United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency
                 Office Of Water
                 (4501F)
                                                                          EPA 840-N-95-002
                                                                          Summer 1995
                     Watershed  Events
                              Bulletin on Sustaining Aquatic Ecosystems
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                                     The Watershed Approach and Reinvention-
                                                   Training for Change
 As federal, state, and local agencies
 work to reinvent themselves and
 begin to assess their changing needs,
 each is developing training that will
 help their employees better adapt to
 new ways of serving their public
 customers. The acquisition of new
 skills and knowledge about the
 watershed approach is a vital link to
 its success. Agencies are tackling
 the challenge of meeting new
 training needs and are adjusting their
 training approaches.

 Collaboration of effort and cross-
 training among agencies is one
 potential outcome of these changes.
 Collaborative training programs
 provide the unique opportunity for
 experiencing the different agency
 "cultures" or'Values." Because
 these agencies will most likely be
 working together under the scenario
 of the watershed approach, this
 experience will be useful for build-
 ing and strengthening partnerships.

 We welcome the first time contribu-
 tions to this issue from The Nature
 Conservancy, the Association of State
 Wetland Managers, and the Florida
 Coastal Management Program. We
look forward to hearing more from
our partners at state, local, and private
organizations.
                                                                            '^ie Environmental
                                                                            Protection Agency
                                                               is developing the Watershed
                                                               A.cademy training program to
                                                               provide states, local governments,
                                                               ci tizens, and federal agencies with
                                                               information about its approach to
                                                               watershed protection.

                                                               The Academy will provide an
                                                               integrated, watershed-based
                                                               approach to water quality manage-
                                                               ment and the protection of aquatic
                                                               ecosystems, drinking water
                                                               sources, other human uses of water
                                                               resources, and public health.

                                                                     See TRAINING, page 2
                                                                i;yAf^/s^eJ^\ 7"; A ;s;!:

                                                                and the Watershed amnro^cshi''  :"
                                                               K6^B^ip47):^;;:^v^
                                                               Call For Papers "fo& 7).. " ,.>,.,. "^"'
                                                                 ,x   ^; c\~ 3x-xs|^?x- ^\o\;,; \.-.\ 

-------
Page 2
Watershed Events
                                                                                     Summer 1995
      TRAINING, from page 1

The cuniculum will incorporate
existing resources and courses of-
fered by EPA, other agencies, and
private organizations. EPA Re-
gional staff and their state contacts
will provide insight into what states
find effective in the administration
of watershed programs. The Water-
shed Academy also provides a
framework for federal agencies to
cooperate in the development of a
common watershed training ap-
proach.

The training coursework can be
customized for one to five days
using various combinations of the
modules. The training courses will
be offered upon request at central
locations beginning in 1996.

         Through the Proponent-
         Sponsored Engineer
         Corps Training (PROS-
PECT) program, the Corps of Engi-
neers offers an extensive curricu-
lum of ecosystem/watershed-related
training covering a host of subjects
encountered in planning, designing,
constructing, operating, and main-
taining water resource projects.
The two- to five-day courses are
taught by Corps professionals and
outside experts, and are offered at
many locations throughout the
country.
Several of the courses are related to
watershed protection and restora-
tion and wetlands.  Among them:
the study of wetland concepts and
principles and their role in an
ecosystem and watershed setting;
assessment and evaluation of the
ecological resources affected by a


    Watershed   Events
proposed restoration or mitigation
activity; environmental planning for
environmental impact assessments
and evaluations; and methods of
measuring and evaluating the
benefits of environmental restora-
tion and protection projects. The
Corps welcomes attendance by
individuals outside the agency.
Requests are considered on a space
available basis and must be submit-
ted in writing through the employ-
ing agency's training office.

        The National Oceanic and
        Atmospheric Administra-
        tion Office of Ocean and
        Coastal Resource Manage-
ment offers federal consistency
workshops as part of the office's
technical assistance to state coastal
programs.

Federal consistency is a legal
requirement under the 1972 Coastal
Zone Management Act that requires
federal agencies, state and local
governments, and private entities
applying for federal permits,
licenses, or financial assistance to
comply with state coastal regula-
tions.

The workshops assist agencies in
complying with the federal consis-
tency requirement, making full use
of federal consistency benefits,
ensuring adequate consideration of
state coastal management programs,
and resolving conflicts. Four
workshops have been held and two
more are scheduled for later this
year. All local, state, and federal
agencies involved in coastal man-
agement are invited to attend.

        The Tennessee Valley
        Authority (TVA) offers
        several training opportuni-
        ties on watershed topics.

TVA's Clean Water Initiative
sponsors two-day Ecological
Restoration Workshops to raise
awareness of how the public and
                           private sectors can participate in
                           streambank restoration.

                           A one-day stream classification
                           class, also offered by the TVA
                           Clean Water Initiative, provides
                           field biologists with a brief over-
                           view of stream morphology using
                           the Rosgen stream classification
                           system for habitat evaluations.

