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United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Office of Ground-Water
Protection (WH-550G)
Washington DC 20460
                                             May 1986
                Water
                State  Program  Briefs
                Pesticides in
                Ground  Water
                                         TD427P35S7

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        STATE PROGRAM BRIEFS

     PESTICIDES IN GROUND WATER
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
           Office of Water
 Office  of Ground-Water  Protection
       Washington, DC   20460
               May  1986
                        U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                        Region V, Library
                        230 South Dearborn Street
                        Chicago, Illinois  60604

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U,S. Environmental Protection Agency

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                       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     This report was compiled by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), Office of Ground-Water Protection,
in Washington, B.C., and the Ground Water and Pesticides
offices of the ten EPA Regions.  Donna Fletcher of the Office
of Ground-Water Protection coordinated this project.  EPA
appreciates the assistance of State officials who reviewed
the information for accuracy.  Technical support was provided
by SRA Technologies, 4700 King Street, Suite 300, Alexandria,
VA  22302.

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                           CONTENTS

                                                    PAGE

INTRODUCTION                                           i


Region I

  Connecticut                                         1
  Maine                                               4
  Massachusetts                                       6
  New Hampshire                                       8
  Rhode Island                                       10
  Vermont                                            13


Region II

  New Jersey                                         15
  New York                                           16
  Puerto Rico                                        18
  Virgin Islands                                     19


Region III

  Delaware                                           20
  Maryland                                           22
  Pennsylvania                                       24
  Virginia                                           26
  West Virginia                                      27


Region IV

  Alabama                                            28
  Florida                                            29
  Georgia                                            31
  Kentucky                                           33
  Mississppi                                         35
  North Carolina                                     36
  South Carolina                                     38
  Tennessee                                          40


Region V

  Illinois                                           42
  Indiana                                            44
  Michigan                                           46
  Minnesota                                          47
  Ohio                                               50
  Wisconsin                                          51

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                                                    PAGE
Region VI

  Arkansas                                           54
  Louisiana                                          55
  New Mexico                                         56
  Oklahoma                                           57
  Texas                                              58
Region VII

  Iowa                                               60
  Kansas                                             62
  Missouri                                           64
  Nebraska                                           66
Region VIII

  Colorado                                           68
  Montana                                            70
  North Dakota                                       72
  South Dakota                                       74
  Utah                                               76
  Wyoming                                            77
Region IX

  Arizona                                            78
  California                                         81
  Hawaii                                             84
  Nevada                                             86
Region V

  Alaska                                             88
  Idaho                                              89
  Oregon                                             91
  Washington                                         92

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                         INTRODUCTION
     As part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's
(EPA) background preparation for designing enhanced efforts
to protect ground water from pesticide contamination, EPA
conducted a review of known State activities related to
pesticides in ground water.  During the summer of 1985, EPA
reviewed existing reports and other materials and summarized
information on each State in draft Program Briefs.  EPA
Regional office staff provided an opportunity for key State
officials to review the draft Briefs for accuracy.  EPA is
now making them available to interested parties through
publication of this report.

     Because of the variety of State agencies involved and
the limited degree of coordination among them in many States,
it is difficult to obtain a definitive picture of past and
existing State efforts to address pesticides in ground water
at this time.  Nonetheless, some conclusions can be drawn
about the status of State programs in general, even though
the compilation of information may be incomplete for some
individual States.

     Perhaps the most important conclusion to be drawn is
that while the majority of States recognize the potential
significance of the pesticides in ground water problem,
efforts to address the problem have been fragmented.  Often,
the agency responsible for pesticides control is housed in
the State agriculture department while primary responsibility
for water guality and waste disposal programs is located in
a State environmental protection agency.  Responsibility for
assuring safe drinking water often rests in still another
agency, such as a public health department.  Each agency
may have performed tasks related to pesticides in ground
water, but there appears to have been limited coordination
among them.  This situation mirrors, in many respects, the
division of responsibilities among EPA and other Federal
agencies at the national level.


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     Most of the monitoring States have performed thus far
for pesticides in ground water has been in response to a known
or suspected problem.  Of the 24 States that reported specific
findings, the most frequently identified pesticides were
aldicarb, EDB, and atrazine.  The increased concern about
ground-water contamination generally and the recognition of
pesticides as a potential contaminant has led several States
to initiate more comprehensive ground-water monitoring
programs.  These efforts, still largely in the planning stage,
usually focus monitoring in areas of pesticide usage where
the ground water is considered to be most vulnerable to
contamination.

     Many States have initiated user awareness programs to
address at least some aspects of the problem.  Most notable
are "Amnesty Day" programs, in which State and local organizers
arrange for the collection and safe disposal of pesticide
products from households and farms.  States have also begun
educational programs to increase understanding of the ground
water resource and how it may become contaminated by
agricultural practices.

     While many States have at least some activities address-
ing pesticide contamination, only a few have begun efforts
that could be defined as prevention programs.  Several States
have established or are developing regulatory programs to
require anti-backsiphoning devices and other safety measures
on chemigation systems.  Others are considering establishment
of requirements for pesticide mixing/loading and storage
areas.

     A few States are preparing for implementation of new
State laws governing either ground-water protection generally,
including pesticide problems, or laws dealing with pesticide
contamination specifically.  Since these programs are in the
formative stage, the exact nature of the controls or manage-
ment schemes that will be used are still undetermined.  Some
anticipate more vigorous State registration of pesticides to
keep those which threaten ground water from being used in
the State.  At least one State law suggests more extensive
research and implementation of integrated pest management as
part of the protection program.  Other controls being
considered include requiring buffer zones around wells,
requiring prior approval for the use of certain pesticides,
and banning the use of pesticides in areas where contamina-
tion has been found.  In developing these programs, one of
the first steps States are taking is identifying areas where
pesticide contamination of ground water is most likely to be
a problem.
                             -11-

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     For many years, States did a limited amount of ground-
water protection planning using funds under Sections 208, 106
and 205(j) of the Clean Water Act.  With the additional
impetus in 1985 and 1986 of special Section 106 ground-
water grants, virtually all States are now developing and
implementing ground-water protection strategies addressing
all sources of contamination, including pesticides.  Many
State plans for ground-water monitoring also include
pesticides.  The only grant funds under FIFRA for State
pesticide programs directly are earmarked for enforcement
and certification of pesticide applicators; EPA has also
funded a few, limited ground-water monitoring studies.  A
few States are using FIFRA enforcement funds to help support
investigation of ground-water contamination incidents; other
States have begun incorporting educational materials on
ground water into applicator certification training programs.

     Despite the evident need for better coordination among
agencies at the State (and Federal) level, several ongoing
projects to control nonpoint sources of water quality problems
at the substate level demonstrate a significant amount of
cooperation between Federal, State, and local agencies.
Projects typically include providing technical and cost-
sharing assistance to landowners for the installation of best
management pratices, many of which protect both surface and
ground-water guality.  In some projects, participation in
integrated pest management programs is a condition of
receiving cost-sharing assistance.
     The information contained in the Briefs reflects the
status of State activities as of August 1985.  Because of the
increasing interest in the problem of pesticides in ground
water, many States are now initiating or expanding their
efforts, and further progress has been made on many of the
activities that are included in the Briefs.  Any guestions
about the overall project should be directed to Marian Mlay,
Director, Office of Ground-Water Protection, 401 M Street,
S.W., Washington, D.C.  20460.  Questions about individual
State Program Briefs should be directed to the EPA Regional
Ground Water Representative or Pesticides Branch Chief (see
Appendix A) or to the appropriate State officials (listed in
each Program Brief).
                            -111-

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in  Ground Water
                CONNECTICUT
 Sources of
Contamination
Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source and ranked No. 2 in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB and Vorlex
 Monitoring     Surface water supplies  are monitored every  three years for
  Program       regulated pesticides, and ground-water  supplies are monitored only
   Status       when a problem is  suspected,  such as with the recent EDB
                contamination.

                The Water Supply Section has  completed  extensive sampling for
                EDB.  Their first  round of EDB analyses was completed in 1984.  A
                second sampling will determine whether  EDB  levels have increased
                and will attempt to detect the presence of Vorlex in these same
                supplies.  The state has taken nearly 2,500 water samples, with
                approximately 230  private wells and 50  public supplies
                contaminated.  The Water Supply Section has committed substantial
                resources to identifying the  extent of  pesticide contamination
                with the support of over 3,000 work hours in 1984 and plans to
                make a comparable  commitment  in 1985.   The  state plans to start
                monitoring for additional pesticides this year, but has concerns
                over developing a  response plan when the new pesticides are found
                and determining what remedial action to take.

                The Connecticut Agricultural  Experiment Station in a year-long
                study analyzed 42  community water supply wells that tap major
                aquifers in 12 towns for a wide range of pesticides, 32 compounds
                including EDB.  No pesticides were detected in any of the
                samples.  The station will be analyzing more samples and is
                researching alternatives to using pesticides to control pests,
                learning how pesticides are held and released in soils, and
                searching for ways to destroy compounds like EDB in ground water.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)
   Grants        Section  106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  The discovery of groundwater contam-
                inates as a result of the use of soil fumigants has dramatically
                increased the workload of our field staff.

                The DEP  has responded to the situation by making use/follow-up
                inspections a priority item and by increasing the number of man
                hours spent on groundwater monitoring.

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                CONNECTICUT (cont'd)

                It will be noted on the allocation of work-years, conventional
                enforcement activities are of little value to the problem of
                groundwater contamination.  A monitoring and public information
                program is a more appropriate system.

                The allocations have been adjusted to reflect the emphasis on
                groundwater monitoring for pesticides which falls under the
                category of agricultural public information.

                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Cooperative efforts are underway between several DEP units,  the
Department of Health Services (DHS), and the Department of
Agriculture.  The DHS has lab services available and regulates
water supplies.  The DEP has a pesticide use program, site inves-
tigations, and order for pollution abatement and alternative water
suppliers.

Connecticut refused state registration of the soil fumigant,
Vorlex, with formulations containing 1,2 dichloropropane.

DEP has issued 30 orders to provide potable water where pesticide
contamination has occurred.
    Other       An act Concerning Provision of Potable Drinking Water was  passed
 Activities     by the 1985 General Assembly.  The major provisions of  this bill
                are:
                        State will order responsible parties to provide  short-term
                        as well as long-term potable drinking water  in the  event
                        ground water contamination has occurred.  State  will
                        provide 100 percent of a short-term solution until  order
                        is complied with.

                        Where no responsible party can be identified, state will
                        provide 100 percent of the cost of short-term solution  and
                        100 percent of the cost of the engineering report  (50
                        percent for private water companies) to develop  long-term
                        solution.  The state will also provide grants (50  to 75
                        percent for municipal systems and 50 percent for private
                        water companies serving less than 10,000 customers) for
                        the construction of capital improvements needed  for the
                        most cost-effective long-term solution.  Municipalities
                        may be advanced up to 100 percent of the short-  or
                        long-term cost.

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               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              CONNECTICUT (cont'd)

                  3.  Allows the Commissioner to prescribe fees  for  pesticide
                      registration as well as fee to register any  person who
                      distributes, sells, offers for sale a restricted  or permit
                      use pesticide.  Fees collected are credited  to the
                      emergency spill response fund established  under this  act.

