United States
                         Environmental Protection
                  Air and Radiation
EPA 430-N-95-005'
'June 1995
Green  Lights &
                                      s*"^  """x
                             ERGY  STAR Update *
Breathtaking clarity,
luminous illumination and
affordabilitu are available
at the Green Lights Club.
  [}<&6*V yVdJ^KI ^-L<^r,v-v-  J

              .)_ ^.. ,'K^S xJ/oivix?f  xaKi^4
                                              ** »i §
                     401 M STREET, SW (6202J), WASHINGTON, DC 20460
                       ENERGY STAR FAX LINE SYSTEM • 202 233-9659
                GREEN LIGHTS/ENERGY STAR HOTLINE 202 775-6650 • FAX 202 775-6680

 G   L   &   E   S
                                         CASE STUDY:  NY  MARRIOTT  MARQUIS
                                                Managing  Energy in the Big Apple
  Conten  ts
  2  Case Studies: Marriott Marquis
                   Marriott Livonia
                   Seattle Westin
  /  Hotel Snapshot
  8  ES Buildings  Stage 2
  9  New Participants
  10  Regional Focus
  13  Tip of the Month
  14  In the Spotlight
  15  Tech Talk
  16  Hotel Extras
  18  GLIDProfrles
  19  Completed  Upgrades
           The Green Lights Update is a
           free monthly publication with a
           circulation of over 35,000.
  Recipients of the Update include: Green
  Lights participants, program prospects,
  members of Congress, and interested
  members of the general public, Receipt of
  this publication is not an indication that
  your organization is a participant.To add
  your name to the subscription list, or to
  find out how to join Green Lights, call
  the Green Lights/ENERGY STAR Hotline at
  202 775-6650.
  Although publication of all  submissions is
  not guaranteed, the  Update encourages
  Partners, Allies, and Endorsers to submit
  articles of interest and to provide input for
  future issues. Please  keep in mind that EPA
  seeks only to promote energy efficiency
  and does not endorse any particular prod-
  uct or service. If your organization would
  like to submit material for  publication  in
  the Green Lights Update, please fax material
  to Eric Carlson at 202 233-9578 or send
  materials to: Update Editor, EPA Green
  Lights (6202J), 401 M Street, SW,
  Washington, DC 20460.
                                              New York Marriott Marquis Reduces Electricity Usage
 j he  New York Marriott Marquis has
 I discovered that increased guest room
occupancy does not have to mean larger
electric bills. Using Green Lights technol-
ogy and a sophisticated  energy manage-
ment  system (EMS),  the  hotel  has
actually reduced its energy usage  by 12
percent  while annual  guest room occu-
pancy rates  grew from  83.9  percent in
1989 to 90.7 percent in 1994.
  In 1990, the Marriott  Marquis, located
in New York City's theater district, under-
took a major lighting upgrade initiated by
Chief Engineer Chuck Duffner. Accord-
ing to  Ed Pietzak,  Director
     of Engineering, when  Marriott  began
     their upgrading they "were on the cutting
     edge of many of the lighting technolo-
     gies." Hotel upgrades included installing
     electronic ballasts in every fluorescent fix-
     ture  located in "back of the  house" areas
     such as hallways,  administrative offices,
     storage areas, kitchens, and laundry facili-
     ties.  Exit signs were also upgraded  with
     compact fluorescent kits, and incandescent
     lighting in  guest rooms was  upgraded to
     hardwired   compact  fluorescent  quad
     lamps.  Incandescent  flood lamps,  in
     recessed downlight "cans" located in public
     	 - -  	\  areas such as lobbies and
                    corridors,  were replaced
                    with hard-wired compact
                     fluorescent fixtures. Since
                     these fixtures operate on
                     a 24-hour basis, the sav-
                      ings  in both  energy
                    i  usage and  maintenance
                    <  costs are significant.
                     i    To  further  reduce
                       energy   usage,   the
                       Marriott   Marquis
                        installed a new EMS.
                        By optimally starting
                         and stopping  heat-
                         ing, ventilation, and
                         cooling equipment
                       ',  in  hotel meeting
                        !,  rooms and  ball-
                        \ rooms,  the EMS
                           enables the  hotel
                           to carefully moni-
                            tor  and  manage
                            its energy usage.
,,^-f^f------ •-'•'-
Lobby of NY Marriott Marquis   According   to
2  • June 1995

Assistant Chief Engineer, Walter Irizarry,
this system controls 17 major air handling
units, exhaust fans, heat exchangers, three
central  chillers,  cooling towers,  chilled
water and condenser water pumps, and
lighting in certain public areas and meet-
ing rooms.
   To get the most from the hotel's EMS,
Marriott Marquis sales  representatives
are required to inform the engineering
staff about the times and dates of upcom-
                        ing events. This  information is entered
                        into the EMS, which then automatically
                        starts   and   stops  HVAC  equipment
                        according to  scheduled uses. The system
                        can be reprogrammed easily to accom-
                        modate changing schedules. The  EMS
                        can also turn on and shut off lighting in
                        some of the  hotel's meeting rooms and
                        ballrooms. The Marriott Marquis  plans
                        to add more meeting room and  ballroom
                        lighting panels to the EMS so that the
NY Marriott Marquis' occupancy rates (see chorts, below) have risen steadily while energy
usage and costs per year have decreased.
      %  700,000
      c  600,000
      §  500,000
      542,230 555,417
                 575'116 563294 578,320 568,320
                                        607,544 621-935
                 1986  1987  1988  1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994
                                  Occupied Rooms
                 1986  1987  1988  1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994
                                    Annual Cost
    ~S 38,000,000
    | 36,000,000
    u 34,000,000
    ^ 32,000,000
                 1986  1987  1988  1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994
                             Annual kWh Consumption
lighting  hours of  operation can be
reduced even further.
   To  lower  electric bills  more, the
Marriott  Marquis takes  advantage  of a
new  rate  system offered by the  hotel's
electric  utility,  Consolidated  Edison
(ConEd). Since 1993, the hotel has par-
ticipated  in ConEd's experimental  Real
Time Pricing (RTF). Under this rate sys-
tem, the price of electricity fluctuates on
an hourly basis, 365 days a year. The price
per kWh, therefore, is determined by the
weather,  the status  of ConEd's  power
plants, and the status of the power pool.
For example, during a peak winter day in
February  1995, the price of electricity to
the hotel varies from 4.62 cents per kWh
at 4:00 a.m. to a high of 31.48 cents per
kWh at 11:00 a.m. During a peak sum-
mer day in 1994, the  price  variation was
even  more dramatic—ranging from 5.08
cents  per kWh to $2.51 per kWh. Using
this  rate  system saves  the hotel  more
money annually.
   Irizarry said the hotel receives hourly
electricity prices for the following day at
2:00 p.m. each afternoon. This informa-
tion,  received via modem, is sent to the
EMS. Based on the price  of electricity,
the EMS  computes a strategy which will
use less energy during the high cost peri-
ods.  Where possible, the hotel  goes
"above and beyond" what the EMS can
do when responding to the price signals.
   The Marriott Marquis plans to  con-
tinue  its efforts to reduce energy usage. In
fact, as a Charter Partner in the ENERGY
STAR  Buildings program,  future plans
include the installation of variable speed
drives on all applicable fans  and pumps.
   The Marriott  Marquis  successfully
demonstrates how a hotel using energy-
efficient technologies can  save  money
and electricity  at  the same time, even
with increased guest room occupancy, t *
                                                                                                         June 1995 • 3

  G   L   &   E   Si
                                          CASE   STUDY:  LIVONIA  MARRIOTT
                                               Fast  and Efficient  Lighting  Upgrades
                                              Livonia Marriott Completes Upgrade in Five Months
 I  he  Livonia Marriott lighting upgrade
 I  project shows how a complete energy-
efficient lighting  upgrade can  be  per-
formed in five months, with little or no
interference to guests, while saving over
$51,000 per year.
   Livonia Marriott  engineers  initiated
the lighting  project  after  attending  a
national Marriott engineers' meeting  in
San Francisco. Here, the latest technolo-
gies in energy conserving lighting products
were introduced into Marriott properties.
   "The Livonia Marriott saw energy sav-
ing lighting as a way to reduce operating
costs,  enhance light levels and color rendi-
tion while benefiting  the environment,"
said Joe Helbert,  Chief  Engineer at the

