United States
                  Environmental Protection
               EPA 745-F-95-001
               March 1995
                  Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics
Recent Changes
in the Toxics Release Inventory
                                                  . Vt

       his brochure explains how

    -, EPA is expanding the

Community Right-to-Know

program through recent changes

to the Toxics Release Inventory,

including an alternate reporting

option that will reduce the

reporting burden on certain

businesses.  EPA is also taking this

opportunity to alert the interested

community of possible changes in
TRI under consideration.

                     What  is TRI?
      The Emergency Planning and
      Community Right-to-Know
 Act of 1986 (EPCRA): contains a
 number of provisions designed to
 aid governments and the public
 understand the presence of toxic
 chemicals and potential hazards in
 their communities.  Section 313 of
 EPCRA requires certain businesses
 to submit reports each year on che
 amounts  of toxic chemicals their
 facilities release into the environ-
 ment, either routinely or as a result
 of accidents. Reports must be sent
 annually to EPA and state or tribal
 governments,  on or before  July 1,
 for activities that occurred  during
 the previous calendar year.  The
 information is compiled and made
 available to the public as the Toxics
 Release Inventory (TRI).

 TRI reporting requirements cover
 all  manufacturing facilities  in the
 Standard Industrial Classification
 (SIC)  codes 20 through 39 with 10
 EPCR.\ is also kne\rn .1? Title HI of SARA (the
Suftrfund Amendments ami Reauthorization Act
ijf I J3£). EPCRA's previsions aver emergency
f tanning, emergency release notification,
ccmmumtv right-to-leiio
reported. TRI has quickly become
one of the most powerful tools in
this country for environmental
protection. The Inventory permits
the public to track chemical
releases at specific facilities and on
a community-wide and state-wide
basis. TRI is already being used
widely by industry, the states, and
environmental groups as a
scorecard for efforts to reduce toxic
releases/ Many companies have
already undertaken substantial
voluntary public commitments  to
reduce their releases of TRI chemi-

Among such voluntary efforts is
EPA's J33/50 program.' In February
1991.  EPA began contacting the
parent companies of TRI facilities
that reported using any of  17 high-
pnonty toxic chemicals to request
their participation in a voluntary
program promoting reductions  in
direct environmental releases and
offsite transfers of these chemicals.
The 33/50 program de-rived its
name from its goals—an interim
33% reduction in the release and
' transfer of these chemicals by 1992
and an ultimate 50%  reduction by
"By working with indus-
try and the communities
who use this data, we've
come uf with a common
sense way to make it
easier for industries that
release lower amounts of
these chemicals to pro-
vide the information that
citizens need and want
to know."

        —EPA Administrator
          Carol ;W. Browner
          \'ov. 28, 1994
 1995. Data from the 1992 TRI
 reports reveals that releases and
 transfers of 33/50 program chemi-
 cals have declined by 40% since
 1988 (the baseline year for the
 program), surpassing the program's
 1992 interim reduction goals by
 more than 100 million pounds.

                Recent  Changes
    EPA has recently begun to
     substantially expand TRI
 coverage. In November 19-94. EPA
 promulgated a regulation adding
 236 chemicals and chemical
 categories to the list of toxic
 chemicals. At the same time, EPA
 made it easier for businesses to
 provide communities  with the
 information they need about low
 volumes of chemical releases
 through the use of a shorter, less
 time-consuming reporting form.
 These changes are discussed in
 more detail below.

 Expanding  the List of
 TRI Chemicals
 In 1987, 320 chemicals and chemi-
 cal categories were included on the
 TRI list. As allowed for in the
 statute, the number of listed
 chemicals and the reporting
 thresholds have changed since the
 initial reporting year.  Among the
 changes, 32 chemicals were  added
 in November 1993, including tho,se
 regulated under the Resource
 Conservation and Recovery Act
 (RCRA) and certain hydrochloro-
 fluorocarbons (HCFCs).: The most
 recent expansion adds 286 listings.
The current total is 654 chemicals
and chemical categories.
    i rule published m the Federal Register jn
Dettmherl, !•'
Reporting on the additional chemi-
cals will be required beginning
•.vith the 1995 calendar year, with
the tirst reports submitted to EPA
and the states by July 1. 1996.  EPA
has developed guidance to assist
the regulated community in
reporting on many of these new
chemicals. Copies of these guid-
ance documents can be obtained
from the EPCRA Hotline at 1-800-

