United States Environmental Protection Agency
                                             Washington, DC20460
Home Page
Update on Recent Small Business
Activities at the U.S. EPA
                                                                       Toll Free Hotline
Karen V. Brown, Directo
SBD/Small Business Ombudsman

Persons Interested in Small Business
Environmental Issues

January, 2001

Vacant, Deputy Small Business Ombudsman
Delane Anderson, Program Management Analyst
Andrew Teplitzky, Environmental Scientist
Eileen McGovern, Program Analyst
Angela Suber, Program Analyst


James E. Malcolm, P.E., Chemical Engineer
Toxic Substances & Hazardous Materials
Larry 0. Tessier, P.E., Civil Engineer
Asbestos, Radon and Lead
Arnold Medbery, P.E., Mechanical Engineer
The Clean Air Act, Asbestos, Water
Thomas J. Nakley, Civil Engineer
The Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act
Howard Boddie, Computer/Publications Specialist

Small Bus Strategy
2001 SBO/SBAP Nat'l Conf.
Stats on SBAPs
Key Dates & Events
Small Biz Env. Home Page
Web pages/Hotlines
SB Regional Contacts
Clean Air Act (CAA)
Clean Water Act (CWA)
Pesticides (FIFRA)
Hazardous Waste (RCRA)
Superfund (CERCLA)
Right-to-Know (EPCRA)
Toxic Chemicals (TSCA)
Six Key Aspects/SBREFA
SBA Fairness Board
Update on Environ Info.
Stats on EPA Innovation.


Superior Asst Tools
State Success Stories
Ten Innovative Projects
New Publications
Risk Management
HPV Challenge
Draft Pub Involve Policy
S. B. Sector Programs
Design for Environment
Audit Protocols
Compliance Asst Centers
Penalty Reduction Policies
State Small Bus Asst Prog
State Small Bus Contacts
P2 Program
Procurement Contacts
Order Form

    GREETINGS! The year 2000 was a very fast moving and
productive year. I am pleased to report that during the past year the
State Ombudsmen and Technical Assistance Programs have assisted
nearly one million small businesses that are subject to environmental
requirements. In fact, our Division alone handled over 13,000 direct
hotline calls on environmental issues. While these accomplishments
are notable, it is clear through stakeholder comments we gathered for
revisions to the EPA Small Business Strategy, and in recent EPA
rulemaking that the Agency must do more to incorporate the needs
of small business into its activities. Our New Year's resolution is to
increase our delivery of compliance information and tools to the
small business community; increase the development and delivery of
information about small business characteristics, impacts and needs
to the Agency; and increase the consideration of small business needs
and issues within the Agency during rulemaking, enforcement, and
policy development. It is clear that we can reach this resolution by
promoting early stakeholder involvement in rule development, and
by providing the Agency with the appropriate information to help
them develop rules that clearly address the needs of small business.

    I am enthusiastically looking forward to the year 2001, and
doing more to serve the small business community. I am particularly
pleased to have the opportunity of working with the new EPA
Administrator, Christine Todd-Whitman, as the Governor of New
Jersey, established an effective business ombudsman program to deal
with the complexities of state and federal regulatory requirements.
We are assured that she will bring these interests and concerns with
her as she takes the reins at EPA.
                                                             SMALL BUSINESS OMBUDSMAN FUNCTIONS

                                                             EPA's Office of the Small Business Ombudsman
                                                         (OSBO) performs the following functions:

                                                         •  Provides a convenient way for small businesses to access
                                                         •  Facilitates communications between the small business
                                                             community and EPA;
                                                         •  Investigates and resolves disputes with EPA; and
                                                         •  Works with EPA personnel to increase their
                                                             understanding of small businesses in the development and
                                                             enforcement of environmental regulations.

                                                                          Call (800) 368-5888

              New Initiatives for Small Business Division (SBD)

 U.S. EPA Updating Its Small Business Strategy

    You probably didn't know that back in 1984, the Environmental Protection Agency issued its first small
 business strategy, entitled EPA Small Business Initiatives: Strategy for Improved Regulation and Compliance
 (to view a copy of the 1984 strategy, go to  While the Agency has worked
 to address many of the issues highlighted in the strategy over the past 17 years, it recognizes that not all issues
 have been fully resolved and a number of new ones have emerged. This is why the Agency is now working on
 an update to its Small Business Strategy. The Year 2000 Small Business Strategy will focus on four major
 areas.  First, the revised Strategy will promote the testing of new, innovative approaches for small businesses
 to meet and exceed their environmental responsibilities.  In so doing, the Strategy will promote alternatives
 that are less burdensome than traditional regulatory programs and can provide opportunities for small
 businesses to save money, increase efficiencies, and become more competitive. Second, the Strategy will
 continue to emphasize the development of simplified regulations that facilitate small business understanding
 and compliance.  Third, the Strategy will place emphasis on providing small businesses with new tools to help
 them comply.  Finally, the Strategy will include actions intended to organize and strengthen the delivery of
 assistance and information by EPA and other assistance providers external to the Agency. We currently are
 awaiting approval to circulate the current draft to internal Agency staff for review and then to external
 stakeholders for their input. For more information, please contact Karen Brown at U.S EPA (202) 260-1390
 or via e-mail at brown.karen@epa. gov.

 Surveying EPA'S Small Business Customers

    EPA is committed to encouraging stewardship and accelerating environmental progress among American
 businesses. Within the Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation there is a particular emphasis on assisting
 small businesses. Thus, one component of meeting the Agency's commitment is to ensure our support
 functions are useful and accessible to small businesses. We're doing this in two ways—the first is to seek
 feedback on the EPA-supported Small Business Environmental Home  Page (www .smallbiz-enviroweb.orgl.
 We have collected voluntary responses to site-related questions from visitors to the Home Page over the last
 several months. We are now reviewing our findings.
    At the same time, to determine the value of the Small Business Hotline (800-368-5888), staff within the
 Agency's Small Business Division has been contacting some Hotline users to complete brief (it only takes
 about five minutes) telephone surveys. Through these calls, we hope to learn what works—and what doesn't—
 for you. We're looking for your opinion and .your ideas.  We continue to make our survey calls, hoping to
 learn how to improve our service to you. So if you hear us on the other end of your telephone line, please take
 a few moments to help us get better at helping you! Within a few months our survey should be complete and
 we will be assessing the responses we have received.
   When we have completed our analysis of the responses we received from both surveys, we'll share the
results with all of our customers. For more information, please contact  Eileen McGovern  in the Small
Business Division at (202) 260-5352.

 "Cataloging" EPA's Products and  Services For the Small Businesses

The small business community is an important customer for EPA. The Office of F'olicy, Economics, and
 Innovation is intent on expanding our efforts at outreach and assistance to small businesses. EPA already
provides a great number of products and services, many of them tailored specifically to small business.  But
we know that many of our small business customers are unaware of these efforts. To help get the needed
information to our customers, we have developed Environmental Assistance Services for Small Businesses: A
Resource Guide (similar to a catalog) which provides brief descriptions, web sites, and contact information on
the Small Business Ombudsman's Office and other topics of interest to small businesses including: legislation,
assistance programs, Regional support, education and training, funding opportunities, procurement, state and
local resources, compliance  support, mentoring programs, the rulemaking process, voluntary programs,
publications and guides, and Agency hotlines. The Resource Guide is available new. You may request a copy
by calling our toll free number (800-368-5888) or by contacting Eileen McGovern at EPA by telephone (202-
260-5352) or via e-mail at mcgovern.eileen@, or

2001 SBO/SBAP National Conference
Mark your Calendars! Make your travel plans now!

   Get ready for the 2001 SBO/SBAP National Conference! The conference will be held in
beautiful Austin, Texas April 2-5 2001, at the Radisson Hotel Town Lake. This year's
conference has something for everyone. You'll have ample time to network with your peers from
other states while learning the latest about advocacy, marketing, technology, and technical topics.
Austin is the Live Music Capital of the World, and offers many entertainment and sightseeing
activities. For hotel reservations call (512) 478-9611. Reservations must be made by March 7,
2000 to guarantee a room. Guest room rates: $80 single or double occupancy.  Be sure to
identify yourself as an SBO/SBAP Conference participant. Registration materials will be sent
out in January 2001.  To register, visit our web site at

EPA Holds Workshop on Increasing Small Business Competitiveness
Through Environmental Management Systems:  The Role of

      On November 8th, 2000, EPA's Small Business Division, in conjunction with EPA's
Sector Strategies Division, the Performance Track Program, and the Design for Environment
Program, held a full-day workshop where trade associations representing small businesses were
invited to come hear about EMSs and dialogue on how EPA and associations can work together
to promote EMSs for association members. Based on a tally of workshop evaluation forms, 13
associations indicated that they agree or strongly agree that they will take some action to further
the use of EMSs for their members. Sectors expressing interest include: automobile dealers,
shipbuilders, dry cleaners, automotive services, printers, and rural electric companies. EPA
followup activities will include: (1) development of an EMS "Pathfinder" (an Internet-based tool
for use by association staff and consultants to develop industry-specific EMS templates); (2)
review of sector-specific EMS guidance manuals for several small business sectors (through
respective trade associations), (3) development of a small business/EMS steering committee and
an e-mail group to continue dialogue on EMSs for small businesses; and (4) development of
EMS marketing materials for associations and small business owners/managers. For more
information, please contact Andy Teplitzky at U.S EPA (202- 260-4088, e-mail at
Teplitzkv.Andyfgtepa.eov) or Tim Stuart at US EPA (202-260-0725, e-mail at

Small Business Administration  Publishes Revised  Size Standards

   On May 15,2000, the Small Business Administration (SBA) published in the Federal
Register (65 FR 30836-30863) a new table of small business size standards for industries as
they are defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Please be
aware that SBA has since amended the May 15 rule because, as stated in the summary to its
09/05/00 correction notice: "The table that was published on May 15, 2000, contained errors that
occurred during the printing process. The errors are significant in nature and number, and SBA
believes that they would be misleading if not corrected." You can access the most current small
business size standards at: This link is
also posted on the Links page of EPA's SBREFA website:

 Performance Track Recognizes Environmental Excellence

     On December 13th, EPA recognized the 225 Charter Members to the National Environmental Achievement
 Track. These facilities applied to become members of the Achievement Track and were selected based on their
 systematic approach to environmental management, commitments to continuous improvement, a sound compliance
 history, and willingness to reach out to the community. Of the full Charter Membership, approximately 7% have
 fewer than 50 employees, 10% have 50-99 employees, and 30% have 100-499 employees.
     Achievement Track is the first of two levels in EPA's National Environmental Performance; Track.
 Performance Track defines what it means to be a top environmental performer and provides incentives to motivate
 further improvements. It is open to companies and facilities of all types, sizes, and complexity, public or private,
 manufacturing or service-oriented. Through a systematic approach to managing environmental responsibilities,
 taking extra steps to reduce and prevent pollution, and being good corporate neighbors, many companies today are
 modeling the way to environmental excellence. At the same time, they are saving money and improving
 productivity.  EPA is in the process of developing the second and higher level Stewardship Track. Information on
 the Stewardship Track will be announced in the summer of 2001.
     Applications for Achievement Track are being accepted February 1 through April 30 and August 1 through
 October 31  in 2001. Program information, applications, and instructions are available at or call 1-888-339-PTRK.

 NJ Chemical Industry Project Issues Recommendations

     The New Jersey Chemical Industry Project, in the Performance Incentives Division of EPA's Office of Policy,
 Economics  and Innovation, has issued its final report with recommendations on how EPA can improve the
 efficiency and effectiveness of its programs by working with industry and other stakeholders.
 The report,  called "Learning to Listen: A Cooperative Approach to Developing Innovative Strategies," outlines the
 process used to identify the factors that inspire facility staff to improve their environmental performance and issues
 that keep facilities from doing better. Teams of Stakeholders and others worked to develop tools and programs to
 improve environmental performance.
 The tools most highly-praised by small businesses were those developed by the Compliance Assistance Pilot. This
 Team prepared a set of compliance assistance materials:
 •   Plain Language summaries of 20 New Jersey environmental regulations;
 •   Flowcharts for six NJ regulations that show if and how the regulations apply to a facility;
 •    Summaries of New Jersey compliance assistance programs; and
 •   Information on how to obtain training materials and regulatory guides.
 The materials  are available at the New Jersey Department of Environmental protection web sits:
    Other Teams worked to establish the first pretreatment effluent trading among facilities that discharge to a
 POTW, clarified the waste regulations for recycling materials-at the same facility or across facilities-from five
 typical chemical processes, and developed a program to reward and provide incentives for facilities to improve their
 environmental performance.
 In the Project's final report, Stakeholders describe the work of each of the Teams and make recommendations to
 further improve the  efficiency and effectiveness of EPA's programs.  The report also presents guidance and "Keys to
 Success" for working cooperatively with industry and other stakeholders. It is important to engage all parties,
 incorporate  all views, and develop approaches that are genuinely better for people and the environment.
 The "Learning to Listen" report is available from the NJ Chemical Industry Project web site
 (') or in hard copy from Catherine Tunis, 202-260-2698,
 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW (1808), Washington, DC 20460,  Other reports available
ซ*• "Compliance Assistance Materials for New Jersey Environmental Regulations;"
HP Inspiring Performance: The Government-Industry Team Approach To Improving Environmental Compliance.
EPA 231-R-99-002, May, 1999;
HP Sharing the Load: Effluent Trading for Indirect Dischargers. EPA 231-R-98-003, May 1998;
HP Promoting Chemical Recycling: Resource  Conservation in Chemical Manufacturing. EPA-231-R-99-001, May,
HP "Proposed Framework for a Flexible Track Program," May, 1997; and
ซ• Guidance on New Jersey's Flexible Track Silver and Gold Track programs, available at

                              1999 State Small Business Assistance Programs
                                    (919,791 Total Businesses Assisted*)
                                                                                                            MA: 7,178
In 1999, the state and territory Small Business Stationary Source Technical and Environmental Compliance Assistance
Programs assisted almost 1 million small businesses in complying with the requirements of the Clean Air Act and other
environmental issues.  These programs are run by hardworking, dedicated staffs who operate successful programs,  often with
limited resources. Small businesses are grateful for the technical assistance  and personalized attention they receive from
people they can trust. Turn to page 57 for information on contacting your state's program!
Industry Sector
Cross Sector
Other (not classified)
Organizations/ Associations
Auto Body Maintenance/Repair/Refinishing
Auto/Motor Vehicles & Equipment
Dry Cleaning/Laundry Services
Machine Shops
Furniture Manufacture/Repair/Wood Finishing
# Assists
Industry Sector
Dry Cleaning/Laundry Services
Auto Body Maintenance/Repair/Refinishing
Furniture Manufacture/Repair/Wood Finishing
Organizations/ Associations
Printing/Graphic Arts
Other (not classified)
Metal Fabricating/Finishing
Agriculture/Farming/Crop Service
# Programs
"Total businesses assisted" as reported by the programs is used as the "official" count.  Some programs tried not to "double count" total businesses assisted
Six programs kept information on the types of services they offered or the industry sectors they assisted, but did not compile data, as indicated by an "X"
(CO, DE, DC, ND, RI, SD).
Two programs did not provide information, as indicated by "NR" (NE and VT).

       Overwhelmed by paperwork?
        Confused about regulations?
   Wondering where to  turn for help?

 The EPA Small Business Division/Small Business
           is available to provide you with

              ONE-STOP RELIEF
      The EPA Small Business Ombudsman assists small businesses by:
+   Providing you with plain English multi-media compliance information through a
    hotline, publications, and audio-visual materials

4   Working with EPA technical experts to respond to your regulatory questions and
    other inquiries.

4   Tracking EPA policies and regulations affecting small business, and advocating
    small business concerns inside EPA.

4   Keeping in touch with small business "umbrella" organizations, industry trade
    associations, and government entities.

Small business owners and employees are welcome and encouraged to call with questions
or concerns between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Eastern Time.
            Call  (800)  368-5888
      or, in the Washington, DC Area, call (202) 260-1211 Fax (202) 401-2302
                    Small Ombudsman Home Page

         KEY   EVENTS   AND
21-March 2
EMS Assistance Strategy National Workshop
Washington, DC - 202-261-6468 - www.neetf.orflEMS

Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) 2001 Spring Meeting
Tampa, FL - 202-624-3660 - e-mail

National Pollution Prevention Roundtable 2001 Spring Conference
Chicago, Illinois - 202-466-7964 or

EPA's National Compliance Assistance Forum
Annapolis, MD - 703-247-4256 or e-maif

200 f Air Toxics Implementation Workshop & Training
Chapel Hill, NC - 919-541-5771 or

2001 Small Business Ombudsman/Small Business Assistance Program National
Conference, Austin, TX- /-800-447-2827 -

Air & Waste Management Association 2001 Annual Conference
Orlando, FL - 412-232-3444 or

Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) 2001 Annual Meeting
Honolulu, HI - 202-624-3660 - email /

Association of Small Business Development Centers (SBDC) Fall Conference 2001
- Dallas, TX - 703-764-9850 - e-mail

Brownfie/ds 200 f Conference - McCormick Place Convention Center Chicago, IL
- 202-260-4483 - www.epa.fovlbrownfieldslbfconf.htm

EPA'S Customer Service Conference
Washington, DC - 202-260-2744

             http://www. smallbiz-en viroweb. org
   The Small Business Environmental Home Page (Home Page) continues to benefit the
small business community and the Section 507 programs. This Home Page was developed
and is being maintained by Concurrent Technologies Corporation (Pittsburgh Office) under
cooperative agreement funding provided by U.S. EPA  SBO. Developed in response to
requests from the State small business assistance programs (SBAPs) and the small business
community for assistance in centrally distributing and exchanging information about their
program activities, the Home Page provides efficient  access to EPA, state, and other
environmental and pollution prevention information focused on small business.

   Thanks to those  of you  who took  the time to fill out the online EPA Customer
Satisfaction Survey.  Look for some changes  to the Home Page  in response to those
comments, and a summary of the survey results and changes.

   NEW!  The Regulatory Updates section that many of you use has been UPDATED. It
is now one of five easily  searchable databases on the Home Page.  You can search by
environmental law, keyword(s), and date added/updated-individually or in any combination.
Also, don't forget to  send in updates and use the other four  databases  on the Home
Page-publications  (now  over  3,800),  videos,  upcoming events,  and performance
measurement tools and success stories.

   Please use the Small Business Environmental Web Board launched in spring 2000
on the Home Page (you can access this from the top page). Share information and ask
questions of your fellow Home Page users. You can post messages and replies and check
back when convenient-no annoying emails sent to your mailbox daily. ALSO, there is a
general chat room available for users who are online at the same time.

   The Home Page continues to keep links and resources updated-contacts (CAP, trade,
EPA, SBAP), state environmental agency and SBAP web sites, compliance information, state
and federal news and newsletters, funding information, industry sector and trade association
information, small business initiatives and policies, databases (see above), etc. The Home
Page is also home to  the Mid-Atlantic Region Small Business Assistance web page and
National Small Business Financial Assistance Work Group web page (look for a new look

   Users are encouraged to provide information on events, news, contacts, publications/fact
sheets, videos, CAP information, performance measurement tools and success stories, and
corrected/new links to include on the Home Page, and any comments and suggestions about
the Home Page to Audrey G. Zelanko (; 412/577-2649).


                                  EPA SMALL BUSINESS OMBUDSMAN

Toll Free                        Local and DC Area       T.D.D.                  Fax
(800)368-5888                   (202)260-1211           (202)260-1258           (202)401-2302

  smallbiz.ombudsnian@epa.2ov	Homepage
EPA Web Pages and Hotlines                                           Phone Number

•   National Center for Environmental Publications 	 800-490-9198
        (	 513-489-8190
•   Indoor Air Quality Information Clearinghouse 	 800-438-4318
•   Radon 	 800-767-7236
•   EPA Energy Star 	 888-782-7937
•   Clean Air Technology Center	 919-541-0800 (English)
        (	 919-541-1800 (Spanish)
•   Mobile Sources (Emissions)	 734-214-4333
•   Emission Measurement Center	 919-541-0200
•   Stratospheric Ozone Information	 800-296-1996
•   Acid Rain (emission trading, auctions, Information) 	 202-564-9620
•   Safe Drinking Water Hotline	 800-426-4791
•   National Small Flows Clearinghouse (WV Univ) 	 800-624-8301
•   Storm Water Phase II Information	 202-260-5816
•   Water Resource Center	 202-260-7786
•   Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse	 202-260-1023
•   National Solid & Hazardous Waste Ombudsman	 800-262-7937
        Washington Metro Area 	 202-260-9361
•   Wetlands Information 	 800-832-7828
•   U.S. EPA RCRA, Superfund & Underground Storage Tanks Hotline	 800-424-9346
        Washington Metro Area 	 703-412-9810
•   Emergency Planning & Community Right to Know Title III (EPCRA)  	 800-424-9346
        Washington Metro Area 	 703-412-9877
•   Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) Information Service	 202-554-1404
•   Office of Pesticide Program Registration Division (Ombudsman)	 703-305-5446
•   Bio-Pesticide Staff Assistance 	 703-308-8098
•   National Pesticide Telecommunications Network	 800-858-7378
•   EPA Waste Wise/Waste Reduction	 800-372-9473
•   Office of Environmental Justice 	 800-962-6215
•   Office of Pollution Prevention & Toxics	 202-260-1772
•   Chemical Emergency Preparedness & Prevention Office	 202-564-7938
     (CEPPO) Small Business Liaison
•   Small  Business Innovation Research (SBIR)	 800-490-9194
•   EPA Inspector General (IG) 	 202-260-4977
        (	 800-546-8740

OTHER WEBSITES & HOTLINES                              Phone Number
 • Small Business Environmental Home Page 	(412) 377-2649
 • Recycling Hotline 	(800) 153-2687
 • National Technical Information Service (NTIS) 	(800) 553-6847
    ( 	(703) 605-6000
 • National Response Center for reporting oil spills and hazardous 	(800) 424-8802
    substance releases
    Washington Metro Area  	(202) 267-2675
 • Department of Energy (DOE)-National Alternative Fuels Hotline	(800) 423-1363
 • Energy-efficiency & Renewable Energy.Clearinghouse	(800) 363-3732
    (Operated by the DOE)
 • DOT~Transportation of Hazardous Materials	(800) 467-4922
 • CHEMTREC Chemical Transportation Emergency Line, operated by	(800) 262-8200
    Chemical Manufacturers Association
 • Center for Management Courses on ISO 9000/14000	(800) 745-5565
 • National Lead Technical Information Center 	(800) 424-5323
 • Small Business Administration  	(800) 827-5722
 • Regulatory Fairness Boards (SBA)	(888) 734-3247
 • Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)  	(800) 321-6742
    (Worker Safety Referral Services)
 • American Lung Association	(800) 586-4872
 • Consumer Product Safety Commission  	(800) 638-2772
 • Radon Auto Emission & Sun Safety(National Safety Council) 	(800) 557-2366
 • INFOTERRA/USA	(202) 260-5917
 • Government Printing Office 	(202) 512-1800
 • National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health	(800) 356-4674
 • National Environmental Training Center for Small Communities 	(800) 624-8301
    ( homepage.html)

REGION  1    CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT             Dwight Peavey   (617)918-1829
          2    NJ, NY, PR, VI                      JohnD.Wilk     (212)637-3918
          3    DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV             David Byro      (800) 228-8711/(215) 814-5563
          4    AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN       Annette V. Hill   (404)562-8287
          5    IL, IN, MI, MN, OH,                  Glynis Zywicki   (312)886-4571
          6    AR, LA, NM, OK, TX                 David Gray      (800) 887-6D63/(214) 665-2200
          7    IA, KS, MO, NE                      Janette Lambert  (913)551-7768
          8    CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY             Rob Laidlaw     (303)312-7064
          9    AZ, CA, HI, NV, GU                  MarkSamolis    (415)744-2331
         10    AK,ID,OR,WA                     BillDunbar      (206)553-1203

                                          STATUS OF HIGH VISIBILITY ACTIONS

                                            OBTAINING ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
                                                      FOR SMALL BUSINESS

    Some articles in this newsletter cite certain reference publications by Item Number that provide additional information on the topic.  These
publications can be ordered by completing the Publication Order form on page 63.  In addition, the Ombudsman's Office maintains an inventory of over
300 EPA and related publications containing useful environmental information for small business. A complete listing of these publications can be obtained
by calling the Ombudsman's Office at 1-800-368-5888 or 202-260-1211.
  Recent Initiatives to Better Serve You

      Our efforts to assist the Small Business Community continue
  at a high level. Here are some things we are currently doing to help

  •   Hosted seventh National Small Business Ombudsman and
       Technical Assistance Program Conference in Missoula, MT
       attended by 44 States, 2 Territories, and the District of
       Columbia (191  participants), and have set plans through a
       grant to the state of Texas's National Resource Conservation
       Commission for an eighth Conference to be held in Austin,
       Texas on April 2-5, 2001.
  •   Coordinated individual meetings and follow-up meetings
       between major small business trade associations and the EPA
       Deputy Administrator, Assistant Administrators, and Agency
       Small Business Program Office Representatives on January
       27, and June 14, 2000, to discuss small business initiatives and
  •   Finalized EPA's 1998 Small Business Ombudsman Report to
       Congress under Section 507 of the 1990 Clean Air Act
       Amendments, and presently are completing the draft of 1999
  •   Cooperatively participating in managing Small Business
       Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 small business
       entity outreach activities in order to implement Act
  •   Held annual Small Business Liaison Conference for EPA
       Regional Small Business Representatives on August 2-3,
       2000, which was attended by over a dozen state small business
       program representatives.
  •   Upgraded EPA  Small Business Ombudsman Home Page on
  •   Participated in approximately 50 EPA regulatory efforts as
       reviewers to represent Small Business concerns.
  •   Conducted fifth State Compliance Advisory Panel (CAP)
       Training in June for CAPs utilizing a newly completed
       Compliance Advisory Panel Management Manual to assist
       State CAPS with their Clean Air Act responsibilities.
  •   Issued revised (improved) Environmental Management Guide
       for Small Laboratories.
  •   Upgraded a Source Book on Environmental Auditing for
       Small Business.
  •  Developed a new booklet titled: Little Known But Allowable
      Ways To Deal With  Hazardous Waste.
  •  In the process of implementing Cooperative Agreement
      projects with 10 states to improve small business technical
      assistance and outreach and to measure their effectiveness.
      Conducted two-days of specialized training to awardees on
      March 16-17,2000.
  •  Drafting an initiative to revise EPA's Small Business Strategy.
  •  Developing  a  Small Business  Environmental Management
       Systems Guide.
  •  Completed a  project  to  assess  EPA  current  suite  of
      environmental services for small business; the resulting product,
      "Environmental Assistance Services for Small Businesses:  A
     Resource Guide will be available in January 2001.
•   Project underway with State Small Business Assistance Programs
     to enhance effectiveness  and publicity for their  services  and
     outreach activities.

Clean Air Act (CAA)

Implementation Strategy Update

     EPA's Office of Air and Radiation has prepared an
Implementation Strategy publication.  It outlines the schedule, by
industry, for issuing regulations required by the Clean Air Act. It is
included in our Item 1-11 package.

Final Integrated Urban Air Toxics Strategy

     This Strategy is a framework for addressing air toxics in urban
areas. Although existing programs have already achieved substantial
emission reductions, more needs to be done to reduce toxics air
pollutants, particularly in the urban areas.  The Strategy outlines
actions to reduce emissions of air toxics and assessment activities to
improve EPA's understanding of the health and environmental risks
posed by air toxics in urban areas. The Strategy includes  a list of 33
air toxics that pose the greatest potential health threat in urban areas,
and also provides a list of area sources responsible for a substantial
portion of the emissions of these air toxics. For more information
about the Strategy, visit EPA's web site at: or call EPA's Office of Air
Quality, Planning and Standards at 919-541-4487.

Amendment And Changes to The Operating Permit
Program Final Rule

     In  1992, EPA issued regulations providing for the establishment
of comprehensive state air quality permitting systems consistent with
the requirements of Title V of the Clean Air Act.  The Rule allows
States to issue a general permit covering numerous similar small
sources, each of which need only submit information covering its
eligibility. The Rule was revised and expanded in 1994, including the
provision of more flexibility in the revision of permits, with more
flexibility provided in 1995.  Amendments were published on June 3,
1996, providing non-major source emission exemptions. See  7/1/96
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 70. On February 14, and
May 22, 2000, the Agency extended state operating permit programs
interim approvals.  For detailed history, see our Item 1-25.

A Guide for Small Businesses

     A booklet entitled The Clean Air Act Amendments of1990: A
Guide for Small Businesses was published  in 1992, Item 1-36. This
guide provides small businesses  a broad overview of the Act's
complex requirements and the effects they  are  likely to have,  in
general, on a small business.  The guide provides contacts for
obtaining additional information. Accompanying the booklet is a

 four-page summary entitled What A Small Business Should Know
 About the New Clean Air Act.

 Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
 Decision on New National Ambient Air Quality
 Standards Revisions for Particulate Matter and

        American Trucking Associations, Inc. v. USEPA,
                  Nos. 97-1440 and 97-1441
                   (D.C. dr. May 14,1999
                    Summary of Decision

 •   In July 1997, EPA issued health-based air quality standards for
     ozone and particulate matter.  In response to challenges filed
     by industry and others, a 3-judge panel  of the Court of
     Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued a split
     opinion on May 14, 1999.
 •   The Court held (2 to 1) that the Act, as applied and absent
     further clarification, is unconstitutional  because it "effects an
     unconstitutional delegation of legislative power."
 •   Contrary to the claims made by petitioners and other critics,
     nothing in the court's opinion undercuts or criticizes the
     science on which EPA relied.
 •   The Court rejected petitioners' claims that EPA should take
     cost into account in setting the air quality standards.
 •   Contrary to the claims made by petitioners, nothing in the
     Court's opinion undercuts or  criticizes the process EPA used.
 •   The Court held paradoxically that the Clean Air Act allows
     EPA to revise the primary ozone standard, but stated that
     revised ozone standard "cannot be enforced."
 •   In addressing whether EPA should have considered alleged
     benefits of ozone as a shield in blocking UVb radiation, the
     Court held that EPA must consider whether ozone has a
     beneficial effect, and if so, consider such effects in assessing
     ozone's net effects on health.
 •   The Court found "ample support" for EPA's decision to
     regulate coarse particulate pollution below the 1987 levels, but
     also found that PM10 was "a  poorly matched indicator for
     coarse particulate pollution" because PM10 includes fine
 •   The Court rejected petitioners' claim that EPA should have
     considered any detrimental health effects relating to
     unemployment that allegedly  would be caused by the NAAQS.
 •   The Court upheld EPA's decision to rely on the regional haze
     program to mitigate some of the adverse visibility effects
     caused by PM2.5.
 •   The opinion remanded the cases to EPA for further
 •   The Court left the new ozone  standard in place based on its
     determination that it "cannot be enforced."
 •   The Court vacated the revised coarse particle (PM10)
 •   The Court prepared a briefing schedule to determine whether
     the PM2.5 standards should be vacated or remain in place
     while the case is remanded to  the agency.

Update on Ozone and Particulate Matter Air
 Quality Standards and Recent Court Decisions

     On May 14, 1999, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District
     of Columbia Circuit issued an opinion regarding the final
     national ambient air quality standards for ozone and
     particulate matter that EPA issued in July 1997.
     On June 28, 1999,  the Federal government filed a petition for
     rehearing key aspects of the case in the  U.S.  Court of Appeals
      for the D.C. Circuit.
      The court responded to EPA's petition on October 29,1999.
      Rehearing was denied, because the Court's rules require a
      majority vote of the active judges, rather than of the voting
      judges. Two judges did not participate for unspecified reasons.
      On January 28,2000, the Department of Justice filed a petition
      seeking Supreme Court review of the decision.
      On May 22, 2000, the Supreme Court announced it would hear
      the appeal.  The court heard arguments on November 7, 2000.
      No "decision date" has been set.
      We will continue to keep you up to date on any new

CAA Incinerator Rules

     The Agency has issued a final rule that applies to incinerators
that are used to burn hospital waste and/or medical/infectious waste
(MIW). The rule encompasses incineration at hospitals, other health
care type facilities, and commercial waste disposal incinerators that
burn these wastes. For both new and existing sources, the regulation
provides incinerator operators with  a number of compliance options,
i.e., pollution control technologies to meet the new air emission
standards depending on the size of the MIW. We have worked closely
with small community hospitals to provide them with the most
affordable way to meet the new requirements. Rural incineration
facilities are required to meet less stringent emission limits, but must
still make changes.
     Secondly, we have added a direct final rule on waste combustors
constructed on or before September 20, 1994, clarifying units affected
by Federal Plans, and a second action relative to those constructed
before June 20, 1996.
     Lastly, the EPA has adopted final rules to limit air pollution
emissions from incinerators which burn commercial or industrial non-
hazardous solid waste. The final  rules were published in the Federal
Register on Friday, December 1, 2000 (65FR75337). The rules
include emission limits for nine pollutants  (particulate matter, carbon
monoxide, dioxins/furans, nitrogen  oxides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen
chloride, mercury, lead, and cadmium). These emission limits are
based on the use of wet scrubbers. In addition, the final rules also
contain requirements for operator training and preparation of a waste
management plan, and for new units, a preconstruction siting analysis
See OASBO, Items 1-46.

National  Emission Standards for Hazardous Air
Pollutants (NESHAP) Rules Available for Some

In 1994, a General Provisions Rule was issued to establish a consiste
set of requirements for NESHAPs under the air toxics provisions of
the Clean Air Act, Item 1-20. Since then, EPA has finalized rules
which affect many small businesses, including various types of
*Halogenated Solvent Cleaning Processes, Item 1-21; (See new
revised Direct Final Rule w/Amendments), *Chromium Electroplatii
and Anodizing Operations—revision of compliance deadlines for
California:  Federal Register (FR) 1/30/97 and area source deferrals
FR  8/18/99, Item 1-22; *Ethylene Oxide Emissions from Commerci
Sterilization and Fumigation Operations, Item 1-23 (IMPORTANT
NOTE: Certain portions ol  the Rule have been SUSPENDED until
December 6,2000, and December 6,2001); *Dry Cleaners-rule
amended relative to certain transfer machines, Item 1-27; Aerospace
Manufacturing and Rework-amendments and control techniques
guidelines finalized 9/1/98.  Proposed amendments, 1/24/00 FR 364
48,  Item 40; Wood Furniture Manufacturing and control techniques
Item 1-41; Printing and Publishing, Item 1-42 which includes propos
amendments; and Hospital'  Medical/ Infectious Waste Incinerators,

Item 1-46  Rules have also been finalized for Consumer
Products-9/11/98, Item 1-43; Automotive Refinish
Coatings-9/11/98, Item 1-44; and Architectural Coatings-9/11/98,
Item I- 45.  All these rules include a schedule for various product
     The NESHAP for Hazardous Organic Compounds (HON) in
production operations, primarily in Synthetic Organic Chemical
Manufacturing, was issued in 1994. Amendments and/or revisions
have been issued in the Federal Register, since then in almost every
year  Several of the amendments exclude some volatile organic
compounds and ease implementation plan requirements.  Equipment
leaks have also been addressed.  Item 1-24.
*Discretionary deferment of Title V Operating Permit requirements
for area sources has been extended to 12/09/04 for: Halogenated
Solvent Cleaning, Chromium Electroplating and Anodizing,
Ethylene Oxide Sterilization and Fumigation, Dry Cleaning, and
Secondary Lead Smelting. Final rule was published in 12/12/99
FR, pp. 69637-643.

CAA List of Source Categories and Schedule for
Regulating Hazardous Air Pollutants

     On November 18, 1999, EPA published a new revision to the
Initial List of Categories of Sources, as required under Section 112
(c)(l) of the Clean Air Act of 1990; and a revised  schedule for the
Promulgation of Emission Standards for the above categories. Item

State Motor Vehicle Inspection Maintenance
Programs Provided More Flexibility

     In 1992, EPA published a Final Rule making the subject
programs tougher, including a requirement for "test only" stations.
Our Office raised strong objections to that rule, because of the
adverse impact on many small businesses.  In 1995, EPA published
a Final Rule allowing the states flexibility in designing their
enhanced auto inspection programs. This rule was amended on
9/23/96, 1/9/98 and 7/24/00.

Perchloroethylene (PCE) Health Effect Studies

    EPA's National Center for Environmental Assessment in The
Office of Research and Development (ORD) has started a health
assessment to  update the Agency's data base on possible health
hazards associated with chronic exposure to perchloroethylene. The
assessment will characterize hazard and dose-response for cancer
and general non cancer toxicity; in addition to conclusions about
cancer hazards, if any, a reference concentration (RfC) for
inhalation exposure and a reference dose (RiD) for ingestion
exposure will be recommended.  The assessment began in the
Spring of 1999, and completion is expected in calendar year 2001.
The Agency's plan is to develop the assessment, with a full peer and
public review process, and then provide a data file for insertion into
the EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) which records
the Agency-wide viewpoint on health assessment issues.

Protection  CFC Phaseout Rules

    An accelerated phase-out of the production of
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), Halons, Carbon Tetrachloride, Methyl
Chloroform, and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) was mandated
and internationally endorsed in 1992 with reconsideration of petition
criteria and incorporation of Montreal Protocol Decisions: Final rule,
6/1/998 FR 29240-245. Item 1-5.  A final rule detailing the above
phase-out, with Methyl Bromide added, was issued, Item 1-15.  Final
rules also have been issued which control recovery and recycling of all
refrigerants during the servicing of on-road motor vehicle air
conditioners, Item 1-14; emissions reduction, and use of certified
personnel during servicing and disposal of all other air conditioning
and refrigeration equipment which use ozone depleting substances,.
Item 1-16. Rules were also issued banning the use of CFCs and
HCFCs in non-essential products, 2000 essential-use allowances,
6/30/00 FRpp. 40524-35, Item 1-17, Labeling of products containing
ozone depleting substances and their packaging, Item 1-18, and
significant new alternative refrigerants, last update 4/26/00 FR

CAA Field Citation Program And Monetary Award
Final Rules

    The proposed Field Citations Rule allowing EPA field inspectors
to levy immediate, on-the-spot fines is on hold.  EPA issued a
proposed Monetary Awards Rule outlining eligibility criteria and
general program implementation for making awards to citizens upon
the conclusion of civil or criminal cases.  EPA is presently making
awards under its existing statutory authority.  A  final rule outlining
additional eligibility criteria is also on hold. No date has been set for
issuance of either final rule. See Item I- 1 2 for both.

Accidental Release Prevention Requirements:  Risk
Management Programs Under Clean Air Act Section
     EPA has taken direct final action to amend the Chemical
Accident Prevention Provisions, also known as the Risk Management
Program (RMP) regulations, codified in 40 CFR part 68.
     This action is set forth in the Federal Register (5/26/99 FR
     The revisions concern the worst-case release scenario analysis for
regulated flammable substances in 40 CFR 68.25.  EPA is issuing
these revisions so that the regulated community can treat regulated
flammable substances in the same manner as regulated toxic
substances for determining the quantity released when conducting a
worst-case release scenario analysis. EPA is taking this direct final
action pursuant to a settlement agreement with the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
     EPA clarified its interpretation of Clean Air Act sections 1 12(1)
and 1 12(r)(l I), as they relate to Department of Transportation (DOT)
requirements under the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation
Law under a settlement agreement with the Chlorine Institute (CI),
(5/26/99 FR p. 28705). Distribution of off-site Consequence Analysis
Information; Final Rule; 8/4/00 , FR, pp. 48107-33. Item 1-30

  Chemical Safety Information,  Site Security
              and  Fuels Regulatory Act

     The Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Regulatory Relief Act (August 5, 1999) establishes new provisions for
reporting and  disseminating information under Section 1 12(r) of the
Clean Air Act. The law has two distinct parts that pertain to:
•    Flammable fuels; and
•    Public Access to OCA (also known as: "worst-case scenarion")

Flammable Fuels

     Flammable fuels used as fuel or held for sale as fuel at a retain
facility are removed from coverage by the RMP program.
However, flammable fuels used as a feedstock or held for sale as
fuel at a wholesale facility are still covered.  A retain facility is a
facility "at which more than one-half of the income is obtained
from direct sales to end users  or at which more than one half of the
fuel sold, by volume, is sold through a cylinder exchange program."
     EPA published the Final Rule on the Flammable Fuels on
March 13,2000.

Public Access to OCA Data

     The law exempts OCA data from disclosure under the Freedom
of Information Act (FOIA) and limits its public availability for at
least one year.  By August 5, 2000, the federal government was to
(1) assess the risks of Internet posting of OCA data and the benefits
of public access to that data, and (2) based on that assessment, EPA
did publish proposed regulations governing public access to OCA
data in the Federal Register on April 22, 2000. A final Rule is now
in process These items are also in Item 1-30.

Guidance from EPA on Potential to Emit (PTE)

     In 1995 and 1996, in part to respond to  several court decisions,
EPA issued transitional guidance relative to the definition of PTE
under the Clean Air Act.  PTE is important because a source's PTE
determines its need for a State Operating Permit under Title V.
This Office has advocated that concerns of small businesses
regarding clarity, realistic definitional parameters, and alternatives
be considered.  EPA issued a second extension of the 1995
"transition" policy on 7/10/98, good until 12/31/99.  In 1966 EPA
issued a clarification of methods for calculating PTEs in Batch
Chemical Manufacturing.  Guidance to assist States in creating
minor source status for low-emitting sources in 8 industries
(gasoline service stations, gasoline bulk plants, boilers, cotton gins,
coating sources, printing, degreasers using volatile organic solvents,
hot mix asphalt plants) was issued on April 19, 1998. Guidance
regarding the PTE of some sources located on tribal lands was
issued on March 7,  1999. Finally, a new booklet has been
developed as a Guide  to Small Businesses, Item 1-31.

Clean Air Act Compliance Assistance Enforcement
Policy for Small Businesses

    In 1994, EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance
Assurance issued a policy giving small businesses a limited grace
period. This policy provided them with additional time to correct
violations revealed during requested assistance from a State Small
Business Assistance Program  established under Section 507 of the
CAAA, Item 1-13.

New Source Performance Standards and Emission
Guidelines for Several  Categories of Industrial
Combustion Sources

    The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires regulation of toxic air
pollutant emissions under Sections 112 and 129, from several
categories of industrial combustion sources, including boilers, process
heaters, waste incinerators, stationary combustion turbines, and
stationary internal combustion engines. These combustion devices art
used primarily for energy generation and waste disposal in a wide
variety of industries and commercial and institutional establishments.
They burn a variety of materials, including fossil fuels (e.g., oil, coal,
and natural gas) and various commercial and industrial wastes. The
industrial combustion regulations could affect thousands of sources
nationwide and have significant environmental, health, and cost
impacts.  Regulations for commercial and industrial waste incinerator
(solid waste) were proposed on November 30,  1999. (See below).
Regulations for the other industrial combustion source categories wil1
be proposed after this date.

               Clean V/ater Act (CWA)

Effluent Guidelines Program

     Effluent guidelines art; regulations  for industrial  discharges
surface waters and to publicly-owned treatment systems.  EPA's Offi
of Water is working on effluent guidelines for the following Industrie
concentrated animal feeding operations, iron and steel, construction ai
development, metal products and machinery, coal mining, meat produc
and aquatic animal production (often called aquaculture).
     Since the last edition of the newsletter, EPA completed several
effluent guidelines. First, ir August 2000, EPA completed effluent
guidelines for the Centralized Waste Treatment industry, and the
public notice appeared in the Federal Register on December 22, 200(
The final rule explains how EPA explored a variety of regulatory
alternatives to minimize impacts on small businesses.  As a result,
EPA selected the least expensive option of those considered effectiv
for ensuring treatment of wastes.
     Second, on October 31, 2000, the Administrator signed a
proposed rule to revise the effluent guidelines for the Iron and Steel
industry.EPA estimated the number of small businesses that might b
affected by the revised regulation and also analyzed the potential
impacts to those businesses  The Administrator then certified that tr
proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of small entities.
     EPA also completed two proposed rulemakings for which a
Small Business Advocacy Review Panel convened, completed a
review, and sent recommendations to the Administrator.  For metal
products and machinery, Rule was proposed in the Federal Register
January 3, 2001, Comment period closes on May 3, 2001. Public
meetings/hearings will be held on February 6, 2001 in  Oakland, CA
February 13, 2001 in Dallas, and February 22, 2001 in Chicago.
Copies of proposal and faci sheets are available.  Item  OASBO Iter
G-15". The proposal incorporated all of the Panel's
recommendations. The following four examples illustrate the type  <
recommendations that influenced the proposal. First, the Panel
recommended that EPA consider reduced monitoring for small
entities. The proposal includes a waiver provision that will allow
most facilities to reduce their monitoring requirements. Second, thi
Panel recommended that EPA consider best management practices
(BMPs) instead of numerical limitations, at least for some pollutant
and/or subcategories of facilities. In response, the proposal discuss
and solicits comment on such an alternative for the job shops.  The

alternative focuses on pollution prevention measures in lieu of
monitoring for a set of pollutants. Third, the Panel recommended t

EPA not regulate Total Suspended Solids (TSS), pH, iron, or
aluminum for indirect dischargers. The Agency did not propose
pretreatment standards for any of these parameters.  Finally, the
Panel recommended that EPA consider regulatory alternatives,
including a "no regulation" option, to reduce any significant
economic impacts that are not justified by environmental
improvements and to improve the cost-effectiveness of the
regulation.  In response, the Agency proposed low flow exclusions
for two subcategories and proposed not to establish pretreatment
standards for three other subcategories based on low levels of
pollutants discharged.
    For Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs, and
referred to as "feedlots" in previous editions of this newsletter),
which the Administrator signed on December 15, 2000, the Panel's
recommendations also played a significant role in many aspects of
the proposed rules. The following samples are meant to illustrate
the breadth of issues that EPA addressed in the proposal as a direct
response to recommendations from the Panel.  Early in the Panel's
deliberations, they reviewed and commented on EPA's
methodology  for defining small business and estimating the number
of small entities covered by the proposal.  EPA responded with
alternative approaches and additional analysis.  On the topic of
reporting and recordkeeping, the Panel recommended that EPA
streamline the recordkeeping requirements related to off-site
transfer of wastes. In response, the proposal limits the requirements
to a very limited amount of information.  On the subject of
regulatory alternatives to minimize impacts on small businesses, the
proposal incorporates several provisions designed for regulatory
relief, ranging from changes to the applicability thresholds to
flexibility in land application requirements. The Panel also
recommended that EPA evaluate and refine cost and benefit models,
and the record for the proposal incorporates extensive analyses on
both topics. There are thorough discussions in the preamble to the
proposed rule and in the record to document the Panel's
recommendations and EPA's response.
    You can  check for updates on all of the effluent guidelines on
the Internet at

Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs):
Revisions to Effluent Guidelines And NPDES
Permit Regulations

    EPA is revising the 1974 regulations for Confined Animal
Feeding Operations (CAFOs) as part of its settlement agreement
with the Natural Resources Defense Council. The revisions cover
three areas, which have been combined in a single rulemaking:
>•   The effluent limitation guidelines for swine and poultry, which
    are the technology-based standards for discharges of pollutants
    from feedlots;
>   The effluent limitation guidelines for beef and dairy, which are
    the technology-based standards for discharges of pollutants
    from feedlots; and
>•   The NPDES permit program regulations, which define the
    universe of facilities that need to apply for a permit and the
    permit conditions.
    These revisions are needed because of the changes in the
industry over the past 25 years, including: concentration of animals
in fewer, larger operations; vertical integration within the industry;
and changes in the relationship between herd size and available land
(e.g., more manure than can be properly applied to available land).
EPA is proposing a number of changes to update the regulations to
reflect current industry characteristics and practices, and to make
the rules simpler and easier to understand. Changes under
consideration include: permitting dry poultry operations,  permit
requirements to develop Nutrient Management Plans for the proper
application of manure, and increased public involvement in general
permits for CAFOs.
     EPA conducted a SBREFA panel for these regulations, and
factored those findings into the proposed revisions. EPA issued the
proposed regulations on December 15, 2000.

Reissuance of the NPDES Industrial Storm Water
General Permit (Multi-sector General Permit)

     The current and (in nearly all instances) only general permit
available to industrial storm water dischargers is the October 30, 2000
version of the Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP-2000).  This
permit has been revised from the original version published in 1995
and modified in 1998. The current permit is posted on the internet at
the storm water web site: www.epa. gov/owm/sw .
     All permittees  covered by the previous MSGP need to review
the MSGP-2000 to ensure that any new requirements are met and then
submit a new Notice of Intent (NOI) form to obtain coverage or a
Notice of Termination (NOT) form to terminate coverage if industrial
activities have ceased. A new "no-exposure" conditional permitting
waiver has also been available to all industrial dischargers since
February 8, 2000. This waiver provides incentives  for industrial
facilities to protect their operations from storm water exposure. If this
is a viable option for any facility, the operator should submit a No
Exposure Certification form rather than an NOI or  NOT. This waiver
is no longer automatically granted to "light industries."  At least
70,000 industrial facilities may take advantage of this new permitting
exemption by protecting their operations from storm water, such as
covering operations under a storm resistant shelter.  Guidance on the
"no exposure" permitting exemption  is available on the storm water
web site.

Revision of Pretreatment Requirements

    On July 22, 1999, EPA published a proposed rule to streamline
the General Pretreatment Regulations (40 CFR Part 403) in the
Federal Register (64 FR 39563). The purpose of the proposed
rulemaking is to reduce the burden to publicly-owned treatment works
(POTWs) and industrial users. The proposed revisions would allow
POTWs more flexibility in regulating low pH wastes, the option to
establish either mass or concentration based limits, to better tailor
oversight of and sampling by significant industrial  users, and to allow
the granting of removal credits for certain pollutants. The proposed
rulemaking also clarifies how management practices and general
permits can best be used, provide for use of electronic reporting, and
address other important program issues. EPA worked with
stakeholders (State approval authorities, trade associations, industrial
users, environmental organizations and individual POTWs) prior to
drafting the proposal by asking for their review and comment on brief
discussions of the issues. The public comment period on the proposed
rulemaking closed on November 19, 1999.  EPA received 216
comments from a variety of interested stakeholders. EPA is currently
reviewing and preparing a response to comments for inclusion in the
preamble to the final rulemaking.  EPA anticipates  promulgation of a
final rule in summer 2001.

Cooling Water Intake Structures

    In August 2000, EPA published proposed regulations to protect
fish and other aquatic organisms from being killed  or injured by
cooling water intake structures.  This proposal was  the first in a series
of regulations that respond to  Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act,
which directs EPA to assure that the location, design, construction,
and capacity of cooling water intake structures reflect the best

technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact.
Cooling water intake structures are used across a range of industrial
categories, including steam electric power generation, pulp and
paper manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, petroleum refining,
and metals manufacturing.

     The first phase of regulations, which was the subject of the
August 2000 proposal, described requirements for cooling water
intake structures at new facilities.  The Administrator certified that
the proposal would not have a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of small entities. This certification was not
surprising given that (1) most of the new facilities in the relevant
industrial sectors are unlikely to be small businesses; and (2) most
new facilities are not planning to use large volumes of cooling
water drawn directly from a water of the U.S. and thus, would not
be subject to the rule.
     In the next two phases of cooling water intake regulations,
EPA will focus on existing facilities.  We are still collecting
information and analyzing data about existing facilities that use
cooling water intake structures and whether the next phase of
regulations will affect small businesses. We anticipate that by
Spring 2001, we will know whether EPA will convene a Small
Business Advocacy Review Panel.
     You can check for updates on the Cooling Water Intake
regulations on the Internet at

Section 403 Ocean Discharge Criteria: Revisions to
Ocean Discharge Criteria Regulations

     The EPA is proposing to amend the existing regulations
implementing the ocean protection provisions of section 403 of the
Clean Water Act. The proposed rule would further the protection of
ocean waters, and provide a framework for enhancing that
protection in the future.
     A key element of the proposed rule would provide for
establishment of baseline water quality standards for ocean waters
beyond three miles  offshore. These waters, designated "Healthy
Ocean Waters (HOW)," would be protected by both a narrative
statement of desired quality and pollutant-specific numeric criteria.
    The proposed rule would strengthen the requirements for a
permit to discharge to any ocean waters. For example, the proposed
rule would require dischargers requesting permits to show that
alternative disposal sites are not reasonably available and would
require that no discharge permit be issued unless there is sufficient
information to evaluate the impacts of the proposed discharge.
    Finally, the proposed rule would establish a number of Special
Ocean Sites (SOSs). SOSs are areas within ocean waters that are of
outstanding value.  The proposed rule would also establish a
process for identifying, establishing, and managing SOSs, including
a process to petition for the establishment of an SOS.  New
discharges and significant expansions of existing discharges would
be prohibited in SOSs.  EPA is also proposing conforming and
clarifying technical changes to the National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System permit program regulations.
    The Agency plans to propose the rule in January, 2001. As
part of its proposal, EPA certifies that this rule, if adopted, will not
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of
small entities. Additional information may be accessed at: oceans/.
 Safe Drinking Water  Act (SDWA)

 Ground Water Rule Update

     In the Federal Register on May 10, 2000 (vol. 65, no. 91, pages
 30194-30274), EPA proposed vules to protect consumers of public
 drinking water supplies from certain high-risk contaminants. EPA is
 required under the Safe Drmki.ig Water Act to promulgate the Ground
 Water Rule (GWR) to require disinfection "as necessary" for drinking
 water systems using ground water. Drinking water systems using
 surface water have been required to disinfect since 1989. The GWR
 establishes a multi-barrier strategy designed to identify high-risk water
 systems, and will require corrective action (which may include;
 disinfection, elimination of contamination sources, correcting
 significant deficiencies, or obtaining a new source) only where
 contamination or significant deficiencies have been identified.

 LT1 Rule Update

     The Agency proposed the Long Term 1  Enhanced Surface Water
 Treatment Rule (LT1ESWTR) in the Federal Register on April 10th,
 2000 (vol. 65, no. 69, pages 19046-19150). The purposes of the
 LT1ESWTR are to improve control of microbial pathogens,
 specifically the protozoan Cryptosporidium> in drinking  water and
 address risk trade-offs with disinfection byproducts.  The rule will
 require systems to meet strengthened filtration requirements as well as
 to calculate levels of microbial inactivation to ensure that microbial
 protection is not jeopardized if systems make changes to comply with
 disinfection requirements of ihe Stage 1 Disinfection and Disinfectior
 Byproducts Rule (DBPR).  The  LT1ESWTR applies to  public water
 systems that use surface water or ground water under the direct
 influence of surface water and serve fewer than 10,000 persons,  and i
 scheduled to be promulgated in the near future.

 Filter Backwash Recycle  Rule Update

     The Filter Backwash Recycling rule (FBRR) was published wit!
 the LT1 ESWTR in the Federal Register on April 10th, 2000 (vol. 65
 no. 69, pages 19046-19150)  The FBRR is intended to ensure the 2-
 log Cryptosporidium removal requirement established in the  Interim
 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (IESWTR) and Long Term
 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (LT1 ESWTR)  is not
jeopardized by recycle practices.  The FBRR addresses the return of
 certain waste flows to a conventional or direct filtration facility's
 treatment process that may adversely affect plant performance and,
 subsequently, pathogen removal.

 Stage 2 Disinfectants/Disinfection Byproducts Rule

     EPA plans to propose i Stage 2 Disinfectants/Disinfection
 Byproducts Rule (DBPR) in the summer of 2001. (Note: Most smal
 systems with <500 population served and that are in compliance wit
 the Stage 1 DBPR at the point of maximum residence time most lik<
 will not be impacted by the rule.   Systems between 500  and 10,000
 population served may have an additional monitoring point (beyonc
 the Stage 1 requirements). If a small system is a consecutive systen
 they  must comply with the rule on the same schedule as the system

 with  the earliest compliance date in the combined distribution syste
 The intent of the proposed rule is to reduce the variability of expos
 lo disinfection byproducts (DBFs) for people served by different

points in the distribution systems of public water supplies. EPA
believes that this decreased exposure will result in reduced risk
from reproductive and developmental health effects and cancer.
EPA is required under the Safe Drinking Water Act to promulgate
the rule as the second part of a staged set of regulations addressing
DBPs.  Consistent with SDWA requirements for risk balancing,
EPA will propose and finalize the Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface
Water Treatment Rule (LT2ESWTR) at the same time as the Stage
2 DBPR, to ensure parallel protection from microbial and DBP

Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment

    EPA plans to propose a Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water
Treatment Rule (LT2ESWTR) in the summer of 2001.  The purpose
of the LT2ESWTR is to improve upon the microbial protections
provided by the IESWTR and LT1ESWTR, specifically for systems
with elevated vulnerability to the pathogen Cryptosporidium.  The
LT2ESWTR incorporates system specific treatment requirements
based on a 'Microbial Framework' approach. Under LT2ESWTR,
large systems will monitor for Cryptosporidium in their source
water for two years.  Systems whose source water Cryptosporidium
concentrations exceeds specified levels will be required to provide
additional treatment for this pathogen. Systems will choose
technologies to comply with additional treatment requirements from
a 'toolbox' of options. Small systems will have the same treatment
requirements as large systems but will have a reduced monitoring
burden. Small systems will be allowed to monitor for an indicator
organism like E. coli, and only systems whose indicator
concentrations exceed specified levels will be required to monitor
for Cryptosporidium. The compliance schedule for small systems
will be two years later than that for large systems in order to
accommodate the indicator monitoring.

Consumer Confidence Reports

    All community water systems are required to provide annual
drinking water quality reports to their customers.  Systems must
deliver these reports to their customers by July 1 annually. These
short reports provide consumers of public drinking water supplies
with information on the source of their drinking water,  levels of any
contaminants found in the water, and potential health effects of any
contaminants that exceed federal or state public health standards,  as
well as give them information on how to participate in drinking
water protection. Systems began providing these reports to
consumers in 1999 and results for the past two years indicate that
over 90% of systems required to prepare and distribute  these reports
have done so by the required deadline. The third report is due by
July 1, 2001. EPA has developed a series of materials to help water
systems create these reports.  You can find this information on
EPA's website at

Class V Injection Wells.

    On December 7, 1999, EPA added new requirements for two
categories of Class V wells (Revisions to the Underground
Injection Control Regulations for Class V Injection  Wells - Final
Rule - Federal Register 64 FR 68546).  Class V injection wells are
typically shallow disposal systems that are used to place a variety of
fluids below the land surface.  The Class V rule focuses on motor
vehicle waste disposal wells and large-capacity cesspools.  These
two types of Class V wells are usually "low tech", shallow wells that
provide little to no protection against possible ground water
contamination. The fluids released by these wells have the potential
to contain elevated concentrations of contaminants that may endanger
drinking water. New large capacity (serving 20 or more people per
day) cesspools are banned nationwide as of April 5, 2000. Existing
large capacity cesspools will be closed nationwide by April 5, 2005.
New motor vehicle waste disposal wells are banned nationwide as of
April 5, 2000. Existing motor vehicle waste disposal wells will be
regulated in areas identified by States as sensitive for protecting
existing and future drinking water supplies. EPA has developed the
Small Entity Compliance Guide "How the New Motor Vehicle Waste
Disposal Well Rule Affects Your Business". The Guide is available
on the EPA website at or you
can contact the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800/ 426-4791  and
request a copy.