Annual Operational Savings
Annual Incandescent & Fluorescent
Lamp Replacement and Labor Savings
Annual Air Conditioning Savings
Annual Possible Heating Increase
Annual Ballast and Labor Savings
Total Annual Savings
 Livonia Marriott.
    Before beginning the upgrade, Livonia
 Marriott  engineers tested the TV cable
 communications,  guest cellular phones
 and computers for interference from the
 proposed electronic ballasts and compact
 fluorescents. After several weeks of test-
 ing, the Marriott Livonia was ready to
 find an energy management company to
 perform  the  energy  audit,  provide  a
 detailed report  and  propose  the most
 effective  lighting program  that would
 meet  Marriott  criteria. The  company
 selected also needed to provide support to
 the Livonia Marriott  after  the  upgrade
 was completed. After careful deliberation,
 American Energy Control Systems, Inc.
 445,850 kWh
4,496.68 Lamps

 63,31 I  kWh
   761 MCF
2,328.79  Ballasts

    $545 34
                                                was chosen to perform the audit.
                                                Existing fixture types, number of
                                                lamps  and  their wattage  and
                                                voltage  were  determined by
                                                 lighting schedules  from blue-
                                                 prints  and  physical  walk-
                                                 throughs     by     Livonia's
                                                  engineering  staff. American
                                                   Energy Control Systems per-
                                                   formed a complete  count of
                                                   fixtures,  hours of operation,
                                                   wattage,  cost of electricity
and   maintenance   and  labor  costs.
American Energy Control Systems then
proposed an upgrade program that would
save  Livonia  Marriott the most energy,
increase its light output  and improve its
light rendering.
   One interesting challenge the Livonia
Marriott team overcame was the selection
of a ballast and a lamp for the public space
recessed  fixtures. Because Marriott uses
thermal insulated recessed light fixtures
with a narrow cone-shaped  inner hous-
ings, Livonia Marriott staff were only able
to test two  different compact fluores-
cents—one with a magnetic ballast and
the other with an electronic ballast.
   After approximately four weeks of test-
ing,  the electronic ballast  with  inter-
changeable light  diffusers  was  chosen
because the electronic ballast sat up higher
in the recessed can and looked aesthetical-
ly more pleasing than the magnetic ballast.
   With the combination of the electron-
ic ballast sitting higher in the can and the
polished  aluminum inner housing of the
recessed  fixtures,  the Livonia Marriott
was  able to decrease  the wattage from a
135-watt incandescent to a 10-watt com-
pact  fluorescent in a room with a 10-foot
high ceiling and to an 18-watt compact in
an area with  a  20-foot  high ceiling.  By
replacing these public space incandescent
lamps, the Livonia  Marriott saved over
$8,000 in lamp replacement and labor and
$35,668 in annual operational costs.
   To  see these lighting upgrades  first-
hand, visit the  Livonia  Marriott at the
Detroit  Lighting Upgrade Workshop
June 29-July 1,  1995. Fl
4  • June 1995

                                                                                              |G   L   &   E   Sr;
                 WEST I N
 Seattle Westin Pleases Customers & Saves Money
    South Tower Lighting Upgrade Makes Good Business Sense
 |—| ave you ever checked into a hotel and
 1  1 spent  the  evening  watching TV
because there wasn't enough light to read?
Or had trouble finding your room in the
first place in dimly lit, disorienting hall-
ways? Green Lights Partner Westin want-
ed to avoid these common occurrences at
its downtown Seattle hotel and provide its
customers with not only adequate, but also
comfortable and effective lighting.
   The Westin Hotel began working with
Seattle City Light in 1993 to upgrade all
lighting systems in the entire facility. The
process  has been completed in the south
tower and in most of the public spaces.
The north tower is scheduled for comple-
tion in the Fall of 1995.
   A   major   force
behind  this upgrade
was  a desire to elimi-
nate  the  need  for
room attendants  to
replace incandescent
light bulbs.  The
variety of wattages
used in  each room
caused  confusion
about which lamp
went in each fix-
ture. The  poten-
tial  for  reducing
energy costs was
another  factor in
the project. The
south tower was  built  in 1967
when electricity was cheap and incandes-
cent lighting was the only way to create
the warm residential glow that hotels like
to project.
   The Seattle Westin sought to accom-
plish the upgrade without degrading the
visual environment of the guest rooms and
hallways. The  tools at  its disposal  were
lamp  and ballast  changes,  luminaire
changes, and more centralized control of
the lighting in unoccupied spaces.
   In the south tower hallways, each ceil-
ing-mounted crystal incandescent fixture
was upgraded with two seven  watt com-
pact fluorescent lamps. In the elevator lob-
bies, the  surface-mounted incandescent
fixtures  were  changed  to custom-made
pendants with four 26-watt  quad  tube
compact fluorescent lamps,  and table
lamps were upgraded with circline fluores-
cent lamps. A 50-watt PAR 20 downlight
          at each elevator door completed
  Lighting Features
the  scheme  creating
softer ambient light  and more  inviting
guest areas.
   The lighting in  the guest rooms was
  • Total conversion from incandescent to
    fluorescent and halogen incandescent
  • Lighting Power Density in guest rooms:
    0.72 w/ft2, with improved visibility
  • More aesthetically pleasing lighting in
    guest bathrooms
  • "Brighter" visual environment in elevator
  • Reduced maintenance costs from
    extended lamp life

upgraded as well. Guest room floor and
table lamps were upgraded with 3000K
circline fluorescent lamps of different
wattages. Headboards  of the beds  were
altered to accommodate a two-foot  fluo-
rescent uplight and two  adjustable 50-
	             watt PAR 20 halogen
                 reading lights.
                    In the  bathrooms,
                 louvered soffit lighting
                 with T-12  fluorescent
             I   lamps  and  magnetic
                ballasts  was  replaced
               with two wall  sconces,
               each containing two 26-
              watt quad tube  3500K
              compact   fluorescents,
              operated with  one remote
              electronic  ballast.  This
             change improved both the
             lighting quantity and qual-
             ity  for a  person looking  in
            the  mirror. Illumination on
the vertical plane increased, and shadow-
ing of facial features was reduced because
                    continued on page 6
                                                                                                     June 1995 '5

  G   L   &
Westin, continued from page 5
light came from the sides instead of from over-
head. The color rendering index of the lamps
increased from 75 to 84 and skin tones appeared
more pleasing.
   The results of the upgrade were significant.
Wattage in each guest room was reduced by 66
percent, from an original installed load of about
800 watts to  approximately 270 watts.  Light
levels not only increased with the change but
exceeded the Westin  Hotel's  standards for
lighting its guest rooms. The annual energy
savings from the lighting changes are project-
ed to be about 140,000.
   After  the  upgrade  was completed,  the
hotel surveyed guests about the new light-
ing  and received  compliments on  the
"increased" lighting in the rooms. Guests were
also happy to be able to work at the desk in their rooms.
   Customer satisfaction is the name of the game in the hotel business, and the Seattle
Westin's guests have given their enthusiastic approval. Pleasing customers and  saving
money...that's good business.  F*

Thanks to the Lighting Design Lab of Seattle, WA for providing this case study and photographs.
Brighter lighting using efficient sources in hallways and at
elevators make more inviting guest areas.
                                                                                   "Finding the Best Lighting Retrofit
                                                                                     Value," Building Operations
                                                                                     March 1995, pp.30-36

                                                                                   "Lenders Stand Ready to Fund
                                                                                     Energy Projects," Energy User
                                                                                     News, March 1995, pp. 19-25

                                                                                   "Unlocking the Power of
                                                                                     Electronic Ballasts," Building
                                                                                     Operations Management, March
                                                                                      1995, pp.40-46
                                                                                   "Showcasing Cost Savings, EPA's
                                                                                     Energy Star Buildings," Building
                                                                                     Operations Management, March
                                                                                      1995, pp. 38-44
6  • June 1995

  Environmentally Responsible Hotel Rooms
              ITT Sheraton Key West's Enviro-Rooms
 |~ nergy efficiency and comfort go hand-
 iLin-hand in ITT Sheraton Key West's
new Enviro-Rooms. ITT's Sheraton Key
West  Suites Hotel, in partnership with
the University of Florida's Energy Exten-
sion Service  (UF-FEES),  has recently
equipped two  rooms with energy-effi-
cient technologies as part of UF-FEES'
statewide Enviro-Room  demonstration.
Typical  installations  in  Enviro-Rooms
include efficient lighting technolo-
gies, energy management systems,
efficient  air conditioners  and
water saving devices.  UF-FEES'
Enviro-Rooms    project  was
designed to provide information
to enable hotel and motel man-
agement to  make  informed
decisions about their  energy
consumption. Currently, nine
hotels statewide, including the
ITT Sheraton Key West, are
participating in  this  UF-
FEES initiative  and are using
this information to predict energy sav-
ings,  maintenance  requirements  and
impact on guest comfort.
   Since ITT Corporation joined Green
Lights, the  ITT-owned Sheraton hotels
have aggressively implemented Green
Lights technologies at many of its prop-
erties. In the  Spring  of 1995, ITT
Sheraton Key West  management  in-
stalled two Enviro-Rooms   featuring
compact fluorescent lamps  in  the guest
room and T8 lamps with electronic bal-
lasts in the bathroom. The lamps in  the
bathroom and the fan are controlled by
an occupancy sensor. Other technologies
installed  include efficient  cooling and
heating systems tied to an energy man-
agement  system, a pulsating water-effi-
cient showerhead, automatic faucets, and
a water saving 1.5 gallon flush toilet.
   For ITT Sheraton Key West manage-
ment, partnering with UF-FEES and the
Florida Hotel & Motel Association was
an easy  decision to make. Jeff Calvert,
General Manager at the hotel, was very
supportive of the Enviro-Rooms project.

