United States
                    Environmental Protection
                              Pesticides and
                              Toxic Substances
                                                  i=><_Z- / -
Protecting  Endangered
Interim  Measures
Ogemaw County, Michigan
                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                   Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                   effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                   law at this time, but are being provided now for
                   your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                   threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                   use. We encourage you to use this information.
                   We also welcome your comments.

                    The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                   protect and promote recovery of animals and
                   plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                   to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                   must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                   not result in harm to the species listed as
                   endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                   Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                   species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                   expects to implement program requirements
                   beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                   endangered and threatened species from harm due
                   to pesticide use.
                    EPA requests your comments regarding the
                   information presented in this publication. Please
                   let us know whether the information is clear and
                   correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                   recommended measures would affect you typical
                   pesticide use or productivity. This information
                   will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                   of program development.

                                     Please submit comments to:

                                    Interim Endangered Species
                                  Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                  U.S. EPA
                                           401M Street, SW
                                       Washington, DC 20460
  Printed on paper that contains
  at least 50% recycled fiber
                                         About This Publication

                                           This publication contains a County Map
                                         showing the Area within the county where
                                         pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                         species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                         a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                         corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                           The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                         that each shaded pattern represents and describes
                                         the shaded area. The area may be described in
                                         terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
                                         giving details about the habitat of the species.
                                           The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
                                         Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                         which there should be limitations on use to
                                         protect certain species. The next columns are
                                         headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                         Codes listed underneath them.
                                           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                         is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                         titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the

                                         Does This Information Apply to You?

                                           To determine whether this information applies
                                         to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                         below. The information applies only if you
                                         answer "yes" to both questions:
                                            Do you intend to use pesticides within the
                                            shaded area on  the county map?
                                            Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                            panel of your pesticide product label named
                                            in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
                                           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                         should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                         This Information" to determine if you should
                                         limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                           If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                         should follow the usage directions on the
                                         pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information

1) On'the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients/' locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
Limitations On Pesticide Use

Code   Limitation
 28    Do not apply within 100 yards of species
        habitat for aerial applications or within
        20 yards of species  habitat for ground

Ogemaw County, Michigan
      	  County Border
                 County Seat
       or-	  City
                   Interstate, State,
                     or Other Highway
5 mi
Shading Key
       Kit-Hand's warbler (wood), Dendroica kirtlandii. Within the shaded area shown on
       the map, habitat consists of stands of jack pine 4-20 feet tail (approx. 8-25 years old).
       Limitations do not apply to isolated stands of jack pine fess than 40 acres large. If you are
       within the shaded area, follow the limitations in the pesticide table or contact the U.S.Fish
       and Wildlife Service at (517) 337-6650. The Fish and Wildlife Service will need to know the
       location and perhaps other details of your application site, as well as the product's active
       ingredients. The Fish and Wildlife Service will then tell you whether your site is within the
       habitat of the species and is therefore subject to the limitations.

                                        Reducing Runoff and Drift

     Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
     threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
     of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

     Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
     methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
     Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
     the pesticide into the soil.
     Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
     without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
     Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide  application when heavy
     rainfall is expected.
     Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
     pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
     tion during periods of high winds.  Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
     tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
     When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant  may be useful for aerial
     Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
     spray volumes will also result in less drift.

              For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
United States
Environmental Protection
Washington, DC 20460

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use