/ '
           United States       Office of Water       june 15 1983
           Environmental Protection    Program Operations (WH-5v ••   EPA/43Q^-83-002
           Agency         Washington, DC 20460
          Water Program
xvEPA      The 1982 Needs Survey
                                       •m
           Conveyance, Treatment,
           and Control of
           Municipal Wastewater,
           Combined Sewer Overflows,
           and Stormwater Runoff

           Summaries of Technical Data

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             THE 1982 NEEDS SURVEY
     CONVEYANCE, TREATMENT, AND CONTROL OF
MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER, COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOWS,
             AND STORMWATER RUNOFF
          SUMMARIES OF TECHNICAL DATA
                   May 1983
                 Prepared for

     U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  Office of Water Program Operations (WH-595)
            Washington, D.C.  20460

           Contract No.  68-01-5790
                 .-.- ' •; ruction Agency]
                                        *•**
                                     t^s! y
                        ,  :-:-c3t   .*y~

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                               TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                          Page
 CHAPTER I     DESCRIPTION OF THE 1982 NEEDS SURVEY
               Introduction 	             j
               Description of Categories Reported'!.".'!!!.'.'.'.'.'"!]	      2
               Facilities Reported 	!!!!	      4
               Present and Future Needs  	.'.'.'!!!!!!.'	      4
               Metri c Measure 	!!!!!!!	      4
               Presentation of Data  	!!.'.'.'.'!!!!!!!.'!!.'!."      5

 CHAPTER II     SUMMARIES  OF TREATMENT  FACILITIES  TECHNICAL  DATA
               (CATEGORIES I,  IIA,  IIB)  	      6

 CHAPTER III    SUMMARIES  OF CONVEYANCE SYSTEMS TECHNICAL DATA
               (CATEGORIES IIIA,  IIIB, IVA,  IVB)  	    125

 CHAPTER IV     SUMMARIES  FOR COMBINED SEWER  OVERFLOW AND
               STORMWATER RUNOFF  TECHNICAL DATA
               (CATEGORIES V AND  VI) 	    150

 APPENDIX A     CONDUCT OF THE  SURVEY - CATEGORIES I THROUGH IV
               (TREATMENT PLANTS  AND SEWERS) 	    168

 APPENDIX B     CONDUCT OF  THE  SURVEY - CATEGORIES V AND VI
               COMBINED SEWER  OVERFLOW (CSO) AND URBAN
               STORMWATER  RUNOFF  (SWR)  	    172

APPENDIX C    DESCRIPTION OF THE 1982  SURVEY FORM 	    177

APPENDIX D    DESCRIPTION OF THE COMBINED SEWER SYSTEM WORKSHEET 	    183

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                               LIST OF TABLES


Table                                                                  Page

         Treatment Facilities:

   1     Number of Existing Facilities by Nature of Facility 	     7
   2     Number of Facilities in the Year 2000 by Nature of Facility     10
   3     Number and Nature of Wastewater Facilities - (Existing and
           Planned - National Summary 	    13
   4     Number and Flow by State of Treatment Plants by Design
           Capacity - Existing 	    16
   5     Number and Flow by State of Treatment Plants by Design
           Capacity - (Year 2000) 	    18

   6     Average Domestic Flows by State - Present, Projected, and
           Percent Change 	    20
   7     Average Industrial Flows by State - Present, Projected, and
           Percent Change 	    22
   8     Projected Industrial Flow to Municipal  Treatment Plants by
           Number, Flow, and Percent of Total Flow 	    24
   9     Percent of Flow at All Treatment Levels - (Existing and
           Planned) - National  Summary 	    26
  10     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities Existing in 1982 	    28

  11     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities Projected for 2000 	    30
  12     Treatment Populations - Present, Projected, Resident and
           Nonresident 	    32
  13     Septic Tank Population - Present, Projected, Resident and
           Nonresident 	    34
  14     Populations Served by Treatment with No Discharge - Present
           and Projected, Resident and Nonresident 	    36
  15     Populations Served by Raw Discharge - Present and Projected,
           Resident and Nonresident 	    38

  16     Populations Served by Facilities Designed for Less Than
           Secondary Treatment - Present and Projected, Resident and
           Nonresident 	    40
  17     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities Existing in 1982 - Facilities Designed
           for Less Than Secondary Treatment 	    42
  18     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities to be in Operation in 2000 - Facilities
           Designed for Less Than Secondary Treatment 	    44
  19     Populations Served by Secondary Treatment - Present and
           Projected, Resident and Nonresident 	    46
  20     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities Existing in 1982 - Facilities Designed to
           Provide Secondary Treatment 	    48

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                         LIST OF TABLES (Continued)
Table                                                                  Page

  21     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities Projected for 2000 - Facilities Designed
           to Provide Secondary Treatment 	     50
  22     Number of Plants Projected for Secondary Treatment by
           Year 2000 - (By Total Projected Design Flow) 	     52
  23     Number of New Secondary Treatment Plants to Be Built
           Between 1982 and 2000 - (By Total Projected Design Flow)       54
  24     Dollar Needs for Construction of New Secondary Treatment
           Facilities, By Plant Size 	     56
  25     Number of Facilities and Reasons for Treatment More
           Stringent Than Secondary - Facilities in Year 2000 	     58

  26     Populations Served by Advanced Secondary Treatment -
           Present and Projected, Resident and Nonresident 	     60
  27     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities in Operation in 1982 - Facilities Designed
           to Provide Advanced Secondary Treatment 	     62
  28     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities to be in Operation in 2000 - Facilities
           Designed to Provide Advanced Secondary Treatment 	     64
  29     Number of Plants Projected for Advanced Secondary Treatment
           By Year 2000 - (By Total Projected Design Flow) 	     66
  30     Number of New Advanced Secondary Treatment Plants to be
           Built Between 1982 and 2000 - (By Total  Projected
           Design Flow) 	     68

  31     Dollar Needs for Construction of New Advanced Secondary
           Facilities, By Plant Size 	     70
  32     Populations Served by Tertiary Treatment - Present and
           Projected, Resident and Nonresident 	     72
  33     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities in Operation in 1982 - Facilities Designed
           to Provide Tertiary Treatment 	     74
  34     Plant Loadings, Removal Efficiencies, and Discharge Rates
           for Facilities to be in Operation in 2000 - Facilities
           Designed to Provide Tertiary Treatment 	     76
  35     Number of Plants Projected for Tertiary Treatment by
           Year 2000 - (By Total Projected Design Flow)  	     78

  36     Tertiary Treatment Facilities to be Built Between 1982  and
           2000 - (By Total  Projected Design Flow)  	     80
  37     Dollar Needs for Construction of New Tertiary Treatment
           Facilities, By Plant Size 	     82
  38     National  Dollar Needs for Changes in Existing Treatment
           Plants 	     84
  39     National  Summary of Treatment Plant Upgrades  for Plants
           Operating in 1982 	     86
  40     Analysis of Liquid Effluent Disposal  - Number of Responses       88

  41     Summary of Treatment and Sludge Handling Processes  - Number
           of Plants and Associated Flow - United States  Total 	     91
                                      m

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                         LIST OF TABLES (Continued)

Table                                                                  Page

  42     Projected Change in Treatment Process  Use  -  Number of Plants
           and Associated Flow 	     93
  43     Distribution of Liquid Line Treatment  Processes  By Design
           Capacity, Within EPA Regions -  (Existing)  	    113
  44     Distribution of Liquid Line Treatment  Processes  by Design
           Capacity, Within EPA Region - (Year  2000)  	    115
  45     Distribution of Sludge Treatment  Processes By  Design
           Capacity, Within EPA Region - (Existing)  	    117

  46     Distribution of Sludge Treatment  Processes By  Design
           Capacity, Within EPA Region - (Year  2000)  	    119
  47     Distribution of Sludge Disposal Methods  By Design  Capacity,
           Within EPA Region - (Existing)  	    121
  48     Distribution of Sludge Disposal Methods  By Design  Capacity,
           Within EPA Region - (Year 2000)  	    123

         Conveyance Systems:

  49     Collection Populations - Present,  Projected, Resident and
           Nonresident 	    126
  50     Total Pipe Length Needed, By Diameter  	    128
  51     Length and Cost of Pipe Needed By  the  Year 2000  	    130
  52     Dollar Needs for All  Pipe Size Categories, By  Diameter 	    132
  53     Number, Capacity, and Cost of New  Pump Stations  	    134

  54     Number of Facilities Needing Collector Sewers  By
           Service-Area Population and Per-Capita Cost  	    136
  55     Percent of Dollar Needs for Collector  Sewers By
           Service-Area Population and Per-Capita Cost  	    138
  56     Total Estimated I/I Flow to Treatment  Plants - I/I That is
           Cost Effective to Remove 	    140
  57     Required I/I Correction Actions -  Facilities Where
           Correction is Cost Effective 	    142
  58     Dollar Needs For I/I Correction -  Facilities Where
           Correction is Cost Effective 	    144

  59     Facilities Requiring Major Rehabilitation  -  By Basis  of
           Estimate 	    146
  60     Dollar Needs For Major Rehabilitation  By - Basis of Estimate    148

         Combined Sewer Overflow and Stormwater Runoff:

  61     Summary of Existing Combined Sewer Systems  	    151
  62     Receiving Water Types For Combined Sewer Overflow  	    153
  63     Summary of Present and Projected  Urbanized Area
           Characteristics 	    156
  64     Receiving Water Types For Urban Stormwater Runoff  -
           Present Conditions (1970) 	    158
  65     Receiving Water Types For Urban Stormwater Runoff  -
           (Year 2000 Conditions) 	    160

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                         LIST OF TABLES (Concluded)

Table                                                                  D
	                                                                  Page

  66     Selected Facilities For CSO Control in Urbanized Areas -
           By Stream Use Objective 	                   162
  67     Selected Facilities For SWR Control in*Urbanized'Areas-
           By Stream Use Objective 	

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                              LIST OF FIGURES
C.I      EPA-1 Form Worksheet ......................................   181
C.2      EPA-1 Form Code Reference Chart ...........................   182
D.I      Combined Sewer Overflow Worksheet .........................   192
                                    VI

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                                   CHAPTER  I

                     DESCRIPTION  OF THE  1982  NEEDS  SURVEY


 This  chapter includes  a  background discussion of  the  1982 Needs Survey, a
 description  of  the  Survey  categories,  and  general  information concerning
 presentation of  the  data.

 INTRODUCTION

 The Needs  Survey consists of a biennial survey of  all wastewater conveyance
 and  treatment,  stormwater  collection  and   treatment,  and  combined  sewer
 overflow  abatement  needs  for the  entire  country.  The  needs  are obtained
 from a  national  survey of each of the more than 33,000 existing and planned
 publicly owned wastewater treatment works.  Each need is reported as a cost
 estimate in  dollars  for providing  or  satisfying the stated  need.

 This report  is  a part  of  the 1982 Needs   Survey and  is  a supplement to the
 cost  estimate report   to  Congress dated,  December 31,  1982.   It  provides
 detailed  summaries  of  the technical  data collected  during  the  Survey  for
 wastewater  treatment  and  collection  (Categories   I  through  IV),  combined
 sewer  overflow  abatement  (Category V),  and  treatment  and/or collection of
 stormwater   (Category   VI).    A  description  of   the   1982  Needs  Survey
 methodology  is   presented  in  Appendix  A  for Categories  I through  IV  and
 Appendix B for Categories  V  and  VI.

 The Needs Survey was performed in compliance  with  the provisions of Sections
 205(a)  and  516(b)(2)   of  the  Clean Water  Act  of  1972  (PL  92-500)  and
 subsequent  amendments   thereto.   The  Environmental Protection  Agency  (EPA)
 submitted  the 1982  Needs  Survey  cost  estimates  for  municipal  wastewater,
 combined sewer  overflow,   and  stormwater  collection and  treatment  needs  to
 Congress on  December 31, 1982.

 The 1982 Needs Survey  is  the sixth such Survey performed by EPA.  After the
 first two Surveys had been completed, a need  became apparent to tabulate the
 great  amount  of  technical   data   accumulated.   Responding  to  this  need,
 reports similar  to this one summarizing the  technical  data acquired during
 the Surveys were published for the  1976, 1978, and  1980 Surveys.

 Historically, costs  of facilities have been the  primary  focus for  these
 Surveys  because   they   have  been  used  by Congress  to  establish  relative
 allocations  of construction  grant  funds among the  States.   Besides  the cost
 data, large  amounts  of technical  data  are accumulated during  each  Survey.
 These technical  data are  used in  many  of  the cost breakdowns  described  in
 this  report   and  have  been  found to  be   very  useful  to  many  levels  of
 government and  quasi-government agencies  and to  industrial  organizations.
 EPA receives a  large  number of requests  for data summaries  annually  from
 these sources.  The  major  purpose  of this  report  is  to  provide  information
 commonly requested  by   the public.   Further, this  report  provides  valuable
 information for the  management and  operation  of  the EPA Construction  Grants
 Program.  These data are also very useful  in the facilities planning process
which now must be carried out by State and  local  governments.

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The  data  collection process  for  the  1982  Needs  Survey  is  described  in
Appendix  A for Categories I through IV and Appendix B for Categories V and
VI.  The  1982  Needs  Survey was conducted on a facility-by-facility basis for
Categories  I  through IV, on an  area-by-area  basis and facility-by-facility
basis for Category V, and on an  area-by-area basis for Category VI.

Appendix  C  presents  a  copy of the EPA-1 form (Figures  C.I  and C.2)  used  to
collect information  for  Categories I through IV of more than 33,000 existing
and planned facilities in the  United States.  Appendix D  presents a copy  of
the  combined   sewer  overflow  worksheet   (Figure  D.I)   used  to  collect
information  for  Category V  for  the   1,100  combined  sewer  areas   in  the
country.   Appendices C and D  also  present an explanation  of  all  items and
codes associated with both forms.

In an  attempt  to make the  Needs Survey data  base better or  more useful  to
the user  community,  comments, discussion,  or suggestions  for improvements
are welcomed.

DESCRIPTION OF CATEGORIES REPORTED

The categories reported  in the 1982 Survey are defined as follows:

Category  I - Secondary Treatment

This category  includes costs  for facilities to achieve secondary levels of
treatment, regardless of the treatment levels  required at the facility site.
Incremental  costs for   treatment  levels   above  secondary  are reported   in
Categories  IIA and  IIB.  Costs  for  systems  designed  to  serve  individual
residences  are included   in Category  I.  Costs of outfall  sewers are  also
included  in Category  I.  For  purposes of  the  Survey,  "best  practicable
wastewater  treatment  technology"  (BPWTT)  and  secondary  treatment  were
considered  synonymous.   Secondary  treatment   is  defined   as   five   day
biochemical oxygen demand and  suspended solids effluent concentrations of 25
mg/1  or  greater but not exceeding 30  mg/1,  but  not  less  than  85  percent
removal of standard pollutants.

Category  IIA - Advanced Secondary Treatment (AST)

Reported  in  this  category are  incremental  costs  above secondary treatment
levels  to  achieve  advanced  secondary   levels   of  treatment   for  those
facilities that must achieve such levels.   This  requirement generally exists
where water quality  standards   require  removal  of  standard   pollutants  at
levels greater than  secondary.   Standard pollutants  are defined  as  five day
biochemical oxygen demand and suspended solids.   These are  abbreviated as
BODg  and Solids in the tables.  AST would require  standard pollutant removal
greater than 85 percent,  or effluent limits more stringent than 25 mg/1  600.
and 25  mg/1  Solids  but less  than 95 percent,  or  effluent limits  less
stringent than 9 mg/1 BOD5 and 9  mg/1  Solids.   Effluent  limitations  between
25/25  and 30/30 mg/1  BODg/rSolids  that  include  additional  limiting  parameters
for phosphorus and  amnfonia  (and  do   not require  the  removal   of  total
nitrogen)  are classified  as Category IIA.

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Category IIB - Advanced Treatment (AT)

Incremental costs above AST are  reported for  those  facilities  which  require
advanced levels of treatment.   This requirement generally exists where water
quality standards require removal of such pollutants as phosphorus,  ammonia,
nitrates,  organic  materials,  and  other  substances.   In  addition,  this
requirement exists where removal for standard pollutants  exceeds 95  percent
or where  effluent  limits  are  equal to or  less  than 9 mg/1 BOD5  and  9 mg/1
Solids, or  where there are additional  limiting parameters for  ammonia  and
nitrogen   that   require  the   installation   of  denitrification,   ammonia
stripping,  or  ion  exchange   facilities.   The  terms  advanced  wastewater
treatment, AT, AWT, and tertiary treatment are considered synonymous  and are
used interchangeably throughout this report.

Category  IIIA - Correction of Infiltration/Inflow

Included  in  this  category  are  costs  for  correction  of  sewer  system
infiltration/inflow  (I/I)  problems.   Costs for a  preliminary  sewer  system
analysis  and for a detailed Sewer System Evaluation Survey (SSES) would also
be reported in this category.

Category  11 IB - Major Rehabilitation of Sewers

Requirements  for replacement  and/or major rehabilitation  of  existing sewer
systems are reported in this category.  Costs are reported if the corrective
actions   are  necessary  to  insure  the   integrity   of the  system.   Major
rehabilitation  is  considered  to  be  extensive repair  of existing  sewers
beyond  the scope of normal maintenance  programs; for example, where sewers
are collapsing or  structurally unsound.

Category  IVA  - New Collector Sewers

This   category   includes   grant  eligible  costs  for  construction  of  new
collector sewer  systems  and  appurtenances  designed  to  correct violations
caused  by raw discharges,  pollution from septic tanks, and/or to  comply with
Federal,  State,  or local actions.

Category  IVB  - New Interceptor Sewers

Included   in  this  category are new  interceptor  sewers and   transmission
pumping stations  necessary  for the bulk  transport of wastewater.

Category  V -  Control of Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO)

This  category includes projects designed to  prevent and/or control periodic
bypassing of  untreated wastes  from combined  sewer  systems.  Combined  sewers
are  designed  to  convey  both sewage and stormwater.

Category  VI - Treatment and/or  Control of  Stormwater

This  category  includes projects  designed  to  abate  pollution in urbanized
areas  from stormwater runoff  channeled through sewers and other  conveyances
used  only  for  such runoff.   Stormwater channeled through  combined  sewers
which  also carry sewage is not  included  in Category VI.

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Cost  estimates for  Categories  I  through  VI are  presented in  "1982 Needs
Survey  -  Cost  Estimates  for  Construction of  Publicly-Owned  Wastewater
Treatment Facilities," (430-9-82-009).

The 1982 Survey used the same cost estimate categories as were used in 1980.
In  1980,  the definitions of treatment  Categories  I and  II  were  changed to
more accurately reflect the incremental cost of advanced secondary treatment
(AST) and advanced wastewater treatment (AWT) projects relative to secondary
treatment  costs.   This  change split  Category  II  costs only  and  did  not
affect the total needs.  This convention has been used  in both  the 1980 and
1982 Surveys.

FACILITIES REPORTED

The 1982 Needs Survey contains the most complete inventory of publicly owned
wastewater treatment facilities.   The  1982  Survey continued towards  the 100
percent inventory  goal  set  during previous Surveys.  While  the  1980 Survey
came very close to achieving the 100 percent inventory, over 300 facilities,
mostly small rural  facilities, were identified for the first time during the
1982 Survey.

PRESENT AND FUTURE NEEDS

Two time  periods  pervade Needs  Survey reporting.   These are the  present,
meaning January 1,  1982,  and the  future,  which means the year  2000.  When
dollars are used in this report,  they  represent January  1982 dollars.  This
is true for both present and future needs.

METRIC MEASURE

All units shown in the technical  summaries  are in  metric units.   Where space
permits, English units are shown in parentheses.  The following  are the most
common metric  units used  in  this  report,  along  with  the  factors  used  to
convert to English units.

     Multiply                        By                       To Obtain

Centimeters                        0.3937                 Inches

Hectares                           2.4710                 Acres

Kilometers                         3,281                 Feet

Liters/Capita/Day                   0.2642                 Gallons/Capita/Day

Meters                             3.281                 Feet

Metric Tons                        0.9072                 Short Tons

Thousand Cubic                     0.2642                 Million  Gallons
  Meters per Day                                           per Day

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PRESENTATION OF DATA

For ease  in  interpreting the tables  in this  report,  a discussion of  each
table is presented immediately adjacent to the table.   The  tables  summarize
various items from the data collection forms.   For more detailed information
the reader  is  referred to Appendices C and  D where explanations  are  given
for all items on the data collection forms.

The tables are arranged in the following general sequence:

Chapter II - Categories I. IIA,  IIB

.  All Levels of Treatment
.  Raw Discharge
.  Less Than Secondary Treatment
.  Secondary Treatment
.  Advanced Secondary Treatment
.  Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Chapter III - Categories IIIA, IIIB. IVA.  IVB

.  Lengths and Sizes of New Pipe Needed
.  New Pump Stations Needed
.  Improvements to Existing Sewers

Chapter IV - Categories V and VI

.  Combined Sewer Overflow Control
.  Stormwater Runoff Control

Please refer to the Table of Contents for a listing of all  tables.

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                                 CHAPTER II

              SUMMARIES OF TREATMENT FACILITIES TECHNICAL DATA
                          (CATEGORIES I, IIA, IIB)


Technical data  on  the municipal  sewage  treatment facilities  in  the nation
were  compiled  in  the  course  of  the  1982  Needs  Survey.    The  data  were
collected using the EPA-1 form which is described in detail  in Appendix C.

The technical data  for each treatment facility  were collected at  the  same
time  as  the  dollar needs.  The data  were  obtained  from  several  sources
including the 1980  Needs Survey  files, NPDES permit files,  EPA construction
grant  files,   and  various  engineering   plans   and  reports.   A  further
description of the sources and methods used in collecting data for the  1982
Needs Survey is presented in Appendix A.

The technical data collected for all treatment  facilities have been compiled
and are  presented  in  the  48 tables which  follow.   These  technical  tables
include a discussion of each table presented  immediately before the table.

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                                   TABLE  1

              NUMBER  OF  EXISTING  FACILITIES BY NATURE OF FACILITY


 Table  1  is  a  summary  by  State of  the  facilities  in operation  in 1982.
 Excluded  are  facilities proposed to be built between  1982  and 2000 and new
 facilities under  construction  in  1982.  Facilities in  operation in  1982, but
 planned to be  abandoned prior  to  2000, are included in this summary.

 The  nature  of a  facility  is  recorded using a  numerical  code.  The various
 codes  are defined as follows:

 Code  1:   A complete wastewater  treatment system consisting  of a  treatment
 plant,  associated  collector  and/or  interceptor  sewers,  and methods  for
 disposal  of effluent and  sludge.   All  components are under the control of a
 single  treatment  authority.  The collection  system  associated with a Code 1
 facility  is composed of combined  sewers.

 Code  2:   A complete wastewater  treatment system having  all  the components
 listed  under  Code  1.   The  collection  system associated  with  a  Code  2
 facility  is composed of separate  sanitary sewers.

 Code 3:  A separate  treatment  plant.  The collection systems which  discharge
 to a Code 3 facility are under the control of one or more authorities.

 Code  4:  A  municipal  wastewater  collection   system  composed of  separate
 sanitary  sewers.   This system  would consist  of  collector   sewers  and/or
 interceptor sewers,  force mains,  and pumping stations which either  discharge
 without  treatment or  discharge  to  a  facility controlled  by a  different
 authority.  Code  4 systems handle only sanitary wastewaters.

 Code  5:  A  municipal   wastewater collection  system  composed of  combined
 sewers.   This  system would consist  of collector sewers  and/or interceptor
 sewers, force  mains, and  pumping stations  which  either discharge without
 treatment or  discharge  to a facility  controlled by a  different  authority.
 Code 5 systems handle sanitary wastewaters and stormwaters.

 Code 6:  Other types of systems; for example, operator training facilities.

 Code 7:   A  system for  the  bulk  transmission of wastewater with  or without
 pumping stations and with or without interceptor sewers.

 Code 8:   A facility which provides  handling,   treatment,  and disposal  of
 sludge  generated  by other  facilities.    Included are  vehicles and vehicle
 fleets used to transport sludge.

 Code  9:   This  code  refers to   communities  where  the primary  method  of
wastewater disposal  is  by means of individual onsite systems,  usually septic
 tank systems.

Code 0:  A community septic tank  system including an appurtenant  collection
 system.

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Code D:   A separate intermediate treatment  facility  which provides partial
treatment only and discharges to another wastewater treatment facility where
additional treatment is provided.

As used  in  this report, combined sewers  are defined as  sewers  which carry
both storm  and sanitary wastewaters.   Separate sewers carry  only sanitary
wastes.  Storm sewers convey only storm runoff.

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                                                                                                DECEMBER  Jl.
                                                                                                TABLE  1
                                                                                                              1*62
ITATt
                                          1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                                 NUMBER OF EXISTING FACILITIES 1Y NATURE  OF  FACILITY

TOTAL    (CODE U  (CODE 2)  (CODE J)  (CODE 4)  (CODE  5)   (CODE  «)   (CODE 7)   (CODE  B)   (CODE  »)   (CODE 0)   (CODE D)
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA 1
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HANAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS 1
INDIANA
IOHA 1
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN 1
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI 1
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
HEN MEXICO
NEW YORK 2
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO 1
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA 2
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS 2
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WYOMING "
AMERICAN SAMOA
SUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TE*R.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS 32
SI*
217
16*
7t2
.415
St7
21*
4t
1
4*2
7*2
5!
247
.45*
700
.004
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270
440
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184
681
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148
170
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261
116
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27*
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2




















0
112
                                                                                     1
                                                                                                         212
                                                                                                         171
                                                                                                         257
                                                                                                         455
                                                                                                         812
                                                                                                          11
                                                                                                          65
                                                                                                          10
                                                                                                           0
                                                                                                         177
                                                                                                         104
                                                                                                          1*
                                                                                                          f4
                                                                                                         440
                                                                                                         101
                                                                                           202
                                                                                           221
                                                                                            **
                                                                                           24*
                                                                                            75
                                                                                           440
                                                                                           274
                                                                                           125
                                                                                           41t
                                                                                            42
                                                                                           101
                                                                                            1*
                                                                                            88
                                                                                           174
                                                                                           101
                                                                                         1,247
                                                                                           271
                                                                                            ft
                                                                                           155
                                                                                           2tO
                                                                                            58
                                                                                         1.121
                                                                                             *
                                                                                           111
                                                                                            81
                                                                                           114
                                                                                         1.001
                                                                                           151
                                                                                            SO
                                                                                           424
                                                                                           151
                                                                                           454
                                                                                           304
                                                                                            24
                                                                                             0
                                                                                                          1
                                                                                                         24
                                                                                                          0

                                                                                                     12,977
 0
 2
 0
 0
 5
 0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 1
 0
 1
 1
 0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 1
 2
 0
 0
 1
 1
 0
 0
 2
 0
 0
 2
 0
 0
 2
 0
 0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 0
 1
 0
2
 1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 4
 2
 0
 0
 0
 0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 1
 1
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 D
 1
 0
 0
 1
 0
 0
 1
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
 0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-------
                                    TABLE  2

          NUMBER  OF  FACILITIES  IN THE YEAR 2000 BY NATURE OF  FACILITY


 Table  2 lists the  total  number of facilities by State  required to satisfy
 discharge  requirements  in the year 2000.   Included  are  facilities that are
 operational  in  1982  and will  remain  in operation  through the  year 2000,
 those  facilities under construction in 1982, and  those  facilities proposed
 to  be  built before  2000.   Excluded are  facilities  that  are operational in
 1982 but are projected to be abandoned prior to the year 2000.

 The  nature of a  facility  is  recorded  using a numerical  code.   The various
 codes  are  defined as follows:

 Code  1:   A complete wastewater treatment system consisting  of  a treatment
 plant,  associated  collector  and/or  interceptor  sewers,  and  methods  for
 disposal of effluent and sludge.   All  components  are under the control of a
 single  treatment authority.  The  collection  system  associated with a Code 1
 facility is composed of  combined sewers.

 Code 2:   A complete wastewater treatment system having  all  the components
 listed  under  Code   1.   The  collection  system  associated  with  a  Code  2
 facility is composed of  separate sanitary sewers.

 Code 3:  A separate treatment plant.  The collection systems which discharge
 to a Code  3 facility are under  the control of one or more authorities.

 Code  4:   A  municipal  wastewater  collection  system  composed   of  separate
 sanitary  sewers.   This  system  would  consist  of  collector sewers  and/or
 interceptor sewers, force mains, and pumping stations which either discharge
 without  treatment  or  discharge  to a  facility  controlled  by   a  different
 authority.  Code  4  systems handle only sanitary wastewaters.

 Code  5:   A  municipal   wastewater  collection  system  composed  of  combined
 sewers.  This  system would  consist of collector sewers  and/or  interceptor
 sewers,  force  mains, and  pumping  stations  which  either  discharge  without
 treatment  or  discharge  to a facility  controlled  by a different authority.
 Code 5 systems handle sanitary wastewaters and stormwaters.

 Code 6:  Other types of systems; for example, operator training  facilities.

 Code 7:  A system for the bulk transmission of  wastewater  with  or  without
 pumping stations and with or without interceptor  sewers.

 Code 8:   A facility  which  provides  handling,  treatment,  and  disposal  of
 sludge  generated by other  facilities.    Included are  vehicles   and  vehicle
 fleets used to transport sludge.

 Code  9:    This   code  refers  to communities  where  the  primary  method  of
wastewater disposal  is  by means of individual onsite systems, usually septic
 tank systems.
                                      10

-------
Code 0:  A community  septic  tank  system including an appurtenant collection
system.

Code D;  A  separate intermediate treatment facility  which  provides partial
treatment only and discharges to another wastewater treatment facility where
additional  treatment is provided.

As used  in  this report, combined sewers  are  defined as  sewers  which carry
both storm  and sanitary wastewaters.   Separate sewers carry  only sanitary
wastes.  Storm sewers convey only storm runoff.
                                      11

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER 31. 1982
                                                                                                  TABLE 2
  STATE
               TOTAL
                                 1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

               NUMBER  OF  FACILITIES  IN THE YEAR 2000 BY NATURE OF FACILITY

(CODE 1)   (CODE 2>   (CODE 1)   (CODE  4>  (CODE 5)  (CODE »)  (CODE 7)  (CODE B)  (CODE »)  (CODE 0)  (CODE D)
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
HEN HAMPSHIRE
NEM JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
$27
236
391
756
1,459
348
216
46
1
493
795
55
246
1>438
499
964
683
478
545
267
437
277
1.068
919
667
928
202
414
91
183
679
212
2,082
865
374
1,201
759
299
2,301
40
451
348
369
2,644
283
119
744
466
654
1,001
136
1
7
4
34
30
5
0
2




1




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12
56
115
18
3
15
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48
9
25
62
14
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12
16
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7
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62
1
7
106
0
8
83
1
0
10
4
0
1
30
7
29
45
10
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
327
121
165
483
882
286
78
17
0
312
407
44
190
765
412
795
580
366
443
145
262
108
406
537
498
616
164
462
69
91
120
160
723
607
286
678
582
220
1.118
23
273
267
277
2,183
176
67
283
295
451
593
110
6
3
30
21
5
15
0
t
I
26
3
2
0
0
t
13
0
0
32
4
0
0
3
1
8
6
9
10
14
6
4
0
0
2
1
27
0
51
21
0
5
2
3
35
1
12
0
4
37
1
0
17
9
'!
0
0
0
0
0
95
0
30
52
279
61
57
If
0
160
181
11
23
319
86
42
26
74
73
35
86
110
328
155
104
104
3
65
11
35
398
14
645
199
2
316
38
53
821
14
155
1
80
362
78
12
181
103
»°
0
1
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
32
10
0
0
2
0
11
2
8
31
4
0
0
0
0
0
2
20
0
16
0
0
10
0
2
26
1
0
0
o
0
o
t
4
7
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
1
o
26
0
Q
1
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I
o
o
0
1
1
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o
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2
2
1
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o
0
o
o
o
2
o
o
4
o
o
o
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o
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o
o
o
0
o
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2
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1
0
0
0
0
0
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Q
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Jl
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o
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11
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4
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g
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g
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2
0
{
g
0
0
0
0
U.S.  TOTALS   32,383
                                  19,569
                                              414
                                                                  195
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
88
110
190
220
420
14
53
2
0
11
185
0
IB
228
70
127
74
14
26
11
66
7
208
183
57
191
18
86
9
2
106
38
547
34
77
84
135
13
209
0
10
70
4
55
27
3
247
17
37
144
10





0
4,565
0
3
0
0
6
0
13
1
0
0
0
0
3
4
0
0
0
1
0
5
4
6
8
12
0
0
1
0
0
32
0
0
26
3
2
1
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
1
0
5
0
4
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
154
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                2
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                                                                2
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                0
                                                                   12

-------
                                   TABLE 3

                 NUMBER AND NATURE OF WASTEWATER FACILITIES
                           (EXISTING AND PLANNED)
                              NATIONAL SUMMARY


Table 3 is a two part  table.   The  upper table is a  condensation  of Tables  1
and  2  into a  national  summary.   A  facility is included  in the  Existing
category  if it  was  operational   in  1982.   A  facility  listed as  To  Be
Abandoned was operational in 1982 and  is expected to be  phased out  by 2000.
A facility listed as Under Construction was in the process of being built in
1982.  A facility in the To Be Built  category was not  in operation  or under
construction in 1982 but is projected to be  operational  by 2000.  The Total
row lists the total number of  facilities expected to be  in operation  in the
year 2000.

It should  be  noted that the  values  listed  in  the  various columns are  not
additive.  For example,  the Sewer  Systems  column lists 27,267 facilities in
the Total or year 2000 row.  However,  by starting with the Existing row and
performing the indicated additions  (To be  Built and Under Construction)  and
subtractions (To be Abandoned),  the  resulting value would  be ,27,468.   This
difference  of  201  facilities  arises  because  of  the  special  or  unusual
situations encountered  in  the course  of data collection  and are  sometimes
difficult to describe using the limited coding available in the  Survey.

The  lower table  summarizes the  nature  of   projected  changes   to  existing
wastewater treatment plants.  Only treatment plants  in  operation  in 1982 are
included.  A brief explanation of the projected change  categories follows:

Enlarge:   The  hydraulic capacity  of  a  plant will   be increased while  the
degree of  treatment the  plant  will be capable of achieving will  remain  the
same.

Upgrade:  The degree of  treatment  that a plant  is capable of achieving  will
be improved but hydraulic capacity will remain the same.

Enlarge  and Upgrade:    Both  the  hydraulic   capacity  of  a  plant  will  be
increased and the degree of treatment the plant is capable of achieving will
be improved.

Replace:  This describes the situation when  an  existing plant is demolished
and a completely new plant is  constructed on  the same site.

Abandon:   The  treatment  plant  is taken  out  of  operation and abandoned, and
the sewage is diverted to another facility for treatment.

No  Change:  This   category  is  for  plants   that  will   remain  essentially
unchanged through the year 2000.

Other:   A number of  situations  are  covered  by this  category.   One  common
situation  is  a treatment  plant which  will  require a  capital  expenditure,
such as for a new sludge digester, but the degree of treatment and hydraulic
capacity will not be changed.
                                      13

-------
Abandon, Retain  Sewers:   This change  is indicated when  an authority  that
operates a treatment plant and a  collection  system takes the treatment plant
out of operation and continues to operate the collection system.   The sewage
is diverted  to  a treatment plant operated  by a different  authority.   This
situation usually occurs when  a  regional treatment plant is constructed  to
serve several communities.
                                      14

-------
                                1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                    NUMBER AND NATURE OF HASTEMATER FACILITIES

                              (EXISTING AND PLANNED)

                                 NATIONAL SUMMARY
                                                                                      DECEMBER  II,
                                                                                      TABLE  3
                                                                                                    19BZ

EXISTING:
TO BE ABANDONED!
UNDER CONSTRUCTIONI
TO BE BUILTi
TOTAL l
TREATMENT
PLANTS
15,431
1,477
447
6,627
21.027
INTERNED.
PLANTS
15
1
2
1
32
NUMBER OF
SEWER
SYSTEMS
19,041
296
587
8,136
27.267
FACILITIES
SLUDGE
FACILITIES
6
1
2
4
11
TRUNK
SEWERS
26
0
3
IS
44
ONSITE
SYSTEMS
12,977
8,412
0
0
4,565
OTHER
112
82
0
15
50
»»«*»«M*i
-------
                                   TABLE 4

       NUMBER AND FLOW BY STATE OF TREATMENT PLANTS BY DESIGN CAPACITY
                                 (EXISTING)


Table  4  is  a  flow summary  of all  treatment  plants  in operation  in 1982.
Excluded  are treatment plants  projected to be  built and  treatment plants
under  construction  in  1982.   A summary  is provided for  each  State  and U.S.
Territory.   National totals are summarized at the bottom of the table.

In  the second  column  the total number of existing  treatment  plants in each
State  is  reported.   Column  three represents the  total  wastewater treatment
capacity of  the plants in thousand cubic meters per day.  The present design
flow  for  each  plant  was  used to  calculate the  total  treatment  capacity
value.  The  present design  flow may be equal to, greater,  or less  than the
existing flow for any particular plant.

Subsequent columns  provide  a breakdown  of  the  State totals  into five flow
ranges.   The  ranges   specified  in  the  column   headings   are  reported  in
thousand  cubic  meters  per  day and, in  parentheses  under  the  headings,  in
million gallons  per day.   Reported for  each flow  range are, the number  of
plants in  the range and  their total  treatment  capacity (M  /day x 1,000).
Also reported is  the percentage  of  the total State treatment capacity that
is accounted for by each flow range.

These  data  are  for all  types of treatment  plants regardless  of  level  of
treatment.  Numerous other tables follow which  provide summaries by  level  of
treatment for both existing plants and projected  plants.

The data indicate nearly 80  percent of the  treatment  plants in operation  in
1982 have a design capacity less than or equal  to 1.05 mgd (4  x 10  M /day).
These  small  plants account  for 8.3  percent of  the  total  U.S.  wastewater
treatment capacity.  The  data  also  indicate 0.6  percent  of  the  treatment
plants in operation, in> 1982  have a  design  capacity  greater  than or  equal  to
50.2 mgd  (1.9 x  10  M  /day).   These large plants account for 39  percent  of
the total  U.S. wastewater treatment  capacity.

Some column  entries will  be found which  list  a  value for  the number  of
plants but show zero for Total  Design  Flow or  Percent of Flow.   This occurs
when the  design  flow  value is  less  than 0.5 or  the  percent value  is  less
than 0.05; in these cases  the value  is rounded  to zero.
                                      16

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER  31,
                                                                                                  TABLE 4
                                                        1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                 NUMBER AND FLOM BY STATE  OF TREATMENT PLANTS  BY  DESI6N  CAPACITY

                                                            (EXISTING)
CUBIC METERS PER
(MILLION GALLONS


STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
DAY X 10001
PER DAY)I
TOTAL
t OF TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
237 1,728
48 225
113 1,168
285 1,030
589 12,700
282 1,697
102 2.071
21 434
1 1.169
246 4,306
387 3,011
33 639
140 552
740 10,920
353 3,936
681 1,539
560 1,273
222 1,308
307 1,907
96 527
148 2,055
110 4.033
372 6,728
510 2.044
324 992
550 3,254
157 417
452 1,010
48 674
66 487
228 4,909
103 453
463 11,656
516 2,608
279 166
696 7,051
485 1,221
206 1,691
639 6,662
20 648
240 1.351
263 272
234 2,566
1.352 7,561
92 1,053
85 230
235 2,453
244 2,219
146 640
562 3.471
109 193
2 4
7 99
2 4
32 412
6 12
5 36
mmmi o-
(0-

.40 «««««« ••«« .401-4.0 ••«« «••• 4.001-40 «"«« «»« 40.001-190 ««« ««»«•• 190+ «««•«•
.105) (.106-1. OS) (1.06-10.5) (10.57-50.2) (50.24-)
X OF X OF X OF X OF X OF
t OF TOTAL STATE t OF TOTAL STATE • OF TOTAL STATE * OF TOTAL STATE t OF TOTAL STATE
PLANTS
24
27
39
78
135
118
8
4
0
16
90
6
62
170
52
375
318
40
63
16
46
8
68
243
96
241
80
316
15
8
12
39
65
241
230
195
244
42
103
0
42
182
"11
22
74
53
27
245
42
0
1
0
0
2
1
FLOW FLOM PLANTS FLOW FLOM PLANTS FLOM FLOW PLANTS FLOM FLOW PLANTS FLOM FLOW
6 0. 146 235 13. 60 799 46.2 7 687 39.7 0 0 0.0
3 1. 13 19 8. 7 73 32.7 1 128 56.9 0 0 0.0
6 0. 53 84 7. 16 172 14.7 4 450 38.5 1 454 38.8
20 2. 156 203 19. 47 552 53.5 4 253 24.6 0 0 0.0
26 0. 237 371 2. 166 2.361 18.5 39 3.059 24.0 12 6.881 54.
25 1. 116 181 10. 41 437 25.7 6 409 24.1 1 643 37.
2 0. 31 65 3. 50 835 40.3 12 941 45.4 1 227 10.
0 0. 12 21 5. 4 71 14.4 0 0 0.0 1 340 78.
DO. 0 00. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 1 1.169 99.
3 0. 99 194 4. 112 1,688 39.2 15 1,473 34.2 4 946 21.
18 0. 206 325 10. 74 934 31.0 16 1,277 42.4 1 454 15.0
10. 9 16 2. 16 216 33.9 1 94 14.7 1 310 48.5
13 2. 54 73 13. 20 242 43.8 4 223 40.4 0 0 0.0
42 0. 408 540 4. 134 1,613 14.7 23 1.587 14.5 5 7,136 65.3
15 0. 217 287 7. 61 718 18.2 19 1,533 38.9 4 1,381 35.0
75 4. 252 262 17. 46 512 33.3 8 689 44.7 0 0 0.0
60 4. 201 249 19. 37 521 40.9 4 442 34.7 0 0 0.0
10 0. 138 170 13. 39 458 35.0 4 272 20.8 1 397 30.3
12 0. 172 277 14. 44 710 37.2 7 445 23.3 1 461 24.2
2 0. 45 70 13. 32 295 55.9 3 159 30.1 0 0 0.0
8 0. 65 90 4. 28 428 20.8 7 467 22.7 2 1,059 51.5
1 0. 37 73 1. 49 631 15.6 11 953 23.6 5 2.373 58.8
18 0. 198 273 4. 84 859 12.7 19 1,862 27.6 3 3,713 55.1
50 2. 221 256 12. 39 426 20.8 6 485 23.7 1 825 40.3
24 2. 188 247 24. 38 470 47.4 2 249 25.1 0 0 0.0
49 1. 245 354 10. 56 610 18.7 5 505 IS. 5 3 1,733 53.2
13 3. 63 82 19.7 12 162 38.9 2 158 38.0 0 0 0.0
46 4. 112 123 12.2 21 261 25.8 2 302 29.9 1 276 27.3
2 0. 21 29 4.3 9 75 11.1 2 227 33.6 1 340 50.4
1 0. 37 59 12.2 18 210 43.1 3 215 44.2 0 0 0.0
2 0. 95 186 3.7 100 1,319 26.8 17 1,610 32.8 4 1,790 36.4
7 1. 41 67 14.7 22 231 51.0 1 147 32.5 0 0 0.0
14 0. 229 362 3.1 133 1,768 15.1 21 1.989 17.0 15 7.521 64.5
22 0. 166 265 10.1 98 1,454 55.7 11 865 33.1 0 0 0.0
27 16.2 40 37 22.3 9 102 61.4 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
38 0.5 334 476 6.7 139 1,772 25.1 20 1,671 23.6 8 3,092 43.8
46 3.8 191 243 19.9 47 588 48.2 3 342 28.0 0 0 0.0
9 0.5 111 164 9.7 45 556 32.9 7 581 34.3 1 378 22.3
19 0.2 334 541 8.1 186 2.306 34.6 10 875 13.1 6 2.918 43.8
0 0.0 6 8 1.2 10 176 27.2 3 221 34.1 1 242 37.3
10 0.7 135 198 14.7 57 704 52.1 6 438 32.4 0 0 0.0
29 10.8 69 70 24.0 12 171 63.1 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
6 0.2 137 211 8.2 61 474 26.3 5 513 20.0 3 1,158 45. 1
81 1.0 679 1,027 13.5 216 2,447 32.3 26 1,959 25.9 5 2 044 27.0
4 0.4 38 52 4. 26 386 36.7 6 609 57.8 0 0 0.0
4 2.0 46 70 30. 17 155 67.4 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
15 0.6 110 146 5. 33 413 16.8 16 1,408 57.3 469 19.1
12 .5 120 179 8. 62 793 35.7 8 760 34.2 473 21.3
7 .1 91 123 19. 24 220 34.5 4 288 45.1 0 0.0
53 .5 241 332 9. 59 452 IB. 7 14 1,000 31.1 1.353 38. 9
9 .7 34 42 22. 13 141 73.2 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 .0 2 4 99. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 .0 48 8.5 0 0 0.0 2 90 91.3 0 0 0.0
0 .0 24 99.9 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 .0 20 31 7.7 7 66 16.0 5 314 76.2 0 0 0.0
0 .2 4 11 93.7 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 .2 0 0 0.0 4 36 99.7 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
U.S. TOTALS
                15.431 133,503  5,120
                                         991    0.7  7,031  10,112    7.5  2.740  34,500   25.8
                                                                                             421  35,327  26.4
                                                                                                                  99 52,570  39.3
                                                        17

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                                   TABLE 5

       NUMBER AND FLOW BY STATE OF TREATMENT PLANTS BY DESIGN CAPACITY
                                 (YEAR 2000)


Table  5  is  a flow  summary  of  all  treatment  plants  projected  to  be  in
operation in  the  year 2000.   Excluded  are  plants that were  operational  in
1982 and are projected to be abandoned by 2000.

The projected design flow was used to calculate  the total  treatment capacity
value.   All  other  computations  used  to prepare  this table are  directly
comparable to the methods used to prepare Table  4.

All flows are reported in thousand cubic meters  per day.

The data indicate nearly 82  percent  of  the  treatment  plants  projected to be
operational  Jn .2000 will  have a  design  capacity less than or equal to  1.05
mgd (4 x 10  M /day).  These  small  plants  will  account for  8.1  percent of
the total U.S.  wastewater treatment capacity.  The  data  also  indicate  0.6
percent  of  the treatment  plants  projected  to be  operational in ^OOJD  will
have a design capacity greater than or equal to  50.2  mgd (1.9 x  10  M  /day).
These large plants will account for  40  percent of  the total  U.S.  wastewater
treatment capacity.

Some  column  entries  will  be  found  which  list a  value for  the  number  of
plants but show zero for Total Design Flow  or Percent of Flow.   This  occurs
when  the design  flow value  is  less  than 0.5 or  the  percent value is  less
than 0.05;  in these cases the value is rounded to  zero.
                                      18

-------
                                                                                                   DCCEHICI SI,  1*82
                                                                                                   TA»Li S
                                                         1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                                  NUMBER AND FIOM IV STATE OF TREATMENT PLANTS BY DESIGN CAPACITY

                                                            (YEA* 2000)
CUBIC METERS PER
(MILLION GALLONS

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COl'JM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HANAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEN HAMPSHIRE
MEN JERSEY
NFN MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
HASHINGTOH
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
HYOH1NG
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
DAY X 1000 t
PER DAY).
TOTAL
0 OF TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
S42 5.07*
124 54*
170 1,55*
484 1,215
,17 15.412
2*1 2,058
105 2.044
22 (88
1 1.14*
51* 4, ,55
428 5,717
44 47*
205 704
857 12.555
551 4,157
815 1,7(4
(85 1.41*
185 l.*74
444 2,471
204 447
281 2,574
148 4,7,*
484 7,4*4
(77 2,441
(04 1,544
452 5.4(0
181 455
445 1.058
71 805
142 802
1(4 (.5(1
140 4*7
844 14.072
452 5.545
2*5 214
7*0 8.240
(84 1.524
251 l.*14
1.241 8,212
25 824
285 1,77*
2.!t! .rill
178 1,522
102 271
507 5,140
557 2,841
4*» 1,04*
425 5,874
112 514
1 25
*i tin
iUO
5 20
51 1,504
21 57
5 51
«...
(

* OF
PLANTS
80
fO
58
24*
54*
184
10
4
0
25
**
2
285
1*5
4*8
540
154
140
85
154
IS
118
504
281
511
*5
517
54
41
2
82
275
52*
258
275
517
42
405
5
80
1*4
1,002
54
,0
100
175
244
£2



0-.40 ......
0-.105)
X OF
TOTAL STATE
FLON FLOH
15 l!s
8 O.S
SO 4.1
o o!o
( 0.0

1* .7
45 .5
42 .0
87 .*
(8 .1
54 .8
55
14 2.
2 o!
2* 0.
(* 2.
48 5.
(1 *!»
7 0.*
10 1.2
0 0.0
14 2.4
28 11.4
(7 .7
14 .7
88 .0
1 .1
14 .*
2* ,.2
14 0.4
175 1.7
18 1.5
7 2.4
1* 0.4
25 0.8
40 5.8
55 1.5
7 2 S
o o.'o
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5
0.0
.... .401-4.0 .... «... 4.001-40 «... ... 40.001-1*0 ... ...... 1*0+ ......
C. 104-1. OS) (1.04-10.5) (10.57-50.2) (58. 2»)
' "^ X OF X OF x or
0 OF TOTAL STATE * OF TOTAL STATE * OF TOTAL STATE * OF TOTAL STATE
PLAHTS FLON FLOH PLANTS FLOH FLOW PLANTS FLOH FLON PLANTS FLOH FLOH
"J **» 7- " •«» «.» »» »»2 52.2 2 ,61 51.2
" *» 1- IS 170 44.1 1 1(4 42.5 0 0.0
»7 144 ». 2* 50$ K.B 5 (11 55.2 (47 54.8
1(7 1*2 15. (2 (82 47.* 4 5*0 52.0 0 0.0
540 478 5. 174 2.570 l,.l 40 5,055 22.7 7,25* (5 *
»» »«« •• SS 5*4 2*. 2 7 (55 27.1 700 54!s
f» ** *• S2 ,1, 44.5 11 84* 42.0 227 10.*
« " «• * »S 4.0 2 140 25.7 584 45.5
154 204 ?' Itl ° °-° • « 0.0 1,14, „.»
21ft in* A " * "•• 9 5 2»4i7 55.4 2*492 35*8
" ** «• « '"» »4a 1 ' »4 is!* 510 45!*
77 " >4. 25 25* 54.4 4 52* 44.5 0 00
254 284 *' U" l>7>* "'* " *'*" "'* *>MS *5>*
254 284 14. (2 (47 u!l » *815 44.'* * ' "J ".'o
1*2 21* 15. 44 414 45.2 4 52* 25.2 1*4 llig
lii n "• M **• *7-* • *** »-7 "« *»•'*
•* >•» >«• " 518 4*. 2 4 202 51.2 0 0.0
87 125 5.1 24 5,7 14.7 10 744 51. 5 1,085 45.4
,11 ,11 '•' ** *07 18'» " 1>117 "•• *•«" S5.5
254 5(8 4.7 *1 ,81 15.1 17 1>7,z ZJ.5 » Jt, MiJ
225 277 U. 45 4*8 20.2 4 (28 21.4 1 0*7 44 S
III III 11' I1 *" **•' * '** "'* *" "'•
70 »0 1*. 14 1*0 41.' 8 2 'l58 S4.'a l'*'o *0.'fl
120 154 12. 24 274 25.* 5 555 51.5 244 25.0
fj " 5. 12 15* 17.2 2 2*5 54.4 540 42.2
*• •* »»• 2* 524 40.4 5 174 21.* 1*4 24.5
f» •* >• »T »'*»4 25.4 21 1.5S1 2».0 2.440 45.*
S4 85 12. 25 507 44.0 0 0 O.P 28, 41.5
184 278 8. 100 l!(87 4?!l 1* l!*»7 4l!4 '"J *Jio
47 42 1*. 10 145 44.4 0 0 0.0 000
J" 424 S. 157 2,104 25.4 27 2,047 25.0 5.405 45.4
fJi fi! "' *° 5" *»-° * S« ".i 227 14.8
117 "S ». 44 417 52.2 7 72* 58.0 578 1».7
5*0 858 10. 250 2,485 52.4 12 1,051 12. ( 5. (70 45.4
122 17* *'7 " '** "'7 * *51 *Z<* SB2 **'7
ill ..ijj :|;| | !.'8| liii J 2.111 ill! ml II
57 '' S.S 25 507 25.2 5 5,1 44.7 111 25.1
47 47 24.4 1, 1*7 72.4 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
J" *•» «• 45 515 14.5 20 1,757 (5.4 442 20.*
281 572 55. 5* 540 54.5 4 274 It'. 2 ' 0 o!o
175 *•? •• «7 787 20.5 14 1,105 28. ( 1,(42 5*. 7
»* 40 12. 14 200 45. S 1 4> 21.5 0 0.0
» 0 0. 25 »,., 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
» 5 5. 4 4.0 2 *0 ,0.2 0 0.0
1 0 4. 1* ,5.4 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
7 >» >-S 1 200 15.* 8 804 41.7 272 20.8
14 17 44.5 1* (0.* 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
1 0 1.7 50 »8.2 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
U.S. TOTALS
                21.027 141.778  8,701  1.454   1.0  8.440  11.5*4    7.1   5.215  40.445   25.1    524 42.455  24.2     12* 45.444  40.4
                                                        19

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                                   TABLE 6

                       AVERAGE DOMESTIC FLOWS BY STATE
                   PRESENT, PROJECTED, AND PERCENT CHANGE


Table 6 summarizes the present (1982)  and  projected  (2000)  quantity  of flow
treated by publicly owned treatment plants that is from domestic sources.   A
similar summary  dealing  with flow from  industrial  sources is  presented  in
Table 7.

A further explanation of these summaries is presented below:

Actual:  All flows  reported  in  this  category were compiled from the actual
average daily  flow received  at  treatment works  during  the most  recent  12
month  period  for which  information  is available.   Flows reported  in this
category were  compiled from  records  collected  between late 1980  and early
1982.  The major  source  of flow  information  was the  self-monitoring  reports
that are completed by every facility  with an NPDES permit.

Present Design:   All flows reported  in this  category were compiled from the
average daily  flow a  treatment  plant  is designed  to handle.  The  design
capacity reported was the capacity in place in 1982.

Projected Design:   All  flows reported  in  this category  were  compiled from
the average daily flow that  a treatment plant will  be designed to handle in
2000.

Total  Flow:  The total  flow  is expressed  in  thousand  cubic meters per day.
Total flow is  defined  as  all  wastewaters  moving through the treatment plant
from   all    sources   including   domestic,   commercial,    industrial,   and
infiltration/inflow.

Domestic Flow:   The domestic  flow  is expressed in thousand cubic meters per
day.   For this table  domestic flow  includes  all  wastewaters  moving  through
the treatment  plant from all  sources except industrial sources.

Liters/Capita/Day:  These values were calculated using the domestic flow and
the  total  resident  and  nonresident  population.    The   actual   number  of
residents  and  nonresidents   receiving  treatment  in  1982 was  used   in  the
Actual  and   Present   Design  categories.    The  number  of  residents  and
nonresidents a treatment plant will  be capable of serving  in  the  year 2000
was used in the  Projected Design category.

Percent  Change:   This  category  presents  a  comparison between  the  present
situation  (1982) and  the  projected  situation  (2000).  The change  in each
parameter between the  present design  and  the projected design is expressed
as an  increase or decrease using the present  design  as the base.

All flows are  reported in thousand cubic meters per  day.
                                      20

-------
                                                                                                    DECEMBER SI,
                                                                                                    TABLE 6
                                                                                                                 1982
                                                          1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                                   AVERAGE DOMESTIC FLOWS 8V STATE
                                                PRESENT, PROJECTED AND PERCENT CHAN6E
                                                 (THOUSANDS OF  CUBIC HETERS PER DAY)

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
NAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAK
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
TOTAL
FLOW
1,334
159
817
672
9,060
1.279
1.317
322
1,169
4,377
2,033
395
367
8,025
3,618
1,152
851
998
1,239
379
1,401
3.253
5.209
1,632
752
2,260
256
660
398
305
4,258
345
9,124
1,719
141
5,626
746
1,195
5,531
484
859
202
1,799
6,287
812
180
1.697
1,610
388
2,320
174
1
34
2
517
1
24
101,794
DON. LITERS /
FLOW CAP. /DAY
1,118
145
790
539
7,562
1,084
1,089
181
1.169
4.128
1.647
357
324
6.500
3.058
951
728
756
1.193
298
1.187
2.489
4.080
1,178
638
1,859
249
528
397
230
3,446
320
8,278
1,165
130
4,611
699
946
4,771
327
606
174
1,314
163
1,418
1.415
326
1.739
173
1
34
2
468
24
85,374
S12
712
351
416
376
380
563
333
621
664
488
549
633
657
824
443
394
423
413
486
485
637
577
390
433
447
504
419
506
542
514
349
593
438
294
541
375
637
503
498
407
372
593
398
545
390
513
503
1,061
448
266
111
298
504
TOTAL
FLOW
1,728
225
1,168
1,030
12.700
1.697
2.071
434
1,169
4,306
3,011
639
552
10,920
3,936
1,539
1.273
1.308
1,907
527
2.055
4.033
6.728
2,044
992
3,254
417
1.010
674
487
4.909
453
11.656
2.6U8
166
7,051
1.221
1.691
6.662
648
1.351
272
2.566
7,561
1,053
230
2,453
2,219
640
3.471
193
4
99
4
412
36
133.503
PRESENT DESIGN "••
DON.
FLOW
1,487
207
1,114
912
10,502
1,464
1,627
2?0
1,169
3.985
2.394
605
480
9,017
3,140
1,266
1,076
973
1,857
414
1,842
3,006
5,246
1.527
897
2.527
407
833
672
374
4,423
429
10,420
1,859
154
5,677
1,159
1.387
5.7*2
467
1,075
241
1.901
6, 9'4
925
216
2,017
1,957
584
2,468
193
4
99
4
363
12
36
112.089
LITERS /
CAP. /DAY
681
1,016
494
704
523
514
842
532
621
641
710
931
939
911
846
590
583
545
643
676
752
770
742
505
610
608
824
662
856
881
660
467
747
699
349
666
623
934
608
710
721
515
859
562
H*
566
753
697
728
562
2,723
1,296
2,957
206
1 , 078
448
662
•«• PROJECTED DESIGN null
TOTAL
FLOW
3,079
369
1.539
1,215
13,412
2,038
2.064
588
1.169
6,955
3,717
679
706
12,335
4,157
1,754
1,419
1,974
2.471
647
2.376
4,799
7,496
2,461
1,364
3,450
455
1,058
805
802
5,351
697
14,072
3,365
214
8,260
1,524
1.914
8,212
824
1.779
317
3,401
I,'!!!
2.861
1,049
3,876
316
23
100
20
1,306
37
51
161.778 1
DOM. LITERS /
FLOW CAP. /DAY
2.705
350
1.474
1,042
11,119
1,799
1.663
427
1.169
6,558
2,993
626
628
10,138
3,274
1,427
1,207
1,511
2.345
526
2,028
3,597
5,857
1.810
1,229
2.672
441
809
784
621
4,065
666
12,519
2,334
195
6,525
1.393
1,624
7.149
567
1.291
279
2,463
9.230
1.142
243
2,588
2,480
926
2,799
305
12
100
20
1,064
37
51
34.925
741
516
348
417
402
393
544
400
520
464
496
452
563
836
623
491
475
465
478
526
474
613
647
473
522
443
602
469
526
616
442
431
628
481
337
536
420
523
552
5Sf
400
414
563
448
530
579
428
516
443
567
481
380
476
634
328
356
391
51 l
««««« PERCENT CHANGE ««««»
TOTAL
FLOW
+78.1
+63.4
+31.7
+ 18.0
+5.6
+20.0
-0.3
+35.4
+0.0
+61.5
+23.4
+6.2
+27.8
+ 12.9
+5.5
+13.9
+ 11.4
+50.8
+29.5
+22.5
+ 15.6
+ 18.9
+ 11.4
+20.3
+37.4
+6.0
+9.2
+4.7
+19.4
+64.5
+9.0
+53.7
+20.7
+29.0
+28.6
+ 17.1
+24.7
+13.2
+23.2
+27.1
+31.7
+ 16.4
+32.5
+ 33.2
+25.5
+ 17.8
+28.8
+28.9
+63.9
+11.6
+63.1
+425.1
+ 1.1
+318.3
+217.1
+213.1
+40.1
A91 1
DOM.
FLOW
+81.8
+68.7
+32.3
+ 14.2
+ 5.8
+22.8
+2.2
+47.1
+0.0
+64.5
+25.0
+3.4
+30.9
+ 12.4
+4.2
+ 12.7
+ 12.2
+55.2
+26.2
+27.0
+ 10.1
+ 19.6
+ 11.6
+ 18.5
+ 36.9
+5.7
+8.4
-2.8
+ 16.6
+65.8
-8.0
+55.2
+20.1
+25.5
+26.4
+ 14.9
+20.2
+ 17.0
+24.0
+21.5
+20.1
+ 15.8
+29.5
+ 33.3
+23.3
+ 12.6
+28.3
+26.7
+58.6
+ 13.4
+ 57. •
+179.6
+ 1.1
+318.3
+193.1
+214.4
+40.1

LITERS /
CAP. /DAY
+8.7
-49 .2
-29.5
-40.7
-23.1
-23.4
-35.3
-24.8
-16.2
-27.5
-30.0
-51.4
-39.9
-8.3
-26.4
-16.7
-18.5
-14.6
-25. 7
-22.1
-36.9
-20.3
-12.7
-6.4
-14.3
-27.1
-26.8
-29.1
-38.5
-30.1
-32.9
-7.7
-15.9
-31.1
-3.5
-19.4
-32.5
-44.0
-9.2
-17.1
-44.5
-19.6
-34.4
-20. J
-23.3
-29.9
-24.4
-31.4
-36.4
-22.0
-14. J
-86.0
-63.2
-78.5
+58.8
-66.9
-12.7

                                                                                                          +21.1
                                                                                                                   +20.3
NOTES,  1. FLOWS IN CUBIC METERS X 1000  2.  SUM OF ENTRIES NAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUNO-OFFS
                                                         21

-------
                                   TABLE 7

                      AVERAGE INDUSTRIAL FLOWS BY STATE
                   PRESENT, PROJECTED, AND PERCENT CHANGE


Table 7 summarizes the present  (1982)  and projected  (2000)  quantity of flow
treated by  publicly  owned  treatment  plants that  is of  industrial  origin.
This table is an extension of the summary presented in Table 6.

A further explanation of these sunmaries is presented below:

Actual:  All  flows reported in this category were compiled from the actual
average daily flow received  at  treatment works during  the most  recent 12
month  period  for which  information  is  available.   Flows  reported  in this
category were compiled  from  records  collected  between late 1980  and early
1982.  The major source  of flow information was the  self-monitoring reports
that are completed by every facility with an NPDES permit.

Present Design:  All flows reported  in this category were compiled from the
average daily flow a  treatment plant  is  designed  to handle.  The  design
capacity reported was the  capacity in place in 1982.

Projected Design:  All  flows  reported  in this category  were  compiled from
the  average daily  flow that a treatment plant will  be designed to handle in
the year 2000.

Total  Flow;   The  total  flow  is expressed  in  thousand  cubic meters per day.
Total flow is defined as all  wastewaters moving through the treatment plant
from   all   sources   including   domestic,   commercial,    industrial,   and
infiltration/inflow.

Industrial  Flow:   This   includes  only  wastewater  generated  by  industry.
Excluded were flows originating from domestic sources, commercial users, and
infiltration/inflow.

Percent Change;   This category presents  a comparison between  the present
situation  (1982)  and the projected situation  (2000).   The change  in each
parameter between  the  present design  and  the  projected design is expressed
as an  increase or  decrease using the present design  as the  base.

All  flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per  day.
                                      22

-------
                                                                                                     DECEMBER 31.  1982
                                                                                                     TABLE  7
                                                           1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                                   AVERAGE INDUSTRIAL FLOWS BV STATE
                                                 PRESENT,  PROJECTED AND PERCENT CHANGE
                                                  (THOUSANDS OF CUBIC METERS PER DAY)
                            «..«...« ACTUAL .......   ...  PRESENT DESIGN ....    «...  PROJECTED  DESIGN  ...
                                                                                                            »*  PERCENT  CHANGE  ..
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I DM A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
11 t TftT A 1 *•
TOTAL
FLOW
1.334
159
617
672
9.060
1,279
1,317
322
1,169
4,377
2,033
395
367
8,025
3,618
1.152
851
998
1,239
379
1,401
3,253
5,209
1,632
752
2,260
256
660
398
305
4,258
345
9,124
1,719
141
5,626
746
1,195
5,531
484
859
202
1.799
6,287
812
180
1,697
1,610
388
2,320
174
1
34
2
517
1
24
IND.
FLOW
216
14
26
132
1,497
194
227
140
0
249
386
38
43
1,524
560
201
123
242
46
80
214
763
1,128
454
113
401
7
132
0
75
812
24
845
554
11
1,014
46
249
760
156
252
28
484
655
98
16
279
194
61
580
j
0
0
g
48
0
0
IND.
X
16.2
9.0
3.2
19.7
16.5
15.2
17.3
43.6
0.0
5.6
19.0
9.7
11.9
18.9
15.4
17.4
14.5
24.2
3.7
21.2
15.2
23.4
21.6
27.8
15.1
17.7
2.7
19.9
0.0
24.6
19.0
7.2
9.2
32.2
8.2
18.0
6.2
20.8
13.7
32.3
29.4
13.9
26.9
10.4
12.1
8.9
16.4
12.0
15.7
25.0
0.7
0.0
0 . 0
On
. u
9.4
0.0
0.0
TOTAL
FLOW
1,728
225
1,168
1,030
12,700
1,697
2.071
434
1,169
4,306
3,011
639
552
10,920
3,936
1,539
1,273
1.308
1.907
527
2,055
4.033
6.728
2.044
992
3,254
417
1.010
A •»*
ft f H
487
4,909
453
11,656
2,608
166
7,051
1,221
1,691
6,662
648
I.iSl
272
2,566
7,561
1,053
230
2,453
2,219
640
3,471
193
£
1
99
4
412
« 5
1 £
36
IND.
FLOW
240
18
54
118
2,197
233
444
144
0
321
616
34
72
1.903
796
273
197
334
49
113
213
1,026
1,482
517
94
727
10
176
1
113
485
24
1,236
749
12
1.374
62
304
899
181
275
30
664
636
127
14
435
262
56
1,003
0
0
0
0
48
0
0
IND.
X
13.9
8.1
4.6
11.4
17.3
13.7
21.4
33.1
0.0
7.4
20.4
5.3
13.0
17.4
20.2
17.7
15.5
25.5
2.5
21.5
10.3
25.4
22.0
25.3
9.5
22.3
2.4
17.5
0.2
23.1
9.8
5.3
10.6
28.7
7.3
19.4
5.0
17.9
13.5
27.9
20.4
11.3
2S.8
8.4
1^.1
6.2
17.7
11.8
8.7
28.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
11.8
0.6
0.0
TOTAL
FLOW
3,079
369
1.539
1.215
13,412
2,038
2,064
588
1,169
6.955
3,717
679
706
12,335
4,157
1,754
1,419
1,974
2,471
647
2.376
4,799
7,496
2,461
1,364
3,450
455
1,058
805
802
5.351
697
14.072
3,365
214
8,260
1.524
1.914
8.212
824
1,779
317
3,401
10,072
1,322
271
3,160
2,861
1,049
3,876
316
23
100
20
1.306
37
51
IND.
FLOW
374
19
64
173
2.293
239
401
161
0
397
723
53
77
2,197
882
326
211
463
125
120
347
1,202
1,638
651
134
777
14
249
20
181
1,285
31
1,552
1,031
19
1.735
130
290
1.062
256
488
37
938
642
180
28
572
381
122
1,076
10
10
0
0
241
0
0
IND.
X
12.1
5.1
4.2
14.2
17.1
11.7
19.4
27.4
0.0
5.7
19.4
7.8
11.0
17.8
21.2
18.6
14.9
23.4
5.0
18.6
14.6
25.0
21.8
26.4
9.8
22.5
3.1
23.5
2.5
22.5
24.0
4.4
11.0
30.6
8.9
21.0
8.5
15.1
12.9
31.1
27.4
11.8
27.5
8.3
13.6
10.4
18.0
13.3
11.7
27.7
3.4
46.7
0.0
0.0
18.5
0.1
0.0
TOTAL
FLOW
+78.1
+63.4
+ 31.7
+ 18.0
+ 5.6
+20.0
-0.3
+ 35.4
+ 0.0
+61.5
+23.4
+ 6.2
+ 27.8
+12.9
+5.5
+ 13.9
+ 11.4
+ 50.8
+ 29.5
+ 22.5
+ 15.6
+ 18.9
+ 11.4
+20.3
+ 37.4
+6.0
+ 9.2
+4.7
+ 19.4
+64.5
+ 9.0
+ 53.7
+ 20.7
+ 29.0
+ 28.6
+ 17.1
+ 24.7
+ 13.2
+ 23.2
+ 27.1
+ 31.7
+ 16.4
+ 32.5
+ 33.2
+ 25.5
+ 17.8
+ 28.8
+ 28.9
+ 63.9
+ 11.6
+63.1
+425.4
+ 1 .1
+318.3
+217.1
+213.1
+40.1
IND.
FLOW
+55.3
+ 3.4
+ 19.8
+47.1
+4.3
+ 2.6
-9.6
+ 11.8
+0.0
+23.8
+ 17.4
+56.6
+ 7.8
+15.4
+ 10.7
+ 19.6
+ 7.2
+ 38.2
+154.5
+ 6.2
+62.8
+ 17.0
+ 10.5
+ 25.7
+42.3
+6.9
+40.6
+40.8
+961.5
+ 60.1
+164.6
+ 27.9
+ 25.5
+ 37.6
+ 56.8
+26.2
+110.2
-4.3
+ 18.1
+41.6
+ 76.9
+20.8
+41.1
+ 32.2
+ 41.3
+ 95.6
+ 31.2
+45.3
+119.0
+ 7.3
+2759.9
+ 0.0
+ 0.0
+ 0.0
+396.3
+0.0
+0.0
                          101,794  16,419   16.1    133,503  21.413   16.0
                                                                              161,776  26.853   16.5
NOTES:  1. FLOWS IN CUBIC METERS X 1000
                                                                                                                    +25.4
                                            SUM OF ENTRIES MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS
                                                         23

-------
                                   TABLE 8

           PROJECTED INDUSTRIAL FLOW TO MUNICIPAL TREATMENT PLANTS
                 BY NUMBER, FLOW, AND PERCENT OF TOTAL FLOW


Table 8 summarizes the industrial flows expected  at  municipal  plants in the
year  2000.    A  summary  is  provided  for  each  State  and  U.S.  Territory.
National totals are  summarized  at the bottom  of  the table.  Table  8  is an
extension of the Projected Design portion of Table 7.

