United States
           Environmental Protection
           Agency
               Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control
               Emission Control Technology Division
               2565 Plymouth Road
               Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105
EPA 460/3-83-008
August 1983
           Air
c/EPA
Characterization of Exhaust
Emissions from  Operation of a Light
Duty Gasoline Vehicle  on  Alternate
Source Gasoline Fuels

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                                       EPA 460/3-83-008
Characterization  of  Exhaust   Emissions  from
Operation of a Light-Duty  Gasoline Vehicle on
         Alternate-Source Gasoline Fuels
                              by

                          Lawrence R. Smith

                       Southwest Research Institute
                          6220 Culebra Road
                        San Antonio, Texas 78284

                        Contract No. 68-03-2377

                      EPA Project Officer: Robert J. Garbe



                           Prepared for

                    ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
                    Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control
                     Emission Control Technology Division
                         2565 Plymouth Road
                       Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105



                           August 1983

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This report is issued by the Environmental Protection Agency to report
technical data of interest to a limited number of readers.  Copies are
available free of charge to Federal employees? current contractors and
grantees, and nonprofit organizations - in limited quantities - from
the Library Services Office, 2565 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105.
This report was furnished to the Environmental Protection Agency by
Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, Texas,
in fulfillment of Contract 68-03-2377.  The contents of this report
are produced herein as received from Southwest Research Institute.
The opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed are those of the
author and not necessarily those of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Mention of company or product names is not to be considered as an
endorsement by the Environmental Protection Agency.
                       Publication No. EPA 460/3-83-008

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                                  FOREWORD
     The original purpose of Contract 68-03-2377, begun in 1976,  was to
determine emission effects of gasolines made from coal and oil shale.  The
fuels themselves were unavailable at the time, but probable fuel compositions
were estimated from data on crude stocks made from coal and oil shale.  Task
One of the project resulted in the December, 1976 EPA-460/3-76-035 report,
"Impact of Coal and Oil Shale Products on Gasoline Composition, 1976-2000."

     Due to test fuel unavailability, work was deferred until 1978, at
which time some of the efforts were redirected into determining the
emissions effects of alcohol-gasoline mixtures.  This Task Six project
resulted in the October, 1979 report, "Gasohol, TEA, MTBE Effects on
Light-Duty Emissions,"

     Beginning in 1981 and ending in 1983, several alternate-source gasolines
became available which permitted the completion of the program on the
subject originally intended, resulting in this report.  The entire Contract
was performed for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2565 Plymouth
Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48105.  The EPA Project Officer was Mr. Robert
J. Garbe, and SwRI Principal Investigators were Messrs. Charles T. Hare,
Bruce B. Bykowski, John A. Russell, and Dr. Lawrence R. Smith.  The project
was identified within SwRI as (initially) 11-4493 and  (later) 05-4493.
                                    111

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                                  ABSTRACT
     This report describes the laboratory effort to characterize regulated
and unregulated exhaust emissions from a 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit operating on
Amoco Indolene gasoline and five alternate-source fuels or fuel blends.
These five alternate-source fuels included  Mobil MTG gasoline, Simulated
Coal gasoline, EDS Naphtha blend, Sasol blend (lead chemically removed), and
H-Coal Naphtha blend.  The test vehicle was operated over the Light-Duty
Federal Test Procedure (FTP) and the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule
(HFET).  Exhaust constituents measured, in addition to the regulated emissions,
included   aldehydes and ketones, particulate, individual hydrocarbons, sulfate,
ammonia, cyanide, organic amines, organic sulfides, phenols, nitrosamines,
benzo(a)pyrene and major elements in particulate.
                                     IV

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                                   SUMMARY
     The major objective of this program was to evaluate the effects of
available alternate-source fuels or fuel blends on the exhaust emissions of
a gasoline-powered 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit.  The fuels tested in this program
included:  Amoco Indolene as a baseline reference fuel, Mobil  MTG  gasoline,
Simulated Coal gasoline, EDS and H-Coal Naphtha gasoline blends, and a de-leaded
Sasol gasoline blend.  The test vehicle was operated over two driving schedules,
the Light-Duty Federal Test Procedure (FTP), and the Highway Fuel Economy Test
(HFET).  Additional multiple Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS) and
multiple HFET tests were used to generate particulate samples for extractions
of organic soluble material.

     The exhaust emissions evaluated in this program included the regulated
emissions (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen), parti-
culate, aldehydes and ketones, selected individual hydrocarbons, sulfate,
ammonia, cyanide, organic amines, organic sulfides, phenols, nitrosamines,
benzo(a)pyrene, and elemental constituents of particulate.

     The most important observations and conclusions reached as a result
of this project  (not necessarily in order) are listed below.  Unless stated
otherwise, all fuels will be compared to the base fuel.

     1)  The test car met the 1981 Federal Emission Standards for hydro-
         carbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen with all six test
         fuels.

     2)  The five alternate fuels all gave higher NOX emission rates than
         the base fuel.  However, the NOX emission rates also appeared to
         increase with time, with each subsequent test fuel evaluated
         giving equivalent or slightly higher NOX emissions than the
         previous fuel, indicating the possibility of a drift in the
         vehicle emission control system.

     3)  In general, the fuel consumption rate did not vary from fuel to
         fuel more than three percent, the nominal value for test-to-test
         repeatability using the same fuel.  The Simulated Coal gasoline,
         however, gave the largest deviation from the base fuel in fuel
         consumption (7 percent lower than the base fuel for the FTP test
         cycle).  This lower rate may be due to the higher density and
         carbon percentage of the Simulated Coal gasoline, resulting in a
         higher energy density for the fuel.

     4)  Hydrocarbon emissions varied from fuel to fuel and from cycle to
         cycle with no apparent relationship to fuel properties.

     5)  Both Naphtha blends (EDS and H-Coal) gave higher carbon monoxide
         emissions than the base fuel, while the Simulated Coal gasoline
         gave lower emissions than the base fuel.  The reasons for these
         variations are not readily apparent.
                                     v

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6)  The Sasol blend fuel gave exceedingly high particulate emission
    rates.  The major portion of this particulate was found to be
    chlorine and bromine by trace element analysis.  The Sasol gaso-
    line used in this program originally contained lead, which was
    chemically removed before the fuel was used in the test program.
    The lead removal process,  however, did not remove the halogens,
    chlorine and bromine, which are normally found in leaded fuels.
    The high particulate emission rate for the Sasol blend was found
    to be a direct result of the halogen content in the fuel.

7)  The unregulated emissions were, in general, similar to those
    recorded in previous programs, which evaluated vehicles with
    emission control systems similar to the test car used in'this
    program.

8)  Fuel nitrogen content appears to have had little effect on the
    nitrogen-containing unregulated emissions, in that the EDS and
    H-Coal Naphtha blends, which had high fuel nitrogen content as
    compared to the other test fuels (>10 fold higher), gave ammonia
    and cyanide emission rates equal to or lower than the other test
    fuels.  The only fuel to produce a noticeable higher nitrogen
    content than the remaining fuels in the organic extractable
    portion of the particulate was the Mobil MTG gasoline, which had
    a comparatively low level of fuel nitrogen.

9)  Fuel sulfur content appeared to have little or no effect on the
    sulfate emissions,  with the high sulfur content fuels giving
    sulfate emissions equivalent to the other fuels.
                                VI

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                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                        Page

  FOREWORD                                                             iii

  ABSTRACT                                                              iv

  SUMMARY                                                                v

  LIST OF FIGURES                                                     viii

  LIST OF TABLES                                                        ix

  I.    INTRODUCTION                                                      1

       A.  Project Objective                                             1
       B.  Emission Measurement Procedures                               1
       C.  Test Vehicle                                                  2
       D.  Fuels Evaluated                                               2
       E.  Vehicle Testing                                               2

 II.    GENERAL EQUIPMENT, INSTRUMENTS, PREPARATIONS AND PROCEDURES       3

       A.  Automobi1e                                                    3
       B.  Fuel Source, Fuel Properties and Blending Details             4
       C.  Dynamometer and CVS System                                    6
       D.  Exhaust Sampling and Analysis                                 8
       E.  Instrumentation and Regulated Emissions                       8
       F.  Large Filter Samples                                          8
       G.  Emissions Test Procedures                                    10
       H.  Test Numbering System                                        14
       I.  Computational Methods                                        15

III.    ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS                  17

       A.  Description of the Analytical Procedures                     17
       B.  Validation and Qualification of the Analytical Procedures    21
       C.  Accuracy of the Analytical Procedures                        21

 IV.    VEHICLE TESTING                                                  27

       A.  Vehicle - Fuel Evaluations                                   27
       B.  Regulated and Unregulated Emission Tests Results             29
       C.  Large Filter Sampling and Results                            29

  V.    ANALYSES OF THE RESULTS                                          33

       A.  Regulated Emissions and Fuel Consumption                     33
       B.  Individual Hydrocarbon Emissions Data                        35
       C.  Aldehyde and Ketone, Particualte, Sulfate, Ammonia,  and      35
             Cyanide Emissions
       D.  Trace Element Emissions                                      38
       E.  Other Unregulated Emissions                                  40

  REFERENCES                                                            41

  APPENDICES
                                        vii

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                              LIST OF FIGURES







Figure                                                               Page




  1           1981 Volkswagen Rabbit used in fuel evaluations          3




  2           Views of the emissions sampling system                   7




  3           Emissions sampling system                                9




  4           Driving cycle speed vs time traces                      14
                                   Vlll

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                                LIST OP TABLES

Table                                                                 Page

  1      Test Vehicle Description                                       3

  2      Properties of Test Fuels                                       5

  3      Description of Four-Cycle FTP                                 10

  4      Test Sequence for Each Fuel Evaluated                         12

  5      Laboratory Test Sequence                                      12

  6      Laboratory Test Sequence for Multiple UDDS Tests              13

  7      Laboratory Test Sequence for Multiple HFET Tests              13

  8      Summary of Driving Schedule Parameters                        14

  9      Sampling and Analysis Methodology for Unregulated Emissions   18

 10      Procedural Validation and Qualification                       22

 11      Emission Procedural Sample Rates and Accuracy                 24

 12      Project Test Matrix                                           28

 13      Baseline Emissions and Fuel Consumption                       27

 14      Particulate and Organic Extractables from Large               31
         Filter Sampling

 15      Benzo(a)pyrene and Major Elements in Organic Solubles         31
         from Particulate Matter

 16      Summary of the Average Regulated Emissions and Fuel           33
         Consumption Data

 17      Fuel Densities and Carbon Percentages for the Six Fuels       34

 18      Summary of the Average Individual Hydrocarbon Data            36

 19      Summary of Particulate, Sulfate, Ammonia, Cyanide, and        37
         Aldehyde and Ketone Emissions

 20      Trace Element Emissions - Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha            39
         Blends Only

 21      Trace Element Emissions - All Fuels                           39
                                     IX

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                              I.  INTRODUCTION
     Due to concerns over this country's dependence on foreign suppliers
for its petroleum fuels supply, interest in alternate-source fuels, such
as those derived from coal and shale oil, has increased.  Because the alter-
nate-source fuels differ in origin and processing from standard petroleum-
derived gasolines, the exhaust emissions from automobiles fueled with the
alternate-source materials may differ from the emissions produced by
automobiles fueled with petroleum-based gasoline.  This report describes
the effort to characterize regulated and unregulated exhaust emissions from
a 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit operating on Amoco Indolene gasoline and five
alternate-source fuels or fuel blends.  This program parallels a similar
program conducted at SwRI involving the evaluation of emissions from a 1980
diesel-powered Volkswagen Rabbit, fueled with eight alternate-source diesel
fuels. (D*

     This is one of several programs to be completed at SwRI involving a
large number of unregulated emissions from automobiles.  The previous
projects involved malfunctioning automobiles(2,3,4,5)f automobiles designed
for low-NOx operation^), high mileage catalyst-equipped automobiles^),
automobiles fueled with methanolW, and automobiles operating at idle and
at low speeds.' '

A.   Project Objective

     The primary objective of this project was to evaluate regulated and
unregulated exhaust emissions from a 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit operating on
various alternate-soruce fuels or fuel blends.  A total of 6 fuels including
Amoco Indolene as a base fuel were evaluated in this program.

B.   Emission Measurement Procedures

     The compounds or groups of compounds evaluated, along with the sampling
methods used, were as follows:

          Sampling
          Methods      	Compounds Evaluated	
            Bags       HC, CO, NOX, CO2, individual HC
           Filter      Particulates, sulfate, metals and other elements,
                       organic soluble fraction of particulates for
                       carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen analysis,
                       and benzo(a)pyrene determinations.
          Impinger     Cyanides, aldehydes, ammonia, organic amines, and
                       phenols
            Trap       Nitrosamines and organic sulfides.
*Numbers in parentheses designate references at the end of this report.

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Several of these procedures for measuring the unregulated emissions were
developed in another project and reported in a widely distributed interim
report.(10)

C.   Test Vehicle

     The 1981 VW Rabbit used in this program was fuel-injected and equipped
with a three-way catalyst.  The vehicle was obtained through the EPA Project
Officer on loan from Volkswagen of America (Mr. Dan Hardin and Mr. Larry Nutson
are among those responsible for this loan).

D.   Fuels Evaluated

     Six fuels were evaluated in this program, five alternate source fuels
or fuel blends and Amoco Indolene as a base fuel.  The five alternate-
source fuels or fuel blends included:  Simulated coal Gasoline, EM-468-F;
EDS Naphtha Blend, EM-488-F; H-Coal Naphtha Blend, EM-543-F; Mobil "MTG"
(Methanol-to-Gasoline}  Gasoline, EM-486-F; and Sasol Coal Gasoline Blend,
EM-542-F.  These fuels are described in detail in Section II-B.

E.   Vehicle Testing

     The VW Rabbit was tested with each fuel in duplicate over the Light-Duty
Federal Test Procedure (FTP)(H), and once over the Highway Fuel Economy
Driving Schedule  (HFET). '-^Additional multiple Urban Dynamometer Driving
Scheldues  (UDDS) and HFET runs were used to generate particulate samples for
subsequent carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen analysis, and benzo(a)pyrene
determinations.

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      II.  GENERAL EQUIPMENT, INSTRUMENTS, PREPARATIONS AND PROCEDURES

     This section describes the automobile, the fuels, the facilities, and
the general instrumentation and procedures utilized in this project.  The
overall sampling systems for the unregulated emissions are also discussed.

A.   Automobile

     A 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit was used for all fuel evaluations performed
in this program.  The automobile is described in detail in Table 1, and
is shown in Figure 1.  The automobile was obtained through the project

                     TABLE 1.  TEST VEHICLE DESCRIPTION
                  Vehicle Model
                  Model Year
                  Body Type
                  VIN
                  Engine Disp.
                  Cylinders
                  Fuel Delivery
                  Transmission
Volkswagen Rabbit
      1981
      4-dr
IVWGB9171BY085460
      1.65,
       4
    Injected
     Auto-3
         Chassis Dynamometer - Inertia Setting 1134 kg (2500 Ibs.)
         Chassis Dynamometer - Power Setting 5.7 kilowatts (7.7 Hp)

officer and had been used in two other EPA contracts at SwRI; EPA contracts
68-03-2884 (Task Specifications 11 and 12) and 68-03-3073 (Work Assignments
1 and 4).
        Figure 1.  1981 Volkswagen Rabbit used in fuel evaluations

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B.   Fuel Sources, Fuel Properties and Blending Details

     Including the base fuel,  six materials were tested in the emissions
evaluation phase of the program.   Table 2 lists the fuel properties for
each of the materials tested in the program.  A brief history of each fuel,
and blending steps used to formulate it, if any, are given below:

     1.  Base Petroleum Gasoline, Fuel Code No. EM-338-F

         The base fuel, also used as a blend stock for several of the
         test fuels, was Amoco "Indolene" emission test gasoline.   The
         particular lot used was received in 1978, stored in an underground
         tank, and analyzed periodically to make sure it did not deteriorate.
         Its research octane number was 97.7, and its RVP was 9.0 psi.

     2.  Simulated Coal Gasoline, Fuel Code No. EM-468-F

         In response to the needs of this project as well as those of a
         program for DOE being performed by another SwRI Department, a
         gasoline was formulated by SwRI to contain approximately 58%
         simulated H-coal reformate and 42% petroleum derived components.
         This material was blended late in 1980, and was kept in cold
         storage until needed.  Since this fuel was blended to approximate
         commercial gasoline specifications, it was not necessary to add
         base gasoline to it for acceptable performance.  Sources for the
         blending components included DuPont, Koppers, and Howell Hydro-
         carbons .

     3.  EDS Naphtha Blend, Fuel Code No. EM-488-F

         The EDS  (Exxon Donor Solvent) Naphtha itself, coded EM-481-F, was
         received in July of 1981.  The material was obtained by Mr. Joe
         McSorely of EPA-IERC at the request of the Project Officer.  Naphtha
         from the EDS process, like that from other solvent refining processes,
         is more a byproduct than a main stream product.  This particular
         material was made at Exxon's  Baytown plant.  Properties of the EDS
         Naphtha are listed in Appendix A-l.  The decision to use only  25%
         EDS Naphtha in the blend was made  in order to prevent depressing
         the blend octane number and RVP too severely.  AK it turned out,
         it was  necessary to add 6%  'Low-boiling components to the 25/75 blend
         to boost the RVP just above 9.2 psi, and the octane number came
         in just  about as expected at 92.3  (RON).

     4.  H-Coal  Naphtha Blend, Fuel Code No. EM-543-F

         The neat H-Coal Naphtha was received in April of 1982, and was
         coded EM-513-F.  This liquid was also obtained for us by Mr. Joe
         McSoreley  of EPA-IERL at the request of the Project Officer.
         Properties of the Naphtha can be found  in Appendix A-l.  In this
         case, we were able to use 37%  H-Coal Naphtha with 5% n-butane

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TABLE 2.  PROPERTIES OF TEST FUELS


Fuel Code
Description
Gravity, "API
Density, g/m
Octane, research (RON)
Octane, motor (MON)
RVP, psi
Carbon , %
Hydrogen, %
Nitrogen , ppm
Sulfur, %
Lead, g/gal
Aromatics , %
Saturates , %
Olefins, %
Oxid. Stability, min
Gum, unwashed,
mg/100 m
Gum, washed, mg/100 mil
Distillation - D86
C (F)
IBP
5%
10%
15%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
95%
EP
Recovery, %
Residue, %
EM-338-F
Base
Petroleum
Gasoline
60.6
0.737
97.7
89.5
8.9
85. 66 0.28
13. 81 0.07

0.009
<0.002
22.8
75.2
2.0
600.

2.2
0.7


33(92)
39(103)
49(121)

69(156)
87(188)
97(206)
103(217
108(226)
114(237)
125(257)
154(309)
168(334)
208(406)
95.0

EM-486-F
Mobil "MTG"
Gasoline
from Coal
58.8
0.744
92.7
82.8
9.7
86.42+0.09
13.650.06
<10
<0.001
<0.001
33.3
64.4
2.3
480.

1.2
0.2


31(88)
39(103)
47(116)

57(135)
69(156)
82(180)
100(212)
120(248)
138(280)
153(307)
166(330)
178(352)
204(400)

1.2
EM-468-F
Simulated
Coal
Gasoline
53.6
0.764
91.3
81.8
10.7
87.23
12.66
no data
0.007

35.41
64.59

>1440.

8.3
3.3


27(81)
38(101)
49(120)
58(136)
67(152)
83(182)
97(206)
108(227)
119(246)
132(270)
150(302)
181(358)
199(390)
213(416)
98.5
1.0
EM- 4 88- F
EDS
Naphtha
Blend
56.7
0.7559
92.3
84.2
9.2
85.110.11
13.610.03
115
0.13
<0.005
21.26
78.74
0.00
>1440.

14.2
14.2


32(90)
39(102)
56(133)
70(158)
83(180)
100(212)
109(227)
114(237)
121(252)
133(272)
150(302)
166(330)
178(352)
201(394)
95.0
1.5
EM-542-F
Unleaded
Sasol
Blend
62.5
0.7294
90.0
81.6
10.3
35.77+0.04
14.000.07
41
<0.01
<0.01
21.0
68.4
10.6
>1440.

18.3
13.4


27(81)
39(102)
48(119)
56(133)
64(148)
81(178)
94(202)
106(222)
114(238)
124(255)
138(281)
159(318)
171(340)
207(404)
99.0
1.0
EM-543-F
H-Coal
Naphtha
Blend
54.0
0.7628
90.7
82.7
10.3
85.47+0.17
13.610.06
727
0.12
<0.01
24.8
73.3
1.9
>1440.

60.1
58.7


29(84)
43(110)
55(131)
68(154)
82(179)
99(211)
109(229)
117(242)
126(258)
139(282)
158(316)
178(352)
206(403)
213(416)
96.0
1.0

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         and 58% EM-338-F base fuel, because the effective blending octane
         number of this Naphtha was higher than that of the EDS Naphtha.
         The H-Coal Naphtha blend ended up with an RVP of 10.3 psi and an
         octane number of 90.7 (RON).

     5.  Mobil "MTG" Gasoline, Fuel Code No. EM-486-F

         This test fuel, named "MTG" for the Mobil "Methanol-to-Gasoline"
         process, was the only one of the five coal-derived materials
         received as a specification-quality fuel and requiring no
         treatment or blending.  It was received by SwRI in July of 1981
         directly from Mobil, representing part of a pilot plant run made
         earlier that year at the Paulsboro, N.J., Research and Development
         facility.  We requested the fuel through Mr. William Koehl of
         Mobil in 1980, and were contacted by Mr. John Warner when it was
         ready for shipment.

     6.  SASOL Coal Gasoline Blend, Fuel Code No. EM-542-F

         Attempts to purchase Sasol gasoline began when this project was
         initiated in 1975, but were unsuccessful at that time due to
         their policy on release of samples for testing.  We made contact
         with Sasol again in 1980, and succeeded in obtaining one drum of
         leaded, coal-derived gasoline and three drums of coal-derived
         diesel fuel for use in other projects.  Delivery was made late
         in 1982  (fuel properties listed in Appendix A-l).

