U.S.  EPA  GREEN LIGHTS
                     Decision  Support System
      EPA's Green Lights program includes a project to develop a computerized decision support
   system that will allow Green Lights corporations to rapidly analyze their options for installing
   energy-efficient lighting.

      This system will help corporations:

      •  survey the lighting systems in their facilities;

      •  assess their retrofit options;

      •  select the option that maximizes energy and pollution savings while simultaneously
        maintaining or improving lighting quality and meeting the Green Lights profitability

      •  produce reports suitable for  use by facility managers, corporate financial staff, and
        corporate senior management.

      EPA will also develop a training program for Green Lights Partners (and others) who wish to
   use the decision support system. Additional enhancements may include the provision of handheld
   data collection computers and  digital lightmeters. The decision support system will be able to
   analyze the lighting in office buildings, warehouses, retail buildings, manufacturing facilities, and
   parking garages.

   Recent Developments:

      •  formation of a User Advisory Group.

      •  beginning to build the database for generic retrofit packages.

      •  initiated development of a retrofit workbook.

   Future Milestones:

      •  beta testing of the office module with Green Lights Partner retrofits by early summer.

      •  office module software available for distribution to Green Lights participants by late
        summer/early fall.

For additional information, contact:

Program pirector                         Project Manager
Bob Kwartin, Director                      Randall Cook
Green Lights Program                      Project Manager
Global Change Division (ANR-445)          ICF InfoTech
EPA                                     9300 Lee Highway
401 M St., S.W.                            Fairfax, VA  22031
vVashington, D.C. 20460                    (703) 934-3411
(202) 479-6936                             FAX: (703) 691-3353
FAX: (202) 479-6937
April 1991
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Region 5, Library (PL-12J)
77 West Jackson Boulevard, 12th Floor
Chicago. IL  60604-3590

                                                                      .° _^^  ^.
    Energy-Efficient  Lighting
   Though energy-efficient lighting can be a highly profitable investment, the cost of retrofitting
existing facilities or of choosing more efficient equipment in new construction can be a barrier to
the realization of these opportunities.  Corporate constraints on capital availability can delay
worthwhile investments for years.

   EPA's Green Lights Program includes a support project to help Green Lights Partners
overcome financing barriers to their installation of energy-efficient lighting technologies and
designs. The financing assistance project will identify institutions that provide financing to reduce
the first cost of efficient installations and/or provide attractive repayment terms. The project will
compile and distribute to Partners four comprehensive registries of:

   •  utility-sponsored financial assistance, including information on auditing and technical
      support, lighting design services, free installation, rebates, and loans;

   •  energy service compar-es that install lighting efficiency measures at no initial cost to the
      user, with payments made from the electricity savings;

   •  governmental grants and low-interest loans offered through federal, state and local

   •  banks, leasing companies and other sources of investment capital for efficiency improve-

   This project may also explore potential strategies for expanding the availability of energy
efficiency financing from private-sector sources, utilities, and government.

Recent Developments:

   •  Version 0.5 of a database of all utility rebate programs and a user manual that was mailed
      to Green Lights participants.

   •  comments on the utility rebate software being collected and assimilated into Version 1.0.

Future Milestones:

   •  Version 1.0 (and user manual) ready for distribution by late spring.
   •  include a registry of financing opportunities available through Lighting Management
      Companies and Energy Service Companies in a preliminary software version.

For additional information, contact:
Bob Kwartin, Director
Green Lights Program
Global Change Division (ANR-445)
401 M St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 2C460
(202) 479-6936
FAX: (202) 479-6937
Project Manager
Cara Biasucci
Research Analyst
Bruce Company
Suite 215
1100 6th St., S.W.
Washington, DC 20036
(202) 382-4992
FAX: (202) 475-7010
April 1991

               U.S.  EPA GREEN LIGHTS
                          Lighting Product
                       Supply and Demand
   Because of increasing demand caused by utility rebate programs and increased customer
 acceptance, some energy-efficient lighting products are currently in short supply. EPA is
 concerned that the surge in demand by Green Lights Partners for these and other products may
 exacerbate supply bottlenecks.

   As part of its Green Lights program, EPA and several co-sponsors have developed a support
 project to help ensure that Green Lights and other programs do not create demand for lighting
 products that cannot be  supplied in sufficient quantity.

   The project will research and survey all known lighting promotion programs (Green Lights,
 Federal Energy Management Program, utility programs, state programs) and produce a demand
 forecast for 1,3 and 5 years in the future. The survey will be designed to give lighting suppliers
 the information they need to make prudent investments in manufacturing plant expansion.

   At the same time, a supply-side survey will gather information from lighting manufacturers
 on their historical, current, and projected product manufacturing capacities, both here and abroad
 (where importation does or could play a potential role). Confidential surveys managed by CPA
 firms will be used where proprietary information may be jeopardized. This will allow energy-
 efficient lighting promoters to adjust the tempos of their programs to account for any potential
 supply bottlenecks.

   Products to be included in this supply survey are ballasts, lamps, fixture upgrades such as
 reflectors and kits, renovation or new construction products, and controls such as occupancy
 sensors and integrated dimming controls.

   The most important component of this project will be the transfer of demand forecasts to the
product suppliers/ and supply forecasts to energy-efficient lighting promotion programs at EPA
and utilities. Subsequent surveys will be undertaken to determine whether the first round of
surveys led to revised supply and demand projections.

   This project is co-sponsored by EPA, the Electric Power Research Institute, the California
Institute for Energy Efficiency, and the U.S. Department of Energy and is managed by the Lighting
Research Institute.