In the second column the total number  of projected treatment  plants in each
State is reported.   Column three represents the  total  wastewater treatment
capacity of  the plants  in thousand  cubic  meters per  day.  The  projected
design  flow   for  each  plant was used  to  calculate  the  total  treatment
capacity value.

Subsequent columns provide a breakdown of the  plants that will  be receiving
industrial  flows into five flow  ranges.  The ranges  specified  in the column
headings are  reported  in  thousand cubic meters per  day  and,  in parentheses
under the headings, in million gallons per day.

Reported for each flow range are the number of  plants in the range that will
be  receiving industrial  flows  and  the  total  amount   of  industrial  flow
expected.   Also  reported  is  the percentage  of  the  total  State  treatment
capacity that is accounted for by the industrial flow.

All flows in  the columns are given in thousand  cubic  meters per day.

The data indicate  that the largest  percentage  of industrial  flows  will  be
treated by plants in the 1 to 50 mgd ranges.
                                       24

-------
                                                                                  DECEMBER 31,
                                                                                  TABLE •
                                                                                               1*82
                                         1*82  NEEDS SURVEY

PROJECTED INDUSTRIAL FLOW TO MUNICIPAL TREATMENT  PLANTS  BY  NUHBER,  FLON, AND PERCENT OF TOTAL FLOH
CUBIC METERS/DAY X 1000
(MILLION GALLONS PER DAY)
NUMBER AND
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIF.
COLORADO
CONN.
DELAWARE
HASH, D.C.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASS.
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISS.
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMP.
NEW JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEH YORK
N CAROLINA
N DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENN. 1
RHODE IS
S CAROLINA
S DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS 2
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
W VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMER SAMOA
GUAM
N MARIANAS
PUER. RICO
PAC TR TFR
VIRGIN IS
US TOTAL 21,
FLOW OF
TREATMENT
FACILITIES
342
124
170
484
2*1
103
22
1
31*
428
44
205
857
531
813
583
385
444
20(
281
148
48(
577
504
(32
181
4(5
71
142
154
1(0
8(4
(32
295
7*0
584
251
,241
25
285
277
285
.221
178
102
307
317
(21
112
1
3
31
21
5
027
1.07*
549
1,53*
1,215
11,412
2,038
2,0(4
588
l.K*
4,955
3.717
(7*
704
12.335
4.157
1.754
1.41*
1,974
2.471
(47
2,374
4,7**
7,494
2,4(1
1,3(4
3.450
455
1,058
805
802
5,351
497
14,072
3,3(5
214
8,2(0
1,524
1.914
8.212
824
1.779
317
3.401
10,072
1,322
271
3.1(0
2,8(1
1,04*
3.876
316
21
100
20
1,304
37
51
1(1,778
NUMBER
OF
PLANTS
44
0
1
1
2
0
1
1
0
15
28
0
0
8
18
7
1
57
1
4
1*
0
5
22
11
1!
0
3
0
1
0
0
13
45
1
1
1
48
0
33
20
2
22
2
14
1
44
31
I
0
0
0
0
0
0
574
0-.40
(0-.105) (
TOTAL
INDUS
FLOH
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
i
0
0
0
0
0
a
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
X OF
TOTAL
FLOH
0.05
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.10
0.00
0.05
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.04
0.10
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.05
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
0.08
0.02
0.02
0.00
0.04
0.0*
0.01
0.00
0.15
0.04
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
NUMBER
OF
PLANTS
72
0
0
18
17
*
8
5
0
74
84
1
B
(1
41
22
21
71
14
20
25
17
58
80
(4
(8
5
1*
0
U
12
3
125
118
2
It
14
5
17S
1
87
70
54
28
14
51
10
1(7
145
1
0
0
0
0
0
2,0(2
401-4.0
104-1.05)
TOTAL
INDUS
FLOH
12
0
0
11
17
1
3
0
11
22
0
1
18
10
7
4
11
1
11
4
12
21
32
11
10
0
0
2
0
31
35
0
11
12
1
2*
0
25
17
17
4
4
13
5
22
51
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
581
X OF
TOTAL
FLOU
0.40
0.00
0.00
0.95
0.13
0.1*
0.17
1.03
0.00
0.15
o!o(
0.44
0.14
0.25
0.42
0.11
0.54
0.14
2.03
0.18
0.25
0.28
1.32
0.*5
0.8*
0.0*
0.57
0.00
0.83
0.05
0.10
0.22
1.05
0.12
0.14
0.80
0.08
0.34
0.04
1.42
0.42
0.50
0.17
0.10
1.72
0.42
0.20
2.0*
1.12
0.14
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.11
0.00
0.00
0.35
4.001-40
(1.04-10.5)
NUMBER TOTAL
OF INDUS
PLANTS FLOH
4*
4
5
11
*0
17
44
1
0
20
(0
1
B
*5
54
27
25
40
11
22
14
50
40
15
10
44
7
17
2
21
57
7
*!
B*
B
88
18
18
11*
*
'I
(1
85
5
12
28
24
20
(2
4
1
0
0
14
1
0
1,770
181
1
11
122
111
44
145
0
0
5*
220
5
1*
241
188
110
54
7*
15
71
47
1*8
102
»7
88
125
8
57
1
73
155
13
284
487
18
2*1
40
41
2*0
40
ill
11
23
(4
80
27
181
2
10
0
0
32
0
o
5,402
X OF
TOTAL
FLOH
5.94
0.45
0.85
10. 0(
2.47
2.18
(.*5
0.0(
0.00
0.85
5.92
0.85
2.82
1.95
4.54
(.11
3.85
4.03
0.61
11.11
1.)*
4.13
l.K
3.*5
(.45
l!*5
5.1*
0.24
f.21
2.8*
1.90
2.02
14.47
8.84
1.52
2. (4
2.17
1.53
4.84
14.34
4.1*
3.73
1.42
0.84
8.58
2.04
2.7*
2. (4
4. (7
0.43
44.77
0.00
0.00
2.4*
0.1*
0.00
1.33
40.001-1*0 1*0+
(10.57-50.2) (50.2+)
NUMBER TOTAL
OF INDUS
PLANTS FLOH
10
1
2
15
4
11
1
0
11
18
0
25
1*
B
1
7
5
4
7
11
2
f
2
3
0
1
17
0
23
1*
0
24
3
4
11
4
2(
S
0
18
4
14
1
0
0
0
7
c
o
440
11*
17
51
3*
507
20
215
0
455
0
54
550
405
208
105
(4
(1
35
172
380
414
157
15
1*1
4
113
0
54
26B
0
422
504
0
500
3*
171
1*5
102
'H
in
(8
0
42*
74
71
3(2

1*

8,(0(
X OF NUMBER TOTAL
TOTAL OF INDUS
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
3.8*
4.71
3.14
3 .'78
1.00
10.4*
1.54
8.00
2.24
12.24
0.00
7.73
4.44
ll!«7
7.45
2.47
5.45
7.27
7.92
5.7*
(.38
1.12
S.S*
1.07
10.74
0.00
(.77
5.01
0.00
3.00 1
15.05
0.00
(.05
2.5*
8.95
2.37
12.3*
».S7
Ml
2.48
5.15
0.00
13.57
2.45
(.81
9.33
2.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
14.57
0.00
0 . 00
54
0
0
o
1,434
170
37
145
8
170
24
47
0
1,384
27(
0
4(
105
4S
0
121
(10
1,080
3(3
14
427
0
71
18
44
85*
17
813
0
0
951
38
75
545
111
8
(47
410
0
(4
21*
0
480
0
0
0
0
17
o
fl
5.31 IK 12,238
X OF
TOTAL
FLOH
1.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
10.70
B.1S
1.81
24.74
8.00
2.44
0.45
4.95
0.00
11.24
(.(4
0.00
1.10
15.4*
1.83
8.00
5.12
12.72
14.40
14.74
1.22
12.1*
0.00
(.7*
2.34
5.75
14.05
2.44
5.77
«. 00
0.00
11.27
2.53
5.95
(.(3
13.77
7.2(
0.00
2.01
7.44
0.00
12.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.32
0.00
0 00

                                         25

-------
                                   TABLE 9

                   PERCENT OF FLOW AT ALL TREATMENT LEVELS
                           (EXISTING AND PLANNED)
                              NATIONAL SUMMARY


Table  9  summarizes  the  degree  of  treatment  received  by  all  wastewater
collected  in  the  U.S.  at  present  (1982)   and  the  degree  of  treatment
projected to be received in 2000.

Explanations of the categories and definitions of terms follow:

Existing Facilities:   Pertains  to  treatment  plants that  were  operational  in
1982.  New treatment  plants under construction in 1982 and plants planned  to
be constructed by 2000 are not included in this category.

Actual 1982 Flow:  Compiled from the actual  average daily flow received at a
treatment plant during the most recent 12 month period for which information
was available.

Present Design:  Refers to the  average  daily flow  that a treatment plant  is
currently (1982) designed to accommodate.

Projected Design;  Refers  to  the average daily  flow  that a  treatment plant
will be designed to accommodate in the year 2000.

Planned Facilities:  Treatment  plants that were  not operational  in 1982 but
are expected to be operational by the year 2000.   Included are new treatment
plants that were under construction in 1982.

All  Facilities  (2000):   Includes  all  treatment   plants   that   will   be
operational in  2000.This  includes  facilities presently on  line  that will
remain operational through 2000,  new facilities  under construction in 1982,
and  new  facilities planned to  be built  by  2000.   Excluded  are  facilities
that are presently on line but are to be taken out of  service by 2000.

All flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Definitions of  the levels of  treatment (no  discharge,  primary,  secondary,
etc.)  are  given in  subsequent  tables  that  summarize information  for each
level of treatment.

Communities that discharge untreated or  raw  sewage are not included in this
summary.
                                       26

-------
                                                                                            DECEMBER  SI,  If82
                                                                                            TABLE  9

                                                1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                    PERCENT  OF  FLOW AT ALL TREATMENT LEVELS

                                             (EXISTING AND PLANNED)

                                              NATIONAL SUMMARY

«MitiiiiM««ii««ii««itiiitii»ii«it«iiiiiiitiiiiiiititit«itiMiit«it«it EXISTING FACILITIES  ««iiitiiii»i.)<««»««««in<««««««ii«««««»«»ii«««M«««««i.i.i1
FACILITIESl        COUNT
                   X OF TOTAL

ACTUAL  1982  FLOUl CUBIC METERS/1000
                   MED
                   X OF TOTAL

PRESENT  DESIGN!   CUBIC METERS/1000
                   MGD
                   X OF TOTAL

PROJECTED  DESIGN: CUBIC METERS/1000
                   MGD
                   X OF TOTAL

iiii««iiiiii«ii«««««ifii«««««if«ii«««««iiiiii«ii»»»«»i>*«»»»»it«   ALL  FACILITIES  (2000)  ««»»)ni«««««»««i(««»«»«««»«««)(«««»)i«««««»i(«)(»ii«»

                                               NO                 ADVANCED               ADVANCED      ANT
                                           DISCHARGE   PRIMARY    PRIMARY   SECONDARY  SECONDARY TERTIARY    TOTAL

FACILITIES!        COUNT                      2.734         3          »      11,748      5,845         470    21,011
                   X OF TOTAL                  13.0       0.0        0.0        55.9       27.8         3.1

PROJECTED  DESIGN! CUBIC METERS/1000         5,832       834      4,709      66,1*8     73,015      11,0(3   HI.60S
                   MGD                        1,540       220      1,244      17,474     19,288       2,922    42,491
                   X OF TOTAL                   3.4       0.5        2.9        40.9       45.1         4.8
NO
DISCHARGE
1,400
10.1
1,858
491
1.8
2,873
759
2.1
4,972
1,313
3.3
PRIMARY
1,034
4.7
9,344
2,474
9.2
11,537
3,047
8.4
1,042
275
0.4
ADVANCED
PRIMARY
2,083
13.5
10,494
2,825
10.5
12,839
3,391
9.4
4,709
1,244
3.1
SECONDARY
7,944
51.5
41,471
11,008
40.9
54,100
14,291
40.5
58,555
15,448
39.2
ADVANCED
SECONDARY
2,529
14.3
35,494
9,374
34.8
47,544
12,559
35.4
49,453
18.347
44.5
AHT
TERTIARY
231
1.4
2,705
714
2.4
4,599
1,215
3.4
10,528
2,781
7.0
TOTAL
15,425
101,794
24,891
133,495
35,245
149,240
39,430
NO
DISCHARGE
670
12.2
840
227
4.8

PRIMARY
0
0.0
0
0
0.0
ADVANCED
PRIMARY
0
0.0
0
0
0.0

SECONDARY
4,240
59.9
7,428
2,015
40.4
ADVANCED
SECONDARY
1,808
25.5
3,542
941
28.3
AHT
TERTIARY
157
2.2
530
140
4.2

TOTAL
7,075

12,581
3,323

                                                           27

-------
                                  TABLE 10

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                       FOR FACILITIES EXISTING IN 1982


Table  10 is  the  first  of  a  number  of  related  tables  concerning  plant
loadings,  removal  efficiencies,  and  discharge  rates  for facilities  with
various  levels  of treatment.   Table 10  gives an  estimate  of  the  overall
average daily pollutant  load  received  by all  treatment  plants  and provides
an estimate of  the amount  of  pollutants in the effluent.  A  total  is  shown
for  each  State and  U.S. Territory.   A national  total  is provided at  the
bottom of the table.

Quantities of pollutant  in the  influent  and  effluent  are estimated for BODc
and  Solids.  Quantities  are  given in metric  tons  per day.   The quantities
are  calculated  using  the average daily flow and the  average  daily BOD,-  and
Solids  influent  and   effluent  concentrations,   along   with   appropriate
conversion factors.  The average values were compiled from the most recent
12 month  period  for  which  information was  available.    Average  Statewide
removal efficiencies for BOD5  and Solids are  also  shown.  The  major source
of flow  and concentration  information for  this  series  of  tables was  the
self-monitoring reports  that  are submitted by every  facility with  an  NPDES
permit.

Plants With Removal  Capability are facilities with a specific requirement to
remove the nutrient listed.  For  example,  some phosphorus  is  removed in  all
treatment  plants.   However,  only  plants  specifically  designed to  remove
phosphorus are  reported  in this  category.   Reported  for  each  nutrient  are
the  total  number  of  plants  with  this  removal  capability  and the  total
average daily flow received by  these plants.  Also given  is  the percentage
of the total State  flow these plants represent.  All  flows  are reported in
thousand cubic  meters per day.

Total  Flow  is   the  sum  of the  actual  average  daily flow  treated by  all
facilities within the State regardless  of the degree of treatment.

Excluded  from   this  summary  are  facilities  with   no  discharge  to  surface
waters and communities  discharging  raw sewage.  For  this  reason,  the  total
flow  listed  on this  table does  not match  the  total actual average  daily
flows listed on Tables 6 and 7.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD,-  or Solids  equal
to zero, but still  have a percent  removal  calculated.   This is  due to  the
influent and/or effluent value  being less than  0.5 metric tons  per day in
which case the  value is rounded to zero.
                                     28

-------
                                                                                               DECEMBER 31.
                                                                                               TABU 10
                                                                                                            1982
                                                      1982 NEEDS  SURVEY

                                   PLANT  LOADINGS.  REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                                                FOR  FACILITIES  EXISTING IN 1982
                                                     (METRIC TONS PER DAY)
                         •«•••«•• REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES

   STATS
*;•*!*"*
     *
».
ARKANSAS
COLORADO
"NNECTICUT
DELAHARE

•""' COIUH'
      *
 ND ANA
i-2   *
""*
**•«*=
    ««
LOUISIANA
SJJwiu.
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
 »M«A
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MONTANA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
RHODE
T|NN|SSEE
WEST VIRGINIA
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS

        NOTES)
                ACTUAL
                 FLON

                 1.334
                   159

                   t71
                 8,204
                 1,240
                 1,514
                   322
                 '•»»*
                   *»*
                   "*
                 l'»»
                   »21
                   "e
                 1.237
                   "*
                 1,401
                 3.253
                   752
                 2'"7
                   248
                   "*
                   *8t
                   303
                 *>z«
                   297
                 9.122
                 1.718
                   139
                 1,177
                 §i!M
                   484
                 -
                   388
                     1
                    33

                   517
                     1
                    24
                         ""*""  BOM  "
                           INF.  EFF.  REH.
                             215
                              2*
                             ISO
                             U5
                           *'"Z
                             283
                             208
                              57
                             »*
                             W
                             >»*
                              «2
                              8S
                           1>U1
                             "7
                             *°2
                             198

                             "»
                             244
                              "
                             279
                             530

                           ltl?f
                             411
                             147
                             Ǥ1
                              44

                             17*
                              77
                              tt
                           »•"•
                              tO
                           1.244
                             379
                              32
                             224
                             "°
                              72
                           "
                                    27
                                    1»
     87.4
     ««•*
                                        Bt.t
                                    22
                                   *"
                                    2t  90.5
                                    37  81.8
                                     S  84.4
                                     2  98.t
                                    **  »!•!
                                    "  "-I
                                    "  «*.5
                                     7  »0-»
 S*
 t7
 50
 **
 41
 »«
 71
2t«
                                        »°'8
                                        83.1
                                        74.5
                                        "-7
                                        82.9
                                        •••!
                                        74.5
                                        49.2
 47  88.5
 19  86.5
18S  "-s
  8  81.7
                                     7
                                    21
                                   »»
                                    10
                                   311
                                    3t
                                     2
                                   "S
                                    '*
                                    21
     90.8
     t7 7
     »»•»
     82.1
     74.9
     90.3
     91.8
                                       90.4
                                       79-8
                                       73.4
                                       «
                                   24  72 8
                                        3.1
                                        4.3
                                               INF.

                                                 220
              1S8
            Z'"l
              290
              III
               t2
              188
              "*
              "0
               to
               83
 St7
 187
 »•
 255
  »»
 295
 585
'"8
 4t4
 Itl
 S88
  37
 18Z
  83
  t3
•>»*
  t4
.257
 3tl
  30
              242
             •"»
              72
                                                B
                                                 8t
DS ••••• «•« PHOSPHORUS »•»
X « X TOT.
F. REN. PLANTS FLOW FLON
39
12
20
44
526
26
51
17
10
87
87
20
8
101
48
65
35
40
52
22
54
221
156
48
31
153
7
51
t
14
447
10
305
48
4
220
23
27
248
25
39
t
105
192
•
37
as
17
41
82
to
87
71
80
90
76
71
94
88
76
tt
89
93
90
82
81
79
79
77
81
.2
.9
.7
.9
.2
.8
.4
.9
.4
.t
.4
.3
.7
. 1
.8
.0
.3
«4
.t
.t
.4
42.2
94

89. t
0
0
0 0.
O 0.
•• NH3
t
PLANTS
0 15
0 0
0 0.0 0

1



19
10
0
0
30
55
0
0
0
0
1
8
7
122
21
80.4 1
73
79
71
.B
.1
. 7
92.5
77.3
t2

84.5
75. t
86.5
86.1
84
84
88
78

0
7
5
44.8
0
0
0
2
1
5
1
29
2
0
58
4
2
87
1
0 0.
491 5.
B 0.
30 2.
1 0.
1,169 100.
424 10.
tO 3.
0 0.
0 0
12
7
1
1
1
12
22
0
0 0.0 1
252 3.
1,123 31.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
744 54 .
65 2.
4,t07 89.
192 11.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
242 42.
0 0.
43 1 .
42
15
15
0
43
1
0
5
7
18
3
9
1
0
0
I
I
S
2 0.9 0
745 8.3 21
5 0.3 42
0 0.0 0
1,097 19. i
tt 9.J
90
5
104 B.B 1
t27 11 . 1
127
3 O.t 0
77.8 I 4 0.5 15
82 .*2
S6.0
7t
88
74
SO
92
o
1
5
0
4
i
t
11
i
2
tl
9 73.0 0
0
7
0
*2
0
2
4.7
4
41 .
72 .
BO .
54.
3
t
o
5
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0.0 2
0 0.0 3t
7J i-S 5*
0 0.0 0
4 2.4
342 20.1
122 7. a
7 l.B
1.558 t7.9
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0. C
0 0 . C
0 0.0
0 0.0
0
{
Z
5
42
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NITROGEN •• •••• TOTAL N «•«•«
X TOT. t X TOT.
FLOH FLOW PLANTS FLOH FLOW
326
0
0
0
786
31
0
3
1,149
158
IBl
0
4
4.902
1,057
to
0
183
S
0
68
111
560
27
25
9t
0
0
90
0
73
0
124
389
0
453
70
30
541
0
144
10
545
213
0
0
232
1

135
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.5
2.5
0.0
1.1
100.0
3.7
9.0
0.0
1.1
tl.O
29.2
5.2
0.0
18.3
0.4
0.0
4.8
3.4
10.8
l.t
3.3
4.2
0.0
0.0
23.5
0.1
1.7
0.0
1.3
22. t
0.0
11. t
9.7
2.6
9.7
0.0
It.B
5.1
"»:l
0.0
0.0
13. t
0.1
5.0
5.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
7
1
0
o
0
7
o
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
4
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
B
1
0
0
0
0
s
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
•
1

g
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
o
255
2
0
o
0
233
0
o
0
0
0
o
0
0
5
o
123
24
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28
0
111
0
0
0
0
0
31
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
50
0
28





0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
0.1
0.0
0*0
0.0
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
8.7
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
O.t
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
0*0

o'o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
                99.935    20.521 4.129  79.8  23,247  4,027  82.t      584  14,242  14.2

                 1. FLONS IN CUBIC METERS X 1000   2.  METRIC  TONS X  .9072  « SHORT TONS

                 3. SUN OF ENTRIES MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO  ROUND-OFFS

                 4. FACILITIES KITH ZERO DISCHARGE OR  RAN  DISCHARGE  ARE NOT INCLUDED
                                                                                         686 13,038  13.0
                                                                                                                    892   0.8
                                                               29

-------
                                  TABLE 11

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                      FOR FACILITIES PROJECTED FOR 2000


Table 11  is a companion  table  to the summary  provided on Table  10.   This
table summarizes  the year  2000  situation with  regard to  flows,  pollutant
loadings, and  removal efficiencies.  All  flows  and quantities are estimated
using the  projected  design flow  and  the projected  level  of  treatment  for
treatment plants expected to be operational  in the year 2000.

Quantities of pollutant in  the influent  and effluent  are  estimated for BOD,-
and  Solids.   Quantities  are given  in  metric  tons per  day.   The quantities
were calculated using the average daily  flow  and  the  average daily influent
and  effluent  BOD,-  and   Solids   concentrations,  along   with  appropriate
conversion factors?  The  average  values  used  for  this summary represent the
projected year  2000  situation.   Average Statewide  removal  efficiencies  for
BOD5 and Solids projected for the year 2000 are also shown.

Plants with Removal Capability are facilities with a specific requirement to
remove the nutrient listed.  For  example, some  phosphorus  is removed in all
treatment  plants.   However,  only  plants  specifically designed  to  remove
phosphorus  are  reported  in this  category.   Reported  for  each  nutrient  are
the  total   number  of  plants  with  this  removal   capability  and  the  total
average daily  flow to  be received by  these  plants in  the year  2000.   Also
given is the percentage of the total State flow these plants will represent.
All  flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Total  Flow is  the sum  of the  actual  average  daily  flow  treated by  all
facilities within the State regardless of the level of treatment.

Excluded  from this  summary are  facilities  with no  discharge to  surface
waters and  communities discharging  raw sewage.   For  this  reason,  the  total
flow listed  on this table  does  not match the total  projected  design  flows
listed on Tables 6 and 7.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD,- or Solids equal
to  zero,  but  still have  a  percent  removal  calculated.  This  is  due to the
influent  and/or  effluent value being  less  than  0.5 metric  tons  per day in
which case the value is rounded to zero.
                                      30

-------
                                                             DECEMBER Jl, 1*82
                                                             TABLE 11
                   1*82 HEEDS SURVEY

PLANT  LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
            FOR FACILITIES PROJECTED FOR 2000
                  (METRIC TONS PER DAY)

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
MAUAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOJTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
KVOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
NOTESt


PROJECTED X X t
FLOW INF. EFF. REN. INF. EFF. REN. PLANTS
3.079 (41 75 88.2 (51 92 85.8 0
569 (1 25 (0.8 71 22 (9.7 0
1,282 291 18 86.9 284 19 84.0 2
1.208
11. (78
1.952
2.054
584
. 1.1(9
5.194
1.471
(41
(12
12.129
4.155
1.747
1.141
1.971
2.456
(35
2.375
4,782
7,409
2,435
1,311
1,445
439
99(
716
774
5.317
592
14,051
3.350
198
8,245
1,420
1,851
8,206
824
1,7(7
303
3,377
9, (36
1,242
2(9
3.152
2,814
1.047
3,791
107
23
94
20
1.306
36
51
155,915
1. FLOWS
3. SUM OF
288
1,405
4(2
400
280
1.089
71!
171
159
1,981
814
565
110
416
549
155
527
971
1,420
((8
271
797
80
155
111
231
1,558
125
2, (17
872
51
1,759
12!
4(1
1,721
209
475
8(
1,027
2,282
720
(45
214
895
((
7
19
2
3(1
7
12
35,2(7 3,
IN CUBIC
ENTRIES
4. FACILITIES WITH
24 91. ( 276
(57 80. ( 1,545
49 89.1 4(8
54 86.4 407
9 91.3 114
5 97.9 280
117 89.2 1.151
(8 90. ( 702
(2 65.5 135
15 90.2 1(4
142 92.7 2.815
(3 92.3 940
42 92.4 481
18 88.1 556
4( 88.9 454
(7 87.7 557
19 87. ( 174
55 89.4 485
124 84. 9 1,080
1(8 88.1 1,9(1
19 94.0 7C9
24 90.1 2(7
99 87.5 811
11 83.7 84
29 91.5 353
11 89.7 109
21 90.5 204
13! 91.4 1,59!
17 84.2 127
174 85.7 2,851
57 93.4 759
4 90.2 $0
125 92.8 1,9(2
27 91.1 142
11 91.1 449
181 89.4 1,921
21 89.5 187
45 90.4 184
6 92.0 8!
71 92.8 880
142 91.7 2.279
14 93.8 278
(1 91.5 714
157 75. ( (71
24 88.7 21!
102 88.5 954
9 S4.0 (9
0 90.9 3
2 85.0 21
0 85.2 2
38 89.2 325
1 87.1 7
1 87.7 13
884 88.9 37,357
METERS X 1000 2.
28
547
49
52
11
8
121
97
52
17
198
(4
54
42
54
74
21
55
1(1
182
(8
39
104
14
11
8
21
114
17
182
97
5
140
41
55
212
22
51
7
64
(0
114
24
100
11
0
2
P
38
1
1
4,171
METRIC
MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE
ZERO DISCHARGE OR
89. (
84.5
89.1
87.1
91.2
97.0
89.4
84.1
(1.5
89. (
92.9
91.1
88. (
88.1
87.9
84.5
87.8
88.5
85.0
90.7
90.1
85. (i
84.'.
79.9
90.9
91.9
89.3
91.5
85.9
84.5
87.2
88.1
92.8
87.9
92.0
88.9
87.9
86.7
91.0
90.1
91.4
95.5
88.1
91.5
80.0
88.5
89.4
81.5
80.0
84.7
85.2
88.0
87.1
88.8
88.8
TONS X
0
9
15
1
1
24
21
0
48
85
0
0
1
0
12
22
28
189
57
2
0
0
0
2

18
1
74
10
0
185
4
2
220
2
16
0
U
0
24
20
2
1
75
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1,21!
.9072

PLANTS
X TOT.
FLOW FLOW
0 0.0
0 0.0
9 0.7
0
1.0(2
41
114
(0
1.1(9
1.081
402
0
45
604
1.901
0
0
0
0
27
1.795
710
7,174
1(1
1
0
0
0
492
59
217
11
2,9(9
47
0
5,502
114
112
1,4(7
152
0
2
124
0
97
798
254
13
2. (47
0
0
0
0
16
0
0
31.919
• SHORT
0.0
9.0
2.1
14.2
10.4
100.0
20.8
11.5
0.0
7.1
4.9
45.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.2
75. (
14.8
96.8
14.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
68.6
7.6
4.0
1.9
21.1
1.4
0.0
((.7
9.4
7.1
17.8
0.7
8.6
0.0
0.0
»:§
56. 4
25.1
8.1
1.2
(9.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
20.4
TONS

«« NH1
t
PLANTS
104
0
0
0
14
15
11
z
1
104
111
0
7
107
(0
97
0
232
1
0
14
21
43
24
202





44
1
121
2(4
0
3(8
15
1
3(7
3
72
12
177
(5
2
14
9
5
25
102
4
0
g
0
3
g
0
2,880

NITROGEN •» »««« TOTAL N •«•»«
X TOT. t X TOT.
FLOW FLOW PLANTS FLOW FLOW
991 12.1 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 00 0.0
0 A. A n A n

1,74}
33(
255
15
1.1(9
790
2.04)
g
104
9, (75
2.309
(28
g
728
7
0
331
480
1.257
1.412
589
11!
10
g
151
73
1.034
g
887
1,971
g
4,545
3(1
54
1,880
1(4
471
1(7
2,191
1.15;
477
254
140
(27
96
0
Q
Q
18
g
0
41,800

o.o
14.9
17.2
12.4
2.5
100.0
15.2
58.8
0.0
17.3
78.4
55.5
35.9
0.0
14.8
0.3
0.0
11.9
10.0
14.9
57.9
44.9
1.2
2. 1
0.0
21 . 1
9.4
19.4
0.0
(.1
58.8
D.O
55.1
25.4
1.9
22.9
19.9
24.4
54.9
I'.i
28.5
15.1
9.0
11.1
14.5
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.0
0.0
24.8

g
1
1
g
g
9
1
g
2
1
g
g
g
1
1
g
5
2
2
1
g
g
g
g
1
g
s
g
25
1
g
2
0
0
17
0
0
I
o
8
1
7
0
g
g
g
g
0

0
104

g
882
5
22
g
g
201
7
g
11
g
g
g
1
7
g
157
38
22
2
g
g
g
g
g

139
g
100
0
g
1
0
0
1(4
0
0
0
22
0
g
259
217
41
0
g
g
g
g
g

0
2.714

g
'.S
* 2
.1
.0
.0
.8
.2
« 0
.8
.0
.0
0.0
0*0
0.0
0*3
0.0
15.0
0.8
0.3
O.D
0.0
0.0
0.0
0*0
0*0
0*0
2.4
0.0
2.1
0.0
0*0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0*0
8.2
8.4
3.9
0.0
0.0
0 .0
g t g
0*0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7

TO ROUND-OFFS
RAH DISCHARGE
ARE NOT INCLUDED
                   31

-------
                                   TABLE  12

                            TREATMENT  POPULATIONS
                 PRESENT,  PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


 Table  12  summarizes  the populations by State for 1980 and 2000 which are now
 or will be  receiving treatment of  their wastewaters.

 The  values  listed  for  the 2000  State  ceiling populations were obtained from
 data  provided by  the  Department  of  Commerce,  Bureau of  Economic Analysis
 (BEA).  The population totals listed  under  the 1980 column  for each State
 and  the nation  are  based on  the  1980  population  as reported  in  the April
 1981 Report of the Bureau of  Census.   The  year  2000 total  is the population
 expected  to be resident  in each  State as predicted by BEA.  The projections
 were  produced by  BEA  after  extensive analysis which  included  review  and
 comment by  State agencies  responsible for population projections.

 Resident  populations  (RES) are  permanent residents within  the  service area
 of  the established  sewerage  authority.   Nonresident populations  (NONRES)
 include transients, seasonal workers, commuters, tourists, and other persons
 who  must  be served  by  local   systems  but  do  not maintain   a  permanent
 residence within the service area.

 Persons are included in  the Receiving Treatment category  if the wastewater
 they generate is treated  at a facility operated by  an  established sewerage
 authority.   Persons  are included  in the  Not  Receiving Treatment category if
 they reside in   the  service area  of  an  established sewerage authority  but
 their residence  is not connected to a central collection system.

 The  sum of  the  populations receiving treatment and  not  receiving treatment
 does not  equal   the  State's total populatio'n.  This  is  because  many  rural
 residents who are  counted as  a  part of the State's  total  population  do  not
 reside  in  the   service  area  of   any  established   sewerage  authority  and,
 therefore,  are  not  included  in  any  Receiving  Treatment  or Not  Receiving
 Treatment categories.

 All   levels  of treatment  are  included  under  Receiving Treatment.   Similar
 summaries are  presented  on subsequent tables  for each  specific level  of
 treatment.

 The Percent  Served values are based upon a comparison between  the resident
 population  receiving  treatment   and  the  total  State  population  figures
 provided by BEA.

A similar summary  dealing  with collection  populations is  presented on  Table
49.
                                      32

-------
                                                   1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                                 T!
                                      PRESENT


                «»«« POPULATION • »»•     •»«••• RECEIVING TREATMENT »»»«»«
  TREATMENT POPULATIONS
PROJECTED, RESIDENT I NONRESIDENT
    ( IN THOUSANDS )
                                                                                                  DECEMBER  St.
                                                                                                  TABLE 12
                                                                                 • «» NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT null
                                                                                                                     PERCENT SERVED

STATE
ALABAMA
•ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
•CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
•CONNECTICUT
•DELAWARE
•DIST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
•MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
•NEH VORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
•RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
•HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
•WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
•PAC. TR. TERR.
•VIRGIN ISLANDS
1980
TOTAL
3,890
400
2,718
2,286
23.669
2,889
3,108
595
638
9,740
5,464
965
944
11,418
5,490
2,913
2,363
3,661
4,204
1,125
4,216
5,737
9.258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1,570
799
921
7,364
1,300
17,577
5,874
653
10,797
3,025
2,633
11.867
947
3,119
690
4.591
14,228
1,4(1
511
5,346
4,130
1,950
4.705
450
33
110
17
3.197
118
99
2000
TOTAL
4.140
694
4.357
2,970
26,786
4,371
3,902
841
694
15,049
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
6,059
3,101
2,642
4,224
4,880
1,222
5,583
6,736
10,314
4,505
2.740
5.379
938
1,734
1,408
1,306
9,022
1,781
19,683
7,419
690
12,237
3,702
3,209
12,854
1,084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1,963
607
6,755
4,859
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4,700
183.
116
1980
RES.
2,121
202
2.209
1,275
19,457
2.735
1.913
490
744
5.732
3,291
597
503
9,866
3,560
2,099
1,833
1.748
2.829
562
2.361
3,871
6,986
3.002
1,465
3.622
474
1,247
730
393
6,084
904
12.514
2,545
441
8,482
1,858
1,458
9,148
628
1.327
459
2,172
12,161
1,223
233
3.377
2.334
826
3.324
333
1
71
1
1.757
11
79
2000
RES.
3,511
666
4,120
2,468
26.930
4.230
3.028
817
913
13.098
5.892
1,240
1,066
12,098
4,964
2,827
2,526
3,186
4,841
922
4,002
5,780
8.900
3.802
2,335
5,307
709
1,708
1.374
894
8,281
1,522
17,671
4,576
578
12,091
3.309
3,055
12,221
922
2.915
668
4,286
20,267
1,957
375
5,767
4,354
2,072
4,812
617
32
209
31
3.242
103
128
1980
NONRES.
101
3
69
33
1.079
189
31
91
1.898
801
135
87
13
35
246
77
16
60
95
83
144
52
128
25
11
886
33
17
92
51
1.025
23
2.385
185
0
57
2
42
535
48
280
14
68
236
192
45
305
439
16
105
IB
0
9
0
0
0
3
2000
NONRES.
233
19
181
46
1.503
570
44
415
2.223
1.695
221
240
81
47
485
129
21
97
107
128
460
201
237
36
27
1,209
38
26
193
190
1.507
36
4,039
444
1
104
12
81
1.211
71
519
11
145
530
327
74
460
746
24
195
28
1
3
2
0
4
3
1980
RES.
536
122
306
195
1.474
31
1,226
64
0
1,997
762
205
121
291
353
166,
174
720
688
417
537
1,955
1,387
224
383
313
33
46
44
384
1,267
132
5,356
1,488
7
989
188
344
2,318
304
673
17
940
1,091
79
119
1,122
639
952
411
3
27
26
17
1,184
100
30
2000
RES.
88
27
93
33
261
2
889
23
0
566
318
0
20
101
40
24
6
257
4
226
128
957
876
129
129
22
1
7
4
259
699
47
2.260
909
3
119
37
11
555
163
108
6
284
12
3
86
547
138
29
192
0
2
15
1
771
79
7
1980
NONRES.
13
3
11
0
43
0
y
35
0
36
4
11
24
0
65
20
0
0
9
9
136
94
41
7
2
9
0
0
0
65
367
6
404
103
0
13
7
2
241
0
55
0
1
1
1
16
2
28
2
20





0
0
200J
NONRES.
0
0
4
0
10
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
118
56
45
6
0
0
0
0
0
37
55
2
26
27
0
0
0
0
21
0
0
0
0
4
0
8
0
21
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1980
54.5
50.6
81.3
55.8
82.2
94.7
61.6
62.4
116.6
58.9
60.2
61.9
53.3
86.4
64.9
72.1
77.6
47.8
67.3
50.0
56.0
67.5
75.5
73.7
58.1
73.7
60.3
79.5
91.4
42.8
82.6
69.5
71.2
43.3
67.5
78.6
61.5
55.4
77.1
66.3
42.6
66.6
47.3
85.5
83.7
45.8
63.2
56.5
42.4
70.7
74.0
4.2
64.8
6.1
55.0
9.5
60.0

2000
84.
96.
94.
83.
100.
96.
77.
97.
131.
67.
83.
90.
90.
97.
61.
91.
95.
75.
99.
75.
71.
65.
86.
84.
65.
96.
75.
98.
97.
68.
91.
85.
89.
61.
83.
98.
69.
95.
95.
85.
78.
91.
76.
96.
99.
61.
85.
89.
98.
86.
127.
80.
76.
94.
69.
56.
110.
U.S. TOTALS
                230,075
                             278.886  161.692  250.245   12.638   21,707
                                                                              35,024   12,598
                                                                                                 1.981
                                                                                                            475
                                                                                                                               89.7
                                                          33

-------
                                  TABLE 13

                           SEPTIC TANK POPULATION
                PRESENT, PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table 13  summarizes  the populations  by  State for  1980  and 2000 which  are
now,  or  for  the year  2000,   will   continue  to  be  disposing  of  their
wastewaters by means  of individual onsite systems, the majority being septic
tanks or  leach  fields.  The  values  listed  for  the 1980  and 2000  State
ceiling populations were obtained from data provided by BEA.

All  the populations  are listed  under the Not Receiving  Treatment  category
only  because  they are not  being  served by  centralized  collection  and
treatment facilities.   None of  the  populations  listed  on  this table  live
within the service district of a  sewage  authority with a central  collection
and  treatment  system.   Most of the populations  are in small communities and
do not include the strictly rural populations within the State.

Resident populations  (RES)  are permanent  residents within the  boundaries of
an incorporated area.   Nonresident populations  (NONRES)  include transients,
seasonal workers,  commuters, tourists, and  other  persons who must  be served
by  local  systems  but  do  not maintain   a  permanent  residence within  the
service area.

The  Percent  Served values  are  based  upon a comparison  between the  resident
population not receiving treatment  and  the total  State  population figures
provided by BEA.
                                      34

-------
                **«• POPULATION ««••
                                                   1*82  NEEDS SURVEY

                                                 SEPTIC  TANK  POPULATION
                                      PRESENT,  PROJECTED.  RESIDENT  I  NONRESIDENT
                                                   (  IN  THOUSANDS >

                                         «»««•• RECEIVING  TRfATMENT •«••«•
                                                                                                 DECENBER 31,
                                                                                                 TABLE  11
                                                                                 ««»  NOT  RECEIVING TREATMENT null
                                                                                                                    PERCENT SERVED

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
BIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I OH A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
NYOMIN6
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
1*80
TOTAL
3,8*0
400
2.718
2,286
23,66*
2.88*
3.108
5*5
638
*.740
5.464
965
944
11.418
5.4*0
2,913
2,363
3,661
4. 20*
1,125
4,214
5,737
9,258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1,570
7*>
921
7,364
1,300
17,577
5,874
653
10,7*7
3.025
2,633
11,867
»47
3,11*
6*0
4,5*1
14,228
1,461
5.144
4.130
1,950
4,705
450
33
110
17
3,1*7
118
*)
2000 1*80 2000 1*80 2000
TOTAL RES. RES. NQNRES. NONRES.
4,140
6*4
4,357
2,*70
26,786
4,371
3,902
8*1
6**
15.0**
7.053
1,366
1,183
12,358
6,05*
3.101
2,6*2
4,224
4,880
1,222
5,583
4,736
10,31*
4,505
2,740
5,37*
938
1,73*
1,408
1,306




























0 0
0 0


























0
0
9,022 0 0
1,781 0 0
19,683 0 0
7,41* 0 0
6*0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12,237 0000
3,702 0000
3,20* 0000
12,854 0 f 0 0
1,084 0000
3.700 0000
730 0000
5,573 0000
21,000 0000
1.963 0000
607 0000
6,755 0000
4.85* 0000
2.101 0000
5,553 0000
484 0 0 0 0
40 0 0 0 0
275 0000
33 0 0 0 0
4,700 0000
183 0000
116 0000
1*80
RES.
203
36
144
122
423
15
187
8
0
54*
161
56
47
174
138
74
52
232
436
104
13*
456
583
98
135
105
If
*
31
123
S77
46
2.258
31*
6
272
68
26
1,102
37
1*6
14
112
508
61
41
762
1*7
683
1*2
2
0
0
g
5
56
0
2000
RES.
28
12
45
27
11*
1
314
1
0
IS
70
0
3
87
16
22
6
2
4
12
S3
54
536
5*
6
21
1
7
1
13
457
10
1.413
1*
3
79
18
11
2*0
0
3
6
4

J
488
14
7
155
0
0
0
1
0
3*
0
1*80
NONRES.
2
5
7
0
36
0
0
SI
0
11
2
11
1*
0
It
20
0
0
6
4
135
30
36
6
0
8
0
0
0
47
322
6
14
»7
0
2
7
1
235
0
51
0
0
41
1
7
12
2
16
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2000
NONRES.
0
0
4
0
10
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
118
0
30
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
48
2
21
13
0
0
0
0
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
21
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1*80 2000
5.2 .7
g.
5.
5.
1.
0.
12.
1.
0.
f.
3.
5.
5.
1 .
2 .
2 .
2.
f ,
10.
g
3 f
8.
t .
2 .
5.
2.
2.
0.
4.
13.
7.
3.
12.
5,
1.
2 1
2 .
1.
g .
4.
6.
2.
2 f
3.

J:
4.
35.
4.
.8
.0
.*
.4
.0
.1
.2
.0
.1
.0
.0
.3
.7
.3
.7
.3
.1
.1
.0
.0
.8
.2
.3
.2
.4
.2
.4
.1
.1
.1
.6
.2
.2
.4
.7
.5
.4
.3
.0
.1
.8
0.1
0.0
0.2

0.3
0.3
2.8
0.5 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
56.* 4.5
0.2 0.0
48.2 21.8
0.0 0.0
U.S. TOTALS
                230,075
                             278,888
                                                                              12.638
                                                                                       4.58*
                                                                                                 1.271
                                                                                                           3ia
                                                                                                                     5.5
                                                          35

-------
                                  TABLE 14

              POPULATIONS SERVED BY TREATMENT WITH NO DISCHARGE
               PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table 14 summarizes the populations by State for 1980 and 2000 which are now
or will  be  receiving treatment of their  wastewaters at facilities  that  do
not discharge to surface waters.   The majority  of the facilities  are lagoon
systems  designed  for  evaporation  and/or  infiltration  of  the total  flow.
Also  included are  facilities that dispose  of their effluent  by  recycling,
reuse, spray irrigation or other land disposal,  or groundwater recharge.

Also summarized  for each State and the nation as a whole is the number of  no
discharge facilities  in operation  in  1980  and the  number  expected to  be
operational  in 2000.

The terms total  population, resident, nonresident,  receiving  treatment, not
receiving treatment,  and  percent served  are  defined   in  the description
accompanying Table  12.
                                      36

-------
                                                                                 DECEMBER  Jl.
                                                                                 TABLE  14
                                       1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                       POPULATIONS SERVED BY TREATNENT NITH NO DISCHARGE
                        PRESENT AND PROJECTED.  RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
                                  (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)

••• POPULATION «««  «•«« RECEIVING TREATMENT «•"••  »«« NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT  «•
                                                                                    ••  PERCENT  ••»  "« TREATMENT "•
                                                                                        SERVED          PLANTS

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEN YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
1980
TOTAL
3.890
400
2,718
2,286
23,669
2,889
3,108
595
638
9,740
5,464
965
944
11.418
5.490
2.913
2.363
3,661
4,204
1.125
4,216
5,737
9,258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1.570
799
921
7,364
1,300
17,577
5,874
653
10,797
3,025
2,63)
11.867
947
3,119
690
4,591
14,228
1,461
511
5,346
4,130
1,950
4,705
450
JJ
110
17
3,197
118
99
230,075
2000
TOTAL
4,140
694
4,357
2,970
26.786
4,371
3,902
841
694
15,049
7,053
1,366
1,18)
12.358
6.059
3.101
2,642
4.224
4.880
1.222
5.58)
6.7)6
10.314
4.505
2,740
5,379
9)8
1,7)4
1,408
1.306
9.022
1,781
19,68)
7.419
690
12,2)7
3,702
3.209
12.854
1,084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1.963
607
6.755
4,859
2,101
5,55)
484
40
275
33
4.700
18)
116
278.888
1980
RES.
0
0
191
3
1,621
45
1
0
0
48)
90
0
2)
0
0
2
82
0
5
2
0
0
95
4
0
3
16
67
49
2
24
161
4
1
8
3
87
35
1
0
6
13
0
864
70
0
0
25
0
54
6
0
5
0
0
0
0
4,172
2300
RES.
1
0
630
13
3.265
184
17
4
0
J.601
255
76
196
14
2
11
160
0
78
27
2
37
217
54
69
13
26
142
206
47
62
252
56
29
41
28
275
128
1)
0
IS
22
26

20
52
2
156
17
0
12
0
0
4
0
11,809
1980
NONRES
0
0
17
0
157
1
0
0
0
39
0
2
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
6)
3
0
0
0
6
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

2000
NONRES
0
0
148
0
422
4
0
7
0
482
0
13
31
0
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
25
)2
3
0
1
2
5
76
28
0
0
1
10
0
1
2
5
0
0
I
5
0
'if
i
3
0
28
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1,489
1980
RES.
0
0
38
0
260
0
7
0
0
52
5
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
15
0
0
0
0
1
3
2
31
9
5
1
0
0
7
IS
4
0
0
0
0
26
1
0
o
0
2
Q
0
2
0
0
0
0
522
2000
RES.
0
0
8
0
35
0
62
0
0
196
7
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
20
0
62
31
14
2
0
0
0
3
32
31
0
20
10
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
0
o
0
1
Q
0
3
0
0
0
0
558
1980 2000
NONRES NONRES 1980 2000
0 0.0 0.
0 0.0 0.
0 7. 14.
0 0. 0.
7 6. 12.
0 1. 4.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 4. 2).
0 1. ).
0 0. 5.
0 2. 16.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 3. 6.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 1.
0 0. 2.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
31 1. 2.
0 0. 1.
0 0. 2.
0 0. 0.
0 2. 2.
0 4. 8.
0 6. 14.
01 0. 3.
0 0. 0.
0 12. 14.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 1. 6.
0 0. 0.
0 2. 7.
0 1. 3.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 0. 0.
0 1. 3.
0 0. 0.
0 6. 5.
0 0 4. 8.
0 0 0. 0.
0 0 0. 0.
0 0 Q. 1.
0 0 0. 0.
0 0 1. 2.
0 0 1 . 3.
0 0 0. 0.
004. 4.
0 0 0. 0.
0 0 0. 0.
000. 2.
0 0 0. 0.
11 33 1. 4..

1980
0
2
59
5
294
31
4
0
0
20
5
3
32
1
0
3
178
1
7
2
0
1
54
9
0
5
39
136
23
2
1
51
3
2
25
4
125
34
3
0
3
30
0
"I
1
33
g
70

o
; 3
1 g
1 Q
o
I g
t 1,600

2000
2
3
84
12
617
31
14
4
0
76
8
T
86
10
2
6
228
2
18
37
7
12
93
55
7
15
50
192
44
38
2
86
31
19
39
4
226
40
8
0
9
40
8
*4*f
7

J
117
24
Q
J

Q
2
Q
2,740
                                         37

-------
                                  TABLE 15

                     POPULATIONS SERVED BY RAW DISCHARGE
               PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table  15  summarizes  populations  served  by sewerage authorities that collect
wastewater and discharge  the  wastewater to the environment  as  a  raw waste.
The wastewater is  not  subjected to any treatment  beyond  what is considered
preliminary  treatment.    Preliminary  treatment would include  comminution,
screening,  grit  removal,  etc.,  but  not   primary  sedimentation.    For  this
reason, all  the  populations  are listed  under  the Not Receiving  Treatment
category.

Also summarized  for  each  State and the nation as  a  whole is the  number of
sewerage  authorities utilizing  raw  discharge  as  a  method of  wastewater
disposal.   In 1982 there were 237 communities discharging  raw waste.  By the
year 2000 all these communities will  have built  treatment facilities  or
interceptors to neighboring facilities to  eliminate the raw discharge.
                                      38

-------
                                                        DECEMBER SI.
                                                        TABLE IS
               1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

      POPULATIONS SERVED BY RAH DISCHARGE
PRESENT AND PROJECTED,  RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
          (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)


STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I DMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
I960
TOTAL
5,890
400
2,718
2,286
23,669
2,889
3,108
595
638
9,740
5,464
965
944
11,418
5,490
2,913
2,363
3,661
4,204
1,125
4,216
5,757
9,258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1,570
799
921
7,564
1,300
17,577
5,874
653
10,797
3,025
2.633
11,867
»47
3,119
690
4,591
14,228
1,461
511
5,346
4,130
1,950
4,705
450
33
110
17
3,197
118
99
230,075
2000
TOTAL
4,140
694
4,357
2,970
26,786
4,371
3,902
841
(94
15,049
7,053
,366
,183
1 ,358
,059
,101
,642
,224
,8%0
,222
,583
6.736
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,379
938
,734
,408
,306
,022
,781
19,683
7,419
690
12,237
3,702
3,209
12,854
1,084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1,963
607
6,755
4,859
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4,700
183
IK
278,888

1980 2000
RES. RES.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0












0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1980
NONRES
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0









0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2000
NONRES
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1980
RES.
4
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
29
8
0
0
4
1
0
0
190
28
98
0
210
3
5
4
1
0
0
0
65
12
0
900
1
0
0
0
0
78
8
7
0
0


1
1
0
98
0
0
0
0
0
86
0
0
1,876
2000
RES.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
TREATMENT *• •* rtKCENI mam
SERVED
1980 2000
NONRES NONRES 1980 2000
0 0 0.1 0.0
0 0 5.2 0.0
0 0 0.0 0.0
0 0 0.0 0.0
0 0 0.0 0.0
000.
000.
000.
000.
25 0 0.
000.
o a o.
000.
000.
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
00
3 0
0 0
27 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 0
0 0
0 0
343 0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.
00 .0
00 .0 .
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0.0
1 0.6 .0
0 0.8 .0
0 0.2 0.0
1 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.2 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 5.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
o o.o o.o
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 2.7 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
0 0.0 0.0
404 0.8 0.0
mm iREAintni mm
PLANTS

1980 2000
>
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
5
0
1
6
1
0
0
4
1
50
0
15
3
10
3
4
0
0
0
14
1
0
18
1
0
2
0
0
36 0
2 0
4 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
1 0
1 0
1 0
28 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
217 0
                 39

-------
                                  TABLE 16

 POPULATIONS SERVED BY FACILITIES DESIGNED FOR LESS THAN SECONDARY TREATMENT
               PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table  16  summarizes 1980  populations  served by  facilities that  treat  the
collected  wastes  to  a  degree  less  than  what   is  defined  as  secondary
treatment and discharge the wastes to surface waters.

Facilities  included in  this  summary  provide primary  or  advanced  primary
treatment   (comminution,   screening,   grit  removal,   etc.)   plus  primary
sedimentation.   Chlorination  may or may  not be  a unit  process.   Advanced
primary treatment  facilities may  provide  some biological  treatment,  but  are
unable  to  treat wastewater  to  the  degree necessary to  comply with  EPA's
definition of secondary treatment.

Also summarized  for each State  and  the  nation  is the  number  of facilities
providing less than secondary treatment.

The terms total  population, resident,  nonresident,  receiving  treatment,  not
receiving  treatment,  and  percent  served  are  defined  in  the  discussion
provided for Table 12.
                                      40

-------
                                                                      DECENIEI  St.
                                                                      TABLE  1*
                                                                                    1*62
                             1*82 NEEDS SURVEY
POPULATIONS SERVED BY FACILITIES DESIGNED FOR LESS THAN SECONDARY  TREATMENT
              PRESENT AND PROJECTED.  RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
                        (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)


STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. Of COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOUA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
HASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MIHNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
»«• POPUL
1*80
TOTAL
3,8*0
400
2,718
2,286
23, tt*
2,88*
3,108
3*5
658
»,740
3,464
965
*44
11,418
5,4*0
2,*13
2,345
3,661
4,204
1,125
4,216
5,737
9,258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1,570
79*
921
7,3t4
1.300
17,577
5,874
655
10,7*7
3.025
2,655
11,867
947
3.11*
690
4,5*1
14,228
1.461
511
5,34t
4.130
1.V50
4,705
450
33
110
17
3.1*7
118
**
230.075

2000
TOTAL
4,140
694
4.357
2,970
26,786
4.371
3,902
841
694
15.04*
7.053
1,566
1,183
12.358
4.059
3,101
2,642
4.224
4.880
1.222
5.583
6,756
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,379
938
1,734
1,408
1,506
*,022
1,781
19,685
7,41*
690
12,237
3.702
3,20*
12.SS4
1.084
3.700
730
5.573
21.000
1,963

4,'s59
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4,700
183
lit
278,888
1*80
RES.
123
130
596
494
8,853
112
332
12
0
103
147
498
123
355
54
726
725
77
424
94
74
2,278
459
178
173
1,495
46
529
17
158
1,355
24
3,7*5
151
10
l,04t
430
33
1,771
280
184
12*
102
452
0
lot
822
1,258
221
1*3
80
1
58
1
1,662
2
53
55,604
2000
RES.
0
317
0
0
9,010
0
0
0
0
0
0
667
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(35
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10,t30
1*80 2000 1*80
NONRES NONRES RES.
11
a
a
5
577 33
1
1
21
0
22
11
43 6
1
1
0
30
4
0
3
26
3
41
3
4
1
342
0
1
0
13
31*
1
949
2
0
4
0
0
107
39
2
2
0
IS
45
14
42
27t
2
78
a
0
11
48
105
11
t
1
34
Sf
20
56
to
1*
392
112
10
tl
58
2
a
0
«4
94
7
235
51
0
74
32
4
138
34
tl
0
35
40 44
00 0
17 0 2*
35 0 10*
538 330 158
a o 57
2* a la
00 0
00 27
a o 21
oo a
0 0 916
00 1
30 8
3,246 740 3,796
2000 1980 2000
RES. NONRES NONRES
a
a
a
a
90
a
0
a
a
a
a
0
0
0
o
a
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
a
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
000
000
000
020
000
a a
a* o
0 0
a o
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
98 29 0
«« PERCENT ««"
SERVED

1980 2000
j.
32.
14.
21.
37.
3.
10.
2.
0.
1.
2 .
51.
13.
JB
0,
24.
30.
2 1
10.
8.
1 1
39.
4,
4.
t.
30.
5 ,
33.
2.
17.
18.
1.
21.
2,
1.
9.
14.
I f
14.
2*.
5 (
18.
2 .
4 f
a.
20.
15.
30.
11.
J.
17.
4.
53.
8.
52.
2.
0.0
45. t
0.0
0.0
33. t
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
48.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0,0
13.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
53.5 0.0
14. t 3.8
«« TREATMENT •»
PLANTS

1*80 2000
24
t
13
173
58
13
*
t
0
*
44 0
10 2
tS 0
122 0
It 0
337 0
154 0
14 0
76 0
It 0
19 0
13 0
41 0
123 0
85 0
245 0
30 0
4* 0
5 0
18 0
67 0
8 0
11* 0
32 0
20 0
at o
1*7 0
5 0
50 0
t 0
74 0
137 0
2* 0
83 0
0 0
21 0
98 0
72 2
45 0
104 0
35 0
2 0
2 0
2 0
27 0
1 0
2 0
3,11* 12
                               41

-------
                                   TABLE  17

           PLANT LOADINGS,  REMOVAL  EFFICIENCIES, AND  DISCHARGE  RATES
                        FOR FACILITIES  EXISTING  IN  1982
             FACILITIES  DESIGNED  FOR  LESS THAN SECONDARY TREATMENT


 Table  17  summarizes the performance  of all  treatment facilities designed  to
 provide  less than secondary treatment.  Information  is  provided as a  total
 for  all  States and U.S. Territories with a  national  total  at the bottom  of
 the  table.

 This  table  is  designed to  estimate  the  quantities of  various pollutants
 accepted  by  a  treatment plant and  the  quantities of these same pollutants  in
 the  effluent.   Quantities  are  given  in   metric  tons  per  day  for all
 parameters.   BOD^  and Solids are  summarized in this  table.   No information
 is given  for nutrient removal  because  these  constituents  are not removed  in
 significant  amounts by this degree of  treatment.

 These  data were  derived from the daily average  flow, daily average influent
 concentrations,  and the daily average  effluent concentrations.  The averages
 are  based on the actual  performance of each individual  treatment  plant for
 the  most  recent  12  month  period  for  which  information could  be  obtained.
 The  values  calculated  for each plant are  summed  into  State  and  national
 totals.   The main source  of  information  for flow and  concentration  values
 was  the   self-monitoring reports  submitted  by  every  facility with a  NPDES
 permit.

 Included  in  this  summary are  plants  designed to provide  primary or advanced
 primary treatment.  Excluded are facilities designed to consistently provide
 secondary or better  degrees  of  treatment,  as well as  any with efficiencies
 less than primary.

 All flows  are  reported  in  thousand cubic meters per day.  The  influent and
 effluent  BOD5 and Solids values are State totals in metric tons per day.

 Table  17  is  an extension of Table  16.  A summary  of  the  projected  year 2000
 performance  of facilities  designed to  provide less than  secondary  treatment
 is given on Table 18.

 Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD,-  or Solids  equal
 to zero,  but still  have a  percent removal calculated.   This is due to the
 influent  and/or  effluent value  being  less than 0.5  metric  tons per day in
which case the value is rounded to zero.
                                      42

-------
                                                                           DECENBEI SI. 1*82
                                                                           TABLE 17
                                 1982  NEEDS SURVEY
             PLANT  LOADIN6S,  REMOVAL  EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                           FOR FACILITIES EXISTING IN 1982
              FACILITIES  DESIGNED  FOR LESS THAN SECONDARY TREATMENT
                               (METRIC TONS PER DAY)

                              ««««it«««ii«««ii«it» REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES «»«««*«»»»ii»««»«

                                                           11*1111 IIII UK SOLIDS • •«»•*•
                                                                                X
                                                           INFLUENT  EFFLUENT  REH.
ACTUAL
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I OH A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEN YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
FLOW
54
108
112
228
4,224
50
218
10
0
52
77
335
115
207
34
386
367
46
lit
87
38
2.147
326
89
121
998
24
317
12
135
801
8
2,976
98
2
<15
177
19
1.333
278
107
54
69
295
0
100
365
887
105
89
49
1
31
2
475
0
17
X
INFLUENT EFFLUENT
9
16
27
62
1,242
12
32
2
0
11
13
50
21
49
5
118
104
12
32
23
8
336
89
30
23
227
3
99
2
27
193
2
392
23
1
113
37
3
227
22
19
16
13
69
Q
22
64
183
30
23
10
0
7
0
124
0
3
5
12
4
10
594
2
18
1
0
3
3
32
4
16
2
38
39
7
10
9
3
233
16
4
4
139
1
76
0
17
108
1
150
3
0
42
7
0
94
13
8
j
5
14
Q

27
104
11
7
2
0
7
0
52
0
3
REM.
49.2
25.1
83.2
83.3
52.1
85.4
45.1
64.0
0.0
75.7
76.8
35.2
78.8
66.3
60.3
67.4
62.3
44.9
68.1
61.7
63.3
30.7
81.4
85.3
83.8
38.6
60.7
22.9
86.7
37.1
44.0
53.3
61.8
86.8
81.8
62.6
81.7
86.1
58.5
41.7
59.7
81 .3
61 .6
78.9
0 0
59ls
'58.2
43.3
63.7
67.0
77.4
3.1
0.0
68.7
57.7
80.0
14.9
U.S. TOTALS
                   20.063
                                4,280
                                          1.975  53.8
10
22
27
59
1.458
12
38
2
0
10
12
48
19
53
3
131
87
17
36
24
6
357
72
24
23
294
3
106
2
29
143
2
362
22
1
108
38
3
299
35
22
15
12
65
0
14
60
197
27
IB
9
0
8
0
105
0
4
5
10
5
27
449
1
12
1
0
2
3
19
5
14
1
33
22
5
12
10
2
183
17
5
8
109
1
43
0
11
57
1
147
3
0
35
9
1
97
14
7
3
4
15
0
6
14
74
7
5
2
0
8
0
31
0
2
45.1
54.3
82.6
54.0
69.1
89.3
69.2
71.6
0.0
74.9
77.3
60.0
72.3
74.3
71.3
74.4
74.5
68.7
66.3
56.1
70.0
48.7
77.0
81.5
65.5
62.9
74.1
59.7
83.3
63.6
60.3
53.2
59.4
85.6
85.0
67.5
75.5
76.9
67.7
58.8
66.3
76.3
65.7
77.1
0.0
58.0
76.4
62.5
73.2
72.5
73.1
4.7
0.0
41.6
70.2
80.0
44.4
                                                             4.553
                                                                        1.558   65.7
NOTES.   1. FLOW IN CUBIC METERS X 1000 PER DAY.  2. SHORT TONS  •  METRIC  TONS  X  0.9072.

         3. SUN OF ENTRIES HAY NOY EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS.
                                            43

-------
                                   TABLE  18

           PLANT LOADINGS,  REMOVAL  EFFICIENCIES, AND  DISCHARGE  RATES
                   FOR  FACILITIES TO  BE IN OPERATION  IN  2000
             FACILITIES DESIGNED FOR  LESS THAN  SECONDARY TREATMENT


 Table  18  summarizes  the  expected  performance  in  the  year  2000  of all
 treatment  facilities  designed to  provide  less  than  secondary treatment
 Information  is  provided as a  total  for  all  States and  U.S. Territories with
 a  national total  at  the bottom of  the table.

 This table is designed to  estimate the quantities of various pollutants that
 will  be received  by  a treatment  plant  and  the  quantities  of  these same
 pollutants that will be in the  effluent in 2000.   Quantities  are  given in
 metric  tons  per day for all  parameters.  BOD, and  Solids are summarized in
 this  table.   No  information   is given  for  ntitrient removal  because these
 constituents  are  not   removed in   significant amounts by  this degree  of
 treatment.

 These data were derived from  the daily  average flow, daily average influent
 concentrations, and  the daily  average effluent concentrations.  The averages
 are based  on the predicted year 2000 situation.   The  values  calculated for
 each plant are  summed  into State and national  totals.

 Included in  this  summary are  plants  designed to provide primary or advanced
 primary treatment.   Such plants  will be allowed  to  exist in  the year 2000
 according to specific  new  provisions  in  the  Clean Water Act.   An example of
 this is  the  ocean  discharge  waivers permitted  by Section 301(h)  allowing
 less than  secondary  facilities  to  discharge  to the  ocean  under  certain
 conditions.   Excluded  are  facilities   designed  to  consistently  provide
 secondary or better degrees of treatment, as well  as  those with efficiencies
 less than primary.

Table 18 is an extension of Tables  16 and 17.

All flows are reported  in  thousand cubic meters per day.  The  influent and
effluent BOD,- and  Solids values are  projected State totals in  metric tons
per day.
                                      44

-------
                                                                          DECEMBER 11,
                                                                          TABLE 18
                                                                                       1982
                                1982 NEEDS SURVEY
             PLANT LOADINGS. REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                     FOR FACILITIES TO BE IN OPERATION IN 2000
               FACILITIES CESIGNED FOR LESS THAN SECONDARY  TREATMENT
                              (METRIC TONS PER DAY)

                             »*K«x««i.<««««*»«x REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES • ••••••«»»«*M*

                                                          ««»K«K«> SOLIDS ««***»•«
                                                                               X
                                                          INFLUENT  EFFLUENT  REM.
PROJECTED
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOUA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
HEM MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
FLOW
0
156
0
0
4,104
0
0
0
0
0
0
405
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
477
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

INFLUENT EFFLUENT
0
23
0
0
1,293
0
0
0
0
0
0
117
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
I
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Q
0
o
0
0
136
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
19
0
0
505
0
0
0
0
0
0
56
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
95
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
X
REN.
0.0
19.9
0.0
0.0
60.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
52.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0 . 0
0.0
0 . 0
0.0
0.0
30.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
31
0
0
1,459
0
0
0
0
0
0
81
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
169
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
0
0
389
0
0
0
0
0
0
45
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
70
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
50.0
0.0
0.0
73.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
44.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
58.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
U.S. TOTALS         5,543       1,568       674  57.0        1,739       519  70.1

NOTES:   1. FLOW IN CUBIC METERS X 1000 PER DAY.  2. SHORT TONS - METRIC TONS X 0.9072.

         3. SUM OF ENTRIES MAY NOY EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS.
                                           45

-------
                                  TABLE 19

                  POPULATIONS SERVED BY SECONDARY TREATMENT
               PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table  19  summarizes  the  1980  populations served  and  the  2000  populations
projected  to  be  served  by  facilities  designed  to   provide  secondary
treatment.   In  general,   this   type  of  facility  includes  some  type  of
preliminary treatment  process  followed by a  biological   process  (trickling
filter,  activated sludge,  rotating  biological   contactor,  etc.)  with  no
additional treatment processes except disinfection.

The 2000  total State population  values reported  are  from estimates provided
by  BEA.   The  1980  total  State  population  values  are  based  on the  1980
populations reported in the April  1981 Report  of the Bureau of Census.   The
Percent  Served  is  a  function  of  the  residents  receiving  treatment  in
relation to the total  State population.

The total population within  the  service area  of an authority  is  the  sum of
persons receiving treatment and  not  receiving  treatment.   Those persons not
receiving treatment reside in the  service area but do  not contribute  to the
treatment facility because they are not on a  sewer system.

Resident  populations   are  permanent  residents  in  the  service  area  of  a
sewerage authority.   Nonresident populations  include commuters living  in one
area  and working  in   another,  as  well as  all   transients,   tourists,  and
seasonal residents.

