TD370.E585
C121
c/EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Office of Water
Regulations and Standards
Washington, D.C. 20460
                                        July 1980
              Water
                                     OOOR80015
Cadmium
             Water Quality Standards
             Criteria Digest
             A Compilation
             of State/Federal Criteria

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               NATIONAL SUMMARY
                      OF
        STATE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

                   CADMIUM

                   JULY, 1980


                 PREPARED FOR
UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
        CRITERIA AND STANDARDS DIVISION
               401 M STREET, S. W.
             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20460
                  PREPARED BY
       NALESNIK ASSOCIATES INCORPORATED
            505 ELEVENTH STREET, S. E.
             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20003
                               Contract Number  68-01-6058
                               p^0ject Number   WA-80-A055

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Introduction

This digest was compiled to provide general information to the public as well as
to Federal, State, and local officials.  It contains excerpts from the individual
State-Federal water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for
navigable surface waters.  The water quality standards  program is implemented
by the U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency where responsibility for providing
water quality recommendations, approving State-adopted standards for navigable
waters, evaluating adherence to the standards, and overseeing enforcement of
standards compliance, has been mandated by Congress.

The  standards  program,  a  nationwide strategy  for  surface  water  quality
management, contains two major elements:  the use (recreation, drinking water,
fish  and  wildlife  propagation,  industrial, or  agricultural)  to  be made  of  the
navigable water; and criteria to protect these uses.

Water  quality  criteria  (numerical  or  narrative specifications  for physical,
chemical, temperature, and .biological constituents are  stated  in the July 1976
U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency  publication Quality  Criteria for Water
(QCW), order  # 055-001-01049-4,  price $3.50, available from  the Government
Printing Office, Washington, B.C.  The 1976 QCW, commonly referred to as the
"Red Book," is the most current compilation of scientific information used by the
Agency as a basis  for  assessing water  quality.  This publication is subject to
periodic  updating  and  revisions  in light  of  new  scientific  and  technical
information.

Cadmium is an element which has no biologically essential or beneficial values.
It occurs naturally as a sulfide salt when  associated with  zinc  and lead ores.
Generally, cadmium  reaches  a  river  from  mining and  smelting  operations
however it is  also  employed in  the electroplating, textile,  paint  and chemical
industries. It has been found to be toxic to both mammals and aquatic life.

The 1976 Quality Criteria for Water recommends the following:

           10  ug/1 (total) for domestic water supply (health) Aquatic Life:

                Freshwater
     soft water            hard water
     0.4 ug/1               1.2 ug/1 for cladocerans & salmonid fishes
     4.0 ug/1              12.0 ug/1 for other, less sensitive, aquatic life.

                Marine
                5.0 ug/1

Since water quality standards are revised from time to time, following procedures
set  forth in  the Clean Water  Act, individual  entries in  this  digest  may be
superseded.  This digest will be updated periodically.  Because  this publication is
intended for  use only as  a general information reference,  the reader needs to
refer to  the  current approved water  quality standards  to  obtain the latest
information for special purposes  and applications.  These  can be  obtained from the
State water pollution control agencies or the EPA Regional Offices.

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                         REFERENCES


A
     California Water Quality Standards by River Basins, c.a. 1975

     For more detailed information on selected basins, sub-basins
     and stretches of streams and coastal areas refer to California
     State Water Quality Standards.
r>
     Delaware Water Quality Standards, March 25, 1979
r>
     Idaho Water Quality Standards, c.a. September, 1979

     Missouri Water Quality Standards, c.a. February, 1978
r>
     American Samoa Water Quality Standards,
     Revised July, 1973

     Territory of Guam Water Quality Standards, Sept. 1975
/~i
     Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands  Water Quality
     Standards, October 21, 1973
TT
     Virgin Islands Water Quality Standards, Aug. 1973
ENVIRONMENT REPORTER, The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
Washington, D. C. 20037

1    Pages 701:0501-0509, February 16, 1979

2    Pages 706:1004-1008, July 20, 1979

3    Pages 711-0542-0544, August 5, 1977

4    Pages 716:0603, March 26, 1976

5    Pages 726-:1005, 1011-1013, March 7, 1980

     Basic Water Quality Standards adopted May 22, 1979,
     have not yet been submitted to EPA for formal approval.

6    Pages 731:1002-1009, September 8, 1978

7    Pages 746:1008-1014, October 19, 1979

8    Pages 751:0504-0505, January 25, 1980

9    Pages 765:0512-0515, January 30, 1976

10   Page 761:0503-0504, 1973

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11   Page 766:0504-0509, October 5, 1979

12   Pages 771:0502-0504, September 29, 1978


13   Pages 776:0504-0506, April 10, 1979


14   Pages 781:0501-0502, May 18, 1979


15   Pages 786:0501-0502, August 29, 1975


16   Page 791:0583, May 26, 1978


17   Pages 796:0103-0108, February 16, 1979

1 8
10   Pages 801:1001-1002, Sept. 29, 1978


19   Page 806:1003, March 30, 1979

9fl
*    Page 811:1043, 1974


21   Pages 816:0602-0607, 0642-0648, 1974

99
     Pages 821:0502-0505, June 30, 1978

00
**   Pages 831:0501-0510, February 21, 1975

94
     Page 836:0502, June 30, 1978

oc
     Pages 841:0507-0537, December 7, 1979

9fi
   Pages 846:0501-0508, November 17, 1978

97
     Pages 851:1001-1023, December 15, 1978
00
   Pages 856:1001-1002, July 18, 1978

90
     Pages 861:1002-1007, August 11, 1979
on
ou   Pages 866:1004-1009, December 28, 1979


31   Pages 871:0501-0506, November 25, 1977

QO
AL   Pages 876-1001-1043, May 26, 1978
OQ
0    Pages 881:1001-1007, September 21, 1979

OA
0    Pages 886:0513-0524, August 29, 1975

OK
0    Pages 891:1001-1129, November 16, 1979

-------
36   Pages 901:0501-0505, November 3, 1978
07
     Pages 906:0501:0506, October 13, 1978
00
     Pages 911:0501-0507, June 22, 1979
3Q
     Pages 916:0541-0544, April 14, 1978
40
     Pages 921:1001-1003, August 13, 1976
41   Pages 926:0541-0563, January 26, 1979
49
     Pages 931:0501-0508, May 26, 1978
43   Pages 936:1001-1003, June 27, 1975
44   Pages 941:1001-1005, May 26, 1978
45   Pages 946:0501-0520, July 14, 1978
46
     Pages 951:1002-1003, April 28, 1978
47   Pages 956:1001-1007, January 11, 1980
48   Page 741:1002, November 23, 1979
4Q
*y   Pages 896:0301-0310, March 31, 1978

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                                        CADMIUM
State
Alabama
        1.
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other  substances  as  will not render
the  waters  unsafe  or unsuitable  as  a
source  of water  supply for  drinking or
food-processing purposes,  or injurious to
fish, wildlife and aquatic life.

