housing support projects, to assist
  new and like-new rehabilitated Indian
  housing;

• regular projects, to serve existing
  homes and communities; and

• special/emergency projects, to
  provide sanitation facilities for
  special studies and emergency
  situations (less than  1 percent of
  available funds).
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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     Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
             Sanitation Facilities Construction Program
Who's
Eligible?
AI/AN tribes, bands, or groups are
eligible for SFC funds. With the
support and participation of tribal
governments, the program benefits
more than 550 federally recognized
tribes and native groups living in the 33
reservation states. Facilities intended
for commercial and industrial purposes
are excluded by the program.
 How to
 Apply
Contact your respective IMS area
office. Sanitation needs inventories are
updated annually in consultation with
tribes.
Specific projects are funded based on
requests from individual tribes and on
inventory data.
 Program
 Contacts
Regional or local office: Contact your
nearest IHS area office located in:
                Billings, Mont.
                Portland, Ore.
                Phoenix, Ariz.
                Aberdeen, S.D.
                Anchorage, Alaska
                Albuquerque, N.M.
                Bemidji, Minn.
                Sacramento, Calif.
                Oneida, N.Y.
                Window Rock, Ariz.
                Oklahoma City, Okla.
                Tucson, Ariz.
                  406-657-6451
                  503-326-2001
                  602-640-2038
                  605-226-7451
                  907-729-3509
                  505-248-4596
                  218-759-3393
                  916-566-7001
                  305-682-3167
                  602-871-5851
                  405-951-3882
                  520-295-2580
Headquarters office:
U.S. Department of Health and Human
  Services
Indian Health Service, HQE, DFEE
12300 Twinbrook Parkway, Rm 610
Rockville, MD 20852
f ,—•»•/
!*>*•<
                                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for  Small Community
                       Wastewater Systems
                 Economic Development Grants for
             Public Works and Development Facilities
Federal
Source
U.S. Department of Commerce.
Tv0e Of      Project Grants.

    P         The Economic Development
               Administration (EDA) provides grants
               to economically distressed areas for
               public works projects, including water
               and wastewater facilities.
                                Projects must:

                                • promote economic development;
                                « create long-term jobs; and/or
                                • benefit low-income persons or the
                                 long-term unemployed.
What's
Funded?
Projects must fulfill a pressing need of
the area, e.g.,

« help establish or expand industrial or
  commercial plants or facilities;

« help create additional long-term
  employment opportunities; and

« benefit the long-term
  unemployed/underemployed and
  those with low incomes.
They must:

« have an adequate share of local
  funds;

• evidence firm commitment and
  availability of matching funds;

• be capable of being started and
  completed in a timely manner; and

• be consistent with the Overall
  Economic Development Program
  (OEDP) for the area.
 c? J  Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems

                  Economic Development Grants for
              Public  Works  and Development Facilities
Who's
Eligible?
                Those eligible to receive grants
                include:

                • states, cities, counties, and other
                 political subdivisions;

                • Indian tribes;

                « the Federated States of Micronesia;
" commonwealths and territories of the
  United States; and

" private or public nonprofit
  organizations or associations
  representing a redevelopment area or
  a designated economic development
  center.

Corporations and associations
                " the Republic of the Marshall Islands;   organized for profit are not eligible.
HOW tO
                Complete the following steps:

                • Call the economic development
                 representative (EDR) at your state or
                 regional EDA office.

                " Fill out a brief proposal form
                 obtained from the EDR, profiling
                 your proposed project and the
                 assistance needed.

                « Await EDR review of project.
                 Eligible projects go before a project
                 review committee at the EDA
                 regional office.
" If invited to apply, submit a formal
  application within 30 days.

Following a regional office compliance
and feasibility review, the regional
director will notify you of any award.
Review of processable applications
usually takes 30 days. Award decisions
usually occur within 60 days after
applications are received. Incomplete
applications are returned.
      10
                                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                      Wastewater Systems
                Economic Development Grants for
             Public Works and Development Facilities
Program
Contacts
Regional or local office:
Refer to your local telephone directory
for the Economic Development
Administration state or regional offices
in your area. Telephone numbers are
listed below:
              Philadelphia, Pa.