Also  summarized  for  each State  and  the nation  is  the number  of secondary
facilities in operation in 1982 and the number expected to be operational in
2000.
                                       46

-------
                                                         DECEMBER Jl, 1*12
                                                         TABLE 1*
               1982 NEEDS SURVEY

   POPULATIONS SERVED BY SECONDARY TREATMENT
PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
          (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. Of COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO.
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
«•• POPUL
1*80
TOTAL
3,190
400
2,718
2,286
23,669
2,889
3.108
595
638
9,740
5,464
965
944
11,418
5,490
2,913
2.363
3.661
4,204
1,125
4,216
5,737
9,258
4,077
2,521
4,917
787
1.570
799
921
7.364
1.300
17,577
5,874
653
10,797
3,025
2,633
11,867
947
3,119
690
4,591
14,228
1,461
511
5,346
4,130
1,950
4,705
450
33
110
17
3.197
118
99
230,075
2000
TOTAL
4,140
694
4,357
2,970
26,786
4,371
3,902
841
694
15,049
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
6,059
3,101
2,642
4,224
4,880
1,222
5,583
6,736
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,379
938
1,734
1,408
1,106
9,<)22
1,781
19,683
7,419
690
12,237
3,702
3,209
12,854
1.084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1,963
607
6,755
4,859
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4,700
183
116
278,888
1980 2000 1980 2000
RES. RES. NONRES NONRES
1,541 1,990 8? 163
63 322 2 13
1,610 3,463 50 32
545 1,224 12 2
3,584 6,091 136 427
1,240
1,431
88
0
2,572
2,501
70
266
1,513
918
1,231
945
1,280
2,171
450
497
1,133
366
2,512
1,240
1,980
400
651
231
231
3,830
711
6,514
1.381
421
3,033
1,034
376
4,540
337
869
279
1,420
5,454
1,006
108
729
620
352
923
245
0
7
0
94
7
26
67,609
1.931
2,261
10
0
4,891
1.654
488
514
508
796
1.682
2.202
1.817
4,021
857
288
4,403
4S9
1,103
961
4,935
650
1,565
462
737
5,367
1,170
12,436
1,391
536
1,494
1.996
202
4,236
710
2.015
338
1,414
8,939
0
2.2?!
3,185
1.473
947
423
32
196
2
3,137
70
128
106,417
70
12
30
0
373
107
40
7
1
10
44
12
40
65
57
98
9

15
7
329
30
13
18
33
623
9
1,280
172
0
8
1
19
261
8
190
7
30
104
181
18
59
53
16
24
15
0
0
Q
0
o
0
4.817
129
35
51
0
588
63
155
33
5
15
63
20
45
99
124
317
147
19
11
11
1.183
34
21
32
154
1,253
14
3,089
262
1
9
10
11
684
67
291
4
13
"i
29
138
363
22
80
25
1
3
0
0
2
3
10,611
««« NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT ««
1980 2000 1980 2000
RES. RES. NONRES NONRES
209 42
17 14
108 39
23 0
192 5
10
624
31
0
1,110
390
39
33
11
43
53
60
214
155
149
98
512
110
103
174
90
11
26
2
130
436
68
1,434
697
0
272
69
55
491
212
310
1
420
274
16
41
86
58
67
57
1
0
j
Q
175
33
22
10,049
0
337
0
0
265
77
0
0
Q
1
1
0

0

21
520
66
11
45
1
0
0
0
162
86
2
538
312
0
4
18
Q
98
69
65
0
46
I
50
24
65
5
13
Q
2
12
Q
745
39
7









o
30
o
o
o
1
1
2
33
1
o
1
o
o
o
o
10
44
o
41

o
11
o
1
o
o
o
o
0
0
0
3
o
13
0
o
Q
o
n
Q
g

0
225















Q
53
Q
o
o
o
o
o
o
19
6
Q
0
14
0
0






0
4
0
3
0
0
0
Q

o

D
0
Q

0
Q
103
                                                            «« PERCENT null «« TREATMENT «•
                                                                SERVED         PLANTS
                                                              1980  2000
                                                                             1980   2000
                                                                                192
                                                                                 37
                                                                                 31
                                                                                 60
                                                                                158
                                                                                222
                                                                                 66
                                                                                  8
                                                                                  0
                                                                                101
                                                                                294
                                                                                 14
                                                                                 38
                                                                                295
                                                                                175
                                                                                322
                                                                                224
                                                                                154
                                                                                209
                                                                                 76
                                                                                 71
                                                                                 76
                                                                                145
                                                                                343
                                                                                219
                                                                                287
                                                                                 87
                                                                                267
                                                                                 12
                                                                                 44
                                                                                132
                                                                                 41
                                                                                206
                                                                                406
                                                                                234
                                                                                278
                                                                                144
                                                                                 69
                                                                                321
                                                                                 12
                                                                                143
                                                                                 91
                                                                                157
                                                                                 53
                                                                                 79
                                                                                134
                                                                                 7»
                                                                                250
                                                                                 55
                                                                                  0
                                                                                  2
                                                                                  0
                                                                                  5
                                                                                  4
                                                                                  3
                                                                             7.946  Hi
 221
 119
  83
 128
 218
 237
  51
   4
   0
  95
 250
  34
 105
 407
 142
 703
 349
 146
 316
 155
  7S
  94
 196
 399
 221
 576
 130
 273
  21
  93
  71
  66
 521
 254
 256
 154
 327
  6*
 714
  19
 157
 221
  16
,512
   0
  62
 201
 290
 402
 276
  84
   1
   3
   1
  26
  16
   5
 756
                 47

-------
                                  TABLE 20

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                       FOR FACILITIES EXISTING IN 1982
             FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SECONDARY TREATMENT


Table 20 summarizes  the  performance  of  all  treatment facilities designed to
provide  secondary treatment.   Information  is provided  for all  States  and
U.S. Territories with a national total at the bottom of the table.

This  table  provides  estimates  of  the  total  quantity of  BOD^  and  Solids
accepted by  treatment plants  within the  State  and  the  total  quantity of
these same pollutants in  the effluent.  Quantities  are given in metric tons
per  day for  these  parameters.   Quantities  of  nutrients  removed are  not
summarized in this  table  because,  by definition,  secondary treatment plants
do not have the capability for nutrient removal.

These data were  derived  from the  daily average  flow and  the  daily average
influent and  effluent BODr  and  Solids concentrations.   The  averages  are
based on the  actual  performances  of each individual  treatment plant during
the  most recent  12  month  period  for which  information could  be obtained.
The  values  calculated for  each plant  are  summed  into State  and national
totals.   The  main source of information  for flow and  concentration  values
was  the  self-monitoring  reports submitted by  every facility with  an  NPDES
permit.

Included in this summary  are plants designed to provide secondary treatment.
Excluded are  facilities  designed to  consistently  provide  less than,  or
better than,  secondary treatment.

Table 20 is an extension of  Table  19.  A summary of  the projected year 2000
performance of secondary  facilities is given in Table 21.

All flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD5 or Solids  equal
to zero, but  still  have  a percent removal  calculated.   This is  due to  the
influent and/or effluent  value  being less than 0.5  metric tons  per day in
which case  the value is  rounded to zero.
                                      48

-------
                                                                             DECEMBER 31,
                                                                             TABLE 20

                                  1182 NEEDS SURVEY
              PLANT LOADINGS.  RENOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE  RATES
                            FOR FACILITIES EXISTING IN 1982
                 FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SECONDARY TREATMENT
                                (NETRIC TONS PER DAY)

                               «»»ititiiii««iHi«iiii*it RENOVAL EFFICIENCIES *»«itit«it«»itit»ititiiit
                                                                                          1*82

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAHARE
DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAUAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I OH A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
HASHINGTON
HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
HYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
ACTUAL
FLOH
920
44
(44
333
1.651
543
1,015
3(
0
2.832
1.591
43
1(4
1,107
1,485
(95
411
714
977
279
391
773
220
1.309
595
1.130
219
317
101
1(8
2,158
284
4. (19
925
13(
2,028
421
383
2, (81
200
590
125
1.144
2.737
(77
(3
4(7
410
1(2
556
122
0
2
0
41
0

                               ««v««ii«iiii BODS K»««IHHI«»
                                                    X
                               INFLUENT  EFFLUENT  REN.
155
7
122
78
454
130
1(1
12
0
472
317
10
47
1((
271
259
8(
110
191
59
103
147
38
324
119
223
41
75
20
40
709
58
593
197
32
420
88
89
435
5C
170
33
413
573
101
12
113
85
34
142
24
0
0
0
12
0
1
18
2
15
10
44
13
19
1
0
47
44
1
3
19
25
28
11
34
30
7
29
31
5
41
It
45
7
6
3
5
394
10
125
20
3
120
11
10
(7
(
40
3
47
57
13
1
8
9
11
14
7
0
0
0
2
0
0
88.1
79.1
87. (
87.0
90.3
89.7
88.3
92.8
0.0
90.1
86.0
87.9
93.9
88. (
90.9
89.1
87. (
(8.9
84.1
87.5
72.0
78.9
86.1
87.3
86.7
79.7
83.3
88.7
86.5
88.2
44.5
82.9
76.8
89.7
92.0
71.3
87. (
88. (
84.5
87.2
76.2
89.7
88.5
90.0
8(.9
89.5
92. (
89.1
(9.0
90.0
72.5
0.0
92.5
0.0
85.9
87.2
84.9
«lll)«*lt«v SOLIDS *»»»«««»
                      %
INFLUENT  EFFLUENT   REN.
154
7
13(
77
475
118
1(4
10
0
510
295
10
4(
207
294
209
91
140
201
73
110
1(5
43
398
133
2(9
34
76
22
34
800
(2
(39
201
30
544
85
89
527
37
124
30
4(5
5(9
102
15
106
81
35
115
25
0
0
0
12
0
1
27
2
15
14
48
13
39
2
0
(1
74
1
3
22
19
31
12
31
37
11
25
33
4
42
23
44
7
9
3
4
3(7
9
127
26
4
M*
12
16
9(
11
27
3
70
ft
1
14
9
7
12
7
0
0
0
2
0
0
82.3
77.2
88.9
81.2
89.9
88.5
76.5
77.5
0.0
87.9
74.8
89.0
94.0
89.2
93.4
85.1
B(.4
78.0
81.4
84.4
76.8
79.8
90.2
89.4
82.7
83.7
79.3
88.3
87.7
88.9
54.1
85.4
80.1
87.1
86.1
79.3
85.8
81.8
81. (
(9.9
78.0
89.3
84.9
84. (
8S.3
91.4
87.1
88.3
80.8
89. (
73.0
0.0
9(.0
0.0
87.2
82.0
85.0
U.S. TOTALS         41.(71        8.(23     1,539  82.1         9.197     l.(93  81.5

NOTES:   1. FLOH  IN CUBIC  METERS X 1000 PER DAY.  2. SHORT  TONS . METRIC TONS X 0.9072.

         3. SUM OF  ENTRIES MAY NOY EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO  ROUND-OFFS.
                                               49

-------
                                  TABLE 21

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                      FOR FACILITIES PROJECTED FOR 2000
             FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SECONDARY TREATMENT
Table  21   summarizes  the  expected performance  in  the  year 2000  of  all
treatment  facilities  designed  to provide secondary  treatment.   Information
is provided for all States and U.S. Territories with a national  total at the
bottom of the table.

This table  provides an estimate of  the total quantity  of BOD,-  and Solids
that will  be received by  treatment  plants within  the State and  the  total
quantity of  these  same  pollutants  that will  be in  the  effluent in  2000.
Quantities  are  given  in  metric  tons  per day   for  these   parameters.
Quantities of nutrients removed are not summarized in this table because, by
definition,  secondary treatment plants  do  not  have the  capability  for
nutrient removal.

These data were derived  from the  daily  average  flow and  the daily  average
influent and effluent BOD5  and Solids  concentrations.   The averages  are
based on the predicted year 2000 situation.   The values  calculated for each
plant are summed into State and national  totals.

Included in this summary  are plants designed to provide secondary treatment.
Excluded  are facilities  designed  to  consistently  provide   less  than,  or
greater than, secondary treatment.

Table 21 is an extension  of Tables  19 and 20.

All flows are reported in thousand  cubic-meters per day.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD5  or  Solids  equal
to zero, but still  have  a percent  removal  calculated.  This is  due to the
influent and/or effluent  value being less  than  0.5 metric tons  per day in
which case the value is rounded to  zero.
                                      50

-------
                                                                        DECEMBER 11,
                                                                        TABLE 21
                                                                                     1*82
                             1*82 NEEDS SURVEY
          PUNT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND  DISCHARGE  KATES
                      FOR FACILITIES PROJECTED FOR  2000
             FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SECONDARY  TREATMENT
                           (METRIC TONS PER DAY)
                          *»»*»x*7
13
30
f
21
114
It
2*2
10
5
24
22
8
82
1*
36
4
15
89
0
40
55
22
20
f
1
3
g
18

2
1.927
PER DAY.
Bt.O
84.2
St. 8
87.5
8*.*
88.2
84.*
87.7
0.0
86.0
86.1
87.1
89.7
85.0
85.9
92.1
87.8
86.7
86.7
87.1
88.9
85.2
85.8
90.5
85.1
St. 8
81. f
91.5
85.8
90.2
90.5
85.7
81.5
88.4
90.2
8*. 8
89.6
90.6
85.2
88.0
88.4
87.*
90.' 2
0.0
85.1
Sf .4
87. *
85.2
86.8
86 . 1
90.9
85 . 0
85,7
8*. 2
87 . 3
87. *7
87. f
2. SI


UENT
5*
f
18
18
**
27
47
0
0
81
11
7
10
7
If
12
17
11
fl
If
a
115
f
If
17
>7
11
30
f
21
114
It
2*2
10
5
24
22
8
82
1*
If
4
15
89
0
3
40
55
22
20
f
1
1
0
18
1
2
cnuvAL tf
*
REN.
St.O
84.2
St. 8
87.5
8*.*
88.2
84.*
87.7
0.0
86.0
86.1
87.1
8*. 7
85.0
85. *
92.1
87.8
86.7
86.7
87.1
88.*
85.2
85. 8
90.5
85.1
St. 8
81. f
*1.5
85.8
90.2
90.5
85.7
81.5
88.4
90.2
8*. 8
89.6
90.6
85.2
88.0
88.4
87.*
90.' 2
0.0
85.1
St. 4
87.*
85.2
St. 8
86.1
90.9
85.0
85.7
8*. 2
87.3
87.7
•rikienbies

INFLUENT
426
40
282
146
8*7
214
324
4
0
til
210
52
102
56
124
128
118
281
488
167
ft
869
48
If*
lit
771
81
151
42
187
1,22*
114
1.9J2
240
51
266
222
81
602
141
271
10
915
0
2!
2**
44f
155
If*
45
4
22
0
117
7
14

SOLIDS Mm
EFFLUENT
to
*
40
1*
100
27
47
0
0
81
34
7
10
7
If
1*
41
15
68
21
*
14*
f
1*
1*
104
17
12
t
21
113
17
2*2
11
f
2f
12
12
82
1*
37
4
56
114
j
40
56
22
21
S
1
1
0
18
1
2

X
REH.
85. f
S4.1
85.9
Bt.7
88.8
87.1
85. f
88.1
0.0
87.1
81.8
87.0
90.2
86.8
86.8
BB.l
87. B
87.5
86.0
87.5
86.0
82.8
St. 5
88.5
81.5
St. 5
79.6
90.9
84.*
88.8
»0.7
85. 5
84.8
87.1
88.1
90.3
85.4
85.6
86.5
St.l
86.5
Bt.l
90.8
87.5
0 0
85.2
86.4
87.1
85.5
87.5
81.1
BO.O
86.7
65.7
87.*
87.3
8S.B
     1.  SUM OF ENTRIES MAY NOY ECUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS.
                                       51

-------
                                  TABLE 22

       NUMBER OF PLANTS PROJECTED FOR SECONDARY TREATMENT BY YEAR 2000
                      (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)


Table 22  is  a  flow summary for all secondary  treatment  plants  projected to
be  in operation by  the year  2000.   In general, this type of treatment plant
includes some type of preliminary treatment process followed by a biological
process (trickling  filter, activated  sludge,  rotating biological contactor,
etc.) with no additional  treatment processes except disinfection.  A summary
is  provided  for  each   State   and  U.S.  Territory.   National  totals  are
summarized at the bottom of the table.

In  the  second  column the  total  number  of  projected  secondary  treatment
plants  in  each  State  is  reported.    Column  three   represents  the  total
wastewater treatment capacity of the plant in thousand cubic meters per day.
The projected  design  flow for  each  plant was  used to  calculate  the  total
treatment capacity value.

Subsequent columns  provide a breakdown  of the State  totals  into seven flow
ranges.    The  ranges  specified  in  the  column  headings  are  reported  in
thousand cubic meters per  day  and,  in parentheses  beneath the  headings, in
million gallons  per day.  Reported for each  flow  range are the  number of
plants  in  the range  and  the  percentage  of the  total  State  secondary
treatment capacity that is accounted for by each flow range.

Included in this summary  are  all secondary plants in operation in 1982 which
will  not   be abandoned  or  upgraded  between  1982  and   2000,  primary  and
advanced primary plants which will  be  upgraded to secondary before 2000, and
new secondary plants which will be constructed prior to 2000.

Some  column  entries will  be found which list a  value  for  the number of
plants but show zero for Total  Design Flow  or Percent of Flow.   This occurs
when the  design  flow  value is  less  than  0.5  or  the  percent value  is less
than 0.05; in these cases the value is rounded to zero.
                                      52

-------
                                                                                                   DECEMBER  St.
                                                                                                   TABLE  22
                                                         1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                                  NUMBER OF  PLANTS PROJECTED FOR SECONDARY TREATMENT BY YEAR  2000

                                                  (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOM)




STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMIK'C
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS



TOTAL
PLANTS
221
119
83
128
218
237
58
4
0
55
250
34
105
407
142
703
349
146
386
155
75
94
196
399
221
576
130
273
21
93
78
66
528
254
256
154
327
69
714
19
157
221
86
1,582
0
62
201
290
402
276
84
1
3
1
26
16
5


TOTAL
DESIGN
FLOW
1.961
196
1.271
606
3.348
886
1.633
13
0
2.709
1.051
225
331
237
545
1.063
1.241
1,171
2.102
608
263
3,830
218
645
565
3.249
429
996
203
700
3,814
541
9,850
1,020
198
825
951
254
2,748
649
1,212
126
1,160
4,210
0
111
1.346
1,820
747
65ci
210
£3
94
0
1,268
28
51

0-.4 .401-1.9 1.901-4 4.001-19 19.001-40 40.001-190 190.001*
(0-.10) (.11-. 50) (.51-1.05) (1.06-5.01) (5.02-10.56) (10.57-50.19) (50.2*)
X X X X X X X
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FLOW
49 0.6 100 5.0 26 4.1 31 14.2 5 6.0 9 32.3 I 37.4
•7 6.5 13 5.6 6 8.5 11 44.5 2 34.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
13 0.2 44 3.1 10 2.2 8 5.3 2 4.2 5 40.2 1 44.6
60 2.0 39 6.0 11 4.7 11 17.8 2 12.4 5 56.6 0 0.0
*« 0.2 60 1.7 28 2.4 45 11.9 19 16. 19 38.1 3 29.3
80 '•» 83 6.4 28 8.9 37 30.2 5 17. 4 33.0 0 0.0
2 0.0 6 0.4 5 0.9 23 15.3 13 26. 8 43.1 I 13.9
1 1.1 2 13.3 0 0.0 1 85.5 00. 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 00. 0 0.0 0 0.0
* 0.0 17 0.4 3 0.3 13 5.8 44. 6 12.8 6 76.0
72 1.5 106 9.7 35 9.2 29 24.6 38. 5 46.6 0 0.0
2 0.2 6 5.0 8 9.5 13 54.9 3 30. 0 0.0 0 0.0
17 2.5 40 11. 11 8.4 13 35.3 3 22. 1 19.4 0 0.0
224 20.9 169 59. 12 14.1 2 5.2 00. 0 0.0 0 0.0
53 2.2 56 9. 11 6.2 15 25.2 4 20. 3 36.4 0 0.0
483 7.8 175 13. 15 3.7 19 12.6 5 12. 6 49.5 0 0.0
"2 2.3 138 10. 24 4.7 30 21.3 11 24. 3 20.4 1 15.8
5* 1-2 56 4. 8 2.0 11 6.7 37. 5 25.0 2 53.3
141 1.4 1J2 5. 45 6.1 50 20.2 9 10. 7 24.6 2 31.4
47 !•* 54 8. 17 7.6 31 39.2 29. 4 33.2 0 0.0
3* 2.5 26 9. 6 7.1 6 20.7 1 11. 2 48.2 0 0.0
* °-° 21 0. 14 1.0 33 8.6 64. 8 21.3 4 63.8
»1 '• *4 34. 12 14.8 6 25.4 1 15. 0 0.0 0 0.0
239 7. 118 16. 19 6.0 16 20.2 4 17. 3 30.6 0 0.0
106 3. 67 10. 22 10.9 20 28.3 5 27. 1 19.6 0 0.0
282 I- 162 4. 66 5.7 47 13.6 86. 8 27.3 3 39.8
56 2. 42 8. 15 9.4 9 15.3 4 26. 2 37.0 0 0.0
150 2. 81 6. 16 4.4 19 15.8 39. 3 33.5 1 26.5
81. 7 3.7 0 0.0 4 12.8 1 12. 1 69.5 0 0.0
1» 0. 36 5.3 10 3.8 22 27.6 2 9.0 3 25.1 I 28.1
1 O'O 12 0.3 7 0.6 28 7.3 12 9.3 15 32.7 3 49.6
27 0.8 13 2.4 11 6.6 10 15.1 4 21.3 0 0.0 1 53.5
170 0.3 191 1.7 63 1.8 57 5.2 18 5.1 14 11.3 15 74.2
11* 1- 73 6.8 22 6.3 29 26.6 10 27.1 4 31.5 0 0.0
204 12- 40 15.0 4 5.4 4 14.6 4 51.8 0 0.0 0 0.0
*' 1- " 6.5 16 5.1 19 21.1 3 8.7 0 0.0 1 55.0
1*1 2. 120 11.0 31 9.3 27 22.5 6 17.6 I 12.5 1 23.6
}0 2. 27 10.7 6 6.6 5 20.3 0 0.0 1 59.5 0 0.0
292 2. 25* 8.4 70 7.2 61 25.3 9 8.9 4 11.9 2 35.8
,J 0.1 2 0.4 1 0.4 7 11.8 1 6.0 3 34.4 1 46.6
iff i\:\ K ,J:f >f J:S *? IS:,' 'j 'j.-j j »j:j j •••
•H >:! 44i iM ,« ,:? »K &* 2| }f:| ,g ,j:5 * »:j
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 00
26 5.2 22 17.9 7 18.6 7 58.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 000
*7 1-1 66 6.7 17 3.7 18 10.3 3 5.6 10 72.3 0 0.0
•1 1-0 110 5.6 27 4.1 53 28.5 10 15.1 8 30.4 1 14.9
141 4.4 194 25. 2 43 15.9 18 16.0 4 IS. 5 2 24.8 0 00
'35 4.0 95 13.5 19 7.5 21 30.2 3 13.7 3 30.8 0 0.0
*$ 2-7 20 8.8 5 6.5 13 69.3 1 12.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 99.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 4.2 0 0.0 2 95.7 0 00
0 0.0 1 99.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 00
0 0.0 1 0.0 5 1.1 7 3.9 4 9.7 8 63.5 I 21.4
4 3.4 7 16.5 3 32.0 2 47.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 0.0 1 1.7 0 0.0 3 55.6 1 42.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
U.S. TOTALS       11.756  66,234   5,146   1.4   3,881   S.4   1.015   4.S   1,178  15.7     262  11.2

NOTES]  1. FLOH RANGE VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000. (APPROXIMATE N6D IN PARENTHESES).

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOW IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.
220  26.9
               54  34.8
                                                         53

-------
                                  TABLE 23

 NUMBER OF NEW SECONDARY TREATMENT PLANTS TO BE BUILT BETWEEN 1982 AND 2000
                      (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)


Table 23 is a flow summary for all new secondary treatment plants which will
be  constructed  between  1982 and  2000.   In  general, this  type  of treatment
plant  includes  some  type  of  preliminary  treatment  process  followed by  a
biological process  (trickling  filter,  activated  sludge,  rotating biological
contactor, etc.) with no additional treatment processes except disinfection.
A summary  is  provided for  each  State  and U.S. Territory.   National  totals
are summarized at the bottom of the table.

In  the second  column  the total number of new  secondary  treatment plants to
be constructed in each State is reported.  Column three represents the total
wastewater treatment  capacity  of  the  plants  in  thousand cubic  meters  per
day.  The  projected design flow  for  each  plant  was  used to calculate  the
total treatment capacity value.

Subsequent columns  provide  a breakdown  of  the State totals  into seven flow
ranges.   The   ranges  specified  in  the column   headings  are  reported  in
thousand cubic meters per  day  and, in  parentheses beneath the  headings, in
million gallons  per day.   Reported  for each  flow  range are the  number of
plants in the range and the percentage  of the  State  secondary capacity that
is accounted for by each flow range.

Included in this summary are entirely new secondary plants which are planned
to be constructed by the year 2000.  Excluded are secondary plants that were
operational in 1982 and any primary or advanced primary plants planned to be
upgraded to secondary treatment.

Some  column  entries will  be  found which  list a  value for  the  number of
plants but show zero for Total Design  Flow or  Percent of Flow.   This  occurs
when  the  design  flow  value is less  than 0.5  or  the  percent value is less
than 0.05; in these cases the value is  rounded to zero.
                                      54

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER 31. 1982
                                                                                                  TABLE 23
                                                        1»82 NEEDS SURVEY

                             NUMBER OF NEW SECONDARY TREATMENT PLANTS TO BE BUILT BETNEEN 1*82 AND 2000

                                                 (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLON)
   STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAHARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAUAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOUA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEU HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEU MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
0-.4
TOTAL
PLANTS
»7
7*
44
34
tO
15
5
2
0
25
73
20
It
135
47
UO
It
60
147
73
24
24
87
t4
»3
1<2
12
7
9
41
11
24
317
83
»
41
48
18
47*
5
47
.1!
0
14
83
103
308
to
11
0
0
1
2
11
0
TOTAL
DESIGN
FLOW
8(4
88
tt
8
nt
88
50
!2
u
147
70
71
14
it
15
21
S3
424
533
59
10
100
50
17
56
505
11
0
4
49
170
13
1.422
189
0
15
50
t,
4ti
15
129
5?!
0
5
347
142
298
41
17
0
0
0
41
9
0
(0-.
PLANTS
41
4}
8
31
30
9
1
1
0
5
37
2
9
114
37
ISt
11
52
97
39
19
4
49
54
72
14<
10
7
t
14
0
20
153
57
9
31
37
15
257
'!
15
t47
0
10
41
52
12t
42
»
0
0
0
0
4
0
10)
X
FLOH
1.2
10.4
l.t
47.5
3.4
l.t
0.1
1.3
0.0
0.4
11.8
O.t
12.0
St. 4
48.4
8t.O
2.7
2.8
3.7
14.0
32. t
0.5
24.0
49.4
18.9
4.3
It. 7
99.9
35.4
t.7
0.0
24.1
2.3
4.1
99.9
42.9
12.5
51.5
12.2
3.7
2.5
30.4
>.:i
0.0
3t.3
2.4
8.1
9.7
13.8
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.7
0.0
.401-1.9
(.11-. 50)
X
PLANTS
42
t
33
3
20
1
1
0
0
14
28
5
4
20
10
4
3
24
48
28
4
4
34
9
It
20
1
0
3
20
4
3
123
17
0
10
7
3
172
21
12
148
0
4
33
42
147
15
1
0
0
1
0
5
0
FLOH
3.7
5.5
43.7
32.4
9.8
O.t
1.3
0.0
0.0
t.9
2t.9
9.9
27.9
38.0
51.5
13.9
3.9
4.1
7.5
41.4
4t.3
10.9
54. t
39.5
21.4
3.5
4.1
0.0
44.5
35.7
2.5
13.9
4.8
7.1
0.0
57.0
10.0
48.4
30.9
0.0
It. 3
49.5
20.5
21.5
0.0
43.4
9.0
25.9
45.4
29.0
3.8
0.0
0.0
99.9
0.0
24.5
0.0
PLANTS AND PERCENT OF FLOH BY F10H RANEE
1.901-4 4.001-19 19.001-40
(.51-1.05)
X
PLANTS
5
1
2
0
4
2
0
0
0
0
t
t
1
1
0
0
0
1
9
3
1
2
4
1
1
5
0
0
0
3
1
3
17
2
0
0
1
0
27
0
2
0
2?
0
0
3
4
28
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
FLOH
1.8
2.4
7.4
0.0
5.5
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
21. t
22. t
17.7
5.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
4.2
It. 2
21.0
4.t
19.2
11.0
t.7
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
It. 3
1.7
41. 8
3.3
3.0
0.0
0.0
7.4
0.0
15.7
0.0
3.5
0.0
10.9
10. t
0.0
0.0
2.4
4.2
25.2
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.0
22.0
0.0
(1.04-5.01)
X
PLANTS
8
5
3
0
3
1
2
1
0
4
2
7
1
0
0
0
0
0
9
3
0
8
0
0
4
7
1
0
0
4
2
0
15
5
0
0
2
0
22
2
4
0
2
11
0
0
2
4
t
2
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
FLOH
8.2
38. t
44.9
0.0
9.t
5.4
38.3
98. t
0.0
35.2
39.5
44.7
42.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
14.9
28.2
0.0
54.4
0.0
0.0
52.8
14.9
79.1
0.0
0.0
41.2
10.1
0.0
8.3
22.8
0.0
0.0
23.4
0.0
54.7
9t.2
30.5
0.0
20. t
21.4
0.0
0.0
t.S
27.7
11.9
50. t
92.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
41.8
0.0
(5.02-10.54)
X
PLANTS
0
1
0
0
2
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
3
0
5
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
c
0
FLOH
0.0
42.9
0.0
0.0
30.9
34.0
to.i
0.0
0.0
18.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
93.3
t.O
7.4
0.0
0.0
27.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
54.1
0.0
9.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
4t.4
0.0
4.2
0.0
4t.9
0.0
41.2
4.1
0.0
0.0
t.S
0.0
7.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
90.9
0.0
0.0
40.001-190
(10.57-50.19)
tt
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
40.5
53.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
38. t
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10. t
24.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
49.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
31.4
0.0
8.4
42.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
25.1
0.0
0.0
73.0
31.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
190.001*
(50.2*)
«
PLANTS
1
0
0
0






0
0
0
0
o
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FLOH
84.9
0.0
0 .0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
75.7
37.2
0.0
0.0
0 .0
0.0
0. 0
0 .0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0. 0
0.0
0.0
0.0
tl.l
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
HASHINGTON
HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
HYOtlNS
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS        4,240   7,428   2,t79   t.4   1.181   13.0      172    t.O      154   17.0       30

NOTES.  1. FLOH RANGE VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER  DAY  X  1000.  (APPROXIMATE NGD  IN  PARENTHESES).

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOH IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.
10.t
                         5  27.8
                                                        55

-------
                                  TABLE 24

               DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW SECONDARY
                     TREATMENT FACILITIES, BY PLANT SIZE
Table 24  summarizes  the projected cost,  reported  as January  1982  dollars,
for the construction of  new secondary treatment plants to be  built between
1982 and 2000.  Table 24 is a direct  extension of Table 23.

The  summary   indicates  a  total  dollar  need  per  State  for  new  secondary
facilities.   The  State totals  are  broken down  into  dollar  needs by  flow
range.  The dollar needs for each individual  plant  are included in the total
for the flow range shown for that plant's projected design capacity.
                                       56

-------
                                                                                                   DECEMBER  31,
                                                                                                   TABLE 24

                                                          1982  NEEDS SURVEY

                          DOLLAR NEEDS FOR  CONSTRUCTION OF MEM  SECONDARY  TREATMENT  FACILITIES. BY PLANT SIZE

                                                      (THOUSANDS  OF  1*82  DOLLARS)
CUBIC METERS PER DAY X lOOOl
(MILLION GALLONS PER DAY)

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
. 1ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
t OF
PLANTS
»7
76
46
34
60
15
5
2
0
25
73
20
15
135
47
160
16
60
167
73
24
24
87
64
93
182
12
7
41
11
26
317
83
9
41
48
18
479
47
12
32
830
0
14
83
103
308
60
11
0
Q
1
2
11
0
STATE
NEEDS
66,770
87,207
46,554
6,356
222,951
10,018
31,394
7,836
0
122,641
48,324
90,890
9,030
57,578
23,257
35,268
25,600
117,620
277,020
54,516
11,356
69,523
53,792
28,556
34,694
295,050
8,164
671
5,565
77,392
205,344
15,636
1,333,519
90,538
367
17,127
25,590
7,158
447,368
15,270
48,570
3,671
22,753
382,622
Q
7,677
96,063
93,645
269,275
45,106
1,286
0
n
1,520
2,936
19,366
0
0-.40
(0-.10)

NEEDS
10,955
32,152
2,431
5,671
10,162
1,719
307
384
o
1,049
7,566
830
2,706
38,239
13.244
32,857
1,462
15.120
19.177
18.868
5.476
896
15,467
16,333
10,884
25,890
2,129
671
2.134
12.592
0
3,814
43,768
9,316
367
9,451
6,193
4,158
72,123
1,315
3,714
1,763
5,041
131,748
3,227
10,836
16,180
40,785
10,278
994
0
0
0
0
3.965
0
.401-1.9
(.11-. 50)

NEEDS
23.869
11/036
23.258
665
17,543
504
307
0
g
8/424
11.849
8.691
3,072
16,717
10,013
2, '31
926
15,410
24,960
31,956
5,860
12,437
32,540
12,223
6,519
10,067
432
Q
3,431
34,467
5,659
1,785
92,664
13,495
o
7,676
3,042
3.000
146,046
0
13,867
1,908
9,769
100,887
0
4,450
29,827
42,250
149,940
14,154
292
0
0
1,520
0
5.107
0
1.901-4.0 4.001-1* 1*. 001-40
(.51-1.05) (1.06-5.01) (5.02-10.56)

NEEDS
11.088
0
3.733
A
12.966
3.211
0
0
0
0
10.764
25.056
2.26*
2,622
0
o
0
941
16.676
3.6*2
0
4,967
5.785
Q
798
6.090
0
g
0
10,969
3,429
10.037
40,832
3,309
Q
0
0
0
78,339
0
4,374
4,47?
37,6*6
0
0
5,970
10.662
59.017
1.838
0
0
0
g
2.936
1.659
0

NEEDS
20.577
25,654
17.132
14.873
3,534
11,430
7,452
0
33,637
18,145
56.313
983
0
o
Q
0
0
40,661
0
0
59.414
0
Q
16,493
54,284
5,603
0
0
19,364
11.700
0
108,436
19,355
0
0
2/*22
0
141,671
13,955
7,645
3,063
65,075
0
0
11,153
19,143
19,533
18,836
0
0
0
0
0
6,615
0

NEEDS
0
18/365
0
24.255
0
19.350
0
0
26,390
0
0
0
0
Q
g
23,212
8,402
17,475
0
0
11.809
19.87
0
0
65,400
0
46,766
0
0
0
13,433
0
9,189
0
18,950
0
383
6,668
0
0
10.430
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
40.001-190 190.001*
(10.57-50.1*) (50. 2+)

NEEDS
0
0
0
0
143,152
1,050
0
0
0
53,141
0
0
0
0
g

0
0
22,511
61,437
0
0
0
0
0
0
178.840
0
0
II
0
98,954
0
56,077
45,063
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
40,746
0
0
27,847
5,410


0
0
0

NEEDS
261
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
55.236
96,614
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
942,974
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
U.S. TOTALS
                    4,240
                              5,098,220
                                             666,427
                                                          977,245
                                                                       166,202
                                                                                   •56.671
                                                                                                362,356
                                                                                                             734,232
                                                                                                                        1.095,087
                                                        57

-------
                                  TABLE 25

NUMBER OF FACILITIES AND REASONS FOR TREATMENT MORE STRINGENT THAN SECONDARY
                         FACILITIES IN THE YEAR 2000


Table 25 is a summary of the number of treatment facilities required to have
treatment levels more  stringent  than  secondary.  This  summary  includes  all
those plants  existent in  1982  treating wastes  to  these levels  plus  those
required to be constructed or upgraded to this level between 1982 and 2000.

The second column  lists  by State the total number  of  treatment plants that
will be  operational  in 2000.  The third  column lists  the  number  of plants
that will  have  to  provide  treatment  more stringent  than secondary.   The
remaining columns describe  the  reasons  these  plants must  provide  treatment
more stringent than secondary.   The headings for these  remaining columns  are
self-explanatory.

It  should  be  noted  that  more  than one reason  is  possible for any single
treatment plant  being required  to provide treatment  more stringent  than
secondary.   Therefore, the  total  number of all  reasons does not  equal  the
number of more stringent  than secondary  plants for all  States.
                                      58

-------
                                                                                                   DECEMBER It, M 82
                                                                                                   TAILS 23

                                                         1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                            NUHBER OF FACILITIES AND REASONS FOR  TREATMENT  MORE  STRINGENT  THAN SECONDARY

                                                    FACILITIES IN THE  YEAR  2000

                                                ««»»««.*»l.»tEASONS FOR TREATMENT LEVEL  BEING MORE STRINGENT THAN SECONDAIY»».ll»»ll
 STATE
  TOTAL         NUMBER
NUMBER OF      REQUIRING
TREATMENT    MORE STRINGENT
FACILITIES     TREATMENT
EPA-APPROVED  STATE FEDERAL DISCHARGE  STATE OR FEDERAL
HATER QUALITY COURT  COURT    PERMIT     ENFORCEMENT    VOLUNTARY     STATE
    PLAN      ORDER  ORDER  CONDITIONS      ORDER       COMPLIANCE  CERTIFICATE  OTHER
 ALABAMA
 ALASKA
 ARIZONA
 ARKANSAS
 CALIFORNIA
 COLORADO
 CONNECTICUT
 DELAWARE
 DIST. OF COLUN.
 FLORIDA
 GEORGIA
 HAHAII
 IDAHO
 ILLINOIS
 INDIANA
 IOHA
 KANSAS
 KENTUCKY
 LOUISIANA
 MAINE
 MARYLAND
 MASSACHUSETTS
 MICHIGAN
 MINNESOTA
 MISSISSIPPI
 MISSOURI
 MONTANA
 NEBRASKA
 NEVADA
 NEW HAMPSHIRE
 NEU JERSEY
 NEW MEXICO
 NEW YORK
 NORTH CAROLINA
 NORTH DAKOTA
 OHIO
 OKLAHOMA
 OREGON
 PENNSYLVANIA
 RHODE ISLAND

 !8UTH CDiK§TANA

 JfSSf"
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 HASHINGTON
 WEST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN
 HVOHING
 AMERICAN SAMOA
 GUAM
 N. MARIANAS
 PUERTO RICO
 PAC. TR. TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
    170
    484

    2*1
    103
     22
      1
    31*
    428
     44
    205
    857
    531
    813
    583
    385
    444
    20*
    281
    148
    48*
    377
    504
    *32
    181
    4*5
     71
    142
    154
    1*0
    8*4
    *32
    2*5
    790
    584
    231
 1.241
     25


 2.11?
    178
    102
    307
    337

    «23
    112
     1

     3
    31
    21
     5

21.027
                                     1
                                     I
                                     2
                                     3
                                     5
                                    14
                                     t
                                     2
                                     0
                                    10
                                    2»
                                     2
                                     4
                                     2
                                    45
                                     (
                                     0
                                    13
                                     1
                                     0
                                   120
                                    15
                                    25
                                    20
                                     4
                                     0
                                     0
                                     0
                                     3
                                     1
                                     2
                                     0
                                     »
                                    28
                                     0
                                   152
                                     »
                                    75
                                    *5

                                    17

                                   I)
                                     2
                                     1
                                    17
                                     1
                                    51
                                     7
                                     1
                                     0
                                     2
                                     0
                                     0
                                     0
                                     0
               4*
                0
                0
                0
                0
                       1
                                             2
                                 *.*2»
                                                              123
                                                                      41
                                                                                            1*2
                                                                                                          12
  57
   0
   0
 2*2
   t
   4
   7
   1
   0
 127
  74
   0
   2
 114
  24
  7*
   5
 142
  25
  12
   1
  10
  15
   «
205
  20
   1
   0
   1
  5
  10
  «
235
223
  0
 S3
 12
  0
 »4
  2
                                                                       (3
                                                                       85
                                                                       12
                                                                       1*
                                                                       13
                                                                        0
                                                                       12
                                                                       »»
                                                                        S
                                                                        0
                                                                        0
                                                                        2
                                                                        2
                                                                        3
                                                                        0

                                                                    2.21t
                                                        59

-------
                                  TABLE 26

             POPULATIONS SERVED BY ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT
               PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table  26  summarizes the  1980  populations served  and the  2000  populations
projected to be served by  facilities  designed  to provide advanced secondary
treatment.  The treatment  levels  attained by  advanced  secondary plants are
defined in  terms  of the effluent BODr  concentration and/or the  removal  of
the  nutrients  phosphorus   (as PO,)  and/or   ammonia  (NH~).   A  plant  is
considered  to  be  advanced  secondary  in  design  if  it?  is  capable  of
consistently producing an effluent with a BOD5 concentration in the range of
24  to  10 mg/1  and/or  it  has  specific processes  which remove  phosphorus
and/or  ammonia  in  excess  of   the  amounts  normally  removed  by  secondary
treatment.

The 2000 total State population values  reported  are from estimates provided
by BEA.  The 1980  population values  are based on those reported in the April
1981 Report of  the  Bureau of  Census.   The Percent Served  is  a  function of
the residents receiving treatment in  relation  to the total  State population
estimated by BEA.

The total population within  the service area of an authority  is  the  sum of
persons receiving treatment  and not  receiving  treatment.  Those  persons not
receiving treatment reside in the service  area but  do  not contribute  to the
treatment facility because they are  not on a  sewer system.

Resident  populations  are  permanent  residents  in  the  service   area  of  a
sewerage authority.   Nonresident populations  include commuters  living  in one
area and  working  in  another,  as well  as  all   transients,  tourists,  and
seasonal residents.
                                      60

-------
                                                          DECEHBEI SI,
                                                          TABLE 2«
                                                                       1*82
                1982 NEEDS SURVEY

POPULATIONS SERVED BY ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT
 PRESENT AND PROJECTED, RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
           (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISS-PPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEX'.S
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
EUAN
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
HXW rurwi
1980
TOTAL
3,890
400
2,718
2,266
23.669
2.869
1.106
595
638
9.740
5.464
965
944
11,418
5,490
2,913
2,363
3,661
4.204
1,125
4,216
5,737
9.258
4.077
2,521
4,917
787
1.578
799
921
7.364
1.300
17,577
5,674
653
10,797
3,025
2,633
11,667
947
3,119
690
4,591
14,228
1,461
511
5,346
4.130
1,950
4,705
450
33
110
17
3,197
118
99
230.075
,M 1 AUfl N**N
2000
TOTAL
4,140
694
4,357
2,970
26,786
4.371
3.902
641
694
15.049
7,053
1,366
1.183
12,358
6,059
3,101
2,642
4,224
4.880
1.222
5,583
6,736
10.314
4,505
2,740
5,379
938
1.734
1.408
1.306
9,022
1,781
19,683
7,419
690
12,237
3,702
3,209
12,854
1,084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1,963
607
6.755
4.659
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4.700
183
116
278,888
»WI,» Kc
1980
RES.
450
7
12
226
4,186
1.333
116
385
744
1.855
520
28
81
7,982
2,564
139
79
388
143
15
1,542
379
5,622
247
SO
142
10
0
431
1
686
6
1,991
663
0
3,981
306
938
2,587
10
261
36
632
4,945
1.183
430
164
2.172
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
50.853
bfclVlHG T
2000
RES.
1.427
26
2
1.059
5,935
2,110
645
795
0
2.740
3.919
8
255
11.552
4,111
1.133
164
1,363
560
10
3,072
774
7,395
2.435
1.260
357
32
0
703
55
1.607
99
4.163
1,662
0
8,638
735
2,582
7.416
211
832
293
2,6 = 5
9,7911
1,797
U7
1,538
71
438
3,687
176
0
0
28
105
28
0
102.471
KtAIHENl
1980
NONRES
7
0
0
15
116
109
16
40
1.898
296
15
2
0
32
235
1
0
19
26
o
15
2
77
0
2
12
1
0
71
0
75
12
140
2
0
22
0
16
157
0
87
36
54
7
5
209
44
0
44
o
0
o
g
0
0
o
3.939
2000
NONRES
66
1
I
37
197
426
9
357
0
440
154
4
8
42
469
64
0
52
6

55
27
145
21
6
24
1
0
83

159
21
729
132
0
50
0
58
503
4
104
131
188
308
34
294
35
2
66
Q
0
o
2
0
2
o
5,559
««« NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT ««
1980 2000 1960 2000
RES. RES. NONRES NONRES
103 17 0 0
1000
Q A n n
7
249
3
116
35
o
209
147
0
27
94
167
3
g
62
2

253
147
530
(
7
56
Q
g

g
61
0
447
252
o
253
10
232
461
12
94
0
360
142
224
41
148
0
o
0
0
o
A
0
5.234
5
10
0
139
20
0
64
162
0
7
12
22
0
0
162
o

52
146
227
43
72
0
0
0
0
1 2
70
34
217
353
0
22
Q
0
146
93
38
215
2
• 0
27
27

22
0
0

0
26
0
0
2.500
0
o
0
o
0
0
o
o
o
0
0
15
0
0
0
0

0
0
2
0
0
0
o
0
0
0

0
0
Q
5
0
Q
0
o
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
2
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
37
0
0
0
o
0
0
I
0
o
0
0
o
0
0
0
0

0
0
3
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
Q
4
0
g
0
g
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
19
                                                             «« PERCENT ««» "« TREATMENT Kit
                                                                 SERVED         PLANTS
                                                               I960   2000
                                                                              1980    2000
21
3
3
42
62
15
21
6
1
102
43
6
4
320
160
19
4
52
12
2
51
16
122
23
20
12
1
0
8
1
22
3
103
48
0
294
19
97
248
2
20
5
44
245
I
52
4
17
137
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2.529
116
3
2
315
63
22
25
13
0
160
167
1
9
438
384
104
6
234
35
10
186
29
180
84
272
40
1
0
5
7
53
a
203
225
0
533
29
119
487
6
112
15
181
392
137
32
74
5
62
229
4
0
0
2
5
3
0
5.649
                 61

-------
                                  TABLE 27

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                     FOR FACILITIES IN OPERATION IN 1982
         FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT


Table 27 summarizes the  performance of  all  treatment  facilities designed to
provide  advanced  secondary  treatment.   Information  is  provided  for  all
States  and  U.S.  Territories  with a  national  total  at  the  bottom  of  the
table.

This table provides an estimate of the  total  quantity of various pollutants
accepted by  treatment plants  within  the  State and  the total  quantity  of
these same pollutants in the effluent.   Quantities  are given  in metric tons
per  day for  BOD& and  Solids.    Information  is also  provided  on  nutrient
removal capabilities.

Plants with Removal Capability are facilities with a specific  requirement to
remove the listed nutrient.  For instance, some phosphorus is  removed in all
treatment  plants.   However,  only plants  specifically  designed to  remove
phosphorus are  reported  in this  category.   Reported  for  each  nutrient  are
the  total  number  of  plants  with this  removal  capability  and the  total
average daily flow received  by these  plants.   Also given is  the percentage
of the total  State flow the plants represent.

These data were  derived  from the daily average flow and  the  daily average
influent and  effluent pollutant  concentrations.  The averages  are  based on
the actual performances  of each  individual treatment  plant during  the most
recent 12 month period for which  information  could  be obtained.  The values
calculated for  each  plant  are summed  into State and  national  totals.   The
main  source   of  information  for  flow  and  concentration values  was  the
self-monitoring reports  submitted by  every facility with an NPDES permit.

Table 27 is an extension of Table 26.   A  summary of the projected year 2000
performance of all advanced secondary  facilities is given in Table 28.

Total  Flow  is the  sum  of  the actual  average  daily  flows  treated  by  all
facilities  within  the  State  designed  to   provide   advanced  secondary
treatment.

All flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Some States may show influent and/or  effluent values of BOD5 or Solids equal
to zero, but  still have a percent removal  calculated.  This  is  due  to  the
influent and/or effluent value being  less  than 0.5 metric tons  per  day in
which case the value is  rounded to zero.
                                      62

-------
                                                                                DECEMBER 31,  1*82
                                                                                TABLE 27
                                      1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                   PLANT  LOADINGS,  REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                             FOR FACILITIES IN OPERATION IN 1982
                 FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT
                                     (METRIC TONS PER DAY)
STATE
ALABAilA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
NOTESl
ACTUAL
FLOW
359
7
4
106
1,903
663
72
275
1,169
964
312
15
70
6.702
2.076
69
42
234
57
12
831
280
4,312
195
34
126
4
0
271
0
1.204
3
1.374
456
0
2,709
120
722
1,417
5
157
16
564
2.793
104
15
633
266
81
1.642
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
35.494
1. FLOWS
•«*«•««« Kcnui
«*lt*MII BODS
INF. EFF.
51
1
1
23
560
140
13
43
174
163
61
3
16
925
339
25
6
40
13
2
141
38
1,186
48
5
31
0
0
54
0
254
0
237
95
0
470
24
122
288
1
40
3
103
667
14
2
106
51
17
407
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7,030
IN CUBIC
4
0
0
1
21
11
1
7
2
12
8
0
0
59
29
1
0
3
0
0
38
4
78
1
0
0
0
0
4
0
17
0
31
6
0
59
2
10
32
0
4
51
J
0
6
2
1
24
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
582
At CffJCJfcNClf
X
REN. INF.
92.2
88.9
78.0
93.7
96.1
91.7
69.8
83.1
98.6
92.3
65.6
93.2
97.3
93.5 1
91.1
9S.2
91.3
91.6
94.2
75.0
72.8
87.0
93.4 2
96.2
91.2
98.1
85.0
0.0
92.6
89.4
92.9
84.7
86.6
91.2
0.0
67.2
90.6
91.1
88.6
81.6
87.9
97.0
73.8
92.3
85.4
94.5
93.6
94.9
69.6
93.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
91.7 6
METERS X 1000
55
1
1
21
593
160
16
49
188
170
6C
2
18
,222
443
27
9
37
11
2
151
54
,217
32
5
25
0
0
59
0
238
1
238
80
0
734
27
136
317
1
29
727
16
2
too
57
17
417
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9C5
2.
"•IDS 	 ««« PHOSPHORUS ««» •» NH3 NITROGEN «« «... TOTAL N «»»»•
* • * TOT. * X TOT. « )t TOT.
EFF. REN. PLANTS FLOW FLOW PLANTS FLOW FLOW PLANTS FLOW FLOW
6
0
0
2
25
11
1
14
10
20
9
0
0
65
47
1
0
4
1
0
26
4
113
1
0
0
0
0
3
0
22
0
29
12
0
70
2
10
53
0
4
0
30
89
1
0
8
2
2
24
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
742
METRIC
68.5
85.3
72.7
87.7
95.7
92.6
93.6
70.8
94.4
87.7
83.6
92.4
96.3
94.6
89.2
94.4
95.1
69.1
83.5
82.6
82.4
91.7
94.6
95.6
85.3
96.9
90.6
0.0
94.6
89.4
90.6
88.7
87.7
83.6
0.0
90.3
90.1
92.5
83.0
84.3
85.2
96.3
73.5
87.7
90.0
94.6
92.0
96.1
86.2
94.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.7
0.0
91.6
TONS X
0
0
0
0
5
5
3
1
1
8
10
0
0
29
55
0
0
0
0
1
5
3
114
16
1
0
0
0
2
0
3
1
24
2
0
45
4
1
82
1
1
0
0
5
0
6
6
1
1
61
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
505
.9072
0
0
0
0
315
6
26
1
1.169
120
60
0
0
245
1,123
0
0
0
0
0
666
13
4.299
172
0
0
0
0
242
0
14
2
735
5
0
950
66
51
597
3
4
0
2?
0
4
112
122
4
1.558
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12.745
• SHORT
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.5
0.9
36.1
0.5
100.0
12.5
19.3
0.0
0.0
3.6
54.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.5
62.5
4.9
99.6
88.6
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
69.0
0.0
1.1
67.0
53.5
1.2
0.0
35.0
54.8
7.1
42.1
62.1
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
28.0
17.7
42.2
5.9
94.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
35.9
TONS
15
0
0
0
8
6
1
1
1
6
21
0
0
40
15
IS
0
42
0
0
3
3
14
1
9
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
8
IB
0
68
5
1
117
0
IS
32
43
0
0
2
1
4
41
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
561

326
0
0
0
623
29
0
3
1.169
132
166
0
0
4,895
1.057
60
0
182
0
0
4
59
384
13
25
96
0
0
90
0
10
0
74
163
0
399
70
30
480
0
144
10
522
124
0
0
115
1
13
131
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11,636

90.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
32.7
4.4
0.9
1.3
100.0
13.7
53.4
0.0
0.0
73.0
50.8
66.5
0.0
77.6
0.0
0.0
0.5
21.3
8.9
6.7
73.4
74.7
0.0
0.0
33.4
0.0
0.8
0.0
5.3
40.1
0.0
14.7
57.9
4.2
33.8
0.0
91.5
61.5
92.7
4.4
0 .0
0.0
18.2
0.4
17.0
7.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
32.7

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Q
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0 0
o'.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0*0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

3. SUM OF ENTRIES MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS

4. FACILITIES WITH ZERO DISCHARGE OR RAW DISCHARGE ARE NOT INCLUDED
                                      63

-------
                                  TABLE 28

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                  FOR FACILITIES TO BE IN OPERATION IN 2000
         FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT
Table  28  summarizes  the  expected  performance  in  the  year  2000  of  all
treatment  facilities   designed   to   provide  advanced  secondary  treatment.
Information is provided for all  States  and  U.S.  Territories  with a national
total at the bottom of the table.

This table provides an estimate  of  the  total  quantity  of various pollutants
that will  be  received by  treatment plants  within the  State and  the  total
quantity of these same pollutants that  will  be  in  the  effluent.  Quantities
are given  in metric tons  per  day for BOD,- and Solids.   Information  is also
provided on nutrient removal  capabilities.

Plants with Removal  Capability are facilities with a  specific requirement to
remove the listed nutrient.  For instance, some phosphorus is removed in all
treatment  plants.   However,  only  plants  specifically  designed  to  remove
phosphorus are  reported  in this  category.   Reported for each  nutrient are
the  total  number  of   plants  with  this  removal  capability  and  the  total
average daily flow  received  by  these plants.  Also  given  is the percentage
of the total State flow the plants represent.

These data were  derived  from the daily average  flow and the  daily  average
influent and effluent  pollutant  concentrations.   The averages  are based on
the predicted year 2000 situation.  The values calculated for each plant are
summed into State and national totals.

Table 28 is an extension of Tables 26 and 27.

Total Flow is the sum  of  the  average daily flows to be  treated in the year
2000 by  all  facilities within  the  State that  will  be  designed  to  provide
advanced secondary treatment.

All flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values  of BOD5 or Solids equal
to zero,  but  still  have a percent  removal  calculated.   This  is  due to the
influent and/or  effluent  value  being less  than  0.5  metric  tons  per day in
which case the value is rounded to zero.
                                       64

-------
                                                                               DECEMBER  SI.
                                                                               TABLE  28
                                     1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                  PLANT  LOADINGS,  REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE  RATES
                         FOR FACILITIES TO BE IN OPERATION IN 2000
                FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT
                                    (METRIC TONS PER DAY)

PROJECTED
STATE FLOW
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEM JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
NASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
NOTES I
1,047
15
2
499
2.831
1,05*
970
568
0
1,516
2,37}
11
160
12,081
1,558
681
101
79»
255
9
1,7*1
610
6,572
1.645
711
195
10
0
512
44
691
51
5,661
1,404
0
5.905
348
1,517
5,217
175
513
166
2,099
5,215
1,242
131
925
76
241
3.126
96
0
0
19
38
8
0
73.073
1. FLOWS
X
INF. EFF. DEM.
209 16 92.2
2 0 88.8
0 0 93.8
120 5 95.5
840 41 95.0
2*4 22 90.2
77 6 91.6
132 8 93.4
0 0 0.0
313 30 90.3
496 36 92.5
2 0 92.0
33 3 89.5
1.931 135 92.
706 47 93.
148 10 92.
23 1 95.
163 12 92.
57 3 93.
3 0 93.
388 44 88.
122 9 91.
1,248 159 87.
457 22 95.
148 9 93.
55 2 96.
1 G 87.
0 0 0.0
68 5 92.2
9 0 92.2
206 16 92.2
10 0 91.1
751 77 89.7
377 20 94.4
0 0 0.0
1,212 90 92.5
77 4 93.7
364 23 93.5
1,110 97 91.2
46 2 94.5
153 9 94.0
52 2 94.2
578 37 93.4
1,325 52 96.0
244 14 93.8
28 2 90.2
218 17 92.1
10 0 91.4
«9 3 95. 5
740 82 88.9
20 2 85.8
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
2 0 85.1
9 0 91.9
1 0 85.5
0 0 0.0
15,611 1,198 92.3
IN CUBIC METERS X
HHKHHW auk* U9 r**rr*rm m*m rnwarnwn V9 »« KK nn * nil nuocn "« nwftit IUIAI n ma mm*
X » X TOT. 1 X TOT. t X TOT.
INF. EFF. REN. PLANTS FLOW FLOW PLANTS FLOW FLOW PLANTS FLOW FLOW
210
2
0
110
888
253
73
130
0
319
481
2
34
2,756
806
153
18
172
S3
3
348
133
1,784
505
144
40
1
0
6B
1C
201
13
809
320
0
1,343
84
348
1,269
44
105
49
468
1,322
278
25
203
11
«6
783
21
0
0
2
8
1
0
17.297
1000 2.
30 85. t 0 0 0.0 101 921 87.9 0 0.0
0 87.2 0 0 0.0 00 0.0 0 0.0
0 91. 1 0 1.5 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
7 93. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
38 95. 4 273 9.6 10 943 33.3 0 0.0
22 90. 5 36 3.4 14 330 31.1 0 0.0
5 92. 12 296 79.8 10 254 68.5 0 0.0
11 91. 3 «0 10.7 2 15 2.« 0 0.0
00. 0 0 0.0 00 0.0 0 0.0
33 89. 7 239 15.7 89 611 40.3 0 0.0
62 87. 23 402 16.9 130 1.996 84.1 0 0.0
0 92. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
4 at. 4 33 21.0 3 28 17.5 0 0.0
191 93. 47 596 4.9 105 9,664 79.9 0 0.0
47 94. 85 1,903 53.4 60 2,309 64.9 0 0.0
15 89. 0 0.0 97 <28 91.8 0 0.0
1 93. 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
19 88. 1 0.0 229 724 90.6 0 0.0
5 90. 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
0 93. 8 96.1 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
43 87. 18 1,439 82.5 12 127 7.3 0 0.0
9 92. 16 372 61.0 10 148 24.3 0 0.0
170 90. 173 6,557 99.7 30 848 12.9 0 0.0
47 90. 48 329 20.0 10 1,323 80.4 0 0.0
19 86. 2 1 0.1 200 560 78.7 0 0.0
2 93. 0 0 0.0 1 113 58.0 0 0.0
0 89. 0 0 0.0 1 10 100.0 0 0.0
00. 0 0 0.0 00 0.0 0 0.0
2 96. 2 492 96.0 1 151 29.5 0 0.0
0 93. 3 34 76.2 5 42 96.1 0 0.0
17 91. 12 132 14.8 28 458 51.4 0 0.0
1 89. 3 11 22.1 1 0 1.1 0 0.0
84 89. 56 2,763 75.4 47 512 13.9 0 0.0
40 87. 7 47 3.3 141 1,098 78.2 0 0.0
00. 00 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0
101 92. 135 4.198 71.0 288 3,860 65.3 0 0.0
8 90. 4 134 38.6 13 241 69.4 0 0.0
23 93. 1 56 3.7 1 36 2.4 0 0.0
125 90. 207 1,373 26.3 343 1,682 32.2 0 0.0
3 92. 2 6 3.4 3 164 93.8 0 0.0
11 86. 15 151 29.5 67 434 84.5 0 0.0
3 93. 0 0 0.0 11 156 93.6 0 0 0.0
49 89. 11 2 0.1 167 2,075 98.8 0 0 0.0
78 94. 7 43 0.8 49 974 18.6 0 0 0.0
1? 95. 0 0 0.0 2 19 1.5 0 0 0.0
2 89. 24 97 74.4 13 50 38.7 0 0 0.0
17 91. 9 35 3.8 2 20 2.2 0 0 0.0
1 89. 0 0.0 2 16 21.1 0 0 0.0
3 95. 2 3.5 23 128 53.0 0 0 0.0
79 89. 75 2,64 84.6 101 619 19.8 0 0 0.0
2 87. 0 0.0 4 96 100.0 0 0 0.0
00. 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
00. 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 85. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 90. 1 16 41.9 3 18 47.2 0 0 0.0
0 85. 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
1,465 91.5 1,033 24,805 33.9 2,429 34,422 47.1 0 0 0.0
METRIC TONS X .9072 • SHORT TONS
3. SUM OF ENTRIES HAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS

4. FACILITIES WITH ZERO DISCHARGE OR RAH DISCHARGE ARE NOT INCLUDED
                                               65

-------
                                   TABLE  29

   NUMBER OF PLANTS  PROJECTED  FOR  ADVANCED SECONDARY  TREATMENT  BY  YEAR  2000
                       (BY  TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN  FLOW)


 Table  29  is a  flow summary  for all  advanced  secondary  treatment  plants
 projected  to  be  in  operation  by  the year  2000.   The  treatment  levels
 attained by advanced secondary plants are defined  in  terms of the  effluent
 BODc  concentration  and/or the removal of the nutrients phosphorus  (as  PO.)
 and/or  ammonia (NH-).   A  plant  is  considered  to be  advanced secondary in
 design  if it is  capable of consistently producing  an  effluent  with a  BODC
 concentration  in  the  range  of 24  to  10 mg/1 and/or it has specific processes
 which  remove phosphorus  and/or  ammonia in  excess  of  the  amounts  normally
 removed  by secondary treatment.    A  summary  is  provided for each State and
 U.S. Territory.   National totals are summarized at the  bottom  of  the table.

 In  the  second column   the  total  number  of  projected advanced secondary
 treatment plants  in  each  State  is  reported.  Column  three  represents the
 total wastewater  treatment capacity  of the plants  in  thousand cubic meters
 per day.   The projected  design flow for each  plant was  used to calculate the
 total treatment capacity value.

 Subsequent  columns  provide  a  breakdown of the  State  totals into seven flow
 ranges.   The  ranges  specified   in  the  column  headings   are reported  in
 thousand  cubic meters per day and,  in parentheses  beneath  the headings, in
 million  gallons  per day.   Reported  for  each flow  range  are  the number of
 plants in  the range and  the percentage of the total  State advanced secondary
 treatment  capacity that  is accounted for by each flow range.

 Included  in  this  summary are  advanced  secondary plants  in  operation in 1982
which will  not be  abandoned  or  upgraded  between  1982 and 2000;  primary,
advanced  primary, and secondary  plants which will  be  upgraded  to advanced
 secondary  levels  before  2000;  and new advanced secondary plants  which will
be constructed prior to 2000.
Some  column  entries will  be found  which  list  a  value for  the n
plants but show zero for Total  Design  Flow or Percent of Flow.   Thi
when  the  design  flow value  is  less  than 0.5  or the percent value
than 0.05; in these cases the value is rounded to zero.
  number of
This occurs
    is less
                                      66

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER SI,
                                                                                                  TABLE 2*
                                                                                                               1*82
                                                        1182 NEEDS SURVEY

                             NUMBER OF PLANTS PROJECTED FOR ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT BY YEAR 2000

                                                 (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)


TOTAL
TOTAL DESIGN
PLANTS FLOW
IK 1.0*7
3 15
2 2
315 499
43 2,811
22 1.059
2S 570
13 5*8
0 0
ltd 1,516
167 2,373
1 11
9 UO
438 12,081
384 3.558
104 (84
6 101
234 799
35 255
10 *
188 1,743
2* MO
180 (.572
84 1.645
272 711
40 195
1 10
0 0
5 512
7 44
53 891
8 51
203 3. (61
225 1.404
0 0
533 5,905
29 348
119 1,517
487 5.217
« 175
112 513
15 U6
181 2,099
392 5.215
137 1.242
32 131
74 925
5 78
82 241
229 3.126
4 96
0 0
0 0
2 19
5 38
3 8
0 0

0-.4
CO-. 101
X
PLANTS FLOH
29 .7
0 .0
1 .5
194 .9
0 .0
3 .0
0 .0
1 .0
0 .0
16 .2
26 .2
0 .0
1 .1
54 .1
140 .8
14 .4
0 .0
93 .7
7 .6
6 .1
112 .0
1 .0
6 .0
19 .2
174 .0
17 .2
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1 .6
1 .0
0 .0
SO .2
129 0.9
0 0.0
199 0.6
4 0.2
14 0.2
105 0.4
1 0.1
52 2.0
2 0.2
42 0.4
«9 0.3
74 1.1
4 0.5
18 0.3
0 0.0
32 3.0
57 0.4
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 8.0

.401-1.9
(.11-. 50
X
PLANTS FLOI
31 2.1
1 7.
0 0.
76 12.
9 0.
2 0.
5 1.
1 0.
0 0.
69 4.
54 1.
0 0.
1 0.
148 1.
141 3.
40 6.
1 0.
73 7.
6 2.
2 13.
40 2.
t 1.
40 0.
36 Z.I
65 7.
14 t.
0 0.
0 0.
1 0.
3 7.
7 1.
4 4.
55 1.
33 1.
0 0.
lit 2.<
6 2.
47 3.
176 3.
0 0.
29 6.'
3 1.
58 2.
147 2.1
31 2..
13 9.
26 2..
2 3..
28 12.
76 2.<
1 D.<
0 0.1
0 O.I
C O.I
0 O.I
2 30.1
0 O.I

1.901-4 4.001-19 19.001-40 40.001-190 190.001+
(.51-1.05) (1.06-5.01) (5.02-10.56) (10.57-50.19) (50.2+)
X X X X X
1 PLANTS FLON PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
1 12 3.0 35 29.5 5 13.7 3 28.2 1 21.6
! 0 0.0 2 92.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
1 98.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
14 7.8 26 42.2 4 21.5 1 9.0 0 0.0
t 0.6 21 7.8 10 9.7 14 41.2 3 40.2
1 0.2 12 10.7 1 2.0 2 20.5 1 66.0
4 2.8 9 21.2 4 29.9 3 44.2 0 0.0
6 3.2 2 4.1 0 0.0 2 24.6 1 67.6
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
25 4.5 33 19.2 7 12.5 10 58.8 0 0.0
21 2.4 39 15.2 14 16.5 12 47.5 1 15.9
0 0.0 1 99.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
2 3.5 2 6.2 1 14.1 2 75.2 0 0.0
69 1.6 113 8.3 23 5.6 26 15.9 5 66.9
26 2.0 53 14.1 4 3.0 It 37.4 4 38.8
19 7.7 24 28.1 4 15.3 3 41.8 0 0.0
1 3.7 3 21.3 0 0.0 1 74.3 0 0.0
23 7.5 42 53.6 1 2.8 2 25.2 0 0.0
4 4.6 13 47.6 5 44. » 0 0.0 0 0.0
1 20.3 1 57.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
12 1.9 11 6.4 6 10.1 5 15.8 2 62.1
4 1.9 11 16.5 3 13.4 3 32.0 1 34.7
r 41 1.7 64 8.3 10 4.2 14 21.4 5 63.3
) 11 1.7 12 5.6 2 3.4 3 20.1 1 66.7
r 12 4.6 15 21.8 4 18.1 1 7.3 1 36.1
r 2 2.8 5 18.4 1 11.6 1 58.0 0 0.0
) 0.0 1 99.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
) 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
! 0.0 2 3.6 0 0.0 1 29.5 1 66.5
! 5.2 1 18.2 1 68.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
! 2.7 29 33.8 4 13.0 3 17.2 1 31.8
1 5.1 2 30.7 1 59.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
r 25 1.9 44 10.9 13 10.4 12 26.0 4 48.7
» 16 3.3 24 19.0 13 26.5 10 48.1 0 0.0
) 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
\ 39 1.7 72 11.7 27 12.0 24 30.8 6 40.5
! 3 2.4 10 32.5 3 19.5 3 42.9 0 0.0
) 15 2.8 29 19.2 8 16.2 5 33.0 1 24. »
5 68 3.6 104 18.3 22 10.9 8 13.4 4 49.5
) 0 0.0 2 5.9 1 20.9 2 72.9 0 0.0
t 8 4.7 14 23.8 8 43.1 I 19.8 0 0.0
2 4.5 t 28.7 0 0.0 2 64.6 0 0.0
I 26 3.3 40 17.4 6 7.5 7 25.2 2 45. 2
72 3.8 69 11.8 15 7.3 13 18.7 7 55.0
7 1.5 IS 11.1 4 9.5 5 47.5 1 26.8
> 4 8.9 10 66.5 1 14.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
) 7 2.4 13 13.1 4 12.1 !/ 40.6 1 28.6
! 0 0.0 1 19.7 2 76.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
8 9.9 12 37.3 0 0.0 2 37.4 0 0.0
> 43 4.0 33 10.4 t 4.4 11 28.8 3 49.3
t 0 0.0 2 2B.7 0 0.0 1 70.8 0 0.0
1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
I 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
) 0 0.0 2 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
1 9.8 4 90.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
1 0 0.0 1 69.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
) 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
   STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEN JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEN YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TEX"?!""
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
HASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
NYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS        5.849  73.073   1.768   0.4   1,775   2.3     671   2.5   1,091  13.8     248

NOTES:  1. FIOH RANGE VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000. (APPROXIMATE MSD IN PARENTHESES).

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOH IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.
239  26.5
                                                         67

-------
                                   TABLE  30

               NUMBER OF NEW ADVANCED  SECONDARY  TREATMENT  PLANTS
                       TO BE BUILT  BETWEEN 1982  AND  2000
                       (BY TOTAL  PROJECTED DESIGN  FLOW)


 Table  30 is a flow  summary for  all  new  advanced secondary treatment plants
 which  will  be constructed  between  1982  and  2000.   The  treatment levels
 attained by advanced secondary plants are  defined  in terms of the  effluent
 with a  BOD.  concentration and/or the  removal of the nutrients phosphorus  (as
 P04) and/or ammonia (NH~).  A plant  is  considered  to be advanced secondary
 in  design  if it is  capable of consistently  producing  an effluent with a BODC
 concentration  in  the  range of 24 to 10 mg/1 and/or  it has specific processel
 which  remove  phosphorus  and/or  ammonia  in  excess  of the  amounts  normally
 removed  by secondary treatment.   A  summary is provided  for  each  State  and
 U.S. Territory.   National  totals are  summarized at  the bottom of the table.

 In  the  second  column  the total  number of  new  advanced  secondary  treatment
 plants to be constructed  in each State is reported.  Column three represents
 the  total  wastewater  treatment  capacity of the  plants  in  thousand  cubic
 meters  per  day.   The  projected  design  flow   for  each   plant  was  used  to
 calculate the  total treatment capacity value.

 Subsequent  columns  provide a breakdown of the  State  totals  into  seven  flow
 ranges.   The  ranges  specified  in  the  column  headings are  reported  in
 thousand cubic meters  per day  and, in parentheses  beneath  the  headings,  in
 million  gallons  per day.   Reported  for  each  flow  range are the  number  of
 plants  in  the  range and  the  percentage  of the  State   advanced  secondary
 treatment capacity that is accounted for by each flow range.

 Included in  this  summary  are entirely new  advanced  secondary  plants  which
 are  planned to be constructed  by the  year 2000.   Excluded are  advanced
 secondary  plants   that  were operational   in   1982  and  primary,   advanced
 primary, and secondary  plants  planned to be upgraded to  advanced  secondary
 treatment by the year 2000.