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other  substances  or  wastes, as will
not:  render the water unsafe or unsuit-
able  for swimming  and   water-contact
sports;  be injurious  to  fish,  wildlife and
aquatic  life or, where  applicable, shrimp
and crabs; impair the waters for any other
usage established for this classification.

Toxic  substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other  substances, as will  not:   be
injurious to  fish and aquatic life, including
shrimp and crabs; exceed one-tenth of the
96-hour  median tolerance limit for fish,
aquatic life or shellfish, including shrimp
and crabs.

Toxic  Substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other  substances, as will  not:   be
injurious to  fish and aquatic life including
shrimp  and  crabs  in  estuarine  or salt
waters or the propagation thereof; not to
exceed  one-tenth of the 96-hour  median
tolerance limit  for  fish and  aquatic life
including shrimp  and  crabs  in  salt  and
estuarine  waters   except   that  other
limiting  concentrations may be used when
factually justified and approved  by the
Commission.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing, industrial process  water supply pur-
poses, and fish survival, aor interfere with
downstream uses.
Designated Stream Use

All

Public water supply
                                                                 Swimming and other whole
                                                                 body water-contact sports
                                                                 Shellfish harvesting
                                                                 Fish and wildlife
                                                                 Agricultural. and  industrial
                                                                 water supply
                                          -1-

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State

Alabama
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters  unsuitable for  industrial cooling
and industrial process  water supply pur-
poses,   nor  interfere  with   downstream
water uses.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters  unsuitable  for agricultural  irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing, and industrial process  water  supply
purposes,  where applicable nor  interfere
with downstream water use.
Designated Stream Use

Industrial operations
                                                                Navigation
Alaska
      2.
Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not
exceed Alaska Drinking Water Standards
or EPA Quality Criteria for Water.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   same as  I.
                   (A) (i) where contact with a product des-
                   tined for subsequent human consumption
                   is present.   Same as  I. (C) or  FWPCA
                   Water Quality Criteria as applicable to
                   substances for stockwaters.  Concentra-
                   tions  for  irrigation  waters shall not
                   exceed FWPCA Water Quality  Criteria or
                   WQC 1972.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall not
                   individually or in combination exceed 0.01
                   times  the lowest measured 96-hour LC
                   for life stages of species identified by tne
                   department as being  the most sensivtive,
                   biologically important to the situation or
                   exceed criteria  cited  in EPA  Quality
                   Criteria  for  Water  or Alaska  Drinking
                   Water Standards whichever concentration
                   is less.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   substances
                   shall not be present which pose hazards to
                   worker contact.
AH

I.  Fresh water
   (A)  water supply
        (i) drinking, culinary
and food processing

        (ii) agriculture, includ-
ing irrigation  and stock
watering
                                                     (iii) aquaculture
                                                     (iv) industrial, includ-
                                             ing any water supplies used
                                             in association with a manu-
                                             facturing  or  production
                                             enterprise other than food
                                             processing),   including
                                             mining,  placer  mining,
                                             energy production or deve-
                                             lopment
                                          -2-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
(i.)
   (B) water recreation
       (i) contact recrea-
       tion.
                   Toxic  substances narrative:  substances
                   shall not be present which pose hazards  to
                   incidental human contact.

                   Toxic substances narrative:   shall not in-
                   dividually or in combination  exceed  0.01
                   times the lowest measured 96 hour LCc0
                   for life stages of species identified by tne
                   department as being the most sensitive,
                   biologically important to the location,  or
                   exceed  criteria cited in EPA  Quality  Cri-
                   teria for Water or Alaska Drinking Water
                   Standards whichever concentration is less.

                   Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
                   (iii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed EPA  Quality Criteria for Water as
                   applicable  to the substance.

                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (A) (iv).
                   Toxic substances  narrative:  same as II.
                   (A) (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (B)
                   (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (C).
                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                     recreation
                                                 (C)  growth  and propa-
                                             gation  of  fish, shellfish,
                                             other  aquatic  life,  and
                                             wildlife  including  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                             n.Marine water
                                                (A) water supply
                                                  (i) aquaculture

                                                  (ii) seafood processing
                                                (iii) industrial, including
                                             any  water  supplies  used
                                             in   association   with   a
                                             manufacturing or production
                                             enterprise   (other    than
                                             food  processing)  including
                                             mining,   placer   mining,
                                             energy    production    or
                                             development

                                                (B) water recreation

                                                    (i) contact
                                                    recreation

                                                    (ii) secondary
                                                        recreation

                                                (C) growth  and  propa-
                                             gation of  fish,  shellfish,
                                             aquatic life,  and  wildlife
                                             including  seabirds,  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                          -3-

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State

Alaska
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative:same as I. (C)
but    excluding    the    phrase    "or
Alaska Drinking Water Standards."
Designated Stream Use

   (D) harvesting for con-
sumption  of raw  mollusks
or other raw aquatic life
Arizona"
.01
Arkansas
CaliforniaA
Toxic  substances  narrative:   Toxic sub-
stances shall be kept  below levels  which
are deleterious to human, animal, plant or
aquatic life, or in amounts sufficient to
interfere  with the beneficial  use of the
water.  As a minimum evaluation for the
presence  of  toxic  substances,  a  water
shall  be evaluated by use of a  96-hour
bioassay,  guided by the  document Stan-
dard Methods  for the Examination of Wa-
ter and Waste water.   The survival of the
test organisms shall not be less than that
in controls  which utilize appropriate ex-
perimental water.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  Toxic  mate-
rials attributable to municipal, industrial,
 agricultural,  or other waste  discharges,
shall not be present in receiving waters in
such quanitities as to  be toxic to human,
animal, plant  or aquatic life or  to  inter-
fere with the normal propagation of aqua-
tic life.  For  any toxicants,  concentra-
tions  in the receiving waters after mixing
shall not exceed 0.01 of the 96-hour TL  ,
unless they can  be  shown  to  be  non-
persistant   and noncumulative,   and  to
exhibit no  synergistic interactions  with
other waste or stream  components.  In no
case shall concentrations  exceed 0.05 of
the 96-hour TL
                                 m
0.1
                   0.05
Domestic, industrial,
recreation, aesthetic,
fish, aquatic life and
wildlife

All
All

All
Domestic Water Supply

Agricultural uses in
Basin 2 only
                                         -4-

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State

California
  (con't)
Colorado"
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.003 - 6-month Median

0.012 - Daily Maximum

0.03 - Instantaneous Maximum

All  waters shall  be maintained  free of
toxic substances  in  concentrations that
are  toxic to,  or that produce detrimental
physiological  responses  in  human,  plant,
animal, or aquatic life.  Compliance with
this objective will be determined by- use
of   indicator  organisms,   analyses   of
species  diversity,   population   density,
growth  anomalies,  bioassays  of  appro-
priate  duration   or  other  appropriate
methods  as  specified   by  the  Regional
Board.