         It was necessary to remove the lead antiknock additive from
         the gasoline prior to use, and also to blend with n-butane and
         base fuel to boost RVP and octane number.  The process by which the
         lead was removed from the gasoline is described in Appendix A-2.
         The blend used was 48.3% de-leaded Sasol, 3.4% n-butane, and 48.3%
         base fuel, resulting in an RVP of 10.3 psi and an octane number
         of 90.0  (RON).

C.   Dynamometer and CVS System

     A Clayton Model ECE-50 chassis dynamometer with a direct-drive variable-
inertia flywheel system was utilized for all transient testing.  This direct-
drive inertia system simulates equivalent weight of vehicles from 455 kg
(1000 Ib) to 4025 kg  (8875 Ib), in 55 kg (125 Ib) increments.

     The constant volume sampler  (CVS) used for these evaluations  was SwRI
CVS Number 2.  This unit has a nominal capacity of 9.2 m^/min  (325 cfm).  A
nominal 460 mm  (18 inch) diameter by 5 m (16 foot) long dilution tunnel
was used between the intake filter and "che CVS to enable sampling of parti-
culates.

     Partial views of the chassis dynamometer, the dilution tunnel and the
intake to the CVS can be seen in Figure 2.  Both the dynamometer and the CVS

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               CVS Side of System
           Dynamometer Side of System
Figure 2.  Views of the emissions sampling system

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were calibrated, maintained and operated in accordance with the manufacturer's
instructions and the appropriate sections of the Code of Federal Regulations
applicable to light-duty vehicles. ^^

     In addition to the 142 m3/min  (5000 cfm) cooling fan placed in front
of the automobile, 42 m3/min  (1500 cfm) blowers were available to cool each
drive wheel.  These additional blowers were used only during the HFET driving
cycle.

D.   Exhaust Sampling Analysis

     A pictorial schematic of the exhaust and sampling system is shown in
Figure 3.  This system is in accordance with the guidelines established in
previous unregulated emission projects conducted at SwRI for the EPA.  The
primary feature of this system is the number of sampling probes and systems
necessary to collect all of the required unregulated emission samples.  This
complexity is illustrated in the views of the system shown in Figure 2.

     This section has described the dilution tunnel and provided some insight
into the overall sampling system assembly.  More details on each of the
individual sampling systems for the unregulated emissions are given in
Section III.

E.   Instrumentation for Regulated Emissions

     Bagged samples of the dilute exhaust were evaluated for HC, CO, NOX,
and CO2 using SwRI Bag Cart Number 1.  This bag cart was designed, calibrated
and operated in accordance with the appropriate sections of the Code of
Federal Regulations applicable to light-duty vehicles. ^-D
F.   Large Filter Samples

     To obtain particulate samples for determining the soluble organic
fraction of particulate, as well as the elemental composition and benzo(a)-
pyrene content of this soluble organic fraction, a system that allows the
simultaneous collection of particulate on four 500 mm by 500 mm (20 inch
by 20 inch)  Pallflex filters was used in place of the regular CVS.  Due
to the low particulate emission rate of gasoline-fueled automobiles, such
a system is necessary to obtain sufficient quantities of particulate for
extraction and subsequent analyses.  This 20x20 filter system permits the
collection of the total particulate generated by the automobile during a
test cycle.   The 20x20 filter system is attached to the sampling end of the
dilution tunnel and consists of a positive displacement blower with four
associated in-line 20x20 filters and filter holders, temperature and flow-
rate controllers, and readouts.  The nominal flowrate is held at 0.217
m3/s (460 scfm)  by maintaining a constant temperature, using a heat exchanger,
and a contant pressure drop across the blower.  With this flowrate, there was
no difficulty in maintaining the tunnel temperature below 43C (110F).
Maximum temperature was about 35C  (95F) in most of the cycles.

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                          (Bags)
                     HC,  CO, NOX, CO2,
                       Individual HC
Exhaust
  Out
                                    AP Control
                                     Orifice
  CVS
Constant
 Volume
Sampler
                                       (Filters)
                                      Particulate
                                        Sulfate
                               Metals  and Other  Elements
                                                                  Filtered
                                                                   Air In
460 mm  (18")I.D.
                                                                    Orifice Mixing
                                                                         Plate
                           (Traps and Impingers)

                              HCN & C2N2
                              Amines
                              Ammonia
                              Aldehydes & Ketones
                              Organic Amines
                              Nitrosamines
                              Organic Sulfides
                              Phenols
                                                             Exhaust
                                                              from
                                                            Automobile
                               Figure 3.  Emissions sampling system

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G.   Emissions Test  Procedures

     The primary procedures and driving schedules utilized in this project
are defined as follows:

          FTP - 1981 Federal Test Procedure(11)
                (uses the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule)

          HFET - Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule ^-2)

Each of the two primary procedures and schedules requiring emissions testing
in this project (FTP and HFET), utilized bagged samples for evaluation of
regulated emissions and fuel consumption.

     The HFET is a hot-start, single-segment driving cycle.  The FTP, however,
involved cold-start and hot-start, multi-cycle with multi-segment operation.
In addition, in this project, a four-bag FTP was utilized for most of the
unregulated emissions, rather than the three-bag FTP specified in the Federal
Test Procedure.  Therefore, before proceeding, it is important to clarify
the meaning of FTP as used in this project.

      FTP - The FTP uses the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS)  which
      is 1372 seconds in duration.  The UDDS, in turn, is divided into two
      segments:  A "transient" phase of 505 seconds, and a "stabilized" phase
      of 867 seconds.  The 1975 Federal Test Procedure consists of cold-start
      "transient" and "stabilized" phases, followed by a hot-start "transient.1
      In this project, the hot-start "transient" was followed by a hot-start
      "stabilized."  For the remainder of this discussion, and throughout this
      report, the four-cycle FTP will be identified as presented in Table 3.

                  TABLE 3.  DESCRIPTION OF FOUR-CYCLE FTP


                                                   Four-Cycle FTP	
                                                Cold UDDS    Hot UDDS

      Cycle                                      12       34

      Duration, seconds                         505  867     505  867

      Regulated Emissions, 3-Bag                 XX       X

      Regulated Emissions, 4-Qag                 XX       XX

      Unregulated Emissions:

          Bag                                    XX       XX

          Impinger  (aldehydes, phenols)         	X	      	X	
          Filter  (sulfate, metals,
              particulate)                      	X	      	X	
          Trap  (organic sulfides)               	X	      	X	

          Impinger  (cyanide, ammonia, amines)      	-X	-
          Trap  (nitrosamines)                      	X	
NOTE:  X designates a sample taken
                                    10

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     A composite  value in mass  per distance for the  three-cycle,  three
     sample FTP regulated emissions is  calculated  using the following  formula:
          MASS
_ 0.43X(MASS 1 + MASS 2) + 0.5?x(MASS 3 + MASS 2)
           DISTANCE     (DIST.  1  +  DIST.  2        (DIST.  3  +  DIST.  2)

     For  the  four-cycle  FTP,  two-sample composite  values determined in this
     project,  the following  formula was used:

           MASS	0.43XM(1 + 2)    0.57XM(3  +  4)
                                   T
           DISTANCE      (Dl  +  D2)        (D3  +  D4)

     For both  the three-  and  four-cycle  FTP's,  actual measured  distances
     are used  for each  cycle  in  the  calculations.

     To illustrate  the  similarity  of the three- and  four-cycle  FTP's,  the
     following assumptions  are made.   Since the same driving  cycle  is
     involved, Distance 3 is  essentially equal  to Distance  1, and Distance  4
     is essentially equal to  Distance 2,  therefore,  these equations can be
     reduced to:
3-FTP M/D
4-FTP M/D
 0.43x(Ml H

0.43XM(1 H

1- M2) + 0.57x(M3
Dl + D2
H 2) + 0.57XM(3 +
Dl + D2
+ M2)

4)

Therefore, with the assumption that the changes in distance traveled are
negligible, the composite results with the four-cycle FTP relative to
results with the three-cycl6 FTP will differ only as the mass emissions
emitted during Cycle 4 differ from those emitted during Cycle 2.  For
the regulated emissions, the differences during Cycles 2 and 4 were small,
and the overall effects of such differences were essentially negligible.

     The test sequence followed for each fuel is given in Table 4.  The
sequence followed  in the laboratory for running one set of emissions tests
 (FTP and HFET) is  given in Table 5.  The sequence followed in the laboratory
for running each multiple UDDS sequence is given in Table 6, and the sequence
followed for running each multiple HFET sequence is given in Table 7.

     The parameters of the two primary driving schedules are summarized in
Table 8, and these schedules are illustrated in Figure 4.   Other driving
schedule designations frequently used are as follows:

                     Driving Schedule      Other Common
                     Designation Used      Designations
                          FTP              LA-4 and UDDS
                          HFET                  FET
                                     11

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             TABLE 4.  TEST SEQUENCE FOR EACH FUEL EVALUATED


   Sequence        	Operation Performed with each Fuel	

 Upon Receipt      Drain and fill test vehicle with appropriate fuel,
                   precondition with 2 UDDS

      1            Run FTP, HFET - Sample and analyze emissionsa

      2            Run FTP - Sample and analyze emissions

      3            Run multiple UDDS sequences (nine) - Sample with
                   20x20 Pallflex filters for soluble organic fraction
                   analyses

      4            Run multiple HFET sequences (eight) - Sample with
                   20x20 Pallflex filters for soluble organic fraction
                   analyses
Three FTP, HFET sequences were run for Fuel EM-338-F
                   TABLE 5.  LABORATORY TEST SEQUENCE


            1.  Precondition, UDDS

            2.  Soak 12 to 20 hours

            3.  FTP - 4 bags for gaseous emissions
                      2 filters or impinger samples*

            4.  Engine Off - 10 minutes - Fan Off

            5.  HFET - 1 bag sample
                       1 filter or impinger sample
            * 1 impinger or trap for some samples

            NOTE:  5000 cfm fan on during all car operation.
                   Additional tire and fuel tank cooling
                   blowers on during all HFET operation.
                                   12

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TABLE 6.  LABORATORY TEST SEQUENCE FOR MULTIPLE UDDS TESTS

            1.  Precondition,'UDDS
            2.  Soak 12 to 20 hours
            3.  Cold Start UDDS
            4.  Engine Off - 10 minutes - Fan Off
            5.  Hot Start UDDS
            6.  Engine Off - 10 minutes - Fan Off
            7.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
            8.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
            9.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
           10.  Force cooled cold start UDDS
           11.  Engine Off - 10 minutes - Fan Off
           12.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
           13.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
           14.  Repeat Steps 5 and 6
TABLE 7.  LABORATORY TEST SEQUENCE FOR MULTIPLE HFET TESTS

   1.  Precondition, HFET
   2.  Engine off - 10-minutes - Fan Off - Load filters
   3.  HFET
   4.  Engine Off - 10-minutes - Fan Off
   5.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
   6.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
   7.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
   8.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
   9.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
  10.  Repeat Steps 3 and 4
  11.  Repeat Step 3
                            13

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               TABLE  8.   SUMMARY OP DRIVING  SCHEDULE PARAMETERS
Schedule
FTP:



HFET

505
867
UDDS

Duration,
Seconds

505
867
1372
765
Distance,
Kilometers

5.8
6.2
12.0
16.5
Average Speed
km/hr mph


31.4 19.5
77.6 48.2
100


 80

 60

 40

 20
.TRANSIENT
  PHASE
STABILIZED
  PHASE
                 200
                           400
                                     600       800
                                         TINE, sec
                                          1000
               1200
                                                               1371
100
80
60

40

20
0
60

40
' JS
X
, Is
20

0
                 200
                            400
                        TIME, sec
                       600
                                 765
                  Figure 4.   Driving cycle  speed vs time traces


  H.    Test Numbering  System


       The numbering system used in this project consists of  three digits plus
  a cycle abbreviation.   The designation used for all automobile testing was
                                         14

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"VFD", followed by the individual test cycle abbreviation FTP or HFET.  The
meaning of each letter is described as follows:

                                                  As Used in
              Code          Description	      This Project

               V        Vehicle Designation            8

               FD       Fuel Designation          51 thru 64

I.   Computational Methods

     The methods used for calculating the unregulated emissions results are
given in Appendix A-3.  All regulated emissions were calculated using the
methods prescribed in the Code of Federal Regulations for Light-Duty
Vehicles.(ID  On the computer printouts for the regulated emissions
(Appendix D), all items of potential interest are identified by descriptive
headings.  Items on the computer sheet identified only by abbreviated
headings are used in calculating the unregulated emissions.
                                     15

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             III.  ANALYTICAL  PROCEDURES  FOR UNREGULATED  EMISSIONS

     The  analytical procedures  used  to measure  the  unregulated  emissions
 are  summarized  in this  section.  A detailed description  of most of  the
 procedures, along with the  discussion of  their development, validation,  and
 qualification,  is available in  Interim Report II, "Analytical Procedures
 for  Characterizing Unregulated  Pollutant Emissions  from  Motor Vehicles,"
 developed in a  related  EPA Project.(10)

 A.   Description of the Analytical Procedures

     The  unregulated emissions  evaluated in this project, along  with the
 methods for sampling and the  procedures  used in the analyses, are listed
 in Table  9.   Organic amines,  aldehydes and  ketones, organic  sulfides,
 individual hydrocarbons, metals and  other elements, and  phenols represent
 groups of compounds. The respective  procedures  separate  and  identify a
 number of individual compounds  within each  of these groups.  The analytical
 procedures involved in  this project  are  briefly described as follows:

     Organic Amines - The  collection of  organic amines  (monomethylamine,
 monoethylamine  and dimethylamine, trimethylamine, diethylamine,  and
 triethylamine)  is accomplished  by bubbling  CVS-diluted exhaust  through
 glass impingers containing dilute sulfuric  acid.  The amines are complexed
 by the acid to  form stable sulfate salts which  remain in solution.   A
 portion of this solution is then injected into  a gas chromatograph equipped
 with an ascarite loaded pre-column and a nitrogen-phosphorus detector  (NPD).
 External  amine standards in dilute sulfuric acid  are  used  to quantify the
 results.

     Ammonia -  Ammonia  in  CVS-diluted automotive exhaust is  measured in
 the  protonated  form, NH4+, after collection in  dilute H^SO^  The acidi-
 fication  is  carried out in a  glass impinger maintained at ice bath  tem-
 perature .   A sample from the  impinger is then analyzed for ammonia  in an
 Ion  Chromatograph and the  concentration  in  the  exhaust is calculated by
comparison to an ammonium sulfate standard solution.

     Aldehydes  and Ketones -  The collection of  aldehydes (formaldehyde,
 acetaldehyde and hexanaldehyde)  and  ketones (acetone and methylethylketone)
 is accomplished by bubbling CVS-diluted  exhaust through  glass impingers
 containing 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) in dilute hydrochloric acid.
 The  aldehydes and ketones  (also known as carbonyl compounds) react  with the
 DNPH to form their respective phenylhydrazone derivatives.   These derivatives
 are  insoluble or only slightly  soluble in the DNPH/HC1 solution  and are
 removed by filtration followed  by pentane extractions.   The  filtered
 precipitate  and the pentane extracts  are combined and then the pentane
 is evaporated in a vacuum  oven.  The  remaining  dried extract contains the
 phenylhydrazone derivatives.  The extract is dissolved in a  quantitative
 volume of toluene containing  a  known  amount of  anthracene as an  internal
 standard.  A portion of this  dissolved extract  is injected into  a gas
 chromatograph and analyzed for  several individual aldehydes  and ketones,
 using a flame ionization detector.

                                      17

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     TABLE 9.  SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS
         Compound
Sampling
Method of Analysis
Organic Amines               Impinger
Ammonia (NH-)                Impinger
Aldehydes & Ketones          Impinger
Total Cyanide [Hydrogen      Impinger
  Cyanide (HCN)  and
  Cyanogen (C N )]

Carbonyl Sulfide (COS)       Trap
  and Organic Sulfides

Individual Hydrocarbons      Bag
Metals and Other Elements    Filter


Particulates                 Filter

Sulfate                      Filter



Nitrosamines                 Trap

Phenols                      Impinger


BaP                          Filter
             Gas chromatograph with ascarite
             pre-column and nitrogen-phosphorus
             detector (GC-NPD).

             Ion chromatograph.

             Dinitrophenylhydrazone derivative.
             Gas chromatograph with flame ioni-
             zation detector (GC-FID).

             Cyanogen chloride derivative.  Gas
             chromatograph with electron capture
             detector (GC-ECD).

             Gas chromatograph with flame
             photometric detector  (GC-FPD).

             Gas chromatograph with flame ioniza-
             tion detector (GC-FID).

             Weighed using microbalance.  Spectral
             X-ray analysis at RTP.

             Weighed using microbalance.

             Barium chloranilate derivative (BCA).
             Liquid chromatograph with ultra-
             violet detector.

             Gas chromatograph with TEA detector.

             Gas chromatograph with flame ioniza-
             tion detector (GC-FID).

             Soxhlet extraction with methylene
             chloride.  Liquid chromatograph
             with fluorescence detector.
                                      18

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     Total Cyanide  (Hydrogen Cyanide plus Cyanogen) - The collection of
total cyanide is accomplished by bubbling CVS-diluted exhaust through glass
impingers containing a 1.0 N potassium hydroxide absorbing solution.  This
solution is maintained at ice bath temperature.  An aliquot of the absorbing
reagent is then treated with KH2PC>4 and Chloramine-T.  A portion of the
resulting cyanogen chloride is injected into a gas chromatograph equipped
with an electron capture detector  (ECD).  External CN~ standards are used to
quantify the results.

     Carbonyl and Organic Sulfides - The collection of carbonyl sulfide
(COS) and the organic sulfides, methyl sulfide  (dimethysulfide, (CH3)2S),
ethyl sulfide (diethylsulfide, (C2H^)->S) and methyl disulfide  (dimethyldi-
sulfide, (CH3)2S2), is accomplished by passing CVS-diluted exhaust through
Tenax GC traps at -76C.  At this temperature the traps remove the organic
sulfides from the dilute exhaust.  The organic sulfides are thermally de-
sorbed from the traps into a gas chromatograph sampling system and in-
jected into a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame photometric detector
for analysis.  External organic sulfide standards generated from permea-
tion tubes are used to quantify the results.

     Individual Hydrocarbons - For measurement of the selected individual
hydrocarbons, methane (CH4), ethane  (C2Hg), ethylene (C2H4), acetylene
(C2H2) , propane (C3Hg) , propylene  (C3H6) , benzene  (C^Hg) , and toluene
(CyHg), a sample of CVS-diluted exhaust is collected in a Tedlar bag.
This bagged sample is then analyzed for individual hydrocarbons using a
gas chromatographic system containing four separate columns and a flame
ionization detector.  The peak areas are compared to an external calibra-
tion blend and the individual hydrocarbon concentrations are obtained
using a Hewlett-Packard 3353 computer system.

     Metals and Other Elements - The metals are collected as particulate
on a 47 mm Fluoropore filter, which is then sent to Research Triangle Park
(RTP) for analysis by X-ray spectroscopy.  The diluted exhaust sample is
taken from within the dilution tunnel.  Weight gain on the filter is determined
by weighing the filter on a microbalance before and after sampling.

     Particulate - The particulate is collected on 47 mm Pallflex filters.
The amount of "particulate" collected is determined by weighing the filter
on a microbalance before and after sampling.

     Sulfate - Automotive exhaust is vented into a dilution tunnel where
it is mixed with a flowing stream of filtered room air.  In the tunnel,
the S03 reacts rapidly with water in the exhaust to form sulfuric acid
aerosols.   The aerosols grow to a filterable size range within the tunnel
and are collected on a fluorocarbon membrane filter.  Particulate sulfate
salts are also collected on the filter.

     Sulfuric acid collected on the filter is then converted to ammonium
sulfate by exposure to ammonia vapor.   The soluble sulfates are leached
from a filter with a measured volume of an isopropyl alcohol - water
solution (60% IPA).   A fixed volume of the sample extract is injected into

                                     19

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a high pressure liquid chromatograph (HPLC)  and pumped through a column of
strong cation exchange resin in Ag+ form to scrub out the halides (Cl~, Br~)
and then through a column of strong cation exchange resin in H+ form to
scrub out the cations and convert the sulfate to sulfuric acid.  Passage
through a reactor column of barium chloranilate crystals precipitates out
barium sulfate and releases the highly UV-absorbing chloranilate ions.
The amount of chloranilate ions released is proportional to the sulfate in
the sample and is measured by a sensitive liquid chromatograph UV detector
at 310-313 nanometers.  All the reactions and measurement take place in a
flowing steam of 60% IPA.  The scrubber and reactor columns also function
as efficient filter media for any solid reaction products formed during
passage of the sample through the column system.

     Nitrosamines - The collection of nitrosamines (N-nitrosodimethylamine,
N-nitrosodiethylamine.,  N-nitrosodipropylamine, N-nitrosodibutylamine,
N-nitrosopiperidine, and N-nitrosopyrrolidine) is accomplished by passing
CVS-diluted exhaust through ThermoSorb/N traps at a flow rate of 2 liters
per minute.  One sample is taken over several FTP test cycles to improve
the detection limits. After sample collection, the  ThermoSorb/N traps are
sent to the Thermo Electron Corporation for analysis.  At Thermo Electron
the traps are backflushed with a 25/75 solution of methanol in dichloro-
methane.  The first 1.5 to 1.8 m of this eluant are saved for GC-TEA
analysis.  The GC-TEA instrument detection limits range from 5 ng for
N-nitrosodimethylamine to 10 ng for N-nitrosodibutylamine.  Additional
information on the ThermoSorb/N traps and the GC-TEA analyzer can be found
in the Task 2 Final Report of EPA Contract 68-03-2884, "Nitrosamines in
Vehicle Interiors. " (13)

     Phenols - Phenols  (phenol; salicylaldehyde; m-cresol/p-cresol; p-ethyl-
phenol/2-isopropylphenol/ 2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol;
2,3,5-trimethylphenol; and 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol) in automotive exhaust
are sampled and quantitatively analyzed with a gas chromatograph  (GC) equipped
with a flame ionization detector.(14)  Dilute exhaust is passed through two
Greenburg-Smith impingers in series, each containing 200 m of 1 N KOH
chilled in an ice bath.  The contents of each impinger are acidified and
extracted with ethyl ether.  The samples are partially concentrated com-
bined and then further concentrated to about 1 m.  An interal standard
is added and the volume is adjusted to 2 m.  The final sample is analyzed
by the use of the GC, and concentrations of individual phenols are determined
by comparison to external and internal standards.  The minimum detection
limit is about 1 yg/m.

