&EPA
                      f.'fi, i of Water
                                 Jui, '980
           Waifi
Copper
                             OOOR80006
           Water Quality Standards
           Criteria Digest
           A Compilation
           of State/Federal Criteria

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               NATIONAL SUMMARY




                      OF




        STATE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS








                    COPPER








                   JULY, 1980











                 PREPARED FOR




UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY




        CRITERIA AND STANDARDS DIVISION




               401 M STREET, S. W.




             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20460
                  PREPARED BY




       NALESNIK ASSOCIATES INCORPORATED




            505 ELEVENTH STREET, S. E.




             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20003
                               Contract Number   68-01-6058



                               Project Number    WA-80-A055

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Introduction

This digest was compiled to provide general information to the public as well as
to Federal, State, and local officials.  It contains excerpts from the individual
State-Federal water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for
navigable surface waters.  The water quality standards program is implemented
by the U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency where responsibility for providing
water quality recommendations, approving State-adopted standards for navigable
waters, evaluating adherence to the standards,  and overseeing enforcement  of
standards compliance, has been mandated by Congress.

The  standards  program,  a  nationwide strategy  for  surface  water  quality
management, contains two major elements:  the  use (recreation, drinking water,
fish  and  wildlife  propagation,  industrial, or  agricultural)  to  be made of the
navigable water; and criteria to protect these uses.

Water  quality  criteria  (numerical  or  narrative specifications  for  physical,
chemical, temperature, and biological constituents are stated  in the July 1976
U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency  publication Quality Criteria for  Water
(QCW), order  # 055-001-01049-4,  price $3.50, available from  the Government
Printing Office, Washington, B.C.  The 1976 QCW, commonly referred to as the
"Red Book," is the most current compilation of scientific information used by the
Agency as a basis  for  assessing water  quality.   This publication is subject  to
periodic   updating  and  revisions  in light  of  new  scientific  and technical
information.

Copper is an essential trace element required in plant and animal metabolism.
Most natural waters contain copper at levels  not known to have any human  or
aquatic lexicological effects.   Concentrations of copper in water  result from
metal plating,  mining, pesticide production, and electrical  products industries.
The  toxicity of copper to aquatic  life is enhanced by lower alkaline conditions
and increased water hardness.   Copper in sufficiently high  concentrations does
impart an undesirable taste to water.

The 1976 Quality Criteria for Water recommends the following:

           1.0 mg/1 (total) for domestic water supplies (welfare)
           For freshwater and marine aquatic life, 0.1  times a  96-
           hour LC50 for  (total) copper as determined through non-
           aerated bioassays  using  a  sensitive  aquatic  resident
           species.

Since  water   quality  standards are  revised from time  to  time, following
procedures set forth in the Clean Water Act, individual entries in this digest  may
be superseded.  This digest will be updated periodically. Because this publication
is intended for use only as a general information reference,  the reader needs  to
refer to  the  current approved  water quality standards to obtain the  latest
information for  special purposes and applications.  These can be obtained from
the State water pollution control agencies or the EPA Regional Offices.

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                         REFERENCES
     California Water Quality Standards by River Basins, c.a. 1975

     For more detailed information on selected basins,  sub-basins
     and stretches of streams and coastal areas refer to California
     State Water Quality Standards.
D
     Delaware Water Quality Standards, March 25, 1979

C    Idaho Water Quality Standards, c.a. September, 1979

     Missouri  Water Quality Standards, c.a. February, 1978

     American Samoa Water Quality Standards,
     Revised July, 1973
p
     Territory of Guam Water Quality Standards, Sept. 1975
/-i
     Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Water Quality
     Standards, October 21, 1973

H    Virgin Islands Water Quality Standards, Aug. 1973
ENVIRONMENT REPORTER, The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
Washington, D. C. 20037

1    Pages 701:0501-0509, February 16, 1979

2    Pages 706:1004-1008, July 20, 1979

3    Pages 711-0542-0544, August 5, 1977

4    Pages 716:0603, March 26, 1976

5    Pages 726-:1005, 1011-1013, March 7, 1980

     Basic Water Quality Standards adopted May 22, 1979,
     have not yet been submitted to EPA for formal approval.

6    Pages 731:1002-1009, September 8, 1978

7    Pages 746:1008-1014, October 19, 1979

8    Pages 751:0504-0505, January 25, 1980

9    Pages 765:0512-0515, January 30, 1976

10   Page 761:0503-0504, 1973

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11   Page 766:0504-0509, October 5, 1979


12   Pages 771:0502-0504, September 29, 1978


13   Pages 776:0504-0506, April 10, 1979


14   Pages 781:0501-0502, May 18, 1979


15   Pages 786:0501-0502, August 29, 1975


16   Page 791:0583, May 26, 1978


17   Pages 796:0103-0108, February 16, 1979


18   Pages 801:1001-1002, Sept. 29, 1978


19   Page 806:1003, March 30, 1979

90
     Page 811:1043, 1974


21   Pages 816:0602-0607, 0642-0648, 1974

99
     Pages 821:0502-0505, June  30, 1978
00
     Pages 831:0501-0510, February 21, 1975

94
     Page 836:0502, June 30, 1978

OR
^   Pages 841:0507-0537, December 7, 1979

9fi
     Pages 846:0501-0508, November 17, 1978

97
     Pages 851:1001-1023, December 15, 1978
00
     Pages 856:1001-1002, July 18, 1978
90
     Pages 861:1002-1007, August 11, 1979
on
   Pages 866:1004-1009, December 28, 1979

31   Pages 871:0501-0506, November 25, 1977
oo
     Pages 876-1001-1043, May 26, 1978
00
     Pages 881:1001-1007, September 21, 1979
04
     Pages 886:0513-0524, August 29, 1975

oc
     Pages 891:1001-1129, November 16, 1979

-------
36   Pages 901:0501-0505, November 3, 1978

07
'   Pages 906:0501:0506, October 13, 1978


38   Pages 911:0501-0507, June 22, 1979

OQ
     Pages 916:0541-0544, April 14, 1978

40
w   Pages 921:1001-1003, August 13, 1976


41   Pages 926:0541-0563, January 26, 1979

49
^   Pages 931:0501-0508, May 26, 1978


43   Pages 936:1001-1003, June 27, 1975


44   Pages 941:1001-1005, May 26, 1978

AC.
40   Pages 946:0501-0520, July 14, 1978


46   Pages 951:1002-1003, April 28, 1978


47   Pages 956:1001-1007, January 11, 1980


48   Page 741:1002, November 23, 1979

49
     Pages 896:0301-0310, March  31, 1978

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                                         COPPER
State
Alabama
        1.
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances  as will not render
the  waters  unsafe  or unsuitable  as  a
source  of  water  supply  for drinking or
food-processing purposes,  or injurious to
fish, wildlife and aquatic life.

