perfimd^jProgress
             	__	

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ARKWOOD,  1
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD084930148
                                                          EPA REGION 6
                                                       NGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 03
                                                              Boone County
Site Description

Location:
             • West of US Highway 65 and 1/2 mile southwest of Omaha, in Boone County,
             Arkansas; the site is bordered on the south and southwest by Cricket Road and
             on the north by Missouri-Pacific Railroad tracks.

Population:   • Estimated 650 people within 3 miles of the site.

Setting:       • Nearest residence: 2 residences within 500 feet of the site; 174 homes within a
             one mile radius.
             • Nearest drinking water well less than 1/4 mile from the site; 12 residences
             immediately down Cricket Valley have been hooked up to the city water supply.
             • Encompassing approximately 15 acres, the site was utilized as a PCP and
             creosote wood preserving facility from the early 1960s to 1984.
             • Onsite structures recently removed included process equipment for the
             Remedial Action (i.e., sieve system, storage bins, office and lab facility, drainage
             ditch and roads, air monitoring equipment).

Hydrology:   • Located in the Springfield Plateau province of the Ozark Highlands region of
             Northwestern Arkansas, the Arkwood site is located in a karst terrain formed by
             the solution of limestone and dolomite by groundwater. The near surface
             formations at the site are the Sylambre sandstone, and the St. Joe and Boone
             limestones.
             • 54 springs have been identified within a 1.5 mile radius of the site.  These
             springs discharge from hillsides or in valley bottoms.  Only one spring, New
             Cricket Spring, has been demonstrated to be hydraulically connected to the site in
             a down gradient direction. There are no known users  of the water from New
             Cricket Spring.
 Wastes and Volumes 	——	

 • The major areas of contamination include the process and drip tracks areas; the wood storage
 area; railroad drainage ditch (contaminated with process wastes); the treated wood storage area;
 a sinkhole used to dispose of waste from approximately 1962-1970 (now covered); and an area of
 wood chips. These areas are currently being addressed by the Remedial Action.

 • Principle Pollutants at the Arkwood Industries Superfund site include soils that are
 contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Pentachlorophenol (PCP), and
 trace dioxuis.  New Cricket Spring, approximately 1/4 mile northwest of the site, contains low
 (1 ppm) levels of PCP. However, this level exceeds Arkansas Water Quality Standards for the
 stream.
                                                                      November 28, 1995

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• The volume of pollutants to be addressed are estimated to be approximately 20,400 cubic yards
of contaminated soils.
Site Assessment and Ranking
                            NPL LISTING HISTORY
                             ,   Stems Scows 23.95
                               Proposed Dater$/04#S
                                 Final Date; 3/3t/8fr
                                 NPL Update; No. 4   %
• The PRPs sent comments to Headquarters and the Region contesting the site ranking. Mass
Merchandisers, Inc. (MMI) contended that the HRS package contained two errors which
significantly affected the ultimate scores. The questions concerned calculations of waste volume
and the calculation of ground water targets.
Site Map and Diagram
             Gate
             Ash Pile
              Snkhote
-RaBroad Ditch

   -Surface Drainage Runoff
   - Disposal Area
             Production
             Arkwood
                                                            5 Miles to
                                                          Missouri border
                                    RaBroadTunne) Enteranca
                                      StteBoundry
 The Remediation Process
  Site History:

  • The Arkwood site was originally excavated by the railroad to obtain material for the
  November 28, 1995
                                            ARKWOOD, INC.

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construction of railroad embankments between 1954 and 1962.

• In 1962, Arkwood, Inc. opened a single cylinder PCP and creosote wood treatment facility and
operated the site until 1973.  From 1973 to 1984, Mass Merchandiser, Inc. (MMI) operated the
plant under a lease agreement with the owner.
• MMI ceased operations in 1984, at which time MMI sold or removed its remaining inventory
and materials prior to the expiration of its lease in 1985. The owner subsequently dismantled the
plant in 1986.
• EPA issued an Administrative Order (AO) to the  PRPs to fence the site and post warning
signs in August of 1987; the site owner responded by erecting a fence and posting the signs.
• On May 15,1986, EPA and MMI entered into an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) to
perform the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS).
• In November, 1986, the site owner denied site access to conduct the RI/FS.  On July 12,1988,
the Department of Justice and the site owner signed a Consent Decree allowing EPA access to
the site for conducting the RI/FS and any response action.
• In August, 1987, the Potentially Responsible Party (PRP), with EPA oversight, installed a
fence and warning signs.
• The RI/FS was completed in May 1990; a ground water tracer study investigation was
completed in September 1992.
• On May 30,1991, EPA and MMI signed a Consent Decree for conducting the Remedial
Design and Remedial Action (RD/RA).  Due to various legal delays, the Consent Decree for the
RD/RA was entered by the Court on September 24,1992.
• The RD/RA Workplans were approved by EPA on September 25,1992 and mobilization to
the site immediately followed for initiating RD activities.
• The pilot scale studies conducted as part of the RD activities demonstrated  that the sieve
process, preceded by an in-situ drying step, was effective for separating affected fine particles
(soil) from the unaffected coarse material (rocks) at the site. Therefore, a wash step did not
appear necessary as part of the pre-treatment process. Due to the results of this study, EPA
agreed to phase the RD/RA project on August 24,1993 in order to expedite the remedial action
at the site:

       Phase I. Interim Action (Pretreatment & Storage Stage).
       • For definition purposes, Phase I was considered an "Interim Action" for the Arkwood
       Site consisting of the pretreatment and storage stage of the remedy specified in the
       Record of Decision and Consent Decree. In addition, Phase I included those backfill
       activities which needed to be completed to minimize adverse environmental impacts while
       the Phase II, Final Action RD is being completed (i.e., backfill of material meeting clean
       up objectives). Mobilization for this Interim  Action was initiated in February 1994 and
       was mostly completed in October 1994; however,  due to weather impediments, those
       tasks not completed in October 1994 were reinitiated in May 1995 and completed in July
       1995.

       Phase II. Final Action (Incineration & Site Closure).
       4 For definition purposes, Phase II was considered the "Final Action" for the Arkwood
       Site consisting of the incineration and site closure stage of the remedy specified in the
       Record of Decision and Consent Decree. An ESD was completed in June 1995 to
       change the remedy from onsite incineration to off-site incineration due to a substantial
       decrease in the volume of material to be incinerated (original ROD estimate at 7,000
       cubic yards; ESD estimate at 3,500 cubic yards). Phase II included those backfill
       activities necessary to complete final grading at the site. No ash was generated since
       material was shipped off-site for incineration. The design for this Final Action was
ARKWOOD. INC.
November 28, 1995

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       completed about the same time as the ESD and implementation followed Phase I
       completion.
Health Considerations:

• The baseline risk assessment (assumes no remedial action is taken) for the Arkwood site
estimated four in one thousand excess carcinogenic risk in consideration of future residential
land use on the main site area; two in ten thousand excess risk was estimated for railroad
workers in the railroad ditch area.

Other Environmental Risks:

• No endangered species are known to inhabit the area on or near the site; no environmental
impacts were identified for off-site areas.
Record of Decision
                                  Signed: September 2£, 1990
• The 1990 selected remedy calls for decontamination and removal of existing structures and
foundations, onsite treatment of contaminated soils and sludge (from the railroad ditch), and
ground water monitoring in New Cricket Spring.

Ground Water

• The ground water in New Cricket Spring will be monitored for two years following source
control to determine if natural attenuation is occurring; contingency calls for treatment if
Arkansas Water Quality Standards are not met at that time.

Soil Treatment:

• The initial treatment of excavated soil will include separation of coarse material (rock) from
fines (soil) via a sieve technology;  final treatment of soil and sludge will include destruction of
contaminants via an onsite incinerator; ash and course material meeting cleanup levels will be
backfilled onsite.
  Other Remedies Considered

1. No Action


2. Limited Action


3. Consolidate Soils & Cap In Place
           Reason Not Chosen
Not Protective of Human Health &
Environment

Access Restrictions not Effective; Not
Protective of Human Health & Environment

Continued threat to groundwater; Does not
meet ARARs.
4. Sieve & Wash Soils, Consolidate & Cap In Place Continued threat to groundwater;
                                               Uncertainty In Achieving Cleanup Objectives.
November 28. 1995
                           ARKWOOD, INC.

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5. Stev* & Wash Soils,
   Biologically Treat Fines,
   Consolidate & Cap in Placo

6. Landfill Affected Soil*
   Onstte
Continued threat to groundwater,
Uncertainty In Achieving Cleanup Ob/ectfve«
Biological Treatment of Dloxln not effective

Continued threat to groundwater;
Implementation Difficulty.
Community Involvement
• Community Involvement Plan:  Developed 02/87.
• Open houses and workshops: Public meeting 2/87; Sample results fact sheet 9/87; Update
1/88; Water results fact sheet 7/88; Open house 10/88; Update 2/89; Phase I results fact sheet
6/89; Phase II fact sheet 9/89; Workshop held 2/12/90; Open House 12/92; meeting on 5/94.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 07/90.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet: 10/90; RD Fact Sheet 12/92
• RD/RA Activities: Community interviews 11/90-12/90. Incineration workshop 2/91; Open
House for opening of Satellite Office at Omaha Public School 12/92.  Open House to discuss the
phased approach and upcoming Interim Remedial Action, 05/19/93.