                   *""   '
According to Glen
McGrew,    Director    of   Property
Operations, ITT Sheraton understands
that hotel travelers "want to see an envi-
ronmental presence  in  the resorts and
hotels in which they stay, and not only is
environmental  responsibility  the right
thing to do in the community,  but there
are financial reasons to use high efficien-
cy equipment." Using  energy-efficient
technologies will allow the ITT Sheraton
Key West to reduce electricity consump-
tion, for which they pay 11.5  cents per
kWh.  Jay  Furbay,  ITT  Corporate
Purchasing  Manager   and   Energy
Council Co-Chairman, said that one of
the reasons ITT  formed  an  Energy
Council in 1991 was to  reduce ITT's
annual company-wide energy costs by at
least  10 percent. Usha Wright, Vice
President and Director of Environment
and Safety, said  that  Enviro-Rooms is
one of their energy reduction initiatives
to meet the  established goal of their
Environmental   and  Safety  Mission
Statement to "reduce the consumption of
natural  resources and energy....and  to
conduct their activities in a safe and envi-
ronmentally responsible manner.
   Because Enviro-Rooms are just in the
infancy stages at the ITT Sheraton Key
West, management has yet to receive any
          comments from guests about
          the Enviro-Rooms,  which
          indicates that the guests are
         satisfied with the comfort level
         provided.  Dr.  Mike  West,
         Extension  Specialist of  UF-
        FEES said that in other Florida
        hotels  with  Enviro-Rooms,
        maintenance  calls have neither
        increased nor  decreased  in  the
       Enviro-Rooms and the technolo-
       gies used appear to be "transpar-
      ent  to guests." Energy  savings,
environmental impacts and cost savings
for Enviro-Rooms will soon be complied
for participants in this pilot program.
   The UF-FEES' Hotel/Motel Environ-
mental  Resource Efficiency Program
consists of Enviro-Room demonstrations
and a series of energy and water seminars.
The program provides information and
demonstrations of the latest energy and
water  saving equipment and  upgrades to
hotel  and motel  owners, managers and
engineers.  For  more information on
Enviro-Rooms, please contact Mike
West at 904 392-4714. "If
                                                                                                     June 1995 • 7

                                              ENERGY   STAR    BUILDINGS
   ike a car, buildings need to be tuned up
 •...periodically, and like  a  car tuneup, a
 good building tuneup can make the build-
 ing run  better.  The building  tuneup
 includes checks such as:
 •  Are filters and strainers in good condi-
 •  Are air handling units and cooling
   equipment turned of
   zones are jtef-o'ccupied?
 •  Are ,&& cooling opportunities (ie
 ft'" Have thermostats have been cl§bratfecl '.'•
,:';:'    ,      *                   "f -  ,.;.':
'   wkhin tie last year?           "!|.  .; •';
 *  Are thelfeequences of operation cdtrefet .•
          •'l                 _     fl   '^ i
   for heating and cooling equipmeni|  ;  ,
   and aje ate personnel trained to ojlsr-
     ...fi'-'""                         >|   :.
,,..?'%€ equipment to reduce energy cotts? .

   The tuneup basically  tries to  gef the
 building to operate close to the wjy the.
 designer originally intended. This .process
 is sometimes referred to as recominissioil"
 ing. A helpful side effect of theJecomraiS;-
 sioning/tuneup process is  flat  it often
 uncovers  things about the* building that ,
 were never anticipated ;JSiring 'the tirf|p|
 design. For examples?"
 *  After a Greeji tights upgrade, less
              2"°°         '' 4^*
   waste heajls given ofEjJjjF the flew ' /  '•
           jiffi'         *,i$jr
   lighting. Therefore, a" building manag*
                                             Tuneups Make  ES  Buildings Run  Better

                                                                Stage 2:  Building Tuneup

                                               To help Green Lights participants follow the ENERGY STAR Buildings program, the
                                            Update is documenting the ENERGY STAR Buildings five-step process and highlighting the
                                            results of Showcase Buildings participants as they implement the program. This article, the
                                           fourth in a series, describes Stage 2, the Building Tuneup.
 er may find that less cooling is needed
 for parts of the building, so cooling air
 temperatures can often be set higher,
 and energy is saved.
 The air conditioning system for a
 space may have been set to handle the
 heat from 100  people in the space, but
 if 100 people never use the space, it
 may be  helpful to reduce the supply of
 In a dlfii|rent room, a large photocopi-
 er may havfebeen added without
 adjusting the%poling air available to
 the room, so thk air flow needs to be
 To be safe, a designer may have pro-
 vided hot" water t|> heat a building
 during certain nibnths of each year,
 but during the |tinning of the building
 Settle of thos^jthonths did not require
 heat after aIJt'During the tuneup
 process, Ijdt water pumps can be set to
 turn ojf'during those months, and in
 SdipS cases boilers can be turned off as
 Is the amount of outside air appropri-
 ate? Sometimes dampers should be
 adjusted to keep from heating and
 cooling excess air. In other cases
 dampers should be opened more to
 help provide adequate ventilation.
•  Because of their age, many control
   systems are in need of adjustment,
   repair, or upgrade. During the tuneup
   it is a good time to evaluate whether
   modifications should be made to
   enhance the degree of control of the
   heating and cooling systems.

   One of the most important aspects of
the tuneup  is that,  like other ENERGY
STAR stages, it has a ripple effect on the
later stages. A tuneup will often reduce
cooling loads. This often lowers the cost of
fan and plant upgrades because, together
with the impact from Green Lights and
Stage  3  load reductions,  lower cooling
loads can translate  into smaller variable
speed drives on  fan systems and smaller
chiller replacements. Tuneup measures are
often the most cost effective changes to a
building, and sometimes provide big sav-
ings.   In  the  Montgomery   County
Showcase building, for example, the tune-
up  alone  reduced energy use around 28
   The July Update will take a closer look
at the implementation of  Stage 3: Load
Reductions. To  learn more about the
ENERGY  STAR Building and  Showcase
programs call the Green Lights/ENERGY
STAR Hotline at 202 775-6650, H   '  '.
 8 • June 1995

                                                                                         G   L   &   E   .p
                     Green Lights Welcomes New  Participants
   Forty-four (44)  new participants    with  expectations  of enormous energy   with them. If your organization would
joined Green Lights in March to take    savings  and   pollution   prevention   like more information  about the pro-
advantage of the benefits of energy-efE-    through the program.                   gram,  please  call the  Green Lights/
cient lighting upgrades. Green Lights      Green Lights welcomes its new par-   ENERGY STAR Hotline at 202 775-6650.
now has more than 1,700 participants,    ticipants and looks forward to working

                  City of Ada, Oklahoma •  Alamo Community College District •  Alpine Inn Bed 8c
                  Breakfast • Applied Materials, Inc.  •  Boulder Community Hospital • Bradytrane
                Service •  County of Chester, Pennsylvania • Colorado Army National Guard •  Crown
                Cork & Seal Company, Inc., Machinery Division • Dynatron Bondo • Eveready Battery
                Company, Inc. • Fordham Preparatory School •  The George Washington University •
                  Hancock Fabrics, Inc.  • Kaiser Permanente-Northern California Region • Mary Kay
                  Cosmetics, Inc. • Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh • Midlantic Bank, N.A. • Milpitas
                Unified School District • National Broadcasting Company, Inc. • Pequod Associates •
                   Riviana Foods, Inc., Edison Distribution Center • Square D Company • Southern
                 Illinois University at Edwardsville I Team Tierno Enterprises, Inc., DBA The Hanford
                House • Thomas Jefferson University •  University of California, Berkeley H  University
                  of San Diego I Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Wadsworth - West LA H Veterans
                      Affairs Medical Center, New Orleans •  Wesleyan University of Connecticut
                Buckles-Smith Electric Co. • Central Illinois Light Company •  Energy Saver Lighting
                Company  • Erik Lighting, Inc. • Gulf Power Company If JJI Lighting Group, Inc. •
                              Landman I  PJS H Richmond Power & Light Company
                  Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers • California Society for Hospital
                            Engineering, San Francisco • Council of Teaching Hospitals
                                          • The PENJERDEL Council
                                                                                               June 1995 • 9