Recent Developments:

   • Draft report will be completed April 15,1991. It will cover estimated shipments of energy-
     efficient fluorescent lamps (including compact fluorescents) and ballasts for fluorescent

      lamps (including electronic ballasts). The report will also include historical and projected
      demand stimulation data from 28 utilities and the Green Lights program.

   •  A final report is expected by late May 1991.

For additional information, contact:

Program PJKC*Pr                    Project Manager
Bob Kwartin, Director                 Al Gough
Green Lights Program                 President
Global Change Division               Lighting Research Institute
EPA                                10 Red Fox Lane
401 M St., S.W.                       Littleton, CO 80127
Washington, D.C. 20460
(202) 479-6936                        (303) 933-4756
FAX: (202) 479-6937                   FAX: (303) 979-2231

April 1991

               U.S.  EPA GREEN  LIGHTS
                  National Lighting Product
                      Information Program
   Many companies don't purchase energy-efficient lighting technologies and designs because
 they lack confidence in the technical claims made on the products' behalf, or are unable to sort
 through all of the relevant information about competing products, or are concerned about
 employee acceptance. The lack of standardized testing criteria and reporting procedures has been
 identified as a primary barrier to the use of and innovative development of energy-efficient

   EPA's Green Lights program includes a support project to help establish a national lighting
 product information program. Among those who would expect to use and benefit from such a
 program are Green Lights corporations; participants in the lighting decision-making process, such
 as contractors, utilities, and building owners; electric utilities; lighting users and manufacturers;
 environmental advocacy groups; and public policymakers.

   This project is co-sponsored by the Lighting Research Center, Lighting Research Institute, and
 the Empire State Electric Energy Research Cooperative.  Other sponsors are expected  to join

 Recent Developments:

   •  development of the "Guide to Performance Evaluation of  Energy-Efficient Lighting
      Products" due for release to Green Lights participants by late spring.

   •  initiation of the first two name-brand product reports which will cover reflector technology
      and electronic ballasts. These reports will be available by late summer.

 Future Milestones:

   •  other energy-efficient lighting technology reports will be starting shortly

 For additional information, contact:
Project Director
Russell Leslie
Associate Director
Lighting Research Center
Rensselaer Polytechnic
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-8716
FAX: (518) 276-2999            April 1991
Bob Kwartin, Director
Green Lights Program
Global Change Division (ANR-445)
401 M St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
(202) 479-6936
FAX: (202) 479-6937

  Manufacturer Ally Program
   The Green Lights Manufacturer Ally program encourages cooperation between manufacturers
 of energy-efficient lighting products and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to enhance
 the lighting market infrastructure and increase the Nation's awareness of the benefits of energy-
 efficient lighting.  The ally program, open to all manufacturers of energy-efficient lighting
 technology, acknowledges a shared commitment to the promotion and development of energy-
 efficient lighting and the associated environmental benefits. EPA does not endorse or promote any
 manufacturer (or its products or services) as a participant in Green Lights.

   In order to become an EPA Green Lights Manufacturer Ally, a manufacturer signs a Memo-
 randum of Understanding (MOU) with EPA. The MOU is a voluntary, non-binding agreement
 which sets forth the following commitments:

 EPA agrees to:

   •  provide its Allies with presentation materials (including the Green Lights logo) that will
      assist the Allies in making effective presentations on the environmental and economical
      benefits of energy-efficient lighting;

   •  provide Green Lights Partners with a list of those companies that are Green Lights Allies;

   •  invite Green Lights Allies to display their products and services at major EPA events where
      Green Lights Partners will be recruited;

   •  establish a lighting product information program;

   •  assist the lighting industry in establishing education and certification mechanisms for
      lighting professionals;

   •  work with manufacturers and other members of the lighting community to conduct a
      supply and demand analysis for energy-efficient lighting products;

   •  work to remove any unjustified regulatory barriers to the widespread adoption of energy-
      efficient lighting and promote additional mechanisms and incentives for the adoption of
      energy-efficient lighting.

Manufacturer Ally agrees to:

   •   complete energy-efficient lighting upgrades at 90% of the square footage of its facilities
     wherever profitable while maintaining or improving lighting quality;

    •  publicize the environmental benefits of energy-efficient lighting and assist Partners in
      achieving the goals of the Green Lights program;

    •  include a display on the environmental benefits of energy-efficient lighting in any suitable
      demonstration center and to permit EPA to make use of these facilities for promotional
      presentations on Green Lights;

    •  inform EPA of interest expressed by prospective Green Lights Partners;

    •  cooperate with EPA in developing an assessment of the supply and demand for energy-
      efficient lighting products;

    •  cooperate with EPA, utilities, and other lighting manufacturers to establish and participate
      in a lighting product information program;

    •  provide warranties for all energy-efficient lighting technologies procured by Green Lights
      Partners and consider adoption of any voluntary warranty guidelines which  EPA may
      develop in the future.