• Citizens on site mailing list: 310
• Constituency Interest: Low level organized interest; high individual interest of several
residents; Congressional interest.  Media coverage in  Missouri because of nearby Table Rock
Lake and resort. Nearby residents concerned about incineration safety and air emissions for
nearby school.

• Site Repository:   Omaha Public School, College  Street, Omaha, AR 72662
Technical Assistance Grant
• Availability Notice:  01/89
• Letters of Intent Received:  None
• Grant Award: None
Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager: Cynthia Kaleri (EPA) 214-665-6772, Mail Code:  6SF-LL
  State Contact:  Michael Arjmandi (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coordinator: Donn Walters (EPA) 214-665-6483, Mail Code:  6SF-P
  Attorney: Jon Weisberg (EPA) 214-665-2180, Mail Code: 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator:  Marilyn Owen (EPA) 214-665-8508, Mail Code: 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  PRPs - ERM Southwest
                    EPA, Oversight - Weston

Cost Recovery: Enforcement

• PRPs Identified:  4
• Viable PRP: 1
• The present owner of the site is Mary F. Burke, who acquired the property from Hallie  C.
Ormond.  Mr. C.C. (Bud) Grisham operated the woodtreating facility from about 1963 to 1965.
From 1965 until 1973, the treatment facilities at the site were operated by Arkwood, Inc., an
ARKWOOD, INC.
                        November 28, 1995

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Arkansas Corporation, whose stock was then entirely owned by C.C. and Mary Jo Grisham,
(Hallie Ormond's son-in-law and daughter). The assets of Arkwood, Inc. were conveyed to MMT
in 1973 and formally dissolved in 1974. Upon purchasing the assets of Arkwood, Inc., MMI
leased the property from Ormond until the lease expired on January 1,1985.
Present Status and Issues
• Fencing the site and installing warning signs provided limited access to the site, thereby
reducing the potential of exposure to hazardous substances at the Arkwood, Inc. site and making
the area safer while final cleanup activities were implemented.

• The Phase 1100% Remedial Design was conditionally approved by EPA and ADPC&E in
June 1994.  Mobilization for this Interim Action was initiated in February 1994 and was partially
completed in October 1994; however, due to weather impediments, this action was restarted in
May 1995 and completed in July 1995.

• An Explanation of Significant Differences for the approved ROD was finalized on June 14,
1995 in order to further expedite the remedial action.  Since volumes actually excavated during
the Interim Action was much less than anticipated during the FS, off-site incineration at a
commercial facility (for affected fines stored at the site) could be accomplished much sooner
than design and implementation of onsite incineration. This change in the remedial action was
favorable for the local community since the originally planned onsite  incineration would have to
have been carried out in close proximity to the local school.
Cleanup Measurements
• Process tanks and structures were removed from the site, thereby eliminating the potential for
exposure for workers and trespassers.

• Supplying city water to area residents has reduced the risk of possible exposure to shallow
ground water.

• Implementation of Phase I provided early action at the site to pre-treat and store affected
soils, while clean coarse material was backfilled.  This early action also helped determine
that the volume of affected fines is much less that estimated in the ROD (3,500 cubic yards
as opposed to 7,000 cubic yards).  This information was used to plan an ESD and save
resources in completing the Phase II RD/RA.

• A final walk-through inspection is planned for December  1995 to verify and document
that the Soils Remedy implementation and site closure is complete.
November 28, 1995
ARKWOOD, INC.

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FRIT  INDUST
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD059636456
 EPA REGION 6
GRESSIONAL DISTRICT 01
    Lawrence County
Site Description
Location:     • In northeast Arkansas, Lawrence County, Walnut Ridge, Arkansas.
            • 22 miles N.W. of Jonesboro.

Population:   • Walnut Ridge, 4,152; Lawrence County, 15,000

Setting:      • Nearest residence is three miles.
            • Nearest drinking water well - community has a municipal water system.
            • Nearest well (Industrial Park well) is approximately 1/4 mile.
            • Active fertilizer plant - 30 acres.
            • Raw materials and product waste are stored in piles on-site.

Hydrology:   • Surface water is receiving the site runoff in Coon Creek.
            • Coon Creek is a source of ground water recharge.
            • Ground water depth at 25 feet below surface.


Wastes and Volumes  	
• The principal pollutants at the Frit Superfund site include the following:  Zinc sulfate,
Cadmium, Chromium, and Lead.
• Runoff of approximately 81,000 gallons of contaminated water into Coon Creek during
February 1979 caused a fish kill. Approximately 100 tons of contaminated soil were excavated
from drainage pathways in 1982.
• Unknown quantity of contaminated ground water and surface soils may still be present.

Site Assessment and Ranking  	
                            NFL LISTING HISTORY
                                Site HRS Score: 3&A7
                               Proposed: Datet 1Q/23$1
                                  RoaJ Date; 9/08/8$   ,
                              HPL Update No. 1 (Origin^
• The U.S. Department of Interior noted that the site discharges heavy metals and fertilizers and
that the site is a potential threat to fish and wildlife resources. Comments did not affect the
score.
                                                                 November 28, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
The Remediation Process  	

Site History:

• Frit produces micronutrients or trace element additives for fertilizer.
• On February 18,1979, a fire consumed portions of a product storage facility.  The resulting
81,000 gallon runoff caused a fish kill in Coon Creek.
• Approximately 100 tons of contaminated soil was excavated from runoff pathways in 1982.
• A Superfund Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) was signed on February 3,1983. All of
the requirements were implemented by Frit and approved by the EPA (the most notable being
the 1984-85 construction of a surface water collection and treatment system and 1986 biological
sampling of Coon Creek).
• A Resource Cconservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) AOC was signed on June 23,1987. As
a result, a closure plan was developed for two hazardous waste storage facilities and a surge
pond. A ground water evaluation and monitoring plan was also developed. These were
approved by the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecolocy (ADPC&E) in 1990.
• A second RCRA AOC was signed in late  1991, requiring submittal of a Site-Wide Facility
Investigation Work Plan, to be conducted in addition to the RCRA Closure Plan.
• The  site is now being addressed under the RCRA Closure Plan and State Superfund
authorities to investigate and address any remaining contamination.
November 28, 1995
FRIT INDUSTRIES

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Health Considerations:

• Risks are due to potential contamination of ground water and surface water runoff.
Other Environmental Risks:

• Operations at the site have caused runoff problems, possible ground water contamination, and
air pollution.

Record of Decision	
                                    : Not Applicable
• An AOC was signed by the Company in November 1982, (and by EPA in February 1983) for
construction of a surface water runoff treatment plant, environmental study of Coon Creek, and
ground water monitoring.
• Any additional activity is to be conducted by ADPC&E under delegated RCRA authority.
 Other Remedies Considered
Community Involvement
Reason Not Chosen
                                  [ Not Applicable ]
• Community Involvement Plan:
• Open houses and workshops:
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting:
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:
• Milestone Fact Sheets: 10/90, 7/92.

• Citizens on site mailing list: 42
• Constituency Interest:  The Mayor of nearby College City called the EPA in November 1989
to report air emissions from the facility.

• Site Repository: Lawrence County Library, 1315 West Main Street, Walnut Ridge, AR 72476

Technical Assistance Grant   	
  Availability Notice:  None
  Letters of Intent Received:  None
  Grant Award: None
FRIT INDUSTRIES
              November 28. 1995

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Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA):  John Mo, 214/665-8409, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  State Contact:  Clark McWilliaras
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Melanie Lillard, P.E., 214/665-2294, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA): Paul Wendel, 214/665-2136, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, MAIL Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  N/A

Cost Recovery:

• PRPs Identified: Frit Industries, Inc. (other PRPs may be identified later-if necessary,
however, because it is an active facility, Frit is the only active PRP.
• Viable PRP: Frit industries, Inc.
• Administrative Order on Consent - February 1983.
• The requirements of the Administrative Order were not completely met; however, RCRA
authorities are addressing additional needs.
Present Status and Issues
« Frit Industries and the EPA currently are conducting site testing to determine whether the
water runoff treatment plant is effective and whether the site can be deleted from the NPL.
Meanwhile, the EPA has determined that the site does not pose a threat to human health or the
environment while awaiting completion of the site evaluation.
• Investigative and remedial activities now being conducted by the State of Arkansas under
RCRA authorities.
• De-listing procedures will commence upon completion of RCRA closure activities if successful.
• "Construction Completion" status pending HQ review of completed CERCLA remedial action
(in early 1980s) and future RCRA action.
Cleanup Measurements
• CERCLA has already addressed surface water runoff which was responsible for a fish kill in
nearby Coon Creek.  RCRA authorities are presently addressing contaminated surface soils and
ground water, potentially affecting 15,000 people in Lawrence County.
November 28, 1995
FRIT INDUSTRIES

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GURLEY PIT
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD035662469
EPA REGION 6
RESSIONAL DISTRICT 01
  Crittenden County
Site Description
Location:     • Northeast portion of Arkansas.
            • One mile north of Edmondson, Crittendon County, Arkansas.
            • Northwest corner of intersection of County Roads 14 and 175.

Population:   • Edmondson, 286

Setting:      • Nearest residence is adjacent to site.
            • Nearest drinking water well is 2.2 miles southeast.
            • Rural Area (5 residences within 0.5 mile radius of the site), o Primary land
            in the vicinity of the site is agricultural.