                           River Action Team members re-
                           ceive streambank stabilization train-
                           ing to develop skill in assessing the
                           condition of their watersheds in
                           order to develop and implement
                           water quality management plans
                           with support from the community.

                           TVA is also coordinating a new
                           initiative for the 1995-96 school
                           year called "Adopt-A-Watershed."
                           The program exposes teachers to
                           topics such as water quality and
                           land use impacts, watershed map-
                           ping, stream sampling, and tech-
                           niques to reduce polluted runoff.

                                     The United States Geo-
                                     logical Survey's training
                                     center in Denver, Colo-
                           rado facilitates the education of
                           approximately 2,500 people each
                           year. Employees of USGS and
                           cooperating agencies are eligible to
                           participate in classroom and field
                           activities on subjects such as
                           ground/surface water relationships
                           and the watershed concept In
                           addition, both introductory and
                           advanced courses on watershed
                            systems modeling are offered. Field
                           experts in each subject area provide
                           instruction and course length ranges
                            from three days to two weeks.
                           Employees from other federal
                            agencies are permitted to attend as
                            vacancies allow.

                            USGS is also in the process of nego-
                            tiating an agreement with EPA for
                            two training courses to be provided
                                                                           See TRAINING, page 3

-------
 Summer 1995
         Watershed Events
                                                                                             Page 3
       TRAINING, from page 2

 by USGS at several EPA regional
 offices. This "cross-training" will
 cover protocols and field procedures
 for collecting water-quality samples,
 and identifying ground water/sur-
 face water interactions.

        The USDA Natural Re-
        sources Conservation Ser-
        vice (NRCS), formerly the
 Soil Conservation Service, is plan-
 ning a new course on natural re-
 sources conservation planning. The
 course is being developed by Na-
 tional Employee Development staff
 in Ft Worth, Texas.  Part of the
 course is on the nine-step planning
 process as it applies to areas of
 varying size, from watersheds to
 site-specific areas such as farms and
 fields.

 The week-long course is designed
 to assist NRCS employees who
 provide technical assistance to
 farmers, ranchers, and others to
 develop a more comprehensive
 approach to conservation planning.
 The course will be presented
 primarily by satellite broadcast
 Facilitators will be present at each
 broadcast site to address course
 topics and to present case studies.
 The course is scheduled to be
 available by early 1996.

        In response to improved
        understanding of the
        function of ecological
        systems, the United States
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
has adopted an ecosystem approach
to fish and wildlife conservation.
The ecosystem approach considers
the entire environment of a geo-
graphic area in planning and
implementing efforts to conserve
natural resources.

Subjects such as ecosystem man-
agement, exploring and adapting to
 change, development of skills in
 habitat restoration techniques, and
 refined organization methods have
 been added to the training program
 in order to effectively adopt the
 agency's new approach. The FWS
 is presently constructing the Na-
 tional Education and Training
 Center in Sheperdstown, West
 Virginia. The 350,000 square foot
 facility, located on 538 acres along
 the Potomac River, is scheduled to
 open at the end of 1996. Mutually
 beneficial training opportunities
 will be developed for the center
 through partnerships among federal,
 state, and private organizations.
         The Federal Highway
         Administration (FHWA)
         sponsors an introductory
 level training course on the ecologi-
 cal impacts of highway develop-
 ment  The course is geared toward
 transportation planners, designers,
 engineers, and environmental
 analysts who are responsible for
 making judgements on how, when,
 and where highways are con-
 structed.

 Both classroom and field exercises
 are designed to help participants
 understand basic ecological prin-
 ciples and the application of those
 principles to assessment and mitiga-
 tion of highway project impacts.
 Field exercises emphasize the
 characterization of biological
 communities and analysis of the
 environmental impacts of high-
 ways, from the watershed level to
 the site-specific level.

 The course varies in length from
 two to five days. The FHWA
 provides all course manuals and
 instructors.  The course is available
 around the country through state
 highway agencies and is open to
personnel from other agencies as
vacancies allow.
               The Bureau of
               Reclamation's
               training center in
 Denver, Colorado has established
 innovative training opportunities
 for Reclamation employees.

 Managers receive intensive
 training on how to supervise in a
 constantly changing work envi-
 ro:nment while Reclamation
 continues its mission of becoming
 a premiere water resource man-
 agement agency.  The training
 provides managers with the tools
 needed to develop practical
 strategies to more effectively
 manage change and transition.

 In addition, Reclamation offers a
 mini-sabbatical program for
 employees which has been
 strongly endorsed by the Com-
 missioner. The program allows
 for short-term assignments or
 exchanges among personnel
 within, or outside, the bureau that
 foster professional and personal
 growth, strengthen personal
 competency, and contribute to the
 achievement of Reclamation's
 principles of customer service.
 Employees are encouraged to
 arrange programs and to share
 their experiences with their
 colleagues. Responses of those
 who have participated in the mini-
 sabbatical program have been
 overwhelmingly positive.

