TD365
.W375
EPA Information Dissemination Project
1200 Chambers Road - Third Floor
Columbus, Ohio , 43212  /,/ / /
             Water  Quality
             Instructional
             Resources
             Information
             System
                           OOOR83002
                            WATER QUALITY INSTRUCTIONAL
                          RESOURCES INFORMATION SYSTEM (IRIS)
                            A Compilation of Abstracts
                            to Water Quality and Water
                               Resources Materials
                              Supplement XVI (1983)
                                December, 1983

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                             TABLE OF CONTENTS


Topic                                                                  Page

Preface

   I.  General Information about Materials in IRIS .... 	    1

       A.  What Types of Materials are Included in IRIS	    1

       B.  How Are Materials Entered in IRIS	    1

       C.  How Can a User Locate Materials in IRIS	    1

           1.  All Materials Placed in IRIS (Water) Collection ....    1

           2.  Materials Placed in the Educational Resources
               Information System (ERIC) 	    3

  II.  How to Use the Compilation	    4

       A.  Description of Information in Resumes . 	    4

       B.  How to Locate Desired Materials 	    7

           1.  Subject Index 	    7

           2.  Author Index	    8

 III.  Correcting an Existing IRIS Record	    8

  IV.  Requests to Receive Information about IRIS and the
       IRC Bulletin	    9

   V.  Requests for Assistance in Using IRIS	    9

  VI.  How to Locate Other Relevant Educational Materials	   10

 VII.  How to Structure a Computer Search of IRIS	   16

VIII.  How to Order Materials	   18

  IX.  Resume Section	   21

   X.  Author Index	   85

  XI.  Subject Index	   91
                                  111

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                                  Preface


     This publication contains abstracts and indexes to selected materials

related to wastewater treatment and water quality education and

instruction.  In addition, some materials related to pesticides, hazardous

wastes, and public participation are included.  Also included are

procedures to illustrate how instructors and curriculum developers in the

water quality control field can locate instructional materials to meet very

general or highly specific requirements in their programs.

     Supplements to this publication will be issued periodically.

     For further information about these materials contact:
                     EPA Instructional Resources Center
                        1200 Chambers Road, Room 310
                           Columbus, Ohio  43212
                               (614) 422-6717
                                      IV

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I.   General Information about Materials in IRIS.

    A.  What types of materials are included in IRIS?

        The EPA Instructional Resources Center (water) acquires,
        reviews,  indexes,  and announces both print (books, modules,
        units,  etc.) and non-print (films, slides, video tapes, etc.)
        materials related  to water quality and water resources education
        and instruction.

        Materials selected must be available from some source for
        announcement.  When materials are not readily available we
        attempt to make the materials available through some national
        information service for easier acquisition.  In a few cases the
        EPA Instructional  Resources Center is the source of the
        materials.

    B.  How are materials  entered into IRIS?

        We request that people assist us in locating materials for the
        system.  If you have materials you believe to be useful to
        others, please send two copies if possible to the:

                         EPA Instructional Resources Center
                            1200 Chambers Road, Room 310
                               Columbus, Ohio   43212

        Materials are reviewed by the project staff.  Availability of
        the materials is checked, and the materials are abstracted and
        indexed.   The abstract describes the contents of the material.
        The index terms (descriptors) are concepts or terms used to
        describe  the contents and the form of the document.  (See the
        Subject Index for  a listing of those that have been used.)  The
        index terms are useful for locating materials manually, such as
        with this compilation, and also by computer.

        When items are processed they are entered on the IRIS (water)
        computer tape.  This tape is maintained by the EPA Instructional
        Resources Center at The Ohio State University and is used for
        producing tapes for other information systems, publications, and
        for computer searches conducted at The Ohio State University.

    C.  How can a user locate materials in IRIS?

        1.  All materials  placed in IRIS (water) collection.

            Materials entered into the IRIS (water) collection can be
            located in two ways:  (1) by manual search of this
            compilation and similar ones to follow and (2) by computer.