For additional information, contact:

Program Director                          Program Manager
Bob Kwartin                               Cara Biasucci
Green Lights Program Director               Research Analyst
Global Change Division, ANR-445            Bruce Company
EPA                                      Suite 215
401 M St., S.W.                             1100 6th St., S.W.
Washington, D.C.  20460                     Washington, D.C.  20024
(202) 479-6936                             (202) 382-4992
FAX: 202/479-6937                         FAX: 202/475-7010
April 1991

   • 6nvW°
        Utility Ally Program
   The Green Lights Utility Ally program promotes cooperation between utilities and the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency (EPA) in publicizing the environmental, economic, and quality
benefits of energy efficient lighting technologies.  The ally program is open to all U.S. electric
utilities, including investor owned, municipal, and federal/state/district utilities, and rural electric

   In order to become a Green Lights Utility Ally the utility agrees to sign a Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU) between their utility and EPA. The MOU is a voluntary agreement and
can be terminated by either party at any time without penalty. The commitments are as follows:

EPA agrees to:

   •  provide tools and methodology for pollution prevention calculations, energy savings,
      dollar savings, and lighting upgrade designs;

   •  provide materials and information to assist the electric utility in its efforts to promote
      the use of high quality energy-efficient lighting;

   •  enhance the energy-efficient lighting market by working with lighting industry to
      enhance consumer confidence in lighting product availability, quality, and value.

The Electric Utility agrees to:

   •  complete energy-efficient lighting upgrades at 90% of the square footage of its facilities
      wherever profitable while maintaining or improving lighting quality;

   •  assist EPA in marketing the benefits of Green  Lights and energy-efficient lighting
      technologies to industrial and commercial customers;

   •  participate in an ongoing lighting product information program and employee education
      programs with regard to energy efficient lighting;

   •  assist EPA in documenting the savings from energy efficient lighting retrofits within
      their service area.

EPA Green Lights Program Benefits to Electric Utilities:

   •  Improves utility image with its customers by showing the utility's concern and
      responsiveness to national and customer needs for environmental protection;

      provides an avenue for utility to improve customer relations as it supports customer goals
      for energy-efficiency and cost-effectiveness;
      supports utility demand-side management objectives, particularly those involving peak
      clipping and strategic conservation;

      establishes a network which will permit timely exchange of information and materials (e.g.,
      information on program effectiveness, customers experiences and decision-support tools)
      between utility allies and EPA.
For additional information, contact:
Bob Kwartin, Director
Green Lights Program
Global Change Division, ANR-445
401 M St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
(202) 479-6936
FAX: (202)479-6937
Project Manager
Jerry Lawson, Chief
Energy Productivity &
Pollution Prevention Branch
Global Change Division, ANR-445
401 M St. S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
(202) 479-6936
FAX: (202) 479-6937
April 1991

£   Mm  \
s Wl^MU  5
               U.S. EPA GREEN LIGHTS

             Lighting Management Company

                            Ally Program

   The Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally program encourages cooperation
between lighting management companies and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in
publicizing the environmental, economic, and quality benefits of energy efficient lighting tech-
nologies.  Lighting management companies (LMCs) often provide a wide array of services
including providing expertise in lighting surveys/lighting energy audits, recommendations on
lighting, management and/or performance of lighting related installations, and routine lighting

   As a Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally, a LMC signs a Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU) stating that it agrees to make every effort to minimize the lighting energy
consumption of their clients in accordance with their clients' requirements for cost-effective and
high quality lighting. The LMC MOU is a voluntary, non-binding agreement which sets forth the
following commitments:

EPA agrees to:

   •  provide Green Lights Partners with a list of those companies that are Green Lights Allies;

   •  provide its Allies with presentation materials (including the Green Lights logo) that will
      assist the Allies in making effective presentations on the environmental and economical
      benefits of energy-efficient lighting;

   •  invite Green Lights Allies to display their products and services at major EPA events where
      Green Lights Partners will be recruited;

   •  establish a lighting product information program;

   •  assist the lighting industry in establishing education and  certification mechanisms for
      lighting professionals;

   •  work with manufacturers and other members of the lighting community to conduct a
      supply and demand analysis for energy-efficient lighting products;

   •  work to remove unjustified regulatory, administrative and other barriers to the widespread
      adoption of energy-efficient lighting to extent allowable by law and consistent with other

Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally agrees to:

    •  complete energy-efficient upgrades at 90% of the square footage of its facilities wherever
      profitable while maintaining or improving lighting quality;

    •  employ a full-time person who has a certification of competence in the specification and
      application of energy-efficient lighting products and designs;

    •  provide EPA with a one page resume of qualifications;

    •  cooperate with EPA in developing an assessment of the supply and demand for energy-
      efficient lighting products;

    •  cooperate with EPA, utilities, and other lighting manufacturers to establish and participate
      in a lighting product information program;

    •  comply with all federal, state, and local building, safety, and environmental laws, regula-
      tions, and codes;

    •  obtain life/safety certifications for all products and all product applications which Green
      Lights Lighting Management Company Ally is responsible;

    •  inform EPA, upon request, of the warranty terms on products and services Green Lights
      Lighting Management Company Ally provides;

    •  consider adoption of any voluntary warranty guidelines which EPA may develop in the

    •  offer Partners ongoing maintenance services;

    •  offer Partners liability insurance coverage, as requested;

    •  coordinate the disposal of all lighting materials in compliance with all appropriate laws and

For additional information, contact:
Bob Kwartin, Manager                           Peter Weisberg
Green Lights Program                           Analyst
Global Change Division (ANR-445)                ICF Incorporated
EPA                                           Suite 700
401 M St., S.W.                                  409 12th St. S.W.
Washington, D.C 20460                          Washington, DC 20024
(202) 382-4992                                   (202) 646-6088
FAX: (202) 475-7010                              FAX: (202) 646-6093
April 1991