             The Nature Conser-
             vancy (TNC) is an
             international non-
 profit organization devoted to the
 conservation of plants, animals, and
 natural communities representing
 the diversity of life on Earth
 through protection of the lands and
 water they need to survive.  TNC
manages more than 1,400 preserves
and is an active participant in land
management and land use planning
in nearly 100 watersheds across the
U.S. and Latin America.	
      See TRAINING, page 4

-------
Page 4
                                      Watershed Events
                 Summer 1995
      TRAINING, from page 3

The conservation and land manage-
ment efforts of TNC require its
scientific staff to understand the
ways that hydrologic (including
hydrochemical) processes affect
ecosystems and the ways that
human activity can impinge on
these processes.  TNC refers to
these topics as "biohydtology," the
study of the influences of hydro-
logic regimes in biological systems.

Through a course offered one to
two times a year to Conservancy
employees, the biohydrology
program provides basic training on
hydrology and monitoring tech-
niques, including:  the biohydrology
of aquatic, wetland, and riparian
ecosystems; watershed, stream, and
ground water function; natural
freshwater chemistry; and riparian
and wetlands monitoring. Approxi-
mately 60-80 hours of preparatory
reading and exercises precede the
course, which consists of lectures,
in-class activities, discussion
sessions, and field exercises.
                               Although the course is not presently
                               open to non-Conservancy partici-
                               pants, the course instructors are
                               very interested in exchanging
                               teaching ideas for conducting or
                               planning similar courses that
                               integrate the biological and physical
                               aspects of biological conservation.
                                        The Florida Coastal
                                        Management Program
                                        recently expanded a
                                        series of coastal manage-
                                        ment workshops state-
                                        wide.
                               Modeled on the Rookery Bay
                               National Estuarine Research
                               Reserve series, each of the one-day
                               workshops focuses on a specific
                               management topic, such as
                               seagrasses, oil spill response, and
                               exotic plant control. Invited techni-
                               cal experts present information
                               during the morning session and
                               participants have the opportunity to
                               see field examples to demonstrate
                               and reinforce concepts at the
                               afternoon session.
   List of contacts for
   more training information:
EPA:
OWOW
Don Brady
(202)260-7074

U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers:
Huntsvilte Training Div>
(205) 722-5817

TVA:
Debbie Hubbs
(615)632-7559

NOAA:
David W. Kaiser
(301) 713-3098
ext144
                        USGS:
                        Terry Thompson
                        (703)648:6857,\
                 Bureau aiRedamation?,  \
                 , Carrie Carries >;T % J.
Jerry Williams
{817)334-5401  ,
ext. 3075

FWS:
Training Centers
(703)358-1817;
(304) 725-8461'/

FHWA: \    ";
NHI
LynnCadarr   ,
(703)235-0528:
                                         \7heflafure p
                                         Brian Richier   "'   -
                                         (303f 444-;!060 ofl V
                                         David BrauJir %    -  -
                                         (703)841-8784^
                                               *  '\s   S -. *     ""
                                         Florida^Ctiastal  - -^ ^-
                                        : Management Program;
                                        * Joy Doist^ \- ^Y..-h ,"y:
                                         *(9C&) 922-5431; ">\;*,
To expand this training concept
nationally, the Florida CMP re-
cently sent materials to other
coastal management programs and
reserves across the nation.
fT^he Association of State Wet-
 JLland Managers, Inc. is planning
follow-up workshops and symposia
to the April, 1995 Watershed
Management and Wetland Ecosys-
tems Symposium.

The meetings will provide a venue
for the exploration of techniques
and approaches for "reinventing"
multi-objective watershed manage-
ment The protection and restora-
tion of aquatic ecosystems will be
included as a component in the
management strategy. The Asso-
ciation is seeking examples of
innovative private, local, state, and
federal wetlands and watershed
management planning.  Meeting
locations and dates scheduled
include a West Coast location
(possibly Portland, Oregon) in fall
1995 and Michigan in spring 1996.

In summary, these programs
reveal the diversity of training
needs according to the expertise
of different agencies. They also
show us how agencies have
shared their expertise with each
other through collaborative
training efforts, while still
meeting their own objectives. As
we move away from a narrow
focus on individual program
goals to our common goal of a
clean environment, the need to
share expertise and experience
can only increase.
                                                                   NEW THINKING?

                                                                   "All thinking worthy of the name
                                                                   must now be ecological."

