United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency	
                               Pesticides and       :
                               Toxic Substances (H7506C)
21T-3038
September
    JffiUHUl
 Protecting   Endangered
Species
Interim  Measures
Giles County, Tennessee
                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication.  Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                  recommended measures would affect you typical
                  pesticide use or productivity. This information
                  will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                  of program development.

                                    Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401 M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
                                          About This Publication

                                           This publication contains a County Map
                                          showing the Area within the county where
                                          pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                          species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                          a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                          corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                           The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                          that each shaded pattern represents and describes
                                          the shaded area. The area may be described in
                                          terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
                                         giving details about the habitat of the species.
                                          The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                         Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                         which there should be limitations on use to
                                         protect certain species. The next columns are
                                         headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                         Codes listed underneath them.
                                          The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                         is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                         titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
                                         code.

                                         Does This Information Apply to You?

                                          To determine whether this information applies
                                         to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                         below. The information applies only if you
                                         answer "yes" to both questions:
                                            Do you intend to use pesticides within the
                                            shaded area on the county map?
                                            Are an}' of the ingredients listed on the front
                                           panel of your pesticide product label named
                                           in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                                           Ingredients"?
                                          If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                        should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                        This Information" to determine if you should
                                        limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                        species.
                                         If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                        should follow the usage directions on the
                                        pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify the specific area involved.
3  In *e 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you mtend to apply.

3              :^^^
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
 Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
 Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                                              Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern

           ]

i i

Code TAR*
ATRA2INE
BENOMYL
BENSUUDE
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOPHENOTHION
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular)
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Apples
All Othar Usas
COPPER SULFATE, BASIC
DEF
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
ENDOSULFAN
ETHION
FENAMIPHOS
FENSULFOTHION
FLURIDONE
ISOFENPHOS
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Code/Limitations
1 Do not use this pesticide within J
applications.
199 1.5
1 
199 4.3
1 
2 
2 
199 2.8
41 
*
1 
2 
2 
199 1.1
299 0.2
1 	
299 0.4
2 
o 	
20 
199 0.5

>0 yards of the w;
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
MEVINPHOS
NALED
OXYFLUORFEN
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PROFENFOS
PROPACHLOR
PROPARGITE
PROPAZINE
PYRETHRINS
TERBUTRYN
THIODICARB
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN (granular)
TRIFLURALIN (non-granular)

ater"s edge for ground applications,
Code TAR*
2,10 
2 
2 
199 2.1
199 2.4
199 0.6
2 0.04
2 
2 
o _..
1 
199 1.4
199 5.6
2 
1 
1 
1 
299 3.8
4
199 0.5

nor within 100 yards for aerial
        applications.
    1 o For mosquito larvicide use of this pesticide, do not apply directly to water within 1  mile upstream from the shaded
        area, nor within 400 yards downstream for aerial applications.
    20 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
    41 Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile of the water's edge for ground applications, nor within 1/2 mile for aerial
        applications.
   199 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 20 yards of the water's edge
        for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
   299 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 40 yards of the water's edge
        for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.		

   *  TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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  Giles County, Tennessee
Shading Key
                                                                 Legend
                                                                     County Border
                                                                     County Seat
                                                                     City
                                                                     Interstate, U.S., State
                                                                      Highway
                                                                     River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                 I
                                                                                 3  km
       Boulder Darter

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r
                                               Reducing Runoff and Drift

              Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
              threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
              of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
              Runoff
              Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
              methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
              Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
              the pesticide into the soil.
              Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
              without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
              Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
              rainfall is expected.
              Drift
              Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
              pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
              tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
              tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
              When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
              applications.
              Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
              spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                      For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
     <&EPA
         United States
         Environmental Protection
         Agency
         (H7506C)
         Washington, DC 20460

         Offldal Business
         Penalty for Private Use
         $300

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