Green  Light  For Green  Lights
Address by William K. Reilly
Administrator, U.S.EPA
January  17.  1991
                                    Green Lights Workshop
                                              EPA Headquarters
                                                Washington, DC
Communictfions And Public Allan (A-107)
I know that it has been a long day for many of you, so,
as Henry Vm said to each of his wives, I won't keep you
   I would like to  extend a warm welcome to  John
Millhone,  our Deputy Assistant Secretary of Energy,
who's with us today, along with the rest of this distin-
guished audience. I'd also like to give special thanks to
Bob Kwartin, who's doing an outstanding job as EPA's
program manager for Green Lights.  Green Lights
actually got started about a year and a half ago when
John Hoffman, Director of our Global Change Division,
heard about several excellent sources of cost-effective
lighting, and he asked Bob to look into the subject Well,
in fact, he did more man that—he sent Bob to lighting
school.  Actually there's a joke going around the office
right now about how  many EPA employees it takes to
screw in a lightbulb.  The answer is just one, and Bob's
extension is_.
   All of us here at EPA are very proud of Green Lights.
So proud, in fact, that we're installing energy-efficient
lighting next  week on EPA's twelfth floor (which in-
cludes my office), as well as here in this room.  This is
not owing to the scurrilous allegation that the 12th  floor
is especially in neeH of illumination.
   I guess that we're proud of Green Lights much in the
way that Americans are proud of electric lighting itself.
Our nation gained its independence in the American
Revolution of 1776. But as National Academy of Scienc-
es President Frank Press recently reminded us, the world
had gained much of its own independence just a few
years earlier in another revolution. When in 1751 a 45-
year old Benjamin Franklin sent a kite up into the sky
and brought down lightning, a technological revolution
occurred,  and  the  floodgates of electric light  were
   And  even today—over two centuries later—we still
marvel at the power of light to illuminate and transport.
Who fails to thrill at the sight of Manhattan's skyline by
twilight, or at the panorama of a ball park on a Friday
                night, or even at the silent glow of a distant farmhouse
                at dinnertime.   To  say nothing  of the  lighting at a
                Madonna concert  There is only one great thing," an
                ancient Eskimo song tells us, and that is "the light that
                fills the world."
                   And so it is an important day when our culture
                begins a new chapter in the history of lighting. Perhaps
                this is one of those days. Green Lights is a historic new
                partnership between government and the private sector
                designed  to implement pollution-reducing,  energy-
                efficient lighting designs and technologies across  the
                country—a program through which the environment win
                not only be protected, but protected at a profit
                   Now, I know what you're thinking.  As Officer Joe
                Friday used to say: just the facts, ma'am.  Well, here are
                the facts about energy efficient lighting:  I know that
                you've been hearing many of these numbers all day long,
                but they really can't be emphasized enough: About 20
                percent of the electricity used annually in the United
                States is for lighting.   Lighting for industry,  stores.
                offices, and wareliouses represents more than 80 percent
                of mat total.
                   But if energy-efficient lighting were used wherever
                profitablt, the electricity  required for Sighting would be
                cut in half, and along with it pollution and other emis-
                sions from power generators. Such a cut would amount
                to a  reduction in our nation's energy use of about 250
                billion kilowatt-hours  per year—and  thafs about 10
                percent of our total annual consumption of energy.  This
                decrease would save more than 16 billion dollars in our
                electric bills. Thafs 16 billion dollars to invest in Ameri-
                ca's future.  Moreover, annual sulfur dioxide emissions
                would be reduced by about 15 million tons, or nearly
                seven percent of the  national total.   Nitrogen oxide
                emissions would be reduced by some  650,000 tons, or
                more than three percent of the national total.  Carbon
                dioxide emissions would be reduced by more than 150
                million tons, or nearly  four percent of the national total;
                thafs the equivalent of 25 million cars,  some 15 percent
                of all cars in the United States.
 Greon Light* is a voluntary, non-ragulatory program sponsored by EPA to •ncourag* U.S. corporations to adopt •n«rgy-«ffic*nt kghtng » •
 proftablt moans of preventing pollution. During to wook of January 14. representatives tarn 133 major corporations took part in fiv* GrMn-bghtt
 workshops staffed by EPA officials and experts from too ighting industry.