 Some column  entries  will  be found  which  list a  value   for  the number  of
 plants  but show zero for Total Design  Flow  or  Percent of  Flow.   This occurs
when the design  flow value  is  less  than 0.5  or  the percent value  is  less
 than 0.05;  in these cases the value is rounded  to  zero.
                                      68

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER SI•  1*82
                                                                                                  TABLE SO
                                                        1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                        NUMBER OF NEH ADVANCED SECONDARY TREATMENT PLANTS TO BE BUILT BETWEEN 1912 AND 2000

                                                 (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)
   STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARI20NA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAHARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAHAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TOTAL
PLANTS
S7
0
0
169
2
1
1
0
0
89
54
0
2
28
1S6
2
2
99
10
7
113
6
15
1
180
14
0
0
0
S
11
0
81
57
0
135
1
14
147
0
64
0
48
104
91
4
16
0
52
9
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
TOTAL
DESIGN
FLOH
60
0
0
64
87
0
9
0
0
169
165
0
6
113
67
7
17
66
28
S
47
111
274
1
105
6
0
0
0
10
99
0
252
236
0
194
20
31
188
0
65
0
46
690
43
8
164
0
56
22
0
0
0
9
0
2
0
0-.
(0-.
PLANTS
22
0
0
154
0
1
0
0
0
16
18
0
0
16
106
1
0
66
5
5
95
1
5
0
155
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
42
32
0
92
C
8
56
0
48
2°7
51
70
2
4
0
SO
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
10)
X
FLOW
9.S
0.0
0.0
37.7
0.0
99.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5
2.7
0.0
0.0
2.9
SO. 5
1.6
0.0
21.5
3.9
18.2
33.1
0.1
0.4
0.0
22.4
28.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.2
2.6
0.0
10.8
0.0
5.4
7.2
0.0
14.4
13.'°
1.7
32.0
5.3
0.5
0.0
11.8
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.401-1.9 1.901-4 4.001-19 19.001-40 40.001-190
(.11-. 50) (.51-1.05) (1.06-5.01) (5.02-10.56) (10.57-50.19)
X X X X X
PLANTS
10
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
0
54
22
0
1
8
24
0
0
26
2
1
14
2
6
1
19
4
0
0
0
2
2
0
25
15
0
34
0
5
65
0
12
0
lo
41
18
0
6
0
14
2
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
FLOH
12.7
0.0
0.0
11.8
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
SO.)
8.1
0.0
17.1
5.9
26.0
0.0
0.0
27.1
3.2
22.9
21.3
2.0
1.9
99.9
11.1
17.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
19.5
2.4
0.0
10.1
4.7
0.0
11.1
0.0
14.5
13.6
0.0
17.9
0.0
23.9
5.0
SO. 5
0.0
2.8
0.0
24.2
11.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
99.9
0.0
PLANTS
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
13
3
0
0
2
S
0
0
5
1
1
5
0
1
0
S
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
6
2
0
0
0
0
14
0

0
3
6
2
1
1
0
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
6.8 3 70.9
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 2 15.1
4.3 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 1 99.9
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
20.2 5 20.0
3.8 9 48.3
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 1 82.8
6.1 1 5.4
11.0 3 32.4
0.0 1 98.3
0.0 2 100.0
20.1 2 31.1
8.3 1 15.3
58.7 0 0.0
16.2 1 27.2
0.0 2 10.5
0.8 2 5.7
0.0 0 0.0
6.9 2 10.0
S3. 5 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0
0.0
6.9
0.0
6.4
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
17.4
0.0
5.8

2^4
10. S
27.3
1.3
0.0
27.1
17.0
0.0
0.0
80.4
60.2
0.0
11.1
12.0
0.0
25.2
0.0
0.0
30.9
0.0
26.7
0.0
42.5

27.0
67.2
13.5
0.0
36.7
66.3
0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 1 99.9
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0.0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
4
0
2
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
S5.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
69.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
so.s
0.0
8.9
45.9
0.0
31.0
100.0
79.9
10.6
0.0
34.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
12.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
C
0
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
8

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
190.001*
(50.2+)
X
FLOH PLANTS
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
95.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
2 .7
.0
.0
.0
7 .4
.0
.0
.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
87.2
0.0
0.0
49.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
60.0
32.0
0.0
21.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
13.1
0.0
0.0
68.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0














FLOH
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
91.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
73.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
HEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS        1,808   3,562   1,144   6.2     465  10.8      83   6.2      86  19.5      17  12.2

NOTES.  1. FLOH RANGE VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000. (APPROXIMATE MGD IN PARENTHESES).

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOH IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.
2  21.2
                                                         69

-------
                                  TABLE 31

                DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW ADVANCED
                     SECONDARY FACILITIES, BY PLANT SIZE


Table 31  summarizes  the  projected costs, reported  in  January  1982 dollars
for the construction of new advanced secondary  treatment  plants  to be built
between 1982 and 2000.   Table 31 is a direct extension of Table 30.

The  summary indicates  a  total   dollar  need  per  State  for  new  advanced
secondary facilities.  The State totals are broken down into dollar needs by
flow range.  The  dollar  needs of an individual  plant  are  included  in  the
total  for  the  flow range shown  which  encompasses   its  projected  design
capacity.
                                     70

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER 11, 1,82
                                                                                                  TABLE 51

                                                         1,82 NEEDS SURVEY

                    DOLLAR  NEEDS  FOR  CONSTRUCTION  OF HEM  ADVANCED  SECONDARY TREATNENT FACILITIES, BY PLANT SIZE

                                                    (THOUSANDS  OF 1,82 DOLLARS!
                                                                         TOTAL  PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW
   CUBIC  METERS  PER  DAY  X  lOOOl
   (MILLION  GALLONS  PER  DAY)
 0-.40
(0-.10)
.401-1.*
(.11-.SO)
 1.,01-4.0
(.51-1.05)
 4.001-1*
(1.04-5.01)
 11.001-40
(5.02-10.Si)
 40.001-1*0   1*0.001+
(10.57-50.19)   (50.2*)

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MABYKND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
MEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTS DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
t OF
PLANTS
17
0
0
14*
2
1
1
0
0
89
54
0
2
28
134
2
2
**
10
7
115
4
15
1
180
14
0
0
0
1
11
0
81
57
0
155
1
14
147
0
64
0
48
104
91
4
It
0
52
»
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
STATE
NEEDS
14.444
0
0
51,113
41,712
324
11,410
0
0
179,155
*4,220
0
8,751
28.14*
101,264
*2
7,487
80,982
18,982
7,923
54,158
26,551
183,019
2.499
98,874
9,422
0
0
0
1,365
84,497
0
158,096
81,98*
0
166,073
10,550
21,332
233,975
0
34,484
Q
44,991
289,791
44,082
11,269
93,23*
0
55,82*
15,084
0
0
0
7,381
0
3,836
0

NEEDS
11,696
0
0
32,953
0
324
0
0
0
9,316
8,373
0
0
5,574
49,223
92
0
40,322
»*7
2,065
27,983
540
2,353
0
58,221
2,934
0
0
0
0
0
0
IS, 053
11,722
0
48,771
0
3,833
32,147
0
15,691
0
13,541
22.233
20,4**
1,157
*04
0
14,020
1,057
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

NEEDS
9,531
0
0
4.J19
0
0
0
0
0
69,775
19,096
0
1,787
9,036
31,005
0
0
28,100
1,002
801
13,127
4,672
5,7**
2,4*9
17,432
2,324
0
0
0
1,545
2,441
0
34,034
14,923
0
32,174
0
5,382
95,496
0
11,715
14,927
41,831
11,858
0
5,020
0
20,00*
3,959
0
0
0
0
0
3,836
0

NEEDS
2.434
0
0
0
4,842
0
0
0
0
33,310
3,145
0
0
4,*36
9,574
0
0
7,817
2,51*
5,055
4,968
0
2,750
0
2,743
4,142
0
0
0
0
1,4*0
0
15,3*4
2,223
0
0
0
0
43,558
0
1.54,
iMK
.114
.,74
.1*1
0
,388
,24*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

NEEDS
12,785
0
0
1,280
0
0
11,410
0
0
24,4*3
44,804
0
4,944
3.11*
11.440
0
7,487
4,543
1,77*
0
8,040
0
14,587
0
4,870
0
0
0
0
0
41,414
0
2*, 848
17,252
0
11,557
0
0
47,824
0
3.52*
0
12,484
14,788
1,411
4.118
14,111
0
11.412
5,799
0
0
0
7,181
0
0
0

NEEDS
0
0
0
10,541
0
0
0
0
0
0
18,782
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10.485
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18,932
0
18.445
35,84*
0
39,534
10,550
12,117
14, ,48
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
17,04,
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

NEEDS
0
0
0
0
54,850
0
0
0
0
40,241
0
0
0
1.482
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21.11*
0
0
15,410
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
45,120
0
0
13,537
0
0
0
0

25,457
u
0
$1,740
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

NEEDS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
157, 510
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
174,181
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
U.S. TOTALS
                    1,808
                              2,424,403
                                             451,420
                                                          524,379
                                                                       1,1.410
                                                                                    434.033
                                                                                                             275,174
                                                                                                                          131,,13
                                                        71

-------
                                   TABLE  32

                   POPULATIONS  SERVED  BY  TERTIARY TREATMENT
                PRESENT  AND  PROJECTED,  RESIDENT AND  NONRESIDENT


 Table  32 summarizes  the 1980  populations  served  and  the  2000  populations
 projected to  be served  by facilities  designed to provide tertiary  (advanced
 wastewater) treatment.   The treatment  levels attained by tertiary plants are
 defined  in  terms of  the effluent  BOD, concentration and/or  the removal of
 nitrogen.   A  plant is considered to b°e  tertiary in  design  if it is capable
 of consistently  producing an effluent with a BOD, concentration  less than 10
 mg/1 and/or it  has  specific processes which can Remove more than 50 percent
 of the total  nitrogen present  in the plant influent.

 The  2000 total   population  values  reported  are  from estimates  provided by
 ?I5i* D    ,2  population value are  based  on those reported  in  the  April
 1981 Report of  the Bureau of  Census.   The Percent  Served  is  a function of
 the  residents receiving  treatment  in  relation  to the total  State population
 estimated by BEA.                                                   K

 The  total population  within  the service  area of an  authority  is the  sum of
 persons  receiving treatment and  not receiving  treatment.   Those persons not
 receiving treatment reside in  the service area but  do not  contribute  to the
 treatment facility because they are not on a sewer  system.

 Resident  populations  are  permanent  residents  in  the  service  area  of  a
sewerage authority.   Nonresident populations include commuters living  in one
area and working  in  another,  as  well  as  all  transients,  tourists,  and
seasonal  residents.
                                      72

-------
                                                                                 DECEMBER  11.  1»B2
                                                                                 TABLE  32
                                       1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                            POPULATIONS SERVED BY TERTIARY TREATMENT
                        PRESENT AND PROJECTED. RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT
                                  (POPULATION IN THOUSANDS)

«•» POPULATION »»»  »»»" RECEIVING TREATMENT «•«««  • •» NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT ««   •«

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
HASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEH JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO PICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTAL
1*80
TOTAL
3.8*0
400
2.718
2,286
23,669
2,88*
3.108
5*5
(38
»,740
5.4(4
9(5
*44
11,418
5,4*0
.913
,3(3
.((1
.204
,125
,216
,737
,258
4,077
2.521
4.917
787
1,570
7*9
921
7.3(4
1,300
17,577
5,874
(53
10,797
3,025
2, (33
11,8(7
947
3.119
690
4,591
14,228
1,461
511
5,346
4.130
1,950
4.705
450
33
110
17
3.1*7
118
»»
230.075
2000
TOTAL
4

4
2
26
4
3


15
7


1








1C
4
2
5

1
1
1
9
1
1*
7

12
3
3
12
1
3

5
(
4
2
5




4


278
.140
694
.357
,970
.786
.371
,902
841
(94
,049
,053
,366
.183
.358
,059
,101
,(42
.224
,880
.222
,583
.736
,314
,505
,740
.379
938
.734
,408
,306
,022
,781
,(83
,41*
690
,237
,702
,20*
,854
.084
,700
730
,573
,000
,963
607
,755
,85*
,101
,553
484
40
275
11
.700
183
IK
.888
1*80
RES.
0
0
0
4
1.178
2
31
3
0
717
31
0
7
13
24
0
0
1
82
0
246
7*
441
5*
0
0
0
0
0
0
2000 1*80 2000 1*80
RES. NONRES NONRES RES.
92 0 3
000
24 0 0
171 0 (
2.444 92 117 7
4 (10
102 0 0
(00
913 0 2.223
1,8(4 (* 182 3
(313
000
** 0 8
24 0 0
54 0 0
000
2000 1*80 2000
RES. NONRES NONRES
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
35 0
0 0
0 0
21 0
0 1
0 0
3 0
0 0
0 0
o no
000 0000
500 0000
181 00 0000
26 0 0 0700
636 28 87 26 0 00
527 0 2 221 173 0 0
82* 30 40 31 15 00
208 50 0000
44 0 10 0200
100 0000
000 0000
000 0000
100 0000
52 2 5 0 38 0 D
18( 1.243 7 *4 S2 §1 on
0
20*
346
0
418
0
74
247
0
0
0
16
243
0
•«!
0
88
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5,411
000 0000
826 15 218 74 71 00
1.494 8 40 1(3 217 0 0
000 0000
2.019 20 44 115 11 0 0
301 0 0 0000
142 0 ( I
Q Q A
555 (24 41 19 00
000 0000
52 0 122 00 00
23 0 0 0000
19« 00 12 16 00
4(3 * 10 4000
000 0000
37 0 5 0100
1.997 0 25 19 7 0 0
40* 13 0 30 0
158 0 1 "
20 0
A A .
I w U
M
«, V ll u O
0 0 0 n n
0 0
ODD f
«. w
0 0
U U 1. u g
000 00 A
000 00 0
000 0000
18,328 306 3,306 8*0 727 1 1
                                                                                       PERCENT  **»  »•  TREATMENT  »•
                                                                                        SERVED          PLANTS
                                                                                      1*80   2000
                                                                                                     1980    2000
0
0
0
5
15
1
2
1
0
14
1
0
1
2
2
0
0
1
3
0
6
4
10
12
0
0
0
0
0
1
6
0
32
28
0
34
0
1
17
0
0
0
4
16
0
0
5
1
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
231



2
1



1
28
3
0
5
2
3
0
0
3
5
4
11
13
17
39
4
1
0
0
1
4
21
0
102
134
0
99
2
3
32
0
7
1
10
21
0
A
3
11
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(70
                                         73

-------
                                   TABLE 33

           PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                      FOR FACILITIES IN OPERATION IN 1982
               FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE TERTIARY TREATMENT


 Table 33 summarizes the performance of all  treatment  facilities  designed  to
 provide tertiary treatment.   Information  is  provided for all  States and U  S
 Territories  with a national  total  shown at the  bottom of the  table.

 This table provides an estimate of the total quantity of  various pollutants
 accepted by  treatment plants  within  the State  and the  total   quantity  of
 these same pollutants  in the effluent.  Quantities are  given  in  metric tons
 per day  for BOD,-  and  Solids.   Information is  also provided  on  nutrient
 removal  capabilities.

 Plants  with  Removal  Capability  are  facilities with  a  specific  requirement  to
 remove  the listed nutrient.   For example, some phosphorus is  removed  in all
 treatment  plants.   However, only  plants specifically  designed  to  remove
 phosphorus  are  reported  in  this category.  Reported  for  each nutrient are
 the total  number  of  plants with  this  removal  capability   and  the  total
 average  flow received  by these  plants.  Also given is the percentage  of the
 total State  flow  the plants  represent.

 These  data  were  derived from the  daily  average  influent  and  effluent
 pollutant  concentrations.  The  averages are  based on the actual  performance
 of  each  individual treatment plant  during the  most recent  12 month  period
 for which information  could be obtained.   The values  calculated for each
 plant  are summed  into  the  State and  national  totals.   The  main source  of
 information  for  flow  and  concentration values  was   the  self-monitoring
 reports  submitted  by every facility with an NPDES permit.

 Table 33  is  an  extension of  Table 32.   A  summary of the projected year 2000
 performance of all  tertiary  facilities  is given in Table 34.

 Total _ flow is  the sum  of  the  actual  average  daily  flows  treated  by all
 facilities within the  State designed  to  provide tertiary  treatment.  All
 flows are reported  in thousand cubic meters per day.

 Some States may show influent and/or effluent values of BOD,, or Solids equal
 to  zero,  but still have a percent  removal calculated.  This  is  due to the
 influent and/or  effluent value  being less than 0.5 metric tons  per day  in
which case the value is rounded to zero.
                                      74

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                                                                               DECEMBER 11.
                                                                               TABLE JJ
                                                                                            1*82
                                     1*82 NEEDS SURVEY

                  PLANT  LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                            FOR FACILITIES IN OPERATION IN 1*82
                     FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE TERTIARY TREATMENT
                                    (METRIC TONS PER DAY)
«•««•*«» KtngVAL EFFICIENCIES «*«

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELANARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
NINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEM HAMPSHIRE
NEN JERSEY
NEN MEXICO
NEW YORK
NC4TH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERNONT
VIRGINIA
NASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
NOTES I
ACTUAL
FLOW
0
0
0
2
426
2
11
0
0
334
14
0
4
7
21
0
0
0
35
0
140
51
314
37
0
0
0
0
0
0
77
0
152
238
0
272
0
52
98
0
0
Q
22
"o
0
230
0
3*
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2.705
1. FLOHS
X
INF. EFF. REN.
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 96.4
115 3 96.8
0 0 92.3
2 0 90.8
0 0 47.6
0 0 0.0
81 2 96.7
2 0 97.5
0 0 0.0
0 0 97.2
1 0 92.7
2 0 fl.3
0 0 0.0
0 0 O.D
0 0 98.0
7 0 95.1
0 0 0.0
27 1 96.1
8 0 94.3
59 3 94.1
8 0 97.6
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 98.7
13 1 92.4
0 0 0.0
21 4 80.8
63 5 91.6
0 0 0.0
52 2 94.9
0 0 0.0
10 0 98.4
19 1 92.5
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
3 0 94.5
22 0 97.7
0 0 0.0
0 0 0.0
4* 3 92.6
0 0 94.9
8 1 86.1
0 0 97.5
0 00.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0 0.0
586 32 94.3

INF. EFF.
0
0
0
0
134
0
2
0
0
84
2
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
7
0
27
*
64
f
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
0
18
59
0
55
0
13
15
0
0
0
2
21
0
0
53
0
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
610 3

MMMMM MMM PHOSPHORUS *Mn MM NH3 NITROGEN MM MMMM TOTAL N KM Him
X * X TOT. « X TOT. t X TOT.
REH. PLANTS FLOM FLOW PLANTS FIOM FLON PLANTS FLOW FLOM
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .
0 92.1 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .
3 97.1 5 175 41.2 4 162 38. 235 5 .
0 95.4 1 2 100.0 1 2 100. 2 10 .
0 88.6 1 4 42.3 000. 0 .
0 68. S 0 0 0.0 000. 0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0
3 96.1 11 303 90.5 6 25 7. 233 6 .
0 85.0 0 0 0.0 1 14 100. 0
0 0.0 0 0 O.D 000. 0 .
0 96.6 0 0 0.0 1 4 100. 0
0 90.4 1 6 87.1 2 7 100. 0 1 .
0 95.2 0 0 0.0 000. 0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 .
0 98.0 0 0 0.0 10 100. 0
0 91.6 0 0 0.0 1 5 15. 5 15.
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 00.
1 96.2 3 77 55.3 2 64 45. 123 87.
0 94.4 4 51 100.0 4 51 100. 24 46.7
2 96.4 8 308 »8.1 4 176 56. 15 4.8
0 95.6 3 1* 53.2 2 14 37. 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 000. 00 0.0
0 99.1 1 0 100.0 1 0 100. 0 0 0.0
1 91.6 2 29 37.9 4 63 82.7 1 28 37.4
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
2 85.1 5 29 19.6 13 50 33.1 8 111 73.0
I 88.7 0 0 0.0 24 206 86.5 1 0 0.3
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
2 95.7 13 147 54.0 22 253 91.2 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 00.
0 98.3 1 52 100.0 0 0 0.0 0 00.
1 92.3 5 29 29.8 ID 60 62.0 S 31 32.
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 00.
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 00.
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 00.
0 57.3 0 0 0.0 4 22 100.0 0 0 0.0
1 95.0 11 46 41.2 11 88 78.5 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
2 95.9 5 230 100.0 116 50. 3 50 21.8
0 94.9 0 0 0.0 0 100. 1 0 100.0
1 86.0 1 2 6.1 5 14. 4 28 73.3
0 99.1 0 0 0.0 3 100. 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 00. 00 0.0
C 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
2 94.6 81 1.517 56.0 125 1,402 51.8 47 8*2 32.*
IN CUBIC METERS X 1000 2. METRIC TONS X .9072 • SHORT TONS
3. SUN OF ENTRIES MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO ROUND-OFFS

4. FACILITIES NITH ZERO DISCHARGE OR RAN DISCHARGE  ARE  NOT  INCLUDED
                                                75

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                                  TABLE 34

          PLANT LOADINGS, REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES, AND DISCHARGE RATES
                  FOR FACILITIES TO BE IN OPERATION IN 2000
              FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE TERTIARY TREATMENT
Table  34  summarizes  the  expected  performance  in  the  year  2000  of  all
treatment facilities designed to provide tertiary treatment.  Information is
provided for all States and  U.S.  Territories  with a  national  total shown at
the bottom of the table.

This table provides an  estimate of  the  total  quantity of various pollutants
that will  be  received by  treatment plants within the State and  the  total
quantity of these same  pollutants that  will  be  in the effluent.  Quantities
are given  in metric tons  per day  for BOD5 and  Solids.   Information  is also
provided on nutrient removal  capabilities;

Plants with Removal  Capability are facilities with a  specific requirement to
remove the listed nutrient.   For  example,  some  phosphorus is  removed in all
treatment  plants.   However,  only  plants  specifically  designed  to  remove
phosphorus are  reported in this  category.   Reported for each  nutrient are
the  total  number  of  plants  with  this removal  capability  and  the  total
average daily flow  received  by these plants.   Also  given is  the percentage
of the total  State flow the plants represent.

These data were derived from the daily average flow and the  daily  average
influent and effluent pollutant concentrations.  The averages  are based on
the predicted year 2000 situation.  The values calculated for each plant are
summed into State and national totals.

Total Flow is the  sum of  the average daily flows  to be  treated in the year
2000 by  all  facilities  within the  State that  will  be designed  to  provide
tertiary treatment.

Table 34  is  an  extension  of  Tables 32 and 33.   All flows are  reported in
thousand cubic meters per day.

Some States may show influent and/or effluent values  of BOD,- or Solids equal
to zero,  but  still  have a percent  removal  calculated.  This is  due  to the
influent and/or effluent  value being less than 0.5  metric tons  per  day in
which case the value is rounded to zero.
                                      76

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                                                                                                DECEMBER 31. 1*82
                                                                                                TABLE 5*
                                                      1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                   PLANTS LOADINGS. REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES AND DISCHARGE RATES
                                          FOR FACILITIES TO BE IN OPERATION IN 2000
                                      FACILITIES DESIGNED TO PROVIDE TERTIARY TREATMENT
                                                     (METRIC TONS PER DAY)


STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NOKTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

PROJECTED
FLOW
69
0
9
101
1.193
5
52
1
. 1.169
967
46
0
119
11
52
0
0
3
78
17
368
340
617
144
35
0
0
0
0
30
611
0
540
924
0
1.514
120
79
241
0
41
10
117
210
0
25
880
237
58
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


INF.
13
0
2
22
292
1
11
0
280
195
10
0
29
2
11
0
0
0
16
3
67
73
127
40
7
0
0
0
0
6
148
0
110
234
0
312
28
15
58
0
8
27
42
0
5
203
47
12
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


EFF.
0
0
0
0
12
0
0
0
5
5
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
5
5
0
11
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
X
REM.
97.3
0.0
96.2
97.6
95.7
98.0
94.2
95.7
97.9
96.9
97.0
0.0
92.6
97.7
97.6
0.0
0.0
96.4
96.0
95.7
95.2
97.1
97.9
98.0
97.0
97.5
0.0
0.0
98.0
97.9
97.3
0.0
94.8
97.4.
0.0
96.2
97.8
97.5
96.0
0.0
97.2
96.6
97.3
97.0
0.0
96.4
98.2
85.0
92.8
97.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
X * X
INF. EFF
13
0
2
19
301
1
10
0
280
198
10
0
27
2
10
0
0
0
16
3
71
78
129
35
7
0
0
0
0
7
162
0
109
200
0
352
36
19
52
0
8
3
25
42
0
5
212
47
12
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
1
19
0
0
0
8
6
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
3
2
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
5
26
0
12
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
2
7
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REN. PLANTS
84.9
0.0
95.8
92.3
93.4
98.0
95.7
95.7
97.0
96.4 1
86.3
0.0
91.3
96.8
97.4
FLOW
0
0
9
0
789
5
38
0
1,169
841
0
0
11
9
0
0.0 0 0
0.0 0 0
92.8 0 0
90.7 0 0
95.7 '
17
95.7 4 3S6
96.7 12 338
95.9 16 617
94.5 9 33
87.0 0 0
95.0 0 0
0.0 0 0
0.0 0 0
80.0 0 0
98.1 3 25
97.4 6 85
0.0 0
0
94.8 20 206
86.8 3 0
0.0 0 0
96.3 50 1,304
98.2 0 0
97.9 I
75
91.3 13 94
0.0 0 0
91.4 1
96.6 (
93.3 (
94.6 11
0.0 (
94.9 0
98.8 11
85.0 2
91.2 1
98.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0
0
0
0
763
236
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
PLANTS WITH REMOVAL CAPABILITY MM
MMM MM NN3
TOT. t
FLOW PLANTS
0.0
0.0
100.0
0.0
66.1
100.0
72.8
0.0
100.0
86.9 1
0.0
0.0
9.2
84.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0

nllKUktN MM MMMM TOTAL N MMMMM
X TOT. t * TflT.
FLOW FLOW PLANTS
FLOW FLOW
69 100.0 0 0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
800 67.0
5 100.0
0 1.6
0 0.0
1,169 100.0
178 18.4
46 100.0
0 0.0
78 65.2
11 100.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
3 100.0
7 9.8
0 0.0 (
1 a 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
882 73.9
5 100.0
22 43.6
0 0.0
0 0.0
201 20.8
7 15.1
0 0.0
11 9.2
1 15.8
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
1 39.6
7 9.8
n n n
96.6 2 204 55.4 5 357 96.9
99.2 11 331 97.3 2 38 11.4
99.9 13 409 66.3 2 22 3.7
23.5 16 88 61.3 1 2 1.6
0.0 2 29 84.8 0 0 0.0
0.0 O 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
0.0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0.0
o.o o o o.o i a 100.0
82.9 4 30 100.0 0 0 0.0
13.9 16 575 94.2 5 139 22.8
0.0 0
00.0 0
n n . n
38.2 74 375 69.5 25 300 55.6
0.0 123 872 94.3 1 n n n
0.0 0
0 o.o o o no
86.1 80 685 45.2 2 1 0.1
0.0 2
94.7 0
39.1 24
0.0 0
0.6 5
0.0 1
0.0 11
38.2 1<
0.0 1
0.0 1
86.6 7
99.4 3
7.7 2
0.0 1
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
120 100.0 0 o a. a
0 0.0 0
n n n
197 81.8 17 164 6s!l
00.0 0 nnn
36 88.1 0
10 100.0 I
117 100.0 1
177 84.2 1
0 0.0 I
25 100.0 0
456 51.8 8
237 100.0 3
12 20.4 7
8 100.0 0
0 0.0 0
0 0.0 0
00.0 0
0 0.0 0
0 0.0 0
0 0.0 0
0 0.0 0
0 0.0
0 0.0
22 19.3
2 0.9
0 0.0
0 0.0
259 29.4
237 100.0
41 69.9
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
U.S. TOTALS     11,063     2,478    83  96.6   2,523    129  94.8     200   7,114   64.3      451   7,377   66.6      104  2,734  24.7

        NOTESt   1. FLOWS IN CUBIC METERS X 1000   2.  METRIC  TONS X .9072  • SHORT  TONS

                 3. SUM OF ENTRIES MAY NOT EQUAL TOTALS DUE TO  ROUND-OFFS

                 4. FACILITIES WITH ZERO DISCHARGE UR  RAW DISCHARGE ARE  NOT INCLUDED
                                                                 77

-------
                                  TABLE 35

        NUMBER OF PLANTS PROJECTED FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT BY YEAR 2000
                       (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)


Table 35  is a flow summary for all tertiary treatment plants projected to be
in  operation  by the year  2000.   The treatment levels  attained by tertiary
plants  are  defined  in terms  of  the  effluent 600.  concentration  and/or the
removal of  nitrogen.   A plant is considered to bl  tertiary  in design if it
is  capable  of  consistently producing an effluent with  a  BOD,, concentration
less  than 10 mg/1 and/or  it has  specific  processes which cart  remove more
than  50 percent of  the total nitrogen  present in  the plant  influent.   A
summary is  provided  for each  State  and  U.S.  Territory.   National  totals are
summarized at the bottom of the table.

In  the second column the total number of projected tertiary treatment plants
in  each State  is  reported.   Column  three  represents  the  total  wastewater
treatment capacity of these  plants  in  thousand cubic  meters  per  day.  The
projected  design flow for  each  plant  was  used  to  calculate  the  total
treatment capacity value.

Subsequent columns provide a  breakdown  of the State  totals  into  seven flow
ranges.   The  ranges  specified  in  the  column  headings  are  reported  in
thousand  cubic  meters  per  day and, in parentheses  beneath  the headings,  in
million gallons per  day.   Reported  for each flow  range  are  the  number  of
plants  within  that  range  and the  percentage  of the total  State  tertiary
treatment capacity that is accounted for by each flow range.

Included  in this summary are  all tertiary plants  in operation in  1982 which
will  not  be abandoned between  1982  and 2000;  primary,  advanced  primary,
secondary, and  advanced secondary plants which will  be  upgraded to tertiary
levels before 2000;  and new tertiary  plants which will  be  constructed prior
to 2000.

Some  column  entries  will  be found  which list a  value for  the number  of
plants but show zero for Total Design Flow or Percent of Flow.   This  occurs
when the  design flow  value is  less  than 0.5 or  the percent  value is less
than 0.05; in these  cases  the value is rounded  to  zero.
                                      78

-------
                                                                                                   DECEMBER SI,  1982
                                                                                                   TABLE 35
                                                         1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                   NUMBER OF PLANTS PROJECTED FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT BY YEAR 2000

                                                  (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESI6N FLOH)
    STATE

 ALABAMA
 ALASKA
 ARIZONA
 ARKANSAS
 CALIFORNIA
 COLORADO
 CONNECTICUT
 DELAMARC
 DIST. OF  COLUM.
 FLORIU\
 GEORGIA
 HAWAII
 IDAHO
 ILLINOIS
 INDIANA
 IOWA
 KANSAS
 KENTUCKY
 LOUISIANA
 MAINE
 MARYLAND
 MASSACHUSETTS
 MICHIGAN
 MINNESOTA
 MISSISSIPPI
 MISSOURI
 MONTANA
 NEBRASKA
 NEVADA
 NEW HAMPSHIRE
 NEH JERSEY
 NEN MEXICO
 NCH YORK
 NORTH CAROLINA
 NORTH DAKOTA
 OHIO
 OKLAHOMA
 OREGON
 PENNSYLVANIA
 RHODE ISLAND
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. HARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS

TOTAL
PLANTS
3
0
1
29
12



2









4
11
13
17
39
4
1
0
0
1
21
0
102
134
0
99
2
3
32
0
7
1
10
21
0
1
25
3
11
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

TOTAL
DESIGN
FLOH
49
0
9
101
1,193
5
52
1
*947
44
0
119
11
52
0
0
3
73
17
348
340
417
144
35
0
0
0
0
30
411
0
540
924
0
1,514
120
79
241
0
Jo
III
0
25
880
237
58
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0-.
(0-.
PLANTS
0
0
0
4
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
0
1
12
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
32
74
0
24
0
1
1
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
10)
X
FLOH
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
1.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

.401-1.9
(.11-. 50)
X
PLANTS FLOH
1 1.4
0 0.0
0 0.0
11 11.7
2 0.1
0 0.0
2 3.0
1 99.9
0 0.0
2 0.2
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
1 15.8
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
3 99.9
1 0.9
1 2.5
2 0.5
0 0.0
4 0.9
10 8.2
0 0.0
1 99.9
0 0.0
0 0.0
1 99.9
0 0.0
2 0.3
0 0.0
42 7.2
19 2.3
0 0.0
19 1.2
0 0.0
0 0.0
11 4.9
0 0.0
1 3.}
0 0.0
I 1:1
0 0.0
0 0.0
8 0.7
2 0.9
4 4.1
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
PLANTS AND PERCENT
1.901-4 4.
(.51-1.05) (1.
X


001-19 19.001-40 40.001-190 190.001*
04-5.01) (5.02-10.54) (10.57-50.19) (50.2+)
* * *> ..
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOW PLANTS
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0




















;
12.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1 11.
0 0.
1 99.
7 49.
0 0.
1 99.
2 52.
0 0.
0.0 0 0.
1.0 12 10.
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.1
2 55.
0 0.
2 14.
1 84.
2 45.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
1 9.
0.0 1 94.
0.5 2 4.
0.7 4 15.
0.4 4 4.
14.1 8 51.
0.0
3 99.
0.0 0 0.
0 0. 1
0 0.
0 0.
1 24.
4 11.
0 0.
1 43.
0 0.
0 0.
4 11.
1 44.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
1 54.
0 0.
0 0.
0 0.
1 28.
0 0.
0 0.
4 47.
1 3.
1 22.
0 0.
0
o
0
3
0
0
0
0
4
0
o
2
o
0
0
0
0
1
0
3
2
3
0
0
0 0.0 0
0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0
0.0
» 0.0 0 0.0 0
o.o o o.b o o.o o
4..9 3 93.0 0 0.
1.0 11 18.7 2 9.
0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.
5 2.5 14 28.3 5 24.
10 2.8 17 20.7 7 22.
0 0.0
15 3.0 2
0 0.0
1 4.7
4 7.3
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
3 8.8
3 3.8
0 0.0
0 0.0
1 0.2
0 0.0
2 9.8
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
9 0.0 0 0.
1 17.4 4 11.
5.5 0 0.
0.0 0 0.
35.0 5 52.
0.0 0 0.
95.4 0 0.
99.9 0 0.
23.7 > 46.
34.1 3 31.
0.0 0 0.
0.0 1 100.
4.4 1 3.
0.0 0 0.
83.9 0 0.
99.9 0 0.
0.0 0 O.C
0.0 0 O.I
0
3
0
2
5
0
3
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
o
0.0 0 0.0 0
0.0 0 0.0 0
0.0 0 0.0 0
0.0 0 0.0 0
0.0 0 0.0 0
FLOW PLANTS FLOH
84.5 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
27.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
31.8
0.0
0.0
82.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
54.2
0.0
92.5
35.8
54.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
24.3
0.0
33.4
50.4
0.0
14.2
94.4
94.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
24.9
0.0
0.0
44.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0 0
0.0
0.0
0.0
41.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
99.9
44.5
0.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
,o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
31.8
0.0
0*0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0. 0
0.0
44.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
49.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
45.1
99.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0*0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
                     470  11,043     170   0.2     157   1.4      49   1.8     148  14.4

NOTES.  I. FLOH RAN6E VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000. (APPROXIMATE USD IN PARENTHESES).

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOH IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.
                                                                                              54  13.4
                                                                                                                          10  38.0
                                                         79

-------
                                  TABLE 36

       TERTIARY TREATMENT FACILITIES TO BE BUILT BETWEEN 1982 and 2000
                      (BY TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FLOW)


Table 36  is  a  flow  summary  for all  new tertiary treatment plants which will
be  constructed between  1982  and 2000.   The  treatment  levels  attained  by
tertiary  plants  are  defined  in  terms of  the effluent  BOD.  concentration
and/or the  removal  of nitrogen.  A plant  is  considered  to be  tertiary  in
design if it is  capable of consistently  producing an effluent  with  a BOD,-
concentration  less  than  10  mg/1  and/or it  has  specific processes  which can
remove more  than 50  percent  of  the  total  nitrogen  present  in  the plant
influent.   A  summary  is   provided  for  each State  and  U.S.  Territory.
National   totals are summarized at the bottom of the table.

In the second column the total number of new tertiary treatment plants to be
constructed  in each State  is  reported.   Column three represents  the total
treatment capacity value reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

Subsequent columns  provide  a  breakdown of the  State  totals  into seven flow
ranges.    The  ranges  specified   in  the  column headings  are  reported  in
thousand   cubic meters per  day and,  in parentheses  beneath  the  headings,  in
million gallons  per day.  Reported for  each  flow  range  are the  number  of
plants in the range  and  the percentage  of  the  State   tertiary  treatment
capacity  that is  accounted  for by each flow range.

Included   in this summary are  entirely  new tertiary plants which are planned
to be constructed by the year 2000.   Excluded  are  tertiary  plants  that were
operational   in 1982  and  primary, advanced  primary,  secondary,  and advanced
secondary plants planned to  be upgraded to  tertiary treatment by  the year
2000.

Some  column  entries will  be  found which  list a  value  for  the  number  of
plants but show zero for Total Design  Flow  or  Percent of  Flow.   This  occurs
when  the  design  flow  value is less  than  0.5  or the percent value is less
than 0.05; in these  cases the  value  is rounded  to zero.
                                      80

-------
                                                                                                   DECEMBER  11,  1982
                                                                                                   TABLE  56
                                                         1982  NEEDS  SURVEY

                                  TSRTIARV T»EATMENT  FACH1TIES  TO BE  BUILT  BETWEEN  1982  AND  2000

                                                  (BY TOTAL  PROJECTED  DESIGN FLOW)

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
HIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEM MEXICO
NEW VORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
CKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND

UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINM
NASHIHGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
TOTAL
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
i
2
3
i
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
4
0
45
32
0
29
0
0
5
0

1
0
0
13
0
3
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
0
TOTAL
DESIGN
FLOW
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
88
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
23
1
90
56
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18
15
0
<9
71
0
29
0
0
6
0
14
2
1°7
0
0
17
0
5
0
Q
0
0
0
0
0
0
0-.4
(0-.10)
1C
PLANTS FLOW
1
C
I
0
e
24
27
0
ta
0
0
i
0
;
0.0
0.0
0.0
43.2
0.0
0.0
17.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
56.7
0.0
0.0
99.9
0.0
99.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
6.5
0.0
14.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
0.0
2.8
n S'S
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
4 5.2
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
an n
u * u
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
0 0.0
.401-1.9 1.901-4 4.001-19
(.11-. 50) (.51-1.05) (1.06-5.01)
y g g
PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW
0
0
0
1
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
15
2
0
6
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
u
0.0
0.0
0.0
56.7
0.0
0.0
82.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
99.9
3.0
43.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
14.
0.
19.
1.
0.
19.2
0.0
0.0
57.7
0.0
0.0
0 . 0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
33.6
0.0
36.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
4
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.3
4.7
0.0
47.5
0.0
0.0
39.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
13.7
0.0
63.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
0
4
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
q.o
0.0
0.0
99.9
85.3
0.0
39.0
0.0
0.0
19.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
97.1
0.0
0.0
99.9
0.0
0.0
47.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
19.001-40 40.001-190
(5.02-10.56) (10.57-50.19)
PLANTS FLOW
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
96.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
87.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
PLANTS FLOW
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
u
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
99.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
99.9
95.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0 0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
190.001+
(50.2+)
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
g
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
X
FLOW
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0 0
o!o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
U.S. TOTALS          157     530      84   3.2      43   7.1       10    5.9

NOTES:  1. FLOW RANGE VALUES IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000.  (APPROXIMATE MGD

        2. TOTAL STATE FLOW IN CUBIC METERS PER  DAY X 1000.
  12  19.6

IN PARENTHESES).
                    19.9
                                                        81

-------
                                  TABLE 37

                DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW TERTIARY
                     TREATMENT FACILITIES, BY PLANT SIZE
Table 37  summarizes  the  projected costs, reported in January  1982  dollars
for the  construction of new tertiary  treatment  plants  to be  built  between
1982 and 2000.  Table 37 is a direct extension of Table  36.

The  summary  indicates  a  total   dollar  need  per  State  for  new  tertian'
facilities.   The  State totals are  broken  down  into dollar  needs  by  flow
range.   The dollar  needs  of an individual  plant  are included in the  total
for  the   flow range  shown which  encompasses a  plant's  projected  design
capacity.                                                                 3
                                     82

-------
                                                                                                    DECEMBER SI,  ItSJ
                                                                                                    TAILI 17
                                                          t»ej NEEDS SUIVEY

                          DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CONSTRUCTION Ot NEH TERTIARY TREATMENT FACILITIES,  »Y PLANT SIZE

                                                      (THOUSANDS Ot Itll DOLLARS)
                                                                    ••••»  TOTAL PROJECTED DESIGN FIOH
    CUBIC METERS PER  DAV X 10001
    (MILLION 6ALLONS  PER DAY)
    STATE

 UABAMA
 ALASKA
 ARIZONA
 ARKANSAS
 CALIFORNIA
 COLORADO
 CONNECTICUT
 DELAWARE
 JIST. OF COLUM.
 -LORIOA
 3EORGIA
 -IAMAII
 IDAHO
 ILLINOIS
 INDIANA
 IONA
 KANSAS
 KENTUCKY
 LOUISIANA
 MAINE
 MARYLAND
 MASSACHUSETTS
 MICHIGAN
 MINNESOTA
 MISSISSIPPI
 MISSOURI
 MONTANA
 NEBRASKA
 NEVADA
 NEH HAMPSHIRE
 MEW JERSEY
 NEH MEXICO
 NEW YORK
 NORTH CAROLINA
 NORTH DAKOTA
 OHIO
 OKLAHOMA
 OREGON
 PENNSYLVANIA
 RHODE ISLAND
 SOUTH CAROLINA
 SOUTH DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 WASHINGTON
 WEST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN
 WYOMING
 AMERICAN SAMOA
 GUAM
 N. MARIANAS
 PUERTO RICO
 PAC. TR.  TER*.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
 * OF
PLANTS

     0
     0
     0
     4
     0
     0
     5
     0
     0
     2
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     1
     2
     3
     1
     2
     1
     0
     1
     0
     0
     0
     0
     2
     4
     0
    45
    92
     0
    2)
     0
     0
     5
     0
     3
     0
     0
     1
     0
     0
    13
     0
     3
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     D
                      JS7
  STATE
  NEEDS
   1,87
       0
       0
 52, U*
       0
       0
       0
       0
       0
       0
       0
  1,307
 11, MS
  3.SS*
       0
 SI, 3(0
       0
       0
     (Ot
       0
       0
       0
       0
 14.330
 10,081
       0
 •8,044
 3S.452
       0
 33, IS*
       0
       0
  «,734
      0
      0
      0
 15,338
      0
  t,(03
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0

347,S4S
                           0-.40
                          (0-.10)
               NEEDS
     0
     0
 1,J2(
     0
     0
   S(3
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
 1,((0
     0
     0
     0
     0
   (0(
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
30,ess
 »,IOB
     0
11,414
     0
     0
   5«0

   7(0
 1,40
                                              S8.780
                          .401-1.*
                          (.11-.SO)
 NEED!

      0
      0
      0
    I4(
      0
      0
 11,35*
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
 1,307
      0
 i,a»
      o
      o
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
 14,0*5
 l.S»(
      0
 4,44S
      0
      0
 J.(»2
      0

      \
      0
      0
      0
 7,4*3
      0
 a.(03
      0
      0
      0
      0
     0
     0
     0
     0

S3,038
                        l.*01-4.0
                       (.31-1.05)
                                         NEEDS
 3,44
 3,744
     0
I0,(«(
     0
     0
 2,4*2
     0
     0
                             (SO
                               0
                               0
                               0
                               0
                         4.001-1*
                        (l.Ot-5.01)
 NEEDS

      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      a
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
      0
 14,330
 10,081
      0
 31,(10
      0
      0
 (,(41
      0
      0
      0
      0
 (,»0»
      0
     0
     0
      0
      0
 3,787
      0
      0
      0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0

75,3««
                         1*.001-40    40.001-1*0   1*0.001*
                        (5.02-10.SO  (10.57-50.1*)  (50.2*)
                                                                   NEEDS
                                                                                NEEDS
                                                                                            NEEDS
                          11,31
                          20,50
                                       32,U
                                       47,*1
                                                                                                  31,81*
                                                                                                              100,040
                                                        83

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                                  TABLE 38

       NATIONAL DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CHANGES IN EXISTING TREATMENT PLANTS
Table 38  summarizes  the  dollar  needs for  changes  to treatment  facilities
which were in operation in 1982.

The  table  is divided  into  three sections.  The  first section details  the
planned changes  and costs  by present  design  level  of  treatment for  all
treatment facilities in operation in 1982.   Sections two  and three summarize
the costs to upgrade and  enlarge and  upgrade  presently operating  facilities
from the current level of treatment to the  level  projected  in  year 2000.   A
detailed explanation  of  the  change  categories is  given  in the  discussion
accompanying Table 3.

In the  section  illustrating  Dollar Needs by  Type of Planned  Change,  large
needs are  shown  for plants  listed  in the Other  and  No  Change columns.   A
number of situations are  covered in these  categories.  One  common situation
is a treatment plant which will  require  a capital  expenditure,  such as  for a
new sludge digester, but the degree of treatment and hydraulic  capacity will
not be changed.

The  largest  total  dollar  needs  are for changes  to  existing  secondary
treatment plants.  In  section one  it  can be seen that over 7,900 secondary
treatment facilities are currently  in  operation.  The total  dollar needs for
these facilities  between  1982 and 2000  are  projected at over $10 billion.
Section two  indicates that almost 600 of  the  secondary treatment  facilities
in operation will  be  upgraded at a cost  of almost $1 billion, and section
three indicates  that almost 900  of  the secondary plants will be enlarged and
upgraded at  a cost of  nearly  $4  billion.   The  remaining  secondary treatment
dollar needs are  for  enlargements  or other, changes  that do not  involve  an
upgrade in the level  of treatment.

The actual  number of sites being  upgraded and enlarged and upgraded from one
level of treatment to another is  summarized in Table 39.
                                      84

-------
1*82 NEE
NATIONAL DOLLAR NEEDS FOR CHANS
(THOUSANDS OF
TYPE
RAH DISCHARGE
LESS THAN SECONDARY
SECONDARY
ADVANCED SECONDARY
TERTIARY
NO DISCHARGE
TOTAL
TYPE
RAH DISCHARGE
LESS THAN SECONDARY
SECONDARY
ADVANCED SECONDARY
TERTIARY
NO DISCHARGE
TOTAL
TYPE
RAW DISCHARGE
LESS THAN SECONDARY
SECONDARY
ADVANCED SECONDARY
TERTIARY
NO DISCHARGE
TOTAL
t OF
PLANTS
188
3,111
7.»4(
2,52*
231
1.400
15.il}
t OF
PLANTS
188
»45
580
178
11
8
I,»10
t OF
PLANTS
0
1.058
871
206
10
It
2. 1H
TOTAL
DOLLAR
NEEDS
1.2*6,21*
7. Ml. (82
10,0*). 385
(.437.748
2(0. (42
448. 75*
2(, 484. 452
TOTAL
DOLLAR
NEEDS
1.294,219
2,484, 577
982,321
514,214
2,544
5.528
5.282,805
TOTAL
DOLLAR
NEEDS
0
3.745.511
3,»72.569
1,801,832
(4.557
27.522
9,411,991
ENLARGE UPGRADE
0 1,2*6,21*
141,273 2,484.577
2.»14.088 982,321
2.254,024 514.214
143. 8»» 2.344
284,448 5.328
5,751.134 5,282.805
LESS THAN
SECONDARY
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
LESS THAN
SECONDARY
0
54,554
0
0
0
0
54,554
DS SURVEY
IES IN EXIS
1*82 DOLL,
ENLARGE I
UPGRADE
0
3.745,511
3.972.549
1.801,832
(4.557
27,522
TING TREATHENT PLANTS
»»S)
EEDS BY TYPE OF PLANNE!
REPLACE OTHER
0 0
V40.782 557,224
885.2*0 I, 337. (52
7*,*(2 1.775.77*
0 38. (33
*S,747 35.511
9,611,991 2.001.781 3,742,7**
DOLLAR NEEDS FOR PLANTS TO BE Ul
ADVANCED
SECONDARY SECONDARY
1,183,»(5
2,230,844
34,047
0
0
210
3,44>,088
NEEDS FOR
SECONDARY
0
2,805,982
110,083
0
0
14,508
2,*30,573
78.*((
21*,*00
843,980
494,454
0
0
1,(4».502
PLANTS TO BE ENLARGED
ADVANCED
SECONDARY
0
715.744
3,1*5,330
1,373,008
0
*.418
5. 29*. 522
DECEMBER 31
TABLE 38
ABANDON
0
34,996
0
0
0
0
34,994
TERTIARY
17, (41
25.255
58,0*0
12.048
2,544
0
115,380
AND UPGRADED
TERTIARY
0
100,784
408,812
Ztl.SH
44,307
0
818,42*
, 1*82

ABANDON.
RETAIN NO
SENERS CHANGE
0
15,51*
7,4(5
7.3*3
0
0
30.377
NO
DISCHARGE
15. (47
8.356
26,204
15.510
0
3,118
(8,835
NO
DISCHARGE
0
70,425
258,344
1«,2*8
18,250
1,596
514. »13
0
0
0
(.542
11.207
0
17,74*














85

-------
                                  TABLE 39

                NATIONAL SUMMARY OF TREATMENT PLANT UPGRADES
                        FOR PLANTS OPERATING IN 1982
Table 39  summarizes  the upgrades projected  for facilities in  operation  in
1982.

The  Present  Totals  column gives  the  total  number  of facilities  and  total
present  design  flow  for  plants  that  will  undergo  some  type of  upgrade
between 1982 and 2000.  The columns to the right of  Present Totals show the
number of facilities and the projected design flow after the upgrades.

For  example, 1,451  existing  secondary facilities with current  design  flows
of  approximately  13,673,000  cubic meters  per  day will  be upgraded by the
year 2000.  The level to which each will be  upgraded  is  listed  to  the  right
of  the  Present  Total.   The projected  design flow of  these plants  following
upgrade  will  total  18,700,000  cubic meters  per  day  for all   levels  of
treatment in 2000, which is the total  of the flows listed as the second item
under each projected level of treatment.   The difference in flow between the
projected 18,700,000 cubic meters  per day and the  present 13,673,000  cubic
meters  per  day  represents  treatment plants  being  enlarged,   as well  as
upgraded.

The  costs involved  to  accomplish the  various  upgrades  are  summarized  in
Table 38.

All  flows are reported in thousand cubic meters per day.

A facility may show an upgrade even though the  general level of treatment is
not  changed.  For example, a plant can  upgrade from an  advanced  secondary
level to  an  advanced secondary  level.   This can occur  because the general
levels  of treatment  represent  a  range  of  effluent values  rather than  a
single value.
                                      86

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           PRESENT
          LEVEL Of
          TREATMENT

        RAH DISCHARGE
        LESS  THAN  SECONDARY
       SECONDARY
       ADVANCED SECONDARY
       TERTIARY
       NO DISCHARGE
DECEMBER 31, 1X2
1982 NEEDS SURVEY T*BLE *'
NATIONAL SUMMARY OF TREATMENT PLANT UPGRADES
FOR PLANTS OPERATING IN 1982
PRESENT
TOTALS
188 SITES
Ul KCMD



2,003 SITES
16,536 KCMD


1,451 SITES
13, 473 KCMD

384 SITES
13,555 KCMD
21 SITES
491 KCMD
24 SITES
58 KCMD


4,071 SITES
44,478 KCMD

NO LESS THAN ADVANCED
DISCHARGE SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY
13 SITES
1 KCMD
0.8 X RON
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
85 SITES
199 KCMD
1.0 X ROU
12.7 X COL
0.3 X ALL
83 SITES
805 KCMD
4.3 X ROM
51.3 X COL
1.4 X ALL
25 SITES
442 KCMD
2.7 X RON
28.2 X COL
0.8 X ALl
4 SITES
113 KCMD
14.5 X ROU
7.2 X COL
0.2 X ALL
8 SITES
5 KCMD
6.2 X ROU
0.3 X COL
0.0 X ALL
218 SITES
1,567 KCMD
J.8 .X ROM
100.0 X COL
2.8 % ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
2 SITES
734 KCMD
3.8 X ROM
100.0 X COL
1.3 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROM
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROM
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
2 SITES
734 KCMD
1.3 X ROM
100.0 X COL
1.3 X ALL
142 SITES
144 KCMD
89.6 X ROU
1.0 X COL
0.2 X ALL
1,512 SITES
13,023 KCMD
(8.0 X ROU
92.9 X COL
23.7 X ALL
98 SITES
778 KCMD
4.1 X ROM
5.5 X COL
1.4 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X RDU
0.0 X CDL
0.0 X ALL
9 SITES
(0 KCMD
(9.2 X ROM
0.4 X COL
0.1 X ALL
1,761 SITES
14,007 KCMD
25.4 X ROU
100.0 X COL
25.4 X ALL
29 SITES
13 KCMD
8.1 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
352 SITES
4, (84 KCMD
24.4 X ROU
14.4 X COL
8.5 X ALL
1,133 SITES
15,546 KCMD
83.1 X ROM
47.8 X COL
28.2 X ALL
294 SITES
12,236 KCMD
76.1 X ROU
37.6 X COL
22. 2 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
7 SITES
21 KCMD
24.4 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
1,815 SITES
32,502 KCMD
59.1 X ROU
100.0 X COL
59.1 X ALL
TERTIARY
4 SITES
2 KCMD
1.2 X ROU
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
52 SITES
500 KCMD
2.6 X ROU
8.1 X COL
0.9 X ALL
137 SITES
1,571 KCMD
8.4 X ROM
25.6 X COL
2.8 X ALL
65 SITES
3,391 KCMD
21.1 X ROU
55.3 X COL
6.1 X ALL
17 SITES
663 KCMD
85.4 X ROU
10.8 X COL
1.2 X ALL
0 SITES
0 KCMD
0.0 X ROM
0.0 X COL
0.0 X ALL
275 SITES
6.129 KCMD
11.1 X ROU
100.0 X COL
11.1 X ALL
NOTES:
         I.  PERCENTAGES ARE FUNCTION OF FLOU IN ROM, COLUMN ASD OVERALL!ALL).

         2.  FLOH VALUES ARE PROJECTED DESIGN FLOHS IN CUBIC METERS PER DAY X 1000 (KCMD).
                                                     87

-------
                                  TABLE 40

                    ANALYSIS OF LIQUID EFFLUENT DISPOSAL
                             NUMBER OF RESPONSES
Table 40 summarizes  the  methods  utilized by municipal  sewerage  authorities
to  dispose  of  the  liquid  effluents  generated  by  treatment  works.   The
summary describes the  current  situation  (1982)  and the changes  expected to
occur.

The Current Status portion of  the  table  lists the liquid  effluent  disposal
methods reported in the Survey.  The total methods in  operation  are greater
than  the  total  number of  facilities because more  than one  method may  be
employed by a treatment facility.   The  lower portion  of the table provides a
breakdown of the various  effluent disposal  methods and  the  changes projected
to occur.  A brief explanation of each  disposal  method  is given  below:

Outfall to Surface Waters:   Direct discharge to  a body  of fresh  water.

Ocean Outfall:   Direct discharge  to an  ocean, estuary,  or bay.

Groundwater Recharge:  Disposal of  effluent  via deep well  or other methods
in  order  to replenish a groundwater aquifer for the purpose of municipal,
agricultural or industrial  reuse,  or to control  salt  water  intrusion or land
subsidence.

Other  Land  Disposal:   Disposal of  effluent  on   public  or  private  land  for
other  than  agricultural  purposes  (municipal  golf course  watering,  highway
right-of-way maintenance, etc).  No effluent recovery is practiced.

Recycling and  Reuse:   Direct reuse  of  effluent  for  purposes  other  than
irrigation  in  an industrial  process,  such  as  cooling  or quenching.   Also
included is reuse or reclamation  of the water for other than irrigation.

Septic  Tank Field:   Discharge of  untreated waste  to  a  septic tank  with
effluent disposal to a leach field or cesspool.

Other:  Any method of disposal not described elsewhere  in this section.

No  Discharge:   No discharge  to  surface  or groundwaters  such   as  complete
retention in an evaporation lagoon.

Spray Irrigation:  Reuse of treated effluent in  agriculture by spraying.

Ditch  Irrigation:  Reuse of  treated effluent in agriculture  using  a ditch,
swale, or other surface flow method.

To  Other WwT   Plants:   Direct  transmission of treated  effluent  from  a
treatment plant, or raw wastes from a separate collection system, to another
treatment facility for further treatment  prior to final  disposal.

The  numbers shown  for  the  septic tank  fields  refer to  the  number  of
communities or  authorities that  use  septic tanks.   The  numbers  are  high
                                      88

-------
because  of  the need to  replace,  on a  national  basis, many  failing  septic
systems  with  better  treatment systems.   In  contrast, fewer of  the  other
types of effluent disposal require change.  Septic tank fields and treatment
plants  that  discharge  to  surface  waters  are  the  most  common  effluent
disposal  techniques  and,  therefore,  more  of these  authorities/facilities
will be undergoing changes of some type.  This is evident by the large total
number of changes for  these  disposal  methods shown in the  lower  portion  of
the table.

The values listed in the rows and columns  of  this  table are not necessarily
additive  or  cumulative.   Any  one  facility may  have  a variety of effluent
disposal  methods  and  any  one of  the  methods  can  be  undergoing  change
independently.
                                     89

-------
                                                                               DECEMBER II, 1982
                                                                               TABLE 40
                                      1982  NEEDS  SURVEY

                            ANALYSIS  OF  LIQUID  EFFLUENT  DISPOSAL

                                     NUMBER OF  RESPONSES
UNITED STATES TOTAL
IN OPERATION
42,171
XKKXxxDISPOSAL METHODxxxxxx
OUTFALL TO SURFACE MATERS
OCEAN OUTFALL
GROUND WATER RECHARGE
OTHER LAND DISPOSAL
RECYCLING AND REUSE
SEPTIC TANK FIELD
OTHER
NO DISCHARGE
SPRAY IRRIGATION
DITCH IRRIGATION
TO OTHER HUT PLANTS
X*XTOTAL*»*
"CURRENT STATUS*
UNDER CONSTRUCTION
1,033

ENLARGE
414
10
4
0
3
1
1
9
19
2
212
675

UPGRADE
297
2
2
1
1
3,161
0
2
1
5
20
3,492
REQUIRED, BUT NOT YET
APPROVED OR FUNDED
10,014
•NATURE OF PROJECTED CHANGExxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
ENLARGE
AND NEW NO
UPGRADE CONST. REPLACE ABANDON CHANGE OTHER
377
5
1
1
1
3
1
1
4
4
8
406
6,078
142
55
68
51
174
17
643
504
98
3,108
10,938
259
23
3
0
0
5
1
2
0
3
7
303
1,970
46
25
6
4
15,264
15
272
28
16
40
17,686
10,317
215
113
26
44
4,428
29
834
461
279
3,458
20,204
30
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
6
38
«*»TOTAL«««
19,742
443
203
102
104
23,037
64
1.763
1,017
408
6,859
53,742
                                                  90

-------
                                   TABLE  41

              SUMMARY  OF  TREATMENT  AND  SLUDGE  HANDLING  PROCESSES
                    NUMBER  OF  PLANTS AND ASSOCIATED  FLOW
                             UNITED STATES  TOTAL


 Table  41  summarizes the  inventory  of unit processes  that was compiled during
 the  1982 Survey.   Items 1  through 64 refer to  the liquid line,  items 65
 through   95   refer  to   the  sludge  line,   and   items   96   through  AD  list
 miscellaneous  processes  and types of  controls.   Table 42  expands  the data
 available for  each of the 112  items.

 Three  categories of information were developed for each item (unit process)
 For each  process,  information  is  provided  as  to whether a process is Now in
 Use, Under  Construction, or Required  But Not Yet  Funded.   In  each  category
 the total number of processes  is listed along with an associated total  flow
 For the Now In Use category, total flow was compiled from the present design
 flow of the facilities.  For the Under Construction and Required But Not Yet
 Funded categories, total  flow was compiled from the projected design flows.

A unit process as defined here includes  the complete process.   For  example
activated sludge includes the  aeration basin, associated blowers and  other
integral  mechanical  equipment,  and the  secondary clarifier.   These items  are
not listed separately.

Multiple   or  parallel  processes are counted as  one  process for any single
facility.   For example,  if a facility has four aerobic  digesters,  the number
of aerobic digesters  counted in  this  summary is one, not four.   Therefore,
the Number column denotes the number of plants using  that process.
                                     91

-------
OICINIII 11, tttl
TAIL! 41
It!! NEEOf SUIVEV
SUHNAIY OF TREATMENT AND SLUDGE HANDLING PROCESSES
NUNICIS OF PLANT! AND AliOCIATiO FLOM
(FLOH IN THOUSANDS OF CUIIC METER! 'It OAY)
UNITED STATi! TOTAL
RtQUlttO IUT
UNDEI NOT VIT
MOW IN USE COHITIUCTION FUNOIO
NUMBER FIOH NUNIEI FION NUNIII PL OH
TIIATHINT PROCESSES
I. PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - IAI SCIEEN
1. PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - MIT IEHOVAI
4. PIELIHINARV TREATMENT - COMH1NUTOI!
S. PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - OTHEIS
t. SCUH IEHOVAI
7. FLOU EQUALIZATION IAIIN*
S. PREAEIATION
). PRIMARY SEOINENTATION
10. TIICKL1NG FIITEI - ROCK MEDIA
11. TRICKLING F1LTEI - FtASTIC NCDIA
11. TIICKLINC FUTEI - IEDMOOD SLAT!
1]. TRICKLING FIITEI - OTHEt MEDIA
14. ACTIVATED SLUDGE - CONVENTIONAL
11. ACTIVATED SLUDGE - HISH IATE
It. ACTIVATED SLUDGE - CONTACT STABILIZATION
17. ACTIVATED SLUDGE - EXTENDED AEIATIOH
19. PU«t OXYGEN ACTIVATED SLUDGE
If. BIO-DISC (IOTATING BIOLOGICAL FIITEI)
20. OXIDATION OITCH USING MECHANICAL lt«ATO«S
21. CLAHIFICATION USING TUBE SETTLE*!
22. SECONDAIV CLAI1FICATION
2]. BIOLOGICAL NITIIF ICATION - SEPAIATE STAGE
24. BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION - BOO > NIT.
25. BIOLOGICAL DENITR1FICATION
It. POST AERATION IREAERATION)
27. HICROSTRAINER5 - PRIMARY
2B. HICROSTRAINERS - SECONDARY
2t. SAND FILTERS
JO. MIX-MEDIA FILTERS (SAND AND COAL)
31. OTHER FILTRATIONS
12. ACTIVATED CARBON - GRANULAR
J). ACTIVATED CARBON - PONDERED
34. TUO STAGE LIME TREATMENT OF RAN NASTEUATER
IS. TUO STAGE TERTIARY LIME TREATMENT
It. SINGLE STAGE LIME TREATMENT OF RAH UASTENATEB
S7. SINGLE STAGE TERTIARY LIKE TREATMENT
39. RECARBONATION
It. NEUTRALIZATION
40. ALUM ADDITION TO PRIMARY
41. ALUi! ADDITION TO SECONDARY
42. ALU1 ADDITION TO SEPARATE STAGE TERTIARY
43. FERRI-CHLOR1DE ADDITION TO PRIMARY
44. FERR1-CHLORIOE ADDITION TO SECONDARY
45. FERRI-CHLORIOE ADDITION TO SEPAIATE STAGE TERTIAIV
47. ION EXCHANGE
49. BREAKPOINT CHLORINATION
4t. AHONIA STRIPPING
:o. OEO:LORINATION
il. CHLORINATION FOR DISINFECTION
52. 020NATION FOR DISINFECTION
51. OTHER DISINFECTION
54. LAND TREATMENT OF PRIMARY EFFLUENT
59. LAND TREATMENT OF SECONDARY EFFLUENT (10/10)
it. LAND TREATMENT OF INTERMEDIATE EFFLUENT
57. STABILIZATION PONDS
SB. AERATED LAGOONS
St. OUTFALL PUMPING
tO. OUTFALL DIFFUSER
tl. EFFLUENT TO OTHER PLANTS
tl. El FLUENT OUTFALL
t3. OTHER TREATMENT
t4. RECALCIHATION
SLUDGE HANDLING METHODS
tS. AEROBIC DIGESTION - All
t7. COMPOSTING
tS. ANAEROC1C DIGESTION
tt. SLUDGE LAGOONS
71. CHLORINE OXIDATION OF SLUDGE 1 PUR IF AX)
72. LIME STABILIZATION
71. MET AIR OXIDATION
74. AIR DRYING
79. DEUATERING - MECHANICAL - VACUUM FIITEI
71. DEUATERING - MECHANICAL - CENTRIFUGE
71. DEUATERING - MECHANICAL - FILTER PRESS
79. DEUATERING - OTHERS
7t. GRAVITY THICKENING
90. AIR FLOTATION THICKENING
91. INCINERATION - MULTIPLE HEAITH
92. INCINERATION - FLUIDIZED BEDS
91. INCINERATION - IOTARV KILN
94. INCINERATION - OTHEIS
9S. PYROLYS1S
9i. CO-INCINERATION UITN SOLID UASTE
97. CO-PVROLYSIS UITH SOLID UASTE
99. CO-INCINERATION - OTHEIS
9t. LAND FILL
tO. LAND SPREADING OF LIQUID SLUDGE
tl. LAND SPREADING OF THICKENED SLUDGE
92. TRENCHING
11. OCEAN DUMPING
t4. OTHER SLUDGE HANDLING
tS. DIGEST GAS UTILIZATION FACILITIES
MISCELLANEOUS
t7. FULLY AUTOMATED USING DIGITAL CONTROL
tt: s^rAuyoS^HV^6 ANALOS c<""""-s
Al. MANUALLY OPERTEO AND CONTIOLLEO PLAHT
A2. PACKAGE PLANT
Al. SEMI-PACKAGE PLAHT
A4. CUSTOM BUILT PLANT
AS. IMHOFF TANKS
At. SEPTIC TANKS
A7. ELECTIODIALVSIS
19. REVERSE OSMOSIS
At. PtESSURE FILTERS
AA. SEEPAGE LAGOONS
AI. ROCK FILTERS
AC. POLYMER ADDITION TO LIQUID STREAM
AD. POLYMEI ADDITION TO SLUDGE STREAM

».234
4.451
4.107
71
400
501
427
1. 100
2.542
71
4«
14
2.14t
2t
1.272
2.010
91
25B
t!2
45
t07
its
551
40
t2t
31
95
1.441
2tO
41
25
1
14
It
2t
.S
50
17
77
421
7t
itt
11
9t
1
10
t
201
5.49?
10
t
7t
572
190
5.1-4
1.2t7
271
91
IB
11.724
41t
2t

1.14t
51
29
4.181
til
It}
40
74
51
t.729
1.17}
242
151
3t
795
221
101
22
9
IS
2
7
12
2
7.452
1.017
l.llt
9
41
291
20t

8.447
44
,o.t!!
4.5t4
I,t72
1.CB1
11.7tl
422
105
0
0
1
»2t
4
It
14
f t.814
115.725
tt.tol
41,01}
2.497
25.114
Il,t7t
25.391
10B.497
21.021
2.115
1.0t4
191
tt.sat
i.iti
11.204
t.)4t
11. fit
2.152
l.57t
4tO
t.ist
10.121
12.250
1.424
14,947
1,501
2.4tS
11.711
1.715
940
1.179
217
4fl
t27
524
I.t71
1.2tS
204
2.2BI
9. til
1,127
5.741
5.991
257
1. 7tl
a
too
in
3.143
12,081
1.701
4.701
tl
3. 183
159
12.122
5.115
11,014
5,7t4
247
127.137
5.210
1.154

11,957
501
1,175
84.171
It, 151
1}.94Q
1.522
3.70}
3.240
51.34t
54.110
14. OH
5.594
1.941
45.209
15,i07
27,1'1
1.11^
555
1.101
f?
240
lit
20
81.011
11.510
21.115
1.24}
11.256
13.043
13.1)t

I07»2t 1
t,B75
t.334
"i-.u;
1.094
t.lff
125,011
40t
21
0
0
17
114
25
4.74t
2.011
281
354
220
201
5
11
to
21
114
1
IS
1
0
114,
t
It
1!«
10
110
lit
1
74
tl
130
9
IBS
10
17
227
52
9
t
4
1
4
S
It
7
0
}
tl
11
,4
S
12
0
2
0
42
495
10
It
14
94
2}
171
ISt
47
9
1
115
10
2

215
7
10
to
21
10
5
t
1
21t
7t
17
41
I
74
40
14

0
1
0
4
0
0
245
47
tt
1
0
25
10

175
7
.si
75
72
105
4
11



4



1 . tZS
2.510
2.330
1.511
45
l.tOl
l.Olt
114
1.712
121
114
11
0
1.225
7t»
411
511
1.9tS
1.717
J»2
IB
•93
tei
2.182
40
1,175
47
IBS
l.ttB
1.07B
290
329
21!
t
142
174
1.510
412
0
22
1.142
1!
LIU
2*511
0
111
0
111
2.401
512
57
12
its
27
250
171
2.424
ISt
51
l.Ott
40t
45

2.ttt
tt
112
1.915
. )8t
2. til
97
240
37
1.130
1. 191
t24
4.02t
15
2.151
2.517
1.410
22
0
114
0
J12
0
0
1.150
274
1.473
7
0
1.412
211

2. 1BI
2. tt2
20
1.182
144
12
120
1,857
1
1
0
0
0
10
0
25
128
1* 191
5.847
I,t75
1.415
11
41
45*
il
1.5tt
44
55
It
t
l.Olt
»
101
1.514
27
15*
515
12
3tl
402
1.151
51
152
15
40
2.148
17}
25
1)
t
t
10
8
51
11
15
15
450
*t
42
12
24
}
II
2
112
t.tfB
It
21
21
477
tl
l.ltt
l.tll
141
)7
15
5.711
100
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1.87S
12
27
•tt7
11(1
2t
7
10
1
2. Alt
It}
54
|}t
}}
122
108
il







1.8}
14
27


117
4t

5.447
is
4.1,5
2.742
1.005
ett
5.055
t
42
0
0
2
4tt
10
71
84
8. 178
11.018
10.711
5.11!
71
1.144
11.111
2,101
8.282
580
1.141
111
451
11,411
218
1,314
2.40t
.740
,12)
,545
It
.870
,114
,047
.711
.481
10<
802
10.104
4.208
101
l.ltt
17
252
24t
401
178
148
114
811
4.824
555
»t
19J
445
40
1*462
2
1.404
If • 554.
524
105
14
2.450
140
1.171
1*449
1.042
1.571
440
10*172
1.471
205

5.779
140
1*405
7.548
2.180
1.198
79
414
297
4.290
8.052
10*587
7.109
1.S45
7.205
9.045
7.911
1*097
1* 170
281
89
ft
171
17
11 1 175
1.212
1*729
o
147
10.487
5.591

11*121
491
1.345
10.244
2.144
470
1*14
10*89

t


15
190
12
407
2*042
92

-------
                                  TABLE 42

                   PROJECTED  CHANGE  IN TREATMENT PROCESS USE
                    NUMBERS  OF  PLANTS AND ASSOCIATED FLOW


Table  42  is  a national  summary of the number of plants, the total flow, and
the  projected change  information  collected  pertaining to  unit processes.
Table  42  is  an expansion of  the summary presented in Table 41 with each unit
process  presented  in  greater  detail.    Table 42  includes  for each  unit
process the  total  number  installed  throughout the nation.   As some of these
unit  processes  are installed  in  plants  but  are  not presently  in  use,  the
totals  in  Table  42 may be greater  than those shown  in  Table 41 for a given
process.   Table  41 does not  include  the  unit processes that  are installed
but for some  reason are not  presently being used.

