United States Environmental
                                  Protection Agency
                            Office of Water
                     July 1992
                                    • An EPA Bulletin on Integrated Aquatic Ecosystem Protection*
• A Note from Bob Wayland

Every day I hear about more and more
watershed protection projects under-
way. It strikes me that, although these
projects vary in size and focus, they
commonlyaddressthreekey elements:

  •    Problem Identification,
  •    Partnership, and
  •    Integrated Action.

During problem identification,
watershed project teams attempt to
pinpointtheprimary threats to human
and ecosystem health and determine
the sources of these problems. Prob-
lem assessment is obviously impor-
tant while  planning watershed
 In This Issue,..

 Thumbnail sketches	,____
     Anacostia River
     Bear Creek Floatway
     Canaan Valley
     Elkhorn Slough
     Merrlmack River
     Pequeaand Mill Creeks
     Tomki River

 News Bits

 Announcement of
 WATERSHED '93-A National
 Conference  on   Watershed
 Planning and Management
management activities; but, it is also
criticalafter actions toprotectresources
have been implemented.

The dedicated effort of many partners,
often under the leadership of an indi-
vidual "champion," appears to be the
single most important element in the
success or failure of watershed efforts.
The best partnerships bring together
watershed to jointly determine the
problems in the watersheds, search for
consensus on the actions to be taken,
and then implement those actions in
an integrated fashion.

The multiple objectives that are con-
sidered by watershed management
teams can be clumped into two major
categories: 1) resource use, protection,
and restoration;  and 2) economic
growth and development.  Under
resource use, protection, and restora-
tion, teams are looking at such con-
cerns as: the quality and quantity of
both surface and  ground water, the
enhancementandpreservationof fish-
eries and wildlife, and the health of
land-based ecological communities
(forests, wetlands, etc.). Of course, the
viability of industrial, commercial, ag-
ricultural, and residential activities is
of paramount concern to  economic
growth and development.  State and
local objectives for the nature and loca-
tion of new facilities associated with
this growth should, then, be evaluated
when looking at resource protection.

It is no easy task to balance all of these
concerns and take actions that meet
our needs without placing undue
hardship on any particular segment of
society.   But, this  "sustainable
development," to use the lingo of the
day, can be accomplished and will be
accomplished best through true

Precisely because partnerships are so
important, we are asking several other
organizations to join in sponsoring a
national conference on watershed
management—WATERSHED'93. The
explicit purpose of WATERSHED '93
is to exchange information on water-
shed management approaches and
build partnerships.  We hope that
people representing all aspects of
watershed planningandmanagement,
from across the nation and from both
the public and private sectors will
attend. Conferees willhavetheoppor-
tunity to share experiences and build
new alliances; exchange information
on proven and emerging techniques;
and explorepast,currentand proposed
approaches for watershed protection.

See the announcement on WATER-
SHED '93 for more information about
the conference.  Hope to see you there!

          ^ Printed on Recycled Paper

 Page 2
         Watershed Events
                        July 1992
 In this highly urbanized watershed,
 freshwater streams wind their way
 through two large suburban counties
 mMaryland/and thenmix their waters
 into the tidal Anacostia River in the
 District of Columbia before emptying
 into the Potomac River. A significant
 portion of the river is confined within
 a constructed floodway.

 Over the past three hundred years,
 development along the Anacostia has
 resulted in water quality declines,
 blockage of annual fish  migrations,
 loss of forest cover and riparian areas,
 and near total loss of both tidal and
 nontidal wetlands.