Reporting Option:
New Short Form
EPA was petitioned by the Small
Business Administration and the
-American Feed Industry Associa-
tion to reduce the burden oFTRJ
reporting for certain types of small
businesses. EPA opened the issue
for public comment  and debate,
through publication  of the petitions
in the Federal Register, a public
meeting convened by EPA in
February 1994.and a
proposed rule published in
July 1994.
Upon review of the
comments and additional
analysis, EPA has decided
to establish a streamlined
reporting option for
facilities with low annual
reportable amounts of a
listed toxic chemical.
Facilities that have a total
annual reportable amount
of 500 pounds or less of a
TRI chemical, and that
manufacture, process or
use 1 million pounds or less of a
TFU chemical no longer need to
complete the current long Form R.
Instead, such facilities  (which
otherwise meet the  reporting
requirements of EPCRA Section
313) can submit a  shorter, annual
certification statement. Such
facilities must also maintain
records substantiating'the calcula-
tions that support the facility's
eligibility for the short form.

EPA believes that this rule strikes a
positive balance between maintain-
ing the community's right-to-know
about toxic chemical releases, and-
the economic costs (both to EPA
and industry) of collecting the
information. Like the  most recent
chemical expansion rule, this
reporting modification is effective
for reporting activities  beginning
January 1. 1995 with reports due on
or before July 1, 1996.  For copies
of the certification statement and
eligibility requirements, contact the
EPCRA Hotline at 1-800-535-0202.

                Looking Ahead
 Industry Expansion
 In April 1994, EPA indicated that it
 would be moving forward to
 expand the industries included
 under TRI.

 The primary focus for expansion
 will.be industry sectors that contain
 facilities which have significant
 releases of TRI chemicals and
 which are engaged in activities
 directly related to the support of
 manufacturing activities currently
 covered in TRI. These are sectors
 that provide the raw materials or
 energy necessary for manufactur-
 ing; distribute finished products as
 well as raw materials; or treat and
 dispose of the wastes generated in

 EPA's efforts to move forward in
 this area have been built on public
dialogue with industry. During
May and June 1994. EPA convened
a series of focus groups and meet-
ings with representatives of
 industry sectors as well as environ-
 mentalists. Other public meetings
 are planned, and information will
 be exchanged with industry,
 environmental organizations, and
 state and local governments.

 TRI Phase III:
 Expanding the Types
 of Data Elements
 EPA's third phase of TRI expansion
 involves exploring whether there
 are certain pieces missing from TRI
 that limit the achievement of its
 fundamental mission. A public
 meeting was held in September
 1994 to hear views on the subject
 from a wide range of stakeholders.
 This initial consultation suggested
 that data elements which should be
 reviewed include facility-level
chemical use information and addi-
tional information on occupational

In order to review this issue. EPA
wanes to understand the underlying
questions that stakeholders think
should be answered by TRI'. A good
example  is whether or not the ex-
isting TRI can actually serve as a
national indicator for pollution pre-
vention efforts. Some claim that
the  existing TRI data already allows
this to be done, while others be-
lieve that facility level input/output
data, also called materials account-
ing  data,  is needed to look at this
EPA has not yet made any decisions
on whether or not to pursue addi-
tional data elements for TRI. The
Agency is currently studying these
issues and will  examine a broad
range of relevant issues such as the
cost of reporting, alternative data
elements that might meet the needs
identified, and  the proper role and
authority  of the federal government
in collecting this type of informa-
tion. EPA  will employ an open and
.inclusive public process to shape
this project. A number of meetings
with stakeholders  will be held to
facilitate participation and input.

          For  More  Information
 For Information on
 How to Report:
 TRJ reports must be sent to EPA
 and to designated state agencies by
 July 1 each year, covering the prior
 year's activities. Those who fail to
 report as required are subject to
 civil penalties of up to $25,000 a
 day. To obtain the proper reporting
 form, and for information on
 facilities, chemicals, and threshold
 quantities covered by TRI, contact
 the EPCRA Hotline at 1-800-535-
 0202 or 703-412-9877 in the
 Washington, DC area.

 For additional copies of this
 brochure or a more detailed
 brochure on EPCRA Section 3 13
 Rilease Reporting Requirements (EPA
 700/K-94-001). call the EPCRA
 Hotline at 1-300-535-0202.