The survival  of  aquatic life  in  surface
waters subjected to a waste discharge, or
other controllable water quality  factors,
shall not be less than that for the same
water body in areas unaffected  by  the
waste discharge,  or  when  necessary for
other  control water  that  is consistent
with the requirements  for  "experimental
water" as described in "Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water and Waste-
water",  latest edition.   As a  minimum,
compliance with  this objective as stated
in the previous sentence shall be evalu-
ated with a 96-hour bioassay.

In addition,  effluent  limits  based upon
acute bioassays of effluents will  be pre-
scribed   where   appropriate,  additional
numerical  receiving water objectives for
specific  toxicants  will be established as
sufficient  data  become available,  and
source control of toxic substances will be
encouraged.

0.0004-0.015 (Depending on water hard-
ness); or bioassay

0.01
Designated Stream Use

Ocean waters only
                                                                All
Aquatic life
                                                                Domestic water supply,
                                                                agricultural
                                        -5-

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State

Colorado
  (con't)
Connecticut
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances  narrative:  Substances
attributable to human-induced discharges
not  otherwise  controlled  by   permits,
BMP's, or plans of operation approved by
the Division, shall not be introduced into
the waters of the State...in  amounts, con-
centrations, or combinations which  are...
toxic to humans, animals, plants, or  aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  Note 4. The
waters shall be free from chemical  cons-
tituents in concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life for the most sensitive and
governing water use  class.   Criteria for
chemical constitutes contained in the -
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered and used as guidance. In areas
where fisheries are the governing conside-
rations and approved limits  have not been
established, bioassays are  necessary to
establish limits  on toxic substances, the
recommendations for bioassay procedures
contained in "Standard  Methods for the
Examination  of Water and Wastewater"
and  the application  factors contained, in
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered.   For  public drinking  water
supplies, the raw  water  sources must be
of  such  a  quality  that EPA  limits as
defined by the Safe Drinking Water Act
(PL 93-523), or state limits  if more  strin-
gent, for finished water can be  met after
conventional treatment.

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
centrations or combinations which  would
be harmful to human, animal or  aquatic
life or which would  make the waters un-
safe or unsuitable for fish  or shellfish or
their propagation or  impair the waters for
any other uses. (See Note 4. above).
Designated Stream Use

All
All

AU
                                                                Coastal and marine
                                                                water uses
                                         -6-

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State
Delaware
         B
Florida7
Georgia
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
centrations  harmful  (synergistically  or
otherwise) to humans, fish, wildlife  and
aquatic  life  as  presecribed   by  EPA's
Quality Criteria for Water, 1976.

0.0008 (up to 150 mg/1 CaCCX hardness)
0.0012 (over  150 mg/1 CaCO3 hardness)
                   0.005

                   0.005
Minimum criteria  for  all  waters at  all
times at  all places:  shall be free from
domestic, industrial, agricultural, or other
man-induced non-thermal  components  of
discharges which, alone or in combination
with  other  components  of  discharges
(whether  thermal  or  non-thermal)  are
acutely toxic;  or are present  in  concen-
trations  which  are carcinogenic, muta-
genic, or teratogenic to human beings or
to significant  locally  occurring,  wildlife
or aquatic species;  or pose a serious dan-
ger to the public health,  safety, or wel-
fare.

General   criteria  for  toxic  substances
(applied  to  all  surface   waters  except
within zones of mixing):  substances  in
concentrations which injure, are chroni-
cally  toxic to,  or produce adverse physio-
logical or behavioral response  in humans,
animals,  or plants - none shall be present.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  No  material
or substance in such  concentration that,
after   treatment,   would   exceed   the
requirements of  the Environmental  Pro-
tection Division and the latest edition of
the Federal Drinking Water Standards.
Designated Stream Use

All

All
Potable    water   supply;
recreation;     propagation
and  management  of fish
and    wildlife    (surface
waters)

Shellfish propagation

Recreation,    propagation
and  management  of fish
and    wildlife     (marine
waters)

AU
                                                                AU
AU

Drinking water supplies
                                         -7-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Georgia
  (con't)
Hawaii
Idaho
     10
Toxic wastes narrative:  None in concen-
trations that would harm  man,  fish and
game or other beneficial aquatic life.
Toxic substance narrative:  None in con-
centrations   that  would   prevent  fish
survival.

Toxic  substances  narrative:   Free from
toxic substances discharged from munici-
palities,  industries  or other  sources  in
amounts, concentrations or combinations
which are harmful to  humans, animals or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   All  waters
shall be free of substances attributable to
domestic, industrial, or other  controllable
sources as follows:   toxic  substances  at
levels or combinations  sufficient  to  be
toxic or harmful  to  human, animal, plant
or aquatic life or in amounts sufficient to
interfere with any beneficial  use  of the
water.  As a  minimum, evaluation by use
of a  96-hour bioassay described  in  the
most  recent edition of Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water  and  Waste-
water shall be conducted. Survival of test
organisms shall not be less than that in
controls which utilize  appropriate experi-
mental water.

Not specified

0.01

The following general  water quality stan-
dards  wiR apply  to  waters of the  State,
both surface and underground, in addition
to the water  quality  standards set forth
for specifically classified waters. Manual
Sections 1-2200.04 1-2200.06 wiU, how-
ever, apply  only to surface waters.  As a
result of man-caused point  or  nonpoint
source  discharge,  waters  of the  State
must not contain:  (1-30-80)
Recreation; fishing, propa-
gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
game  and  other  aquatic
life
                                                                Agricultural:
                                                                navigation
                                                                All
                industrial;
All

All
All
                                                                 Domestic Water Supplies
                                         -8-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Idaho
  (con't)
Illinois11
Indiana
       12
.01  Hazardous  Materials.     Hazardous
materials (see Manual  Section  1-2003.17)
in concentrations found  to be  of  public
health significance or to  adversely  affect
designated or protected beneficial uses.
(1-30-80)
.02  Deleterious  Materials;  Deleterious
materials (see Manual  Section  1-2003.06)
in concentrations that impair  designated
or protected beneficial uses without being
hazardous.
(1-30-80)

0.05

0.01 Lake Michigan and contiguous harbor
areas
                   Waters shall meet the following standard
                   at any point at which water is withdrawn:
                   water shall be of such quality  that with
                   treatment consisting of coagulation, sedi-
                   mantation, filtration, storage and chlori-
                   nation, or other equivalent treatment pro-
                   cesses, the treated water shall meet in all
                   respects 0.01 (Raw and Treated)

                   0.15
Toxic  substances  narrative:    Freedom
from matter in concentrations  or  combi-
nations toxic to human,  animal, plant or
aquatic life of other than national origin.
Any substance toxic to aquatic life shall
not  exceed 0.1 of the 96-hour TLm for
native   fish   or   essential   fish   food
organisms.