   Here's where Green Lights comes in. Green Lights is
a voluntary, non-regulatory program sponsored by the
Environmental Protection Agency to help VS. companies
realize the  profit of pollution prevention  by installing
energy-efficient lighting designs and technologies, but
only where  they are profitable, and only where they
maintain or improve lighting quality. And here I would
direct your attention to a line in the Memorandum of
Understanding that each  of you has received:  "this
agreement can be terminated... with no notice or penal-
   Through this non-binding agreement, partnership
corporations that join the Green Lights program agree to
survey their facilities and install new lighting systems
that maximize energy savings over five years (again, only
to the extent that these systems are profitable and do not
compromise lighting quality). These corporations will
document the improvements they make, and will commit
to building  any new facilities using the  most current
building energy guidelines.  This is the framework for a
dynamic process, one which will continue to be refined
through consultations with partner companies in order
to best serve their needs.
   For our part, EPA is providing technical support to
our partner corporations, as well as lending support to
the lighting industry. Specifically, EPA offers an analysis
support system that will allow corporations to assess
their upgrade options quickly. Second, EPA compiles
databases  of products and contractors, manufacturers
and distributors, thereby ensuring product availability.
Third,  EPA  is establishing an   independent testing
program that will increase confidence in the  energy-
efficient lighting industry.  Fourth, EPA assists partner-
ship corporations in securing financing sources for their
upgrading.  And finally, EPA will publicly recognize
successful Green Lights  companies, ensuring that cus-
tomers, shareholders, employees,  and the public are
aware  of  these companies' environmental protection
   The reception to Green Lights has been enthusiastic
already. Twenty-four corporations—and counting-Hue
already on board, including some Fortune 500 companies
such as Phillips Petroleum, Johnson It Johnson, Qticorp,
and Polaroid.  I even noticed that Nike is one of our
partners. And thaf s appropriate, because Nike athletic
star Bo Jackson wrote in his recent autobiography that
he's so fast that when he turns his lights off at night, he's
in bed before if s dark. Well, I guess Bo knows lighting,
and so must Nike.
   I'm especially pleased to see Browning-Ferns on the
list. And I want to take this opportunity to address C\e'
scandalous rumor that Browning-Ferris's participation is
connected to the  fact that the company's chairman is
former EPA Administrator  Bill Ruckleshaus; if s true.   *
   Then there are the lighting manufacturing compa-
nies—our  Green  Lights "allies," who form  the  third
member of the Green Lights team.  An equally impres-
sive list  of  those already involved  includes Phillips
Lighting Company, Genlyte Group, and Johnson Con-
trols.   With  EPA, these allies will work directly with
partner corporations to facilitate installation and develop-
ment procedures.
   To  further ease the transition to  energy-efficient
lighting for Green Lights partners, EPA is establishing a
utility allies program, encouraging utilities to help Green
Lights partners finance their initial costs of switching to
energy-efficient lighting.  In fact, many visionary and
progressive utilities like Atlantic Electric, Consolidated
Edison, New England  Electric, and Northeast Utilities
already offer  rebates  as  part  of least-cost planning
strategies.  As a  former board member of  Northeast
Utilities, I am confident of  the ability of these  utilities to
provide smaller corporations with greater  access to
energy-efficient lighting, while contributing to profitable
pollution prevention.
   So in Green Lights we see a multi-faceted partnership,
through which not only partner corporations and EPA,
but also lighting manufacturers and utility companies,
help to provide for common ground, upon which each of
us will draw for years to come.
   Listen  for a moment to what these participants are
saying. Administrative Services Director Cameron Beers
at Gillette says that his company is more committed to
energy-efficient lighting than ever before.  Thanks to
Green  Lights and other energy efficiency measures, he
says, it takes Gillette fifty percent less energy to produce
a razor blade today than it  did in 1973. That's right, fifty
percent lest.
   Green  Lights'  success is partly due  to the fact that
there just is no downside to energy-efficient lighting.  I'm
no mathematician,  but the  Green Lights equation is
simple proven technologies—plus lower costs—plus less
pollution—equals energy efficiency—equals competitive-
ness—equals success.  I only wish that every environ-
mental initiative  that I oversee here as Administrator
could be so  non-controversial.

   But I would propose that Green Lights'   -cess is due
even more to this program's market-oriented emphasis
on pollution  prevention.  And in  this respect. Green
Lights really speaks to the broader environmental agenda
of President George Bush,
   I speak of an agenda built where possible around
non-regulatory ventures in environmental protection that
prevent pollution from being created in the first instance.
Programs that  transcend traditional  end-of-the-pipe
cleanup with new strategies that uss materials, fuels,
processes, practices, and products to reduce or eliminate
the generation  of waste in the  first place.   Like the
historic dean  Air Act Amendments of 1990, Green
Lights will work because it lets the market work. And
again we see a success ratio founded  upon simple
equations: Voluntary action based  on clear incentives
plus flexibility in approach equals tangible rewards for
both the environment and the economy.
   Such initiatives succeed because they promote strate-
gies of in-corporation,  forging that vital  link between
environmental policy and economic policy. They bring
the public sector and  private sector together, environ-
mentalists and  industrialists  alike, to serve a  common
customer, the American citizen.
   So you can see why we at EPA are so proud of Green
Lights, just the way Americans are proud of Ben Franklin
and his lightning kite.  Franklin probably knew that in
ancient China, the word "wisdom" was formed by a
combination of the ideograms for wind and light  The
ancient Qunese  calligraphers would probably  have
defined Green Lights similarly, but this time using a
combination of light and wisdom.  Light and wisdom:
providing the cornerstones for a cost  effective, energy
efficient, and environmentally sound lighting policy for
the future.
   To this end, we thank each of our participants today
for their past and future dedication to  corporate and
environmental responsibility, and we  look forward to
joining with all of you in the months and  years to come:
§ V^W7  S
              U.S. EPA GREEN  LIGHTS

             Memorandum of Understanding

                            for  Partners

                 Basic Principles of Agreement

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Green Lights Partner agree in good
faith that:

      •  the purposes of Green Lights are to prevent air pollution, reduce electricity bills, in-
        crease competitiveness and enhance national energy security;
      •  the Green Lights Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is a voluntary agreement
        which can be terminated by Green Lights Partner with no notice or penalties;

EPA Agrees to:

      •  provide Green Lights Partner with recognition for its public service in protecting the
      •  develop a decision support system to help Partners conduct lighting surveys and op-
        tions analyses;
      •  create Green Lights Allies Programs for lighting manufacturers, lighting management
        companies and electric utilities to aid Partners on  technical and financing issues;
      •  start an independent lighting product information program to provide brand name
        product information;
      •  develop workshops and training programs;
      •  work to remove any unjustified regulatory barriers to energy-efficient lighting;

A Green Lights Partner agrees to:

      •  survey the lighting in all of its U.S. facilities;
      •  consider a full range of lighting options to reduce  energy use;
      •  retrofit 90% of the square footage of its facilities  with options that maximize energy
        savings only to the extent that such options are 1) profitable and 2) do not compromise
        lighting quality.
      •  complete retrofits within 5 years of signing the agreement;
      •  annually document the improvements it makes;
      •  design all new facilities to meet the most current building efficiency standards;
      •  educate its employees about the benefits of energy-efficient lighting.