              In addition to this program, the Governor has set  up a Pesticide
              Task Force and a Scientific Advisory Committee to  work on setting
              standards and developing recommendations to contain  and control
              chemical contamination of public and private water supplies.
  State       Robert Smith
 Agency       Assistant Director
Contacts      Water Compliance Unit
              Department of Environmental Protection
              122 Washington Street
              Hartford, CT  06115
              (203) 566-2588

              Dr. Stephan Hitchock
              Director
              Department of Environmental Protection
              Hazardous Materials Management Unit
              State Office Building
              165 Capitol Avenue
              Hartford, CT  06115
              (203) 566-5148
              FTS:  8-641-5148

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
                MAINE
Agricultural activities have been reported as  a contamination
source, but not ranked for seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Aldicarb
 Monitoring     The state has analyzed all  Public Water  Systems  (PWSs)  twice  for
  Program       regulated pesticides (none  detected),  and  intends  to  analyze  new
   Status       PWSs for regulated pesticides.

                Union Carbide, with the cooperation of the Pesticide  Control
                Board, sampled 164 wells for aldicarb.

                The Drinking Water Program  Manager  is  working on a new  program
                that will divide the state  into four regions  where they will  look
                for specific pesticides in  ground water that  can be identified by
                agricultural land usage. The Drinking Water  Program  has coor-
                dinated with the Pesticide  Control  Board to determine specific
                crops grown and chemicals used in the  area.  The scope  of work for
                this project should be completed by mid-February with monitoring
                commencing in the spring.  The associated costs, space, and time
                have already been arranged  with the state laboratory  to conduct
                this analysis.

                A monitoring program has been developed to monitor impacts from
                pesticides/herbicides application associated  with  various land use
                activities in the vicinity  of water supplies.  Priority will  be
                given to pesticides commonly used in Maine and those  that pose the
                greatest threat of contaminating ground water.  The project will
                test approximately 237 samples and  cost about $80,000.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources, Board of
Pesticide Control (DAFRR/BPC)
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.   Will establish mechanism to
                ensure implementation of state's ground-water policy.   Includes
                monitoring and planning for pesticide control.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Aldicarb contamination of ground water
                in Aroostock County continues to present a problem for the BPC.
                BPC cannot determine whether aldicarb is being applied in
                compliance with the label or whether the insecticide is a
                potential contaminant under any circumstances.

                Other Grants.  SDWA funds provide the necessary resources for the
                $80,000 program.

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
MAINE (cont'd)

Maine issued a state local use registration for aldicarb through
an additional label restriction.  All use is now prohibited within
500 feet of a well used for drinking water.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Frank Fiore
Management Planning Division
Department of Environmental Protection
State House Station 17
Augusta, ME  04333
(207) 289-2811

Robert Denny
Director
Pesticides Control Board
State Office Building - Station 28
Augusta, ME  04330
(207) 289-2731
FTS:  8-868-2731

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in  Ground  Water
                MASSACHUSETTS
 Sources of
Contamination
Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB
 Monitoring     The regulated pesticides have been analyzed for all surface
  Program       sources (none detected).  The Division of Water Supply in conjunc-
   Status       tion with the Pesticide Bureau has completed an extensive study of
                EDB contamination of ground-water supplies.  A total of 273
                sources were sampled, of which 63 were Public Water Systems.

                The Water Supply Branch in Region I has initiated a sampling/moni-
                toring study of selected water supplies, both public and private.
                This study is concentrated in western Massachusetts and will sup-
                plement the work done by the Pesticide Bureau and the Division of
                Water Supply.  Approximately 30 sites have been sampled and are
                being analyzed for EDB and hydrocarbon content.  Analytical
                support is provided by a contract laboratory in Madison, Wis-
                consin.  The results from this study should be ready in February
                and will help define the overall impact of EDB contamination in
                public and private water supplies in the Connecticut River Valley.

                The state has begun a monitoring program to test for seven
                agricultural pesticides in public and private wells in 24
                communities in the Connecticut Valley.

                A pesticide use survey has been initiated.  Questionnaires have
                been sent to 200 lawn care, landscaping, and golf course main-
                tenance companies.  The information will be used to develop the
                state's long-term pesticide strategy.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Food and Agriculture, Bureau of Pesticides
   Grants      I Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  The department has initiated a ground-
                water testing program, which in addition to the administrative
                functions pertinent to the enforcement program, required much of
                the time and resources of the remaining inspectional staff.

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                  State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                 MASSACHUSETTS (cont'd)

                 Massachusetts concurs with the National Priorities listed in the
                 FY 85 grant guide, specifically in relation to enforcement activ-
                 ity related to groundwater contamination.

                 Other Grants.  Section 205j funds are being utilized to support
                 the pesticide task force.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
A new interagency  task  force has been  formed,  headed  by  the  Direc-
tor of the Division of  Water Supply, to examine  and deal with
pesticide contamination of ground water.  Currently,  they  have  a
memo of understanding with the Pesticide Bureau  to examine pesti-
cide practices in  the state.  This information will be used  to
develop a long-range pesticide strategy and  to identify resource
needs.
     Other
  Activities
The Pesticide Control Board issued an emergency order  (90 days)
banning the use of aldicarb on potato fields within  1,000 feet of
water supply wells.
     State
    Agency
   Contacts
David Terry
Director
Water Supply Planning and Development
Department of Environmental Quality Engineering
One Winter Street
Boston, MA  02108
(617) 292-5529

Lewis Wells
Supervisor
Pesticides Bureau
Department of Food and Agriculture
100 Cambridge Street, 21st Floor
Boston, MA  02202
(617) 727-2863

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
HEW HAMPSHIRE

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No specific pesticides reported.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
The Water Supply and Pollution Control Commission, the Division  of
Public Health Services and the Pesticide Control Division have
begun a monitoring program to sample ground water in high
pesticide use areas.  The first phase of this project will focus
on areas abutting apple orchards.  Eight cluster areas in three
towns will have two samples per cluster taken and analyzed for 17
sentinel pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides.
During FY 86 this survey will be expanded to examine impacts  from
approximately 10 sites abutting extensive vegetable-growing areas
and approximately 10 sites near golf courses.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Division of Pesticide Control, Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Program to be developed  to  look
at ground-water impacts in areas of prior agricultural  operations.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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               State Program Brief/Pesticides In Ground Water
              HEW HAMPSHIRE (cont'd)

  State       David Scott
 Agency       Acting Director
Contacts      Office of State Planning
              2 1/2 Beacon Street
              Concord, NH  03301
              (603) 271-2155

              Murray McKay
              Director
              Division of Pesticide Control
              Department of Agriculture
              Prescott Park, Bldg. #1
              105 Loudon Road
              Concord, NH  03301
              (603) 271-3550
              FTS:   8-842-3550

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                                      10
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
RHODE ISLAND

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Aldicarb
 Monitoring     Monitors all their Public Water Systems (PWSs)  annually, surface
  Program       as well as ground, for the regulated pesticides.   The state has
   Status       completed extensive study of nearly all PWSs,  both surface and
                ground, for aldicarb contamination.  All private  wells within
                1/2-mile radius of about 130 potato fields were sampled.  The
                study identified approximately two PWSs and 15  private wells as
                being contaminated.  The state has refused to  register aldicarb
                for the 1985 growing season due to lack of appropriate labeling
                restrictions regarding use.  It is uncertain which pesticide
                potato farmers will use in lieu of aldicarb.

                The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management has
                recently released for bid a survey that will sample approximately
                500 wells for ground water impacts from certain land uses.  Eight
                categories of land use are being addressed, three of which
                (agriculture, turf farming, and silviculture and  nursery
                operations) will deal with pesticide and fertilizer impacts.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Environmental Management
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Monitoring of use and enforcement
against pesticide misuses that could result in pesticide
contamination of groundwater will be the third priority.  Rhode
Island possesses a number of groundwater aquifers that may serve
as a valuable source of drinking water in the future.

Other Grants.  No data.

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                                      11
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
RHODE ISLAND (cont'd)

Denied state registration of Temik 15G® (aldicarb) and its use for
1985.  Ban may continue into 1986.

The pesticide Advisory Board has been abolished.

An act relating to pesticide contamination was passed and took
effect on July 1, 1985, and establishes a Pesticide Relief Fund.
This fund will be used for (1) "emergency relief for pesticide
contamination and (2) financial support for pest control methods
that reduce or eliminate reliance on chemicals, particularly
support for integrated pest management.  The fund is financed by
annual pesticide registration fees.  The fund can be used for
testing and monitoring domestic water supplies, carbon filters and
other treatment devices, bottled water, alternative water
supplies, other environmental monitoring, municipal grants up to
one-third the cost of extending public water supply systems to
serve areas of multiple domestic water supplies, grants for
integrated pest management, research, and public education.

A Pesticide Relief Advisory Board was also established in this
bill.  The board will make recommendations to the director of DEM
regarding uses for the fund and will provide advice on pesticides
and the health dangers associated with pesticide use.  The board
will consist of 11 members—10 public members and the chairperson
of the joint committee on the environment or his/her designee.
(The Advisory Board described previously no longer exists.)

An appropriation bill for $100,000 was also passed to purchase
filters for private wells contaminated with aldicarb above the
state action level of 10 ppb.
   Other        xhe Rhode Island Department of Health recently purchased new
 Activities     equipment to do all  pesticide analysis in-house.   This should  be
                on line in March 1985.

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                                    12
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              RHODE ISLAND (cont'd)

  State       Michael Annarummo
 Agency       Supervisor
Contacts      Permits and Planning Section
              Division of Water Resources
              Department of Environmental Management
              75 Davis Street
              Health Building
              Providence, RI  02908
              (401) 277-2234

              Stephen W. Higgins, Chief
              Division of Agriculture & Marketing
              Department of Environmental Management
              22 Hayes Street
              Providence, RI  02903
              (401) 277-2782

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                                      13
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
VERMONT

Agricultural activities have been reported as  a  contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring     The Health Department has initiated a special study on herbicides
  Program       used and the impacts on ground water.  They are looking at  three
   Status       sites that use different herbicides and are studying transport and
                contamination of ground water.

                1)  Highway guard rail site - Bromacil and 2,4,D
                2)  Railroad site - Diuron, atrazine and proraeton
                3)  Electric utility right-of-way - Triclopyr and 2,4,D

                Each site has four test wells, one up gradient and three wells
                down gradient.  The study began in spring 1984, samples were
                collected during the summer and fall, and additional sampling will
                be done during 1985.  Results to date have not detected any
                herbicides.  Well screens were set five feet below the water
                table, which is approximately 15 feet deep at two sites, 60 feet
                deep at the third site.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  A use-related priority includes
                enforcement against misuse of pesticides that could result in
                contamination of ground water.

                Contaminated ground water, from the use/misuse of pesticides by
                the dairy industry is of great concern.

                The monitoring of chemical run-offs or movement off site will
                identify existing problems or situations that pose potential
                problems if left unchecked.

                Other Grants.   No data.