           Pesticide-Federal Insecticide,
     Fungicide & Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
 Agricultural Pesticide Worker Protection Standards
                       (WPS) Update

     The Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR, Parts 156 and  170 are
set to protect pesticide workers. These rules and regulations have
been revised as late as 6/26/96. EPA has available many items to
assist in compliance with the Worker Protection Standards, including
bilingual training manuals for pesticide applicators, videos and leaflets
for pesticide handlers, a pesticide safety poster for workers, a slide
presentation covering the "Standard," a heat stress guide, and other
items. A copy of the publication  "Worker Protection Standard:
Materials Developed by EPA, States, and Other Organizations, "
which describes Worker Protection Standard materials and how to
obtain them,  may be obtained from the EPA Certification and Worker
Protection Branch (, (7506-C)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,  Ariel Rios Building, 1200
Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.,Washington, DC . 20460, or by calling 1-
703-305-7666. These WPS materials addressing pesticide safety and
training may also be obtained through EPA Regional Offices
(, States Agencies
( the Cooperative
Extension Service (, the Government
Printing Office(( and private agricultural supply
     The EPA Office of Pesticide Programs recently began a
comprehensive review of the WPS rule and its implementation The
first in a series of work shop meetings was held in Austin, TX in June
2000. The WPS stakeholders are welcome to participate  in these
     The National Assessment of the Worker Protection Standard was
begun in FY2000. The initial public participation meeting was held in
June, 2000 in Austin, Texas. As a result of that meeting a number of
assessment themes or topic areas were identified for further
consideration. Workgroups on those topics are being formed and
work will continue at the next meeting scheduled for December 11-13
in Sacramento, California. Two more meetings are planned: one  in
Florida during the spring and a final meeting in Washington, DC  in
the fall of 2001.  The assessment is expected to produce a number of
recommendations for improvement in the WPS program and will
serve as a guide for future Agency implementation efforts.

For further information and to be notified of future meetings, contact
the certification & worker protection branch referenced above or
consult their web site at

Restricted Use Criteria for Pesticides
In Ground Water Policy Statement

     The Agency plans to publish a policy statement in the Federal
Register by this winter, which will establish criteria for determining
whether a pesticide should be considered for restricted use due to its
potential to reach ground water. Pesticide products classified for
restricted use may be purchased and used only by certified pesticide
applicators or individuals under their supervision. This policy does
not directly change the classification of any pesticide products.
EPA will propose restricted use classification for specific pesticide
products only after further evaluation of products which meet the
     This policy will lay some of the ground work for the Ground
Water Pesticide Management Plan Rule and will be published prior
to or concurrent with promulgation of the rule.

Ground Water and Pesticide Management Plan

     This regulation would establish Pesticide Management Plans
(PMPs) as a new regulatory requirement. When issued, the rule
will prohibit use of certain pesticides unless they are managed in
accordance with an EPA approved State or tribal plan. The rule
would also specify procedures and deadlines for development,
approval and modification of plans by States and tribal authorities.
     The Policy Statement on Restricted Use Criteria for Pesticides
in Ground  Water (noted in our "Update elsewhere) will lay some of
the ground work for this regulation.
     Final action on this rule is anticipated this Winter.

   Hazardous Waste Management Resource
    Conservation &  Recovery Act (RCRA)

Revised  Standards for  Hazardous Waste
Combustion Facilities

     Under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendment of 1990, EPA is
required to establish National Emission Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) for most hazardous waste combustors
(HWCs) (i.e., incinerators, cement kilns, boilers, and some types of
smelting furnaces). In addition, under the Resource Conservation
and Recovery Act (RCRA), EPA is required to establish standards
for all HWCs as necessary to ensure protection of human health and
the environment.
    Consequently, the Agency established new emissions
standards for HWCs, for cement kilns, Light Weight Aggregate
Kilns (LWAKs), and incinerators under joint CAA and RCRA
    Final action on cement kilns, LWAKs, and incinerators (Phase
I) has been completed (Sept. 30, 1999 FR p 52828) and included in
Item C-92.
    The Agency is in the process of developing a proposal to
address boilers and other industrial furnaces that burn hazardous
waste. A notice of data availability (NOD A) was published that
presented the Agency's available data on hazardous waste boilers
and other industrial furnaces.  Currently, the Agency is evaluating
comments submitted in response to the NODA.

    Mercury-containing And Rechargeable
  Battery Management Act: Codification of
        Waste  Management Provisions

    The purpose of this would be to codify into the Code of
Federal Regulations certain provisions of the Mercury-Containing
and Rechargeable Battery Management Act that impact the May 11,
 1995 Universal Waste Rule (40 CFR Part 273). The Act was signed
 by the President on May 13, 199o.
     Action on this specific rulemaking has now been suspended.

 RCRA Reporting And Recordkeeping Burden

     To meet the goals of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the
 Office of Solid Waste (OSW) plans to reduce its Subtitle C reporting
 and recordkeeping burden on the regulated community, states, and the
 public.  On June 18, 1999, OSW published for review and comment a
 Notice of Data Availability (NODA) with EPA's burden reduction
 ideas, and their associated burden reduction estimates. This notice
 may be found at the web site After
 reviewing the comments OSW received on the NODA, OSW will
 publish a proposed rule to implement as many of these ideas as
     The EPA Office of Solid Waste (OSW) is committed to reducing
 its paperwork burden by 40%, the goal established by the Paperwork
 Reduction Act, and has already reduced its paperwork burden
 substantially (by 1.6 million hours or 18%) through such reductions as
 eliminating regulatory requirements for the Land Disposal Restrictions
 Program and ending the requirement for states to prepare1 Capacity
 Assurance Plans.
     There are ongoing burden reduction efforts in OSW, such as
 streamlining the Hazardous Waste Manifest, development of a
 standardized permitting system, and a major overhaul of the Biennial
 Report and the Hazardous Waste; Notification system.
     The Office of Solid Waste has undertaken the Burden Reduction
 Initiative, a major project that will further reduce paperwork burden.
 Some of the ideas the initiative is working on are:
     (1) OSW requires 334 notices and reports from facilities to show
 compliance with its regulations.  Approximately 100 of these notices
 and reports that may be streamlined or eliminated;
     (2) Changing regulations to specifically allow facilities to
 electronically report and record all documents required is being
     (3) Streamlining facility self-inspection requirements; and
     (4) Reducing requirements, of the Land Disposal Restrictions
 Program, which regulates the disposal of hazardous wastes. Now it is
 planned to issue a proposed rule this coming Spring.

 Solvent-contaminated Shop Towels And Wipes

     EPA's Office of Solid Waste is developing a rulemaking that
 would change the regulations affecting solvent-contaminated shop
 towels, wipes, and rags. Currently, a disposable wipe or rag may be
regulated as a hazardous waste if that wipe or rag comes in contact
 with a solvent that, when spent, is a listed hazardous waste or exhibits
 a characteristic of hazardous waste. Regulatory requirements for
hazardous waste found  in 40 CFR 261-266, 268 and 270 apply to
 these wastes.
     Reusable towels are provided a conditional exemption from
 regulation as hazardous waste under most state programs.  As a
 condition of the exemption, however, the towels may not contain any
 free liquids when they are sent offsite to a laundering facility.
Otherwise, there are few regulations applicable to reusable shop
     The current rulemaking effort is directed to both clarifying and
streamlining requirements for disposable and reusable solvent-
contaminated shop towels, wipes and rags, such as record-keeping and
reporting, manifesting,  etc., so long as specified conditions are met;
 i.e., "no  free liquids," and transported off-site in closed containers.
However, more stringent requirements would apply for wipes
disposed in a landfill.

Standardized Permit For RCRA Hazardous Waste
Management Facilities

     This rulemaking will allow a type of general permit, called a
standardized permit, for facilities that generate waste on-site in
tanks, containers, and containment buildings. Under the
standardized permit, facility owners and operators would certify
compliance with generic design and operating conditions set on a
national basis.  The permitting agency would review the
certifications submitted by the facility owners or operators. The
permitting agency would also be able to impose additional site
specific terms and conditions for corrective action or other
purposes, as called for by RCRA. Ensuring compliance with the
standardized permit's terms and conditions would_occur during
inspection of the facility after the permit has been issued.
     A Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPMR) is anticipated in
the Spring of 2001.

Hazardous Waste Recycling Regulations

     EPA has promulgated streamlined, hazardous waste
management regulations governing the collection and transportation
of certain wastes which are frequently recycled, such as batteries,
recalled pesticides, and mercury thermostats, termed "Universal
Wastes."  This Final rule (5/11/95 FR pp. 25491-551) and
Amendment (12/24/98 FR pp 71225-30) are included in the Item C-

Modifications to the Definitions of Solid Waste and
Regulations of Hazardous Waste Recycling

     Recycling of hazardous waste is governed by the resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste
regulations. The portion of these regulations known as the
Definition of Solid Waste specifies whether hazardous materials
that are recycled are subject to RCRA regulatory jurisdiction or not.
Other parts of the regulations set forth requirements for managing
recycled hazardous waste. Previously, the Agency was developing
a broad revision to the recycling regulations.  However, the Agency
has since determined that narrower sector-specific and waste-
specific changes are more appropriate. Thus, this general action has
been withdrawn.  The sector-specific and waste-specific changes are
described elsewhere in this Update.

Glass-to-glass Recycling of Cathode Ray Tubes
(CRTs): Changes to Hazardous Waste Regulations

     This rulemaking is part of the Reinventing Government effort.
It will revise text in the CFR to reduce burden or duplication, or
streamline requirements.
    This action will revise the existing  Federal hazardous waste
regulations to remove unnecessary regulatory barriers to glass-to-
glass recycling of cathode ray tubes (CRTs). A CRT is the main
component of a television or computer monitor. A CRT is made
largely of specialized glasses, some of which contain lead to protect
the user from X-rays inside the CRT. Due to the lead, when they
are disposed of or reclaimed, some CRTs are hazardous wastes
under the Federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(RCRA) regulations. Glass-to-glass recycling involves the return of
used CRT glass to manufacturing of new CRTs.
    This action is planned in response to a June 9,  1998
recommendation on CRT recycling from the Common Sense
Initiative (CSI) Council to The Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA). CSI is a consensus-based process for developing cleaner,
 cheaper, smarter environmental improvements. The Council includes
 representatives of industry; environmental groups; community groups;
 environmental justice groups; labor; and, Federal, State, local, and
 tribal governments. The recommendation involves minimizing RCRA
 requirements for glass-to-glass recycling while retaining appropriate
 controls to ensure protection of human health and the environment.
 The goal of the recommendation is to facilitate an increase in glass-to-
 glass recycling, thereby minimizing disposal of lead, increasing
 resource recovery, and enhancing protection of human health and the
     A Notice of Proposed RuleMaking (NPRM) is anticipated to be
 published in April 2001.

 Hazardous Waste Management:  Spent Lamps
 Rulemaking Status

     EPA has published a final rule for the management of spent
 hazardous waste lamps. The final rule was published on July 6, 1999
 (64 FR pp. 36541), and a copy is included in Item C-51. This rule
 adds spent hazardous waste lamps to the RCRA Universal Waste
 Program, which contains streamlined requirements for record keeping,
 storage, and transportation on the part of generators, collectors, and
 transporters. Final disposal or recycling remains subject to applicable
 RCRA Subtitle C regulations.

 Hazardous Waste Management System; Identification
 And Listing of Hazardous Waste:  Inorganic Chemical
 Manufacturing Wastes; Land Disposal Restrictions
 for Newly Identified  Wastes;  And CERCLA
 Hazardous Substance Designation And Reportable

     EPA, under an Environmental Defense  Fund  settlement
 agreement, is proposing to  amend the regulations for hazardous waste
 management under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
 (RCRA) to reduce hazards  to human health and the environment for
 three wastes from the manufacturing of inorganic chemicals. EPA is
 also adding manganese to 40 CFR 261, Appendix  VII and  VIII; the 40
 CFR 268 UTS table; and the F039 landfill leachate listing. Under the
 settlement agreement, EPA had to review the wastes from  14
 inorganic chemical manufacturing sectors including: sodium
 dichromate production wastes, wastes from the dry process for
 manufacturing phosphoric  acid, phosphorus  trichloride production
 wastes, phosphorus pentasulfide production  wastes, wastes from the
 production of sodium phosphate from wet process phosphoric acid,
 sodium chlorate production wastes, antimony oxide production
 wastes, cadmium pigments production  wastes,  barium carbonate
 production wastes, potassium dichromate production wastes, phenyl
 mercuric acetate production wastes, boric acid  production wastes,
 inorganic hydrogen cyanide production wastes, and titanium dioxide
 production wastes (except for chloride  process waste solids). EPA
 completed the review of the wastes from the above sectors and
published a proposal on September 14, 2000. The action is proposed
 under the authority of section 3001(e)(2) of RCRA which directs EPA
to make a hazardous waste  listing determinations for inorganic
 chemical manufacturing wastes. The FR notice proposes to list as
 hazardous three specific wastes: 1) baghouse filters from the
production of antimony oxide; 2) slag from the production of
 antimony oxide that is disposed of or speculatively accumulated; and
 3) nonwastewaters from the production of titanium dioxide by the
 chloride-ilmenite process.  The remaining wastes evaluated in the rule
were proposed to not be listed as hazardous wastes. Comments were
due on November 13, 2000. The Agency is currently reviewing the
comments in anticipation of drafting the final rule.

Reinventing the Land Disposal Restrictions

     The Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) program was
established to minimize threats posed by the land disposal of
untreated hazardous wastes.  The program has been in place for a
number of years and now regulates all but the most recently listed
hazardous wastes. The Agency is now examining the LDR
program, exploring past accomplishments, current issues, and future
possibilities. The goals of the examination are to make the LDR
program more cost-effective, clearer, more enforceable, and, more
flexible while continuing to be environmentally protective.  The
Agency published Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
(ANPRM) to present initial thinking and the results of some
activities taken as part of the ongoing LDR Reinvention Project so
that the public will have an opportunity to comment. The ANPRM
was published June 19, 2000 (FR 6/19/00 pp. 37932-56). EPA is
now reviewing the comments to determine the next steps for this

Land Disposal Restrictions;  Potential Revisions for
Mercury Listed and Characteristic Wastes

     In May 1999, EPA published an Advance Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking that described the issues the Agency has with the
current Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) treatment standards for
mercury bearing hazardous wastes. Based on the comments
received on this ANPRM as well as other information the Agency
has collected, EPA is now preparing  a proposed rule to revise some
of the LDR standards  for mercury wastes. Specifically, EPA will
propose to allow treatment of elemental mercury waste (waste code
Ul 51) by technologies other than retorting for recovery of the
mercury. These proposed changes will allow for the treatment and
disposal of the large quantities of elemental mercury that are found
in the Department of Defense's stockpile and at chlor-alkali
facilities that close.
    EPA also anticipates proposing  a second phase of changes to
the  mercury treatment standards when researching the performance
of stabilization technologies is finished. This second phase of
changes will most likely discuss possible treatment alternatives for
mercury waste that contains greater than or equal to 260 mg/kg total
mercury. The current regulations require retorting of this waste or
incineration if the waste also contains organics. The tentative date
for a proposed rule:  is now December of this year (2001).

Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest Update

    Further Rulemaking actions under consideration which address
management of hazardous wastes include a revision of the Uniform
Hazardous Waste Manifest to reduce the paperwork burden
associated with the manifest, consistent with the current Agency
objectives for burden reduction. Currently, many states collect
manifests, and they may require additional information to be
supplied on the manifest in the optional blocks provided on the
form.  This can become burdensome  when waste must be
transported to several different states and each state has slightly
different requirements or requires its  own form. Also, some states
require paying a fee to obtain their manifest. The Agency seeks to
reduce the burden of the manifest by streamlining the form by
prescribing one universal form, and, where feasible, by utilizing
automated information technologies which facilitate the electronic
completion, signing, transmission, and storage of manifest data.
 A notice of proposed rulemakirig has been scheduled for about
 January 2001.

 Hazardous Waste Identification Rule (HWIR)

     On November 19, 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency
 published in the Federal Register a proposal retaining and revising the
 mixture and derived-from rules under RCRA's hazardous waste
 management program (64 FR 63381).  The mixture and derived-from
 rules ensure that hazardous wastes that are mixed with other wastes or
 treated in some fashion do not escape regulation as long as they are
 reasonably likely to continue to pose threats to human health and the
 environment. This proposal also includes a discussion of two
 regulatory options for concent! ation-based exemptions, (i.e., a
 "generic" exemption and a "landfill-only" exemption). In addition,
 this notice discusses the possibility of revising the Land Disposal
 Restrictions (LDRs) by replacing technology-based treatment
 standards in 40 CFR 268.40 and 268.48 with risk-based treatment
     The original mixture and derived-from rules were promulgated in
 1980 but were vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 1991
 based on the court's belief thai these rules had been promulgated
 without adequate public notice and opportunity for comments. The
 court recommended that EPA reinstate these rules on an emergency
 basis to ensure the continued protection of human health and the
 environment. Shortly after these rules were reinstated, Congress
 enacted a mandate to revise the mixture and derived-from rules by the
 deadline of October 1,  1994.  That deadline was not met by the
 Agency and thus EPA is subject to the consent decree dated April
 1997 (Environmental Technology Council v. Browner, C.A. No. 94-
 2119, 94-2346). This consent decree required this recently published
 proposal, and final action on revisions to the mixture and derived-
 from rules by April 30, 2001.
     Information related to this proposal is available in electronic
 format on the Internet at:
 Other information may be obtained by contacting the RCRA Hotline
 at (800) 424-9346 or in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area at

 Hazardous  Waste Storage and Disposal Regulation
 Related to Low Level Mixed Waste

     The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) seeks to amend its
regulations under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and
 Recovery Act (RCRA) to provide a conditional  exemption from
certain requirements for eligible mixed waste. The "Storage,
Treatment, Transportation, and Disposal of Mixed Waste; Proposed
Rule" was published in the Federal Register on November 19, 1999.
     Mixed waste is a radioactive RCRA hazardous waste. It is
regulated under two authorities: 1) the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA), as implemented by EPA or authorized states
 for the hazardous waste component;  and 2) the  Atomic Energy Act o
 1954, as amended (AEA), for the radiological component as
 implemented by either the Department of Energy (DOE), or the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) or Agreement States.
     The focus of the proposed rule is to provide flexibility under
 RCRA Subtitle C to generators of eligible mixed waste. EPA is
proposing a conditional exemption from the definition of hazardous
waste applicable to: low-level mixed waste (LLMW) for storage; and
LLMW, or hazardous waste contaminated by Naturally Occurring
and/or Accelerator-produced Radioactive Material (NARM) for
transportation and disposal. The proposal is expected to reduce dual
regulation for generators in the management and disposal of their

wastes. This flexibility will enable generators of LLMW who are
licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to claim an
exemption for storing and treating these wastes in tanks or
containers (using solidification, neutralization, or other stabilization
processes) without a RCRA permit. The proposal will also provide
flexibility for the manifesting, transportation and disposal of
eligible mixed waste. Waste meeting the proposed conditions will
be exempted from certain RCRA Subtitle C hazardous waste
requirements and managed as radioactive waste in accordance with
NRC or Agreement State regulations.
     The Federal Register Notice is available in electronic format
on the Internet at .
EPA requested public comment on the proposal. The comment
period_ended February 17, 2000.
     EPA expects to promulgate this rule in April 2001.

Small Quantity Generator Handbook

     A handbook has been published, "Understanding the
Hazardous Waste Rules--A Handbook for Small Business-1996
Update" [EPA-530-K-95-001], June 1996, which is available in
Item C-10. Also, included with the handbook in Item C-10 is an
Addendum, which provides information on Department of
Transportation regulated waste transport requirements and domestic
sewage requirements for hazardous wastes.  In addition, in an
"Appendix A," the Regional and State contacts for the regulated
waste program are "updated," and notations are made on which
states require fees for obtaining copies of the Waste Manifests for
transport of the waste generated. Other appendices in the
Addendum provide sources of information and guidance on waste
minimization and pollution prevention.

Used Oil Management Standards

     On May 6,  1998, EPA issued a Direct Final Rule (5/6/98 FR
pp 24963-9) which  included eight amendments clarifying various
parts of the used oil management standards and provisions of the
hazardous waste regulations concerning used oil. EPA also issued a
notice of proposed rulemaking on May 6, 1998 (63 FR 25006), in
which the Agency proposed and solicited public comment on the
same eight amendments. EPA received relevant adverse comments
on three of the amendments in this rulemaking: the amendments to
40 CFR 261.50) (mixtures of conditionally exempt small quantity
generator waste and used oil) 40 CFR 279.10(1) (applicability of the
used oil management standards to used oil contaminated with
polychlonnated biphenyls (PCBs), and 40 CFR 279.74(b) (record-
keeping requirements for marketers of used oil that meets the used
oil fuel specification). Accordingly, on July 14, 1998 (7/14/1998
FR pp 37780-3), the Agency withdrew these three amendments and
reinstated the regulatory text that existed prior to the May 6, 1998
Direct Final Rule. These Federal Register Notices are included in
the OSBO Item C-36. EPA will promulgate a final rule in the near
future (pending review and approval by EPA's office of general
counsel) finalizing the three amendments, as appropriate, and
addressing the comments received. The five amendments that did
not receive relevant adverse comment became effective on July 6,
1998 as provided in the May 6, 1998 Direct Final Rule.
    EPA also received supportive comments on the three
amendments being withdrawn, as well as, the other  amendments
issued in the May 6, 1998 Direct Final Rule.  All of the comments
received on the May 6, 1998 Direct Final Rule are available on the
Internet: http: //ww\\
and at the RCRA Information Center, at 1-703-603-9230. EPA
pamphlet 530-SW-89-039A "How to Setup a Local Program to
Recycle Used Oil" May 1989 is included in OSBO Item C-68.
 Above-ground Storage Tanks (AST)/SPILL
 Prevention Control and Counter-measures Update

     The EPA has promulgated the Oil Pollution Prevention rules
 under Title 40 CFR Part 112 included in Item C-77 requiring that
 facilities prevent oil spills and ensure preparedness in the event of
 spills.  This rulemaking is commonly known as the Spill Prevention
 Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) regulation. The rulemaking
 deals with spill prevention. The SPCC program concerns regulation
 of non-transportation related facilities with above-ground storage
 capacity in excess of 1,320 gallons or 660 gallons  in a single tank, or
 buried tanks of greater than 42,000 gallons capacity. Proposed Rules
 were published (FR 10/22/91, pages  54611-41), and (FR 2/17/93,
 pages 8841-4 and pages 8846-8) which are included m  Item C-77.
 The Clinton Administration is committed to reducing the burden that
 EPA regulations place  on facilities without jeopardizing the level of
 environmental protection.  In support of this objective,  the EPA has
 completed a study of a cross-section  of facilities which  store oil to
 determine the level of risk the various facilities pose to  neighboring
 populations and the environment.  Proposed rule was published (FR
 12/2/97, pages 63812-20), which is included in Item C-77.
     The rule 40 CFR Part 112, included in Item C-77,  also concerns
 facility preparedness and development of response plans under the Oil
 Pollution Act (the Act of 1990) which requires that EPA issue
 regulations to require "Facility Response Plans" (FRP)  covering
 events which could cause substantial harm to the environment.  Also,
 included in publication Item C-77  is the National Response Team's
 Integrated Contingency Plan Guidance, Notice 6/5/96 FR pp. 28641-
 64, with corrections, 6/19/96 FR pp.  31163-4, which provides
 additional guidance on emergency plan preparation. An amendment
 to the Facility Response Plan requirements has been published as a
 Final Rule (FR 6/30/00 pp. 40775-817) which is also included in Item

   Superfund Comprehensive Environmental
    Response, Compensation & Liability Act

     CERCLA Lender Liability Policy

     As enacted in 1980, section 101(20)(A) of CERCLA exempted
 from "owner or operator" liability  "a person who, without
 participating in the management of a vessel or facility, holds indicia of
 ownership primarily to protect his  security interest in the vessel or
 facility." Because this language created uncertainty among lenders
 and other secured creditors as to what types of actions they could take
 to protect their security interests without forfeiting the protection of
 this exemption, EPA promulgated the CERCLA Lender Liability Rule
 in 1992. 57 Fed. Reg. 18344 (April 29, 1992).  However, in the 1994
 case ofKelley v. EPA', the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of
 Columbia Circuit struck down this rule, finding that EPA lacked the
 authority to define  the scope of liability by regulation. Congress
 subsequently enacted the Asset Conservation, Lender Liability, and
 Deposit Insurance Protection Act of 19962 ("the Act") to provide
greater certainty in this important area.  Among other things, the Act
 added new lender liability provisions to CERCLA and validated the
portion of the CERCLA Lender Liability Rule that addresses
involuntary acquisitions by government entities. These  provisions of
the Act are applicable to all claims not finally adjudicated as of
 September 30,  19962. On June 30, 1997, EPA issued a policy
interpreting the provisions of the Act that relate to lender liability and
involuntary acquisitions by government entities. A copy of this policy
is available  on EPA's public Web site at:
www. epa. go v/oeca/osre/97063 0. html.

 '15 F.3d 1100 (D.C. Cir.), reh'g denied, 25 F.3d 1088 (D.C. Cir.
 1994), cert, denied sub nom. American Bankers Ass'n v. Kellev.
 115S.Q. 900(1995).
 2Pub. L. No. 104-208, งง 2501-2505, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009-462 to

    Emergency Planning, and Community

           Right-to-know Act (EPCRA)

 Supporting the State Local Emergency Planning
 Committees (LEPC)

     Major requirements of the Act include emergency planning for
 designated hazardous substances (Extremely Hazardous Substances,
 or "EHS") above threshold reporting quantities; reporting releases
 of EHS and hazardous substances above reportable quantities;
 submission of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to planning
 groups; and submission of annual reports on March 1, 2001
 covering inventories of hazardous substances, which for any time in
 the reporting year exceed the stated reporting thresholds. These
 requirements are explained in the "Community Right-to- Know and
 Small Business" pamphlet, Item K-32. A final rule was published
 on 5/7/96 FR pp. 20473-90, effective 7/8/96, on changes in the EHS
 list and reportable quantities. This Final Rule is included in Item K-
     EPA issued a Proposed Rule (6/8/98 FR pp. 3269-317)
 designed to simplify reporting  under Sections 311-312 of the
 "Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act"
 (EPCRA). This proposed rule  is also included in Item K-30.  In this
 Proposed rule, EPA has proposed several changes:
 •    Higher reporting thresholds for gasoline and diesel fuel at
     retail gasoline stations. Retail gas stations that store gasoline
     and  diesel fuel entirely underground and are in compliance
     with underground storage tank (UST) regulations would be
     subject to the following thresholds under section 311-312:
     75,000 gallons for all grades of gasoline combined  and
     100,000 gallons for diesel fuel. EPA estimates that the vast
     majority of retail gas stations will have less than these
 •    Greater reporting flexibility and elimination of routine
     reporting requirements for: rock salt,  sand, gravel, and other
     materials. Facilities that store or handle rock salt, sand, and
     gravel no longer would report these substances under sections
     311-312, regardless of how much was onsite.
 •    Clarify reporting of mixtures and change the interpretation of
     the existing hazardous chemical exemption for solids under
     Section 311.
 •    Solicited comments on the changes as noted above, and also
     asked for comment on several issues that would give State and
     Local Governments more  flexibility to implement the existing
     requirements of EPCRA sections 311-312.
 •    Partnership programs for streamlined submission of and joint
     access to section 311 and 312 information;
 •    Electronic submittal of information;
 •    Reporting of ONLY changes in information, rather than
     submitting a new inventory each year;
 •    Allowing RCRA UST reports to fulfill EPCRA  Section 312
     This notice proposes to rewrite the existing regulations under
 Sections 302-312 of EPCRA in a "Plain Language" format, and
 incorporates the requirements addressed in the Final rule (5/7/96 FR
 pp. 20473-90). Comment is also being sought on the use of the
 "Plain English" in this rule.
     The texts of the proposed rule are available also in electronic
format at:, EPA's Chemical Emergency
Preparedness and Prevention Office Home Page.  EPA issued a final
rule February 11,1999 (Relief for retail gas stations) that eliminated
reporting on gasoline and diesel fuel stored entirely underground in
tanks, fully in compliance with Underground Storage Tank (UST)
Regulations at retail gas stations with thresholds of:
•   75,000 gallons for all grades of gasoline combined and 100,000
     gallons for diesel fuel.
     Convenience stores and truck stops that sell gasoline or diesel
fuel to the public also meet the definition of retail gas stations.
     Retail gas stations that meet these criteria were not required to
file Tier I or Tier II reports for calendar year 1998. This final rule is
included in Item K-30.
     EPA is currently drafting a supplemental notice to the June 8,
1998 Proposed rule. This notice is likely to be published in the Spring
of 2001. The other items in the proposed rule of June 8, 1998 will
most likely not be finalized unti' 2001.

Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) (Update)

     The EPCRA Section 313 program is also referred to as the
Toxics Release Inventory or TRI. Under Section 313, facilities are
required to report releases and other waste management of specifically
listed chemicals. Facilities that meet all three of the following criteria
are subject to EPCRA Section 313 release and other waste
management reporting: (1) have 10 or more full-time employees or the
equivalent; (2) are in a covered SIC Code (including SIC codes 10
(except 1011, 1081, and 1094), 12 (except  1241), 20-39, 4911, 4931,
4939 (4911, 4931, 4939 limited to facilities that combust coal and/or
oil for the purpose of generating electricity for distribution in
commerce), 4953 (limited to facilities regulated under RCRA Subtitle
C, 42 U.S.C. section 6921 et seq.\ 5169, 5171, and 7389 (limited to
facilities primarily engaged in solvents recovery services on a contract
or fee basis)); and (3) exceed any one threshold for manufacturing
(including importing), processing, or otherwise using a toxic chemical
listed in 40 CFR Section 372.6 5. See also the Final Rule, 5/1/97 FR
pp. 23833-92, included in K-29.
     If a facility meets the employee threshold and is in a covered SIC
code, but its annual reportable amount of the toxic chemical does not
exceed 500 pounds and the fac.lity has not  manufactured, processed,
or otherwise used more than one million pounds of the toxic chemical,
the facility may submit the Form A (a two-page certification
statement) instead of the Form R.  However, if the facility exceeds
either the 500 or one million pound limits, it must report on the Form
     Facility Expansion - On May 1, 1997, EPA published a final rule
(5/1/97 FR pp. 23833-92) to add certain industry sectors to the current
list of facilities required to report to TRI. These new industries will
begin reporting their releases end other waste management
information for activities conducted in 1998 with reports due by July
1, 1999. This final rule adds tiie following seven industry groups to
TRI: metal mining, coal mining, electric utilities, commercial
hazardous waste treatment, chemicals and allied products (wholesale),
petroleum bulk terminals and plants, and solvent recovery services.
This rule is included in K-29.
     Persistent Bioaccumulati v'e Toxic Chemicals (PBTs) - On
October 29, 1999 (64 FR 58666) EPA published a final rule which
lowers the  EPCRA  section 313 reporting thresholds for persistent
bioaccumulative toxic (PBT) chemicals and adds certain other PBT
chemicals to the EPCRA section 313 list of toxic chemicals. The rule
also includes modifications to certain reporting exemptions and
requirements for the chemicals newly subject to the lower reporting
thresholds. These PBT chemicals are of particular concern not only
because they are toxic but also because they remain in the
environment for long periods of time, are not readily destroyed, and
build up or accumulate in body tissue.  The new rule was effective
January 1,  2000.  Therefore, the new requirements apply for TRI
reports on releases and waste management for the year 2000 which
must be submitted to the Agency by July 1, 2001. The list of PBT
chemicals affected by the new rule include: Aldrin;
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene*; Chlordane; Dioxin and dioxin-like compound

category*; Heptachlor; Hexachlorobenzene; Isodrin; Methoxychlor;
Octachlorostyrene*; Pendimethalm; Pentachlorobenzene*;
Polycyclic aromatic compounds category; Polychlorinated biphenyl
(PCBs); Tetrabromobisphenol A*; Toxaphene; Trifluralin;
Mercury; and Mercury compounds (PBT chemicals newly added to
the EPCRA section 313 list of toxic chemicals are indicated by an
asterisk). This rule is also included in K-29.
     Lead and Lead Compounds -On January 17, 2001, EPA
published a final rule which lowers the reporting thresholds for lead
and lead compounds. The first reports using the lower thresholds
will be due on or before July 1, 2002 (i.e., for calendar year 2001
reports).  EPA believes that lead and lead compounds are persistent,
bioaccumulative toxic (PBT) chemicals that warrant lower reporting
thresholds than those currently established under EPCRA section
313. The rule includes a limitation on the reporting of lead when
contained in certain alloys and proposed modifications to certain
reporting exemptions and requirements for lead and lead
compounds.  ( Also included in K-29).
     Pollution Prevention Act - The Agency is currently working
on a proposed rule to define terms and clarify reporting
requirements to assure that data reported pursuant to the Pollution
Prevention Act (PPA) are accurate and consistent. The proposal is
expected to be issued by the end of 2001.  Section 8 of the TRI
Form R currently contains the majority of Pollution Prevention Act
reporting elements which primarily include quantities of toxic
chemicals managed as waste.

Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Public Data Release

     EPA released the 1998 TRI Data in May 2000.  TRI summary
information and data access is available via the web at
www.epa. gov/tri/tri98. The TRI98 website provides fast and easy
access to the data overview and relevant TRI information (including
tables, charts, and maps). The TRI data can be accessed with a new
tool, the TRI Explorer, as well as through other tools described on
this page.  Since then, EPA also released the more detailed 1998
TRI Public Data Release Report and State Fact Sheets. These
documents are available on the 1998 TRI website noted above or by
calling EPA's National Service Center for Environmental
Publications (NSCEP) at (800) 490-9198 (TRI Publication Data
Release report reference EPA 745-R-00-007;  and 1998 TRI State
Fact Sheets reference EPA 745-F-00-003).
     The  1997 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Public Data Release
was released in 1999. The titles and publication numbers for the
two documents released in 1999 include: the 1997 Toxics Release
Inventory, EPA 745-R-99-003 and the 1997 Toxics Release
Inventory, Public Data Release, State Fact Sheets, EPA 745-F-99-
001. (Item in K-63).
     (Copies of these documents may be obtained by calling the
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)
Hotline at (800) 535-0202 (in the Washington, DC area call
(703)412-9877). Information is also found at the Web site

     Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)
Asbestos Worker Protection Rule

    EPA issued a Final Rule on November 15, 2000 (FR Page
69200) amending the Asbestos Workers Protection Rule and the
Asbestos-m-School Rule (40 CFR 763 Subpart G).
    The amendments protect state and local government employees
by adopting the Asbestos Standards of the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration for those employee that do not have OSHA
approved State plans. Additionally, the Final  Rule removed
40CFR763, Subpart E, Appendix B, Work Practices and Engineering
Controls for Small-Scale, Short-Duration Operations, Maintenance
and Repairs (O&M) activities involving ACM. Item E-19

Lead; TSCA Section 403; Identification of Dangerous
Levels of Lead

     In accordance with Section 403 of TSCA, as amended by the
Residential Lead-Based Paint (LBP) Hazard Reduction Act of 1992,
EPA is to promulgate regulations that identify lead-based paint
hazards, lead-contaminated dust, and lead-contaminated soil.  An
interim guidance was published in 60 FR 47276, 9/11/95 which will
continue to serve as EPA's official policy until the  final rule is
promulgated.  A proposed rule was published in 63 FR 30302, 6/3/98;
Part 745, Subpart D, Lead-Based Paint Hazards. Item E-45.

Lead: Management and Disposal of Lead-based Paint

     EPA is proposing a rule under TSCA to provide new standards
for the management and disposal of LBP debris generated by
contractors. EPA also is separately proposing temporary suspension
of the regulations under Subtitle C of the Resource  Conservation and
Recovery ACT (RCRA), which currently apply to LBP debris. The
new TSCA standards do not address LBP debris generated by
homeowners in their own homes. The notice of the proposed  rules
were published in the FR  12/18/98, pp 70190 and 70233. Subpart P
Item E-47.


National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation
Conference (NELAP)

    The 11 NELAP Accrediting Authorities (California, Florida,
Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Utah) will announce the first round of
NELAP accredited laboratories in January 2001. There will be
approximately 1000 laboratories that have successfully met all the
National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference
(NELAC) standards. With this auspicious beginning, the universe of
NELAP Accrediting Authorities and NELAP accredited laboratories is
expected to expand rapidly in the near future.


    NELAC is a voluntary association of State and Federal Agencies
formed to establish and promote mutually acceptable performance
standards for the inspection and operation of environmental
laboratories. Private sector input to the process is obtained through a
variety of mechanisms including open semi-annual  meetings,
committee participation, and the Environmental Laboratory Advisory
Board (ELAB), a federally charted committee that receives advice
from a balanced representation of the private sector. NELAP is the
EPA program that supports NELAC and recognizes the NELAP
Accrediting Authorities.
    The NELAC standards have been developed through a consensus
process and are the foundation for recognition  among the various
accrediting authorities. The NELAC standards are primarily designed
around two guidance documents that originated with the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO), a body that develops
consensus standards in a variety of technical fields.  The two
documents are ISO/IEC Guide 25-1990:  "General Requirements for
the Competence of Calibration and Testing Laboratories", and
ISO/IEC Guide 58: "Calibration And Testing Laboratory

Accreditation Systems-General Requirements For Operation And
Recognition". The NELAC standards are currently undergoing
revision to comply with ISO/IEC Standard 17025.
     All aspects of NELAC are voluntary, requiring neither
Congressional mandate nor EPA rulemaking. However, the state,
territorial and federal agencies may make participation mandatory
for the laboratories under their jurisdiction. Approval as aNELAP
Accrediting Authority does require that states recognize laboratories
accredited by other NELAP Accrediting Authorities.
     A major goal of NELAC is to assure that decisions being made
from analytical data have a sound technical, scientific, and
statistical basis. The standards have been designed to help assure
that the NELAC-accredited laboratories deliver data of the required
level of quality. NELAC standards provide a flexible system,
designed to accommodate the various operational procedures and
processes of the states under the regulatory programs delegated to
the states by EPA.

EPA and States are Improving  Facility
Identification Information and  Providing an Error
Correction Service

     EPA and the States are working to improve the way  regulated
facilities are identified in environmental  databases. One goal of this
effort is to reduce duplicate reporting of facility identification
information from companies, thereby reducing the reporting burden
on the regulated community.
     Phase 1 of this process was to establish a standard set of data
elements for facility identification, such as the facility name,
physical address, locational data, business classification and contact
information  These data elements have an EPA data standard,
which collection efforts are now incorporating into their reporting
requirements. Although the data standard does NOT require any
reporting requirement to expand their data elements, they do
standardize the definition for  the data elements that may be used to
identify facilities. (To view the EPA's Environmental Data
Registry go to As these standards are
adopted by environmental collections, there will be opportunities to
eliminate duplicate reporting  elements, thus reducing the  reporting
     Phase 2 of the project was to make the existing facility
identification data available on the Internet through EPA's
Envirofacts Warehouse (  ). Using this
web database, a company can search EPA's databases to find all the
occurrences of the company and its related facility information.
EPA and the States are continuously working to improve  the
accuracy of this facility identification data.
     The Envirofacts Warehouse now offers a new feature that
facilitates the notification to EPA  if an error is found in any of the
environmental information, including the facility identification
information. To use this  feature, simply  click the red error button
from the top navigation bar on each web page providing facility
information. This service is available now to users who wish to
correct data available from the EPA web site.
     The 3rd phase of this effort is the development and creation  of a
master record with accurate facility identification information for
each of the over 750,000 facilities that are subject to environmental
regulations. Over 160,000 " master" records have been created with
a goal of increasing that number to 250,000 records by the end of
2001. Many States who are developing  "master" records are
beginning to share these records with the EPA. The EPA records
are available through the Envirofacts Warehouse web site. Once
each facility has a "master" record, EPA  will be able to pursue the
identification of similar data and, where possible, begin to
aggressively reduce and eliminate duplicate reporting. Companies
are urged to visit the Internet  site identified above.
Sector Facility Indexing Project Sector
Facility Data Put on The Internet

  Information gathered under EPA's Sector Facility Indexing Project
 (SFIP) on the environmental performance of hundreds of facilities in
      five major industries is now available through the Internet.
The industrial sectors currently covered are automobile assembly, pulp
 manufacturing, petroleum refining, iron and steel production, and the
  primary smelting and refining 01" aluminum, copper, lead and zinc
                       (nonferrous metals).
  The new database covers approximately 650 facilities with the five
  sectors, and for the first time collects in one place information the
   facilities must provide under a number of federal environmental
    statutes. The data includes information on past inspections and
 enforcement actions, the size of the facilities and their annual releases
    of chemicals into the environment, and demographic data about
                  communities near the facilities.
  The database has multiple uses,  facilities can benchmark their data
  against that of other similar facilities, or simply monitor their own
    regulatory performance. The database gives environmental and
 community groups easier access :o information they can use to learn
    about the environmental performance of individual facilities.
   Government agencies can use tne information as a planning tool.
     EPA stakeholders, including environmental and community
 organizations, have commented on the project. Each facility included
 in the pilot project received a copy of its compliance  and enforcement
    data and was given an opportunity to submit comments. State
    agencies also received the information for review, since a large
  portion of the data is provided to EPA by state governments. EPA
  modified the data as appropriate, but found most of the data to be
  accurate. The agency has devebped a comment process so that all
              users can continue to provide feedback..
            The database is avai able at Internet address Since it has been available, the website
  has been used extensively for research and is considered a valuable
 tool.  In keeping with SFIP's policy to incorporate information as it
  becomes available, the data included within the project have been
            updated 6 times since the project's release.
    The Agency has  completed a formal evaluation of SFIP's initial
year of availability. Obtaining feedback from all stakeholders
(government, facilities, trade association, environmental groups), the
evaluation has shown SFIP to be successfully meeting its goals of
providing greater public access to accurate compliance and facility-
level information as well as improving multimedia facility profiling
and sector based analysis. The e\ aluation also identified widespread
interest for an expansion of SFIP.  This, after taking into consideration
the comments received, the Ageniy will be expanding SFIP to include
a subset of Federal facilities.  Thซ Agency's goal is to complete the
expansion by year's end. The evaluation report is electronically
available on the project's website.  We have included  more
information on the Sector Facility Indexing Project in the OSBO Item

Environmental Technology Verification Program

    The Environmental Technology Verification Program (ETV) was
started by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency  (EPA) in
October 1995 to address the need for credible environmental
technology performance data to help businesses and communities
better utilize the available environmental technology choices.  ETV
operates through public/private testing partnerships to verify the
performance of commercial-ready private sector environmental
technologies in all media - air, water, soil, eco-systems, waste,
pollution prevention, and monitoring.  As of December 31, 2000,  115
private sector environmental technologies have been verified, over

 100 additional technologies are in the testing process, and another
 150 have submitted applications for testing. Information on the
 ETV program may be accessed at the ETV web site:
    The ETV program also has a listserv, ETVoice, which sends a
 brief monthly message to anyone interested in the ETV program
 highlighting new and updated information on the web site. You
 may subscribe to ETVoice though the web site.
    The ETV Program Director is Penelope Hansen who may be
 reached at or at 202-564-3211.

 Environmental Management Systems (EMS)
 Implementation Guide

    Recognizing the potential difficulties faced by small and
 medium sized organizations wishing to put EMSs in place, EPA's
 Offices of Water and Compliance Assurance have produced a guide
 to EMS implementation specifically to the needs of these types of
 organizations  The Guide is based on the elements of the ISO
 14001  standard and is written in plain, easy to understand language.
 Several small organizations worked with EPA and NSF
 International (NSF) to design and review the Guide and hundreds of
 organizations throughout the world are presently using it. The
 Guide provides a step-by-step approach for putting an EMS in place
 and gives a number of examples from companies that have already
 done so.  Contact person is Jim Home, (202) 564-0571
 INTERNET: The Guide also
 provides tips for putting in place an effective approach for
 managing an organization's compliance with regulatory
 requirements and using pollution prevention techniques to enhance
 the environmental management system.  A revised version of the
 Guide will be issued by the end of the year 2000. Collaboration has
 been expanded to include OW, OECA, OPPTS, and OPEL.  For
 copies  of the Guide, call 1- (800) 368-5888, Item B-12.

 Participation Policies

    The Common Sense Initiative (CSI), a bold reinvention effort
 launched by EPA Administrator Browner m 1994,  held its final
 meeting on December 17, 1998. Using an inclusive and
 unprecedented process, CSI brought together industry, state and
 local governments, environmental and environmental justice
 groups, and organized labor to work together to find strategies that
 work more fairly, efficiently and cost effectively for industry and
 other stakeholders.
    One of the final and lasting accomplishments of the CSI multi-
 stakeholder group was for EPA to adopt a new Stakeholder
 Involvement Action Plan that builds on CSI experience and outlines
 what the Agency will do differently in the future to enhance EPA's
 Stakeholder Involvement Programs.  The primary goal of the
 Action Plan is to better integrate stakeholder involvement activities
 throughout the Agency.
    The first item in the Action Plan calls for EPA to assess and
establish agency-wide principles for stakeholder involvement.  This
effort is a direct link to a July 1999 Report entitled, "Aiming for
Excellence - Actions to Encourage Stewardship and Accelerate
Environmental Progress, Report of the EPA Innovations Task
Force," which pledges the Agency to evaluate and update EPA's
public participation requirements. To address these joint concerns,
EPA convened a workgroup that is scheduled to give  a report to the
Administrator by January 31, 2000, which will contain an inventory
 of EPA regulations and policies regarding public participation and
an initial assessment of how well these regulations and policies
ensure public participation in decision making.  To fulfil this
commitment, the workgroup is seeking public comment on two
    1. What changes need to be made to the 1981 Policy on Public
Participation?  What is working well, and how does the  experience
of the past nineteen years suggest the need for improvements in the
general procedures for involving the public in EPA programs and
     2. How can we further engage the public in the effort to revise
the 1981 Policy and other EPA regulations and policies which may
need to be updated in regard to public participation?  What are the
suggested elements of a strategy to further engage the public in
updating requirements and filling gaps in EPA's regulations and
policies concerning public participation?
These questions were recently posed in a federal register notice with a
30 day public comment period that ended December 30,1999.  As
stated in the original notice, EPA is still seeking input on these
questions and will use your comments as the Agency moves further in
updating the 1981 policy and other stakeholder involvement
regulations and policies. For a copy of the federal register notice, go
to EPA's stakeholder website at  To
provide comments, contact Deborah Dalton at EPA by fax at 202 260-
5478 or submit comments through the stakeholder website.  Keep an
out on the website for a posting of all comments received on  this

Revised Small Lab Environmental Management

     See the special announcement on the Guide's availability in this
Newsletter.  The Guide can also be found and downloaded from the
EPA Small Business Ombudsman's Home Page and
the State Small Business Home Page
We have completed a project to update and expand the Guide. There
is more comprehensive coverage of environmental management issues
affecting small labs.  New areas of coverage include radioactive
materials and biologically active substances. A summary of hazardous
waste management techniques allowing on-site treatment is included,
as well as, expanded pollution prevention opportunities, and
opportunities for cost efficiencies. See Item B-16

Consolidation of Good Laboratory Practice Standards
(GLPS) Regulations Currently Under TSCA And
FIFRA Into One Rule

    On November 29, 1983, EPA published Good Laboratory
Practice Standards (GLPS) regulations intended to help ensure data
integrity for studies required to support marketing and research
permits under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
(FIFRA) and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).  These rules
were last amended on August 17, 1989.  GLPS data integrity measures
can be applied to a wide variety of scientific studies.  Although the
TSCA and FIFRA GLPS contain identical provisions, they were
published as separate rules to account for statutory and program
differences between TSCA and FIFRA, such as differences in records
retention requirements.  EPA believes it will be able to address the
differences between TSCA and FIFRA, such as differences in records
retention requirements.  EPA believes it will be able to address the
differences of those programs without duplicating the entire GLP
standard in two places.
    This action is intended to consolidate EPA's GLPS into one rule.
Program specific requirements will be addressed in either separate
sections of the consolidated rule, or in separate rules as is determined
appropriate.  This action is not intended to change the requirements,
applicability, or enforceability of GLPS with respect to any statute.
    EPA has received comments from stakeholders regarding the
understandability of many aspects of the GLPS, and over the years has
issued numerous clarifications.  EPA believes that some clarifications,
if included directly in the rule, would make the rule easier to
understand and enhance compliance. Therefore, EPA intends to
include such clarifications where appropriate in this rulemaking.
Finally, in the interest of maintaining consistency between EPA's and
Food and Drug Administration's regulations, EPA will determine any

 modifications that have occurred to the FDA GLP rule and consider
 incorporation such changes into the EPA rule. This action will
 serve to reduce the total regulatory text in the Code of Federal
 Regulations by an estimated 10 pages, by consolidating 23 pages of
 text to approximately 13.  In the process it will provide a generic
 GLP rule that may be used by other programs in the Agency.

 Resource Guide For Small Business Environmental

     Under a grant from the Office of the Small Business
 Ombudsman, the Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC), University
 of Northern Iowa developed a multi-media Resource Guide for
 Small Business Assistance Providers.  This Guide provides a quick
 and convenient reference tool for locating environmental assistance
 materials (regulatory and non-regulatory) that have been developed
 mostly by the states, and some  by EPA.  The Guide was prepared in
 cooperation with all the states and  is primarily for assistance
 providers to be used as reference document. The information
 included is extremely useful in helping locate readily available
 materials from other states in an effort to not "reinvent the wheel."
     These materials are also useful to state and local assistance
 providers and small businesses in becoming educated on
 environmental regulations and  pollution prevention.
     The Guide is available in electronic format with search and
 report generation capabilities, and detailed instructions. There is
 also a rating system which indicates relevance and type of use for
 which most suitable. The Guide has had extensive state review.

 Upgraded Source Book  on  Environmental Auditing
 for Small Business

    EPA's Environmental Auditing Source Book for Small
 Business is now an upgraded compilation of the bibliography
 references, training information, and a summary matrix of auditing
 tools for quick reference.  This book also contains information on
 environmental auditor standards and qualifications. See B-14. Also
 available is the Small Business Environmental Assistance Site Visit
 Manual prepared by the Iowa Waste Reduction Center, University
 of Northern Iowa, see B-17.  Both of these documents can be
 obtained by calling the EPA SBO's Office at 1-(800) 368-5888.

 New Booklet - Little Known But Allowable Ways  to
Deal With Hazardous Waste

    The EPA has identified  a number of allowable ways that small
 businesses can minimize their hazardous waste on site. This
document provides information on five of these methods:
    Domestic Sewage Exclusion;
    Elementary Neutralization;
    Treatment in Accumulation Containers; and
    Burning in Small Boilers and Industrial furnaces
    This Guide provides information and answers the question of
whether any of these methods might work for you.  The Guide
contains two principal sections. The introduction provides
background information on the purpose of the Guide, a brief
 overview of the EPA Hazardous Waste Program as it applies to
small businesses, and a summary of the five EPA allowed
hazardous waste minimization methods identified above.
    The second section is a state-by-state review of these allowable
ways to minimize hazardous waste. The section provides summary
 information for each state  including their definition of hazardous
waste, allowances for each of the five EPA allowed waste
minimization methods, and information on special state hazardous
waste management program considerations.  This document can  be
obtained by calling EPA SBO's Office at 1-(800) 368-5888
EPA Compliance Assistance Tools

     The1 Office of Compliance (O ") has produced a booklet, Item B-
8, that offers a comprehensive listing of all OC projects that are
currently available and/or under development.  The projects are
organized by industry sector, with 20 sectors covered. The tools
include: databases, documents, wob sites, video, plain-language
guides, sector notebooks, etcetera. A contact person is listed for each
document to acquire more information. To get a copy of the
document, call 1-800-368-5888.

Performance Measurement Tools And Success Stories
Always Needed!
The performance measurement tools and success stories database still
has over 65 performance measurement tools and success stories
available for direct downloading, revision, and use from the Small
Business Environmental Home Psge at the following address:

THIS RESOURCE! Please send any performance measurement
tools/surveys/success stories to Audrey Zelanko at: CTC, 425 Sixth
Avenue, 28th Floor, Regional Enterprise Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15219.
Electronic copies in Word Perfect or Word formats would be the most
helpful.  You can send disks to the above address, or email
attachments to: and  If electronic copies are not available, you can
fax hard copies to.  (412) 577-2660 or mail them to the above address.
If you have any questions, please call Audrey Zelanko at: (412) 577-
2649. THANKS again  for your help!

    The State Small Business Ombudsman and Small Business
Technical Assistance Programs, which are required under Section
ง07 of the 1990 Clean Air Act \mendments to aid small businesses
impacted by air quality regulations, will hold their annual
conference in Austin, Texas on April 2-5, 2001

    Specialized training classes will be offered on April 2nd

    For speeches and other presentation materials from the 2000
conference, held on June 20-22, 2000, in Missoula, Montana, they
can be downloaded for the Internet via a direct link at

"Customers are the most important people in our business."
"Customers do not depend on us, we depend on them."
"Customers never interrupt our work, they are our work."
"Customers do us a favor when they call; we don't do the favors
by letting them in."
"Customers are part of our business, not outsiders."
"Customers are flesh-and-blood human beings, not cold statistics."
"Customers bring us their wants; we fulfill them."
"Customers are not to be argued with."
"Customers deserve courteous attention."
"Customers are the lifeblood of this and every other business."
"Customers are who we are when we're not working (So let's treat
them the way we want to be iieated ourselves!)"

"All these guidelines are say\ng the same thing:
Concentrate on the customer. "You  can't make many catches if
you take your eyes off the ball."

                    Six Key Aspects of the SBREFA Legislation

      The Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) became law in March, 1996 to foster a
government environment that is more responsive to small business and other small entities. The Act contains the
following six key areas of regulatory reform:

•       Regulatory Compliance Simplification: Federal regulatory agencies must develop compliance
        guides written in plain English to help small businesses understand how to comply with  regulations
        that may have a significant effect on them.  Agencies must also develop a program for providing
        small entities with informed guidance on complying with applicable laws and regulations.

•       Equal Access To Justice Amendments: Under certain circumstances, small businesses can recover
        attorney's fees and court costs in a court or administrative hearing, even when they lose.

•       Congressional Review: Congress has provided itself with a process by which it can review and,  if
        necessary, disapprove regulations with which it takes issue.

•       Regulatory Enforcement Reform of Penalties: Each regulatory agency must establish a policy to
        reduce and, where appropriate, even waive civil penalties for minor violations under certain

•       Small Business Advocacy Review Panels: For proposed rules subject to the Regulatory  Flexibility
        Act,  EPA must solicit input from the small businesses that will be subject to the rules and make
        these findings public.  This process is  aided by SBA's Office of Advocacy and the Office of
        Management and Budget.

•       Oversight of Regulatory Enforcement: Aida Alvarez, the SBA Administrator, appointed Gail
        McDonald,, as the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory  Enforcement Fairness Ombudsman.on
        February 1, 2000.  She also  appointed the members of 10 regional Regulatory Fairness Boards to
        assist the National Ombudsman in receiving small businesses'  comments about enforcement
        activities of federal regulatory agencies. The five (5) Fairness Board members appointed in each
        region are small business owners and operators.

                  Brief Explanations of the  National Ombudsman and
                                   Regional Fairness  Boards

        Subtitle B of SBREFA created the National Ombudsman and 10 Regional Fairness Boards to provide small businesses
with the opportunity to comment on enforcement activity by federal regulatory agencies. Through this provision, Congress and
the President have provided a way that small businesses can express their views and share their experiences about federal
regulatory activity

        The National Ombudsman and the Fairness Boards will receive comments about federal compliance and enforcement
activities from small businesses, and report these findings to Congress every year. The report will give each agency a kind of
"customer satisfaction rating" by evaluating the enforcement activities of regulatory agency personnel and  rating the
responsiveness to small business regional and program offices of the regulatory agencies.

Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman           10 Regional Fairness  Boards
•  Receive comments from small business on         • Members are  small business owners/operators
   compliance and enforcement actions              • Report to the  National Ombudsman about
•  Review small business concerns                     comments and issues specific to  their regions
•  Report annually to Congress                    • Contribute to the annual report to Congress.

For additional information about SBREFA, the Ombudsman, or the Regulatory Fairness Boards, call SBA's toll free
1-888-REG-FAIR or visit our Web site at

Regions/Members January, 2001
1. Roxanna Adams**
Atlantic Awards, Inc
840 Hammond Street
Bangor, ME 04401
(207) 942-6464
I Joan Haberle*
Joan Haberle Agency
# 1 S Mam Street
Lambertville, NJ
(609) 397-9606
3. Wilkins McNair, Jr*
Wilkms Acctg. Firm
201 N Charles Street
Suite 910
Baltimore, MD 21201
4. Jeffery Adduci**
Regional Invest
171 Church Street
Suite 260
Charleston, SC 29401
(843) 577-2000
5 Hardie Blake*
Bethel Business, Inc.
1 1 8 Lincoln Way E.
Mishawaka, IN 46544
6. Ehse McCullough**
Staffing Sol, LLC
1305 Dublin Street
New Orleans, LA
(504) 864-9900
7. Daniel Perez
South Underground
PO Box 48 1341
13404A Holmes Rd
Kan City, MO 64 148
8 Donna Davis**
Eagle Butte Co-op
PO. Box 370
Eagle Butte, SD
(605) 964-2226
9 Joseph Cerbone
Travis Morgan Sec.
1 8952 McArthur Blvd
Suite 315
Irvine, CA 92612
10 Keith Saltier*
Saltier & Heslop
71 8 6'" Street
Prosser, WA 99350
(509) 786-2404
Dr. Vinh Cam, Ph D
Global Environment
PO Box 31 134
Greenwich, CT 06831
Sandra Lee
Harold Lee Insurance
31 PellSt
New York, NY 10013
Kenneth Ridriguez
Rodriguez Enterprises
po box 389
Sewickley, PA 15143
Robert G. Clark V
Clark Communi. Corp
1 49 N Hanover Ave
Lexington, KY 405023
(606) 233-7623
Lyle Clemenson
Clemenson Enterprises
inc dba CE Box 406
Osseo, MN 56369
Massey Villarreal*
Precisions Task Group
9801 Westheimer
Suite 8
Houston, TX 77042
Edith Quick*
Quick Tax Acctg Svc
2536 Via Miralesta Dr
St Louis, MO 63 125-
Scott Flores
Die Cut Technologies
4935 Pearl St
Denver, CO 802 16
(303) 297-9327
Patricia Chevalier
Blue Hawaiian Hell
105 Kahului Hell
Kahului, HI 96732
(808) 871-8844
Albert Adams
PMC Corp, UIC Corp
6313Brayton Dr
Anchorage, AK 99507
Dons Ballard
Ballard Novelty & Party
7 Broadway
Concord, NH 03301
(603) 225-5667
E. Peter Ruddy C
WESTNY Bldg Product
2580 Walden Ave
Buffalo, NY 14225
Pamela Mazza**
Pillero, Mazza &
888 17lhStNWSte 1100
Washington, DC 20006
Nancy Archuleta
1 525 Perimeter Pkwy
Ste 500
Huntsville, AL 35806
(256) 890-8000
Donald Magett
Magic P.I. & Security
529 Northhampton Rd
Kalamazoo, MI 49006
David Martinez
D&D Machinery &
2420 WR Larson Rd
San Antonio, TX 78261
Clark Stewart**
Butler Nat't Corp
19920 W ler'St
Olathe, KS 66062
Mary Thoman*
Thoman Ranch
HC65 Fontenelle Route
Kemmerer, WY83101
Frank Ballesteros**
PPEP Microbusiness &
HousmgllOO E Ajo
Way Ste 209
Tucson, AZ 857 13
Milford Terrell
DeBest Plumbing
11477 W President Dr
Boise, ID 83713
(208) 322-4844
Ronald Auger
American Ind Cast Inc
1 American Way
E Greenwich, RI02818
Phyllis Hill Slater
Hill Slater, Inc.
45 N Station Plaza
Great Neck, NY 11021
Ann P. Maust, Ph.D.
Research Dimens, Inc
1 108 E. Mam St, #1000
Richmond, VA 23219
Leroy Walker, Jr
LTM Enterprises
2310 Hwy 80 W
Jackson, MS 39204
Thelma Alban
Stevenson Associates.
680 N. Lake Shore Drive
Chicago, IL 606 11
Frederick Peralta
Lialac Shoppe/Townef
Town of Taos
400 Cammo de la
Taos, NM 87571
(505) 758-2006
Dan Morgan V
Morgan-Davis, Intern 'tl
Morgan Ranch
HC79 Box 42
Burrell, NE 68823
(308) 346-4394

Thomas Guthene*
So Nevada. Certified
Development Corp
2770 S. Maryland Pkwy
Suite 212
Las Vegas, NV 89109
(702) 732-3998
Faye Burch**
F.M Burch & Assoc Inc
Portland, OR 972 11
(503) 735-9409
Donald Williams*
W&RBus Affiliates
94 Capen St
Hartford, CT 06 120
Manuel Cidre**
Pastelena Los Cidnnes
;?ey Fedenco
257 Villas De Torrima
Guaynabo, PR 00965
vlartm Shaffer
American Vending
3 Armory Rd
Clarksburg, WVA 26301
Livia Whisenhunt*
PS Energy Group, Inc.
2957 Clairmont Rd
Suite 510
Atlanta, GA 30359
[rwm Haber**
PDI Ground Support
Systems, Inc
5905 Grant Ave
Cleveland, OH 44 125
Wallace Caradme **
Caradme & Co.
2200 S. Mam Street
P.O. 16430
Little Rock, AR 72206
Joanne Stockdale
N. IA Die Casting Co
702 E Railroad St
Lake Park, IA 5 1347
Vernon Thompson
Vern's Trucking
P.O. Box 25
Mmnewaukan, ND 58351
C K. Tseng
Northbridge Travel
9700 Reseda Blvd.
Northbndge, CA 91324
Serena McAlvam
McAlvain Construction, Inc
5559 W Gowen Rd.
Boise, ID 83709
(208) 362-4356
**=Vice Chair


                                     Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)
                  Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA)
                          Tom Kelly, EPA's Small Business Advocacy Chair

 I want to tell you about an important new rule which demonstrates what can be accomplished when government and small
 business work together under RFA/SBREFA. I'm referring to the'final rule on Heavy-Duty Engine Emission Standards and
 Diesel Fuel Sulfur Control Requirements, which Administrator Carol Browner signed on December 21, 2000.