     Benzo(a)pyrene  (BaP) - Benzo(a)pyrene is collected as particulate on
20"X20" Pallflex filters. The BaP is removed from the particulate by Soxhlet
extraction with methylene chloride.  The solvent is then evaporated and the
sample is redissolved in acetonitrile for analysis.  BaP is analyzed
with the use of a HPLC system coupled to a fluorescence detector.  The BaP
collection and analytical method used at SwRI followed closely those used
in General Motors Research Laboratories.
                                      20

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B.   Validation and Qualification of the Analytical Procedures

     Several of the procedures used in this project were subjected to a
series of validation and qualification experiments in previous projects.
Validation experiments included checks for sample stability, sample collec-
tion efficiency, detector linearity, interferences,and analysis repeatability.
Qualification experiments included the injection of the compound of interest
into the dilution tunnel with and without the presence of exhaust and the
subsequent recovery of that compound at the procedure sampling point.

     Sample stability checks were performed using repeated analyses of the
same sample at intervals over a specified period of time, and comparing the
results to the initial analysis.  Organic  amines, aldehydes and ketones,
ammonia, total cyanide, phenols and individual hydrocarbon samples
were found to be stable for several days.  Carbonyl and organic sulfides
samples were found to be stable for approximately one day.

     Sample collection efficiency experiments were performed by passing a
known concentration of sample through a series of impingers or traps and
analyzing each impinger or trap individually for the compound of interest.
All of these procedures used in this project had a collection efficiency of
98% or better.  Detector linearity experiments were performed by preparing
several samples of various known concentrations and plotting the resulting
peak areas versus the concentrations.  The procedures had linear response
over the range of interest in this project.

     To determine interferences from other compounds, for each procedure,
known exhaust components were introduced into the sample to determine their
effect on the resultant measurements.  To determine analysis repeatability,
several samples of known concentrations were prepared and a number of com-
plete analyses were performed at each concentration.  The results of these
tests were then compared to determine analysis repeatability.

     The qualification experiments were performed to determine if the com-
pounds of interest could travel the length of the dilution tunnel in the
presence of dilute exhaust without significant loss by reaction with exhaust
or the tunnel itself.  The compounds were introduced where the exhaust enters
the tunnel and were sampled at the normal sampling point.  Table 10 lists
the procedures for which validation and qualification experiments have been
performed.

C.   Accuracy of the Analytical Procedures

     A difficult, but very important endeavor was the determination of
procedural accuracy for each analytical method.  The primary difficulty
involved those procedures in which the exhaust compounds are trapped or
absorbed, an extraction or subsequent reaction is performed, and then a
portion of the extract is analyzed.  After much consideration, in previous
unregulated emission projects, the decision was reached to initially define
the accuracy in terms  of a "minimum detection value" (MDV).  The MDV, as


                                     21

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              TABLE 10.   PROCEDURAL VALIDATION AND QUALIFICATION
Compound or Compound Group

Organic Amines

Ammonia

Aldehydes & Ketones

Total Cyanide

Carbonyl Sulfide and
  Organic Sulfides

Individual Hydrocarbons

Metals and Other Elements

Particulates

Sulfate

Nitrosamines

Phenols

BaP
Validation
 Conducted

    Yes

    Yes

    Yes

    Yes

    Yes


    Yes

    Noa

    Noa

    Noa

    Noa

    Yes

    No3
	Qualification Conducted

Yes (significant tunnel losses)

Yes (significant tunnel losses)

               Yes

               Yes

Yes (significant tunnel losses)


               Noa

               Noa

               Noa

               Noa

               Noa

               Yes

               No
 Established procedure
                                    22

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used in this report, is defined as the value above which it can be said
that the compound has been detected in the exhaust (i.e., at a measured
value equal to the MDV, the accuracy is equal to plus or minus the MDV).
Determination of accuracy over the entire range  of each procedure was
beyond the scope  of these projects.

     For compounds collected by bag samples, the MDV was determined from
the instrument detection limits only, and is independent of the sampling
rate and duration.  For compounds which are concentrated in impingers or
traps, the MDV is dependent on the instrument detection limit, chemical
workup, sampling rate and sampling duration.  The MDV's listed in Table 11
were derived using the listed sampling rate and a 23-minute sampling period.
                                     23

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            TABLE 11.  EMISSION PROCEDURAL SAMPLE RATES AND ACCURACY
Test Number,
Barometer,
Humidity,
Temperature,
                             Mol.
                            Weight
     VFD
  mm Hg
    g/kg
                     Sample
                      Flow
                    yg/m
                     per
                     PPi"
                     Procedural
                      Minimum
                     Detection
                      Values
                     ppm    yg/i
                   MDV
                   for
                   FTP
                  mg/km
Carbon Dioxide,
Fuel Cons.,
    g/km
/100 km
44.01
Bag
Regulated Emissions
 Hydrocarbons (THC)
 Carbon Monoxide
 Oxides of Nitrogen
11.88
28.01
46.01
Bag
Bag
Bag
575
1165
1915
c
2:0c
0.5C
575
2330
958
10
40
16
Particulates
 Total Particulates
 Sulfate
            96.01
        14.0
        14.0
           4000
<0.01
<50
  6
                                                                             0.1
Compound Group Totals
 Aldehydes & Ketones
 Individual Hydrocarbons
 Organic Sulfides
 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines
                     4.0
                     Bag
                    0.13
                     4.0
                    22.0
                     2.0
                                               -0.5
                                               -0.5
                                              -0.05
                                               =0.1
                                               -0.8
                                             <0.001
Other Compounds
 Ammonia
 Cyanide & Cyanogen
            17.03
            26.02
         4.0
         4.0
            710
           1080
 0.01
 0.01
  7
 11
0.1
0.2
 Based on a 23-minute sampling period at the specified flow rate for all
 impinger, filter and trap collected samples.
 Based on yg/m3 in the diluted exhaust and typical UDDS (FTP 505 and 867)
 parameters (1372 seconds, 206 m3 CVS flow, 12.07 km, 0.98 DSFC) mg/km for
 FTP - yg/m3 x 206 T 12.07 x 0.98 x 0.001= 0.0168 x yg/m3.
 Based on the lowest instrument ranges used in this project.
                                       24

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        TABLE 11 (Cont'd).  EMISSION PROCEDURAL SAMPLE RATES AND ACCURACY
Aldehydes and Ketones
 Fo rmaldehyde
 Ac etaldehyde
 Acetone

 Methylethylketone
 Hexanaldehyde
Procedural
Mol.
Weight
30.03
44.05
58.08
72.12
100.16
CRCd
Synonym
__

2-Propanone
2-Butanone
Hexanal
jg/m
per
ppm
1250
1-830
2415
3000
4165
Minimum
Detection
a
Values ,
ppm
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
yg/m
15
20
25
30
40
MDV
for
FTP,b
mg/km
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.7
Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene
16.04
28.05
30.07
26.04
44.11
42.08
78.12
92.15

Ethene

Ethyne
,__
Propene

 
665
1165
1250
1085
.1835
1750
3245
3830
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
.0.5
Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide   '
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Me thy 1 Di s ul f i de

Organic Amines
 Monome thy1amine
 Monoe thy 1 ami ne
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 S al i cy al dehy de
 m- and p-cresol
 Five9
 2-n-propylphenol
 2,3,5 trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6 tetramethylphenol
60.08
62.13
90.19
94.20
31.06
45.09
59.11
73.14
101.19

Dimethyl
Diethyl
Dimethyl
Amino- Me th ane
Amino- Eth ane



2500
2585
3750
3915
1290
1875
2460
3040
4205
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.002
0.002
0,002
0.002
3
3
4
4
3
4
5
6
8
0.04
0.04
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.08
0.10
0.14
 94.11
122.13
108.15
     g
136.20
136.20
155.22
3915
5080
4500
-5315
5665
5665
6250
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.021
0.006
0.004
0.002
55
65
45
110
35
20
10
0.92
1.09
0.76
1.85
0.59
0.34
0.17
a & b
     See initial page of this table.
 flandbook of Chemistry and Physics, 54th Edition.
 Includes Acrolein - 56.07 and Propionaldehyde - 58.08  (CRC - Propenal
 and Propanal, respectively).
 Includes Dimethylamine - 45.09
Includes p-ethylphenol - 122.17; 2-isopropylphenol - 136.20;
 3,5-xylenol - 122.17; 2,4,6-trimethylphenol - 136.20.
                                  2, 3-xylenol - 122.17;
                                       25

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                            IV.  VEHICLE TESTING

     Regulated and unregulated exhaust emissions were evaluated for a
1981 Volkswagen Rabbit operating on five alternate source fuels and on
Amoco Indolene as a base fuel.

A.   Vehicle - Fuel Evaluations

     The vehicle - fuel evaluations conducted in this program are listed
in Table 12 along with the number and types of emission tests performed.
In general, each fuel was evaluated over duplicate FTP and single HFET
test cycles.  The base fuel, EM-338-F, however, was evaluated over four FTP
and HFET tests, three FTP and HFET tests in November  1981 and one FTP
and HFET test in February  1983.  The tests in November  1981 were run in
conjunction with another EPA program, Task Specifications 11 and 12 of
Contract 68-03-2884, which monitored similar emissions for fuel EM-338-F.
The Simulated Coal gasoline, the Mobil MTG gasoline, and the EDS Naphtha
gasoline blend were evaluated in subsequent months in early 1982.  Due
to the lack of available test fuels, no additional testing was conducted
for this program until February  1983, when the Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha
gasoline blends became available for testing.  Before emission tests were
conducted with the Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends, the Volkswagen Rabbit
was rerun with the base fuel in February  1983  (only regulated gaseous
and particulate emission were sampled).  Table 13 lists the average
emissions and fuel consumption values for the baseline tests conducted
in November  1981, along with the values obtained during February  1983.
As can be seen in the Table, the February  1983 baseline fuel consumption
rate decreased approximately 8 percent from the November  1981 values.
During the time between testing in early 1982 and the baseline tests in
February  1983, the test vehicle was "malfunctioned"  (rich base idle -
disconnected oxygen sensor) and run at idle and low speed conditions in


             TABLE 13.  BASELINE EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION
                                     Feb.  1983        Nov.  1981
                                                  FTP
          HC, g/km                      0.08               0.07
          CO, g/km                      0.76               0.67
          NOX, g/km                     0.24               0.10
          Fuel Cons., /100km           9.10               9.90
          Particulates, mg/km          14.66               7.30

                                                 HFET

          HC, g/km                      0.06               0.07
          CO, g/km                      0.45               0.78
          NOX, g/km                     0.08               0.04
          Fuel Cons., /100 km          7.14               7.73
          Particulates, mg/km           9.81              19.96
                                     27

-------
                                        TABLE 12.  PROJECT TEST MATRIX
                                                                  FTP Tests Conducted
to
CO
        Emissions Characterized

Regulated Gaseous, Fuel Cons.
Individual Hydrocarbons
Aldehydes
Phenols
Particualte Mass
Sulfate
Metals and Other Elements
Organic Sulfides
Ammonia
Cyanide
Organic Amines
Nitrosamines
Particulate Organic Soluble Fraction
C,H,N,O Composition of Organic Solubles
Benzoca)pyrene  in Organic Solubles
    Regulated Gaseous, Fuel Cons.
    Individual Hydrocarbons
    Aldehydes
    Phenols
    Particulate Mass
    Sulfate
    Metals and Other Elements
    Particulate Organic Sol. Frac.
    C,H,N,O Comp of Org. Sol.
    Benzo(a)pyrene  in Org. Sol.
Fuel


Base
EM-338-F
4
3
3
1
4
2
1
2
2
2

2
1
1

1
1

Mobil
MTG
EM-486-F
2
2
2

2
1
1

1









Simulated
Coal
EM-468-F'
2
2
2

2

1






1

1
1
EDS
Naphtha
Blend
EM-488-F
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
	 a

1
1

1
1
Unleaded
Sasol
Blend
EM-542-F
2
2
2

2
1
1

1
1



1.
- b

1
H-Coal
Naphtha
Blend
EM-543-F
2
2
2

2
1
1
1
1
1
	 a


1,
	 b

1
HFET Tests Conducted



Base
EM-338-F
4
3
3
1
4
2
1
1

1
1


Mobil
MTG
EM-486-F
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1


Simulated
Coal
EM-468-F
1
1
1

1

1
1

1
1
Fuel

EDS
Blend
EM-488-F
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1

Unleaded
Sasol
Blend
EM-542-F
1
1
1

1
1
1
1,
	 b

1

H-Coal
Naphtha
Blend
EM-543-F
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
fo

1
     Sample  collected-no  data  due to instrument malfunction
     Sample  collected-sample lost in transit for analysis

-------
yet another EPA contract, Work Assignment 4 of EPA Contract 68-03-3073.
Following emission testing in this program the vehicle was returned to
manufacturer's specifications.  It appears that, as a result of these
adjustments, the vehicle was running slightly leaner in February  1983
than in November  1981 (HFET decrease in CO and increase in NOX).  However,
it must be noted that the 8 percent deviation in fuel consumption from the
November  1981 tests to the February  1983 tests is only 4 1/2 percent more
than the test-to-test variations in fuel consumption experienced in
November  1981.  The unleaded Sasol gasoline and the H-Coal Naphtha blends
were evaluated in the months following the February  1983 baseline testing.

     As can be seen in Table 12, only selected unregulated emissions were
evaluated for each fuel.  The emissions selected were based on emission
results obtained from previous EPA unregulated emission programs and on
individual fuel properties.  Multiple UDDS (nine) and HFET (eight) tests
were run to generate single FTP and HFET particulate samples for subsequent
extraction to determine soluble organic fraction of particulate, major
element composition of extract  (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen)
and benzo(a)pyrene emissions.  An attempt was made to collect particulate
on glass fiber filters for particulate carbon and hydrogen analyses;
however, due to the low particulate emission rates and the fragile nature
of the glass fiber filters, very low, and in several cases, apparent
negative particulate weights were obtained.  Because of these problems,
it was not possible to obtain suitable samples for the carbon and hydrogen
analyses.

B.   Regulated and Unregulated Emission Test Results

     Summaries of the test results are included in Appendix B.  Indivi-
dual sample data for the FTP evaluations are included in Appendix C and
the computer printouts for the regulated emissions are included in
Appendix D.  The analyses and discussion of these test results are included
in Section V of this report.  Aldehydes & ketones, individual hydrocarbons,
organic sulfides, phenols, particulates, sulfate, and metals emissions data
are based on appropriately weighted four-cycle FTP results.  Cyanide, ammonia,
amines, and nitrosamines emissions data are based on unweighted four-cycle
FTP results (i.e., one sample taken over an  entire four-cycle test for the
cyanide, ammonia, and amines, and one sample taken over two or three four-
cycle tests for the nitrosamines.)

     In these data tables, a double dash () has been used when no test
data were available.  This occurs for the unregulated emissions when valid
test data could not be obtained due to instrument malfunction or loss of
the sample.  Blanks are left in the tables where the analyses were excluded
in accordance with the program scope of work.

C.   Large Filter Sampling and Results

     As described in Section II-F and Tables 6 and 7 of this report, 20 inch
by 20 inch Pallflex filters were used to collect particulate for extraction


                                      29

-------
and subsequent analyses.  The Volkswagen Rabbit was operated over multiple
UDDS (nine) and HFET (eight) test cycles with the six test fuels to generate
the particulate.  The soluble organic fraction of the particulate was removed
by Soxhlet extraction procedures (16) using methylene chloride as an extracting
solvent.  Particulate and extractable organic data for the six test fuels are
listed in Table 14.  The Sasol and H-coal Naphtha gasoline blends gave the
largest amounts of particulate for both the UDDS and HFET cycles.  Both these
fuels,  however, had a low percentage of organic extractables.   Because of these
low percentages for the Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends, all six fuels gave
approximately the same emission levels of organic extractables (0.38 to 0.72 mg
extract/km) for both the UDDS and the HFET test cycles.

     The organic extracts from the multiple UDDS and HFET cycles were
analyzed for benzo(a)pyrene and for major elemental composition  (carbon/
hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen).  Table 15 lists the results of the benzo-
(a)pyrene and major element analyses.  The elemental analysis samples for
the Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends were lost in transit to Galbraith
Laboratories for analysis, therefore, no such data are available for these
fuels.   Of the six fuels, the Simulated Coal gasoline gave the highest
levels of benzo(a)pyrene, while the base fuel gave the lowest levels.
Of the fuel extracts analyzed for major elements, the Mobil MTG gasoline
extract gave the highest levels of elemental nitrogen and oxygen.
                                      30

-------
                 TABLE 14.   PARTICULATE MUD ORGANIC EXTRACTABtES
                             FROM LARGE FILTER SAMPLING

                                            Multiple UDDS Cycles
       Fuel
Base Fuel
Mobil MTG
Simulated Coal Fuel
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
H-Coal Naphtha Blend
Base Fuel
Mobil MTG
Simulated Coal Fuel
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
H-Coal Naphtha Blend
Particulate

Sample Weight, mg
211
157
454
214
3583
1034

221
211
396
286
6212
1469
Vehicle Emission
Rate , mg/km
1.95
1.45
4.20
1.98
33.18
9.57
Multiple HFET
1.67
1.60
3.00
2.17
47.06
11.03
Extractable Organics
Percent of
Particulate
19
32
17
21
1
5
Cycles
23
31
13
20
1
4
Vehicle Emission
Rate , mg/km
0.38
0.47
0.72
0.43
0.48
0.44

0.39
0.49
0.40
0.42
0.32
0.40
                 TABLE 15.  BENZO(a)PYRENE AND MAJOR ELEMENTS IN
                    ORGANIC SOLUBLES FROM PARTICULATE MATTER

                                             Multiple  UDDS CYCLES
Base  Fuel
Mobil MTG
Simulated Coal Fuel
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
H-Coal Naphtha Blend
Base Fuel
Mobil MTG
Simulated Coal Fuel
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
H-Coal Naphtha Blend
Benzo (a) pyrene
Ug/km
0.018
0.091
0.118
0.119
0.051
0.076
Weight
Carbon
81.35
76.55
80.68
80.42
a
"
Percent Elements in
Hydrogen
12.42
11.70
12.49
12.61

Multiple HFET
0.056
0.076
0.119
0.082
0.026
0.045
82.41
74.09
81.74
80.90
a

12.99
10.89
12.19
12.20

Nitrogen
1.15
2.08
1.26
0.54

Cycles
1.22
2.39
1.18
1.07

Organic
Oxygen
4.75
7.53
4.29
6.03


3.18
12.55
2.87
2.84

Solubles
ZCHNO
99.67
97.86
98.72
99.60


99.80
99.92
97.98
97.01

 Samples lost in transit to Galbraith Laboratories for analysis
                                          31

-------
                         V.  ANALYSES OF THE RESULTS

     This section reports the analysis performed on the emissions data
generated in this project.  The analysis involved averaging and refor-
matting the data to enable making various comparisons.  Due to the very
limited nuniber of data points for each pollutant at each specific condi-
tion, advanced statistical analyses were judged to be inapplicable.

A.   Regulated Emissions and Fuel Consumption

     The initial analysis of the data involved averaging the results for
the duplicate or triplicate emission tests.  These averages are included
with the individual test data in Appendix B.  A summary of the average
regulated emissions and fuel consumption data is presented in Table 16.
       TABLE 16.  SUMMARY OF THE AVERAGE REGULATED EMISSIONS AND FUEL
                              CONSUMPTION DATA

                                                         FTP
 Base Fuel, EM-338-F  (Nov., 1981)
 Mobil MTG, EM-486-F
 Simulated Coal  Fuel, EM-468-F
 EDS Naphtha Blend, EM-488-F

 Base Fuel, EM-338-F  (Feb., 1983)
 Sasol Blend, EM-542-F
 H-Coal Naphtha  Blend, EM-543-F

 1981 Federal Emissions Std.
 Base Fuel, EM-338-F  (Nov., 1981)
 Mobil MTG, EM-486-F
 Simulated Coal Fuel, EM-468-F
 EDS Naphtha Blend, EM-488-F

 Base Fuel, EM-338-F  (Feb., 1983)
 Sasol Blend, EM-542-F
 H-Coal Naphtha Blend, EM-543-F
HC (g/km)
0.07
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.15
0.13
0.25

HC (g/km)
0.07
0.03
0.04
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.06
CO (g/km)
0.67
0.69
0.35
0.78
0.86
0.93
1.47
2.11
HFET
CO (g/km)
0.78
0.43
0.62
1.56
0.45
0.42
0.84
0.10
0.15
0.14
0.18
0.24
0.53
0.47
0.62

NOX (g/km)
0.04
0.05
0.08
0.10
0.08
0.18
0.25
Fuel Cons.
(VlOOkm)
9.90
9.74
9.24
9.64
9.10
9.20
9.34


Fuel Cons.
(VlOOkm)
7.73
7.63
7.66
7.28
7.14
7.00
6.92
To enable comparisons with the baseline fuel, the results for the Mobil MTG
the Simulated Coal Fuel and the EDS Naphtha blend fuel  (which were tested in
early 1982) are grouped with the November  1981 baseline test results;
while the results for the Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends (which were
                                     33

-------
tested in early 1983) are grouped with the February  1983 baseline test
results.  The 1981 Federal Emission Standards for HC, CO, and NO  have
also been included in the table for comparison.  As can be seen in the
table, all six fuels gave emissions which met the 1981 standards.