 State of Maryland
 Montgomery County
 Prince George's County
 District of Columbia
 In cooperation with:
 Interstate CommissiononthePotomac
  River Basin (ICPRB)
 Metropolitan Washington Council of
 VS. Army Corps of Engineers
 U.S. Department of Agriculture
 National Park Service
 Washington Suburban Sanitary
 Maryland National Capital Park and
  Planning Commission
 Local governments
 Local citizens
 Environmental groups

 In 1987 the State of Maryland, Mont-
gomery andPrinceGeorge'sCounties,
and the District of Columbia signed
 the Anacostia Watershed Restoration
Agreement, establishing ambitious
goals to restore the degraded water-
vvaysandforestsof the watershed to as
near natural condition as  possible.
 Projects underway are designed to
 abate pollution from combined-sewer
 overflows, revegetate riparian areas
 and reforest upland areas, remove fish
 barriers, create wetlands, build and
 upgrade stormwater facilities to im-
 prove pollution control, organize citi-
 zens to dean up streams and make
 habitat improvements, and generally
 raisepublicawareness. ContactlCPRB,
 Anacostia Public Education Project,


 The Bear Creek Moatway in northwest
 Alabama is a 25-mile stretch of Bear
 Creek ideally suited for Whitewater
 recreationsuchasraftingand canoeing.

 In 1984, the floatway was dosed to the
 In response, Congress required TVA
 to conduct an assessment of the situa-
 tion/and undertakeappropriateaction
 to address the problem.

 The assessment indicated that the
 problem was two-fold:  1) several
 wastewater dischargers were violating
 their NPDES permits, and 2) multiple
 livestock operations were in the area.
 The wastewater disdiarges did not
 account for the level of fecal coliform,
 and thus, TVA conducted aerial pho-
 tographs of the area to identify and
 quantify the nonpoint sources of pol-
lution. Livestock operations  were
found tobememostsignificantsources
 of bacterial contamination.

Tennessee Valley Authority CTVA)
 U.S. Agricultural Stabilization and
  Conservation Service (ASCS)
U.S. Soil Conservation Service (SCS)
Local landowners

Once local livestock operators signed
up to participate in the program to
 improve their wastemanagement sys-
 tems, SCS visited each operation and
 identified it as a high, medium, or low
 priority. The  result was a targeted
 effort directed at the most significant
 sources of nonpoint source pollution.
 Oncepriorities were set, TVA provided
 fundingforcost-sharing with livestock
 operators. The funding was allocated
 through ASCS using existingassistance
 mechanisms. The waste management
 systems were designed by SCS and
 approved by TVA; SCS also oversaw
 the installation.

 The floatway was reopened to recre-
 ational use in 1990 after water quality
 monitoring indicated that it was safe.
 The deanup cost for the project was
 $1.2 million, one-fifth the cost of dean-
 ing up a comparable amount of waste
 at the local treatment plants.

 Cooperators in the project point to
 several key factors that contributed to
 their success,  induding:  multiple
 stakeholder involvement and support;
 a targeted, risk-based approach to
 problem identification; a driving force
 for action; a complete monitoring
 program before, during, and after
 project implementation; and a solu-
 tion tailored to match the problem of
 thatarea. These factors are fundamen-
 tal principles of watershed planning
 and management, and  demonstrate
 the results that can be achieved when
 incorporated into a comprehensive
 plan  of action.   Contact Gary
 Springston, (615) 751-7336.

The 35,000-acreCanaan Valley in West
Virginia, designated  as a National
Natural Landmark in 1975, encom-
passes a fragile wetlands complex con-
taining a unique  and irreplaceable
boreal ecosystem.  The Blackwater

 My 1992
         Watershed Events
                                                                                                 Page 3
 River, originatingin the valley's south-
 ern end, is an important source of
 drinking water and the largest stream
 complex in the State with a self-sus-
 taining brown trout population.

 The valley and its resources attract a
 wide spectrum of often competing in-
 terests.  For example, a power com-
 pany proposes flooding 7,000 acres of
 the valley; real estate developers plan
 to  increase the number of vacation
 homes, golf courses, ski slopes and
 condominiums; a major off-road ve-
 hicle race, called the Blackwater 100, is
 held in tine valley annually; and natu-
 ral resource conservationists strive to
 protect rare plants, and wildlife habi-
 tat, including wetlands.

