TD370
   .E585c994
vvEPA
 United States
 Environmental Protection
 Agency
Office of Water
Regulations and Standards
Washington,D.C. 20460
             July 1980
              Water
Cyanide
                                        OOOR80003
              Water Quality Standards
              Criteria Digest
              A Compilation
              of State/Federal Criteria

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               NATIONAL SUMMARY




                       OF




         STATE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS








                     CYANIDE








                    JULY, 1980
                  PREPARED FOR




UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY




        CRITERIA AND STANDARDS DIVISION




                401 M STREET, S. W.




             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20460
                  PREPARED BY




       NALESNIK ASSOCIATES INCORPORATED




            505 ELEVENTH STREET, S. E.




             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20003
                                Contract Number  68-01-6058



                                Project Number    WA-80-A055

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Introduction

This digest was compiled to provide general information to the public as well as
to Federal, State, and local officials.  It contains excerpts from the individual
State-Federal water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for
navigable surface waters.  The water quality standards program is implemented
by the U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency where responsibility for providing
water quality recommendations, approving State-adopted standards for navigable
waters, evaluating adherence to the standards, and overseeing enforcement of
standards compliance, has been mandated by Congress.

The  standards  program,  a  nationwide strategy  for  surface  water  quality
management, contains two major elements:  the use (recreation, drinking water,
fish  and  wildlife  propagation,  industrial, or  agricultural)  to  be made of the
navigable water; and criteria to protect these uses.

Water  quality   criteria  (numerical  or  narrative specifications  for  physical,
chemical, temperature, and biological constituents are stated  in the July 1976
U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency  publication Quality Criteria for  Water
(QCW), order  # 055-001-01049-4,  price $3.50, available from  the Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C.  The 1976 QCW, commonly referred to as the
"Red Book," is the most current compilation of scientific information used by the
Agency as a basis  for  assessing water  quality.   This publication is subject to
periodic  updating  and  revisions  in light  of  new  scientific  and  technical
information.

Lead is  not  known to be beneficial or have nutritional  value for any living
organism. However, it is toxic to man and other animals and has been shown to
accumulate in animal body tissues. Lead enters the aquatic environment through
precipitation,  lead dust fallout, erosions  and leaching of  soil, municipal and
industrial waste discharge, and  street runoff.  The toxicity of  lead in water  is
affected by pH, hardness, organic materials, and the presence of other metals.

The  1976 Quality Criteria for Water recommends the following:

           50 ug/1 for domestic water supply (health);
           0.01 times the 96-hour  LC50 value,  using the receiving  or
          comparable water as the diluent and soluble lead measurements
          (using an 0.45 micron filter), for sensitive freshwater resident
          species.

Since  water quality  standards are revised from time  to  time,  following
procedures set forth in the Clean Water Act, individual entries in this digest may
be superseded.  This digest will be updated periodically. Because this publication
is intended for  use only as a general information reference,  the  reader needs to
refer to  the  current approved  water quality standards to obtain  the  latest
information for special purposes and applications.  These can be obtained from
the State water pollution control agencies or the EPA Regional Offices.

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                         REFERENCES


A 
      California Water Quality Standards by River Basins, c.a. 1975

      For  more detailed information on selected basins, sub-basins
      and  stretches of streams and coastal areas refer to California
      State Water Quality Standards.
D
      Delaware Water Quality Standards, March 25, 1979

      Idaho Water Quality Standards, c.a. September, 1979

      Missouri Water Quality Standards, c.a. February, 1978
TJ
      American Samoa Water Quality Standards,
      Revised July, 1973

F
      Territory of Guam Water Quality Standards, Sept. 1975

      Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands  Water Quality
      Standards, October 21, 1973

      Virgin Islands Water Quality Standards, Aug. 1973
ENVIRONMENT REPORTER, The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
Washington, D. C. 20037

1    Pages 701:0501-0509, February 16, 1979

2 .   Pages 706:1004-1008, July 20, 1979

3    Pages 711-0542-0544, August 5, 1977

4    Pages 716:0603, March 26, 1976

5    Pages 726-:1005, 1011-1013, March  7, 1980

     Basic Water Quality Standards adopted May 22, 1979,
     have not yet been submitted to EPA for formal approval.

6    Pages 731:1002-1009, September 8,  1978

7    Pages 746:1008-1014, October 19, 1979

8    Pages 751:0504-0505, January 25, 1980

9    Pages 765:0512-0515, January 30, 1976

10   Page 761:0503-0504, 1973

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11   Page 766:0504-0509, October 5, 1979

12   Pages 771:0502-0504, September 29, 1978

13   Pages 776:0504-0506, April 10, 1979

14   Pages 781:0501-0502, May 18, 1979

15   Pages 786:0501-0502, August 29, 1975

16   Page 791:0583, May 26, 1978

17   Pages 796:0103-0108, February 16, 1979

18   Pages 801:1001-1002, Sept. 29, 1978
1 Q
     Page 806:1003, March 30, 1979
9fl
     Page 811:1043, 1974

21   Pages 816:0602-0607, 0642-0648, 1974
99
     Pages 821:0502-0505, June 30, 1978
00
z    Pages 831:0501-0510, February 21, 1975
94
z    Page 836:0502, June 30, 1978
OK
     Pages 841:0507-0537, December 7, 1979
9fi
ZD   Pages 846:0501-0508, November 17, 1978
97
     Pages 851:1001-1023, December 15, 1978
00
^   Pages 856:1001-1002, July 18, 1978
OQ
za   Pages 861:1002-1007, August 11, 1979
on
du   Pages 866:1004-1009, December 28, 1979

31   Pages 871:0501-0506, November 25, 1977
QO
*    Pages 876-1001-1043, May 26, 1978
OQ
00   Pages 881:1001-1007, September 21, 1979
^,4
     Pages 886:0513-0524, August 29, 1975
oc
     Pages 891:1001-1129, November 16, 1979

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Of!
     Pages 901:0501-0505, November 3,1978
^7
     Pages 906:0501:0506, October 13,  1978
OQ
     Pages 911:0501-0507, June 22, 1979
QQ
   Pages 916:0541-0544, April 14, 1978

40   Pages 921:1001-1003, August 13, 1976

41   Pages 926:0541-0563, January 26,  1979
49
     Pages 931:0501-0508, May 26, 1978
A1)
**   Pages 936:1001-1003, June 27, 1975

44   Pages 941:1001-1005, May 26, 1978
AK
     Pages 946:0501-0520, July 14, 1978
AR
*   Pages 951:1002-1003, April 28, 1978

47   Pages 956:1001-1007, January 11,  1980
48
     Page 741:1002, November 23, 1979
49
     Pages 896:0301-0310, March 31, 1978

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                                        CYANIDE
State
Alabama
        1.
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances  as  will not render
the  waters  unsafe  or unsuitable  as  a
source  of water  supply for drinking or
food-processing purposes,  or injurious to
fish, wildlife and aquatic life.

