United States
                     Environmental Protection
                Office Of Water'
          -EPA 840-N-95-001
          Spring 1995
&EPA      Watershed Events
                                A Bulletin on Sustaining Aquatic Ecosystems
         f rpm the Ed f tors
 As the federal goverjoroent is
          '\ we thought it
..would be a^good idea to look;
 fcacfc a»d take stock at wijat and
 ho^ |>ha$$ one of the ^invention
 has change! Hie agencies. The
 featuj»'i$Me of this.issae3s oar"
"attempt to describe the changes -
 agencies. We ate sure that
 ..changes are taking place in many
 ofljer ageiities as^eft at the ,
 federal state or local level,
          f us, reinvention has
'changed the business we am in
 and,the. way we do it. It means ,
'we tieed tojearn new skills and
 acquire new knowledge. This
 change requires training* Our
 next i$sae"of Watershed Events"
 will, focus on watershed training
 programs beitig contemplated or
-oflered by different agencies^
 Hease^hare witfe us fnfotmation
 concerning ybur frainlng pro-
 grams as well as ybar ideas for
 imegrattng tramfeg and infonna-
 tioirv sharing,

 We are also inviting your contri-
 bution on any information {hat
 may relate to the watershed
           The Watershed Approach and Reinvention
       - How Different Agencies Are Charting Their Course
As Government Agencies take
steps to respond to Vice President
Gore's National Performance
Review, i.e.,, to "reinvent" them-  ,
selves, they are rediscovering the
American public's expectations
for government service. For
example, the public wants clean
water for swimming, fishing, and
drinking. They are not as con-
cerned about whether an agency
meets its inspection or permitting
goals unless the link of these  ."
activities to a cleaner environment
is clear.  In his recent State of the
Union address,  President Clinton
characterized-the reinvention  ,
effort as a way to get "government
closer to the people it is meant to
serve." Accordingly, to meet
public demands, agencies are
changing the way they do busi-
ness and the watershed approach
is providing an  important vehicle
for^making that change.

     •          Following
                Browner's lead,
                EPA is moving
                toward a
community-oriented approach to
environmental protection. The
watershed approach is a prime

The watershed approach—some-
times called a community-based
approach—is based on sound
science, and integrates goals for
long term ecosystem health with
those for economic sustainability.
It provides that stakeholders help
   See REINVENTION, page 2
 In This Issue,.,

   A special -foeus 0A retnvmtiaa attd
 the watershed approach,  and a
 different format?,"

  QtitJieJtt&ide *.    --^   '  -

    Look a| What's Beef* Done !.  -
    Newsbftstpg?) "  •
    Watershed '9
    Conference Calendar (pg 9}
    Call for Papers (pg 9)

Page 2
Watershed Events
                                                                                        Spring 1995
   REINVENTION. From page 1

define the problems, set priorities,
and implement solutions. The
watershed approach is already in
use in many of the nationally
known and treasured watersheds
like the Chesapeake Bay, .the San
Francisco Bay/Delta, the Ever-
glades, and the Great Lakes.

EPA leaders met in February to
discuss community-based envi-
ronmental protection.  They
launched a plan to identify and
address the fundamental changes
that EPA must make to promote
the success of community-based
management. For example, in
recognition of the contribution by
non-EPA organizations, the
Administrator suggested that EPA
can lead or participate in local
watershed or community ap-
proaches in only a fraction of all
communities nationwide.  So for
80% of the landscape, EPA
should take the role of enabler.
This enabling role will create a
framework within which commu-
nity-based efforts  can be led by
others, but assisted or promoted
by EPA.

            The U.S. Army
   p8|*ij|     Corps of Engineers
            is also "reinventing"
            and moving toward
            the ecosystem
approach.  The approach, with a
watershed focus, restores the
Structure or function of an ecosys-

                                  tern, recognizing that all compo-,
                                  nents are interrelated. The water-
                                  shed approach remedies the   .
                                  problems created by past habitat
                                  fragmentation and piece-meal
                                  restoration and mitigation.

                                  Given the Corps' presence in
                                  most major watersheds through-
                                  out the nation, the ecosystem
                                  restoration program has the
                                  potential to significantly contrib-
                                  ute to the comprehensive water-
                                  shed management objectives of
                                  the states and other federal agen-

                                           For many years, the
                                          Tennessee Valley
                                           Authority (TVA) ap-
                                           proached river cleanup
                                           through demonstration
                                           projects. Without  the
                                  resources to replicate the demon-
                                  stration everywhere, however, the
                                  agency couldn't make much
                                  headway from a Valleywide
                                  perspective.  That's all changed.
                                  TVA has adopted a watershed
                                  approach that is greatly accelerat-
                                  ing its progress and expanding the
                                  scale of improvement in cleanup
                                  along the Tennessee River.