                                                                   -Lewis Mumford

-------
  Summer 1995
         Watershed Events
                               Look at What's Been Done!
  Nine federal agencies formed the
  Mid-Atlantic Highlands Coordi-
  nating Council in May  1995. The
  mission of the council is to pro-
  mote cooperation among federal,
  state, and local agencies and
  citizens' groups in managing the
  ecosystems of the Mid-Atlantic
  Highland region.  The region
  includes territory extending east
  to west, from the Blue Ridge
  Mountains to Ohio, and north to
  south, from New York to North
  Carolina/Tennessee, including
  ecosystems of the Blue Ridge
 Mountains, the Appalachian
 Mountains, and the Appalachian
 Plateau uplands.  The council will
 coordinate information and
 expertise to reduce duplication of
 effort in protecting the area's
 natural resources.
 Since 1992, farmers in the
 Catskill Mountains in New York
 have been applying the Whole
 Farm Plan voluntary BMP pro-
 gram in an effort to secure a
 quality drinking water supply.
 The program began in response to
 the 1989 federal Surface Water
 Treatment Rule which required
 New  York City to show that its
 water supply could be adequately
 protected without filtration.
 Construction of filtration systems
 is expensive, costing as much as
 $5 to  $8 billion, plus $200 to $500
 million in operations costs.
Rutland, Vermont Mayor Jeffrey
Wennberg acted in May to protect
the city water supply from the
parasite Cryptosporidium which is
carried by livestock and other
animals and could enter the
reservoir through runoff contain-
ing animal waste.  Wennberg
  prohibited the Cortina Inn from
  adding a riding stable to its
  Mendon facility near Rutland's
  water supply and told several
  homeowners in the area that they
  could no longer keep horses on
  their property.  Cryptosporidium
  has been found in the Rutland
  water supply. The mayor has
  authority to take action opposing
  pollution sources within 300 feet
  of any water source entering the
  reservoir.
  [Article submitted by W.T. Bishop of the
 Merrimack River Initiative.}
  The plan was required by the 1991
  state legislature in an effort to re-
  solve water reservation claims.
 After 25 years of fishing restrictions
 due to high coliform bacteria levels,
 the Navesink watershed in New Jer-
 sey is expected to reopen to
 shellfishing in 1996 due to a suc-
 cessful watershed clean-up effort.
 This is a result of the construction of
 a local horse manure composting fa-
 cility under the guidance of NRCS.
 The horse industry is a valuable
 component of the New Jersey
 economy.
  The Northeast Business Environ-
  mental Network, Inc. (NBEN)
  sponsored a Regulatory Improve-
  ment Opportunities Forum on
  April 27. The forum addressed
  methods to make environmental
  regulations more practical and
  effi cient at gaining environmental
  benefits while maintaining eco-
  nomic competitiveness. NBEN is
  also taking the lead to establish an
  electronic information system to
  allow for the exchange of infor-
  mation pertaining to pollution
  prevention, regulatory require-
  ments, and other environmental
  issues between businesses and
  others. For more information,
 contact Connie Morton at (508)
  689-5354.
 An EPA-sponsored effort known
 as Community Creek Watch,
 which began in 1992 in response
 to deterioration of south San Fran-
 cisco Bay in California, is gaining
 increased momentum. GIS and
 satellite technology used in the
 program has attracted involvement
 from citizens, students, and entry-
 level professionals with an interest
 in water quality protection.
Montana's Upper Clark Fork
River Basin Steering Committee
has developed a plan to balance
water uses in the basin. Stream-
flow depletions resulting from the
over-appropriation of primarily
agricultural water rights in the wa-
tershed are addressed in the plan.
 In an effort to protect the lives of
 people and wildlife, the Army is
 constructing two wildlife tunnels
 beneath a four lane parkway in
 Fairfax, Virginia.  The 184 foot
 long tunnels are 20 feet wide and
 12 feet high. Openings on the top
 of the passageway provide air and
 light. The $1 million ecosystem
 protection project will connect a
 park and wildlife refuge, allowing
 for wildlife migration and com-
 batting inbreeding.

 ON CHANGE:
 "No  important change in human
 conduct is ever accomplished
 without an internal change in our
 intellectual emphases, our loyal-
 ties,  our affections, and our con-
 victions."
 -Aldo Leopold

Do you have any favorite quotes?
Please share them with us!

-------
Page 6
      Watershed Events
                                                                                Summer 1995
 Design of the National Water-
 Quality Assessment (NAWQA)
 Program: Occurrence and Dis-
 tribution ofWater-Quality Con-
 ditions - The USGS recently re-
 leased this report which describes
 the component of the NAWQA
 designed to relate the geographic
 distribution of water quality con-
 ditions to major sources of con-
 taminants and background condi-
 tions in a consistent manner
 across the nation. For a copy of
 the report, contact Rosemary
 Musson by email to
 rmusson@srvares.er. usgs.gov, or
 by phone at (703) 648-5702.

 Review of Monetary and
 Nonmonetary Valuation of
 Environmental Investments,
 (IWR Report 95-R-2, February
 1995) - This U.S. Army Corps of
 Engineers report 1) describes
 services provided by environmen-
 tal resources and systems and
 methods for their measurement or
 valuation; 2) reviews existing
 federal agency research programs
 and products; 3) describes
 nonmonetary and monetary
 valuation techniques used by
 federal agencies; and 4) evaluates
 the resource constraints in poten-
 tially applying these techniques to
 Corps of Engineers projects. For
 more information, contact Gerald
 Stedge at (703) 355-2257.