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances  or wastes,  as will
not:  render  the water unsafe  or  unsuit-
able  for swimming and  water-contact
sports;  be  injurious  to fish,  wildlife and
aquatic life  or, where  applicable, shrimp
and crabs; impair the waters for any other
usage established for this classification.

Toxic  substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as  will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life, including
shrimp and crabs; exceed  one-tenth of the
96-hour  median tolerance limit for fish,
aquatic life or shellfish, including shrimp
and crabs.

Toxic  Substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as  will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life including
shrimp  and  crabs  in  estuarine  or salt
waters or the propagation thereof; not to
exceed  one-tenth of the  96-hour median
tolerance limit  for  fish and  aquatic life
including shrimp  and  crabs  in  salt  and
estuarine  waters   except   that   other
limiting concentrations may be used when
factually justified  and approved by the
Commission.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
tion, livestock watering,  industrial cool-
ing, industrial process  water supply pur-
poses, and fish survival, nor  interfere with
downstream uses.
Designated Stream Use

All

Public water supply
                                                                 Swimming and other whole
                                                                 body water-contact sports
                                                                 Shellfish harvesting
                                                                 Fish and wildlife
                                                                 Agricultural and  industrial
                                                                 water supply
                                         -1-

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State

Alabama
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable for  industrial  cooling
and industrial process  water supply pur-
poses,  nor  interfere  with  downstream
water uses.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable  for agricultural  irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing, and  industrial process  water  supply
purposes,  where applicable nor interfere
with downstream water use.
Designated Stream Use

Industrial operations
                                                                Navigation
Alaska
      2.
Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall not
exceed Alaska Drinking Water  Standards
or EPA Quality Criteria for Water.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   same  as  I.
                   (A) (i) where contact with a product des-
                   tined for subsequent human consumption
                   is present.   Same as  L (C) or  FWPCA
                   Water Quality Criteria as applicable to
                   substances for stockwaters.   Concentra-
                   tions  for  irrigation  waters  shall  not
                   exceed FWPCA Water Quality  Criteria or
                   WQC 1972.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not
                   individually or in combination exceed 0.01
                   times  the lowest measured 96-hour LCeo
                   for life stages of species identified by the
                   department as being  the most sensivtive,
                   biologically important to the situation or
                   exceed criteria  cited  in EPA  Quality
                   Criteria  for  Water  or Alaska  Drinking
                   Water Standards whichever concentration
                   is less.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   substances
                   shall not be present which pose hazards to
                   worker contact.
All

I.  Fresh water
   (A)  water supply
        (i) drinking, culinary
and food processing

        (ii) agriculture, includ-
ing irrigation  and stock
watering
                                                     (iii) aquaculture
                                                     (iv) industrial, includ-
                                             ing any water supplies used
                                             in association with a manu-
                                             facturing  or  production
                                             enterprise other than food
                                             processing),   including
                                             mining,   placer  mining,
                                             energy production or deve-
                                             lopment
                                         -2-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
(i.)
   (B) water recreation
        (i) contact recrea-
        tion.
                   Toxic  substances narrative: substances
                   shall not be present  which pose hazards to
                   incidental human contact.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not in-
                   dividually or in combination exceed  0.01
                   times the lowest measured  96  hour L
                   for life stages of species identified by t
                   department as being  the most sensitive,
                   biologically important to the location, or
                   exceed  criteria cited in EPA Quality  Cri-
                   teria for Water or Alaska Drinking Water
                   Standards whichever concentration is less.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  same as I. (A)
                   (iii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall  not ex-
                   ceed  EPA Quality Criteria  for  Water as
                   applicable to the substance.

                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (A) (iv).
                   Toxic substances  narrative:  same as II.
                   (A) (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  same as I. (B)
                   (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (C).
                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                     recreation
                                                 (C)  growth  and  propa-
                                             gation  of fish,  shellfish,
                                             other  aquatic  life,  and
                                             wildlife   including   water-
                                             fowl and fur bearers
                                             H.Marine water
                                                 (A) water supply
                                                  (i) aquaculture

                                                  (ii) seafood processing
                                                 (iii) industrial, including
                                             any  water  supplies  used
                                             in   association   with   a
                                             manuf acturingor production
                                             enterprise   (other   than
                                             food  processing) including
                                             mining,    placer    mining,
                                             energy     production     or
                                             development

                                                 (B) water recreation

                                                     (i) contact
                                                     recreation

                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                        recreation

                                                 (C)  growth  and propa-
                                             gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
                                             aquatic  life,  and  wildlife
                                             including  seabirds,  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                           -3-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Arizona1
Arkansas
California
Toxic substances narrative:same as I. (C)
but  excluding  the  phrase  "or   Alaska
Drinking Water Standards."
1.0
                   0.05
Toxic  substances  narrative:  Toxic sub-
stances shall be kept  below levels  which
are deleterious to  human, animal, plant or
aquatic life, or in amounts  sufficient  to
interfere  with the beneficial use  of the
water.  As a minimum evaluation for the
presence  of  toxic  substances,  a  water
shall  be evaluated by use of a  96-hour
bioassay,  guided by the  document Stan-
dard Methods  for the Examination of Wa-
ter and Wastewater.   The survival of the
test organisms shall not be less than that
in controls  which  utilize appropriate ex-
perimental water.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  Toxic  mate-
rials attributable to municipal, industrial,
agricultural, or other waste discharges,
shall not be present in receiving waters in
such quanitities as to  be toxic to human,
animal, plant  or aquatic  life or  to  inter-
fere with the  normal propagation of aqua-
tic life.  For any toxicants,  concentra-
tions  in the receiving  waters after mixing
shall not exceed 0.01 of the 96-hour TLm,
unless  they can  be  shown  to  be  non-
persistant  and  noncumulative,  and to
exhibit no  synergistic interactions with
other waste or stream components.  In no
case shall concentrations exceed 0.05 of
the 96-hour TL.
                                 m
Not specified
                    5.0
                    0.01
   (D) harvesting for con-
sumption  of raw  mollusks
or other raw aquatic life

Domestic, industrial,
recreation, aesthetic

Fish, aquatic life and
wildlife

All
All

All
All (except Basins 2,
5A, 5B, 5C, and 6A)

Agricultural uses in
Basin 2 only

All uses in Basins 5A,
5B, and 5C only
                                           -4-

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State

California
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.02



0.005 - 6-month Median

0.020 - Daily Maximum

0.05 - Instantaneous Maximum

All  waters  shall  be maintained  free of
toxic substances  in  concentrations  that
are toxic to, or that produce detrimental
physiological responses  in  human, plant,
animal, or aquatic life.  Compliance  with
this objective will be determined  by use
of   indicator  organisms,   analyses  of
species  diversity,   population  density,
growth anomalies,  bioassays  of  appro-
priate  duration   or  other  appropriate
methods  as  specified   by  the  Regional
Board.