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The first compilation contained resumes of selected
materials processed for the previous IRIS (water) collection
and resumes of selected materials of items added to the IRIS
(water) collection.  A limited number of copies of the
compilation in paper copy and microfiche are available free
of charge as long as the supply lasts from the EPA
Instructional Resources Center.  After the free copies of
the compilations are gone,  copies will be available for
purchase from the EPA Instructional Resources Center.

Quarterly updates of the compilation are available by
subscription on a yearly basis beginning November, 1979.
Information regarding an annual subscription to IRIS (water)
Quarterly Compilations can be obtained by writing to the EPA
Instructional Resources Center.  A subscription to the
quarterly supplements for 1983 is $12.00 (within the U.S.).
Price to Canada and Mexico is $14.00.  Prices in other
Countries is $18.00.  Separate quarterly supplements are
$4.00 each.

The compilation and the quarterly supplements can be scanned
and the subject index can be used for manual searches.

Computer tapes of the IRIS (water) collection can also be
searched by both batch and on-line computer searches.  The
IRIS tapes are available for searching through the
Bibliographic Retrieval Services, Inc., (BRS) and with
Dialog.  Any search service that currently subscribes to BRS
or Dialog is able to search the IRIS data base by on-line
techniques.  Individuals or agencies with computer terminals
and telephone connection equipment can subscribe to BRS or
Dialog and do their own searches if they desire.

Information regarding BRS may be obtained by writing or
phoning BRS, 1200 Route 7,  Latham, NY  12110,
(518) 783-1161.

Information regarding Dialog may be obtained by writing or
phoning Dialog Information Retrieval Service, 3460 Hillview
Avenue, Palo Alto, CA  94304, (415) 858-3775.

Plans are being made to mount IRIS tapes with other on-line
vendors.  Information regarding this service will be
announced in a future EPA IRC Bulletin and in mailings from
the EPA Instructional Resources Center.

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2.  Materials placed in the Educational Resources Information
    System (ERIC)

    A number of the materials processed for the IRIS (water)
    system are entered into the ERIC system and announced in
    Resources in Education (RIE).  Resources in Education (RIE)
    is published monthly and is available from:

                      Superintendent of Documents
                    U.S. Government Printing Office
                         Washington, DC   20402
                             (202) 783-3238

    The current price is listed in the most recent issue of RIE.
    Check if a college or university library close to you has a
    copy.  If they do not, contact the EPA Instructional
    Resources Center for assistance.

    Many libraries subscribe to RIE.  Materials announced in RIE
    can be searched manually each month by scanning RIE or by
    checking the index terms in the back of each issue.
    Materials announced in RIE can be searched by computer also.
    ERIC computer tapes may be purchased outright, but most
    users of the tapes gain access to them through three major
    database vendors:  Dialog, Systems Development Corporation
    (Orbit), and Bibliographic Retrieval Services.  For the
    addresses of search services in your state that can search
    these databases, contact the:

                   EPA Instructional Resources Center
                      1200 Chambers Road, Room 310
                         Columbus, Ohio   43212
                             (614) 422-6717

    Most of the materials announced in RIE are available on
    microfiche (microfilm) at over 700 sites throughout the
    United States and the world.  Users can view these materials
    on site at many locations to identify what they believe will
    be useful to them at no cost.  Microfiche copies (or in most
    cases Xerox copies) can be ordered through the ERIC Document
    Reproduction Service.  The address and order information is
    in the back of each issue of RIE.  Xerox copies of many
    items related to water quality and resource education and
    training can also be ordered through the EPA Instructional
    Resources Center for $0.03 per page plus $1.00 per document.

    For information about locations of ERIC microfiche sites in
    your state,  contact the EPA Instructional Resources Center.

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             A number of  journal  articles  processed  for the  IRIS  (water)
             system are entered into the ERIC system and announced in
             Current Index to Journals  in  Education  (CUE).

             Current Index to Journals  in  Education  is published  monthly
             and  is available from:

                                        ORYX Press
                                 2214 North Central  at Encanto
                                 Phoenix,  Arizona 85004
                                      (602) 254-6156

             Many libraries subscribe to CUE.   Materials announced in
             CUE can be  searched manually each month by scanning CUE or
             by checking  the index terms in the back of each issue.
             Materials announced in CUE can be searched by  computer
             also.   Refer to the previous  discussion of RIE  concerning
             computer searches.