     All five alternate fuels gave higher NOX emission rates than the
base fuel for both the FTP and the HFET test cycles, with the Sasol and
the H-Coal Naphtha blends giving the highest NOX emission rates.  It must
be noted however, that the NOX emission rates appeared to increase with
time, with each subsequent test series giving equivalent or slightly higher
emission rates than the previous test series regardless of fuel type.
Therefore, the possibility exists that the increase in NOX emissions may
have been due to a slight but constant drift in the feedback control
system of the vehicle and not due to fuel properties.

     With the exception of the FTP Simulated Coal Fuel tests and the HFET
EDS Naphtha blend test, the alternate fuels had fuel consumption rates that
did not vary more than three percent from the corresponding baseline rates.
Three percent is a nominal value for test-to-test repeatability using the
same test fuel.  The lower fuel consumption rate for the FTP Simulated
Coal Fuel tests (7 percent lower than the baseline tests) may be due to
its higher density (highest of the six fuels, Table 17)  and higher percen-
tage carbon in the fuel (also highest of the six fuels), as the actual
densities and carbon percentages were used in the carbon balance method for
determining fuel consumption.  While the EDS Naphtha blend also has a higher
density than the base fuel,  it does not have a corresponding higher percen-
tage of carbon in the fuel.   The lower HFET fuel consumption (6 percent
lower than the base fuel)  may be due to the lack of multiple test points for
comparison as only one HFET test was run for each alternate fuel.

     Both Naphtha blends (EDS and H-Coal)  gave higher carbon monoxide
emissions than the base fuel for both the FTP and HFET test cycles, while

     TABLE 17.   FUEL DENSITIES AND CARBON PERCENTAGES FOR THE SIX FUELS


                              Density g/m&        Percent Carbon
  Base Fuel                      0.737                85.66
  Mobil, MTG                     0.744                86.42
  Simulated Coal Fuel            0.764                87.23
  EDS Naphtha Blend              0.756                85.11
  Sasol Blend                    0.729                85.77
  H-Coal Naphtha Blend           0.763                85.47

the Simulated Coal gasoline gave lower carbon monoxide emissions than the
base fuel for both cycles.  The Mobil MTG gasoline gave lower carbon
monoxide emissions for the HFET cycle only.  The emissions for the Sasol
blend (FTP and HFET)  and the Mobil MTG gasoline (FTP)  were within 10 percent
of the baseline results.  The Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends gave hydrocarbon
emissions significantly higher than the base fuel for the FTP cycle (88 and 63

                                     34

-------
percent respectively), but their HFET hydrocarbon emissions were similar to
the base fuel.  The reverse was true for the Mobil MTG and the Simulated
Coal gasolines, which gave FTP emissions similar to the base fuel and HFET
emissions lower than the base fuel.

B.   Individual Hydrocarbon Emissions Data

     The emissions of eight individual hydrocarbons  (IHC); methane, ethylene,
ethane, acetylene, propane, propylene, benzene, and toluene; were measured in
this project.  Table 18 lists the FTP and HFET emissions  for the eight com-
pounds.  The IHC emissions in general parallel the total  hydrocarbon emissions
found in Table 16.  The base fuel, the EDS Naphtha blend, the Sasol Blend and
the H-Coal Naphtha Blend all gave similar HFET IHC emissions, while the Mobil
MTG and the Simulated Coal gasolines had HFET methane, ethylene, ethane, pro-
pylene, and toluene emissions that were lower than the other four fuels.  The
Sasol and H-Coal Naphtha blends had the highest FTP methane, ethylene, ethane,
propylene, and toluene emissions of the six fuels tested.  The EDS Naphtha
blend also had high FTP methane emissions with respect to the base fuel, how-
ever the emissions for the remaining seven IHC compounds  were similar to the
base fuel.

C.   Aldehyde and Ketone, Particulate, Sulfate, Ammonia,  and Cyanide Emissions

     Aldehydes and ketones, and particulate emissions were determined for
both the FTP and HFET test cycles for all six fuels.  Sulfate was monitored
for both the FTP and HFET test cycles for all fuels except the Simulated Coal
gasoline.  Ammonia and cyanide emissions were evaluated only for selected fuels
over the FTP test cycle.  The results of these evaluations are included in
Table 19.

     Fuel nitrogen content appears to have had little effect on the FTP
ammonia and cyanide emissions from the EDS and H-Coal Naphtha Blends,
which both have high fuel nitrogen content as compared to the other fuels
(115 and 727ppm respectively versus less than 10 ppm for  the other fuels).
The EDS and H-coal Naphtha Blends gave FTP ammonia and cyanide emissions
equal to or lower than the other test fuels.  The ammonia and cyanide emissions
are similar to those obtained in previous EPA programs for properly tuned
3-way catalyst equipped vehicles,(3,4,6,7)  approximately  20 mg/km for ammonia
and less than 1 mg/km for cyanide.

     Fuel sulfur content also appears to have had little  effect on the sulfate
emissions.  Both the EDS and H-Coal Naphtha blends have sulfur concentrations
10 times higher than the base fuel, however, only minor differences occur in
both the FTP and HFET sulfate emission rates.  Both the FTP and HFET sulfate
emissions are typical of 3-way catalyst equipped vehicles.(34,6,7)

     The various fuels tested in this program gave little or no aldehyde and
ketone emissions differences.  Of the five aldehydes and  ketones analyzed for,
only methyethylketone and acetaldehyde were detected in the exhaust.  Methyl-
ethylketone was detected only in the MTG gasoline tests and acetaldehyde was
detected only in the  Sasol blend tests.  Low aldehyde and ketone emissions are
typical of late model 3-way catalyst equipped vehicles.^3'^'6'7'

                                     35

-------
                         TABLE 18.   SUMMARY OF THE AVERAGE  INDIVIDUAL HYDROCARBON DATA
                                                       FTP Emissions, mg/km
U)
        Base Fuel
        Mobil MTG
        Simulated Coal Fuel
        EDS Naphtha Blend
        Sasol Blend
        H-Coal Naphtha Blend
Methane
8.70
7.93
6.33
16.60
23.18
21.92
Ethylene
3.00
3.02
3.93
3.49
7.43
6.04
Ethane
1.59
0.88
1.13
2.78
6.87
4.29
Acetylene
1.08
1.22
1.37
1.08
0.92
1.02
Propane
0.00
0.14
0.00
0.00
0.11
0.16
Propylene
2.62
1.76
1.91
2.50
5.24
3.13
Benzene
3.30
1.34
3.23
2.15
3.97
3.44
Toluene
5.73
0.57
5.58
4.09
7.06
5.77
                                                       HFET  Emissions, mg/km
        Base Fuel
        Mobil MTG
        Simulated Coal Fuel
        EDS Naphtha Blend
        Sasol Blend
        H-Coal Naphtha Blend
17.07
6.93
8.21
18.96
14.73
15.22
2.58
0.92
2.01
3.95
3.55
2.81
3.89
1.38
2.16
4.98
3.00
3.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3.21
0.00
0.00
2.39
3.63
0.00
6.41
3.89
5.36
4.70
3.15
3.02
4.61
0.00
0.00
3.94
2.14
1.43

-------
                 TABLE 19.
SUMMARY OF PARTICULATE, SULFATE, AMMONIA,  CYANIDE, AND
       ALDEHYDE AND KETONE EMISSIONS

                      FTP Emissions, mg/km
              Fuel
      Base Fuel
      Mobil MTG
      Simulated Coal Fuel
      EDS Naphtha Blend
      Sasol Blend
w     H-Coal Naphtha Blend
      Base Fuel
      Mobil MTG
      Simulated Coal Fuel
      EDS Naphtha Blend
      Sasol Blend
      H-Coal Naphtha Blend

Particulates
7.30
3.27
3.92
2.00
35.26
24.23

19.96
2.73
4.49
3.19
94.22
26.09

Sulfate
0.41
0.44

0.65
0.52
0.70
HFET
1.58
0.55

0.52
0.40
1.78

Ammonia Cyanide
17.00 0.02
11.18 a

1.15 0.27
10.43 0.32
14.24 0.06
Emissions, mg/km






Total Aldehydes
and Ketones
0.00
0.09
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00

0.00
0.83
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
       Blanks appear in the table where analyses were excluded in accordance with the program
       scope of work.

-------
     Particulate emissions varied considerably for the six fuels,  with the Sasol
blend having both the highest FTP and HFET emissions,  followed by  the H-Coal
Naphtha blend.  Three-way catalyst equipped vehicles normally have FTP particu-
late emissions on the order of 9 mg/km.'')   With the exception of  the Sasol and
H-Coal Naphtha blends, the fuels tested in this program gave particulate emis-
sions equivalent to or lower than this value.   The Sasol blend originally con-
tained lead, which was subsequently removed for testing in this program.  This
lead removal process, however, did not remove  the halogens, chlorine and bromine,
which are normally associated with leaded fuel.  Trace element analyses (dis-
cussed in the following subsection) indicated  approximately 65 percent of the
particulate in the FTP cycle and 80 percent of the particulate in  the HFET cycle
consisted of chlorine and bromine for the Sasol blend fuel.  Substantial amounts
of chlorine and bromine were also found in the particulate from the H-Coal
Naphtha blend,indicating the possibility of  carry-over from the previously-
tested Sasol fuel.  If the bromine and chlorine are disregarded, then the par-
ticulate mass emissions for the Sasol and H-Coal blends are similar to the
remaining fuels.

D.   Trace Element Emissions

     Trace element analyses were conducted on particulate collected during
testing of the six fuels.  Each filter was analyzed for a total of thirty-
one elements by x-ray fluorescence.  Vanadium, nickel, cadmium, tin,
potassium, antimony, selenium, titanium, cobalt, and platinum were analyzed
for, but werenot detected above 0.02 mg/km for any filter analyzed in the
program.   Sodium, mercury, magnesium, chrominum, copper, lead, manganese,
silicon, tungsten, arsenic, and bromine were detected only in the particulate
from the Sasol and/or the H-Coal Naphtha blends.  The emissions for these
elements are listed in Table  20.

     The remaining ten elements  (sulfur, chlorinfe, aluminum, zinc, calcium,
iron, barium, phosphorus, strontium, and molybdenum) were, for the most part,
detected in the particulate from all six test fuels.  The emissions for these
ten elements are summarized in Table 21.

     As discussed in the previous  section, the Sasol blend contained chlorine
and bromine, which were detected in the particulate at levels much higher
than those for the other test fuels.  The H-Coal Naphtha blend particulate
also contained bromine and chlorine, but at levels significantly lower than
the Sasol blend, indicating the possibility of carry-over from the previously-
tested Sasol blend.  These elements may have originated from the H-Coal
Naphtha blend, however, because low levels of lead were also detected in
the particulate.  The Sasol blend  particulate contained only 0.02 mg/km of
lead for the HFET cycle and only 0.02 mg/km of tin for the FTP cycles, in-
dicating the successful removal of the lead from the leaded Sasol fuel and
the near-absence of tin  (which was used in the lead removal process).

     There is no other apparent relationship of the trace elements in the
particulate to the test fuels except for the larger number and  slightly
higher levels of trace elements in the particulate from the Sasol and
H-Coal Naphtha blends.  As was the case for the sulfate emissions, there
is no apparent relationship between the particulate sulfur emission levels
and the sulfur content in the fuel.

                                      38

-------
         TABLE 20.  TRACE ELEMENT EMISSIONS - SASOL AND H-COAL NAPHTHA BLENDS ONLY
                      FTP Emissions, mg/km
HFET Emissions, mg/km
  Sodium
  Mercury
  Magnesium
  Chromium
  Copper
  Lead
  Manganese
  Tungsten
  Silicon
  Arsenic
  Bromine
Sulfur
Chlorine
Aluminum
Zinc
Calcium
Iron
Barium
Phosphorus
Strontium
Molybdenum
Sulfur
Chlorine
Aluminum
Zinc
Calcium
Iron
Barium
Phosphorum
Strontium
Molybdenum
Sasol Blend H-Coal Naphtha Blend Sasol
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.02
0.04
0.96











TABLE 21.
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.65
0.01
0.00
0.04
0.01
0.33
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
10.
Blend H-Coal Naphtha Blend
11
01
03
00
01
02
02
04
02
05
94
0.05
0.06
0.01
0.04
0.02
0.46
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.00
2.27
TRACE ELEMENT EMISSIONS - ALL FUELS
FTP Emissions, mg/km

Base Fuel
0.03
0.02
0.10
0.03
0.08
0.91
0.05
0.02
0.33
0.56

0.07
0.41
0.03
0.00
0.03
0.27
0.02
0.00
0.26
0.48
Mobil
MTG
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.07
0.03
0.01
0.24
0.39

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00
Simulated
Coal
0.01
0.28
0.01
0.02
0.07
0.09
0.04
0.01
0.15
0.29
HFET
0.01
0.51
0.01
0.04
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.01
0.00
0.00
EDS Naphtha
Blend
0.04
0.05
0.02
0.03
0.11
0.17
0.07
0.04
0.00
0.00
Emiss ions , mg/km
0.03
0.19
0.01
0.03
0.07
0.15
0.04
0.02
0.00
0.00
Sasol
Blend
0.15
22.23
0.21
0.02
0.13
3.28
0.07
0.05
0.04
0.06

0.16
64.81
0.19
0.04
0.11
2.56
0.07
0.04
0.14
0.16
H-Coal Naphtha
Blend
0.26
2.05
0.14
0.08
0.16
2.19
0.10
0.07
0.11
0.18

0.36
8.49
0.07
0.05
0.10
1.09
0.06
0.04
0.05
0.00
                                            39

-------
E.   Other Unregulated Emissions

     Selected analyses were performed for N-nitrosamines, organic sulfides,
organic amines,  and phenols.  There was no apparent relationship of fuel
properties to emission levels for these compounds.   The high nitrogen content
in the EDS Naphtha blend  (115 ppm nitrogen) had no measureable effect on the
nitrosamine emissions, with both the base fuel and the EDS Naphtha blend
giving no detectable levels of nitrosamines.  Inconsistant organic sulfide
results were obtained  from the two high-sulfur-content fuels, one giving higher
organic sulfide emissions than the base fuel and the other giving lower levels
 (base fuel, 0.11 mg/km; EDS Naphtha blend, 0.00 mg/km; H-Coal Naphtha blend,
0.66 mg/km).  The EDS  Naphtha blend gave lower total phenol emissions than
the base  fuel  (3.07 mg/km versus 11.58 mg/km).  Trimethylamine  (0.01 mg/km) was
the only  organic amine detected in a FTP exhaust sample for the base fuel.
                                      40

-------
                                REFERENCES

 1.   Bykowski,  B.B.,  "Characterization of Diesel Emissions from Operation
     of a Light-Duty  Diesel Vehicle on Alternate Source Diesel Fuels,"
     Final Report EPA 460/3-82-002 prepared under Task Specification 2
     of Contract 68-03-2884, November 1981.

 2.   Urban, C.M., "Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Emissions from Mal-
     functioning Non-Catalyst and Oxidation Catalyst Gasoline Automobiles,"
     Final Report EPA 460/3-80-003 prepared under Contract No. 68-03-2499,
     January 1980.

 3.   Urban, C.M., "Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Emissions from Mal-
     functioning Three-Way Catalyst Gasoline Automobiles," Final Report
     EPA 460/3-80-004 prepared under Contract No. 68-03-2588, January 1980.

 4.   Urban, C.M., "Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Emissions from a Mal-
     functionong Three-Way Catalyst Gasoline Automobile," Final Report
     EPA 460/3-80-005 prepared under Contract No. 68-03-2692, January 1980.

 5.   Urban, C.M., "Unregulated Exhaust Emissions from Non-Catalyst Baseline
     Cars Under Malfunction Conditions," Final Report EPA 460/3-81-020
     prepared under Tasks 4 and 5 of Contract No. 68-03-2884, 1981.

 6.   Smith, L.R., "Characterization of Emissions from Motor Vehicles
     Designed for Low NOX Emissions," Final Report EPA 600/2-80-176
     prepared under Contract No. 68-02-2497, July 1980.

 7.   Smith, L.R., "Characterization of Exhaust Emissions from High Mileage
     Catalyst-Equipped Automobiles," Final Report EPA 460/3-81-024 prepared
     under Tasks 7 and 10 of Contract No. 68-03-2884, September 1981.

 8.   Smith, L.R., and Urban, C.M., "Characterization of Exhaust Emissions
     from Methanol- and Gasoline-Fueled Automobiles," Final Report
     EPA 460/3-82-004 prepared under Tasks 11 and 12 of contract No.
     68-03-2884 and Work Assignments 1 and 3 of Contract No. 68-03-3072,
     August 1982.

 9.   Smith, L.R., "Unregulated Emissions for Vehicles Operated Under Low
     Speed Conditions," Final Report EPA 460/3-83-006 prepared under Work
     Assignment 4 of Contract No. 68-03-3073, May 1983.

10.   Dietzmann, H.E., et al, "Analytical Procedures for Characterizing
     Unregulated Pollutant Emissions from Motor Vehicles," Report EPA
     600/2-79-017, prepared under Contract No. 68-02-2497, February 1979.

11.   Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Chapter 1, Part 85, Subpart H,
     Sections applicable to Light-Duty Vehicles.

12.   Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (Federal Register, Vol. 41,
     No. 100, May 21, 1976, Appendix 1.).

                                    41

-------
                           REFERENCES ( Cont ' d . )
13.  Smith, L.R., "Nitrosamines in Vehicle Interiors," Final Report to
     Environmental Protection Agency under Task 2 of Contract No.
     68-03-2884, September 1981.

14.  Smith, L.R., et al, "Analytical Procedures for Characterizing Unregulated
     Emissions from Vehicles Using Middle-Distillate Fuels," Interim Report
     EPA 600/2-80-068,  prepared under Contract No. 68-02-2703, April 1980.

15.  Swarin, S.J.  and Williraas, R.L., "Liquid Chromatograph Determination
     of Benzo(a)pyrene in Diesel Exhaust Particulate:  Verification of the
     Collection and Analytical Methods," Research Publication GMR-3127,
     GMRL, Warren, Michigan, October 23, 1979.

16.  Warner, M.A., "Filter Extraction Procedures and Results for Various
     EPA/ECTD Particulate Samples," Final Report to Environmental Protection
     Agency under Task Specification 9 of Contract No. 68-03-2884, August
     1982.
                                    42

-------
                       APPENDICES

A - General Information
B - Individual and Average Test Results Summary Tables
C - FTP Individual Sample Results
D - Computer Printouts of the Regulated Emissions Test Results

-------
           APPENDIX A





       GENERAL INFORMATION




A-l - Properties of Stock Fuels




A-2 - Lead Removal Process for Sasol Gasoline




A-3 - Calculations for Unregulated Emissions

-------
APPENDIX A-l.  PROPERTIES  OF  STOCK FUELS
Fuel Code
Description


Gravity, "API
Density, g/m&
Octane, research (RON)
Octane, motor (MON)
RVP, psi
Carbon , %
Hydrogen, %
Nitrogen , ppm
Sulfur, %
Lead, g/gal
Aromatics , %
Saturates , %
Olefins, %
Oxid, stability, min
Gum, unwashed, mg/100 m
Gum, washed, mg/100 mil
Distillation - D86
C (F)
IBP
5%
10%
15%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
30%
95%
EP
EM-338-F
base
petroleum
gasoline
60 ;6
0.737
97.7
89.5
8.9
85.660.28
13.810.07

0.009
<0.002
22.8
75.2
2.0
600.
2.2
0..7


33(92)
39(103)
49(121)

69(156)
87(188)
97(206)
103(217)
108(226)
114(237)
125(257)
154(309)
168(334)
208(406)
EM-481-F
"EDS Naphtha
from coal tar

43.1
0.810
71.2
65.2
-0.5
85.200.21
13.120.06
-500
0.45

25.9
72.6
1.5





86(186)
109(228)
114(238)
119(246)
124(256)
133(271)
140(284)
148(298)
156(312)
162(324)
169(336)
176(348)
181(358)
201(394)
EM-540-F
"Leaded"
Sasol Gasoline
Coal Derived
62.3
0.7301
92.7
81.0
7.8




1.97


















1
1
!
i
(
EM-513-F
H-Coal
Naphtha

43.4

80.0
73.5
4.4



0.27

31.1
67.8
1.1





49(121)
75(167)
88(191)
97(207)
104(220)
116(240)
127(261)
139(283)
152(305)
163(325)
173(344)
186(366)
198(398)
215(419)
Recovery , %
Residue, %

95.0
0.5
i
t 98
: 0.8
i,
                   A-2

-------
          APPENDIX A-2.  LEAD REMOVAL PROCESS FOR SASOL GASOLINE
     As received at SwRI, the Sasol gasoline contained 1.97 g/gal lead.
Because of this lead content, the fuel was not compatible with the catalyst-
equipped test vehicle.  In order to test the fuel in the vehicle, the Project
Officer requested that an attempt be made to remove the lead from the fuel.
Based on discussions with the Project Officer and with Dr. Jim Hincap of
Ethyl Corporation, it was determined that a method involving stannic chloride
would be the most practical to remove the lead from the fuel.  This method
involves stirring 5 gallons of leaded fuel with 100 ml of anhydrous stannic
chloride for 10 minutes, followed by a water wash to remove the lead and tin
salts.  The fuel, upon separation from the water and filtration to remove
any solid material, is ready to be used as an unleaded fuel.

     In order to determine the applicability of the stannic chloride method
to the Sasol gasoline, one gallon of Sasol gasoline was reacted with 20 ml
of stannic chloride.  The resulting unleaded fuel was analyzed and found to
contain less than 0.02 g/gal of lead.  The process was scaled up to produce
five gallons of de-leaded Sasol gasoline.  The research octane number (RON)
of the Sasol gasoline, however, was also lowered from 92.7 to 81 with the
removal of the lead.  To prepare a suitable test fuel, the de-leaded Sasol
gasoline was blended with the base fuel and n-butane.  The fuel blend consisted
of 48.3% de-leaded Sasol gasoline, 48.3% base fuel, and 3.4% n-butane.  The
fuel properties of this blend can be found in Table 2 of the text.
                                  A-3

-------
       APPENDIX A- 3.  CALCULATIONS FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS

     This appendix documents the calculational methods used for the un-
regulated emissions.  All values not defined (i.e., CVS FLOW, VOL, etc.)
are obtained from the computer printouts for the regulated emissions.
Example printout is included as Table 1.