The survival of  aquatic life  in surface
waters subjected to  a waste discharge, or
other controllable  water quality factors,
shall  not be  less than that for the same
water body  in  areas unaffected  by the
waste discharge,  or  when  necessary for
other  control  water  that  is consistent
with  the requirements  for  "experimental
water" as described in "Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water and  Waste-
water", latest  edition.   As a minimum,
compliance  with this objective as stated
in the previous sentence shall be evalu-
ated with a 96-hour bioassay.

In  addition,  effluent limits  based  upon
acute bioassays  of effluents will  be  pre-
scribed  where   appropriate,  additional
numerical receiving water  objectives for
specific  toxicants will be  established as
sufficient  data  become available,   and
source control of toxic  substances  will be
encouraged.
Designated Stream Use

All  uses  in  Brian  Creek
Basin (part of  Basin  6 A)
only.

Ocean waters only
                                                                All
                                          -5-

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State
Colorado'
Connecticut
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.005-0.04  (Depending on water hardness
and/or alkalinity) or bioassay application
factor of 0.1
                   0.2
                   1.0
Toxic substances  narrative:  Substances
attributable to human-induced discharges
not  otherwise  controlled  by   permits,
BMP's, or plans of operation approved by
the Division, shall not be introduced into
the waters of the State...in amounts, con-
centrations, or combinations which  are...
toxic to humans, animals, plants, or  aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances  narrative:  Note 4. The
waters shall be free from chemical  cons-
tituents in concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life for the most sensitive and
governing water  use  class.   Criteria for
chemical  constitutes  contained in   the
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered and used as guidance. In  areas
where fisheries are the governing conside-
rations and approved limits have not been
established, bioassays are  necessary to
establish limits on toxic substances, the
recommendations for bioassay procedures
contained  in "Standard  Methods for the
Examination  of  Water and  Wastewater"
and  the application factors contained, in
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered.   For public drinking  water
supplies, the raw water  sources must be
of such  a quality that  EPA  limits  as
defined by the Safe  Drinking Water Act
(PL  93-523), or state  limits  if more  strin-
gent, for finished water  can be  met after
conventional treatment.

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
centrations or  combinations which  would
be harmful to human, animal or aquatic
life  or which  would make the waters un-
safe or unsuitable for fish or shellfish or
their propagation or impair the waters for
any  other uses. (See Note 4. above).
Designated Stream Use

Aquatic life



Agricultural

Domestic water supply

All
All

All
                                                                Coastal and marine
                                                                water uses
                                         -6-

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State
Delaware
         B
Florida
       Q
Georgia
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
centrations harmful  (synergistically  or
otherwise) to humans, fish,  wildlife  and
aquatic  life  as  presecribed  by  EPA's
Quality Criteria for Water, 1976.

0.3

0.015
                    0.03
                    0.5
Minimum criteria  for  all  waters at  all
times at all places:  shall be free from
domestic, industrial, agricultural, or other
man-induced non-thermal components of
discharges  which, alone or in combination
with  other  components  of  discharges
(whether  thermal  or  non-thermal)  are
acutely toxic;  or are present  in concen-
trations  which  are carcinogenic, muta-
genic,  or teratogenic to human  beings or
to significant  locally occurring, wildlife
or aquatic  species;  or pose a serious dan-
ger to the public health,  safety, or wel-
fare.

General  criteria  for  toxic  substances
(applied  to  all  surface   waters  except
within zones of mixing):  substances in
concentrations which injure, are chroni-
cally toxic to, or produce adverse physio-
logical or behavioral response  in humans,
animals,  or plants - none shall be  present.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  No  material
or substance in such concentration that,
Designated Stream Use

All

All
Potable water supplies

shellfish propagation  (sur-
face  waters);   recreation,
propagation  and  manage-
ment of fish and  wildlife
(marine waters)

Recreation,    propagation
and  management  of  fish
and wildlife (fresh waters)

All except above uses

All
                                                                 All
All
                                                                 Drinking water supplies
                                         -7-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Georgia
  (con't)
Hawaii
Idaho
     10
after  treatment,   would   exceed   the
requirements  of  the Environmental  Pro-
tection Division and the latest  edition of
the Federal Drinking Water Standards.

Toxic wastes  narrative: None in concen-
trations  that  would harm  man, fish  and
game or other beneficial aquatic life.
Toxic substance narrative:  None in con-
centrations  that  would  prevent  fish
survival.

Toxic  substances  narrative:   Free from
toxic substances discharged from munici-
palities,  industries  or other  sources  in
amounts, concentrations  or combinations
which are  harmful to  humans, animals or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   All  waters
shall be free of substances attributable to
domestic, industrial, or other  controllable
sources as follows:   toxic  substances  at
levels  or  combinations  sufficient to  be
toxic or harmful  to  human, animal, plant
or aquatic  life or in amounts sufficient to
interfere with any beneficial  use  of  the
water.  As a  minimum, evaluation by use
of a  96-hour  bioassay described  in  the
most  recent edition of Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water  and  Waste-
water shall be conducted. Survival of test
organisms  shall not  be less than that in
controls which utilize  appropriate experi-
mental water.

Not specified

0.05

The following general  water quality stan-
dards will  apply  to  waters  of the State,
both surface and  underground, in addition
to the water  quality standards set forth
for specifically classified waters. Manual
                                                                Recreation; fishing, propa-
                                                                gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
                                                                game  and  other  aquatic
                                                                life

                                                                Agricultural:     industrial;
                                                                navigation
                                                                All
All

All
All
                                                                Domestic Water Supplies
                                         -8-

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State

Idaho
  (con't)
Illinois11
Indiana
       12
Criteria Value in mg/1

Sections 1-2200.04 1-2200.06 will, how-
ever, apply  only to surface waters.  As a
result of man-caused  point  or nonpoint
source  discharge,  waters  of  the  State
must not contain:  (1-30-80)

.01  Hazardous   Materials.     Hazardous
materials (see  Manual  Section  1-2003.17)
in concentrations found  to  be of public
health significance or to  adversely affect
designated or protected beneficial uses.
(1-30-80)

.02  Deleterious  Materials:  Deleterious
materials (see Manual Section  1-2003.06)
in concentrations that  impair designated
or protected beneficial  uses without being
hazardous.
(1-30-80)
0.2
                    Waters shall meet the following standard
                    at any point at which water is withdrawn:
                    water shall be of  such quality that with
                    treatment consisting of coagulation, sedi-
                    mantation, filtration, storage and chlori-
                    nation, or other equivalent treatment pro-
                    cesses, the treated water shall meet in all
                    respects 5.0 (Treated)
                    1.0
Toxic  substances  narrative:    Freedom
from  matter in  concentrations or combi-
nations toxic  to  human, animal, plant or
aquatic life of other than national origin.
Any substance toxic to aquatic life  shall
not exceed 0.1  of the 96-hour TLm for
native  fish  or   essential   fish   food
organisms.