                                  Reinvented, TVA plans to make
                                  the Tennessee River the cleanest
                                  and most productive commercial
                                  river system in the United States.
                                  Self-directed, multi-disciplinary
                                  River Action Teams work to-
                                  gether to solve problems. Teams
                                  are already at work in' six of the
                                  Valley's twelve watersheds.

                                  River Action Teams work with
                                  landowners, local businesses, and
                                  government officials—often
                          across political boundaries—to
                          find ways to protect water quality
                          and aquatic life without limiting
                          the river's use. Team members
                          learn new skills, focus on com-
                          mon goats, and see results first-

                                    The National Oceanic
                                    and Atmospheric
                                    (NOAA) plans to
                          continue its focus on ecosystem
                          management into the next cen-
                          tury.  The NOAA 10-year strate-
                          gic plan includes an  ecosystem
                          health initiative.

                          NOAA offices are working with
                          state partners  and the U.S. Envi-
                          ronmental Protection Agency to
                          ensure state coastal programs
                          consider watershed-scale effects.
                          To increase effectiveness, these
                          state partners  are combining two
                          existing programs—inland
                          nonpoint source pollution pro-
                          grams and coastal programs—to
                          better address coastal nonpoint
                          source pollution problems.

                                    The U.S. Geological
                                     Survey's National
                                    Water-Quality As-
                                     sessment (NAWQA)
                          Program helps answer critical
                          questions about the quality of the
                          Nation's water resources.  The
                          NAWQA program assesses
                          historic, current, and future water
                          quality conditions in representa-
                          tive watersheds and aquifers
                          nationwide. Together, the basins
                          and aquifers NAWQA studies
                          account  for 60 to 70 percent  of the
                          Nation's water use and cover
                          one-half of the land area of the
* As EPA Bulkiin on Integrated Aquiuc Ecotyitcm Protection *

Spring 1995
Watershed Events
  REINVENTION, From page 2

Nation. Investigations of these 60
areas focus on priority national
issues, including non-point source
pollution, sedimentation, and
acidification. In the spirit of
inclusion and teamwork, each
investigation now underway has a
local liaison committee consisting
of representatives from federal,
state, and local agencies, universi-
ties, and the private sector.

        The USDA's Natural
        Resources Conservation
        Service (NRCS), for-
        merly the Soil Conserva-
tion Service (SCS), has adminis-
tered the Small Watershed Pro-
gram since its enactment in 1954,
The program has aided many rural
communities, improved soil
conservation, and reduced up-
stream flood damages.  But the
early focus on structural mea-
sures, such as dams and channels
for flood prevention, tended to be
high in cost and environmental

Under reinvention, the Small
Watershed Program is moving to
an ecosystem-based approach.
The Program is now reviewing
393 projects under construction or
approved for future construction.
As NRCS Chief Paul Johnson
says "We will only construct
dams and channels when there is
no other way to get the job done."
The newly invented'program will
give priority to watersheds where  '
local people have identified the
need for environmental restora-
tion, water quality and riparian
zone improvement, restoration of
                                 fish and wildlife habitat, and flood
                                 damage reduction.

                                                The Bureau of
                                                X-.-.  T^.   V .  .
                                                (BuPl.ec) is in
                                                transition too.
                                 Reinventing is imperative in the
                                 climate of declining staff and
                                 budget and increasing workload.
                                 BuRec is changing from a water
                                 development agency to a water
                                 resources manager.

                                 BuRec is emphasizing restoring,
                                 and protecting our watershed
                                 ecosystem—protecting threatened
                                 and endangered species  and
                                 environmentally sensitive areas,
                                 such as wetlands and riparian

                                 BuRec policy makers realize that
                                 they can't protect endangered
                                 species on a piece-meal, species-
                                 by-species basis. Instead, they
                                 must set goals to restore .whole -
                                 watersheds.  To do this,  BuRec is
                                 concentrating efforts on  improv-
                                 ing water quality and instream
                                 flows. The, agency has estab-
                                 lished partnerships with  other
                                 agencies, the public, and private"
                                 groups to address resource man-
                                 agement issues on many of the
                                 major river basins of the West,  ,
                                 including the Columbia River,
                                 Colorado River, and San Fran-
                                 cisco Bay-San Joaquin Delta.