 Prototype Information Tree for
 Environmental Restoration Plan
 Formulation and Cost Estima-
 tion, (IWR Report 95-R-3, March
  1995) - This U.S. Army Corps of
 Engineers report investigates the
 possibility of developing an infor-
  mational tool for organizing and
  providing the type of data and in-
     NEW IN PRINT

formation necessary for identify-
ing and costing environmental res-
toration measures and techniques.
For more information, contact Joy
Muncy at (703) 355-0009.

Compilation and Review of Com-
pleted Restoration and Mitigation
Studies in Developing an Evalua-
tion Framework for Environmen-
tal Resources - Volumes I and n
(IWR Reports 95-R-4 and 95-R-5,
June 1995).  This U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers two-volume
report provides an overview of the
Corps of Engineers Evaluation of
Environmental Investments Re-
search Program and presents an
initial data gathering effort to iden-
tify the important planning issues
currently faced by Corps planners
in assessing the efficiency and
effectiveness of investments in
environmental restoration, protec-
tion, and mitigation. For more
information, contact Joy Muncy at
(703) 355-0009.

EPA, Office of Wetlands, Oceans
and Watersheds 1995 Publica-
tion List, EPA 840-B-95-001 -
Published by EPA in March 1995,
this list is available by calling the
NCEPI at (513) 489-8190.

Cleaner Water Through Conser-
vation, EPA 841-B-95-002 - This
April 1995 EPA publication con-
tains sections on water use in the
United States, the effects of ex-
 cessive water usage on water
 quality, water conservation, re-
 gional approaches to using water
 efficiently, and a statistical break-
 down of interior home water use.
 It is available by calling NCEPI at
 (513) 489-8190.

 Nonpoint Source Water Quality
Contacts, 1994-95 Directory - This
directory, published by the Conser-
vation Technology Information
Center (CTIC) with assistance from
the Natural Resources Conserva-
tion Service and the USEPA,
contains over 400 NPS contacts
and can be obtained for a $2.00
postage and handling fee by con-
tacting the CTIC by phone at (317)
494-9555, or via fax at (317) 494-
5969.

Linking EPA's Geographic Initia-
tives, Including the Great Water
Bodies Programs and the National
Estuary Program - This report to
Congress allows for the transfer of
information gained from early
geographic initiatives to new
programs in an effort to prevent
duplication of effort. For more
information, contact Jill Abelson at
(202) 260-9799.

Toward a Watershed Approach:
A Framework for Aquatic Ecosys-
tem Restoration, Protection, and
Management - This report illus-
trates the use of the watershed ap-
proach to achieve sustainable  de-
velopment. An overview of fed-
eral, state, and local efforts and
three watershed portraits are in-
cluded. For more information,
contact Coastal America at (301)
713-3160.

Water-Quality Monitoring in the
 United States: 1993 Report of the
Intergovernmental Task Force on
Monitoring Water Quality - This
report of the Intergovernmental Task
Force on Monitoring Water Quality,
 chaired by EPA and vice-chaired by
USGS, examines the various water

     See NEW IN PRINT, page 7

-------
  Summer 1995
         Watershed Events
                                                                                           'age /
     NEW IN PRINT, from page 6

 quality monitoring procedures of
 federal, state, and local agencies.
 Copies of this report and a separate
 "Technical Appendixes" can be
 obtained by contacting the USGS at
 (703) 648-5023, or via fax at (703)
 648-6802.

 Improving Wetland Public Out-
 reach, Training and Education,
 and Interpretation;
 Guidebook for Creating Wetland
 Interpretation Sites Including
 Wetlands andEcotourism;
 National Registry of Wetland
 Professionals and Wetland
 Sourceboolc,
 Effective Mitigation: Mitigation
 Banks and Joint Projects in the
 Context of Wetland Management
 Plans - These and other publica-
 tions are available by contacting the
 Association of State Wetland
 Managers at (518) 872-1804. Call
 for list of publications and prices.

      CALL FOR PAPER
         DEADLINES

 September 30,1995
  AWRA Annual Symposium on
  Watershed Restoration Man-
  agement: Physical, Chemical,
  and Biological Considerations,
  July 14-17,1996, Syracuse,
  NY. Paper, poster, video, and
  software proposals requested.
  (Contact Dr. Jeffrey J.
 McDonnell, 315-470-6565)