Hydrology:   • Nine feet to ground water.
            • Site is located in the 100-year floodplain of Fifteen Mile Bayou.
            • Site is underlain by 24 to 42 feet of low permeability clays.
Wastes and Volumes  	
• The principle pollutants at the Gurley Pit Superfund site include PCB (sludge and oil), barium,
lead and zinc (surface water, soil and sludge).

• The volume of pollutants include 20,000 yd3 of sludge.  The pits were dewatered in summer
1989.

Site  Assessment and Ranking  	
                            NPL LISTING HISTORY
                                Site HR0 Score* 40,13
                               Proposed Date: 12/30/82
                                 Rnal Date; 9/08/82
                               *JPL Update;: No, Original
• The Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology (ADPC&E) noted a concern with
the aquifer designation. The U.S. Department of Interior noted that the site discharged
contaminants to Fifteen-Mile Bayou, and that a light oil slick posed a threat to migratory water
fowl. Comments did not affect the score.
                                                                 November 28, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
                                                i  Edmondson
The Remediation Process
Site History:

• Gurley Refinery leased property from R. A. Caldwell in 1970.
• 1970 to 1975 - Gurley used pit on property to dispose of waste.
• 1976 - lease terminated, pit abandoned.
• July 1978 -  area flooded, causing emergency cleanup of oil from pit by EPA (repeated in 1979
cleanup by EPA).
• After a flood in 1979, EPA performed an emergency removal of oil from the pit and installed
drains and pumps to remove accumulated stormwater.
• In May, 1984, the Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) installed a fence and repaired dikes.
• August 1989 - Emergency Removal performed by the PRPs to lower water level in the pits and
reinforce berms.
• August 1990 - Trial on liability and past costs.
Health Considerations:

• Direct contact and public use of shallow aquifer as a source of drinking water.
November 2Q, 1995
GURLEY PIT

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Other Environmental Risks:

• Pit has overflowed into a nearby stream. The pit poses a threat to surface water and water
fowl.
Record  of Decision
                             Signed; October 6,1980 (Source Control)
                               September 2$, t988 (Ground Wafer)

Source Control:

• Stabilize sludges and place within an onsite RCRA vault.
• Treat and discharge water.

Ground Water

• A Feasibility Study was not conducted since the Remedial Investigation indicated that the
ground water contained no site-related contaminants and that the potential for future
contamination would be prevented by the implementation of the source control remedy (i.e. - no
need for further action).
  Other Remedies Considered

1. No Action
2. Stabilize and cap

3. Stabilize In place
4. Incineration offsfte
           Reason Not Chosen
Already releases from site
Complete stabilization not possible due to
high organic content of waste
(same as above)
Transportation and safety problem/cost
Community Involvement	

• Community Involvement Plan: 04/84, revised 01/88.
• Open houses and workshops: 12/92; 1/93; 3/93; 12/93; 5/94; 8/94.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: Source 05/86; Ground water 08/88.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  Source 01/87; Ground water 10/88.
• Milestone Fact Sheets: Update released 1/90; Fact Sheet 01/93; Fact Sheet 10/94

• Citizens on site mailing list: 39

• Constituency Interest:  Low organized interest; individual interest appears high.
        - Major concern is the odor and danger of children falling into the pits.
        - Locals are concerned about the safety of eating fish.
GURLEY PIT
                         November 28, 1995

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• Site Repository:  Edmondson City Hall, Edmondson, Arkansas

Technical Assistance Grant  	
• Availability Notice: 01/89
• Letters of Intent Received:  None
• Grant Award:  N/A
Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA):  Wren Stenger (acting) 214-665-6583, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
  State Contact: Devon Hobby (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Melanie O. Lillard, 214/665-2294, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  John Dugdale, 214/665-8027, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen. 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor: U.S. Army Corp of Engineers

Cost Recovery:

• PRPs Identified:  R. A. Caldwell, Gurley Refining Company, Inc;
                  Gurley Refining Co., William Gurley, Betty Gurley, Larry Gurley.
• Viable PRP:  Gurley Refining Co., William Gurley, Larry Gurley.
Present Status and  Issues
• A fence was constructed and the site was secured in December 1992.
• Baseline air monitoring was also initiated during the same time frame.
• Construction of the RCRA vault was completed in the Fall of 1994. Dewatering of the
solidified materials within the vault is expected to take 6 months to 1 year.
November 28, 1995
GURLEY PIT

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INDUSTRIAL
CONTROL
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD980496368
                             EPA REGION 6
                            GRESSIQNAL DISTRICT 03
                               Sebastian County
Site Description

Location:          •


Population:        •

Setting:
Hydrology:
Eight miles southeast of Fort Smith, Sebastian County, Arkansas
near Jenny Lind, 1/4 mile off Bonanza Road.

Approximately 750 (near the site).

Rural location.
Nearest residence is approximately 200'.
Nearest water well is 200'.
Local residents are connected to the county water supply system.

Surface and underground coal mines.
Bottom of strip pit consists of fractured shales and interbedded
sandstones/shales.
Four ground water bearing zones consisting of two artesian
aquifers within the coal unit, a perched system and an unconfined
system.
Wastes and Volumes 	

1.     Principle Pollutants:
                            • #*•
      • Methylene chloride
      • Toluene
      • Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs).
      • Heavy metals (nickel, chromium, lead).

2.     Volume:

      • Several hundred buried drums and several thousand cubic yards of contaminated soil.

Site Assessment and Ranking  	
                           NPl USTINQ HISTORY
                               Site HRS SCWK 30.31
                             Proposed Date? 12/3G&&
                                Hnal Date: 9/08/83
                               NPL Update:  Original
                                                             November 28, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
                                   Industrial Waste Control
                                                                rated Ship Mlr
                                                         UquklWast*
                                                         WcwtoPondC
                                               Dfum Disposal Aiwa D

                                                    laootoatapprax
                   Sebastian County
The Remediation Process  	

Site History:

•  Landfilling began in the late 1960s or early 1970s. Used for municipal refuse and
construction debris.
•  Industrial landfill permitted by state from 1974-1978.
•  The facility was closed in 1978 and the landfill area was covered and graded.


Health Considerations:

•  An overflow in 1979 allegedly killed some fish.
•  Cancer risk from exposure to soil contaminants.
•  Toxic effects from metals on children through ingestion of soil.
•  Residential wells occasionally used for domestic uses.

Other Environmental Risks:

•  Pollutants may migrate via runoff and subsurface mines.
•  Deterioration of buried drums.
    November 28, 1995
INDUSTRIAL WASTE CONTROL

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Record  of Decision
                                          June 28,1988
                     J
•  Remedy: Offsite disposal of liquid-filled drums, solidification/stabilization of contaminated
soil, slurry wall, french drain and multilayer cap.
  Other Remedies Considered

1. No Action

2. Containment, rigid barrier

3. Containment with on-site Incineration


4. RCRA vault

5. On-site incineration
          Reason Not Chosen
Does not protect public health or the
environment
Constructablllty of rigid barrier In mine void
Is questionable.
Provides same level of protection as
selected remedy but costs three times as
much.
Provides same level or protection as
selected remedy, but higher cost
Higher short term risks; high cost.
Community Involvement	

• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 04/84, revised 02/89
• Open houses and workshops: 12/90
e Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 06/86, revised 04/88
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  07/88
• Milestone Fact Sheets: 04/89, 09/89, 01/90, 08/90, 01/91,, 7/94

• Citizens on site mailing list: 94

• Site Repository: Fort Smith Public Library
Technical Assistance Grant

• Availability Notice: 02/89
• Letters of Intent Received: None
• Final Application Received: N/A
• Grant Award: N/A
    INDUSTRIAL WASTE CONTROL
                        November 28, 1995

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Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA): M. S. Ramesh, 214/665-6764, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
  State Contact: Devon Hobby
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA):  Donn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  Paul Wendell, 214/665-2136, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA):  Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  IT Corporation
Cost Recovery: EPA Lead (Enforcement)
• Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) Identified:
• Viable PRPs:  12
19
Present Status and Issues
• The remedial action was completed in 1991 and the site is currently in the 30 year operation
and maintenance phase. The Industrial Waste Control Steering Committee (group of PRPs who
implemented the remedy) purchased the site and some surrounding areas to assure site access
for continued monitoring and maintenance.
• A Site Close Out Report was issued in 1992.
• First five year review report was submitted by PRPs in November 1994.
Cleanup Measurements
• Approximately 5000 gallons of highly toxic liquid wastes was incinerated in an offsite facility.
• About 2000 cubic yards of highly contaminated soil was stabilized onsite.
• Future degradation of ground water is prevented by a slurry wall, french drain, and multilayer
RCRA cap containment system.
• Removal of contaminated materials, installation of barriers to prevent water movement
and other cleanup actions have eliminated the threat to human health and the environment
from the Industrial Waste Control site.
    November 28. 1995
             INDUSTRIAL WASTE CONTROL

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JACKSONVILLJ
MUNICIPAL LA
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD980809941
EPA REGION 6
 ESSIONAL DISTRICT 02
    Pulaski County
                                                         Other Namos:
                                                      Graham Road Landfill
Site Description
Location:     • On Graham Road east of Jacksonville, Arkansas, just inside the Pulaski County
            line.
            • North of Little Rock.
            • The Rogers Road Landfill site is located approximately 1/2 mile to the west.

