EPA735-F-05-016


                                        July 1993
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Pesticides and Toxic Substances Prevention Office]


Protect yourself from  Pesticides

Guide for Agricultural Workers


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Pesticide Safety
                                          Pesticides help
                                          control pests, but
                                          they can also hurt
                                          - even kill -
                                          people.

                                          Pesticides control pests
                                          such as insects and
                                          weeds.  Pesticides can also
                                          hurt - even kill - people.
                                          The law helps protect you
                                          from pesticide poisoning.
                                          You can also help protect
                                          yourself.
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 Learn how to
 protect
 yourself. If you
 don't
 understand, ask
 for help.

If pesticides are used
where you work, your
boss must make sure
you are trained in
pesticide safety.

This book has facts
about pesticide safety.
If you do not
understand this book or
your safety training,
ask for help.
Pesticide Safety
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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                          Wear clothes that
                                          cover your skin.

                                          You should wear clean
                                          work clothes each day that
                                          will cover your skin:

                                          • Long pants

                                          • A long-sleeved shirt

                                          • Shoes and socks
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               How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
• At work, look
  for soap and
  water.

  At work, you must be
  provided with soap,
  water, and towels if the
  areas where you work
  have had pesticides
  applied in at least the
  last 30 days. Pesticides
  dry on crops as a
  powder - this powder is
  the residue. A residue
  can remain on a crop
  many days after
  spraying.
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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                     Wash your hands
                                     and face before
                                     you eat, drink,
                                     smoke, or chew
                                     gum or tobacco.

                                     Your hands and face may
                                     get pesticides on them.
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             How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
• Wash your
  hands before
  using the toilet
  at work.

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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                        Stay out of areas
                                        where pesticides
                                        are being applied.
                                        If pesticides drift
                                        to where you are
                                        working, get out!

                                        It is against the law for
                                        anyone to apply pesticides
                                        in an area where you are
                                        working, or to let pesticides
                                        drift onto you.
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               How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
• If you see this
  sign,  or ones
  like it,  keep out!

  This sign  means that
  pesticides are in the
  area. You must have
  special training and
  protection to go into the
  area.

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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                    • Stay out of areas
                                      your boss tells you
                                      not to enter...

                                     Even if no sign is posted

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        How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
Never take
pesticides or
pesticide
containers home
from work.

They are not safe for
use around the home.

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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                       Keep children
                                       away from areas
                                       where pesticides
                                       might be.

                                       At home, keep pesticides
                                       away from children.
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            How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
After work each
day, wash your
whole body,
including your
hair.

Use plenty of soap and
water. Then put on
clean clothes.
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How Can You Protect Yourself From Pesticides?
                                         Keep dirty work
                                         clothes away from
                                         non-work clothes
                                         and from the
                                         family laundry.

                                         Pesticides may get on your
                                         clothes at work. Wash your
                                         work clothes including
                                         your cotton gloves before
                                         using them again.

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Pesticides are
applied in
different ways.

• Liquid or sprays.

• Powder or granules.

• Gases.

Pesticides may be in
many places. Pesticides
may be on plants and
on the soil. Often you
can't tell pesticides are
there.
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                                Where Are Pesticides?
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Where Are Pesticides?
                  PESTICIDES
                      IN
                  IRRIGATION
                    WATER
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                                        Pesticides may be
                                        in irrigation water
                                        and on irrigation
                                        equipment.

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Pesticides may
be in storage
areas and in
places where
pesticides are
mixed and
loaded.

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  Where Are Pesticides?
                                   Sometimes
                                   pesticides drift
                                   from where they
                                   are being applied.
Move away!
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• Pesticides can
  hurt you if:

  • They get on your skin

  • They get in your eyes

  • You breathe them

  • You swallow them

 Workers are hurt most
 often by getting
 pesticides on their skin.
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How Can Pesticides Hurt You?
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How Can Pesticides Hurt You?
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Pesticides may
hurt you right
away.

If pesticides get on or in
you, they may make you
sick right away, or hours
later.
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Pesticides may
cause skin
rashes or hurt
your nose,
throat, or eyes.
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 How Can Pesticides Hurt You?
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                                            Pesticides can
                                            make you feel sick
                                            in different ways.
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                       How Can Pesticides Hurt You?
Other signs of
pesticide
poisoning are:

• Drooling

• Trouble breathing

• Very small pupils of
  your eyes

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How Can Pesticides Hurt You?
                                  • Pesticides may
                                    harm some people
                                    more than others.