 Why is this Rule needed? Emissions from heavy-duty vehicles contribute greatly to a number of serious air-pollution problems
 and would continue to do so into the future absent further controls to reduce these emissions.  Although the air-quality problems
 caused by heavy-duty diesel vehicles are challenging, we believe they can be resolved through the application of high-efficiency
 emissions-control technologies, which depend on the availability of low-sulfur diesel fuel.

 What are the Benefits?  Substantial benefits to public health and welfare and the environment will result through significant
 reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides, paniculate matter, non-methane hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, and
 air toxics.

 How many Small Entities are Subject to this Rule?  We found no manufacturers of heavy-duty engines meeting the Small
 Business Administration's (SBA) definition of a small business. Of the approximately 158 refineries in the U.S. today, however,
 we estimate that 24 meet SBA's definition and produce highway diesel fuel.

 Did this rule have a Small Business Advocacy Review (SBAR) Panel? The SBAR Panel, convened by EPA on November 12,
 1999, consisted of representatives of SBA, the Office of Management and Budget and EPA.  During development of the
 proposed rule, EPA and the Panel obtained advice and recommendations from representatives of small businesses who will be
 subject to the rule. The Panel considered a range of options and regulatory alternatives for providing small businesses with
 flexibility in complying with new sulfur standards for highway diesel fuel. The Panel's report contains recommendations on
 options to mitigate the adverse impacts on small businesses. In addition to the Panel process, EPA conducted its own outreach,
 fact-finding, and analysis of the potential impacts of this regulation on small entities.

 Where can I get more information on the SBAR Panel's Recommendations?  The Panel's report, placed in docket for this
 rule, has a detailed discussion of the Panel's advice and recommendations. It is also available on our RFA/SBREFA website at A summary of the Panel's recommendations was included in the June 2, 2000, proposed rule at 65  FR

 What has EPA included in the Final Rule to help Small Businesses?  EPA agreed with the Panel and is offering substantial
 relief from the potential adverse economic impacts of the rule to qualifying small businesses. Three regulatory alternatives
 finalized in  the rule, summarized below, will address small refiner hardship while allowing timely achievement of air-quality
 benefits. EPA also prepared a final regulatory flexibility analysis for the final rule, and it is available for review in the docket.
 /.    500 vvm Option. A small refiner may continue to produce and sell diesel fuel meeting the current 500 ppm sulfur standard
     for four additional years, until May 31, 2010, provided that it reasonably ensures the existence of sufficient volumes of 15
     ppm fuel in the marketing area(s) that it serves.
 2.    Small Refiner Credit Option. A small refiner that chooses to  produce 15 ppm fuel prior to June 1, 2010 may generate and
     sell credits under the broader temporary compliance option.  Since a small refiner has no requirement to produce 15  ppm
     fuel under this option, any fuel it produces at or below  15 ppm sulfur will qualify for generating credits.
 3.    Diesel/Gasoline Compliance Date Option.  A small refiner that is also subject to the Tier 2/Gasoline sulfur program (40
     CFR Part 80), may choose to extend by two years the duration of its applicable interim gasoline standards, provided that it
     also produces all its highway diesel fuel at 15 ppm sulfur beginning June 1, 2006.

Is a Small Entity Compliance Guide Available?  As required by Section 212 of SBREFA, EPA is preparing a small entity
compliance guide to help small entities comply with this rule. When complete, copies will be available through the air office
web site at and on our RFA/SBREFA website at

Other News: What's New from us for Small Business On-Line?
 1)    RFA/SBREFA Website ( Check out what is new at the RFA/SBREFA website. Since the
     RFA/SBREFA website was launched in July 2000, it has grown exponentially. This site gives you direct access to Panel
     reports, Small Entity Compliance Guides, and other pertinent  documents, as well as links to popular web references for
     small businesses. We look forward to your  feedback on it, so please give it a look.

2)    Small Business Regulatory Library Website (  The Regulatory Management Staff just
     launched a new website:  U.S. EPA's Small Business Regulatory Action Database.  The site gives you access to the latest
     information about upcoming and recently completed regulations affecting small businesses.  This database allows for
     refined searching of information contained in EPA's Regulatory Agenda.  For additional information, contact SBREFA
    Team Leader, Stuart C. Miles-Mclean

                              Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)
              Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA)
                                        Tom Kelly
                               Small Business Advocacy Chair

 Under the RFA as amended by SBREFA, EPA must convene a Small Business Advocacy Review
 Panel for certain regulations prior to their proposal.  EPA's Small Business Advocacy Chair
 assembles each Panel to include representatives from the Small Business Administration, the Office
 of Management and Budget, and the EPA office responsible for the rule. The Panel prepares a
 report to the Administrator of EPA with recommendations on ways to reduce the potential impact of
 the rule on small entities (whether businesses or governments).  The Panel report is part of the
 rulemaking record that accompanies the proposed rule.

 Small Business Advocacy Review Panels are no longer novelties.
       EPA convened its 21st Panel on April 25, 2000.  This year alone we completed 7 Panels, with
 many more on the horizon. The completed  Panels reviewed rulemakings on lead-based paint
 renovation and remodeling, heavy-duty engine and diesel fuel sulfur standards, effluent guidelines
 for metal products and machinery, emission standards for composite plastics fabrication, treatment
 standards for microbial contamination of drinking water, and control of disinfection by-products.

 They are producing meaningful change-
       In the four years since the passage of SBREFA,  EPA has made significant changes to
 regulations under development. EPA has considered over 140 Panel recommendations to address
 the particular concerns of regulated small entities. Some these changes include:

 •      The Class V Underground Injection rule, which allows many small businesses to continue use
       of their wells under permit (as opposed to a contemplated ban) and allows funeral homes to
       continue use of their wells, pending further study;
 •      The proposed  rule addressing the Sulfur Content of Gasoline, which provides an extended
       period (four to  six years) for small refineries to comply with rule requirements, without
       damage to the fuel supply.
 •      The Panel for the Industrial Laundries Effluent Guideline, which re-evaluated the risks posed
       by  the many small businesses likely  to be regulated. The Panel recommended the Agency
       take comment  on a "no-regulation" option. EPA eventually withdrew the regulatory proposal,
       while the industry introduced a voluntary pollution-prevention program.

...And we're seeing a larger effect.
       Since Panels apply only to those rules that impose a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of  small entities, what about rules that have lesser effects, or cover relatively few
small businesses? One effect of the Panel process has been to demonstrate emphatically that
regulations can be both environmentally effective and reasonably considerate of the resource and
competitive constraints characterizing small  entities. EPA's involvement of small businesses and
governments in all rules that affect them has never been higher or more responsive.

Soon you  can follow our progress on-line.
       Shortly EPA will launch an RFA/SBREFA website. This site ( should be
active by August and will give you direct access to Panel reports, Small Entity Compliance Guides,
and other pertinent documents. We look forward to your feedback on it,  so please check it out!
Contact: SBREFA Team Leader Stuart Miles-McLean (202) 564-6581

         Update on the Office of Environmental Information

       Now one year old, the Office of Environmental Information (OEI) continues to advance
its mission of enhancing environmental information management, policy and technology.

       The US General Accounting Office reported that "one of the office's most pressing
challenges will be to develop a plan that identifies clear priorities for the office and the resources
it will need to successfully lead the Agency's efforts to make significant improvements in
information management."  The first step toward the development of the Agency's Information
Plan was the creation of the FY 2000 OEI Action Plan, which summarizes the key projects being
initiated or advanced during this calendar year.

       The next phase of developing a long-term vision that identifies priorities and resources is
currently under way. The OEI Information Plan will guide the Agency on how to manage the
changing nature of environmental protection and information technology, facilitate the transition
to e-government, define appropriate models for governance and organization, and continue to
enhance the way OEI serves its customers.

       Recognizing that its customers are the top priority, OEI has recently finalized a Customer
Service Plan. The Customer Service Plan will help ensure that OEI consistently excels in
providing quality service to external and internal customers. The Plan outlines specific standards
that OEI employees will follow to improve service and identifies opportunities for
accountability, feedback, and training.

       Window To My Environment is a new prototype tool being developed by OEI to facilitate
the establishment of the Information Exchange Network. It will provide the public direct access
to the wealth of local environmental information now coming online. Window to My
Environment helps answer popular questions about a community's air, land and water resources,
and what is being done to protect the local environment. Window to My Environment uses state-
of-the-art interactive maps to integrate local environmental information from a variety of Federal,
State and local sources. These partnerships across levels of government are offering new
environmental data and geographic analysis tools. The initial prototype focuses on data and
information for the mid-Atlantic states (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, and WV).

       Another component of the Information Exchange Network under development by OEI is
the Central Data Exchange (CDX). The CDX will serve  as EPA's enterprise-wide portal to the
Information Exchange Network. It will also provide EPA and its customers  with an e-commerce
solution to streamline the Agency's data collection processes. In addition, the CDX will help
EPA meet the Government Paperwork Elimination Act mandate to enable electronic reporting,
serve as a single data submission point, and lay the groundwork for data integration and

To learn more about OEI, visit their website at For further information
contact: Small Business Liaison, Gene Stroup, (202) 564-5716.

 Stats on EPA Innovation Over the Past Decade

 Cleaner, Cheaper, Smarter, Results -

 *     EPA cleaned up over twice as many Superfund sites in last 5 years than in previous 12 years. Superfund
      cleanups FY 93-97 averaged over 70% savings per site. $2.1 billion saved in remedy selection using
      innovative vs. conventional cleanup technologies.
 *•     Over 300 Brownfields sites, with nearly $2 billion in public/private investment.  Upcoming Brownfields
 *•     (Emissions causing acid rain reduced by 30% more than law requires.) Eastern US rainfall now 25% less
      acidic - New England starting to recover. Cost of program 75% lower than predicted by Industry.
 *     National sulfur dioxide emissions down by 4 million tons annually.
 >     (Nitrogen oxide emissions down 20% lower than law requires, and 50% lower than 1990 levels.)
 *•     50 States, 6 Territories, 80 Tribes completed comprehensive watershed assessments ~ tirst coordinated
      overview of Water Quality priorities.
 >•     670 companies voluntarily identified potential violations at 2700 facilities.

 Partnerships -

 >•     7000 businesses participate in voluntary partnerships with EPA. Partners conserved
 *•     1.8 billion gallons of water, eliminated 7.8 million tons of solid waste, and prevented air pollution
      equivalent to taking 17 million cars off the road each year. Saved $3.3 billion.
 >•     Project XL has 48 projects underway, 10 more being developed.
 *•     34 States have 40 Performance Partnership Agreements.
 *•     44 States have 53 Performance Partnership Grants.  Numbers reflect PPA/PPGs coming from a mix of
      environmental, health, and agricultural agencies.
 *•     By 2004, new cars, light trucks, and SUVs will be over 77-95 percent cleaner than those produced today.
      Sulfur in gasoline will be cut by 90 percent.

 Stronger Public Role -
 >     (Worked with industry to develop standards for  174 categories of toxic air emissions.)
 *•     Citizens in 86 metro areas can get current information on local environmental quality, and the program is
      now expanding to provide information to citizens in hundreds of communities nationwide.

 Improvements from Within

 The American system of environmental management is based on the consistency and stability that is integral to
 our environmental statutes. As a regulatory agency, EPA's principal role is to implement and enforce those
 statutes. This report describes EPA's efforts to transform environmental management, but those efforts are only
 part of the overall picture.  The Agency has also invested heavily in improving its "core" regulatory and
 enforcement functions, and working within the existing statutory framework to achieve better environmental
 results.  These changes, in the aggregate, have led to substantially stronger and more efficient environmental
protection.  The examples below illustrate EPA's progress in improving results within the existing structure.

 Cleaner Air - Strong regulations still form the core of national air pollution control, but EPA is placing new
emphasis on economic efficiency, flexible compliance options, and market incentives for environmental
 ป•     Collaboration with auto makers and petroleum refiners led to flexibility in meeting tough new air standards
      for tailpipe emissions - by 2004, new cars, light trucks, and SUVs will be 77-95% cleaner than those
      produced today; sulfur in diesel fuel will be cut by 97%;  emissions of nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons
      from heavy trucks and buses will be reduced by as much as 95%.
 ป     State/EPA collaboration led to a cost-effective market-based emissions trading system for nitrogen oxide
      emissions.  In 1999, this program reduced these smog-producing emissions 20% below what the law
      requires and 50% below 1990 levels.
>     A market-based sulfur dioxide "cap-and-trade" approach to controlling acid rain has yielded better than
      expected results in almost every affected state - annual emissions are now 4 million tons lower than 1980
      levels, rainfall in eastern states is now 25% less acidic, and damaged forests and waterways are beginning
      to recover.  Annual costs of the acid rain trading program are also 75% lower than originally predicted by
 *•     Since 1992, EPA has issued 27 standards that will eliminate  1.5 million tons of air toxics suspected of
      causing cancer and birth defects - eight times the reduction achieved in the previous 20 years. With the
      help of industry, states, and environmental groups, EPA tailored these standards to  the circumstances of the
      affected industries and provided flexible means of compliance.

 *•     Energy Star, a voluntary program run jointly by EPA and the Department of Energy, saves Americans over
      $ 1 billion in energy bills each year. The average household can save $400 per year.
 Cleaner Water - Tough standards still define and protect the quality of the. nation's drinking water and
 waterways, but collaborative approaches that also deal with related economic, recreational, and aesthetic issues
 are showing real results in the field.
 *•     EPA fought for and won amendments that strengthened the Safe Drinking Water Act, including drinking
      water standards, first-ever consumer right-to-know provisions, and first-ever funding for communities to
      upgrade drinking water treatment facilities.
 *     New controls proposed or put in place since 1993  will reduce water pollutants by nearly 650 million
      pounds per year, including 4 million pounds of toxics.
 *•     A unified national strategy jointly developed by EPA and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture will control runoff
      from 450,000 animal feeding operations nationwide.
 ป•     Collaborative multi-stakeholder partnerships created through the National Estuary Program are achieving
      environmental results — shellfish beds have reopened in Seabrook Middle Ground, New Hampshire, and in
      Massachusetts Bay; striped bass and American shad are back in the Neuse River in North Carolina. As of
      May 1999, 1682 acres of seagrasses have returned to Sarasota Bay, Florida, (since 1988) and are expected
      to provide habitat for 310 million more shrimp, 68 million more crab, and 100 million more fish.
 *     50 States, 6 Territories, 80 Tribes completed comprehensive watershed assessments - First coordinated
      overview of Water Quality priorities.

 Healthy Children - EPA recognized that children may be exposed to greater environmental risks because of
 their size, eating habits, and behaviors. By using a variety of tools - regulatory actions, public education, and a
 targeted research strategy, EPA and other agencies are reducing environmental  risks to American children.
 >     In 1996, EPA launched a national agenda to protect children's health from environmental threats. EPA is
      conducting research on childhood susceptibility and exposure to pollutants; taking steps to ensure that
      relevant standards now consider heightened risks faced by children; and providing better information to
      parents, teachers, and health care providers on identifying and avoiding environmental risks to children.
 >     EPA has accepted voluntary cancellation of methyl parathion's use on the crops, such as apples, which are
      eaten most by children. Because methyl parathion poses unacceptable risks to children, this step will help
      to reduce the pesticide risks to children through food.
 *     EPA has accepted voluntary measures to reduce the use of azinphos-methyl on food and on other
      vegetation which might affect drinking water. Azinphos methyl poses an  unacceptable risk to children and
      to agricultural workers.
 *     To protect children and public health, EPA and the manufacturer of the pesticide Dursban have agreed to
      eliminate its use for nearly all household purposes and to move to significantly reduce residues of it on
      several foods regularly eaten by children.

Revitalizing Communities - While cutting the cost of Superfund cleanups and accelerating their pace, EPA
has also pushed beyond "cleanup as usual," to help local communities clean up  and  redevelop thousands of less
contaminated sites. The Agency has eliminated obstacles to redeveloping these "brownfields," leveraged almost
$2.3 billion in private redevelopment funds, helped communities create 7,000 jobs in environmental cleanup, and
created a $300 million tax incentive for bringing 8000 brownfields back into productive use.

Community Right-to-Know - EPA has expanded public access to more information about local
environmental quality and environmental risks in homes and communities.
 *•     Citizens now have access to information about twice the number of toxic  chemicals released in their
 *     Consumers have new information on the quality of their tap water and on pesticide risks.
 +     Clearer, more informative  labels explain how to use household products safely.
 ป•     Home buyers and renters can now find out about potential lead paint hazards before they move into a new
 >•     The Internet Ozone Map provides families with community-specific, real-time information on ozone levels
      in their neighborhoods.

For the foreseeable future, strong regulations and enforcement will continue to be the bedrock of the nation's
environmental protection system. In fact, they provide the "safety net" that allows EPA and the states to
experiment while still protecting the health and safety of their citizens.  The system can, however, be made to
work better by streamlining procedures, by increasing flexibility in how to comply, and by tackling problems in
more comprehensive, collaborative ways. EPA has made significant progress in these areas as it carries out its
mandate to implement and enforce environmental laws.  For further information contact:  Cheryl Hawkins,
(202) 564-6677


                             FOR SMALL BUSINESSES

New Jersey Outreach Program

    The New Jersey Small Business Environmental Assistance Program (SBeAP) is a joint program
comprised of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Small Business Assistance
Program and the New Jersey Commerce and Economic Growth Commission's Small Business
Ombudsman. The SBeAP has produced some outreach and compliance materials. The materials were
produced using funding from one of the ten national grants from the United States Environmental
Protection Agency (USEPA) to state small business assistance programs.

    An informational video and a public service announcement (PSA) were produced to increase
awareness within the small business community about the SBeAP. The informational video is seven
minutes long and provides the viewer with an outline of services that are provided by SBeAP and some
testimonials by small business owners that have received assistance from the SBeAP.  The video is being
sent to trade/business organizations, small business development centers, chambers of commerce, etc.
and will be used at workshops and tradeshows throughout the State. Through the USEPA, the SBeAP is
also sending the video and PSA to small business assistance programs in the other 49 states, plus the
territories. The PSA is being sent to various television and radio stations to be aired promoting the
services available to small businesses in New Jersey from the SBeAP.

    A regulatory compliance calendar was also produced in English and Korean for New Jersey's dry
cleaning industry.  The calendar was originally borrowed from the Florida Small Business Assistance
Program. The calendar is an easy to use document to keep records required by the USEPA. The SBeAP
with help from two dry cleaner associations is distributing these calendars throughout the State. Through
the USEPA, New Jersey has also shared electronically the calendars with the small business assistance
programs nationwide.

If you have any questions or comments or would like to get more information, please feel free to contact
the New Jersey SBeAP at (609) 292-3600.

Texas Lends Businesses a Helping Hand with Hazardous Waste!

    Do you know how to classify your hazardous waste? Do you know your hazardous waste generator
status? Many small businesses and local governments can't answer these questions, so the Small
Business and Environmental Assistance Division (SBEA) of the Texas Natural Resource Conservation
Commission (TNRCC) thought of a way to help. In October 1999, SBEA developed the book "Industrial
and Hazardous Waste: Rules and Regulations for Small Quantity Generators."  "We know that waste
issues are often confusing for facilities, so we wanted to consolidate the requirements and explain them
in plain language, and we  feel this book accomplishes exactly that," said Tamra-Shae Oatman of the

    The book, which is aimed at small Texas facilities who often don't understand complicated waste
regulations, was mailed to about 4,000 registered small quantity generators of hazardous waste. One
happy customer had this to say about the book: "This is great! It's easy to understand, relatively short,
and gives you the how, what, where, when and who. Great job!!!"

   The book includes information about waste identification, notification/storage/management
requirements, and transportation regulations. For a free copy, call (512) 239-0028, and ask for RG-234.

Iowa Environmental Audit Training Manual

    On April 16, 1998 Iowa passed a law on environmental self-assessment and audit privilege, known
as the 'Environmental Audit Privilege and Immunity Act'. The act also establishes a 'training program'
to be developed jointly by the Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) and the Iowa Department of
Natural Resources (IDNR).
The 'training program' focuses on proper conduct of environmental audit; local, state, and federal
environmental regulations that apply to businesses in Iowa. The training mainly focuses on 'what and
how' of environmental audit and how businesses in Iowa can take advantage of the state self-audit law
and the federal audit policies.  This is not be a training program on environmental regulations, although
media specific examples are used to illustrate various aspects of conducting a compliance audit. This
program has been under development over last year and a half and recently has been finalized after pilot
training and modifications.

    A training manual and interactive CD-ROM has been developed for the training program and is
available from IWRC upon request. Video clips, audio narration, checklists etc. are incorporated in the

The Handbook of Environmental Regulations for Agribusiness

    The Handbook of Environmental Regulations for Agribusiness provides a"one stop" resource of
pertinent environmental regulations that impact businesses that serve the agriculture industry.  Areas of
concern are vehicle maintenance, grain handling, agri-chemicals, and bulk fuels.  Details of pertinent
water regulations, air emissions, hazardous waste regulations, solid waste regulations, underground
storage tanks regulations, emergency planning and community right to know reporting are provided for
each of these areas.

Arizona's Sbap Hosts Environmental Health & Safety Seminar

    The Maricopa County Small Business Environmental Assistance  Program (SBEAP) partnered with a
local environmental professional group to host a seminar in October 2000.  The seminar was titled
"Regulatory Round-up" and was received very positively. Approximately 115 people (including staff &
speakers) were in attendance for this 1/2 day seminar. The $50 fee included breakfast, lunch and a
recycled rubber padfolio.  Topics included OSHA, Fire Safety, Emergency Planning, Air Permitting, P2
and mentoring.  Attendants ranged from small to large businesses in  various industries, along with
consultants and regulatory agencies.

    What was NEW: The SBEAP's web site included comprehensive information  about the agenda,
speakers, meals and online registration.  The majority of attendants heard about this seminar through our
new email marketing. We recently compiled a large email contacts list. We used this list to send
seminar information and remind attendants about the seminar. Marketing by email is immediate, easy &

    Evaluations for "Regulatory Round-up" were very positive. We received about 25% of evaluations
back.  Using ratings of 1-5 (l=poor & 5=excellent) we asked about usefulness, speakers, Q&A, length of
seminar, facilities, lunch,  information, and handouts.  All of these areas rated 4.23 or higher (except for
facilities - sound problems). When asked if they would attend another "Regulatory Roundup", 74% said
definitely and the remainder said probably.  Approximately 87% said they could attend an all-day
seminar.  We also inquired about what other topics they would like to see at the next seminar and
decided to host an Emergency Management Systems (EMS) workshop in February based on responses.
For more information, contact Richard Polito at  (602) 506-5102.

                   State  Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP)

                                             Success  Stories

                                   (from the 1999 state reports)

Arkansas has had a great deal  of success with aerial applicator "fly ins," where pilots fly to seminars at locations around the
state. The pilots learn about pollution issues, storage tank regulations, and Department services, such as the loan program.

One of California's success stones is the concept of a "pre-permit" meeting. A permit engineer is available to meet with the
applicant to help them complete application forms and to explain  the applicable rules and regulations.  This helps the applicant
and also helps the district permit engineer to get a more "complete" permit application.

In 1999, the The South Coast Air Quality Management District's (CA)  SBAP noted inconsistencies in how a certain permit
fee exemption was being applied to small businesses, which had no prior history with the AQMD.  A memo was sent to all
engineering managers to  alert them to this issue. In addition, whenever the SBAP staff helped complete an application that was
entitled to the exemption, they  included a note to the review engineer highlighting the exemption. This action saved businesses
from paying a 50% surcharge for their permits

Colorado's SBO assisted a "financial hardship" dry cleaner case. As a result, the owner will be able to obtain brand new
equipment and continue to operate versus being closed down due to not complying with regulations.

A dry cleaner was referred to the Georgia SBAP for assistance by one of the enforcement programs.  The SBAP visited the
cleaner and determined that his compliance problems centered around his lack of familiarity with the dry-to-dry machine and
recordkeepmg.  Staff members  assisted him with the recordkeeping requirements and brought in a Union retailer to train him in
the proper use of the machine.  Union provided their assistance at no charge to us or the dry cleaner. The facility was
reinspected several months later by the enforcement program and was found to be in compliance.

Through free lead risk assessments, Indiana SBAP  successfully located and assisted many childcare facilities that had high lead
levels in their drinking water, paint, soil, or dusts. Asbestos inspections sometimes were cost-prohibitive for these facilities as
well, so the SBAP staff are being trained to become asbestos inspectors.

Iowa Environmental Assistance Program (IAEAP) provided permitting assistance to an independent, 12-employee facility that
produces custom aluminum and zinc castings for diverse manufacturers.  After a review of the facility's operations and air
emission sources, IAEAP determined that the company needed air quality construction permits for two existing casting emission
sources and for two additional (new) casting sources that it planned to install. These applications subsequently were approved
by IDNR, and construction permits were issued for the four sources. The permits required paniculate matter (PM10) stack
testing and opacity testing for the existing sources, costing approximately $8,600. IDNR  accepted an alternative testing regime
proposed by IAEAP and the company in which one  stack would be tested with additional  testing only if the  first  test results
showed excedence of allowable standards. As a result, the company saved $4,600 on their stack testing requirements.

Massachusetts encouraged companies to develop integrated emergency plans that also were preventive in nature. The
companies used the emergency planning process for reducing chemical use risk, which typically focused on deciding what to do
after an accident For example, one company redesigned its process to reduce the risk of loss from pumping operations. Another
reduced shipments of chemicals to its facility. Other activities included enclosing transfer operations to reduce volatization,
adding secondary containment, improving training,  and reviewing chemical use to reduce quantities.

Over the past year, the Nebraska SBAP identified four businesses that were required to submit applications for permits and
assisted the business manager in understanding the requirements under state environmental laws. In the process,  other business
owners were called and site visits were set up and provided. Like a sales organization, SBAP asks business owners if others that
he or she knows could profit from SBAP's help.

New York's SBEO advocated for several owners/managers of residential properties in New York City that had been issued an
Order of Consent for failure to submit a complete Title V Facility Permit application. The SBEO opposed the DEC Title V
permitting violations and civil penalties, because failure to accept the emission cap in a timely manner did not cause a threat  to
health, safety, or the environment.  As a result of meetings between the SBEO and DEC/EPA, DEC reduced the penalty amount
for facilities whose actual emissions qualify for registration.

A West Virginia company with a portable crusher was issued an Notice of Violation and  Cease and Desist order, which would
have resulted in a $10,000 minimum fine and a $1,000 permit fee if a permit was found to be required for this process. SBAP
acted as the company liaison and facilitated an OAQ Permitting determination of "No Permit Needed" and assisted OAQ
Enforcement in the withdrawal  of the NOV and C&D. For more Information Contact Angel Martin-Diaz, (412) 577-2643.