             Materials announced in CUE can be located in journals at
             many university libraries.

             Many of the  articles can be obtained from University
             Microfilms.   Current prices are $8.00  per article and $10.00
             for articles dated prior to January 1981.  For  further
             information  write to:

                              UMI Article  Reprint Department
                                   300 North Zeeb Road
                               Ann Arbor,  Michigan   48106
                                      (800) 521-0600
II.  How to Use the Compilation

     A.  Description of Information in Resumes

         Each resume is listed by EW number in numerical order in the
         resume section.  Two samples of resumes are provided to explain
         the data fields in the resumes.  Sample resume #1 is a sample
         resume of an item not entered into ERIC.  Sample resume 42 is a
         sample resume of an item entered into ERIC; a few additional
         data elements are in these resumes and are explained.

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1.  Sample resume of materials not entered in ERIC

    a.  IRIS NUMBER:  EW006023
    b.  PUBLICATION DATE:  FEE 81
    c.  TITLE:  PROGRAMMED APPROACH TO WATER/MASS ANALYSES.
    d.  PERSONAL AUTHOR:  SPENCE, GEORGE R.,  JR.
    e.  DESCRIPTOR:  *DESIGN; *ENGINEERING; ^EQUIPMENT; *MASS
        BALANCE; *PROJECT DESIGN; *POLLUTION ENGINEERING;
        *PIPES; *WATER RESOURCES

    f.  DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:  30-33P.
    g.  ABSTRACT:  DURING THE ENGINEERING PHASE OF A PROJECT
        DESIGN, WATER REQUIREMENTS OFTEN CHANGE AS NEW
        INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE.  THIS ARTICLE DETAILS A
        PROGRAMMED APPROACH TO CALCULATION OF A WATER/MASS
        BALANCE WHICH PROVIDES THE USER WITH THE ABILITY TO
        READILY ASSESS THE IMPACT OF VARYING WATER QUALITIES,
        FLOW PATTERNS, AND FLOW RATES.  THIS INFORMATION IS THEN
        USED IN DETERMINING PIPE AND EQUIPMENT SIZES.

    h.  AVAILABILITY:  POLLUTION ENGINEERING; V13 N2

    a.  IRIS NUMBER  this is the identification number
        sequentially assigned to materials as they are
        processed.  Gaps in numbers mean that some items have
        been deleted, are being processed to add new
        information, or have been delayed in processing for some
        reason.

    b.  PUBLICATION DATE  date material was published
        according to information on the material.

    c.  TITLE

    d.  PERSONAL AUTHOR -- person or persons  who wrote,
        compiled, or edited the material.  Up to two personal
        authors can be listed.

    e.  DESCRIPTOR  subject terms which characterize
        substantive contents and form of the materials.  The
        major terms are preceeded by an asterisk.  Terms used to
        index all resumes in this compilation can be reviewed in
        the Subject Index.

    f.  DESCRIPTIVE NOTE  various items of  information may be
        contained in this section.  For print materials the
        number of pages is usually listed.  The price of the
        material quoted is the last time information was
        received from the source.  Please note:  Prices of
        nearly all materials are subject to changes and may not
        be accurate at the time a person orders a specific
        item.

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    g.  ABSTRACT  some early materials entered into IRIS did
        not have abstract information.  All materials currently
        being entered into IRIS have an informative abstract
        that describes the contents of the item.

    h.  AVAILABILITY  information in this field indicates
        where the material can be obtained.

2.  Sample resume of material entered into ERIC (Resources in
    Education)

    Items entered into ERIC (Resources in Education) will have a
    few additional data fields.

        IRIS ACCESSION NUMBER:  EW006664
        PUBLICATION DATE:  80
        TITLE:  RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT OF WATERSHED LANDS:  A SIX
        WEEK SHORT COURSE.
        DESCRIPTOR:  ADMINISTRATION; ECOLOGICAL FACTORS;
        ECONOMIC FACTORS; INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS; *LAND USE;
        NATURAL RESOURCES; *POST SECONDARY EDUCATION; *TECHNICAL
        EDUCATION; *WATER RESOURCES; HYDROLOGY; NATURAL
        RESOURCES MANAGEMENT; WATER QUALITY; *WATERSHEDS

    b.  DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:  EDRS PRICE:  MF01 PLUS POSTAGE-NOT
        AVAILABLE IN  HARD COPY DUE TO MARGINAL LEGIBILITY OF
        ORIGINAL DOCUMENT.