 U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency
 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
 U.S. Soil Conservation Service
 U.S. Geological Survey
 West Virginia Division of Natural
 West Virginia Division of Environ-
  mental Protection
 Tucker County Planning Commission
 Tucker County Development
 Tucker County Chamber of
 Landowner associations
 Development interest organizations
 Environmental organizations
 Recreational interest groups

 Inl990,thepartners formed fheCanaan
 Valley Task Force to resolve a broad
spectrum of issues, ensuring long-term
environmental protection while  al-
lowing reasonable sustainable eco-
nomic growth. Earlyaccomplishments
are: a study of the impacts of off-road
 vehicles; a study of the economic im-
pact of the proposed Canaan Valley
 National Wildlife Refuge; suspension
 of certain nationwide general permits
 for discharges of dredged or fill mate-
 identification of wetlands and estab-
 lishment of a wetlands surveillance
 program; and implementation of a
 public outreach program.

 A key accomplishment from the per-
 spective of the residents is that the task
 force has established an open, effec-
 tive, and regular dialogue among all
 levels of government, special interest
 organizations, and the public.  In ad-
 dition, this project has beenrecognized
 by the  National Environmental
 Awards Council of Renew America as
 beingamodel watershed program that
 organized community support to suc-
 cessfully meet current environmental
 challenges. Contact Richard Pepino,
 U.S. EPA Region ffl, (215) 597-1181.

The Elkhorn Slough winds through
farmlands and small communities for
nearly seven miles inland from the
California coast .between Santa Cruz
and Monterey.  Encompassing 2,500
acres of salt marsh, mudflat, and tidal
channels, it is the largest wetland in
central California, and provides im-
portant habitat for a myriad of birds
and other species.

In a state where 90 percent of the wet-
lands have been permanently lost, the
Elkhorn Slough was under pressure
for development. In the 1950s, a local
master plan included a deep water
port, oil tanker terminal, oilprocessing
facilities, a nuclear power plant, sev-
eral pleasure boat harbors, a freeway
across the slough, and masses of con-
dominiums andhouses. Noneof these
havematerialized,dueto theconcerted
efforts of individuals and  organiza-
 tionsoverthe years. By 1979,theslough
 had been designated a National Es-
 tuarine Sanctuary, and by 1991 more
 than 3,600 acres of the slough and its
 uplands had been acquired for pro-

 Challenges still remain, however, to
 protect the slough from erosion and
 degradation from pollutants carried in
 wet weather runoff. Jetties once con-
 structed tokeepthemouthoftheslough
 open causemassive tidal scouring, and
 pesticide runoff from local farms
 threatens the health of the slough's
 natural resources.

 California Regional Water Quality
  Control Board
 California Department of Fish and
 California Coastal Commission
 California Coastal Conservancy
 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
 U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency
 National Oceanic and Atmospheric
 Local farmers
 Local governments
 Local industry
 Elkhorn Slough Foundation
 Moss Landing Marine Lab
 The Nature Conservancy

 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
 may place a shelf of huge boulders
 across  the slough bottom to reduce
 tidal scouring.  They also are using
 computer models to evaluate several
 other possible mitigation approaches.

 Abroad coalitionofstientists^armers,
 environmentalistsand theStateCoastal
Conservancy are experimenting with
pests and, at the same time, protect
wetlands and water quality. Contact
Suzanne  Marr, U.S.  EPA Region IX,
 (415) 744-1974.