                            GREEN LIGHTS PARTNERS
                                   (as of May 2, 1991)
Abbott Laboratories
American West Airlines
American Express Company
American Standard, Inc.
Atlantic Richfield
Automatic Data Processing
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Bell Atlantic
Browning Ferris, Inc.
The Oliver Carr Company
Citicorp / Citibank
Continental Insurance
Crestar Bank
Digital Equipment Corporation
Duracell U.S.A.
First Data Resources, Inc.
First Wachovia Corporation
General Dynamics Corporation
Gerber Products Company
The Gillette Company
Hasbro, Inc.
IPS Electric and Midwest Gas
Johnson and Johnson
Kerr-McGee Corporation
Eli Lilly and Company
Lone Star Steel
Memorex Telex
Fred Meyer, Inc.
Herman Miller, Inc.
Nike, Inc.
Phillips Petroleum Company
Polaroid Corporation
Preston Trucking
Joseph E. Seagram and Sons, Inc.
Stamats Communications, Inc.
Texaco Inc.
Thrift Drug Company, Inc.
Union Camp Corporation
University   Corporation  for  Atmospheric
US Bancorp
Warner-Lambert Company
Waste Management, Inc.
Whirlpool Corporation
Wolverine World Wide
Xerox Corporation
Yellow Freight System, Inc.

                              GREEN LIGHTS ALLIES
                                   (as of May 2, 1991)

Badger USA, Inc.
Brayer Lighting, Inc.
Bryant Electric
Duro-Test Corporation
Dynamic Energy Products
Electronic Ballast Technology, Inc.
Emergency Safety Products, Inc.
Energy Design Corporation
Etta Industries
The Genlyte Group
Guardian Lighting Controls, Inc.
Jedcor Energy Management Company, Inc.
Johnson Controls, Inc.
Kilowatt Saver, Inc.
Lighting Resources, Inc.
Lightron of Cornwall, Inc.
Novitas, Inc.
Omega Industries
Parke Industries, Inc.
Parke Industries East, Inc.
Parrish Lighting and Engineering, Inc.
Peschel Energy,  Inc.
Philips Lighting Company
Powerline Communications
Pre Finish Metals, Inc.
Pritchett Wilson Group, Inc.
Prolight Lighting
Roth Brothers, Inc.
Ruud Lighting, Inc.
Silverlight Corporation
Simkar Lighting  Fixture Company, Inc.
Solar Kinetics, Inc.
Sylvania Lighting Division
Tamarack Corporation
Thomas Industries, Inc.
Topaz Energy Systems, Inc.
U.S. Light Bulb, Inc.
Venture Lighting International
Warner Technologies
The Watt Stopper, Inc.
H.E. Williams, Inc.
Wismarq Light Company, Inc.
X-Tra Light Systems, Inc.

Aetna Electrical and Lighting Services
Approved Lighting Corporation
A-l Lighting
Colorado Lighting
Conserve Electric Company, Inc.
Fluorescent Maintenance Service, Inc.
Herb Kohn Electric Company
DlumElex Corporation
Imperial Lighting Maintenance Company
Lighting Maintenance, Inc.
Lighting Maintenance and Service
Luminaire Service Program
Murphy Electric
Planned Lighting, Inc.
Sunshine Lighting Company

     EPA launches energy^saving lighting program
                         COMPANY NEWS
                         E.P.A. Urging Electricity Efficiency

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                  EPA says new lights reduce smog

  L_  i VJ S.

 Government forms
 partnership with industry
Jerry Lawson and Bob Kwartin
                                                                         See the full
                                                                     LIGHTFAIR keynote
                                                                       address Tuesday
                                                                      March 5, 8 30 am.
                                   S  A  V  1  M
                                                   O|d Tfchnoloqy      Nrvv Technology
                                                        72 Ib-, SO, /yr
                                                         1.2 year payback
                                                         B3 Jli R01
                            Basic Switch
                                          Occupancy Scnscf
         When a cartoon
         character has a
bright idea, an artist draws
draws a picture of a glowing
light bulb above the character's
head. The goal of the US
Environmental Protection
Agency's Green Lights pro-
gram is to replace that conven-
tional light bulb—and as many
others as possible—with an
energy-efficient lighting pro-
duct that saves energy and
prevents pollution.
  Green Lights toftwohmary,
non-regulatory program
whose purpose is to encourage
major US corporations to in-
stall energy-efficient lighting
designs and technologies
wherever they are profitable
and maintain or improve
lighting quality. Green Lights is
designed to achieve cleaner air
through energy efficiency.
  The importance to this pro-
gram of a successful partner-
ship between EPA and the
lighting industry cannot be
understated. Recognizing the
opportunity offered by this
partnership, EPA and the
lighting industry have already
launched a number of projects
to support Green Lights and to
build the customer base  for
energy-efficient lighting.
 The underlying principle
of Green  Lights is Environ-
mental Protection at a Profit
Corporations that make the
commitment to Green Lights
will profit by lowering their
electricity bills, improving
lighting quality, and increasing
worker productivity.
 They will also reduce the air
pollution caused by electricity
generation, which includes
carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide
and nitrogen oxides.
 Lighting accounts for 20-25
The charter Green UgriB Partners (as of Decemt3er2Q 1990) account
for more than 250 million ft2 of office, manufacturing, retail, and
warehouse space