                                          10% Plan Participants  Upgrade for Earth Day
                                               The 10% Plan was featured in the April/May Update. The
                                          Participants did an accelerated approach to upgrading their lighting.
                                          !  | i ant to hear  about a concrete step
                                          ! = taken to  reduce pollution for Earth
                                          Day 1995?  Consider what Green Lights
                                          10% Plan participants  in New  England,
                                          New York and New Jersey accomplished.
                                            Between February 1  and April 3, 1995
                                          Green Lights participants in these areas
 The following is a list of 10% Plan participants and their company
  Alternative Energy Technologies, Markjudson
  American Express,
    Peter Kane and Michele Kilcullen
  American Standard, Daniel Elliott
  Barr Laboratories, John Bridges
  Bear Stearns Companies, Inc., Melvyn Kass
  Beth Israel Hospital, Francis j. Sullivan
  Brooklyn Union Gas, Gregory]. Roach
  Brown University, Kurt Teichert
  Carrier Corporation of North America,
    Charles Bertueh and Richard Bionchi, jr.
  Citicorp/Citibank, N, A,, John J. R/tter
  Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
    Terry Civic and Hope Davis
  Connecticut College, Peter Horgan
  Connetquot Central Schools,
    Keith G. Anderson
  Enersave Incorporated (NY),
    Dennis Wilson and Jeffrey A. Titus
  Gillette, Karl Christ
  Hasbro Industries, Kevin P England
  Hoffman-La Roche Inc., Ottmar Hedemus
Home Box Office, Regina Portico
ITT Corporation, Joy Furbay
Johnson & Johnson,
   Erik Allen and Harry Kauffman
Major Electric Supply, Inc., Dave Leven
Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology,
   William Won/forth
Mercer County, New Jersey,
   Jim Naples and Edward Kelly
Merck & Company-World Headquarters,
   Gerry Pentlicky
New England Electric System, Paul Fagerquist
Osram Sylvania, Inc., Peter A. B/eosfay
Pathmark Stores, Richard DeToro
Polaroid Corporation, Robert Crockett
Quebecor Printing (Depew, NY),
   Janet E. Schmidt
Self-Powered Lighting, Inc., Do/bert Benoit
Shaw's Supermarkets, Inc..Andrew Hayes
Tufts University, Elizabeth Isenstem
University of Rochester Patricia Beaumont
were  invited to submit  reports on new
lighting upgrades  in 10% of their total
square footage. In  return, EPA offered to
help publicize these companies' pollution
prevention efforts in conjunction with the
25th anniversary celebration of Earth Day
on April 22nd. Thirty-three organizations
responded  by sending  EPA  reports on
completed lighting upgrades  covering an
impressive 45 million square feet.
   Organizations of all  types and  sizes
participated in the 10%  Plan. The com-
mon element that ensured success in each
case: individuals excited about energy effi-
ciency who made  completion of Green
Lights upgrades a high priority. To  honor
these individuals  and the organizations
they represent, EPA sponsored award cer-
emonies in  Boston at the Massachusetts
Institute ofTechnology on April 12th and
in New York City April 18th.
   Hope Davis with the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts was one person honored
at the Boston Event. In  a time of tight
                    continued on page 12
Representatives of MIT are recognized for
their 10% Plan Achievements. Shown
(l-r) are Steve Miskowski, Bill Wolhfarth,
Maria Tikoff, Bill Dickson, Victoria Sinanni,
and Tom Shepord
(l-r) Charles Bertuch and Richard Branch/, Jr
of Carrier Corporation, John Hoffman,
Director, EPAAPPD, and, Jeanne Fox EPA
Regional Administrator at the New York
10% Plan ceremony.
(l-r) Jeanne Fox, EPA Regional Administrator
joins Steve Yagos and Gregory Roach of
Brooklyn Union Gas, and John Hoffman, EPA
APPD Director at the New York 10% Plan
W • June 1995

                                                                                                OMB # 2060-0255 Exp. 3/31/96

(fill in sections 1,2,4,6, and 12 below)

(fill in sections 1-12 below)
Page of
                                                                                                       (attach additional pages as needed)
Company Name:
Facility Name:
Facility address:
Facility type*
                        New Construction?
                                      Yes   No
2. LIGHTING FIXTURES BEFORE UPGRADE   (*use codes on back)
per  Fixture
                          Type 2*
                                            Type 3-
   Group relamping?
                Yes  No   Fixture cleaning*?
                                     Yes  No
                                           Facility Manager:
                                           Telephone No./FAX No.
                                           Total Floorspace for this Facility:
                                           Floorspace included in this report:
                                           Is this the FIRST report sent to EPA for this floorspace?
                                                                                            Yes   No
                                                         3. LIGHTING FIXTURES AFTER UPGRADE
                                                                                                 (*use codes on back)
per Fixture
                                                         5. LIGHTING CONTROLS AFTER UPGRADE
                                                                                 Type 2*
                                                         7. MAINTENANCE METHODS AFTER UPGRADE
                                             Group relamping?
                                                            Yes   No   Fixture cleaning?
Installation Labor
Disposal/Recycling Costs:
Other Costs
Total Project Cost
                                      10. LIGHTING SAVINGS
                                     Lighting Load Reduced
                                     Electricity Reduction
                                     % Lighting Savings
                                     Energy Cost Savings
                                     Internal Rate of Return
                                                                                11. IMPLEMENTATION METHODS:
                                                                      Equipment Provider*
                                                                      Installation Method*
                                                                      Financing Method*
                                                                               use codes on the back for these entries
                                     12. SIGNATURE
                                                           Are you?   GL Implementation Director
                                                                                          Facility Manager
                                     Send to: Jackie Krieger, Green Lights, US-EPA 6202J, 401 M St. SW, Washington DC 20460 , or
                                     FAX to (202) 233-9569.  For Questions, call the Green I.iehts ter.hniral hr>tlinp- •?n?-77

        Facility Type
  1000  Office"
  1001  Warehouse
  1002  Industrial Manufacturing
  1003  Retail sales
  1004  HealthCare
  1005  Lodging (hotels, dormitories etc )
  1006  AssembK (churches, aiiditonimi.s, etc.)
  1007  Education (classrooms)
  1008  Food sales and sen ice
  1009  Parking Garage
  1010  Laboratory
  1011  Outdoor

        Fixture Type
    13  Fluorescent-commercial-no lens
    14  Fluorescent- commercial-clear lens
    15  Fluorescent- commercial-translucent lens
    16  Fluorescent - deep cell lou\er
    17  Fluorescent - small cell lou\er
    18  Fluorescent- industrial-open fixture
    19  Fluorescent- industrial-enclosed fixture
    20  Incandescent- do\\nhght ("can")
    21  Incandescent-spotlight'floodhght
    22  Incandescent-decorati\ e/sconce
    23  Incandescent-pendant fixture
    24  Incandescent-general illumination
    2 5  Incandescent-extenor'landscape
    26  Incandescent - track  lighting
    27  HID-outdoor-cobra head
    28  HID-outdoor-shoe box
    29  HID-outdoor-\\allpak'flood
    30  HID-outdoor-landscape
    31  HID-outdoor-sports  lighting
    32  HID-mdoor-high bay
    33  HID-mdoor-lo\\ bay
    34  HID-indoor-recessed commercial
    35  HID-indoor-sports lighting
    36 Exit sign-incandescent
    37 Exit sign-fluorescent
    38 Exitsign-LED
    39 Exit sign-electroluminescent
    40 Exit sign- tritium
    41 Exit sign- luminescent
    42 Indirect

