United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency	
                              Pesticides and
                              Toxic Substances (H7506C)
20T-3008
September 1990
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Protecting   Endangered
Species
Interim Measures
McHenry County, North  Dakota	
                          The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                          what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                          Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                      Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                      effect The limitations on pesticide use are not
                      law at this time, but are being provided now for
                      your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                      threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                      use. We encourage you to use this information.
                      We also welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                      protect and promote recovery of animals and
                      plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                      to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                      must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                      not result in harm to the species listed as
                      endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                      Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                      species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                      expects to implement program requirements
                      beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                      endangered and threatened species from harm due
                      to pesticide use.
                       EPA requests your comments regarding the
                      information presented in this publication. Please
                      let us know whether the information is clear and
                      correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                      recommended measures would affect you typical
                      pesticide use or productivity. This information
                      will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                      of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:

                                       Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (H7S06C)
                                                     U.S.EPA
                                               401M Street, SW
                                          Washington, DC 20460
      Recycled/Recyclable
      Printed on paper that contains
      at least 50% recycled fiber
                                         About This Publication

                                          This publication contains a County Map
                                         showing the Area within the county where
                                         pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                         species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                         a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                         corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                          The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                         that each shaded pattern represents and describes
                                         the shaded area. The area may be described in
                                         terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
                                         giving details about the habitat of the species.
                                          The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                         Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                         which there should be limitations on use to
                                         protect certain species. The next columns are
                                         headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                         Codes listed underneath them.
                                          The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                         is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                         titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
                                         code.

                                         Does This Information Apply to You?

                                          To determine whether this information applies
                                         to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                         below. The information applies only if you
                                         answer "yes*1 to both questions:
                                            Do you intend to use pesticides within the
                                             shaded zirea on the county map?
                                            Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                             panel of your pesticide product label named
                                             in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                                             Ingredients"?
                                           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                         should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                         This Informgition" to determine if you should
                                         limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                         species.
                                           If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                         should follow the usage directions on the
                                         pesticide product label.

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 How To Use This Information


 1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE (4-AP)
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (GRANULAR)
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ENDRIN
EPN
ETHOPROP (GRANULAR)
FENAMIPHOS
FENSULFOTHION
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ETHYL PARATHION)
PHORATE (GRANULAR)
TOXAPHENE (CAMPHECHLOR)
TRICHLORFON
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
                                                       Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                       Code   Limitation

                                                         37    Use in shaded area is prohibited. However,
                                                               if you feel that your situation is an exception,
                                                               you must contact the North Dakota
                                                               Department of Agriculture at 224-2231.

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McHenry County, North Dakota
                                                                              Legend
                                                                                  County Border
                                                                                  County Seat
                                                                       or -	  City
                                                                      >64?(64)[64]   U-S- State- Other
                                                                                   Highway
                                                                                  Intersection of
                                                                                   Additional Roads
                                                                      i i i i i i  i i   Railroad
                                                                              *N   Power or
                                                                                   Telephone Lines
                                                                                  Lake
                                                                                           3 mi
                                                                                             km
Shading Key
|:.;:;JV:|  Piping plover, Charadrius melodus. The shaded areas shown on the map are
          Crooked Lake  T153N R75W WVs31
                       T153N R76WE VS 36
          Bromley Lake  T153N R75W21, EVa 20, NE1A29, NV228
          Lake Lemer    T153N R75W W/2 17, Sl/fe 8, SVaNVa 8.
       Use limitations only apply within these areas.

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                                          Reducing Runoff and Drift

         Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
         threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
         of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

         Runoff
         Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
         methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
         Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
         the pesticide into the soil.
         Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
         without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
         Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avqid pesticide application when heavy
         rainfall is expected.

         Drift
         Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
         pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
         tion during periods of .high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the; day, when evapora-
         tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
         When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
         applications.
         Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. 'Typically, higher
         spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
    Urited States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Offidal Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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