For easy  reference the summaries are presented  in  the same  sequence  as  in
Table  41.   For instance,  preaeration which  is item 8  in  Table  41,  can  be
found under  item 42-8 in this table.  The last number refers to the Table 41
item number.

Flows associated with each unit process  are the sum of the total plant flows
for all the  facilities  using that  particular process.  All  flows are  given
in  thousand  cubic meters  per day.   The  present design flow  was used  for
processes shown under the  Now In  Use  column.   The projected design  flow was
used for processes in the Under Construction and Required But Not Yet Funded
columns.

The information for each unit process is  divided into two general categories
shown in the  table as  Type 1 and Type 2  Estimates.  Type  1  information was
obtained  from preliminary engineering  designs.   Type 2  information was
generally  developed using EPA  cost estimating  procedures  together  with
commonly accepted treatment practices for the geographic area.

The projected change  codes   in  column   one  are  defined  in  the  narrative
accompanying Table 3.
                                      93

-------
                                                                                                 DECEMBER  51.
                                                                                                 TABLE 42
                                                        1982 NEEDS SURVEY
                                           PROJECTED CHANGE IN TREATMENT PROCESS USE
                                          NUMBERS OF PLANTS AND ASSOCIATED FLQU
                                          (FLOW  IN THOUSAi.LS OF CUBIC HETERS  PER DAY)
 42-1  PUMPING.RAH  HASTEMATER
PROCESS
TOTAL

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHES
TOTAL
PLANTS
1,204 It
221 4
402 (
3,1*5 10
SIS 5
(92 I
4,020 (0
J
10,550107
FLOH
,70»
,152
,1!1
,554
,»70
,(52
,884
(5
,82*
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
588
174
334
0
24!
175
3,459
3
5,482
FLOH
12,513
1,531
5,935
0
5.7»7
3.574
54,430
45
87,847
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
283
0
0
0
0
283
FLOH
0
0
0
1,922
0
0
0
0
1,922
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
857
0
0
0
0
857
FLOH
0
0
0
4,030
0
0
0
0
4,030
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
414
45
44
0
(8
17
541
0
1,373
FLOH
4,197
420
194
0
82
77
4,455
0
9,t29
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOt
PLANTS
FLOH
000
0 (
0

000
2
0
0
0
0
2,553
0
0
0
0
2 1 2,553
2,40




2,403
 42-2 PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - BAR SCREEN
PROCESS
TOTAL

ENLARGE
UPGRADr
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
HEM PPOCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
P
1


4


5

LANT!
,387
2(1
423
,243
432
921
,827
1
> FLOU
21,382
4,118
4,882
14,737
3,903
4,309
77,783
12
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
(78
181
326
0
308
8>7
5,025
1
FLOU
It, 852
3,874
4,420
0
3,731
4,242
48,535
12
PLANTS
0
0
0
354
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
2.521
0
0
0
0
PLANTS
0
0
0
1,182
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
7,456
0
0
0
0
NDU IN USE
PLANTS
709
80
97
0
124
24
802
0
FLOH
4,531
243
242
0
171
47
9,280
0
2
l»
T
T<
0
0
0





ESTIMATE
IDER
UCTION
> FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
4,704 3,5(3
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
                         15,495130,128   7,41(101,8(8
                                                          354  2,521   1,182  7,(58   1,854 14,557
                                                                                                                    4,704  3,5(3
42-3 PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - GRIT REMOVAL


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
700 17,150
145 4,914
283 5,457
1,894 13,212
193 3,484
370 2,944
2,748 (5.347
2 173
UNDER
NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
405 13,39(
107 4,704
242 5,438
0 0
1(0 3,576
359 2,921
2,443 57,134
2 173
PLANTS
0
0
0
221
0
(
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
2.341
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
(44
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
9.102
0
0
0
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
295
38
41
0
33
11
325
0
FLOH PLANTS
3,753
207
219
0
110
23
8.211
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
PLANTS
0
0
0
1,009
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
1,7(9
0
0
0
0
                         (,357113,084   3,718 87,347
                                                                        (((  9,102
                                                                                       743 12,525
                                                                                                                   1.009  1,7(9
42-4 PRELIMINARY TREATMENT - COHMINUTORS
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TO
PLANTS
543
134
2(1
1.649
147
375
2, (31
0
TAL
FLOH
7. 553
933
2,458
7.054
1,015
2,095
31.983
0
NOU
PLANTS
317
88
205
0
148
3(7
2,314
0
N USE
FLOH
5.027
83(
2,245
0
911
2.07*
28,810
0
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE M»M*MW»»»»»»» ••••••*»«p*i»,*
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
202
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
1,530
0
0
0
0
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
585
0
0
0
0
NDED
FLOU
0
0
0
4,102
0
0
0
0
NOH It
PLANTS
226
46
56
0
19
8
315
0
< USE
FLOH
2,526
97
212
0
104
15
3,174
0
I Trt e. ea i in* i e »••••»»••""••
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT Fl
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
000
000
000
1 0 881
000
000
000
000
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
1,423
0
0
0
0
                         5,780 53,095   3,441 39,909
                                                         202  1,530
                                                                                       (70  (.130
                                                                                                                     881   1,423
 42-5 PRELIMINARY  TREATMENT  -  OTHERS
PROCESS
TOTAL

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PLANTS
5
2
2
18
3
23
40
0
93
FLOH
49
20
5
122
706
85
1,619
0
2,410
NOU IN USE
PLANTS
2
2
2
0
3
13
29
0
51
FLOU
29
20
5
0
706
49
1.402
0
2.235
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5
FLOH
0
0
0
43
0
0
0
0
43
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
12
FLOH
0
0
0
78
0
0
0
0
73
NOH IN
PLANTS
3
0
0
0
0
10
11
0
24
USE
FLOH
19
0
0
0
0
14
214
0
252
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
                                                       94

-------
 42-6 SCUM REMOVAL
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-7 FLOH EQUALIZATION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS I-LOH
79 2.783 38 1.628
16 9,385
15 815
55 2,945
4 51
32 612
255 11,466
0 0
456 28,061
BASINS
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH F
63 1.745
11 150
13 235
548 14.140
10 67
30 124
382 9.269
1 97
13
0
2
11
220
0
318

LANT5
10
12
0
10
30
3*5
1
9,177
809
0
49
611
8,785
0
21,262

607
0
67
124
8.950
97
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
11 1,601
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
13 1,601
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLDH
0 0
0 0
0 0
89 900
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 n
0
0
29 1
Q
0
0
0
29 1

0
0
,288
Q
0
0
0
,288

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
325 11
0
0
0
0
w
0
0
,705
0
0
0
0
NOH IN USE
2
2
0
2
1
35
0
83

NOH IN
1
1
0
0
27
0
1 I 193
8
5
0
1
0
2,680
0
3,852

USE
2
5
0
0
0
319
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g
115
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
0
0
1 SS
0
0
0
0
13 55

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
g
13 1,419
0
0
0
0
                         1.058 25,832
                                          451 10,225
                                                                        325 11,705
                                                                                        59  1,465
                                                                                                                     132  1.419
42-8 PREAERATION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
60 3.452
20 447
22 727
84 2,736
» 7JO
41 2.160
27", 18.290
0 0
NOH
PLANTS
33
15
20
0
t
44
251
0
IN USE
FLOH
1.610
366
670
0
725
2,165
17,628
0
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
C 0
0 0
d 0
2: 514
II 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
55 2,100
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOH IN
PLANTS
27
5
2
0
2
1
24
0
USE
FLOH
1,642
81
$7
0
4
2
462
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
8 12
0
0
0
0
                           514 28,554
                                          369 23,566
                                                                                        61   2,251
 42-9  PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-10 TRICKLING FILTER
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
834 17,320
310 8,444
434 13,264
1,714 10,215
186 3.682
876 3,915
2,666 62,395
6 157
7,026119.395
- ROCK MEDIA
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
176 1,925
275 3.387
198 1,493
54 631
100 662
897 3.902
892 9,725
8 132
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
483 12.170
228 5,946
356 11,328
0 0
159 1,642
805 1,799
2,171 58,659
6 157
4,410 95,904
M«««Mlf««
-------
 42-12  TRICKLIHG  FILTH -  REDWOOD SLATS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANCE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-15 TRICKLING FILTER

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-14 ACTIVATED SLUDGE
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
1«0
2
1
1 142
II
156
34 7*1
0 0
58 1,204
- OTHER MEDIA
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 4
1 IS
0 0
t 452
D 0
2 8
10 348
0 0
20 833
- CONVENTIONAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
374 9,123
149 10,054
186 8,005
1,213 14,755
JO 2,730
406 4,276
1,207 12,410
1 3
3,566 81,360
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
2
1
1
0
0
3
32
0
39

FLOH
27
2
1
0
0
156
663
0
851

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
1
1
0
0
0
2
10
0
14

4
18
0
0
0
8
548
0
381

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
188 5,404
110 1.526
146 7,984
0 0
28 1,140
J'6 J.999
1,121 30,505
1 3
1,970
58,164
TYPE I ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 11
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 11

TYPE 1 ESTIHATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

TYPE 1 ESTIHATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
124 3,225
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
124 3,225
REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUHDED
PLAHTS FLOH
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0
11

D
0
0
131
0
0
0
0
131

REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH








5

0
0
0
451
0
0
0
0
451

REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
383 9,530
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
383 «
,530
NOH IN
PLANTS
4
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
7

NOH IN
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

NOH IN
PLANTS
186
39
40
0
2
30
86
0
383
USE
FLOH
112
0
0
0
0
0
99
0
212

USE
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

USE
FLOH
3,711
528
420
0
1,590
277
1,904
0
t ,440
TYPE Z ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0







0
TYPE 2
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CCTTMAYC
UNDER
CONSTIUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0







0
TYPE 2






0
°
0
CeTTMATF
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU







0
0 0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
g
o
Q
g
g
g
g

1 0

REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
706 2,000
0 0
0 D
0 0
0 D
706 2,000
42-15 ACTIVATED SLUDGE - HIGH  RATE
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTS HOT FUNDED NOH IH USE COHSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOH PLAH1S FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
5
2
5
11

0
16
0
249
480
892
1,016

249
41t
878
0
22
000
1,516 H 1,516
000
0 0
0 0
0 0
6 799
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 160
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 64
2 14
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
D
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
u
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
U 1.
0 0
0 0
2 55
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
                            44  4,178
26  3,083
                                                                                  55
42-16 ACTIVATED SLUDGE - COHTACT STABILIZATION

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
247 5,694
79 606
88 743
334 1,820
11 73
199 759
645 5,320
3 5
NOH IN
PLANTS
80
53
49
0
7
191
603
2
USE
FLOH
5,042
536
587
0
71
742
5,110
4
UHDER REQUIRED BUT
COHSTRUCTION NOT FUHDED
PLAHTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOH
0
0
0
32 42
0
0
0
0
0
0
84 1
0
0
1 0
00 u
0
0
0
,114
0
0
0
0
NOH IN
PLANTS
167
26
39
0
A
8
42
1
USE
FLOU
652
69
155
0
2
16
209
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDEK
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOW
On
«
n
21

0
282
0
0
0
0

                          1,606  15,024
                                           985  12,096
                                                                         84   1,114
                                                                                       287   1,107
 42-17 ACTIVATED SLUDGE - EXTENDED AERATION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
271 1,189
109
128
1,641
16
310
1,195
2
3,672
292
620
2,994
181
463
4,190
8
9 J40
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOU
87 924
51
65
0
16
298
1,120
2
1,639
241
554
0
181
441
3,999
8
6,351
YPE 1 ESTIHATE
UHDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLAHTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
121
0
0
0
0
123
0
0
584
0
0
0
0
584
REQUIRED BUT
HOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0
0
369
0
0
0
0
169
D
0
1.508
0
0
0
0
1,500
NOH IN
PLANTS
184
56
63
0
0
12
75
Q

392
UNDER
USE COHSTRUCTIOt
FLOH PLANTS FLOI
264 0
51 0
65 0
0 3
OA
U
21 0
190 D
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
1 HOT FUNDED
1 PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
g
1,146
0
g
g
0

594 3 1 1.146
g
900
0
Q
0
0

900
                                                         96

-------
 42-18  PURE OXYGEN ACTIVATED SLUDGE


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-lt BIO-DISC (ROTATING



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
16 2,180
S 618
9 3,828
38 6,746
0 0
7 184
48 5,186
0 0
lit 18,745
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
10
5
5
0
0
4
46
0
72
FLOH
1,237
618
3,828
0
0
170
4.599
0
10,455
BIOLOGICAL FILTER)
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
17 33t
7 20
6 105
465 5,110
3 4
5 16
220 1,866
0 0
723 7,463
42-20 OXIDATION DITCH USING MECHANICAL



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
92 241
22 51
t 20
671 1,927
2 It
15 18
4t2 1,227
0 0
1,303 3,506

NOH
PLANTS
10
6
5
0
3
4
216
0
244

IN USE
FLOH
It6
It
37
0
4
t
1.858
0
2,126
AERATORS

NOH
PLANTS
10
10
5
0
2
12
464
0
523

IN USE
FLOU
132
32
15
0
It
13
1.170
0
1,384
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
10 1,865
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
10 1,865

TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
111 1,787
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
111 1,787

TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
136 382
0 'J
0 0
0 0
0 0
136 38.!
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
27
0
0
0
0
27

FLOH
0
0
0
4,867
0
0
0
0
4,867

NOH IH
PLANTS
6
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
t 1

USE
FLOH
942
0
0
0
0
14
586
0
,543

REQUIRED BUT
NOT F
PLANTS
0
0
0
331
0
0
0
0
331

JNDED
FLOH
D
0
0
3,241
0
0
0
0
3,241

NOH IN
PLANTS
7






0
14

USE
FLOM
142
0
<8
0
0
6
8
0
226

REQUIRED BUT
NOT F
PLANTS
0
0
0
142
0
0
0
0
342
UNDED
FLOH
0
0
0
1.278
0
0
0
0
1.278
NOH IN
PLANTS
62
12
4
0
0
3
28
0
lot
USE
FLOH
108
It
5
0
0
4
56
0
It4
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
TYPE 2
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CCTTU1TE
UNDER
CONSTR
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
TYPE 2
UCTION
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CeTTMATE
UNDER
CONST!
UCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 13
0 0
D 0
0 0
0 0
1 13

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLON
0 0
0 0
0 0
23 81
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
23 81

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 -0
195 266
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
195 266
42-21 CLARIFICATION USING TUBE SETTLERS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOT
PLANTS
8
3
4
15
0
2
28
0
AL
FLOH
59
31
4t
34
0
t
330
0
NOH I
PLANTS
6
1
4
0
0
2
27
0
N USE
FLOH
12
7
4t
0
0
t
326
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 18
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
8 7
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOH IN
PLANTS
2
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
USE
FLOH
27
23
0
0
0
0
3
D
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FU
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
000
000
000
004
000
000
000
000
NDED
FLOM
0
0
0
t
0
0
0
0
42-22 SECONDARY CLARIFICATION
PROCESS
TOTAL

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PLANTS
87
60
10>
436
36
131
486
1
FLOH F
584
462
1.802
5.991
138
2t4
5.895
15
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
LANTS
62
45
83
0
34
125
452
1
FLOH
526
422
1,703
0
136
292
5,657
15
PLANTS
0
0
0
74
0
0
0
0
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
883 24
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,574
0
0
0
0
NOW IN
PLANTS
25
15
26
0
2
6
34
0
UNDER
USE CONSTRUCTION
FLOH
58
39
tt
0
1
1
236
0
>LANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
116
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
532
0
0
0
0
                         1,346 13,182
                                          802  8,754
                                                                        246  2,574
42-23 BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION - SEPARATE STAGE
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS
28
4
8
46(
0
10
145
0
661
FLOH
1.313
98
4,t33
7,865
0
59
S,71t
0
17,989
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
17
2
8
0
0
10
140
0
177
FLOH
529
88
4,t33
0
0
5t
3,618
0
9,220
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
63
0
0
0
0
63
FLOH
0
0
0
683
0
0
0
0
683
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
213
0
0
0
0
213
FLOU
0
0
0
6,21'
0
0
0
0
6,219
NOH IN
PLANTS
11
2
0
0
0
0
5
0
18
USE
FLOH
7t3
t
0
0
0
0
100
0
905
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
ito
0
0
0
0
ito
FLOH
0
0
0
962
0
0
0
0
962
                                                      97

-------
 42-24 BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION - BOD ( NIT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRAD
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
61 907 2Z 489 0 0
10 1,743 9 1.74? r. n
E 25 1,113
1,482 11,228
7 50
21 73
428 8,375
0 0
2.034 23,493
20
0
5
20
408
0
484
1 . 081
0
20
70
7,822
0
11,228
g
130
g
g
0
0
130

2,182
j"
0
0
2,182
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 ~
0
508
0
0
0
0
508
u
0
7.444
0
0
0
0
7,444
UNDER
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH
39 417 0 0
1
5
0
2
1
20
0
68
0
32
0
30
2
553
0
1,036
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
844
0
0
0
0
844
0
0
1,102
0
0
0
0
1,602
 42-25 BIOLOGICAL  DENITRIFICATION
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND  UPSRADE
 NEW  PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
5 181 1 56 00
00 00 00
1 ' ~
58
0
2
31
2
o
434
Q
15
1.213
1*17?
U 0
0 0
0 0
2 15
26 999
1 7
0 0
8 40
0 0
0 0
P 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
004
000
0
19
0
0
0
1
0
260
0
0
0
1,169
1
0
0
g
5
0
UNDER
USE CONSTRUCTION
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
124 0 0
ODD
6
0
0
n
213
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 n
0
31
0
0
g
0
0
332
0
0
Q
0
                                                                         20  1,430
42-26 POST AERATION  (REAERATION)
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
94 2,778 56 2,009 00 00
16 75 14 71 n n A „
35
1,137
8
61
712
1
386
9,457
1 j
289
11,297
7
27
0
60
635
1
358 00 00
0 183 1,974 528 6.689
11 0 0 0 0
288 00 00
10.522 00 00
70000
UNDER
NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
38 769 0 0
2 "
8
0
0
1
77
0
4
28
0
0
0
775
0
0 0
0 0
2 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
424
0
0
0
0
0
0
793
0
0
0
0
                         2,064 24,304
                                          801 13,269
                                                         183  1,974
                                                                        528  6,689
                                                                                       126  1,577
42-27 HICROSTRAINERS - PRIMARY
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
UNDER REQUIRED
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
4
1
0
26
0
7
21
0
229
77
0
174
0
25
1,177
0
4 229 00 00
00 00 00
0 C 00 00
0 0 11 67 It 106
00 00 00
7 25 00 00
18 1,173 00 00
00 00 00
0
1
0
0
0
0
3
0
BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
77
0
0
0
0
3
0
ooo
000
00 0
000
000
00 0
000
000
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
42-28 HICROSTRAINERS - SECONDARY
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TO!
PLANTS
14
3
2
58
0
7
59
0
r»L
FLOH
197
50
4
988
0
1,288
955
0
NOH 1
PLANTS
7
1
2
0
0
7
56
0
N USE
FLOU
143
34
4
0
0
1,288
882
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
17
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOU
0
0
0
185
0
0
0
0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
28
0
0
0
0
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
535
0
0
0
0
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
7 54
2 16
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 73
0 0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FU
PLANTS FIOH PLANTS
000
000
000
0013
000
000
000
000
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
267
0
0
0
0
42-29 SAND FILTERS
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE

TOTAL
Til
PLANTS
126
29
33
3,189
11
145
1,101
1
4,635
TAL
FLOU
1.718
246
476
14,622
52
317
8,898
2
26,334
NOH 1
PLANTS
59
22
23
0
9
132
906
1
1,152
IN USE
FLOH
999
226
442
0
48
297
8.240
2
10.256
UNDER (EQUIRED BUT
CONSTRI
PLANTS
0
0
0
230
0
0
0
0
230
ICTION
FLOH
0
0
0
3.668
0
0
0
0
3,668
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
834
0
0
0
0
834
INDED
FLOH
0
0
0
7.828
0
0
0
0
7.828
NOH II
PLANTS
67
7
10
0
2
13
195
0
294
< USE
FLOU
719
20
34
0
4
20
658
0
1.456
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
Q
0
0
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
o
o
2,125
0
0
0
0
2.125
JNDED
FLOH
0
0
0
3,129
0
0
0
0
>,129
                                                      98

-------
 42-30 NIX-MEDIA FILTERS (SAND AND COAL>
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLAHTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
17 1,450 20 1,307 g 0
1 104 3 ln4 n n

229
1
14
201
0
(30
7,584
0
85
7,195
0
5
0
1
14
194
0
494
0
g
85
7,288
g
g
52
Q
Q
0
0
g
1,078

0
0
0
HOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
« 0 17 143 00
0 0
0 0
145 (.017
0 0
g
lit
0
0
00 g
00 7 107
0000
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUHDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
4(8
g
g
0
0
                            4)1 17.451
                                           217  1,280
                                                           52  1,078
                                                                         145  (,017
 42-31 OTHER  FIITRATIONS
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND  UPGRADE
 NEU  PROCESS
 REPlACc
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL HOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
5 571 2
o -
1
11
1
5
29
0
i
3
1,182
0
It
249
0
u
0
g
i
3
25
0
UNDER
USE CONSTRUCTION
FLON PLANTS FLOH
10 0 0
0
0
0
0
15
1(1
0
0 0
0 0
7 221
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NDH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
003
0 0
0 0
21 872
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
1
0
2
4
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FlOW
5(0 00 n n
0
1
0
j
85
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
59
0
0
0
0
0 0
0 0
4 29
0 0
0 0
0 0
o g
                            74  2,022
42-32 ACTIVATED CARBON - GRANULAR
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHEP

TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLCH PLANTS FLOH
10 00 00
1 57 1 57 on
1
21
g
4
20
0
4S
28
1.810
g
153
1.201
g
1.278
1
0
1
19
g
24
28
g
0
151
.,070
0
1,310
g
4
g
r
0
u
(
g
128
g
g
g
g
128
REQUIRED BUT UNOE|, REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOU
00 10 00 0 g
gn M* __ v v
g
11
0
g
0
0
11

1,487
g
g
0
0
1.487
U
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
u
0
0
0
IK
0
136
0
0
0
g
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
g
g
4
g
g
14
0
0
0
g
14
 42-13 ACTIVATED CARBON - PONDERED
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND  UPGRADE
 NEH PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO  CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
», »Nl?T*rL, nu .,?!!? 1NUSE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU
0
0
u
(
0
0
i
0
U DO
000
000
110 0 0
000
000
297 1 297
000
0 0
0 0
0 0
4 291
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
g
g
17
g
g
0
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
g
g
g
g
g
0
0
g
g
Q
g
g
g
g
0
 42-14 THO STAGE LIME TREATHENT OF RAH NASTEMATER
 EHLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEH PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
P"OCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
PtA«T?"t,nu .,?£? ""'" CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
i
0
0
10
0
4
8
g
24
30
g
g
259
0
128
32(
g
752
l
0
g
0
0
4
a
0
11
37
0
0
0
0
128
324
0
493
0
0
g
i
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
(
0
0
0
0
(
0
0
g
5
0
0
0
0
5
g
0
0
239
0
0
g
0
219
1 0
g o
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
g g
0 0
1 0
0
0
g
g
g
g
g
g
0
0
g
g
g
0
g
g
0
g
g
g
g

g
g
g
g
4
Q
g
g
12
g
g
g
0
12
42-35 THO STAGE TERTIARY LIME TREATMENT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
EHLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
. .^°TAL N°" IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FIOH PLANiS FLOU PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
9
0
0
u
0
1
14
0
1* 2 45
000
000
5C4 0 D
0 g g
000
5i7 14 5(7
0 OP
0
g
g
4
0
0
0
g
0
0
0
142
0
0
g
g
g o
0 0
0 0
8 341
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 29
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
o g
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
o g
o g
g g
0
0
g
4
g
g
0
0
0
0
g
20
g
g
g
g
                                                     99

-------
  42-16 SINGLE STAGE LIME TREATMENT  OF  RAH  MASTEUATER
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
  NEH PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL HOW
PLANTS FLOH PIANT<
2 2
1 113
0 0
14 595
1 20
5
20
0
41
3}
354
0
1,120
UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REOUIIcn HUT
IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLON PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH
111 S ! 00 11 00 00
113 00 00 00 00 00
0 00 00 00 00 00
0 5 174 7 241 00 00 2 171
20 00 00 00 00 n A
5 33
20 354
0 0
28 523
0 0
0 0
0 0
5 174
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 249
000
000
000
1 1 0
o
0
0
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 171
  42-37  SINGLE  STAGE  TERTIARY LIME TREATMENT
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE  AND UPGRADE
  NEH  PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH
1 4U 5 208 0 0
0
1
65
0
2
54
0
131
0
15
2,517
0
17
1,281
0
4,248
0
1
0
0
2
50
0
58
0
15
0
0
17
1,200
0
1,441
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
12
0
0
1,538
0
0
0
0
1.538
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
004
0

35
0
0
0
0
35
0
0
662
0
0
0
0
112
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
8
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FIOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
208 00 00
0
0
0
0
0
81
0
289
000
00 0
0 0 18
00 0
00 0
000
000
0 0 18
o
0
316
o
Q
0
0
316
  42-38  RECARBONATION
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
  NEH  PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
PROCESS
UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
5
0
0
40
0
7
40
0
92
82
0
0
1,495
0
145
1,138
0
2,863
2
0
0
0
0
6
38
0
46
52
0
0
0
0
145
1,054
0
1,252
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 412
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 412
REQUIRED BUT
UNDER
NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
19
0
0
0
0
19
0
0
0
747
0
0
0
0
747
3 29
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
2 84
0 0
6 114
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
336
0
0
0
0
336
42-39 NEUTRALIZATION



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-40 ALUM ADDITION


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 22
0 0
1 3
15 194
0 0
2 3
14 190
0 0
33 413
TO PRIMARY
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOU
9 342
1 10
2 35
38 836
1 5
13 179
51 1,713
0 0
115 3,122

NOU
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
1
14
0
16

NOU
PLANTS
7
0
2
0
1
12
49
0
71

IN USt
FLCU
22
0
0
0
0
2
190
0
215

IN USE
FLOU
74
0
35
0
5
170
1,685
0
1,970
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
C 0
Cl 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 22
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 22
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
12 179
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
12 179

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
27 676
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
27 676

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
1 3
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
2 4

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
2 268
1 10
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 9
2 28
0 0
6 315
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 15
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 If

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
8 136
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
8 136
42-41 ALUM ADDITION TO SECONDARY
PROCESS
TOTAL

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PLANTS
48
15
19
511
3
23
314
0
933
FLOH
1,635
269
766
5,966
27
150
6,162
0
14,998
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
25
11
14
0
3
23
289
0
365
FLOH
812
276
708
0
27
150
5.727
0
7,703
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
61
0
0
n
0
61
FLOH
0
0
0
1,142
0
0
0
0
1,142
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
230
0
0
0
0
230
FLOH
0
0
0
3,782
0
0
0
0
3,782
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
23
4
5
0
0
0
25
0
57
FLOH
822
13
57
0
0
0
434
0
1,328
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
220
0
0
0
0
220
FLOH
0
0
0
1,041
0
0
0
0
1,041
                                                      100

-------
 42-42 ALUM ADDITION TO  SEPARATE  STAGE  TERTIARY
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND  UPGRADE
 NEK PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS
10
2
0
61
0
2
66
0
FLOH P
181
11
0
997
0
19
1,529
0
UNDER
NOH IN USE COHSTRUCTION
LANTS
5
2
0
0
0
1
62
0
FLOW
266
11
D
0
0
0
1,464
0
PLANTS
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
FLDH
0
0
0
127
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
FLOH 1
0
0
0
658
0
0
0
0
HOH IN
•LANTS
5
0
0
0
0
1
4
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
114 000
0000
0000
0
0
18
65
0
0 20
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
FLOH
0
0
0
210
0
0
0
0
                                            70   1.741
 42-43 FERRI-CHLORIDE  ADDITION TO  PRIMARY
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND UPGRADE
 NEH PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PRO<
TO!
PLANTS
5
2
1
12
1
9
14
0
64
:ESS
r»L
FLOH
517
1B9
1,179
254
1
258
1,401
0
6,00}

NOH I
PLAHTS
2
2
1
0
1
a
31
D
47

N USE
FLOU
499
389
3.179
0
3
249
1,159
0
5,480
TYPE 1 ESTINATI
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 27
0 0
0 0
D 0
0 0
1 27
REQUIRE
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
6
D BUT
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
194
0
0
0
0
194

NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
s

USE
FLOU
17
0
0
0
0
9
242
0
269
TYPE 2 ESTJHATI
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 -
0 0
0 0
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRE
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
1
D BUT
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
31
0
0
0
0
31
 42-44 FERRI-CHLORIDE ADDITION TO SECONDARY
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEH PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
T01
PLANTS
9
6
5
76
0
10
146
0
252
r*L
FLOH
742
493
140
637
0
119
4,393
0
6,527
NOH I
PLANTS
5
6
5
0
0
8
142
0
166
N USE
FLOH
598
493
140
0
0
115
4,387
0
5,735
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
14
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
76
0
0
0
0
76
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
D
45
0
0
0
0
45
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
504
0
0
0
0
504
NOH IN
PLANTS
4
0
0
0
0
2
4
0
10
use
FLOH
144
0
0
0
0
3
6
0
154
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOM
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
17
0
0
0
0
17
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
56
0
0
0
0
56
42-45 FERRI-CHLORIDE ADDITION TO SEPARATE STAGE  TERTIARY
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TO!
PLANTS
3
0
2
15
1
0
27
0
r»L
FLOH
40
0
30
1,585
5
0
180
0
NOH I
PLANTS
2
0
2
0
1
0
23
0
N USE
FLOU
39
0
30
0
5
0
153
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 1,193
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
6 348
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
USE
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
27
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 D
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
42
0
0
0
0
42-46 OTHER CHEHICAL ADDITIONS



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-47 ION EXCHANGE


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
8 255
2 456
4 48
35 1,236
1 700
12 66
64 2,253
0 0
129 7,017

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
2 56
0 0
0 0
1 40
0 0
0 0
1 56
0 0
6 153

NOH
PLANTS
4
1
2
0
1
11
60
0
79

NOH
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1

IN USE
FLOH
92
454
30
0
700
63
1,674
0
3,015

IN USE
FLOH
0
0
0
0
3
0
56
0
56
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UHDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
Ci 0
0 0
0 0
13 2.581
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
11 2,583

TVPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
HOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
23
0
0
0
0
23

NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
645
0
0
0
0
645

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
FLOU
0
0
0
35
0
0
0
0
35
NOH IH
PLANTS
4
1
2
0
0
1
4
0
12

NOH IN
PLANTS
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
USE
FLOH
162
2
18
0
0
1
579
0
765

USE
FLOH
56
0
0
0
0
0
Q
0
56
TYPE 2 E51INATE
UNDER
COHSTRUCTIDN
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED
NOT FUN
PLANTS
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2

BUT
DED
FLOH
0
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
7

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUHDED
PLANTS





0
0
0
2
FLOH
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
4
                                                   101

-------
  42-48 BREAKPOINT  CHLORINATION
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE  AND  UPGRADE
  NEW  PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANCE
  OTHER

  TOTAL

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 85
0 0
1 45
11 676
0 0
0 0
8 777
1 1,169
24 2,754

NOH
PLANTS
0
0
1
0
0
0
8
0
9

IN USE
FLCH
0
0
45
0
0
0
777
0
821

UHDER REQU
CONSTRUCTION NOT
PLANTS FLOH PLAN
0 0
0 0
I 0
2 116
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 116 1

RED BUT
FUNDED
rs FLOH
) 0
) 0
) 0
551
0
0
0
1.169
1,721

NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

USE
FLOH
85
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
85

UNDER REQU
CONSTRUCTION NOT
PLANTS FLOH PIAN1
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0 i
0 0 3

RED BUT
FUNDED
S FIOH
f






0
6
 42-49 AMONIA STRIPPING

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
HEM PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANUON
NO CHANGE
OTHER


PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FIOH
0 0
0
0
2
0
0
7
0
0
0
2
0
0
3*5
0

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 D
0 0
0 0
D D
0 0
0 0
6 138
0 0
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
O 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 II
0 0
0 0
0 0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

NOH IH
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
a
0
i
0

USE
FLOH
Q
0
0
0
0
0
56
0

UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
0














 42-50 DECHIORINATION
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
TO!
PLANTS
31
2
2
234
2
7
160
0
438
•AL
FLOH
(34
18
26
1,916
6
286
2,428
a
7,316
NON I
PLANTS
12
2
2
0
2
7
142
0
167
N USE
FLOH
246
18
26
0
6
286
2,340
0
2,924
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLAHTS
0
0
0
41
a
0
0
0
41
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
443
0
0
0
0
443
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
106
0
0
0
0
106
INDEO
FIOH
0
0
0
2,741
0
0
0
0
2,941
NOH IN
"LANTS
19
0
0
0
0
D
18
0
37
USE
FLOH
387
0
0
0
0
0
87
0
475
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
68
0
0
0
0
68
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
86
0
0
0
0
86
NDED
FIOH
0
0
0
462
0
0
0
0
462
42-51 CHLORIHATION FOR DISINFECTION



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1,391 14,962
365 6,182
523 11,474
7,226 22,268
308 3.958
814 4.2T5
5.060 51,369
5 86
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
656 10,381
253 5,800
409 9.202
0 0
253 3,860
861 4.165
4,513 45,484
4 86
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
485
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
2,411
0
0
0
0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
1,598
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
16,046
0
0
0
0
NOH IN USE
PLAHTS
697
112
114
0
55
23
547
1
FLOU
4,579
382
2.271
0
97
49
5,885
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
5,141
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
3. BIS
0
0
0
0
                        15,724114,517   6,949  78,183
                                                         485   2,411    1,598  16,046    1,549  11,266
                                                                                                                   5,141   3,815
42-52 020HATION FOR DISINFECTION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLM1GE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOH
PLANTS FLOH PLANT'
1 15
0 0
0 0
24 1,058
0 0
0 0
27 1,691 2
0 0
56 2,768 2
UNDER
IN USE CONSTRUCTION
> FLOH PLANTS FLOH
800
000
000
0 8 199
000
000
1,674 0 0
) 0 00
I 1,682 8 199
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
13 525
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 525

NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2

USE
FLOH
7
0
0
0
0
0
IB
0
26
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
00 00
00 0
00 0
2 133 1
00 0
00 0
00 0
00 00
2 333 31
42-51 OTHER DISINFECTION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
48 361
1 0
1 2
7 4,698
0 0
57 5,06b

NOH IN USE
PLAHTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
1 2
6 4,640
0 0
8 4,641
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
LNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLAN1S FLOH
C 0
0 0
0 0
19 57
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
19 57
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
27 IDS
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
27 105

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FIOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 58
0 0
1 58
UHDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
00 0
00 00
00 20
                                                     102

-------
42-54 LAND TREATMENT OF PRIMARY EFFLUENT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
4
D
2
53
0
56
14
0
z
0
2
48
0
65
20
0
1
0
1
0
0
25
11
0
1
0
2
0
0
48
11
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
14 12
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
00 31
00 00
00 10
32 34 00
00 00
0 0 31 16
00 38
00 00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 j
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
42-55 LAND TREATMENT OF SECONDARY EFFLUENT (10/10)
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-54 LAND TREATMENT OF
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
40 443
9 59
13 303
572 3,271
4 6
21 244
462 2,271
0 0
1,148 6,598
INTERMEDIATE
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
14 50
3 9
2 15
115 202
3 D
24 23
132 259
D 0
295 540
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOW
29 192
7 58
I
0
3
27
385
0
459
EFFLUENT
NOH IN
PLANTS
2
2
1
0
3
13
90
0
111
91
0
4
243
1,818
0
2,408

USE
FLOM
11
a
0
0
0
>4
202
0
238
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
C 0
a o
84 395
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
84 39!
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
24 41
0 0
0 0
0 0
f 0
2« 41
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 n
0
313
0
0
0
0
313

0
2,280
0
0
0
0
2.280

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOM
0 0
0
0
43
0
0
0
0
43
0
o
122
0
0
0
0
122
NOH IN
PLANTS
31
2
5
0
1
J
77
0
117

NOM IN
PLANTS
12
1
1
0
0
13
42
0
(9
USE
FLOM
251
j
211
0
1
o
453
0
918

USE
FLOH
38
0
1 5
0
0
8
54
0
119
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
Q
Q
0
Q
0
0 o
0 0
0 0

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 Q
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOM
0 0
Q
175
Q
A
g
0
175

u
595
g

0
Q
0
595

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 n
Q
Q
48
0
Q
0
0
48
"
J|
0
38
0
Q
0
0
38
42-57 STABILIZATION PONDS
FROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
T01
PLANTS
780
538
388
3,349
238
935
2,482
20
PAL
FLOM
2,343
too
607
3,531
191
1,432
6,878
82
NOH I
PLANTS
261
292
256
0
129
762
2,138
17
N USE
FLOH
1,654
358
501
0
133
1,240
6,061
81
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
181
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOW
0
0
0
264
0
0
0
0
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
692
0
0
0
0
JNDED
FLOH
0
0
0
2,389
0
0
0
0
NOM IN
PLANTS
519
256
132
0
109
173
344
3
USE
FLOH
709
242
104
0
57
191
818
1
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FU
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
000
000
000
0 0 2,476
000
000
000
000
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
877
0
0
0
0
TOTAL
                         8,730 15.688   3,845 10,030
                                                                        692  2,389   1,536  2,127
42-58 AERATED LAGOONS
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TO;
PLANTS
ISO
91
66
1,772
40
140
775
6
r«L
FLOH
488
548
485
1.854
ii
436
3. owe
27
*KI»*M*l>lt*ii*«*
NOH I
PLANTS
49
50
49
0
17
119
718
<
N USE
FLOH
196
256
302
0
44
344
2.913
27
ITrfc I bSllnAIC n«tt«»«M)l
-------
42-10 OUTFALL DIFFUSE*
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOW IN USE
PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FLOW
11 1.2*4 i7>
I It
2 I*
45 1,729
1 ail
2 12*
11
ta
0
an
32*
tl J. 214 SI 1,31}
15 0 g
TYPE I ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
D 0
7 154
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
10 5,571
0 0
0 0
0 D
0 0
NOM IN
PLANTS
I
1
1
0
0
0
7 1
1
USE
FLOH
415
7
I
0
0
o
.920
5
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLON PLANTS FLOH
0 A
o











Q

0
'
0
0
o
0
                                           <7  5,214
42-11 EFFLUENT TO OTHER PLANTS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLAK'E AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-62 EFFLUENT OUTFALL
EKLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHA-IGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
2 17
0 0
0 0
21 154
0 0
t *
24 914
0 0
51 1,5*5

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1,111 15,908
14! 3,178
3*7 5,545
6,145 14,131
548 4,357
1,775 7,08t
9,515 (1,780
27 131
19,881142,119
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FIOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
21 an
0 0
27 821

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
ttl 11,721
205 3,00*
2*1 5,360
0 0
414 3,932
1,712 6,345
7,185 81,887
7 121
10.175112,178
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
4 62
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
4 62
TYPE 1 ESTIHATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
1, 0
0 0
0 0
111 3.065
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
333 3,065
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
D 0
0 0
0 0
17 5*1
0 0
Q A
0
0
17

0
0
5*1

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
1.100 7
0
0
0
0
1,100 7
0
0
,485
0
0
0
0
,485
NOH IN
PLANTS
2
0
0
0
0
Q
3
0
5

NOH IN
PLANTS
470 4
138
lot
0
114
tl
2,110 >
20
I, Oil 15
USE
FLOH
17
0
0
0
0
g
1D2
0
11*

USE
FLOH
,187
It*
185
0
424
741
.923
*
,641
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
0
0

D
0


0
0

TYPE 2 EaiinAi
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
1
0
g
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
g
0
0
1


0

u
0
0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0.
0
0
4.70* 3
g
g
0
0
4,70* 3
0
0
,58t
g
g
0
0
.586
 42-63 OTHER  TREATMENT
PROCESS UNDER
TOTAL NON IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH
ENLARGE it m 5 It* 00
UPGRADE 8 1,066 7 1,0(3 0 0
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE 7 26 5 23 00
NEH PROCESS 143 2,413 0 0 3i 48*
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
18
257
137
1
587
2*
114
3,842
2
7,683
12
• 5
123
1
248
8
»7
1.671
2
5,035
0
0
|j
0
33
0
0
0
0
48*
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
96 1,908
0
0
0
0
98
0
0
0
0
1,908
NOH IN
PLANTS
11
1
2
0
t
142
14
0
1*6
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FIOH
20 00 00
20000
30000
0 0 0 19 l£
21
17
171
0
236
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
12 14
42-64 RECALCINATION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-65 AEROBIC DIGESTION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
5 475
1 22
0 0
12 230
0 0
3 76
17 1,37*
0 0
38 2,204
- AIR
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
517 5,376
123 1,022
168 953
2,110 8,73*
58 17*
372 1.199
2,0*0 12,113
1 4
5,461 27, to*

NOH
PLANT)



11
0
21

NOH
PLANTS
215
70
10*
0
44
354
1.902
3
2.697

IN USE
FLOH
212
22
Q
0
0
76
1.37*
0
1,711

IN USE
FIOH
2.272
877
as*
0
11*
1.165
11,690
4
17,011

TYPE I ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH

4


0
2 45

UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
23 2.96
0 0
234 2.1ft
104
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
D 0
0 n
g
t
o
o
0
0
t

Q
1*7
Q
g
0
0
1*7

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 D
0 0
0 0
tlO 4,272
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
tlO 4

,272

NOH IN
PLANTS
3
g
n
0
g
g
0
0
3

NOH IN
PLANTS
322 1
51
5*
0
14
18
188
0
654 1

USE
FLOH
242
g
g
0
A.
g
0
0
242

USE
FLOH
,103
145
*1
0
40
11
443
0
.85*

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FIOH
0 0
0 A

0
0
g
Q
g
0
0

™
0
0
g

o
0
0

TYPE 2 tsiinAlfc
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
1
0
0
0 0
0 0
1

0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0



g
0
4 7

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
1,265 1,50
0
0
0 0
0 0
1,265 1,502


-------
 «2-«t  AEIOIIC  DIGESTION - DXVGEN
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLAIGE AND VPGIADE
 MEN  PROCESS
 IEPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
TOTAL NO.) IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOW IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOH PLANTS F^OM PUNTS fiw PLANTS Urn
711 4 27 00 00 34 on nn
1
1
It
1
8
53
0
0
s
424
0
41
430
0
1 0
1 5
0 0
0 0
* 41
50 398
0 0
000
000
7 It 11
000
000
000
000
0
0
158
0
0
0
0
000
00 0
ooo
100
00 0
S 31 0
000
0
g
0
0
n
0
0
0 0

0 0
1 1
0 0

0 0
0 0
0 0
                                  935
42-17 COMPOSTING
ENLAIGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGIADE
NEW PROCESS
•EPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FLOU
2 75 27!
2
2
IB
1
2
19
0
1,181
6(2
1,798
IB
2
2,033
0
2 1,181
2 662
0 0
1 18
2 2
11 427
0 0
HUH CO DCAI1 1 am BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
00 00 On n n „ „
00 00
00 00
10 192 21 882
00 00
00 00
00 00
0000
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
o
o
0
0
o
1.406
0
00 0
0 0 0
00 5
000
0 0 0
00 0
ODD
g
Q
722
o

0
Q
0
                            66  5,771
                                           22  2,369
                                                                1*2
                                                                               882
                                                                                         4  1,606
42-68 ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEN PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
577 19.568
277 7,154
112 7,612
1.0*3 9,589
128 1,132
850 11,047
2,020 18,142
10 616
NOH
PLANTS
154
213
275
0
111
802
1.763
9
IN USE
FLOH
13,880
5,149
7,132
0
1,069
10,939
15,050
616
TYPE I ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
90 1,826
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
291 4.458
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOH IN
PLANTS
223
64
57
0
17
48
257
1
USE
FLOH
5,687
2,005
480
0
61
108
1,092
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
711 1,325
0 0
0 0
0 0
O 0
                         5,287  95,065    1,527  ?4,018
                                                                        291   6,418
                                                                                      6(7  11,418
                                                                                                                    711  1,325
 42-69 SLUDGE  LAGOONS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
71 1,94]
10 748
19 1,655
156 2,5(7
12 170
10! 1,944
353 9,770
2 46!
NOH
PLANTS
37
23
12
0
11
93
312
2
IN USE
FlOW
1,'M
198
1,»„». TYPE 1 ESTIMATE ............. ............. TVPE j ESTIMATE 	 	
UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
'cl'nu "NSTfUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOW
11 00 00 2 484 00 00
0 00 00 00 00 00
0 00 00 00 00 00
0 5 87 6 79 00 00 JO
10 00 00 00 On on
426
508
0
95S
0 0
0 0
0 0
5 87
0 0
0 0
0 0
6 79
1 3
2 75
a o
5 564
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

0 0
0 0
2 0
                                                  105

-------
 42-72 LIME STABILIZATION
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEU PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
  2
  0
40
  0
  7
58
  0
    77
     0
  857
     0
  359
2.723
     0

4.560
        30
        68
         0
         0
         0
      359
    2,640
         0
                                                       TYK 1 EST.MATE
                    0
                    0
                    0
                  240
                    0
                    0
                    0
                    0

                  240
          0
          0
          0
        26
          0
          0
          0
          0
  0
  0
  0
591
  0
  0
  0
  0
                                                                                                    TYPE t ESTIMATE
511
  9
  0
  0
  0
  0
 83
  0
 0
 0
 0
25
 0
 0
 0
 0
 42-73  HET  AIR  OXIDATION

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHA.IGE
OTHER

TOTAL
 2
 2

 0
 6
33
 0
  488
  147
  335
    0
  248
1,758
    0
 1
 2
 0
 0
 6
31
 0
  397

    0
    0
  248
1.693
    0
 0
 0
 0
37
 0
 0
 0
 0
  0
  0
  0
297
  0
  0
  0
  0
113
 90
  0
  0
  0
  0
 64
  0
42-74 AIR DRYING
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
'"CM. 	 """""" T"E UN^'"4TE ;i"Ulii"D"l"U"' •"""•»»' "« j ESTIMATE »»»».«..
PLANTS FLOH PL^S^FLoS """"""'ON NOT FUNDED NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION "2""™™
:"$","?!! Pl*582- ;?, PIAHI FLO; PLAN;S "°: n%?tf%i PLAT FIO:J PLAN:S rl°H
Si S::« i!Z !:!!! ! ! ! ':
'•s; i::i! i<° „• »: '•»• •• ••« .... ....
1,080 4,626 1,015 4,534 00 0 0 65 M - - ? ?
3.7C4 29,318 3,208 27,342 0000 496 1,977
" 63 4 63 00 00 00
9,589 58,923 5,380 44.256 214 1.145 680 3.825 1,352 7,175
u u U u
00 00
00 00
3 5 1*960 2,519
 42-75  DEHATERING  - MECHANICAL  -  VACUUM  FILTER
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
185 8,237 114 6,361 0000
50
67
475
11
107
753
1
6
4
11
6
28

,191
,662
,255
199
,513
,492
12
38
51
0
11
103
671
1
6,083 00 00
4.458 00 00
0 80 3,183 184 6,742
199 00 00
6,501 00 00
26,236 00 00
12 00 00
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU
711*875 n n n n
12
16
0
o
4
82
0
108
204
0
Q
1 1
2.256
0
00 0
000
0 0 211
on
00 0
000
V
0
0
1,329
"
0
o
0
                         1,649 65.565
                                          989 49.853
                                                                         184   6,742
                                                                                        185   4,456
                                                                                                                      211   1,329
42-76 DEUATERING - MECHANICAL - CENTRIFUGE
ENLARGE
UPGRADt
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOW
*7 4,581 25 1.261
11
IS
71
3
15
153
0
557
896
11.211

593
7,582
0
10
11
0
3
15
139
0
466
724
0
58
593
7,405
0
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
17 624
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
46
0
0
0
0
0
0
8,592
0
0
0
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
22 3,120 00 n n
1 90
2 171
0 0
0 0
0 0
14 176
0 0
0
0
0
g
o
0
0
o
Q
0
Q
Q
0
0
0 0
0 0
8 1,994

0 0
0 0
0 0
                                          203 10,509
42-77 DEMATERING - MECHANICAL - FILTER PRESS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU
27 883 17 483
2
10
180
1
7
104

332

8
514
11,475
132
170
3,898
97
17,181

2
10
0
1
7
96
1
134

8
514
0
132
170
3,523
97
4,150

UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
r
43
0
0
0
0
43
106
0
0
4,026
0
0
0
0
4,021

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0
0
125
0
0
0
0
125

0
0
7,296
0
0
0
0
7,296

UNDER
NON IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU PLANTS FLOH
10 399 0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
8 374
0 0
IB 774

0
Q
0
0
Q
0
0
0

0
Q
0
0
o
0
0
0

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
Q
12
0
Q
0
0
12

o
Q
153
0
Q
0
0
153


-------
 42-78 DEHATERINC - OTHERS
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEM PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANSt
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
3 85
4 57
1 1,2«0
It 1,580
2 8
7 24
20 419
0 0

NOH
PLANTS
2
4
1
0
2
5
19
0

IN USE
FLOH
85
57
1.2(0
0
8
8
489
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON
0000
0
0
> 1
0
0
0
0


2




0
0
1,470
0
0
0
0

NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
2
1
8
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH





0
0
0
0
0
It 8
10 0
0 0
8
0
8 »
0
8
8
8008
                             71  1,437
                                            33  1,82*
                                                                          25   1.470
 42-79 GRAVITY THICKENING



ENLARGE
UPGDADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLON
140 10,230
27 1,981
35 2,780
398 10,203
11 271
62 4,913
509 24,954
1 75
1,183 55,411

NOH
PLANTS
85
21
28
0
10
to
4i4
1
(69

IN USE
FLOH
9,114
1,857
2,629
0
271
4,904
2), 972
75
42,875
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 8
0 0
75 2,951
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
75 2,951
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLON



21




8
0
0
5,580
0
0
8
0
210 5,580
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN
PLANTS
55
t
7
0
1
2
45
8
lit
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT Fl
FLOH PLANTS FLON PLANTS
l.Ott
123
150
8
0
9
982







0 0
0
8
8
113
8
0
8
8
2,332 8 8 111
NDED
FLOH



1,67




1,472
 42-80 AIR FLOTATION THICKENING
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
TO
PLANTS
39
8
5
149
3
6
160
0
370
TAL
FLOH
3,211
859
770
11,803
148
1,413
9,203
0
27,410
NOH
PLANTS
24
7
4
0
3
t
144
0
188
N USE
FLOH
2,189
S.U
7S5
0
14C
1,413
8,343
0
13, tfl3
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONST*
PLANTS
0
0
0
40
0
0
0
0
40
JCTION
FLOH
8
0
0
2,597
0
8
0
0
2,597
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
101
0
0
0
0
101
(NDED
FLOH
0
8
0
7,9t2
0
8
8
a
7,962
NOH II
PLANTS
15
1
1
0
8
0
It
0
33
1 USE
FLOH
1,022
25
15
0
0
0
860
8
1,923
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
0
8
CTION
FLOH
8
8
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
NOT F
PLANTS
0
0
8
8
8
0
0
8
a
JNDED
FLOH
1


1,24



1
1,243
42-81 INCINERATION - MULTIPLE  HEARTH



ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PRO
TO
PLANTS
42
22
18
77
7
34
178
1
CESS
TAL
FLOH
4,028
4,818
3,093
8.173
913
1,405
13,111
1 , 169

NON ]
PLANTS
27
17
14
0
5
31
165
0

IN USE
FLOH
3.129
4,757
2,933
0
895
l,24i
12,344
8
TYPE 1 I
UNI
CONSTRl
PLANTS
0
0
8
12
0
0
0
8
ISTIHATI
IER
ICTION
FLOH
8
0
0
1,072
0
0
0
0
REQUIRI
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
0
43
0
0
0
1
:D BUT
INDED
FLOH
0
0
8
5,119
8
8
8
1,149

NOH IN
PLANTS
15
t
4
0
2
3
IS
8

USE
FLOH
899
tl
159
8
18
158
7t4
8
TYPE Z E
UND
CONSTRU
PLANTS
8
8
8
2
8
8
8
8
STINATI
ER
CTION
FLON
8
8
0
357
0
0
0
0
REQUIRI
NOT Fl
PLANTS
0
0
8
20
0
0
8
8
:D BUT
INDED
FLON
8
8
8
1,423
8
8
8
8
                           379 34,71',
                                          257  25,308
42-82 INCINERATION - FLUIDIZED BEDS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 17
2 181
0 0
4 1,119
1 14
0 0
18 1,125
8 0

NOH
PLANTS
1
2
0
0
1
0
17
0

IN USE
FLOH
17
181
0
0
14
0
1,101
0
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 22
0 0
0 0
0 8
8 8
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 832
0 0
0 0
0 0
o a
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
0
8
0
8





0




808
1 23 8
808







8
8
8
264
0
8
0
8
42-83 INCINERATION - ROTARY KILN
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEN PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL •
PLANTS FLOH
1 90
0 0
1 105
2 1.170
0 0
2 12
4 34i
0 0
10 1,725

NOH IN UEE
PLANTS FLON
8 D
0 0
1 105
0 0
0 0
2 12
4 145
0 0
7 464
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

NOH IN
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
90
0
0
0
0
0
0
0










0
8
0
1,170
8
0 0
0 0
08080
90 8 0 2 1,170
                                                    107

-------
 42-84  INCINERATION  -  OTHERS
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEW PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 104
0 0
0 0
4 S98
0 0
0 0
14 997
0 0
19 1,700
NOH
PLANTS
1
0
0
0
0
0
13
0
14
UNDER
IN USE CONS', RUCTION
HQH PLANTS FIOH
104 0
0
0
0
0
0
972
0
0
314
0
0
0
000
1,077 3 314
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 283
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 283
NOH IN
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
UNDER
USE CONSTRUCTION
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
n










24
o
g
g
g
Q
D
000
24 0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
Of.
0
0 0

Q 0
On
D
0 0

0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
42-85 PVROLYSIS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEN PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLON
0 0
0 0
0 0
5 89
0 0
0 0
: »7
0 0
7 181
NON
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
IN USE
FION
0
0
0
0
0
0
97
0
»7
UNDER IE4UIIED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON
0
0
0
0
0
0
0







0 0
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
00 3 64
NON IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
D 0
TYPE 2 ESTINATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 24
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 24
42-86 CO-INCINERATION NITH SOLID HASTE
PROCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
.. .ur?1*^- NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
,„,.... PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS fLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON
ENLARGE 00 00 00 00 00 00 on
UPSIiADE 00 00 00 00 00 00 0 S
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
NEH PROCESS 8 483 00 . 3,2 4 91 1 I 11 11
"EPLACE 00 00 00 00 on oo „ "
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
1
6
0
15
1
238
0
724
1 1
6 238
0 0
7 240
0
0
3
4
0
0
0
392
0 0
0 0
0 0
4 91
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
00 0
000
000
000
g
0
0
0
42-87 CO-PYROLYSIS HITH SOLID HASTE
ENLARGE
UPGRADt
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
1 " ~
0
0
1
0
2
9
0
13
i
0
0
171
0
31
306
0
511
u
0
0
0
0
2
9
0
11
UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON PLANTS FION
b
0
0
0
0
31
306
0
338
D 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
r o
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
o
0
o
1
o
o
0
0
1
Q
o
o
171
g
g
0
0
171
42-88 CO-INCINERATION - OTHERS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
"OCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
„, ,I°TAl NOH >H USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON PLANTS FLON
D
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
D
0
11
37
0
0
9
0
000
000
1 11 0
000
000
000
1 9 0
000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
000
000
000
37 0 0
000
000
0
o
0
D
0
0
0 00 00
00000
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
42-89 LAND FILL


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
672 10,964
65 2.337
129 8.965
3,084 14,747
91 335
1,038 6,068
5,462 59,853
1 700
10,542103,973
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NON IN USE
PLANTS
366
47
95
0
60
996
4,384
1
5,949
FLOU
8,101
2,270
7,357
0
276
5,739
52,527
700
76,973
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
245
0
0
0
0
245
FLOH
0
0
0
3,360
0
0
0
0
3,360
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
801
0
0
0
0
801
FLOH
0
0
0
7,610
0
0
0
0
7,610
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
306
18
34
0
31
42
1,078
0
1.509
FLOH
2,863
67
1,608
0
58
329
7.327
0
12.253
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2
FLOH
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
g
0
0
2,036
0
0
0
0
2,036
FLOH
g
0
0
3,779
0
0
0
0
3,779
108

-------
 42-90  LAND SPREADING OF LIQUID SLUDGE
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
""CESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOW IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW
55 558 26 241 0 D 00
14 73 11 6& n n n *
29
392
10
156
833
1
4,815
1,507
68
»39
5.236
18
2!
0
9
148
717
1
4,798
0
87
869
4,960
18
00 0
47 274 151
00 0
00 0
000
000
u
1,099
Q

0
0
UNDER
NOW IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOU
29 116 0 0
57 ~
6 16
0 0
1 0
0 70
116 276
0 0
D 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOW
0 0
0 0
0 0
194 134
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
                         1,490 13,037
                                          935  11,042
                                                                        151  1,099
42-91 LAND SPREADING OF  THICKENED  SLUDGE
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEI4 PROCESS
PEPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-92 TRENCHING
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
94 1,529
24 892
61 6,379
339 5,402
10 113
162 2,712
1,014 11,341
4 480
1.7C6

28,853

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
1 i
0
0
J
o
1
6
0
11
0
0
7
0
1,169
73
0
1,251
UNDER
NDH IK USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
69 830 0 0
17 851 0 0
54 6,371 0 0
0 0 69 1,673
10 113 0 0
155 2,694 0 0
(71 10,591 0 0
3 471 0 0
1,179 21,925 69

1,673
FCTTMATC
UNDER
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOW PLANTS FLOW
11 0 ~
00 0


00 0
1 1,169 0
5 22 0
000
7 1,193 1
U
0
"
7
0
0
0
0
7
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
174 3,555
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
174 3

.555

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
25 698
7 40
7 7
0 0
0 0
7 17
143 750
1 9
190

NOW IN
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1,525

USE
FLOW
0
0
0
0
0
0
50
0
50
' TVPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0

0

TVPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Q
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
96 173
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
96 173

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
 42-93 OCEAN DUMPING
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDO'1
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PRI
Tl
INT!
3
0
0
8
0
40
6
0
DCESS
DTAL
5 FLOH P
126
0
0
147
0
11,059
71
0
LANTS
0
0
0
0
32
4
0
0
0
0
0
Q
9,166
28
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANVS FLOH PLANTS FLOH 1
00 00
000
003
000
000
000
000

92
0
0
0
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
3 126 00 00

0 0
0 0
8 1,893
2 42
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
5 54
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
                            57 11,405
                                                                                       13  2,062
42-94 OTHER SLUDGE  HANDLING
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND
NE- PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
21 461 10 305
9 760 4 657
UPGRADE 5 3,595 4 3,593
292 12,397 0 0
3 11 * it
68 1,709
203 5,486
2 1,47<
603 25,899
61 1,686
181 4,915
1 18
264 11,188
42-95 DIGEST GAS UTILIZATION FACILITIES
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
24 3.261 14 955

-------
 42-96 CONTROL/LAB.MAINTENANCE  BUILDINGS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FIDH
(07 12,636
436 8,592
645 14,017
5,163 13,679
21B 1,980
632 3,491
5,919 47,143
1 12

NOW
PLANTS
303
304
499
0
172
616
4. 855
1

IN USE
FLOW
(,246
&<» 145
12,099
0
1,925
3,438
59,170
12
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
375 2,193
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0


REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOW
0 0
0 0
0 0
1,255 8,213
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

NOH IN
PLANTS
304 4
132
146 1
0
46
16
1,064 7
0

USE CONS
FLOH PLAN
,390
446
,918
0
55
53
,278
0 (
2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
TRUCTION
rs FLOH
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0


REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
4.211 1,27
0
0
0
0
                                        6,750 93,737
                                                         37!,   2,193    1,255   8,213
                                                                                     1,708  14,143
                                                                                                                   4.2J1   J.J77
42-97 'ULLY AUTOMATED USING DIGITAL  CONTROL

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE A-'D UPGRADE
NEU PROCES^
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL

42-98 FULLY AUTOMATED
ENLAPGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOU
9 1,716
1 189
3 314
24 3,493
0 0
1 0
28 3,942
2 711



„ NOH :

1
2
0
0
1
1

36

IN USE
FLOH

189
181
0
0
0
2,326
170

3,945
USING ANALOG CONTROLS
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
i 1,12,
6 680
5 86
13 1,385
6 17,
3 3,
51 4,03£
1 181
,3 7,720
NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLOU
2 1,022
7 580
5 86
0 0
6 179
3 39
46 3,608
1 181
70
5,7,6
i TYPE 1 ESTIMATI
UNDER
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
7 2,662
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

7 2,662
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 20
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 20




REQUIRED BUT
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0

,

FLOU
0
0
0
7,8
0
0
0
0

7,8

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
, 1.342
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 "
, 1
u
.312
PLANTS
3
0
1
0
o
0
3

8

NOU IN
PLANTS
4
1
0
0
0
0
5
0
10
FLOH
63,
0
132
0
0
1.616
541

2,929

USE
FLOH
107
0
0
0
0
0
vn
a
537
' TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 Q

0 0

TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

REQUIRE!
NOT FUN
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
8



IDED
0
0
0
33
0
0
0
33

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOW
0 0
0 0
0 0
3 22
0 0
0 0
0 n
0
3
0
22
 42-99  SEMI  AUTOMATED  PLANT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
853 7,991
1,066 17,900
1,026 15,424
4,731 12,577
523 1,821
1,07) 6,368
6,064 61,806
24 748
NOU
PLANTS
333
668
717
0
366
1,047
5,306
19
IN USE
FLOU
5,409
16,844
11,467
0
1,680
6,309
55,433
655
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
346 1,992
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
1,065 7,634
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOU IN
PLANTS
520
398
309
0
157
26
758
5
USE
FLOH
2,582
1,057
958
0
140
59
6,373
93
TYPE 2 ESTIM
UNDER
CONSTRUCTIO
PLANTS FLO
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
^ NOT FUNDED
4 PLANTS FLOH
> 0 0
0 0
0 0
1.318 2,»S3
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
                        15,360124,640   8,456130.800
                                                         346  1,992    1,065   7,634    2,173  11,265
                                                                                                                   3,118  2,953
42-A1 MANUALLY OPERTED AND CONTROLLED PLANT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLAC1"
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
2,5 1,276
343 612
307 655
2,975 2,527
187 260
685 1,510
2,7,3 5,3,1
12 103
NOU
PLANTS
93
134
211
0
105
575
2,20,
11
IN USE
FLOU
841
478
555
0
208
1,318
4,325
103
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOU
0 0
0 0
0 0
12, 145
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
555 1,550
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOU IN
PLANTS
202
20,
96
0
82
110
584 1
1
USE
FLOH
435
134
100
0
52
1,2
,066
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
2,291 830
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
TOTAL
                         7,5,7  12.338    3,338   7,830
                                                                       555  1,550   1,284  1,981
42-A2 PACKAGE PLANT
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEU PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOU
136 103
78 ' "
105
1,110
Jl
3,2
,31
1
2,784
147
758
2 t
535
1,016
2,645
NOU IN USE
PLANTS FLCH
34 42
38 * '
57
0
2 3
361
81,
1
1,333
t*
111
0
18
504
,60
0
1,683
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
74
I
0
0
c
74
0
0
61
0
0
0
0
61
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
203
0
0
0
0
203
0
0
172
0
0
0
0
172
UNDER
NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOU
102 61 0 0
40
48
0
8
31
112
0
341
13
35
0
3
31
56
0
203
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
832
0
0
0
0
832
0
0
524
0
0
0
0
524
                                                      110

-------
 42-A1 SEMI-PACKAGE  PLANT


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
42-A4 CUSTOM BUILT PLANT


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEW PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
JIB 507
111 3«2
149 44(
919 1,484
80 212
215 717
1,086 1.91B
4 1*
2,122 7, (81

PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
917 11,038
,264 K.194
,411 26,118
,475 13,433
413 1,987
,092 4,480
,451 41,202
37 1,801
NOW IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
48 204
72 222
95 3(2
0 0
41 >2
203 (90
948 3,554
3 1]
1.430 5,140

NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
407 7,907
(89 15,040
1,01' 24,405
0 0
42( 1,845
1,018 4,173
5,551 55,448
31 1,164
TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0
0
4 118
0
0
0
0 0
49 118

TYPE 1 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
318 1,870
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
205
0
0
0
0
205

FLOH
0
0
0
891
0
0
0
0
891

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
1,195 8
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
.806
0
0
0
0
NOH IN
PLANTS
150
59
54
0
39
12
138
1
453

NOH IN
PLANTS
530
575
397
0
187
74
902
(
use
FLOH
302
1(0
81
0
119
26
3(4
0
1,058

use
FLOH
3,131
1.155
1,712
0
142
107
8,513
(34
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
3

FLOH
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2

TYPE 2 es i in* I c
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
462
0
0
0
0
442

FLOH
0
0
0
472
0
0
0
0
472

REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
3,9(2 2
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
0
.7(3
0
0
0
0
 TOTAL
                         17,282139,257   9,11(110,408
                                                         318  1,870   1,195  8,804   2,(71 15,417
                                                                                                                   3.9(2  2.7(3
 42-A5  IMHOFF TANKS
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE  AND  UPGRADE
 NEU  PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS
10
26
4
10
7
2(1
110
3
433
FLOH
5
21
2
(
3
255
115
2
413
NOU IN USE
PLANTS
4
22
3
0
5
137
(7
3
241
FLOH
1
20
1
0
2
119
81
2
231
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
000
000
000
4 1 (
000
1! 0 0
000
000
4 1 4
FLOH
0
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5
NOH IN
PLANTS
t
4
1
0
2
126
43
0
182
USE
FLOH
3
0
1
0
1
135
32
0
175
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
000
000
000
000
000
000
000
000
000
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
42-A( SEPTIC TANKS
PkOCESS

ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
TOT
PLANTS
0
75
3
130
7
52
41
0
108
AL
FLOH
0
5
0
45
0
11
9
0
71
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
(0 4
1 0
0 0
( 0
17 10
56 8
0 0
120 2!
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
16 2
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
16 2
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
72
0
0
0
0
72
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
20
0
0
0
0
20
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
15 0
2 0
0 0
1 0
15 1
5 0
0 0
58 4
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
Q
42
0
g
0
0
42
NDED
FLOH
Q
o
Q
23
o
g
0
0
21
42-A7 ELECTRODIALYSIS
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH I
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
N USE
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NDED
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
42-AB REVERSE OSMOSIS
PROCESS


ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER
TOTAL
TOT
PLANTS
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2
AL NOH IN USE
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
000
000
000
54 0 0
000
000
000
000
56 0 0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRU
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CTION
FLOH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 56
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
2 56
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
o o
0 0
o o
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
NOT FU
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
o
o
0
0
0
NOEO
FLOH
0
0
o
0
o
o
0
0
0
                                                   111

-------
  42-A» PRESSURE FILTERS
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
  NEH PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
"OCESS UNDER REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
TOTAL NOU IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLON PLANT* FIOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FIOH
00 0
000
000
2 15 0
000
1 5 1
2 12 1
000
II 0







Q
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
IS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0








0 0
0 (
o
o
o
o
o
0
  42-AA SEEPAGE lAGOONS
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
  NEH PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS
15)
1}
a
542
M
45
515
1
FLOH
20*
20
10
428
9
56
657
0
NOH IN USE
PLANTS
20
6
5
0
5
10
562
1
FLOH
111
7
10
0
2
11
til
0
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS
0
0
0
42
0
0
0
0
FLOW
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
NOT FUNDED
PLANTS
0
0
0
122
0
0
0
0
FLOH
0
0
A
101
0
0
0
0
NOH IN
PLANTS
lit
7
9
0
14
IS
21
0
USE
FIOH
75
11
D
0
<
24
44
0
TYPE 2 ESTIMATE ••»«•««•«•••«
     UNDER      REQUIRED BUT
 CONSTRUCTION    NOT FUNDED
 PLANTS  FLOH   PLANTS  FION
                           0
                           0
                           0
                         296
                           0
                           0
                           0
                           0
                           1,172  1,391
                                                                                                16S
                                                                                                                       171
                                                                                                                              2»6
  42-AB ROCK FILTERS
  ENLARGE
  UPGRADE
  ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
  HEW PROCESS
  REPLACE
  ABANDON
  NO CHANGE
  OTHER

  TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS
0
0
0
10
0
1
1
0
14
FLOH P
0
0
0
12
0
22
2
0
37
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
LANTS FLOH
D I!
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 22
1 2
0 0
4 25
'LANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
U 0
'LANTS
0
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
7
FIOH
0
0
0
12
0
0
D
0
12
UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
'LANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D
FLOH PLANTS FLOH
0
0
0
Q
0
0
0
0
0
0
000
000
000
010
 42-AC  POLYMER  ADDITION TO LIQUID STREAM
 ENLARGE
 UPGRADE
 ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
 NEN PROCESS
 REPLACE
 ABANDON
 NO CHANGE
 OTHER

 TOTAL
PROCESS
TOTAL
PLANTS FLCH
1 1
0 0
1 1,179
84 633
1 14
4 362
32 1,185
0 0
NOH IN USE
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
1 1,179
0 t
1 14
2 357
29 H8<
0 0
TYPE I ESTIMATE
UNDER
CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH
0 0
0 0
0 0
6 25
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT UNDER REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION NOT FUNDED
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FIOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOH
00 13 00 00
0 0 P » " " !
0 0
18 506
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
M
0
M

*
0



V If
0 0
40 101
0 0
0 0
w v
000
                           123  5,379
                                                                                                                            101
42-AD POLYMER ADDITION TO SLUJ3E STREAM
ENLARGE
UPGRADE
ENLARGE AND UPGRADE
NEH PROCESS
REPLACE
ABANDON
NO CHANGE
OTHER

TOTAL
PROCESS
UNDER
TOTAL NOH IN USE CONSTRUCTION
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FtOH PLANTS FLOH
5
0
1
68
0
1
27
0
146
0
1
2,171
0
0
1,»4B
0
1 104
0 0
1 1
0 0
0 0
1 0
25 1.C64
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
4 128
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
REQUIRED BUT
NOT FUNDED NOH IN
PLANTS FLOH PLANTS
0
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
1,641
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
Q
2
0
USE
FLOH
42
0
Q
o
o
Q
83
0
                                                                                                   TYPE 2 ESTIMATE •••••••••....
                                                                                                        UNDER      REQUIRED BUT
                                                                                                    CONSTRUCTION    NOT FUNDED
                                                                                                    PLANTS  FIOH   PLANTS  FLON
                           122  4,270
                                           28  1,973
                                                                         14   1,641
                         0
                         0
                         0
                       398
                         0
                         0
                         0
                         0

                       39»
                                                                 112

-------
                                   TABLE  43

                DISTRIBUTION  OF  LIQUID  LINE  TREATMENT  PROCESSES
                     BY  DESIGN CAPACITY,  WITHIN  EPA  REGION
                                  (EXISTING)


 Table  43  summarizes  the common  groupings of liquid line treatment processes
 used in existing  treatment plants.