        Installation  by
  2030 in-house staff
  2031 contractor
  2032 utility
    Lamp Type
54  T-8
55  T-10
56  T-12 Energ\ Sa\ing
57  T-12 Cathode cut-out
58  T-12 High Lumen
59  T-12 Standard
60  T-12 High Output (SOOma)
61  T-12VHO(1500ma)
62  T-17VHO(1500ma)
63  T-5 single ended
64  Compact UMn-tube
65  Compact quad-tube
66  Compact-integrated ballast
67  Compact-circular
68  Incandescent-general sen ice (A, PS,T)
69  Incandescent-Reflector (R, PAR, ER)
70  Incandescent-decoratne
71  Halogen-general sen ice
72  Halogen-reflector (R.PAR, MR)
73  Halogen-tubular
74  HID-mercury \apor
75  HID-metal halide
76  HID-high pressure sodium
77  HID-white-HPS
78  Lo\\ pressure sodium
79  T-12 Slimline

    Ballast Type
80  Fluorescent-old standard magnetic
81  Fluorescent-efficient magnetic
82  Fluorescent-h\brid cathode cutout
83  Fluorescent-standard electronic
84  Fluorescent-integrated electronic
85  Fluorescent-extended output electronic
86  Fluorescent-partial output electronic
87  Fluorescent-dimming electronic
88  Fluorescent-step dimming electronic
89  Fluorescent-HO standard magnetic
90  Fluorescent-HO (800ma) electronic
91  Fluorescent-VHO standard magnetic
92  Fluorescent-compact magnetic
93  Fluorescent-compact electronic
94  HID-magnetic
95  HID-electronic
96  Fluorescent-HO efficient magnetic
97  Fluorescent-VHO efficient magnetic
      Upgrade Type
  110  Relarnp onl\
  111  Delamp onh
  112  Relamp and reballast
  113  Specular reflector delamp
  114  Reflector Reballast
  115  Ne\\ Lens/Reflector Reballast
  116  Ne\\ lens/louver
  117  New fixture
  118  Convert Incand to Fluorescent or HID
  119  Task Lighting

      Control Type
  100  Manual switching
  101  Manual dimming
  102  Occupancy sensor
  103  Timed switching
  104  Timed dimming
  105  Daylight switching
  106  Daylight dimming
  107  Panel level dimming
  108  Panel level EMS
  109  Power reducer

      Survey/Analysis b\
2010  in-house personnel
2011  independent consultant
2012  electrical contractor
2013  utility representative
2014  equipment supplier
2015  lighting management company
2016  energy services company
2017  Green Lights Sun eyorAlK
2018  Architect
2019  Lighting Designer
2024  Electrical Distributor

      Equipment Provided by
2020  lighting equipment supplier
2021  lighting management company
2022  utility
2023  contractor

      Financing by
2040  internal funds
2041  conventional loan
2042  utility
2043  lease-lease-purchase
2044  shared savings
2045  other
       You ma% \\ ant to estimate the
       pollution prevention of this
       project for \ouro\\nuse  Use the
       following formulas and factors
CO2:  kWh vr    x
                      emission  =
NOx:   kWh'yr   x    emission
       sa\ed          factor


  EPA Regional Emission Factors (see note below)
Emission per       CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved         11       4.0     14
Emission per       CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved         1.1       3.4     13
Emission per       CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:         16       82     2.6
Emission per       CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:        15       69     2.5
Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:         18      104     35
Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved.         17       22    25
Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:         20       8.5    3.9
Emission per      CO2     SO2   NOx
kWh saved:        2.2       3.3    3.2
REGION 9: AZ, CA, HI, NV, Guam, Am Samoa
Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:         1.0       1.1     1.5
Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
kWh saved:        0.1       0.5    0.3
     Note: State pollution emission factors are
    aggregated by EPA region. Factors for U.S.
  territories are national average emission factors.
  See the Green Lights Lighting Upgrade Manual.
page: of 620019309-1)

        Signing Ceremonies Highlight Energy Savings
             During April, signing ceremonies took place all over the
          United States, bringing many new Partners into the program.
                 New York Citv
                    April 18,1995
          Ten organizations joined Green Lights
       at a signing ceremony held in New York
       City on April 18th. Present at the event
       were  Jeanne  Fox,   EPA  Regional
       Administrator,  and  John   Hoffman,
       Director of EPA's  Atmospheric Pollution
       Prevention Division (APPD). The new
       Partners,  representing  over  30  million
       square  feet of facility  space, include:
       Adelphi University;  Becton  Dickinson
       and Company; City of White Plains, NY;
       County  of Nassau,  NY;  County  of
       Rockland,  NY; Foxwoods  Resort and
       Casino; Mannington  Mills;  Midlantic
       Bank; NBC; U.S. Military Academy-West
       Mono Tikoff, Director of Green Lights and
       ENERGY STAR Programs,(second from left)
       joins representatives of Shaw's Supermarkets
       at the Boston 10% Plan Recognition
       Ceremony. Pictured (l-r) are Andrew Hayes,
       GLID, Tikoff, Ph/l Francis, President and CEO
       of Shaw's, and John Kelleher, Senior Vice
       President of Shaw's
           San Francisco

             April 18,1995
   What do  Joe Montana and Maria
Tikoff,  Director of Green Lights and
ENERGY STAR programs, have in com-
mon? Well, Maria did not announce her
retirement on April 18 in San Francisco,
but she did rally her team in recognition of
their  great  achievements  over  the  year.
Tikoff  was joined by James  Strock,
California's     Secretary    for   the
Environment,  and 15  other  Region  9
Green Lights Partners and Allies at the
Pacific Energy Center for a signing cere-
mony welcoming seven  new  Partners.
Welcomed into the program were repre-
sentatives from Applied Materials  Inc.,
California State Automobile Association,
Mervyns Department Stores, Oak Grove
Unified  School  District,   Stanford
University, Stanford Health Services, and
(l-r) James Strock, Secretary ofCA/EPA
is shown with Randy McAdam of
Safeway and Maria Tikoff Director of
Green Lights and ENERGY STAR
Programs, at the San Francisco signing
Safeway. Existing Partners  recognized
were Bank of America and the Louisiana
Pacific Corporation-Western Division.
   Special EPA recognition went to the
State  of California for its outstanding
Green Lights implementation, which has
yielded the State  $2.8 million dollars in
energy savings to date.  Green  Lights
Utility Allies Southern California Edison,
Los Angeles  Department of Water  and
Power, and ceremony host Pacific Gas and
Electric were  presented awards for  the
financial incentives they offer participants
in support of Green Lights. Each partici-
pant received a Green  Lights certificate
and a Governor's  Proclamation applaud-
ing their dedication and participation.

          Arlington, VA
             April 25,1995
   On April 25, 1995, over 200 people
gathered at the  Readiness Center  in
Arlington,  Virginia to help the Army
National Guard celebrate Earth Day. As
part of its celebration, the Army National
Guard joined Green Lights, demonstrat-
ing their national commitment to upgrade
existing  facilities  with energy-efficient
lighting. Dick Wilson, Deputy Assistant
Administrator,  EPA  Office of Air  &
Radiation,  signed along  with  Major
General John D'Araujo, Director, Army
National Guard. Also  present at the cere-
mony were Gwendolyn  Taylor,  EPA
Green Lights Federal Program Manager
and members of Green Lights  Partner
                   continued on page 12
                                                                                                           June 1995 •  11