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                                     14
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
VERMONT (cont'd)

Vermont issued a state local use registration prohibiting the use
of aldicarb within 500 feet of a private well used for drinking
water.
    Other
 Activities
A Vermont pesticide law was passed in June 1985 and will utilize
increased pesticide registration fees for a pesticide monitoring
program.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
David Butterfield
Chief
Ground-Water Management Section
Water Quality Division
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
State Office Building
Montpelier, VT  05602
(802) 828-2761

Philip Benedict
Director
Plant Industry Division
Department of Agriculture
Montpelier, VT  05605
(802) 828-2431
FTS:  8-832-2431

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                                       15
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
NEW JERSEY

Agricultural activities were  reported  as  a  contamination source,
but not ranked  in  the  top  four  for  seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Environmental Protection,  Bureau of  Pesticide
Control
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities,
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
John Gaston
Director
Department of Environmental Protection
CN029
Trenton, NJ  08625
(609) 292-1638

Ray Ferrarin
Acting Chief
Bureau of Pesticide Control
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
380 Scotch Road
West Trenton, NJ  08265
(609) 292-8393

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                                      16
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
NEW YORK

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Aldicarb (Temik), carbaryl (Sevin), methomyl (Lannate), carbofuran
(Furadan), chlorothalonil (Bravo), dacthal (DCPA),
1,2-dicloropropane, dinoseb, oxamyl (Vydate), and picloram
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
An extensive aldicarb sampling program was undertaken by Suffolk
County Department of Health Services and Union Carbide
Corporation.  Other pesticides that have been monitored include
EDB, and 1,2-dichloropropane.  The Suffolk County Department of
Health Services has begun an extensive pesticide monitoring
program.  Additionally, Cornell University and the New York State
Department of Health have monitored for aldicarb in upstate New
York.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Environmental Conservation
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  A pesticide control assessment of
upstate New York is under way.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   17
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              HEW YORK (cont'd)

  State       Dan Barolo
 Agency       Director
Contacts      Ground-water Division
              Department of Environmental Conservation
              50 Wolfe Road
              Albany, NY  12233
              (518) 457-6674

              Cynthia D. Harmon
              Acting Director
              Bureau of Pesticides
              Department of Environmental Conservation
              50 Wolf Road, Room 404
              Albany, NY  12233
              (518) 457-7482

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                                     18
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
PUERTO RICO

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination  source,
but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities,
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Carl-Ixel P. Soderberg
Environmental Water Quality Board
P.O. Box 11488
San Turce, Puerto Rico  00910
(809) 725-0717

Arlene Gonzales
Director
Analyses & Registration of
  Agricultural Materials
Division of Laboratory
Puerto Rico Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 10163
San Turce, PR" 00908
(809) 796-1710, -1715

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                                     19
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
VIRGIN ISLANDS

Agricultural  activities were  not  reported as  a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Conservation  and  Cultural Affairs
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No  activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Angel Lebron
Commissioner
Department of Conservation & Cultural Affairs
P.O. Box 4399
Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas
U.S. Virgin Islands  00801
(809) 774-3320

Leonard B. Reed, Jr.
Director
Pesticides Program
Division of Natural Resources Management
Department of Conservation & Cultural Affairs
Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas
U. S. Virgin Islands  00801
(809) 774-6420

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                                      20
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
DELAWARE

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source and ranked No. 1 in seriousness.  Note:  Three other
sources were also ranked No. 1.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No pesticides found in public water systems.  Some samples
collected in agricultural fields have yielded trace amounts of
atrazine.
 Monitoring     Investigations have been conducted into pesticides in ground water
  Program       public water systems.  Concerns exist that these studies may not
   Status       have been sufficiently comprehensive.  Studies are currently being
                conducted on water-soluble pesticides in corn and soybean fields
                via monitoring wells.  The University of Delaware is also
                conducting experiments with six commonly used pesticides and
                herbicides on test plots.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Division of Protection and Promotion
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Pesticide enforcement activities  and
operator certification are funded under this grant.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Department of Agriculture runs the pesticide certification,
labeling, and licensing program.  It also provides advice  on
application procedures and doses.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   21
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              DELAWARE (cont'd)

  State       Phillip G.  Retallick, Deputy Director
 Agency       Division of Air and Waste Management
Contacts      Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
              P.O. Box 1401
              Dover, DE  19903
              (302) 736-4764

              Roland Derrickson
              Director
              Delaware Department of Agriculture
              P.O. Drawer D
              Dover, DE  19901
              (302) 736-4815

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                                       22
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in  Ground  Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MARYLAND

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Trace quantities of Atrazine, Simazine, Alachlor, and Trifluralin
 Monitoring     No specific program currently monitors for pesticide
  Program       contamination.   Pesticides are usually detected through other
   Status       existing enforcement programs (i.e.,  UIC,  PWS,  NPDES,  and MACS)
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture (Note;  The Department of Health and
Mental Hygiene, Water Management Administration enforces federal/
state drinking water program, and controls pesticides and other
contaminants directly impacting ground water.)
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.   The Department of Health and
                Mental Hygiene is using a $112,000 grant to develop a ground-water
                strategy.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Department of Agriculture and Soil
                Conservation Service are administering the grant ($300,000)
                including operator certification.

                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Contamination is controlled through Public Water Supply Monitoring
Program, Toxic Materials Permits Program, Ground Water Discharge
Permits, and Maryland Agricultural Cost-Share Program.
   Other
 Activities
Strict soil conservation controls are in effect.

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                                   23
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              MARYLAND (cont'd)

 State        Rick Collins
 Agency       Program Development Division
Contacts      Office of Environmental Programs
              Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
              201 W. Preston Street
              Baltimore, MD  21201
              (301) 225-5649

              David Shriver
              Chief
              Pesticide Applicators Law Section
              Maryland Department of Agriculture
              50 Harry S. Truman Parkway
              Annapolis, MD  21401
              (301) 841-5710

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                                       24
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
Contaminating
 Pesticides
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
 Enforcement
  Authority


   Grants
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
    Other
 Activities
PENNSYLVANIA

Agricultural activities were reported as one contamination source,



Atrazine, Simazine, Alachlor, and Metolachlor.



Case-by-case basis.




Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Pesticide enforcement activities and
certification of operators were funded by the grant.

Other Grants.  No data.
No data.
The Conestoga River Basin Rural Clean Water Project has, as a
secondary objective, the goal of obtaining monitoring data to
characterize the pesticide problem in ground water.  No current
monitoring data are available from the literature at hand.
However, 1983 regional ground-water pesticide data are given in
tabular form as follows:
Pesticide
Atrazine
Simazine
Alachlor
Metolachlor
n
99
99
99
9
Maximum
(ug/L)
3.0
3.4
3.0
0.4
% Samples
>Detection Limit
36
15
10
6
Detection
Limit
0.2 ug/L
0.2 ug/L
0.05 ug/L
0.01 ug/L

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                                  25
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              PENNSYLVANIA (cont'd)

  State       John 0* Osgood
 Agency       Bureau of Water Quality Management
Contacts      Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources
              P.O. Box 2063
              Harrisburg, PA  17120
              (717) 783-3638

              Gerard J. Florentine
              Pesticides Operations Coordinator
              Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
              2301 N. Cameron Street
              Harrisburg, PA  17110
              (717) 787-4843

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                                       26
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
                VIRGINIA
 Sources of
Contamination
Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination source.
Domestic termite control was also reported as  a contamination
                source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Chlordane, EDB, and arsenic
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
Monitoring as required for known sites.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services,  Division of
Product and Industry Regulations
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.   No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Pesticide enforcement  and operator
certification are on-going.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Ground-Water Pollution Education Program is an awareness program
initiated for county agents.
    Other
 Activities
Completed a state-wide survey in response to cases of EDB
contamination in Florida.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
P.J. Smith
Office of Water Resources Management
Virginia Water Control Board
2111 N. Hamilton Street
Richmond, VA  23230
(804) 257-0072

Harry K. Rust
Supervisor
Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Service
P.O. Box 1163
Richmond, VA  23209
(804) 786-3798
FTS:  8-963-3798

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
WEST VIRGINIA

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides

 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
Tordon (2 cases) and Atrazine (1 case)
The West Virginia Department of Health (DOH) Drinking Water
Program monitors certain pesticides.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture (DOA), Plant Pest Control Division
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  A comprehensive ground-water
plan, which includes pesticides management, is under development.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  DOA observes application activities for
compliance and investigates complaints, but it has no specific
ground-water program.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Implemented through DOH and DOA.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Timothy Laraway, Branch Head
Solid and Hazardous Waste/Ground Water Branch
Division of Water Resources
West Virginia Department of Natural Resources
1201 Greenbrier Street
Charleston, WV  25311
(304) 348-5935

Dr. Charles Coffman
Director
Plant Pest Control Division
West Virginia Department of Agriculture
Capitol Building
Charleston, WV  25305
(304) 348-2212

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                                         28
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
ALABAMA

Agricultural activities have been reported as  a contamination
source, but not ranked in the top four in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture and Industries,  Division of Agricultural
Chemistry and Plant Industries
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.   While the state plans to support
a variety of ground-water activities with Section 106 funds in FY
86, it has no plans to include ground-water monitoring for
pesticides.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
John Poole
Chief
Ground-Water Section
Department of Environmental Management
1751 Federal Drive
Montgomery, AL  36130
(205) 271-7832

John A. Bloch (also,  John Cousins)
Director
Ag. Chemistry/Plant Industry Division
Alabama Department of Agriculture & Commerce
P.O. Box 3336
Montgomery, AL  36193
(205) 832-3753

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                                        29
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
FLORIDA

Agricultural activities and stormwater runoff from agricultural
activities have been reported as a contamination source and ranked
No. 1 in seriousness.  Note:  Two other sources were also ranked
No. 1.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB, aldicarb (Temik), Silvex, and Lindane
 Monitoring     Program established to assess impact of pesticide applications.
  Program       In response to cases of EDB and Temik contamination and as a
   Status       result of the Florida Water Quality Assurance Act of 1983, an
                extensive monitoring program has now been initiated.  The Act
                requires placing into effect an extensive ground-water monitoring
                network for the purpose of monitoring the impact of pesticide
                application on ground-water aquifers on a permanent basis.  Over
                1,800 monitoring wells have been identified as suitable.  A
                central publicly accessible repository of the data has been
                established.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of
Inspection
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Funds have been used to monitor
                for pesticides, especially Temik and EDB.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
A major study is being conducted by the Florida Department of
Environmental Regulation (FDER) in cooperation with the University
of Florida and a consulting firm (CH2M Hill) to evaluate the
behavior and fate of EDB in ground water.  A Pesticide Review
Council has been established by the Water Quality Act to provide
technical assistance in regards to the use of new pesticides.  A
Pesticide Section was established within the FDER and an existing
pesticide section was strengthened in the Department of
Agriculture to better address the regulation of pesticide use and
its environmental fate.  Corrective action is being undertaken for
EDB-contaminated water.

