United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
21T-3001
April 1991
                     Protecting  Endangered
                    Species
                    Interim  Measures

                    Giia County, Arizona

                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                   Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                   effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                   law at this time, but are being provided now for
                   your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                   threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                   use. We encourage you to use this information.
                   We also welcome your comments.

                    The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                   protect and promote recovery of animals and
                   plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                   to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                   must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                   not result in harm to the species listed as
                   endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                   Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                   species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                   expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                  recommended measures would affect you typical
                  pesticide use or productivity. This information
                  will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                  of program development.

                                    Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                 Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                 U.S. EPA
                                          401 M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           Aboul: This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
          giving details about the habitat of the species.
           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
          which there should be limitations on use to
          protect certain species. The next columns are
          headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
          Codes listed underneath them.
           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
          is necessiiry to protect the species. The section
          titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
          code.

          Does This Information Apply to You?

           To determine whether this information applies
          to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
          below. The information applies only if you
         answer "yes" to both questions:
           Do you intend to use pesticides within the
            shaded area on the county map?
            Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
            panel of your pesticide product label named
            in the 'Table of Pesticide Acti ve
            Ingredients"?
          If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
         should follow the instructions on "How to Use
         This Information" to determine if you should
         limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
         species.

          If you answer "no" to either question, you
         should follow the usage directions on the
        pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.
 4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.
 5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations  indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

 6) If YOU are applying more than one listed active
    ingredient  or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
    multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
    the most restrictive limitation.
                                                      Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
2,4-D
2,4-D (AMINES, ESTERS, SALTS)
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE	
        28
        28
        28
        28
 DICAMBA
 DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
 DIMETHYLAMINE DICAMBA
 HEXAZINONE	
         28
         28
         28
         28
 MCPA, ACID
 MCPA (AMINES)
 MCPA (SALTS)
 OXYFLUORFEN
         28
         28
         28
 PARAQUAT
 PICLORAM
 POTASSIUM PICLORAM
 SODIUM DICAMBA
 TEBUTHIURON
 TRIETHYLAMINE PICLORAM
         28
         28
         28
         28
         28
         28
28
28
28
28
28
26
26
2
 2(1
 2J!
_3CI_
 2)1
 2U
 2i5
 23
 23
 23
                                                        Limitations On Pesticide Use	  ^

                                                        Code   Limitation
                                                         28     Do not apply within 100 yards of speckss
                                                                habitat for aerial applications or within
                                                                20 yards of species habitat for ground
                                                                applications.
                                                         33     Do not apply within one-quarter mile o
                                                                species habitat.	____	

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Gila County, Arizona
                                                                                    Sierra
                                                                                     ncha
                                                                                   ilderness
                                                                               Pocket
                                                                               Creek
                              Ton to
                              National
                              Forest     YOUNG
                                                     Fort Apache  Indian Reservation
                                                            /
                                                             San Carlos
                                                             Indian  Reservation
                                                                   San Carlos
                                                                   Reservoir
                                                                Coolidge Dam
Legend
  County Border
    County Seat
    City

    U.S., State. Forest
      Service Highway

    Landmark
    Mt. Pk. Spot  Elev.
    Park, Reservation,
      Forest, Refuge
    River, Stream, Creek
    Lake, Reservoir
Webster
Mountain
                                                                 15 mi

                                                                   km
                                          WINKELMAN
Shading Key
        Arizona agave, Agave arizonica (Agavaceae, the agave family).  Use limitations only apply
        within the shaded area shown on the map except in irrigated pastureland and cropland.
        Arizona hedgehog cactus, Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. arizonicus (Cactaceae, the
        cactus family). The northern boundary of the shaded area shown on the map is between T1N
        and T2N.  Use limitations only apply within the shaded area except in irrigated pastureland and
        cropland.

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                                           Reducing Runoff and Drift

         Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
         threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
         of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
         Runoff
         Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
         methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
         Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
         the pesticide into the soil.
         Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
         without such warnings.  When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
         Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
         rainfall is expected.
         Drift
         Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
         pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
         tion during periods of high winds.  Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
         tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
         When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
         applications.
         Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
         spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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