                                 In summary, for many agencies,
                                 reinvention has changed the
                                 business they are in and  the way
                                 they do it. While it is too early to
                                 see the full effect of reinvention,
                                 this much can be said: serving
                                 people is in vogue again.
                         Agencies will continue to find
                         innovative ways to deliver their
                         services. EPA's watershed ap-
                         proach, TVA's River Action
                         Team, USDA's reinvented Small
                         Watershed Program, BuRec's, the
                         Corps' and NOAA's new empha-
                         sis on water resources manage-
                         ment and ecosystem health are
                         just a few examples of the new

                         Reinvention has set government
                         agencies at Federal, State and
                         local levels free to work together.
                         Although the approaches are
                         different, all agencies are moving
                         away from a narrow focus on
                         individual program goals. The
                         new goal is on a cleaner environ-
                         ment. For reinventing govern-
                         ment, the best is yet to come.
                          List of Contact for
                          information: >
                          U,S, Army
                          ~ Letgf* Skaggs 
                          TV A— Chris tjtag«fc {615}-
                          632-3501       ;    "\
                          N0AA ~E!ta Kane t'301>
                          7 13-3087 ex* 100  ,
                          U$G$ — Terry Thompson :
                                 *- Scott Hoag (202)-
                          720^3527         '   '  %
                          Bureau of Reclamation — Judy
                           W ATERSHED   EVENTS
                                                                  * An UPA''Bulletin on Integrated Aquatic Ecosystem Protection '

 Page 4
        Watershed Events
                     Spring 1995
                                Look at What's  Been Done !
Across the Tennessee Valley,
TVA's River Action Teams are
having success in working with
stakeholders to clean up streams
and lakes and protect water

• In upper east Tennessee, for
example, the Holston River
Action Team worked with the
Natural Resources Conservation
Service (NRCS), formerly the
Soil Conservation Service, to
educate local residents and other
river users and to help farmers in
the area implement best manage-
ment practices to reduce nonpoint
source pollution. As a result,
many farmers have fenced their
creeks, installed new handling
systems for dairy wastes, and
planted buffer strips between their
fields and streams.

• TVA constructed a weir below
South Holston Dam in 1991
which has gradually reduced the
oxygen deficit by over 60 percent
and enhanced the fishery in the
water. This, in turn, has sparked
an increase in recreational use.

• In northwest Alabama, TVA
teamed with local farmers to
reduce the runoff from the nearby
farms into the Bear Creek Recre-
ational Waterway.  As a result, the
bacteria contamination has been
significantly reduced. The water-
way has been reopened for recre-

* In the Copper Basin in south-
east Tennessee, the area is turning
green again after years of copper  -
mining and processing left the
land barren. Cooperative efforts
involving TVA, the NRCS, and
local manufacturers made this

Findings of the U.S. Geological
Survey's National Water Quality
Assessment Program in the
Chattahoochee River watershed
helped the Georgia Department of
Natural Resources and U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers implement a
restriction on the use of phosphate
detergent and to upgrade the
wastewater treatment facilities
(WWTF's) along the River.  As a
result, phosphorus loads from the
major WWTF's in the Atlanta
area decreased  by about 83 per-
cent during the period 1988-93,
even though the volume of efflu-
ent increased by about 9 percent.
The phosphorus load to the
Chattahoochee River down stream
of Atlanta was  reduced by about
54 percent during the period

Reduced loads  of phosphorus to
downstream reservoirs are ben-
efiting the Corps, fishermen, and
the general public who use down-
stream reservoirs extensively for
recreational purposes.  For further
information contact Dave
Wangsness, Appalachicola
Chattahoochee Basin Study Chief,
USGS, Suite 130, 3039 Amwiler
Road, Atlanta,  GA  30360; phone
In directing the Public Law 83-
566 Small Watershed Program
toward a more ecosystem-based
Approach, USDA's Natural
Resources Conservation Service
(NRCS) has nearly completed a
review of 393 small watershed
projects either under construction
or approved for future construc-
tion. As a result of this review,
sponsors and NRCS have agreed
to forego 2,305  miles of channel
work and 605 floodwater retard-
ing dams.  Of 89 small watershed
projects NRCS currently has in
the planning stage, 45 have water
quality improvement or protection
as the main purpose, 33 of which
are solely for land treatment.  The
structural features of the other 12
water quality projects are sedi-
ment basins or grade stabilization
structures.  For more information
on the small watershed project
review, contact Ron Page, Water-
shed Planning and Restoration
Division, NRCS. Phone: (202)-
720-3527. Fax: (202)-690-1462