10% Plan, continued from page 10
state budgets, Davis has continued her
lighting work through aggressive use  of
third-party financing.  As  a result, she
and her colleagues have upgraded more
than 6,000,000 square  feet, and are sav-
ing Massachusetts taxpayers $1,157,000
per year.
   At  the Massachusetts  Institute  of
Technology   (MIT),   Green  Lights
Implementation Director Bill Wohlfarth
reported on upgrades in nearly  9,000,000
square feet  of university-owned space.
Wohlfarth surveyed campus facilities by
hiring students to perform the work. This
helped lower  MIT's total  project costs
Signing Ceremonies, continued from page 11
Arlington County Public Schools.
   "The Army National Guard is proud
to be a part of the  many organizations
that have  joined Green Lights,"  said
Major General DAraujo. "In signing-on
with Green Lights,  the Army National
Guard commits itself to inspect its facili-
ties to make lighting improvements that
save  money...and  help save valuable
and contributed to their annual energy
savings of more than $980,000.
   Many   private   sector  companies
accepted the challenge of the 10% Plan as
well. Andy  Hayes, Energy  Manager at
Shaw's Supermarkets, reported upgrades
on 585,000 square feet. In addition to
increased  light levels  and improved
appearance,  each Shaw's store now saves
an average of $20,000 in electricity annu-
ally, or about $2.4  million dollars for the
entire company each year.
   Keith  Anderson  of  Connetquot
Central School District in Bohemia, NY
is so enthusiastic about Green Lights that
in the 10  months  since they joined  the
resources! I'd call that a good investment!"
   Ted Milson,  a  fourth  grade  student
from Barrett  Elementary School  in
Arlington, VA attended the event to pre-
sent his  book on energy efficiency  to
EPA and  the Army National  Guard.
Milson's book, Saving Energy, was part of
the Arlington Public Schools energy effi-
ciency awareness campaign. The follow-
ing  is a list  of initial  Army National
program, he has already surveyed 75 per-
cent of the district's  1,150,000  square
feet, and has upgraded 10 percent. On a
single project, he secured nearly $100,000
in grants and rebates on  his  way  to
achieving  annual  savings  of  nearly
$100,000. And,  he's  not keeping his
methods a secret—he recently authored a
front-page  Green Lights article in his
community newspaper.
   In the future, 10%  Plan participants
may appear elsewhere in the media due to
EPA's efforts to spread the word  about
their  extraordinary success. Watch for
 i  •         f"»
their names, i vi
Guard    Green    Lights     Federal
Participants: Arizona, Alaska, Arkansas,
California,   Colorado,   Connecticut,
District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia,
Indiana,  Iowa,  Louisiana,   Maine,
Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada,
New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsyl-
vania,   Tennessee,   Utah,   Vermont,
Virginia, Wisconsin, Washington. ? *
(l-r) Captain Greg Gastello, Major General John D'Araupjoin Dick
Wilson, EPA Deputy Administrator, Office of Air & Radiation,
Gwendolyn Taylor, EPA Green Lights Federal Program Manager and
Lt. Colonel Scott at the Army National Guard signing ceremony
                     State representatives from Army National Guard units.
 12 - June 1995

             TIP   OF  THE   MONTH
      Three Easy Steps to  a  Lighting  Survey
                    Upgrading made quick and easy

 | f planned accordingly, a lighting survey does not need to be a cumbersome task. In
 I fact, if properly done, it can save time during the analysis of the upgrade options. The
 lighting survey is not only about counting light bulbs. To accurately analyze the exist-
 ing system and specify a high-quality, economical upgrade you must collect a variety of
 information. The following steps outline what data is needed and the most efficient way
 to gather this information to minimize the amount of "walking" time.
  1. Presurvev Data Collection
   The purpose of this step is to obtain as
much  information  about the  facility
without leaving your desk. By looking at
floor plans and making a few phone calls
much of the needed information can be

Obtain general facility information
• Total floor space
• Operating hours
• Future use of the building (to deter-
   mine if a lighting upgrade is practical)
• Age of the building and upgrade his-
   tory (to determine the age of the
• Disposal practices for lamps and

Obtain financial information
• Electric rates, demand and energy
• Labor, tax, and inflation rates
• Depreciation schedules
• Rebates
• Disposal costs

Develop upgrade preferences
   Thinking about this information during
the survey will help considerably during the
i/ Target light levels
• Lighting quality issues (e.g. color
• Upgrade vs. replace
• Technologies to use
• Design approach (e.g. task/ambient

   2. Facility Walk-Through

   Before  doing an extensive room-by-
room survey, first take a "quick" walk
through the facility to see the most com-
mon spaces  and lighting  systems there
are. This step will help minimize the data
collection  during  the  individual room

Identify unique fixture configura-
tions with respect to
• Lens/louver type
• Ballast and lamp type
• Lamps per fixture and lamps per bal-

Collect data about the physical
• Ceiling type and height
• Work surface height
• Room surface colors and conditions,
   including partitions
   3. Individual Room Survey

   During the facility walk-through, you
should have identified specific room and
fixture configurations to help minimize
the amount of "counting"  (e.g. if there
are a  number of offices with the same
dimensions and number of fixtures), only
write  down the specifics on one office
and then label the other offices as identi-
cal rooms.
I/ Determine the number and type of
   luminaires in each room
• Measure existing light levels and
   compare with visual task needs
• Determine the number of task lights
• Determine the number and type of
   automatic controls needed
• Additional data might be needed
   Refer to the Lighting Survey section
of the  Lighting Upgrade  Manual for
detailed instruction on performing  a
lighting survey. In addition, Green Lights
Surveyor Allies  can help with  lighting
surveys  and analyses. To obtain a list of
Surveyor  Allies  call   the   Green
Lights/ENERGY STAR  Hotline at  202
775-6650. R
                                                                                                     June 1995 •  13

                                                    I N   T H E
                 H T
                                                          What Hotels Can Do
                                                        to Support  Green Lights
Sample Green Lights table tent to be placed
in hotel guest rooms.
ij—jotel  Partners' broad commitment to
I |
I 1 energy-efficiency  through   Green
Lights is something worth communicat-
ing about. Energy-efficient lighting does
more  than just save money. It improves
lighting  quality for an improved guest
experience and reduces energy consump-
tion for a healthier environment — things
hotel employees, guests, and the commu-
nity can  identify with.
   Hotel Partners  have already begun to
promote  their participation and  educate
visitors about the environmental,  lighting
quality, and cost benefits of energy-effi-
ciency. Listed below is a summary of cre-
ative communications efforts  hotels  and
other  participants can utilize to promote
their involvement in Green Lights:
                     •  Green  Lights
                      lobby  displays
                       (i.e.,  interac-
                        tive  displays,
                          signs  with
                           tear sheets,
                            ous feed
                              ing  a
   Lights Partnership);
•  Brochures available in lobby  or  at
   information/check-in desk  featuring
   Green Lights Partnership information;
•  Green Lights signs/posters  in  lobby
•  Green Lights  information  in  guest
   rooms (i.e., table tents, brochures);
•  Green Lights logo on room key cards;
   Employees  can  be  trained  and en-
couraged to participate  in customer edu-
cation  activities  and  can wear  Green
Lights  buttons.
   EPA  encourages  hotels  and  other
Green Lights Partners to implement envi-
ronmental programs before they promote
them.  Hotels  can go  beyond lighting
upgrades and  develop environmentally
friendly guest rooms that include  water
conservation measures  and  temperature
controlling occupancy sensors as well  as
other environmental improvements.
   The Seattle Westin  has just begun a
"green  rooms" program  with one floor of
rooms  devoted to  the  environment. To
find out more about  environmentally
friendly guest rooms, see page  7 for  an
article  about  the  ITT Sheraton Key
West's  Enviro-Rooms project.
   EPA understands  the  importance  of
communications efforts like these and the
time and commitment it takes to imple-
ment such efforts. To request assistance or
to order communications materials, con-
tact the Green  Lights/ENERGY  STAR
Hotline at 202 775-6650. fl
14  ' June 1995

          Are There  Ghosts In Your  Room?
                  Steps to Take to Remove Interference
I—i ave you ever had your TV set turn off
I  iwhen  you turn your desk lamp off?
Some  hotels  that  have upgraded guest
rooms with electronic-ballasted compact
fluorescents have experienced similar, rare
problems  of interference  between their
compact fluorescents  and  their  remote
controlled TVs.  Interference  can cause
unpredictable, but harmless results such as
the TV changing channels on its own,
turning on and  off, or changing volume
sporadically merely by turning the lights
on or off. At times this phenomena seems
to come and go for no reason. Sometimes
interference occurs  for the first five min-
utes after the lights are turned on, while
other situations may persist for hours.
   Experts are not sure what exactly caus-
es these rare events,  but many  believe
interference is caused by the high frequen-
cy  infrared  pulses  emitted  from  lamps
operating on  electronic ballasts.  (Lamps
with  magnetic  ballasts   also  generate
infrared pulses, but at a significantly lower
frequency that doesn't interfere with  the
remote control signals.)
   Industry contacts suggest the following
tips to reduce the possibilities of this prob-
lem occurring and to troubleshoot current
•  First, test for compact fluorescent lamp
   interference by placing the lamp near or
   directly in front of the TV. The remote
   control and lamp can be considered
   compatible if the remote control work
   properly in this configuration. If prob-
   lems result, try using another manufac-
   turers product. If there are no problems,
   then upgrade a sample of rooms with
   different room configurations and test
   them for several days. Other rooms can
   be upgraded if the sample rooms expe-
   rience no interference problems.
   If problems currently exist, move the
   lamps further from the remote control
   receiver and out of its line of sight.
Remote Controls
  As a last resort, change to A magnetic-
  ballasted compact fluorescent lamp.
  Magnetic ballasts operate at lower fre-
  quencies that don't interfere with the
  remote controls, however some guests
  complain about the starting flicker and
  the warm-up time.
 New from Green Lights:
 Technology Directories
    EPA has just released three new technology directories on Compact Fluorescent Task Lights,
 Deep-Cell Parabolic Louvers and the Green Lights Manufacturer Ally Product Matrix. These directo-
 ries are the first in a series designed to help Green Lights participants locate manufacturers of
 energy-efficient lighting upgrade products. Each directory provides background technical infor-
 mation, a glossary of terms, and tables that contain manufacturer and product information Only
 Green Lights Manufacturer Allies are listed in the directories.
    The Compact Fluorescent Task Lights Directory provides the following information
      Manufacturer Name
      Phone/Fax Numbers
      Trade Name/Catalog Number
      Mounting Options
      Articulating Arm? (Y/N)
•  Lamp Type
•  Ballast Type
•  System Wattage
•  Special Features
   The Deep-Cell Parabolic Louvers Directory provides the following information.
         Manufacturer Name
         Phone/Fax Numbers
         Catalog Number
         Number of Cells
         Louver Depth
         Contoured  Interior? (Y/N)
     Spacing Criteria
     Lummaire Efficiency
     Meets IES RP-24 Criteria?
     Visual Comfort Probability
     Coefficient of Utilization
   The Green Lights Manufacturer Ally Product Matrix lists all manufacturer ally companies and indi-
 cates which types of lighting upgrade technologies they manufacture. This matrix may be used
 with the existing Directory of Manufacturer Allies to contact selected manufacturers for specific
 product information.
   To order a directory, call the Green Lights/ENERGY STAR Hotline at 202 775-6650
                                                                                                           June 1995  •  15