 For the List  of Chemicals
 Subject to TRI Reporting,
EPCRA Hotline
 For Help with Searches
 and Access to Data:
 TRI User Support provides access
 and support to TRI data in various
 formats, including printed reports,
 online databases, CD-ROMs,
 magnetic tapes, and computer
 diskettes. Services include provid-
 ing general TRI information, TRI
 publications, searches,'searching
 assistance, National Library of
 Medicine TOXNET online search-
 training, CD-ROM training,
 referral to EPA regional or state TRI
 contacts or other TRI resource
 centers, and documentation support
 for all public access TRI products.

 TRI-User Support
 Office of Pollution Prevention and
 U.S.  EPA (7407)
 401 M Street SW
 Washington, DC 20460
 Tel: 202-260,1531
 Fax:  202-260-4659

 For  Online  Access to TRI,
 National Library of Medicine
 Specialized Information Services
 8600 Rockville Pike
 Bethesda, Maryland 20894
Tel: 301-496-6531

 To Access the TRI
 To purchase TRI on CD-ROM,
 microfiche diskette, magnetic tape,
 or in reports and directories,

 Government Printing Office
 710 North Capitol Street NW
 Washington, DC 20401
 Tel: 202-783-3233
 Fax: 202-512-1530
 5285 Port Royai Road
 Springfield, Virginia 22161
 Tel: 703-487-4650 or 800-553-NTIS

 For Information  on the
 Health and Safety of TRI
TRI data from 19S7 to 1992
available on CD-ROMs are accom-
panied by a separate file of infor-
mation on the health, safety and
ecological effects of TRI chemicals.
The CD-ROM software supports
search, retrieval, and display of TRI
records, export of data to dBASE or
 Lotus 1-2-3 format, and computing
 of basic statistics, plus many more
 features for accessing specific data.
 Available through GPO or NTIS
 (see addresses above). GPO stock
 number 055-000-00469-2, $33,  Tel:
 202-512-1800, Fax:  202-512-2250.
 NTIS: order number PB94-504230,
 $45, Tel: 703-487-4650, Fax: 703-
For Exchange of
Information on Right-to-
Know Issues:
contact RTKNet (Right-to-Know" "
Network), an on-line, publicly
accessible network concerned with
environmental issues, particularly
those related to .right-to-know
provisions of EPCRA.  Contact:
Unison Institute
1731 Connecticut Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20009-1146
Tel: 202-797-7200
Fax: 202-234-8584.
You can also register on-line by
modem at 202-234-8570.


II ERA Regional TRI Contacts!
For technical assis-
tance, pollution
prevention, or regula-
tory information.
contact your state or
EPA Regional' Office.
Each state has an
EPCRA contact, and
each EPA Regional
Office has a desig-
nated TRI coordinator.
The EPA Regional TRI
contacts are:

EPA Region 1
Dwighc Peavey
Tel: 6 ["-565-4502
Fax: 617-565-4939

Connecticut. Maine,
New Hampshire.
Rhode Island. Vermont

EPA Region 2
Nora Lopez
Tel: 908-906-6S90
Fax: 908-321-6738
New jersey,
New York,
Puerto Rico,
Virgin Islands

EPA Region 3
Mikal Shabazz
Tel: 215-597-3659
Fax: 215-597-3156

Delaware, Maryland,
Pennsylvania, Virginia,
West Virginia,
District of Columbia

EPA Region 4
Pat Steed
Tel: 404-347-1033 x36
Fax: 404-347-1681

Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky,
North Carolina.
South Carolina,

EPA Region 5
. Thelma Codina
Tel: 312-386-6219
Fax: 312-353-4342

Illinois, Indiana,
Michigan, Minnesota,
Ohio, Wisconsin

EPA Region 6
Warren Layne
Tel: 214-665-8013
Fax: 214-665-2164

Arkansas, Louisiana,'
New Mexico,
Oklahoma, Texas
EPA Region 7
Jim Hirtz .
Tel: 913-551-7020
Fax: 913-551-7065

Iowa, Kansas,
Missouri, Nebraska

EPA Region 8
Kathie Atencio
Tel: 303-293-1735
Fax: 303-293-1229
Colorado, Montana,
North Dakota,
South Dakota, Utah,

EPA Region 9
Pam Tsai
Tel: 415-744-1 116
Fax: 415-744-1073

Arizona, California,
Hawaii, Nevada,
American Samoa,
Trust Territories

EPA Region 10
Phil Wong
Tel: 206-553-4016
Fax: 206-553:8338

Alaska, Idaho, Oregon.


     United States
     Environmental Protection Agency
     Washington, DC 20460

     Official Business
     Penalty for Private Use
Recycled/Recyclable . Pnnted on 100% Recycled Paper (50% Postconsiimer) . Please Recycle as Newsprint