EPA's Strategy  for implementing
the watershed approach focuses
on 5 elements: try it, advertise it,
integrate it, develop tools for it
and measure it.  Accomplishments
highlights include:

•  EPA is committed to trying the
watershed approach in order to
gain experience that can guide
future policy. It also encourages
states and other stakeholders to
try this approach as well. EPA is
now participating in well over 100
watershed projects around the

Spring 1995
        Watershed Events
country.  A summary of these
watershed projects is available,

• To promote a broad and com-
mon understanding, EPA joined
USDA, TVA, CTIC, and others to
launch the "Know Your Water-
shed" Campaign.  This outreach
effort has resulted in a national
partnership of agricultural com-
modity groups, farm organiza-
tions, farm managers, agricultural
retailers,  industry, government,
and others to address the conser-
vation of natural resources,
watershed protection, and
nonpoint source pollution.

• EPA is building on its experi-
ence with its geographically
targeted initiatives to integrate
program activities nationwide
using a watershed framework.
The NPDES Watershed Strategy
is one example. The Strategy
outlines national objectives and
implementation activities to
support the reorientation of all
NPDES permits so that they are
considered within the context of
comprehensive watershed plan-

 • The U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers has elevated its ecosys-
tem restoration activities to
priority status within the Corps'
Civil Works Program. This
policy decision enables the Corps
to focus more on watershed and
ecosystem protection and  restora-
tion. For example, the Corps has
developed with several other
federal, state and local'agencies a
draft plan called "A Non-Regula-
tory Wetland Restoration Plan for
Puget, Sound River Basins :',to,.,.v
restore the biological-health and
diversity of Puget Sound wet-
lands.  It also plans to initiate
similar effort in FY96 at the-
Green-Duwamish and
Stillaguamish River Efasins in
Washington State.      ,
   Wish I said that:
   "The ecological perspective
   begins with a view of the
   whole, an understanding of
   how the various pans of
   nature interact in patterns
   that tend toward balance
   and persist over time"
       - Al Gore in "Earth in
       the Balance", 1992
   There ought be a Law:
   "And let this be the law: If
   anyone intentionally pol-
   lutes the water of another,
   whether the water of a
   spring, or collected in
   reservoirs, either by poison-
   ous substances, or by
   digging, or by theft, let the
   injured party bring the
   cause before the warden,of
   the city"         ,;
       - Plato in  "Laws"
   Did you know:
   The term ecology comes
  from the Greek word
   OIKOS, and means "the
   household?"     '•
 John T. Pair Interim Editor
 U,S- Environmental Protection
 Agency  ..
 Contributing Editors*. -
 Carrie Carnes, IX& Bureau of Ree--'
 tarnation   '  -       ,-...,,
.Giriny Finch, Federal Highway
 Administration   - ', " ,  ,
                  , Natural fce-
sources Conservation -Service "
Denise Menne, U& Fish and Wild-
life Service
Ellces Katie, Mational Geeanieand
Atmospheric Administration ..
Debbie -HabbSf Tennessee, Vafley
Leigh Skaggs, V$. Amy. Corps of
Terry Thompson, U,S,' Geological
Survey     _      - , -
                 is intended to
update interested parties on the
development ajki t*se#f watershed
protection approaches.  These
approaches consider the prwnary
threats to  human and ecosystem
those people most concerned orable
to 'take actions to solve those
problems, and &ert take corrective
actions in an integrated and holistic
  Direct questions and comments
about Watershed Events to:

  Office of Oceans, Wetlands, and
 Page 6
        Watershed Events
                     Spring 19,95
        NEW IN PRINT
OCRM - The National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration's
Office of Ocean and Coastal
Resource Management has
streamlined several office publi-
cations to create one bi-weekly
news bulletin on coastal and
ocean management issues under
the Coastal Zone Management
Act and the Marine Protection,
Research and Sanctuaries Act.
This new bulletin is available by
calling Kathy Hill at (301)713-
3086, ext. 122.