October 2,1995
 Conference on Coastal Redwood
 Forest Ecology and Manage-
 ment, Humboldt State Univer-
 sity, Areata, CA, June 18-20,
 1996. Paper and poster presenta-
 tions requested. (Contact Dr.
 John LeBlanc, 510-642-6678)
                         NEWS BITS
  TVA's fourth annual "RiverPulse"
  reports that last year's wet spring
  and summer helped to improve wa-
  ter quality in the Tennessee River.
  TVA's latest "report card" to the
  public says that the river system
  remains in good overall healthit
  is safe to swim in most locations
  tested and the fish are safe to eat
  from most lakes. TVA is distribut-
  ing RiverPulse free to the public
  by mail, at marinas, and at TVA
  visitor centers. For more informa-
  tion, contact Debbie Hubbs at
  TVA at (615) 632-7559.
  plan which includes the study of
  an algal bloom that has persisted
  since the winter of 1989 and oc-
  curs over approximately one-third
  of the study area.  The algal
  bloom, known-as Texas brown
  tide, has shaded seagrasses, re-
  duced the survival rate offish lar-
  vae, and adversely affected recre-
  ational fishing. A proposal to con-
  trol the brown tide through the use
  of a zooplanktonic grazer known
  to eat the alga is currently under
  consideration. For more informa-
  tion, contact Hudson DeYoe at the
  CCBNEP at (512) 985-6767.
 TVA's Clean Water Initiative and
 the Chattanooga, Tennessee Storm
 Water Management Division will
 team up this summer to implement
 a storm drain stenciling project for
 the city of Chattanooga. Youth
 organizations will be invited to
 stencil storm drains with the
 phrase "Dump No Waste-Drains
 to River," and to provide informa-
 tion to residents about pollution
 prevention practices. Contact
 Debbie Hubbs at TVA at (615)
 632-7559 for more details.
 The USDA Natural Resources
 Conservation Service, formerly
 the Soil Conservation Service,
 celebrated 60 years of natural re-
 sources conservation in May 1995
 at a national "Celebration of the
 Land" ceremony in Washington
 DC.
 The National Oceanic and Atmo-
 spheric Administration now offers
 a Coastal Guardian Hotline that
 people can call to request infor-
 mation on preserving the coast.
 The number is (800) 226-1234.
 The information is also available
 through an on-line environmental
 center called E2B2, modem
 number (913) 897-1040 (N-8-1).
The Corpus Christi Bay National
Estuary Program (CCBNEP) in
Texas is developing a management
 "Luck Isn't Enough: The Fight for
 Clean Water" is a 12 minute video
 geared toward local government
 officials that delivers a jargon-free
 introduction to NFS pollution.
 The video was originally devel-
 oped by the University of Con-
 necticut Sea Grant and Coopera-
 tive Extension programs. The
 video is available for loan and du-
 plication from Regional EPA of-
 fices, or by contacting the NEMO
 Project at the University of Con-
 necticut Cooperative Extension at
 (203) 345-4511 by phone, (203)
 345-3357 by fax, or via email to
caraold@canrl.cag. uconn.edu.
      See NEWS BITS, page 8

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PageS
     Watershed Events
                                                                                  Summer 1995
     NEWS BITS, from page 7

In a joint House and Senate hearing
on precision farming applications
on June 19,1995, USDA Secretary
Glickman discussed precision
farming, stating "Precision agricul-
ture works through tractor-mounted
computers and satellite connections
to measure yields and anticipate
fertilizer and pesticide needs within
feet of the tractor's actual position.
Precision agriculture will help
family farmers and rural America.
Farm operations of every size can
reap the cost savings and environ-
mental benefits of this technology."
                    CYBER SPACE
The following is a listing of
Internet resources which may be
of interest to readers. To be
added to the mailing list of
"Internet Newsbrief," an elec-
tronic update service from the
EPA Headquarters Library,
contact Robin Murphy at ALL-
IN-1 murphy.robin or at (202)
260-5080. Watershed Events
appreciates Robin's contribution
of these resources for readers.
The Archbold Village Council in
Fulton County, Ohio recently com-
mitted $10,000 to support the USDA
Wetlands Reserve Program. The
funds will assist local landowners
with flooding problems along Bush
Creek, adjacent to much of the
area's cropland. The Wetlands Re-
serve Program will provide $900 per
acre for land to be restored to wet-
land conditions. The state will con-
tribute an additional $400 per acre
for restoration of land within 200
feet of the creek.
 A partnership between American In-
 dians, government entities, and pri-
 vate landowners is developing solu-
 tions to common natural and cultural
 resource problems. The partnership,
 fostered by the Zuni River Water-
 shed Act of 1992, has led to an ef-
 fort to develop a comprehensive re-
 source inventory and plan led by the
 Natural Resources Conservation
 Service. The effort is the first on In-
 dian lands in New Mexico.  For
 more information, contact Betty
 Joubert at (505) 761-4404.
EPA Efforts to Protect
Ecosystems
URL = http://www.epa.gov/ecoplaces/
The efforts inventory consists of
three parts: large scale projects
over 100,000 square kilometers;
local efforts less than 100,000
square kilometers; and national
or regional activities involving
multiple sites.  The submission of
project summaries is voluntary.