                                                                                                              H  OT
                                                                  "Do You Offer
                                                                  a Group Rate?"
   "/ not only reduce the cost of labor, but
   with group relamping, there are fewer
    work interruptions and less periodic
       maintenance requirements."
 - Michael Quimbey, Club Corporation Int'l.
      Green Lights Workshops
    are listed on the back page of
    this Update.
si Illuminating Engineering Society of
L   North American (IESNA) 1995
1% Location: Chicago, IL
{' Date: June 7-9, 1995
   Contact: AMCTradeshows,
     404 220-221 5, Fax 404 220-2442

 , NeoCon '95/The Buildings Show
l't  Location: Chicago, IL
'.  Dote: June I 2-14, 1995
.   Contact: NeoCon, 800 677-6278;
     The Buildings Show, 3 12 527-7598

   / 995 Illuminating Engineering Society
Jfc   of North American (IESNA) Annual
"^ Location: New York, NY
I*" Dote: July 29-August 3, 1995
•* 3
|" Contact: Valerie  Landers,
^   212 248-5000, ext. I 17,
^   Fax 212 248-5017
 \orne hotel and corporate engineers are
 ^''hesitant  to  perform group  relamping
 and cleaning because  they  feel there are
 too few benefits  and  the effort will not
 save  significant  money.  But Michael
 Quimbey, Corporate  Vice  President of
 Environmental   Affairs    for    Club
 Corporation  International in  Dallas,
Texas, has seen many benefits and finan-
 cial savings.
   "Our group relamping labor costs are
usually  one-eighth  the  cost of  spot
replacement and rarely exceed 60 cents per
lamp. I not only reduce the cost of labor,
but with group relamping there are fewer
work interruptions and less periodic main-
tenance requirements," said  Quimbey,
who uses a  national lighting purchasing
contract to help with group  maintenance.
   Group relamping is determined by the
hours of lamp operation.  Once  a lamp
reaches 80 percent of its life or  significant
lumen depreciation,  group  relamping
should be scheduled. Both of these traits
are easily determined when hours of oper-
ation  are known, so group relamping can
be planned many months before the event.
 Spot relamping requires significantly more
labor  and time,  especially when lamps
reach the end of their life and the rate of
failure increases rapidly.  Considering the
 amount  of time required to change  one
lamp  and the  time to generate the work
order to get it done, labor for spot relamp-
ing is the most expensive aspect of light-
ing maintenance.
   Quimbey  said  Club  Corporation's
resorts and clubs  use group relamping to
improve their lighting quality and appear-
ance. Spot  relamping  often  results in
nonuniform  lighting because  it  mixes
lamps  with  different stages  of lumen
depreciation.  Poor  lighting quality  and
appearance results from lumen and  dirt
depreciation reducing the lumen output up
to 50 percent while lamp energy usage is
still  at 100  percent. Occasional  spot
relamps  are   needed,  however,  group
relamping and cleaning restores and main-
tains the appearance on a regular basis.
   National contracts can  provide finan-
cial gains  for group relamping not only
because of volume discounts but for sim-
plified purchasing as well. Group relamp-
ing is based on a set schedule so quantities
and types of lamps can be ordered with no
guess work.
   "I maintain an inventory of 276 differ-
ent lamp  types for  my  263 locations.
Group relamping reduces  the amount of
inventory  I have  to carry  and because I
buy  in  large  quantities,  I  receive  dis-
counts," said Quimbey.
   Obviously, some spaces are not suited
for group  relamping. Spaces where light-
ing hours  are  not regular, such as guest
rooms, would  not benefit  from group
relamping. However,  public and  service
areas where lighting runs on a fixed sched-
ule provide financial benefits and better
lighting quality when group relamping is
   For more  information  on the  advan-
tages  of group relamping, consult  the
Lighting  Upgrade  Manual chapter  on
Maintenance, ffa
16  • June 1995

                   Lighting Tips  for  Small Inns
                         and  Bed & Breakfasts
     I  ighting upgrade options for small inns
     L»and bed & breakfasts are very different
     from those of large hotels. Antiques, small
     spaces and decorative light fixtures do not
     lend  themselves to many of today's  ener-
     gy-efficient lighting technologies. Bed &
     breakfast and inn owners have asked what
     they  can do  to  improve lighting and
     reduce energy costs. Here are some light-
     ing  considerations  specific to  inn and
     B&B owners:

     Energy-efficient light bulbs
    for antique lamps
       If a source is not visible, a compact flu-
     orescent with an integral ballast is a good
     choice. Another option is a halogen lamp
     which provides more lumens per watt with
     a brighter, whiter light. But, exercise cau-
     tion when using halogen bulbs. Some del-
     icate  antique glass can break because of
     the extra heat generated by halogens, and
always check socket wattage limits before
doing any upgrade.

Increasing luminance in a
room with dark surfaces
   To brighten a room with dark wall and
fabric colors, the best option is to paint the
ceiling a light or white shade, and use an
indirect lighting system to reflect light off
the ceiling and back into the room. If this
method is used, whatever color the ceiling
is painted will be the shade of light that is
reflected into the room. The room's walls
will still appear dark due to the dark colors
absorbing  the  light,  but  objects  in the
room will be  better  illuminated and the
space will appear brighter.

Improving bathroom lighting
   Good  bathroom  lighting eliminates
harsh shadows while providing excellent
color rendering that  flatters  skin tones.
                              Hyatt Joins the
                       Green Lights  Program
Placement of lighting is  key in reducing
harsh shadows and  is best achieved by
placing the light sources on either side of
the mirror. This floods the face with even
and diffused lighting. Use T8 fluorescent
lamps to provide diffused light  and excel-
lent color rendering. Decorative custom-
made fluorescent  fixtures can incorporate
this light source in an attractive design ele-
ment, and some  companies may already
offer the  decorative  fixture that can be
upgraded with T8 lamps and  electronic
ballasts. Ft
 Announcing the Green
 Lights Hotel "Certificate
 of Distinction" Award
 A Certificate of Distinction
 will  be awarded to one out-
 standing hotel  for  excellent
 performance in  the Green
 Lights Program in !995.Watch
 the Update for more informa-
 tion regarding this new award.
     • — yatt  Hotels  Corporation  signed  a  ever to join Green Lights,
       I Memorandum of Understanding on  Hyatt brings 48.8 million
    April 10, 1995 during EPA's Profitable  square feet into the program
    Market  Opportunities  for  Pollution  for  possible   upgrades.
    Prevention Forum. The largest hotel chain  Welcome aboard.