Page 4
        Watershed Events
                        July 1992

The Merrimack River watershed cov-
ers 5,010 square miles in Massachu-
setts and New Hampshire. More than
300,000 people rely on the river for
drinking water. The river also pro-
vides water for industrial and agricul-
tural uses andservestoassimilate waste
and generate electricity. Many people

Wastewater discharges, toxic  con-
taminants, urban runoff, increased
water withdrawal, and wetlands loss
are the primary threats to long-term
water quality and ecological integrity.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts
State of New Hampshire
New England Interstate Water
  Pollution Control Commission
US. EnvironmentalProtedion Agency
US. Department of the Interior
US. Army Corps of Engineers
US. Department of Agriculture
Merrimack River Watershed Council
Regional planning agencies
Local governments
Industries and utilities
Agricultural, environmental,
  recreational and watershed

The  Merrimack River watershed
pollution prevention. For the portions
of theriver that suffer from poor water
quality, a strategy for meeting compli-
ancestandardsisbeingdeveloped. To
protect the watershed from degrada-
tion, thegroupisworking to implement
laws that will protect the resources. In
addition, the group tackles water
quantity issues, develops data man-
agement systems, and strives to bal-
ance competing needs within the wa-
tershed. Afewprojectsalreadyunder-
way aim to: provide decision makers
with information on the extent and
condition of wetlands in order to pro-
tect the most valuable areas; help light
industries, such as auto repair shops,
dry cleaners or photofinishers, under-
stand what steps they can take to pre-
vent pollution; and, provide decision
makers with information about po-
tential contamination of water sup-
plies,helping them to focus regulatory
activities, such as inspections and per-
mitting, to prevent pollution and plan
for emergency response. Contact Bob
Mendoza, U.S. EPA Region I, (617)

Located in the heart of Pennsylvania
Dutch country, the Pequea and Mill
Creeks watershed covers 135,000 acres
in southeastern Pennsylvania. Large
dolomite and limestone aquifers yield
asignificant quantity of ground water,
but are also particularly vulnerable to
contamination. While ground water is
the primary source of drinking and
livestock water, people in the area also
depend upon the creeks for drinking
water, irrigation, boating, fishing, wa-
ter sports, wildlife habitat, and indus-

Agriculture is the predominant land
use in the watershed; 63 percent of the
land is  devoted to cropland and 13
percent to pasture. The watershed has
55,000 dairy cattle, 5,500,000 poultry,
and 122,000 swine.  According to the
Pennsylvania Department of Environ-
mental Resources, 58.5 stream miles
within the watershed have been de-
graded by agricultural storm runoff.
Cropland is eroding at an alarmingly
high rate; high concentrations of ni-
trates, nitrate-nitrogen, and ammonia
nitrogen in surface and ground water
are suspected of causing high abortion
rates and lowered milk production in
local dairy herds; and pesticide con-
taminationof the water has been docu-
mented. Human health, especially the
healthof infants under sixmonths,and
livestock health are at risk.

Lancaster County Conservation
Lancaster County Planning
Pennsylvania Agronomic Products
Pennsylvania Dept. of Agriculture
Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental
Pennsylvania Game Commission
Pennsylvania Fish Commission
Perm State Cooperative Extension
U.S. Agricultural Stabilization and
  Conservation Service
U.S. Soil Conservation Service
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. Geological Survey
Local consulting firms
Environmental advocacy groups
Local farmers

reduce nutrients, bacteria, and pesti-
cide contamination to  surface and
ground waters and controlsedimenta-
tion from runoff and erosion.  Geo-
graphicInformationSystems (GIS) will
identify those areas of high risk for
contamination of drinking water, and
ground water management plans will
be developed.

The watershed has been designated as
a high priority nonpoint source wa-
tershed in Pennsylvania and as a na-
tional U.S. Department of Agriculture
(USDA) Hydrologic Unit project. The

July 1992
         Watershed Events
                           Page 5
                                                                                NEWS BITS
 watershed initiative is receiving accel-
 erated financial and technical assis-
 tance under the USDA Water Quality
 Initiative, as well as funding and sup-
 port fromEPA'snonpointsourceman-
 agement program under Clean Water
 Act(CWA)Section319and the ground
 water program under CWA Section
 106, the Pennsylvania Department of
 Environmental Resources  and U.S.
 Geological Survey.  Contact Fred
 Suffian, U.S. EPA Region HI, (215) 597-

For eleven years, a collaborative effort
of local landowners, county, state and
federal agencies have been working to
restore the Tomki River watershed in
Mendocino County, California. This
40,000-acre watershed, with its tribu-
tary to the Eel River, is primarily pri-
vately owned upland  forest and
rangeland, and faces problems com-
mon to the streams and rivers of the
north coast of California.