Safe Drinking Water Hotline
Email Address: hotline-
sdwa@epamail.epa.gov
Inquiries on EPA's drinking
water program, regulations, and
standards are now accepted via
email. For more information on
email access to the hotline,
contact Beth Hall at
halLbeth@epamaiI.epa.gov.

Biodiversity and Ecosystems
Network URL=http://
straylighttamu.edu/bene/beneJitml
The Biodiversity and Ecosystems
Network (BENE) is a partnership
initiated to foster cooperation
 and information exchange among
 those interested in biodiversity
 conservation and ecosystem
protection.  All interested organi-
zations are welcome to join.

Cryptosporidium - Special
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
Report Recommendations and
Reports Issue.
URL=http://www.aawford.com/cdc/mmwr/
rnmwLhtml

Environmental Financing
Information Network (EFES)
Telnet epaibm.rtpnc.epa.gov, or
modem (919) 549-0720, or
modem 1-800-291-0349 (8-N-l).
EFESf provides abstracts on
financing alternatives for state
and local environmental pro-
grams and projects. For more
information on the contents of
the EFDST database, or how to
reach and search it, contact the
EFIN hotline at (202) 260-0420,
or via email to
urban.ilsabe@epamail.epa.gov.

Access EPA through the CffiSIN
website
URL=hnp://epawww.ciesin.org/national/
accessepa.contents.html
CIESIN is  a pathfinder for
hundreds of information re-
sources, such as clearinghouses,
hotlines, bulletin boards, librar-
ies, databases, and scientific
models. Descriptions and con-
tact information are included for
each resource listed.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's
National Wetlands Inventory
Arc/Info Simple Macro Lan-
 guage Programs
 URL = http://wwwjiwi.fws.gov/
 Macros automate the conversion

     See CYBIER SPACE, page 9

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 Summer 1995
        Watershed Events
                                                                                           Page 9
     CYBER SPACE, from page 8


 of the National Wetlands Inven-
 tory DLG3 digital files to PC
 ARC/INGO coverages. For
 more information, or help,
 contact Mike Murphy via email
 to mike@entetprisejiwi.fws.gov.

 Biodiversity and Biological
 Collections Gopher (Harvard)
 URL=gophen//takharvarcLedu
 The Gopher includes access to the
 Gray Herbarium Index of New
 World Plants and the Harvard
 Biological Collections Catalogs.

 Regulatory Affairs Information
 URL=http://www.cybemeticsjiet/users/
 rainfo/teglinkl
 Site links listed include the
 Federal Register, the Interna-
 tional Standards Organization,
 the Morbidity and Mortality
 Weekly Report, and the WWW
 Virtual Library.

 Great Lakes Environmental
 Wire (GLEW)
 URL=http://cedar.cicjiel/~glew/
 The wire provides a weekly, full-
 text update on stories covered by
 newspapers in the region. A link
 to the GLEW archive is also
 provided.

 The Environmental Organiza-
 tion Directory
 URL=hOp://www jain.org/~eis/
 Directory of over 8,000 environ-
 mental organizations, associa-
 tions, institutes, government
 agencies, and commercial enter-
prises. Categories for browsing
 are available.
  TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES

 September 6-9,1995
   Ground and Surface Water
   Interaction Zones: A Watershed
   Field Workshop, Flathead Lake
   Biological Station, Poison, MT,
   sponsored by USEPA and the
   National Park Service, in coop-
   eration with the University of
   Montana.  This hands-on work-
   shop is geared toward local and
   state water resource managers.
   (Contact Flathead Lake Biologi-
   cal Station, the University of
   Montana, 406-982-3301)

 September 13,1995
   CZMA Federal Consistency
   Workshop for the Pacific
   Islands, Honolulu, HI, spon-
   sored by NOAA. (Contact
   David W. Kaiser, 301-713-
   3098, ext. 144)

 October 1-5,1995
  Partners in Flight Conservation
  Plan: Building Consensus for
  Action, Cape May, NJ. (Contact
  D. Lawrence Planners, 609-344-
   1333)

November 2-3,1995
  Ecological Restoration Work-
  shop, Chattanooga, TN.
  Streambank restoration training
  sponsored by the TVA Clean
  Water Initiative. (Contact
  Debbie Hubbs, 615-632-7559)

Watershed Events welcomes the
submission of training opportuni-
ties.
                        >so
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   LEARN FROM IT:

   "Love this river, stay by it, learn from it.

   Yes, he wanted to learn from it, he wanted to listen to it. It seemed
   to him that whoever understood this river and its secrets, would
   understand much more, many secrets, all secrets."