        ABSTRACT:  THIS COURSE WAS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE WATER
        RESOURCE TECHNICIAN OR MANAGER WITH INFORMATION WHICH
        WILL AID IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IMPROVEMENTS OF
        PRESENT LAND USE PRACTICES AND TO ILLUSTRATE ALTERNATIVE
        CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES IN LAND AND WATER USE FOR
        INCREASING AND IMPROVING THE MULTIPLE PRODUCTS OF
    a.  WATERSHED LANDS.  (ED 197 941)

        AVAILABILITY:  ERIC DOCUMENT REPRODUCTION SERVICE, P. 0.
        BOX 190, ARLINGTON, VA  22210

    a.  ERIC NUMBER  the ED number indicates the document has
        been processed and entered into Resources in Education.
        This identification number is the number to use when
        ordering a document or when requesting information about
        a document.

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        b.  EDRS PRICE  if material is available through the ERIC
            Document Reproduction Service, the price of the
            material when it was entered into the ERIC system and
            the form of the material is indicated.  "MF" means
            microfiche; "HC" means Xerox copy.  Prices are subject
            to change.  Current prices of microfiche and paper
            copies are listed in the back of each issue of Resources
            in Education; consult the latest monthly issue for
            current prices.  Information about ordering items can be
            obtained by contacting:

                    ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS)
                                  P. 0. Box 190
                           Arlington, Virginia   22210
                                 (703) 823-0500

            Items that are available on microfiche (MF) are
            contained in microfiche collections at over 700 sites
            where they can be read.  For information on the
            microfiche locations in your state contact the EPA
            Instructional Resources Center.

B.  How to Locate Desired Materials

    Users can identify materials of interest by scanning the resume
    listings,  or using the Subject Index or Author Index.

    1.   Subject Index

        The Subject Index is designed to enable the user to search
        for information on either a broad subject or a narrow
        information concern.  An EW number is included for each item
        listed under the subject heading.  The EW number refers to
        the abstract entry in the resume section where complete
        bibliographic information, an abstract of the item, and
        availability information can be found.

        A user can also coordinate a search by checking EW numbers
        that appear under two or more subject headings.  For
        example,  you could check all the EW numbers under Water
        Treatment and all the EW numbers under Films.   EW numbers
        included  under both subject headings would include
        information relevant to Water Treatment that were films.  EW
        numbers under wastewater treatment and laboratory techniques
        would  provide a list of materials related to Laboratory
        Techniques and to Wastewater Treatment.   Similar techniques
        could  be  used to identify other information desired.

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              Users with ERIC microfiche should check the resume entry.
              If the document is available on microfiche from the ERIC
              Document Reproduction Service,  the availability will be
              indicated by "MF" on the resume by "EDRS Price."  This means
              libraries with ERIC microfiche  collections should have the
              document on microfiche.

              If you want a document available through the ERIC Document
              Reproduction Service (EDRS)  see the section on ordering
              documents.

          2.  Author Index

              If you desire to locate  a document by the name of the
              author, you can use the  Author  Index.  EW numbers are
              provided under the author in the Author Index as in the
              Subject Index.  Some documents  do not have a listed author;
              hence, they are not listed in this index.
III.   Correcting an Existing IRIS Record

      The IRIS data base will be updated on a quarterly basis.
      Corrections will be made to the data base at those times.  You can
      help improve IRIS by sending corrections for items you find to be in
      error.

      We request that you duplicate (copy) the resume from the
      compilation, mark the information you believe to be wrong (or
      incomplete), and send the marked resume to:

                       EPA Instructional Resources Center
                          1200 Chambers Road, Room 310
                             Columbus, Ohio   43212
                                 (614) 422-6717

      Corrections of errors will occur in the IRIS tapes at the next
      update after comments are received.

