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          Concentrated
          Animal
          Feeding
          Operations
                Glean, Itlatesi, Act
                 M/hat Are the Federal Requirements for
                 Chicken and Turkey CAFOs?
                In December 2002, EPA revised the Clean Water
                Act regulation for Concentrated Animal Feeding
                Operations, or CAFOs. If you own or operate a
                chicken or turkey CAFO, you must apply for a
                permit. This pamphlet gives general information
                about what your permitting authority might
                require in your CAFO's permit.
 Other Pamphlets in EPA's CAFO Clean Water
    Act Requirements Information Series

Will My Operation Be Regulated?
EPA 833-F-02-006

What f\re the Federal Requirements for Swine CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-007

What Are the Federal Requirements for Dairy Cow and
Heifer CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-009

What Are the Federal Requirements for Beef Cattle and
Veal Calf CAFOs?
EPA833-F-02-0010

What Are the Federal Requirements for Horse and
Sheep CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-0011

What Are the Federal Requirements for Duck CAFOs?
EPA833-F-02-0012

What Are the Federal Record-Keeping and Reporting
Requirements?
EPA833-F-02-0013
                                                     How do I contact my permitting authority?
                                                     Visit www.epa.gov/npdes/afo/statecontacts for contact
                                                     information on your permitting authority.

                                                     Where can I get copies of these brochures and
                                                     more information?
                                                     Call the Office of Water Resource Center,
                                                     (202) 566-1729 to request copies of these pamphlets and
                                                     other documents. Call the CAFO Phone Line at
                                                     (202) 564-0766 with questions or visit the following EPA or
                                                     U5DA web sites.
                                                     EPA:
                                                     www.epa.gov/npdes/caforule
                                                     www.epa.gov/agriculture

                                                     USDA:
                                                     www.usda.gov
                                                            Photos courtesy of U5DA and U5EFA OECA
                                                            EPA 833-F-02-008
                                                            December 2002

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Is my chicken or turkey operation a CAFO?
Your operation is a CAFO if it is
an animal feeding operation
(AFO) and it meets one of the
following conditions
5ee the pamphlet
Will My Operation
Be Regulated? for
the definition of
an AFO.
Large CAFOs
Your chicken or turkey AFO is a Large CAFO if it has
at least
 S  55,000 turkeys
 S  30,000 chickens (liquid manure handling systems)
 S  82,000 laying hens (other than liquid manure han-
    dling systems)
 S  125,000 chickens except laying hens (other than
    liquid manure handling systems)

Medium CAFOs
Your chicken or turkey AFO is a Medium CAFO if it has
at least
 S  16,500 turkeys
 S  9,000 chickens (liquid manure handling systems)
 S  25,000 laying hens (other than liquid manure han-
    dling systems)
 S  37,500 chickens except laying hens (other than
    liquid manure handling systems)
                      and
 S  a man-made ditch or pipe carries manure or waste-
    water from your operation or
 S  your animals come into contact with surface water
    running through the area where they're confined

Designated CAFOs
No matter what size your operation is,  if it is an AFO, it
can be designated a CAFO. If your  permitting authority
inspects your operation and finds that  it's adding
pollutants to surface waters, your operation might need a
CAFO permit.

My operation is a CAFO. What do I have to do?
You  must apply to your  permitting authority for a permit.
Most states have the authority  to manage CAFO programs
and issue permits. 5tate CAFO programs are based on the
revised national CAFO regulation. You can use this pamphlet
to help you learn about  the minimum requirements for a
permit. You should contact your permitting authority to  find
out  what your state-specific requirements are and how to
apply for a permit. Check the insert to this pamphlet for
your permitting authority's contact  information.
What will my operation's permit require?
Your CAFO permit will require you to meet certain
conditions for your production
and land application areas. The
specific requirements of your
permit will depend on whether
your operation is a Large,
Medium, or designated CAFO.
The production area
is the area where
your animals are
housed and manure
is stored.
                          Requirements for all chicken or turkey CAFOs
                          You can expect your permit to require you to
                            S Implement a nutrient management plan

                            S 5ubmit annual reports to your permitting authority

                            S Keep your permit current until you completely close
                              your operation and remove all manure

                            S Keep records of your nutrient management
                              practices for at least 5 years (5ee the pamphlet
                              What Are the Federal Record-Keeping and Reporting
                              Requirements?)

                          Nutrient management plans for all chicken and
                          turkey CAFOs must include provisions for
                            S Assuring adequate manure storage capacity

                            S Proper handling of dead animals and  chemicals

                            S Diverting clean water from the production area

                            S Keeping animals out of surface water

                            S Using site-specific
                              conservation practices
                                                           The land application
                                                           area includes all
                                                           the land under your
                                                           control where you
                                                           spread manure.
 S Developing ways to test
    manure and soil

 S Assuring appropriate
    use of nutrients when
    you spread manure

 S Keeping records of your nutrient management practices

Your permitting authority might set more
requirements for any size CAFO.

Requirements for medium and designated chicken
or turkey CAFOs
Your permitting authority might set more requirements for
your nutrient management plan. These requirements will
depend on the permit writer's best professional judgment
and could be like the requirements for Large chicken or
turkey CAFOs.
Requirements for large chicken or turkey CAFOs
Nutrient management plans for Large chicken and turkey
CAFOs have more requirements for production and land
application areas.

Production area
 / Design  your production area to contain all of your
    CAFO's manure plus the  runoff from a 25-year,
    24-hour rainfall event (large storms). (Overflows
    from large storms are
    allowed only if your
    operation is designed
    and operated to meet
                                                               these specifications.)

                                                               Install depth markers in
                                                               liquid manure storage
                                                               structures

                                                               Inspect your production
                                                               area weekly and all water
                                                               lines daily

                                                               Correct any problems you
                                                               find as soon as possible

                                                               Properly handle dead
                                                               animals
                                                           Land application area
                                                             / Apply manure at rates that meet your permitting
                                                               authority's standards
                                                                                        New Large chicken
                                                                                        CAFOs
                                                        Must design your
                                                        production area to
                                                        completely contain all
                                                        manure plus the runoff
                                                        from all storm events,
                                                        or to contain manure
                                                        and runoff from a very
                                                        large storm. (Overflows
                                                        are allowed if your
                                                        operation is designed
                                                        and operated to meet
                                                        these specifications.)
                             S Analyze manure for
                               nutrient content at least
                               once a year

                             S Analyze the soil from
                               your land application
                               fields for phosphorus
                               amounts every 5  years

                             S Avoid applying manure to
                               any land within 100 feet
                               of surface water

                             S From time to time, inspect your land application
                               equipment for leaks

                           Transferring manure to other persons
                             S Keep records for at least 5 years on the date,
                               recipient, amount, and nutrient content of the
                               manure you transferred
                             S Information about the nutrient content of your
                               manure must be given to the recipient
                             5ome Large chicken
                             CAFOs may qualify
                             for equivalent
                             discharge allowances.
                             If you use innovative
                             technologies, like
                             treating wastewater in
                             your production area,
                             ask your permitting
                             authority about your
                             options.

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