Watershed instability and water qual-
ity problems in the area are caused by
sediment from historic logging, graz-
ing, and road building practices.  In
1981,theMendocinoCounty Resource
Conservation District received a 208
Water Quality Planning Grant to con-
duct an erosion inventory as part of its
watershed planning effort. This  in-
ventory documented thatTomkiCreek
receives 21,000 cubic  yards of sedi-
ment each year. According to water-
shed planners, this is enough sediment
to cover the city block on which the
Mendocino County Courthouse sits
with sediment fourteen feet  deep.
Heavy loads of sediment have im-
paired the area's cold water fishery, by
smothering spawning and  rearing
habitat, and resulted in serious eco-
nomic loss.

State Water Resources Control Board/
  California Regional Water Quality
Mendocino County Resource
  Conservation District
U.S. Soil Conservation Service
U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency
Local citizens
Local governments
Landowner associations

Since 1983, many of the players listed
above have implemented the Tomki
CreekWatershedPlan. TheplancaUed
for basic watershed restoration, and
many projects over the years have fo-
cused on implementation of erosion
control practices. Primary emphasis
has been put on bioengineering prac-
tices that integrate rock and wooden
structures with living plants to slow
the water velocity and permit reveg-

Support for these projects has come
pollution control, state fish and game
restorations funds, agricultural con-
servation programs, and private land-
owners. Contact Jovita Pajarillo, U.S.
EPA Region IX, (415) 744-2011.
EPA and ASWIPCA to Develop
State Watershed Protection
EPA's Office of Wetlands, Oceans and
Watersheds and Office of Wastewater
Enforcement and Compliance have
awarded a  cooperative agreement to
The Association of State and Interstate
Water Pollution Control Administra-
tors (ASIWPCA) to assist in develop-
ing a model framework for the water-
shed protection approach. State and
interstate experiences with watershed
approaches will be evaluated prior to
developing the model.   The model
framework will then be piloted in in-
terested states and refined further as
needed. An initial meeting with those
states already engaged in watershed
approaches is scheduled for mid-Au-
gust.  Contact Sandy Germann, (202)

AMSA Advocates Watershed
From July  21-23, the Association of
Metropolitan  Sewerage Agencies
(AMSA) held a conference entitled
"Comprehensive Watershed Manage-
ment - Moving form Promising Strat-
egies to Successful Realities." At the
conference, AMSA unveiled proposed
legislation that would:
 •  Requirestatestoselectwatersheds
    every five years for targeted ac-

 •  EstablishWatershedCommissions
    in each  of those watersheds;
 •  Establish a timeline for character-
    izing the watersheds and for de-
    veloping comprehensive plans;
 •  Establish "minimum standards of
    operation" for point and nonpoint
    sources within the selected water-
For more information contact Paula
Dannenfeldt at AMSA, (202) 833-

Page 6
        Watershed Events
                        July 1992
1992 Geography Awareness
Week Focuses on Water
This year's theme for the National Ge-
ographic Society's (NGS) Annual Ge-
ography Awareness Week, to be
held in November, is Geography: Re-
flections on Water.  In preparation for
Handbook and held a training work-
shop in July that was attended by 2
teachers from every statein thenation.
EPA staff contributed to and reviewed
the handbook, and EPA's Assistant
Administrator for Water Lajuana
Wilcherspokeatthe workshop. NGS's
focus on water wiJlincrease awareness
of water issues and encourage active
participation in protecting water re-
sources. Contact Janet Pawlukiewicz,