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances  or  wastes,  as will
not:   render  the water unsafe  or  unsuit-
able  for swimming  and   water-contact
sports;  be injurious to  fish,  wildlife and
aquatic life  or, where  applicable, shrimp
and crabs; impair the waters for any other
usage established for this classification.

Toxic  substances  narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life, including
shrimp and crabs; exceed one-tenth of the
96-hour  median tolerance limit for fish,
aquatic life or shellfish, including shrimp
and crabs.

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life including
shrimp  and  crabs  in  estuarine  or  salt
waters or the propagation  thereof; not to
exceed  one-tenth of the 96-hour  median
tolerance limit  for fish and  aquatic life
including shrimp  and  crabs  in  salt  and
estuarine  waters   except   that   other
limiting  concentrations may be used  when
factually justified  and approved  by  the
Commission.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing,  industrial  process  water supply pur-
poses, and fish survival, nor interfere with
downstream uses.
Designated Stream Use

AU

Public water supply
                                                                 Swimming and  other whole
                                                                 body water-contact sports
                                                                 Shellfish harvesting
                                                                 Fis-h and wildlife
                                                                 Agricultural and  industrial
                                                                 water supply
                                          _ t 

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State

Alabama
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters  unsuitable  for  industrial cooling
and industrial process  water supply pur-
poses,   nor  interfere  with  downstream
water uses.
Designated Stream Use

Industrial operations
                   Only  such  amounts as will not render the
                   waters  unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
                   tion,  livestock watering, industrial cool-
                   ing, and industrial process  water supply
                   purposes, where  applicable  nor  interfere
                   with downstream water use.
                                             Navigation
Alaska
      2.
Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not
exceed Alaska Drinking Water  Standards
or EPA Quality Criteria for Water.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   same  as  I.
                   (A) (i) where contact with a product des-
                   tined for subsequent human consumption
                   is present.   Same as  I. (C)  or  FWPCA
                   Water Quality Criteria as applicable to
                   substances for stockwaters.   Concentra-
                   tions  for  irrigation  waters   shall  not
                   exceed FWPCA Water Quality  Criteria or
                   WQC 1972.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not
                   individually or  in combination exceed 0.01
                   times  the lowest  measured 96-hour  LC
                   for life stages  of species identified by the
                   department as being  the most sensivtive,
                   biologically important to the situation or
                   exceed criteria  cited  in  EPA  Quality
                   Criteria  for  Water  or Alaska  Drinking
                   Water Standards  whichever concentration
                   is less.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   substances
                   shall not be orient which pose hazards  to
                   worker contact.
All

I.  Fresh water
   (A)  water supply
        (i) drinking, culinary
and food processing
                                             ing
        (ii) agriculture, includ-
               and stock
irrigation
                                             watering
                                                     (iii) aquaculture
                                                     (iv) industrial, includ-
                                             ing any water supplies used
                                             in association with a manu-
                                             facturing  or   production
                                             enterprise other than food
                                             processing),    including
                                             mining,  placer  mining,
                                             energy  production or deve-
                                             lopment
                                           -2-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
(i.)
   (B) water recreation
        (i) contact recrea-
        tion.
                   Toxic  substances narrative: substances
                   shall not be present  which pose hazards to
                   incidental human contact.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not in-
                   dividually or in combination exceed  0.01
                   times the lowest measured  96  hour LC,-n
                   for life stages of species identified by tne
                   department as being  the most sensitive,
                   biologically important to the location, or
                   exceed  criteria cited in EPA Quality  Cri-
                   teria for  Water or Alaska Drinking Water
                   Standards whichever concentration is less.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  same as I. (A)
                   (iii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed EPA Quality Criteria  for  Water as
                   applicable to the substance.

                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (A) (iv).
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  same as II.
                   (A) (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  same as I. (B)
                   (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (C).
                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                     recreation
                                                 (C)  growth  and propa-
                                             gation  of  fish, shellfish,
                                             other  aquatic  life,  and
                                             wildlife including  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                             n.Marine water
                                                (A) water supply
                                                  (i) aquaculture

                                                  (ii) seafood processing
                                                (iii) industrial, including
                                             any  water  supplies  used
                                             in   association   with   a
                                             manufacturing or production
                                             enterprise   (other    than
                                             food  processing)  including
                                             mining,   placer   mining,
                                             energy   production    or
                                             development

                                                (B) water recreation

                                                     (i) contact
                                                     recreation

                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                        recreation

                                                (C)  growth  and  propa-
                                             gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
                                             aquatic  life, and  wildlife
                                             including seabirds,  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                         -3-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
                Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrative:same as I. (C)
but  excluding  the  phrase
Drinking Water Standards."
"or   Alaska
   (D) harvesting for con-
sumption  of raw mollusks
or other raw aquatic life
Arizona1
0.05
Arkansas
          A
California
Toxic substances  narrative:  Toxic  sub-
stances shall be kept below levels which
are deleterious to  human, animal, plant or
aquatic life, or in amounts  sufficient  to
interfere  with the beneficial use of the
water.  As a minimum evaluation  for the
presence  of toxic  substances, a water
shall  be evaluated by  use of a  96-hour
bioassay,  guided by the  document Stan-
dard Methods for the Examination of Wa-
ter and Wastewater.  The survival of the
test organisms shall not be less than  that
in controls  which  utilize  appropriate ex-
perimental water.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  Toxic mate-
rials attributable to municipal, industrial,
agricultural, or other  waste discharges,
shall not be present in receiving waters in
such quanitities as to be  toxic to  human,
animal,  plant  or aquatic life or to inter-
fere with the normal propagation of aqua-
tic life.  For  any toxicants, concentra-
tions in the receiving waters after mixing
shall not exceed 0.01 of the 96-hour TLm,
unless  they  can  be shown to be non-
persistant  and  noncumulative,  and  to
exhibit  no  synergistic  interactions with
other  waste or stream components.  In  no
case shall concentrations  exceed  0.05  of
the 96-hour TL
                                 m
0.05
                   0.008 - 6-month Median

                   0.032 - Daily Maximum

                   0.08 - Instantaneous Maximum
                Domestic,       industrial,
                recreation, aesthetic,
                fish, aquatic life and
                wildlife

                AU
                All

                AU
                Domestic Water Supply
                all uses in Basin 2 only

                Ocean waters only

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State

California
  (con't)
Colorado"
Criteria Value in mg/1

All  waters shall  be maintained free of
toxic substances  in  concentrations that
are  toxic to, or that produce detrimental
physiological responses  in  human,  plant,
animal, or aquatic life.  Compliance with
this  objective will be determined by use
of   indicator  organisms,   analyses  of
species  diversity,   population   density,
growth  anomalies,  bioassays  of  appro-
priate  duration   or  other  appropriate
methods  as specified   by  the  Regional
Board.