Chesapeake Bay Attitude Survey
- The Maryland Coastal Manage-
ment Office recently released
findings measuring citizen aware-
ness of watershed issues in the
Chesapeake Bay. To obtain an
executive summary, contact the
Chesapeake Bay Program Com-
munication Office at (410) 267-

Review and Evaluation of Pro-
grams for Determining Signifi-
cance and Prioritization of
Environmental Resources  (IWR
Report 94-R-7) - The report
summarizes 95 federal, regional,
State, and non-profit organization
programs for determining the
"significance" of environmental
resources, and which resources
deserve a level of priority for
mitigation, protection, or restora-
tion efforts. Contact Darrell
Nolton, Institute for Water Re-
sources, U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers, 7701 Telegraph Rd.,
Alexandria, VA 22315, (703)
Cost Effectiveness Analysis for
Environmental Planning: Nine
EASY Steps (IWR Report 94-PS-
2) - The report describes step-by-
step instructions about how to
conduct cost effectiveness and
incremental cost analysis in
planning for environmental
restoration and mitigation. Con-
tact Ken Orth,  Institute for Water
Resources, U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers, 7701 Telegraph Rd.,
Alexandria, VA 22315, (703)  '

Environmental Activities in
Corps of Engineers Water Re-
sources Programs - Charting a
New Direction (IWR Report 93-
PS-1) - The report describes the
Corps of Engineers new environ-
mental restoration authorities.
Many projects, which now may be
formulated exclusively to protect
or restore natural conditions in a
watershed, emphasize manage-
ment of watershed hydrology to
restore hydrologic variability.
Contact Arlene Nurthen, Institute
for Water Resources, U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers, 7701 Tele-
graph Rd., Alexandria, VA 22315,

1992 National Resources Inven-
tory ,(NRI) - The database in-
cludes data from 1982, 1987, and
1992. Its focus is on soil, water,
and related resources on our
nation's farms and nonfederal
forests and glazing lands. To
obtain the NRI database, call the
USDA Natural Resources Conser-
vation Services at 817-334-5559
ext. 3135. For NRI program
information, call (202)-720-4530.
Watershed Partnership Guides -
The Conservation Technology
Information Center (CTIC), a
non-profit technology transfer
center, has released five guides to
help people develop watershed
partnerships in their communities.
The guides are part of CTIC's
national Know Your Watershed
campaign, which is being carried
out in partnership with the USDA
Natural Resources Conservation
Service, the U^S. Environmental
Protection Agency, The Tennes-
see Valley Authority and other
agencies and groups. The cam-
paign is designed to promote an
understanding of watersheds and
encourage people to form local
voluntary watershed partnerships
to address natural resource con-
cerns. Watershed partnership  .
guides available include:

 •  Getting to Know Your Local
 •  Leading and Communicating
 •  Building Local Partnerships
 •  Managing Conflict
 •  Putting Together a Watershed
    Management Plan

For copies of one or more of the
guides call (317)-494-9555.
There is a $2.00 charge to cover
postage and handling.

Best Management Practices for
Wheat: A Guide to Profitable
and Environmentally Sound
Production - This manual is
recently released by the National
Association of Wheat Growers
Foundation and the Cooperative
Extension Service. This BMP
manual provides information on

       Watershed Events
wheat growth, economics of
BMPs, erosion, and nutrient and
pesticide management.  It in-
cludes one- and two-page fact
sheets on 39 BMPs that prevent or
reduce pollutant entry into surface
or groundwater. For more infor-
mation on the BMP manual.and
associated educational programs,
contact the National Association
of Wheat Growers Foundation,
415 Second Street, N.E., Suite
300, Washington, DC 20002-

The Conservation of Biodiversity
in the Great Lakes Ecosystem:
Issues and Opportunities - This
report was prepared by the Nature
Conservancy. It identifies
nonpoint source pollution from
agricultural activities as a major
stress on the Lakes' biodiversity.
The report also includes recom-
mendations on strategic protection
activities. To obtain a free copy,
please call U.S. EPA, Great Lakes
.National Program Office at (312)-

The Watershed Protection Ap-
proach, 1993194 Activity Report
(EPA 840-S-94-001, November
1994) - This report provides a
summary of activities EPA has ;
carried out in 1993 and 1994 to
support the watershed approach
and a short discussion on antici-
pated future directions. In addi-
tion, summaries of watershed
projects in which  EPA is a stake-
holder are included. For a free
copy, please call NCEPI at (513)-
EPA Wetlands Fact Sheets
Update - This 32 page document
provides basic information on
wetlands issues.  For a free copy,
call EPA Wetlands Hotline
(contractor operated), (800)-832-

EPA Wetlands Reading List -
This list is an annotated list of
reading material to supplement
lesson plans for students K-12 and
to provide a list of suggested
material for independent reading.
For a free copy, call the EPA ,
Wetlands Hotline listed  above.