              Atlanta, Ga.
              Denver, Colo.

              Seattle, Wash.
              Austin, Tex.

              Chicago, 111.
               215-597-1072/
               1082/8733
               404-730-3012
               303-844-5452/
               4033
               206-220-7702
               412-916-5824/
               5217
               312-353-8143
Headquarters Qffice:
U.S. Department of Commerce
Economic Development Administration
Director, Public Works Division
Herbert C. Hoover Building
Room H7326
Washington, D.C. 20230

Tel.: 202-482-5265
Fax: 202-482-3742
Internet or e-mail: Mcilwain@doe.gov
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
            Clean Water State Revolving Fund Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.
Type of
Help
Federal formula grants to states;
loans made by states to eligible
parties.

EPA's Clean Water State Revolving
Fund (CWSRF) program provides
grants to states (and Puerto Rico) to
capitalize state loan funds. States
provide a 20-percent match. Each state
SRF then makes low-interest loans to
communities, individuals, and others
for high-priority water-quality
management activities. As money is
paid back into the revolving fund, new
loans are made to help others maintain
their water quality.

This federal-state partnership gives
states the flexibility to fund their
highest priority projects to improve
water quality.
What's
Funded?
SRF loan funds may be used to
improve watershed quality through a
wide range of projects. Loans may also
be used to protect groundwater
resources. While traditionally used to
build or improve wastewater treatment
plants, loans are increasingly being
used for:

« agricultural, rural, and urban runoff
  control;
« estuary improvement practices;

• wet-weather flow control, including
  storm water and combined sewer
  overflows; and

» alternative treatment technologies.

To receive funding, a project must be
included in a state's intended use plan,
in which the state outlines the projects
to be funded.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
                                                                 13

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
            Clean Water State Revolving Fund Program
Who's
Eligible?
The SRF program is managed largely
by the states; therefore, project
eligibility varies according to each
state's program, priorities, and
practices. Eligible loan recipients may
include:
- local governments;
- communities;
- nonprofits;
- individuals;
- citizens' groups; and
- others.
How to
Apply
Each state has its own application
procedures. Potential projects must
meet Clean Water Act and state
requirements to be eligible.
Interested parties should contact the
SRF coordinator in their state. Local
officials and citizens are encouraged to
communicate their needs to their state
SRF coordinators to get projects
considered for funding.
Program
Contacts
State SRF program:
For an SRF program representative in
your state, call the telephone number,
or contact the e-mail address or web
site below.

Tel: 202-260-2268
Fax:202-260-1827
E-mail: srfinfo@epamail.epa.gov
Web site: http://www.epa.gov/
efinpage/srfcon.htm (list of state SRF
contacts); or
http://www.epa.gov/ OWM (for more
information about the Clean Water
SRF)
EPA Headquarters:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Clean Water State Revolving Fund
  Branch
(Mail Code 4204)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20460
      14
                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
          Drinking Water State Revolving  Fund Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.
Type of
Help
Federal Formula Grants to States,
Loans, Technical Assistance.

EPA's Drinking Water State Revolving
Fund (DWSRF) program provides
states with grants to capitalize their
loan funds. States provide a 20-percent
match.  Each state then gives loans or
technical assistance to communities,
individuals, and others for high-priority
projects designed to meet Safe
Drinking Water Act (SOWA)
requirements and protect public health.

Many states have finalized their
programs and are expecting to receive
their capitalization grants. The
deadline to apply for 1997 funds is
September 30, 1998.
What's
Funded?
Fundable projects must first appear on
a state's priority list as part of its
intended use plan. While it is largely up
to states to identify and rank these
projects, guiding principles should
include SDWA compliance, public
health protection, and drinking water
pffordability—all major DWSRF goals.

Eligible activities, under federal
guidelines, are:

» projects to consolidate water supplies
  or restructure systems;
• planning and design costs; and

« projects to replace or upgrade aging
  infrastructure.

Any system receiving a loan must also
show it has the technical, financial, and
management capacity to operate over
the long term.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
           Drinking Water State Revolving Fund  Program
\VllO*S        Eligible systems are publicly or
                privately owned community water
HillglDlc.      systems and nonprofit noncommunity
                water systems. States must use at least
                15 percent of their DWSRF funding
                pool for loans to systems serving fewer
                than 10,000 people.