Population:   • An estimated 10,000 within three miles of the site.

Setting:      • An estimated 10,000 people draw drinking water from public and private wells.
            • A private water well is 500 feet from the site.
            • The site encompasses approximately 40 acres of an 80-acre tract of land and is
            used for recreational purposes such as hunting.
            • In addition to municipal waste, the drums of industrial wastes were illegally
            dumped in the landfill.
            • On-site soil and drums were contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo (P)
            dioxin (2^,7,8-TCDD), 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T, and 2,4,5-TP.

Hydrology:   • Deposits underlying the site are composed of silty clay to about 80 feet.
            • Ground water and surface water flows are to the southeast.
Wastes and Volumes
• The principle pollutants at the Jacksonville Municipal Landfill include 2^,7,8-TCDD (dioxin),
and herbicides (2,4-D, 2,4,5-T and 2,4»5-TP)._
• 498 cubic yards of contaminated soil and 22 drums of hazardous materials were excavated
during the site remediation.
• Contamination was confined to four isolated drum pile locations.  There is no offsite
contamination.
Site Assessment and Ranking
                            NPL OSTING HISTORY
                             s   Site HRS Scor«J 29.6*
                               Proposed Date:: 01/22/87
                                Fjna* Date: 07/22/87  .
                                 NPL Update: No. 6
                                                                November 30, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
                                Graham Road
  o:
  &
                u
                      B
Rogers Road
   Landfill
                                                        Jacksonville Landfill
   Jacksonville
                                  Jacksonville
                                     Landfill
  Contain* >1 ppb
  Equivalent 2.3.7,8-Tcdd
  Contains >1 ppb
  Equivalent 2.3.7,8-Tcdd
D Trenches
The Remediation Process 	

Slto History:

• The City of Jacksonville purchased the site in June 1960 and operated it as a municipal landfill
until 1973.
• Wastes industrial and municipal were at first burned and then later dumped into unlined
trenches.  No cover was applied at the end of the day.
• Site was closed in July 1973 when the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology
refused to grant a landfill permit due to the high water table and poor drainage.
• In early 1986, the City of Jacksonville fenced the site to prevent public access.

Health Considerations:

• Potential for direct contact.

• Potential for contamination of residential wells.
November 30. 1995
                                            JACKSONVILLE MUNICIPAL LANDFILL

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Record of Decision
                                      ; September %r>
• The remedy selected for the Jacksonville Municipal Landfill included excavation of the on-site
waste material, thermal treatment and ash disposal of this material at the. Vertac Chemical Corp.,
capping of residual waste onsite, long term ground water monitoring and site maintenance.

                                             	Reason Not Chosen
                                             Not protective
                                             Not permanent, does not satisfy EPA's
                                             preference for treatment
                                             No commercial facility presently permitted to
                                             accept dioxln waste.
                                             Less secure location than at landfill Vertac;
                                             not Industrially zoned.
  Other Remedies Considered

1. No action
2. Capping

3. OffsKe thermal destruction

4. Thermal destruction at landfill


Community Involvement	

• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 11/88.
• Open houses and workshops: Open house 7/88; Update 11/88 and 3/89; Open house and
Update 7/89; Update 12/89; Update 5/90; Update 6/94.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting:  07/90.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  10/90.
• Milestones: Satellite Office Open 7/90 - Continuing Community Outreach/Contact.
• RD/RA Public Meeting, 8/94
• Citizens on site mailing list: 250
• Constituency Interest: Highly organized community interest (PACCE, FUSE, ACCA, EGA,
AA, NAACP, Greenpeace, JPWP, AARF). Elected officials at all levels are keenly aware of and
interested in this site.
• Site Repository:  Jacksonville City Hall
• Community Relations for this site are also accomplished through Vertac Chemical site
outreach.
Technical Assistance Grant
• Original Availability Notice: 4/88,1/92
• Letters of Intent Received:
      1)  Jacksonville People With Pride Cleanup Coalition (JPWPCUC)
      2)  Vertac Area Citizens Group
      3)  Friends United for a Safe Environment
      4)  People Against Chemically Contaminated Environment

• Grant Award: 05/18/89 to JPWPCUC
• Current Status:  Grant award to JPWPCC was annulled 12/91 due to apparent conflict of
interest.
JACKSONVILLE MUNICIPAL LANDRLL
                                                                     November 30, 1995

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_

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• Availability re-advertised 1/92
• Letters of Intent received:
       1) Jacksonville Superfund Oversight Committee
       2) People Against a Chemically Contaminated Environment
       3) Jacksonville Superfund Cleanup Coalition
       4) Concerned Citizens Coalition (CCC)
• Final Application Received: 2/24/93
• Grant Award: 4/5/93 to CCC
• Current Status: Significant effort and outreach by EPA resulted in consolidation of competing
groups onto the CCC Board of Directors.
• CRC meeting with Board members.
• Technical Advisor selected 9/94, ECO, Inc.
• Contract signed with TA 12/94; document reviews ongoing.
Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA):  Kathleen Aisling, 214-665-8509, Mail Code: 6SF-LN
  State Contact: Devon Hobby (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coordinator (EPA):  Donn Walters, 214-665-6483, Mail Code:  6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  John Dugdale, 214-665-8027, Mail Code:  6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214-665-8508, Mail Code: 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  RD/RA-U.S. EPA TAT Team,
                 Ecology & Environment

Cost Recovery:

• PRPs Identified: 3
• Viable PRP: 3
• RI/FS Notices issued 12/87
Present Status and Issues
• EPA signed the Preliminary Closeout Report and conducted a ribbon-cutting ceremony
signifying construction completion on September 25,1995.
Cleanup  Measurements
• Fencing the site has reduced the potential of exposure to contaminants at the Jacksonville
Landfill while the design of a final cleanup solution is being planned.
• Excavation of all hazardous substances at the site has eliminated the potential for exposure to
contaminants at the Jacksonville Landfill.
• Access to the site will remain restricted and the City will conduct groundwater monitoring and
operation and maintenance activities until at least December 1999.
• Had the site not been cleaned-up, it would have continued to act as a source of both soil and
ground water contamination.
November 30, 1995
JACKSONVILLE MUNICIPAL LANDFILL

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MIDLAND
PRODUCTS
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD980745665
Site Description
  EPA REGION 6
1GRESSIONAL DISTRICT 02
       Veil County
                                                            Other Name*:
                                                     Old Midland Products Company
Location:     • Approximately 50 miles northwest of Little Rode, Arkansas.
             • North of Highway 10 within Yell County.
             • One-half mile east of Ola, Arkansas.

Population:    • Approximately 190 people live in the agricultural area.

Setting:       • A residence sits at the southwest corner of the site.
             • Nearest drinking water well is approximately 400 feet west of the southwest
             corner of the site (at the Nieley residence).
             • The site is on a flat area with a uniform gentle north-northwest slope (2-3%).
             • The total site is approximately 37 acres, with two acres of the site occupied by
             lagoons and the former treatment building (known as the "plant" area).
             • Seven process lagoons range in surface areas from approximately 125 square
             feet to 7,200 square feet and have maximum depths of 3.5 feet and 6 feet.
             • Runoff paths from the lagoon area feed into an intermittent stream which
             continues offsite.

Hydrology:    • The site is situated in the lower Atoka geologic formation which is
             characterized by numerous fractures and joints.
             • Two water-bearing zones have been identified at the site; (1) the upper zone at
             20 feet consists of shales and weathered bedrock, and (2) the lower zone at 40
             feet consists of unweathered fractured bedrock.
             • Ground water occurrence in the lower water-bearing zone is thought to be
             closely associated with joints and fractures in the bedrock.
             • The nearby private drinking water well is reportedly screened at 80 feet.


Wastes and Volumes 	
From the RI, principle pollutants of concern at the site include:

• Pentachlorophenol:       Maximum detected concentrations:  Surface soil 790 ppm Ground
      water (with non-aqueous phase liquid): 12,000 ppm Lagoon sediments - 5,900 ppm (ppm
      = parts per million)

• Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Maximum detected concentrations: Surface soil: 14,000
      ppm Ground water (with non-aqueous phase liquid): 5,100 ppm Lagoon sediments -
      38,000 ppm
                                                                   November 29, 1995

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• Chlorinated dibenzo -dioxins and -furans (NB: 23,7,8-TCDD equivalents)
      Maximum detected concentration: Surface soil - 0.095 ppb Ground water (with non-
      aqueous phase liquid) 15.8 ppt Lagoon sediments - 42.8 ppb (ppb = parts per billion)

• RI estimates of the total fluid volumes in the lagoon yields 620,000 gallons; the estimated
volume of contaminated ground water is 450,000 gallons. Hie extent of soil contamination is
estimated to be up to 60,000 cubic yards.
Site Assessment and Ranking
                            NPL UST1NG HiSTOBY
                                Site JHR$,$cor«5 50,7?  %  s
                               Proposed Dat& 10/15/84
                                 Final Date 6/10/80 *
                                 NPL Update: No, 2
Site Map and Diagram
        Wildlife
        Management
                                          Midland
                                         Products
                                                            State Hwy. 10
November 29, 1995
MIDLAND PRODUCTS

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The Remediation Process
Site History:

• A sawmill/wood preservative processing plant operated at the site from around 1969 to 1979.
• The site area, less the lagoon area, was sold to the Plainview-Ola Economic Development
Trust, Inc^ in 1981.
• Remedial Action contract awarded to Chemical Waste Management, Inc. on March 1,1991.

