United States
                  Environmental Protection
                  Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
                   f~
                            September
                  Protecting  Endangered
                  Species
                  Interim Measures
                  Ward County, North Dakota
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                 species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                 expects to implement program requirements
                 beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                 endangered and threatened species from harm due
                 to pesticide use.
                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
 About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and describes
 the shaded area. The area may be described in
 terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
 giving details about the habitat of the species.
  The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that
 is necessary to protect the species. The section
 titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
 code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within the
    shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
   panel of your pesticide product label named
   in the "Table of Pesticide Active
   Ingredients"?
 If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
species.
 If you answer "no" to either question, you
should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

 1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

 2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

 3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.
 4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.
 5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

 6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
    the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE (4-AP)
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (GRANULAR)
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ENDRIN
EPN
ETHOPROP (GRANULAR)
FENAMIPHOS
FENSULFOTHION
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
                                                     METHYL PARATHION
                                                     MEVINPHOS
                                                     OXAMYL
                                                     OXYFLUORFEN
                                                     PARAQUAT
                                                     PARATHION (ETHYL PARATHION)
                                                     PHORATE (GRANULAR)
                                                     TOXAPHENE (CAMPHECHLOR)
                                                     TRICHLORFON
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                                     Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                     Code   Limitation
                                                      37     Use in shaded area is prohibited. However,
                                                             if you feel that your situation is an exception,
                                                             you must contact the North Dakota
                                                             Department of Agriculture at 224-2231.

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Ward County, North Dakota
         Legend
           County Border
             County Seat
             City
             U.S.,  State, Other
              Highway
             Intersection of
              Additional Roads
             Pipeline or Power Line
             Reservation
             Lake
   Reservation
Shading  Key
|      j Piping plover, Charadrius melodus. The shaded areas shown on the map are
          Schaefer Lake    T154N R86W SVfe 32, SVfe  33
                          T153N R86W4, 5, 6, NVfe  7
                          T153N R86W3
                          T153N R87WNWV4 35
                          T152N R86WSWV45
                          T152N R86W NVa  6.
Simonson Lake
Ward Co. #1
Roberts Lake
L.G.F.R.
       Use limitations only apply within this area.

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                                           Reducing Runoff and Drift

         Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
         threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
         of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
         Runoff
         Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
         methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
         Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
         the pesticide into the soil.
         Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
         without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
         Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
         rainfall is expected.

         Drift
         Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
         pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
         tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
         tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
         When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
         applications.
         Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
         spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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