The  survival  of  aquatic life  in surface
waters subjected to a waste discharge, or
other controllable  water quality factors,
shall not be less than that for  the same
water body  in  areas unaffected  by the
waste discharge,  or  when  necessary for
other  control  water  that  is consistent
with  the requirements  for  "experimental
water" as described in "Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water and Waste-
water", latest  edition.   As a  minimum,
compliance with,  this objective  as stated
in the previous sentence shall  be evalu-
ated with a 96-hour bioassay.

In addition, effluent  limits  based  upon
acute bioassays  of effluents will be pre-
scribed  where   appropriate,  additional
numerical  receiving water  objectives for
specific  toxicants  will  be  established as
sufficient  data  become  available,  and
source control of toxic  substances will be
encouraged.

0.005 (free cyanide)
                   0.2
                   Toxic  substances narrative:   Substances
                   attributable  to human-induced discharges
                   not  otherwise   controlled  by  permits,
                   BMP's, or plans of operation approved by
                   the Division, shall not be  introduced into
                   the waters of the State...in amounts, con-
                   centrations,  or combinations which are...
                   toxic to humans, animals, plants, or aqua-
                   tic life.
Designated Stream Use

AU
Aquatic life

Domestic water supply
Agriculture

AU
                                          -5-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Connecticut
Delaware
         B
Not specified                                 All

Toxic substances narrative:  Note 4.  The      \ll
waters shall be free from  chemical cons-
tituents in concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human,  animal
or aquatic life for the most  sensitive and
governing water  use  class.  Criteria  for
chemical  constitutes  contained  in the
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall  be
considered and used as guidance.  In areas
where fisheries are the governing conside-
rations and approved limits have not been
established, bioassays  are  necessary  to
establish limits  on toxic  substances, the
recommendations for bioassay  procedures
contained in  "Standard Methods for the
Examination  of  Water and  Wastewater"
and the application factors  contained,  in
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall  be
considered.    For public   drinking  water
supplies, the raw  water sources  must  be
of such  a quality that  EPA limits  as
defined by the Safe  Drinking  Water Act
(PL 93-523), or state limits if more strin-
gent,  for finished water can be met after
conventional treatment.
Florida
                   Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
                   centrations  or  combinations A'hich  would
                   be  harmful  to  human,  animal  or aquatic
                   life or which would make the  waters un-
                   safe or unsuitable for fish or shellfish or
                   their propagation or impair the waters for
                   any other uses. (See Note 4. above).
Not specified                                 All

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-     -Ml
centrations  harmful  (synergistically or
otherwise) to humans,  fish, wildlife and
aquatic  life as  presecribed  by  HP Vs
Quality "nteria for Water, 1976.

0.005                                        All
                                             Coastal and marine
                                             water uses
                    Minimum criteria  for  all  waters at  all
                    times  at  all places:  shall be free from
                    domestic, industrial, agricultural, or other

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Florida
  (con't)
man-induced non-thermal  components of
discharges which, alone or in  combination
with  other  components  of  discharges
(whether  thermal  or  non-thermal)  are
acutely toxic;  or  are present in concen-
trations  which  are  carcinogenic, muta-
genic,  or  teratogenic to human  beings or
to significant  locally occurring, wildlife
or aquatic species; or pose a  serious dan-
ger to the public  health, safety, or  wel-
fare.
Georgia'
       8
General  criteria   for  toxic  substances
(applied  to  all  surface   waters  except
within zones of  mixing):  substances in
concentrations which injure, are  chroni-
cally  toxic to, or produce  adverse  physio-
logical or behavioral response in humans,
animals, or plants - none shall be present.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   No material
or substance in such concentration that,
after   treatment,   would  exceed   the
requirements  of the Environmental  Pro-
tection  Division and the latest edition of
the Federal Drinking Water Standards.

Toxic wastes  narrative: None in concen-
trations that  would harm  man, fish  and
game or other beneficial aquatic life.
                                                                 All
All
                                                                 Drinking water supplies
                                                                 Recreation; fishing,  propa-
                                                                 gation  of   fish,  shellfish,
                                                                 game  and  other  aquatic
                                                                 life
       9
Hawaii
Toxic substance narrative:   None in con-
centrations  that  would  prevent   fish
survival.

Toxic  substances  narrative:   Free  from
toxic substances  discharged  from munici-
palities, industries  or other  sources in
amounts, concentrations  or  combinations
which are  harmful to humans, animals or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   All  waters
shall be free of substances attributable to
domestic, industrial,  or other controllable
                                                                 Agricultural:    industrial;
                                                                 navigation
                                                                 All
All

All

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Hawaii
  (con't)
Idaho
     10
sources as follows:   toxic  substances at
levels  or  combinations  sufficient to  be
toxic or harmful to  human, animal, plant
or aquatic life or in  amounts sufficient to
interfere  with  any beneficial  use of the
water.  As a minimum, evaluation by use
of a 96-hour bioassay  described  in the
most recent  edition  of Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water and  Waste-
water shall be conducted. Survival of test
organisms shall not  be  less than  that in
controls which  utilize  appropriate  experi-
mental water.

Not specified

0.02

The  following general  water quality stan-
dards  will apply to  waters  of the State,
both surface and underground, in addition
to'the  water quality standards set forth
for specifically  classified waters.  Manual
Sections 1-2200.04 -1-2200.06 will,  how-
ever, apply  only to surface waters.  As a
result  of  man-caused point  or  nonpoint
source  discharge,  waters  of the State
must not contain:  (1-30-80)
AU
                                                                 Domestic Water Supplies
                   .01  Hazardous  Materials.
                              Hazardous
Illinois
                   materials (see Manual Section  1-2003.17)
                   in concentrations found  to be of  public
                   health significance or to  adversely  affect
                   designated or protected beneficial uses.
                   (1-30-80)

                   .02  Deleterious  Materials:  Deleterious
                   materials (see Manual Section  1-2003.06)
                   in concentrations that impair  designated
                   or protected beneficial uses without being
                   hazardous.
                   (1-30-80)
0.2
                    Waters shall meet the following standard
                    at any point at which  water is withdrawn:
                    water shall be of  such quality that with
                    treatment consisting of coagulation, sedi-
AU

Public and food processing
water supply

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Illinois
  (con't)
Indiana
       12
mantation, filtration,  storage  and chlori-
nation, or other equivalent treatment pro-
cesses, the treated water shall meet in all
respects.
                   0.1
0.25

Toxic  substances  narrative:    Freedom
from  matter in  concentrations or  combi-
nations  toxic  to  human, animal, plant or
aquatic  life of other than  national origin.
Any substance toxic to  aquatic life shall
not exceed 0.1  of the 96-hour TLm for
native   fish  or   essential   fish   food
organisms.