Health Considerations:

• From exposure to contaminated on-site soils  and/or runoff path sediments.
• From the ingestion of contaminated on-site soils and/or runoff* path sediments.
• From the ingestion of contaminated ground water in the upper zone (not used as a drinking
water source).
• From exposure to contaminated surface waters.

Other Environmental Risks:

• Migration of contaminants to the Petit Jean State Wildlife Management Area (1 mile north of
the site) is possible via runoff.
Record of Decision
                                   Signed; March 24<+988
                     J
Soil Treatment:
• Thermal destruction of contaminated (>1 ppm PCP) soils, sludges and sediments.
• Place ash on-site and cover with a vegetated soil layer.

Ground Water

• Pumping and treating contaminated ground water.

 Other Remedies Considered
1.     Containment
2.     On-sKe Landfill
3.     Biological Degradation

4.     No Action

Groundwaten

1.     Containment/No Action
2.     French Drain
          Reason Not Chosen
Technically Infeaslble
Violates Land Ban; high relative cost
Technically questionable due to presence,
though low, of dloxlns
Environmentally unacceptable
Same as above
Technically Infeaslble
MIDLAND PRODUCTS
                         November 29, 1995

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Community Involvement
• Community Involvement Plan:  Developed 08/85, revised 12/88.
• Open houses and workshops:  05/86.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting:  11/87.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet: 03/88.
• Milestone Fact Sheets:  Open house 10/89; update 2/90 (ADPCE); Public Meeting (ADPCE)
2/90; Periodic RA updates 3/92 through present (ADPC&E)
• Citizens on site mailing list: 10

• Constituency Interest:  Moderate; politicians and residents were extremely concerned with the
costs of the study.  They do not oppose the remedy.

• Site Repository:  Ola City Hall
Technical Assistance Grant

• Availability Notice: 01/89
• Letters of Intent Received:  None
• Grant Award:  N/A
Fiscal and Program Management
• Remedial Project Manager (EPA):  Carlos Sanchez, 214/665-8507, Mail Sta. 6SF-AT
• State Contact: Clark McWilliams
• Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Melanie O. Lillard, 214/665-2294, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
• Attorney (EPA):  Jon Weisberg, 214/665-2180, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
• State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
• Prime Contractor:  ChemWaste Management

Cost Recovery:
• PRPs Identified:  1
• Viable PRP:  0
• PRP search completed June 1988

Present Status and Issues 	
• The on-site incineration of the waste materials was completed in May 1993 with the treatment
of 102,000 tons of creosote-contaminated sludges and soils.
•The groundwater pump and treatment phase was started in October 1993 and is expected to be
completed by 1998.

Cleanup Measurements   	
After listing the site on the NPL and performing interim studies, the EPA determined that the
site does not require immediate actions to protect nearby residents or the environment. The EPA
concluded that the Midland Products site does not pose a threat while cleanup activities are
being completed.
November 29. 1995
MIDLAND PRODUCTS

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 MID-SOUTH
 PRODUCTS
 ARKANSAS
 EPA ID# ARD092916188
EPA REGION 6
RESSIONAL DISTRICT 03
     Polk County
                                                            Other Names:
                                                      Mid-South Lumber Products
Site Description
Location:     • North of U.S. Highway 71 just west of Mena in Polk County.
             • Western Arkansas.

Population:    • Approximately 40 to 50 people reside on the 18 properties that are adjacent to
             the site.

Setting:       • There are 14 nearby wells, five located along highway 71, and seven are along
             County Road 374.
             • Since the beginning of the Remedial Investigation, homes northwest of the site
             (direction of ground water flow) have been connected to the Mena City Water
             System.
             • The Mid-South site is comprised of approximately 57 acres.
             • Operating chromated copper arsenate (CCA) plant.
             • Old plant site and two old holding ponds (122^00 square feet).
             • Two landfarm areas where pond sludges were mixed with soil (234,000 square
             feet).

Hydrology:    • Soil cover on the Mid-South site and surrounding area is relatively thin and
             limited to 1.0 -10 feet throughout the site. The cover soils are underlain by
             weathered shale and sandstone.  Ground water flows through the fractured rock
             regime.  The primary direction is to the northwest along the anomalous zone
             (fault) and the southwest along the railroad flexure. Surface drainage is
             controlled by a drainage divide that crosses the site from the northwest to
             southeast in the eastern section of the site. Precipitation that falls east of the
             divide flows eastward into an unnamed tributary of Prairie Creek. Runoff also
             flows westward from the drainage divide through the landfill area to East Fork
             Moon Creek.
Wastes and Volumes
• The principle pollutants at the Mid-South Wood Products Superfund site included:
            Arsenic 5.6 - 270.0 ppm, soil; 0 - 1.8 ppm, ground water
            Chromium 19.4 - 450 ppm, soil; 0 - 0.4 ppm, ground water
            Pentachlorophenol 0 - 11,000 ppm, soil; 0-44 ppm, ground water
• The volume of pollutants was estimated at approximately 80,000 - 100,000 cubic yards of
contaminated soil.
                                                                  November 30, 1995

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Site Assessment and Ranking
                             NFL UST1NG HISTOBV
                                 Site HRS Score 4&S7
                                Proposed pate; 12/3Q/5}>
                                  Final Date: 9/08/83
                                 NPL Update: Original
• The Department of Interior noted a threat to valuable stream fisheries. These concerns have
already been taken care of in the HRS package when scoring critical habitat.

Site Map and Diagram  	
The Remediation Process  	

Site History:

• The plant site was originally developed by Nebraska Bridge Supply & Lumber Co. in the late
1930s. In 1955, the facility operated under the name of Three States Lumber Co., with pressure
treating of lumber being the primary activity. Edward Hines Lumber Co. purchased the site in
1967 and operated the plant as a PCP and creosote wood treatment facility.  In 1977, Hines
converted the operation to a chromated copper arsenate wood-treating process.  In 1978,
MidSouth acquired the property from Hines and has since continued to use the CCA process.
November 30, 1995
MID-SOUTH WOOD PRODUCTS

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Health Considerations:

• Surface waters were contaminated with pentachlorophenol, creosote, arsenic, and chromium.

Other Environmental Risks:

• There is subsurface ground water contamination. Approximately 5700 people are served by
drinking water wells within one mile of the site.
Record of Decision
                                 Signed;  November 14,
• The remedy for the Mid-South Wood Products Superfund site included the following:
Excavate heavily contaminated materials in Old Pond/Old Plant area and stabilize wastes.
Consolidated this material with contaminated soils in landfarm area; covered with cap. Stabilized
wastes in Old Pond and North Landfarm areas and covered with a clay cap.  Completed
installation of ground water recovery and treatment system. Pump and treat contaminated
ground water.
  Other Remedies Considered

1. Containment
2. Source Removal
          Reason Not Chosen
Did not Include treatment.
Did not Include treatment;selected remedy
was more protective of public health
Community Involvement  	____^__	

• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 04/84, revised 01/88.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 08/85 and 08/86.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet: 01/88.
• Milestone Fact Sheets:  RD approval fact sheet 5/88; RA completion fact sheet 9/89; Update
10/90; Open House 1/94; Update 2/94;

• Citizens on site mailing list: 73
• Constituency Interest: Low public interest, not formally organized. Primary concern is the
potential economic impact of any action on a major employer.

• Site Repository: Polk County Library

Technical Assistance Grant   	
  Availability Notice:  01/89
  Letters of Intent Received:  None
  Grant Award: N/A
MID-SOUTH WOOD PRODUCTS
                        November 30, 1995

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 Fiscal and Program Management
 • Remedial Project Manager (EPA): Wren Stenger, 214/665-6583, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
 • State Contact: Mike Arjmandi
 • Community Involvement Coord. (EPA):  Donn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
 • Attorney (EPA):  Keith Smith , 214/665-2157, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
 • State Coordinator (EPA):  Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
 • Prime Contractor:  CH2MHI11

 Cost Recovery:

 • PRPs Identified:  2
 • Viable PRP:  1 - PRP has significant resources; 1 PRP has limited resources.
 • Meetings were held with the PRPs on 4/24/86; 5/5/86, and 9/17/86, which resulted in general
 agreement on the remedy. A ROD was signed by EPA on 11/14/86.
 • On 1/16/87 a meeting was held with the PRPs regarding the Consent Decree.
 • The Consent Decree was signed and entered in the Arkansas District Court on May 16,1987.
 • Delay in signing of Consent Decree resulted from  the PRPs' dispute regarding payment of past
 costs (i.e., RI/FS costs generated by EPA consultants).
 • EPA and the PRPs settled on a dollar figure regarding response costs, o The PRPs signed the
 Consent Decree in November 1987 and have submitted the document to EPA
 • EPA submitted the Consent Decree with 10-point  document to EPA Headquarters on
 December 31,1987.
 • PRPs requested bids on the Ground Water Recovery Treatment portion of the  design -
 January 1988.
 • The Remedial Action report was approved by EPA on July 27,1990.
 • The O&M Plan was approved by EPA on 9/14/90.
 • O&M Trust was approved on August 19,1991.
Present Status and Issues
• O&M inspections and Five Year Review took place in FY 93.
• Neighbors to site have expressed concern over surface water impacts of runoff from
remediated and unremediated (currently operating wood treatment plant) sites
Cleanup Measurements
• Providing a safe drinking water source and cleaning up the contaminated soil has reduced
contamination levels at the Mid-South Wood Products site.  Construction of a groundwater
extraction and treatment system is complete and groundwater treatment is ongoing.
• Approximately 80,000 to 100,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil were stabilized and disposed
onsite.
November 30, 1995
                                                           MID-SOUTH WOOD PRODUCTS

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 MONROE AUTO
 EQUIPMENT C
 (PARAGOUL
 ARKANSAS
 EPA ID# ARD980864110
Site Description
      EPA REGION 6
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 01
         Greene County
           Paragould
Location:     • The Monroe Auto Pit site is located on Arkansas Highway 357 about three
             miles west of the southern city limits of Paragould in Greene County, Arkansas.
             Greene County is located in northeastern Arkansas.