      If you have difficulty obtaining materials from the listed source in
      the AVAILABILITY section of the resume, please let us know.  We will
      contact the sources to verify whether the materials are available,
      but your assistance will provide corrections between annual
      availability checks.

      If you are the supplier of materials in IRIS, please let us know if
      you remove a product from your list, modify a product on your list,
      or change the price of the product.

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IV.   Requests to Receive Information about IRIS and the IRC Bulletin

     Information regarding IRIS,  materials in IRIS, and modifications in
     the system will be announced in the IRC Bulletin.  The Bulletin is
     issued about six times a year as information is available.

     If you are not on the mailing list write to the EPA Instructional
     Resources Center.  Limited numbers of some back issues are still
     available.

     If you need information about IRIS you can also phone (614) 422-6717
     with your questions.
     Requests for Assistance in Using IRIS

     A.   Assistance in use of IRIS manuals
         If you need help in using the IRIS manuals,  phone (614) 422-6717
         or write to the EPA Instructional Resources  Center.  Staff are
         normally available from about 8:30 a.m.  to 4:30 p.m. Eastern
         time to answer your questions.

     B.   Assistance in accessing IRIS by computer

         1.  Conducting searches.

             See section VIII.

         2.  Subscribing to BRS, Inc. for computer searching of IRIS.

             Contact:   Bibliographic Retrieval Services, Inc.
                       1200 Route  7
                       Latham,  New York    12110
                       (518) 783-1161

         3.  Subscribing to Dialog for computer searching of IRIS.

             Contact:   Dialog Information Retrieval Service
                       3460 Hillview Avenue
                       Palo Alto,  California   94304
                       (415) 858-3775

         4.  Contacting a computer search service (an agency that will
             conduct a search for  you, usually for a  fee.)

             The EPA Instructional Resources Center maintains a list of
             agencies  that can  conduct searches.   Most charge a fee,
             though some are free  to qualified users  in a limited
             geographical area.

             Phone or  write to  obtain information for your  area.

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10
 VI.  How to Locate Other Relevant Educational Materials

      A number of people have requested information related to such areas
      as management, basic skills (reading, mathematics, writing) human
      relations, contract negotiations, and other topics.  The EPA
      Instructional Resources Center plans to develop some user service
      products in selected areas in 1982.

      Another excellent source of information for many educational
      concerns is the ERIC System.

      ERIC is a national information system designed and developed by the
      U.S. Office of Education,  and now supported and operated by the
      National Institute of Education (NIE), for providing ready access to
      descriptions of exemplary programs,  research and development
      efforts, and related information that can be used in developing more
      effective educational programs.

      There are 16 Clearinghouses in the nationwide ERIC network.  Each
      specializes in a different, multi-discipline, educational area.
      Each searches out pertinent documents.

      The ERIC Clearinghouses have responsibility within the network for
      acquiring the significant educational literature within their
      particular areas, selecting the highest quality and most relevant
      material, processing (i.e., cataloging, indexing, abstracting) the
      selected items for input to the data base, and also for providing
      information analysis products and various user services based on the
      data base.

      The 16 ERIC Clearinghouses are listed on the next few pages,
      together with addresses, telephone numbers, and brief scope notes
      describing the areas they cover.  You can contact them for
      assistance in locating information relevant to their scope notes.

      A.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education
          The Ohio State University
          National Center for Research in Vocational Education
          1960 Kenny Road
          Columbus, Ohio   43210
          Telephone:  (614) 486-3655

          Career education, formal and informal at all levels,
          encompassing attitudes, self-knowledge, decision-making skills,
          general and occupational knowledge, and specific vocational and
          occupational skills; adult and continuing education, formal and
          informal, relating to occupational, family, leisure, citizen,
          organizational, and retirement roles; vocational and technical
          education, including new sub-professional fields, industrial
          arts, and vocational rehabilitation for the handicapped.