Not  Specified

Toxic substances narrative: free from sub
stances attributable  to  municipal, indus-
trial,  agricultural,  and  other land  use
practices or other discharges which are in
All

Whole body contact, aqua-
tic  life,  domestic  water
supply,   and    industrial
water supply

Public and food processing
water supply
Secondary   contact
indigenous aquatic life

All
                                                                    and
All

All
                                          -9-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Indiana
  (con't)
Iowa
    13
amounts sufficient to be toxic to humans,
animals, aquatic life  or  plants.    As  a
guideline, toxic substances should be  li-
mited to the 96-hour median lethal  con-
centration (LC50) for biota significant to
the indigenous aquatic community.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
ceed  0.1 of  the 96-hour  median lethal
concentration  for  important  indigenous
aquatic species.  More  stringent applica-
tion factors shall be used  when justified.
Concentrations  of  organic contaminants
which can be demonstrated  to be  persis-
tent, to have  a tendency to  bioconcen-
trate in the aquatic biota, and are likely
to  be   toxic  on the basis  of available
scientific evidence, shall  be  limited  as
determined by the Board.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not  be
present after conventional treatment in
such levels as  to prevent  meeting the
Drinking Water  Standards  adopted by the
Indiana  State  Board of Health or  by the
Indiana    Environmental    Management
Board.
0.1
                   0.0012
                   Toxic substances narrative: All waters, at
                   all times, at all places shall be free from
                   substances  attributable  to   waste water
                   discharges  or  agricultural  practices  in
                   concentrations or combinations which are
                   toxic or  harmful to  human,  animal,  or
                   plant life.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:    all sub-
                   stances toxic or  detrimental  to aquatic
                   life shall  be limited to non-toxic or non-
                   detrimental  concentrations   in  surface
                   waters.
                                                                Aquatic life; fish
                                                                 Potable supply
Wildlife, fish, aquatic and
semiaquatic life, secondary
contact Potable water
supply

Wildlife,  fish,  aquatic,  and
semiaquatic  life,  secondary
contact (cold water only)

All
                                             Wildlife,  fish,  aquatic and
                                             semiaquatic life and secon-
                                             dary contact
                                          -10-

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State

Iowa
  (con't)
Kansas
       14
Kentucky
          15
Louisiana
         16
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative: all substances
toxic to humans shall be limited to non-
toxic concentrations.

Not specified

General  criteria:    the  individual  and
cumulative effect of waste discharges to
waters  shall be  guided  by both  the  pri-
mary and secondary drinking  water regu-
lations  (40 CFR 141) and EPA criteria for
water   quality.    Pollutional  substances
contributed by man-made sources shall be
controlled so  that  all  waters  are free
from  public  health hazards  or nuisance
conditions at all times.

Toxic  substances narrative:  Toxic sub-
stances  or  toxic synergistic  effects of
substances from man-made sources shall
be  limited to  concentrations in the re-
ceiving water that will not be harmful to
animal, plant or aquatic life.

0.004 (soft water)
0.012 (hard water)

Surface  waters  shall not be  aesthetically
or otherwise degraded by substances that
injure,  be toxic  to  or  produce  adverse
physiological or behavioral  responses in
humans, fish, shellfish, and aquatic life.

The allowable  instream  concentration of
toxic  substances,   including   pesticides,
shall  not  exceed  0.01   of  the  96-hour
median lethal concentration
                                                  cn
                                                      or 0.1
                   of the  96-hour  LC  5Q  for  noncumulative
                   and nonpersistent toxic  materials using a
representative
organism.

Not specified
                                      indigenous     .aquatic
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  free  from
                   such concentrations  of  substances attri-
                   butable  to  waste  water  or  other  dis-
                   charges sufficient to injure or are toxic or
                   produce  adverse physiological  response in
                   humans,  animals, fish, shellfish,  wildlife,
                   or plants.
Designated Stream Use

Potable water supply



All

All
                                                                 All
Warmwater Aquatic habitat
                                                                 All
                                                                 Warmwater aquatic
                                                                 habitat
All

All
                                          -11-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Louisiana
  (con't)
      17
Maine
Maryland
         18
Massachusetts
             19
Shall not be  present in quantities  that
alone or in  combination will be toxic to
animal or plant life.  In all cases the level
shall not exceed the TLm 96/10.  Bioassay
techniques will be used in evaluating toxi-
city utilizing methods and species of test
organisms suitable to  the purpose at hand.

Toxic  substances shall  not  exceed  the
levels established by  the USPHS drinking
water standards latest edition.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: no waste sub-
stances containing chemical  constituents
which would be harmful to  humans, ani-
mal or aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   at  all times
free from toxic  substances attributable to
sewage,  industrial waste, or  other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are  harmful to human,  animal, plant or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
pollutants in concentrations or  combina-
tions that are toxic to humans or aquatic
life.

For each class,  the most sensitive benefi-
cial uses are identified and minimum  cri-
teria for  water  quality  in  the water
column are established.   The  minimum
criteria in Reg. 3.4 have been developed
by  applying the criteria contained in the
EPA publication   Quality   Criteria  for
Water (EPA-440/9-76-023) to account for
local conditions including, but not limited
to:

(a)  The characteristics of the biological
community
Public water supply



All

All
All

All
AU

All
                                       -12-

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State

Massachusetts
  (con't)
Michigan
        20
Criteria Value in mg/1

(b)     Temperature,  weather  and  flow
characteristics, and

(c)   Synergistic  and  antagonistic  effects
of combinations of pollutants.

The Division will use the EPA publication
entitled  Quality  Criteria   for   Water,
EPA-440/9-76-023 as guidance in establi-
shing  case-by-case  discharge  limits for
pollutants not specifically listed in these
standards but included  under the heading
"Other Constituents"  in Regulation  3.4,
for   identifying   bioassay    application
factors and for  interpretations of narra-
tive criteria.  Where the  minimum  cri-
teria specifically listed by  a Division in
this part  differ  from those contained in
the federal criteria, the provisions of the
specifically listed criteria in these stan-
dards shall apply.

Not Specified.

Toxic substances narrative: (1) toxicity of
undefined toxic substances not included in
(2)  and (3)  below shall be determined by
development of  96-hour TLm's or other
appropriate effect end points obtained by
continuous-flow or in situ  bioassays using
suitable test organisms.  Shall not exceed
safe  concentrations  as  determined by
applying an application  factor, based on
knowledge of behavior of toxic substances
and  organisms  to  be protected,  to  the
TLm  or other  appropriate  effect end
point.

(2)  defined  toxic  substances  shall be
limited by  application  of recommenda-
tions  contained  in the  chapter on Fresh-
water  Organisms, Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior,  WQC, 1968, or
by application of any toxic effluent stan-
dard,  limitation or  prohibition  promul-
gated  by  EPA pursuant  to section 307(a)
of PL92-500, whichever is more  restric-
tive.
Designated Stream Use
All

All
                                                                 All
                                          -13-

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State

Michigan
  (con't)
Minnesota
         21
          22
Mississippi
Missouri
       .D
Montana
         23
Criteria Value in mg/1

(3) shall not exceed the permissible inor-
ganic chemicals criteria for raw public
water supply in Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC, 1968.