Not Specified
Designated Stream Use
All

Public and food processing
water supply
Secondary contact and
indigenous aquatic life

AU
All
                                       -9-

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State

Indiana
  (con't)
Iowa
    13
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative: free from sub
stances attributable to municipal, indus-
trial,  agricultural,  and  other land  use
practices or other  discharges which are in
amounts sufficient to be toxic to humans,
animals,  aquatic  life or  plants.   As  a
guideline, toxic substances should be  li-
mited  to the 96-hour median lethal  con-
centration (LC50)  for biota significant to
the indigenous aquatic community.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
ceed  0.1 of  the  96-hour median lethal
concentration  for important  indigenous
aquatic species.   More  stringent applica-
tion factors shall  be used when justified.
Concentrations  of organic contaminants
which  can be demonstrated  to be persis-
tent,  to  have  a tendency to  bioconcen-
trate in the aquatic biota, and are likely
to  be  toxic on  the basis  of available
scientific evidence,  shall be  limited  as
determined by the  Board.

Toxic substances  narrative:  shall not be
present after conventional treatment in
such  levels as  to  prevent  meeting the
Drinking Water  Standards  adopted by the
Indiana State  Board of Health or by the
Indiana   Environmental    Management
Board.

0.02
                   1.0
                   Toxic substances narrative: All waters, at
                   all times, at all places shall be free from
                   substances  attributable   to   wastewater
                   discharges  or agricultural  practices in
                   concentrations or combinations which are
                   toxic or  harmful  to  human,  animal, or
                   plant life.
Designated Stream Use

AU
                                                                 Aquatic life; fish
                                                                 Potable supply
Wildlife, fish,  aquatic  and
semiaquatic life, secondary
recreation

Potable water supply

AU
                                         -10-

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State
 Criteria Value in mg/1
 Designated Stream Use
Iowa
  (con't)
Kansas
       14
Kentucky
          15
Louisiana
         16
 Toxic  substances  narrative:    all  sub-
 stances  toxic  or  detrimental  to aquatic
 life shall be limited  to non-toxic or non-
 detrimental  concentrations  in  surface
 waters.

 Toxic substances narrative: all substances
 toxic to humans shall be limited to non-
 toxic concentrations.

 Not specified

 General  criteria:    the  individual  and
 cumulative  effect of waste discharges to
 waters  shall be guided  by both the pri-
 mary and secondary drinking  water regu-
 lations  (40 CFR 141)  and  EPA criteria for
 water  quality.   Pollutional  substances
 contributed by man-made sources shall be
 controlled so  that  all  waters  are  free
 from  public health hazards  or  nuisance
 conditions at all times.

 Toxic substances  narrative:  Toxic  sub-
 stances  or  toxic  synergistic  effects  of
 substances from man-made sources shall
 be  limited  to  concentrations  in the  re-
 ceiving water that will not be harmful to
 animal, plant or aquatic life.
1.0
                   Surface  waters shall not be aesthetically
                   or otherwise degraded by substances that
                   injure,  be  toxic  to  or produce  adverse
                   physiological  or behavioral responses in
                   humans, fish, shellfish, and aquatic life.

                   The  allowable instream concentration of
                   toxic  substances, including  pesticides,
                   shall  not  exceed 0.01  of the  96-hour
median lethal concentration
                                                  cn
                                                     or 0.1
of the 96-hour LC 5Q for noncumulative
and nonpersistent  toxic materials using a
representative     indigenous     aquatic
organism.

Not specified
 Primary contact;  wildlife,
 fish,   aquatic  and  semi-
 aquatic life and secondary
 contact
 Potable water supply



 All

 AU
                                                                 All
Domestic water supply

AU
                                             Warmwater aquatic
                                             habitat
All
                                        -11-

-------
State

Louisiana
  (con't)
Maine
      17
Maryland
         18
Massachusetts
             19
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances  narrative:  free  from
such concentrations of substances attri-
butable  to  waste water or  other  dis-
charges sufficient to injure or are toxic or
produce adverse  physiological response in
humans, animals, fish, shellfish, wildlife,
or plants.

Shall  not be  present in quantities that
alone or in  combination  will be toxic to
animal or plant life.  In all cases the level
shall not exceed the TLm  96/10.  Bioassay
techniques will be used in evaluating toxi-
city utilizing methods and species  of test
organisms suitable to the purpose at hand.

Toxic  substances shall  not  exceed the
levels established by  the  USPHS drinking
water standards latest edition.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: no waste sub-
stances containing chemical  constituents
which would be  harmful  to  humans, ani-
mal or aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   at  all times
free from toxic substances attributable to
sewage, industrial waste, or  other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are harmful to human,  animal, plant or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   free  from
pollutants in concentrations or combina-
tions that are toxic to humans or aquatic
life.

For each class, the most sensitive  benefi-
cial uses are identified and minimum cri-
teria  for  water quality in  the  water
column  are established.   The  minimum
criteria in Reg.  3.4 have been developed
by applying  the criteria contained in the
Designated Stream Use

All
Public water supply



All

All
All

All
All

All
                                        -12-

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State

Massachusetts
  (con't)
Michigan
        20
 Criteria Value in mg/1

 EPA  publication  Quality  Criteria  for
 Water (EPA-440/9-76-023) to account for
 local conditions including, but not limited
 to:

 (a)  The  characteristics of the  biological
 community

 (b)    Temperature,   weather   and   flow
 characteristics, and

 (c)  Synergistic  and antagonistic effects
 of combinations of pollutants.

 The Division will use the EPA publication
 entitled  Quality  Criteria   for  Water,
 EPA-440/9-76-023 as guidance in establi-
 shing  case-by-case discharge  limits  for
 pollutants not specifically listed in  these
 standards but included under the heading
 "Other Constituents"  in Regulation 3.4,
 for   identifying   bioassay   application
 factors and for interpretations  of narra-
 tive criteria.  Where the  minimum cri-
 teria specifically listed  by  a Division in
 this part  differ from  those contained in
 the federal criteria, the provisions of the
 specifically listed  criteria in  these  stan-
 dards shall apply.

 Not Specified.

 Toxic  substances  narrative:   (1) toxicity
 of undefined toxic substances not included
 in (2) and (3) below shall be determined by
 development of 96-hour TLm's or  other
 appropriate effect  end points obtained by
 continuous-flow or in situ bioassays  using
 suitable test organisms.   Shall not exceed
 safe  concentrations  as determined  by
 applying an application  factor,  based on
 knowledge of behavior of toxic substances
 and  organisms  to  be protected,  to the
 TLm  or  other appropriate  effect  end
point.