   In October 1999, EPA's Office of Small Business Ombudsman announced ten demonstration projects funded
under a Small Business Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program. These projects are designed to improve state
environmental assistance to small businesses with an emphasis on measuring results and benefits. The awards, for
up to a two-year period, ranged from $60,000 to $100,000.

   The ten projects, taken together, have the potential to demonstrate three major assistance program capabilities:

   •    the capability to approach 100% regulatory compliance in a targeted industry sector
        the capability to create partnerships that extend the reach and impact of state compliance assistance
        the capability to deploy powerful program assets, such as outreach channels, information systems, smart
        business models, one-stop shopping and referral,... that can reach and engage small businesses

   The 10 demonstration projects are following two broad strategies. Five of the projects are testing management
strategies for systematically moving a specific industry sector into full compliance and toward cleaner technologies.

   •    California: South Coast Air Quality Management District. The project is testing a multi-state, public-
        private partnership approach to assist small businesses in reducing air emissions. The test is focusing on the
        water heater and boiler manufacturing industry.
        Kansas:  State University Pollution Prevention Institute. The project is testing an approach to assure cost
        effective, one-on-one assistance to small businesses. Retired engineers provide direct assistance in three
        industries: dry cleaners, automotive repair/auto body and metal finishing.
        Maine: Department of Environmental Protection. The project is testing a strategy to reduce pollution by
        changing business practices in a targeted sector. One-on-one assistance is designed to help businesses
        switch to optimum, clean technologies. The test focuses on auto repair and auto body shops.
   •    Minnesota: Pollution Control Agency. The project is creating partnerships to provide on-going assistance
        to  an entire industry. Compliance assistance is being provided to the reinforced plastics and boat
        manufacturing industries.
        New York: Environmental Facilities Corp. The project is demonstrating how a well organized information
        and public relations strategy can move a defined industry sector to compliance. The demonstration
        proposes  to move 2,700 gasoline stations into compliance with  leak test requirements.

   The remaining five are using partnerships to extend and leverage the  reach of assistance programs. They use
partner organization channels to reach small business with information.  Greater demand for compliance assistance
and increased compliance are the expected outcomes.

   •    Colorado: Department of Public Health and the Environment. The project is developing a network of
        partners to expand the reach of its  small business assistance program. It is integrating resources of several
        assistance providers, and, integrating assistance tools tailored to specific customer needs.
   •    Montana: Department of Environmental Quality. The project will develop and test marketing methods to
        stimulate requests for assistance from the small business community and to increase business and public
   •    New Jersey: Department of Environmental Protection. The project is using leverage  to expand the reach
        and impact of a small compliance assistance program. The leverage will come through partnerships with
        other assistance providers using high impact materials. Partners are mobilized for direct outreach to small
   •    South Carolina: Department of Health and Environmental Control. The project has reached out to small
        auto repair shops and salvage yards that are often beyond the reach of the regulatory sector. Partnerships
        will be used to reach businesses with specific materials and training.
   •    Wyoming: Department of Environmental Quality. The project is building a state information system to
        locate small business customers for direct compliance assistance. This data base will be used to send to all
        affected small businesses in the state an information guide describing the full range of compliance
        assistance resources available.  Partners will help develop the guide and distribute it.

   After the projects are completed in middle of the year 2001, results will be reported to the U.S. Congress under a
Congressional mandate and, published and  distributed to the small business community and other interested groups.
For more information contact: Karen Brown, at (202) 260-1390 or, by e-mail at


 Three new documents that provide information to small businesses and laboratories about environmental
 management, auditing, and hazardous waste management are available from EPA. The documents are
  "Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories, "  "Little Known But Allowable Ways to Manage
 Hazardous Waste, " and "The Small Business Source Book on Environmental Auditing. "
 "Environmental Management
 Guide for Small Laboratories,
 The Second Edition"
 When is a waste a waste? What
 exactly is a satellite accumulation
 area? Is sink disposal of
 hazardous waste allowed? Is an
 air permit required for laboratory
 ventilation devices?  How is
 pollution prevention incorporated
 into everyday laboratory
 practices? To assist  small labs in
 answering these and many more
 questions, EPA offers the second
 edition of the successful and
 popular "Environmental
 Management Guide for Small
 Laboratories" (Guide).

 The Guide helps users manage
 unique environmental
 considerations common to labs
 and provides practical guidance
 on solving problems  associated
 with compliance and the
 implementation of best
 management practices.

 Special Issues about Labs

 Most labs are small independent
 businesses or small entities
 affiliated with a larger
 organization. In these labs,
 environmental management is
most likely a shared
responsibility or administered by
part-time staffer through
collateral duty. The updated
Guide will be geared toward
providing lab staff with current
and concise information on
regulations and management
practices as well as pollution
prevention (P2) and waste
minimization.  Labs present
unique environmental risks
because there are numerous
substances used, there is high
variability in operations,
there is a high likelihood of
creating a new substance, and
there is a high degree of
independence among the
individual labs. Labs further
face the challenge of
adopting environmental
regulations that are geared
toward manufacturing and
industrial facilities. OSHA
estimates that there are
approximately 35,000 labs in
the U.S.

What Changes were Made?

The original Guide, published
in 1998, addressed many
unique issues and challenges
labs face from existing
environmental regulations.
The success of the original
Guide prompted EPA to
produce a second edition that
contained updated
information and
improvements. The result is
a Guide which:
•  More uniformly
   addresses environmental
•  Provides a bridge to
   regulatory programs not
   managed by the EPA
   (e.g., OSHA, Department
   of Transportation (DOT),
   Nuclear Regulatory
   Commission (NRC)).
•  Expands and integrates
   P2 and waste
    minimization opportunities.
•   Adds a fifth chapter titled
    "Little Known But Allowable
    Ways to Manage Hazardous
•   Incorporates additional
    information including
    Environmental Training,
    Biologically Active
    Substances and Wastes,
    Radioactive Sources, Special
    Wastes (universal waste, used
    oil, and battery management),
    Hazardous Materials
    Handling and Storage, and
    Sustainable Practices (green
    purchasing, energy and water

Guide Organization

•   The body of the Guide
    consists of sections covering
    15 key environmental
    management issues.
•   Each section is organized to
    provide information on
    regulatory considerations (an
    overview of Federal
    regulations),  management
    issues (developing
    procedures and plans and
    establishing programs), and
•   Management suggestions and
    real-life examples are
    presented in each section,
    which concludes with a
    checklist that is ideal for self-
•   The final chapter of the
    Guide contains the '''Little
    Known but Allowable Ways
    to manage Hazardous  Waste"

 "Little Known But Allowable
 Ways to Manage Hazardous

 "Little Known But Allowable
 Ways to Manage Hazardous
 Waste" provides information on
 allowable alternatives to the
 traditional and costly methods of
 hazardous waste disposal off-site.

 What are the Five Methods of
 On-site Disposal or Treatment?

 The Clean Water Act allows for
 certain types of hazardous waste
 to be disposed of down the drain
 under the domestic sewage
 exclusion (DSE), and the
 Resource Conservation and
 Recovery Act provides for on-site
 generator treatment without a
 permit through elementary
 neutralization, recycling,
 treatment in accumulation
 containers, and small-quantity
 on-site burning.


 •   The document describes the
    five methods and identifies
    which states allow each.
 •   The document also provides
    information on where and
    how to get the state
    hazardous waste regulations
    and current and tested
    contacts for further

 "The Small Business Source
Book on Environmental
 "The Small Business Source
 Book on Environmental
 Auditing" (Source Book)
 provides information on
 environmental auditing resources
 relevant to small businesses.
 Large businesses have long
recognized the value of auditing
as a tool that helps minimize
liability, avoids compliance
costs associated with new
projects, and identifies
opportunities for improved
operating practices.
However, small businesses
have been slower to accept
auditing as a valuable
business practice. The
Source Book should be useful
to small business owners,
representatives, and
assistance providers to learn
about auditing practices and
the value of auditing by
directing them to the most
relevant sources of
information and training.

What is Environmental

EPA defines environmental
auditing as a periodic,
objective, and documented
assessment of an
organization's operations
compared to audit criteria.
Audit criteria may be
compliance requirements
such as regulations, or may
be management practices that
benefit the environment.  In
either case, an audit provides
information on the
operational status of an
organization compared to
management's environmental
performance expectations.

Why Conduct an Audit?

It is useful to think of an
audit as a diagnostic exam
and operations tune-up.
Afterwards, the business
should run more smoothly.
By conducting the exam, a
business gains a better
understanding of where its
operations stand compared to
audit criteria and indicates what
areas need to be addressed to
improve performance. Like other
tune-ups, an audit should be
conducted periodically.
Also, for those not sufficiently
trained, the services of an expert
may be needed.

Source Book Organization

•   The Source Book has five
    chapters addressing General
    Resources; Auditing
    Standards and Guidance;
    Audit Criteria; Audit Tools;
    and Audit Training Courses.
•   The information within each
    chapter is organized by
    source type: Book, Checklist,
    Manual, Web Site, Software,
    Standard, Training, and
    Reference Web  Site.
•   Each source is described and
    then graded on a scale of 1-3 1 being most relevant to
    small business.

The "Environmental
Management Guide for Small
Laboratories,"  "Little Known
But Allowable Ways to Manage
Hazardous Waste, "  and  "The
Small Business Source Book on
Environmental Auditing" are
available from the U.S. EPA
Small Business  Division, Ariel
Rios Building, MC 2131, 1200
Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460;  the toll
free hotline, 1-800-368-5888, or
the Small Business Division web
""}. Ask
or look for documents EPA 233-
B-00-001, EPA 233-B-00-002,
and EPA 233-B-00-003


     "Practical Guide to Environmental Management
                    for Small Business"
This fact sheet has been prepared to provide information about a new document being developed on environmental
management for small business.
 What is environmental
 Environmental management
 can be defined as:
 •   How your company
    identifies and meets
    environmental regulatory
 •   How your company
    manages environmental
 •   How your company
    responds to spills or other

 Environmental management,
 simply put, is a collection of
 activities and processes a
 small business undertakes to
 ensure environmental
 requirements are met and
 environmental impact is

 Why is environmental
 management so important?
 Environmental management
 allows businesses to function
 more efficiently while
 maintaining compliance with
 environmental regulations.
 This can be an overwhelming
 task for a small business
 where one individual may be
responsible for environmental
management on a part-time

 What EPA resources will be
EPA recognizes the unique
challenges associated with
small businesses and is
developing a document titled,
"Practical Guide to
        Environmental Management
        for Small Business"
        (Practical Guide).

        The Practical Guide will offer
        relevant information to assist
        a businesses wading through
        vast quantities of information
        now available on the Internet
        and in print. The Practical
        Guide will provide answers
        to the most common
        questions asked by small
        business managers about
        environmental management.

        The Practical Guide will
        address the following topics:

        Environmental Management:
        Discussion  on why green is
        good for the bottom line,
        customer preferences for
        environmental management,
        environmental expectations
        with the new global
        economy, and the
        relationship between
        environment and quality.

        Organization and Staffing:
        Discussion  on management
        commitment to policy
        statements,  job functions,
        including sample job
        descriptions, and integrating
        safety with  environmental

       Practical Implementation -
       Establishing a System:
       Recommendation on
       documentation and record
       keeping, reporting, planning,
       training, auditing, and how to
incorporate the information you
already have into a documented

Property Management:
Explanation of how
environmental management
relates to real estate transactions,
storage and inventory
management, trucks and
shipping, and energy efficiency.

Pollution Prevention: Provides
information on opportunity
assessments and cost benefit

Working with Outsiders: Guides
a small business through
interviewing, hiring, and
communicating with
environmental consultants,
lawyers, regulatory agencies,
neighbors and citizen groups,
customers, and suppliers and

Environmental Management
Systems (EMS) Primer (Primer):
Provides introductory
information on EMS and
explains why this topic is so
popular now.  The Primer will be
published as a stand-alone

The Guide and Primer will be
available the end of March from:

Small Business Ombudsman
Office of Policy, Economics,
and Innovations
U.S. Environmental Protection
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington DC 20460

                   What's New In Chemical Accident Prevention
                                         Carole L. Cameron
              EPA's Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office
                                       compiled Dec. 5, 2000

Regulatory Developments

     Facilities that report information under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act should
expect to see some changes for emergency planning, accidental chemical release notifications, and hazardous chemical
inventory reports by next Fall.  The changes are expected to reduce reporting burdens for the small business
community by streamlining reporting requirements, while preserving the public's health and "right-to-know."

     New regulations will address remaining issues from EPA's proposed rule of June 8, 1999. Reporting thresholds
for gasoline and diesel fuel at retail gas stations were included in a separate final rule; 64 FR 7031, Feb.  11,1999

     Issues that remained following the 1999 final rule included: reporting thresholds for rock salt, sand, and gravel
and other chemicals that pose a minimal risk; clarification of mixtures reporting and changes to the interpretation of
the existing hazardous chemical exemption for solids under EPCRA Section 311; guidance on approaches to State
flexibility; and revision of reporting thresholds for facilities with some similarities to gas stations (motor pools,
marinas, rental car facilities and van and bus lines).

     Most of the changes EPA is eyeing would be optional and would  require "buy in" from States.  For example, the
proposal established  an infinite threshold level for chemicals were thought to pose a minimal risk or minimal hazard.
Regardless of what amount of such a chemical was present at a facility, it would be less than the infinite threshold
amount and reporting under EPCRA Section 312 would not be required. EPA is working with States and others to craft
an approach.

     Eliminating unnecessary reporting will help focus emergency preparedness and planning on more
significant hazards. And, local communities are best suited to judge the level of risk presented in site-specific

     Not all issues would have to be addressed in a rulemaking. The Agency could, for example, publish
guidance or post Questions and Answers on its website to address issues such as whether companies could use
the form required under the RCRA Underground Storage Tank program to fulfill the  EPCRA 312 annual
inventory reporting requirement.

     In the future, companies may find that much of their EPCRA reporting could be handled electronically.
The proposed rule discussed several ways to reduce the burden of reporting such as the development of
partnership programs between SERCs, LEPCs and fire departments that would allow companies to submit
reports to a single place, instead of all three.

Timeline: Look for a rulemaking in Fall 2001. Guidance and Q&A's will be available in Spring 2001.

Refresh your memory:  Take a look at the proposed regulatory changes on EPA's Chemical Emergency
Preparedness and Prevention Office website at

On Aug. 4, 2000, EPA and DOJ finalized regulations governing public access to information concerning the
potential off-site consequences of accidental releases. The Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Regulatory Relief Act required the government to assess both the chemical risk reduction benefits of allowing
public access to OCA information and the increased risk of terrorist and other criminal activity from posting the
information on  the Internet. Based on these assessments, the final rule allows public access to the OCA portions
of the RMPs in ways that minimize the likelihood of chemical accidents as well as the increased risk of terrorist
and criminal activity  associated with Internet posting. For a summary of the regulation go to

Chemical Safety Alerts

     Companies that  outsource chemical reaction processes, distillation, drying, formulating, blending and
packaging products to augment in-house production should read new guidelines developed by the American
Institute of Chemical Engineers Center for Chemical Process Safety.  While most of these operations proceed
without incident, recent major accidents have pointed to weaknesses in some tolling arrangements. Identified
shortcomings include the lack of effective communication, inadequate outsourcing procedures, incomplete
technology transfer, use of improper equipment, and lack of effective management oversight

     The document is available  through AIChE publications at or by telephone at (800) 242-
4363. Contact: Carole L. Cameron, 202 564-7398


                                    SMALL BUSINESSES

                       U.S. EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT)

                           HPV Challenge Program Update: December, 2000

The "High Production Volume" (HPV) Challenge Program is the result of separate studies by Environmental
Defense (formerly the Environmental Defense Fund), the American Chemistry Council (ACC) (formerly the
Chemical Manufacturers Association), and the EPA. Those studies confirmed that basic toxicity testing data were
not publicly available for a great majority of the industrial chemicals used in highest volume in the U.S. economy
(those produced or imported in quantities of more than one million pounds per year). Of the more than 2,800
chemicals that were identified as being HPV, 43 percent were found to have absolutely no publicly available data,
while only seven percent could be characterized as having the full set of data available.  Without this basic hazard
information, it is difficult to make sound judgments about what potential risks these chemicals could present to
people and their environment.

The lack of data in the public domain prompted the Vice President in 1998 to challenge industry to supply the
missing information on a voluntary basis. The resulting HPV Challenge Program has been an ambitious effort to
tackle the problem by uncovering and assembling existing toxicity data that already exist outside of the public
domain and then testing chemicals where data gaps remain. The final,  and by no means least important part of the
Program, will be to make these important data readily available to scientists, policy makers, concerned citizens,
communities,  industry, environmental advocates, and the EPA.

Since the HPV Challenge Program was announced in late 1998, 469 companies, working either independently or
through 187 consortia, have publicly  committed to make screening level health and environmental hazard data
publicly available by the year 2005 on approximately 2,155 chemicals. Commitments to the HPV Challenge
Program have come from companies  and consortia of all sizes around the world. There have even been
commitments  from companies that were not asked to participate, while others have volunteered chemicals that were
not on the original list.   The Agency  has now updated both the HPV Challenge Program Chemical List and the
1994 List of HPV Additions to reflect all responses that have been received and processed to date.  (A list of the
currently sponsored HPV Challenge Program Chemicals can be found at: where there is also a link to the summary report of companies
and consortia, as well.) It is important to note at this time that, since the voluntary sponsorship phase of the HPV
Challenge Program has ended, any HPV chemicals that have not been sponsored are subject to being included in an
upcoming Test Rule under Section 4 of the Toxics Substance Control Act (TSCA).

It initially appeared that  the majority of the companies who first signed up to sponsor chemicals, either individually
or as part of consortia, were among the larger companies in the industry. For example, about 70 percent of the
largest Fortune Magazine chemical companies are on the list of sponsoring firms (seven of the top ten firms  and 18
of the top 25). Many of the sponsoring companies are also members of one or more of the larger trade associations,
such as ACC  or the American Petroleum Institute (API), and are participating in consortia that are sponsored by

those organizations. Early in the program, the smaller firms, particularly those among the specialty and batch
producing segment of the industry, had expressed concerns about their ability to participate and were not as well
represented on the sponsors' list. As the volunteer period drew to a close, however, many of the smaller firms had
also begun to respond - particularly as members of the consortia that were established by the trade associations that
represent their segment of the industry. The Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association (SOCMA) and
its members can be specially recognized for their efforts here, as well as the members and trade associations of the
dye and pigments, and flavors and fragrance, industries.

It is important to note here that the actual conduct of the HPV Challenge Program should have  only a minimal effect
on small business, since there already exists a small business exemption in TSCA-related activities, including the
Inventory Update Rule (IUR) reporting.  Companies that produce less than 10,000 pounds of a substance per year
are exempt from reporting under the Inventory Update Rule (and it was the  1990 IUR which was used to generate
the actual HPV Challenge Chemical list -- that is, those chemicals for which the aggregate production volume was
one million pounds or greater). Irrespective of their participation in this program, our dialogues with the smaller
companies and the trade organizations that represent them continues. We remain committed to working with small
businesses, particularly those within the specialty and batch chemical industry and their representatives, on the
issues of particular concern to them.

Although the December 1st, 1999 deadline to sign-up and sponsor chemicals under the voluntary phase of the
Program has long passed, some companies might still decide that they wish to enter into the HPV Program, either
individually or as members of the various consortia.  In that case, they may  still be able to participate prior to their
chemicals being listed on a final test rule. For example, they might be able to participate in either the International
Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) or the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD) international programs. In any event, they should make their desires known to the Agency as  soon as
possible. One of the easiest ways to send a comment or request information on the HPV program is through the
ChemRTK web page at . (Enter the site and click on the "Submit Technical
Questions" button.)

Companies and consortia are now submitting the first test plans and robust summaries of the existing data that they
are uncovering. As of this writing in early December, the Agency has received a total of about 15  Test Plans  and
Robust Summaries. (These include information for over 200 chemical substances, since plans  and summaries can
be submitted for categories of chemicals as well as for individual chemicals.) You may review and comment on
these test plans and robust summaries by visiting our website at:  Stakeholders and other interested parties are encouraged to
participate in the public review process and to comment on the completeness and adequacy of these submissions by
way of the "submit comments" button on the ChemRTK website.

For more information on the Program and to learn of new developments as they occur, or to submit your comments,
please visit our Web Site at You may also contact the Office of Pollution Prevention and
Toxic's Small Business Liaison — Frank Neumann at (202) 260-1772 (or by e-mail at
You may also write me at:

        Frank Neumann
        Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics
        Mailcode 7408
        U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
        Ariel Rios Building
        1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
        Washington, DC  20460

                   United States
                   Environmental Protection
                                                      Office of Research and
                                                      Washington, DC 20460
EPA's  Small Business Innovation

Research (SBIR)  Program

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is one of 10 federal agencies that
participate in the SBIR Program established by the Small Business Innovation
Development Act of 1982. The purpose of this Act was to strengthen the role
of small businesses in federally funded R&D and help develop a stronger national
base for technical innovation.  A small business is defined as a for profit
organization with no more than 500 employees.  In addition, the small business
must be independently owned and operated,  not dominant in the field of
operation in which it is proposing, and have  its principal place of business
located in the United States. Joint ventures and limited partnerships are eligible
for SBIR awards, provided the entity created qualifies as a small business.

EPA issues annual solicitations for Phase I and Phase II research proposals from
science and technology-based firms. Under Phase I, the scientific merit and
technical feasibility of the proposed concept is investigated.  EPA awards firm-
fixed-price Phase I contracts of up to $70,000 and the period of performance for
these contracts is typically 6 months. Through this phased approach to SBIR
funding, EPA can determine whether the  research idea, often  on high-risk
advanced concepts, is technically feasible, whether the firm can do high-quality
research, and whether sufficient progress has been made to justify a larger Phase
II effort. The Phase I report also serves as a basis for follow-on commitments.

Phase II contracts are limited to small businesses that have successfully completed
their Phase  I contracts.  The objective  of Phase II is to further develop the
concept proven feasible in Phase I.  Competitive awards are based on the results
of Phase I and the scientific and technical merit and commercialization potential
of the Phase II proposal. Under Phase II, EPA can award  contracts of up to
$295,000 and the period of performance is typically 2 years.  The goal of Phase
II is to complete the R&D required to commercialize the technology.

EPA's next Phase I Solicitation will open on March 29,2001, and will close
on May 24, 2001.  The solicitation will be posted on the National Center for
Environmental Research and Quality Assurance WEBSITE  at:


Please note that the last Phase I solicitation, which closed on May 25, 2000, is
still on the WEBSITE for informational purposes only. The solicitation includes
a description of the program and descriptions of typical  topic areas.  The
solicitation  also  is available by fax. If you need a fax copy of last year's
solicitation or if you have any questions, please call James Gallup at: (202) 564-
6823 or the EPA SBIR Helpline at:

            EPA's Draft Public Involvement Policy Summary

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a Draft 2000 Public Involvement
Policy on December 28, 2000 and is seeking public comments on the Policy through April 27,
2001.  The Policy will provide guidance and direction to EPA officials on effective means to
involve the public in its regulatory and program decisions.

    The purposes of the Policy are to:
    •   strengthen EPA's commitment to early and meaningful public involvement;
    •   ensure that environmental decisions are made with an understanding of the interest and
       concerns of affected people and entities;
    •   promote the use of a wide variety of techniques to create opportunities for public
       involvement in Agency decisions; and
    •   establish clear and effective procedures for conducting public involvement activities in
       EPA's decision-making processes.

    When final, the Policy will apply to all EPA programs, including such activities as
rulemaking for significant regulations, permit issuance or modification, selection of plans for
cleanup of hazardous waste sites, and other significant policy decisions. The Policy will not
replace public participation requirements established by existing laws or regulations, but will
supplement those requirements and enable EPA to implement them in the most effective ways.

    All EPA programs and regional offices will implement the Policy when it is finalized. In the
interim, EPA will be applying the Policy as internal guidance. EPA is soliciting comment on
how best to encourage states, tribes and local governments that implement delegated programs to
adopt similar policies.

    The new Draft Policy is based  on an earlier policy issued in 1981 that was never fully
implemented. The new Policy parallels the earlier one, except that it addresses many changes that
have occurred since 1981. These include: EPA's additional responsibilities under new statutes,
regulations and Executive Orders;  new and expanded public participation techniques; new
options for public involvement through the Internet; EPA's emphasis on achieving compliance
through partnerships, technical assistance, and public access to information; increased capacity of
states, tribes and local governments to carry out delegated programs; and new government-wide
administrative procedures and public involvement requirements.

    The Draft Policy was published in the Federal Register on Thursday, December 28, 2000.
View the Draft Policy at: Call Loretta Schumacher at 202-260-
3096 for printed copies or request e-mail copies from

    EPA invites your comments sent to or by mail to Patricia Bonner,
USEPA - Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation, Mail Code 1807, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave,
NW, Washington, DC 20460.

 Policy Office  Builds Small  Business
 Sector Programs
 Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation / Sector Strategies Division
                             Sustainable  _
 Since 1993, EPA has been working in partnership with
 industry sectors to find new ways to improve environ-
 mental performance while easing the burdens of regula-
 tion. The Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation
 (OPEI) directs cross-media sector programs in which
 government and other stakeholders team with businesses
 to learn about factors that influence environmental man-
 agement decisions (drivers-barriers analysis) and then
 test ways to improve performance. OPEI helps put them
 into operation if they bring cleaner, cheaper results.

 After success using this approach with the metal finish-
 ing industry, OPEI is now building new programs with
 other small business sectors: meat processing, metal
 casting, specialty-batch chemicals, ship building and
 repair, and travel & tourism. OPEI also is leading de-
 velopment of a 5-year sector strategy for EPA. Following
 are just a few highlights of progress in all these areas.


 On June 14, EPA joined with the National Ski Areas As-
 sociation in a partnership to assist the industry's efforts to
 exceed environmental compliance requirements. The vol-
 untary initiative establishes a set of principles for a broad
 range of improvements in areas such as smart growth, air
 quality and waste management. To support the ski indus-
 try, EPA will provide technical assistance, using partner-
 ship programs such as the Water Alliance for Voluntary
 Efficiency, Waste Wise, Energy Star, Smart Growth, and
 demonstration projects for environmental management
 systems and transportation improvements. Other federal
 agencies and non-profits are partners in the effort. For
 more information, see: {HYPERLINK
 http://www. }


The metal casting industry recently decided to undertake
four projects with EPA and states to address performance
drivers and barriers.  An air permitting New Source Re-
view Guidance Manual will be prepared to help metal
casters and regulators speed up the permit process and
improve compliance.  A Beneficial Uses of Foundry Sand
project will help states decide safe uses for non-hazardous
spent sand and open markets for the material. Various
Environmental Assistance initiatives will improve com-
pliance and "beyond compliance" behavior.  A Casting
Industry Stewardship Performance Track program will
 provide incentives for exceptional environmental perform-
 ance. EPA expects that use of these products and services
 will bring significant environmental improvements in metal
 casting—particularly air emissions reductions and waste


 Meat industry leaders have joined with EPA, USDA, and
 states to identify opportunities for improving environmental
 performance and act on them. Stakeholders have proposed a
 five-point Meat Processing Environmental Stewardship Pro-
 gram: a Performance Track similar to the one being devel-
 oped by the casting industry (see above); a sector-specific
 Environmental Management System; expanded compliance
 assistance; External Stewardship initiatives for processors to
 work with suppliers and communities; and environmental
 research and technology development. Stakeholders will
 define the program over the coming months.


 OPEI's Sector Strategies Division leads the National Metal
 Finishing Strategic Goals Program (SGP), a first-of-its-kind,
 sector-wide environmental stewardship program. Participat-
 ing companies voluntarily strive to achieve good compliance,
 resource conservation, and emission reductions.  Government
 regulators at all levels provide assistance and remove barriers
 to better performance, rewarding firms that show progress.
 As of June, over 425 companies, 21 states, and 75 local gov-
 ernments are partners with EPA in the SGP. Over 100 of
 these stakeholders  took part in the 2nd annual SGP summit
 meeting in Chicago, sharing success stones, tackling com-
 mon problems, and reviewing data on progress made to date.


 OPEI/SSD is developing a five-year Agency sectors strategy.
 Slated for release this fall, the strategy will serve as guide-
 book to develop, implement, and measure progress in sector
 work across EPA.  It is being created in concert with the
 multi-stakeholder National Advisory Council for Environ-
 mental Policy and Technology (NACEPT) and EPA program
 and regional offices. Sector work within EPA is now being
 assessed: what work is underway in what parts of the
 Agency, and how different projects  are selected, managed,
 implemented and measured. The strategy will contain a vi-
 sion for the future of sectors, the current state of sectors, and
framework, implementation and measurement sections.
                                        FOR MORE INFORMATION

 Visit EPA's Sustainable Industry website at {HYPERLINK}, or contact the Sector
   Strategies Division, (202) 260-1246, US Environmental Protection Agency (Mail Code 2128), Washington, DC 20460.

  DfE: Environmental Health and Safety Consultant to Small Businesses

The Challenge

    The EPA's Design for Environment (DfE) Program evaluates technology alternatives based on human health
and environmental risks, as well as performance and cost.  DfE specializes in partnering with small business-
dominated industries, such as auto refinishing and printing, to help them incorporate these concerns into their daily
business practices. Small businesses usually do not have environmental, health and safety (EHS) personnel or
financial resources to address these matters. Therefore, DfE serves as a facilitator by providing resources and
consultation to them and their industry representatives.

DfE's Auto Refmish Project

    The EPA Design for the Environment (DfE) Program, m co-operation with the small business compliance center, CAR-
Greenlinkฎ, recently announced a new virtual auto body shop, on line at  The virtual auto
body shop, consisting of a paint mixing room, paint spray booth, and main room, links to primary health, safety, environmental
and technical information sources for auto refimshers (car painters), shop owners, technical assistance providers, and other
interested parties.

