United States
               Environmental Protection
               Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
21T-3017
April 1991

                Protecting  Endangered
                Species
                Interim Measures
                Chaves County, New Mexico
                   The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                   what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                   Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
               Endangered Species Protection Program is in
               effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
               law at this time, but are being provided now for
               your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
               threatened species from harm due to pesticide
               use. We encourage you to use this information.
               We also welcome your comments.

                 The Endangered Species Act is intended to
               protect and promote recovery of animals and
               plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
               to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
               must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
               not result in harm to the species listed as
               endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
               Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
               species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
               expects to implement program requirements
               beginning in 1993. This program will protect
               endangered and threatened species from harm due
               to pesticide use.
                 EPA requests your comments regarding the
               information presented in this publication. Please
               let us know whether the information is clear and
               correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
               recommended measures would affect you typical
               pesticide use or productivity. This information
                will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                of program development.

                                  Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7506C)
                                               U.S. EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC  20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and describes
            the shaded area. The area may be described in
            terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
            giving details about the habitat of the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
            is necessary to protect the species. The section
            titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
            code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within the
                shaded area on the county map?
                Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                panel of your pesticide product label named
                in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                Ingredients"?
              If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
              If you answer "no" to either question, you
             should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information


1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients  in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded  pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
2,4-D
2,4-D (AMINES, ESTERS, SALTS)
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
DICAMBA
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
DIMETHYLAMINE DICAMBA
HEXAZINONE
MCPA, ACID
MCPA (AMINES)
MCPA (SALTS)
METRIBUZIN
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PICLORAM
POTASSIUM PICLORAM
SODIUM DICAMBA
SULFOMETURON-METHYL
TEBUTHIURON
TRIETHYLAMINE PICLORAM
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
32
33
28
28
28
28
32
28
28
                                                       Limitations On Pesticide Use

                                                       Code   Limitation
                                                        28
                                                        32
                                                        33
       Do not apply within 100 yards of species
       habitat for aerial applications or within
       20 yards of species habitat for ground
       applications.

       Do not apply on rights-of-way within
       species habitat.

       Do not apply within one-quarter mile of
       species habitat.

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Chaves County, New Mexico
    or
       
 Legend
  County Border
     County Seat
	  City
     U.S.,  State or
      Other Highway
     Landmark
  Shading Key
       j Kuenzler hedgehog cactus, Echinocereus fendleri var. kuenzleri (Cactaceae, the cactus
         family). The shaded area shown on the map is:
           T14S  R17E-R19E
           T15S  R17E-R19E                                           ;
           T16S-T20S  R16E.                                                   .  . .   .  .
         Use limitations only apply within pinyon-juniper woodlands within this area except in irrigated
         pasture/and and cropland.
                                                                                                _

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                                            Reducing Runoff and Drift

          Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
          threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
          of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
          Runoff
          Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
          methods also reduce pesticide runoff.

          Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
          the pesticide into the soil.

          Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
          without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
          Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
          rainfall is expected.
          Drift
         Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly
         pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
         tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
         tion is highest, will further reduce drift.

         When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
         applications.

         Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically higher
         spray volumes will also result in less drift.                                               />"*"


                  For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
    United Slates
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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