(2)  defined  toxic  substances  shall  be
limited by  application  of recommenda-
tions  contained in  the  chapter on Fresh-
Designated Stream Use
All

All
                                                                 All
                                        -13-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Michigan
  (con't)
Minnesota
         21
Mississippi
         .22
Missouri
water Organisms,  Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC, 1968, or
by application of any toxic effluent stan-
dard, limitation or  prohibition promul-
gated by  EPA pursuant  to section 307(a)
of PL92-500, whichever is more restric-
tive.

(3) shall not exceed the permissible inor-
ganic chemicals criteria for raw  public
water supply in Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC,  1968.
1.0
                   0.01 or 0.1 x 96 TLm
96-hour TLm for indigenous fish and fish
food organisms should not  be exceeded at
any point in the mixing zone.

Toxic substances narrative:  none at le-
vels  acutely toxic  to humans or  other
animals or plant life.

Toxic substances narrative: none at levels
harmful either  directly or indirectly.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
substances  attributable to  municipal, in-
dustrial, agricultural or other discharges
in concentrations or combinations which
are  toxic  to  humans,  animal or  other
aquatic life.

Toxic substances narrative:  the  concen-
tration  of  toxic  pollutants shall  not  ex-
ceed  0.1 of the 96-hour  TLm based  on
available data.

0.02; or 0.1 of 96-hour LC50 concentration
of sensitive  aquatic resident species
                   0.5
                                                                 Public water supply
Domestic (Classes A, B,
and C);

Fisheries   and  recreation
(All classes)

AU
                                                                 AU
Agriculture and wildlife
(Class B)

AU

AU
                                                                 Shellfish Harvesting
                                                                 Recreation, fish and
                                                                 wildlife.
Aquatic life
                                              Livestock, wildlife
                                              watering
                                        -14-

-------
State

Missouri
  (con't)
Montana
        23
Criteria Value in mg/1

1.0

All waters, at all times shall be free from
substances  or   conditions  that  have  a
harmful  effect on  human,  animal,  or
aquatic life.

Not completely specified

90 ug/1 (total); 30 ug/1 (dissolved) average
daily  concentration;  180  ug/1  (total);  40
ug/1 (dissolved) Maximum  instantaneous
concentration
                   50 ug/1 (total); 30 ug/1 (dissolved) average
                   daily  concentration;  90 ug/1 (total); 30
                   ug/1 (dissolved) maximum  instantaneous
                   concentration
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   free  from
                   substances attributable to municipal, in-
                   dustrial, agricultural practices or  other
                   discharges that will create concentrations
                   or combinations of  materials which  are
                   toxic to human, animal, plant or  aquatic
                   life.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  no increases
                   above  naturally occuring  concentrations
                   are allowed.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   concentra-
                   tions of toxic substances after treatment
                   for domestic use  are  not to exceed  re-
                   commended limits  in latest EPA drinking
                   water standards; maximum allowable con-
                   centrations  are  to be  less than acute or
                   chronic problem levels as  revealed by
                   bioassay or other methods.


                   Concentrations of  toxic or other  delete-
                   rious  substances, pesticides and  organic
                   and inorganic materials including heavy
                   metals, are not to  exceed levels known or
                   demonstrated to be of public health signi-
                   ficance; also maximum  allowable concen-
Designated Stream Use

Drinking water supply
All

Metal limits for the Clark
Fork   River    (mainstem)
from  the  confluence  of
Warm Springs Creek to the
confluence  with  Cotton-
wood Creek

Metal limits for Clark'Fork
River (mainstem from the
confluence of  Cottonwood
Creek  to the  Idaho  State
line

All
                                             Water supply (Class
                                             A-Closed)
                                             Water supply (classes
                                             A-Open-D.,, B-D.,,
                                             B-D
                                             Fish, aquatic life, wildlife,
                                             agriculture, industrial, recrea-
                                             tion in and on the water
                                             (classes C-Dr C-D2)
                                        -15-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
Nebraska
         24
Nevada
       25
trations  are  to  be  less  than acute  or
chronic problem  levels  as  revealed  by
bioassay or other methods.

Toxic  substances narrative: Concentra-
tions  of  toxic or deleterious substances,
pesticides   and  organic  and  inorganic
materials including heavy metals, are to
be  less than  those   demonstrated to  be
deleterious  to livestock or plants  or their
subsequent  consumption by humans or to
adversely affect other indicated uses.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  none  alone or
in combination with  other substances or
wastes  in  concentrations rendering  the
receiving  water unsafe or unsuitable for
the assigned beneficial uses.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
toxic  substances  attributable to domestic
or  industrial  waste or  other controllable
sources at  levels or  combinations suffi-
cient  to be  toxic to  human,  animal, plant
or  aquatic  life.   The presence  of toxic
materials in a water shall be evaluated by
use of a  96-hour bioassay.   Survival of
test organisms shall not be less than that
 in  control tests which utilize appropriate
control water. Failure to determine pre-
sence of toxic materials by these methods
shall not preclude determination of exces-
sive levels of  toxic materials on the basis
of other criteria or  methods.  No wastes
from  municipal or industrial  or other con-
trollable sources containing arsenic, bari
urn, boron,  cadmium, chromium, cyanide,
fluoride, lead  selenium, silver, copper and
zinc  that  are  reasonably  amenable  to
treatment  or  control will be discharged
untreated or uncontrolled into the waters
of  Nevada.   In  addition, the limits for
concentrations of the  chemical  consti-
tuents  will provide  water  quality  con-
sistant with the  mandatory  requirements
of  the   1962   Public   Health  Service
Drinking Water Standards.
                                                                 Agricultural and industrial
                                                                 (other than food processing)
All

All
All

All
                                        -16-

-------
State

Nevada
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

None (zero)
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will  not  render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish  or wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will  not  render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish  and wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will  not  impair receiving wa-
                    ters for uses of this class.
              .26
New Hampshire     Not specified
                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
                   from chemicals inimical to fish life or the
                   maintenance of fish life

                   Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                   tially  toxic substances  unless  naturally
                   occurring.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                   tially  toxic substances in toxic concen-
                   trations or combinations.