Browning Ferns Inc.
The Oliver Carr Company
Digital cQuipment Co*po
                                                                  In another slide
                                                                  that will be shown at
                                                                  the L1GHTTA1R
                                                                  keynote address the
                                                                  EPA has calculated
                                                                  energy savings and
                                                                  pavback on a switch
                                                                  from cool-white to T8
percent of the electricity used
annually m the United States.
lighting for industry, stores, of-
fices, and warehouses repre-
sents 80-90 percent of total
lighting electricity use As the
lighting industry knows, the
energy-efficient lighting de-
signs and technologies avail-
able today can dramatically
reduce energy consumption
and prevent pollution while
delivering better  lighting If
energy-efficient lighting were
used  everywhere  it were
profitable,  the electricity
required for lighong would be
cut by 50 percent, and ag-
gregate national electricity de-
mand would be reduced by
more than 10 percent
  This reducoon would free
$18.6 billion from ratepayer
bills for useful investment.
Annual carbon dioxide emis-
sions would be reduced by 232
million tons—4 percent of the
national total—the equivalent
of 42 million cars, or one-third
of all the cars in the United
States,  it would also reduce
sulfur dioxide emissiowby 1.7
million tons—7 percent of the
national total; and rafMfBCiv
ide emissions by  900,000
tons—4 percent  of the na-
tional  total. Other  forms of
pollution,  including boiler
ash, scrubber waste, acidic
drainage and waste bom coal
mining, radioactive waste,
and natural gas leakage, would
also be reduced.
  EPA has launched the Green
Lights program to help US
companies realize this poten-
I     LD+Affefiruary 1991
rial to prevent pollution at a
profit by installing energy-
efficient lighting designs and
technologies. When a corpora-
aon joins the Green Lights pro-
gram, it signs a memorandum
of understanding with EPA and
becomes a Green Lights Part-
ner This agreement commits
the corporation to survey all of
its facilities and install  new
lighting systems that maximize
energy savings,  to the extent
that they are profitable and do
not  compromise lighting
quality. There  are no tech-
nology prescriptions. The cor-
poration also  agrees to com-
plete these upgrades within 5
yrs and to document the im-
provements it makes. After the
company joins die program, it
commits using the most cur-
rent building energy guidelines
in all new construction.
  EPA will publicly recognize
successful Green Lights cor-
porations. It intends to credit
these companies for their con-
tributions to pollution preven-
tion, and seeks to ensure that
customers,  shareholders,
employees, and the public are
aware of their achievements in
protecting the  environment
with energy efficiency

Role of the lighting
  EPA also commits to provide
substantial technical  support
to its Green Lights Partners,
starting with a  computerized
decision support system that
will allow each corporation to
rapidly survey and analyze its
                                     U C  Berkeley
                                     (70 facilities)
                                    19 2 mil it)'.  COj
                                    14040Qlbi   SO]
                                    ?4 000 Ibi    NO .
          Some US companies and institutions have already begun
             to realize the benefits of energy-efficient lighting. 1 he
                    University of California alone reduced COj
                              emissions bv 19 2 million IDS
       The EPA
  calculates that
daylight dimming
  would save 208
  kWhrs per year
   per fixture in
                 When all available technology is harnessed, the
                   savings become even more impressive. Green
                   Lights nude these calculations for one room

                                                                Old Tpchnolnqy        New Tr
                                                                                                     300 Ih'. CO, /yr
                                                                                                     1 4lb-,SOJ /yr
                                                                                                     1.3 year payback
                                                                                                     37.5°' "•"•
 upgrade options. EPA will
 compile a database of the cur-
 rent range of lighting products
 and  assist expert-system
 distributors in marketing and
 upgrading their products. The
 lighting industry can help EPA
 with these projects by telling
 the agency about its products,
 helping to clarify the needs of
 lighting systems installers, and
 assisting in identifying and
 accomplishing  upgrades to
 expert systems  In rum, EPA
 commits to strengthen the in-
 frastructure of the energy-
 efficient lighting industry with
 several other projects in which
 the lighting industry can play a
 significant role.
  In order to ensure that the
 Green Lights program does not
 create demand for products
 that cannot be supplied in suf-
 ficient quantity, EPA is working
 with manufacturers and dis-
 tributors to assess product
availability and inform manu-
factuers of the likely new de-
 mand that will be created by
the Green Lights program. EPA
is working with the Electric
Power Research Instinut die
California Institute forEangy
Efficiency,   the   LiglUng
Research Institute, and die
lighting vendor community on
this project
  Working with  utilities and
the lighting industry, EPA is
helping to establish an in-
dependent lighting product
testing program to increase
confidence in energy-efficient
lighting products  and lower
one of the barriers to new, in-
 novative products. EPA is also
 planning to promote upgraded
 education of lighting installers
 and specifiers.
  Green Lights corporations
 are interested in existing
 success stones about energy-
 efficient lighting. EPA is col-
 lecting and distributing case
 studies that feature energy-
 efficient lighting designs and
 technologies, either  in new
 construction or in upgrades of
 existing buildings. Lighting
 vendors can support this pro-
ject by identifying case studies
 and helping EPA  gather in-
 formation  about them.  Each
 case study will mention die
 equipment, products, and de-
 signs used.
  EPA is also  developing a
 Green Lights Allies program
 for lighting manufacturers
 and installers. Green Lights
Allies  sign a memorandum
 of  understanding,  which
commits  them to  follow
specific practices in energy-
 efficient lighting.  EPA will
 release the names of these
Green Lights Allies to Green
Lights Partners and the public.
  EPA's Green Lights  pro-
gram is founded on the belief
that the installation of energy-
efficient lighting can not only
reduce air pollution, save
energy, and enhance national
energy security, but increase
profits and competitiveness as
well Green Lights sets a prece-
dent by exemplifying a volun-
tary programs that achieves
national goals widi minimal
red tape
  AHine Incandescent    Compact Fluorescent
                             The compact fluorescent is a readv
                     replacement for the A-line incandescent and
                     lasts 13 times as long Their color is wanner
                                        than the cool-whites
    electronic ballasts
    offer performance
        The effects of energy
             savings are far
          reaching. Efficient
           lighting reduces
              HVAC loads.
   Mercury vapor has
 been the standard for
street, parking lot, and
  even factory lighting
        for decades.
   HPS provides more
    light at km«r cost
  than mercury vapor
             TV authors:
             Jerry Lawson is
             the chief of the
             Energy Produc-
             ovity md Pollu-
             tion Branch.
             Global Change
             Division of the
             US Environmen-
             tal Protection
Bob Kwamn is
the director of
the Green Lights
program For
more informa-
tion, write
them at EPA
(ANR-445). *0l
M Street, SW.
Washington. DC
                                                                                                  LD+A/fcfiruary 1991