Groundwater Guidance Issued
The draftNational Guidance for Compre-
hensive State Ground  Water Protection
Programs is now available from EPA's
Ground Water ProtectionDivision. The
to develop comprehensive, cross-pro-
gram methods of protecting ground
waterresources. Such comprehensive
tifyingground water resourcesinneed
of protection within watersheds. The
Agency is conducting an outreach ef-
fort with other Federal agencies, the
states, and others to obtain comments
on the draft guidance during July and
August. ContactRoy Simon, (202) 260-

 OWOW Publication List
An annotated list that provides order-
ing information on both general and
technical OWOW publications is now
available.  To obtain a copy of the
OWOW Publications List call  Anne
Robertsonat(202) 260-9112. Asalways,
documents related to wetlands can be
obtained through  the Wetlands
Hotline, 1-800-832-7828.
National Meeting Held to Advance
Point/Nonpoint  Source Trading
More than 125 representatives from
Federal, state, and local governments,
industry, agriculture, municipalities,
and  environmental groups met in
Durham, North Carolina, April 27-28,
to discuss the feasibility of point/
better, more cost-effective water qual-
ity control. The intent of such trading
is to spread the cost burden among all
pollutantsourcesbuttorequire greater
reductions from those who can more
easily and cost-effectively  decrease
their pollutant loads.

The meeting began with examples of
trading activities currently underway.
Presentations followed that dealt with
barriers and opportunities for trading
activities. Attendees divided into six
workgroups and discussed, selected
and  addressed what their members
considered to be the most difficult is-
sues facing the concept of trading. The
overall conclusion was that point/
nonpoint trading is a good idea that
should be pursued despite the serious
scientific and programmatic barriers
that exist. EPA has committed to de-
veloping an Agency policy statement
on point/nonpoint source trading
which should be available this sum-
mer.  Contact Don Brady, (202) 260-

Management Planf or Buzzards Bay
EPA Administrator Bill Reilly pre-
sented the signed Buzzards Bay Com-
Plan (CCMP) approval letters to the
Buzzards Bay staff at a meeting in
Boston on April 20. In addition to the
Buzzards Bay Projectstaff , themeeting
was attended by Julie Belaga, EPA
Management Program. Buzzards Bay,
located between Cape Cod and the
southern coast of mainland Massa-
chusetts, is the second National Estu-
ary Program  (NEP) to complete its
CCMP.  Puget Sound, located off the
coast of Washington, was the first to
complete its CCMP which was signed
in the Fall of 1991.

The CCMP identifies three priority
problems for Buzzards Bay. These are
pathogens associated with the im-
proper treatment or disposal of hu-
man wastes and thesubsequenthealth
risks and closures of shellfish  beds;
excessive nutrient inputs to the bay
and their potential for degrading wa-
ter quality and causing loss of habitat;
and contamination of fish, shellfish,
and lobsters by toxic substances. De-
velopment of this CCMP has resulted
in some major accomplishments in-
cluding creation and adoption of the
country's first zoning overlay protec-
tion district specifically intended to
limit nitrogen entering marine waters;
creation of the Buzzards Bay Action
Committee to exchange innovative
approaches and strategies among 13
municipalities and develop regional
solutions (thisis thefirstregional orga-
nization of its type in Buzzards Bay);
and incorporation of  enforceable
CCMP elements into the Massachu-
setts Coastal Zone Management Pro-
gram, thus ensuring long-term com-
mitment to implementation from state
agencies. Contact: Margherita Pryor,
(202) 260-9176.

Numerous Nominations to the NEP
The NEP's growing popularity is evi-
dent by thelarge response to the solici-
tation for nominations of new estuar-
ies to the program.  With only three
openings in the program, tencomplete
nomination packages were received
by the April 20th deadline. Complete
nomination packages arrived from
Morro  Bay, CA; Mobile  Bay, AL;
TX; Maryland Coastal Bays; Gulf of
Maine;  Barnegat Bay, NJ; Savannah
River, SC and GA;  Lower St. John's

July 1992
                                        Watershed Events
                          Page 7
River, FL; and San Juan Harbor, PR.
EPAstaff are busy conducting the pre-
liminary review of all nominations
which is scheduled to be completed by
July 31.  The Administrator is sched-
uled to announce in September which
nominations willbe accepted to fill the
three NEP openings.  Contact Mark
Curran, (202) 260-8483.