Not Specified
                   0.01 Lake Michigan and Contiguous Harbor
                   Areas
                   0.1 Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor
                   and Ship Canal


                   0.01 Wolf Lake Proper and channel
                   Toxic substances narrative: free from sub-
                   stances attributable  to municipal,  indus-
                   trial,  agricultural,  and  other  land use
                   practices  or other discharges which are  in
                   amounts sufficient to be  toxic to humans,
                   animals,  aquatic life  or plants.    As  a
                   guideline,  toxic  substances  should  be li-
                   mited  to  the  96-hour median lethal con-
                   centration (LC50) for biota  significant  to
                   the indigenous aquatic community.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed 0.1  of  the 96-hour median  lethal
                   concentration  for important  indigenous
                   aquatic species.   More stringent  applica-
                   tion factors shall be used when justified.
Secondary contact and
indigenous aquatic life

All (Lake  Michigan)

All
All

Whole     Body
Aquatic   life,
water   supply,
water supply
                                                               Contact,
                                                              Domestic
                                                              industrial
                                              Partial   body    contact,
                                              limited aquatic life,  indus-
                                              trial water supply

                                              Whole    body    contact
                                              and warm water fishery

                                              All
                                             Aquatic life; fish
                                         -9-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Indiana
  (con't)
Iowa
    13
Kansas
       14
Concentrations  of organic contaminants
which  can be demonstrated to be  persis-
tent,  to have a tendency to  bioccncen-
trate  in the  aquatic biota, and are likely
to  be   toxic on the  basis  of available
scientific  evidence, shall be  limited  as
determined by the Board.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall  not  be
present  after conventional treatment  in
such levels  as  to prevent  meeting the
Drinking Water  Standards adopted  by the
Indiana State Board of Health or  by the
Indiana    Environmental    Management
Board.

0.005
0.02

Toxic substances narrative: All waters, at
all times, at  all places shall be free from
substances attributable to  wastewater di
scharges or agricultural practices in  con-
centrations  or  combinations  which  are
toxic or  harmful to human, animal,  or
plant life.

Toxic  substances  narrative:    all  sub-
stances  toxic or detrimental  to aquatic
life  shall be  limited to non-toxic or  non-
detrimental  concentrations  in   surface
waters.

Toxic substances narrative: all substances
toxic to humans shall be limited to  non-
toxic concentrations.

Not specified

General   criteria:    the  individual   and
cumulative effect of waste  discharges to
waters  shall be  guided  by both the pri-
mary and secondary drinking water regu-
lations (40 CFR 141) and  EPA criteria for
water  quality.    Pollutional  substances
contributed by man-made sources shall be
                                                                Potable supply
Wildlife, fish, aquatic and s
aquatic life, secondary cont

Potable water supply

All
                                                                 Primary contact;  wildlife,
                                                                 fish,   aquatic   and  semi-
                                                                 aquatic life and secondary
                                                                 contact
Potable water supply



All

All
                                         -10-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
                                              Designated Stream Use
Kansas
  (con't)
Kentucky
          15
Louisiana
         16
controlled so  that all  waters  are  free
from public  health hazards  or nuisance
conditions at all times.

Toxic  substances  narrative:  Toxic  sub-
stances  or toxic  synergistic  effects of
substances from  man-made sources shall
be  limited to  concentrations  in the  re-
ceiving water that will not be harmful to
animal, plant or aquatic life.

0.005 (Free)

Surface  waters shall not be aesthetically
or otherwise  degraded by substances  that
injure,  be toxic  to  or  produce adverse
physiological or  behavioral responses in
humans, fish, shellfish, and aquatic life.

The  allowable  instream  concentration of
toxic  substances,  including  pesticides,
shall  not  exceed  0.01   of the  96-hour
median lethal concentration
                                                   j-
                                                      or 0.1
of the 96-hour  LC  -n  for  noncumulative
and nonpersistent toxic  materials using a
representative     indigenous     aquatic
organism.

Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:  free  from
such concentrations  of  substances  attri-
butable  to  waste  water  or  other  dis-
charges sufficient to injure  or are toxic or
produce  adverse physiological  response in
humans,  animals, fish,  shellfish, wildlife,
or plants.

Shall  not  be present in quantities that
alone or in combination will be toxic to
animal or plant life.  In all cases the level
shall not exceed  the TLm 96/10. Bioassay
techniques will be used in evaluating toxi-
city utilizing methods and species of test
organisms suitable to the purpose at hand.
                                                                 All
                                              Warmwater, aquatic habitat

                                              All
                                                                 Warmwater aquatic
                                                                 habitat
                                              All

                                              All
                                        -11-

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State

Louisiana
  (con't)
Maine
      17
Maryland
         18
Massachusetts
             19
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances shall not  exceed  the
levels established by the USPHS drinking
water standards latest edition.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: no waste sub-
stances containing chemical constituents
which would be harmful  to  humans, ani-
mal or aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  at all times
free from toxic  substances attributable to
sewage, industrial waste, or other  waste
in concentrations or combinations  which
are harmful to human, animal,  plant  or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
pollutants in concentrations  or combina-
tions that are toxic  to  humans or aquatic
life.

For each class,  the most sensitive benefi-
cial uses are identified  and minimum cri-
teria  for  water  quality  in  the   water
column  are  established.   The minimum
criteria in Reg. 3.4 have been developed
by applying the criteria contained  in  the
EPA  publication  Quality   Criteria  for
Water (EPA-440/9-76-023) to account for
local conditions including, but  not limited
to:

(a)  The characteristics of the biological
community

(b)    Temperature,  weather  and  flow
characteristics,  and

(c)   Synergistic and  antagonistic effects
of combinations of pollutants.
Designated Stream Use

Public water supply



All

All
All

All
AU

All
                                         -12-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Massachusetts
  (con't)
Michigan
        20
The  Division will use the EPA publication
entitled   Quality   Criteria   for   Water,
EPA-440/9-76-023 as guidance in establi-
shing case-by-case  discharge  limits for
pollutants not specifically listed in these
standards but included  under the heading
"Other  Constituents"  in Regulation  3.4,
for   identifying   bioassay    application
factors  and for interpretations of narra-
tive  criteria.  Where the  minimum  cri-
teria specifically  listed by  a Division in
this  part  differ from  those  contained in
the federal  criteria, the provisions of the
specifically listed criteria in these stan-
dards shall apply.

Not Specified.

Toxic substances  narrative:   (1) toxicity
of undefined toxic substances not included
in (2) and (3) below shall be determined by
development of 96-hour TLm's or other
appropriate effect end  points obtained by
continue us-flow or in situ  bioassays using
suitable test organisms. Shall not  exceed
safe  concentrations  as  determined  by
applying an  application factor, based on
knowledge of behavior of toxic substances
and  organisms  to  be  protected,  to  the
TLm  or  other  appropriate  effect  end
point.

(2)   defined  toxic  substances  shall  be
limited  by  application  of recommenda-
tions contained  in the  chapter on  Fresh-
water Organisms, Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior,  WQC, 1968, or
by application of any toxic effluent stan-
dard, limitation  or  prohibition promul-
gated by EPA pursuant  to section 307(a)
of PL92-500, whichever is more  restric-
tive.