0.01

96-hour TLm for indigenous fish and  fish
food organisms should not be exceeded at
any point in the mixing zone.

Toxic substances narrative:  none at le-
vels acutely toxic  to humans or  other
animals or plant life.

Toxic substances narrative: none at levels
harmful either  directly or indirectly.

0.01

Toxic substances  narrative:   free from
substances attributable  to  municipal, in-
dustrial, agricultural or other discharges
in concentrations  or combinations which
are  toxic  to  humans,  animal or  other
aquatic  life.

Toxic substances narrative: the  concen-
tration  of toxic pollutants shall  not  ex-
ceed  0.1  of the 96-hour  TLm based on
available data.

0.012

0.01
0.0012

All waters, at all times shall be free from
substances  or  conditions  that  have  a
harmful  effect  on  human,  animal,  or
aquatic life.

Not completely specified
Designated Stream Use

Public water supply




Domestic (All Classes)

All



All
Agriculture and wildlife
(Class B)

Public Water Supply

All
                                                                 Shellfish Harvesting
                                                                 Recreation, fish and
                                                                 wildlife.
Aquatic life

Irrigation, drinking
water supply

Coldwater fishery
All
                                          -14-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
10 ug/1  (total)  Average  Daily  concen-
tration; 10 ug/1  (total) Maximum Instant-
aneous Concentration
Metal  limits for the  Clark
Fork River (mainstem) from
the  confluence  of  Warm
Springs Creek to the conflu-
ence    with   Cottonwood
Creek
                   10  ug/1  (total) Average Daily  Concen-
                   tration; 10 ug/1 (total) Maximum instant-
                   aneous Concentration
                                             Metal limits for Clark Fork
                                             River (mainstem)  from the
                                             confluence of  Cottonwood
                                             Creek  to the  Idaho State
                                             line
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   free  from
                   substances  attributable to municipal,  in-
                   dustrial,  agricultural practices or other
                   discharges that will create concentrations
                   or combinations of  materials  which are
                   toxic  to human, animal, plant  or  aquatic
                   life.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  no increases
                   above  naturally occuring  concentrations
                   are allowed.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   concentra-
                   tions of toxic substances after treatment
                   for domestic use  are  not  to exceed re-
                   commended limits  in latest EPA drinking
                   water standards; maximum allowable con-
                   centrations are  to be  less than acute or
                   chronic problem levels as  revealed  by
                   bioassay or  other methods.

                   Concentrations  of  toxic or other  delete-
                   rious substances, pesticides  and  organic
                   and inorganic  materials including heavy
                   metals, are not to exceed levels known or
                   demonstrated to be of public health signi-
                   ficance; also maximum  allowable concen-
                   trations are  to be  less than  acute  or
                   chronic problem  levels as  revealed  by
                   bioassay or  other methods.

                   Toxic   substances  narrative:  Concentra-
                   tions of toxic or deleterious substances,
                                             All
                                             Water supply (Class
                                             A-Closed)
                                             Water supply (classes
                                             A-Open-D1,  B-D1,
                                             B-D2, B-Dp
                                             Fish, aquatic life, wildlife,
                                             agriculture, industrial, recrea-
                                             tion in and on the water
                                             (classes C-Dp C-D2)
                                             Agricultural and industrial
                                             (other than f bod processing)
                                         -15-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
Nebraska
         24
Nevada
       25
pesticides  and   organic  and  inorganic
materials including heavy metals, are to
be  less  than  those demonstrated to  be
deleterious to livestock or plants  or their
subsequent consumption by humans or to
adversely affect other indicated uses.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none  alone or
in combination  with  other substances or
wastes  in concentrations  rendering, the
receiving water unsafe or  unsuitable for
the assigned beneficial uses.

Not Specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
toxic substances attributable  to domestic
or  industrial waste or  other  controllable
sources at levels or  combinations suffi-
cient to  be toxic to human, animal, plant
or  aquatic life.   The presence  of toxic
materials in a water shall be evaluated by
use of a 96-hour bioassay.  Survival of
test organisms shall not be less than that
in control tests  which utilize appropriate
control water.  Failure to determine pre-
sence of toxic materials by these  methods
shall not preclude determination of exces-
sive levels of toxic materials  on the basis
of other criteria or methods.  No wastes
from  municipal or industrial or other con-
trollable  sources  containing   arsenic,
barium, boron, cadmium, chromium,  cya-
nide,   fluoride,   lead  selenium,  silver,
copper   and   zinc  that  are  reasonably
amenable to  treatment or control will be
discharged untreated or uncontrolled into
the waters  of Nevada.   In addition, the
limits for concentrations of the chemical
constituents  will provide  water  quality
consistant with  the  mandatory  require-
ments of the  1962 Public Health Service
Drinking Water Standards.
All

All
All

All
                                         -16-

-------
State

Nevada
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

None (zero)
                    Toxic substances  narrative:    only  such
                    amounts as will not render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish or wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will not render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish and wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will not impair receiving wa-
                    ters for uses of this class.
              .26
New Hampshire     Not specified
                    Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
                    from chemicals inimical to fish life or the
                    maintenance of fish life

                    Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                    tially toxic substances  unless naturally
                    occurring.

                    Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                    tially toxic substances in toxic concen-
                    trations or combinations.
Designated Stream Use

Drinking   water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection  only) suitable  for
aquatic life  habitat,  wild-
life  propagation,  agricul-
tural, recreation,  boating,
esthetics

Drinking   water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection  and filtration only),
agricultural,   aquatic  life
and  wildlife propagation,
recreation,   industrial  and
esthetics

Drinking   water   supply
(following  complete  treat-
ment),  agricultural,  aqua-
tic  life,   wildlife  propa-
gation,   recreation,   and
industrial

Boating   and   esthetics,
aquatic   life,  agricultural
and  industrial (except  for
food processing purposes)

All

Fish life or the  mainte-
nance of fish life
                                              Water supply
                                              All except water supply
                    Bioassay   procedures  and   application
                    factors used in establishing limits on toxic
                    substances shall, as a minimum, be no less
                    rigorous  than the  recommendations  for
                                         -17-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
New Hampshire
  (con't)
New Jersey
           27
bioassays  and  application  factors  con-
tained in the National Technical Advisory
Committee's report to the Secretary  of
the   Interior  on    WATER    QUALITY
CRITERIA,  April 1,  1968 or  latest revi-
sion thereof.

0.01

Toxic substances  narrative:  shall not ex-
ceed  l/20th of  the TL50  value  at  96
hours.  Combinations of toxic substances
will be based on the same principle.

Toxic substances  narrative:  a concentra-
tion of a persistent pesticide shall not
exceed 1/100 of the  TL50 at  96 hours  as
determined by appropriate bioassay.