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                                     30
                State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
   Other
Activities
FLORIDA (cont'd)

No data.
   State       Dr. Rodney DeHan (also, Jim McNeil)
  Agency       Administrator Ground-Water Section
 Contacts      Department of Environmental Regulation
               Twin Towers Office Bldg.
               2600 Blair Stone Road
               Tallahassee, FL  32301
               (804) 988-3601

               James A. Downing
               Administrator
               Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services
               Mayo Building, Room 213
               Tallahassee, FL  32301
               (904) 487-2130

               Roger Inman
               Chief, Product Data Evaluation Bureau
               Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
               Mayo Building
               Tallahassee, FL  32301
               (904) 487-0532

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                                      31
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
GEORGIA

Agricultural activities have  been  reported  as  a contamination
source and ranked No. 2 in  seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
Ground-water monitoring does include  occasional monitoring for
pesticides.  The monitoring being done  in  southwest  Georgia was
started as a survey in Seminole County  after EDB  was found in some
water supply systems.  This monitoring  has continued with EPA, ORD
(HQ) paying USGS to continue sampling and  to set  up  a test site  of
10 acres to which pesticides are applied and traced.   The area was
chosen because USGS and the State Geological Survey  have  very
complete data on surface and subsurface conditions in the area.
Continued testing is planned for FY 86.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Pesticides Division
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Ground-Water Monitoring
Network includes monitoring for pesticides.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
Georgia has an ongoing research project involving pesticide
mobility in ground water.

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                                   32
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              GEORGIA (cont'd)

  State       Harold Reheis (also, Ken Davis)
 Agency       Assistant Director
Contacts      Environmental Protection Division
              Department of Natural Resources
              270 Washington St., SW, Room 825
              Atlanta, GA  30334
              (404) 656-4713

              Ron Conley (also,  Tom Delaney)
              Chief
              Pesticides Division
              Department of Agriculture
              19 Martin L. King, Jr. Drive, S.W.
              Atlanta, GA  30334
              (404) 656-4958

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                                      33
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground  Water
 Sources of
Contamination
KENTUCKY

Agricultural activities were  not  reported  as  a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Division of Pesticides
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  The pesticides  monitoring  effort
was part of a model development and check of model  accuracy.   The
model was for karst formations; karst aquifers are  prevalent  in
Kentucky and provide very rapid ground-water and, therefore,
pollutant transport.  Pesticides were among the  pollutants  being
monitored.  The report on this work is to be published  in
February 1986.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   34
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              KENTUCKY (cont'd)

  State       Karen Armstrong-Cummings (also, Geary M. Schindel)
 Agency       Assistant to the Commissioner
Contacts      Department for Environmental Protection
              Fort Boone Plaza
              18 Reilly Road
              Frankfort, KY  40601
              (502) 564-3035

              Michael Stivers
              Director
              Division of Pesticides
              Department of Agriculture
              Pine Hill Plaza
              1121 Louisville Road
              Frankfort, KY  40601
              (502) 564-7274

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                                      35
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MISSISSIPPI

Agricultural  activities  were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
 No  data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No  data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department  of Agriculture  and  Commerce,  Division of Plant Industry
   Grants
Section  L06 Ground-water  Grant.   No  activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
William A. Barnett  (also,  Darrell  Schmidz)
Coordinator
Ground-Water Protection Program
Department of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 10385
Jackson, MS  39209
(601) 961-5171

Jack D. Coley (also, Robert McCarty)
Director
Division of Plant Industry
Department of Agriculture & Commerce
P.O. Box 5207
Mississippi State, MS  39762
(601) 325-3390

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                                     36
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
WORTH CAROLINA

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
The state regularly monitors several hundred wells for USGS  data
but does not monitor for pesticides and does not plan to  start-
such monitoring.  The aldicarb and EDB monitoring was done as  part
of a joint training effort of the Department of Natural Resources
and Community Development and the North Carolina Department  of
Agriculture.  Aldicarb and EDB were not found in the samples
tested.  Training was for pesticides applicators.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Pesticide and Plant Protection
Division
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Considering ground-water  monitor-
ing and areas of pesticide use as possible activities,  but no
resources alloted.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  North Carolina's grant applications  for  FY  85 and
FY 86 do not request funds for support of monitoring  pesticides  in
ground water.  The state has and funds its own ground-water
monitoring program and finds this program adequate  for  its needs.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   37
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              HORTH CAROLINA (cont'd)

  State       Perry Nelson
 Agency       Chief
Contacts      Ground-Water Section
              Department of Natural Resources Community Development
              P.O. Box 27687
              Raleigh, NC  27611
              (919) 733-5083

              John L.  Smith
              Pesticide Administrator
              Pest Control Division
              Department of Agriculture
              State Agriculture Building
              Raleigh, NC  27611
              (919) 733-3556

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                                     38
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
SOOTH CAROLINA

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked for seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring     Public drinking water systems are monitored for Maximum
  Program       Contaminant Levels (MCLs) by the State Department of Health and
   Status       Environmental Control.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Delegated to Clemson University, Division of Regulatory and  Public
Services Programs.  The Department of Health and Environmental
Control becomes involved when public water supplies and/or public
health are impacted.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  The state is developing a qualitative
analysis outlining ground-water contamination as an area  of  major
concern, and is developing education and enforcement  programs  to
mitigate pesticide misuse.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other       Since the elimination of a DBCP problem several years  ago,  the
 Activities     state has experienced very few problems with pesticides  contam-
                ination of ground water.  There is very little evidence  of  pesti-
                cides misuse.  The Plant Pest Regulatory Service, working closely
                with the Department of Health and Environmental Control, plans  to
                obtain data on pesticides contamination of ground water  after EPA
                sets health advisory levels.  Until these health advisory levels
                are published, the state does not plan to declare pesticides a
                major ground—water concern.

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                                    39
               State Program Brief/Pesticides In Ground Water
              SOOTH CAROLINA (cont'd)

  State       Don Duncan
 Agency       Director
Contacts      Ground-Water Protection Division
              Department of Health and Environmental Control
              2600 Bull Street
              Columbia, SC  29201
              (317) 758-5213

              V. H. McCaskill
              Pesticide Supervisor
              Plant Pest Regulatory Service
              210 Barre Hall, Clemson University
              Clemson, SC  29631
              (803) 656-3171

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                                       40
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
TENNESSEE

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring     The monitoring in Hardeman County is for a Velsicol landfill
  Program       containing pesticides manufacturing wastes, mainly from the
   Status       manufacture of endrin, heptachlor, and heptechlor - epoxide.  Area
                wells were found to be contaminated in 1974-75 and remedial action
                was begun in 1978.  Currently, a cap has been placed over the
                burial site and a modified monitoring program continues.  This
                program determines whether pollution is leaching through the
                capped landfill.  Results to date are inconclusive.  The plan is
                to monitor for three more years and then report results.  The end
                point results may still not achieve drinking water standards.

                The monitoring in the Memphis area is at the Hollywood Dump and is
                not specific to pesticides.  Results to date do not indicate
                ground-water contamination by pesticides.

                The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency will manage a State
                Geographic Information System monitoring for all state agencies in
                FY 86.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industries
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities,

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                  41
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              TENNESSEE (cont'd)

  State       Don Rima (also,  Terry K.  Cothron)
 Agency       Coordinator
Contacts      Ground-Water Program
              Division of Water Management
              Department of Health & Environment
              TERRA Bldg. 7th Floor
              150 Ninth Avenue, North
              Nashville, TN 37219
              (615) 741-0690

              John A.  Hammett
              Director
              Plant Industries Division
              Department of Agriculture
              P.O. Box 40627,  Melrose Station
              Nashville, TN  37204
              (615) 360-0117

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                                      42
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
ILLINOIS

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
State plan discusses ground water in the context of non-point
source control for agricultural use of pesticides.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   43
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              ILLINOIS (cont'd)

  State       Robert Clark
 Agency       Manager
Contacts      Ground-Water Section
              Division of Public Water Supplies
              Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
              2200 Churchill Road
              Springfield, IL  62706
              (217) 782-9470

              William E.  Anderson
              Chief
              Bureau of Plant & Apiary Protection
              Department  of Agriculture
              Emmerson Building
              Springfield, IL  62706
              FTS:  8-956-3017

              Harvey Dominick
              Office of Health Regulation
              Department  of Public Health
              535 West Jefferson
              Springfield, IL  62761
              (217) 782-4674

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                                    44
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
INDIANA

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No ground-water monitoring projects are planned or in effect.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Indiana State Chemist Office.  Actual monitoring of pesticide
levels in ground water is outside the legal responsibility of  the
state chemist.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities,
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
Planning increased surveillance for improper disposal  of waste
pesticides and containers, and runoff from storage and loading
facilities.  No resources established for surveillance.

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                                     45
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              INDIANA (cont'd)

  State       Robert Carter
 Agency       Coordinator
Contacts      Environmental Programs
              Indiana State Board of Health
              1330 West Michigan St.
              Indianapolis, IN  42606
              (317) 633-8467

              L.  0. Nelson
              Pesticide Administrator
              Office of State Chemist
              Department of Biochemistry
              Purdue University
              West Lafayette, IN  47907
              (317) 494-1587

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                                     46
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MICHIGAN

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No formalized ground-water monitoring program exists; none  is
planned.  Limited sampling conducted in response  to  complaints  and
pesticide incidents.  Assessments made to enforce  state  pesticide
law.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Strategy under development  and  should be
completed in FY 86.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Richard Johns
Director
Ground-Water Quality Division
Michigan Department of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 30028
Lansing, MI  48989
(517) 373-1947

Robert Kirkpatrick
Plant Industry Division
Department of Agriculture
Lewis Cass Building
Lansing, MI  48909
(517) 373-1087

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                                      47
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MINNESOTA

Agricultural activities have been reported  as  a  contamination
source and ranked No. 2 in seriousness.

Pollution from agricultural practices is believed  to  be widespread
in the Karst area of the southeast and  the  intensely  irrigated
sand plains of west-central Minnesota.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
In 1984, the Department of Agriculture  conducted  a  limited
ground-water monitoring program for pesticides.

At the beginning of FY 84, no ground-water monitoring projects
were being conducted solely for pesticides in  the state.  The
Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) has  recognized  the
importance of the potential for ground-water contamination  as
brought to evidence recently in several instances across  the
United States.
                Discussions between MDA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)  in
                1983 and early 1984 resulted in the formation of a monitoring  plan
                that addressed three areas of the state in which 1) agricultural
                pesticides are used extensively, 2) there are sandy soils, and 3)
                land is intensively irrigated.  In two of the areas (Bonanza
                Valley—Sterns, Pope, and Kandiyohi counties, and Anoka Sand
                Plain—Anoka, Isanti, and Sherburne counties), USGS has placed
                several test wells in the elevated aquifers that are used in USGS
                hydrology work.  The MDA used selected USGS test wells for this
                survey.  The remaining MDA monitoring locale (Karst Topography
                Area) in southeastern Minnesota does not contain any USGS test
                wells and was not utilized in actual sampling during 1984.

                Thirty wells were selected for sampling from the Bonanza Valley
                and Anoka Sand Plain.  All of these wells are characterized as
                shallow, ranging between 1 1/2 and 20 feet deep.  The monitoring
                plan called for water samples to be collected and analyzed on  the
                following schedule:  1) pre-pesticide application and pre-spring
                recharge, 2) mid-season (July), and 3) post-season
                (September/October).  Samples were to be analyzed for specific
                pesticides used in these regions, and a general screen was to  be
                run for organochlorine (OC),  organonitrogen (ON), organophosphate
                (OP), and phenoxy acid pesticides.