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Getting
pesticides on or
in you may have
effects after
months or years
have passed

Delayed effects may be
cancer, or harm to
your kidneys, liver, or
nervous system.

Another delayed effect
may be birth defects, if
pregnant women are
exposed to pesticides.
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                           How Can Pesticides Hurt You?


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What If You Get Sick at Work?
      Closest Medical Emergency Room]
                                       Medical help is
                                       listed on or near a
                                       pesticide-safety
                                       poster at your
                                       work.
                                       Make sure you know
                                       where this and the
                                       nearest phone are.
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If you or
someone else
gets sick while
working, tell
your boss right
away.

Your boss must made
sure you get to
medical help if you
think you've been
poisoned at work by
pesticides.

                      What If You Get Sick at Work?

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What If You Get Sick at Work?
                                    Your boss will
                                    provide
                                    information about
                                    the pesticide.

                                    Your boss must give you
                                    or your doctor the name
                                    and other information
                                    about the pesticide that
                                    might have made you
                                    sick.
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           What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
If pesticide gets
on you, get it off
right away!

1. Take off clothing
that has pesticide on it

2. Rinse skin right
away with water.

3. Wash with soap and
water as soon as
possible
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What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
                                     If you begin to feel
                                     sick or your eyes,
                                     skin, or throat
                                     hurt, go to a
                                     doctor right away.

                                     Your boss must make
                                     sure you are taken to a
                                     clinic or doctor.


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What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
 If you or
 someone else
 swallows a
 pesticide, get
 medical help
 right away!

 1. Call a poison
 control center or a
 doctor if it's faster.
 Give the name of the
 pesticide and the first
 aid directions from the
 label.

 2. If you can't call for
 help, or while you wait
 for help, follow the
 first aid steps on the
 label.

 3. Get to a doctor as
 soon as possible! Have
 the name of the
 pesticide with you.

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What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
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            What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
Leave closed
areas right away
if you start to
feel sick or
dizzy.

If you are working in
an enclosed area, like
a greenhouse, get to
fresh air right away if
you begin to feel dizzy
or have trouble
breathing.
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What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
                                       • If someone gets
                                         sick from
                                         breathing a
                                         pesticide...
                                         1.  Get them to fresh air
                                         right away.

                                         2.  Loosen their clothing.

                                         3.  If not breathing, give
                                         mouth-to-mouth (CPR).
                                          1.
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                                          2.

                                          3.
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           What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
If someone
passes out in an
enclosed area,
get help - don't
go in!

Never try to rescue
someone who has
passed out in a
greenhouse or other
enclosed area unless
you have special
training and breathing
equipment. Find
someone who can
help.
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What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
                                          Eye damage can
                                          happen fast! Rinse
                                          your eye for 15
                                          minutes.

                                          If a pesticide gets in your
                                          eyes, hold them open and
                                          rinse them with a gentle
                                          stream of cool water.
                                          Rinse for 15 minutes if
                                          possible. Then go to a
                                          doctor.
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               What If Pesticides Get On or In You?
Get medical
help!

In all cases of
pesticide poisoning,
get medical help as
soon as possible.
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The Law Helps Protect You!
 APPLICATION

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 Your boss must
not let you work
in some areas.

  Your boss must not let you
  work in an area where:
  •  Pesticides are being
    applied
  •  Or pesticides may drift
    onto you.
  After a pesticide is used, you
  may not enter a field during
  the Restricted Entry Interval
  (REI). The laws set different
  safety periods or REIs for
  different pesticides.
                              The Law Helps Protect You!
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The Law Helps Protect You!
                                           You must have
                                           special training
                                           and protection for
                                           some jobs.

                                           Without extra training
                                           and protection, your boss
                                           most not let you:
                                           • Mix, load, apply or
                                             handle pesticides.
                                           • Work as a flagger.
                                           • Work in an area where
                                             entry is restricted.
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          The Law Helps Protect You!
Your boss must
not punish you
for trying to
follow these
rules.
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Help Protect Yourself!
                                         Know how to
                                         protect yourself!