Toxic substances narrative:  no man-made
waste water  discharges.
                   Toxic substances narrative:  none, either
                   alone or in combination  with  other sub-
                   stances, in concentrations as  to  affect
                   humans or be detrimental to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
                   None which would cause  drinking  water
                   standards  to  be exceeded after  appro-
                   priate treatment.
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  none either
                   alone  or in combination  with other sub-
                   stances; in concentrations  as  to affect
                   humans or be detrimental to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
AU

AU
                                                                AU
Maintenance  of   natural
state quality  (Class  FW-1
waters designated to be set
aside for posterity  to re-
present the natural aquatic
environment and  its asso-
ciated biota)

Public water  supply (after
treatment); propagation of
natural biota; primary con-
tact recreation;  industrial
and agricultural water sup-
ply;   shellfish harvesting;
secondary  contact recrea-
tion;  migration of anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses

Propagation of natural bio-
ta;  primary and  secondary
contact  recreation; indus-
trial and agricultural water
supply;  shellfish  harvest-
ing;  migration of anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses
                                         -18-

-------
State
New Mexico
           28
New York
         29
North Carolina
              30
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not be
present  in  concentrations   which   will
change  the ecology of receiving waters to
an  extent  detrimental to man  or  other
organisms of direct or indirect  commer-
cial, recreational or esthetic value.  Toxi-
cities of  substances in receiving waters
will be determined by appropriate  bio-
assay  techniques,  or  other  acceptable
means,  for the  particular form of aquatic
life which is  to  be preserved  with  the
concentrations  of toxic materials not to
exceed  5 percent  of  the 96-hour  LD50
provided that:    toxic  substances which,
through uptake in the aquatic  food chain
and/or storage  in plant and animal tissues,
can be magnified to levels which  are toxic
to  man or other organisms, shall not be
present in  concentrations which  result in
this biological magnification.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall be pro-
tected from hazardous  substances in con-
centrations  that exceed drinking water
standards established by  the New Mexico
Regulations governing water supplies.
0.3
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts  that will be injurious  to fish life
or shellfish, or  that would  impair any
designated uses of the water.

0.0004

0.004
                   0.005

                   Toxic substance narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed  0.01 of  the  96-hour  LC50 unless
                   half-life of substance is less than 96 hours
                   or is not biocumulative, in  which  case
                   shall  not exceed  0.05  of  the  96-hour
                   LC50.
Designated Stream Use

AU

Recreation; desirable
aquatic life
                                                                Domestic water supplies
All fresh water only

AU
Trout propagation

All except trout
propagation

All (tidal salt water)

AU
                                       -19-

-------
State

North Carolina
  (con't)
North Dakota
             31
Ohio
    32
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances narrative:   only  such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other  substances  or  wastes as will
not render the  water unsafe or unsuitable
for use.

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero)
0.01

Toxic  substances  narrative:   free' from
substances  attributable   to  municipal,
industrial,  or other  discharges  or agri-
cultural  practices  in  concentrations  or
combinations which are toxic or  harmful
to human, animal, plant or resident aqua-
tic life.

Mixing zones narrative: the 96-hour TLm
for indigenous  and/or  resident  fish  and
fish food organisms shall  not be exceeded
at any point in the mixing zone.

0.012

0.0012
                   0.012


                   0.012 (case-by-case variations)


                   0.01

                   0.05

                   General  narrative:  free  from substances
                   resulting from  human  activities in con-
                   centrations toxic or harmful to human,
                   animal or  aquatic life and/or  are rapidly
                   lethal in the mixing zone.

                   Antidegradation policy:   present ambient
                   water quality will be maintained for  all
                   toxic substances.
Designated Stream Use

All (But A-l)
                                                                Water supply  for  drinking,
                                                                culinary or food processing
                                                                purposes A-l
All

All
Warmwater habitat

Exceptional warmwater
habitat; coldwater habitat

Seasonal warmwater
habitat

Limited warmwater
habitat

Public water supply

Agricultural water supply

All
                                             All
                                        -20-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Ohio  (con't)
Oklahoma
         33
Toxic substances narrative: 0.01 times 96-
hour  TLm  or  LC50  for  representative
aquatic  species.    Persistent  toxicants
shall not exceed 0.01 times 96-hour TLm
or LC50. TLm  or  LC50 shall  be  deter-
mined by static or dynamic bioassays.  At
least  90 per cent of  the  volume of  the
mixing zone shall not exceed at any time
the  24- to  96-hour TLm  or  LC50  for
representative aquatic species.

0.0012
                   0.01

                   0.12
Note  A:    see  exceptions  under  Ohio
Administrative Code Regulations 3745-1-
ll-(C) for certain areas

0.01
                   Toxic substances narrative:   waters will
                   not be toxic to humans, fish and wildlife,
                   and other terrestrial and aquatic life, nor
                   detrimental to any  beneficial use inclu-
                   ding continued ingestion by livestock  or
                   use for irrigation. Toxic substances shall
                   not be present in quantities which  allow
                   significant bioaccumulation  and/or  bio-
                   magnification in the food chain.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:  toxic sub-
                   stances not removable by ordinary water
                   treatment techniques shall not exceed the
                   limits in  Section 4.1  of the Oklahoma
                   Water Quality Standards.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:  concentra-
                   tions  of  nonpersistent  toxic substances
                   shall not exceed  0.1  of  the  96-hour  LC50
                   for the most  sensitive indigenous species.
                   Concentrations  of  persistent  toxicants
                   shall  not exceed 0.05  of   the  96-hour
                   LC50, for  the  most sensitive indigenous
                   species.   Bioassay data for  Pimephales
Warm water habitat; excep-
tional  warm water  habitat;
coldwater habitat; seasonal
warm water  habitat; limit-
ed warm water habitat.  .All
Lake  Erie uses
All Lake Erie uses
Note A

All Ohio River uses

All Lower Cuyahoga
River uses
Public and private
water supplies

All
                                             Public and private water
                                             supplies
                                             Aquatic life
                                         -21-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Oklahoma
  (con't)
Oregon
       34
            35
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
            36
prom m el as   (Fathead   minnow)  and/or
Lepomis macrochirus  (Bluegill) shall be
used in determining compliance.

Mixing zones narrative:  shall not exceed      All
the 96-hour TLm  for  the  most sensitive
indigenous species.

General  water  quality  standards  appli-      All
cable to all  waters except where super-
seded by special water quality standards
applicable   to  specifically   designated
waters.   No wastes shall be  discharged
and no activities shall be conducted which
either alone or in  combination with other
wastes or activities will cause toxic  con-
ditions  that  are  deleterious to  fish or
other aquatic life  or affect the potablity
of drinking water.