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ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services
University of Michigan
School of Education, Room 2108
Ann Arbor, Michigan   48109
Telephone:  (313) 764-9492

Preparation, practice, and supervision of counselors at all
educational levels and in all settings, theoretical development
of counseling and guidance, use and results of personnel
procedures such as testing, interviewing, disseminating, and
analyzing such information, group work and case work; nature of
pupil, student, and adult characteristics; personnel workers and
their relation to career planning, family consultations, and
student orientation activities.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education
University of Illinois
College of Education
805 West Pennsylvania Avenue
Urbana, Illinois   61801
Telephone:  (217) 333-1386

Prenatal factors, parental behavior; the physical,
psychological, social, educational, and cultural development of
children from birth through the primary grades; educational
theory, research and practice related to the development of
young children.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management
University of Oregon
Library, Room 108
Eugene, Oregon   97403
Telephone:  (503) 686-5043

Leadership,  management, and structure of public and private
educational organizations; practice and theory of
administration; preservice and inservice preparation of
administrators, tasks and processes of administration,  methods
and varieties of organization, organizational change, and social
context of the organization.

Sites, buildings, and equipment for education; planning,
financing, constructing, renovating, equipping, maintaining,
operating, insuring, utilizing, and evaluating educational
facilities.

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           ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children
           Council for Exceptional Children
           1920 Association Drive
           Reston, Virginia   22091
           Telephone:  (703) 620-3660

           Aurally handicapped,  visually handicapped,  mentally handicapped,
           physically handicapped, emotionally disturbed,  speech
           handicapped,  learning disabilities, and the gifted; behavioral,
           psychomotor,  and communication disorders,  administration of
           special education services;  preparation and continuing education
           of professional and paraprofessional personnel;  preschool
           learning and  development of  the exceptional; general studies on
           creativity.

           ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education
           George Washington University
           One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 630
           Washington, DC   20036
           Telephone:  (202) 296-2597

           Various subjects relating to college and university students,
           college and university conditions and problems,  college and
           university programs;  curricular and instructional problems and
           programs,  faculty, institutional research;  federal programs,
           professional  education (medical, law, etc.), graduate education,
           university extension programs, teaching-learning, planning,
           governance, finance,  evaluation, interinstitutional
           arrangements,  and management of higher educational
           institutions.

           ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources
           Syracuse University
           School of Education
           Huntington Hall
           150 Marshall  Street
           Syracuse,  New York   13210
           Telephone:  (315) 423-3640

           Management, operation, and use of libraries; the technology to
           improve their operation and  the education,  training, and
           professional  activities of librarians and information
           specialists.   Educational techniques involved in microteaching,
           systems analysis, and programmed instruction employing
           audiovisual teaching aids and technology,  such as television,
           radio, computers, and cable  television, communication
           satellites, microforms, and  public television.

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                                                                     13
H.  ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges
    University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA)
    Mathematical Sciences Building, Room 8118
    405 Hilgard Avenue
    Los Angeles, California  90024
    Telephone:  (213) 825-3931

    Development, administration, and evaluation of public and
    private community junior colleges.  Junior college students,
    staff, curricula, programs, libraries, and community services.

I.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
    Center for Applied Linguistics
    3520 Prospect Street, NW
    Washington, DC   20007
    Telephone:  (202) 298-9292

    Languages and linguistics.  Instructional methodology,
    psychology of language learning, cultural and intercultural
    content,  application of linguistics, curricular problems and
    developments, teacher training and qualifications, language
    sciences, psycholinguistics, theoretical and applied
    linguistics, language pedagogy, bilingualism, and commonly
    taught languages including English and speakers of other
    languages.

J.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills
    National Council of Teacher of English
    1111 Kenyon Road
    Urbana, Illinois   61801
    Telephone:  (217) 328-3870

    Reading,  English, and communication skills,  preschool through
    college.   Educational research and development in reading,
    writing,  speaking, and listening.  Identification, diagnosis,
    and remediation of reading problems.  Speech
    communicationforensics,  mass communication, interpersonal and
    small group interaction, interpretation, rhetorical and
    communication theory, instruction development, speech sciences,
    and theater.  Preparation of instructional staff and related
    personnel in these areas.