                Smaller, more financially strapped
                systems, such as mobile home parks or
                homeowners associations,
                                  may find it difficult to qualify for SRF
                                  loans. Therefore,
                                  • states can use up to 30 percent of
                                    their capitalization grant for that year
                                    to provide loan subsidies to
                                    "disadvantaged" communities, which
                                    they define; and

                                  • states can also set aside up to 2
                                    percent of the grant for technical
                                    assistance to small communities.
How to
Apply
Contact the DWSRF coordinator in
your state to learn more about program
requirements and application
procedures.

To apply for a DWSRF program grant,
states must submit EPA's standard
application for non-construction grant
assistance (SF-424). To allow
adequate EPA review time, states
should submit grant applications at
least 90 days before the end of the
period of funds availability. States
applying after this date run the risk of
losing funds because of reallotment
provisions.
Program
Contacts
State SRF program:
For an SRF program representative in
your state, call the telephone number
or visit the web site below.

Tel: 202-260-5557
Fax: 202-260-0732
Web site: http://www.epa.gov/
efmpage/srfcon.htm (list of state SRF
contacts)
EPA Headquarters:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Groundwater and Drinking
  Water
(Mail Code 4606)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20460
National Drinking Water
  Clearinghouse:
1-800-624-8301
      16
                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
         Hardship Grants Program for Rural  Communities
Federal
Source
U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.
Type of
Help
Formula Grants.

EPA developed the Hardship Grants
program to help small, disadvantaged
rural communities address their
wastewater treatment needs. States
identity eligible projects and may
commit a portion of their grants for
technical assistance; Designed to
complement the CWSRF loan program,
this new program will distribute funds
based on:

• the number of rural communities
  lacking access to centralized water
  treatment; and
• the rural per capita income in each
  state.

EPA will award grants from a $50
million funding pool to the states,
Puerto Rico, and U.S. territories. They,
in turn, will provide hardship assistance
to small communities.
What's
Funded?
EPA guidelines encourage states to
assist rural communities by
supplementing CWSRF loans with
hardship grant assistance. Fundable
projects for qualifying communities
include:

• the planning, design, and construction
  of publicly owned treatment works;
  or
« the planning, design, and
  construction of alternative
  wastewater services, such as on-site
  treatment systems—including septic.

States may also use hardship assistance
to provide training, technical
assistance, and educational programs
on the operation and maintenance of
wastewater treatment systems.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
                                                                17

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    Federal Funding S6urces for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
         Hardship Grants Program for Rural Communities
Who's
Eligible?
Any rural community with fewer than
3,000 residents can qualify for hardship
assistance from its state program, if the
following conditions are met:

• the community is rural;

• the community has no access to
  centralized wastewater treatment or
  collection systems, or needs
  improvements to on-site wastewater
  treatment systems;
 the proposed project will improve
 public health or reduce
 environmental risk;

1 the community's per capita income
 rate is less than 80 percent of the
 national average; and

1 the community's unemployment rate
 exceeds the national average by one
 percentage point or more.
How to
Apply
Communities should first apply for
Clean Water SRF funding for their
projects. Those that meet the criteria
for the hardship grants program could
receive a combination SRF loan and
hardship grant. To apply for assistance
under the hardship grants program,
your community will  need to contact
your state hardship grants program
representative to obtain:

• State-specific and national hardship
  grants program guidelines;
 application information for the Clean
 Water SRF and hardship grants
 programs; and

 information about how the proposed
 project may be added to your state's
 Clean Water SRF intended use plan.
       18
                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                      Wastewater Systems

        Hardship Grants Program for Rural Communities
Program
Contacts
State Hardship Grants Program:
Tel: 202-260-2268 (recording to order
program guidelines or obtain state
contacts)
Fax: 202-260-1827

Regional or local office:
For the name and phone number of the
hardship grants coordinator in your
state, contact the e-mail address or visit
the web site below.

srfinfo@epamail .epa.gov
Website; http://www.epa.gov/OWM
Headquarters office:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Clean Water State Revolving Fund
 Branch
(Mail Code 4204)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, D.C, 20460
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
        Clean Water Act Indian  Set-Aside Grant Program
                               {Wastewater)
Federal
Source
U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.
Type of
Help
Grants.