A.   Individual Hydrocarbons

     1.  For FTP Evaluations only, convert 2-Bag UDDS to Equivalent
1-Bag UDDS:
                  PPM 12 = PPMl x CVS FLOWl + PPM? X CVS FLOW2
                                 CVS FLOW! + CVS FLOW2


                  PPM 34 = PPM3 x CVS FLOW3 + PPM4 x CVS FLOW4
                                 CVS FLOW 3 + PPM FLOW4
       2.   Convert PPM to yg/m
                               3
                       pg/m  = 35.32 x DENSITY x PPM

                           	Density,  g/ft
                           Methane CH4    - 18.86  Propane C3Hg   - 17.29
                           Ethylene C2H4  - 16.50  Propylene C3H6 - 16.50
                           Ethane  C2H6    - 17.68  Benzene C6H6   - 15.33
                           Acetylene C2H2  - 15.33  Toluene C7H8   - 15.49

  B.    Calculation of mg/km

       mg/km = [(EXH x SCF - BG x  DFC)  x VOL T KM]  v 1000

       Calculations were performed using a Hewlett-Packard HP-65 Program-
  mable Calculator.  Dry (DVC)  and (SFC) were used for all unregulated
  emissions except IHC.   DFC and SFC are obtained from the computer printout
  for regulated emissions.  (See Tables 1  and 2).

  C.    Calculation for 4-FTP (Aldehydes, Phenols, Organic Sulfides,
       Individual Hydrocarbons,  Particulates, and Sulfate)

       Composite 4-FTP = 0.43 x (value for 1 & 2)  + 0.57 x (Value for 3 & 4).
  Only one sample was taken over the entire 4-Bag FTP for nitrosamines, ammonia,
  total cyanide,  and organic amines;   therefore,  calculations were performed
  as  in B.
                                 A-4

-------
                                  APPENDIX  A-3 (Cont'd).   CALCULATIONS FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS

                                     TABLE  1.  COMPUTER PRINTOUT NOMENCLATURE FOR  FOUR-BAG FTP
                                                 FTP    -  VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -
                                                         PROJECT
                     RUN
                              IN H6)
TEST NO.
VEHICLE MODEL
ENGINE
TRANSMISSION
BAROMETER        MM H6<
RELATIVE HUMIDITY      PCT
BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C
-------
      APPENDIX A-3  (CONT'D).  CALCULATIONS FOR UNREGULATED EM-SSIONS
          TABLE 2.  DEFINITION OF COMPUTER PRINTOUT NOMENCLATURE

                        FOR FOUR-BAG AND SINGLE-BAG

                            REGULATED EMISSIONS

The following are primarily exerpts taken from the computer program:


C   DFC = DILUTION FACTOR CORRECTION  DFC = FOR WET SAMPLES  DFCD = FOR DRY

    DF(J)=13.4/(  YC2(2,J) +(( YH(2,J)  + CC(2,J))/10000.))
    DFC(J) = 1 - 1/DF(J)

C   CALCULATE DFC, VOL. KM FOR BAGS 1+2 AND 3+4
C   DF = TOTAL CVS FLOW / EXHAUST FLOW  = AIR + EXH / EXH
C   DFC = 1 - 1/DF = 1 - EXH/(AIR+EXH)  = AIR/(AIR+EXH)
    DFC12 =(DFC(1)*VMIX(1) + DFC(2)*VMIX(2)) / (VMIX{1) + VMIX(2))
    DFC34 = (DFC(3)*VMIX(3) + DFC(4)*VMIX(4))  / (VMIX(3)  + VMIX(4))
    IF(RH.LT.20) RH = 20
    DFCD12 = DFC12 * (1.0 - 0.000323MRH - 20))
    DFCD34 = DFC34 * (1.0 - 0.000323*(RH - 20))

C   SCF = SAMPLE CORRECTION FACTOR FOR  WATER REMOVAL   SCF = FOR WET  SCFD^DRY
    SCF12 = 1.000
    SCF34 = 1.000
    SCFD12 = (SCFD(1)*VMIX(1)+SCFD(2)+VMIX(2))  / (VMIX(l)  + VMIX(2))
    SCFD34 = (SCFD(3)*VMIX(3)+SCFD(4)*VMIX(4))  / (VMIX(3)  + VMIX(4))
C
C
CALCULATE 4-BAG EMISSIONS AND  FUEL  CONSUMPTION
4-BAG = 0.43*(BAG1+BAG2)/(MILES1+MILES2)+0.57*(BAG3+BAG4)/(MILES3+MILES4)
DISTA=MILES(1) + MILES(2)
DISTB=MILES(2) + MILES(3)
DISTC=MILES(3) + MILES(4)
HCWM4 =
COWM4 =
C02WM4=
NOXWM4=
CBFE4 =
            0.43*((HCM(1)+HCM(2))  /  DISTA)
            0.43*((COM(1)+COM(2))  /  DISTA)
            0.43*((C02M(1)+C02M(2))/DISTA)
            0.43*((NOXM(1)+NOXM(2))/DISTA)
            2421. /  (.866*HCWM4  +  .429*COWM4 +
.57*((HCM(3)+HCM(4))  / DISTC)
-57*((COM(3)+COM(4))  / DISTC)
.57*((C02M(3)+CO2M(4))  / DISTC)
,57*((NOXM(3)+NOXM(4))  / DISTC)
 .273*C02WM4)
                                          A-6

-------
                           APPENDIX B





       INDIVIDUAL AND AVERAGE TEST RESULTS SUMMARY TABLES





Table B-    Test No.            Fuel             Fuel Code
1
2
3
4
5
851-3
854-5
856-7
858-9
861-2
Base
Mobil "MTG"
Simulated Coal
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
EM-338-F
EM-486-F
EM-468-F
EM-488-F
EM- 54 2 -F
             863-4      H-Coal Naphtha Blend     EM-543-F

-------
TABLE B-l.  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM  1981  VW RABBIT,
           EM-338-F BASE PETROLEUM GASOLINE
                     EMISSION RATE, mg/km  (Except  as Noted)

Test Number, VFD
Barometer, mm Hg
Humidity, g/kg
Carbon Dioxide, g/km
Fuel Consumption, /100 km
Regulated Emissions
Hydrocarbons, (THC) , g/km
Carbon Monoxide, g/km
Oxides of Nitrogen, g/km
Particulates
Total Particulates
ro Sulfate
i
to
Compound Group Totals
Aldehydes & Ketones
Individual Hydrocarbons
Organic Sulfides
Organic Amines
Phenols
Nitrosamines
Other Compounds
Ammonia
Total Cyanide
Aldehydes & Ketones
Formaldehyde
Acetaldehyde
Acetone
Methylethylketone
Hexanaldehyde

851
751.6
5.7
226.7
9.73

0.07
0.59
0.11

9.73




0.0
25.8








0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
FTP
852
739.6
12.0
236.9
10.17

0.07
0.72
0.09

7.39
0.51



0.0
28.5
0.08
0.00
11.58


12.03
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
HFET
853
743.5
9.0
228.6
9.81

0.06
0.71
0.11

4.78
0.30



0.0
21.2
0.13
0.01



21.97
0.03

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Average
744.9
8.9
230.7
9.90

0.07
0.67
0.10

7.30
0.41



0.0
25.2
0.11
0.01

0.000

17.00
0.02

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
851
751.6
5.8
177.5
7.64

0.07
0.78
0.04

23.56




0.0
38.0








0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
852
739.1
11.8
184.2
7.93

0.07
0.80
0.05

25.03
1.98



0.0
39.2


5.96





0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
853
743.7
9.5
177.3
7.63

0.06
0.75
0.03

11.29
1.18



0.0
33.1








0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 '
Average
744.8
9.0
179.7
7.73

0.07
0.78
0.04

19.96
1.58



0.0
36.8








0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-l (Cont'd).   SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981  VW RABBIT,
                                        EM-338-F BASE PETROLEUM  GASOLINE
                                                   EMISSION RATE,  mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,
VFD
Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene

Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Methyl Disulfide

Organic Amines
 Monomethylamine
 Monoethylamine
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propylphenol
 2,3,5-trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol
FTP
851 852
8.36 9.34
2.72 3.40
1.55 1.62
0.97 1.20
0.00 0.00
2.43 2.80
3.88 4.15
5.86 5.98
0.02
0.04
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.04
853
8.40
2.87
1.61
1.08
0.00

1.88
5.36
0.00
0.08
0.04
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00






Average
8.70
3.00
1.59
1.08
0.00
2.62
3.30
5.73
0.01
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00






HFET
851 852
17.25 17.81
2.57 2.84
4.08 4.06
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
3.36 3.05
6.28 6.51
4.45 4.91









0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
853 Average
16.14 17.07
2.33 2.58
3.53 3.89
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
3.21
6.59 6.46
4.47 4.61















                   11.15
5.96
*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropylphenol;  2,3-xylenol; 3,4-xylenol; 2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                         TABLE B-l (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                       EM-338-F BASE PETROLEUM GASOLINE
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
VFD
FTP
851 852 853 Average
0.00
0.03
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.10
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.01
0.08
0.91
0.05
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.33
0.56
HFET
851 852 853 Average
0.00
0.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.41
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.27
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.26
0.48
Note:  Nickel, Cadmium, Tin, Potassium, Antimony, Selenium, Titanium, Cobalt, and Platinum were also
       analyzed for, but were detected at or below 0.02 mg/km for all filters analyzed in this pr6gram

-------
                              TABLE B-2 .   SUMMARY  OF  EMISSIONS  PROM  1981 VW  RABBIT,
                                          EM-486-F MOBIL  "MTG"  GASOLINE
Test Number,
VFD
Barometer,           mm Hg
Humidity,             9/kg
Carbon Dioxide,       g/km
Fuel Consumption, /100 km

Regulated Emissions
 Hydrocarbons, (THC), g/km
 Carbon Monoxide,     g/km
 Oxides of Nitrogen,  g/km

Partlculates
 Total Particulates
 Sulfate

Compound Group Totals
 Aldehydes & Ketones
 Individual Hydrocarbons
 Organic Sulfides

 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines

854
741.7
6.3
226.4
9.73
FTP
855
738.9
12.0
226.6
9.75
HFET
Average
740.3
9.2
226.5
9.74
854
741.2
6.7
177.5
7.63
Average




         0.06
         0.63
         0.18
         3.21
         0.44
         0.2
        16.6
 0.05
 0.74
 0.12
 3.32
 0.0
17.1
 0.06
 0.69
 0.15
 3.27
 0.44
 0.1
16.9
 0.03
 0.43
 0.05
 2.83
 0.55
 0.8
13.1
Other Compounds
 Ammonia
 Total Cyanide

Aldehydes & Ketones
 Formaldehyde
 Acetaldehyde
 Acetone
 Methylethylketone
 Hexanaldehyde
        11.18
         0.00
         0.00
         0.00
         0.17
         0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
                     11.18
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.09
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.83
 0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-2 (Cont'd).   SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                           EM-486-F MOBIL "MTG" GASOLINE
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,
VFD
Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene

Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Methyl Disulfide

Organic Amines
 Monomethylamine
 Monoethylamine
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propyIphenol
 2,3,5-trimethyIphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol
854
            44
            78
          0.76
          1.20
          0.27
            67
            32
          1.13
                                               FTP
855
           8.42
           3.26
           0.99
           1.23

           0.00
           1.84
           1.35
           0.00
Average
                     7.93
                     3.02
                     0.88
                     1.22

                     0.14
                     1.76
                     1.34
                     0.57
                                                                   HFET
854
               6.93
               0.92
               1.38
               0.00

               0.00
               0.00
               3.89
               0.00
Average
*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropyIphenol;  2,3-xylenol;  3,4-xylenol;  2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                           TABLE  B-2  (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                            EM-486-F  MOBIL "MTG" GASOLINE
                                                     EMISSION RATE, mg/km  (Except as Noted)
w
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
                         VFD
FTP
854 858
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.05
0.07
0.03
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.24
0.39
HFET
Average 854 855 Average
0.00 ,
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
  Note:  Nickel, Cadmium, Tin, Potassium, Antimony, Selenium, Titanium, Cobalt, and Platinum were  also
         analyzed  for, but were detected at or below 0.02 mg/km for all filters analyzed  in this program

-------
                               TABLE B-3.  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                          EM-468-F SIMULATED COAL GASOLINE
  Test Number.
                       VFD
  Barometer,            mm Hg
  Humidity,              9/kg
  Carbon  Dioxide,        g/km
  Fuel  Consumption,  &/100 km

  Regulated Emissions
   Hydrocarbons,  (THC),  g/km
   Carbon Monoxide,      g/km
   Oxides of  Nitrogen,   g/km

856
747.5
4.5
223.4
9.18
FTP
857
747.0
3.2
225.9
9.29

Average
747.3
3.9
224.7
9.24
HFET
856
748.5
3.5
185.8
7.66

Average




                                0.06
                                0.34
                                0.13
 0.08
 0.35
 0.14
 0.07
 0.35
 0.14
 0.04
 0.62
 0.08
ro
oo
Particulates
 Total Particulates
 Sulfate

Compound Group Totals
 Aldehydes & Ketones
 Individual Hydrocarbons
 Organic Sulfides

 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines
                                 2.80
                                 0.0
                                20.8
 5.04
 0.0
26.1
 3.92
 0.0
23.5
 4.49
 0.0
17.7
  Other Compounds
   Ammonia
   Total Cyanide

  Aldehydes &  Ketones
   Formaldehyde
   Acetaldehyde
   Acetone
   Methylethylketone
   Hexanaldehyde
                                0.00
                                0.00
                                0.00
                                0.00
                                0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-3 (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                          EM-468-F SIMULATED COAL GASOLINE
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,          VFD

Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene

Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Methyl Disulfide

Organic Amines
 Monomethylamine
 Monoethylamine
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propylphenol
 2,3,5-trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol
856
 6.02
   36
   41
   21
 0.00
 1.74
 2.62
 4.48
                                               FTP
857
 6.64
 4.49
 0.85
 1.53

 0.00
   08
   83
 6.67
Average
  6.33
  3.93
  1.13
  1.37

  0.00
  1.91
  3.23
  5.58
                                                          HFET
856
 8.21
 2.01
 2.16
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 5.36
 0.00
Average
*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropylphenol;  2,3-xylenol;  3,4-xylenol;  2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                         TABLE  B-3 (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                        EM-468-F SIMULATED COAL GASOLINE
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
VFD
FTP
856 857
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.28
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.09
0.04
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.15
0.29
HFET
Average 856 857 Average
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
Note:  Nickel, Cadmium, Tin, Potassium, Antimony,  Selenium,  Titanium,  Cobalt, and Platinum were also
       analyzed for, but were detected at or below 0.02 mg/km for all  filters analyzed in this program

-------
                              TABLE B-4.  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                           EM-488-F EDS NAPHTHA BLEND
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,

Barometer,
Humidity,
Carbon Dioxide,
Fuel Consumption,
     VFD

   mm Hg
    g/kg
    g/km
V100 km
Regulated Emissions
 Hydrocarbons,  (THC), g/km
 Carbon Monoxide,     g/km
 Oxides of Nitrogen,  g/km

Particulates
 Total Particulates
 Sulfate

Compound Group Totals
 Aldehydes & Ketones
 Individual Hydrocarbons
 Organic Sulfides

 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines

Other Compounds
 Ammonia
 Total Cyanide

Aldehydes & Ketones
 Formaldehyde
 Acetaldehyde
 Acetone
 MethylethyIketone
 Hexanaldehyde

858
736.6
5.4
216.0
9.23
0.09
0.80
0.18
3.64
0.65
0.0
26.1

FTP
859
748.0
6.0
225.6
9.64
0.08
0.78
0.18
2.99

0.0
32.7
0.00

Average
742.3
5.7
220.8.
9.44
0.09
0.79
0.18
3.32

0.0
29.4

HFET
858 Average
737.1
5.7
168.9
7.28
0.08
1.56
0.10
3.19
0.52
0.0
38.9

              3.07
              1.15
              0.27
              0.00
              0.00
              0.00
              0.00
              0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                                0.06
                                            0.000
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-4  (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                             EM-488-F EDS NAPHTHA  BLEND
                                                   EMISSION RATE, rug/km  (Except as Noted)
Test Number,
VFD
Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene

Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Methyl Disulfide

Organic Amines
 Monomethylamine
 Monoethylamine
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propylphenol
 2,3,5-trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol

858
7.10
4.46
3.58
1.30
0.00
2.68
2.30
4.71




FTP
859
16.60
3.49
2.78
1.08
0.00
2.50
2.15
4.09
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Average
11.85
3.98
3.18
1.19
0.00
2.59
2.23
4.40




HFET
858 Average
18.96
3.95
4.98
0.00
0.00
2.39
4.70
3.94




          0.00
          0.00
          0.00
          0.00

          0.00
          0.00
          3.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.06
*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropylphenol; 2,3-xylenol; 3,4-xylenol; 2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                           TABLE B-4 (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                             EM-488-F EDS NAPHTHA BLEND
                                                     EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
w
H
OJ
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
FTP
858 859
0.00
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.05 '
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.11
0.17
0.07
0.00
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
HFET
Average 858 859 Average
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.19
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.15
0.04
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
  Note:  Nickel, Cadmium, Tin, Potassium, Antimony, Selenium, Titanium, Cobalt, and Platinum were also
         analyzed for, but were detected at or below 0.02 mg/km for all filters analyzed in this program

-------
                              TABLE B-5.  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                              EM-542-F SASOL BLEND
                                                   EMISSION RATE,  mg/km (Except as Noted)

Test Number, VFD
Barometer, nun Hg
Humidity, 9/kg
Carbon Dioxide, g/km
Fuel Consumption, H/100 km
Regulated Emissions
Hydrocarbons, (THC) , g/km
Carbon Monoxide, g/km
Oxides of Nitrogen, g/km
Particulates
Total Particulates
w Sulfate
i
*" Compound Group Totals
Aldehydes & Ketones
Individual Hydrocarbons

861
740.7
5.0
207.7
9.14

0.14
0.90
0.51

35.88
0.52


0.2
56.5
FTP
862
740.4
5.8
210.2
9.26

0.16
0.95
0.55

34.64



0.0
53.0

Average
740.6
5.4
209.0
9.20

0.15
0.93
0.53

35.26



0.1
54.8
HFET
861 Average
740.2
5.0
159.5
7.00

0.07
0.42
0.18

94.22
0.40


0.0
30.2
 Organic Sulfides

 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines
Other Compounds
 Ammonia
 Total Cyanide
10.43
 0.32
Aldehydes & Ketones
 Formaldehyde
 Acetaldehyde
 Acetone
 Methylethylketone
 Hexanaldehyde
 0.00
 0.20
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-5 (Cont'd).
                        SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                         EM-542-F SASOL BLEND
                                                   EMISSION RATE,  mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,
VFD
 Individual Hydrocarbons
  Methane
  Ethylene
  Ethane
  Acetylene

  Propane
  Propylene
  Benzene
  Toluene

 Organic Sulfides
  Carbonyl Sulfide
f Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
  Methyl Disulfide

 Organic Amines
  Monomethylamine
  Monoethylamine
  Trimethylamine
  Diethylamine
  Tr i ethylamine

 Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propyIphenol
 2,3,5-trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol
         861
                               24.73
                                7.76
                                6.83
                                0.93
                                0.22
                                  86
                                  88
                                6.27
                                               FTP
                                                                   HFET
862
                   21.57
                   7.10
                   6.91
                   0.91
                   0.00
                   4.61
                   4.06
                   7.84
Average
                    23.18
                     7.43
                     6.87
                     0.92

                     0.11
                     5.24
                     3.97
                     7.06
                                                                            861
              14.73
               3.55
               3.00
               0.00

               0.00
               3.63
               3.15
               2.14
Average
*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropyIphenol;  2,3-xylenol;  3,4-xylenol; 2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                             TABLE B-5 (Cont'd).   SUMMARY  OF  EMISSIONS FROM 1981  VW RABBIT,
                                                 EM-542-F SASOL BLEND
                                                       EMISSION RATE,  mg/km (Except as Noted)
to
H
cn
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
                           VFD
FTP
861 862
0.01
0.15
0.00
0.00
0.01
22.23
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.21
0.03
0.03
0.00
0.02
0.13
3.28
0.07
0.04
0.05
0.96
0.04
0.06
HFET
Average 861 862 Average
0.11
0.16
0.00
0.01
0.03
64.81
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.19
0.02
0.04
0.04
0.02
0.11
2.56
0.07
0.05
0.04
10.94
0.14
0.16
    Note:   Nickel,  Cadmium,  Tin,  Potassium, Antimony,  Selenium,  Titanium,  Cobalt,  and Platinum were also
           analyzed for,  but were detected at  or below 0.02  mg/km for all  filters  analyzed in this program

-------
                              TABLE B-6.   SUMMARY  OF  EMISSIONS  FROM 1981  VW RABBIT,
                                          EM-543-F H-COAL NAPHTHA BLEND
                                                   EMISSION  RATE,  mg/km  (Except  as  Noted)
Test Number.
VFD
Barometer,           mm Hg
Humidity,             9/kg
Carbon Dioxide,       g/km
Fuel Consumption, Jl/100 km

Regulated Emissions
 Hydrocarbons, (THC), g/km
 Carbon Monoxide,     g/km
 Oxides of Nitrogen,  g/km

Particulates
 Total Particulates
 Sulfate

Compound Group Totals
 Aldehydes & Ketones
 Individual Hydrocarbons
 Organic Sulfides

 Organic Amines
 Phenols
 Nitrosamines

Other Compounds
 Ammonia
 Total Cyanide

Aldehydes S Ketones
 FormaIdehyde
 Acetaldehyde
 Acetone
 Methylethylketone
 Hexanaldehyde