    All aspects of reading behavior with emphasis on physiology,
    psychology, sociology, and teaching.  Instructional materials,
    curricula, tests and measurement, preparation of reading
    teachers  and specialists,  and methodology at all levels.  Role
    of libraries and other agencies in fostering and guiding
    reading.   Diagnostic and remedial services in school and
    clinical  settings.

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      K.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools
          New Mexico State University
          Box 3AP
          Las Cruces,  New Mexico   88003
          Telephone:   (505) 646-2623

          Education of Indian Americans, Mexican Americans,  Spanish
          Americans, and migratory farm workers and their children;
          outdoor education; economic, cultural, social,  or  other  factors
          related to educational programs in rural areas  and small
          schools; disadvantaged of rural and small school populations.

      L.  ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental
          Education
          The Ohio State University
          1200 Chambers Road - Room 310
          Columbus, Ohio   43212
          Telephone:  (614) 422-6717

          All levels of science, mathematics, and environmental education;
          development of curriculum and instructional materials; media
          applications; impact of interest,  intelligence, values,  and
          concept development upon learning; preservice and  inservice
          teacher education and supervision.

      M.  ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education
          Social Science Education Consortium, Inc.
          855 Broadway
          Boulder, Colorado   80302
          Telephone:  (303) 492-8434

          All levels of social studies and social science; all activities
          relating to teachers; content of disciplines; applications of
          learning theory, curriculum theory, child development theory,
          and instructional theory; research and development programs;
          special needs of student groups; education as a social science;
          social studies/social science and  the community.

      N.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Teacher Education
          American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE)
          One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 610
          Washington, DC   20036
          Telephone:  (202) 293-2450

          School personnel at all levels, all issues from selection
          through preservice and inservice preparation and training to
          retirement; curricula, educational theory and philosophy;
          general education not specifically covered by Educational
          Management Clearinghouse; Title XI NDEA Institutes not covered
          by subject speciality in other ERIC Clearinghouses; all  aspects
          of physical education.

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                                                                     15
0.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation
    Educational Testing Service (ETS)
    Rosedale Road
    Princeton, New Jersey   08541
    Telephone:  (609) 734-5176

    Tests and other measurement devices; evaluation procedures and
    techniques; application of tests, measurement, or evaluation in
    educational projects of programs.

P.  ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education
    Teachers College, Columbia University
    Institute for Urban and Minority Education
    Box 40
    525 West 120th Street
    New York, New York   10027
    Telephone:  (212) 678-3433

    The relationship between urban life and schooling; the effect of
    urban experiences and environments  from birth onward; the
    academic, intellectual, and social performance of urban children
    and youth from grade three through college entrance (including
    the effect of self concept, motivation, and other affective
    influences), education of urban, Puerto Rican and Asian American
    populations, and rural and urban black populations; programs and
    practices which provide learning experiences designed to meet
    the special needs of diverse populations served by urban schools
    and which build upon their unique as well as their common
    characteristics, structural changes in the classroom, school,
    school system, and community and innovative instructional
    practices which directly affect urban children and youth;
    programs, practices, and materials related to economic and
    ethnic discrimination, segregation, desegregation, and
    integration in education; issues, programs, practices, and
    materials related to redressing the curriculum imbalance in the
    treatment of ethnic minority groups.

Q.  Educational Resources Information Center
    Central ERIC
    National Institute of Education (NIE)
    Information Resources Division
    1200 - 19th Street, NW
    Washington,  DC   20208
    Telephone:  (202) 254-5500

    There are other sources of educational information in many
    states.  Included are information dissemination units in the
    state departments of education, intermediate education units,
    and local education units.  In many cases,  a local school
    administrator or school librarian can help you locate
    assistance.

-------
16
   VII.   How  to  Structure  a  Computer Search  of IRIS

          This  explanation  relates  to the  IRIS data base  that  can  be  searched
          on-line through Bibliographic Retrieval  Services,  Inc. or Dialog.
          As IRIS becomes available  through other  sources, information
          relevant to  those services will  be  provided.

          A few notes  about the  service are important.  The  following fields
          are  searchable by computer:  (1) IRIS Accession Number (EW  Number),
          (2) ERIC Accession  Number  (ED Number), (3) Authors,  (4)  Institution,
          (5) Title,  (6) Subject  index terms, and  (7) Abstracts.