The Clean Water Indian Set-Aside
Grant program is designed to assist
Indian tribes and Alaska Native
villages in planning, designing, and
building wastewater systems. EPA
and the Indian Health Service (IHS) are
working together to administer the
program. This partnership makes the
most out of the technical resources of
both agencies.
What's
Funded?
This Indian Set-Aside program uses the
IHS Sanitation Deficiency System
(SDS) to identify priority wastewater
projects for EPA grant funding. Grants
cover most of the costs of planning,
designing, and building a wastewater
treatment system. Grants pay up to 100
percent of costs, with no matching
funds required. Eligible project
components include:

- interceptor sewers;
- wastewater treatment facilities;
- infiltration/inflow correction;
— collector sewers;
- major sewer system rehabilitation;
  and
- correction of combined sewer
  overflow.

Grants can pay for land that will be an
integral part of the treatment process or
ultimately used for disposing of
treatment residues. Grant funds may
not be used to operate and maintain the
wastewater facility.
Who's
Eligible?
Eligible recipients of Clean Water
Indian Set-Aside grants include:

» federally recognized Indian tribes
  with control over reservation lands;
  Alaska Native villages; and

  tribes on former reservations in
  Oklahoma.
      Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                       Wastewater Systems
        Clean Water Act Indian Set-Aside Grant Program
                              (Wastewater)
How to
Apply
To be considered for EPA funding,
tribes must first have their wastewater
treatment needs included in the EHS
SDS. Contact your MS area office at
least 1 year ahead of the year the SDS
list is due out. EPA will notify the
tribe—usually between February and
May of the fiscal year—if its project
has been selected for funding.

All necessary application information
may be found in the EPA 1989
Guidelines and Requirements for
Applying for Grants from the Indian
Set-Aside Program document and in its
\995Addendum, Contact the EPA
regional or IHS area office serving your
tribal area for help in filling out forms
and in clarifying project requirements.

Note: A companion Indian set-aside
program for drinking water is currently
under development. You may contact
your regional coordinator for more
information.
      22
               Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community

                       Wastewater Systems

        Clean Water Act Indian  Set-Aside Grant Program
                              (Wastewater}
Program
Contacts
Regional or local office:
The name and phone number of your
Regional Indian Set-Aside Coordinator
is listed below.

EPA Region I
(Conn., Maine, Mass., N.H., R.I. Vt.)
Debbie Kerr: 617-565-4886

EPA Region H
(N.J., N.Y.)
Muhammad Hatim: 212-637-3855

EPA Region IV
(Ala., Ga., Fla., Miss., N.C., S.C.,
Term., Ky.)
Walter Hunter: 404-562-9477

EPA Region V
(111., Ind., Ohio, Mich., Minn., Wis.)
Charles Pycha:  312-886-0259

EPA Region VI
(Ariz., La., Okla., Tex., N.M.)
GeneWossum: 214-665-7173

EPA Region VD
(Iowa, Kans., Mo., Nebr.)
Gerald Gutekunst: 913-551 -7484

EPA Region VIII
(Colo., Utah, Wyo., Mont., N.D., S.D.)
Terry Griffith: 303-312-6153

EPA Region IX
(Ariz., Calif., Nev.)
Loretta Vanegas: 415-744-1946

EPA Region X
(Alaska, Idaho, Oreg., Wash.)
Judy Fey: 206-553-1302
Headquarters office:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Wastewater Management
(Mail Code 4204)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20460


Tel: 202-260-7255
Fax:202-260-0116
Web site:
http://www.epamail.epa.gov.ow
.*•••«.;
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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                         Wastewater Systems
             Colonias Wastewater Assistance Program
Federal
Source
U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.

Note: Two other federal programs have
set-aside funding for colonias
assistance, including water and
wastewater facilities. Please refer to
the specific program descriptions found
in this brochure for:
 U.S. Department of Housing and
 Urban Development—Community
 Development Block Grant Program

 U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Rural Utilities Service—Water and
 Waste Disposal Program.
Type of
Help
Grants, Loans, Technical Assistance,
and Studies.