(3) shall  not exceed the permissible inor-
ganic chemicals  criteria for raw  public
water supply in Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC, 1968.
All

All
                                                                 All
                                                                 Public water supply
                                        -13-

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State
Minnesota
          21
Mississippi
         ,22
M issouri
       .D
Montana
         23
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.01


0.02


0.2
96-hour TLm  for indigenous fish  and fish
food organisms should not be exceeded at
any point in the mixing zone.

Toxic substances  narrative:  none  at le-
vels  acutely  toxic  to humans or  other
animals or  plant life.

Toxic substances narrative: none at  levels
harmful either directly or indirectly.

0.025

Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
substances attributable to  municipal, in-
dustrial, agricultural  or other discharges
in concentrations or  combinations  which
are  toxic  to  humans,  animal or  other
aquatic life.

Toxic substances narrative:  the  concen-
tration  of  toxic pollutants shall  not ex-
ceed  0.1  of the 96-hour  TLm based  on
available data.

0.005

All waters, at all times shall be free from
substances  or  conditions  that  have  a
harmful  effect  on  human,  animal,  or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
substances attributable  to  municipal, in-
dustrial, agricultural  practices  or  other
discharges  that will  create  concentrations
or combinations of materials which are
toxic to human, animal,  plant or aquatic
life.
Designated Stream Use

Domestic (Classes A, B,
and C);

Fisheries   and  recreation
(Classes B & C)

Fisheries    and    wildlife
(Class A)

AH
                                                                 All
Agriculture and wildlife
(Class B)

Public water supply

All
                                                                 Shellfish Harvesting
                                                                 Recreation, fish and
                                                                 wildlife.
Aquatic life
All

All
                                          -14-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
Nebraska
         24
Nevada
       25
Toxic substances narrative:   no increases
above  naturally  occuring concentrations
are allowed.

Toxic  substances narrative:   concentra-
tions of  toxic substances after  treatment
for  domestic use are not to exceed re-
commended limits in latest EPA drinking
water standards; maximum allowable con-
centrations are to be less than acute or
chronic  problem  levels  as   revealed  by
bioassay or other methods.

Concentrations of toxic or other delete-
rious substances,  pesticides  and organic
and  inorganic  materials including  heavy
metals, are not to exceed levels known or
demonstrated to be of public  health signi-
ficance;  also maximum allowable concen-
trations  are  to  be  less  than   acute  or
chronic  problem  levels  as   revealed  by
bioassay or other methods.

Toxic   substances  narrative:   Concen-
trations  of  toxic  or  deleterious  sub-
stances,   pesticides   and  organic   and
inorganic   materials   including   heavy
metals, are to be less than those demon-
strated to  be deleterious to  livestock or
plants  or their subsequent consumption by
humans or  to adversely affect other indi-
cated uses.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none alone or
in combination with  other substances  or
wastes  in  concentrations rendering  the
receiving water unsafe or unsuitable  for
the assigned beneficial uses.

0.005
                   Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
                   toxic substances attributable to  domestic
                   or  industrial  waste or other controllable
Water supply (Class
A-Closed)
                                                                 Water supply (classes
                                                                 A-Open-D1, B-D1,
                                                                 B-D9, B-D,)
                                                                    L      O
                                                                 Fish, aquatic life, wildlife,
                                                                 agriculture, industrial, recrea-
                                                                 tion in and on the water
                                                                 (classes C-D1,
              C-D2)
                                                                 Agricultural and industrial
                                                                 (other than food processing)
All

All
All (Truckee River  as indi-
cated  in  Table   43A   of
Nevada   Water   Pollution
Control    Regs.,    Article
4.2.5).

All
                                          -15-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Nevada
  (con't)
sources at  levels or  combinations suffi-
cient to be  toxic to human, animal, plant
or aquatic  life.   The presence of toxic
materials in a water shall be evaluated by
use  of  a 96-hour bioassay.   Survival of
test  organisms shall not be less than that
in control tests which utilize  appropriate
control water. Failure to determine pre-
sence of toxic materials by these methods
shall not preclude determination  of exces-
sive  levels of toxic materials on the basis
of other criteria or  methods.  No  wastes
from municipal or industrial or other con-
trollable sources containing arsenic, bari
um,  boron, cadmium,  chromium, cyanide,
fluoride, lead selenium, silver, copper and
zinc  that are  reasonably  amenable  to
treatment or control  will  be discharged
untreated or uncontrolled into the waters
of Nevada.    In  addition, the limits for
concentrations of  the  chemical  consti-
tuents  will   provide  water  quality  con-
sistant  with the  mandatory requirements
of   the   1962   Public   Health  Service
Drinking Water Standards.

None (zero)
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   only such
                   amounts as will not render receiving wa-
                   ters injurious to fish or wildlife.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   only such
                   amounts as will not render  receiving wa-
                   ters injurious to fish and wildlife.
Drinking    water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection  only) suitable  for
aquatic life habitat,  wild-
life  propagation,  agricul-
tural, recreation,  boating,
esthetics

Drinking    water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection  and filtration only),
agricultural,  aquatic  life
and  wildlife propagation,
recreation,  industrial  and
esthetics

Drinking    water   supply
(following  complete  treat-
ment),  agricultural,  aqua-
tic  life,   wildlife  propa-
gation,   recreation,   and
industrial
                                        -16-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Nevada
  (con't)
Toxic  substances  narrative:   only  such
amounts as  will not impair receiving wa-
ters for uses of this class.
               26
New Hampshire     Not specified
New Jersey
           27
Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
from chemicals inimical to fish life or the
maintenance of fish life

Toxic  substances narrative:   no  poten-
tially  toxic substances  unless  naturally
occurring.

Toxic  substances narrative:   no  poten-
tially  toxic substances in  toxic concen-
trations or combinations.

Bioassay   procedures  and  application
factors used in establishing limits on toxic
substances shall,  as a minimum, be  no less
rigorous  than the  recommendations  for
bioassays   and application  factors  con-
tained in the National Technical Advisory
Committee's report to the Secretary of
the   Interior   on    WATER   QUALITY
CRITERIA, Apri1 1,  1968  or  latest revi-
sion thereof.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: shall not ex-
ceed  l/20th of  the  TL50 value  at  96
hours.  Combinations of toxic substances
will be based on the same principle.

Toxic substances narrative: a concentra-
tion of a  persistent  pesticide  shall  not
exceed 1/100  of  the TL50 at  96 hours as
determined by appropriate bioassay.