                Phase I sampling was completed in late May and Phase II in late
                June, and Phase III was conducted in late October.   During the
                Phase II sampling effort, a Groundwater Pesticide Surveillance

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                                      48
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                MINNESOTA (cont'd)

                Preliminary Questionnaire was hand-delivered to persons whose
                lands contained the wells.  The questionnaire obtained pesticide-
                use histories on those lands where the test wells were located.
                The findings were reported as follows:
                         Sampling
                         Phase

                           I
                           II
                           III
                          Number of
                          Samples

                             25
                             30
                             12
Samples with OC,
OP, or ON Peaks

       5
       8
       0
                The MDA wants to expand its monitoring efforts, but this will  be
                contingent upon receiving specific funding and manpower increases
                from the state legislature.  At this time, the Minnesota
                Department of Health (MDH) Organic Chemicals Survey, of which  MDA
                is a part, is in the process of being authorized and funded  at
                $365,000; funding for this survey is tentatively scheduled to
                begin in state FY 86 and continue through FY 87.  The project
                proposal describes two surveys to be conducted by MDH, and one
                survey by MDA:  85 test wells where ground-water samples will  be
                taken to determine presence of agricultural chemicals in areas of
                the state having sensitive aquifiers.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
    Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
   Program
No data.
    Other
  Activities
Rural Clean Water Program Project.  Agricultural  sources  have  been
identified as a source of contamination in the Garvin  Brook area.
The project determined that insecticides were used  for rootworm
control and that herbicides also were used.  A total of 20
contracts have been signed by watershed land owners to implement
Best Management Practices (BMPs) for the area.

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                                   49
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              MINNESOTA (cont'd)

              A recent ranking of public concerns placed ground-water
              contamination as the fourth priority.
 State        John Hoick
 Agency       Chief
Contacts      Ground-Water Unit Program Development Section
              Division of Solid & Hazardous Waste
              Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
              1935 W. County Road B-2
              Roseville, MN  55113
              (612) 296-7787

              William Bulger
              Director
              Division of Agronomy Services
              Department of Agriculture
              St. Paul, MN  55017
              (612) 297-1161 or 296-1161
              FTS:  8-776-1161

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                                     50
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
OHIO

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Russ Stein
Chief
Ground-Water Section
Water Quality Monitoring & Assessment Division
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
361 E. Broad Street
Columbus, OH  43216
(614) 466-9092

Oren Spilker
Specialist in Charge of Pesticides
Department of Agriculture
8995 East Main Street
Reynoldsburg. OH  43068
(614) 866-6361

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                                    51
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
WISCONSIN

Agricultural activities have  been  reported  as  a  contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Aldicarb
 Monitoring     Of the 363 well water samples collected, 19 percent contained
  Program       aldicarb.  Extensive sampling has been conducted for aldicarb  by
   Status       Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Union Carbide,  the
                University of Wisconsin, and the Portage County Community Human
                Services Department.

                The DNR has an ongoing pesticide sampling program for  45 priority
                pesticides.  Funding is expected to remain at approximately
                $100,000 per year, expenditures will be used to expand and improve
                the capabilities of the State Hygiene Laboratory.  It  was reported
                by the ground water staff of the DNR that the emphasis of their
                sampling program for pesticides may be shifting away from non-
                point to point sources due to recent contamination discoveries at
                handling and storage facilities.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection  (DATCP)
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Ground-water legislation was signed into
                law in May 1984.  DATCP will participate in extensive rulemaking
                during FY 1985 to carry out the legislative mandates.

                Five new positions will be added to the Agricultural Resource
                Management Division:  a field inspector, supervising inspector,
                hydrologist/geologist, and two soil scientists.

                Ground-water protection from pesticide contamination was the
                fourth ranking priority as defined by WDATCP Plant Industry
                Inspectors.

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                                      52
                  State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                 WISCONSIN (cont'd)

                 "Groundwater statutes require the department to write and admin-
                 ister rules to, among other things, protect groundwater from
                 contamination caused by bulk storage pesticides, identify and  rank
                 pesticides which have been detected in or have a reasonable prob-
                 ability of entering the groundwater, define management practices
                 to minimize pesticides from entering groundwater at levels exceed-
                 ing the Preventive Action Limit, and to set forth the range of
                 responses the department may take if the Preventive Action Limit
                 or Enforcement Standard is attained or exceeded."

                 Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Severe restrictions were placed on the use of aldicarb.  The
restrictions were in the form of five label changes submitted  by
Union Carbide to EPA.  The label changes were included in  a rule-
making change of the DATCP.  The purpose of the aldicarb rule  was
to minimize the quantity of total aldicarb reaching ground water
and to prevent aldicarb levels in ground water from exceeding  10
ppb.  The rule further requires users to file a report of  intended
use and restricts the use of aldicarb in areas where concentra-
tions have exceeded 10 ppb.

On May 4, 1984, Wisconsin Governor Anthony Earl signed into law a
ground water protection bill (Act 410) designed to protect the
quality of that state's ground water.  The bill requires each
regulatory agency to identify substances that either have  already
been detected in ground water or are likely to reach ground water
as a result of activities the agency regulates.  Ground-water  pro-
tection standards for those substances are then to be established
on a two-tiered basis:  "enforcement standards" and "preventive
action levels."

The bill stipulates that a statewide ground-water monitoring and
sampling system be established in order to implement the overall
ground-water management program.  The DNR in cooperation with
other state agencies and a newly established Ground Water  Coordi-
nating Council (an eight-member council established by Act 410 to
advise state agencies in the coordination of nonregulatory pro-
grams relating to ground water) is to develop and manage the
ground water monitoring program.  Five classifications of  monitor-
ing activities are outlined under Act 410.  They include problem
assessment monitoring, regulatory monitoring, at-rest monitoring,
management practice monitoring, and monitoring plan development.

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                                       53
                State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground  Water
               WISCONSIN (cont'd)

               The bill has other provisions relating  to agriculture  and  ground
               water.  A new program will be created within  the DATCP to  regulate
               the storage of bulk quantities of fertilizer  and pesticides.   In
               addition, the bill provides for laboratory certification and
               registration procedures to be established by  the DNR.

               A memorandum of understanding, pending  signature (4/30/85), has
               been drafted by the DATCP and DNR and contains  standards to ensure
               "the reliability of ground water sample data  used by DATCP for
               regulatory or enforcement action when data have been generated by
               persons other than DATCP."
   Other
Activities
No data.
   State       Kevin Kessler
  Agency       Chief
 Contacts      Ground-Water Management Section
               Bureau of Water Resources Management
               Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
               P.O. Box 7921
               Madison, WI  53707
               (608) 267-9350

               Orlo R. Ehart
               Chief
               Plant Industry Division
               Department of Agriculture
               Trade and Consumer Protection
               801 West Badger Road
               Madison, WI  53713
               (608) 266-7135
               FTS:  8-366-7135

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                                    54
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
ARKANSAS

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
State Plant Board
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  State ground-water monitoring
program proposed which includes irrigation wells.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Ralph H. Desmarais
Planning Specialist
Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology
P.O. Box 9583
Little Rock, AR 72209
(501) 562-7444

Ralph Pay
Director
Division of Feed, Fertilizer & Pesticides
Arkansas State Plant Board
1 Natural Resources Road
Little Rock, AR  72205
(501) 225-1598

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                                        55
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
LOUISIANA.

Agricultural activities were  reported  as  a contamination source,
but not ranked  in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Office of Agriculture  and  Environmental
Sciences
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Nc data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Patricia L. Norton
Secretary
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 44066
Baton Rouge, LA  70804
(504) 342-1265

H. F. "Butch" Calhoun III
Office of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
Louisiana Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 11453
Baton Rouge, LA  70804
(504) 925-3763

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                                    56
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
HEW MEXICO

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
The Department of Agriculture monitors in areas of known or
suspected problems.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Work plan does not presently include
ground-water tasks, but will in future.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Maxine Goad
Program Manager
Ground-Water Section
Groundwater & Hazardous Waste Bureau
New Mexico Environmental Improvement Division
P.O. Box 968
Santa Fe, NM  87504
(505) 984-0020

Barry E. Patterson
Director
Division of Agricultural & Environmental Services
New Mexico State Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 3150
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, NM  88003
(505) 646-2674

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                                      57
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
OKLAHOMA

Agricultural  activities were  not  reported  as  a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
The Department of Health conducts monitoring  programs  every three
years at each public water  supply site with ground-water  sources.
Major aquifers are also monitored.  The Department  of  Agriculture
will conduct an exploratory study.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
David Harkness
Assistant Director
Oklahoma Department of Pollution Control
P.O. Box 53504
Oklahoma City, OK  73152
(405) 271-4677

A. L. Bonner
Assistant Director
Plant Industry Division
Oklahoma State Department of Agriculture
2800 North Lincoln
Oklahoma City. OK  73105
(405) 521-3864 or 3871

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                                     58
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
TEXAS

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination  source,
but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data available indicating specific pesticides, however,
isolated incidents of ground-water contamination by pesticides
have been documented.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
Rural water supplies are not being monitored for pesticides.   The
Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) is currently assessing  the
source and extent of arsenic contamination in ground water  in West
Texas.  The TDA is also attempting to expand its laboratory
services and environmental monitoring plan to include monitoring
of ground water in areas susceptible to contamination by
pesticides.  Additionally, the TDA is working with the Texas
Department of Water Resources to identify areas of potential
contamination and to initiate testing to assess the seriousness of
the problem.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Conducted a survey of  a
interdisciplinary groundwater data base.

FIFRA Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   59
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              TEXAS (cont'd)

  State       Henry Alvarez, Head
 Agency       Ground Water Unit
Contacts      Water Availability Data and Studies Section
              Texas Water Development Board
              P. 0. Box 13087, Capitol Station
              Austin, TX  78711
              (512) 475-3681

              Alvin Ashorn
              Assistant Director
              Division of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences
              Texas Department of Agriculture
              P. 0. Box 12847
              Austin, TX  78711
              (512) 463-7524

              Jack Fickessen
              Administrative Coordinator for Water Quality Division
              Texas Water Commission
              P.O. Box 13087, Capital Station
              Austin, TX  78711-3087
              (512) 463-8412

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                                     60
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
IOWA

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source and ranked No. 1 in seriousness.  Well sampling was
conducted for 34 pesticides; 6 were found.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Atrazine (dominant pesticide), cyanazine, alachlor, metolachlor,
and fonofos
 Monitoring     Sampling is routinely conducted at Big Spring in cooperation with
  Program       Iowa Geological Survey, the University Hygienic Lab, and the
   Status       Conservation Commission.  The Iowa Department of Water, Air, and
                Waste Management (IDWAWM) is currently developing ground-water
                monitoring strategy.
 Enforcement
  Authority
The Department of Agriculture registers pesticides and certifies
operators.  IDWAWM has ground-water protection responsibilities.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No current activities; however,
application for $204,000 received in Regional Office.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  Section 205(j) has provided funds for monitoring,
regional implementation of ground-water programs, and statewide
ground-water protection strategy.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Soil Conservation District and Department of Soil Conservation
have contamination control programs and policies.  An integrated
pest management program is also in place.
    Other       ISU Expt. Station has ongoing studies to determine fate of
 Activities     herbicides applied to cropland.  Big Spring Basin demonstration
                project proposed to address these and other Issues.