                                     Mary Nichols, Assistant Administrator,
                                      EPA Office of Air & Radiation, signs a
                                        Certificate of Partnership for Hyatt
                                       while Thomas D. Riegelman, Hyatt's
                                        Vice  President ofTechnical Services
                                               and Engineering looks on.
                                                                                                        June 1995 • 77

                                                      G L I  D   PROFILES
Above, Brant Rogers
                                                               Utility My
                                                  Demonstrates Commitment
                                      ; o demonstrate its commitment to ener-
                                      ' gy efficiency, Green Lights Utility Ally
                                    Jersey Central Power & Light Company
                                    (JCP&L) recently upgraded the lighting
                                    fixtures  in two  of its  facilities  at their
                                    Morristown,  NJ headquarters. "This pro-
                                    ject was a complete success for JCP&L,
                                    and  the Company's  management and
                                    employees  are  very  happy with the
                                    results," said Lou Holzberger, JCP&L's
                                    Green  Lights Administrator. "We have
                                    substantially reduced our air-conditioning
                                    load because these light fixtures do not
                                    generate as much heat  as the old system
                                    and help keep our buildings  cooler. Plus
we know that we performed a job  that
benefited the environment."
  The utility relamped and reballasted
4,841 outdated fixtures with 3,489 fluores-
cent fixtures, and because the newer fixtures
were more efficient  than  the old, fewer
were needed to maintain existing light lev-
els. For example, approximately 2,000 sin-
gle lamp fixtures were replaced with about
670 new deep-cell parabolic fixtures. And
in some cases, reflectors  were  installed
where applicable. JCP&L  now enjoys an
estimated $191,170 in annual cost savings
and has reduced its electricity consumption
by 1,634,052 kWh. ?!
                                        Lighting Upgrades Make  A  Difference in
                                        the Eyes or GL Implementation Director
                                      I he  Green Lights  upgrade  process
                                      t opened Brant Rogers' eyes to the many
                                     ways of realizing  energy  savings that
                                     Larry's Markets might not have previous-
                                     ly  considered.  Rogers,  Environmental
                                     Manager of the Bellevue,  Washington-
                                          o                '        O
                                     based grocery store, found that identifying
                                     lighting upgrade opportunities was easier
                                     than  he  thought.  Rogers  said  that
although employees were skeptical at first,
they soon became extremely enthusiastic
about the upgrades. "Employees  know
that less energy use means less CO2, SO2,
and NOX as well as less impact on the fish
runs—they like that," said Rogers.
   Under   Rogers'  direction,  Larry's
Markets  65,000 square foot  Bellevue
store  reduced  electricity by  702,947.5
kWh/year and saw $38,662 in energy cost
savings. The store  upgraded  530 T-12
lamps, 484  incandescent lamps, and 150
HID metal halide lamps to  530 T-8
lamps, 363  compact fiuorescents, a mix-
ture of decorative incandescents, and
occupancy sensors and timed switches in
service rooms.
   If you or someone in your organization is
interested in being featured in a  GLID
Profile in a future Update, please contact your
    7       •                P*
implementation  account manager. 1 fi
18 ' June 1995

                             March  1995
   he following program participants submitted implementation reports on completed
   lighting upgrades during March.
 Abbott Laboratories, Al Musur
 Allegheny Power Service Corporation,
   J.F. Hose
 Allergan, Jon Reed
 Alta Bates Medical Center, Joseph Rieger
 American Light, Inc., GregMattison
 American Standard, Daniel Elliott
 Aristech Chemical Corp., Robert Volkmar
 Arizona Public Service Company,
   Michael Spielman
 Atlantic Electric, Louis Davila
 Brookln Union Gas Company,
   Gregory J. Roach
 Brown University, Kurt Teichert
 Chase Manhattan Corporation,
   Edward J. O'Shea
 Chicago Botanic Garden, Greg Detlie
 Club Corporation, International,
   Michael Quimbey
 Colorado Lighting, Norma Frank
 Comerica Incorporated, Fred Emery
 Consolidated Edison of New York, Inc.,
   John Mitchell
 Dade County, Florida, Peter W. Rouse
 Dauphin Electric, Don Fraley
 Dolco Packaging Corporation,
   Robert C. Lee
 Embarcadero Center, Daryl Berg
 Enterprise Property Management, Inc.,
   Louis V. Scorpati
 Environmental Law Institute,
   Judy Murray
 GDE Systems, Inc.,/M. Yazbek
 Graybar Electric Company,
   William Trussell
 HB Fuller Company, Chong-Hue B. Lim
 Harris Corporation, Ray E. Rader
 Hoffman-La Roche Inc.,
   Ottmar Hedemus
 Honeywell, Inc., William P. Sikute
 ICF International, Lynn Blasch
Jantzen, Inc., Scott Perry
Jersey Shore Medical Center,
   Robert Lahey
Johnson & Johnson, Harry Kaujfman
Kenetech Windpower, Thomas W. Solberg
Kennametal Inc., William L. Gregory
Kinko's Service Corporation, Mike Evans
Litetronics International, Boyd Corbett
Louisiana-Pacific Corporation, Western
   Division, Terry Coleman
Louisville Resource Conservation
   Council,  Walter F. Ball
MCI Telecommunications Corporation/
   Downers Grove Operations, Mike Popovic
MacWhyte Company, Division of
   Amsted Industries, Thomas Geb
Major Electric Supply, Inc., Dave Leven
Marriott Corporation, Alan Watson
Martin Marietta Corporation,
   J. David Weiland
Mattel Inc., Magdy E. Awad
Medical Area Total Energy Plant Inc. of
   Harvard University, Donald Yeaple
MicroLite Corporation, Subsidiary of
   Pittway, Rick LeBlanc
Microsoft Corporation, Paul Selsor
National Jewish Hospital,
   Richard Palestra
Northbrook (IL) School District  #30,
   George Becker
Northwest Georgia Regional Hospital,
   Billy Nicholson
OSRAM Sylvania, Inc., Peter A. Bleasby
Ocean County College, Ken O/sen
Old Kent Financial Corporation,
   David Troyer
Paragon Electric Company, Inc.,
   Richard Lubenow
Pathmark Stores, Inc., RichardDeToro
Pine Run Community,
   Christopher Felicetti
Platt Electric Supply, Walter Figueras
Pomona Valley Hospital Medical  Center,
   Bill Sergent
Power Savers, Inc., Tim Games
Quebecor Printing (Depew, NY),
  Janet Schmidt
Ricoh Electronics, Steve Majicek
 Rutgers University, Glenn Vliet
 Salt River Project, Lori Jones
 Seaquist Dispensing, A Division of
   Aptargroup, Inc., Jeff McCaffrey
 Springfield Utility Board, Paul Warila
 St. Luke's Regional Medical Center
   (ID), Bill Morgan
 State Farm Mutual Automobile
   Insurance Co., Joseph Miskulin
 Summit Electric Supply, Becky Gary
 Taylor Hospital, Terry M. Hart
 The City of Phoenix, Arizona,
   Paul Hudson
 The City of Provo, Utah, Scott Glazier
 The City of Sierra Vista, Arizona,
   John Taylor
 The Gillette Company, Karl Christ
 The Goodyear Tire 
                  U.S.  EPA  G reen   Lights      0
                             LIGHTING  UPGRADE WORKSHOPS                **
2112-Day Workshops Featuring:
  Lighting Upgrade Technologies
  Lighting Analysis Software
  Financing Analysis
  Green Lights Reporting
  Lighting Maintenance and Disposal
  Surveyor Ally Exam (on third day)
                                 Preregistration Form: Green Lights work-
                                 shops are free and open to the public. Space
                                 is limited, however; and priority will be given
                                 to Green Lights Partners. Complete details
                                 and instructions will be faxed to preregistrants
                                 within 4 weeks of the workshop date.

                                                                  Register by Phone: Call the Green
                                                                  Lights/ENERGY STAR Hotline at 202 775-6650
                                                                  Register by Fax: Fax this form to the
                                                                  Lighting Services Group at 202 775-6680
                                                                  Register by Mail: Mail to EPA Green Lights
                                                                  (6202J), 401 M Street SWWashington, DC 20460


                                                                  ZIP Code
                                                                          Attendee fax number is very important
                                                                          to expedite the processing of this form.
Status (Please check one)  Ul Partner    G Prospective Partner
Please Indicate Preferred Workshop*:
   Raleigh, NC June 14-16

   Detroit, Ml June 29-July  I
                                    Minneapolis, MN July 19-2

                                    Boston, MA July 26-28
                                                              Ally    G Surveyor Ally Candidate/Other
                                                                    New Brunswick, NJ August 2-4
*Please call 202 775-6650 for current workshop information. The Surveyor Ally exam will be given on the morning of Day 3 and will conclude by I I '00 a.m
   United States
   Environmental Protection Agency
   Air and Radiation (6202J)
   Washington, DC 20460

   Official Business
   Penalty for Private Use
                                                                    BULK RATE
                                                                    Postage and Fees Paid
      Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
      contains at least 50% recycled fiber