 Information  is provided for each EPA Region with  a national  total  at the
 bottom of the  table.   The  Regions  are  subdivided into  five  flow ranges,
 based  on  present  design capacity, so  that the  size  of the plant, as well as
 the geographical  location, can  be related to the different processes.

 The All  Plants column  gives the  total number  of each  Region's plants that
 fall within  the  various flow  ranges  and  the  total  present  flow capacity
 represented by  these plants.

 The subsequent columns  show which liquid  line treatment processes  are  in
 use, listing  the  number of  plants and the associated  flow.   The processes
 are grouped  into general  categories   such  as  lagoons  or  trickling  filters
 which  may cover several related  processes.   For example, lagoons  could  be
 stabilization ponds, aerated lagoons, or seepage lagoons.

 A single  plant  may  have an entry in more than  one  category;  therefore, the
 sum of the categories may exceed  the total listed under All Plants.  Entries
 are made  in the Other column only if a plant does not qualify for any of the
 process   categories.    The   Other  column  includes   conventional   primary
 treatment  plants, Imhoff  tanks,  physical/chemical  treatment  plants,  and
 other miscellaneous treatment facilities.

All  flows are reported in million gallons per  day.
                                    113

-------
                                                                   DECEHBE* 31.
                                                                   TABLE 43
                                                                                1>B2
               1982  NEEDS  SURVEY
DISTRIBUTION OF LIQUID LINE  TREATMENT  PROCESSES
     BV DESIGN CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA  REGION
                   (EXISTING)
EPA
REGION
I
FLOW RANGE
(HUD)
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
RfcGION V
0.00- 0. 10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VI
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
D.ll- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
ALL REGIONS
ALL PLANTS
t OF
PLANTS
62
131
69
172
45
479
78
234
110
244
62
728
254
459
152
276
49
1.190
575
916
299
540
76
2,406
970
1.277
342
516
128
3,233
842
955
289
398
48
2,532
1,246
681
129
162
25
2,243
691
294
68
114
15
1.182
198
239
92
206
65
800
184
226
71
135
22
638
5,100
5,412
1,621
2.763
535
15.431
TOTAL
FLOM
3.4
37.4
52.3
549.5
1470.8
2113.2
4.6
69.2
84.3
842.8
3494.0
4494.7
13.8
127.1
115.9
910.0
2377.3
3544.0
26.8
250.9
236.0
1890.7
2317.4
4721.6
57.8
316.2
253.7
1568.4
6826.8
9022.7
43.7
251.8
226.7
1190.1
1504.0
3216.1
60.8
161.1
96.9
486.8
1064.6
1869.9
28.7
69.8
53.0
371.7
481.3
1004.3
10.3
67.7
71.6
727.0
3166.6
4043.0
10.5
59.3
55.1
441.4
672.6
1238.7
259.9
1410.0
1245.0
8978.1
23375.1
35267.8
LAGOONS
« Of
PLANTS
18
32
12
13
0
75
11
26
6
22
3
68
59
74
14
13
3
163
246
442
104
117
7
916
570
552
92
66
10
1,290
533
466
98
104
8
1.209
991
369
50
32
3
1,445
644
263
47
42
2
998
159
187
63
107
14
530
140
106
30
38
2
316
3,371
2,517
516
554
52
7.010
LAND
TREATHENT
TOTAL * OF TOTAL
FLOW PLANTS FLOM
1.1
8.0
8.1
38.1
0.0
55.1
0.6
8.3
5.1
66.6
325.0
405.5
3.3
18.2
9.6
36.7
135.0
202.6
15.2
111.4
76.7
357.1
133.6
693.8
33.9
123.4
67.2
154.9
198.0
577.2
28.4
110.1
74.4
276.8
146.1
635.7
45.2
79.0
36.6
69.5
125.0
355.1
26.1
62.5
35.5
120.8
25.7
270.5
8.3
51.8
47.7
385.5
378.9
872.1
8.0
25.8
22.6
100.8
71.0
228.1
169.7
598.1
383.2
1606.2
1538.3
4295.2
3
1
2
0
0
6
0
2
0
2
0
4
3
4
1
3
0
11
8
7
8
12
1
36
30
40
10
6
1
87
144
108
18
32
2
304
7
10
2
0
0
19
a
12
1
3
1
25
43
88
34
it
9
240
32
20
7
14
1
74
278
292
83
138
15
806
0.3
0.2
1.2
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.6
0.0
15.5
0.0
16.1
0.2
1.0
0.6
10.4
0.0
12.!
0.5
1.6
7.0
43.9
15.0
67.9
1.9
f.t
7.6
8.4
42.0
68.3
7.1
26.0
13.2
73.5
34.4
154.1
0.5
3.2
1.4
0.0
0.0
4.9
0.4
2.2
0.8
14.1
11.2
28.5
1.9
25.1
26.1
232.3
237.1
522.2
1.9
5.1
5.6
46.5
18.3
77.3
14.3
73.1
63.1
444.4
358.0
952.6
ACTIVATED
SLUDGE
OXIDATION
DITCH
* OF TOTAL t OF TOTAL
PLANTS FLOM PLANTS FLOH
22 1.3
72 22.0
36 27.9
114 379.4
35 1139.2
279 1569.7
48 2.8
108 32.2
61 47.5
121 475.2
46 2494.1
384 3051.6
145 7.8
261 72.2
94 72.7
IBS 636.1
40 1997.5
725 2786.2
142 8.0
358 103.7
146 120.6
345 1281.3
68 2180.7
1,059 3694.2
298 17.2
459 124.1
177 136.2
361 1155.1
110 6389.1
1,405 7821.5
252 10.8
293 85.9
114 91.3
186 595.2
36 1296.7
881 2079.8
131 7.0
81 23.1
38 29.2
45 179.5
12 390.4
307 628.9
37 1.9
25 6.6
12 8.9
44 132.6
8 315.5
126 465.3
55 Z.I
69 20.0
27 21.8
107 425.6
43 2086.6
301 2556.8
34 2.1
68 20.6
21 16.9
60 189.3
14 382.5
197 611.2
1,164 61.4
1,794 509.9
726 572.5
1,568 5449.1
412 18672
5,664 25265
6
9
4
0
0
19
0
1
2
0
0
3
3
8
0
0
0
11
6
29
3
11
0
49
11
49
7
5
2
74
76
143
53
40
3>i
15
44
13
10
0
82
5
7
6
5
0
23





25
2
20
5
5
0
32
124
319
102
82
4
631
0.4
2.1
2.5
0.0
0.0
4.9
0.0
0.2
1.6
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.3
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
0.6
9.3
2.3
31.8
0.0
43.8
0.8
12.4
4.8
9.5
27.5
54.9
5.2
38.8
39.3
100.1
10.1
193.4
1.2
12.8
9.2
15.6
O.C
38.7
0.3
2.0
4.6
15.4
0.0
22.2
0.0
3.1
7.5
12.0
13.3
35.8
0.2
4.8
3.9
10.5
0.0
19.3
8.7
87.6
75.5
194.6
50.9
417.0
TRICKLING
FILTER
1 OF
PLANTS
3
9
e
2t
4
50
a
72
30
82
4
196
20
68
31
78
6
203
8
125
86
191
16
426
88
290
114
120
23
635
25
120
64
138
363
121
207
48
84
11
471
10
15
10
44
7
86
e
24
20
50
16
118
3
35
19
30
4
91
294
965
430
843
107
2,639
RBC

OTHER
TOTAL * OF TOTAL t OF TOTAL
FLOH PLANTS FLOH PLANTS FLOM
0.1
2.4
5.7
83.5
52.6
144.2
0.7
21.6
22.2
236.0
58.0
338.3
1.5
21.5
25.3
252.9
336.0
637.0
0.7
39.9
70.3
690.8
283.3
1084.8
6.3
77,5
84.0
346.0
765.2
1278.7
1.8
37.1
54.4
426.8
503.6
1023.6
8.7
51.7
37.3
256.7
277.6
631.8
0.7
3.7
9.2
191.6
177.1
382.3
0.6
7.3
15.3
173.6
444.4
641.0
0.3
9.6
14.8
116.6
84.1
225.2
20.9
271.9
338.1
2774.1
2981.8
6386.6
1
1
1
3
0
6
0
9
1
5
1
16
0
4
6
11
1
22
1
3
2
10
2
18
5
34
22
43
4
108
0
2
2
4
1
9
2
23
4
14
0
43
I
1
2
6
0
10
1
1
0
4
2
8
2
5
2
8
0
17
13
83
42
108
11
257
0.1
0.5
0.7
7.0
0.0
8.2
0.0
2.8
1.0
20.3
16.0
40.0
0.0
1.3
5.4
34.1
54.0
94.7
0.1
0.7
1.4
38.5
36.0
76.7
0.4
11.0
15.1
120.3
83.7
230.4
0.0
0.7
1.5
21.4
12.0
35.6
0.2
7.0
2.9
37.5
0.0
47.4
0.1
0.3
1.2
21.3
0.0
22.7
0.1
0.4
0.0
13.7
34.8
49.0
0.2
1.3
1.7
14.2
0.0
17.3
0.9
25.7
0.7
327.9
236.5
621.5
12 0.6
13 3.6
9 8.1
26 A3. 9
8 309.0
68 405.1
16 0.9
40 11.1
16 12.1
36 111.3
12 728.0
120 863.2
31 1.5
59 17.1
16 10.9
21 71.4
5 230.3
132 331.1
190 3.9
27 6.6
3 2.4
11 32.1
1 18.0
232 62.8
50 3.0
61 15.3
12 9.8
26 84.3
4 130.4
153 242.7
8 0.3
14 4.0
1 0.8
2 5.9
2 32.0
27 42.9
13 0.5
7 1.6
1 0.8
3 7.4
6 486.0
30 496.1
12 0.6
2 0.4
2 1.9
2 5.1
0 0.0
18 7.9
12 0.5
6 1.9
1 1.0
14 41.1
11 788.6
44 833.0
9 0.3
6 1.9
4 3.2
16 70.9
3 170.0
38 246.3
353 11.7
235 63.1
65 50.6
157 513.2
52 2892.3
862 3530.6
                        114

-------
                                  TABLE 44

               DISTRIBUTION OF LIQUID LINE TREATMENT PROCESSES
                    BY DESIGN CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA REGION
                                 (YEAR 2000)


Table 44  summarizes the  common  groupings  of liquid line treatment processes
expected  to be used in treatment plants operating in the year 2000.

Information  is  provided for each  EPA Region with  a  national total  at the
bottom  of the  table.   The Regions  are  subdivided  into five flow  ranges,
based on  projected  design  capacity,  so that the size of the  plant,  as well
as the geographical location, can be related to the different processes.

The All  Plants  column gives the total  number of each  Region's  plants that
are projected to fall  within the various flow ranges and the total projected
design capacity represented by these plants.

The subsequent columns show which liquid line treatment processes the plants
are projected to use, listing the number  of  plants  and  the  associated flow.
The  processes  are  grouped  into  general  categories   such  as  lagoons  or
trickling filters which  may  cover  several related processes.  For example,
lagoons could be stabilization ponds, aerated lagoons,  or seepage lagoons.

A single  plant may  have  an entry in more than one category;  therefore, the
sum of the categories  may exceed the total listed under All  Plants.  Entries
are made in the Other  column only if a plant does not  qualify  for any of the
process   categories.    The  Other   column   includes  conventional   primary
treatment  plants,   Imhoff  tanks,  physical/chemical  treatment  plants,  and
other miscellaneous treatment facilities.

All  flows are reported in million gallons  per day.
                                    115

-------
               1!82 NEEDS SURVEY
DISTRIBUTION OF LIQUID LINE TREATMENT  PROCESSES
     BY DESIGN CAPACITY,  WITHIN EPA  REGION
                  CYI-AR 2000)
                                                                   DECEMBER  31,
                                                                   TABLE 44
                                                                                 1982
EPA
REGION
t
FLOW RANGE
(MGD)
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0. 11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.0) »
REGIOi II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10. 01" +
REGION V
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VI
0.00- 0 10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VII.
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
0.01 *
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
ALL REGIONS
ALL PLANTS

• OF
PLANTS
167
208
71
210
50
726
267
324
118
261
82
1,054
803
896
23?
351
62
2,351
1,077
1,014
308
655
126
3.180
1,418
1,369
351
586
140
3,864
1.797
1,198
356
475
47
3,893
1,445
687
143
186
32
2,493
771
338
69
137
19
1,334
421
171
127
245
69
1,233
344
298
78
152
27
•99
8,530
6,703
1.860
1.260
674
21,027

TOTAL
FLOW
10.2
55.1
50.5
691.6
1678.7
2486.0
14.4
81.1
89.6
960.2
4344.7
5489.8
44.0
228.7
176.4
1056.1
2869.0
4373.9
51.2
248.0
229.0
2277.8
3967.2
6773.1
79.1
333.8
256.4
1822.2
7702.6
10193.9
84.7
289.7
265.6
1441.7
2140.7
4222.2
65.
160.
102.
561.
1139.
2029.
31.0
76.8
49.7
411.2
664.0
1232.5
22.4
90.5
94.8
859.8
3323.4
4390.7
17.9
74.8
58.4
508.3
887.0
1546.1
420.1
1638.8
1372.3
10589.9
28716.6
42737.5
LAGOONS

t OF
PLANTS
59
65
12
21
0
157
164
126
18
34
3
345
470
314
18
13
6
821
512
440
100
135
23
1,210
916
722
109
90
10
1,847
1.374
649
100
112
9
2,244
1,278
378
50
31
5
1,742
740
301
49
62
3
1,155
394
319
92
134
18
957
289
145
38
40
3
515
6,196
3,459
586
672
80
10,993

TOTAL
FLOW
3.3
15.9
7.9
50.3
0.0
77.3
8.7
25.3
14.3
133.1
400.0
581.3
26.2
61.3
13.7
26.1
204.2
331.3
23.6
103.0
73.7
426.9
584.7
1211.6
51.6
164.3
79.2
226.5
231.8
753.3
63.5
145.4
73.4
310.0
175. 5
765.6
55.3
81.0
35.0
82.2
178.7
431.9
29.7
67.5
34.6
169.0
54.4
355.0
21.1
75.1
67.7
490.1
471.6
1125.4
14.8
32.3
29.7
116.2
83.0
275.8
297.4
770.6
428.8
2029.8
2381.6
5908.0
LAND
TREATMENT

» OF
PLANTS
26
10
3
2
0
41
0
3
3
2
0
8
11
13
4
3
0
31
21
62
21
61
7
172
73
79
16
12
1
131
146
150
33
38
3
370
15
21
4
3
0
43
20
20
3
10
2
55
92
113
54
too
17
376
78
51
12
18
2
161
482
522
153
249
32
1,438

TOTAL
FLOW
1.2
2.6
1.9
3.0
0.0
8.4
0.0
1.0
2.3
13.5
0.0
16.7
0.5
3.3
2.8
10.2
0.0
16.6
1.4
14.7
15.7
241.2
150.1
422.8
4.3
18.4
10.7
21.4
52.0
106.6
7.1
37.4
23.3
97.3
51.9
216.8
0.9
5.5
2.8
8.6
0.0
17.6
0.7
4.3
i.l
34.3
24.7
65.9
4.2
30.1
40.1
J67.0
463.3
904.5
4.4
12.1
10.2
54.6
30.3
111.5
24.4
128.7
111.2
850.7
772.2
1887.0
ACTIVATED
SLUDGE

* OF TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
55 3.3
96 26.9
42 30.7
156 533.0
48 1654.8
397 2248.5
'76 4.7
150 42.2
70 52.3
177 678.3
74 4185.9
547 4963.2
283 15.4
487 137.7
192 140. 5
259 809.8
59 2759.5
1,280 3862.6
568 28.0
542 134.4
196 148.9
468 1682.8
114 3586.1
1,888 5579.9
444 24.9
511 131.5
192 142.9
430 1415.7
122 7245.9
1.699 8960.7
292 13.2
374 98.1
151 114.8
258 848.6
51 1BB8.4
1,126 2962.9
107 6.0
103 25.7
39 29.5
59 236.5
26 985.3
334 1282.9
31 1.4
31 8.4
12 9.4
46 148.6
10 384.5
130 552.3
42 1.9
74 21.8
50 37.3
134 540.5
48 2227.4
348 2828.8
41 2.5
113 30.8
28 20.3
82 298.4
20 586.3
284 938.1
1,939 100.9
2,481 657.1
972 726.1
2.069 7191.9
572 25504
C.033 34179
OXIDATION
DITCH

* OF
PLANTS
4
16
6
2
0
28
2
12
8
6
2
30
10
28
11
6
0
55
10
49
22
38
1
120
34
104
IB
17
2
175
182
198
105
68
5
558
29
108
32
21
0
190
5
14
8
15
0
42
0
10
10
12
1
33
8
31
10
8
0
57
284
570
230
193
11
1,288

TOTAL
FLOW
0.4
4.3
4.0
5.4
0.0
13.8
0.2
2.8
6.4
19.2
38.0
66.4
0.8
9.1
8.5
12.1
0.0
30.5
0.9
14.4
15.8
117.8
12.0
160.7
2.4
25.9
12.6
35.1
27.5
103.3
10.6
52.1
76.1
172.2
75.7
386.5
2.1
28.4
22.7
42.5
0.0
95.6
0.4
4.0
6.0
43.0
0.0
53.3
0.0
3.6
8.0
22.4
13.3
47.2
0.6
8.5
7.0
14.6
0.0
30.5
18.0
152.5
166.6
483.8
166.5
987.2
TRICKLING
FILTER

t OF
PLANTS
1
3
3
25
5
37
3
43
29
67
7
149
10
39
24
77
5
155
5
36
39
175
27
282
41
169
80
123
25
438
4
46
50
117
16
233
58
122
37
79
14
310
2
11
5
36
10
64
5
IB
15
56
17
111
4
23
18
35
6
86
133
510
300
790
132
1,865

TOTAL
FLOM
0.1
1.2
2.3
94.5
66.0
163.9
0.2
12.9
21.8
230.5
139.7
404.9
0.7
12.9
18.4
238.0
328.5
598.3
0.4
11.9
28.6
648.4
620.8
1309.9
3.0
49.7
58.0
367.8
836.1
1314.3
0.3
14.5
40.1
376.1
574.4
1005.2
3.9
31.3
25.9
237.5
387.2
685.6
0.2
2.8
3.8
134.0
308.8
449.3
0.4
5.4
11.2
202.1
520.8
739.6
0.4
7.3
13.9
144.0
139.8
305.3
9.1
149.3
223.7
2672.4
3921.5
6975.8
RBC

* OF
PLANTS
7
6
8
20
3
44
2
19
6
19
3
49
4
23
14
33
3
77
6
23
20
46
8
103
16
84
47
81
7
235
1
2
7
11
5
26
3
48
14
30
1
96
1
2
2
12
1
18
5
6
3
20
2
36
3
8
3
17
1
32
48
221
124
289
34
716

TOTAL
FLOM
0.4
1.8
6.6
68.2
104.6
181.4
0.1
6.0
4.9
66.1
54.9
131.8
0.3
7.4
11.9
89.6
320.4
429.5
0.5
6.5
14.3
152.5
173.2
346.7
1.3
26.3
34.4
243.2
126.9
432.1
0.1
0.7
5.3
56.2
66.7
128.9
0.3
14.1
10.3
76.6
52.0
153.1
0.1
0.6
1.2
35.5
18.5
55.8
0.4
1.6
2.2
57.8
39.8
101.6
0.2
2.0
2.3
47.4
11.7
63.5
3.2
66.
93.
892.
968.
2023.
OTHER

« OF
PLANTS
54
27
3
1
0
85
31
7
2
2
0
42
35
30
1
2
0
68
6
3
0
4
1
14
36
5
1
0
2
44
2
2
0
1
0
5
0
2
0
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
2
6
0
0
2
6
14
9
3
0
1
I
14
181
79
7
14
10
291

TOTAL
FLOW
2.9
5.9
1.8
6.1
0.0
16.5
.3

f

.
•
.4
.7
0.6
12.3
0.0
22.8
0.2
0.6
0.0
23.3
11.4
35.4
1.2
1.3
0.8
0.0
68.2
71.4
0.2
0.7
0.0
6.0
0.0
6.8
0.0
0.5
0.0
1.4
0.0
1.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
3.5
636.2
639.9
0.2
0.9
0.0
4.0
175.0
180.1
7.5
19.9
4.S
60.1
890.8
983.0
                         116

-------
                                  TABLE 45

                 DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE TREATMENT PROCESSES
                    BY DESIGN CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA REGION
                                 (EXISTING)


Table  45  summarizes  the  common groupings  of  sludge  treatment  processes
presently used in existing treatment plants.

Information  is  provided for each  EPA  Region with  a  national total  at the
bottom  of the  table.   The  Regions  are subdivided  into five flow  ranges,
based on  present design capacity, so that  the size  of  the plant,  as  well as
the geographical location, can be related to the different processes.

The All  Plants  column gives the total  number of each  Region's  plants that
fall within  the various flow  ranges  and the total present  design capacity
represented by these plants.

The subsequent  columns show which  sludge treatment  processes are  in use,
listing  the  number of  plants  and  the  associated  flow.  The  processes are
grouped  into  general  categories such  as aerobic digestion  or incineration
which may  cover several related processes.   For example, processes listed
under Aerobic Digestion may use either air or pure oxygen for aeration.

A single  plant may  have an entry in more  than one  category;  therefore, the
sum of the categories may exceed the total  listed under All  Plants.  Entries
are made in the Other column only if a plant does not qualify for any of the
process categories.  There are almost 6,500  facilities  in the Other  column.
The majority  of  these are lagoon facilities  which  normally   have  no sludge
treatment processes.

All  flows are reported in million gallons per day.
                                    117

-------
            1982 NEEDS  SURVEV
DISTRIBUTION OF  SLUDGE  TREATNENT PROCESSES
  BY DESIGN CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA REGION
                (EXISTING)
                                                                DECEMBER SI,
                                                                TABLE 45
                                                                             1962
EPA
REGION
t
FLOW RANGE
(MGD)
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION V
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VI
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
ALL REGIONS
ALL PLANTS

• OF
PLANTS
42
131
69
172
45
479
78
234
110
244
62
72B
254
45*
152
276
4?
1,190
575
916
299
540
76
2,406
970
1,277
342
516
128
3,233
842
955
289
398
48
2,532
1,246
681
129
162
25
2,243
691
294
68
114
15
1,182
198
239
92
206
65
800
184
226
71
135
22
638
5,100
5,412
1,621
2,763
535
15,431

TOTAL
FLOH
3.4
37.4
52.3
549.5
1470.8
2113.2
4.6
69. 2
84.3
842.8
3494.0
4494.7
13.8
127.1
115.9
910.0
2377. i
3544.0
26.8
250.9
236.0
1890.7
2317.4
4721.6
57.8
316.2
253.7
1568.4
6326. S
9022.7
43.7
251.8
226.7
1190.1
1504.0
3216.1
40. 8
161.1
96.9
486.8
1064.6
1869.9
28.7
69. £
53.0
S71.7
481.3
1004.3
10.3
«7.7
71.6
727.0
3166.6
4043.0
10.5
59.3
55.1
441.4
672.6
1238.7
259.9
1410.0
1245.0
8978.1
23375.1
35267.8
AEROBIC
DIGESTION

t OF
PLANTS
7
29
15
18
2
71
20
48
25
26
3
122
94
131
26
45
3
299
99
277
95
220
18
709
189
313
118
172
17
809
199
250
100
166
7»
120
125
46
33
2
326
10
10
9
19
1
49
15
43
20
42
6,
126
31
68
14'
30
3
146
784
1,294
468
771
71
3,388

TOTAL
FLOW
0.3
8.3
10.5
41.8
32.2
92.9
1.4
14.1
19.4
86.3
62.3
183.4
5.1
35.0
20.5
137.3
39.0
236.8
5.6
82.0
78.1
739.4
621.0
1525.9
11.9
85.4
90.4
517.0
287.7
992.3
8.7
75.4
80.7
525.2
537.6
1227.5
7.4
13.3
35.2
109.7
49.0
234.5
0.5
2.9
6.4
50.3
30.0
90.0
1.0
13.8
15.1
147.8
110.3
287.9
2.0
19.7
10.9
76.9
126.5
235.8
43.5
369.5
366.7
2431.4
1895.5
5106.5
ANAEROBIC
DIGESTION

* OF
PLANTS
4
23
26
75
11
139
25
138
68
161
42
434
69
215
113
203
35
6£5
19
144
86
244
50
543
127
401
IBS
341
88
1,142
37
110
65
128
27
367
76
146
37
90
19
368
9
17
13
65
12
116
24
55
29
126
48
282
6
43
27
72
17
165
396
1,292
639
1,505
349
4,181

TOTAL
FLOH
0.2
7.4
20.9
254.0
590.3
872.7
1.6
41.1
53.0
512.6
2765.8
3373.8
3.9
64.2
79.6
661.5
1742.9
2552.0
1.2
46.4
70.6
918.7
1474.1
2510.8
8.6
109.3
139.2
1068.6
4853.3
6178.9
1.9
32.1
53.7
400.8
803.5
1291.9
4.6
41.7
28.2
290.7
620.7
985.7
0.6
4.1
11.1
263.1
411.1
689.9
1.4
16.0
24.3
461.1
2625.1
3127.8
0.4
12.1
21.5
286.4
541.6
861.8
24.1
373.9
501.7
5117.1
16428
22445
AIR
DRYING

t OF
PLANTS
28
77
36
S3
5
199
41
173
74
98
11
397
166
365
117
164
19
831
146
469
205
421
39
1,280
288
616
233
300
35
1,472
323
589
206
276
21
1.415
117
194
42
73
3
429
32
36
23
73
7
171
29
95
51
116
23
314
IS
80
25
64
10
197
1.188
2,694
1,012
1,638
173
6,705

TOTAL
FLOH
1.5
22.2
28.3
145.1
532.7
729.7
2.8
51.1
55.6
272.7
527.0
909.1
9.3
104.4
89.1
468.5
547.3
1218.4
8.7
139. T
167.9
1420.0
1000.8
2736.9
18.2
164.0
175.3
824.0
2000.9
3182.2
20.0
164.5
163.6
763.4
569.1
1680.4
7.7
49.5
31.8
192.8
77.0
358.7
1.
9.
18.
261.
149.
440.
2.
28.
40.
376.
1303.3
1750.5
1.3
23.2
19.9
218.9
279.1
542.2
73.0
756.3
789.8
4942.6
6986.2
13548
INCINERATION

* OF
PLANTS
0
1
0
18
28
47
t
11
8
37
25
87
0
3
2
29
20
54
0
0
0
15
19
34
8
3
1
18
49
79
0
2
0
12
10
24
3
3
5
8
10
29
0
0
0
5
2
7
0
3
0
9
9
21
0
4
2
5
4
15
17
30
18
156
176
397

TOTAL
FLOH
0.0
0.4
0.0
81.8
B79.1
961.2
0.4
2.6
6.4
190.3
849.3
1048.8
0.0
1.1
1.7
171.2
713.9
887.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
70.7
739.5
810.2
0.3
1.0
0.8
90.3
2988. 7
3080.9
0.0
0.8
0.0
61.1
479.6
541.4
0.2
1.1
3.2
35.5
682.4
722.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
22.9
35.0
57.9
0.0
1.3
0.0
40.6
276.6
318.4
0.0
1.4
1.4
35.1
84.0
121.8
0.8
9.5
13.3
799.1
7727.9
8S50.5
OTHER

1 OF
PLANTS
28
39
16
61'
8
152
20
13
10
39
5
87
65
56
11
13
3
148
416
411
83
52
7
969
581
484
44
43
12
1,164
420
340
68
76
91*
1,003
367
42
34
2
1,448
650
254
40
26
3
973
144
113
33
34
B
332
144
103
27
32
2
308
3,471
2,180
374
410
56
6,491

TOTAL
FLOH
1.7
10.7
11.4
177.0
125.*
326.3
1.0
4.6
e.o
141.5
361.0
SIS. 9
3.5
12.7
7.3
46.1
231.6
301.1
17.3
100.4
59.2
151.8
133.9
462.6
33.4
105.6
29.5
127.5
849.9
1145.7
21.3
79.9
50.6
222.8
128.0
502.5
45.9
77.6
30.2
80.2
42.5
276.2
26.4
59.4
30.4
51.3
70.2
237.7
7.2
29.
25.
121.
262.
445.
8.
24.
20.
82.
67.
202.
US.
504.
272.
1201.
2271.
4414.
                    118

-------
                                   TABLE 46

                  DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE TREATMENT PROCESSES
                    BY  DESIGN  CAPACITY,  WITHIN  EPA REGION
                                  (YEAR  2000)

 Table  46  summarizes  the  common  groupings of  sludge  treatment  processes
 expected  to  be  used by treatment plants operating in  the year  2000.

 Information  is  provided for  each EPA  Region  with a  national  total  at the
 bottom  of the  table.   The  Regions  are  subdivided  into  five flow  ranges,
 based on  projected design  capacity,  so  that the  size of  the plant, as well
 as  the geographical  location,  can be related to the different  processes.

 The  All  Plants  column  gives  the total  number of  each Region's plants that
 are  projected to  fall  within  the various  flow  ranges and the total  projected
 design capacity represented by these plants.

 The  subsequent  columns show which sludge treatment  processes  are  projected
 to  be  in  use,  listing the number of plants  and  the  associated  flow.   The
 processes are grouped  into general categories such as aerobic digestion or
 incineration.   These categories  may cover several related  processes.   For
 example, processes  listed under  Aerobic Digestion may use either air or pure
 oxygen for aeration.

 A single  plant  may have entries in  more than one category; therefore,  the
 sum of categories may exceed the  total   listed under All Plants.  Entries  are
 made in the  Other  column  only if a  plant  does  not  qualify for  any  of  the
 process  categories.  There are  over 6,400  facilities in  the  Other column.
The  majority  of these  are  lagoon facilities  which normally have  no  sludge
 treatment  processes.

All  flows  are reported  in million gallons per day.
                                    119

-------
            1982 NEEDS SURVEY
DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE TREATMENT  PROCESSES
  BY DESIGN CAPACITY,  HITHIN EPA  IEGION
               (YEAR  2000)
                                                                DECEMBER 11,
                                                                TABLE 46
EPA
REGION
S
FLOW RANGE
(MGD)
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10,01 +
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
O.'l- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
O.U- 0.50
0.51- i.OO
1 .01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION V
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 »
REGION VI
0 00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1 .00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
ALL REGIONS
ALL PLANTS

• OF
PLANTS
187
208
71
210
50
726
2(7
324
118
263
82
1,054
80!
896
239
351
62
2,351
1,077
1,014
300
655
126
3,180
1,418
1,369
351
sat
140
3,86':
1,797
1,198
356
475
67
3,893
1,445
687
143
186
32
2,493
771
338
69
137
19
1,334
421
371
127
245
69
1,233
344
298
78
152
27
899
8.530
6,703
1,860
3,260
674
21,027

TOTAL
FLOM
10.2
55.1
50.5
691.6
1678.7
2486.0
14.4
81.1
89.6
960.2
4344.7
5489.8
44.0
228.7
176.4
1056.1
2869.0
4373.9
51.2
248.0
229.0
2277.8
3967.2
6773.1
79.1
333.8
256.4
1822.2
7702.6
10193.9
84.7
289.7
265.6
14*:. 7
2H0.7
4222.2
65.6
160.8
102.3
561.5
1139.8
2029.8
31.0
76.8
49.7
411.2
664.0
1232.5
22.4
90.5
94.8
859.8
3323.4
4350.7
17.9
74.8
58.4
508.3
887.0
1546.1
420.1
1638.8
1372.3
10589.9
28716.6
42737.5
AEROBIC
DIGESTION

1 OF
PLANTS
13
43
19
28
2
105
15
62
29
45
4
155
214
327
95
92
8
736
340
388
137
313
41
1,219
322
410
133
220
22
1,107
266
349
153
231
22
1,021
95
148
55
46
7
351
10
15
12
27
1
65
14
41
32
53
10
150
42
110
25
47
4
228
1,331
1,893
690
1,102
121
5,137

TOTAL
FLOW
0.7
13.3
13.9
69.0
34.4
131.0
1.1
18.2
21.6
137.8
120.9
299.5
11.7
92.8
67.4
266.2
141.7
579.6
16.9
101.5
102.9
1081.2
1077.5
2379.8
18.5
104.8
98.0
661.1
746.8
1629. 0
12.0
•0.5
116.7
760.8
764.9
1744.7
5.9
38.1
40.4
132.9
377.8
594.9
0.5
4.2
9.1
«2.7
30.0
126.3
0.8
12.0
23.7
156.4
213.9
406.6
2.7
30.5
17.2
134.8
149.7
334.6
70.3
505.5
510.4
3482.4
3657.2
8225.7
ANAEROBIC
DIGESTION

* OF
PLANTS
12
21
12
80
13
138
56
132
72
170
43
473
92
251
132
241
47
763
167
153
74
266
75
735
119
303
151)
382
99
1,067
35
58
54
126
32
305
61
134
42
101
25
363
6
17
10
60
18
111
22
62
28
143
51
306
6
34
20
73
21
154
576
1,170
603
1,642
424
4,415

TOTAL
FLOW
0.7
5.9
9.1
292.3
700.2
1008.1
3.2
37.4
55.4
606.2
1623.9
2325.9
5.3
73.0
99.9
747.1
2193.7
3118.8
8.4
37.9
55.2
1022.7
2435.9
3559.9
7.7
90.0
117.6
1237.2
5723.9
7176.1
1.7
17.9
40.6
429.8
1122.6
1612.4
3.7
37.1
30.2
319.5
779.3
1169.6
0.4
4.3
7.3
208.8
652.8
873.3
1.3
17.9
21.3
559.3
2739.9
3339.5
0.5
9.6
15.5
311.9
705.6
1042.9
32.4
330.6
451.6
5734.3
18677
25226
AIR
DRYING

* OF
PLANTS
55
77
27
57
6
222
70
175
91
too
16
452
308
561
167
204
24
1.264
569
611
227
520
68
1,995
405
614
221
356
36
1,632
437
662
284
347
26
1,756
73
189
42
85
3
392
23
44
20
71
11
169
25
100
59
141
27
352
23
112
33
77
10
255
1,988
3,145
1,171
1,958
227
8,489

TOTAL
FLOW
3.3
22.3
19.5
167.8
613.1
825.8
4.0
49.9
68.3
297.2
765.4
1184.6
16.9
160.4
124.4
542.6
684.7
1528.9
28.4
155.8
170.1
1753.0
1688.8
3795.9
23.8
162.2
163.6
1011.1
2155.8
3516.4
24.7
172.4
212.6
998.6
808.1
2216.2
4.7
50.1
31.4
225.8
84.0
395.9
1.3
11.7
14.8
230.6
312.7
571.0
1.5
30.6
43.5
458.3
1557.5
2091.2
1.8
30.9
24.0
247.2
311.5
615.1
109.9
846.0
871.9
5931.6
8981.3
16740
INCINERATION

• OF
PLANTS
0
0
0
21
33
54
4
10
4
54
35
107
1
4
3
28
33
69
2
1
1
14
23
41
8
1
2
17
55
83
1
2
0
IS
12
30
1
0
3
9
13
26
0
1
0
3
2
6
0
0
0
10
12
22
1
3
4
9
4
21
18
22
17
180
222
459

TOTAL
FLOW
0.0
0.0
0.0
92.2
1429.2
1521.3
0.2
2.5
3.1
253.9
1410.5
1670.1
0.1
0.9
2.2
149.7
1838.2
1991.0
0.1
0.2
0.6
69.8
985.5
1056.1
0.3
0.2
1.8
105.9
3333.5
3441.6
0.1
0.8
0.0
83.8
608.7
693.3
0.1
0.0
2.1
40.3
677.6
719.9
0.0
0.2
0.0
14.1
60.0
74.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
55.9
904.2
960.0
0.1
1.2
2.6
44.5
87.9
136.2
0.8
5.8
12.1
»09.7
11335
12263
OTHER

t OF
PLANTS
120
106
26
76
8
336
17»
110
7
29
IB
143
476
288
9
11
1
785
499
383
67
51
10
1,010
921
597
69
41
11
1,639
1,271
513
61
73
10
1,928
1,268
368
42
37
0
1.715
742
288
44
42
1
1,117
373
244
54
44
8
721
294
142
29
13
1
501
6.143
3,019
408
437
70
10.097

TOTAL
FLON
6.4
25.9
17.9
211.2
124.0
407.1
9.4
21.2
6.0
107.5
1957.7
2101. S
26.1
54.1
6.1
16.3
21.6
144.5
22.4
B6.5
49.1
141.9
373.0
672. i
49. B
129.1
48.1
111.8
819.9
1180.6
57.9
111.3
44.5
201.1
187.1
601.8
54.8
77. 3
28.0
100.2
0.0
260.2
29.6
61.7
11.0
»7. t
11.2
212.9
19.8
53.2
40.4
152.5
100.7
566.6
14.7
11.3
21.0
91.4
113.5
273.8
290.4
653.2
294.0
1275.3
392B.5
6441.2
                    120

-------
                                   TABLE 47

                    DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE DISPOSAL METHODS
                     BY DESIGN CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA REGION
                                  (EXISTING)


 Table  47   summarizes   the   common  groupings   of   sludge  disposal  methods
 presently  used  by  existing  treatment plants.

 Information is  provided  for each EPA  Region  with a  national  total  at the
 bottom of  the  table.   The  Regions  are  subdivided into  five  flow ranges
 based on  present  design capacity, so that the size of the  plant, as well as
 the  geographical  location,  can be related  to  the  different sludge disposal
 methods.                                                               r

 The  All  Plants  column  gives  the  total  number of  each  Region's plants that
 fall  within the various  flow ranges and the  total  present design caoacitv
 represented by  these plants.                                          H^'ky

 The  subsequent  columns show which  sludge  disposal  method the  plants use
 listing  the number  of plants  and  the associated flow.   The  methods  are
 listed under specific  headings such  as  Land Fill or Ocean Dumping.

 A single plant  may use more  than  one sludge disposal  method;  therefore,  the
 sum  of  the methods may exceed  the total  listed under All  Plants.   Entries
 are made in the Other  column only if a plant does not qualify for any of the
 identified  methods.  There  are over  6,000  facilities in  the  Other column
The  majority of these  are lagoon  facilities which normally have  no  sludge
disposal.                                                                  3

All  flows are reported  in  million gallons per day.
                                    121

-------
           1*62  NEEDS  SURVEY
DISTRIBUTION OF  SLUDGE DISPOSAL  METHODS
 BY DESIGN CAPACITY. WITHIN EPA  REGION
               (EXISTING)
                                                               DECEMBER 31.
                                                               TABLE 47
                                                                            1982
EPA
REGION
t
FLOW RANGE
(MGD>
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 »
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 «
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION V
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION VI
0. 00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0. 51- 1 .00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
; .01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 »
ALL REGIONS
ALL PLANTS
» OF
PLANTS
62
131
69
172
45
479
78
234
110
244
62
728
254
459
152
276
49
1.190
575
916
299
540
76
2.406
970
1,277
342
516
128
3,233
842
955
289
398
48
2,532
1,246
681
129
16:
25
2,243
491
294
48
114
15
1,182
198
239
92
204
45
800
184
224
71
135
22
638
5,100
5,412
1,621
2,763
535
15,431
TOTAL
FLOW
3.4
37.4
52.3
549.5
1470.8
2113.2
4.4
69.2
84.3
842.8
3494.0
4494.7
13.8
127.1
115.9
910.0
2377.3
3544.0
26.8
250.9
236.0
1890.7
2317.4
4721.6
57.8
316.2
253.7
1568.4
6826.8
9022.7
43.7
251.8
226.7
1190.1
1504.0
3216.1
60.8
161.1
96.9
486.8
1064.6
1869.9
28.7
6'). 8
53.0
371.7
481.3
1004.3
10.3
67.7
71.6
727.0
3166.4
4043.0
10.5
59.3
55.1
441.4
472.6
1238.7
259.9
1410.0
1245.0
8978.1
23375.1
35247.8
LAND
FILL
t OF TOTAL
PLANTS FLOW
38 2.1
101 29.6
55 41.1
149 478.2
43 1102.8
386 1653.6
71 4.4
220 64.6
102 79.0
227 767.6
43 1299.0
663 2214.3
198 11.1
392 109.3
129 97.9
236 760.5
38 1690.8
993 2669.4
133 7.9
426 127.0
188 152.8
409 1428.4
59 1777.0
1,215 3492.9
216 12.8
413 111.5
164 124.0
282 830.6
82 4134.2
1,157 5213.0
467 24.6
643 177.5
218 173.2
329 1017.0
40 1350.0
1,697 2742.1
150 8.9
200 53.6
57 43.3
102 328.;
21 937 1
530 1370.7
23 1.1
20 5.2
16 12.8
55 181.5
11 265.6
125 466.1
58 3.2
124 36.8
59 46.8
168 596.4
54 2446.7
463 3129.7
27 1.5
75 20.7
26 19.8
62 197.9
10 336.3
200 576.0
1.381 77.1
2.614 735.2
1,014 790.3
2,019 6585.4
401 15339
7,429 23527
LAND
APPLICATION
t OF
PLANTS
4
7
7
11
1
30
3
3
0
7
0
13
13
45
17
45
11
131
23
69
28
100
11
231
228
444
148
246
43
1,109
28
80
30
70
13
221
13ft
152
48
62
2
402
21
20
13
43
1
98
2
10
4
16
5
3*
13
51
21
53
It
149
473
881
316
653
98
2,421
OCEAN
DUMPING
TOTAL t OF
FLOW PLANTS
0.3
2.2
5.6
31.0
25.0
63.9
0.3
0.9
0.0
24.8
0.0
26.0
0.8
13.1
13.4
174.5
814.5
1016.3
1.3
21.3
24.4
424.6
233.3
704.7
14.5
117.9
110.3
811.5
2411.7
3445.4
1.9
22.1
23.4
219.4
586.4
853.3
8.6
41.4
37.7
184.6
65.0
337.1
1.4
4.9
10.9
175.4
170.0
362.5
0.1
3.1
3.0
54.4
204.4
268.8
1.0
15.5
16.7
205.0
394.3
632.5
29.8
242.0
245.4
2306.8
5106.4
7930.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
4
10
21
39
0
0
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
2
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
5
4
12
24
48
COMPOSTING
TOTAL * OF
FLOW PLANTS
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.3
2.7
49.0
2340.0
2393.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
140.0
142.8
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
5.5
431.0
437.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.9
4.0
57.3
2911.0
2974.1
0
0
0
5
1
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
4
6
0
2
0
0
1
3
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
2
2
4
0
0
1
2
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
2
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
1
11
10
27
TOTAL
FLOW
0.0
0.0
0.0
18.5
30.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
514.0
516.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
35.0
35.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
11.3
45.8
57.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
2.8
0.0
3.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
404.5
407.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
1.2
0.8
35.4
1012.8
1050.2
OTHER
t OF
PLANTS
22
25
10
17
1
75
5
8
4
3
1
21
48
32
8
8
2
98
421
430
88
59
10
1,008
551
443
50
30
9
1,103
369
301
40
48
7
785
982
353
33
21
3
1,392
448
255
39
21
3
944
138
104
29
28
8
309
144
101
24
31
2
304
3.328
2.074
347
244
44
4.041
TOTAL
FLOW
1.3
4.5
7.9
50.4
343.0
408.9
0.2
2.5
2.8
14.0
18.0
37.3
2.4
7.4
4.1
19.2
175.0
209.9
17.8
104.1
63.0
166.1
408.2
760.9
32.1
99.1
34.4
69.6
1438.0
1673.1
18.8
70.6
44.7
114.6
134.0
382.6
44.7
72.6
23.6
45.8
92.5
279.0
26.4
60.0
29.3
43.1
45. 7
204.3
7.1
28. 1
22.2
91.9
256.9
404.0
8.0
23.4
20 . 2
82 . 3
67 .0
200.8
158.1
475.8
253.8
696.5
2978.3
4562.3
                      122

-------
                                   TABLE 48

                    DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE DISPOSAL  METHODS
                     BY DESIGN  CAPACITY, WITHIN EPA  REGION
                                  (YEAR 2000)


 Table  48  summarizes  the common groupings of sludge  disposal  methods  expected
 to  be  used  by  treatment plants operating in the year  2000.

 Information is provided for each EPA  Region  with  a  national  total at  the
 bottom of  the table.   The  Regions are  subdivided into  five  flow  ranges
 based  on  projected design  capacity, so  that the  size of the plant, as well
 as  the  geographical  location,  can   be  related  to  the  different sludqe
 disposal  methods.

 The All  Plants column  gives the total number  of each Region's plants that
 are projected  to fall  within the various  flow  ranges and  the total projected
 design capacity represented by  these plants.

 The subsequent columns  show which sludge disposal  methods the  plants are
 projected to use,  listing the  number of  plants  and the associated flow.  The
 methods  are listed  under  specific headings  such  as Land  Fill  or  Ocean
 Dumping.

 A single plant may be  projected  to use more than one sludge disposal method;
 therefore,  the sum  of the methods may exceed the  total listed  under All
 Plants.   Entries  are  made  in   the  Other  column  only if  a  plant does  not
 qualify for any of the identified methods. There are over 9,400 facilities
 in  the Other  column.   The majority  of these  are  lagoon  facilities  which
 normally have no sludge disposal.

All  flows are reported in million gallons per  day.
                                    123

-------
           1982 NEEDS  SURVEY
DISTRIBUTION OF SLUDGE DISPOSAL METHODS
 BY DESIGN CAPACITY. WITHIN EPA REGION
              (YEAR  2000)
                                                               DECEMBER 31,
                                                               TABLE 48
                                                                            19B2
EPA
REGION
FLON RANGE
CKGD)
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION I
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
REGION II
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION III
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 »
REGION IV
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION V
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VI
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION VIII
0.00- 0.10
0.11- O.SO
0.51- 1.00
i.ni-io.oo
10.01 +
RFGION IX
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 +
REGION X
0.00- 0.10
0.11- 0.50
0.51- 1.00
1.01-10.00
10.01 *
ALL REGIONS
All PLANTS
LAND
FILL
* OF
PLANTS
187
208
71
210
50
726
267
324
118
263
82
1.054
803
896
239
351
62
2.351
1,077
1,014
308
655
126
3,180
1,418
1,369
351
586
140
3,864
1,797
1,198
356
475
67
3,893
1,445
687
143
186
32
2.493
771
338
69
137
19
1,334
421
371
127
245
69
1,233
344
298
78
152
27
899
8,530
6,703
1,660
3,260
674
21,027
TOTAL
FLOV4
10.2
55.1
50.5
691.6
1678.7
24&6.0
14.4
81.1
89.6
960.2
4344.7
5489.8
44.0
228.7
176.4
1056.1
2869.0
4373.9
51.2
248.0
229.0
2277.8
3967.2
6773.1
79.1
333.8
256.4
1B22.2
7702.6
10193.9
84.7
289.7
265.6
1441.7
2140.7
4222.2
65.6
160.8
102.3
561.5
1139.8
2029.8
31.0
76.6
49.7
411.2
664.0
1232.5
22.4
90.5
94.8
859.8
3323.4
4390.7
17.9
74.8
58.4
508.3
887.0
1546.1
420.1
1638.8
1372.3
10589.9
28716.6
42737.5
t OF
PLANTS
77
121
55
177
49
479
93
219
113
242
61
728
332
596
215
312
45
1,500
557
577
213
532
110
1,989
299
405
157
322
93
1.276
589
759
296
408
57
2,109
103
192
63
116
26
500
16
27
17
59
12
133
52
130
72
196
59
509
35
96
25
73
12
241
2,155
3,122
1,226
2,437
524
9,464
TOTAL
FLOW
4. 4
34.1
39.1
596.6
1278.7
19S2.6
5.4
61.7
85.5
873.5
2155.6
3181.5
16.3
169.5
157.1
921.5
1731.3
2997.4
27.6
146.5
158.3
1863.7
3276.9
5472.8
17.3
105.8
117.7
965.6
4857.8
6063.8
30.2
194.9
221.5
1J76.2
1855.9
3578.5
6.3
48. D
45.7
375.9
945.6
1421.3
0.9
7.0
12.9
178.8
336.6
535.9
3.0
37.9
54.5
698.1
2978.3
3771.5
2.1
26.3
17.9
236.8
460.5
743.5
115.1
631.2
909.6
7986.1
19877
29718
LAND
APPLICATION
1 OF
PLANTS
10
10
5
28
0
61
4
6
2
6
k
19
15
46
24
SO
16
151
23
69
42
112
19
265
270
441
154
297
53
1,215
103
104
38
85
21
351
108
173
61
81
6
429
14
25
10
44
5
98
2
7
7
11
6
41
16
69
?7
60
IS
187
565
958
370
782
142
2, f 17
TOTAL
FIOH
0.5
5.2
4.3
77.9
0.0
87.8
0.3
1.9
1.7
19.4
24.8
47.9
1.1
13.1
19.0
171.1
698.2
902.2
1.4
19.3
32.3
439.6
399.7
892.1
16.3
117.9
111.7
1001.1
3314.0
4560.9
5.4
26.6
28.4
274.2
656.0
1190.3
6.4
45.9
45.6
228.1
151.0
476.8
0.8
6.9
7.6
157.9
276.2
449.2
0.1
2.0
4.5
74.9
290.3
371.6
1.2
20.3
19.4
222.8
510.2
773.8
33.1
258.6
274.1
2666.5
6520.0
9752.2
OCEAN
COMPOSTING
DUMPING
* OF
PLANTS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
9
1
11
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
10
3
17
TOTAL
FLOW
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
35.1
51.1
87.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
0.0
2.6
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
0.0
24.0
25.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
2.4
37.8
75.1
115.6
* OF
PLANTS
1
0
1
12
2
16
0
0
0
5
2
7
0
0
0
4
6
10
0
0
0
2
2
4
0
2
0
0
0
2
1
0
0
4
2
7
0
0
1
2
0
3
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
4
t
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
2
34
20
61
TOTAL
FLOW
0.1
0.0
0.7
47.9
22.9
71.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
36.4
100.0
136.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.6
620.6
629.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
12.0
63.0
75.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
21.8
54.8
76.7
0.0
0.0
0.6
2.8
0.0
3.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.0
0.0
8.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
21.1
514.2
535.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.6
1.4
158.3
1375.7
1536.1
OTHER

1 OF
PLANTS
103
75
11
17
1
207
171
101
2
6
19
301
463
264
5
t
2
740
499
378
66
36
7
988
876
566
SB
24
4
1,530
1.202
428
53
41
1.728
1.250
346
29
18
3
1,646
740
287
42
38
2
1,109
367
2)5
46
40
7
695
293
136
29
30
2
490
5.964
2,616
341
260
51
9.434

TOTAL
FLOW
5.6
17.9
7.3
44.5
400.0
475.2
8.9
16.2
1.5
38.9
2113.4
2180.7
25.1
4S.8
3.9
17.4
245.0
340.1
22.4
85.1
48.4
72.2
500.1
727.9
47.5
122.6
40.4
48.5
1119.0
1377.8
54.3
91.8
39.0
95.0
68.0
347.9
53.9
72.5
19.3
43.1
104.2
292.7
29. S
63.5
29.4
92.5
51.2
266.0
19.4
50.9
34.4
129.6
289.5
523.7
14.6
29.2
23.1
90.6
103.0
260.4
280.9
600.0
246.3
671.7
4993.3
6792.0
                    124

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                                 CHAPTER  III

               SUMMARIES OF CONVEYANCE SYSTEMS TECHNICAL DATA
                       (CATEGORIES  IIIA, IIIB, IVA,  IVB)


Technical  data on the municipal sewage conveyance  facilities  which will be
rfqui,nli  to  be constructed by the year 2000 were compiled  in  the course of
the  1982  Needs  Survey.  The data were collected using  the  EPA-1 form which
is described in detail in Appendix C.

The  technical data  for each conveyance facility were collected  at the same
time  as  the  dollar needs.   The data  were obtained  from  several  sources
including  the  1980 Needs  Survey files,  EPA  construction  grant  files,  and
various engineering plans and reports.  A further description of the sources
and  methods  used  in collecting data for the 1982 Needs  Survey is presented
in Appendix A.                                                     H «cm.cu

The  technical  data  collected  for   all  conveyance  facilities  have  been
compiled and are  presented  in  the  12 tables which  follow.   These technical
tables include a  discussion  of each table presented immediately  before  the
table.
                                   125

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                                  TABLE 49

                           COLLECTION POPULATIONS
                PRESENT, PROJECTED,  RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT


Table 49 summarizes the populations  by State for 1980 and 2000 which are now
or will be receiving collection of their wastewaters.

The values  listed  for the year  2000 Ceiling Population were  obtained  from
data  provided  by the  Department of Commerce,  Bureau  of Economic  Analysis
(BEA).  The projections were produced  by  BEA after  extensive  analysis which
included  review  and comment  by  State  agencies  responsible  for  population
projections.

Resident  populations  (RES) are  permanent residents  within  the  service  area
of  an  established  sewerage  authority.   Nonresident  populations  (NONRES)
include transients, seasonal  workers, commuters, tourists, and other persons
who  must  be  served  by  local   systems  but  do  not maintain  a  permanent
residence within the service  area.

A person  is included in the Receiving Collection category if their residence
is  connected  to  a central  collection  system  operated  by  an  established
sewerage  authority.   A person is included in the  Not  Receiving  Collection
category  if they  reside  in  the service  area  of  an established  sewerage
authority  but  their  residence  is  not  connected to  a central  collection
system.   The sum of the populations receiving  collection and not receiving
collection  do not equal the  State's  total  population.   This is because many
rural  residents, who are counted  as  a  part of the State's total population,
do not  reside in the service area of any established sewerage authority and,
therefore,  are  not included  in  any  Receiving  Collection  or  Not Receiving
Collection  categories.

The  Percent Served  values  are based upon  a  comparison  between the resident
population  receiving  collection  and the  State population ceiling figures
provided  by the  Bureau of Census.
                                     126

-------
                                                                                                  DECEMBER 31, 1982
                                                                                                  TABIE 49
                                                   1982 NEEDS SURVEY

                                                 COLLECTION  POPULATIONS
                                       PRESENT,  PROJECTED, RESIDENT t NONRESIDENT
                                                    (  IN THOUSANDS )
                             ««•»««  RECEIVING  COLLECTION ««••»
                                                                    •«» NOT RECEIVING COLLECTION ••«    PERCENT SERVED
2000 CEILING
STATE POPULATION
ALABAMA
•ALASKA
•ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
"CONNECTICUT
•DELAWARE
•DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
•LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
•MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
•NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
• OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGOlt
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERI10NT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
"WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
•WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO DICO
«PAC. TR, TERR.
•VIRGIN ISLANDS

4,140
694
4,357
2,970
26,786
4,371
3,902
841
694
15,049
7,053
1,366
1.183
12,358
6,059
3,101
2,642
4,224
4,880
1,222
5,583
6,736
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,379
938
1,734
1,408
1,306
9,022
1,781
19,683
7,419
690
12,237
3,702
3,209
12,854
1,084
3,700
730
5,573
21,000
1,963
607
6,755
4,859
2,101
5,553
484
40
275
33
4,700
183
116

1980
RES.
2,125
218
2,220
1,296
19,425
2,752
1,919
491
744
5,821
3,?66
5»7
503
9,844
3,554
2,106
1,847
1,818
2,857
577
3,346
4,063
7,052
3,011
1,494
3,636
474
1,251
735
442
6,043
915
13,410
2,547
441
8,666
1,865
1,452
9,216
627
1,408
459
2,195
12,108
1,219
234
3,353
2,375
901
3,326
333
1
71
1
1,824
11
79

2000
RES.
3,525
666
4,320
2,514
26,238
4,231
3,029
819
913
13,317
6,052
1,240
1,068
12,099
4,946
2,832
2,635
3,192
4,880
935
5,274
5,772
8,780
3,811
2,401
5,357
709
1,712
1,373
934
8,326
1,546
17,410
4,588
578
12,102
3,297
3,056
12,237
920
2,887
668
4,139
20,187
1,9'9
370
5,935
4,360
2,071
4,820
619
32
209
jj
3,242
103
128

1980
NONRES.
103
3
6B
34
1,079
191
31
107
729
901
139
87
13
34
246
77
16
60
93
85
144
65
106
25
12
886
33
17
92
57
964
23
2,763
193
0
57
2
42
524
48
279
14
72
236
192
46
138
440
16
105
18
£

0
0
0
J

2000
NONRES.
233
19
181
46
1,483
577
51
432
694
1,696
234
240
81
42
503
129
21
97
106
128
460
201
234
36
27
1,209
38
26
145
191
1,536
36
4,044
453
1
104
12
81
1,202
71
516
1!
145
543
327
77
265
811
24
196
28
1

2
0
4
3
1980
RES.
530
106
305
205
1.559
36
1,213
86
0
1,869
755
205
122
287
342
158
174
655
671
339
532
1.530
1,313
218
382
319
33
47
53
335
1,217
132
4,415
1,486
7
986
197
342
2,282
324
673
16
904
1,098
78
116
1,210
631
883
421
3
27
26
17
1.117
100
29
2000
RES.
88
27
93
33
264
2
• 72
23
0
560
323
0
20
90
40
24
6
257
4
244
159
963
892
121
129
21
1
7
4
268
695
47
2,273
908
3
134
44
11
565
162
118
6
282
12
3
85
548
123
30
192
0
2
15
1
771
79
7
1980
NONRES.
10
3
11
0
44
0
0
34
0
11
3
11
24
0
65
20
0
0
8
4
138
80
41
7
1
9
0
0
0
63
130
6
61
103
0
13
7
3
241
0
55
0
1
41
1
15
2
28
2
21
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2000
NONRES.
0
0
4
0
10
0
0
0
0
3
0
o
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
118
56
45
6
0
0
0
0
0
43
55
2
24
27
0
0
0
0
21
0
0
0
0
4
0
8
0
21
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1980
54.6
54.5
81.7
$6.7
•2.1
95.3
61.7
82.5
116.6
S9.8
59.8
62.0
53.4
86.2
64.7
72.3
78.2
49.7
68.0
51.3
79.4
70.8
76.2
73.9
59.3
73.9
60.3
79.7
92.1
48.1
82.1
70.4
76.3
43.4
67.5
80.3
61.7
55.1
77.7
66.3
45.2
66.7
47.8
85.1
83.5
45.8
62.7
57.5
46.2
70.7
74.0
4.2
64.8
8.1
57.1
9.5
80.6
2000
85.2
96.1
99.2
84.7
98.0
96.6
77.6
97.5
131.6
88.5
85.8
90.8
90.3
97.9
81 .6
91.4
99.7
75.6
100.0
76.6
94.5
85.7
85.1
84.6
87.6
99.6
75.7
98.7
97.6
71.6
92.3
86.8
88.5
61.9
03 • 8
98.9
89.1
95.2
95.6
84.9
78.0
91.5
74.3
96.1
99.3
61.0
87.9
89.7
98.6
86.8
128.1
80.5
76.0
94.1
69.0
56.8
110.6
U.S. TOTALS
                278,888  164,590   251.463    11.746    20.081
                                                                                                       71.5
                                                               127

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                                  TABLE 50

                    TOTAL PIPE LENGTH NEEDED,  BY DIAMETER


Table 50 summarizes the total  length of sewer  pipe in meters  required by the
year  2000.   These figures  include  gravity sewer pipe  and force main  pipe
lengths.

The lengths are separated into two  categories,  which  are shown  in  the table
as Type 1 and Type 2 Estimates, and five  diameter ranges for  each  category.
Type  1  information was obtained from  preliminary  engineering  designs.   Type
2 information was generally developed using EPA cost  estimating  procedures.
The diameter sizes are in centimeters (inches  are  shown  in parentheses).

Dollar needs by category  and size  range are summarized in Table  52.
                                    128

-------



TOTAL
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
PIPE LENGTH NEEDED, BY DIAMETER
(LENGTH IN METERS. DIAMETER IN

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUN.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
•DAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA ,
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
U.S. TOTALS
0-47
(0--1S-)
1.668.298
137.761
291,830
538,731
881,905
18,522
997,043
190,728

2,212,285
946,625
125,684
292,143
1.273,876
1.001,431
461,530
559,728
2,179,413
2,700,490
866,813
441,440
2.925,430
1,935.557
603,296
1,249,414
1,450,744
351,413
54,114
29,274
1,147,473
1,122.285
209,199
2,320,840
3,470,244
81,095
2.235,721
795,444
304,509
1,424,907
530,189
1,790,993
103,347
2,700,349
1,732,150
245,078
300,271
1,400,121
734,434
2.857,593
587.415
84,459
49,415
70,023
49,189
1.023,289
139,444
1,021
54,183.327
48-68 69-123 124-199

85.115
15.508
75,938
57,906
92,490
18.037
53.917
5.225

578,967
282,776
17,693
11,898
98,496
71,905
76,896
130,080
91,145
218,874
7,126
27,226
380,829
49,554
40,768
77.149
104.378
7,619
24,002
5,547
87,943
137.645
21.088
89.415
361,641
2,956
167,196
36,624
62,198
50,224
18,579
206,153
19,177
240,267
201,871
139^650
202,567
16,550
31.044
3.241

1,447

248.579

2,081
5.077.825
(28"-48">
67,822
4.147
98.438
27.729
151.790
28.498
37.166


553,256
221,141
23,872
5,333
104,599
40,128
59,933
55,643
158,383
85,069
3,657
70,167
102,957
48,362
35,356
153,995
146,504
9,985
37,843
6.231
10,568
142,903
39,706
118,065
284,554

365,294
68,253
30,55.3
9,866
20,909
108,299
12,191
104, B'O
318,935
14.SZS
lll'.lli

1*8,054
24,181
77,504


249.028


4,838.189
(49"-78">
56,211
3,907
15,452
8.717
80,195
48,938



79.705
87,676


11,987
7,315

44.439
3,826


100,055
114,093
22,677

73,290

8.991
2.569

31.828
1,042
56,900
46,756

141,860
12.809





23,439
223,704
5,181
16,001
35,600






8,60(.


1,373,781
200*
(79"+>



39,274



24,420
10,503



4,12*





1,478
11,447
31,394






21,322

488


4,831






20,253
38,473









210,838
DECEMBER 31, 1982
TABLE 50
CENTIMETERS)
0-47
(0--18-)
2,014,484
274,271
1,087,521
1,027,488
5,745.434
321.923
2,075.887
144,208

5,605,821
2,526.196
580,247
673,162
733,482
1,085,190
858,498
597,006
,492.365
,192,522
756,615
,070,912
,448,980
,638,681
765,627
788,406
960,055
92,558
273,262
241,331
1,316,752
1,763,948
360,901
5,654,944
2,930,698
24,877
2,192,426
847,624
936,472
8,341,711
444,837
2,427,972
38,337
2,212,857
9,242,945
509,481
217,014
2,709,474
2.347,181
3.001,444
1,435,878
18,112


98,638
564,073
34,286
136,973
86.108.438
48-68 69-123 124-199 200*
(19"-27->
9,741

15,104
13,478
149.160
31.568
29.404
2.271

48.849
7,972
15,931
14,648
32,385
11.085
23,288
80,611
2,382
23,794
3,123
39,597
34,682
29,141
18,775
17,178
4,927

5,161
5,643
20,076
31.283
877
72,071
2,241
1,152
37,323
7,241
30,777
66,474
41,779
44,506

10,990
243,160
10,621
9,605
43,045
122,751
5,524
38,652






7,540
1,517,607
<28"-48")
5,532

10.430
5,264
149,849
16,222
9,644
7,167

16,812
16,741
1.523
6,544
9,778
1,078
21,252
29.617

17.675

77.782
27,049
22,864
2,147



19,171
13,350


1,899
72,653
11,675

16.888
4,804
10.656
22,986




106,419
7,474

22.098
1 .828



3*. 085

8,887
888,644
(49"-78"> <79"*>



12,987 5,39*
*,433

2,695

12,147




12,344




27,443
4,571


4,829






21,416




42,140
3,188




14,304
4,242
21,823









192.792 5,394
129

-------
                                  TABLE 51

               LENGTH AND COST OF PIPE NEEDED BY THE YEAR 2000
Table 51 summarizes the  total  length  in kilometers of collector  sewer  (CS)
pipe, interceptor sewer  (IS) pipe, and  force main  (FM) pipe  required  by the
year 2000.  Also  summarized  is  the  mean cost in dollars per meter  for  each
type of  pipe.   The  mean  cost for interceptor pipe has been  subdivided  into
three diameter ranges.  These are 0  to 68 centimeters  (27  inches), 69  to 123
centimeters (48 inches),  and 124 centimeters (49 inches)  and  larger.

The data have been separated into two general categories which  are  shown in
the table as  Type 1  and  Type 2 estimates.  Type 1 information  was  obtained
from  preliminary  engineering  designs.   Type  2 information  was  generally
developed using EPA cost  estimating  procedures.

All costs are in January  1982 dollars.
                                    130

-------
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
LENGTH AND COST OF PIPE NEEDED BY
(LENGTH IN KILOMETERS, MEAN COST IN
mutnntnf
CS.


679
44
112
227
474
0
675
109
0
61
175
77
155
805
567
251
253
914
1,590
487
332
2,322
1,330
209
544
489
183
5
9
585
641
120
1,659
1,107
37
1,472
378
165
1,000
417
180
16
785
651
98
226
695
244
1,946
213
26
49
51
0
637
90
0
LENGTH i
IS.


907
113
352
285
663
110
318
19
0
1,48'.
1,177
68
118
523
305
273
426
1,155
544
231
173
921
561
199
636
1,089
144
96
34
517
509
148
697
2,310
9
1.223
444
205
345
129
1,395
76
1,724
1,522
160
39
634
774
541
460
80
77
3
69
685
33
1
THE YEAR 2000
DOLIARS/METER)

FM.


290
3
17
120
107
3
94
66
0
1.902
196
21
36
160
241
86
66
403
873
158
52
267
267
324
319
396
41
25
0
143
304
1
228
744
37
219
89
28
141
22
528
41
579
341
43
38
398
112
386
112
5
0
15
0
206
16
2
CS .


112
193
110
89
182
0
253
141
0
118
106
666
126
116
133
98
147
144
112
204
275
260
195
132
99
129
152
79
195
227
253
79
451
115
70
188
63
141
194
198
137
105
135
75
96
182
139
532
152
156
91
131
138
0
198
195
0

0-68 69-123 124+
(27")
149
544
127
189
233
317
359
383
0
280
148
954
214
278
211
25-
305
195
192
290
254
367
280
229
137
204
152
295
354
290
1067
192
407
140
116
336
129
273
258
335
130
231
171
160
97
278
166
373
235
255
157
0
395
252
178
306
793
(48«)
275
1967
747
610
671
638
778
0
0
457
447
1414
689
1081
832
696
640
671
490
509
1014
1091
519
779
325
938
338
455
909
285
759
431
1046
401
0
569
387
858
600
39?
242
522
562
46?
585
0
486
794
0
2715
482
345
0
0
380
0
0
(49"*
987
5338
703
639
1931
1463
0
0
0
1609
539
0
0
2061
0
1747
0
1975
1752
0
0
1355
3539
2450
0
1825
0
1055
779
0
6221
688
4628
568
0
1221
229
0
0
0
0
0
962
1037
1463
0
578
414
0
0
0
0
0
0
1931
0
0
EH
rn •
'
92
302
97
84
259
259
555
103
0
159
167
658
123
133
74
73
127
92
80
147
51
141
112
90
68
235
94
58
0
186
463
348
263
113
76
179
130
143
ISO
198
77
S3
116
112
39
141
200
242
65
129
76
0
198
0
173
226
863

CS •

1,873
221
946
806
5,173
185
2,015
136
0
5.432
2,299
539
552
558
893
650
393
1,308
1,056
683
886
1,338
1.512
653
584
755
58
181
208
925
1,708
285
4,956
2,779
0
1,937
684
773
7,255
430
2,367
11
2,058
5,959
392
193
2,317
2,101
2,687
1,276
4
0
0
97
558
31
126


IS *

156
55
166
240
885
190
97
21
0
251
247
49
141
202
200
250
314
168
177
59
293
139
177
112
213
188
33
114
51
314
83
78
754
165
19
304
174
235
1.158
56
266
27
155
3,645
139
30
326
455
319
218
14
0
0
1
41
2
27
DECEMBER
TABLE 51
TYPE 2 ---"-

FH.