A Phase I Inventory of Current
EPA Efforts to Protect Ecosys-
tem  - A summary of projects
involving EPA and its partners in
place-based management and
ecosystem protection. The
projects highlighted the  positive
correlations between economic  ,
prosperity and environmental
well-being. For a free copy, call
NCEPI at (513)-489-8695.

USGS  Fact Sheet Series - The
USGS  has recently published a
Fact Sheet for each of the states
and its Special Program Areas.
They describe earth-science
activities including investigations
and assessments of known and
potential new resources. Topics
include earthquake and  floods,
water and  mineral resource
assessments, and mapping activi-
ties in  the  state. Free copies for
your state are available  by calling
1-800-USA-MAPS, or,  access
through Internet at URL:
          NEWS BITS

The California Coastal Commis-
sion, a state partner in NOAA's
coastal management program, will
sponsor a Kids Challenge to cel-
ebrate Earth Day. Students in the
Los Angeles area will clean up
local beaches and challenge the.
rest of the state to participate in
other Earth Day activities.

Two NOAA research vessels, the
will be open for public tours in
Georgia as part of NOAA's Earth
Day activities. The ships will also
take local leaders on sample
cruises while in the area. The
ships are collecting data to create
commemorative charts for the
1996 Olympic Games.

The Hawaii Coastal Program
recently created an interactive
multi-media program on coastal
watershed issues in conjunction
with a local foundation. The
program is commercially avail-
able through a national textbook
company and will be available as
a public service to local schools.

What do "Cheers", American
Oceans Campaign and the Na-
tional Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration have in common?
Ted Dansen!  Dansen recently
completed a set of Public Service
Announcements  for the agency
that depict the tremendous
stresses people have placed on
the coastal and marine environ-
ment  and urge viewers to call a

      See Newsbits, page 8

        Watershed Events
               Spring 1995
    NEWSBITS, From page 7

toll-free number to learn what
they can do to help improve the
state of the coast.

Twelve Chattanooga, Tennessee
area teachers will spend ten days
on the Tennessee River this
summer as guests of TV A's Clean
Water Initiative. The program,
made possible through a grant
from the Chattanooga Public
Education Foundation, will give
the teachers a chance to learn
more about water quality prob-
lems and actually take part in
projects currently underway to
solve them. The program is
designed to motivate participants
to act on water-related issues in
their communities.  For more
information, contact Linda Harris,
Tennessee Valley Authority, 1101
Market Street, CST 17D, Chatta-
nooga, TN 37402.

In March, the United States
District Court for the District of
Columbia reversed  a lower court
decision that the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA) had arbitrarily regulated
small personal watercraft within
the boundaries of the Monterey
Bay National Marine Sanctuary.
The court determined that restrict-
ing the use of motorized personal
watercraft, such as jet skis, to
selected areas of the sanctuary
was not arbitrary, as the plaintiff

EPA will sponsor activities
around the country  during the
month of April in celebration of
Earth Day 25. To join this
celebration, please call the office
closest to you:

EPA has made the following
phone numbers available for some
of its specific programs:

       Headquarters Public
       Information Center (Gen-
       eral EPA publication) -
       National Center for Envi-
       ronmental Publications
       and Information -
Safe Drinking Water
Hotline -
Wetlands Protection
Hotline -
Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-
Know (What chemical are
in your community?) -
Environmental Justice
Hotline -
    (800)-962-6215, or,
            Watershed '96 Call for Papers Issued

       Paper abstracts are now being accepted for Watershed '96: 'Moving Ahead
 Together* a major conference and exposition scheduled for June 842,1996,«)_ M
 Baltimore, MD. The abstractsubtnitlal deadline is Jaly 7,1995. The conference
 wilf eftneemrate on how ir/buiid our capabilities and better focus and coordinate
 Otir efforts to achieve results Uiafc meet com monfty need*.
       Watershed *96 will be cosponsored by the Water En vWimeni Federation
 (WEF) and federal agencies fa&col^onsoredE'Watershed *%&, The program will.,,,
 reflect tfie variety of individuals and organisations iovoJved in ^vatershed manage-'
 ment including, land Qwners'and managers, environmentalists, Q