Population:    • Approximately 15,000 (City of Paragould)

Setting:       • The site occupies 7 acres of a former sand and gravel borrow pit. Four acres of
             the site are surrounded by a 6-foot chain link fence with barbed wire and a locked
             access gate.
             • The area is basically rural and lightly populated with private residences  located
             immediately south, north, and northeast of  the site.
             • The site is located on the eastern flank of Crowleys Ridge, a north-south
             trending physiographic feature.  The topography of the site area consists of
             undulating hills. Elevations at the site varies from 460 feet above mean sea level
             (MSL) in the northeastern comer of the site  to 413 feet above MSL in the
             southwestern corner of the site.

Hydrology:    • The site lies within an area designated as the Delta Ecoregion by the Arkansas
             Water Quality Standards. The nearest water body to the site is the lower  St.
             Francis River below its confluence with Straight Slough.
             • Three distinct ground water zones are located in the sediments beneath the site.
             The perched water zone is found in the alluvial gravel sediments of the Pliocene-
             aged Crowleys Ridge deposits. An upper unconfined aquifer zone and a lower
             confined aquifer zone are found in the Eocene-aged Wilcox Group sediments that
             underlie the Crowleys Ridge deposits.
Wastes and Volumes
• Principal pollutants include solvents and degreasing agents such as 1,1 Dichloroethane, 1,2
Dichloroethylene Xylenes, and metals such as chromium and lead.

• Approximately 15,000 cubic yards of electroplating waste (sludges) are buried onsite.
                                                                  November 30, 1995

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 Site Assessment and  Ranking
                              NFL UST1MQ HiSTQBY
                                s Site HRS Scots: 4&Q1
                                   Final Date: 8/29/90
                                  NPj. Update Na, 10
 • Received comments from PRP, State, and various politicians, against site listing.

 Site Map and Diagram	
                                        oShetton
                                       i o Halcomb
           Austin a
                      Monroe
                      Auto Pit
                                             a Gann residence
                                              (abandoned)
                                        ^.Cleveland
                                         3rown
                McLong0
D Residences
The Remediation Process 	

Site History:

• During 1973 -1978, Monroe Auto Equipment Company deposited approximately 15,000 cubic
yards of alum and lime electroplating sludge at the site in a sand and gravel pit. The State of
Arkansas had issued a temporary permit for waste disposal.
• In July 1987, EPA conducted a site assessment inspection to determine the potential for public
exposure to contaminants from the site.
• In August 1990, the site was formally added to the National Priorities List of Superfund sites.
• In March 1991, EPA issued a special notice letter to Monroe Auto Equipment Company to
conduct remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS).
• On June 28,1991, Monroe signed an Administrative Order on Consent to conduct the RI/FS
under EPA oversight.
                                                                  November 30, 1995

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Health Considerations:

• Ingestion of contaminated soils, surface water, and ground water.

Other Environmental Risks:

• Contamination of nearby streams from Potentially contaminated surface springs runoff.
Record of Decision
                                    tending
 Other Remedies Considered
                                  [ Not Applicable ]
Reason Not Chosen
Community Involvement  	

• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 6/91.
• Open houses and workshops:  NPL letter 10/89; NPL letter 8/90; Kick-off fact sheet, press
clips 1/91; Superfund "101" Workshop 1/91; Citizens' RI scoping meeting 2/91; Speech to
Environmental Group 4/91. Meeting with Realtors, RI update feet sheet 8/91. Letters to
citizens 2/93; Letters to Realtors 5/94; Open House with PRPs 4/94.
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 8/95
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:
• Milestone Fact Sheets:  1/91, 8/91, 2/92, 8/95

• Citizens on site mailing list: 41

• Constituency Interest: Site area residents concerned about drinking water well contamination,
surface water contamination, and property values. State/PRPs opposed listing the site on NPL.

• Site Repository: NE Arkansas Regional Library, Paragould, AR
Technical Assistance Grant
• Availability Notice:  1/91
• Letter of Intent: None
• Grant Award:
MONROE AUTO EQUIPMENT CO.
(PARAGOULD PIT)
              November 30, 1995

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Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA): Agatha Benjamin 214/665-7292, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
  State Contact: Mike Arjraandi (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Donn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  Paul Wendel, 214/665-2136, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor: Engineering - Science
Cost Recovery:

• PRPs Identified: Monroe Auto Equipment Company
• Viable PRP:  1
• Administrative Order on Consent for the RI/FS.
Present Status and Issues
• RI was completed in August 1993; FS was completed in April 1995. The Record of Decision
(ROD) is expected to be signed by late fall 1995.
• Under a May 1995 agreement with the EPA, the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control
and Ecology assumed lead-responsibility for the Monroe Auto Site, and is currently drafting the
Record of Decision.

Cleanup Measurements	
• The EPA conducted initial investigations and has determined that the site does not pose an
immediate threat to area residents. The EPA has determined that no further actions are required
while an investigation is underway at the Monroe Auto Equipment Co. site to identify final
cleanup remedies.
November 30, 1995
MONROE AUTO EQUIPMENT CO.
           (PARAGOULD PIT)

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POPILE,
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD00805250
    EPA REGION 6
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 04^
         Union County
          El Dorado
Site Description
Location:     • Union County, about 3/4 mile south of El Dorado City Limits.

Population:   •25,000

Setting:      • Nearest well is private well .75 mile from site.
            • Residential property on two sides; industrial/commercial properties on the other
            two sides.
            • Starting in 1976, three surface impoundments were used as part of waste water
            treatment process.
            • The El Dorado Aquifer, located between 700 and 1,000 feet below the surface,
            services an estimated 26,300 people. The City of El Dorado obtains its drinking
            water from this source from public and private wells located within 4 miles of the
            site.
            • The shallow groundwater, located between 0 and 200 feet below the surface, is
            primarily used for commercial livestock watering.

Hydrology:   • Site drainage enters Bayou deLoutre (fished extensively).
            • Shallow groundwater used primarily for livestock watering.
            • El Dorado Aquifer located approximately 4 miles from site provides drinking
            water to more than 26,000 residents.


Wastes and Volumes  	
• The principle pollutants at the Popile Superfund site include PCP, Acenaphthene,
Napathalene, 6enz(a)anthracene, Benzo(a)pyrene, Fluorene, Pyrene and other chemicals
associated with wood treatment onsite.

Site Assessment and Ranking  	
                             NFL USTING HISTORY
                                   Site MRS $CWK
                                Proposed Dale:: 02/04/92
                                 Final Dale: tp/14#a
                                 NPL Update Mo. 12
                                                                  November 30, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
                                                               chtto Rollrood
                                                           Sewoao Dltpo«al Ponds
                                                            MCESWii CttyUmtt*
                                                                   Major Highway*
The Remediation Process	

Site History:

• The Popile, Inc. is a 40-acre site on the east side of Southfield Road 1/4 of a mile before the
intersection of U.S. Highway 82.
• The property is bordered by the CRI&P Railroad on the east and Bayou de Loutre, a
perennial creek, on the north. A woodland area is south, upgradient to the site, and wetlands are
1 mile downstream, extending about 14 stream miles. The Bayou de Loutre, a commonly used
fishing area, and a downstream boat ramp receive drainage from the site.
• In 1947, El Dorado Creosote Co., the parent company of Popile, Inc., began treating wood at
the 40-acre property using pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote.
• El Dorado Pole & Piling Company purchased the property in 1956 and began using three
surface impoundments as part of the waste water treatment process in 1976. The wood treatment
operations ceased in July 1982.
• In September 1982, Popile bought approximately 7 1/2 acres of the property including the
surface impoundments and a  large area known as the Salt Flat. In 1984, Popile closed the three
impoundments.
• The EPA conducted an initial analysis in October of 1989, which identified contaminants in
the on-site soil.
 November 30, 1995
POPILE, INC.

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• EPA removal site stabilization action started September 5,1990 and completed August 1,
1991.
• Stabilization activities consisted of grading and shaping the site surface for erosion control,
capping a temporary impoundment area, installing steel culverts in a drainage area, topsoil and
seed entire site, install security fence, and post warning signs.
• Over 66,000 Cubic Yards of contaminated soil were placed in a temporary holding cell on site.
• The site was chosen to be addressed as a pilot project to demonstrate ways to accelerate the
final cleanup process. The investigation began in 1991 to determine the nature and extent of the
contaminated soil on site. The investigation and the selection of alternative cleanup options and
the design phase of the chosen remedies are to be completed by 1993.