                   Bioassay   procedures   and   application
                   factors used in establishing limits on toxic
                   substances shall, as a minimum, be no less
                   rigorous  than  the  recommendations  for
                   bioassays  and  application  factors  con-
                   tained in the National  Technical Advisory
Designated Stream Use

Drinking    water    supply
(with  treatment by disin-
fection only)  suitable  for
aquatic life  habitat,  wild-
life  propagation,  agricul-
tural,  recreation,  boating,
esthetics

Drinking    water    supply
(with  treatment by disin-
fection and filtration only),
agricultural,  aquatic  life
and  wildlife  propagation,
recreation,  industrial  and
esthetics

Drinking    water    supply
(following complete treat-
ment),  agricultural, aqua-
tic  life,   wildlife  propa-
gation,   recreation,   and
industrial

Boating    and   esthetics,
aquatic  life,  agricultural
and  industrial (except  for
food processing purposes)

All

Fish life  or  the  mainten-
ance of fish life
                                              Water supply
                                              All except water supply
                                        -17-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
New Hampshire
  (con't)
New Jersey
           27
Committee's report to the Secretary  of
the   Interior  on   WATER   QUALITY
CRITERIA,  April 1, 1968  or latest revi-
sion thereof.

Not specified

Toxic substances  narrative: shall not ex-
ceed  l/20th of  the  TL50 value  at  96
hours.  Combinations of toxic  substances
will be based on the same principle.

Toxic substances  narrative: a  concentra-
tion of a persistent  pesticide shall not
exceed  1/100 of the TL50 at  96 hours  as
determined by appropriate bioassay.

Toxic substances narrative: no man-made
wastewater  discharges.
                   Toxic substances narrative:  none, either
                   alone or in combination with  other  sub-
                   stances, in concentrations as  to  affect
                   humans or be detrimental to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
                   None which would cause  drinking water
                   standards  to  be exceeded after  appro-
                   priate treatment.
                   Toxic substances narrative:   none either
                   alone or in combination with other  sub-
                   stances; in concentrations as  to  affect
                   humans or be detrimental to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
All

All
Maintenance  of   natural
state quality  (Class  FW-1
waters designated to be set
aside for posterity  to re-
present the natural aquatic
environment and  its asso-
ciated biota)

Public water  supply (after
treatment); propagation of
natural biota; primary eon-
t act recreati on; * i ndustri al
and agricultural water sup-
ply;  shellfish  harvesting;
secondary  contact recrea-
tion; migration of anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses

Propagation of natural bio-
ta;  primary and  secondary
contact  recreation; indus-
trial and agricultural water
supply;  shellfish  harvest-
ing;  migration of  anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses
                                        -18-

-------
                 Bf wtkfe * to te
                              in tte MNKtie COM
KwYflrfc*9       U                                     All fresh waters only

                 Toaie  ntataaces narrative:    none  in    All
                 amounts ttet win be injurious to fiih life
                    AeB&l^ or  thtit MM t^frir
                           MKofthe
                                                        AD

-------
State

North Carolina
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative:  none (zero)
Designated Stream Use

Water  supply for  drinking,
culinary  or  food processing
purposes A-l
North Dakota
            31
Ohio32
0.05
                   0.1
Toxic  substances  narrative:   free  from
substances  attributable   to   municipal,
industrial,  or other  discharges or  agri-
cultural  practices  in concentrations or
combinations which are  toxic or harmful
to human, animal,  plant or resident aqua-
tic life.

Mixing zones narrative:  the 96-hour TLm
for indigenous  and/or resident fish  and
fish food organisms shall not be exceeded
at any point in the mixing zone.

0.005-0.145 depending on water hardness
(CaCO3)

0.005
                   0.005-0.145  depending on water hardness
                   (CaC03)

                   0.005-0.145  depending on water hardness
                   (CaCOq) case by case variations

                   1.0
                   0.5


                   0.005


                   0.1 x 96-hour LC50

                   0.005-0.145 depending on water hardness
                   (CaCO3)
All (Class I and IA)

All Classes H and HI

All
                                                               All
Warm water habitat
Note A

Exceptional warmwater
habitat; coldwater
habitat; Note A 

Seasonal warmwater
habitat; Note A

Limited warmwater
habitat; Note A

Public water supply
Note A

Agricultural water
supply; Note A

All Lake Erie
Note B

All Ohio River uses

All Lower Cuyahoga
River uses
                                       -20-

-------
State

Ohio  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

General narrative:   free from substances
resulting from human  activities in con-
centrations  toxic  or harmful to  human,
animal or aquatic life and/or are rapidly
lethal in the mixing zone.

Antidegradation policy:  present ambient
water quality will  be maintained for all
toxic substances.
Designated Stream Use

All
                                                                All
Oklahoma'
         33
                   Toxic substances narrative: 0.01 times 96-
                   hour  TLm or  LC50 for  representative
                   aquatic  species.    Persistent  toxicants
                   shall not exceed 0.01 times 96-hour TLm
                   or LC50. TLm or  LC50  shall be  deter-
                   mined by static or dynamic bioassays.  At
                   least  90 per cent of the volume of the
                   mixing zone shall not exceed at any time
                   the  24- to  96-hour  TLm  or  LC50 for
                   representative aquatic species.

                   Note A:  see  exceptions under Ohio Admi-
                   nistrative  Code  Regulations  3745-1-08-
                   (C)(l) for certain stream segments.

                   Note  B:  see  exceptions  under  Ohio
                   Administrative  Code  Regulations 3745-1-
                   11(C) for certain areas.
1.0
                   Toxic substances narrative:   waters will
                   not be toxic to humans, fish and wildlife,
                   and other terrestrial and aquatic life, nor
                   detrimental to any beneficial  use  inclu-
                   ding continued ingestion by livestock or
                   use for irrigation.  Toxic substances shall
                   not be present in  quantities  which allow
                   significant bioaccumulation  and/or bio-
                   magnification in the food chain.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:   toxic sub-
                   stances  not removable by ordinary water
                   treatment techniques shall not exceed the
                   limits in  Section  4.1  of the  Oklahoma
                   Water Quality Standards.
                                             Warmwater habitat; excep-
                                             tional warmwater habitat;
                                             coldwater habitat; seasonal
                                             warmwater habitat;  limit-
                                             ed warmwater habitat.  All
                                             Lake Erie uses
Public and private
water supplies

All
                                             Public and private water
                                             supplies
                                       -21-

-------
State

Oklahoma
  (con't)
Oregon
       34
Pennsylvania
            35
Criteria Value in "ng/1

Toxic  substances  narrative:   concentra-
tions  of  nonpersistent  toxic  substances
shall not  exceed 0.1 of the 96-hour LC50
for the most sensitive indigenous species.
Concentrations  of  persistent  toxicants
shall  not  exceed  0.05  of  the 96-hour
LC50,  for the most  sensitive indigenous
species.   Bioassay data for Pimephales
pro mm el as   (Fathead   minnow)   and/or
Lepomis  macrochirus (Bluegill) shall  be
used in determining compliance.

Mixing zones narrative:  shall not exceed
the 96-hour TLm  for the  most sensitive
indigenous species.