    The DfE Program ( is working with the collision repair industry and individual shops to increase
awareness of the health and environmental concerns associated with auto refinishing, particularly during spray painting and
related activities. The site advances the goal of DfE's Auto Refmish Project ( to bring
safer, cleaner, and more efficient practices and technologies to the auto refinishing shop. The result: healthier painters and shop
workers, reduced pollution and emissions to the community, and increased spray painting efficiencies that will save money.

    The virtual shop provides readily accessible information including,  DfE best practices and technical information,  fact
sheets from New Jersey's Right-to-Know program on solvents, pigments, and other chemicals used in auto refinishing; direct
links to paint companies who have publicly posted their material safety data sheets (MSDS) and health and safety materials; and
a link to a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Alert for information on health effects of
diisocyanates, the hardener in clear coats used by shop painters and the leading cause of occupational asthma.

DfE's EMS: Screen Printing

    The DfE/EMS, an enhancement of the ISO 14000 approach, is designed as a sector-specific tool for companies
to make informed decisions based on EHS information.  DfE is currently working on an EMS pilot project with the
screen printing industry. Small businesses dominate this industry, with fifteen employees at the average shop.  DfE
helps educate printers so that they can develop stronger roles in managing EHS matters in their businesses.  The
EMS focuses on reducing wasted ink and minimizing VOC emissions, solid waste, and polluted wastewater so
printers can run their shops more efficiently.  Marcia Kinter of the Screenprinting & Graphic Imaging Association
International (SGIA) describes the EMS as "a way of integrating environmental issues into your normal business
decision-making activities."

    Overall, the DfE/EMS is a useful tool for any industry aspiring to manage EHS issues more effectively. DfE
encourages the use of EMS in other industry sectors. DfE has found that linking up with trade associations,
especially ones demonstrating commitment to environmental leadership, is an effective way to bring EMS to an
industry. If you believe your trade association may be a good DfE/EMS partner,  please contact us.

The Bottom Line

    As these examples demonstrate, DfE plays an important role in improving business practices by analyzing
current technologies and providing educational materials and training to small businesses. The result thus far has
been healthier, more profitable businesses. For more information about DfE, or to obtain copies of DfE materials,
please visit our website at If you have an interest in a future DfE project, please call Carol
Hetfield at 260-1745 or 202-260-1678.

National Compliance Assistance Clearinghouse Launched

    In early December, The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced the availability of an innovative
web site, the National Compliance Assistance Clearinghouse.  This site provides instantaneous access to the
information everyone needs to comply and go beyond compliance with environmental regulations. For the first
time ever, EPA, the states, small business assistance providers and other key stakeholders joined forces to put this
Clearinghouse together by linking to all of their web sites and providing direct access to essential compliance
assistance materials across all programs and sectors.

    This new clearinghouse is a single repository of essential compliance assistance materials from EPA, state, local
and tribal government and the private industry. The National Compliance Assistance Clearinghouse, unlike other
EPA web sites, contains many cutting edge features that solicit interaction and participation from the user
community. Besides providing quick access to compliance assistance information and links to experts across the
country, the Clearinghouse allows the users to add links from their own web sites, tell EPA their compliance
assistance needs, find out what compliance assistance activities are being developed by others, share with other
users their planned compliance assistance activities, rate the usefulness of the information provided, and
communicate  with other compliance assistance providers.

    This new clearinghouse differs from the ten existing compliance assistance centers funded by EPA in that it
provides linkage to compliance assistance information across different organizations, program focus areas and
sectors.  Instead of duplicating the unique services the compliance assistance centers provide, the Clearinghouse
supports and augments these services.

    Developed in answer to requests from state and other compliance assistance providers that EPA create a central,
national network to help them find information quickly and allow them to communicate with each other more
effectively, the Clearinghouse is a result of Administrator Browner's initiative to enhance and expand the agency's
efforts to help the compliance assistance providers, industries, businesses, and individuals meet their environmental
compliance responsibilities. It is located on the World Wide Web at Copies of the
Clearinghouse brochure will be available through the National Service Clearinghouse of Environmental
Publications (NSCEP) at 1-800-490-9198. For more information about the Clearinghouse, please call 202/564-

Forum 2001

    As a result of the positive feedback from last year's Compliance Assistance Forum, EPA is planning a follow-
up conference, the National Compliance Assistance Providers Forum 2001. The Forum will be held March 7th-9th,
2001 at the Lowes Hotel in Annapolis, Maryland.

    The Forum will  provide an opportunity for compliance assistance providers to share their views with EPA and
other compliance assistance providers on improving compliance  assistance planning, policy and implementation.
The information from the Forum will be used to:
    plan projects and address priorities for fiscal year 02/03,
•    identify areas where EPA can help providers and industry meet their compliance needs,
    get feedback on formulating national compliance policies, and
    identify opportunities to promote more effective use of compliance assistance resources.

    To register or find out more, please call 703-247-4256 or send an mail to caforum(o),  To
reserve a hotel room at the government per diem rate of $90.00,  please call  the Loews Annapolis Hotel by 2/4/01 at
800-526-2593 or 410-263-7777 and ask for the US EPA Block.  For additional information contact: Joanne
Berman at (202) 564-7064

                                    EPA Audit Protocols
EPA has developed 10 compliance audit protocol manuals as part of an on-going effort to produce a set of 13 multi-
media documents to assist the regulated community, including small businesses, in conducting environmental audits.
The 10 protocol documents produced to date are organized by statute and provide coverage of the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), EPCRA, CERCLA, The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the Toxic
Substance Control Act (TSCA) and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). The RCRA
protocols provide audit guidance for hazardous waste generators, RCRA treatment storage and disposal facilities,
RCRA regulated storage tanks (above and underground storage tanks), facilities that manage universal waste and used
oil, and RCRA Subtitle D waste. EPA also issued audit protocols for PCBs, asbestos and lead-based paint activities
regulated under TSCA, reporting requirements under EPCRA and CERCLA, management and production of pesticides
under FIFRA, and the management and operation of public water systems regulated under the Safe Drinking Water

EPA developed these protocols in support of several EPA policies and programs, such as EPA's Small Business Policy
which is designed to promote environmental compliance by providing compliance assistance and incentives  like
penalty waivers to eligible facilities with 100 or fewer employees. In addition, the protocols were designed to
encourage businesses and organizations to perform environmental audits and disclose violations in accordance with
EPA's Audit Policy. The audit protocols are intended to help provide guidance to regulated entities conducting
environmental compliance audits and to ensure that audits are conducted in a thorough and comprehensive manner.

Each protocol offers guidance on key requirements, defines regulatory terms, and provides an overview of the federal
laws affecting a particular environmental management area. It also includes a checklist containing detailed procedures
for conducting a review of facility conditions. The checklists actually outline performance objectives for the auditor
and offer a line of inquiry when evaluating a facility for compliance.

The ten audit protocols that have already been completed and are available to the public include:

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Hazardous Waste Generators  under the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (EPA Document No., EPA-305-B-98-005)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities  under the
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (EPA Document No., EPA-305-B-98-006)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits Under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-
to-Know Act (EPA Document No., EPA-305-B-98-007)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act (EPA Document No., EPA-305-B-98-009).

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Facilities Regulated under Subtitle D of RCRA (EPA
Document No., EPA-300-B-00-001)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Used Oil and Universal Waste Generators under the
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (EPA Document No., EPA-300-B-00-002)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Storage Tanks under the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (EPA Document No., EPA-300-B-00-006)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Facilities with PCBs, Asbestos, and Lead-based Paint
Regulated under TSCA (EPA Document No., EPA-300-B-00-004)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits of Public Water Systems under the Safe Drinking Water
Act (EPA Document No., EPA-300-B-00-005)

Protocol for Conducting Environmental Compliance Audits under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and
Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) (EPA Document No., EPA-300-B-00-003)

EPA expects to issue three more audit protocols to the public between December 2000 and March 2001  including:  The
Clean Air Act; The Clean Water Act; and TSCA.

You can obtain hard copies of the protocols by contacting EPA's National Service Center for Environmental
Publications (NSCEP) at 1-800-490-9198. When ordering copies from NSCEP, please reference the title and the
document number of the protocol(s) you've selected. The protocols can also be obtained electronically via EPA's  Web
site: For further  information on the protocols, contact Richard Satterfield
(202) 564- 2456.


X"     Compl i ance ^
I     Assistances
                                     - -•"^
Access the Compliance Assistance Centers at
Helps the automotive service and
repair community identify flexible, com-
mon sense ways to comply with envi-
ronmental requirements, www.ccar-
  C  C  A  R

Provides innovative Web site
features to direct chemical manufacturers to
information resources and plain-language com-
pliance assistance material.
Local Government Environmental
Assistance Network (LGEAM)
Serves as a "first-stop-shop" by providing
environmental management, planning,
and regulatory information for local gov-
ernment officials, managers, and staff.
National Agriculture Compliance
Assistance Center (Ag Center)
Serves as the "first stop" for information
about environmental requirements that  A  Centers
affect the agriculture community.
(This is a government run center)

National Metal Finishing Resource
Center (NMFRCJ
Provides comprehensive environ-
mental compliance, technical assistance, and
pollution prevention information to the metal fin-
ishing industry,
                                National Metal Finding
                                  Resource Canter
                 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                 has sponsored partnerships with industry,
              academic institutions, environmental groups,
              and other federal and state agencies to estab-
              lish Compliance Assistance Centers for ten
              industry and government sectors.

              If you own a small business in one of these
              sectors, these resources can help you under-
              stand your environmental obligations,
              improve compliance, and find cost-effective
              ways to comply.
Paints and Coatings
Resource Center
Provides regulatory compliance
and pollution prevention infor-
mation to organic coating facilities, industry
vendors and suppliers, and others, www.paint-
Printed Wiring Board              —
Resource Center                "•"""" tA>
Provides regulatory compliance and pollution
prevention information to printed wiring board
manufacturers, industry vendors and suppliers,
and others,

Printers' national Environmental
Assistance Center (PNEAC)
Provides compliance and pollu-
tion prevention fact sheets, case studies, and
training, as well as two e-mail discussion
groups on technical and regulatory issues.

Transportation Environmental
Resource Center (TERC)
Provides compliance assistance information for
each mode of transportation - air, shipping and
barging, rail, and trucking.
              Fed Site
              Serves as the "first stop" for informa-
              tion about environmenta;! laws and
              regulations that affect Federal
              departments and agencies.
              (This is a government run center)
 For more information, contact Tracy Back, 202-564-7076 or e-mail:

 The Centers Just Keen Getting Better I
The Centers are continually developing new
features to better serve their customers. Be
sure to explore the new Center developments!


At CCAR-GreenLinkฎ, don't miss the:
• Expanded CCARฎ Pollution Prevention
   Center - the most complete Internet gateway
   to pollution prevention materials designed
   for the automotive service and repair indus-
• New collision/body shop virtual graphics -
   find plain-language regulatory, pollution pre-
   vention, best-practice information -and
   more- applicable to repair shops, spray
   booths, and paint mixing rooms.
View the new streaming videos
featured at Transource:

   Deicing Options and Issues
   Aviation Environmental Management
   Tenant  Liability & ISO 14000
   Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
   FAA and the Environment
                           Paints and Coatings
                           Resource Center
Get your questions answered toy the
"Ask the Expert" service.
Ron Joseph, Coatings
Editor of Metal Finishing
Magazine and author of
"Organic Guidebook
and Directory," answers
your e-mail questions.  Also, visit the questions
and answers archive.
Printers' National Environmental
Assistance Center
Missed the "High
Performance Flexo:
Printing With A Cleaner
Greener Image" live web-
cast?  Don't despair!
View the webcast or a pro-
gram portion, and learn
• Ink Management
• Case Study: Highland
   Supply Corp.
                                                                             WfTH A CLEANER
                                                                             GREENER IMAGE
                                                    Solvents, Wipes & Towels:
                                                    Issues and Choices
                                                    Update on Management of Used Shop
                                                    Towels & Wipes
                                                    Solvent and Aqueous Plate Processing
Stay current with the latest news
effecting the agriculture sector.
Ag-related news is announced
through the Center's list server
and posted at the Center. Join the
list server or log on frequently to
stay current with:
   Health & safety alerts
   Upcoming & recent compliance dates
   Items for which EPA is accepting
   Other environmental compliance
   news sources.
Subscribe to the list server at
ture, click on News and Alerts.


     EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance (OECA) has recently revised the following policies to respond to the environmental
 compliance needs of small business: \Pohcyon Compliance Incentives for Small Business^and the Final Policy on Environmental Self-Auditing and Self-
 Disclosure. The Enforcement Response Policy was not modified. Under these policies, the Agency will protect public health and the environment by
 providing small businesses with incentives to proactively pursue environmental compliance and pollution prevention activities. These policies are briefly
 described below.


     EPA issued the revised  Small Businesses Compliance Policy, effective May 11, 2000, to provide small businesses with incentives to participate
 in compliance assistance activities and programs, or conduct environmental audits.  This policy supersedes the June 1996  version and expands upon
 EPA's 1994 Enforcement Response Policy under the Clean Air Act Section 507. The policy implements, in part, the Executive Memorandum on
 Regulatory Reform (60 FR 20621, April 26, 1995) and Section 223 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (signed into
 law on March 29, 1996) (SBREFA).  Under this policy, EPA will eliminate or reduce civil penalties provided the small business satisfies all of the
 following four criteria:
 •    The small  business has  voluntarily discovered a violation. These may be discovered by the business by participating in compliance assistance
     programs, mentoring, use of checklists from the Internet or by voluntary audits.
 •    The small business voluntarily discloses the violation within 21 days. This disclosure must be sent in writing to the regulatory agency. Businesses
     may disclose to the EPA Region or to the appropriate State and Tribal agencies if they have similar policies.
 •    The small business corrects the violation and remedies any associated harm within 180 days of discovery; an additional 180 days may be granted
     if pollution prevention technologies are being used.
 •    The small business has not used this Policyor been subject to enforcement action for the same or similar violation in the past three years and has
     not been subject to two or more enforcement actions for environmental violations in the past five years. The violation has not caused serious harm
     to public health, safety, or the environment; it does not present imminent and substantial endangerment to public health or the environment;  and
     it does not involve criminal conduct.
     Please see the actual Policy for more specifics on the criteria and on violations that are ineligible. Information about using the Policy, questions and
 answers, and the types of violations that have been disclosed will be posted and periodically updated on the website. For more specific information on
 this policy, contact Ann Kline,  Office of Compliance,  at (202) 564-0119 or visit


     EPA issued the revised Final Policy on "Incentives for Self-Policing: Discovery, Disclosure, Correction and Prevention of Violations" in the Federal
 Register on April 11, 2000 (65 Fed. Reg.  19,617). Commonly referred to as the EPA Audit Policy, it provides regulated entities of all sizes with
 incentives to voluntarily discover, disclose, and correct violations of environmental laws and requirements.. Under the Audit Policy.

 •    EPA will not seek gravity-based penalties from entities that systematically discover potential environmental violations, promptly disclose them to
     EPA, expeditiously correct them and meet all other conditions of the Policy.

 •    For entities that disclose violations that were not systematically discovered, EPA will reduce gravity-based penalties  by 75% provided all other
     Policy conditions are met.

 •    EPA will generally not recommend criminal prosecution for entities that discover, promptly disclose, and expeditiously correct violations which
     are potentially criminal,  provided all other Policy conditions are met.

     The Policy excludes repeat violations, violations that result in serious actual harm and violations that may present an imminent and substantial
 endangerment.  EPA retains its discretion to recover any economic benefits realized as a result  of noncompliance.

     Issuance of the revised Policy  followed a two-year evaluation of the 1995 Audit Policy. Key revisions include lengthening the period for prompt
 disclosure from 10 to 21 days, clarifying that the Audit Policy is available in the multiple-facility context, and clarifying how the prompt disclosure and
 repeat violation conditions apply in the acquisitions context

 For more information on this  policy, contact Catherine Malinin Dunn at (202) 564-2629.


     EPA issued the Enforcement Response Policy, effective August 12,1994, to provide small businesses with a limited grace period to correct violations
revealed during requested assistance from a State Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP) established under Section 507 of the Clean Air Act. Under
the policy, two options are provided:
•    SBAPs may offer small businesses a limited correction period for violations detected during compliance assistance Small businesses may have
    up to 90 days to receive compliance assistance from the SBAPs, with the possibility of an additional 90 days to correct any violations discovered
     under the program.  After that time, violations would be subject to existing enforcement policies.
•    SBAPs may offer compliance assistance on a confidential basis. Under this option, the state retains the ability to investigate and/or take enforcement
    actions at any time for violations discovered independently from the Section 507 program. Under the Small Business Compliance Policy, small
    businesses that receive confidential assistance from the SBAP may receive a correction period if the small business voluntarily discloses the violation
    to the appropriate regulatory agency.

For more information on this policy, contact Ann Kline at (202) 564-0119.
For copies of these policies, call (800) 368-5888 and ask for Item 13.


               EPA'S REVISED AUDIT POLICY - Effective May 11, 2000
 General Information

 Formal Title:   "Incentives for Self-Policing:
               Discovery, Disclosure, Correction
               and Prevention of Violations"

 Citation:      65 FR 19,617 (April 11, 2000)

 Web Site:
Purpose - To encourage regulated entities to
voluntarily discover, disclose, correct and prevent
violations of Federal environmental requirements
Incentives Available Under the Audit Policy

Penalty mitigation - Entities that meet all of the
conditions contained in the Audit Policy are eligible
for 100% mitigation of all gravity-based penalties.
Entities that meet all of the conditions except for
"systematic discovery" of violations are eligible for
75% penalty mitigation.  EPA retains its discretion to
collect any economic benefit that may have been
realized as a result of noncompliance.

No recommendation for criminal prosecution -
For entities that disclose violations of criminal law
and meet all applicable conditions under the Policy,
the Agency will refrain from recommending criminal
prosecution for the disclosing entity.
No routine requests for audit reports - In general,
EPA will not request audit reports from those who
disclose under the Audit Policy.
To Make a Disclosure Under the Audit Policy

Disclosures of civil violations should be made to the
EPA Region in which the entity or facility is located
or, where multiple Regions are involved, to EPA
Headquarters. For more information, contact Leslie
Jones at 202-564-5123.

Disclosures of criminal violations should be made to
the appropriate EPA criminal investigation division,
to EPA Headquarters, or to the U.S. Department of
Justice.  For more information, contact Michael
Penders at 202-564-2526.Conditions of the Audit
Policy - Entities that satisfy the following conditions
are eligible for Audit Policy benefits.  (Note: entities
that fail to meet the first condition - systematic
discovery - are eligible for 75% penalty mitigation
and for no recommendation for criminal

Systematic discovery of the violation through an
environmental audit or a compliance management

Voluntary discovery, that is, not through a legally
required monitoring, sampling or auditing procedure.

Prompt disclosure in writing to EPA within 21 days
of discovery or such shorter time as may be required
by law (discovery occurs when any officer, director,
employee or agent of the facility has an objectively
reasonable basis for  believing that a violation has or
may have occurred).

Independent discovery and disclosure, before EPA
likely would have identified the  violation through its
own investigation or based on information provided
by a third-party.

Correction and remediation within 60 calendar
days, in most cases,  from the date of discovery.

Prevent recurrence of the violation.
Repeat violations are ineligible, that is, those that
have occurred at the same facility within the past 3
years or those that have occurred as part of a pattern
of violations within  the past 5 years at another
facility(ies) owned or operated by the same company;
if the facility has been newly acquired, the existence
of a violation prior to acquisition does not trigger the
repeat violations exclusion.

Certain types of violations are  ineligible - those
that result in serious actual harm, those that may
have presented an imminent and substantial
endangerment, and those that violate the specific
terms  of an administrative or judicial order or
consent agreement.

Cooperation by the disclosing entity is required.
For more information on  this policy, contact Catherine Malinin
Dunn at (202) 564-2629.

                     EPA's Small Business Compliance Policy

Background and Purpose

•       This Policy promotes environmental compliance among small businesses by providing them with special
        incentives. EPA will eliminate or reduce penalties for small businesses that voluntarily discover, promptly
        disclose, and correct violations in a timely manner.

•       EPA wants to encourage small businesses to learn about environmental compliance and pollution
        prevention through the wide range  of training, checklists, mentoring, and other activities now available to
        small businesses through regulatory agencies, private organizations, non-profit organizations, and the
        Internet. Therefore small businesses that voluntarily discover a violation because they utilized these types
        of activities may have the penalty eliminated if they meet all the criteria in the Policy.

Effective Date and Citation

•       This Policy is effective May 11, 2000 and supersedes the June 1996 version.  It was published in the
        Federal Register on April 11, 2000, 65 FR 19630.

Who Qualifies to Use this Policy

•       For purposes of this Policy, a small business is defined as a person, corporation, partnership, or other entity
        that employs 100 or fewer individuals across all facilities and operations owned by the entity. Entities can
        also include  small governments and small organizations.

How to Qualify for Penalty Elimination or Reduction

•       EPA will eliminate  the entire civil penalty* if a small business satisfies all four of the criteria below.

        O      The small business voluntarily discovers a violation.  Violations could be discovered after
                attending training classes or seminars, receiving on-site compliance assistance, participating in
                mentoring  programs, or using compliance guides or checklists downloaded from the Internet.

        ฉ      The small business voluntarily discloses the violation within 21 days. This disclosure must be sent
                in writing to the regulatory agency.

        ฉ      Corrections Period - the business corrects the violation and remedies any damage associated with
                the violation within 180 days of its discovery.  However, if the correction will take longer than 90
                days, a written schedule will be necessary. For small businesses that are correcting the violation
                by using pollution prevention technologies, they may have an additional period of 180 days, i.e.
                up to a period of 360 days.

        O      The Policy applies if the:
                a.       violation has not  caused actual serious harm to public health, safety, or the environment;
                b.       violation is not one that may present an imminent and substantial endangerment to public
                        health or the environment;
                c.       violation does not involve criminal conduct;
                d.       facility has an appropriate compliance record. The small business hasn't used this Policy
                        for a violation of the same or similar requirement within the past 3 years and has not
                        been subject to two or more enforcement actions for any environmental violations in 5
                        years; and
                e.       violation has not already been discovered by the agency through inspections or citations,
                        or other methods. A legally required monitoring procedure was not violated.

        Please see the actual Policy for more specifics on the criteria and on violations that are ineligible.

•       *In the rare instance where the small business has obtained a significant economic benefit from the
        violation(s) (i.e., economic advantage over its competitors), EPA will waive 100% of the gravity
        component of the civil penalty, but may seek the full amount of any economic benefit associated with the
        violations.  As of March 2000, EPA has never sought to collect economic benefit since this Policy was
        originally issued in 1996.

Applicability to States

•       EPA will defer to comparable State and Tribal Policies if they are generally consistent with this Policy.

For More Information contact Ann Kline at 202-564-0119 or visit

Information about using the Policy, questions and answers, the types of violations that have been disclosed and any
disclosures that have prompted EPA to collect economic benefit will be posted and periodically updated on the

Listed below are the regional contacts for the Policy and small business issues. The Small Business Liaisons may
also be able to provide more general information on compliance assistance and this Policy.
EPA Regional Contacts
                Policy Contacts
Small Business Liaison
Region 1:
Region 2:
Region 3:
Region 4:
Region 5:
Region 6:
Region 7:
Region 8.
Region 9:
Region 10:
Joel Blumstem
Sam Silverman
Daniel Kraft
John Wilk
Janet Vmiski
Lydia Isales
Angela Blackwell
Bill Anderson
Carol Baschon
Bertram Frey
Tmka Hyde
Jodi Swanson- Wilson
Marcia Moncrieffe
Efren Ordonez
Charles Sheehan
Becky Dolph
David Rochlin
Leslie Guinan
George Hays
Brian Riedel
Jackson Fox
Meg Silver
Adan Schwartz
Dwight Peavey
John Wilk
Davicl Byio
Annette Hill
Glynis Zywicki
David Gray
Jan Lambert
Rob Laidlaw
Mark Samolis
Bill Dunbar
SBCP Fact Sheet June 2000



    Congress recognized the particular problems that many small businesses would have in dealing with the 1990
Clean Air Act Amendments complex requirements.  A typical small business employs fewer than 50 people, and is
the only business operated by the owner. It is the corner dry cleaner, the "mom and pop" bakery, the auto body
repair shop, gasoline service station, the machine, tool and dye company, or one of a host of other local business
establishments. Many have been in the same family and neighborhood for generations.
    Air pollution control regulation may seem very complex to many small businesses.  Many may not be able to
afford to hire lawyers or environmental specialists to interpret and comply with all the requirements they may be
responsible for in the new Act.  Most may be hard pressed to inform themselves about the most basic requirements
and deadlines of the control programs that will affect them, let alone the more complicated issues they are going to
have to address to control air emissions, such as:
    •   The types of pollutants their company emits that are subject to the  Act's requirements;
    •   The methods they can use to estimate emissions for a permit application;
    •   The types of control technologies that are best and least costly for controlling a specific production process
        or chemical substance they use to make goods and services; and
        Process or substance substitutes they can use to prevent or reduce emissions.


    The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments gives each state government the  lead in developing and implementing a
Small Business Technical and Environmental Compliance Assistance Program as part of legally enforceable state
implementation plans.


    The Act establishes certain criteria that a company must meet to qualify for assistance as a small business.  It
must be a small business as defined in the Small Business Act which generally means that it is an independently
owned and operated concern that is not dominant in its field. The business must be owned by a person who
employs 100 or fewer individuals, and cannot be a major stationary source  of either a primary urban (so called
"criteria") pollutant or toxic air pollutant. It cannot, in fact, emit 50 tons or more of a single pollutant a year, or
more than 75 tons of all regulated pollutants.  State governments can modify some of these requirements provided
that the particular source does not emit more than 100 tons a year of all regulated pollutants.


    EPA will be providing several  forms of guidance and assistance to these state assistance programs for the full
    duration of the Act.

    Federal Guidelines: EPA published final guidelines for states to draw upon to develop their assistance
    programs. The Agency has approved each state compliance and assistance program to ensure that it meets the
    Act's requirements.

    Oversight and Monitoring: The EPA Small Business Ombudsman oversees and monitors all state assistance
    programs and makes periodic reports to Congress on each state's progress. Among other things, the EPA
    Ombudsman determines how well the state programs are working and makes sure that the information and
    assistance the states provide is understandable to the layman.

    Technical Assistance and Research: EPA shares information and research that it has developed nationally
    with each state assistance and compliance program. States are able to receive technical assistance through
    several EPA Centers and Hotlines.  These Centers and Hotlines provide a broad range of assistance including
    information concerning the Clean Air Act requirements, control technology data, pollution prevention methods
    and alternatives,  emission measurement methods, air pollution monitoring devices, and prevention of accidental
    releases of toxic  chemicals  into the environment.


    By November, 1992, each state was required to develop a plan for implementing a Small Business Stationary Source
Technical and Environmental Compliance Assistance Program. Congress envisioned that these programs would be in place
before small businesses begin to feel the direct effects or deadlines of the Act.
    Each state program is required to include three components: (1) appointment of a state small business ombudsman; (2)
establishment of a comprehensive small business assistance program; and, (3) appointment of a seven-member state compliance
advisory panel.

    1.  State Ombudsman: The first component is the State Ombudsman who  acts as the small business community's
        representative in matters that affect it under the Clean Air Act. Other responsibilities of the State Ombudsman could
        be to:
        •    Review and provide comments and recommendations to EPA and state/local air pollution control authorities
            regarding the development and implement of regulations that impact small businesses;
        •    Help disseminate information about upcoming air regulations, control requirements, and other pertinent matters
            to small businesses;
        •    Refer small businesses to the appropriate specialists in state government and elsewhere for help with particular
            needs (e.g., available control technologies and operating permit requirements); and,
            Conduct studies to evaluate the effects of the act on state and local economies, and on small businesses generally.

    2.  Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP): The second component of the overall state program is the Small Business
        Assistance Program which is the technical and administrative support component within the state government.  The
        SBAP staff has access to air quality experts, technically proficient engineers, scientists and managers, and environmental
        specialists who provide support and technical assistance needed by small businesses to comply  with the Act's
        requirements. Related responsibilities include:
        •    Informing businesses of all requirements in the Clean Air Act that apply to them and the dates these requirements
            will apply;
        •    Helping small businesses deal  with specific technical, administrative and compliance problems;
        •    Disseminating up-to-date information about the Clean Air Act to the small business community, including easy to
            understand public information materials; and,
        •    Referring small businesses to environmental auditors who can evaluate how effective a company's work practices,
            monitoring procedures, and record-keeping are for complying with applicable clean air requirements.

    3.  State Compliance Advisory Panel: The third component of the overall state assistance program consists of a seven-
        member state compliance advisory panel in each state for determining the overall effectiveness of the state SBAP. Four
        of these members must be small business owners or representatives selected by the state legislature; the governor of each
        state selects two other members to  represent the "general public." The seventh member is chosen by the head of the
        state agency responsible for issuing operating permits.
            The State compliance advisory panels reviews and renders advisory opinions on the effectiveness of the state SBAP,
        and makes periodic progress reports to EPA' s Small Business Ombudsman concerning compliance of the small business
        program with other pertinent federal regulations.  The compliance advisory panels also makes certain that information
        affecting small business is written in a style that is clear and understandable.


    This is a general  list of the typical kinds of small type businesses  affected by one or more of the air pollution control
programs under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. All small businesses should consult their state pollution control agency
for more specific details about the controls that will be required in their area.