863
740.4
9.1
220.3
9.32
0.14
1.17
0.38
14.91
0.70
0.0
47.0
0.66
14.24
0.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
FTP
864
732.0
9.9
220.2
9.35
0.12
1.76
0.55
33.54

0.0
44.6



0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Average
736.2
9.5
220.3
9.34
0.13
1.47
0.47
24.23

0.0
45.8



0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
HFET
863 Average
740.4
8.2
163.7
6.92
0.06
0.84
0.25
26.09
1.78
0.0
25.6



0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-------
                         TABLE B-6 (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                          EM-543-F  H-COAL NAPHTHA BLEND
                                                   EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
Test Number,
VFD
Individual Hydrocarbons
 Methane
 Ethylene
 Ethane
 Acetylene

 Propane
 Propylene
 Benzene
 Toluene

Organic Sulfides
 Carbonyl Sulfide
 Methyl Sulfide
 Ethyl Sulfide
 Methyl Disulfide

Organic Amines
 Monomethylamine
 Monoethylamine
 Trimethylamine
 Diethylamine
 Triethylamine

Phenols
 Phenol
 Salicyaldehyde
 m- and p-cresol
 Five*

 2-n-propylphenol
 2,3,5-trimethylphenol
 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol

863
21.76
6.30
3.94
1.11
0.31
3.06
3.47
7.00
0.64
0.00
0.01
0.01
FTP
864
22.08
5.78
4.64
0.93
0.00
3.19
3.41
4.54





Average
21.92
6.04
4.29
1.02
0.16
3.13
3.44
5.77




HFET
863 Average
15.22
2.81
3.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
3.02
1.43




*Five = p-ethylphenol; 2-isopropylphenol;  2,3-xylenol;  3,4-xylenol;  2,4,5-trimethylphenol

-------
                            TABLE B-6  (Cont'd).  SUMMARY OF EMISSIONS FROM 1981 VW RABBIT,
                                            EM-543-F H-COAL NAPHTHA BLEND
                                                      EMISSION RATE, mg/km (Except as Noted)
m
Test Number,

Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Sulfur
 Vanadium
 Mercury
 Magnesium
 Chlorine

 Chromium
 Copper
 Lead
 Aluminum
 Manganese
 Zinc

 Tungsten
 Silicon
 Calcium
 Iron
 Barium

 Arsenic
 Phosphorus
 Bromine
 Strontium
 Molybdenum
                          VFD
FTP
863 864
0.02
0.26
0.00
0.02
0.01
2.05
0.02
0.03
0.65
0.14
0.01
0.08
0.00
0.04
0.16
2.19
0.10
0.01
0.07
0.33
0.11
0.18
HFET
Average 863 864 Average
0.05
0.36
0.00
0.06
0.01
8.49
0.04
0.02
0.46
0.07
0.01
0.05
0.00
0.01
0.10
1.09
0.06
0.00
0.04
2.27
0.05
0.00
   Note:  Nickel, Cadmium, Tin, Potassium,  Antimony,  Selenium,  Titanium,  Cobalt,  and Platinum were also
          analyzed for, but were detected at or below 0.02 mg/km for all  filters  analyzed in this program

-------
                  Appendix C




         FTP Individual Sample Results





Table C-     Test No.            Fuel            Fuel Code
1-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11
851-3
854-5
856-7
858-9
861-2
Base
Mobil "MTG"
Simulated Coal
EDS Naphtha Blend
Sasol Blend
EM-338-F
EM-486-F
EM-468-F
EM-488-F
EM-542-F
 12-13        863-4      H-Coal Naphtha Blend    EM-543-F

-------
  TABLE C- 1 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                        Base Fuel   EM-338-F

                              Test 851

                                	Emissions in mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
       14.52
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
                    Hot-UDDS
                      6.11
                      0.00
                      0.00
                      0.00

                      0.00
                      0.00
                                        Emissions  in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
1.
1.
 .90
 .69
0.52
0.65
0.00
1.53
0.90
3.27
0.19
0.00
0.04
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.79
0.00
                       Hot-UDDS
0.80
0.07
0.21
0..00

0.00
0.00
0.28
0.50
0.16
0.00
0.01
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                                C-2

-------
  TABLE C-2 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                        Base Fuel   EM-338-F

                              Test 852

                                	Emissions in mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes & Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
Cold-UDDS

  9.17
  0.77
   0.00
   0.00
   0.00
   0.00
   0.00
Hot-UDDS

  6.05
  0.31
  0.00
  0.00
  0.00
  0.00
  0.00
                                        Emissions in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
                  Hot-UDDS
2.38
1.91
0.60
0.81
0.16
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.13
0.18
0.26
0.00
0.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.76
0.93
3.14
0.00
0.00
0.79
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.40
0.68
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-3

-------
TABLE C-2  (CONT'D.)-  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                           Base Fuel EM-338-F

                                Test 852

                                  	Emissions in mg/km
  Organic Sulfides
    Carbonyl Sulfide
    Methyl Sulfide
    Ethyl Sulfide
    Methyl Disulfide

  Phenols
    Phenol
    Salicyaldehyde
    m- and p-eresol
    Five*
    2-n-propylphenol
    2,3,5 trimethylphenol
    2,3,5,6 tetramethylphenol
                                       Cold-UDDS
0.04
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
            Hot-UDDS
 0.00
 0.05
 0.03
 0.00
 0.00
 0.00
 0.06
 0.00
 0.00
 0.71
19.57
  *Five = p-ethylphenol;  2-isopropylphenol;  2,3-xylenol;
          3,5-xylenol; 2,4,6 trimethylphenol
                                 C-4

-------
  TABLE C-3 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                        Base Fuel   EM-338-F

                              Test 853

                                        Emissions in mg/km
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes & Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
Cold-UDDS
















5.95
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Emissions
Cold-UDDS

2
1
0
0
0
1
1
3
1
.14
.82
.54
.74
.04
.01
.08
.59
2
0.22
0.00
0.05
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Hot-UDDS
3.89
0.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
in ppm
Hot-UDDS
3
0.74 0
0.01 0
0.19 0
0.00 0
0.00 0
0.00 0
0.13 0
0.00 0










4
.05
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
                               C-5

-------
TABLE C-3  (CONT'D.).  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                           Base Fuel  EM-338-F

                                Test 853

                                  	Emissions in mg/km	
                                       Cold-UDDS      Hot-UDDS

  Organic Sulfides
    Carbonyl Sulfide                      0.00          0.00
    Methyl Sulfide                        0.08          0.08
    Ethyl Sulfide                         0.03          0.04
    Methyl Disulfide                      0.00          0.01

  Phenols
    Phenol
    Salicyaldehyde
    m- and p-cresol
    Five*
    2-n-propylphenol
    2,3,5 trimethyIphenol
    2,3,5,6 tetramethyIphenol
  *Five = p-ethyIphenol; 2-isopropyIphenol; 2,3-xylenol;
          3,5-xylenol; 2,4,6 trimethylphenol
                                 C-6

-------
  TABLE C-4 .  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                     Mobil MTG Gasoline  EM-486-F

                              Test 854

                                        Emissions in mg/km
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
Cold-UDDS
Hot-UDDS
3.66 2.87
0.54 0.37
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.30
0.00 0.00
Emissions in ppm
Cold-UDDS
1
1.70
1.80
0.38
0.81
0.15
1.07
0.91
0.76
2
0.29
0.00
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Hot-UDDS
3
0.42
0.00
0.12
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4
0.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                              C-7

-------
  TABLE C-5 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                     Mobil MTG Gasoline  EM-486-F

                              Test 855

                                	Emissions in mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  He xanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
        5.07
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
                    Hot-UDDS
            2.00
            0.00
            0.00
            0.00

            0.00
            0.00
                                        Emissions  in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
1.98
1.97
0.40
0.85
0.00
1.17
0.93
0.00
1.20
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                       Hot-UDDS
1.60
0.08
0.14
0.00

0.00
0.00
0..00
0.00
1.34
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                                C-8

-------
  TABLE C-6  .  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE  UNREGULATED EMISSIONS  RESULTS

                   Simulated Coal  Gasoline   EM-468-F

                              Test  856

                                	Emissions in mg/km
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes s Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
3.79
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
            Hot-UDDS
2.06
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
                                        Emissions in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
               Hot-UDDS
1.75
2.14
0.43
0.82
0.07
0.00
0.09
0.00
0.35
0.00
0.19
0.00
0.00
1.10
1.78
3.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                       0.00
                       0.04
                       0.00
                       0.00

                       0.00
                       0.00
                       0.00
                       0.00
                               C-9

-------
  TABLE C-7 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS  RESULTS

                   Simulated Coal Gasoline  EM-468-F

                              Test 857

                                        Emissions  in
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes & Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone
  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
        3.92
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
                    Hot-UDDS
            5.89
            0.00
            0.00
            0.00

            0.00
            0.00
                                        Emissions  in  ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
 .78
 .49
0.39
1.02

0.00
1.30
2.34
4.46
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                       Hot-UDDS
0.47
0.22
0.16
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.19
0.00
0.10
0.02
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-10

-------
  TABLE C-8 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                     EDS Naphtha Blend  EM-488-F

                              Test  858

                                        Emissions in mg/km
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
Individual Hydrocarbons^
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
Cold-UDDS
Hot-UDDS
4.82 2.75
0.70 0.62
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
Emissions in ppm
Cold-UDDS
1
2.12
2.52
0.82
0.90
0.00
1.72
1.23
2.86
2
0.00
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Hot-UDDS
3
0.87
0.24
0.45
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.26
0.26
4
0.00
0.00
0.17
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-ll

-------
TABLE C-8  (CONT'D.).  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                       EDS Naphtha Blend  EM-488-F

                                Test 858

                                  	    Emissions in mg/km 	
  Organic Sulfides
    Carbonyl Sulfide
    Methyl Sulfide
    Ethyl Sulfide
    Methyl Disulfide

  Phenols
    Phenol
    Salicyaldehyde
    m- and p-cresol
    Five*
    2-n-propylphenol
    2,3,5 trimethylphenol
    2,3,5,6 tetramethyIphenol
                                       Cold-UDDS
            Hot-UDDS
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.18
   *Five = p-ethyIphenol; 2-isopropylphenol; 2,3-xylenol;
          3,5-xylenol;  2,4,6 trimethylphenol
                                 C-12

-------
  TABLE C-9 .   FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                      EDS  Naphtha  Blend  EM-488-F

                              Test 859

                                        Emissions in mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
3.84
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
            Hot-UDDS
2.35
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
                                        Emissions in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
               Hot-UDDS
2.76
2.29
0.68
0.74
0.78
0.00
0.09
0.00
1.54
0.12
0.33
0.00
0.87
0.00
0.14
0.00
0.00
1.57
1.16
2.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.23
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-13

-------
TABLE C-9   (CONT'D.).  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                       EDS Naphtha Blend  EM-488-F

                                Test 859

                                  	Emissions  in rag/km	
  Organic Sulfides
    Carbonyl Sulfide
    Methyl Sulfide
    Ethyl Sulfide
    Methyl Disulfide

  Phenols
    Phenol
    Salicyaldehyde
    m- and p-cresol
    Five*
    2-n-propylphenol
    2,3,5 trimethylphenol
    2,3,5,6 tetramethylphenol
                                       Cold-UDDS
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
            Hot-UDDS
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
   *Five  = p-ethylphenol;  2-isopropylphenol;  2,3-xylenol;
          3,5-xylenol;  2,4,6  trimethylphenol
                                 C-14

-------
  TABLE C-10.  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                         Sasol Blend  EM-542-F

                              Test 861

                                        Emissions in mg/km
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
Cold-UDDS
















35.38
0.85
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Emissions
Cold-UDDS

3
3
1
0
0
2
1
3
1
.77
.08
.04
.64
.13
.22
.68
.45
2
1.70
0.00
0.49
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Hot-UDDS
36.26
0.27
0.00
0.35
0.00
0.00
0.00
in ppm
Hot-UDDS
3
2.23 1.
1.43 0.
0.72 0.
0.00 0.
0.00 0.
1.16 0.
0.77 0.
0.65 0.










4
56
00
55
00
00
00
00
00
                               C-15

-------
  TABLE C-ll.  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                        Sasol Blend  EM-542-F
                              Test 862
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                        Emissions in mg/km
                                     Cold-UDDS
       31.56
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
                    Hot-UDDS
           36.97
            0.00
            0.00
            0.00

            0.00
            0.00
                                        Emissions in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons^
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
3.21
2.54
0.94
0.63
1.34
0.00
0.53
0.00
                       Hot-UDDS
1.99
1.50
0.73
0.00
0.00
1.90
1.64
3.96
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.78
0.86
1.04
1.40
0.00
0.58
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-16

-------
  TABLE C-12.  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS  RESULTS

                   H-Coal Naphtha Blend  EM-543-F

                              Test 863

                                	Emissions  in  mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes & Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
     Cold-UDDS

       18.05
        0.63
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
          Hot-UDD5

           12.54
            0.76
            0.00
            0.00
            0.00

            0.00
            0.00
                                        Emissions  in  ppm
                                  Cold-UDDS
                       Hot-UDDS
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
3.75
3.46
0.88
0.77

0.19
1.95
1.85
4.17
0.96
0.00
0.19
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.83
0.43
0.44
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.41
0.45
1.39
0.00
0.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-17

-------
TABLE C-12 (CONT'D.).  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONSRESULTS

                      H-Coal Naphtha Blend  EM-543-F

                                Test 863

                                          Emissions in mg/km
  Organic Sulfides
    Carbonyl Sulfide
    Methyl Sulfide
    Ethyl Sulfide
    Methyl Disulfide

  Phenols
    Phenol
    Salicyaldehyde
    m- and p-cresol
    Five*
    2-n-propyIphenol
    2,3,5 trimethyIphenol
    2,3,5,6 tetramethyIphenol
                                       Cold-UDDS
1.14
0.00
0.02
0.03
            Hot-UDDS
0.26
0.00
0.00
0.00
  *Five = p-ethyIphenol; 2-isopropylphenol; 2,3-xylenol;
          3,5-xylenol; 2,4,6 trimethyIphenol
                                 C-18

-------
  TABLE C-13.  FTP INDIVIDUAL SAMPLE UNREGULATED EMISSIONS RESULTS

                   H-Coal Naphtha Blend  EM-543-F

                              Test 864

                                	Emissions in mg/km	
Total Particulates
Sulfate

Aldehydes S Ketones
  Formaldehyde
  Acetaldehyde
  Acetone

  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Hexanaldehyde
                                     Cold-UDDS
       56.43
        0.00
        0.00
        0.00

        0.00
        0.00
                    Hot-UDDS
                      16.27
                       0.00
                       0.00
                       0.00

                       0.00
                       0.00
                                        Emissions in ppm
Individual Hydrocarbons
       Methane
       Ethylene
       Ethane
       Acetylene

       Propane
       Propylene
       Benzene
       Toluene
                                  Cold-UDDS
3.
2.
 ,29
 .90
0.80
0.66
0.00
1.81
1.43
2.74
1.46
0.10
0.29
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.18
0.00
                       Hot-UDDS
2.14
0.53
0.57
0.00

0.00
0.20
0.48
0.31
1.35
0.00
0.34
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
                               C-19

-------
                                   APPENDIX D
                               Computer Printouts
                                      of the
                        Regulated Emissions Test Results
Table D-
Test No.
1-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10
11-12
851-3
854-5
856-7
858-9
860
861-2
 13-14
 863-4
	Fuel	      Fuel Code
        Base              EM-338-F
     Ilobil "MTG"          EM-486-F
   Simulated Coal         EM-468-F
  EDS Naphtha Blend       EM-488-F
        Base              EM-338-F
    Sasol Blend           EM-542-F
H-Coal Naphtha Blend      EM-543-F

-------
                             TABLE  D-l.     TEST  NO.   851 EMISSIONS RESULTS
 TEST  NO.    851FTP   RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL    81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7  L(105. CIO) L-4
 TRANSMISSION  A3
 BAROMETER  751.59  M
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY
 SAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION
I HG(29.59  IN HG)
27. PCT
    BLOWER  DIF  P  MM.  H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  P  MM.  H20ON. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  TEMP.  DEG. C(OEG. F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    002 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    THC  GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION  BY CB  L/IOOKM

    RUN TIME            SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE   KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL  (SCM)  / SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/IOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        851FTP
    BAROMETER    MM HG   751.6
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     5.7
    TEMPERATURE  DEG  C   25.6
      - VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS  -
        PROJECT 05-5830-011

     VEHICLE NO.85
     DATE   11/20/81
     BAG CART NO. I  / CVS  NO.   2
     OYNO NO.      3

     DRY BULB TEMP.  25.6 OEG 0(78.0  DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  5.7 GM/KG
                                                                         TEST WEIGHT   1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                         GASOLINE  EM-338-F
                                                                         ODOMETER  12793. KM( 7949. MILES)
                                                                          NOX  HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR    .86
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.8 (109.0)
40453.
76.7 ( 2709.)
38. 6/ 2/ 39.
10. 6/ 2/ 1 1.
77.9/I2/ 183.
2.7/12/ 5.
58. 5/ 3/1.0332
2.8/ 3/ .0428
9.7/ 2/ 9.7
.3/ 2/ .3
12.70
29.
173.
.9938
9.4
1.28
15.43
1396.0
1. 19
.22
2.66
240.8
.20
10.49
504.
5.80
.982 .984
.94K .
208. 9/
12.06
10.08
2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69561.
132.2 ( 4668.)
10. 4/ 2/ 10.
9.4/ 2/ 9.
5.2/I3/ 5.
4.2/I3/ 4.
37. 4/ 3/ .6297
2.9/ 3/ .0444
2.8/ 2/ 2.8
.2/ 2/ .2
21.23
1.
1.
.5874
2.6
. 1 1
.16
1421.6
.57
.02
.02
227.1
.09
9.70
868.
6.26
.985
933)
0.00


3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 (108.0)
40425.
76.7 ( 2710.)
16. 9/ 2/ 17.
8.2/ 2/ 8.
I0.4/13/ 9.
2.7/13/ 2.
53. I/ 3/ .9272
2.9/ 3/ .0444
3.7/ 2/ 3.7
.2/ 2/ .2
14.41
9.
7.
.8859
3.5
.41
.62
1244.8
.44
.07
. It
215.3
.08
9.21
505.
5.78
.983 .984
.945( .
208. 8/
12.04
9.38
4
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69476.
132.0 ( 4662.)
8.4/ 2/ 8.
7.5/ 2/ 8.
3.7/I3/ 3.
2.3/13/ 2.
37. O/ 3/ .6223
3.0/ 3/ .0459
3. I/ 2/ 3.1
.2/ 2/ .2
21.49
1.
1.
.5785
2.9
.10
.20
1398.5
.63
.02
.03
223.6
.10
9.55
868.
6.25
.985
937)
0.00






































3-BAG (4-3AG)

CARBON
DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/IOOKM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
226.7 ( 225
9.73 ( 9.
.07 (
.59 (
.11 (
.7)
68)
07)
59)
11)
 TEST NO.    85IFET    RUN    1
 VEHICLE  MODEL    81  VW  RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7  L(105. CIO) L-4
 TRANSMISSION  A3
 BAROMETER  751.59 MM HGI29.59  IN HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  26.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER  OIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER  INLET TEMP.  DEG. C(DEG.  F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX 8CKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,
    HUMIDITY,
    TEMPERATURE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,
      MM HG
      G/KG
      OEG C
       G/KM
       L/IOOKM
    HYDROCARBONS, (THC)   G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS  -
        PROJECT 05-5830-011

     VEHICLE NO.85
     DATE   11/20/81
     BAG CART NO.  1
     DYNO NO.      3
     CVS NO.   2

     DRY BULB TEMP. 26.7 DEG C(80.0 OEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  5.8 GM/KG

        HFET

    789.9 (31.1)
    789.9 (31.1)
     42.2 (108.0)
       61178.
    I 17.9 ( 4163.)
    22.4/ 2/  22.
     6.9/ 2/    7.
    96.2/I3/  98.
     2.2/13/    2.
    75.9/ 3/1.3850
     2.8/ 3/  .0428
     3.9/ 2/  3.9
       .4/ 2/    .4
         9.59
         16.
         92.
        1.3466
         3.5
         1. 10
         12.70
       2906.9
          .69
         765.
     .896 (  .888)
     t.OOO (  .979)
        1 17.9
         0.00
        16.37

       851FET
       75 1.6
         5.8
         26.7
        177.5
         7.64

         .07
         .78
         .04
                                                                          TEST WEIGHT   1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                                                          ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                          GASOLINE  EM-338-F
                                                                          ODOMETER  12817. XM(  7964. MILES)
                                                                          NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION  FACTOR    .86
                                                          D-2

-------
                                 TABLE  D-2.    TEST NO.  852  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST  NO.    852FTP   RUN    1
 VEHICLE  MODEL    81  VW  RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7  1(105. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 759.65 MM HG(29.12  IN  HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  57. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG  NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP  P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG.  C(DEG.  Fl
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOW STO. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  3CKGRO  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02  MASS GRAMS
    NOX  MASS GRAMS

    THC   GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02   GRAMS/KM
    NOX   GRAMS/KM
    = UEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/IOOKM

    SUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED 01 STANCE    KM
    SCF,  DRY
         OFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL  (SCM)  / SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/tOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        852FTP
    BAROMETER    MM HG   739.6
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     12.0
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C    25.6
                              - VEHICLE  EMISSIONS  RESULTS  -
                                PROJECT  05-5830-011

                             VEHICLE  NO.85
                             DATE    11/23/81
                             BAG CART NO.  1  / CVS  NO.  2
                             DYNO NO.      3

                             DRY BULB TEMP.  25.6 DEG C(78.0 DEG F)
                             ABS.  HUMIDITY 12.0 GM/KG
                                             TEST WEIGHT  1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KX(  7.7 HP)
                                             GASOLINE  EM-338-F
                                             ODOMETER 12845. KM( 7982. MILES)
                                                                     NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.04
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 ( 108.0)
40465.
75.7 ( 2672.)
37. 9/ 2/ 38.
9.7/ 2/ 10.
86.7/12/ 210.
.5/12/ 1.
61. 4/ 3/1.0908
2.9/ 3/ .0444
8.6/ 2/ 8.6
.5/ 2/ .5
12.02
29.
201.
1.0502
8. 1
1.27
17.73
1455.0
1.23
.22
3.07
252. 1
.21
1 1.00
505.
5.77
.972 .974
.938< .
205. 9/
1 1.98
10.60






