United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
21T-3018
April 1991
                    Protecting   Endangered
                    Species
                    Interim  Measures
                    Dona Ana County, New Mexico
                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                  recommended measures would affect you typical
                  pesticide use or productivity. This information
                  will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled liber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
          terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
          giving details about the habitat of the species.
           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
          which there should be limitations on use to
          protect certain species. The next columns are
          headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
          Codes listed underneath them.
           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
          is necessary to protect the species. The section
          titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
          code.

          Does This  Information Apply to You?

           To determine whether this information applies
          to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
          below. The information applies only if you
          answer "yes" to both questions:
           Do you Intend to use pesticides within the
            shaded zirea on the county map?
           Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
            panel of your pesticide product label named
            in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
            Ingredients"?
          If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
         should follow the instructions on "How to Use
         This Information" to determine if you should
         limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
         species.
          If you answer "no" to either question, you
         should follow the usage directions on the
         pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

 5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

 6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
    the most restrictive limitation.
                                                     Active Ingredient
                          Shading Pattern/Code
1 	 \\2Z&
2,4-D
2,4-D (AMINES, ESTERS, SALTS)
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
DICAMBA
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
DIMETHYLAMINE DICAMBA
HEXAZINONE
MCPA, ACID
MCPA (AMINES)
MCPA (SALTS)
METRIBUZIN
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PICLORAM
POTASSIUM PICLORAM
SODIUM DICAMBA
SULFOMETURON-METHYL
TEBUTHIURON
TRIETHYLAMINE PICLORAM
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
32
33
28
28
28
28
32
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
                                                       Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                       Code

                                                        28
                                                         32


                                                         33
          Limitation
          Do not apply within 100 yards of species
          habitat for aerial applications or within
          20 yards of species habitat for ground
          applications.

          Do not apply on rights-of-way within
          species habitat.

          Do not apply within one-quarter mile of
          species habitat.	

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Dona Ana County, New Mexico
          Legend
            County Border
              County Seat
              City
              Interstate, U.S., State
                Highway
              Landmark
              Park, Reservation,
                Forest, Monument
              River, Stream, Creek
              Lake, Reservoir
               N
             10
              I
      20  mi
      _J
          10
20    30  km
 Shading Key
                                               Jornado
                                               Experimental
                                               Range
                                               Headquarters

                                                  ORGAN
                                                                     White
                                                                     Sands
                                                                     National
                                                                     Monument
                                                                               Dona Ana Water Tank
                                                                                 Military Reservation
         Sneed pincushion cactus, Coryphantha sneedii var. sneedii. The shaded area shown on the
         map is T24S-T26S R3E east of Interstate 10 and 25, and R4E. Use limitations only apply within
         this area except in irrigated pastureland and cropland.
         Todsen's pennyroyal, Hedeoma todsenii (Lamiaceae, the mint family).  The shaded area
         shown on the map is:
           T16S  R2E-R4E south of the county border
           T17S  R2E  Sec.1-4, 9-16, 22-27, 34-36
                  R3E-R4E
           T18S  R2E  Sec.1-2, 11-14, 24-25, 36
                  R3E-R4E.
         Use limitations only apply to north-facing slopes in woodlands dominated by pinyon pine and
         juniper within this area except in irrigated pastureland and cropland.

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                                           Reducing Runoff and Drift

          Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
          threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
          of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

          Runoff
          Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
          methods also reduce pesticide runoff.

          Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
          the pesticide into the soil.

          Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
          without such warnings.  When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
          Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
          rainfall is expected.

          Drift
          Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
          pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
          tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
          tion is highest, will further reduce drift.

          When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
          applications.

          Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
          spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                  For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
    (H7506C)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use
    $300

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