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                                    61
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              IOHA (cont'd)

  State       Richard Kelley
 Agency       Environmental Specialist
Contacts      Iowa Department of Water, Air, and Waste Management
              Henry A. Wallace State Office Building
              900 E. Grand
              Des Moines, IA  50319
              (515) 281-3783

              Charles Eckerman
              Supervisor
              Pesticide Control Section
              Iowa Department of Agriculture
              Henry A. Wallace Building
              East 7th Street & Court Avenue
              Des Moines, IA  50319
              (515) 281-8590

              George Hallberg
              Iowa Geological Survey
              123 North Capitol Street
              Iowa City, IA  52242
              (319) 338-1173

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                                     62
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                KANSAS
 Sources of
Contamination
Limited data indicate some ground-water contamination by
pesticides.  Extent of contamination and level of significance  are
unknown.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Atrazine and 2,4-D
 Monitoring     State and federal surface and ground-water monitoring program has
  Program       been established.  The Kansas Department of Health and Environment
   Status       (KDHE) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) initiated a ground-
                water quality monitoring network in 1970, which now totals 926
                wells.  The network currently samples 250 wells per year and
                analyzes for anions/cations, heavy metals, TOG, pesticides, and
                radionuclides.  The network was established to provide background
                characterization of 14 important aquifer regions.  Generally
                adequate for design objectives, the network does not provide
                microscale information necessary to identify specific problems or
                extent of contamination.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Kansas State Board of Agriculture administers the pesticide
control program (inspecting and regulating pesticides, plant
pests, and diseases).
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Pesticide monitoring of ground
water as part of overall State Action Program.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
The Kansas Chemigation Safety Act passed by 1985 legislature
requires chemigation users to register with and obtain  a permit
from the Board of Agriculture.  The act also requires use  of
antipollution devices and notification of actual or suspected
accidents.
    Other       Section 208 funded, USGS Contract Study, irrigation return  flow
 Activities     study will be completed by December 1985.  Kansas Department  of
                Health and Environment and USGS have initiated cooperative  project
                to assess potential impacts of chemigation process.

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                                    63
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              KANSAS (cont'd)

  State       Donald Snethen
 Agency       Chief
Contacts      Water Quality Assessment Section
              Bureau of Water Protection
              Kansas Department of Health & Environment
              Bldg. 740, Forbes Field
              Topeka, KS  66620
              (913) 862-9360, ext. 255

              Freeman Biery
              Director
              Weed and Pesticide Division
              Kansas State Board of Agriculture
              901 Kansas Avenue
              Topeka, KS  66612
              (913) 296-2263

              Dean Garwood
              Director
              Entomology Division
              Kansas State Board of Agriculture
              901 Kansas Avenue
              Topeka, KS  66612
              (913) 296-3016
              FTS:  8-757-3016

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                                     64
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MISSOURI

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source.  In addition, fish tissue analyses have shown chlordane  to
be a contaminant of growing concern in several urban locations.
Subsurface injection for termite control in residential areas
cannot be discounted as a source of contamination.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Chlordane
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data now, but Section 205(j) effort is under way to check
public water supply wells throughout state and concentrate  on
Bootheel area in southeast Missouri for pesticides in current
use.  The Division of Environmental Quality of the Missouri
Department of Natural Resources, in cooperation with the
Department of Health and Agriculture, recently initiated a
substantial pesticide monitoring program.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture.  The Department of Natural Resources
and Missouri Clean Water Commission also have enforcement
authority through the Missouri Clean Water Law and its Water
Quality Standards Regulation.  (Pesticide limits for ground water
are the same as for surface waters.  Some pesticides are not
allowed in waters of the state and others have numeric limits.)
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  Section 205(j) is funding the pesticide monitoring
previously described.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
  Activities
No data.

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                                  65
              State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
             MISSOURI (cont'd)

 State       Jerry Vineyard
 Agency      Assistant State Geologist
Contacts     Division of Geology and Land Survey
             Missouri Department of Natural Resources
             P.O. Box 250
             Rolla, MO  65401
             (314) 364-1752

             John R. Hagan
             Supervisor
             Bureau of Pesticide Control
             Department of Agriculture
             P.O. Box 630
             Jefferson City, MO  65102
             (314) 751-2462

             John R. Rowland
             Planning Section Chief
             Water Pollution Control Program
             Division of Environmental Quality
             Missouri Department of Natural Resources
             P.O. Box 176
             Jefferson City, MO  65102
             (314) 751-3241

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                                     66
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
NEBRASKA

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.  A determination of  the
magnitude of problem cannot be made from existing data.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Atrazine and alachlor
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
A monitoring strategy is currently being developed and will
include monitoring for pesticides.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Direct federal implementation.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Draft legislation has been
developed for pesticide regulations and program financing.  The
legal consultant has completed the initial draft of the  state
Superfund legislation and is now working to complete  the more
comprehensive Ground Water Protection Act legislation.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Chemigation legislation did not pass the last legislative
session.  State continues to work with legislators and  lobbyists
on legislative activities, including state Superfund, nitrates,
special protection areas, well driller certification, and  a
Comprehensive Ground Water Quality Protection Act.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                   67
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              HEBRASKA (cont'd)

  State       U. Gale Hulton
 Agency       Director
Contacts      Water Quality Division
              Nebraska Department of Environment Control
              P.O. Box 94877, State House Station
              Lincoln, NE  68509
              (401) 471-2186

              Director
              Bureau of Plant Industry
              Nebraska Department of Agriculture
              301 Centennial Mall
              Lincoln, NE  68509
              (402) 471-2341
              FTS:  8-591-2341

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                                      68
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in  Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
COLORADO

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source and ranked No.  5 in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No data.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.   Develop public  policy
recommendations regarding chemigation.
                FIFRA Enforcement  Grant.   $6,000  grant  directed to  support
                development of slide-tape  presentation.  The Colorado Agriculture
                Department assumed the  Commercial Applicator Pesticide Program  in
                August 1985 and will  be enforcing the program.  However, no
                special ground water  initiatives  are planned at this time.
                Other Grants.   No  data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
Chemication task group has developed background paper including
statutory/regulatory options and considerations.  Informal
meetings are being held throughout state to further develop public
policy recommendations regarding chemigation.   Alachlor,  atrazine,
atrazine and metolachlor,  captalol,  carbaryl,  penvalerate, pentin
hydroxide, benomyl, chlorothalonil,  and copper compounds  are
currently labeled for application through center pivot irrigation
systems and are used in Colorado.  The state health and agricul-
ture departments have produced a slide-tape program on chemigation
equipment and its proper and safe use.  This slide-tape program is
available for loan or purchase.  Comprised of local,  state, and
federal agencies and organizations,  the Colorado High Plains

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                                     69
               State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
              COLORADO (cont'd)

              Technical Coordinating Committee  has  a  Ground Water Subcommittee,
              which reviews and  addresses agriculture water quality  issues
              related to the Ogallala aquier in Colorado.
  State       Mary Gearhart
 Agency       Public Health Engineer
Contacts      Colorado Department of Health
              4210 East llth Avenue
              Denver, CO  80220
              (303) 320-8333

              Linda Coulter
              Supervisor
              Pesticide Section
              Colorado Department of Agriculture
              1525 Sherman Street, 4th  Floor
              Denver, CO  80203
              (303) 892-2838
              FTS:  8-327-2838

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                                     70
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
MONTANA

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination  source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Tordon, MCPA, 2,4-D, phenoxy herbicides and Dicamba detected  in
trace amounts.
 Monitoring     Some ambient monitoring of pesticides only when a problem is
  Program       suspected (complaint-basis monitoring).  Monitoring in three
   Status       selected areas (irrigated, loose soils; shallow aquifer, and heavy
                agricultural use) will continue in FY 86.  Monitoring is also done
                in areas where spillage is likely.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Environmental Management Division.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No ground-water related activities
reported for FY 85.  Recently completed an FY 84 study entitled  "A
Survey of Potential Contamination of Ground Water Associated  with
Agricultural Production Practices in Montana."

Recently received an EPA grant to study the relationship between
pesticide application and ground and surface water contamination
(part of FY 84 study).  Ground-water monitoring in selected areas
will continue to determine the degree and amount of pesticide
contamination.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other       Certification training materials incorporate information on proper
 Activities     disposal of used containers.  Disposal of pesticides and
                containers listed as state and federal priority in FY 86 Draft
                SEA.

                Department of Agriculture currently working with the USGS to make
                efficient use of USGS data.

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                                      71
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              MONTANA (cont'd)

  State       Fred Schewman
 Agency       Supervisor
Contacts      Water Quality Bureau
              Department of Health & Environmental Sciences
              Cogswell Building
              Helena, MT  59601
              (406) 444-2406

              Gary Gingery
              Administrator
              Environmental Management Division
              Agriculture - Livestock Building
              Capitol Station
              Helena, MT  59601
              (406) 444-2944

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                                    72
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
HORTH DAKOTA

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination  source,
but not ranked for seriousness.  Sources include dry land
agricultureal chemical application (fertilizer, pesticide,  and
agricultural irrigation), leaching of salts and pesticides,  and
chemigation.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
The state is conducting two separate studies:   1) identification
of potential environmental impacts resulting from the use  of
Tordon in the Turtle Mountains; and 2) identification of
pesticides in the public water supply system.   Completion  date  for
these studies is December 1985.
 Monitoring     State randomly samples ground-water supplies and analyzes  for
  Program       volatile and synthetic organics (ten detected last year).   Some
   Status       ambient monitoring when a problem is suspected.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  $30,000 of the grant  is  being  used  by
the Department of Health to identify environmental impacts  on
ground water resulting from the use of pesticides.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Pesticide Act regulates the labeling and use of  pesticides  and
established a pesticide control board.
    Other       Southeastern Arsenic Study undertaken  to determine whether
 Activities     elevated levels of arsenic trioxide as a result  of grasshopper
                control activities in  the 1930s and 40s.  About  470  well  sites
                were analyzed, as well as 40 soil and  rock  samples.

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                                   73
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              NORTH DAKOTA (cont'd)

  State       Rick Nelson (also, David Glatt)
 Agency       Environmental Engineer
Contacts      Water Supply & Pollution Control
              State Department of Health
              Bismarck, ND  58501
              (701) 224-2372

              Glen Johnson
              Director
              Plant Industries Division
              Department of Agriculture
              State Capitol
              Bismarck, ND  58505
              (701) 224-2232

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                                     74
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
SOUTH DAKOTA

Agricultural activities have been reported as a source of
contamination, but not ranked for seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Top 10 pesticides in 1981 in Big Souix Basin listed by use:
2,4-D, Treflan, Lasso, MCPA, Banvel, Parathion, Atrazine, 2,4-D
and Banvel, Sutan, and Dual.
 Monitoring     Rural Clean Water Project monitoring at Oak Lakes, Lake Poinsett,
  Program       and Big Sioux Aquifer Complex.  Last date of reported aquifer
   Status       sampling January, 1984.  No pesticides detected although some
                level of contamination suspected.  Site specific monitoring of
                pesticides is initiated when a problem is suspected.