2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69556.
130.2 ( 4598.)
9.4/ 2/ 9.
9.4/ 2/ 9.
4.1/13/ 4.
1.1/13/ 1.
39. 3/ 3/ .6647
2.8/ 3/ .0428
1.7/ 2/ 1.7
.5/ 2/ .5
20.12
0.
3.
.6240
1.2
.04
.40
1487.6
.32
.01
.06
239.7
.05
10.24
868.
6.21
.976
921)
0.00



CARBON
FUEL C(
HYDROC/
CARBON
OXIDES
3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.1 (106.0)
40447.
75.8 ( 2676.)
17. 9/ 2/ 18.
8.9/ 2/ 9.
I6.2/13/ 15.
I.6/I3/ 1.
55. O/ 3/ .9643
3.0/ 3/ .0459
3. I/ 2/ 3.1
.5/ 2/ .5
13.85
10.
13.
.9217
2.6
.42
1.13
1278.9
.40
.07
.20
220.1
.07
9.42
505.
5.81
.973 .975
,942( .
205. 6/
12.09
9.66

DIOXIDE G/KM
3NSUMPTION L/IOOKM
VRBONS (THC) G/KM
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
784.9 (30.9)
784.9 (30.9)
42.2 (108.0)
69418.
129.9 ( 4585.)
9. I/ 2/ 9.
9.2/ 2/ 9.
4.7/I3/ 4.
1.3/13/ 1.
38. 9/ 3/ .6573
3. I/ 3/ .0474
.9/ 2/ .9
.6/ 2/ .6
20.34
0.
3.
.6122
.3
.03
.46
1455.5
.09
.00
.07
231.6
.01
9.89
867.
6.29
.976
925)
0.00


3-BAG (4-BAG)
236.9 ( 234.5)
10.17 ( 10.07)
.07 ( .07)
.72 ( .73)
.09 ( .08)
 TEST NO.   Sb/FEr   RUN   1
 VEHICLE  MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 739.14 MM HG(29.10 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  49. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. OEG. C(DG. Fl
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STO. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PDM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,
    HUMIDITY,
    TEMPERATURE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,
MM HG
G/KG
DEG C
 G/KM
 L/IOOKM
    HYDROCARBONS, (THC)   G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -
        PROJECT 05-5830-01 I

     VEHICLE NO.85
     DATE   11/23/81
     BAG CART NO.   I
     DYNO NO.       3
     CVS NO.   2

     DRY BULB TEMP. 27.8 OEG C(82.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  11.8 GM/KG

        HFET

    800.1 (31.5)
    800.1 (31.5)
     42.8 (109.0)
       61199.
    116.0 ( 4095.)
    24. I/ 2/  24.
     9. I/ 2/   9.
    48.5/12/  102.
      . 5 /1 2/    1.
    79.6/ 3/1.4614
     2.8/ 3/  .0428
     4.0/ 2/  4.0
      .5/ 2/   .5
         9.09
         16.
         97.
       1.4233
         3.6
         1.07
         13.09
       3022.1
          .82
        765.
     .890 ( .876)
    1.000 ( .971)
       1 16.0
        0.00
       16.40

      851FET
       739. 1
         11.8
        27.8
       134.2
        7.93

         .07
         .80
         .05
                                                                     TEST WEIGHT  1134. KG(  2500.  LBS)
                                                                     ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7  KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                     GASOLINE  EM-538-F
                                                                     ODOMETER 12870. KM( 7997. MILES)
                                                                     NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.04
                                                           D-3

-------
                             TABLE  D-3.    TEST  NO.   853  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
                                                      - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS  -
                                                        PROJECT 05-5830-01 I
TEST NO.   853FTP   RUN   I
VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
ENGINE  1.7 L
42.8 (109.0)
40398.
76.1 < 2685.)
12. 4/ 2/ 12.
9.9/ 21 10.
I0.6/13/ 10.
2.3/I3/ 2.
53. 2/ 3/ .9291
3.0/ 3/ .0459
3.7/ 21 3.7
.3/ 21 .3
K.39
3.
7.
.8864
3.4
. 14
.65
1234.3
.47
.02
. 1 1
213.8
.08
9.14
504.
5.77
.977 .9
.945<
207. O/
12.
9.

DIOXIDE G/KM
IV. 'MOTION L/IOOKM
irtBONS (THC) G/KM
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
784.9 (30.9)
784.9 (30.9)
42.2 < 108.0)
69501.
131.0 < 4625.)
9.4/ 2/ 9.
9.7/ 21 10.
4.7/13/ 4.
2.1/13/ 2.
37. 4/ 3/ .6297
3.4/ 3/ .0521
.8/ 2/ .8
.7/ 21 .7
21.24
0.
2.
.5800
. 1
.01
.36
1390.8
.03
.00
.06
222.1
.01
9.48
868.
6.26
79 .980
.932)
0.00
04
32
3-BAG (4-BAG)
228.6 ( 226.2)
9.81 ( 9.71)
.06 < .06)
.71 ( .72)
.11 ( .08)
 TEST NO.   353FET   RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7 L(105. CIO) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER  743.71 MM  HG(29.28  IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER  DIF  P  MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  P  MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  TEMP.  DEG. C(DEG.  F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  -LOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   BCKGRO  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  3CKSRD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD  METEH/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
     THC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
     NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
     THC  MASS  GRAMS
     CO   MASS  GRAMS
     C02  MASS  GRAMS
     NOX  MASS  GRAMS
     RUN  TIME              SECONDS
          OFC, WET  (DRY)
          SCF, WET  (DRY)
          VOL  fSCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
     TEST NUMBER,
     BAROMETER,
     HUMIDITY,
     TEMPERATURE,
     CARBON DIOXIDE,
     FUEL CONSUMPTION,
MM HG
G/KG
OEG C
 G/KM
 L/IOOKM
                       HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                               PROJECT 05-5830-011

                            VEHICLE NO.85
                            DATE    11/24/81
                            BAG CART  NO.   1
                            OYNO NO.       3
                            CVS NO.    2
                                       8.
                                      9s.
                                       1 .
                                      2.7
                                       .7
     HYDROCARBONS,  (THC)   G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
 DRY BULB TFMP.
 *BS. HUM(0 I 1 "

    HFET

300.1 (31.5)
800.1 (31.5)
 42.8 ( 109.0)
   61205.
116.8 <  4126.)
21.5/ 2/  22.
 7.8/ 2/
93.5/13/
 I.3/13/
76.O/ 3/1.
   ,6/ 3/ .
 2.7/ 21
   .11 2/
     9.58
     15.
     90.
    1.3515
     2.1
      .98
     12.20
    2891.0
      .44
     765.
 .896 <  .883)
 1.000 (  .973)
    I 16.B
     0.00
    16.31

   853FET
    743.7
     9.5
     26. 1
    177.3
     7.63

      .06
      .75
      .03
                                            26. '  ":  f
                                            9.5 GM/KG
                                         TEST WEIGHT  1134. K3( 2500. LBS)
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KN<  7.7 HP)
                                         GASOLINE  EM-338-F
                                         ODOMETER 12911. KM( 8023. MILES)
                                                                         .^MlDITY CORRECTION FACTOR
                                                            D-4

-------
                                      TABLE  D-4.    TEST NO.  854  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST NO.   894      RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 741.68 MM HG(29.20  IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  32. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER OIF P MM. H20ON. H20)
    SLOWER INLET P MM. H20ON.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL (SCM) / SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/IOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        894
    BAROMETER    MM HG  741.7
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     6.3
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   24.4
                             FTP   - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -EM-486-F
                                    PROJECT 05-4493-001

                                 VEHICLE NO.85
                                 DATE    2/ 8/82
                                 BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  2
                                 DYNO NO.      3

                                 DRY BULB TEMP. 24.4 DEG C(76.0 DEG F)
                                 ABS. HUMIDITY  6,3 GM/KG
                                             TEST WEIGHT  1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                             ACTUAL ROAO LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                             GASOLINE  EM-486-F
                                             ODOMETER 14373. KM( 8931. MILES)
                                                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
40432.
75.8 ( 2678.)
37. 2/ 2/ 37.
10. I/ 2/ 10.
79. 6/1 2/ 188.
2.3/12/ 4.
58. 6/ V 1.04
3.2/ 3/ .05
14. 0/ 2/ 14.
.5/ 2/ 1.
12.60
28.
178.
.99
13.5
1.22
15.73
1374.8
1.71
.21
2.70
236.3
.29
10.32
504.
5.82
.980 .982
.940( .
206. 3/
12.05
10.11






2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
69569.
130.5 ( 4608.)
10. 3/ 2/ 10.
9.5/ 2/ 10.
7.3/13/ 7.
4.0/13/ 4.
38. 2/ 3/ .64
2.8/ 3/ .04
5.0/ 2/ 5.
.5/ 2/ 1.
20.61
1.
3.
.60
4.5
.10
.46
1442.2
.99
.02
.07
231.4
.16
9.91
868.
6.23
.984
930)
0.00



CARBON
FUEL C(
HYDROS
CARBON
OXIDES
3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
40405.
75.8 ( 2676.)
11. 6/ 2/ 12.
9. I/ 2/ 9.
lt.7/13/ 11.
2.8/13/ 3.
53. O/ 3/ .93
3.3/ 3/ .05
7. I/ 2/ 7.
.4/ 2/ 0.
14.36
3.
8.
.88
6.7
.14
.70
1218.5
.85
.02
.12
209.4
.15
8.97
504.
5.82
.981 .983
.945( .
206. 2/
12.09
9.22

DIOXIDE G/KM
^SUMPTION L/IOOKM
IRBONS (THC) G/KM
MONOXIDE GAM
OF NITROGEN GAM
4
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
69551.
130.5 ( 4606.)
9.3/ 2/ 9.
9.0/ 2/ 9.
5.3/13/ 5.
2.5/13/ 2.
37. O/ 3/ .62
2.9/ 3/ .04
3.4/ 2/ 3.
.4/ 2/ 0.
21.35
1.
3.
.58
3.0
.05
.39
1385.3
.66
.01
.06
221.0
.10
9.46
868.
6.27
.984
935)
0.00


3-BAG (4-BAG)
226.4 ( 223.3)
9.73 ( 9.60)
.06 ( .06)
.63 ( .63)
.18 ( .17)
TEST NO.   854       RUN    2
VEHICLE MODEL    81  VW  RABBIT
ENGINE 1.7 L(105.  CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 741.17 MM HG(29.18  IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  33.  PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER OIF P
   BLOWER INLET P
H20UN. H20)
  H20UN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG.  C(DEG.  F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        OFC, WET (DRY)-
        SCF, WET (DRY)
        VOL (SCM)
        SAM BLR (SCM)
        KM  (MEASURED)
   TEST NUMBER,
   BAROMETER,
   miMtom,
   TEMPERATURE,
   CARSON DIOXIDE,
   FUEL CONSUMPTION,
    MM HG
    G/KS
    DEG C
    G/KM
    L/IOOKM
HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS -EM-486-F
        PROJECT 05-4493-001

     VEHICLE NO. 85
     DATE    2/ 8/82
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      3
     CVS NO.   2

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEG  C(77.0 DES F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY   6.7 GM/KG

        HFET

    787.4 (31.0)
    787.4 (31.0)
     42.8 (109.0)
       61162.
    116.5 ( 4114.)
    15. 4/ 2/  15.
     8.6/ 2/   9.
    58.2/13/  56.
     1.9/13/   2.
    77. I/ 3/ I .
     3.5/ 3/
     4.5/ ^>
                                                                        TEST  WEIGHT   1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                                                        ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                        GASOLINE   EM-486-F
                                                                        ODOMETER  14397. KM( 8946. MILES)
                                                                        NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR
                                          .41
                                          .05
                                          5.
                                          0.
   HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
         9.40
          8.
         52.
        1 .36
         4.1
          .52
         7.05
       2904.9
          .81
        764.
     .894 ( .884)
    1.000 < .976)
       116.5
        0.00
       16.36

      854
       741 .2
         6.7
        25.0
       177.5
        7.63

         .03
         .43
         .05
                                                                   D-5

-------
                               TABLE  D-5.    TEST  NO.   855  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
TEST NO.   855      RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
ENGINE  1.7 L(105. CIO)  L-4
TRANSMISSION A3

BAROMETER 738.89 MM H6(29.09  IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  57.  POT
BAG RESULTS
   BAG  NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20
784.9 (30.9)
43.3 (110.0)
40331.
75.4 ( 2661.)
51. I/ 2/ 51.
21. 7/ 2/ 22.
88.8/12/ 217.
.2/12/ 0.
59. O/ 3/ 1.04
2.3/ 3/ .04
8.9/ 2/ 9.
.I/ 2/ 0.
12.46
31.
209.
1.01
8.8
1 .36
18.30
1394.6
1.32
.24
3.19
243.5
.23
10.66
504.
5.73
.972 .9
.940<
204. 9/
11.
10.



2
STABILIZED
784.9 (30.9)
784.9 (30.9)
43.3 (110.0)
69424.
129.6 ( 4575.)
19. 3/ 2/ 19.
20. 7/ 2/ 21.
3.9/13/ 4.
.6/13/ 1.
37. 7/ 3/ .64
2.5/ 3/ .04
2. I/ 2/ 2.
.2/ 2/ 0.
20.89
-0.
3.
.60
1.9
-.03
.44
1420.3
.49
-.00
.07
227.1
.08
9.72
867.
6.25
74 .976
.923)
0.00
98
17

CARSON
FUEL C(
3
HOT TRANSIENT
784.9 (30.9)
784.9 (30.9)
43.3 (110.0)
40351.
75.3 ( 2659.)
21. 2/ 2/ 21.
19. 8/ 2/ 20.
12.6/13/ 11.
.6/13/ 1.
53. 8/ 3/ .94
3.0/ 3/ .05
4. 1/ 2/ 4.
.2/ 2/ 0.
14.11
3.
10.
.90
3.9
.12
.92
1238.3
.59
.02
.16
213.1
.10
9.13
504.
5.81
.973 .975
.945( .
204. 9/
12.04
9.24

DIOXIDE G/KM
WSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN 8/KM
4
STABILIZED
784.9 (30.9)
784.9 (30.9)
43.3 (110.0)
69448.
129.6 ( 4576.)
19. 8/ 2/ 20.
20. M 2/ 20.
5.0/13/ 5.
.5/13/ 0,
35. 7/ 3/ .60
t.8/ 3/ .03
1.2/ 2/ 1.
.4/ 2/ 0.
22.16
1 .
4.
.57
.8
.05
.60
1357.9
.21
.01
.10
218.1
.03
9.34
868.
6.23
.976
928)
0.00


3-BAS (4-1
226.6 ( 22:
9.75 ( 9
.05 (
.74 (
.12 (
                                                                      9.64)
                                                                        .06)
                                                                        .74)
                                                                        .10)
                                                            D-6

-------
                                        TABLE  D-6.    TEST NO.  856  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST NO.   656      RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 LU05.  CIO)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 747.92 MM HG<29.43 IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY   26.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BA6 NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20UN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P  MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STO. CU. METRES (SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY  CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL (SCM) / SAM  BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/1OOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        856
    BAROMETER    MM HG  747.5
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     4.5
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   22.8
                        FTP   - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -EM-468-F
                                PROJECT 05-4493-001

                             VEHICLE NO.8J
                             DATE    2/ 9/82
                             BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  2
                             DYNO NO.      3

                             DRY BULB TEMP. 22.8 DEG C(73.0 DEG F)
                             ABS. HUMIDITY  4.5 GM/KG
                                             TEST WEIGHT  1134.  KG(  2500.  LBS)
                                             ACTUAL ROAO LOAD   5.7  KW<   7.7  HP)
                                             GASOLINE  EM-468-F
                                             ODOMETER 14458.  KM( 8984. MILES)
                                                                     NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
40456.
76.4 ( 2699.)
35. 9/ 2/ 36.
6.6/ 2/ 7.
87.2/13/ 87.
.8/12/ 1.
58. I/ 3/ 1.03
2.7/ 3/ .04
13. 3/ 2/ 13.
.3/ 2/ 0.
13.20
30.
84.
.99
13.0
1.30
7.43
1381.3
1.58
.23
1.28
238.4
.27
9.88
504.
5.79
.983 .989
.943( .9
207. 9/ 0
11.99
9.53



2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
69568.
131.4 ( 4641.)
6.8/ 2/ 7.
6.4/ 2/ 6.
4.1/13/ 4.
1.1/13/ 1.
37. O/ 3/ .62
3.0/ 3/ .05
2.7/ 2/ 3.
.2/ 2/ 0.
21.97
1.
3.
.58
2.5
.05
.41
1391.9
.52
.01
.07
224.7
.08
9.21
868.
6.20
.986
35)
.00



CARBON
FUEL C(
3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
43.3 (110.0)
40406.
76.3 ( 2695.)
8.2/ 2/ 8.
5.5/ 2/ 6.
11.3/13/ 10.
.6/13/ 1.
51. 8/ 3/ .90
2.6/ 3/ .04
5.4/ 2/ 5.
.2/ 2/ 0.
15.16
3.
9.
.86
5.2
.13
.84
1208.6
.63
.02
.15
209.8
.11
8.61
504.
5.76
.984 .985
.948< .
207. 8/
11.98
8.71

DIOXIDE GAM
JNSUMPTION L/1 OOKM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) GAM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOX IDE 6/KM
OF NITROGEN GAM
4
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 (108.0)
69480.
131.5 ( 4644.)
6.3/ 2/ 6.
3.8/ 2/ 6.
6.9/13/ 6.
2.6/13/ 2.
35. 3/ 3/ .59
2.5/ 3/ .04
1.4/ 2/ 1.
.3/ 2/ 0.
23.12
1.
4.
.55
1.1
.06
.59
1335.4
.23
.01
.10
214.8
.04
8.81
868.
6.22
.986
940)
0.00


3-BAG (4-BA6)
223.4 ( 220.5)
9.18 ( 9.07)
.06 ( .06)
.34 ( .35)
.13 ( .12)
 TEST NO.    856      RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL    81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7  LU05. C1D) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER  748.54 MM HG(29.47  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  19. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER  OIF  P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKG'RD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS  GRAMS
    CO  MASS  GRAMS
    C02 MASS  GRAMS
    NOX MASS  GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
        DFC, WET (DRY)
        SCF, WET (DRY)
        VOL  (SCM)
        SAM  BLR (SCM)
        KM   (MEASURED)
   TEST NUMBER,
   BAROMETER,
   HUMIDITY,
   TEMPERATURE,
   CARBON DIOXIDE,
   FUEL CONSUMPTION,
MM HG
G/KG
OEG C
GAM
L/1OOKM
   HYDROCARBONS,        GAM
   CARBON MONOXIDE,     GAM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  GAM
HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS  -EM-468-F
        PROJECT 05-4493-001

     VEHICLE NO.85
     DATE    2/ 9/82
     BAG CART NO.  1
     DYNO NO.      3
     CVS NO.   2

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 DEG 0(75.0  DEO  F)
     A8S. HUMIDITY  3.5 GM/KG

        HFET

    787.4 (31.0)
    787.4 (31.0)
     43.3 (110.0)
       61219.
    117.6 (  4151.)
    15.4/ 2/  15.
     5.9/ 2/   6.
    76.2/13/  75.
     2.5/13/   2.
    76.O/ 3/ 1.39
     2.5/ 3/  .04
     7.3/ 2/   7.
      .5/ 2/   1.
         9.81
         to.
         71.
        1 .35
         6.9
          .68
         9.65
       2911.9
         1.25
        765.
     .898 (  .893)
    1.000 (  .982)
       117.6
        0.00
       15.67

      856
       748.5
         3.5
        23.9
       185.8
        7.66

         .04
         .62
         .08
                                                                     TEST WEIGHT  1134.  KG(  2500.  LBS)
                                                                     ACTUAL ROAD LOAD    3.7  KW<   7.7 HP)
                                                                     GASOLINE  EM-468-F
                                                                     ODOMETER 14482. KM(  8999. MILES)
                                                                     NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION  FACTOR    .81
                                                                    D-7

-------
                            TABLE  D-7.    TEST NO.  857  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST NO.   957      RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 747.01 MM HG(29.4t  IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  18. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER OIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20ON.  H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   ;IOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   hC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS

   HC  GRAMS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
   C02 GRAMS/
08)
35)
14)
                                                          D-8

-------
                                       TABLE  D-8.    TEST  NO.  858  EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                FTP   - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS  -EDS  NAPHTHA  BLEND
                                                        PROJECT 05-4493-001
 TEST NO.   898      RUN    I
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 UI05.  CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 736.60 MM HGI29.00  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY   28. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20HN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P  MM. H20IIN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. CCDEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION Br CB  L/1OOKM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRV
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL (SCM) /  SAM BLR (SCM>
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/tOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        858
    BAROMETER    MM HG 736.6
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    5.4
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.9
                             VEHICLE NO.89
                             DATE    3/ 5/82
                             BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  2
                             DYNO  NO.      3

                             DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 DEG C(75.0 DEG F)
                             ABS.  HUMIDITY  5.4 GM/KG
                                        TEST WEIGHT  1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                        ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                        GASOLINE  EM-488-F
                                        ODOMETER 15796. KM( 9815. MILES)
                                                                    NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR    .8!
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 (108.0)
40676.
75.8 ( 2677.)
44. 8/ 2/ 45.
11.4/ 2/ 11.
82.4/12/ 197.
.5/12/ 1.
55. 6/ 3/ .98
3. I/ 3/ .05
17. 5/ 2/ 18.
.8/ 2/ 1.
13.29
34.
190.
.93
16.8
1.52
16.79
1294.0
2.07
.26
2.89
222.5
.36
9.67
507.
5.82
.982 .984
.942( .
205. 7/
12.13
9.49