Health Considerations:

• Direct contact with soils.
• Ingestion of ground or surface water.

Other Environmental Risks:

• Sediments in Bayou deLoutre contain low level concentrations of various PAHs.


Record  of Decision  	—
                                   Signed: February 20,1993
                      J
Ground Water
• Extraction of shallow contaminated ground water and wood treating fluids via interceptor
trenches and/or pumping wells.
• Treatment and discharge of the contaminated waters on site to a surface water system.

Soil Treatment:

• Excavation and onsite biological treatment of contaminated soils and sludges in a land
treatment unit.
• Grading of excavated/backfill areas, followed by a vegetative cover.
  Other Remedies Considered

1. "No Action"
2. Institutional Controls
3. Stabilization
4. RCRA Cap

• Significant state involvement.
• Onsite incineration strongly considered.
           Reason Not Chosen
Not Protective remedial objectives
Not Protective
Not Protective In Long Term
Not Protective In Long Term
POPILE, INC.
                         November 30, 1995

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Community Involvement
• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 06/92
• Open houses and workshops: 02/92,07/92, 08/92,09/92,5/93
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 06/92, 07/92.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  02/93.
• Milestone Fact Sheets:  06/92,02/93,5/93

• Citizens on site mailing list: 172
• Constituency Interest: Low to medium.

• Site Repository: Barton Public Library
Technical Assistance Grant
• Availability Notice: 06/92
• Letters of Intent Received: None
• Grant Award: N/A
Fiscal and  Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA): Wren Stenger (acting), 214-665-6583, Mail Code:  6SF-AO
  State Contact: Jean Koeninger (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA):  Bonn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  John Dugdale, 214/665-8027, Mail Code 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor: Camp, Dresser & McKee

Cost Recovery:  Fund Lead
Present Status and Issues  	
• Remedial design phase underway.

• Remedial action contract anticipated to be advertised in late fall or early winter 1995.


Cleanup Measurements   	
• The containment of waste materials and the measures taken to address the leaking
contaminants have reduced immediate human health and safety risks while final design steps are
underway.
November 30, 1995
POP1LE, INC.

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ROGERS RO
MUNICIPAL
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD981055809
EPA REGION 6
RESSIONAL DISTRICT 02
    Pulaski County
Site Description  	

Location:     • On Rogers Road east of Jacksonville, Arkansas, just inside the Lonoke County
            line.
            • Located north of Little Rock, the Jacksonville Landfill site is located
            approximately 1/2 mile to the east.

Population:   • Approximately 10,000 within three miles of the site.

Setting:      • An estimated 10,000 people draw drinking water from public and private wells.
            • A private well is 2,640 feet from the site.
            • The site encompasses approximately ten acres and is used for recreational
            purposes such as hunting.
            • About 30 deteriorating drums were in the landfill giving-off a strong chemical
            odor. Soil around the drums was contaminated.
            • On-site soil and the drums were contaminated with herbicides and pesticides,
            2,4-D, 2,4, 5-T, 2,4,5-TP, 2,3,7,8-TCDD and dieldrin.

Hydrology:   • Geology under the site consists of alluvial deposits of clay and silty clay to
            about 25 feet.
            • Below 25 feet, the deposits consist of silty clay and sand, o Surface water and
            ground water flow is generally to the southeast.
Wastes and Volumes
• The primary pollutants include 2,3,7,8TCDD, herbicides (2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-TP and 2,4-D), and the
pesticide, dieldrin.

• 200 cubic yards of contaminated soil and 38 drums of hazardous material were excavated
during site remediation. There is no offeite contamination.
                                                                   November 29, 1995

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Site Assessment and Ranking
                             NPL LISTING HISTORY
                                 Site HRS Score: 29,64
                                Proposed Date: 01/22/87
                                  Final Date? 07/22/97
                                  NPL Update: No. Q
    Site Map and Diagram
Rogers Road
   Landfill
                  Ana* of Concwn
                 Contains >1 ppb
                 Equivalent 2. 3. 7. 8-Tcdd
             J*
                                         Graham Road
                                          Rogers Road
                                            Landfill
                                     Jacksonville  ''/
                                                          Jacksonville
                                                            Landfill
    The Remediation Process  	

    Site History:

    • The City of Jacksonville purchased the site on September 16,1953, and operated it as a
    landfill (an open dump) until October 1974.
    • The landfill closed when the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology
    turned down an application for a permit due to high water levels and poor drainage.
    • In addition to municipal waste, drums of chemical waste were also dumped at the landfill.

    Health Considerations:

    • Potential for direct contact.
November 29, 1995
                                ROGERS ROAD MUNICIPAL LANDFILL

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      Potential for contamination of residential wells.
    Record of Decision
                                 Signed: September 27,1990
                     J
• The remedy selected for the Rogers Road Municipal Landfill included excavation of the on-
site waste material, thermal treatment and ash disposal of this material at the Vertac Chemical
Corp., capping of residual waste onsite, long term ground water monitoring and site
maintenance.
 Other Remedies Considered

1. No action  *
2. Capping

3. Offsite Thermal Destruction

4. Thermal Destruction at Jacksonville
Landfill
          Reason Not Chosen
Not protective
Not permanent; does not satisfy EPA's
preference for treatment
No commercial facility presently permitted to
accept dloxln waste
Less secure location than Vertac: not
Industrially zoned.
Community  Involvement  	

e Community Involvement Plan: Developed  11/88.
• Open houses and workshops: Open house 7/88; Update 11/88 and 3/89; Open house and
Update 7/89; Update 12/89; Update 5/90, Update 6/94
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting:  07/90.
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  10/90.
e Milestone: Satellite Office Open 7/90, Continuing Community Outreach/Contact
e RD/RA Public Meeting 8/94
• Citizens on site mailing list: 227
• Constituency Interest:
       - Highly organized community interest (PACCE, FUSE, ACCA, EGA, AA, NAACP,
       GREENPEACE, JPWP, AARF).
       - Elected officials at all levels are keenly aware of and interested in this site.
• Site Repository: Jacksonville City Hall

e Community Relations for this site are also accomplished through VERTAC site outreach.
Technical Assistance Grant
• Original Availability Notice:  4/88,1/92
e Letters of Intent Received:
       1)  Jacksonville People With Pride Cleanup Coalition (JPWPCUC)
       2)  Vertac Area Citizens Group
       3)  Friends United for a Safe Environment
       4)  People Against Chemically Contaminated Environment
 ROGERS ROAD MUNICIPAL LANDF1LL
                         Novembef 29, 1995

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• Grant Award: 05/18/89 to JPWPCUC
• Current Status: Grant award to JPWPCC was annulled 12/91 due to apparent conflict of
interest.

• Availability re-advertised 1/92
• Letters of Intent received:
       1) Jacksonville Superfund Oversight Committee
       2) People Against a Chemically Contaminated Environment
       3) Jacksonville Superfund Cleanup Coalition
       4) Concerned Citizens Coalition (GCC)
• Final Application Received:  2/24/93
• Grant Award: 4/5/93 to CCC
• Current Status: Significant effort and outreach by EPA resulted in consolidation of competing
groups onto the CCC Board of Directors.
• CRC meeting with Board members.
• Technical Advisor selected 9/94, ECO, Inc.
• Contract signed with TA 12/94; document reviews ongoing.

Fiscal and Program Management  	
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA):  Kathleen Aisling, 214-665-8509, Mail Code: 6SF-LN
  State Contact: Devon Hobby (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coordinator (EPA):  Donn Walters, 214-665-6483, Mail Code:  6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA):  John Dugdale, 214-665-8027, Mail Code:  6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214-665-8508, Mail Code: 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  RD/RA-U.S. EPA TAT Team,
               Ecology & Environment

Cost Recovery:

• PRPs Identified: 3
• Viable PRP:  3
• RI/FS notices were issued 12/87.

Present Status and Issues  	
• EPA signed the Preliminary Closeout Report signifying construction completions on
September 25,1995.

Cleanup Measurements	
• Excavation of all hazardous substances at the site has eliminated the potential for exposure to
contaminants at the Rogers Road Municipal Landfill.

• Access to the site will remain restricted and the City will conduct groundwater monitoring and
operation and maintenance activities until at least December 1999.

• Had the site not been cleaned-up, it would have continued to act as a source of both soil and
ground water contamination.
November 29, 1995
ROGERS ROAD MUNICIPAL LANDFILL

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SOUTH  8TH  ST.
LANDFILL
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD9804967fe
      EPA REGION 6
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 01
        Crittenden County
         West Memphis
                                                          Other Name*:
                                                       Wast Memphis Landfill
Site Description
Location:     •  West Memphis, Crittenden County, Arkansas
            •  Across the Mississippi River from Memphis, TN

Population:   •  An estimated 30,400 people live within 4 miles of the site.

Setting:      •  Located in the two year flood plain between the St. Francis Levee and the
            Mississippi River.
            •  Located down gradient of West Memphis water supply wells.
            •  Located next to operating RV park.
            •  Road through the site is only access to the Mississippi River for miles on
            Arkansas side of the River.
            •  Trespassers seeking access to the River are quite common.
            •  Site was evaluated for use as a park by the State of Arkansas.