                Brookings chemical fire Superfund site installed five monitoring
                wells that indicated slight contamination of ground water in the
                Big Souix.  In March, additional wells will be installed to
                delineate the extent and concentration of the plume.
 Enforcement
  Authority
State Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.
FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Activities included pesticide sampling
at Farm Chemical disposal site and the development of educational
programs.  South Dakota is continuing and expanding surveillance
activities to identify and remedy problems.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Oakwoods Poinsett Rural Clean Water project for development of
Best Management Practices (BMPs).  One critical BMP is pesticide
management and how this impacts ground-water quality, particularly
with respect to conservation tillage.  Public education program
under Big Souix aquifer study enhances awareness and
implementation of proper well siting with respect  to agricheraical
storage and runoff.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                  75
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
  State
 Agency
Contacts
SOUTH DAKOTA (cont'd)

Steve Pirner
Director
Office of Water Quality
Department of Water and Natural Resources
Pierre, SD  57501
(605) 773-4523

Vern Brakke
Director
Division of Regulatory Services
South Dakota Department of Agriculture
Anderson Building
445 East Capitol
Pierre, SD  57501
(605) 773-3375

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                                    76
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
UTAH

Agricultural activities were reported as a suspected potential
contamination source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No monitoring on ground water currently being done.  Voluntary
program is under way to obtain samples from large water companies
for pesticide analyses.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Work group assigned to
investigate major potential sources of ground water contamination
including agriculture.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.
                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Department of Agriculture administers labeling program.
    Other
 Activities
Working with Wildlife Resources to educate public on hazards  of
using herbicides to kill weeds near irrigation canals.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Jay Pitkin
Deputy Director
Bureau of Water Pollution Control
Department of Health
P.O. Box 45500
Salt Lake City, UT  84145-0500
(801) 533-6146

Paul Daniels
Director
Division of Plant Industries
Department of Agriculture
350 North Redwood Road
Salt Lake City, UT  84103
(801) 533-4107

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                                    77
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
WYOMING

Agricultural activities were  reported  as  a  contamination source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
No monitoring for pesticides  is currently  being  done.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Not delegated.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Not delegated.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Anthony J. Mancini
Ground-Water Control Supervisor
Department of Environmental Quality
122 W. 25th
Cheyenne, WY  82002
(307) 777-7938

Walt Patch
Manager
Plant Industry
Wyoming Department of Agriculture
2219 Carey Avenue
Cheyenne, WY  82002
(307) 777-9321

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                                       78
                 State  Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
ARIZONA

Agricultural activities have been reported  as  a  contamination
source (citrus orchards and cotton growing).
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB, Aldicarb, and DBCP have been found in the  ground water of
Tucson, Phoenix,  and Yuma.   One well  has been closed  for  EDB, 2
wells closed for DBCP in Phoenix.
 Monitoring     Considerable  monitoring  in  the Tucson, Phoenix, and Yuma (interim
  Program       surveys)  areas  related to findings of DBCP, and/or EDB in ground
   Status       water.  Limited sampling for EDB  (none detected) in Final and La
                Paz and for Aldicarb  in  Tucson.   The City of Phoenix is sampling
                all drinking  water wells, the data is being sent to DHS.

                BPC and DHS are plotting major aquifers and pesticide usage on
                statewide basis.  These  areas are to receive special consideration
                for monitoring.
 Enforcement
 Authority
Board of Pesticide Control,  Structural Pest  Control  Board (BPC).
In FY 84, they worked with the Department of Health  Services
(DHS) on pesticide container disposal cases  which could have
resulted in ground-water problems.   The Board has no ground-water
monitoring program and only has authority if contamination
resulted from misuse.
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Reviewing existing data and
                developing drinking water  standards on voluntary limits for DBCP
                and EDB.  Grant activities include formulation of  recommendations
                for state management of ground-water  contamination from
                categorical problem sources including agricultural pesticides.
                Additional activities include:   the design and development of a
                comprehensive,  integrated  state  ground water data  management
                system and the  identification  of current and future ground water
                uses.
                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.   Ground-water  contamination  is  ranked as
                the seventh priority.   The Board  of  Pesticide Control and  the ADHS
                are cooperatively working on matters related to ground water.
                Ground-water contamination and  hazardous waste disposal  have been
                unwritten priorities for  the past two years.  Involvement  with EDB
                and Aldicarb is well documented,  but enforcement authorities of
                the Board are limited in  these  areas.  Investigative  procedures
                permit ADHS to initiate strong  enforcement  action.  Ground-water
                contamination investigations will occur as  needed.

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                                  79
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                ARIZONA (cont'd)

                Other Grants.  Section 205(j) which provided FY84 funds  to
                investigate preliminary data indicated that 12 wells in  the Mesa
                Area contained low levels of DBCP and TCE.  The study collected
                data for a large number of area wells, determined area geology,
                analyzed ground water movement, defined verticle extent  of
                contamination and identified direction and migration rate.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Phil Briggs
Deputy Director Engineering
Department of Water Resources
993 Virginia Avenue
Phoenix, AZ  85004
(602) 255-1557

Nancy Wrona and Edward Swanson
Arizona Revision of Environmental Health Services
2005 N. Central
Phoenix, AZ  85004
(602) 257-2308

Richard W. Sweet
Administrator
Board of Pesticide Control
1624 West Adams - Suite 103
Phoenix, AZ  85007
(602) 271-3578
FTS:  8-765-3578

Bud Paulson
State Chemist
Agriculture Experiment Station
P.O. Box 1586
Mesa, AZ  85201
(602) 833-4942

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                               80
              State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
             ARIZONA (cont'd)

 State       Betty Wyckoff
 Agency      Executive Secretary
Contact      Structural Pest Control Board
             2207 South 48th - Suite M
             Tempe, AZ  85282
             (602) 271-3664
             FTS:  8-765-3664

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                 State Program Brief/Pesticides  in Ground Water
                CALIFORNIA
 Sources of
Contamination
Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
DBCP has been found in approximately one out of four wells tested
in concentrations generally under 100 ppb.  Other pesticides
include EDB, simazine, atrazine, alachlor and carbofuran;  however,
the confirmed presence of these pesticides is much less extensive
than that of DBCP, aldicarb, and 1-2,D.
 Monitoring     The State Water Resources  Control  Board  (SWRCB) conducts Priority
  Program       1 ground-water basin monitoring, has  "Hot Spot" programs planned
                and site-specific monitoring  is conducted by SWRCB's nine regional
                boards.   All of these  programs include some pesticide monitoring.
                Pursuant to recent legislation, the California Department of
                Health Services (CaDHS)  has conducted a  one-time screening of all
                large public water systems (PWS) that utilize ground water to
                determine the presence of  organic  chemicals.  If a water system
                was determined to be subject  to potential contamination, the PWS
                is required to monitor for specific contaminants including
                pesticides.  Systems with  200 connections or less are exempt until
                January  1986.  The California Department of Food and Agriculture
                (CDFA) has done some ground-water  sampling and is developing a
                regulatory program to  address pesticide  pollution in ground
                water.  Monitoring is  being conducted in ten counties for aldicarb
                contamination with ten wells  in each  county being monitored.
 Enforcement
  Authority
California Department of Food and Agriculture  (CDFA).  As  part  of
its ground water protection program,  CDFA collects  monitoring data
from all state agencies and publishes an annual  report of  well
inventory data.
   Grants        Section  106 Ground-water Grant.  General program and monitoring of
                ground water  for pesticide contamination.  Specific activities
                include:   the establishment of a centralized ground-water data
                storage  and retrieval system; the development of a ground-water
                protection strategy that all state agencies have responsibility
                for  implementing; and the conduct of the "Ground Water 'Hot Spots'
                Toxic Pollutant Problem Identification; Correction and Prevention"
                Program.

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                                       82
                 State  Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
                CALIFORNIA (cont'd)

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No Activities.

                Other Grants.   Section  205(j) is funding several projects that
                relate to pesticide  contamination of ground water.  These projects
                include the Ground Water  Pollution by Pesticides on the Smith
                River Plains Project and  the North Orange Ground Water Program.

                Section 208 has funded  a  field monitoring program and data search
                to determine the extent and type of ground and surface water
                contamination  by pesticides.  Recommendations were made for water
                quality standards, pesticide registration procedures and
                management practices.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Best Management Practices (BMPs)  for  pesticide use  have  had  ap-
parent success with the rice growing  industry in  the  Sacramento
area for the herbicides Bolero and  Ordram.  Participants included
the University of California and  the  WQCB-Central Valley Region.
The program consisted of an educational  campaign  directed at
growers.  The thrusts of the strategy were:  (1)  hold the irriga-
tion water in the field for up to eight  days to allow for more
complete degradation of the pesticides in  the water,  and (2) irri-
gate more efficiently with more recycling  of water.  However,
Ordram and Bolero are mainly surface-water contaminants, and the
effect of the BMPs on ground water  have  not been  investigated.
    Other       California's regulations  have  been  primarily a prescription  type
 Activities     program with the proposed applicator  giving a description  of the
                proposed use and a commissioner  in  each  of 291 separate  districts
                issuing a permit.  Recently,  the State passed a  first-of-its-kind
                State law (SB 950) that gives  State enforcement  agencies a year to
                spot data gaps in health  effects records for a target  list of  200
                chemicals, and allows pesticide  manufactures only  a  year after
                that to begin filling those gaps.   And by 1988 at  the  outside,
                California's law in effect will  ban from sale any  pesticide  with
                remaining data gaps.

                The Assembly Office of Research  with  assistance  from CDFA  has
                completed a report that used existing data to assess the threat to
                ground water from pesticide application. The report makes
                recommendations to the Legislation  to prevent further  contami-
                nation, improve monitoring procedures and fill in  data gaps.  AB
                2021, The Pesticide Contamination Prevention Act (PCPA)  requires
                more complete data on currently  registered pesticides  relative to
                leaching potential by December 1, 1986.   Extensions  will be
                granted through 1989.  The Act also:  requires CDFA  to establish
                maximum values for movement through soil and persistence in  soil
                and to produce a list of  pesticides that exceed  those  values;

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                                     83
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              CALIFORNIA (cont'd)

              prohibits CDFA from  registering or  renewing  the  registration of
              pesticides with a ground water  protection data gap after December
              1988 unless granted  an extension; requires CDFA  to establish a
              list of pesticides that have  the potential to pollute ground
              water, and the list  will be called  the  Ground Water Protection
              List; gives CDFA their first  legal  requirement to monitor soil and
              ground water for pesticides placed  on the Ground Water Protection
              List.
  State       Fran Anderson
 Agency       State Water Resources  Control  Board
Contacts      P.O. Box 100
              Sacramento, CA  95801
              (916) 322-4562

              Lori Johnston
              Assistant Director
              Division of Pest Management, Environmental
                Protection & Worker  Safety
              California Department  of  Food,  & Agriculture
              Sacramento, CA  95814
              (916) 322-6315
              FTS:  8-552-6315

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                                    84
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
HAWAII

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source and ranked No. 1 in seriousness.  Agricultural use of
organic chemicals, including EDB, DBCP, and TCP has resulted in
contamination of drinking water.  Restoration of water quality
will require construction of treatment plants.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB, DBCP, and TCP have been found in some drinking water sources
of Oahu, Maui, and Kauai.
 Monitoring     Extensive monitoring has been completed for DBCP and EDB.  When
  Program       contamination is suspected, other pesticides will be monitored.
   Status       Groundwater monitoring for contaminants not regulated under SDWA
                will be conducted in response to incidents of reported contam-
                ination.  (Note:  this activity has been discontinued for an
                indefinite period.)

