HC79.A4
C83
      Cost of
  Air and Water
 Pollution Control
    1976-1985
    230 i^:/.
    Chic, •
Section Three
Agency Draft
February 1971

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                                                                     001R76004
         This review draft of the proposed report,  "Cost of Air and Water Pollution


     Control 1976-1985," is a xerox copy produced from the WORD ONE automated word


     processing system.   This system uses symbol and letter conoinations to code


     different type fonts for the photocomposition process that will ultimately pro-


     duce the final report copy.   These symbol/letter codes, i.e.,  $a,  $b, $c, $d,


     $e, $s, and $t, appear in this interim copy at the beginning and ending of
V
\<
}'    chapter heads, paragraph titles,  and tables.  These cooes will, of course, be
\

     removed when the final production process is accomplished.  The following
>-
 ,fĢ   sample page has been included to serve as an example of the final  report's for-
 i
•-,_
'*••>->   mat.

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                                              Section  Three

                      THE  ECONOMICS  OF  WATER  POLLUTION  CONTROL
Chapter  1
Summary
The economics of controlling waier pollution encompasses
both the expected benefits and the probable costs of con tint.
The  principal  findings  in  -the control  cost  aiea  arc
summari/ed below, benefits of water pollution control are
discussed in the next chapter of this section.
       5.    INDUSTRIAL  CONTROL COSTS

Introduction

The extent of water pollution and the cosls of treating it vary
significantly among industries and among ilie firms within
an industry, therefore,  it is important  to  examine the
structure, production methods, sources of pollution, effluent
standards,  and  waslcwater  lontrol  technology foi  each
industry  The  following  sections of  this  chapter briefly
summarise the relevant characteristics of each industry and
report the estimated annual abatement costs attributable to
achieving full compliance  with the  1977 (HPT) and  1983
(BAT) effluent standards.
MODEL ING AN INDUSTRY

The plants in an mdusliy have various options by which to
comply with the water pollution standaids In general they
may

  1.  Fully treat their effluents

  2.  Pretreat their effluents and discharge to a municipal
     system
  3. Change their manufacturing process
                      Table 24.
        Pollution  Control Costs as :\ Percentage
               of Almon Scenario d'NP

Air Stationary
Source Costs
Capital Costs
O&M -Costs
Water liniuslii.il
Costs
Capital Costs
O&M Costs
Water Municipal
Costs
Capital Cosls
O&M Cosls
1>)7S


0 60%
042%


026%
0 02%


0 36%
00.1%
147'


0 47%
0 17%


0 We
002%


0 19%
00".%
I9KO


0 30%
041%


0 52%
021%


0 Jb-7,
0 I2r;
1 9X 1


0 18r;
0 18%


048%
0 279;


007%
011%
|9Ģs


I) 1 1 %
0 14%


006%
0 52%


002%
0 1 ! '*><
ECONOMIC  FORECASTING IN  THE
SEAS  SYSTEM

Economic forecasting within the ST.AS system takes place in
a context which meshes the leattnes of a traditional  input-
output (I/O) model  and econometric model-building The
basic   structural    economic   component   o!   SI-.AS,
INFORUM', is not a typical economic input-output model
It is, to a substantial dcgtee, a combined econotnclric-l/O
approach to economic forecasting.
                  •(1+0
                        N
                                                       Table  10.
                                   General  Projections  of the Reference Scenarios (SI),
                                                       1975-J985

SlalistKs
Population (Millions)
1 ahor Tone (Millions)
tlnemplo\nienl Rale C", )
I'er Capita (1975 i)
Gloss Nation. it 1'roihn.t
(lullion 1975 M
Personal Consumption
r\peiuliluie
Inwstmiut
1 eikial
Value
1975
2 n 9
93 X
K4
1.551

1 470

911
222
117
In
,' 85
215 7
107 7
4 4
5.751

2 .365

1 5(,1
380
136

1975 85
097
1 40
-6 18
494

4 87

530
5 59
1 61
Annual
1975-77
089
1 71
-807
5 16

643

4 87
1 1 69
71
.Yicenta,,
1977-SO
097
1 62
-1066
7%

6 50

7 55
641
.70
Change
1980-8.1
102
1 25
-304
129

3 34

4 36
1 85
2 58

1983-85
1 00
096
-2 94
2 74

3 18

3 79
2 31
243

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                             Table of Contents


Section Three-THE ECONOMICS OF WATER POLLUTION CONTROL

Chapter                                                                 Page

  1         Summary                                                     3-1

  2         The Benefits of Controlling Water Pollution                 3-17

  3         The Costs of Controlling Water Pollution                    3-41

                 Introduction                                           3-41

                 Government Expenditures for Water Pollution            3-59
                 Control

                 Municipal Control Costs                                3-84

                 Run-off from Coal Mining Operations                    3-134

                 Industrial Control Costs                               3-141

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1975 $) - (Continued) COST IN YEAR
1nued)
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wed by chemical
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process water
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-------
Table 5-18-1. (Continued)
Plastics and Synthetics
Industry Data Summary
(Ml H Ion 1975 $) - (Continued) COST IN VEAR
U)
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ase In at least a decade. This Increase was 6.2
U 0*
<0 L.
a o
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nt . compared with 2.3-4.3 percent for the preceding 3
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