                                         Your boss must protect
                                         you from pesticides, but
                                         your safety is your
                                         responsibility, too.

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• Remember:

  •  Wear clothes that cover
    your skin.
  •  Stay out of areas as
    instructed by your boss.
  •  Move away if pesticides
    drift into the area where
    you are working.
  •  Wash with soap and water
    after work and before
    eating, drinking, smoking,
    or using the toilet.

  Your boss must:
  •  Give information about
    pesticides applied in or
    near areas where you
    work.
  •  Be sure you are trained in
    pesticide safety.
  •  Provide you with soap,
    water, and towels.
  •  Make sure you get to
    medical help if you think
    you've been poisoned at
    work by pesticides.
  •  Provide you with extra
    training if you work in
    areas where entry is
    restricted, work as a
    flagger, mix, load, apply,
    or handle pesticides.
                                      Help Protect Yourself!

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Help Protect Yourself!
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The Enironmental Protection Agency  revised the Worker Protection Standard for
agricultural pesticides in August 1992. The revised Worker Protection Standard requires
that agricultural workers be given training in basic pesticide safety.

Protect Yourself from Pesticides: Guide for Agricultural Workers was developed
by the Environmental Protection Agency; it presents all of the information
required for training under the Worker Protection Standard. Some States and
Tribes have additional requirements for pesticide enforcement in your area to
obtain information needed to comply with all State or Tribal training requirements.

There are other materials about the Worker Protection Standard that are being
developed by the RPA. They include a safety poster, a handbook on pesticide
safety for pesticide handlers, and a manual for agricultural employers. For more
information about safety training and about the revised Worker Protection
Standard, contact

Occupational Safety Efanch (HB)
Office of Pesticide Programs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
401 M. Street, S.W.
Washington,  D.C. 20460
(703) 305-7666


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Occupational Safety Binch (HB)
Office of Pesticide Programs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
401 M. Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
(703) 305-7666
HfiWjHUM{HnJfiuM Project Coordinator
John Leahy, EPA

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For more information about the Worker Protection Standard, or if
you have questions or concerns about pesticides, contact the agency
responsible for regulating pesticides in your area or the EPA Regional
Office nearest you.
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Regional Office
                                                                    EPA
 Region 1 (MA, CT, Rl, NH, VT, ME)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 1
   Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch (CRT)
   I Congress St.
   Boston, MA 02114-2023       (617)918-1111
 Region 2 (N^ NJ, PR, VI)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2
   Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch
   (MS-105)
   2890 Woodbridge Ave., Building #10
   Edison, NJ 08837-3679        (908) 321-6765

 Region 3 (PA, MD, VA, WV DE)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 3
   Toxics and Pesticides Branch (3AT-30)
   841 Chestnut Building
   Philadelphia, PA 19107        (215) 597-8598
 Region 4 (GA, NC, SCS AL, MS, K% FL, TN)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4
   Pesticides and "toxic Substances Branch
   (4-APT-MD)
   $45 Courdand St., N.E.
   Atlanta, GA 30J65             (404) 347-5201

 Region 5 (IL,  MI, MN, IN, OH, Wl)
   U.S, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5
   Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch (5SPT)
   77 W Jackson Blvd.
   Chicago, II 60604             (312) 886-6006
Region 6 (TX, OK, AH, 1A, NM)
  U.S. Environmental Protection Ageracy, Region 6
  Pesticides and Toxics Branch (6T-P)
  l445Ros*Ave,
  Dallas, TX 75202-2733         (214) 655-7235

Region 7 (MO, KS, IA, NB)
  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 7
  Tbxics and Pcstiddes Branch (TOPE)
  726 Minnesota Ave,
  Kansas City, KS 66101          (913) 551-7020

 Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, W¥)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8
   Toxic Substance* Branch (8ART-TS)
   One Denver Place, Suite 500
   999 18ih St.
   Denver, CO 80202-2405       (303) 293-1730

 Region 9 (CA, Ny AZ, HI, GU)
   U,S, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 9
   Pesticides and Toxics Branch (A-4)
   75 Hawthorne St
   San Francisco, CA94105
(415) 744-1090
 Region 10 (WA, OR, ID, AX)
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10
   Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch (AT-083)
   1200 Sixth Ave.
   Seattle, WA 9810H             (206) 553-1091

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