United States
                  Environmental Protection
                  Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H750I3C)
EtT-3004
April 1991
                  Protecting  Endangered
                  Species
                  Interim  Measures
                  Final County, Arizona
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants  that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                 species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                 expects to implement program requirements
                 beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                 endangered and threatened species from harm due
                 to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7S06C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401 M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the'specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within the
              shaded: area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you ans wer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or  applying a listed active ingredient  in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattem/Code


2,4-D 28
2,4-D (AMINES, ESTERS, SALTS) 28
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE 28
ATRAZINE 28
DICAMBA 28
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP) 28
DIMETHYLAMINE DICAMBA 28
HEXAZINONE 28
MCPA, ACID 28
MCPA (AMINES) 28
MCPA (SALTS) 28
OXYFLUORFEN 33
PARAQUAT 28
PICLORAM 28
POTASSIUM PICLORAM 28
SODIUM DICAMBA 28
TEBUTHIURON 28
TRIETHYLAMINE PICLORAM 28
SS3

28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
33
28
28
28
28
28
28
                                                         Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                         Code   Limitation

                                                          28     Do not apply within 100 yards of spesies
                                                                 habitat for aerial applications or within
                                                                 20 yards of species habitat for ground
                                                                 applications.

                                                          33     Do not apply within one-quarter mile of
                                                                 species  habitat.

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Final County, Arizona
                Legend
County Border
County Seat
City
Interstate, U.S., State
  Highway
 or

6
	  Unimproved Road
               or Trail
	Parl^ Reservation,
               Forest, Refuge
   ,,,,,.,,     Wash
                                                           15   mi
                                                         20     km
                                                         Superstition Wilderness
                                                         Area boundary
                                                                                            N
                                          Tonto
                                          National
                                          Forest
                                          boundary
 Shading Key
        Arizona hedgehog cactus, Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. arizonicus (Cactaceae, the
        cactus family).  The shaded area shown on the map is bound on the north by the county
        line, on the west by the boundary between R10E and R11E in T1N and T1S, on the south by
        U.S. Highway 60 and Route 177, and on the east by the county line. Use limitations only
        apply within this area except in irrigated pastureland and cropland.
        Nichol's Turk's head cactus, Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholii (Cactaceae, the
        cactus family).  Use limitations only apply within the shaded area shown on the map except
        in irrigated pastureland and cropland.
                                                                                                      _

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                                            Reducing Runoff and Drift

          Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
          threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
          of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

          Runoff

          Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing- these
          methods also reduce pesticide runoff.

          Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
          the pesticide into the soil.

          Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
          without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.

          Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
          rainfall is expected.

          Drift

          Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
          pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
          tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
          tion is highest, will further reduce drift.

          When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
          applications.

          Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically higher
          spray volumes will also result in less drift.


                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
f/EPA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Apncy
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    PtnaHy for Private Use
    $300

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