   -Hermann Hesse                 i

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Page 10
    Watershed Events
                                                                                 Summer 1995
  CONFERENCE SCHEDULE

 August 29-September 1,1995
   The Sixth Annual Utah Non-
   point Source Water Quality
   Conference, Cedar City, UT
   (801-538-7175)

 September 17-20,1995
   Versatility of Wetlands in the
   Agricultural Landscape,
   Tampa, EL (616-428-6327)

 October 2-6,1995
   Linking Land and Water:
   Third National Nonpoint
   Source Watershed Monitoring
   Workshop, Seattle, WA
   (Contact Teena Reichgott,
   206-553-1601)

 October 15-17,1995
   The Future of California
   Forests: Perceptions, Expecta-
   tions, and Realities, Sacra-
   mento, CA (Contact Janice
   Montano, 510-215-4222)

 October 24-26,1595
   Mid-Atlantic Highlands
   Environment-Now and To-
   morrow, Davis, WV (Contact
   Eastern Research Group, Inc.,
   617-674-7374)

 November 6-11,1995
   15th International Symposium
   of the North American Lake
   Management Society on
   Aquatic Ecosystem Steward-
   ship, Toronto, Ontario,
   Canada (705-766-2418)

 November 13-14,1995
   Annual West Coast Wastewa-
   ter Pollution Prevention
   Symposium, San Francisco,
   CA (415-744-1948)

 December 12-15,1995
   National Agricultural Ecosys-
   tem Management Conference,
   New Orleans, LA (Contact
   Lyn Kirschner, 317-494-9555)
s*  X, S ss^ss^s /5 s?s C s' " sjisss^S^JssXV^1 - s ss vS. 'S_s;t-i. i *>s ;_-   s   ,  y. vV
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     :^^//i^jCtrtMJt Volume 3, Numbef4;h/I^1995''  s   "Vi  -^   f^V
   Did You Know?
  4  The quantity of water on
     earth remains constant
     326 cubic miles.
  4  About 150 gallons of
     water are used to produce
     a newspaper.
  4  Water weighs 62.4 Ibs per
     cubic foot.
  4  Water is known as the
     "universal solvent" be-
     cause it can dissolve
     almost anything when
     given enough time.
4 Evaporation from oceans
  accounts for 85 percent of
  the water vapor in the
  atmosphere.
4 A tree gives off 70 gallons
  of water a day. Transpi-
  ration of one acre of corn
  yields 4,000 gallons of
  water a day.
4 With the exception of
  ammonia, water absorbs
  heat better than any other
  substance.

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 Summer 1995
                          Watershed Events
                                                                                      Page 11
                         EPA's Water Programs Go On-Line
 The EPA Office of Water/Office
 of Wetlands, Oceans, and Water-
 sheds is beginning to use the
 Internet to enable the public and
 federal, state, and local partners
 to get information on America's
 water resources. Under develop-
 ment, the new Water Information
 Network (WIN) is a means to
 promote partnerships and com-
 munication and to assist commu-
 nities interested in the environ-
 mental challenges facing
 America's water resources.
 Information on the WIN is
                    designed to flow from those who
                    have it to those who need it to
                    take action in the management of
                    water resources.

                    Currently, access to newsletters,
                    fact sheets, brochures, publica-
                    tions, and other program infor-
                    mation about the quality of the
                    nation's water resources and
                    related EPA goals, programs, and
                    regulations is available through
                    the WIN. Access to water
                    quality monitoring methods,
                    tools, and automated information
 Wetlands,
Oceans, and
Watersheds
Science and
Technology
Wastewater   Groundwater       EPA
Management       and         Regions
            Drinking Water
 systems, such as STORET, is
 also provided. Information is
 exchanged through hotlines,
 bulletin boards, and group email
 conversations. Connections to
 countless other water information
 holdings of federal, state, and
 local partners on the Internet are
 possible via the WIN.

 The WIN utilizes EPA's public
 access servers and can be ac-
 cessed over the World Wide Web
 or Gopher. Enter the Universal
 Resource Locator (URL) for the
 EPA homepage:  http://
 www.epa.gov and go to EPA
 Offices and Regions, then to
 Office of Water, or enter http://
 wivw.epa.gov.OWOW and go
 directly to WIN.  Users need an
 Internet provider with an Internet
 Protocol (IP) address, at least a
 386 or comparable personal
 computer, four megabytes of
 RAM, and tools for reviewing
 the; graphics on the World Wide
 Web.

 Early focus of the WIN has been
 on EPA's resource programs for
 watersheds, wetlands, coasts, and
 oceans.  Added information,
 links to partners, homepages, and
 other services are coming to the
WIN. For more information on
this effort, contact Karen Klima
at (202) 260-7087, or send email
to ldima.karen@epamail.epa.gov.
    Did You Know?
     A family of four in the United States con-
     sumes 360 gallons of water per day at home.
     Only 10 gallons of this is used for cooking and
     drinking.
                                     Watering the lawn and washing the car
                                     consume 100 gallons of water.
                                     Every living thing on earth is mostly water.
                                     An elephant is 70 percent water; a tomato, 90
                                     percent water; and humans, 65 percent
                                     water.

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AEPA
Office of Wetlands, Oceans,
and Watersheds (4501F)
401 M Street, SW
Washington, DC 20460

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use
$300
FIRST CLASS MAIL

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