Toxic substances  narrative:  no man-made
waste water discharges.
Boating   and    esthetics,
aquatic  life,  agricultural
and  industrial  (except for
food processing purposes)

All

Fish life  or the  mainten-
ance of fish life
                                                                Water supply
                                                                All except water supply
AU

All
                                                                AU
                                                                Maintenance  of   natural
                                                                state quality  (Class  FW-1
                                                                waters designated  to be set
                                                                aside for posterity  to  re-
                                                                present the  natural aquatic
                                                                environment and  its  asso-
                                                                ciated biota)
                                        -17-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
New Jersey
  (con't)
New Mexico
           28
Toxic substances narrative:  none, either
alone or in combination  with  other  sub-
stances, in concentrations as  to  affect
humans or be detrimental to the natural
aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
None which would cause  drinking water
standards  to  be exceeded after  appro-
priate treatment.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  none  either
                   alone  or in combination  with other sub-
                   stances; in concentrations  as  to  affect
                   humans or be detrimental  to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated  uses.
Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   shall not be
present  in  concentrations   which   will
change the ecology of receiving waters to
an extent  detrimental to man  or  other
organisms  of direct or indirect  commer-
cial, recreational or esthetic value.  Toxi-
cities of  substances in receiving waters
will  be determined by appropriate  bio-
assay  techniques,  or  other  acceptable
means, for the  particular form of aquatic
life  which is  to  be preserved  with the
concentrations  of toxic materials not to
exceed  5  percent  of  the 96-hour  LD50
provided that:    toxic  substances which,
through uptake in the aquatic food chain
and/or storage  in plant and animal tissues,
can be magnified to levels which  are toxic
to man or other organisms,  shall not be
present in  concentrations which  result in
this biological magnification.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall be pro-
tected from hazardous substances in con-
centrations that  exceed drinking  water
standards established by  the  New Mexico
Regulations governing water supplies.
Public water  supply  (after
treatment); propagation of
natural biota; primary con-
tact  recreation; industrial
arid agricultural water sup-
ply;   shellfish   harvesting;
secondary  contact recrea-
tion;  migration  of anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses

Propagation of natural bio-
ta;  primary and secondary
contact  recreation;  indus-
trial and agricultural water
supply;  shellfish  harvest-
ing;  migration  of  anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses

All

Recreation; desirable
aquatic life
                                                                 Domestic water supplies
                                         -18-

-------
State
New York
          29
              Qfl
North Carolina
Criteria Value in mg/'l

0.1 Cyanide

0.4 Ferro - or Ferricyanide Fe(CN)6

Toxic  substances  narrative:    none   in
amounts that will be injurious to fish life
or  shellfish, or  that would impair  any
designated uses of the water.

0.005

Toxic substance  narrative:   shall not ex-
ceed  0.01  of  the 96-hour  LC50 unless
half-life of substance is less than 96 hours
or  is not  biocumulative,  in which  case
shall  not  exceed  0.05  of the  96-hour
LC50.

Toxic  substances narrative:   only  such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances or  wastes as  will
not render the water unsafe or  unsuitable
for use.

Toxic substances narrative:  none (zero)
Designated Stream Use

All freshwaters only

All freshwaters only

All
All (But A-I)

AU
                                                                 All (But A-I)
                                                                 Water  supply for  drinking,
                                                                 culinary  or  food processing
                                                                 purposes A-l
North Dakota
             31
0.005

0.1
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   free  from
                   substances   attributable   to   municipal,
                   industrial, or  other discharges  or  agri-
                   cultural   practices  in  concentrations or
                   combinations which are toxic or harmful
                   to human, animal,  plant or resident aqua-
                   tic life.

                   viixing zones narrative: the 96-hour TLrn
                   for  indigenous  and/or  resident  fish  and
                   fish food organisms shall not be exceeded
                   at any point in the  mixing zone.
AU Classes I, I A, and II

Class III  - industrial  ::md
agricultural uses only

All
                                         -19-

-------
Ohio
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.025

0.025
0.005 (amenable to chlorination)


0.025 (case by case variations)


0.025


0.025
0.005 (amenable to chlorination)

0.025

0.025
                   General narrative:  free from substances
                   resulting from  human activities in con-
                   centrations  toxic  or  harmful to  human,
                   animal or aquatic  life and/or  are  rapidly
                   lethal in the mixing zone.

                   Antidegradation policy:  present ambient
                   water quality will  be maintained  for  all
                   toxic substances.
Designated Stream Use

Warmwater habitat

Exceptional warmwater
habitat; coldwater
habitat;

Seasonal warmwater
habitat

Limited warmwater
habitat

All Lake Erie uses
Note A

All Ohio River uses

All Lower Cuyahoga
River uses

AD
                                             All
Oklahoma
         33
Toxic substances narrative: 0.01 times 96-
hour  TLm or  LC50 for  representative
aquatic  species.    Persistent  toxicants
shall not exceed 0.01 times 96-hour TLm
or LC50. TLm or  LC50  shall be  deter-
mined by static or dynamic bioassays.  At
least  90 per cent of the volume of the
mixing zone shall not exceed at any time
the  24- to  96-hour  TLm  or  LC50 for
representative aquatic species.

Note A:  see  exceptions under Ohio Admi-
nistrative Code Regulations  3745-l-ll-(C)
for certain areas.

0.02
                                                               Warmwater habitat; excep-
                                                               tional warmwater  habitat;
                                                               coldwater habitat; seasonal
                                                               warmwater habitat;  limit-
                                                               ed warmwater habitat.  All
                                                               Lake Erie  uses
Public and private
water supplies
                                         -20-

-------
State

Oklahoma
  (con't)
Oregon
       34
 Criteria Value in mg/1

 Toxic  substances narrative:  waters  will
 not be toxic to  humans, fish and wildlife,
 and other terrestrial and aquatic life, nor
 detrimental  to  any beneficial use  inclu-
 ding continued  ingestion by livestock or
 use for irrigation.  Toxic substances shall
 not be  present  in  quantities  which allow
 significant  bioaccumulation  and/or bio-
 magnification in the food chain.

 Toxic  substances  narrative:   toxic sub-
 stances not removable by ordinary  water
 treatment techniques shall not exceed the
 limits  in Section  4.1  of the  Oklahoma
 Water Quality Standards.

 Toxic  substances  narrative:   concentra-
 tions  of  nonpersistent  toxic  substances
 shall not exceed 0.1 of the 96-hour LC50
 for the most sensitive indigenous species.
 Concentrations   of persistent  toxicants
 shall  not exceed  0.05  of  the  96-hour
 LC50,  for the  most sensitive indigenous
 species.   Bioassay data for Pimephales
 prommelas   (Fathead   minnow)   and/or
 Lepomis macrochirus  (Bluegill) shall  be
 used in determining compliance.

 Mixing zones  narrative:  shall not exceed
 the 96-hour TLm for  the most sensitive
 indigenous species.

 General  water  quality standards applic-
 able to  all  waters except where  super-
 seded by special water  quality standards
 applicable   to   specifically   designated
 waters.  No  wastes shall be  discharged
 and no activities shall be conducted  which
 either alone or in combination with other
 wastes or activities will cause toxic con-
 ditions  that  are  deleterious to  fish  or
other  aquatic life or affect the potablity
of drinking water.

