&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Office of Enforcement
& Compliance Assurance
Washington, DC 20460
EPA 305-F-98-028
September 1998
vwwv.epa.gov
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                                                                 Ag  Center
                                                                         Helping Agriculture Comply with
                                                                         Environmental Requirements
              FOCUS
          O N
                       Eyeflush  Requirements

                       The Agricultural Worker Protection Standard (WPS) is a regulation issued by the U.S.
                       Environmental Protection Agency in 1992 and amended in 1995. It covers pesticides that are
                       used in the production of agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries, and greenhouses. The
                       WPS requires you to take steps to reduce the risk of pesticide-related illness and injury if you (1)
                       use such pesticides, or (2) employ workers or
                       pesticides.
                                    pesticide handlers who are exposed to such
                       This fact sheet will help you understand how
                       your employees have access to water for eyefli
                       submitted to the Agency by people seeking cla
                       questions and answers were released by EPA

                       The WPS requires the
                       agricultural employer to assure
                       that at least one pint of water is
                       immediately available to each
                       worker performing early-entry
                       activities for which the pesticide
                       labeling requires protective
                       eyewear.  Similarly, the WPS
                       requires the handler employer
                       to assure that at least one pint
                       of
                                    1O Cl
         comply with WPS requirements for ensuring that
        .shing. The questions answered here were
        rification on this part of the regulation. The
        s Office of Compliance on March 15, 1995.

             water is immediately available
             to each handler who is
             performing tasks for which the
             pesticide labeling requires
             protective eyewear.  What is
             meant by "immediately
             available"?
             In both sections of the WPS addressing
             availability of eyeflush water, the Agency
             requires that emergency eyeflush water
             be carried by the handler or early-entry
             worker, or be on the vehicle (or aircraft)
             which the handler or early-entry worker
             is using, or be otherwise immediately
             accessible. [40 CFR  170.150(b)(4)
             and 170.250 (d)].

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When is eyeflush
water "immediately
accessible"?
The WPS How To Comply manual states
that emergency eyeflush water may be at
the decontamination site if the
decontamination site is immediately
accessible. Because the WPS specifies
that eyewash water must be carried by
the handler or early-entry worker, or
must be on the vehicle or aircraft that
the handler or early-entry worker is
using, the eyewash water must be close
and accessible to the worker or handler
at all times. In addition, because
concentrations and causticity of
agricultural chemicals vary so greatly
(and therefore the duration of exposure
necessary for ocular damage to occur is
difficult to uniformly determine),
emergency eyewash water must be
available  immediately.  If the emergency
eyewash water is not being carried on
one's person, it must be situated at such
a distance that one could get to it within
very few seconds.


If emergency eyeflush water
must be close, accessible, and
situated so that one could get
to it within very few seconds,
what are some examples of
places that it  may be
located/stored so that the
above criteria are met?
In addition to the examples listed above,
the following might be additional
examples of "immediately available":
1.   Running water, a commercial
    eyeflush dispenser, or
    decontamination water in a carboy
    at a mix/load, storage, equipment
    cleaning or repairing, or other
    stationary handling (or early-entry)
    site for handlers or early entry
    workers engaged in such activities at
    the site.
2.   Running water or commercial
    eyeflush dispensers that are located
    at frequent intervals and are easily
    accessed by the handlers/early-entry
    workers in a bench-type nursery or
    greenhouse site.
3.   Water that meets the WPS standard
    for decontamination water that is in
    a nurse tank or other supply tank
    that is on (or being dragged by) the
    vehicle a handler or early-entry
    worker is operating.


What are some examples of
unacceptable locations in which
to store emergency eyeflush
water (i.e., water would NOT
be  immediately available)?
Examples of situations where emergency
eyeflush water would NOT be
immediately accessible are:
1.   Water on a vehicle but in a locked
    compartment.
                        Ag Center Fact Sheet Series
                        Agrichemicals/WPS - Eyeflush Requirements
                                                                          Page 2

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  Agrichemicals
The Ag Center
welcomes comments
on this document and
its other services.
                         3.
    Water for which difficult or time-
    consuming steps must be taken to
    access, such as having to uncouple
    or connect a nurse tank hose,
    having to unlock a compartment
    holding the eyeflush dispenser, or
    having to unlock a restroom.


    Water located across a stream or
    commercial road.
Does the eyeflush water
requirement in the WPS need
to be in one pint containers
only?  Can a single, large
container suffice if the contents
equal or exceed one pint per
worker?
A single large container would suffice if
it were immediately accessible to each
worker or handler who requires it. [40
CFR  170.150]


For more information
You can get more facts about
compliance by calling the Ag Center's
toll-free number.  Materials can be sent
to you by fax or mail, or you can talk to
an Ag Center representative. For a list
of all publications available from the Ag
Center, request document number
10001, "Ag Center Publications."
 National Agriculture Compliance
 Assistance Center
 901 N. 5th Street
 Kansas City, KS 66101

 Toll-free:    1-888-663-2155
 Internet:    www.epa.gov/agriculture
 Fax:       913-551-7270

         United States Environmental
<{3>ERr%  Protection Agency
         Washington, DC 20460
                         Ag Center Fact Sheet Series
                                                                         Page 3

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