        In 19887, total electricity sales for all end use in the United States were 2,578 BkWh.2
Between 20 and 25 percent of all electricity sold is used for lighting.3 Using the midpoint of
this range, 22.5%, it follows that 580 BkWh sold were used for lighting.

        Converting to energy-efficient lighting wherever it would be profitable can reduce energy
consur  ntion for lighting by fifty percent/ Assuming  reduction in energy use of fifty percent
means a savings of 290 BkWh, or 11% of the national  total in electricity sales.   Multiplying
avoided electricity sales by  an average cost of 7  cents per kWh for commercial  sector use5, a
successful Green Lights program will free $20.3  Billion a year for useful investment.

        Significant  percentages of CO2, SO2 and NOx will be prevented through  a full  scale
implementation of the Green Lights program. Pollution prevention  is calculated  by multiplying
averag.'  air pollution emissions of CO2, SO2, and NOx" by avoided sales (i.e. 290 BkWh).
Speak;  g in  terms of avoided sales, Green Lights can prevent 232 million  tons  of CO2, or 4%
of the national total7;  1.7 million tons of SO2, or 7% of the national total*  and; 900,000 tons of
       r 4% of the national total9.
        In addition to preventing the emission of air pollutants, saving a kilowatt-hour of
e  •ctricity with energy-efficient lighting reduces the environmental damage caused by electricity
gt teration.  Energy-efficiency reduces the damage caused by the mining and transportation of
fui s (stripmine damage, acid mine drainage,  natural gas leakage, etc.) and the disposal of utility
wanes (boiler ash, scrubber waste, spent nuclear fuel, etc.).
     1   EPA chose to use 1988 as the reference year for our Green Lights calculations as 1988 was the most current year for which
        ttnfirmed data existed on electricity sales and emissions.

     2   DOEVE1A, Electric Power Monthly. July 1990. Table 40 (Annual Series).

     3   E"RI Journal, "Lighting the Commercial World,* p.6, December 1989.

     4   EP.ll Journal, lighting the Commercial World", p.6, December 1989.

     5   DOl /E1A, Electric Power Annual. 1988. Table 18.

     6   Derivi d from DOE/EIA Annual Energy Review. 1989. and Radian Corporation, Emissions and Cost Eslimates for Globally
        Sign   -m Anthropogenic Emissions of NOx N2O. CH4. and CO2. Prepared for EPA/OPPE May 1990.

     7   Cait».   Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Trends W, p.95.

     8   EPA, Of Ice of Air Quality Planning and Standards, March 1990, "National Air Pollutant Emission Estimates", p.2.

     9   EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning Standards, March 1990, "National Air Pollutant Emission Estimates', p.2

 How Much Pollution Could You Prevent With Energy-Efficient Lighting?
     Total US Electricity Sales from all sources 1988 (million kWh) [1]
     Percentage of Sales Caused by Lighting [2]
     Percentage that Lighting Energy Consumption Could be Cut [3]

     •Electricity sales that could be avoided (million kWh)

     National Average Emission Rates per kWh sold (1988) [4]

      'Pollution Prevention Potential (million short tons)
     Total US Emissions of Air Pollutants (million short tons) [5.6]
                  C02 (1988 data)
                  802(1988 data)
                  NOx (1988 data)
     • "Percentage of Total US Emissions that could be Prevented with Energy Efficient Lighting
                  C02                                                                   4.4
                  S02                                                                   7.4
                  NOx                                                                   4.1

•AVOIDED ELECTRICITY SALES - (Total electricity *ale«) x (percentage of U)M tor lighting) * (percentage cut by energy-efficient light"-j)
••POLLUTION PREVENTION POTENTIAL - (Avoided electricity Bale*) * (National Average Emtoion RatM par kWh)
—AVOIDED EMISSIONS - (Pollution prevention potantial)I (Total US air pollutant emieeion*)
1. DOE/EIA. Electric Power Monthly. July 1880, Table 40 (Annual Seriee).
2. Electric Power Re*eareh metitute, 'Lighting the Commercial World1, p. t.

3. Electric Power Re*earch Institute, 'Lighting the Commercial World', p. 6.

4. Derived from DOE/EIA 'Annual Energy Review, 1M9*. and Radian Corporation.
  •Emlcalone and Coet Eetrmate* tor Globally Significant Anthropogenic Emteelon* of NOx. N2O, CH4, and CO2.

                                       5 Library
U.S. Protection Agency
tfe#eo 5, Libraiy 'PL-12J)
"'.' W^s! bckson f:ou!avard, 12th Floor
 >--..'^.. II.  c06;^-3^90