                Pesticide use that could pose a threat to ground water will be
                examined in the course of routine surveillance and monitoring of
                user groups.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, Pesticide
Branch
   Grants       Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Development of ground-water
                program includes overview of Hawaii pesticides regulations; evalu-
                ation of health risks associated with EDB, DBCP, and TCP; and,  a
                study to determine fate of DBCP, EDB, and TCP in Hawaii perched
                ground water.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Pesticide use that could pose a threat
                to ground water will be examined in the course of routine surveil-
                lance and monitoring of user groups.

                A soil monitoring study (to determine the persistence  rate  of
                movement of EDB in the soil profile) was initiated in  FY 84.  This
                study was partially financed by enforcement grant funds.

                Limited monitoring is anticipated in FY 85 and will be conducted
                jointly with Department of Health and the University of Hawaii's
                Water Resources Research Center.  Enforcement funds will be
                utilized only in cases of misuse where a threat to ground water is
                suspected.

                Other Grants.  A FY85 205(j) grant is funding monitoring of
                pesticide contamination in Oahu.

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                                  85
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
HAWAII (cont'd)

The State Water Commission is investigating the pesticide problem.
    Other
 Activities
An inventory of pesticides in ground water data sources is being
developed under Hawaii Act 127.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Brian Choy
Environmental Planner
State Department of Health
P.O. Box 3378
Honolulu, HI  96801
(808) 548-6767

Po Yung Lai, Ph.D., Head
Division of Plant Industry
Hawaii Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 22159
Honolulu, HI  96822
(808) 548-7119

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                                 86
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
NEVADA

Agricultural activities were not reported as a contamination
source.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
No data.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
State does not routinely monitor for pesticides in ground water,
but does random checks on pesticide disposal during use
inspections.  Recently, full containers of DDT and 2,4,5-T were
found in dump for empty containers.  No action has been  taken yet.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.
Incorporating pesticide concerns
No action yet.  Ground-water
                into overall State Action Plan.
                grant given late in year.  Draft Action Plan should be completed
                by January 1986.

                FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

                Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
No data.

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                                87
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              HEVADA (cont'd)

  State       Wendell McCurry
 Agency       Water Quality Officer
Contacts      Division of Environmental Protection
              201 South Fall St.
              Carson City, NV
              (702) 885-4670

              Philip Martinelli
              Director
              Division of Plant Industry
              Nevada Department of Agriculture
              350 Capitol Hill Avenue
              P.O. Box 11100
              Reno, NV  89510
              (702) 784-5911
              FTS:  8-470-5911

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                                  88
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
ALASKA

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination  source,
and ranked No. 4 in seriousness.  Herbicide use along  rail  and
highway rights of way may have ground-water contamination
potential.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
None documented.  EPA/state drinking water survey may  test  for
leachable pesticide.


Pesticide use survey under way.  EPA Region 10 DWPB  test  of
drinking water wells in Matanuska Valley.

Public drinking water supplies are tested once for SWDA
pesticides.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of
Environmental Health
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  No activities, no grant  in  FY 85.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities, grant pending.

Other Grants.  State has pesticide training and certification
grant.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
None developed to date.
    Other
 Activities
Amnesty program run by state.  "Dump Day" once  a year  allows
residents to bring in up to two barrels of waste that  may include
pesticides.
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Dan Easton
Environmental Engineer
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
Pouch 0
Juneavj, AK  99811
(907) 465-2653

Bill Burgoyne
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
Box 2309
Palmer, AK  99645
(907) 745-8378

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                                    89
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
Contaminating
 Pesticides
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
IDAHO

Agricultural activities including crop application  and waste
disposal have been reported as a potential  contamination
sources, and have been ranked as a moderate concern in major
agricultural areas.
None to date.
conducted.
                               Surveys by state for leachable pesticides has been
Monitoring for Safe Drinking Water Act listed pesticides.  Focus
and program priorities are to define sensitive areas, particularly
on Snake Plain aquifer.  Pesticide use data  is being  collected
from local extension agents.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture (Regulation of Use), Department of
Health and Welfare, Division of Environmental (contamination
actions)
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Evaluating handling and disposal
practices and developing regulations to protect ground water.  Two
specific projects address pesticides monitoring:  Snake Plain
Aquifer Management Plan, the Blank River Project and pesticide
residual programs to include pesticide rinsate disposal regulation
development.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  Site investigations for potential water
quality problems.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
    Other
 Activities
Public information/education on handling, transport and waste
disposal.  Enforcement of pesticide labeling requirements.
Pesticide use survey will input to ground-water monitoring
programs.

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                                 90
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
  State
 Agency
Contacts
IDAHO (cont'd)

Gary Shook
Senior Water Quality Analyst
Idaho Department of Health & Welfare
Division of the Environment
450 West State Street
Boise, ID  83720
(208) 334-4251
FTS:  8-554-4251

Rod Awe
Chief
Pesticides Bureau
Idaho Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 790
Boise, ID  83702
(208) 334-3240
FTS:  8-554-3240

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                                        91
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
OREGON

Agricultural activities were reported as a contamination source,
but not ranked in seriousness.  Pesticide contamination potential
in central Oregon noted as a concern.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
EDB, aldicarb, limited testing found zero to traceable levels.
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
Oregon Department of Agriculture conducting limited sampling for
EDB and aldicarb.  EPA Region 10 Drinking Water Branch has done
limited sampling in Ontario and the Willanette Valley focusing on
leachable pesticide.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Department of Agriculture
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Oregon Department of
Environmental Quality (ODEQ) beginning ground-water management
program.  Pesticide vulnerable ground water will be included.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  No data.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
No data.
    Other
 Activities
DEQ has developed state of water table aquifers,
    State
   Agency
  Contacts
Neil Mullane
Contract Administrator
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1760
Portland, OR  97207
(503) 229-6242

Tom Harrison
Assistant Chief
Plant Division
Oregon Department of Agriculture
635 Capitol Street, N.E.
Salem, OR  97301
(503) 378-3776
FTS:  8-530-3776

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                                  92
                 State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
 Sources of
Contamination
WASHINGTON

Agricultural activities have been reported as a contamination
source, but not ranked in seriousness.  State agencies cooperating
in project to map and inventory leachable pesticide use  in
vulnerable ground-water needs.
Contaminating
 Pesticides
Picloram, EDB, and Aldicarb
 Monitoring
  Program
   Status
A special monitoring program was conducted on selected wells  for
EDB contamination.  Further state efforts will continue  in  seven
Washington locations.
 Enforcement
  Authority
Delegated to the State Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Enforcement focuses on pesticide misuse.  The Department of
Agriculture works cooperatively with the Department of Social  and
Health Services (DSHS) if pesticide misuse involves human exposure
and Department of Ecology is involved in ground-water
contamination.
   Grants
Section 106 Ground-water Grant.  Funding provided for  the
investigation of pesticide related health advisory incidents.
Development of ground-water monitoring strategy to include
pesticides in ground water.

FIFRA Enforcement Grant.  No activities.

Other Grants.  CWA 205j has assisted in development of
ground-water strategy.  DOE grant funds also passed to DSHS  to
assist in developing additional criteria for pesticides  in
drinking water.
Contamination
   Control
  Programs
Use of certain pesticides are banned within the  sole-source
Spokane aquifer.  Washington  State Department of Agriculture has
banned the use of EDB.
    Other
 Activities
WSDA considers geographic bans and other use  restrictions  as
preferable to outright bans on leachable pesticides.   DSHS, under
legislation mandate, is considering new drinking water standards
for synthetic organic chemicals.

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                                 93
               State Program Brief/Pesticides in Ground Water
              HASHINGTON (cont'd)

  State       Tony Barret
 Agency       Program Manager
Contact       Ground-Water Protection Program
              Washington Department of Ecology
              Mail Stop PV-11
              Olympia, WA  98504
              (206) 459-6072

              Glenn Smerdon
              Pesticide Specialist and Registrar
              Washington Department of Agriculture
              406 General Administration Building
              Olympia, WA  98504
              (206) 753-5064
              FTS:  8-434-5064

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                          APPENDIX A


                 EPA REGIONAL OFFICE CONTACTS

Region I;  JFK Federal Building, Room 2203, Boston, MA  02203

  Bruce Rosinoff, Director (Acting), Office of Ground Water
  (617) 223-6486
  Harold Kazmaier, Chief, Office of Pesticides and Toxic
   Substances (617) 223-0585

Region II;  26 Federal Plaza, Room 900, New York, N.Y.  10278

  John Malleck, Director, Office of Ground Water Coordination
   (212) 264-2513
  Ernest Regna, Chief, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch
   (212) 340-6757

Region III;  841 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA  191707

  Thomas Merski, Director, Office of Ground Water
   (215) 597-2786
  Larry Miller, Toxic and FIFRA Enforcement Section
   (215) 597-8598

Region IV;  345 Courtland St., NE., Atlanta, GA  30365

  E.  Stallings Howell, Director, Office of Ground Water
   (404) 257-3866
  Kirk Lucius, Chief, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch
   (404) 257-3621

Region V;  230 South Dearborn St., Chicago, II 60604

  (Vacant) Director, Office of Ground Water (312) 886-1490
  Mitchell J. Wrich, Chief, Pesticides and Toxic Substances
   (312) 353-2192

Region VI;  1201 Elm St., Dallas, TX  75270

  (Vacant), Unit Leader, Office of Ground Water (214) 729-9754
  Norman Dyer, Chief, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch
   (214) 729-2734

Region VII;  726 Minnesota Avenue, Kansas City, KS  66101

  Timothy L. Amsden, Director, Office of Ground Water
   (913) 757-2815
  Leo J. Alderman, Chief, Toxics and Pesticides Branch
   (913) 757-2835

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Region VIII;  One Denver Place, 999 18th St., Suite 1300
              Denver, CO  80202-2413

  Richard Long, Director, Office of Ground Water Coordination
   (303) 564-1543
  C.  Alvin Yorke, Chief, Toxic Substances Branch (303) 564-1730

Region IX;  215 Fremont St., San Francisco, CA  94105

 James Thompson, Director, Office of Ground Water
  (415) 454-8267
 Laura Yoshii, Chief, Pesticides and Toxics Branch (415) 454-8127

Region X;  1200 Sixth Ave., Seattle, WA  98101

 William A. Mullen, Director, Office of Ground Water
  (206) 399-1216
 Anita Frankel, Chief, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Branch
   (206) 399-1198

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U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency,
Region V, Library
230  South D-aarbcrn  Street
Chicago, Illinois  60604

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