    Agricultural Chemical Applicators         Furniture Manufacturers          Newspapers
    Asphalt Manufacturers                    Furniture Repairs                Pest Control Operators
    Asphalt Applicators                      Gasoline Service Stations         Photo Finishing Laboratories
    Auto Body Shops                        General Contractors              Printing Shops
    Bakeries                                Hospitals                       Refrigerator/Air Conditioning
    Distilleries                              Laboratories                    Service and Repair
    Dry Cleaners                            Lawnmower Repair Shops        Tar Paving Applicators
    Foundries                              Lumber Mills                   Textile Mills
                                           Metal Finishers                  Wood Finishers


November 27, 2000 CLEAN AIR ACT
South Coast AQMD
Blake Roper
Tom Turner (Acting)

Kathleen Tschogl
Tim Brown
Cathy Heald
Tracy Babbidge
To be Announced
Sandra Handon
Elsa Bishop

Patrick Felling
Sally Tarowsky
Don Squires
Linda King
Erika Seydel-Cheney
Janet Neff
Rose Marie Wilmoth
Jim Friloux

Bon Jackson
Ron Dyer
Dana Cole
Charlie Kennedy
Angle Heffner
Jesse Thompson
(334) 394-4335
(N) (800) 533-2336
(907) 269-7582
(800)-5 10-2332

(916) 323-6791
(S) (800) 272-4572
(909) 396-3235
(303) 692-2034
(S) (800) 886-7689
(860) 424-3382
(S) (800) 760-7036
(302) 739-6400
(850) 414-8399
(S) 800-722-7457

(808) 586-4528
(208) 373-0472
(S) (888) 372-1996
(N) (515) 242-4761
(S) (800) 358-5510
(317) 232-8598
(S) (800) 451 -6027
(785) 296-0669
(N) (800) 357-6087
(N) (800) 926-81 11
(225) 765-0735
(S) (800) 259-2890

(410) 631-3165
(S) (800) 633-6101, X 3772
(S) (800) 789-9802
(651) 297-8615
(S) (800) 985-4247
(N) (800)361-4827
(IV) (800)725-6112
Mike Sherman

Jack Bale
Richard Polito
Joe Bob Garner
Peter Venturini
Larrv Kolczak
Nick Melliadis

Olivia Achuko
Elsa Bishop
Anita Dorsey-Word
Robert Tarn

Roslyn Jackson
John Konefes
Cheri Storms
Richard Nelson
Gregory Copley
Dick Lehr

Andrew Gosden
Roy Krout
Dave Fiedler
Troy Johnson
Byron Shaw
Randy Wolfe
(N) (800) 533-2336

(602) 207-2254
(S) (800) 234-5677, x 4337
(916) 445-0650
(S) (800) 272-4572
(909) 396-3215
(303) 692-3175
(N) (800) 333-7798

(202) 535-2997
(S) 800-722-7457
(404) 362-4842
(808) 586-4200

(S) (800) 252-3998
(S) (800) 422-3109
(S) (800) 45 1-6027
(785) 532-4999
(N) (800) 578-8898
(N) (800) 562-2327
(225) 765-2453
(S) (800) 259-2890

(207) 287-8550
(S) (800) 789-9802
(N) (800)662-9278
(S) (800)657-3938
(573) 526-6627
(N) (800) 361-4827
(N) (800)725-61 12

Bonnie Rouse
Edythe McKinney
Tom Franklin
Rudolph Cartier
Lauren Moore
Sandra Ealy
Marcia Manley
Keith Lashway
Jeff Burgess
Mark Shanahan
Steve Thompson
Paul Burnet
Gene Delvecchlo
Luis Velez

Phyllis Copeland
Joe Nadenicek
Ernest Blankenship
Israel Anderson
Renette Anderson

John Daniel

Dave Bassage
Pam Christenson
Dan Clark
(406) 444-3648
(N) 800-433-8773
(919) 733-0823
(N) (800) 829-4841
(402) 471-8697
(603) 271-1379
(609) 292-3863
(N) (800) 643-6090
(505) 827-9685
(N) (800) 810-7227
(775) 687-4670, X3162
(S) (800) 992-0900
(518) 292-5348
800-782-8369 (S)
(701) 328-5153
(S) (800) 755-1625
(614) 728-3540
(S) (800) 225-5051
(405) 702-7100
(503) 229-5776
(717) 772-8951
(787) 384-8614

(803) 898-3997
(N) (800) 819-9001
(605) 773-3836
(S) (800) 438-3367
(615) 532-6262
(N) 800-734-3619
(512) 239-5319
(N) (800) 447-2827
(801) 536-4478
(N) (800)458-0145

(S) (800) 592-5482

(608) 267-9384
(N) (800) 435-7287
(307) 777-7388
Warren Norton
Tony Pendola

Rudolph Cartier
Chuck McCarty
Lany Weaver
Janet Goodman
Marian. Mudar, Ph.d
Tom Bachman
Rick Carleski
Alwin Ning
Jill Inahara
Cecily Beall
Maria Rivera
Pam Annarummo
James Robinson
Tim Rogers
Linda Sadler
Tamra Shae-Oatman
Ron Reece
Judy Mirro
Richard Rasmussen
Marylyn A. Stapleton
Bernard Brady
Fred Durham
Renee Lesjak-Bashel
Charles Raffelson
(406) 444-5281
(N) (800) 433-8773
(919) 733-0824
(N) 800-829-4841

(603) 271-1379
(609) 292-3600
(505) 827-0042
(N) (800) 810-7227
(775) 687-4670, x3164
(S) (800) 992-0900 X4670
(518) 457-9135
(S) (800) 780-7227
(701) 328-5188
(S) (800) 755-1625
(614) 728-1742
(405) 702-6100
(503) 229-6147
(S) (800) 452-4011
(215) 656-8709
(N) (800) 722-4743
(787) (787) 294-0101
(401) 222-6822 X7204
(S) (800) 253-2674
(803) 898-3981
(N) (800) 819-9001
(605) 773-3151
(S) (800) 438-3367
(615) 532-8012
(N) (800) 734-3619
(512) 239-1066
(N) (800) 447-2827
(801) 536-4091
(N) (800)270-4440
(802) 241-3745
(S) (800) 974-9559
(804) 698-4394
(S) (800) 592-5482
(340) 774-3320 X5167
(360) 407-6803
(304) 926-36474
(S) (800) 982-2474
(608) 267-6153
(N) (800) 435-7287
(307) 777-7347
Note: (S)- State (N) - National

                                       State  Pollution Prevention Technical Assistance Programs
Region 1
US EPA Region 1
Abby Swame
1 Congress St.
Suite 1100 (SPN)
Boston, MA 02214-2023
Ph. 617/918-1841
Fx. 617/918-1810

Connecticut OEP
Kim Trella
79 Elm St
Hartford, CT 06106
Ph  860/424-3234
Fx  860/424-4081

Maine DEP
Chris Rushton
State House Station 17
Augusta, ME 04333
Ph  207/287-7100
Fx  207/287-2814
chris rushton@state

Massachusetts OTA
Scott Fortier
100 Cambridge St Rm2109
Boston, MA 02202
Ph 617/626-1090
Fx 617/6261095
scoff fortier@state ma us

MA STEP Program
Paul Richard
100 Cambridge St. Rm 2000
Boston, MA 02202
Ph 617/626-1042
paul us

Toxics Use Reduction Institute
Janet Clark
One University Avenue
Lowell, MA 01854
Ph 978/934-3346
Fx 978/934-3050

New Hampshire DES
Stephanie D'Agostino
6 Hazen Dnve
Concord, NH 03301
Ph  603/271-6398
Fx: 603/271-2867
s_daffostfno@des state nh us

Rhode Island DEM
Richard Enander
235 Promenade St
Room 250
Providence, Rl 02908
Ph  401/222-4700
Fx  401/222-3810

Narragansett Bay Commission
James McCaughey
235 Promenade St
Providence, Rl 02908
Ph. 401/222-6680
Fx  401/222-2584
ppr@narrabay corn

Vermont ANR
Gary Gulka
103 South Mam St
Waterbury, VT 05671
Ph  802/241-3626
garyg@dec anr state vt us

Tern Goldberg
129 Portland St, Suite 602
Boston, MA 02114
Ph  617/367-8558
Fx: 617-367-0449
neppr@tiac net

Region 2
US EPA Region 2
Deborah Freeman
290 Broadway (SPMMB)
New York, NY 10007
Fx 212/637-3771
freeman deborah@epa gov
New Jersey DEP
Melinda Dower
401 E State St, PO Box 423
Trenton, NJ 08625
Fx  609/777-1330
mdowengdep state n/.us

Laura Battista
138 Warren St
Newark, NJ 07102
Ph. 973/596-5864
Fx  973/596-6367

New York DEC-P2 Unit
Mary Werner
50 Wolf Rd
Albany, NY 12233
Ph- 518/457-2553
Fx  518/457-2570
mhwemer@gw.dec state

Puerto Rico Environment
Carlos Gonzales
Ph- 809/765-7517x381
Fx  809/765-6853

Region 3
US EPA Region 3
Jeff Burke
1650 Arch St
Philadelphia PA 19103
Ph  215/814-2761
Fx  215/814-2782
burke jeff@epa gov

Delaware ONR
Andrea Kremer
PO Box 1401
89 Kings Highway
Dover, DE 19903
Ph  302/739-3822
Fx  302/739-6242
akreiner@dnrec state de us

MD Dept of Environment
Laura Armstrong
2500 Broening Hwy
Baltimore, MD 21224
Ph  410/631-4119
Fx  410/631-4477

PA Dept of Environment
Ed Pinero
PO Box 8772
Harnsburg, PA 17105-8772
Ph  717/783-0542
Fx  717/783-2703

PA Technical Assistance
Jack Gido
110 Barbara Bldg II
University Park, PA 16802
Ph  814/865-0427
Fx-  814/865-5909
Virginia DEQ
Sharon K Baxter
POBox 10009
Richmond, VA 23240
Ph  804/698-4344
Fx  804/698-4277 us

West Virginia DEP-OWR
Leroy Gilbert
HC 61 Box 384
Danese, WV 25831
Ph   304/484-6269
Fx  304/558-2780
llgilbert@hotmail comRegion 4

US EPA Region 4
Dan Ahern
61 Forsyth St SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
Ph  404/562-9028
Fx 404/562-9066
ahem.dan@epa gov
Alabama DEM - P2 Unit
Gary Ellis
PO Box 301463
Montgomery, AL 36130
Ph: 334/213-4303

Florida DEP - P2 Program
Julie Abcarian
2600 Blair Stone Road
Tallahassee. FL 32399
Ph. 850/488-0300
Fx  850/921-8061
julie abcanan@dep state fl us

Georgia DNR- P2AD
Jancle  Hatcher
7 MLK  Jr. Dr Suite 450
Atlanta. GA 30334
Ph- 404/651-5120
Fx  404/651-5130
p2ad@/x nercom com

Kentucky DEP
Vicki Pettus
Frankfort, KY 40601
Ph. 502/564-6716

Kentucky P2 Center
Cam Metcalf
420 Lutz Hall
Louisville, KY 40292
Ph  502/852-0965
Fx. 502/852-0964
jcmetc01@gwise lowsville eud

Mississippi DEQ
Thomas E Whitten
PO Box 10385
Jackson, MS 39289
Ph  601/961-5241
Fx 601/961-5349

North Carolina DEHNR
Gary Hunt
PO Box 29569
Raleigh, NC 27626
Ph  919/715-6500
Fx  919/715-6794
gary_hunt@owr ehnr us

South  Carolina DHEC
Robert  Burgess
2600 Bull St
Columbia, SC 29208
Ph- 803/898-3971
burgesre&columbSO dhec us

Tennessee DEC
Angie Pitcock
401 Church St
Nashville, TN 37243
Ph  615/532-0760

Region 5
US EPA Region 5
Phil Kaplan
77 West Jackson Blvd
Chicago, IL 60604
Ph  312/353-4669
Fx 312/353-4788
(tap/an  phil@epa gov

Illinois EPA
Kevin Greene
1021 N Grand Ave. East
Springfield, IL 62794-9276
Ph  217/785-0833
Fx  217/557-2125
epaB603@epa state il us

Illinois  Waste Mgt and Research Center
Tim Lmdsey
One East Hazelwood Dr
Champaign, IL 61820
Ph  217/333-8955
Fx. 217/333-8944
tlmdsey@wmrc uiuc edu

Indiana DEM
John Chavez
100 N Senate Ave PO6015
Indianapolis, IN 46206
Ph  317/233-6658
Fx  317/233-5627
jchavez@dem state in us
Clean Manufacturing Tech & Safe
Materials Institute
Alice Smith
2655YeagerRd Suite 103
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Ph- 765/463-4749
Fx  765/463-3795

Michigan DEQ
Marcia Horan
PO Box 30473
Lansing, Ml 48909
Ph. 517/373-9122
Fx  517/335-4729
rioranm@sfa(e mi us

Minnesota (MN TAP)
Cindy McComas
Minneapolis, MN 55414
Ph  612/627-4556
Fx  612/627-4769
mccom003@/c umn edu

MN Pollution Control
Cindy Hilmoe
520 Lafayette Road North
St Paul, MN 55155
Ph. 651/296-7783
Fx. 651/297-8676
cynthia Mmoe@pca slate mn us

MN Office of Environmental Assistance
Phillip Muessig
520 Lafayette Road North
St Paul, MN 55155
Ph. 651/215-0204
Fx. 651/215-0246
Phillip muessig@moea state mn us

MN Technology Inc.
Kevin O'Donnell
111 3rd Ave South
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Ph. 612/672-3446
Fx  612/497-8475
kodonnell@mait mntech org

Ohio EPA
Michael Kelley
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, OH 43216-1049
Ph  614/644-3469
Fx. 614/728-2807
michael kelley@epa.state.oh us

University of Wisconsin
Rick Grate
610 Langdon St,  Rm530
Madison, Wl 53703
Ph  608/265-3055
Fx- 608/262-6250
grote@wmep org

Natl. Farmstead Program
Liz Nevers
B142Steenbock  Library
Madison Wl 53706
Ph  608/265-2774
Fx, 608/265-2775

Wisconsin DNR
Lynn Persson
PO Box 7921
Madison, Wl 53707
Ph  608/267-3763S
Fx  608/267-0496
Region 6
US EPA Region  6
Joy Campbell
1455 Ross Ave Suite 1200
Dallas, TX 75202
Ph  214/665-0836
Fx. 214/665-7446
Campbell joy@epa gov

                                       State  Pollution  Prevention Technical  Assistance Programs
 Arkansas IDC
 Alford Drmkwater
 One Capitol Mall
 Little Rock, AR 72201
 Ph 501/682-7325
 Fx  501/682-2703
 adnnkwater@aedc/state ar us

 Louisiana OEQ
 Gary Johnson
 PO Box 82263
 Baton Rouge, LA 70884
 Ph  504/765-0739
 Fx  504/765-0742
 garyj@deq us

 Louisiana TAP
 University of New Orleans
 New Orleans, LA
 Ph  504/286-6305
 Fx  504/286-5586

 New Mexico ED
 Patricia Gallagher
 1190 St Francis Dr
 Santa Fe, NM 87502
 Ph  505*27-0677
 Fx 505/827-2846
 pat_gallagher@nmenv state nm us

 Oklahoma OEQ
 Dianne Wilkms
 707 N Robinson PO Box 1677
 Oklahoma City, OK 73101
 Ph  405/702-6116
 Fx 405/702-6100
 dianne wilkms@deqmail state ok us

 Texas NRCC
 Kathey Ferland
 POBox 13087-MC112
 Austin, TX 78711
 Ph  512/239-3177
 Fx 512/239-3165
 kferlandQtnrcc state tx us

 Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance
 Margaret Aycock
 PO Box 10671
 Beaumont, TX 77710
 Ph  409/880-8897
 Fx 409/880-1837
 aycock@ALMARK lamar edu

 TX Manuf. Assistance Center
 Conrad Soltero
 Univ of TX-EI Paso
 500 W University , Surges
 El Paso, TX 75202
 Ph 915/747-5930
 Fx 915/747-5437
 conrad@utep edu

 Lower Colorado River Authority
 Mark Johnson
 PO Box 220
 Austin, TX 78703
 Ph 512/473-3200
 Fx 512/473-3579
 mark johnson@lcra org

 Region 7
 US EPA Region 7
 Chet McLaughlm
 901 N 5" St (ARTD/TSPP)
 Kansas City, KS 66101
 Ph 913/551-7517
 Fx 913/551-7065
 Mclaughlin chil
Iowa DNR
502 E 9th St
DesMomes, IA 50319
Ph  515/281-5353
Fx  515/281-8895
jfiag/eQmax state la us
 Iowa Waste Reduction Center
 Christine Twait
 1005 Technology Parkway
 Cedar Fall, IA50613
 Ph  319/273-8905
 Fax.  319/268-3733
 twait@uni edu

 Linda King
 Small Business Liaison
 Ph  515/242-4761
 Fx: 515-242-6338

 Kansas DHE
 Janet Neff
 Bldg  283 , Forbes Field
 Topeka, KS 66620
 Ph 785/296-0669
 Fx. 785/296-3266
 jneff@kdhe state ks us

 KSU - P2 Institute
 Sherry Davis
 133 Ward Hall
 Manhattan, KS 66506
 Ph- 785/532-6501
 Fx 785/532-6952
 sbd@ ksa edu

 Missouri DNR - TAP
 David Goggms
 POBox 176
 Jefferson City, MO 65102
 Ph 573/526-6627
 Fx: 573/526-5808
 nrgoggd@mail state mo us

 NE Business Development Center
 Rick Yoder
 1135 MSt, Suite 200
 Lincoln, NE 68508
 Ph 402/472-1183
 Fx 402/472-3363

 Nebraska DEQ, P2 Office
 Ben Hammerschmidt
 PO Box 98922
 Lincoln, NE 68509
 Ph 402/471-6988
 Fx 402/471-2909
 deq2l9Qmail deq state ne us

 Anne Brown
 801 Campus Dr
 Garden City, KS 67846
 Ph. 316/276-9505
 Fx 316/276-9523
 abrown@midusa net
 Region 8
 US EPA Region 8
 Linda Walters
 999 18th St, Suite 500
 Denver, CO 80202
 Ph 303/312-6385
 waiters linda@epa gov

 Colorado DHE
 Parry Burnap (OE-B2-PPU)
 4300 Cherry Creek Dr
 Denver, CO 80222
 Ph  303/692-2975
 Fx  303/782-4969
 parry bumap@state co us

 Montana P2 Program
 Michael P Vogel
 109 Taylor Hall
 POBox 173580
 Bozeman, MT59717
 Ph. 406/994-3451
 Fx. 406/994-5417
 mvogel@montana edu

 North Dakota Dept of  Health
 Jeffrey L  Burgess
 PO Box 5520
 Bismarck, NO 58506-5520
 Ph 701/328-5150
 Fx 701/328-5200
jburgess@state nd us
 South Dakota DENR
 Dennis Clarke
 523 E Capitol
 Pierre, SD 57501-3181
 Ph. 605/773-4254
 Fx  605/773-4068

 Utah DEQ
 Sonja Wallace
 168N 1950 West
 Salt Lake City, UT84114
 Ph  801/536-4477
 Fx  801/536-0061
 swallace deq state ut us

 Wyoming DEQ
 Stephen Roseberry
 122 West 25th
 Cheyenne, WY 82002
 Ph  307/777-6105
 Fx  307/777-3610
 sroset>@state wy us

 Region 9
 US EPA Region 9
 Eileen Sheehan
 75 Hawthorn St (WST-1-1)
 San Francisco, CA 94105
 Ph 415/744-2190
 Fx 415/744-1680
 sheehan eileen@epa gov

 Arizona DEQ
 Sandra Eberhardt
 3033 North Central Ave
 Phoenix, AZ 85012
 Ph  602/207-7410
 Fx 602/207-4538
 eberhardt sandra@ev state az us

 CA Integrated Waste Management Board
 Bill Orr
 8800 Cal Center Dr
 Sacramento, CA 95826
 Ph 916/255-2490
 Fx 916/255-4580
 borr@ciwmb ca gov

 California Energy Commission
 David Jones
 1519 9th St
 Sacramento, CA 95814
 Ph-  916/654-4554

 CA Toxic Substance Control
 Kathy Berwick
 PO Box 806
 Sacramento, CA 95812
 Ph.  916/323-9560
 Fx.  916/327-4494

 UCLA P2 Center
 Billy Romam
 Ph.  310/825-2654
 Fx.  310/206-3906

 Hawaii Department of Health
 Marlyri Aguilar
 919 Ala Moana Blvd. Rm 212
 Honolulu, HI 96814
 Ph. 808/586-7496
 Fx.  808/586-7509

 P2 Information Center for Islands
 Jacquelm Miller
 University of Hawaii Environment Center
 Crawford Hall, Rm317
 2550 Campus Rd
 Honolulu, HI 96822
 Ph 808/956-7361
 Fx  808/956-3980
jackiem@hawan edu
 Nevada Small Business Development
 Kevin Dick
 6100 Neil Rd. Suite 400
 Reno, NV 89511
 Ph. 775/689-6677
 Fx: 775/689-6689
 dick@unr edu

 Western Regional Pollution Prevention
 Isao Kobashi
 1735 N First St, Suite 275
 San Jose, CA 95112
 Ph 408/442-1195
 Fx 408/441-0364
 isao tobasj'o@p/n co santa-c/ us

 Region 10
 US EPA Region 10
 Carolyn Gangmark
 1200 Sixth Ave (01-085)
 Seattle, WA 98101
 Ph 206/553-4072
 Fx 206/553-8338
 gangmark carolyn@epa gov

 Alaska DEC
 Marianne See
 555 Cordova St
 Anchorage, AK 99501
 Ph 907/269-7586
 Fx 907/269-7600
 msee@envircon state ak us

 Idaho DEQ
 Katie Sewell
 450 West State St
 Boise, ID 83720
 Ph- 208/373-0465
 Fx 208/373-0169
 ksewell@deq state id us

 Oregon DEQ
 Marianne Fitzgerald
 811 SW Sixth St
 Portland, OR 97204
 Ph 503/229-5946
 Fx 503/229-5850
 fitzgera/d.marianne@deq.state or us

 Washington DEC
 Lynn Helbrecht
 PO Box 47600
 Olympia, WA 98504
 Ph 360/407-6760
 Fx. 360/407-6715
 Ihel481@ecy wa gov

 Pacific Northwest P2 Resource Center
 Madeline Sten
513 1st Ave W
Seattle, WA 98119
 Ph- 206-352-2050
 Fx 206-352-2049
msten@pprc org

Washington State University
Carol Reisenberg
501 Johnson Tower
 Pullman, WA 99164
Ph 509/335-1576
Fx  509/335-0949
andersol/Qwsuvml esc wsu edu
                  This list is updated and maintained on the EPA P2 Home Page at


              Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), under the supervision of the
Director, is responsible for developing policy and procedures implementing the functions and duties
under sections 8 and 15 of the Small Business Act as amended by Public Law (P.L) 95-507 (October
24, 1978) and P.L. 100-656 8(a)  Reform Act.   The  Office develops policies  and procedures
implementing the provisions of Executive Orders 11625, 12432 and 12138 and is responsible for
developing policies and procedures for implementing the requirements of Section 1 05(f) of P.L. 99-499
and Section 1 29 of P.L. 1 00-590. Additionally, OSDBU establishes policy, guidance and assistance to
small and disadvantaged businesses in rural areas and other socioeconomic groups.  The Office
furnishes information and assistance to the Agency's filed  offices for carrying out related activities, and
represents EPA at hearings, interagency meetings, conferences and other appropriate forums on
matters related to the advancement of business enterprises.

                            Direct Procurement Program

The Office develops, in collaboration with the Director of the Office of Acquisition Management, Office
of Administration and Resources Management, Office of Administration and Resources Management,
and EPA senior-level officials, programs to stimulate and  improve the involvement of small business,
minority business, labor surplus areas and women-owned  business enterprises in the overall EPA
procurement process. OSDBU monitors and evaluates Agency performance in achieving EPA goals
and objectives  in the  above areas, and  recommends the assignment of EPA Small Business
Representatives to assist designated Procurement Center Representatives of the Small Business
Administration to carry out their duties pursuant to applicable socioeconomic laws and mandates.

*      Develops policy and procurements impacting socioeconomic businesses
*      Establish and monitor direct procurement goals for:
               ซ*•  Small Business
               ซ•  8(a) Business
               ซ•  Small Disadvantaged Business
               ซ3r  Women-Owned  Business
               its'  HUBZones
              ซ•  Subcontracting
              ซ•  Service Disabled Veterans
*      Compile, collect and assemble statistical data on  socioeconomic programs
*      Mentor-Protege Program
*      Subcontracting Reviews and Approvals
*      Outreach Efforts (Economic  Development Programs for Selected Urban Centers
*      Education Training Program (Co-sponsorships with Workshops, Seminars and Trade Fairs)
       Provides technical and management assistance to small, disadvantaged business enterprises
       and women-owned entities, Alaskan Indian/ American Natives and HBCUs
*      Liaison with Trade Associations, Business Organizations, and Federal Agencies, including:
       Small Business Administration, Minority Business  Development Agency of Department of
       Commerce, Office  of Federal  Procurement Policy, OMB,  Congress, General Services
       Administration, on Socioeconomic matters

   The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) has a OUTREACH CENTER for small, minority and women-owned
   firms to come in and use our facilities to surf the Internet for business opportunities. Our Center is set up in a private room with a
   computer, printer and informational packages that will be very informative in your journey in looking for opportunities on how to do
   business with EPA. You can have one-on-one counseling session with a experienced Small Business Outreach Technical Support
   person who can assist you. Hours of operations are 9:00 am until 4:00 pm, you can call for an appointment at (202) 564-4584.

         Assistance to Minority and Women-Owned Business Program
                       Under Agency Financial Assistance Programs
                                (Grants and Cooperative Agreements)

The Office is responsible for assuring that small, minority, women-owned and labor surplus are firms are given the
opportunity to receive a "fair share" of subagreements during the procurement phase of certain types of financial
assistance awarded by the Agency.  OSDBU develops policies and procedures to aid these business entities with the
assistance of the Grants Administration Division, Office of Administration and the Grants, Contracts and General Law
Division, Office of General Counsel. Additionally, OSDBU is responsible for the collection of data and for monitoring
the effectiveness of the program and serves as the principal focal point between EPA  and the Minority Business
Development Agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

*      Develops and monitors policy and procedures
*      Regions establish "Fair Share" objectives with recipients of financial assistance
+      Recipients report to delegated States or to Regional Offices
*      EPA reports data to the Cabinet Council for Commerce and Trade through the Minority Business Development
*      Provides technical and management assistance to minority and women-owned businesses
*      Provides Regional technical, management assistance and support
*      Compile, collect, analyze and assemble data on DBEs, HBCUs and lAGs
*      Provides reports on financial assistance program to various entities, including Congress

                                 MBE/WBE COORDINATORS

       Sharon Molden
       Otto Salamon
       Romona McQueen
       Matt Robbins
       Rafael Santamaria
       Robert Richardson
       Debora Bradford
       Anthony LaMaster
       Maurice Velasquez
       Joe Ochab
       Michael Letourneau
       Norman White
       Lupe Saldana
       CT, ME, Rl, MA, NH, VT
       NJ, NY, PR, VI
       DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV
       AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN

       IL, IN, Ml, MN, OH, Wl
       AR, LA, NM, OK, TX
       IA, KS, MO, NE
       CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY
       AZ, CA, HI, NV, AS, GU
       AK, ID, OR, WA
                            (404) 562-8371
                            (202) 564-5353
Jeanette Brown
David Sutton
Mark Gordon
Elaine Rice
Mryna Mooney
Elnora Thompson
Deputy Director
Attorney Advisor
National Training Officer
Soc. Bus. Prog. Ofr./Tribal
                                        OSDBU STAFF
(202) 260-8886
(202) 564-4141
(202) 564-4386
(202) 260-3871
Trina Porter
Denean Jones
Tammy Thomas
Thelma Harvey
Theresa Stewart
Soc. Bus. Program Officer
Info. Mgmt. Specialist
Program Specialist
SEE Employee
SEE Employee
(202) 564-4322
(202) 564-4142
(202) 564-4298
(202) 564-2314
OSDBU has a site on the Internet of general information and publications for small businesses interested in doing with
EPA. Our WEB address is:

                                    REQUEST FOR PUBLICATIONS
Small Business Division (SBD)
                                               WINTER 2001
Inquiry Source: [Hotline: Phone
[Add: Init: Date: ]

Small Business Asbestos


] Fax:
Init: Date:

U.S. Mail: Other
] [Delete: Init:

Date: ]

                 TELE. NO.: (



PLEASE COMPLETE THIS SECTION (To receive bi-annual "Updates" and related mailings.}:   Yes:        No:

linaicate, or urcie Below)



No. Employees
State Govt.
County Govt.
City Govt.

EPA Hq.:

EPA Region:
Other Fed.:

(Circle the Corresponding Alpha-Numeric Codes below):
Alpha-numeric codes refer to publications described in "Information For Small Business," available from OSBO
A- 1
A- 2
A- 3
A- 4
A- 5
A- 6
A- 7
A- 8
A- 9
A- 17

B- 1
B- 3
B- 4
B- 5
B- 6
B- 7
B- 8

C- 1
C- 9








D- 1
D- 2



E- 1
E- 2
E- 5

E- 7





F- 1
F- 3
F- 9
G- 1
G- 2


H- 1
H- 5
I- 1
I- 2
I- 3
I- 4
I- 5
I- 6
I- 7


J- 1
J- 2


K- 1
K- 5

upon request.




          Mail to:
          Karen V. Brown, Small Business Ombudsman
          US Environmental Protection Agency
          Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave, NW (1808)
          Washington, D.C.  20460
Remarks/Other Materials Requested:
                Or Telephone:
                Toll Free Hotline: (800) 368-5888
                In the D.C. area, (202) 260-1211,
                or Telefax (202) 401-2302