0.01   Special   water  quality standard      All
applicable   to:  Main  stem  Klammath
River;  Multnomah Channel;  Main  stem
Williamette River; Main stem  Columbia
River  from  eastern  Oregon-Washington
border westward to Pacific  Ocean;  Main
stem Grande Ronde  River; Main  stem
Walla Walla River; Main stem Snake River
in and adjacent to  Oregon.

0.003  Special   water  quality standard      All
applicable to Rouge River Basin; Umpqua
River   Basin;  McKenzie   River   Basin;
Santiam River Basin.

Not Specified                                All

Toxic substances  narrative:  shall not be      All
inimical or  injurious  to the  designated
water use.

Not Specified                                All

None in concentrations or  combinations      Class SA/SA
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life or  which would make the
waters  unsafe  or  unsuitable for  fish or
shellfish or their  propagation, impair the
palatability of same, or impair the waters
for any  other uses.
                                                                            m
                                        -22-

-------
State

Rhode Island
  (con't)
South Carolina
              37
Criteria Value in mg/1

None in concentrations on combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life or which  would make  the
waters  unsafe  or  unsuitable  for  fish  of
shellfish or their  propagation,  or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

None in  concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life or which  would make  the
waters  unsafe  or  unsuitable  for  fish  or
shellfish or their  propagation,  or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

Waters  shall   be  free  from  chemical
constitutents in concentrations  or combi-
nations  which would be harmful to human,
animal, or aquatic life for the appropriate
most sensitive  and governing water class
use or unfavorably alter the biota.

In areas where  fisheries are the governing
considerations  and approved  limits have
not been  established, bioassays shall  be
performed as required by the appropriate
agencies.    The latest  edition  of  the
federal  publication Water Quality Criteria
will  be  considered the interpretation  and
application of  bioassay  result.  Bioassays
shall be performed according to the latest
edition  of  Standard  Methods  for  the
Examination  of  Water  and  Wastewater
(APHA).

For  public  drinking  water supplies,  the
limit  prescribed by   the  United States
Environmental  Protection Agency will be
used where not superseded by more  strin-
gent state requirements.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero).
Designated Stream Use

Class SB
                                                                Class SC
All

Domestic  and  food  pro-
cessing; trout fishing; out-
standing  recreational   or
ecological resources
                                        -23-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
South Carolina
  (con't)
South Dakota
            38
Tennessee
         39
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts exceeding limitations established
and adopted by the Department of Health
and Environmental Control.

Toxic substances narrative:  none alone or
in combination with other  substances  or
wastes  in sufficient amounts to be inju-
rious  to edible  fish  or shellfish or the
culture or propagation thereof.

Toxic substances narrative:   shall be free
from  toxic  substances  attributable  to
sewage, industrial waste, or other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are harmful  to  human,  animal,  plant  or
aquatic life.

0.01

Concentrations  of  chemicals  toxic  to
humans, animals,  plants,  or  the  most
sensitive stage  or form  of aquatic  life,
greater than 0.1 times  the  median toler-
ance limit for short residual compounds or
0.01 times the median tolerance limit for
an accumulative substance  or substances
exhibiting a residual life exceeding thirty
days  in the receiving  waters.   Median
tolerance limits  shall  be determined  in
accordance   with  section   34:04:02:06.
Concentrations   specified    for    toxic
materials  shall  be   based   on   daily
averages, but the concentrations shall not
exceed  one  hundred and twenty-five per
cent of the value specified in this section
at  any  time or at  any  point  in the
receiving water.

The   instream   concentrations  of  toxic
pollutants shall not exceed 1/10 of the 96-
hour LC50 based upon available data using
one or more of the most sensitive organ-
isms significant to aquatic  community of
the waters under consideration.  Cumula-
tive substance  may be  further limited  on
a case-by-case basis.
Direct    water    contact
(swimming);      domestic
supply; propagation of fish;
industrial; agricultural

Shellfish harvesting; direct
water contact  (swimming);
crabbing;  commercial  fish-
ing; propagation of marine
fauna and flora

All
Domestic Water Supply

AU
Aquatic life
                                         -24-

-------
State

Tennessee
  (con't)
Texas
     40
Utah
    41
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative:  No toxic sub-
stances added that will produce toxic con-
ditions that materially affect man or ani-
mals;  impair the safety  of  a  conven-
tionally  treated  water supply; affect the
water  for industrial processing, fish  or
aquatic life, man or animal, livestock and
wildlife, navigation, irrigation.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  the surface
waters of the State shall be maintained so
that they will not be toxic to man, fish
and wildlife, and any other  terrestrial and
aquatic life.

Toxic substances  narrative:  toxic mate-
rials  not removable by  ordinary water
treatment techniques shall not exceed
USPHS Drinking Water Standards or those
established by EPA pursuant to the  Safe
Drinking Water Act.  For a  general guide,
with respect  to  fish toxicity, receiving
waters  outside  mixing zones  should not
have a concentration of nonpersistent to-
xic materials exceeding 0.1  of the 96-hour
TLm, where  the  bioassay  is made using
fish indigenous  to the receiving waters.
For  persistent  toxicants, concentrations
should not  exceed  0.05  of the  96-hour
TLm.

0.01

0.004  dissolved   (disapproved  by  EPA,
promulgation pending)
                   0.01

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   it shall be
                   unlawful to discharge  or place any waste
                   or  other  substance in concentrations or
                   combinations  which produce undesirable
                   physiological responses in desirable resi-
                   dent fish, or other desirable aquatic life,
                   as determined by bioassay or other  tests.
Designated Stream Use

All
All

All
                                                                 Public drinking water
                                                                 supplies
Domestic water supplies

Aquatic life (cold and warm
water species of  game  fish
and   other   aquatic  life,
including  necessary aquatic
organisms   in  their  food
chain.

Agriculture

AU
                                         -25-

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State
Vermont
        42
Virginia
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Wastes  discharged to waters of the State
shall contain no chemical  or  radiological
constituents  which would be  inconsistent
with the water  uses  associated with  the
assigned water class.

Discharge  of  radioactive  material   to
waters  of the State shall not exceed  the
lowest practicable limits after utilization
of the  latest technological  development
and equipment for control of radioactive
emissions.  In no event shall the discharge
of  such  materials  exceed  the  limits
established  by  the  Agency  of  Human
Services.

There  shall  be  no  discharge of wastes
containing  any  of  the prohibited sub-
stances set  forth below  in  detectable
amounts either to waters of the State or
to  a  municipal  wastewater  collection
and/or treatment facility except in those
cases where  a process  water  contains an
incoming level of a prohibited  substance
due to  natural or other causes.  In such
cases the concentration of the prohibited
substance  or substances  in  the  actual
wastes discharged shall  not be increased.

0.01
                   0.005
                   0.0004 (soft water)
                   0.0012 (hard water)
                   0.004 (soft water)
                   0.012 (hard water)
 Designated Stream Use

 AU
 Public water supply (at
 raw water intake point).