2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
40.6 (105.0)
69470.
129.9 ( 4586.)
12. I/ 2/ 12.
10. O/ 2/ 10.
8.0/13/ 7.
.9/13/ 1.
37. 3/ 3/ .63
3. 1/ 3/ .05
3.8/ 2/ 4.
.8/ 2/ 1.
21.09
3.
6.
.58
3.0
.20
.95
1385.5
.64
.03
.15
219.4
.10
9.32
867.
6.32
.989
934)
0.00



CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 (108.0)
40490.
75.5 ( 2665.)
16. 2/ 2/ 16.
9.0/ 2/ 9.
34. 4/1 3/ 32.
.7/13/ 1.
51 .B/ 3/ .90
2.7/ 3/ .04
9.7/ 2/ 10.
.7/ 2/ 1.
14.65
8.
30.
.86
9.0
.35
2.67
1193.1
1.11
.06
.46
204.7
.19
8.73
505.
5.83
.982 .984
.946( .
205. 2/
12.15
8.93

DIOXIDE GAM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/1 OOKM



HYOROC)
CARBON
OXIDES
tRBONS (THC) G/KM
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69550.
129.8 ( 4582.)
10. 5/ 2/ 11.
8.3/ 2/ 8.
10.7/13/ 10.
.7/13/ 1.
36. 6/ 3/ .61
3.0/ 3/ .05
2.9/ 2/ 3.
.6/ 2/ 1.
21.53
3.
9.
.57
2.3
.20
1.34
1337.0
.49
.03
.21
214.5
.08
9.12
868.
6.33
.985
937)
0.00


3-BA6 (4-BAG)
216.0 ( 214.6)
9.23 ( 9.17)
.09 ( .09)
.80 ( .82)
.18 ( .17)
                                                HFET  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -EOS  NAPHTHA  BLEND
                                                        PROJECT 05-4493-001
 TEST NO.   858      RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(105.  CIO) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 737.11  MM HGI29.02  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  29.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER OIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET f MM.  H20UN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG. CCDEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD.  CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANSE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGftD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,
    HUMIDITY,
    TEMPERATURE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,
MM HG
G/KG
DEG C
G/KM
L/1OOKM
    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
 VEHICLE NO.85
 DATE    3/ 5/82
 BAG CART NO.   1
 DYNO NO.      3
 CVS NO.   2

 DRY BULB TEMP. 24.4 OEG  CC76.0 DEG F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY  5.7 GM/KG

    HFET

787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
 42.2 (108.0)
   61243.
116.0 (  4096.)
25.4/ 2/  25.
 8.0/ 2/   8.
82.6/12/ 197.
  .2/12/   0.
73.9/ 3/ 1.34
 2.8/ 3/  .04
 9.I/ 2/   9.
  .6/ 2/   1.
     9.73
     18.
    190.
    1.31
     3.6
     1.24
    25.64
   2772.5
     1.63
    765.
 .897 (  .889)
1.000 (  .978)
   116.0
    0.00
   16.42

  858
   737.1
     5.7
    24.4
   168.9
    7.28

     .08
    1 .56
     .10
                                                                    TEST WEIGHT  1134.  KGC  2500. LBS)
                                                                    ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7  KW<  7.7 HP)
                                                                    GASOLINE  EM-488-F
                                                                    ODOMETER 15820.  KM(  9830. MILES)
                                                                    NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR
                                                                                                    .86
                                                                  D-9

-------
                             TABLE  D-9.    TEST NO.  859  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
                                               FTP   - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS -EDS NAPHTHA  BLEND
                                                       PROJECT 05-4493-001
 TEST  NO.   859      RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
 ENGINE  1.7 LU05. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER  74S.03 MM HG(29.45 IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  33. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG  NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    SLOWER  OIF P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER  INLET P MM. H20IIN. H20)
    BLOWER  INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  M*SS  GRAMS
    CO  MASS  GRAMS
    C02  MASS  GRAMS
    NOX  MASS  GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED  DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
        DFC, WET  (DRY)
        TOT  VOL  (SCM) / SAM BLR  (SC>
        KM  (MEASURED)
        FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        059
    BAROMETER    MM HO  748.0
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     6.0
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.3
VEHICLE NO.85
DATE    3/ 8/82
BAG CART NO.  1 / CVS NO.
DYNO NO.      3
                        TEST WEIGHT  1134.  KG(  2500. LBS)
                        ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7  KW(  7.7 HP)
                        GASOLINE  EM-488-F
                        ODOMETER 15849.  KM( 9848. MILES)
DRY BULB TEMP.
ABS. HUMIDITY
23.3 DEB C(74.0 DEG F)
6.0 GH/KG
                                       NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR
                                                                       .87
1
COLD TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.8 (109.0)
40514.
76.1 ( 2686.)
45. 6/ 2X 46.
13. 3/ 2/ 13.
81.0/12/ 192.
1.6/12/ 3.
58. 1/ 3/ 1.03
3.4/ 3/ .05
19. O/ 2/ 19.
.B/ 2/ 1.
12.67
33.
184.
.98
18.3
1.49
16.25
1361 .1
2.30
.26
2.80
234.7
.40
10.18
505.
5. SO
2
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69589.
130.9 ( 4623.)
13. 5/ 2/ 14.
11.6/ 2/ 12.
10.2/13/ 9.
2.7/13/ 2.
38. I/ 3/ .64
3.0/ 3/ .05
3.4/ 2/ 3.
.7/ 2/ 1.
20.60
2.
7.
.60
2.7
.19
1.02
1435.4
.59
.03
.16
230.9
.10
9.81
868.
6.22
.979 .982 .983
.940(
207. O/
12.
9.



.930)
0.00
02
99

CARBON
FUEL C(
3
HOT TRANSIENT
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
42.2 (108.0)
40422.
76.0 < 2682.)
16. 2/ 2/ 16.
10. 3/ 2/ 10.
31.7/13/ 29.
1.8/13/ 2.
52. 5X 3/ .92
3.4/ 3/ .05
8.5/ 2/ 9.
.6/ 2/ 1.
14.44
7.
27.
.87
7.9
.29
2.38
1205.9
1 .00
.05
.41
208.7
.17
8.89
505.
5.78
.980 .982
.94S( .
206. 8/
12.01
9.18

DIOXIDE G/KM
JNSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE Q/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
787.4 (31.0)
787.4 (31.0)
41.7 (107.0)
69528.
130.8 ( 4618.)
11. 8/ 2/ 12.
9.3/ 2/ 9.
V3.7/I3/ 14.
1.5/13/ 1.
37. 3/ 3/ .63
3.4/ 3/ .05
2.2/ 2/ 2.
.6/ 2/ 1.
21 .07
3.
13.
.58
1.6
.23
1 .92
1364.5
.35
.04
.31
222.1
.06
9.45
868.
6.23
.983
934)
0.00


3-BAG (4-BA6)
225.6 223.0)
9.64 9.53)
.08 .08)
.78 .82)
.18 .17)
                                                           D-10

-------
                                     TABLE  D-10.   TEST  NO.  860  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST NO.   860      RUN   I
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(I05. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 742.70 MM HGI29.24 IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY   25. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H2CHIN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. CfDEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STO. CU. METRES 
-------
                                      TABLE  D-ll.    TEST NO.  861 EMISSIONS  RESULTS
TEST NO.   861       RUN
VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
ENGINE 1.7 L<105. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION A3

BAROMETER 740.66 MM HG(29.I6 IN  HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  27. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H2CHIN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. CIDEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   THC BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION  FACTOR
   THC CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   THC MASS  GRAMS
   CO  MASS  GRAMS
   C02 MASS  GRAMS
   NOX MASS  GRAMS

   THC   GRAMS/KM
   CO    GRAMS/KM
   CO 2   GRAMS/KM
    NOX   GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY CB  L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED  DISTANCE    KM
    SCF,  DRY
         DFC, WET  (DRY)
         TOT  VOL (SCM)  / SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/IOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        861
    BAROMETER    MM HG  740.7
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     5.0
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.3
                             - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS - EM-542-F
                               PROJECT 05-4493-001

                            VEHICLE NO.85
                            DATE    2/21/83
                            BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  2
                            DYNO NO.      3

                            DRY BULB TEMP. 23.3 DEG C(74.0 DEG F)
                            ABS. HUMIDITY  9.0 GM/KG
TEST HEIGHT  1134.  KG(  2500.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7  KW(   7.7 HP)
GASOLINE  EM-542-F
ODOMETER 16441. KM<10216.  MILES)
                                                                    NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR    .8*
1
COLD TRANSIENT
825.9 (32.5)
825.5 (32.5)
43.3 (110.0)
40641.
74.8 ( 2641.)
52. 3/ 2/ 52.
9.0/ 2/ 9.
96.2/12/ 242.
6/12/ 1.
96. 2/1 1/ .9888
6.9/1I/ .0412
37. 9/ 2/ 37.9
.7/ 2/ .7
12.92
44.
235.
.9507
37.3
1.92
20.42
1301.7
4.48
.33
3.47
221.3
.76
9.95
507.
5.88
2
STABILIZED
825:9 (32.3)
823.5 (32.5)
43.3 (110. 0)
69424.
127.7 ( 4511.)
13. 6/ 2/ 14.
7.9/ 2/ 8.
5.7/13/ 3.
I.3/I3/ 1.
68.4/11/ .3928
6. 8/1 I/ .0406
11. 6/ 2/ 11.6
.8/ 2/ .8
22.11
6.
4.
.9940
10.8
.45
.98
1295.7
2.23
.07
.09
208.4
.36
9.11
868.
6.22
.982 .984 .985
.943(
202. 5/
12.
9.


.933)
0.00
to
52

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
825.5 (32.5)
825.5 (32.9)
43.3 (110.0)
40467.
74.5 ( 2629.)
25. 4/ 2/ 25.
7.9/ 2/ 8.
35.I/13/ 32.
1.4/13/ 1.
88. 4/1 1/ .8637
6. 8/1 I/ .0406
29. I/ 2/ 29.1
.9/ 2/ .9
13.12
18.
30.
.8257
28.3
.78
2.64
1125.7
3.38
.14
.46
195.8
.59
8.60
506.
5.75
.983 .989
4
 STABILIZED
825.5 (32.5)
829.5 (32.5)
43.3 (110.0)
69390.
127.6 ( 4906.)
I3.9/ 2/ 14.
7.7/ 2/ 8.
5.6/13/ 9.
I.O/I3/ 1.
67. 4/1 I/ .5808
6. 8/1 I/ .0406
11. 5/ 2/ 11.9
.9/ 2/ .9
22.96
6.
4.
.9420
10.6
.46
.61
1266.1
2.18
.07
.10
204.0
.35
8.92
867.
6.21
.986
.948( .939)
202. I/ 0
11.95
8.76

DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/IOOKM



HYDROO
CARBON
OXIDES
IRBONS (THC) G/KM
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
.00


3-6AG (4-BAG)
207.7 ( 206.4)
9.14 ( 9.09)
.14 ( .14)
.90 ( .90)
.51 ( .50)
TEST NO.   861      RUN
VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
ENGINE 1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 740.16 MM HG(29.I4 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  27. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H2CHIN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20CIN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG.  F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   THC BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   THC CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   THC MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   CO2 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        OFC, WET (DRY)
        SCF, WET (DRY)
        VOL (SCM)
        SAM BLR (SCM)
        KM  (MEASURED)
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,
    HUMIDITY,
    TEMPERATURE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,
MM HG
G/KG
OEG C
 G/KM
 L/IOOKM
                       FET   - VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS - EM-542-F
                               PROJECT 09-4493-001

                            VEHICLE NO.89
                            DATE    2/21/83
                            BAG CART NO.  I
                            DYNO NO.      3
                            CVS NO.   2

                            DRY BULB TEMP. 23.3 OEG C(74.0 OEG F)
                            ABS. HUMIDITY  5.0 GM/KG

                               FET

                           829.5 (32.9)
                           825.5 (32.5)
                            43.3 (110.0)
                              61137.
                           112.4 ( 3970.)
                           24. I/ 2/  24.
                            7.7/ 2/   8.
                           57.3/13/  59.
                             .9/13/   I.
                           72.O/ 3/1.3090
                            2.9/ 3/ .0382
                           17.4/ 2/ 17.4
TEST WEIGHT  M34.  KG(  2500.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   9.7  KM<   7.7  HP)
GASOLINE  EM-942-F
ODOMETER 16465. KM(10231. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .84
   HYDROCARBONS, (THC)   G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
1.0/ 2/
10.01
17.
52.
1 . 2706
16.5
1. 12
6.81
2615.6
2.98
765.
.900 ( .
1.000 ( .
112.4
0.00
16.40
861
740.2
5.0
23.3
159.5
7.00
.07
.42
.18
1.0










892)
978)












                                                                    D-12

-------
                               TABLE  D-12.    TEST  NO.   862  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
 TEST NO.    862      RUN
 VEHICLE MODEL    81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7  L(I05. CIO) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 740.41 MM HG(29.15 IN HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY   33. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLONER OIF P  MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET  P MM. H20(IN. H2O)
    BLOWER INLET  TEMP. DEG. CiOEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    THC GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/tOOKM

    RUN TIME            SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
        DFC, WET  (DRY)
        TOT VOL  (SCM) / SAM BLR  
-------
                                      TABLE  D-13.    TEST NO.  863 EMISSIONS  RESULTS
TEST NO.   86J      RUN
VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
ENGINE  1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION A]
BAROMETER 740.41 Ml
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
I HG(29.15
48. PCT
                             IN HG)
   BLOWER OIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. OEG. CIDEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT  FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   THC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   THC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   THC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
   THC  MASS GRAMS
   CO   MASS GRAMS
   CO2  MASS GRAMS
   NOX  MASS GRAMS

   THC   GRAMS/KM
   CO    GRAMS/KM
   C02   GRAMS/KM
   NOX   GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION  BY  CB  L/100KM

   RUN  TIME             SECONDS
   MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC.  WET  (DRY)
         TOT  VOL  (SCM)  / SAM  BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
         FUEL  CONSUMPTION  L/IOOKM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER         863
    BAROMETER     MM HG   740.4
    HUMIDITY      G/KG     9.1
    TEMPERATURE   OEG C    23.9
  - VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS  -  EM-543-F
    PROJECT 05-4493-001

 VEHICLE NO.85
 DATE    3/ 1/83
 BAG CART NO.  I  / CVS  NO.   2
 OYNO NO.      3

 DRY BULB TEMP.  23.9 DEC C(75.0  OEG F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY  9.1 GM/KG
                                                                          TEST WEIGHT   1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                                                          ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                          GASOLINE  EM-543-F
                                                                          ODOMETER  17072. KM(10608. MILES)
                                                                          NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .95
1
COLO TRANSIENT
812.8 (32.0)
812.8 (32.0)
44.4 (112.0)
40461.
74.4 ( 2628.)
70.6/ 2/ 71.
13. I/ 2/ 13.
67. 3/1 I/ 278.
.9/I1/ 3.
58. 5/ 3/1.0332
4. I/ 3/ .0629
28. 7/ 21 28.7
.8/ 2/ .8
12.45
59.
266.
.9753
28.0
2.55
23.04
1329.0
3.78
.44
4.00
231.0
.66
9.99
904.
5.75
.975 .977
2
STABILIZED
825.3 (32.5)
812.8 (32.0)
42.2 (108.0)
69520.
128.3 ( 4531.)
16. 2/ 2/ 16.
I3.3/ 2/ 13.
19.2/13/ 17.
2. 8/13/ 3.
73. 3/1 1/ .6536
10. 5/1 1/ .0643
21. 4/ I/ 6.4
2.7/ I/ .8
20.23
4.
15.
.5926
5.6
.27
2. IB
1392.0
1.31
.04
.33
224.5
.21
9.43
868.
6.20
.978
.939( .925)
202. 11 0
11.95
9.70


.00



CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
812.8 (32.0)
812.8 (32.0)
43.9 (ttl.O)
40354.
74.3 ( 2623.)
23.0/ 2/ 23.
I3.2/ 2/ 13.
45.0/13/ 42.
2.9/13/ 3.
92. 2/1 1/ .9229
10. 0/1 1/ .0610
73. 6/ I/ 21.9
3.0/ I/ .9
14.30
11.
38.
.8662
21.1
.47
3.32
1178.2
2.84
.08
.58
204.4
.49
8.61
504.
5.76
.976 .978
4
STABILIZED
825.5 (32.5!)
812.8 (32.0)
42.8 (109.0)
69424.
128.0 ( 4520.)
15. 4/ 2/ 15.
I2.9/ 2/ 13.
33.7/13/ 31.
2.5/13/ 2.
71. 5/1 I/ .6309
9. 7/1 1/ .0590
J1.3/ I/ 9.3
2.6/ I/ .8
20.91
3.
28.
.5747
8.6
.23
4.19
1346.8
1.99
.04
.68
217.3
.32
9.13
868.
6.20
.979
.944( .929)
202. 3/ 0
11.96
8.89

DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/IOOKM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
.00


3-BAG (4-BAG)
220.3 ( 218.2)
9.32 ( 9.24)
.14 ( .13)
1.17 ( 1.27)
.38 ( .41)
TEST NO.   863      RUN
VEHICLE MODEL   81 VW RABBIT
ENGINE 1.7 LOOS. CIO) L-4
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 740.41 MM HG(29.I5 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  42. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER OIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20ON. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   THC BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO2 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   CO2 BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   THC CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   THC MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   CO2 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,
    HUMIDITY,
    TEMPERATURE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,
      MM HG
      G/KG
      DEG C
       G/KM
       L/IOOKM
    HYDROCARBONS,  (THC)   G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
  - VEHICLE  EMISSIONS RESULTS - EM-S43-F
    PROJECT  05-4493-001

 VEHICLE  NO.85
 DATE    3/  1/83
 BAG CART NO.   1
 DYNO NO.      3
 CVS NO.    2

 DRY BULB TEMP. 24.4 DEG  C(76.0 DEG F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY  8.2 GM/KG

    FFT

825.3 (32.5)
825.5 (32.5)
 44.4 (112.0)
   61207.
112.4 ( 3967.)
25.2/ 2/  25.
II.8/ 2/  12.
52.3/12/ 112.
 I.O/I2/   2.
74.O/ 3/1.3459
 3.3/ 3/ .0505
70.7/ I/ 21.0
 3.0/ I/   .9
     9.78
     15.
     106.
    1.3006
     20.2
      .96
     13.81
    2675.4
     4.01
     766.
 .898 (  .886)
 1.000 (  .974)
    112.4
     0.00
    16.34

   863
    740.4
     8.2
     24.4
    163.7
     6.92

     .06
     .84
     .25
                                                                         TEST WEIGHT  1134. KG( 2500. LBS)
                                                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   5.7 KW(  7.7 HP)
                                                                         GASOLINE  EM-545-F
                                                                         ODOMETER 17094. KM(10622. MILES)
                                                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .92
                                                                   D-14

-------
                               TABLE  D-14.    TEST  NO.   864  EMISSIONS RESULTS
 TEST NO.   864      RUN
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  VW RABBIT
 ENGINE 1.7 L(105. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 732.03 MM HG(28.82  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER OIF P MM. H2CHIN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20ON.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DE6. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    THC SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    THC BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM.
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRO METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    THC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    THC MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    THC  GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY C8 L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         TOT VOL 
-------
                                    TECHNICAL REPORT DATA
                            (Please read Instructions on the reverse before completing)
1. REPORT NO.
  EPA 460/3-83-008
                                                            3. RECIPIENT'S ACCESSION>NO.
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
  Characterization  of Exhaust Emissions  From Operation of
  a Light-Duty  Gasoline Vehicle on Alternate Source
  Gasoline Fuels
                                5. REPORT DATE
                                  Auqust  1983
                                6. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION CODE
7. AUTHOR(S)

  Lawrence R. Smith
                                                            8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NO.
9. PERFORMING ORG'VNIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS

  Southwest Research Institute
  6220 Culebra Road
  San Antonio,  TX 78284
                                                             10. PROGRAM ELEMENT NO.
                                11. CONTRACT/GRANT NO.

                                  68-03-2377
12. SPONSORING AGENCY NAME AND ADDRESS
   Environmental  Protection Agency
                                 13. TYPE OF REPORT AND PERIOD COVERED
                                  Final  Report (7/81-6/83)
   Office of Mobile Source
   2565 Plymouth  Road
   Ann Arbor,  MI  48105
Air Pollution  Control
                                                             14. SPONSORING AGENCY CODE
15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
16. ABSTRACT
   This report  describes the laboratory effort to characterize  regulated and unregulated
   exhaust emissions from a 1981 Volkswagen Rabbit operating on Amoco Indolene gasoline
   and five alternate-source fuels or  fuel blends.  These  five  alternate-source fuels
   included   Mobil MTG gasoline, Simulated Coal gasoline, EDS  Naphtha blend, Sasol
   blend  (lead  chemically removed),  and H-Coal Naphtha blend.   The test vehicle was
   operated over the Light-Duty Federal Test Procedure  (FTP) and the Highway Fuel Economy
   Driving Schedule (HFET).  Exhaust constituents measured, in  addition to the regulated
   emissions, included aldehydes and ketones, particulate, individual hydrocarbons, sulfa
   ammonia, cyanide, organic amines, organic sulfides, phenols,  nitrosamines, benzo(a)-
   pyrene and major elements in particulate.
                                                                 :e
17.
                                 KEY WORDS AND DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
                  DESCRIPTORS
                                               b.lDENTIFIERS/OPEN ENDED TERMS
                                              c.  COSATI Field/Group
   Air Pollution
   Exhaust Emissions
   Motor Vehicles
   Alternate Fuels
                     Emission Characterization
                     Emission Test Procedures
                     Light-Duty Vehicles
                     Fuel Effects
18. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT

   Release Unlimited
                   19. SECURITY CLASS (ThisReport)
                     Unclassified
21. NO. OF PAGES

    111
                                               20. SECURITY CLASS (Thispage)
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EPA Form 2220-1 (9-73)

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