Agenda 21 Signed at UNCED
The signing of Agenda 21 was one of
the major highlights at the United Na-
tions Conference on Environment and
Development (UNCED)heldinRiode
Janeiro, Brazil in June.  As reported in
the last edition of Watershed Events,
Agenda 21 can best be described as a
worldwide strategic plan for environ-
mental protection, and includes chap-
ters on both freshwater  and marine
                                resources. Theplahcallsfor "dynamic,
                                approaches" to water resource man-
                                agement and in many sections pro-
                                motes a watershed approach.

                                EPA and U.S. Army Corps of Engi-
                                neers Hold Workshop on Multi-
                                Objective River Basin /Watershed
                                Planning and Management
                                TheCorpsof Engineers (COE) Institute
                                for Water Resources and EPA's Office
                                of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds
                                sponsored a two-day workshop, June
                                24-25, on multi-objective river basin/
                                watershedplanningand management.
                                asked to share experiences and iden-
                                tify opportunities to improve interac-
                                tion between local and state govern-
ment with Federal agencies involved
in watershed issues.  Key follow-up
actions that EPA and the COE have
agreed to undertake are:
 • Review multi-objective planning
   techniques, data and information
   sources, and training activities.
 • Document Federal/non-Federal
   and public/private interactions in
   watershed planning and manage-
 • Periodically disseminate research
   results and identify research and
   policy study needs through ap-
   propriate forums. (See announce-
   ment on WATERSHED '93--A
   National Conference on  Water-
   shed Planning and Management.)
For more information, contact Glenn
Eugster (202) 260-6045.


  Who Should Attend
                      *-A. National Conference,on Watershed Management--

                        March 21-24,1993

                        The Radisson Plaza Hotel at Mark Center (Alexandria, VA)

                        Anyone involved in watershed planning and management—government officials
                        at all levels, representatives of the environmental, recreational, industrial,
                        agricultural, and business communities—theorists and practitioners. Expected
                        attendance-500-600 people,

WATERSHED *93 will address many of the thorny questions associated with watershed planning and

          *   tswafcershed-4>asedplanningand managementakeytomeetinga widerangeof needs and
              ensuring sustainable development?
              What current and future uses of watershed resources do we need to protect?
              What are the problems weface? What can be done?  How?
              What does current research tell us? What are our needs?
              What technical solutions exist or are under development?
              How do we bridge the limitations we face—laws, boundaries, specific missions?
              Who can help and how can we get them involved?
              How can we reconcile differences? Balance competitive demands?
              How do we budget and pay for solutions?
              How can we measure our success?

If you find yourself asking any of these questions, or if you have answers to some of these questions, you
should participate in WATERSHED '93. For more information about WATERSHED '93, contact Jennifer
Faugh at the Terrene Institute,, (202) 833H8317.

PaeeS                                   Watershed Events               	July 1992
                  Watershed Events is intended to update interested parties on the
                  development and use of watershed protection approaches.

                  Watershed protection approaches are integrated and holistic.  That 1$,
                  they consider the primary threats to human and ecosystem health within
                  the watershed, Involve those people most concerned or able to take
                  actions to solve those problems, and then take corrective actions in a
                  comprehensive manner.

                            To place your name on the mailing list, contact:
                                        Janet Pawlukiewlcz
                              Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds
                                U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                                       Washington, DC 20460
                                           (202} 260-9194
United States Environmental
Protection Agency (WH-556F)
401M Street SW
Washington, D.C. 20460

Official Business
Penally for Private Use $300