 Open ocean and estuarine
 (Cladocerans  and  Salmo-
 nids)

 Free   flowing   streams
 (coastal   and   Piedmont
 Zones),       Mountainous
 Zones,  Put and take trout
 waters and Natural trout
 waters  (Cladocerans and
 Salmonids)

 Free   flowing   streams
 (coastal   and   Piedmont
 Zones), mountainous zone,
 Put and take  trout wa-
 ters,  and  natural  trout
 waters   (less   sensitive
" aquatic species).
                                        -26-

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State

Virginia
  (con't)
Washington
           44
            45
West Virginia
         A a
Wisconsin
 Criteria Value in mg/1

 Toxic substances narrative:   free  from
 toxic substances attributable  to sewage,
 industrial waste, or  other  waste in con-
 centrations,   amounts,  or   combinations
 which are inimical or harmful to human,
 animal, plant, or aquatic life.

 Not Specified

 Toxic substances narrative: toxic material
 concentrations shall be below those which
 adversely affect  public  health,  and the
 natural aquatic environment.

 Toxic substances narrative:  toxic  mate-
 rial concentrations shall be below those
 which adversely affect  public health, or
 which may  cause acute or chronic  toxic
 conditions to the aquatic biota.

 Deleterious  concentrations  of  toxic,  or
 other nonradioactive  materials, shall  be
 determined  by  the department  in  consi-
 deration  of   the  "Quality  Criteria  for
 Water,"  published by  EPA  1976,  and as
 revised,  as  the authoritative  source for
 criteria  and/or other  relevant  informa-
 tion, if justified.

 0.01

 Toxic substances narrative: not to exceed
 0.1 of the 96-hour TLm.

 No  sewage,   industrial  wastes  or  other
 wastes present in any of the waters of the
 State shall have concentrations  of  mate-
rials poisonous to human, animal, or aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: substances in
concentrations or combinations which are
toxic or harmful to humans shall  not  be
present in amounts found to be  of public
health significance, nor which are acutely
harmful to animal, plant or aquatic life.

Toxic substances  narrative:   the intake
water supply  will by  appropriate treat-
ment and adequate  safeguards meet the
PHS Drinking Water Standards, 1962.
Designated Stream Use

All
All

All uses for extraordinary
(class  A A)  and lake  class
waters
                                                                 All uses for excellent
                                                                 (class A), good
                                                                 (class B), and fair
                                                                 (class C) waters
All

All


AH
All

All
                                                                 Public water supply
                                        -27-

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State
Wyoming'
        47
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances  narrative:  none in con-
centrations  or  combinations attributable
to or influenced by the activities of man
which would damage or impair the normal
growth, function  or  reproduction of hu-
man, animal, plant or aquatic life.  Maxi-
mum  allowable concentrations  shall  be
based on latest  edition of Quality Criteria
for Water by EPA and/or more generally
accepted scientific information.
American Samoa    Not specified
                   Free  from  substances  or  combinations
                   thereof attributable to sewage,  industrial
                   wastes, or  other  wastes which may be
                   toxic to humans,  other  animals, plants,
                   and aquatic life.

                   Substances  of  unknown   toxicity;   All
                   effluents  containing  foreign   materials
                   shall  be  considered  harmful   and   not
                   permissible   until   acceptable   bioassay
                   tests have  shown  otherwise.   It  is  the
                   obligation of  the  person  producing  the
                   effluent to  demonstrate that it is harm-
                   less, at the  request  of the Environmental
                   Quality Commission.

                   Compliance  with  Section VLB.  of these
                   Standards will  be determined  by use of
                   indicator  organisms, analysis of species
                   diversity,   population  density,  growth
                   anomalies, bioassays of appropriate dura-
                   tion or other  appropriate  methods as
                   specified  by the  Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.
Designated Stream Use

All

AU
                                             All

                                             AU
                   The  survival  of  aquatic life  in  surface
                   waters shall not be less  than that for the
                   same water body  in areas unaffected by
                   sewage, industrial wastes or other activi-
                   ties of man, or, when necessary, for  other
                   control water that is consistent  with the
                   requirements for "experimental water" as
                                         -28-

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State
         Criteria Value in mg/1
                                             Designated Stream Use
American Samoa
  (con't)
District of
  Columbia
48
Guam
described  in  Standard  Methods  for  the
Examination  of  Water  and  Waste water
(latest  edition}!   As a  minimum, com-
pliance with  the objectives as stated in
the previous sentence shall be evaluated
with a 96-hour bioassay.

In addition,  effluent limits  based upon
acute bioassays of effluents will be pres-
cribed   where   appropriate;   additional
numerical  receiving  water  objectives for
specific  toxicants will be  established, as
sufficient  data  become  available;   and
source control of toxic substances will be
encouraged.

0.004 (soft water)
0.012 (hard water)

0.01

Toxic substances narrative:  The waters
shall  at  all  times be  free from: toxic
substances attributable to sewage, indus-
trial waste, or other  waste in  concentra-
tions  or  combinations which interfere di-
rectly or indirectly  with water uses, or
which  are  harmful  to   human,  animal,
plant, or aquatic life.

0.01; or 0.01 x 96-hour LC50, whichever is
less
                   0.1
                   In order to provide maximum protection
                   for the propagation of fish  and wildlife,
                   concentrations of toxic substances shall
                   not exceed levels  calculated by  multi-
                   plying the  application factors by the  96-
                   hour  LC50  values  determined  using  the
                   receiving water in  question and  the most
                   sensitive  species  of  aquatic   organism
                   affected.

                   When the concentration based on the  96-
                   hour  LC50  data exceeds  the  maximum
                   numerical  limits,  the numerical  limits
                   shall constitute the  criteria.
Aquatic life


Domestic wate supply

All
                                                      All
                                                     Drinking water supply

                                                     All surface waters of the
                                                     Territory except 2c
                                         -29-

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State

Guam  (con't)
           49
Puerto Rico
Trust Territory of
  the Pacific
  Islands
Virgin Islands
            H
Criteria Value in mg/1

The  application  factors  and  maximum
numerical  limits  are derived  from  the
NAS-NAE 1972  Report of the Committee
on Water Quality Criteria.

0,005

0.005

Toxic substances narrative: shall not con-
tain  substances in  concentrations or com-
binations  which are  toxic or which pro-
duce  undesirable  physiological  responses
in human,  fish  or other animal life,  and
plants.  When two  or more  toxic materials
are present at the same time, the chronic
effect of such combinations shall be taken
into  account and  the applicable standard
shall be determined by bioassay or other
approved method.

Free  from  substances  or combinations
thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
wastes, or other wastes  toxic to humans,
animals, plants and aquatic life.

All surface waters shall be  free  of sub-
stances attributable  to municipal, indus-
trial, or  other  discharges or  wastes in
concentrations  or  combinations  which are
toxic   or   which   produce   undesirable
physiological responses in human, fish and
other animal life, and plants.
Designated Stream Use
All (surface waters)

All (coastal waters)

All
All
All
                                         -30-

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