The Colonias Wastewater Assistance
program provides grants to states along
the U.S.-Mexico border to design and
build wastewater treatment facilities for
"colonias." These are low-income,
unincorporated border communities
that lack such basic necessities as
paved roads, safe drinking water
facilities, or wastewater sanitation.
Individual states administer these
programs and match EPA funds.

To date, funds have been provided only
to Texas and New Mexico.
What's
Funded?
The Colonias program funds:

« wastewater facility planning, design,
  and construction for colonias located
  within 62 miles of the U.S.-Mexico
  border;
  indoor plumbing improvements; and

  household connections to water and
  sewer facilities for low-income
  residents.
 •?? / Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems
                                                               25

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                        Wastewater Systems
             Colonias Wastewater Assistance Program
Who's
Eligible?
To be eligible for colonia assistance,
communities must:

• be located in Texas or New Mexico,
 within 62 miles of the Mexico border;

• meet income and other economic
 criteria established by the state;
 be unincorporated;

 exist before the adoption of colonia
 land use legislation; and

 lack basic services, such as water,
 sanitation, roads, and code-approved
 housing.
How to
Apply
If your community is interested in
funding, please contact the state agency
below that is responsible for
administering the program in your
state:

New Mexico Environment Department
Haywood Martin
505-827-2809
Texas Water Development Board
Fernando Escarcega
512-475-2068
Web site: www,twdb.state.tx.us
Program
Contacts
For general program information, call
or write:

EPA Regional Office:
EPA Region VI
1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 1200
Dallas, Texas 75202-2733

Tel.:214-665-7110
Headquarters office:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Wastewater Management
(Mail Code 4204)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20460

Tel.: 202-260-5841
Fax:202-260-0116
      26
                Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                        Wastewater Systems
        Appalachian Supplements to Federal Grant-in-Aid
         (Community Development Supplemental Grants)
Federal
Source
Appalachian Regional Commission.
Type Of      Project Grants.
               The Appalachian Regional Commission
               (ARC) offers grants in designated
               Appalachian regions within the
               following 13 States: Alabama, Georgia,
               Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New
               York, North Carolina, Ohio,
               Pennsylvania, South Carolina,
                                Tennessee, Virginia, and West
                                Virginia,

                                The grants are intended to create jobs
                                and promote private sector initiative by
                                funding water and sewer facilities.
                                Assistance is limited to 50 percent of
                                total project costs, except for distressed
                                counties, where the limit is 80 percent.
What's
Funded?
To be eligible for this funding, projects
must:

« be of high priority in the state's
  Appalachian development plan;

• be related to economic or community
,  development; or

• address residential needs in extremely
  poor counties.
Appalachian grants may be used to
provide supplemental funds under any
federal grant-in-aid program authorized
on or before December 31,1980.
Eligible projects include improvements
to water and wastewater facilities.

ARC can provide supplemental grants
in 94 designated distressed counties to
help meet local match requirements for
federal funding.
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                                                              27

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    Federal Funding Sources for Small Community
                        Wastewater Systems
        Appalachian Supplements to Federal Grant-in-Aid
         (Community Development Supplemental Grants)
Who's
Eligible?
               Eligible applicants include private and
               nonprofit agencies, states, and their
               subdivisions and instrumentalities that
               need funding for water and sewer
               facilities.
HOW tO
                      > aPphcants should:
                 Obtain an application form from the
                 federal agency sponsoring the grant-
                 in-aid program being assisted. The
                 form is required by OMB Circular
                 No. A- 102.

                 Submit the application to the state
                 member of the ARC for approval.
                 Include a transmittal letter signed by
                 the state member, and an executed
                 ARC Form 1.
All proposed projects must meet
requirements of the State Appalachian
Plan submitted annually by November
15. Guidelines and forms for funding
Appalachian development projects are
available from the local development
district director and the State
Alternate's Office.
Program
Contacts
               State office:
               See your local telephone directory for
               your Appalachian State office, or visit
               the website below.

               Web site: http://www.arc.gov
Headquarters office:
Appalachian Regional Commission
Executive Director
1666 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20235

Tel.: 202-884-7700
Fax: 202-884-7691
      28
                              Federal Funding Sources for Small Community Wastewater Systems

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