0
0
0
0
4
0
2
0
0
0
3
8
0
14
3
14
0
17
0
17
36
32
5
20
7
25
0
1
0
97
2
0
110
0
6
4
1
10
20
0
38
0
9
3
0
2
133
6
0
1
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
tai in



147
407
185
131
270
155
254
179
0
223
132
430
159
205
2S»
149
229
261
198
179
193
201
212
188
137
243
139
149
213
191
237
130
380
135
170
268
133
439
195
192
140
133
187
90
148
181
173
261
164
199
120
0
Q
226
434
215
146
31. 1982




0-68
(27")
170
509
173
137
279
192
369
248
0
190
135
517
173
306
246
219
377
165
203
179
269
278
251
212
131
213
144
167
221
218
437
137
272
106
135
232
133
331
268
334
210
129
237
164
173
254
158
308
179
217
128
g
g
421
446
215
548
69-123 124*
(48")
443
0
452
419
683
388
617
477
Q
439
380
0
416
739
538
504
1022
0
461
0
610
478
541
425
0
0
0
327
449
0
0
360
733
286
0
606
336
592
706
0
0
0
0
383
465
0
415
1139
0
547
250
Q
Q
0
1065
0
672
(49"+)
0
0
0
0
4426
934
0
956
0
926
0
0
0
0
0
1397
0
0
0
0
1029
0
1037
0
0
1023
0
0
0
0
0
0
1507
0
0
0
0
947
3692
0
0
0
0
506
742
0
0
2319
0
0
0
Q
Q
0
0
o
0


FH.

0
o
179
0
298
0
248
0
Q
0
68
1390
0
259
96
74
0
35
0
123
1549
205
94
109
127
132
0
169
0
176
114
0
148
0
222
71
24
275
320
244
"2
98
240
0
100
59
115
0
252
0
Q

0
0
0
0
0
    STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
D1ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OH70
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS          26.590  27.757  11,335   188   233   681  1727

NOTES:    1. PIPE CATEGORIES ARE COLLECTOR (CS.),  INTERCEPTOR (IS.),
144      73,828  14,218

AND FORCE MAIN (FM.).
217   620  1571
                  231
          2.  INTERCEPTOR PIPE CATEGORIES ARE DIAMETER IN CENTIMETERS (MAXIMUM INCHES IN PARATHESES).
                                                         131

-------
                                  TABLE 52

           DOLLAR NEEDS FOR ALL  PIPE SIZE CATEGORIES, BY DIAMETER
5n ^mmariz"  the  *>trt dollar needs for all  pipe required by the year
            s  a-'in1ed for gravity sewer  pl> an*  force
wp    Thi   *       -,.                                            n  pe.
Where  Table  51 provided  dollar  needs by  pipe  category (collector sewEr
interceptor sewer, etc.), Table 52 provides dollar needs by size range for
all pipe categories.   Table 52  is an extension of Table 50.

The dollar needs are separated  into two parts, which  are shown  in the  table
as Type  1  and Type  2  Estimates,  and  five diameter  ranges  for each  part
Type 1 information was obtained from preliminary  engineering designs.  Type
2 information was  generally developed  using EPA cost  estimating procedures
The diameter  sizes  are  in  centimeters (inches  are  shown in parentheses).

It is noted that about 75 percent of the dollar  needs are for pipes with a
diameter less  than  or equal to 47 centimeters  (18  inches).
                                   132

-------
DOLLAR NEEDS
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
FOR ALL PIPE SIZE CATEGORIES, BY DIAMETER
(THOUSANDS OF 1962 DOLLARS)
0-47
(0--1S-)
186,868
53,682
32,395
63,912
162,138
3,275
272.476
25,715
322,266
123,982
68.046
42,630
182,498
135,169
54,371
108,314
305,900
279,450
186,321
107,925
720,479
363,265
66,200
121,945
252,200
50,041
7,774
8,185
261,927
556,593
24,552
957,955
387,090
5,916
491,609
70,690
46,643
281,615
117,131
165,025
11,239
364,727
167,319
20,644
56,161
194,473
264,368
435,359
106,116
10,064
6,517
11,343
17,449
192,585
31,459
810
9.627,021
48-68 69-123 124-199
(19--27-)
21,861
13,226
12,003
12,788
38,079
8,104
26,392
4,174
204,761
53,572
21,120
5,676
45,761
14,300
28,409
50,352
45,096
46,490
2,636
12,818
184,785
14,395
16,190
18,604
37,017
2,456
8,842
2,708
45,317
71,491
6,327
53,113
87,253
647
65,765
10,943
25,903
20,911
6,756
43,181
7,606
70,579
63.606
4,334
1,617
32,554
109,738
5,691
16,522
1,579

482

46,463

1,797
1,752,852
(28"-48">
18,738
6,160
73,552
13,535
97,631
18,184
52,020

210,159
97,419
31,639
4,747
113,034
33,411
41,757
35.662
107,103
47,384
1,865
71,157
109,321
25.573
27,574
50,108
137,904
3,379
17,235
5,669
3,016
117,640
17,130
131,528
116,402

206,355
26,172
25,553
5,922
8,314
32,657
6,375
57,703
151,305
8,391
77,467
126,188

456,373
11,670
26.801


94,770


3,161,852
(49"-78">
55,137
20,660
10,670
5,576
112,941
71,645


146,502
31,768


24,706

5,068

87,799
6,704


133,440
255,828
22.411

123,597

9,469
2,004

52,569
716
252,758
26,563

162,309
2,942





13,500
195,915
7,581
9,177
14,753






16,624


1,881,759
200+ 0-47
(79-+) (0--18")
299,904
118.163
197,762
134,465
117,843 1,536,013
52,123
531,495
26,401
21,369 1,240,931
6,115 334.472
257,033
107,064
160,223
258,680
18,416 134,808
152,828
370.032
233,349
134,046
213,547
4,149 295,415
189,355 347,896
110,081 142,522
105,924
225.276
13,087
41,703
51,108
256,399
164,342 429,273
47,619
13,814 2,046,663
391,737
3,609
16,935 572,696
112,360
390,029
1,691,214
86,892
363,546
5,007
28,571 409,648
74,606 1,038,121
77,201
38,865
445,477
614,139
496,948
287,707
2,292


22,598
245,383
7,381
23,184
767,596 17,822,496
DECEMBER 31, 1962
TABLE 52

48-68 69-123 124-199 200+
(19--27-)
3,014

5,157
3,535
62,563
9,106
14,593
1,045
13,382
1,912
8.852
4,624
17,575
4,614
11,350
44,744
663
8,511
1,020
17,250
12,864
12,222
6,677
3,551
1,583

1,737
1,969
6,636
13.726
169
34,350
375
307
14,202
1,759
13,414
33,870
15.112
30.236

14.689
78,567
3,195
4,230
11,963
54,545
2.071
10,181






5,418
623,128
(28--4B"")
2.456

4,719
2,207
101,807
6,301
5,960
3,424
7,394
6,364
4,021
2,728
7,230
581
10,717
30,276

8,149

50.792
12.953
12,371
914



6,270
5,996


684
53,259
3,347

10,240
1,615
6,317
14,674




40,377
3,476
10,226
59,469

12,098
459



38,462

5,980
554,313
(49"-78"> (79"+)




80,159 1,216
6,009

2,579
11,260





17.249




58,302

4,744


4,945






32,560




39,942
11,776




8.256
3,163

50,623









331,587 1,216
    STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEN HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEN MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SCUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS

HOTEi    1. PIPE CATEGORIES ARE DIAMETER IN CENTIMETERS (INCHES IN PARATHESES).
                                                      133

-------
                                  TABLE 53

               NUMBER, CAPACITY, AND COST OF NEW PUMP STATIONS


Table  53  summarizes  the pump  station  requirements for the year  2000.   The
summary presents the number of  pump  stations  required  and  the total  average
daily  pumping  capacity  in thousand  cubic  meters  per day.  Also  summarized
are the  total  dollar needs and the mean cost  per pump station  in  January
1982 dollars.

The data have been separated into two general categories which  are  shown in
the table as Type  1  and Type  2 Estimates.  Type 1  information  was  obtained
from  preliminary  engineering  designs.   Type  2 information  was  generally
developed using EPA cost estimating  procedures.
                                   134

-------
                                                                                           DECEMBER  51,
                                                                                           TABLE  S3
                                                                                                        1982
                                                 1982 NEEDS  SURVEY
                                  NUMBER, CAPACITY AND COST OF  NEW  PUMP  STATIONS
                                            (THOUSANDS OF  1982 DOLLARS)
     STATE
NUMBER
OF
STATIONS
429
13
18
144
147
0
116
192
0
1,848
129
19
129
206
313
105
178
1,155
1,122
236
264
389
626
619
364
1,249
20
23
4
157
174
13
1,561
753
43
1,425
88
38
197
38
361
20
1,663
908
17
66
324
120
1,781
143
5
0
27
2
272
93
3
TOTAL TOTAL
CAPACITY
(KCMD)
1,151
61
41
185
3,384
0
840
54
0
10,754
954
79
60
357
164
215
125
1,097
506
343
953
1,599
534
316
543
&40
50
33
14
276
1,087
71
579
1,343
69
650
101
74
230
127
1,080
47
1,575
1,027
33
22
1.022
158
4,355
283
5
0
15
3
313
20
3
COST

27,510
1,264
1,579
14,730
73,875
0
39,949
13,924
0
383,833
38,144
18,430
3,512
21,622
21,420
17,655
12,351
84,690
128,040
32,228
8,570
137,987
36.191
17,950
20,415
86,978
3,885
1.765
901
38,255
131,819
2,533
113,790
61,195
2,884
50,548
10,422
5,311
37,748
16,833
55,965
1,672
60,952
34,187
1 ,252
10,104
61,996
31,191
45,216
19,402
275
0
2,883
6,462
70,698
7,645
341
MEAN
COST

(4
97
87
102
502
0
344
72
0
207
295
970
27
104
68
168
69
73
114
136
32
354
57
28
56
69
194
76
225
243
757
194
72
81
67
35
118
139
191
442
155
83
36
37
73
153
191
259
25
135
55
0
106
3,231
259
82
113
                                                                         ««*»**«itli*ii«  TYPE  2  ESTIMATES *«««««»»»««•
                                                                                                               MEAN
                                                                                                               COST
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N. MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS              20,34*      40,245    2,130,177      104          1,240

NOTE:    1. PUMP STATION CAPACITY IN THOUSANDS OF CUBIC METERS PER DAY (KCMD).
NUMBER
OF
STATIONS
0
0
7
0
28
0
51
2
0
«
8
0
0
17
3
55
8
20
0
35
16
32
9
221
2
22
0
2
0
114
2
0
241
3
0
7
1
39
24
14
10
44
14
4
0
8
139
30
0
6
0
0
0
0
7
0
9
TOTAL
CAPACITY
(KCMD)
0
0
9
0
159
0
118
7
0
10
299
0
0
110
1
61
44
27
0
11
56
129
1
2
52
13
0
4
0
61
2
0
245
7
0
13
0
45
28
19
27
9
8
50
0
6
19
697
0
9
0
0
0
0
17
0
20
TOTAL
COST

0
0
708
0
9,834
0
7,506
969
0
452
2,909
0
0
4,478
433
5,240
2,230
692
0
2,605
4,939
9,851
987
1,162
820
3,470
0
315
0
15,440
278
0
31,718
227
0
692
37
14,224
4,609
4,301
1,670
1,525
603
3,832
0
516
6,217
91,943
0
676
0
0
0
0
2,678
0
2,183
2,414
           242,969
                          0
                          0
                        101
                          0
                        351
                          0
                        147
                        484
                          0
                         75
                        363
                          0
                          0
                        263
                        144
                        149
                        278
                         34
                          0
                         74
                        308
                        307
                        109
                          5
                        410
                        157
                          0
                        157
                          0
                        135
                        139
                          0
                        131
                         75
                          0
                         98
                         37
                        364
                        192
                        307
                        167
                         34
                         43
                        958
                          0
                         64
                         44
                       ,064
                          0
                        112
                          0
                          0
                          0
                          0
                        382
                          0
                        242

                        195
                                                          135

-------
                                  TABLE 54

                NUMBER OF FACILITIES NEEDING COLLECTOR SEWERS
               BY SERVICE-AREA POPULATION AND PER-CAPITA COST
Table  54  summarizes   for  the  nation  the  number  of  communities  having
collector sewer needs.

The summary is presented in  matrix  form.   The matrix delineates  the  number
of  communities  needing  collectors  by  service  area  population  and  dollar
needs  per  capita.  The percentages  listed  represent  the  percent of  the
national total  of communities  needing  collectors  shown  in each  category.
All costs are in January 1982 dollars.

The  service  area  populations  were  based  on  the  total   1980  resident
population  in a  community.    The  population  in  a  community  meeting  the
qualifications of the  "Two-Thirds Rule"  was used to calculate the dollar per
capita value.  This rule states that two-thirds  of the  population requiring
collector sewers in 1982 are  required to  have been residents of  the service
area on October 18, 1972 in order to be  eligible for collector sewer funding
from EPA.

The matrix also lists  totals  by service  area and dollar needs per capita.

There are over 12,500  communities in the  nation  that need collector sewers.
Communities with service area population  less than 1,000  account for  almost
half of  the  national total.   The  most common per  capita  sewer cost is $701
to  $800  per capita which  represents  17.5  percent of the communities  with
collector sewer needs.

A related summary is presented on Table  55.
                                     136

-------
              1982 NEEDS  SURVEY
NUMBER OF FACILITIES NEEDING  COLLECTOR  SEWERS
BY SERVICE-AREA POPULATION  AND PER-CAPITA COST
                                                        DECEMBER 31, 1982
                                                       TABLE 54
bULLbCIUH
SEWER
COST
«/CAPITA
0-100
101-200
201-300
301-400
401-500
501-600
601-700
701-800
801-900
901-1000
1001-1100
1101-1200
1201-1300
1301-1400
1401-1500
>1500
TOTAL

TOTAL
NUMBER
109
121
153
180
720
1.451
1,501
2.199
1.909
1.125
1.237
624
183
121
94
820
12.547
X
0.8
0.9
1.2
1.4
5.7
11.5
11.9
17.5
15.2
8.9
9.8
4.9
1.4
0.9
0.7
6.5
100.0
0-999
NUMBER
13
18
28
55
299
779
804
1,265
1.056
530
419
271
62
68
50
421
6,138
X
0.1
0.1
D.2
0.4
2.3
6.2
6.4
10.0
8.4
4.2
3.3
2.1
0.4
0.5
0.3
3.3
48.9
1,000-4,999
NUMBER
34
45
71
40
248
448
484
599
605
385
449
165
41
35
22
268
3,959
X
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.4
1.9
3.5
3.8
4.7
4.8
3.0
3.5
1.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
2.1
31.5
5,000-9
NUMBER
22
19
22
25
73
103
94
137
109
95
128
54
23
6
12
63
985
,»99
X
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.8
0.7
1.0
0.8
0.7
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
7.8

10,000-49.999
NUMBER
26
34
25
32
71
104
106
165
124
102
190
105
44
11
7
59
1.205
X
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.8
0.8
1.3
0.9
0.8
1.5
0.8
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.4
9.6
50K-100K
NUMBER
6
3
4
1
U
14
8
21
7
10
34
18
10
1
1
4
158
X
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
>100K
NUMBER
8
2
3
7
13
3
5
12
8
3
17
11
3
0
2
5
102
X
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
           137

-------
                                  TABLE 55

                PERCENT OF DOLLAR NEEDS FOR COLLECTOR SEWERS
               BY SERVICE-AREA POPULATION AND PER-CAPITA COST
Table  55  summarizes for  the nation  the  distribution  of  dollar needs  for
collector sewers.

The  summary  is  presented   in  matrix  form.   The  matrix  shows  national
collector sewer  dollar needs  by  service area  population versus  collector
sewer  dollar  needs  per  capita.  For service  areas  of  a  given  population
range, listed  below are the  percentages  of the  population  group with  per
capita dollar needs  in the  ranges shown  in  the  far left column.   Also shown
is the percentage  of the national total  dollar needs that each  per  capita
dollar range  represents  for  a  given population  group.   For example,  16.2
percent of communities less than 1,000 people have dollar  needs  in  the $701
to $800 per  capita range.   These needs  represent 1.8 percent of the total
needs nationally.

The  service  area  populations  were  based  on  the  total   1980  resident
population  in  a  community.   The population  in  a community that  met  the
qualifications of  the  Two-Thirds  Rule was used to calculate  the  dollar  per
capita value.  This  rule states that  two-thirds of the  population requiring
collector sewers in  1982 are  required to  have  been residents  of  the  service
area on October 18, 1972  in  order to  be eligible for collector sewer  funding
from EPA.

Communities  with service area populations less  than  1,000  account for about
11.6   percent   of  the  total   national   collector  sewer   dollar   needs.
Communities  with  per capita needs between $701 and  $800 account for about
15.3 percent of the  national  total.   Although not  shown  on the table, total
national  dollar needs for collector sewers are  approximately  $20.7 billion,
expressed in January 1982 dollars.

Table 55  is  an extension  of  Table 54.
                                    138

-------
              ltB2 NEEDS SURVEY
 PERCENT OF DOUA* NEEDS FOR COLLECTOR SENERS
1Y SERVICE-AREA POPULATION AND PER-CAPITA COST
                                                        DECEMBER  31.
                                                        TABLE  55
COLLECTOR
SEHER
COST
I/CAPITA
0-100
101-200
201-300
301-400
401-500
501-tOO
tOl-700
701-BOD
B01-»OB
*01-1000
1001-1100
1101-1200
1201-1300
1301-1400
1401-1500
>1500
TOTAL
TOTAl
X OF
NATl.
TOTAL
COST
0.4
O.t
l.t
2.B
5.4
t.2
15.3
10.4
B.O
It. 7
12. B
4.1
1.1
o.»
11. B
100.0
X OF
POP.
CROUP
COST
0.1
0.0
0.1
2.7
7.4
».l
It. 2
17.0
».»
».7
t.7
1.5
1.7
1.2
15.5
100.0
»»»
X OF
NATl.
TOTAl
COST
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
O.B
1.0
1.8
1.9
1.1
1.1
0.7
0.1
0.2
0.1
i.a
11. t
1,000-4
X OF
POP.
CROUP
COST
0.2
0.2
O.t
2.5
5.4
7.4
14.1
lt.0
11.1
It. 5
t.t
1.*
1.4
1.1
13. t
100.0
.999
X OF
NATL.
TOTAL
COST
0.0
0.0
0.1
O.t
1.3
l.B
3.4
3.9
2.7
4.0
l.t
0.4
0.3
0.2
3.3
24.7
5,001
X OF
POP.
CROUP
COST
0.3
0.4
0.7
1*1
3.1
5.3
t.2
IT. 3
10.0
10.7
It. 9
a. 4
2.7
1.0
l.t
13. t
100.0
                       SERVICE-AREA POPULATION
                                    10. ooo-4», »
                                                     50K-100K
                                                                      >100K
                             X OF    X OF    X OF     X  OF
                             NATL.    POP.    NATl.    POP.
                             TOTAL   CROUP    TOTAL   CROUP
                             COST    COST    COST     COST
X OF    X OF   X OF
NATL.   POP.   NATL.
TOTAL  CROUP   TOTAL
COST    COST   COST
                     139

-------
                                  TABLE 56

                TOTAL ESTIMATED I/I FLOW TO TREATMENT PLANTS
                     I/I THAT IS COST EFFECTIVE TO REMOVE


Table  56  summarizes  by  State  the  infiltration/inflow (I/I) quantities which
are  cost  effective  to eliminate  from  conveyance   systems  rather  than  to
provide treatment.

The  numbers  listed  under  Plants  are summations of  the plants  within each
State  from which  some I/I flow will be eliminated.  The  Estimated I/I Flow
is  the summation  of  all  I/I  flows  in  a State  that are cost  effective  to
eliminate.  The Existing  Flow is the  summation  of  the total  average daily
flow being received  at the plants.  The present  design  flow (PRES DES FLOW)
is the summation of the 1982 design treatment capacity of the plants.

Only facilities being served by separate sewer systems  are  included in this
summary.  All  flows are given  in thousand cubic meters  per day.

Tables 57 and  58 present summaries  related  to Table  56.
                                    140

-------
                                     1962 NEEDS SURVEY
                        TOTAL ESTIMATED I/I FLOW TO TREATMENT PLANTS
                            I/I THAT IS COST EFFECTIVE TO REMOVE
STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
N MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
TRUST TERRITORIES
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
PLANTS

    69
     0
     3
    24
    16
    15
    22
     0
     0
    51
   104
     0
    18
    94
    42
   123
    27
    81
    34
    10
    11
    13
    40
    81
    65
    51
     5
    11
     4
     9
    40
     0
    77
   115
     4
    68
    16
    34
    22
     4
    73
     6
    96
   138
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0

 1*715
ESTIMATED
I/I FLOW

   331.64
     0.00
     0.60
    24.60
    61.22
     6.81
   100.79
     0.00
     0.00
   139.74
   169.37
     0.00
     8.44
   324.52
    20.77
    77.78
    27.13
   153.48
    88.90
    31.30
    24.79
    20.21
    68.62
    28.84
    89.32
    66.23
     0.68
     1.28
     4.61
    11.65
   225.58
     0.00
   165.51
   142.77
     0.52
   158.47
     4.76
   153.89
    71.30
    19.41
   155.18
     1.09
   159.72
   261.20
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00

 3t422.92
 EXISTING
   FLOW

   768.13
     0.00
     5.13
   114.56
   152.44
    32.81
   315.66
     0.00
     0.00
 2.480.20
   604.03
     0.00
    64.36
 5.589.11
    65.53
   273.06
   197.13
   342.71
   208.43
    70.60
   117.78
    84.40
   353.68
   103.47
   365.68
   251.05
     4.35
     8.03
     7.64
    36.93
 1.193.71
     0.00
 1*162.23
   835.25
     3.90
   452.81
    60.96
   398.86
   275.69
    58.37
   532.94
    11.90
   955.34
 1*443.91
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00

20.0003.02
                                                                               DECEMBER 31. 1982
                                                                               TABLE 56
 PRES DES
   FLOW

   938.45
     0.00
     5.07
   163.00
   623.35
    27.49
   407.22
     0.00
     0.00
 1.533.00
   904.74
     0.00
    80.73
 7*522.63
    82.58
   355.24
   256.53
   424.82
   311.00
    91.40
   189.88
   123.08
   427.45
   123.80
   500.52
   308.13
     4.80
     8.17
    16.65
    37.20
 1,854.30
     0.00
 1.522.74
 1*225.01
     7.48
   585.70
    72.82
   499.47
   327.25
    75.35
   785.61
    20.96
 1*414.88
 1*499.03
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00
     0.00

23*858.69
                                                141

-------
                                  TABLE 57

                       REQUIRED I/I CORRECTION ACTIONS
                FACILITIES WHERE CORRECTION IS COST EFFECTIVE


Table  57  summarizes,  for  those facilities  requiring I/I  corrections,  the
action necessary and the basis of estimate for such action.

Individual  cost estimates  developed  for each  category  during  the  Needs
Survey are accompanied by a basis of estimate  code  which  corresponds  to  the
accuracy of the estimate.  The  accuracy  of the cost estimates can be  ranked
from high to low by the basis of estimate  code.  The  basis of estimates, in
order of decreasing accuracy, are listed below:

1.  Engineer/consultant firm preconstruction  estimate.
2.  Sewer system evaluation survey completed.
3.  Engineer/consultant preliminary estimate  (approved facilities  plan).
4.  Infiltration/inflow analysis completed.
5.  Cost effective analysis (unapproved facilities  plan).
6.  Cost of previous comparable construction.
7.  EPA supplied cost estimating procedures.
8.  State certification of dollar needs.
9.  No basis given.

Only  separate   sewer  systems  are  included  in  Table 57.   Separate  sewer
systems  are  designed  to  convey  wastewater  from   domestic  and  industrial
sources only and do not convey stormwater runoff.

Table 57 is an expansion of the data  presented in Table 56.

It  is  noted from  the table  that  basis  of  estimates are given  for  3,126
facilities which is  slightly  more than the number  of facilities listed on
Table  56.   This is  because Table  56  includes  treatment facilities  only.
Table  57  includes  both  treatment  facilities with appurtenant  collection
systems and separate collection systems where  I/I flow is cost effective to
eliminate.
                                    142

-------
                                                                                                 DECEMBER 31.
                                                                                                 TABLE ST
                                                        l«82  NEEDS  SURVEY
                                                 REQUIRED  I/I  CORRECTION ACTIONS
                                           FACILITIES  HHERE CORRECTION  IS COST EFFECTIVE
                                                                                       CORRECTIVE  ACTION
                                                                               SEAL      REPLACE      CHANGE     PROVIDE
                                                      TOTAL         NOT         SEHER     OR  RELINE   OR CREATE      FLO*       OTHER
      BASIS OF ESTIMATE                                           K"O«N       tINES      5*^5    R^??NG   EQU*LIZATION
                                                                                                     SYSTEM



STATE CERTIFICATION                                      000*000

I/I ANALYSIS COMPLETED                                 882          >'          »3T          305           I           7          13

EVALUATION SURVEY COMPLETED                            185           I           TO          103           1           »           6

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT FIRM ESTIMATE                       »J           0           3«           22           0           1           Z

COST OF PREVIOUS COMPARABLE CONSTRUCTION                 0000000

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE               Z»I          15          117          1*1           1           *          13

EPA - SUPPLIED COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURES              303         153          106           36           0           2           6

COST EFFECTIVE ANALYSIS                                13"           »           68           82           0           2           »

(NO BASIS GIVEN!                                         0000000


TOTALS                                               »«852         1»2          93«          65»           3           20          »»
                                                             143

-------
                                  TABLE 58

                       DOLLAR NEEDS FOR I/1 CORRECTION
                FACILITIES WHERE CORRECTION IS COST EFFECTIVE
Table  58  summarizes  for  the  nation  the  dollar  needs  required  for  I/I
corrective action by basis of  estimate.   Table 58 is a direct  extension  of
Table 57.

Only dollar needs for I/I correction at facilities  served by  separate sewer
systems are included.

All needs are given in January 1982 dollars.
                                     144

-------
      BASIS W ESTIMATE
                                                        19*2 NEEDS SURVEY
                                                 DOLLAR NEEDS FOR 1/1 CORRECTION
                                           FACILITIES KHEHE CORRECTION IS COST EFFECTIVE
                                                    (THOUSANDS OF 1«U DOLLARS)
                                                      TOTAL
                                                                                                  DECEMBER 31.
                                                                                                  TABLE  it
                                                                                                               1982
STATE CERTIFICATION                                       •

I/I ANALYSIS COMPLETED                              6*4.0«

EVALUATION SURVEY COMPLETED                         21*.049

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT FIRM ESTIMATE                    74,449

COST OF PREVIOUS COMPARABLE CONSTRUCTION                  0

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE            270.43*

EPA - SUPPLIED COST ESTINATINO PROCEDURES           100.710

COST EFFECTIVE ANALYSIS                              57,044

(NO BASIS BJVENI                                          0


TOTALS                                            1.302.TU
NOT
KNOMN
0
6.2T2
M
0
0
13.315
3T.S29
SST
0
SEAL
SEVER
LINES
0
3*9.302
47.448
2T 1*89
0
T4.B16
31 > 1*0
Z1.944
0
REPLACE
OR RELINE
SEHER
SECTIONS
0
2*0.048
147.494
41,349
0
US. 130
29.378
33t509
0
CHANGE
OR CREATE
FLOU
ROUT INS
SYSTEM
•
21
643
0
•
it
t
0
0
PROVIDE
FLOK
EOOALI2ATION
1
12. Til
49.5S3
6. »il
»
••T
Zll
•54
«
OTHER
«
SiTza
•33
MO
•
3.468
2*410
190
0
                                                                 57,731
                                                                            572.309
                                                                                       *97.*ia
                                                                                                                41.137
                                                                                                                            13.289
                                                          145

-------
                                  TABLE 59

                  FACILITIES REQUIRING MAJOR REHABILITATION
                            BY BASIS OF ESTIMATE


Table  59  summarizes  for  the   nation  the  number  of  collection  systems
requiring  major  rehabilitation  by  type  of corrective  action and  basis  of
estimate.

Individual cost estimates made  in  Category III during the  Needs  Survey are
accompanied by a basis of estimate code which corresponds to the accuracy of
the estimate.  The accuracy of the cost estimates can be ranked from high to
low by  the basis of estimate code.   The basic  of  estimates, in  order  of
decreasing accuracy, are listed  below:

1.  Engineer/consultant firm preconstruction estimate.
2.  Sewer system evaluation survey completed.
3.  Engineer/consultant preliminary estimate (approved  facilities  plan).
4.  Infiltration/inflow analysis completed.
5.  Cost effective analysis (unapproved facilities plan).
6.  Cost of previous comparable  construction.
7.  EPA supplied cost estimating procedures.
8.  State certification of dollar needs.
9.  No basis given.
                                    146

-------
                                                        19»2 NEEDS SURVEY
                                            FACILITIES REQUIRING MAJOR REHABILITATION
                                                       BY BASIS OF ESTIMATE
                                                                                                  DECEMBER Jl, 19B2
                                                                                                  TABLE S»
      BASIS OF ESTIMATE
                                                                                        CORRECTIVE  ACTION
                                                      TOTAL
 NOT
KNOWN
 SEAL
SEHER
LINES
 REPLACE
OR RELINE
  SEHER
 SECTIONS
  CHANGE
OR CREATE
  FLOW
 ROUTING
  SYSTEM
  PROVIDE
    FLOW
EQUALIZATION
                                                                                                                              OTHER
STATE CERTIFICATION

J/I ANALYSIS COMPLETED

EVALUATION SURVEY COMPLETED

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT *IRM ESTIMATE

COST OF PREVIOUS COMPARABLE CONSTRUCTION

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE

EPA - SUPPLIED COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURES

COST EFFECTIVE ANALYSIS

(NO BASIS GIVEN)


TOTALS
0
49
59
23
0
lil
31
it
0
389
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
3
2
»
0
11
0
43
27
22
0
122
27
49
0
290
0
1
1
1
0
5
0
3
0
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
30
4
0
31
2
i
0
77
                                                             147

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                                  TABLE 60

                    DOLLAR NEEDS FOR MAJOR REHABILITATION
                            BY BASIS OF ESTIMATE


Table  60  summarizes  for the  nation  the dollar  needs for  sewer  systems
requiring major  rehabilitation  by  type  of corrective  action  and basis  of
estimate.

Table 60 is a direct extension of Table 59.
                                    148

-------
      BASIS OF ESTIHATE
                                                        1»8? NEEDS SURVEY
                                              DOLLAR NEEDS FOR MAJOR REHABILITATION
                                                       BY BASIS OF ESTIMATE
                                                      (THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS)
                                                      TOTAL
                                                                   NOT
                                                                  KNOWN
 SEAL
SEWER
LINES
                                                                                                  DECEMBER  31.  1*82
                                                                                                  TABLE «0
                                                                                        CORRECTIVE  ACTION
 REPLACE      CHANGE     PROVIDE
OR RELINE  OR CREATE      FLOW       OTHER
  SEHER       FLON     EQUALIZATION
 SECTIONS    ROUTING
              SYSTEM
STATE CERTIFICATION

I/I ANALYSIS COMPLETED

EVALUATION SURVEY COMPLETED

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT FIRM ESTIMATE

COST OF PREVIOUS COMPARABLE CONSTRUCTION

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT PRELIMINARY ESTIHATE

EPA - SUPPLIED COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURES

COST EFFECTIVE ANALYSIS

(NO BASIS GIVEN)


TOTALS
0
101,934
1.085,499
50,951
0
286,329
2,925,387
242,158
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
187
22
471
0
8,034
696
496
0
0
99,374
1,034,556
40,895
0
139,827
2.924.228
239,774
0
0
107
952
3,290
0
4,199
0
835
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,266
49,969
(,295
0
134,269
463
1,053
0
                                                  4.692,258
                                                                              9,906   4,478,654
                                                         149

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                                 CHAPTER IV

                  SUMMARIES FOR COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW AND
                      STORMWATER RUNOFF TECHNICAL DATA
                            (CATEGORIES V AND VI)


Technical data  collection  for Categories V and VI of  the  1982  Needs Survey
was performed using  the combined sewer system worksheet which  is described
in Appendix D of  this  report.   As  with the 1980  Survey, data were collected
for Categories  V and VI  in  conjunction  with  data  collected for  Categories I
through IV.

The technical data summaries presented in the seven tables  which follow were
compiled from two sources.   The first source was  the National Combined Sewer
System  Data  File, which represents  the  inventory of combined  sewer  data
identified from readily available  sources during  the 1982  Survey.   These
data  items  include total  combined sewer  area,  population served,  and  the
types  of  receiving  waters  to which  combined  sewer  overflow  (CSO)  is
discharged.  The second  source  was the Urbanized Area  Data  Base,  which  was
required to estimate treatment  needs for urban stormwater  runoff  (SWR),  as
well  as CSO.   In addition,  the  Urbanized  Area  Data  Base includes  data
developed by the Needs  Estimation  Program  (NEP82)  utilized for  the Category
V and VI portions  of the 1982 Survey.  These additional data items  include
the  estimated   number   and  capacity  of wet-weather   treatment  plants  and
storage basins  required to meet the  selected  water quality  objectives.   A
brief discussion  on  the conduct of  the Category V and VI portions  of  the
1982 Survey is  presented in Appendix B.  The discussion includes  the basis
for developing  Category V and VI cost estimates.

The  technical   tables  which  follow  include  a  discussion  of  each  table
presented  immediately  before the  table.  The  reader  should also  consult
Appendices  B  and D for  information  related  to the conduct of this portion of
the Survey  and  the combined sewer data collection worksheet, respectively.
                                    150

-------
                                  TABLE 61

                 SUMMARY OF EXISTING COMBINED SEWER SYSTEMS
Table 61  lists the  total  number of  combined  sewer systems identified  for
each  State  by the  1982 Survey.   Each  system  identified  corresponds to  a
worksheet in the National Combined Sewer System Data File.   The
described in Appendix D, and  conduct  of the Categories V
the Needs Survey  is described in Appendix  B.   Totals  by
the following items are contained in Table 61:
     worksheet  is
and VI portion  of
State for each  of
Number of Combined  Sewer  Systems:   The number of combined  sewer  systems  in
each State corresponds to  the  number of worksheets entered on  the  combined
sewer system data file  for that State.  A separate worksheet was completed
for each combined sewer system/major receiving water configuration.

Combined  Sewer  Area:   The  area,  in  hectares,  drained  directly  by  the
combined sewer system which is  tributary to the subject receiving  water.

Population Served:  The total number  of  people  resident  to  the  area drained
directly by the combined sewer  system.

Combined  Sewer Length:   The total  length of  combined  sewer,   in  meters,
tributary to the subject receiving water.

Number  of  CSO  Points:    The   number  of  points  at  which  the  combined
wastewater/stormwater is discharged from the  collection system directly into
the receiving water during periods of high flow.
                                    151

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                                                                                                  TABLE 61
 LENGTH  IN METERS
 AREA  IN HECTARES
 STATE

 ALABAMA
 ALASKA
 AMERICAN SAMOA
 ARIZONA
 ARKANSAS
 CALIFORNIA
 COLORADO
 CONNECTICUT
 DELAWARE
 DIST. OF COLUMBIA
 FLORIDA
 GEORGIA
 GUAM
 HAWAII
 IDAHO
 ILLINOIS
 INDIANA
 IOWA
 KANSAS
 KENTUCKY
 LOUISIANA
 MAINE
 MARIANAS GROUP
 MARYLAND
 MASSACHUSETTS
 MICHIGAN
 MINNESOTA
 MISSISSIPPI
 MISSOURI
 MONTANA
 NEBRASKA
 NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
 NEW MEXICO
 NEW YORK
 NORTH CAROLINA
 NORTH DAKOTA
 OHIO
 OKLAHOMA
 OREGON
 PAC. TR. TERR.
 PENNSYLVANIA
 PUERTO RICO
 RHODE ISLAND
 SOUTH CAROLINA
 SOUTH DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGIN ISLANDS
 VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
U.S. TOTALS


* OF
SYSTEMS
0
2
0
0
0
5
4
14
5
1
1
8
0
0
14
75
130
19
3
17
D
61
0
8
34
92
17
0
14
16
3
0
22
30
0
81
1
8
120
0
12
0
111
1
3
0
10
4
1
1
31
0
12
32
47
9
1
1,080

SUMMARY OF
COMBINED SEWER
AREA
0
131
0
0
0
13.846
7,025
7,820
3,423
5,959
255
10,838
0
0
3,769
131,451
133,380
9,393
11.542
20.342
0
22.729
0
2.219
28,113
107,282
11,482
0
35,885
3,521
6,849
0
5,639
48,116
0
182,397
121
533
128,457
0
11,217
0
91,130
432
3,865
0
2,478
8,419
1 ,891
103
6,816
0
10,268
28.748
23,863
10,591
395
1,142,738
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
EXISTING COMBINED SEWER
POPULATION
SERVED
0
4,860
0
0
0
852,119
147,841
415,217
90,068
489,093
4,370
330,235
0
0
46,012
5,195,306
2.509.998
342,264
464,000
768,556
0
390,776
0
47,605
1,884,156
2,599,561
530,452
0
871,501
130,243
199,405
0
227,156
2,003,084
0
12, 105,832
8,000
16,888
2.699,597
0
245,036
0
4,152,646
600,000
220,550
0
90,991
158,285
35,000
3,818
128,312
0
537,350
502.457
435.050
568,034
14,645
43,066.369

SYSTEMS
COMBINED SEWER
LENGTH
0
1,189
0
0
0
1,641,046
81,132
954,591
320.470
1,068,696
29,195
710,043
0
0
323.429
14,556,407
8,254,963
686,410
554,002
1.097.522
0
1,674.351
0
223,736
2,966,258
12,265,108
2,553,382
0
3,412.709
381,858
584,398
0
674,869
2,646,883
0
10,781,975
34,708
71,117
9,277,094
0
1,951.061
0
8,677.615
80,520
431,575
0
268.720
685,833
40,931
11 , 179
457,661
0
1.269,233
2,654,656
2.271,838
1 , 334,454
42.881
98.005,697
  cso
POINTS
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
    44
     3
   242
    53
    59
    10
    31
     0
     0
    24
 1.015
 1.100
    82
    17
   108
     0
   293
     0
    37
   371
   594
   105
     0
    91
     0
    23
     0
   164
   320
     0
   942
     0
     8
 1,593
     0
   108
     0
 1,345
     0
    88
     0
     1
    SO
     0
     0
   169
     0
   153
   270
   553
   275
     0
1J.341
                                                        152

-------
                                   TABLE 62

               RECEIVING WATER TYPES FOR COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW


 Table 62 identifies  the  type of major  receiving  water body into which  the
 combined sewer system discharges when overflow occurs.  For the  purposes  of
 this table, a  stream includes all channels with  a  mean depth less than  10
 feet.  This includes classification  codes  1,  2, and  3  from Item 20 of  the
 worksheet.   A river includes all channels with a mean depth greater than  or
 equal to 10 feet.   This includes classification codes 4, 5, and  6 from  Item
 20 of  the  worksheet.  Lakes  include classification  codes  7   and 8  of  the
 worksheet,  while  estuaries  include  codes  9  through  14 of the worksheet.
 Each of these  classification codes are  defined in  Appendix D of this report.

 It should be noted that not all major receiving waters  have been identified
 on the  1982 data  file.  Of over  1,080 systems in  the  1982 data file, 902
 (approximately 84  percent) are identified  as to  major  receiving water type.

 Table 62 contains  the following items:

 Number of Combined Sewer  Systems:   Same  as Table 61.

 Combined Sewer Area:  Same as  Table 61.

 Number of  Systems Discharging  to  Streams:    The  total  number of  combined
 sewer systems,  by  State,  known  to  discharge into streams.  The  definition of
 a  stream is  presented above.

 Total  Combined  Sewer  Area  Discharging  to  Streams:   The  total area,  in
 hectares,  of  combined  sewer  systems,   by  State,  known  to discharge  into
 streams.

 Number of Systems  Discharging to Rivers:  The  total number of combined sewer
 systems, by  State,  known  to discharge into rivers.

 Total  Combined  Sewer  Area  Discharging  to  Rivers:   The   total  area,  in
 hectares,  of  combined  sewer  systems,  by  State,Rnown  to  discharge  into
 rivers.

 Number of Systems  Discharging  to Lakes:   The  total  number of combined  sewer
 systems, by State,  known to discharge into lakes.

 Total  Combined  Sewer  Area   Discharging  to   Lakes:   The  total   area,  in
 hectares, of combined  sewer  systems,  by State,  known  to  discharge  into
 lakes.

 Number of Systems  Discharging  to  Estuaries:   The  total number of combined
 sewer systems, by State, known to discharge into estuaries.

Total  Combined  Sewer Area  Discharging   to  Estuaries:    The  total area,  in
hectares, of combined  sewer systems,  by State,  known  to  discharge  into
estuaries.
                                    153

-------
Number of Systems Discharging to Oceans;   The total  number of combined sewer
systems, by State, known to discharge into oceans.

Total  Combined  Sewer  Area  Discharging  to  Oceans;   The  total  area,  in
hectares,  of  combined  sewer systems,  by  State,  known  to  discharge  into
oceans.
                                   154

-------
AREA IN HECTARES
STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
GUAM
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOUA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS GROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSYLVANIA
PUEKTO RICO
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
ll.«!. TOTAI B44
7.02S
7r820
3>423
5.939
255
10,838
0
0
3.74?
131.451
133.380
9.393
11.542
20.342
0
22.729
0
2.219
28>113
107.282
11.482
0
35.885
3.521
6.849
0
5.639
48.116
0
182.397
121
533
120.457
0
11.217
0
91.130
432
3.865
0
2.478
8.419
1.891
103
6.816
0
10.248
28.748
23.863
10.591
395
.143.738
STREAM
*
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
0
0
2
0
0
3
28
85
10
0
0
4
18
O
5
16
57
3
0
7
5
1
0
7
4
0
24
0
2
57
0
5
0
73
1
0
0
6
0
0
1
12
0
4
5
25
1
1
473
DISCHARGE
AREA
0
0
0
0
0
668
479
297
10
0
0
3.769
0
0
236
38.451
52.233
3.453
0
0
0
1.970
0
1.446
6.582
56.598
493
0
12.505
1.285
1.4SS
0
818
4.883
0
35.066
0
26
44.898
0
IBS
0
37.671
432
0
0
187
0
0
103
2.377
0
820
2.182
11.734
36
395
323.747
RIVER
*
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
3
0
0
0
S
0
0
9
17
16
9
3
15
0
24
0
1
4
11
4
0
6
S
2
0
9
0
0
33
1
2
18
0
5
0
19
0
0
0
1
3
0
0
12
0
S
8
V
0
272
DISCHAKGE
AREA
0
0
0
0
o
2.754
4.480
757
0
0
0
7.015
0
0
3>414
85.810
St. 878
5.941
11.542
19.988
0
12.217
0
587
3.490
45.310
10.551
0
23.041
2.179
3.394
0
3.511
0
0
53.849
121
437
32.824
0
10.498
o
23.960
0
0
o
2.160
8.216
0
0
2.954
0
4.845
7.394
11.753
1.085
0
464.381
LAKE
*
0
o
0
o
o
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
4
0
o
8
0
0
0
2
0
o
o
0
0
0
o
4
0
0
1
0
3
o
39
DISCHARGE
AREA
0
0
0
0
o
445
0
0
0
0
255
0
0
0
12
0
8.327
0
0
0
0
0
O
0
0
3.239
0
0
0
0
0
•o
1
0
0
9.142
0
0
21.576
0
0
0
6.029
Q
o
0
0
0
0
o
1.194
0
0
133
0
9.469
o
59.843
ESTUARY
*
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
9
4
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
17
0
1
13
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
25
0
18
0
o
0
o
2
2
0
3
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
3
10
0
0
0
115
TABLE 62
DISCHARGE
AREA
0
131
0
0
0
6.342
0
6.744
3.413
9.959
0
55
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8.428
0
134
17.833
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.231
41.072
0
B2.3J4
0
0
0
0
S3S
A
19.243
0
3.845
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
4.402
16.353
0
0
0
218.283
OCEAN
«
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
o
o
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
2
o
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
o
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
DISCHARGE
AREA





3.63














11



























3.751
155

-------
                                  TABLE  63

       SUMMARY OF PRESENT AND PROJECTED  URBANIZED  AREA  CHARACTERISTICS


Table 63 provides  drainage  area and population data  for both combined  and
separately sewered Urbanized Areas  in  the U.S.   The  specific criteria  for
defining Urbanized Areas are given in Appendix B.   Since the  use  of combined
sewers is no longer considered accepted  engineering practice, it  was assumed
that  present  and projected   combined sewer  system characteristics  would  be
the same and that all future growth would occur in separately sewered areas.
The following items are contained in Table 63:

Number of  Urbanized  Areas:   The total   number of  Urbanized Areas as defined
in Appendix B, listed by State.

Combined  Sewer  Area  in Urbanized  Areas:   The   combined   sewer  area,  in
hectares, located within Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

Combined Sewer Population in Urbanized Areas:  The total population residing
within the combined  sewer area in Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  (1970):   The  Urbanized  Area,  in   hectares,  which
contributes stormwater  runoff based on  1970 census data, listed by State.

Stormwater  Runoff Population (1970):   The estimated  1970  population,  based
on  census  data,  which  resides  within  the  stormwater  runoff  area  for
Urbanized  Areas,  listed by  State.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  (2000):   The  Urbanized  Area,  in   hectareswhich
contributes   stormwater runoff  based  on  projected  year   2000  population
estimates,  listed by State.

Stormwater Runoff Population (2000):  The projected year 2000 population for
the  stormwater runoff area  for  Urbanized Areas, listed  by State.
                                     156

-------
                                   TABLE 63
AREA IN HECTARES
STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
GUAM
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS GROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSYLVANIA
PUERTO RICO
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
U.A. TOTALS
«nc
UP
UA S
9
1
0
2
4
IB
4
12
1
1
15
7
0
1
1
13
10
7
4
6
7
2
0
2
11
13
6
3
5
2
3
2
3
7
1
9
11
1
17
4
3
0
14
4
2
5
2
6
28
3
0
0
8
6
5
9
0
320
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
SUMMARY OF PRESENT AND PROJECTED URBANIZED AREA CHARACTERISTICS
AREA POPULATION
0
0
0
0
0
12,732
6,480
6,221
2,809
5,959
0
10.693
0
0
0
104,031
84,574
1,822
11,380
14,083
0
5,742
0
0
21,561
90,443
9,259
0
34,947
0
6,739
0
2,597
39,793
0
146.996
0
93
75.372
0
10,133
0
63,812
432
4,805
0
2,160
5,551
1,891
0
0
0
8,527
23,567
8.601
9,469
0
833,274
0
0
0
0
0
827,119
96,806
294,047
80,368
489,093
0
324,835
0
0
0
4,821,111
1,599,102
98,000
459,000
504,160
0
136,500
0
0
1,567,099
2.263.202
504,000
0
780,620
0
191,505
0
138,800
1,896,617
0
11,295,932
0
2,300
2,115.315
0
227,777
0
3,273.150
600,000
190,550
0
47,600
116,500
35,000
0
0
o
457,591
559,660
230,265
444,600
0
36,668,224
aiuKriNAitK Kunurr IIY/UJ
AREA POPULATION
198,081
14,126
0
127,578
46,786
1,021,346
104,561
217,132
22,359
9,956
482,268
178,627
0
29,808
7,620
305,479
181,406
111,604
52,123
69,976
103,291
26,295
0
144,530
330,718
302,504
207,847
36,055
196,829
12,623
36,262
41,135
19,435
561,784
29,652
161,867
162,907
3,873
501,374
146,681
74,962
0
426,931
36,452
50,301
84,266
4,994
202,223
806,813
80,430
0
0
229,989
164.924
29,113
187,316
0
8,585,213
1,402,102
110,782
0
1,157,541
378,624
15,453,994
1,327,205
1,946,732
269,306
267,417
4,731.073
1.555,325
0
442,397
85,187
3,148,669
796,031
744,155
326,933
630,329
1,780,735
35,311
0
2,588.919
2,767,097
3,473,563
1,449,893
320,592
1,797,221
142,102
396,787
336,368
35.143
4,181,755
297,451
3,148,561
1,367,048
51,120
4,534,248
1,049,072
756,275
0
3,712,709
484,077
554,688
723,074
28,406
1,519.119
6,955,930
733,179
o
0
* 1,943,491
1,449,733
168,170
1,622,045
0
85,177,684
TABLE 63
aiUKriHAICR KUNUrh IIUUU1
AREA POPULATION
244,859
50.978
0
322,597
84,967
1,411,007
204,920
240,587
38,011
26,058
1,047,544
293,120
0
56,681
15,599
412,410
250,627
134,322
304,382
139,237
131,642
62,694
0
198,109
394,969
358,151
276,526
48,402
257,508
16,824
56,837
96,192
161,263
805,369
49,964
167,292
198,900
5,277
582,692
209,548
136,455
0
434,788
52,561
47,513
104,132
10.372
275.565
1,775.360
96,392
o
Q
399,232
244,164
32,784
266.233
0
13,231,622
1,702,400
399,781
0
2,904,408
692,603
21,144,280
2,559,818
2,126,458
457,825
699,898
10,774,658
2,519,008
0
841,227
174,382
4,255,115
1,209,516
903,622
557,243
1.056,425
2,323,091
93,015
0
3,470,905
3,302,096
4,150,579
1,895,618
446,145
2,190,148
187.870
621,924
791,692
195,685
5,832,867
501,205
5,600,322
1,690.861
69,658
5.259,878
1,477,807
1.379.866
0
3,861,647
729,987
523.520
903,647
58.186
2,049.263
14,485,772
857,675
0
0
2.873,425
2, 139,506
208,988
2,327,447
0
127,478,962
157

-------
                                  TABLE 64

              RECEIVING WATER TYPES FOR URBAN STORMWATER RUNOFF
                          PRESENT CONDITIONS (1970)


Table  64  identifies  the  type  of major  receiving  water  into  which  urban
stormwater is discharged for the 1970 Urbanized Area data presented in Table
63.   The  specific  criteria  for  defining an  Urbanized Area are  given  in
Appendix B.  For the purposes of  this  table,  a  stream  includes  all  channels
with a mean depth less  than  10  feet,  and  a  river  includes  all channels with
a  mean  depth  greater than  or equal  to  10  feet.   The following  items  are
contained in Table 64:

Number of Urbanized Areas:   The  total  number of Urbanized Areas as  defined
in Appendix B, listed by State.   This item is the  same  as presented in Table
63.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  (1970):   The Urbanized  Area,  in  hectares,  which
contributes stormwater  runoff based  on 1970 census  data.  This  item  is  the
same as presented in Table 63.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  Discharging to  Streams;   The total  1970  stormwater
drainage  area,  in  hectares, known  to discharge  into  streams as  defined
above.

Stormwater  Runoff  Area Discharging  to Rivers:   The total  1970  stormwater
drainage area, in hectares, known to discharge into  rivers as defined above.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  Discharging  to  Lakes:   The  total   1970  stormwater
drainage area, in hectares, known to discharge into  lakes.
                                              *
Stormwater  Runoff Area  Discharging  to Estuaries:  The  total  1970 stormwater
drainage area, in hectares, known to discharge into  estuaries.

Stormwater  Runoff Area Discharging  to Oceans:   The total  1970  stormwater
drainage area, in hectares, known to discharge into  oceans.
                                    158

-------
                                        TABLE  6*
t*82  NEEDS sumr
AREA IN HECTARES

STATE
AlABANA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
GUAM
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I OH A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS GROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSYLVANIA
PUERTO RICO
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
U.A. TOTALS
RECEIVING HATER TYPES FOR URBAN STORMMATER RUNOFF
* OF
UA S
»
1
0
I
4
18
4
12
1
1
It
1
0
1
1
11
10
7
4
6
7
2
D
2
11
11
t
1
5
2
}
2
}
7
1
»
11
1
17
4
1
0
14
4
2
5
2
t
28
1
0
0

6
S
9
0
120
STORMMATER
TOTAL AREA
198,081
14,12*
0
127,578
46,786
1,021,346
104,561
217,112
22,15*
».*56
482,268
178.627
0
2*. 80S
7,620
105,47*
181,406
111,604
52,121
6f,»76
101,2*1
26,2*5
0
144.510
110,718
102,504
207,847
16.055
1*6,82*
12.621
16,262
41,115
11.435
561,784
2*, 652
161.867
162. *07
1,871
501.174
146.681
74,962
0
426. *11
16.452
50.101
84,266
4.**4
202.221
806.811
80,410
0
0
22*. *8*
K4.924
29,111
187,116
0
8,585,211
STREAM
DISCHARGE
99,818
0
0
127,578
1,761
21*, 802
104,561
4*. 416
0
0
7,517
0
0
0
7,620
199,117
4*. 061
60,*21
0
10,142
0
0
0
0
60.688
140.020
1,*40
0
27.242
0
11,504
41.115
0
16.128
29.652
16,164
126,412
0
224,176
99,500
0
0
61,171
6.610
0
27.714
0
0
117,157
0
0
0
17,211
5.754
0
0
0
2, 211. 715
RIVER
DISCHARGE
54,611
0
0
0
45,021
69,411
0
57,657


7,72
162,06



V7.680
112,141
50,681
52,121
59,614
101,291
15.777
0
0
79,858
148,928
185.478
19.544
169.587
12,621
22,758
0
19.415
1.788
0
92,658
28,901
1,871
120,329
47,382
74,962
0
1*5,264
0
0
10.819
4.994
202.221
409.692
0
0
0
50,265
15,841
29,111
116.621
0
1.010,983
PRESENT CONDITIONS
LAKE
DISCHARGE
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
41.211
0
0
0
0
8.681
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11.556
18,42*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15.578
0
0
156.870
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18.922
80.410
0
0
0
0
0
70.695
0
424,176
ESTUARY
DISCHARGE
41,64*
14.126
0
0
0
172,117
0
72,81*
22,15*
9,956
158,75*
16,560





0
0
0
0
0
0
144,510
1*0,172
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
506,476
0
17,267
7,595
0
0
0
0
0
168,496
26,116
50,101
25,711
0
0
31.774
0
0
0
162,514
121,129
0
0
0
2,166,866
OCEAN
. DISCHARGE
0
0
0
0
0
559,7*4
0
17,200
0
0
67,055
0
0
2*. 808
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10,518
0
0
0
0
0
16,511
0
0
0
0
0
17,192
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.707
0
0
0
0
27,268
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
769,253
 159

-------
                                  TABLE 65

              RECEIVING WATER TYPES FOR URBAN STORMWATER RUNOFF
                           (YEAR 2000 CONDITIONS)


Table 65 identifies the type of major  receiving water  body  into  which  urban
stormwater  is  discharged  for  the  projected year  2000   Urbanized   Area
presented in Table 63.   The specific criteria for  defining an Urbanized Area
are given in Appendix B.  For the purposes of  this table, a  stream  includes
all channels with a mean  depth  less than 10 feet, and  a river  includes all
channels with a mean depth greater than or equal  to  10  feet.  The following
items are contained in Table 65:

Number of Urbanized Areas:  The total  number of Urbanized Areas as  defined
in Appendix B, listed by State.  This item is the  same  as presented  in  Table
63.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  (2000):    The  Urbanized  Area, in  hectares,  which
contributes stormwater runoff directly to a  major receiving  water,  based  on
projected year 2000 estimates.  This item is the  same  as presented  in  Table
63.

Stormwater  Runoff  Area Discharging  to Streams:   The  total  projected  year
2000 stormwater drainage area, in hectares,  known to discharge  into  streams
as defined above.

Stormwater Runoff Area Discharging to Rivers:  The total projected year 2000
stormwater  drainage  area,  in hectares,  known  to discharge  into rivers  as
defined above.

Stormwater Runoff Area Discharging to  Lakes;   The total projected year 2000
stormwater drainage area,  in hectares,  known to discharge into lakes.

Stormwater  Runoff Area  Discharging  to  Estuaries:   The  total projected year
2000  stormwater  drainage  area,   in  hectares,   known  to   discharge   into
estuaries.

Stormwater Runoff Area Discharging to Oceans:  The total projected year 2000
stormwater drainage area,  in hectares,  known to discharge  into oceans.
                                    160

-------
                                           TABLE 65
1982  NEEDS SURVEY
AREA IN HECTARES

STATE
ALABAMA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
GUAM
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I DMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS GROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSYLVANIA
PUERTO RICO
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
U.A. TOTALS
RECEIVING MATER TYPES FOR URBAN STORMHATER RUNOFF YEAR 2000 CONDITIONS
t OF
UA S
9
1
0
2
4
18
4
12
1
1
IS
7
0
1
1
13
10
7
4
6
7
2
0
2
11
13
6
3
5
2
3
2
3
7
1
»
11
1
17
4
3
0
14
4
2
S
2
6
28
3
0
0
8
6
S
»
0
320
STORMWATER
TOTAL AREA
244,859
50,978
0
322,597
84,9(7
1.411,007
204,920
240,587
58,011
26,058
1,047,544
293,120
0
56,681
15,599
412,410
250,627
134,322
304,382
139,237
131,642
«2,«94
0
198,109
394,969
358,151
276,526
48,402
257,508
16,824
56,837
96,192
161.263
805,369
49,964
167,292
198,900
5,277
582,692
209,548
136,455
0
434,788
52,561
47,513
104,132
10,372
275,565
1,775,360
96,392
0
0
399,232
244.164
32,784
266,23}
0
13,231,622
STREAM
DISCHARGE
124,026
0
0
322.597
2,525
320.962
204,920
38,723
0
0
15,848
0
0
0
15,599
286,122
61,722
75.730
0
11,627
0
0
0
0
79,318
169,015
516
0
41,321
0
19.112
96,192
0
52,582
49,964
47,098
149,395
0
262,566
151,928
0
0
49,026
10,709
0
26,284
0
0
865.197
0
0
0
21,609
6,151
0
0
0
3,580,385
RIVER
DISCHARGE
67,904
0
0
0
82,443
96,765
0
61,346
0
0
16,387
274,754
0
0
0
114,718
188,905
58,593
304,382
127,611
131.642
29,963
0
0
89,178
176,458
260,093
31,862
216,187
16,824
37,725
0
161,263
1,695
0
67,327
38,977
5,277
147,644
57,620
136,455
0
172,622
0
0
49,522
10,372
275,565
781,624
0
0
0
169,692
54,048
32. 784
157,733
0
4,703,960
LAKE
DISCHARGE
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
82,542
0
0
0
0
11.570
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12,678
15,916
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
17,035
0
0
172,482
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28,557
96,392
0
0
0
0
Q
108,499
0
545,672
ESTUARY
DISCHARGE
52,929
50.978
0
0
0
245,665
0
92,108
38,011
26,058
756,384
18,366
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
198,109
226,473
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
732,498
0
35,831
10.528
0
0
0
0
0
213,140
35,793
47,513
28,326
0
0
48,348
0
0
0
205,931
183,964 .
0
0
Q
3,246,954
OCEAN
DISCHARGE
0
0
0
0
0
747,616
0
48,410
0
0
176,384
0
0
56,681
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
32,732
0
0
0
0
0
16,541
0
0
0
0
0
18,594
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6,058
0
0
0
0
51,634
0
0
0
0
0
0
g
Q
1.154,651
   161

-------
                                  TABLE 66

           SELECTED FACILITIES FOR CSO CONTROL IN URBANIZED AREAS
                           BY STREAM USE OBJECTIVE
Table  66 presents  information which  was  developed  as  part  of the  cost
estimating  procedure  for  Categories  V  and VI  of the  1982 Needs  Survey.
These CSO control data were developed only  for  Urbanized  Areas  as presented
in Table  63.   The storage and treatment  requirements presented  in  Table 59
were estimated using the  1982  Needs Estimation  Program  (NEP82)  for  the Fish
and Wildlife and Recreation water quality objectives.   The Fish  and  Wildlife
objective was  based  on eliminating low  dissolved oxygen events  (less  than
2.0 mg/1) and  insuring that Solids  concentrations in  CSO  would  be less than
or equal  to background Solids concentrations  in the receiving  water.   The
Recreation objective was based on scaling up the facilities  required to meet
the Fish  and Wildlife  objective such  that a  95 percent removal of  fecal
coliform organisms would  be obtained.  A  brief  description  of the basis for
Category V and VI cost estimates is presented in Appendix B.  The following
items are contained in Table 66:

Number of Urbanized Areas:  The  total  number of  Urbanized Areas  as  defined
in Appendix B, listed by State.  This  item is the same as  presented  in  Table
63.

Combined  Sewer  Area  in  Urbanized  Areas:    The  combined  sewer  area,  in
hectares, located within Urbanized Areas, listed by State.  This item is the
same as presented in Table 63.

Number of CSO Treatment Plants:  The total estimated number  of CSO treatment
plants required  to meet  the  Fish  and Wildlife water quality  objective  in
Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

Number of  CSO Storage Basins:   The total  estimated  number of  CSO  storage
basins required  to  meet  the  Fish  and Wildlife  water quality objective  in
Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

Total  CSO Treatment Capacity for  Fish  and Wildlife: -Jhe total estimated CSO
treatment capacity, in 1,000 cubic  meters per day (m /day),  required  to meet
the Fish and Wildlife water quality objective in Urbanized  Areas, listed by
State.

Average CSO  Unit Treatment Capacity for  Fish  and. Wildlife:  The estimated
average CSO  unit treatment capacity, in  1,000   m /day/hectare,  required  to
meet  the  Fish  and  Wildlife  water quality  objective  in Urbanized Areas,
listed by State.

Total   CSO  Treatment  Capacity ,for Recreation;    The  total  estimated  CSO
treatment capacity, in 1,000  m /day,  required to meet the  Recreation  water
quality objective in Urbanized Areas,  listed by  State.

Average CSO  Unit Treatment Capacity for,Recreation:  The estimated  average
CSO unit treatment capacity,  in  1,000 m /day/hectare, required to meet the
Recreation water quality objective  in  Urbanized  Areas, listed  by State.
                                    162

-------
Total CSO Storage  Capacity  far Fish and Wildlife:  The  total  estimated  CSO
storage capacity, in 1,000 m , required to meet the Fish and  Wildlife  water
quality objective in Urbanized Areas, listed  by State.

Average CSO  Unit  Storage  Capacity  for  Fish, and  Wildlife:   The  estimated
average CSO unit storage capacity, in 1,000 m /hectare, required to meet  the
Fish  and  Wildlife  water  quality  objective  in Urbanized  Areas,  listed  by
State.

Total CSO Storage Capacity for Recreation:   The total  estimated CSO storage
capacity,   fn  1,000 m  ,  required  to meet   the  Recreation  water  quality
objective  in Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

Average CSO Unit Storage Capacity ./or Recreation:   The  estimated average  CSO
unit storage capacity/in 1,000 m /hectare,  required to  meet  the Recreation
water quality objective in Urbanized Areas, listed by  State.
                                    163

-------
                           TAtlt it
AIEA IN HECTARES
FLOH IN 1000 MS/DAY
VOLUME IN 1000 N3
STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARI20NA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
OCLAHAIE
DIST. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
6UAH
HAUAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IONA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS GROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEN HAMPSHIRE
NEU JERSEY
NEU MEXICO
NEW VO«K
NOHTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSVLVANIA
PUERTO tICD
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
NEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
NYOMING
U.A. TOTALS


1982 NEEDS SURVEY
SELECTED FACILITIES FOI CSO CONTROL IN URBANIZED AREAS IV STIEAH USE OBJECTIVE

t OF
UA S
t
1
0
2
4.
11
4
12
I
1
IS
7
I
1
1
13
10
7
4
t
7
2
«
2
11
1)
t
3
S
2
3
2
3
7
1
t
11
1
17
4,
3
0
14
4
2
5
2
4
"
0
B
i
5
t
0
320

TOTAL
CSO AIEA





12.712
4.480
4,221
2.609
5,959
1
10.493
|
0
0
104,011
84.574
1,122
11,380
14,003
•
S.742
0
0
21.541
to, 443
9.259
0
34.947
0
4,739
0
2,597
39.713
0
144,994
a
93
75,372
0
10.133
0
43.812
432
4,805
0
2.140
5,551
.....
1.527
23.547
1.401
t.44t
0
833.274

TIEATNENT STORAGE TREATMENT STORAGE
PLANTS BASINS TOTAL UNIT TOTAL UNIT TOTAL UNIT TOTAL UNIT
0 0.00 .0000 .00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 .00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 .00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 .00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 .00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
10 448.57 .0143 885.07 0282 897.13 0.0285 1,179.59 0.0375
t 0.00 .0000 154.54 0097 39.47 0.0025 172.44 0.0108
1 II 323.83 .0211 848.01 0552 748.48 0.0487 2.513.14 0.1437
* 134.89 .0197 330.72 0477 174.45 0.0543 1,024.95 0.1478
5 290.38 .0197 584.44 0399 798.55 0.0543 1,944.02 0.1335
• 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
1 II 403.84 .0153 1.503.74 0570 818.89 0.0310 2.890.45 0.1095
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
• 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
I 40 1, 284.il .0128 9,940.31 0388 4,495.47 0.0175 14.549.49 0.0544
3 S3 2,311.14 .0111 t, 140. tO 0439 2.450.37 0.0127 14, 317.28 0.0488
t 90.03 .0200 ISt. 17 0148 104.04 0.0234 197.93 0.0440
10 498.14 .0178 1.045.14 0372 423.92 0.0222 1.493.03 0.0531
10 435.97 .0183 I. 541. IS 044] 1,191.20 0.0401 5,382.43 0.1548
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
t 279.82 .0197 445. tt 045t 749.52 0.0543 2.004.88 0.1414
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
1 2t 1.219.12 .0229 2, 704. It 0508 2,934.25 0.0551 7, 740.59 0.1454
2 17 2,100.08 .010} 7,519.47 0337 3.893.7t 0.0174 11,395.34 0.0510
9 337.34 .0148 441.34 0289 395.84 0.0171 851.85 0.0373
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 O.OO 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
1 20 1,089.01 .0124 1.341.14 0117 1.515.40 0.0178 4.923.58 0.0571
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
t 121.lt .0074 218.99 0174 205.24 0.0123 437.75 0.0243
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
t 139.21 .0217 100.22 0448 375. tl 0.0584 899.47 0.1403
I 11 1.933.23 .0197 4.913.47 0507 4,115.72 0.0419 15,007.23 0.1527
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
1 42 4,454.58 .0178 11,812.32 0312 15.303.79 0.0422 50.443.48 0.1390
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
2 1.70 .0074 2.40 .0111 2.27 O.OOtt 3.19 0.0139
1 11 2,499.25 .0145 7,997.78 0410 1,938.54 0.0212 11.572.41 0.0422
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
7 555.53 .0222 1.272.71 .0509 1,419.70 0.0547 2,159.74 0.0043
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
2 40 2,448.80 .0155 7,239.90 .0459 4,090.42 0.0387 22,274.04 0.1414
2 202.49 .1900 43.97 .0412 481.72 0.4515 45.72 0.0429
5 234.17 .0197 544.97 .0478 585.43 0.0493 1,548.49 0.1305
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
4 39.47 .0074 71.37 .0147 52.43 0.0099 118.92 0.0223
9 250.49 .0183 891.97 .Ot51 535.23 0.0390 1,479.34 0.1079
4 44.08 .0099 293.70 .0*29 44.08 0.0099 423.75 0.0907
80 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
0 0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
7 12 351.28 .0147 999.02 .0475 814.07 0.0387 3.241.53 0.1540
10 17 1,020.31 .0175 2.348.37 .0404 2,281.40 0.0392 1,495.55 0.0435
7 13 405.51 .0191 845.00 .0407 1.131.77 0.0533 2.839.54 0.1337
7 |1 387.48 .0144 745.81 .0319 432.41 0.0185 1,003.24 0.0429
g 0 0.00 .0000 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000
321 551 30,945.51 83.124.84 40.289.55 189.848.25
164

-------
                                   TABLE 67

            SELECTED FACILITIES FOR SWR CONTROL  IN  URBANIZED AREAS
                            BY STREAM USE OBJECTIVE


 Table 67  presents  information  which  was  developed  as  part  of  the  cost
 estimating procedures  for  Categories  V and VI  of the  1982  Needs Survey.
 These urban stormwater pollution  control data  were developed for  projected
 year 2000  conditions  in  Urbanized Areas  as  presented  in Table  63.  The
 storage  and  treatment requirements  presented  in  Table 67  were   estimated
 using the  1982  Needs Estimation Program (NEP82)  for  the Fish and Wildlife
 and Recreation water  quality objectives.  The Fish  and Wildlife  objective
 was based  on  eliminating  low dissolved  oxygen events  (less  than  2.0 mg/1)
 and insuring  that Solids  concentrations in  stormwater would be less than or
 equal  to   background  Solids  concentration  in the  receiving water.   The
 Recreation objective was based on  scaling up  the facilities required to  meet
 the Fish  and  Wildlife objective  such  that  a  95 percent  removal  of fecal
 coliform organisms would be obtained.   A brief description of the basis for
 Category V and VI cost estimates is presented  in Appendix B.  The following
 items are  contained in Table  67:

 Number  of Urbanized Areas:    The total  number of  Urbanized Areas  as defined
 in  Appendix B,  listed by State.  This  item  is the  same as presented in Table
 63.

 Stormwater Runoff  Area (2000):   The  Urbanized  Area,  in hectares,  which
 contributesstormwaterrunoff  based  on  projected  year  2000  population
 estimates,  listed  by  State.   This  item  is the same as presented in Table 63.