          If you  submit a search  of  IRIS through BRS or Dialog, the program
          will  search  for the words  you select in  three fields unless the
          searcher requests to limit the search.   These fields are:   (1) title
          field,  (2) subject  index  field,  and (3)  abstract.  We  recommend  you
          use  this feature  especially for  searches on specific terms.   If you
          find  more material  than you want by this techniqu, you can  narrow
          the  search to items that  may have the most information on the topic
          by limiting  the search  to  the subject index field.

          Several sample searches are listed  below and on the  following pages.
         A.   Sample  1

              If  you  want  to  locate  audiovisual  aids  that  relate  to  safety  you
              would submit a  search  with  audiovisual  aids  and  safety.
              Materials  that  included  the terms  both  audiovisual  aids  and
              safety  in  the title  field,  the  abstract and  the  subject  index
              field would  be  identified by computer.
                                  Items  Identified

-------
                                                                    17
    The computer  program can tell you the number of items,  the title
    of the items,  or  print  the entire resume of each item.   If you
    were primarily interested in audiovisual aids, safety,  and
    chlorine you  would  submit a search of these three terms.   You
    might want  to include chlorides and chlorination as well as
    chlorine in the search.   This search would identify materials
    that contained audiovisual aids, safety, and one or more of the
    words, chlorine and chlorination.
                                Chlorine

                                Chlorination
                      Items  Identified
B.  Sample 2
    If you want  to  identify materials related to monitoring,  you
    should include  several  related terms and the chemical,  material,
    or situation that  is  being monitored.  See the example  below.
                     Monitoring
                 Chemical Analysis
                   Water Analysis
              Laboratory Procedures
    This search would  identify all the items that included  any  of
    the terms on the left  and  pH.

-------
18
           C.   Sample  3

               If  you  are  interested  in  materials  related  to  inspection and
               construction  you  could  conduct  a  search  of  these  two  terms.   The
               search  would  identify  all materials  that  included both  terms.
               If  you  were interested  in only  wastewater treatment facilities
               you could construct  a  search  as diagrammed.
              This  search would yield  specific materials  and  demonstrates  how
              a  computer search can help you  locate materials you want.

              The   subject  index  can also  be  used  to  help you select  words to
              include  in a  search.  Words  listed in the subject  index are
              certain  to be in the searchable fields.  Therefore, selecting
              these terms to  use  in structuring a  search  will increase the
              probability of  locating  materials.   Some words  will appear in
              the title or  abstract that are  not included in  the subject term
              field.   Such  words  can be used  to check if  any  materials are in
              the data base.  If, however,  you conduct a  search  with  such  a
              word  it  is usually  best  to include a synonym that  is  in the
              subject  index.
    VIII.  How  to  Order Materials

          The  AVAILABILITY  field  in  the  resume  indicates  where  materials  can
          be obtained.  A few of  the sources  are  explained.

          A.   A number of audiovisual  materials can  be  obtained on loan or
               purchased from  the  EPA Instructional Resources  Center.   Most
               items  previously available from the NTOTC office  are available
               from the EPA  Instructional Resources Center at  The Ohio State
               University.   For further information write  or  call.

-------
                                                                    19
B.  Some of the materials are available through the ERIC Document
    Reproduction Service.  MF (microfiche) are 4" x 6" sheets of
    microfilm; up to 96 pages of text can be reproduced on one
    sheet.  HC (paper copy) is a reproduction of the document in
    paper form at the original size.

    Order forms for these materials can be obtained from:

                   ERIC Document Reproduction Service
                              P. 0. Box 190
                       Arlington, Virginia   22210
                             (703)  823-0500

C.  The EPA Instructional Resources Center will provide Xerox copies
    of materials that are not copyrighted for $1.00 per document
    plus $0.03 per page.

If you can not obtain materials that are listed or have difficulty
obtaining materials, please contact the EPA Instructional Resources
Center.  We can provide assistance  in obtaining materials from some
sources.  If materials become unavailable, we will remove them from
the IRIS data base.

-------
                                       21
RESUME SECTION

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