General  water  quality standards applic-
able to  all waters except where  super-
seded by special water  quality standards
applicable  to   specifically   designated
waters.   No wastes  shall be discharged
and no activities shall be conducted which
either  alone or in combination with other
wastes or activities will cause toxic con-
ditions  that  are  deleterious  to  fish  or
other aquatic life or  affect  the potablity
of drinking water.

0.005   Special  water  quality  standard
applicable  to:   Main   stem  Klammath
River;  Multnomah Channel; Main stem
Williamette River; Main stem Columbia
River  from  eastern  Oregon-Washington
border westward to  Pacific  Ocean; Main
stem   Grande  Ronde River;  Main stem
Walla Walla River; Main  stem Snake River
in and  adjacent to Oregon.

0.005  Special   water   quality  standard
applicable to Rouge River Basin; Umpqua
River   Basin;   .vicKenzie   River   Basin;
Santiam River Basin.

0.1 and/or 0.1 x 96-hour  LC50

Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not be
inimical  or  injurious to  the designated
water  use.
Designated Stream Use

Aquatic life
                                                                All
All
                                                                All
                                                                 All
AU

All
                                         -22-

-------
State

Rhode Island
36
 Criteria Value in mg/1

 Not Specified

 None in  concentrations or  combinations
 which would be harmful to human, animal
 or  aquatic life or which  would make the
 waters  unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish  or
 shellfish or their propagation, impair the
 palatability of same, or impair the waters
 for any other uses.

 None in  concentrations  on  combinations
 which would be harmful to human, animal
 or  aquatic life or which  would make the
 waters  unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish  of
 shellfish  or  their propagation,  or impair
 the water for any other usage assigned to
 this Class.

 None in  concentrations or  combinations
 which would be harmful to human, animal
 or aquatic life or which  would make the
 waters  unsafe  or unsuitable for  fish  or
 shellfish  or  their propagation,  or impair
 the water for any other usage assigned to
 this Class.

 Waters   shall  be  free   from  chemical
 constitutents in concentrations  or combi-
 nations  which would be harmful to human,
 animal, or aquatic life for the appropriate
 most  sensitive  and  governing water class
 use or unfavorably alter the biota.

 In areas where fisheries are the governing
 considerations  and  approved limits have
 not been established, bioassays shall be
 performed as required by the appropriate
 agencies.    The  latest   edition  of  the
 federal  publication Water Quality Criteria
 will be  considered the interpretation and
 application  of bioassay result.  Bioassays
 shall be performed according to the latest
 edition   of   Standard  Methods for  the
 Examination of  Water  and  Wastewater
(APHA).

 For public  drinking  water  supplies,  the
limit  prescribed  by  the  United   States
 Environmental Protection Agency  will be
 used where not superseded by more  strin-
gent state requirements.
Designated Stream Use

All

Class SA/SAm
                                                                Class SB
                                                                Class SC
                                       -23-

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State
              37
South Carolina
South Dakota
            38
Tennessee
         39
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero).
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts exceeding limitations established
and adopted by the Department  of Health
and Environmental Control.

Toxic substances narrative:  none alone or
in combination  with other substances  or
wastes  in sufficient amounts to be inju-
rious  to edible fish  or shellfish or the
culture  or propagation thereof.

Toxic substances narrative:   shall be free
from  toxic  substances  attributable  to
sewage, industrial  waste, or other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are harmful  to human, animal, plant  or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Concentrations  of  chemicals  toxic  to
humans, animals,  plants, or  the  most
sensitive stage  or  form  of  aquatic  life,
greater than 0.1 times  the median toler-
ance limit for short residual compounds or
0.01 times the  median tolerance limit for
an accumulative substance or substances
exhibiting a residual life exceeding thirty
days  in the receiving waters.   Median
tolerance limits shall  be determined  in
accordance   with  section  34:04:02:06.
Concentrations   specified   for   toxic
materials  shall   be   based   on   daily
averages, but the concentrations shall not
exceed  one hundred and  twenty-five per
cent of the value specified in this section
at  any  time  or  at  any point  in  the
receiving water.

The   instream   concentrations  of  toxic
pollutants shall not exceed 1/10 of the 96-
hour LC50 based upon available data using
one or more of the most  sensitive organ-
Designated Stream Use

AU

Domestic  and  food  pro-
cessing;  trout fishing; out-
standing  recreational .  or
ecological resources

Direct    water    contact
(swimming);      domestic
supply; propagation of fish;
industrial; agricultural

Shellfish harvesting; direct
water contact  (swimming);
crabbing; commercial  fish-
ing;  propagation of marine
fauna and flora

All
AU

AU
Aquatic life.
                                       -24-

-------
                    Criteria Value in mg/1
                                              Designated Stream Use
  (eont)
isms significant to aquatic community of
the waters under consideration.  Cumula-
tive substance may be further limited on
a case-by-case basis.

Toxic substances narrative:  No toxic sub-
stances added that will produce toxic con-
ditions that materially affect man or ani-
mals;  impair  the  safety  of  a  conven-
tionally  treated water supply; affect the
water  for industrial  processing, fish  or
aquatic life, man or animal, livestock and
wildlife, navigation, irrigation.

Not specified

toxic substances narrative:  the surface
waters of the State shall be maintained so
that they will not  be toxic to man, fish
and wildlife, and any other terrestrial and
aquatic life.

Toxic substances narrative:  toxic mate-
rials  not removable  by   ordinary water
treatment techniques shall not exceed
USPHS Drinking Water Standards or those
established by EPA pursuant to the Safe
Drinking Water Act.  For a general guide,
with respect  to fish toxicity, receiving
waters outside mixing zones  should  not
have a concentration of nonpersistent to-
xic materials exceeding 0.1 of the 96-hour
TLm, where the bioassay is made using
fish indigenous to  the receiving waters.
For  persistent toxicants, concentrations
should not exceed  0.05  of the  96-hour
TLm.
                                                                 All

                                                                 All
                                                                 Public drinking water
                                                                 supplies
Utah
    41
0.01 dissolved (disapproved by EPA, promul
gation pending)
                   0.2
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   it shall be
                   unlawful to discharge  or place any  waste
                   or other  substance  in concentrations or
                   combinations  which produce undesirable
                   physiological responses in desirable resi-
                   dent fish, or other desirable aquatic life,
                   as determined by bioassay or other tests.
Aquatic life


Agriculture

AU
                                        -25-

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State
Vermont
        42
Virginia
Washington
           44
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Wastes  discharged to waters of the State
shall contain no chemical  or  radiological
constituents which would be  inconsistent
with the water  uses  associated with  the
assigned water class.