 Number  of  Stormwater  Treatment  Plants:   The  total  estimated  number  of
 stormwater  treatment plants  required  to meet  the Fish  and Wildlife  water
 quality  objective  in  Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

 Number   of  Stormwater  Storage  Basins:   The  total   estimated  number  of
 stormwater  storage  basinsrequired  to meet  the  Fish  and Wildlife  water
 quality  objective  in  Urbanized Areas, listed by State.

 Total  Stormwater  Treatment  Capacity   for  Fish  and. Wildlife:   The  total
 estimated  stormwater  treatment capacity, in 1,000 m /day,  required  to meet
 the  Fish and Wildlife water quality objective, listed by State.

 Average  Stormwater  Unit  Treatment  Capacity  for  Fish  and  Wildlife:   The
 estimatedaveragestormwaterunittreatmentcapacity,TrT~  1,000
 m /day/hectare,  required  to  meet  the  Fish   and  Wildlife  water  quality
 objective,  listed by State.

 Total Stormwater Treatment  Capacity for Recreation:   The total  estimated
 stormwater  treatment  capacity, in  1,000  nr/day,  required to meet  the  Fish
 and Wildlife water quality objective, listed by State.

Average  Stormwater Unit  Treatment  Capacity  for  Recreation:^ The  average
estimatedstormwaterunittreatment   capacity,Tn1,000  m /day/hectare,
required to meet the Recreation water quality objective,  listed by  State.


                                    165

-------
Total  Stormwater  Storage  Capacity  for  Fish  and  Wildlife:    The  total
estimated stormwater  storage  capacity,  in  1,000 m ,  required  to meet  the
Fish and Wildlife water quality objective,  listed by State.

Average Stormwater Unit Storage Capacity for Fish and  Wildlife;   The  average
estimatedstormwaterunit  storagecapacity,Tn1,000m /day/hectare,
required to meet  the  Fish and Wildlife  water  quality objective,  listed  by
State.

Total  Stormwater  Storage  Capacity  for , Recreation:   The  total  estimated
stormwater storage  capacity,  in  1,000 m ,  required  to meet  the  Recreation
water quality object,  listed by State.

Average  Stormwater Unit  Storage   Capacity  for  Recreation:   The  average
estimated stormwater unit storage capacity, in  1,000 m /hectare, required to
meet the Recreation water quality objective, listed by State.
                                     166

-------
                             TABLE 67
AREA IN HECTARES
FLO« IN 10<>u M3/OAY
VOLUME IN 1000 HI

STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
AMERICAN SAMOA
ARIiONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
OOLURAOO
COYttCTICUT
OcLANARE
DISI. OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
CEOkGIA
SUAH
HAM All
1DAHU
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IONA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARIANAS CROUP
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
M1CHIUN
MINNtSOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NE IRA SKA
NEVADA
NEK HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NED MEXICO
MEN YOU
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PAC. TR. TERR.
PENNSYLVANIA
PUERTO RICO
RHOUc ISLAND
SOOTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEAAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGIN ISLANDS
VIRGINIA
NASHlNiTUN
VEST V1H3INIA
111 SCONS IN
• VOM1N6
U.A. TOTALS
1982 NEEDS SURVEY
SELECTED FACILITIES FOR CSO CONTROL IN URBANIZED AREAS BY STREAM USE OBJECTIVE
	 FISH 1 WILDLIFE 	
t OF
UA S
9
1
0
2
4
IB
*
12
1
1
15
T
0
1
1
1$
10
T
*
t
T
2
O
2
11
13
6
1
t
2
1
2
i
T
1
*
11
1
IT
4
1
0
1*
4
2
3
2
*
21
1
0
u
•
6
3
9
0
J20
TOTAL
SUR AKEA
2**! 859
30,971
0
322,5*7
84,967
1.411.00T
204,920
240i58l
38,011
26,058
1,047,544
2f>d20
O
56,681
15,599
412, 41U
250,627
130,322
304,382
139,237
131,642
62,tt94
0
198,109
394,969
358,151
276,526
48,402
257,50*
16,824
56.137
96,192
161,261
805,369
49,964
167,292
1V8.900
5,277
512,692
2M.»48
136,455
O
434,788
52,561
47,513
104,132
10,372
275, 56»
1,775,360
96,392
0
0
399,232
244,164
32,784
266,233
0
13.231,622

PLANTS
S3
a
0
26
20
141
27
64
7
6
112
44
0
9
5
68
47
17
31
28
15
14
0
22
66
68
28
14
IS
7
11
15
23
32
•
43
36
3
94
27
22
0
72
17
10
26
5
43
201
18
0
D
57
18
15
50
0
2E3

BASINS
84
13
0
40
12
221
41
102
11
10
204
70
0
14
8
10*
76
59
49
43
56
22
0
14
105
109
45
21
55
12
21
24
16
82
13
69
90
5
ISO
41
IS
0
111
21
16
42
«
68
116
29
0
0
90
60
25
80
0
IE!
TREATMENT
TOTAL UNIT
11,441.61 0.0189
310.53 0.0025
0.00 0.0000
1.608.37 0.0020
3,807.42 0.0181
19,013.75 0.0055
955.85 0.0019
8,777.01 0.0148
1,389.28 0.0148
952.39 0.01*8
52,527.04 0.0/03
13,065.32 0.0181
0.00 0.0000
690.54 0.0049
190.05 0.0049
10,072.85 0.0099
7,813.67 0.0126
2,645.91 0.0080
5,391.98 0.0072
4,523.23 0.0132
6,734.42 0.0207
1,710.13 0.0110
0.00 0.0000
9,654.25 0.0197
11,711.85 0.0141
10,648.46 0.3123
3,305.63 0.00*8
2,142.44 0.0179
6,693.18 0.0103
102.48 0.0023
686.67 0.0049
0.00 0.0000
4,945.23 0.0124
31,814.65 0.0170
0.00 0.0000
5,235.18 0.0127
7,186.79 0.0146
12.15 0.0025
17,252.16 0.0120
2,922.33 0.0056
6,061.77 0.0180
0.00 0.0000
16,709.69 O.C156
2,095.48 0.0161
1,466.03 0.0123
1,778.33 0.01*7
60.72 0.0024
11,271.06 0.0166
28,329.69 0.0065
418.17 0.0018
0.00 0.0000
0.00 0.0000
14,449.62 0.0147
8,747.40 0.0145
1,033.79 0.0130
5,409.10 0.0082
0.00 0.3000
171,806.08
STORAGE
TOTAL UNIT
35,478.88 0.0587
1,267.63 0.0101
0.00 0.0000
4,248.86 0.0053
10,469.60 0.0*99
54,361.60 0.0157
1,662.52 0.0072
2S, 743.59 0.0411
4,658.44 0.0496
2,995.13 0.0466
119,270.05 0.0538
31, 128.75 0.0*60
0.00 0.0000
2,511.21 0.0181
740.17 0.0192
30,520.12 0.0100
24,177.78 0.0391
8,344.49 0.0252
15(809.18 0.0210
14,246.43 0.0414
21,162.15 0.0651
4,262.40 0.0273
O.OO 0.0000
23,788.22 0.0486
43,675.17 0.0448
33,528.40 0.0379
12.OVl.ll 0.0177
6,118.38 0.0512
22,528.73 0.0154
312.16 0.0080
1,797.89 0.0128
1,279.19 0.0054
14,968.01 0.0376
76,978.38 0.0187
709.95 0.0058
17,000.86 0.0412
23,055.49 0.0469
111.81 0.0087
51.226.56 0.0156
8,256.62 0.0160
18,104.42 0.0317
0.00 0.0000
42,481.29 0.0396
6,880.29 0.0530
4,861.39 0.0*14
12,849.07 0.0500
208.29 0.0081
14,284.75 0.0504
92,989.37 0.0212
1,178.81 0.0058
0.00 0.0000
0.00 0.0000
40,253.46 0.0408
25,156.55 0.0417
3,361.74 0.0415
16,587.95 0.0252
0.00 0.0010
1,074,325.71
	 RECREATION 	
TREATMENT
TOTAL UNIT
20,799.27 0.03*4
621.07 0.0049
0.00 0.0000
1,965.10 0.0025
5,908.50 0.0282
41,708.33 0.0120
1,336.10 0.0026
22,432.82 0.0371)
3,704.74 0.0395
2,539.69 0.0395
99,250.71 0.0384
20,826.18 0.0288
0.00 0.0000
2,416.89 0.0173
190.05 0.3049
13,128.50 0.0129
10,364.29 0.0167
3,295.34 O.OOV9
7,2*3.66 0.0096
12.042.23 0.0350
12,505.66 0.3385
4,981.62 0.0322
0.00 0.0000
20.411.05 0.0*17
38,662.52 0.0396
13,104.53 0.0146
4,966.06 0.0l>73
4,098.22 0.0343
9,194.37 0.0145
102.48 0.0023
686.67 O.OC49
385.95 0.0025
12,168.06 0.0306
86,315.31 0.0414
304.36 0.0025
13,304.85 0.0322
12,304.98 0.0251
32.15 0.0025
24,060.41 0.0167
2,928.46 0.0057
11,542.75 0.0402
0.00 0.0000
19,918.37 0.0372
3,956.82 0.0305
4,051.96 0.03*5
7,220.79 0.0281
63.18 0.0025
21,099.34 0.0310
18,748.10 0.0088
615.16 0.0026
0.00 0.0000
0.00 O.OCOO
11, 24*. 82 0.03.17
IT, 65°.** 0.02V6
2,601.10 0.0321
8.269.70 0.0126
0.00 0.0000
721,479.74
STORAGE
TOTAL UNIT
63,897.63 0.1057
2, 00*. 92 0.015V
0.00 O.OOUO
4,643.27 0.0058
19,943.22 0.0951
100,651.64 0.0289
4,405.12 0.0067
83,368.35 0.1*03
14,197.14 0.1513
9,362.25 0.1455
278,478.30 0.1077
64,233.84 0.0688
0.00 0.0000
5,522.63 0.0395
783.71 0.0203
41,947.06 0.0412
32,874.64 0.0531
11.020.56 0.0332
21,529.54 0.0286
44,679.84 0.1300
37,780.10 0.1162
17,759.98 0.1147
0.00 0.0000
72,683.94 0.1486
130,963.63 0.1343
42,570.49 0.0481
16,520.85 0.0242
12,727.92 0.1065
29,353.64 0.0462
351. la 0.0065
2,390.25 0.0170
1,464.44 O.OC62
44,014.66 0.1105
244,097.99 0.1228
760.66 O.OC62
49,416.95 0.1196
42,368.46 0.0663
166.71 0.0129
76,869.21 0.0534
10,753.74 0.0208
29,894.66 0.0887
0.00 0.0000
137,675.49 0.1282
13,593.40 0.1047
15,657.80 0.1335
22,742.12 0.0885
310.79 0.0121
62,419.56 O.QV17
123,780.88 0.0262
2,234.03 0.0094
0.00 0.0000
0.00 0.0000
119,342.40 0.1211
49,964.08 0.0663
10,232.62 0.1264
25.920.87 0.0394
0.00 0.0000
2,240,329.37
167

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                                 APPENDIX A

                            THE 1982 NEEDS SURVEY

               CONDUCT OF THE SURVEY - CATEGORIES  I  THROUGH IV
                        (TREATMENT PLANTS AND SEWERS)
BACKGROUND
As in previous  Surveys,  the goal  of the  1982  Needs Survey was  to identify
and  quantify  all   needs  on  a  nationally  uniform  basis.   Further,  the
inventory of  municipal  wastewater facilities  compiled previously would  be
updated and expanded for completeness.

As in  the 1976, 1978,  and 1980 Surveys,  the  1982 Survey  was  accomplished
with the  assistance  of  a contractor.  The two main  purposes  for performing
the Survey with contractor assistance were:

1.  To  achieve  as   high  a  degree  of  national  consistency  in  the  final
    estimates  as  possible through the  use of uniformly  applied guidelines
    and validation techniques.

2.  To  minimize   the  resources  required   of   State   and   EPA  Regional
    construction grants staff.

URS Company  of Denver,  Colorado  was competitively selected  to  perform the
Needs  Survey.   CH2M  HILL,  Inc.  of  Gainesville,  Florida  and Sage Murphy &
Associates,   Inc.    of   Denver,   Colorado   assisted   in  the   Survey  as
subcontractors  to URS.

CONDUCT OF THE  SURVEY

The 1982  Needs Survey was a more centralized effort than past Surveys.  All
data  analysis   was   performed   in  Denver,   Colorado  to  assure  national
consistency  in  the  estimation  process.   Contractor  personnel  visited EPA
Regional   and  State   offices   as  necessary   for   data   collection  and
consultation.

Survey  guidance  and methodology  were  formulated  for Categories  I-IV and
circulated to  all parties involved in the  Survey.  The  guidance  document was
prepared  as  an update to the  guidance used in prior Surveys.

The  formal  Survey   of   Categories  I-IV  began  with  orientation meetings
conducted in   EPA   Regional  offices  where   logistics,  target   dates, and
individual  State problems were discussed and resolved.   States  were  invited
to provide  as  much  investment in  personnel for the Survey as  they considered
prudent.

The Survey field work  was conducted in the fall  of  1981 and the spring  of
 1982.   As  estimates  for  Categories  I-IV  were  completed,  copies  of  the
 estimates were reviewed by States on a  facility-by-facility basis.  In a  few
 cases,  separate  cost  estimates  were  submitted  by  States  when  agreement
 between EPA and State personnel  could  not be reached.


                                     168

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 Population projections  from the  Bureau  of Economic  Analysis for  the  year
 2000 were used  as  State ceilings.  State population  projection  totals  were
 not permitted to exceed these ceilings.
 Facility  estimates were  reviewed  and  accepted and/or  approved  at  four
 levels:
 1.  Contractor.
 2.  State.
 3.  EPA Regional office.
 4.  EPA Headquarters.
 After  updating   the  Needs  Survey  computer  data  base  with  1982  Survey
 information,  data for Categories  I-IV  were  summarized  for  this report.
 SURVEY  METHODOLOGY
 Participant  guidance  for the Survey was  formulated  by EPA, the  States,  and
 the contractor  to insure  national  uniformity  in  needs  assessment while
 recognizing  cost and construction  differences  inherent to various  sections
 of the  country.   Set forth in the  guidance were directives outlining:
 1.   Responsibilities.
 2.   Survey chronology,  including target dates, for project milestones.
 3.   Descriptions of types of data  sources.
 4.   Instructions for review of individual facilities by contractor personnel
     and  adjustments to  the 1980 data of record.
 5.   Provisions for  State and Regional  review of Survey forms.
 6.   Definitions  of  terms for Survey  purposes  such as  levels  of treatment,
     design year,  and per capita flows.
 7.   Detailed cost estimating backlog needs for all categories.
8.   Local construction cost indices.
9.   Treatment  plant,  sewer,  and   pump station sizing  and cost  estimating
     tables.
BASIS OF COST ESTIMATE FOR CATEGORIES  I-IV
All  individual cost estimates prepared or  obtained  for Categories  I-IV  of
the  Survey were  assigned a basis that  provides  an indication of the  quality
of the estimate.   The  quality of cost estimates are assigned codes which  are
defined as follows:
                                   169

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1.  State  Certification.    Applicable   to  Category  IIIA  only,  this  code
    relates to certification  by  the State that  excessive  I/I does or  does
    not exist.  It was not used in this Survey as a basis  of estimate.

2.  Analysis  Completed.   For  Category  IIIA estimates  obtained  from a  cost
    analysis in an I/I report.

3.  Evaluation Survey Completed.  An estimate of cost based  on  the  results
    of a Sewer System Evaluation  Survey (SSES) used only for Category  IIIA
    and IIIB.

4.  Engineer/Consultant  Firm  Estimate.    An   estimate of   cost  based  on
    detailed  engineering   work   such   as  completed   Step  2  plans   and
    specifications.

5.  Cost of Previous Comparable  Construction.   This  estimate  of cost  is
    based  on  the  cost  of  a  nearby,  recently completed project  which  is
    similar in size and scope and for which detailed construction  cost  data
    are available.

6.  Engineer/Consultant Preliminary Estimate.   An estimate  of cost based on
    a completed Step 1 or other facilities plan.

7.  EPA Supplied Cost Estimating Procedures.   Costs estimated using EPA  rule
    of thumb estimating techniques as described in the  Survey guidance.

8.  Cost Effective Analysis.  This  is  an estimate derived  from  comparative
    economic evaluation for which a completed  Step  1 facilities  plan  is not
    available, or  a  rough  estimate  obtained  from a 208  or  other areawide
    plan.

The accuracy of the cost estimates can be ranked  from  high  order to  low, as
follows:

Categories  I,  IIA, IIB, IVA, IVB:   Codes 4,  6, 5, 8, 7

Categories  IIIA, IIIB:  Codes 4, 3,  6,  2, 8,  5, 7, 1

CATEGORY I-IV  DATA COLLECTION

Many  sources   of  data  were  used   in  assessing  and  updating  needs   for
individual   facilities.    For  most  of  these  facilities,  information   was
obtained concerning present and projected population, flows, treatment plant
loadings, discharge limitations, and treatment and  sludge handling methods.
The data sources included:

1.  1980 Needs Survey.

2.  NPDES permits.

3.  Regional grant files.

4.  Engineering plans and reports.
                                   170

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 5.   EPA Grants  Information  and  Control  System  (GICS)  data.

 6.   State water quality  standards.

 SURVEY  PREPARATION

 J5on19?2.Survfy form for each facil1ty  was generated  by computer showing the
 1980  data  of  record.   Revised  or  updated   cost   estimates  and  related
 information were obtained for each facility as applicable and entered on the
 form  by computer.   Updated  forms  were  then   sent  to the  States  and  EPA
 Regional offices  for  review.   Upon completion  of  the review,  final  changes
 were made to  the form and the  information was  entered  into  the 1982 Survey
 data base.                                                                  J

 The 1982 Needs  Survey  was noteworthy  for its  increased level of automation,
 efficiency,  and accuracy  over  prior  Surveys.  The  Survey  data  base  was
 expanded somewhat by  the addition of new facilities  and  existing  data  were
 improved.   The  final   results  of  the  Survey  reported herein  represent  a
 higher degree  of reliability and accuracy with  the  accumulation  of  more  data
on the nation  s  wastewater systems than has  ever before been  known
                                  171

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                                 APPENDIX B

                 CONDUCT OF THE SURVEY - CATEGORIES V AND VI
       COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW (CSO)  AND URBAN STORMWATER RUNOFF (SWR)


BACKGROUND

Prior to the 1982 Needs Survey, Categories V and VI  needs were  computed  for
three  levels  of  receiving water  quality:   (1)  Aesthetics,  (2)  Fish  and
Wildlife, and (3) Recreation.  However,  the needs  reported to  Congress were
based on the Recreation control level  which is the  most costly.   In the  1982
Needs  Survey,  Categories  V  and  VI needs  were computed  for an  additional
level  of  control  termed  the  Public  Health level.   Furthermore,  the  needs
reported to Congress  were based on the  designated receiving water use  for
each  individual  facility  in   the  case  of Category  V needs  and  for  each
individual Urbanized  Area  in  the case of  Category VI needs.  That is,  the
basis of estimate varied on a facility-by-facility  basis based  on designated
receiving water use, as defined by State stream use classification.

BASIS OF COST ESTIMATES FOR CATEGORIES V AND VI

The needs estimation  procedure utilized  for Categories V and VI during  the
1982  Survey  was  very similar  to the  procedure  utilized during  the  1980
Survey.  The ten  combined  sewer  site  studies  conducted as part  of the  1980
Needs  Survey  were used  to develop transferable  criteria,   principles,  and
relationships which  were  applied  nationwide   to  estimate wet-weather  POTW
needs.  These  relationships and  criteria,  along  with  updated  construction
cost  functions,   were incorporated  into  the  Categories  V  and  VI   Needs
Estimation  Program   (NEP82)   which   developed needs   estimates  for   each
Urbanized Area in the United States.
                                            •
Approximately  27  percent  of  the total  national   combined  sewer area  is
located in small  towns and cities outside of census-defined Urbanized  Areas.
Category  V  needs were estimated  for  these  facilities  by  application  of
linear  regression equations  derived  from  population,  drainage  area,  and
Category V cost data developed for the Urbanized Areas.  That is, Category V
needs were expressed as a linear function of combined sewer service area  and
population served, and these functions were utilized to establish Category V
needs estimates for combined sewer systems located  in non-Urbanized Areas.

Categories V and  VI  cost estimates were developed  for four  receiving  water
use objectives:   (1)  Aesthetics,  (2)  Public Health,  (3)  Fish  and  Wildlife,
and  (4)  Recreation.   The  Aesthetics  objective is  based  on  obtaining a  40
percent  removal  of BOD5  and   Solids  using an  optimum combination of  best
management  practices  alid  storage/treatment   systems.   The  Public  Health
objective  is  based  on elimination  of  90 percent  of  the  fecal  coliform
bacteria generated by wet-weather flows.  The  Fish  and Wildlife objective is
based on eliminating  low dissolved oxygen  events,  i.e.,  less than  2.0  mg/1,
and  insuring that Solids  concentrations in the combined  sewer  overflow  are
less  than  or equal  to  background  Solids  concentrations  in the  receiving
water.   The  Recreation  objective is  based  on scaling  up  the  facilities
required  to  meet the  fish and wildlife  objective such  that  a 95  percent
removal of fecal  coliform organisms is obtained.
                                    172

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The final needs estimate  reported  to  Congress  for Category V facilities was
based  on the  results  of the  needs  estimation  procedure  outlined  above,
including  the  State  designated  receiving  water  used  or  on  acceptable
facilities   planning   documents.     If   acceptable   facilities   planning
information was available for  a  given facility,  then  cost estimates derived
from these documents were used as  the Category V  basis  of estimate for that
facility.   However,  in the  majority of  cases  such  information was  not
available and  the cost estimate  generated  by NEP82  for the  control  level
necessary to protect the State designated receiving water use is reported.

COMBINED SEWER SYSTEM DATA FILE

The inventory  of  combined sewer systems  in the U.S.  was  updated during the
1982 Needs  Survey using  the  combined sewer  system worksheet  described  in
Appendix D.   The combined  sewer data collection  process was  performed  in
conjunction with all other data collection for the  1982  Survey.   A total  of
1,081  worksheets  were  completed  to  the  extent  possible  with  readily
available data.   Since not  all  data items  on  the  worksheet  are  readily
available from published  reports,  the  data  file  is  not complete  for each
worksheet.   The worksheet is segmented into five major sections as follows:

1.  Identification and combined sewer system data.

2.  Receiving water characteristics.

3.  Status of CSO abatement projects.

4.  Grant information.

5.  Grant eligible cost estimates.

Data from Sections  1  and  2  of the worksheets for the 1982  Needs Survey are
summarized in Tables 61 and 62 of Chapter IV.

URBANIZED AREA DATA BASE

The Urbanized  Area  Data Base  is  a  subset of the  Combined  Sewer System Data
File.   In the regulations  for the application of the NPDES Permit Program to
separate storm sewers, the  term  "separate  storm  sewer"  is  defined as  a
conveyance or  system of conveyances  . .  .  located in an  Urbanized Area  and
primarily operated  for the purpose of  collecting and  conveying stormwater
runoff (1).   Based on this definition, the  Urbanized Areas, as designated by
the U.S.  Bureau of  the Census, are  used  as  the geographical  areas  which
require  control  and/or treatment  of  urban  stormwater  runoff.   Therefore,
needs  estimation for both Categories  V and VI  are required within Urbanized
Areas.

The specific   criteria  for the  delineation  of  an  Urbanized  Area  are  as
follows:

1.  A central  city  of  50,000  inhabitants  or  more,  or  twin cities with  a
    combined population of at  least  50,000 with  the smaller  of the  twin
    cities  having a  population of at least  15,000.
                                    173

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2.  Surrounding closely settled territory,  including  the  following:

    a.  Incorporated places of 2,500 inhabitants  or more.

    b.  Incorporated places  with  fewer  than  2,500  inhabitants,  providing
        that each has a closely settled area  of 100 housing  units  or more.

    c.  Small  parcels  of  land normally  less  than one square  mile  in  area
        having a population density of 1,000 inhabitants or more  per square
        mile.

    d.  Other  similar  small  areas  in unincorporated  territory with  lower
        population density provided  that  they  serve  to eliminate  enclaves,
        or to close indentations in the Urbanized Areas of one  mile or less
        across the  open  end,  or to  line  outlying enumeration  districts  of
        qualifying density that are not more than  1-1/2 miles from  the main
        body of the Urbanized  Area.

As of January 1, 1978,  there were 279 Urbanized Areas defined  in the nation.
Thirty-five of the  Urbanized  Areas encompassed area  in two or  more States.
By subdividing the Urbanized Areas encompassing lands in  more  than one State
into separate Urbanized Areas  for each State,  a total of  320 Urbanized areas
were defined for estimation of Category V and VI  needs.

The Urbanized Area Data Base consists primarily of the following items, some
of which were obtained from the National  Combined Sewer System Data File and
the remainder from other published sources:

1.  Demographic  Data.   The items  in  this  category  are  the combined  sewer
    service area and the population served  by combined sewers,  the Urbanized
    Area population and size,  the  year 1970  SMSA population,  the year 2000
    SMSA population estimate,  and the citywide  EPA construction  cost factor.

2.  Hydrologic Data.  The items in this category are  the  number  of days with
    rain   per   year,   the  mean   annual   rainfall,   the   receiving  water
    classification, the  mean  annual  flow  of the  receiving water,  and  the
    natural runoff coefficient.

3.  Water  Quality  Data.   The  items  in  this category are  maximum monthly
    receiving  water temperature,  background  BOD, Solids,  lead,  hardness,
    alkalinity, and pH of the  receiving water.

SOURCES OF DATA

Sources of data  for the National  Combined Sewer System  Data File  included
the following:

1.  NPDES  files in EPA Regional offices.

2.  USGS water resources data.

3.  Grants files.

4.  201 plans.
                                    174

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5.  208 plans.

6.  Telephone contact with municipalities.

Sources of data for the Urbanized Area Data Base are given as follows:

1.  Demographic Data.

    a.  The  combined  sewer service  area  and the  population served by  the
        combined sewers were  taken  from the National Combined  Sewer System
        Data File for those systems located within Urbanized Areas.

    b.  Urbanized   Area   population   and   size   were   reported    in   the
        supplementary report of the 1970 census of population (2).

    c.  1970 SMSA population was reported in the "Current Population Reports
        Series" (3).

    d.  Year  2000  SMSA  population  estimates  were reported  from   the  U.S.
        Water Resources Council's OBERS Projections (4).

    e.  Citywide EPA construction cost factors were taken from EPA  Municipal
        Construction Cost  Index  map, wastewater treatment  plants,  and  City
        multipliers.

2.  Hydrologic Data.

    a.  The  number of  days  with  rain per year arid  the  mean annual  rainfall
        were   obtained   from   the    National   Oceanic   and   Atmospheric
        Administration (5).

    b.  Receiving water data were obtained  from  the National  Combined  Sewer
        System Data File and from USGS Water Resources data.

    c.  Natural  runoff coefficients  were obtained from  USGS Water Supply
        Paper 1797  - "Has the United States Enough Water?" (6).

3.  Water Quality  Data.   Background  water  quality data were obtained  from
    the Assessment  of Water Pollution from Nonpoint Sources (7).
                                       175

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REFERENCES

1.  Federal  Register,  40 CFR  Parts  124, 125, National  Pollutant Discharge
    Elimination System - Separate Storm Sewers, Final Regulations.  18 March


2.  Supplemental Report, 1970 Census of Population, PC (S7)-106.  Population
    of Urbanized Areas Established in the 1970 Census for the United States.
    1970.

3.  Population  Estimates and  Projections,  P-25,  No. 709.   Estimates  of the
    Population of Counties  and Metropolitan Areas.   1 July 1974 and 1975.

4.  U.S.  Water  Resources   Council,   1972,  OBERS  Projections  of  Economic
    Activity  in  the  U.S.,  Volume  IV  -  States,  Volume  V  -  Standard
    Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Washington, D.C.

5.  U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior, Geological  Survey,  "Water  Resources
    Data for the United States."  Published annually for each State.

6.  Piper, A.  M.   "Has  the  United States  Enough  Water?"   U.S.  Geological
    Survey  Water  Supply Paper  1797.   U.S.  Government  Printing  Office,
    Washington, D.C.

7.  McElroy,  A.  D.,  et.al.  "Loading  Functions   for  Assessment  of  Water
    Pollution from Nonpoint  Sources,"  EPA 600/2-76/151.   May 1976.
                                   176

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                                 APPENDIX C

                            THE 1982 NEEDS SURVEY
                     DESCRIPTION OF THE 1982 SURVEY FORM
The principal  instrument  of  the 1982 Needs Survey was  the  EPA-1  form shown
on Figures C.I and C.2.  The updated 1980 Survey data of record were printed
on  this  form and  copies  distributed  to cognizant   Federal,  State,  and
contractor personnel.  One form was completed for each facility  identified
in  the  1980  Needs  Survey.   The  data  of  record  were   then  updated  in
accordance with the methodology presented in Appendix A.

The form  is  designed to allow  a  large  quantity of data to  be  compiled for
each sewerage  facility.  This  is  made possible by an elaborate data  coding
system which allows a  huge quantity of  data to be  entered  in a compact form
and  permits   it  to   be  easily  checked   by   computer for  accuracy  and
completeness.  The codes used to complete each item on the  form (Figure C.I)
are defined on the reverse side of the form (Figure C.2).

Listed below  is  a brief explanation  of each  item on the  1982  Needs  Survey
EPA-1 form:

 1.   State/Authority/Facility Number:  This is a discrete  nine digit  number
      assignedto  eachfacility.The   first   two   digits   designate  a
      particular  State or  Territory  and  are  obtained from  the  Federal
      Information Processing  Standard for  designating  States and  outlying
      areas of the U.S. (FIPS-5).

      The  next  four  numbers   designate  a  particular  municipal   sewerage
      authority and are assigned sequentially  by each State.  The  last three
      digits  designate a  particular  sewerage  facility and  are  assigned
      sequentially by each municipal sewerage  authority.

 2.   Facility Name:   The official name of the facility.

 3.   Authority Name:  The  name of the authority  having responsibility for
      the facility.

 4.   Zip Code:  The official  postal service zip code of the facility.

 5.   Submission Code:   This  is  a one digit number which  indicates whether
      the  need of the facility  changed since  the  1980 Survey, or whether
      the facility was  even included in the 1980 Survey.

 6.   Stream Use:  One to three stream  use  classification  codes are entered
      in  this  block corresponding  to  the  stream  receiving the  municipal
      wastewater  discharge.    The   stream  use  codes   are  matched   to
      classifications designated by the State.

 7.   Eligibility;  An  "X" in the first block  indicates  that the facility is
      eligible for Farmers Home Administration financial assistance.  An "X"
      in  the  second  block  indicates  that the  facility   is  eligible  for
      Economic Development Administration  financial  assistance.   A  "Y"  or


                                    177

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       ""
        N" for yes  or no  in  the third  block  indicates if  funding for  the
       facility has  been  provided under  the  Clean  Water  Act.  A  "Y"  or  "N"  in
       the fourth block  of Item  7  indicates if  pretreatment  of  industrial
       flow is  required for this  facility.

  8.    NPDES NUMBER;  The  National  Pollutant  Discharge  Elimination  System
       (NPDES)  permit  number assigned to the facility through the EPA  permit
       program.

  9.    County  Number:   The  three digit  FIPS-6  number used  to  identify  the
       county in which the  facility is located.

 10.    SMSA Number;  The  number of the Standard Metropolitan  Statistical Area
       (SMSA) in which the  facility is located.

 11.    Reach  Number;  A  number  designating the  river reach  in  which the
       facility   discharges   according   to   nationwide    stream   segment
       classifications developed  by EPA.

 12-    Congressional District:   The number of the Congressional  district  in
       which the facility is located.

 13.    Comment  Codes;   Four spaces  are  provided  for  one  digit  codes  which
       represent standardized comments that  explain anomalies present in the
       coding  convention  used  to  describe  the  facility.   The  standard
       comments are  listed  on the reverse side  of the form.  Space is also
       provided on the reverse side for writing more extensive comments.

 14.    City:  The name of the community in which the facility is located.

 15.    County;  The name of the county in which the facility is located.

 16a.   Facility Status;   A  one digit code which  indicates whether  or  not a
       facility is currently in operation.

 16b.   Present  Nature  of Facility:   A  one  digit  code  which describes  the
       present type of facility  in  operation.   The codes are defined on the
       reverse side of the form.

 16c.   Projected Nature of  Facility:   A one  digit code which describes  the
       type of facility projected to  be  in operation  in  2000.  The codes are
      defined on the reverse side of the form.

16d-  Projected Change:   A  one  digit  code  which describes  any  physical
      changes expected at  the  facility  by 2000.   The codes are  defined  on
      the reverse  side of the form.

16e.  Start Up Date;  The  month  and  year a  facility became, or  is  expected
      to become,  operational.

16f.  Abandonment  Date:   The month and year  a facility will  be abandoned,  if
      applicable.
                                    178

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17.   Summary of  Category  Needs:   This section is used  to  record the costs
      of Categories  I-IVB.   Column (a)  is  for the  EPA  assessment.   Column
      (b) is for the State assessment, if different from (a).  Column (c) is
      the  portion  required   to   satisfy   backlog  facility  requirements.
      Backlog  refers  to  the  facility  requirements  based  on  the  1980
      population  rather  than  the  2000 population.   Column  (d)  is  used to
      record  the  basis  of  estimation  for  the dollar  amounts  recorded in
      Column  (a).  Column  (e)  is used  to  record  the reason  the  State
      submitted a separate State estimate in Column (b), if applicable.   The
      codes  for  the basis  of estimation used  in Columns  (d)  and  (e)  are
      defined on the reverse side of the form.

18.   Facility Population:  This section shows the population which receives
      treatment and/or collection by the facility.  Collection and treatment
      populations are  further categorized  as follows:   present  residents,
      present nonresidents, projected residents, and projected nonresidents.

19.   Need  for  New Collectors,   Interceptors.   Force  Mains,  and  Pumping
      Stations:   This  section lists  codes  for   required  new  collectors,
      interceptors,  outfalls,  force mains,  and pumping  stations and  their
      costs.  The diameter of  the  pipe is shown in inches.   The  capacity of
      pumping stations is shown in million gallons per day (mgd).

20.   Disposal of Liquid Effluents:  A one  digit  code is entered in  each of
      the three Columns  (a, b, and  c)  to describe the method(s)  of  effluent
      disposal used by the  facility.   The code in Column  (a)  describes  the
      method.  The code in Column (b)  describes the operational  status.   The
      code in Column (c) describes  the expected physical  change.  All  codes
      are defined on the  reverse side of the form.

21.   Required  Infiltration/Inflow Corrective  Action:    A   one  digit  code
      indicating  the  required  action  to   eliminate   excessive   I/I,   if
      applicable.

22.   Estimated I/I  Flow:  The quantity of  I/I flow  (mgd)  to  be  eliminated
      by the corrective action indicated in  Item 21.

23.   Major  Rehabilitation/Replacement  Required:   A  one digit code  for  the
      type of corrective action  required to accomplish  major rehabilitation
      or replacement of a portion of a sewerage system,  if applicable.

24.   Do Wastewaters Originate in  Communities  Existing  Before October  18,
      1972?:  This item is self-explanatory  and is answered  yes or no.

25.   1972 Collection Population:   The resident population  in existence in
      1972 which still  requires new collector sewers.

26.   Effluent Characteristics:  A one digit code  indicating the  present  and
      future effluent characteristics  (primary, secondary,  etc.)  a  facility
      is designed to produce.

27.   Reasons:  A one  digit  code  indicating  the reason  for any  facility
      being designed to achieve a greater than secondary  level  of treatment.
                                    179

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28.   Supplemental  Sheets:   A  one  digit  code  indicating  the  use  of  an
      additional  data collection sheet to list specialized information about
      the facility.

29.   Flows,  Concentrations,  Monthly  Average:   This  section is  used  for
      compiling information on the present  performance and design values for
      treatment facilities.   Listed are  the monthly  averages  for  various
      parameters  according to  the existing actual  performance,  the  present
      design, and the projected design.  Data are compiled for the  following
      parameters  (if applicable):   Total  flow (mgd); total  industrial  flow
      (mgd); domestic  flow  per capita (gallons  per  day); and influent and
      effluent concentrations of  five  day  biochemical  oxygen demand  (BOD5),
      suspended solids  (Solids), phosphorus,  and  ammonia.

30.   Other:   A  three  digit  code  is  used   in  Item  30a to  indicate  the
      presence of up to  six  known  toxics in the  influent  to a  treatment
      facility.  The codes for  toxics  are  listed in  the  technical  guidance
      document.  Similar codes are entered in  Item 30b  for toxics  projected
      to be in the influent in the future.

31a.  Receives Discharge From:  If the facility  receives  flows from  another
      facility,  the authority/facility  number  of  the  other  facility  is
      entered in  item 31a.

31b.  Discharges  To:  If the facility  discharges flows  to another  facility,
      the authority/facility number of the  other  facility  is  entered  in item
      31b.

32.   Treatment  and Sludge  Handling:   This  section  is  used  to  compile
      information about the unit  processes at the  facility.   An  appropriate
      code is entered in each of the three  Columns  (a, b,  and c)  to describe
      a  particular  unit  process.   The  code  in  Column  (a) describes  the
      process.  The  code  in  Column (b) describes the operational  status  of
      the process.   The code  in Column (c) describes the  expected physical
      change to the process.   All codes are  listed  on the  reverse  side  of
      the form.
                                    180

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                                                                                                                    FIGURE  C.I
       .»».., EPA-I                      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
       "-"        ESTIMATE OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITY REQUIREMENTS
                                                 This report is required by lav/ (33 U S.C. 1251 ET SEQ). While you are not required to respond, your
                                                 cooperation is needed to make the results ol tins survey comprehensive, accurate, and timely.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   O.M.B. Ho. 2000-0034
                                                                                                                                                                                              Approval Erpires February 2B, 1984
       1. Sulc /Auilionly/'F.ic. Uo.
       6. SliCMLSe
                              2. Fjcihly iiD.ne
                                7. Eligbilily
                                FmHA
                                       PL    Pie-
                                 ICE.   ] 92-500 | ticat
       14. Cily
       17. SUMMARY OF CATEGORY NEEDS
                                                          8. NPOES No.
                                                       IS. County name
                                                                              3. Authority 11,11110
                                                                        9. County
                                                                                       10. SUSA
                                                                                  15a. Fac.
                                                                                  sin us
        Category
           DA
          DB
00
          IUA
          raa
          DTA
          JSB
                      Cost of record
                    tBil. Mil., Trtou.;
                    (1)
                    12)
                   IS)
                   10
                                New and 'or revised cos
                                  (til'. 'AM IThou.)
                                        Ib)
Portion required to
 satisfy backlog
IBil.iMil./Thoti.)
      1C)
for sep
      8  FACILITY POPULATION
      RCV.
      TREATMENT
      NO
      TREATMENT
     RCV.
     COLLECTION
PIC-.CIII icsulenl   Present nonresident     PrO|. resident     Pio|. nonresident
      Ul	L .      lbl                 (c)                Id)
                                                                                            11. Reach No.
                                     b. Nat.
                                     picscut
C. Nat.
IIIOj.
                                                                                                                         4. ZIP
                                 12.CoiiE.
                                 dist.
                                                                                             I.CImj.
                                                                                                                                     5 Siil
                                                                                                                                     (.ode
                                                                 13. Comment coitcs
                                     e. Dale
                                     stail-up
                                                                                                                                    1. Dale
                                                                       19. NEED FOR NEW COLLECTORS, INTERCEPTORS,
                                                                       	FORCE MAINS. AND PUMPING STATIONS

                                                                       Type
                                                                                           (1)
                                                                                           (2)
                                                                                     (11)


                                                                                     (12)
                                                                                                  III i.ibcr
                                                                                                   Ibl
                                                                                          Hi.DlS  osAL
                                                                                             OF LIQUID
                                                                                             EFFLUENTS
                                                                                              CODES
                                                                                          Disp.

                                                                                           (a)
                                                                                              ChnR.

                                                                                               Ic)
                          Leiiiilli tit i
                        Capacity (AfGOJ
                             1C)
                                                                                                   TO7T
                           Cost
                      (Btl.tMil ' Tltoti.t
                            (d
                                                                                                            22. Est. I/I flow
23. Maj. ichab./
   fcp. required
      Code
                                                                24. Do was ewalcfsori-
                                                                   gin.ilc in coinmimi-
                                                                   ucs ems ing bulore
                                                                   October 18. 19/27
                                                                                                         2S. 1972 population requiring collection
                                                                                                    26. Elfluent characteristic
                                                                                                         27. Reasons
                                                                                                                      28. Supplemental sheets
                                                                                                                                                 29. FLOWS CONCENTRATIONS, MONTHLY AVERAGE
                                                                                      TOTAL
                                                                                      FLOW
                                                                                      [MODI
                                                                                                                                                 INDUS.
                                                                                                                                                 FLOW
                                                                                                                             OOM.
                                                                                                                             FLOW/CAP
                                                                                                                             IGPCOI
                                                                                                                                                 BODs
                                                                                                                                                 ling, It
                                                                                                                                           sus.
                                                                                                                                           SOLIDS
                                                                                                                                           fiag -If
                                                                                                                                           PHOS-
                                                                                                                                           PHORUS
                                                                                                                                           AMMONIA
                                                                                                                                           imam
                                                                                     30a. DESIGN
                                                                                         OTHER
                                                                                                                                             b. PROJ.
                                                                                                                                               OTHER
                                                                                                                                               (CutJti)
                                                                                                                                                                  Existing
                                                                                                                                                                    (a
                                                                                                                                                             (1)
                                                                                                                                                             (2)
                                                                                                                                                             (4)
                                                                                                                                                            (1)
                                                                                                                                                             (1)
                                                                                                                                                                     (2)
                                                                                                                                                                            Present design
                                                                                                                                                                                 It)
                                                                                                                                                                               13)
                                                                                                                                                                              (3)
                                                             31a. Receive
                                                             discharge
                                                             Irani
                                                                                                                                                                                         JlL
                                                                                                                                        Projected desrgii
                                                                                                                                             1C
                                                                                                                                                                                                          (6)
                                                                          Discharges
                                                                          to
                                                                                                                                           32  TREATMENT AND SLUDGE HANDLING ccocfes)
                                                                                                                                                                                  (5)
                                                                                                                                                                                  (t)
                                                                                                                                                                                         Use
                                                                                                            32 TREATMENT
                                                                                                               AND SLUDGE
                                                                                                               HANDLING

                                                                                                               Continued
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (9)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    110)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (11)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (13)
                                                                                                            (17)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (U)
 IOT RCV.
COLLECTION
                                                                                                              WORKSHEET COMPLETED BY
                                                                                                                                                                                   ACCEPTANCE
                                                                                                                                                             STATE AGENCY
                                                                                                                                                                                                   EPA REGIONAL OFFICE
                                                                                                                                                                                Chile     Su'n.iltiro
    NOTC — limlc.Ho revised lltjuios In ,i/>/>ro/>r/,if« sliadift .1/0,15
                                                                                                                                                                                 AiiUi'jlily .mil l.inhty nijiiili^'l

-------
CODE   REFERENCE   CHART
     G- Submission Cork-s
    -  No (.h ..... l- lunn 1080
    -  Fjtitiiy not lo-po-H-tl m 1980
    -  Cli..iiO-' Ironi 1900
     6  - Stro.nn use Codt-'i
       A.|u.iiir. f ish .iii.I Wildhlu Supp
       03     U'jini wjti'i
       06 -   C.ilil \\jur
       OR --   Sli-Iltoh pioiiHThon
       0«) -   Si.ifun.il
       I l.iwiloi Mi-bin- w-tt'f iupply
    -  A. ri.citliui.it
       42 --   f ull body contact
       44     P,,r|,,i! Imdy conl.i
       46 -   Mr>n LUOUH I
       49 -   Si isonuf
           13 - Commi-m Codes

         --  Pa. k.n)i  pi. ml  lot  f x,i<
            ov.»ljl>le
         —  fc xi', t ii it)  plant  lias  t.-x
            ?000popui.iuon
                                    itutn-d cor>actty  is  no!

                                    cj|urny  n-jw  to  treat
                                                         \O
      d>)oiht.T f.it iNty
      Rt>ruitfif (tow Ironi oihor municipal f^cililydcs)
      FI.H-, div.Mt.-n t.j othiT n>unu-ip,)i f.iLttiiy |fs)
      FU>ceivi> flOA-  (.0111 olhi:r non municipal f.icilnydei)
OO
PO
      Additiunal comment* cm lonn


lu-m IGj - facility Status
  1  -  Inopci.tin.n
  2  -  Not in oiierjiion
Item Utti,  ICc - Nature of  Facility
  1  -  A iutnpii-i<> v- .iti'w.ih-r in\iimi.-ni  sysu-m (mcludcf a
       tn.itntfi.l  I.I^MI.  wuh  I»IK tdU'tf  roHi-cior  .ind/Or
       tnlL-ici'pIix  ti >v..ift,  jiul   rinjlVioth tot  Utipos.it  ot
       L'KKn ni.   uiitL'f  control   ill  Hit.-  «inK-  tft'Jtniu'iit
       .iiiitioiny)  ^ith conihinul M-wtfi    Code  "A"  for
       inii-riui iiL^uncni plum
  2-  A  Cdiiiftli'li  w,un.-vviiL-r  irod'iui nt iyst'-'m  (mctudci
       a ttejii>i*rii ptjui.  wuu .tsvoctaud civllccior  and/Of
       intciCL'piui  si-wcis,  and   mi'ihixh for  dti|>os.il  of
       i-flu.L-Mi.   u.Mlot  coiitiol   o»  ihu  i.ime  tn-.itmrnt
       otiil.oHiyl v\nh  s.'D.n.iti: fetntfit  CcfhJ  "8" '01 interim
       lM.tlin..ril i.ljnt
  3  _  A  i.>[»,iijtp  treatment plant     (The  sewers  which
       UtscMjri|.» to it-is plant  aru- under  thu corilrol  of one or
       rttoie difft-fcnl  ji-ihorniet, t   Code "C" for interim
       lii-.,ti(ii-nl
  4-  A  up. r.ne  niiiniCti.jl  wjiicwaief  colic* non system
       (Includ* > one  or mntfe connect t'd collvclor  and/or
       iiili'iioptor  SLwvfS.   forte  mams,  pumping stdtioiis,
       t-tc ,  i.l.iLh  dtl.cr   ,wii )
  5  —  A itf iii.ni  coin htiicd tikvi-r syticm  (Includes one or
       mnri? ir icirOMin-cH d n .vt'rs wh«  I) Citify hoih sxitiary
       wa>'vr 10  a f,,otny otwtntod
       hy   .iO(,itn r  ;uilhorttv    tl   IdCihly   includes  tmili
       ti-pjr^ti'  ijiiiiiiiy ^frttr* .ind (.cnilmied >'-vvcfj, report

  6  -  Otlui
  7  —  A s\ in*m for the hulk u.insni niton ol vwjstewdter with
       or   wilMout  pumpiiMj  stations, and wuh or without

                    iiiij f^i times, iticludirK) vehicles or vehicle
Items 16d, 20c. and 3?c - Projected Change
 1 -  F.Hl.iri|t-
 2 -  Uporjde
 3 -  Et'lJi'jL- and upgrade
 4 -  Inii.tlt m new pi.mi
 5 -  (U-pl.tLP
 G -  Ati.indon
 7 —  No change
 8 -  Other
 9 --  Ahandon treatment plant, retain seweri
Item 17d - Basil of Estimate
 1 -  Suile (k-il>fplted cost esttrndting procedures
 8 —  Cost  elioctive  analysis  (unanprovcd  1nci1niei plan!
 9 —  Other preliminary csiiinatc-s
 A-  Grdin .iwjrd (uliills otl needs
 B -  Gtant jvw.iid fuldlls p.in.iit ncctts
 C —  St.iiu supphpctcosi estimatintj procedures
hum 17o  - RCJ-.OMS for Separate State Estimates
 1 ~  Sun-  used  lucdlly  or  n.-lI du«jl(jp«-d  Lust Curves or
      cost estimating procedure
 2 -  State  estimates based  on larger projected per capita
      flow
 3 —  Stale disagreement with selected collection /treatment
      alternatives
 4 —  State  estimate submit Ted  without adequate  docu-
      mentation
 5 —  States estimates based on incomplete  or undpprovcd
      eivjmi'ei ir\g tcporti
 G —  Stdlc  population projections  differ from allowable
      coilimjs or reports
 7 —  Other  (Evpfotn  on reverse side of EPA-1  form in
      comment* section)
Item 19a  -  New  CoUfcton,  Interceptors,   Fotc«  Mafnt,
             and Pumping Stations
CS —  Collector sewers
IS —  Interceptor sewers
FM - Force M.nn
PS -  PumpMiy Smton
FF-  Ouifall seivers
SF —  Ocuan outlall sewers
ttom 20» - Duposal of Liquid Effluents
 1 —  Out Kill to suifdce waters
 2 -  OeCiii> owl Ml
 3 —  Ground waicr recharge
 4 -  Otlur  lutid disposal
 5 -  Recycling and reuse
 6 -  Septic (ank  field
 7 -  Other
 8 —  No discharge
 9 -  Spuv  irrnjjtiofl
 A -  Uiich u«itj.)lion
 B —  To other was it water treatment plant
Hams 2()b anri 32b - Use codes
 1 -  Now in u«
 2 -  Under (.onstruclion or provided for  in approved grant
 3 -  flfuiutriHl, but not yet  approved or funded
 4 -  Not appln-dhto
 5 -  Insulted but not tn use
hum 21 (I/O and  Item 23 (Major Rehab.l  Corrective Action
 1 —  Not known  at this time
 2 -  None
 3 -  Sejl off sf-wer lines
 4 _  nupljcciTCitne sc^N«^ section*
 5 -  Ch,-myc/cicjte flow routing system
 6 -•  Provide ffowe<|uali£.tnon
 7 —  Oihtf tonet-tiVL- actions
Item 2G - Characteristic of Effluent
 0 -  No disch
 1 —  R jw diji-horge
 2 —  Primary
                                                                                                                                                                             nt  Morn  Stringent  than
                                                                                                                                          FIGURE  C.2
                                                                                                                                                1 1. -in 2(>  - Continued
                                                                                                                                                 Ii    Ailv.inri'tt bi'iitiiiltiry
                                                                                                                                                 G-  l.iu.rv
                                                                                                                                                Hum 27   -  Itcwm  l«r  1
                                                                                                                                                             S 110 ni 'it v
                                                                                                                                                 0 - A wan-t *(u..liiv I'Ltn winch hdi been oppiovt-d by EPA
                                                                                                                                                 1 - Ord-r of  St ..... Lttun
                                                                                                                                                 2    Order of  J-.tle/.,l C'.un
                                                                                                                                                 3 - Sl..l«. i» time u.  iM.-m.-
                                                                                                                                                 4 - Nl'UrSp.-i.niir.. IMIIIW
                                                                                                                                                 0 -  Sun- . nfi>.<  in-lit ouli-r m pitxt-cd'ii<|
                                                                                                                                                 G  -  r»I.-rjl L-iiliio-iiiriit urdu i or ptucd-dmg
                                                                                                                                                 7  - Vnlunt.irv  .in-iimm  wtiu.li  irnJutirs  u schedule  of
                                                                                                                                                      rm H| il MI m. 01  ri.piuvi i MCI 1 1.1
                                                                                                                                                 8  - Oih.-i
                                                                                                                                                 9  - A  M infiiMiiun hy  Hie  Si.ile  that  the  body  of  waier
                                                                                                                                                      Hcoviny It.,-, diM.-li.irye i»  w.,lcr  <|ud1.ty dependent.
                                                                                                                                                      .nid lh.il mini  Mri.niciit iHMimcnt ti fi'jcduil lo i
hem 28 - S.tpi.l. niciil.il &he«»
 1  -   ro,.»/.	«"  u» .iiiiu-iiis
 3  -   fiidif,in,.l COM fcxtluvion
horn 30   Code*, 01. Suppleim.-nt.il Shout
Item 37a - Trr^tmt-nt .md Sludge H.iiufhng
LIQUID TMEATMbNT PHOCfc'SSES
    Primary Trc.itinonl

02  -   Preliminary  rn-jimeni — bar screen

04  -   pic'liimnai y  lit dlmc-nt — commmuiors
Ob  -   Pn.-Ntmn.iiy  tiedimuit -othus
UQ  -   Scum  rrnmv.il
07  _   flow c(|iiff - sccond.iiv
20  -  S.iiulMiiis
JO  -  Mix rn.-dio  hhers (sjnd and coaO
31  -   Oilier t	nons
32  --  AcitvdtL-d t jibon — yianuUu
33  -  ActivateJ c.tftKirt - pci-Aik-rud
34  -  TV'O st.njf Iune tie.iunt nl ul raw waftewater

30  _  Stnqto ->i.»je lime iif.innrni ol r.iw wasiewaOr
37  —  S"i't'(I st^jn miury lmn; lio.iimoni

39  —  NL-uifiil'7Jiion
40  —  Alum u.lii to primary
                                                                                                                                                                                                   idi   lor
                                                                     43 -  Fern ch!f>nd» addition to primary
                                                                     44 -  fun r I.KJM*',- .iildiiicm lo si-concl.iry
                                                                     45 -  r> 'cni (30/

       sti.oi.djry)

57 —  btrifiTli/atton iionds


60 -  Ouil.ill ililfus> r
61 "  Ctfturnt to other plants

63  -  OHwr Vo-.umv.u

SLUDGC PROCESSES

65 -   Aorohu  digestion — air
60-  Aerobic dttjcsiton ~ oxvqen
G7 —  Composiing
08 -  Anaerobic digestion
G9 —  Sluijt]e NiijHOns
70 -  Hi-.it ttuatmcnt
71 -  Ctilotiop otc«tdtionol sludye (Puttfaxl
72 -  Lime stabilization
73 -  Wet 
-------
                                  APPENDIX  D

              DESCRIPTION OF THE COMBINED SEWER  SYSTEM  WORKSHEET


 The combined  sewer  system worksheet  is   supplemental  to  the  EPA-1  form
 described  in  Appendix C for those facilities known to be served by combined
 sewers.   Since combined  sewers provide both urban  drainage and wastewater
 conveyance,    they   may   not   always  be  defined    on   an   individual
 facility-by-facility   basis.    For  the  purposes  of  the   Needs  Survey,  a
 separate  worksheet  was  completed  for each   combined  sewer  system/major
 receiving  water configuration.  Thus,  a single worksheet  may  consider more
 than  one  combined  sewer  network,   i.e.,  facility,  if  the  networks  are
 adjacent  and  discharge  to  the  same major   receiving water.   A  single
 worksheet may  also  consider a number of facilities which  are  included  in a
 single, comprehensive  CSO planning document.

 The definition  of a  major receiving  water  is somewhat subjective.   However,
 an  attempt was  made  to define a receiving  water as objectively as possible'
 In  general, an urban receiving  stream was considered to be a major receiving
 water if  it  was known  to  be a continuously flowing water  body  which could
 become fishable and swimmable after providing adequate control  of CSO and/or
 other pollution sources.  Streams which were wholly  within  a combined sewer
 watershed were  not  considered  major  receiving  waters.  On  the  other hand,
 streams draining  a significant watershed  area  upstream from the  combined
 sewer area were considered major receiving  waters.

 The  1982  combined  sewer system  worksheet  is  illustrated  on  Figure  D.I.
 Listed below is a brief explanation of each item on that worksheet.

 SECTION 1  - IDENTIFICATION OF COMBINED SEWER SYSTEM DATA

 Section 1 of  the worksheet  provides  identification and  descriptive data  on
the combined  sewer  system.   A description of each item  in Section  1  is given
below:                                                                 y

 l-   Authority/Facility  Number.   The   authority/facility  (A/F)   number   is
     defined  in the guidance for Categories I-IV.   The  number reported  in
     this  item is  for the major facility serving  the combined sewer system
     If  more  than one  facility was involved, the additional  A/F numbers are
     found  under Item  15.

 2.  Authority  Name.   The  authority  name   is  the  official  name  of  the
    authority  with major responsibility for operation  of the combined sewer
    system.

 3-  State. County. Place.   The state, county,  place  code is defined in the
    guidance  for  Categories  I-IV.   This  code  applies  to the  facility
    reported  in Item  1.                                                   *

 4.  SMSA  Number.   Those  combined  sewer systems  located at least  in part
    within a  Standard Metropolitan  Statistical  Area  (SMSA) as  defined  by
    the U.S.  Census Bureau are  reported by SMSA number in this  item.
                                  183

-------
 5.  Basin.  The basin code is defined in the  guidance  for Categories I-IV.
     This code applies to the location of the combined sewer system.

 6.  Congressional  District.   The number of the Congressional  district(s)
     (three maximum)  which are served by  the combined sewer system.

 7.  City  Name.  The  city name  is  the  official  name of  the  city or  town
     served by the  combined sewer system.

 8.  County Name.  The county name  is the  official  name of the county,  or
     county equivalent,  in which the  major portion  of  the combined  sewer
     system is located.

 9.  Drainage Area.   The  area, in acres, drained  directly by the  combined
     sewer system which  is tributary  to the  subject  receiving water.

10.  Separate Sewer Area.   This  is  the  area,  in acres, served by  separate
     sanitary  sewers  which   discharge  directly  into  the  combined   sewer
     system.   Codes for  Item 10 are as follows:

     0 - No information  presently available.

     1 - Some separate sanitary  sewers are  connected; however, the area  is
         unknown.

     2 - Area is known and is  reported.

     A code of 2 and a reported area  of 0.0  means that no  separate  sanitary
     sewers discharge  directly into the combined sewer system.

11.  Population Served.    The  total  number  of  persons  resident to the  area
     drained directly by  the  combined sewer system  defined in Items 9  and
     10.

12.  Sewer Length.   The total  length  of  combined sewer, in feet,  tributary
     to the subject receiving  water.

13.  Number of  CSO Points.   This is the  number of  points  at  which  the
     combined wastewater/stormwater is discharged from the  collection  system
     directly into  the receiving  water during periods of  high flow.

14.  Population  Equivalent.    This   is  the  dry-weather   flow  population
     equivalent  for  the  combined sewer  area defined  on  a  BOD,-  basis  and
     includes the  resident population (Item 11),  commercial  contribution,
     existing industrial  contribution, and transient  population.

15.  Additional  Authority/Facility Number(s).  Since combined  sewer systems
     may be  defined  using hydrologic  or previous planning  considerations,
     data for several  treatment facilities may  be reported  on one worksheet.
     This item  reports all  authority/facility  numbers which are associated
     with the major facility serving  a combined sewer system.
                                    184

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 16.  Local  Contact.   This  item identifies  the  name,  title,  address   and
      t°nco:bteedr s^MiV0* °ff1Clal                          a
 SECTION 2  - RECEIVING WATER CHARACTERISTICS
 18/19in  HeanlAnn"al1  "ow aid  7/0/10.   The  average flow  rate  and 7-dav
     ss'OTisre^^
     information was obtained from  U.S.  Geological  Survey  records nearest
     0 - Flow rate  not  applicable, e.g., lake.
     1 - Flow rate  measured at USGS gauge.
     2 - Flow rate  estimated from regional  relationship.
20<   Rece1vin3  ^ter Classification.   The purpose  of  the receivinq water
     classification  is  to  describe  the  general   characteristicsofthe
     wateTYn9 oTnf  i<  verbal fdesc^Ption is used to place the receiving
     ?nd/nr  v«?nr-t      seP^ate  categories.   Values  and ranges  of depth
     and/or  velocity are  given on  the  following  code  reference  chart
     end t'      velocities  are  mean   values   and apply  to  mean, flow
     Receiving water classification codes:
     1 - Creeks and shallow  streams [depth(d) <2  feet].
     2 - Upstream feeders  (230 feet).
     7  -  Small ponds, backwaters.
     8  -  Lakes.
     9  -  Shallow high tidal  velocity estuary or bay (depth  <10 feet; V >i.s
                                 185

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     10 - Shallow low tidal  velocity estuary or bay (depth <10 feet; V<1.5
          fps).

     11 - Medium depth,  high  tidal  velocity  estuary or bay  (depth = 10 to 30
          feet;  V>1.5 fps).

     12 - Medium depth,  low tidal  velocity estuary or bay  (depth = 10 to 30
          feet;  V<1.5 fps).

     13 - Deep,  high tidal velocity estuary or  bay  (depth >30 feet; V>1.5
          fps).

     14 - Deep,  low  tidal  velocity estuary  or bay (depth>30 feet;  V<1.5
          fps).

     15 - Open ocean or  beach.

21.  Known Reaeration Coefficient.   If a  reaeration  rate  for  the subject
     receiving water has been measured,  the  value  and the  flow rate at which
     the measurement was  made  are recorded.  Units of  the reaeration rate
     are per day base e.

22.  Channel   Slope.  This   is  the   approximate  receiving   stream  slope,
     reported in  feet   per  mile,   and  in general  was  estimated  from USGS
     topographic  maps.   This  item applies  only  to  free-flowing  streams
     (receiving  water classification  1  through 5)  and is  not  reported if
     Item 21 is  completed.

23.  Receiving  Water Background  Quality.   These  background  quality  data
     correspond   to  upstream flow  of the  major  receiving water  prior to
     inflow from the combined sewer system.  .USGS water quality records may
     have  been   a   source  for   this   information.   Data  on  the  following
     parameters  are recorded:

     Maximum mean  monthly  temperature  in °C  (generally occurs  in  July or
     August).

     Average BODr concentration  in mg/1.

     Average Solids concentration  in mg/1.

     Average fecal coliform concentration  in MPN/100 ml.

24.  USGS Gauge Number.   If receiving  water  flow estimates  reported in  Items
     18  and  19  were derived directly  from  USGS  flow  records,  the station
     identification number is recorded here.

25.  Type of Aquatic Life.  The type of aquatic life which  could reasonably
     be  supportedunder  unpolluted  or uncontaminated  conditions  in the
     receiving water downstream from  the  combined sewer system is recorded
     using codes defined as follows:
                                    186

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      1 - Cold freshwater fishery, e.g., trout.

      2 - Cold freshwater nursery or breeding area.

      3 - Warm freshwater fishery, e.g., black bass.

      4 - Warm freshwater nursery or breeding area.

      5 - Estuary nonshellfish waters.

      6 - Estuary shellfish waters.

      7 - Open ocean.

 26.   Known  CSO  Problems.    Water   quality  problems   associated   with   the
      receiving water  downstream from the combined sewer area  which  are known
      to be caused at least  in  part by combined sewer overflow are  recorded
      using the following codes:

      0 - No known problems.

      1  - Aesthetic degradation.

      2  - High suspended  solids  levels.

      3  - Low dissolved oxygen levels.

      4  - Bacteriological  contamination.

      5  -  Sludge  deposits.

      6  -  Toxic conditions.

      7  -  Fishkills.

      8  -  Eutrophication  (nutrients).

      9  -  Other,  see comments.

      Up  to  four known CSO problems  can be recorded in  decreasing  order of
      severity.

SECTION 3 - STATUS OF CSO ABATEMENT PROJECTS

A  major   emphasis  of   the  1982  Needs   Survey  was   to   identify  those
municipalities  which  had conducted  CSO  planning.    If CSO  planning  was
completed,  the  objective was  to  determine  compliance with  EPA  Program
Requirements  Memoranda PRM  75-34 and PRM  77-4.   Data  on the status  of  CSO
abatement projects were  recorded  in Section 3.  A description of each  item
is given below:

27.  Overall  Status.  The overall status of CSO abatement projects  for  the
     combined sewer system described  on a  given  worksheet  was designated
     using the following  codes:
                                    187

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     1  -  Planning  not yet begun.
     2  -  Ongoing 208.
     3  -  Draft 208.
     4  -  Completed 208.
     5  -  Ongoing  201 (Step  1).
     6  -  Draft 201.
     7  -  Completed 201.
     8 - Ongoing CSO planning, non-EPA funded.
     9 - Draft CSO planning, non-EPA funded.
     10 - Completed CSO planning, non-EPA funded.
     11 - Ongoing  design (Step 2).
     12 - Completed design.
     13 - Construction in progress.
     14 - Construction complete.
     More than one  code  may apply  to  any  given  facility.   For example,  a
     facility may have  been included  in  a completed  208 (Code 4)  and  is
     currently being studied by  an  ongoing  201  (Code  5).
?R   rnmoletion Dates   For each of  the  codes  entered above, the actual  or
     expected complet on dates were recorded in Item 28    In  the case  where
     CSO  planning has not yet begun (Code 1, Item  27),  the date  reported was
     the  anticipated starting date  of CSO planning.
?9   Planning and PRM 75-34.  To determine  if  current  CSO facility  planning
29'  was complete  comprehensive,  and consistent with ^  requirements of
     PRM 715-34  the following points were considered when a Code 3,4,  b, or
     7 was entered under Uem 27.  If the following items were considered, a
     Code 1  (Yes) was  entered for  each point.   It it  was not considered, a
     Code 2  (no)  was entered.   Items b,  f, and g  reflect criteria which are
     specifically required  by PRM 75-34.
     a.   Receiving water quality objectives were defined.
     h    Rpsidual  water   quality  problems   were  identified,  i.e.,  the
          existence  of  a receiving water  quality problem after achievement
          of the  secondary  treatment requirement  was established.
     c.   Pollutant  removal requirements were  estimated.
     d.   Alternate CSO  control  techniques  were identified.
                                     188

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      e.    A  cost  effective mix  of  CSO  alternatives was  considered.

      f.    A  cost  effective  mix  of  CSO,  AST,  AT,  and/or  other  control
           measures was  considered.


      g.    Marginal  costs were  determined not  to be  substantially  greater
           than marginal  benefits for the  proposed solution.

30-   Multipurpose Projects.   The objective of Item  30 was to determine if a
      CSO  project has  purposes other  than pollution  control,  e.g.,  flood
      control  or  drainage.   The results  of  Item 30  were reported  for  the
      following three  points  by  using a Code 1  if the  point  was affirmative
      (yes) and a Code 2  if the  point was  negative (no).


      a.    Does the CSO  abatement project  have  purposes  other than pollution
           control, e.g., flood  control or drainage?


      b.   Was the cost  allocated to  CSO pollution control  determined by  the
          alternative justifiable expenditure  (AJE)  method?

      c.    Is the cost allocated to CSO pollution  control  less  than or equal
          to  the   least  cost  single  purpose   CSO  pollution   control
          alternative?


31.  Proposed Solutions.  If Codes 3,  5,  6, or  7  were  entered  under  Item 27
     and if  the  resulting draft or  completed  documents were  available  for
     review,  the proposed solutions  for  control of  CSO  (five  maximum) were
     reported using  the following  codes:

      1.   Sewer  separation.


      2.   In-system  storage with additional treatment capacity.

      3.   In-system  storage  with realtime control  and  additional treatment
          capacity.


      4.   Earthen  basin  storage  with  additional  treatment capacity.

      5.   Concrete   (uncovered)  basin  storage  with  additional  treatment
          capacity.


      6.   Concrete   (covered)   basin   storage   with   additional  treatment
          capacity.


      7.  Mined  storage,  e.g.,  deep  tunnels,   with  or  without additional
         treatment capacity.


      8.  High  rate  treatment  without storage,  e.g.,  swirl  concentrator,
         screening, etc.


      9.  In-system storage without additional  treatment capacity.

    10.  In-system  storage  with  realtime control  and without additional
         treatment capacity.
                                   189

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     11.   Surface  water interception/storage/diversion scheme, i.e., runoff
          diverted before  entering a combined sewer system.
     12.   Sewer  flushing.
     13.   Catch  basin  cleaning.
     14.   Streetsweeping.
     15.   Other, see  comments.
     20.   Cost effective mix  of  CSO  alternatives.
     21.   Cost effective mix  of  CSO, AST,  AT, and/or  other  control  measures.
SECTION 4 - GRANT INFORMATION
32.  Grant  Numbers.    Grant  numbers,   if  any,   which  provide   Federal
     construction  grant  funds  for  CSO control  (Category V)  were  entered
     here.
SECTION 5 - GRANT ELIGIBLE COST  ESTIMATES
33.  Cost Estimates.   For each  of  the proposed CSO  solutions  identified in
     Item 31, a cost estimate was entered, when  available,  along  with  the
     month and  year  used  to  establish the value of  money  when  the estimate
     was made.
     The  following codes  were used  for reporting  cost estimates of proposed
     solutions:
       1.  Sewer separation.
       2.  In-system storage with additional treatment capacity.
       3.  In-system  storage  with realtime control and additional  treatment
          capacity.
       4.  Earthen basin storage with additional treatment capacity.
       5.  Concrete  (uncovered)  basin  storage  with  additional  treatment
          capacity.
       6.  Concrete  (covered)   basin  storage  with  additional  treatment
          capacity.
       7.  Mined  storage,  e.g., deep  tunnels, with or  without  additional
           treatment  capacity.
       8.   High  rate  treatment  without storage,  e.g.,  swirl   concentrator,
           screening,  etc.
       9.   In-system  storage  without additional  treatment capacity.
                                     190

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                                                •*ic;
 10.  In-system  storage with  realtime  control  and without  additional
      treatment capacity.
 11.  Surface water  interception/storage/diversion  scheme,  i.e., runoff
      diverted before entering a combined sewer system.
 12.  Sewer flushing.
 13.  Catch basin cleaning.
 14.  Streetsweeping.
 15.  Other, see comments.
 19.  State supplied  (separate)  estimate.
 20.  Cost  effective  mix of CSO  alternative.
 21.  Cost  effective  mix of CSO,  AST,  AT, and/or  other  control measures.
 22'   P^l!eti?MrD0«bAeC?iVe'-,e^imated  Us1n9 the  1982  Needs  Estimation
      Program  (NEP82) described  in Appendix  B.
 23.   Fish  and Wildlife  objective,  estimated using  NEP82  described in
      Appendix B.
 24.   Recreation objective,  estimated  using  NEP82 described in Appendix
      D •
25.   Sewer separation, estimated using NEP82 described in Appendix B.
26.  Needs previously met.
27.  Needs reported to Congress.
                              191

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