United States
                   Environmental Protection
                   Agency
Pesticides and        '
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
201-3010
September 1990

                   Protecting  Endangered
                   Species
                   Interim Measures
                   Morton County, North Dakota
                      The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                      what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                      Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S.EPA
                                          401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
            The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by ihe shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code, indicates the specific limitation that
          is necessary to protect the species. The section
          titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
          code.

          Does Thiis Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
          to your use of a pesticide, review the  questions
          below. The information applies only if you
          answer "yesi" to both questions:
            Do you intend to use pesticides within the
             shaded area on the county map?
            Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
             panel of your pesticide product label named
             in the "Table of Pesticide Active
             Ingredients"?
           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Information" to determine if you should
          limit use of Ihe pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
           If you ansv/er "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
         pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information


 1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

 2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

 3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

 4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

 5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

 6) If you are applying more than one listed  active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple'codes may apply. If so, you should follow
    the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
w* \

4-AMINOPYRIDINE(4-AP) 37
ALDICARB (GRANULAR) 37
AZINPHOS-METHYL 37
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (GRANULAR) 37
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ENDRIN 37
EPN
ETHOPROP (GRANULAR)
FENAMIPHOS
FENSULFOTH10N
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ETHYL PARATHION) 37
PHORATE (GRANULAR) 37
TOXAPHENE (CAMPHECHLOR) -
TRICHLORFON


37 37
37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
37 37
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Code Limitation
37 Use in shaded area is prohibited. However,
                                                                  if you feel that your situation is an exception,
                                                                  you must contact the North Dakota
                                                                  Department of Agriculture at 224-2231.


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  Morton County, North Dakota
                   Legend

                       County Border
                       County Seat
                       River
                       6  mi
                       j

                          km
Shading Key
       Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus. Within the shaded area shown on the
       limitations only apply outward 1/2 mile from the edge of the water of the
                                                                                         N

      Piping plover, Charadrius melodus.  Within the shaded area shown on the map use
      limitations only apply outward 1/2 mile from the edge of the water of the MteZi River.

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                                       Reducing Runoff and Drift

       Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
       toa^
       of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

       Wher! possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited tilt and contour plowing; these
       methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
       Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
       the pesticide into the soil.

       tttt^ttr^^ttf^z
       Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
       rainfall is expected.

       Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most^importantiy.
        tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
        When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
        applications.                                                                .
        Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
        spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
c/EPA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Ofllcial Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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