 0.01   Special   water   quality  standard
applicable   to:   Main  stem   Klammath
River;  Multnomah  Channel;  Main  stem
 Williamette  River; Main stem  Columbia
River  from  eastern  Oregon-Washington
Designated Stream Use

AU
                                                                Public and private water
                                                                supplies
                                                                Aquatic life
                                                                AU
AU
                                                                AU
                                         -21-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Oregon
  (con't)
            35
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
            36
border westward to  Pacific Ocean;  Main
stem  Grande  Ronde River;  Main  stem
Walla Walla River; Main stem Snake River
in and adjacent to Oregon.

0.005   Special   water  quality  standard      All
applicable to Rouge  River  Basin; Umpqua
River  Basin;   McKenzie  River  Basin;
Santiam River Basin.

0.005 (HCN+CN-)                             All

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not be      All
inimical  or injurious  to  the designated
water use.

Not Specified                                 All

None  in concentrations  or combinations      Class SA/SA
which would be harmful to  human, animal
or aquatic  life or which would  make the
waters unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish or
shellfish  or their propagation, impair the
palatability of same, or impair the waters
for any other uses.

None  in  concentrations  on combinations      Class SB
which would be harmful to  human, animal
or aquatic  life or which would  make the
waters unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish of
shellfish  or their propagation, or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

None  in concentrations  or combinations      Class SC
which would be harmful to  human, animal
or aquatic  life or which would  make the
waters unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish or
shellfish  or their propagation, or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

Waters   shall   be  free  from  chemical
constitutents in concentrations or combi-
nations which would  be harmful to human,
animal, or aquatic life for the appropriate
most sensitive  and governing water  class
use or unfavorably alter the biota.
                                                                           m
                                       -22-

-------
State
 Criteria value i n mg/1
 Designated Stream Use
Rhode Island
  (con't)
South Carolina
              37
South Dakota
             38
In areas where fisheries are the governing
considerations and approved limits  have
not  been established,  bioassays shall  be
performed as required by the appropriate
agencies.    The  latest  edition  of  the
federal publication Water Quality Criteria
will  be considered the  interpretation and
application  of bioassay result.  Bioassays
shall be performed according to the latest
edition  of   Standard  Methods  for  the
Examination  of  Water and  Wastewater
(APHA).

For  public  drinking  water supplies, the
limit  prescribed  by  the  United  States
Environmental Protection Agency will be
used where  not superseded by more strin-
gent state requirements.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero).
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts exceeding limitations established
and adopted by the Department of Health
and Environmental Control.

Toxic substances narrative: none alone or
in combination  with  other substances  or
wastes  in sufficient  amounts  to be inju-
rious  to edible  fish  or shellfish  or the
culture  or propagation thereof.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
from  toxic  substances  attributable   to
sewage,  industrial waste,  or  other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are harmful  to  human, animal, plant  or
aquatic life.

0.02 total cyanide
0.005  free cyanide
AU

Domestic  and  food  pro-
cessing;  trout fishing; out-
standing  recreational   or
ecological resources

Direct    water    contact
(swimming);      domestic
supply; propagation of fish;
industrial; agricultural

Shellfish harvesting; direct
water contact  (swimming);
crabbing; commercial fish-
ing;  propagation of marine
fauna and flora

AU
Cold water  permanent fish
life    propagation;    cold
water  marginal  fish life
propagation; warm   water
permanent   fish    propa-
gation; warm water  semi-
permanent fish life  propa-
gation;  warm water mar-
ginal fish life propagation
                                        -23-

-------
State

South Dakota
  (con't)
Tennessee
          39
Texas
     40
Criteria value in  ng/1

Concentrations  of  chemicals  toxic  to
humans, animals,  plants,  or  the  most
sensitive stage or  form  of aquatic life,
greater than 0.1  times the median  toler-
ance limit  for short residual compounds or
0.01 times  the median tolerance limit for
an accumulative  substance or  substances
exhibiting a residual life exceeding  thirty
days  in the receiving  waters.   Median
tolerance limits  shall  be  determined  in
accordance   with  section  34:04:02:06.
Concentrations   specified   for    toxic
materials   shall   be   based  on  daily
averages, but the concentrations shall not
exceed  one hundred and twenty-five  per
cent of the  value specified  in this section
at  any  time or  at  any  point  in  the
receiving water.

The   instream  concentrations  of  toxic
pollutants shall not exceed 1/10 of the 96-
hour LC50  based upon available data using
one or more of the most sensitive organ-
isms significant  to  aquatic community of
the waters  under consideration.  Cumula-
tive  substance may be  further limited  on
a case-by-case basis.

Toxic substances  narrative: No toxic sub-
stances addeo that will produce toxic con-
ditions that materially affect man or ani-
mals;  impair  the  safety   of  a   conven-
tionally treated  water supply;  affect  the
water  for  industrial  processing,  fish  or
aquatic life, man or animal, livestock and
wildlife, navigation, irrigation.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: the  surface
waters of the State shall be maintained so
that they will not  be  toxic to man, fish
and wildlife, and  any other  terrestrial and
aquatic life.

Toxic substances narrative: toxic mate-
rials  not  removable  by  ordinary  water
treatment  techniques  shall not  exceed
USPHS  Drinking Water Standards or those
established  by EPA pursuant to  the Safe
Designated Stream Use

AU
Aquatic life
                                                                 Ml
AU

AU
                                                                 Public drinking water
                                                                 supplies

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State
 Criteria value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Texas
  (con't)
Utah
     41
Vermont
        42
 Drinking Water Act. For a general guide,
 with respect to  fish toxicity,  receiving
 waters outside mixing  zones should not
 have a concentration of nonpersistent to-
 xic materials exceeding 0.1 of the 96-hour
 TLm,  where  the  bioassay is  made  using
 fish indigenous to  the  receiving waters.
 For  persistent  toxicants, concentrations
 should  not  exceed 0.05 of  the 96-hour
 TLm.

 0.005

 Toxic  substances  narrative:   it shall  be
 unlawful to discharge or place any  waste
 or other  substance in concentrations  or
 combinations which produce  undesirable
 physiological  responses  in desirable resi-
 dent fish, or other desirable  aquatic life,
 as determined by bioassay or other tests.

 Not  Specified

 Wastes discharged to waters  of the State
 shall contain  no chemical or radiological
 constituents which  would be  inconsistent
 with the water uses associated with the
 assigned water class.

 Discharge   of radioactive   material  to
 waters  of the State shall not exceed the
 lowest practicable limits after utilization
 of the  latest technological  development
 and  equipment for control of radioactive
 emissions.  In no event shall the discharge
 of  such  materials  exceed   the   limits
 established  by  the  Agency  of Human
 Services.