Discharge  of  radioactive  material   to
waters  of the State shall not exceed  the
lowest practicable limits after utilization
of the  latest  technological  development
and equipment for control of radioactive
emissions.  In no event shall the discharge
of  such  materials  exceed  the  limits
established  by  the  Agency  of  Human
Services.

There  shall be no  discharge of  wastes
containing any  of  the prohibited sub-
stances set  forth below  in  detectable
amounts either to waters of the State or
to  a  municipal  wastewater  collection
and/or treatment facility except in those
cases where a process  water contains an
incoming  level of a prohibited  substance
due to  natural or other causes.  In such
cases the  concentration of the prohibited
substance  or  substances  in the  actual
wastes discharged shall  not be increased.

0.05
0.1 x 96-hour LC50

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
toxic substances attributable to sewage,
industrial waste, or other  waste in con-
centrations,  amounts,  or   combinations
which  are  inimical or harmful to human,
animal, plant, or aquatic life.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: toxic material
concentrations shall be below those which
adversely affect  public  health, and  the
natural aquatic environment.
Designated Stream Use

AH
Public water supply (at
raw water intake point).

All

AU
All

All uses for extraordinary
(class  AA)  and lake  class
waters
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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Washington
  (con't)
            45
West Virginia
         A C
Wisconsin
        47
Wyoming
Toxic  substances  narrative:  toxic mate-
rial  concentrations  shall be  below  those
which  adversely affect  public  health, or
which  may  cause acute or chronic toxic
conditions to the aquatic biota.

Deleterious concentrations  of  toxic,  or
other  nonradioactive  materials, shall  be
determined  by  the  department in consi-
deration  of the  "Quality  Criteria  for
Water,"  published by  EPA  1976,  and as
revised,  as  the authoritative source  for
criteria  and/or other relevant  informa-
tion, if justified.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: not to exceed
0.1 of the 96-hour TLm.

No sewage, industrial  wastes  or  other
wastes present in any of the waters of the
State shall  have concentrations of mate-
rials poisonous  to human, animal, or  aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: substances in
concentrations  or  combinations  which  are
toxic or harmful  to humans shall not  be
present in amounts found to be of public
health significance, nor which are acutely
harmful to animal, plant or aquatic life.

Toxic  substances  narrative:  the intake
water  supply  will by appropriate treat-
ment and adequate  safeguards  meet  the
PHS Drinking Water  Standards, 1962.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  none in con-
centrations  or  combinations  attributable
to or influenced by  the activities of man
which would damage or impair the normal
growth,  function  or  reproduction of  hu-
man, animal, plant or aquatic life. Maxi-
mum  allowable  concentrations  shall   be
All uses for excellent
(class A), good
(class B), and fair
(class C) waters
All

All


All
All

All
Public water supply




All

All
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State

Wyoming
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

based on latest edition of Quality Criteria
for Water by EPA and/or more generally
accepted scientific information.
Designated Stream Use
American Samoa    Not Specified
                   Free  from  substances  or  combinations
                   thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
                   wastes, or  other  wastes which may be
                   toxic  to humans,  other  animals, plants,
                   and aquatic life.

                   Substances of unknown toxicity; All efflu-
                   ents containing foreign materials shall be
                   considered harmful and  not  permissible
                   until   acceptable   bioassay   tests  have
                   shown  otherwise.   It is  the obligation of
                   the  person   producing  the  effluent to
                   demonstrate  that  it  is  harmless, at the
                   request  of   the  Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.

                   Compliance   with Section VLB. of  these
                   Standards will be determined by use of
                   indicator  organisms,  analysis  of  species
                   diversity,  population   density,  growth
                   anomalies, bioassays of  appropriate  dura-
                   tion or  other  appropriate  methods as
                   specified  by  the  Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.

                   The survival  of  aquatic life  in  surface
                   waters shall  not be less  than that for the
                   same water  body in areas unaffected by
                   sewage, industrial wastes or other activi-
                   ties of man, or, when necessary, for other
                   control water that is  consistent with the
                   requirements for "experimental water" as
                   described in  Standard  Methods for the
                   Examination of  Water  and  Wastewater
                   (latest "edition).   As  a  minimum,  com-
                   pliance with the objectives  as stated  in
                   the previous sentence shall be evaluated
                   with a 96-hour bioassay.

                   In  addition,  effluent  limits  based  upon
                   acute bioassays of  effluents will be pres-
                   cribed   where  appropriate;   additional
                                             AH

                                             All
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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
American Samoa
  (con't)
District of
  Columbia
Guam
Puerto Rico
           49
numerical receiving water objectives for
specific  toxicants will be established  as
sufficient  data  become  available;  and
source control of toxic substances will  be
encouraged.

96 hour LC50 x 0.1

1.0

Toxic substances narrative:   The waters
shall  at all  times be  free  from:  toxic
substances attributable to sewage, indus-
trial waste, or  other  waste in  concentra-
tions  or  combinations which interfere di-
rectly or indirectly with water  uses,  or
which  are  harmful  to  human,  animal,
plant, or aquatic life.

0.01; or 0.01 x 96-hour LC50

1.0

In order to provide maximum  protection
for the propagation of fish  and  wildlife,
concentrations  of toxic  substances shall
not exceed levels  calculated  by  multi-
plying the  application factors  by the 96-
hour  LC50 values  determined using the
receiving water in  question and the most
sensitive  species  of  aquatic  organism
affected.

When the concentration based  on the. 96-
hour  LC50  data exceeds the maximum
numerical  limits,  the numerical  limits
shall constitute the criteria.

The  application  factors  and  maximum
numerical  limits are derived  from  the
NAS-NAE 1972 Report of the Committee
on Water Quality Criteria.

0.05

0.04

Toxic substances  narrative:  shall not  con-
tain substances in concentrations or com-
binations which are toxic or which  pro-
duce  undesirable physiological responses
Aquatic life

Domestic Water Supply

All
All

Drinking water supply

All surface waters of the
Territory except 2c
All (coastal waters)

All (surface waters)

AU
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State              Criteria Value in mg/1                        Designated Stream Use

Puerto Rico        in human, fish or other animal life, and
  (con't)           plants.  When two or more  toxic materials
                   are present at the same time, the chronic
                   effect of such combinations shall be taken
                   into account and the applicable standard
                   shall  be determined by bioassay or other
                   approved method.

Trust Territory of  Not specified                                 All
  the Pacific
  Islands           Free  from substances  or  combinations     All
                   thereof attributable to  sewage, industrial
                   wastes, or other wastes toxic to humans,
                   animals, plants and aquatic life.
            IT
Virgin Islands       AH surface waters shall be free  of sub-     AH
                   stances attributable to municipal, indus-
                   trial, or  other discharges or wastes  in
                   concentrations or combinations which are
                   toxic   or   which  produce  undesirable
                   physiological responses in human, fish and
                   other animal life, and plants.
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