 There  shall  be no discharge of  wastes
 containing   any of  the  prohibited  sub-
stances  set   forth  below in detectable
 amounts either to waters of the State  or
 to  a  municipal  wastewater  collection
and/or treatment  facility except in those
cases where a process  water contains an
incoming level of a prohibited substance
due to  natural or other causes.  In such
cases the concentration  of the prohibited
substance  or substances  in  the  actual
wastes discharged  shall not be increased.
Aquatic life

AH
All
                                       -25-

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State
Cri_teriaaluc in n/
                                              Desinated Stream Use
v.  .  .  43
Virginia
Washington
           44
West Virginia
             45
0.00')
Toxic  substance-' narrative:    free  from
toxic substances .ittributaole  tu seuage,
industrial waste, or  other  waste in con-
centrations,  amjunts,  or   oombi nations
which  are  inimical or harmful  to human,
animal, plant, or  aquatic life.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: toxic material
concentrations shall be below those  which
adversely affect public  health,  and the
natural aquatic environment.

Toxic substances narrative:  toxic  mate-
rial  concentrations shall be below  those
which  adversely  affect  public  health, or
which  may  cause acute or chronic  toxic
conditions to the aquatic biota.

Deleterious  concentrations  of   toxic,  or
other nonradioactive  materials, shall  be
determined  by the department  in  consi-
deration of the "Quality  Criteria  for
Water,"  published by  EPA  1976,  and as
revised,  as  the  authoritative  source for
criteria  and/or  other  relevant informa-
tion, if justified.

0.025

Toxic substances narrative: not to exceed
0.1 of the 96-hour TLm.
 \11  (except  public   -, -\t ?r
supply

 \11
                                              Ml

                                              All  uses for extraordinary
                                              (class A \)  and  lake class
                                              waters
                                                                  \11 uses for excellent
                                                                  (class  -\), good
                                                                  (class B),  and fair
                                                                  (class C) waters
                                              All

                                              All
         4fi
Wisconsin
No  sewage,  industrial  wastes  or  other      All
wastes present  in any of the  waters of the
State shall have  concentrations  of mate-
rials poisonous  to human, animal, or aqua-
tic life.

Not specified                                  All

Toxic substances narrative:  substances  in      All
concentrations  or combinations which are
toxic or harmful  to  humans  shall not be
present in  amounts found to  be  of public
health significance, nor which are acutely
harmful to animal, plant or aquatic life.
                                         -26-

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State

Wisconsin
  (con't)
Wyoming
        47
Criteria value in mg/1

Toxic  substances  narrative:   the  intake
water  supply  will by  appropriate  treat-
ment and adequate  safeguards meet  the
PHS Drinking Water Standards, 1962.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  none in con-
centrations  or  combinations  attributable
to or influenced by the activities of  man
which would damage or impair the normal
growth, function or reproduction of  hu-
man, animal, plant or aquatic life.  Maxi-
mum  allowable concentrations  shall  be
based on latest  edition of Quality Criteria
for Water by EPA and/or more generally
accepted scientific information.
American Samoa    Not Specified
                   Free  from  substances  or  combinations
                   thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
                   wastes, or  other  wastes which may be
                   toxic  to humans,  other  animals, plants,
                   and aquatic life.

                   Substances of  unknown toxicity; All efflu-
                   ents containing foreign materials shall be
                   considered harmful and  not  permissible
                   until   acceptable   bioassay  tests  have
                   shown  otherwise.   It is  the obligation of
                   the person  producing   the  effluent  to
                   demonstrate that  it  is  harmless, at the
                   request  of  the  Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.

                   Compliance  with Section VI. E. of these
                   Standards will be  determined  by use of
                   indicator  organisms,  analysis  of  species
                   diversity,  population  density,   growth
                   anomalies, bioassays of appropriate dura-
                   tion or  other appropriate  methods  as
                   specified  by  the  Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.

                   The survival  of aquatic life  in  surface
                   waters shall not be less than that for the
                   same  water body in areas unaffected by
                   sewage, industrial  wastes or other activi-
                                                                Designated Stream Use
                                                                Public water supply
                                                                All
                                         -27-

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State
        Criteria value in mg/1
                                             Designated Stream Use
American Samoa
  (con't)
District of
  Columbia
48
Guam
ties of man, or, when necessary, for other
control water that is consistent with the
requirements for  "experimental water"  as
described in Standard  Methods  for the
Examination  of  Water  and  Wastewater
(latest  edition^   As a minimum,  com-
pliance with the  objectives as stated  in
the previous sentence shall be evaluated
with a 96-hour bioassay.

In addition,  effluent  limits  based upon
acute bioassays of effluents will be pres-
cribed   where   appropriate;  additional
numerical receiving water objectives for
specific toxicants will  be established  as
sufficient  data  become  available;  and
source control of toxic substances will  be
encouraged.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  The waters
shall  at all  times be  free from:  toxic
substances attributable to sewage, indus-
trial waste, or  other  waste in concentra-
tions  or combinations which interfere di-
rectly or indirectly with water  uses,  or
which  are  harmful  to human,   animal,
plant, or aquatic life.

0.005; or 0.01 x 96-hour LC50
                   0.2
                   In order to provide maximum protection
                   for the propagation of fish  and wildlife,
                   concentrations of toxic substances shall
                   not exceed levels  calculated by  multi-
                   plying the application factors by the  96-
                   hour  LC50  values  determined  using  the
                   receiving water in  question and  the most
                   sensitive  species  of  aquatic   organism
                   affected.

                   When the concentration based on the  96-
                   hour  LC50  data exceeds  the  maximum
                   numerical  limits,  the numerical  limits
                   shall constitute the criteria.
All

All
                                                     All

                                                     Drinking water supply

                                                     All surface waters of the
                                                     Territory except 2c
                                      -28-

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State

Guam
  (con't)
           49
Puerto Rico
Trust Territory of
  the Pacific
  Islands0
Virgin Islands
            II
Criteria value in mg/1

The  application  factors  and  maximum
numerical  limits  are derived  from  the
NAS-NXE 1972  Report of the Committee
on Water Quality Criteria.

0.01

0.2

Toxic substances narrative: shall not con-
tain substances in concentrations or com-
binations  which are  toxic or which pro-
duce  undesirable  physiological  responses
in human,  fish  or other  animal life,  and
plants.  When two or more toxic materials
are present  at the same time, the chronic
effect  of such combinations shall be taken
into  account and  the  applicable standard
shall be determined by bioassay or other
approved method.

Free  from  substances  or  combinations
thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
wastes, or other wastes toxic to humans,
animals, plants and aquatic life.

All surface  waters shall be  free of sub-
stances attributable to  municipal, indus-
trial,  or  other  discharges or  wastes in
concentrations  or  combinations  which are
toxic   or   which  produce   undesirable
physiological responses in human, fish  and
other animal life, and plants.
Designated Stream Use
All (coastal waters)

All (surface waters)

All
All
All
                                       -29-

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United States                                                                                                              Pottage and
Environmantal Protaction                                                                                                    Fee* paid
Agency                                                                                                                   Environmental
Washington DC 20460                                                                                                      Protection
                                                                                                                          Agency
                                                                                                                          EPA 335
                                                          	PA 335      	
Official Business                                                                                                                         -TK  . ~
Penaliv for Private Use $300                                                                                                                I  [ o
                                                                                                                                        Bulk Hal

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