Hydrology:   •  Very porous alluvium aquifer, ground water table ranges to a few feet to 20
            feet below the ground surface depending upon the stage of the Mississippi River.
            •  From 1980 to 1990, the site was flooded an average of 30 days per year.
Wastes and Volumes  	

1.    Principle Pollutants:

      •  The waste in the pit is highly corrosive with a pH of less than 2.0
      •  Contaminants in the pit include lead, PCBs, carcinogenic poly-aromatic hydrocarbons
      (PAHs) and dioxin.
      •  Contaminants in the landfill areas of the site include carcinogenic PAHs and several
      pesticides.

2.    Volume:

      •  The volume of waste and its ancillary contaminated soil and debris is approximately
      22,000 cubic yards and the surface area is approximately 4 acres.
      •  The surface area of the landfill portions is approximately 15 acres.
                                                                  December 1, 1995

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Site Assessment and Ranking
                           NPl USTIMG HISTORY
                             „ Site HRS Score: 50.27
                             . Proposed Datet 2/07/92
                               Final Date: 10/14/92
                              ,  NPL Update:
Site Map and Diagram
                                           rrm
                                           South 8th Street Landfill


     BOTTOM LAND FOREST ASEA
      DI33HARROWEDHELD
       EXCAVATION PIT
H*HWH:;::::«   RAILROAD
      ST. FRANCIS LEVEE
                   Firing
                   Rang
                                                       	STUDY AREA
                                                         [  |    STRUCTURE
                                                                TANKS
                                                                DRUMS
                                                               ACCESS ROAD
                                                               SLUDGE FITS
                                                               December 1, 1995

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The Remediation  Process
Site History:

•      Aerial photographs indicate that the site was used for the excavation of a series of borrow
       pits and the subsequent disposal of waste beginning in 1957.  Most of the early disposal
       activities were conducted in the area of the large oily waste pit.
•      EPA conducted several preliminary investigations at the site beginning in 1981 through
       1988.  The site was scored under the Hazard Ranking System and proposed to the NPL
       in February 1992.
•      In June 1992, the Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs), with EPA oversight, provided
       site security.
•      In September  1992, EPA took the lead when the PRPs failed to comply with the terms
       stated in the Unilateral Administrative Order (UAO).
•      Arkansas Department of Pollution Control & Ecology (ADPC&E) declined an invitation
       by EPA to construct a levee around a large sludge pit.
•      On October 20,1992, EPA began construction of levee.
•      Stabilization activities were completed on November 11,1992.
•      Several of the PRPs constructed a fence to limit access to the site in July 1992 in
       response to a UAO issued by EPA. EPA initiated a fund lead remedial Investigation and
       feasibility study (RI/FS) in June 1992.
•      EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) in September 1994 calling for onsite
       stabilization and offsite disposal of pit waste and a new cover for the landfill area.
       A Decision on ground water was deferred  pending collection of additional data.
•      EPA helped the PRPs to form a group and to negotiate with the Agency to perform the
       remedy. Negotiations are ongoing. EPA sponsored Alternate Dispute Resolution, which
       has been helpful in prompting a PRP group to organize.

Health Considerations:

•      The primary risk at the site is attributed to the oily sludge pit. The short term risks result
       from the highly corrosive nature of the waste and the long-term carcinogenic risks are
       attributed the organic contaminants present in the waste.  Both the recreational work
       (IxlO"3) and crop consumer (6xlO~2) exposure scenarios display risk in excess of the action
       level (IxlO-4).

Other Environmental Risks:

•      An ecological risk assessment conducted on the pit wastes show that the site presents an
       unacceptable environmental risk (Hazard Index greater than 1 for several contaminants)
       to small mammal (mouse) and avian raptor populations (red shouldered hawk).
Record of Decision
                                    Signed;  November 1994
J
SOUTH 8TH STREET LANDFILL
    December 1, 1995

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Community Involvement
• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 5/92
• Open Houses/Workshops:  1/92, 4/92,2/93, 4/93, 8/93,12/94, 3/95
• Three meetings were held with public officials during 1992 and 1993.
• Original Proposed Plan - 7/93; Public Meeting 8/93
• ROD - Selected 11/94
• Community meeting to brief citizens on revised ROD as signed, 12/94
• Milestone Fact Sheets: 2/92, 4/92, 7/93

• Citizens on site mailing list: 150

• Site Repository:  West Memphis Public Library

Technical Assistance Grant   	
• Availability Notice:  4/92
• Letters of Intent Received:  None
• Final Application Received: N/A
• Grant Award: N/A
• Current Status: Available

Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA): Susan Webster, 214/665-6784, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
  State Contact:  Devon Hobby
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Bonn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney (EPA): Anne Foster, 214/665-2169, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA): Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  Fluor Daniel,  Inc.

Cost Recovery: PRP Lead (Enforcement)

• PRPs Identified: 85
• Viable PRP: Currently unknown
Present Status and  Issues
•  The initial actions to limit access to the site and minimize the spread of contamination
associated with flooding has helped to minimize the immediate threats to recreational visitors at
the site.
• EPA signed a ROD in 11/94 calling for stabilization and off-site disposal of the sludges and
contaminated soil and debris and a natural soil cover of the former landfill areas.
• EPA is trying to encourage formation of a PRP group by supplying a third party mediator to
act as a catalyst for group formation.
• A PRP group has formed and has tender a good faith offer to EPA to conduct the full
remedial design at the site.  Negotiations  for an Administrative  Order on Consent to design the
site remedy are ongoing.
December 1, 1995
SOUTH 8TH STREET LANDFILL

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Cleanup Measurements
•  Remediation of the South 8th Street Site will reduce risks for over 28,000 people located
within a 4 mile radius of the site.
•  Approximately 48 acres of natural habitat will be returned to the environment for use by
mammals and birds.
•  The construction of a fence to limit public access to the site and the removal of the drums
containing hazardous substances from the banks of the Mississippi River have reduced the
potential human health and safety risks while further investigations into final cleanup remedies
are being planned.
SOUTH 8TH STREET LANDFILL
December 1, 1995

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VERTAC,  IN
ARKANSAS
EPA ID# ARD000023440
 EPA REGION 6
GRESSIONAL DISTRICT 02
     Pulaski County
Site Description   	

Location:     •  15 miles northeast of Little Rock, Pulaski County
            •  On Marshall Road near western edge of City of Jacksonville, Arkansas

Population:   •  About 30,000 residents in the City of Jacksonville.

Setting:      •  Nearest residences are adjacent to the plant property.

Hydrology:   •  Tertiary sands and silts of the Claiborn and Wilcox Groups sit unconformably
            on interbedded sandstones in shales of the Atoka Formation.
            •  Shallow to deep fracture system are primary groundwater transport system in
            the Atoka.
            •  Unconsolidated Tertiary Wilcox sediments are capable of producing up to
            2,000 gaVmin, but is not considered an important groundwater source near the
            site.
Wastes and Volumes
      Principle Pollutants:
            •  2,3,7,8-TCDD (dioxin)- as high as 3,000 ppb in soils; as high as 37 ppm in
       drummed wastes
               2,4-D                  • 2,4,5-T
               Chlorinated benzene     • Chlorinated phenols
               Herbicide production wastes
      Volume
               28,440 drums of herbicide production waste (stillbottoms)
               Several thousand cubic yards of liquid and solid wastes
               Landfill with several thousand cubic yards of waste
               Several thousand cubic yards of contaminated buildings and equipment
Site Assessment and Ranking
                             NPL UST1NG HISTORY
                                 Site HRS Score: 65.46
                                Proposed Date: 12/30/82
                                  Final Date: 9/08/83
                                NPL Update: Original NPL
                                                                  November 29, 1995

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Site Map and Diagram
               Vertac Chemical
                  Corporation
                                                      Vwtae
                                                     Chemical
                                                    Corporation
                                                              Jacksonville
• Air Monitors
n Incinerator Unit
The Remediation Process  	

Site History:

•  Reasor Hill Company produced 2,4,5-T beginning in 1948 (2,3,7,8-TCDD is a by-product).
•  Hercules purchased the plant in 1961, produced Agent Orange, a 2,4,-D and 2,4,5-T mixture.
•  Transvaal leased the plant from Hercules during 1971-1976, produced 2,4-D; 2,4,5-T and
2,4,5-TP.
•  Vertac organized in 1976 and in 1979 suspended production of 2,4,5-T and 2,4,5-TP (silvex).
•  Vertac ceased all manufacturing operations May 1986.
•  In December 1986, Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) began removal activities with EPA
oversight.
•  In January 1987, PRP filed bankruptcy and EPA took the lead for removal activities.
•  Removal activities included: overpacking and staging leaking drums, construction and repair
of storage building to contain drums, pump and treat liquid waste, construction of road for easier
site access,  fence repair, erosion control.
•  Simultaneous removal actions conducted in off-site developed and undeveloped residential
areas.
•  PRP completed off-site removal in June 1989.
•  Drummed waste incineration near complete. About 2,000 drums of T-waste being shipped
offsite for incineration at APTUS facility over the next 10 months.
     November 29, 1995
                                    VERTAC, INC.

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Health Considerations:

•  As a result of inadequate waste disposal methods and production controls, soils and ground
water have been contaminated by herbicides, chlorinated phenols, and dioxins.  Potential risks
include direct contact with and ingestion of contaminated soils.

Other Environmental Risks:

•  Fish in the Rocky Branch Creek and Bayou Meto contain dioxin above Food & Drug
Administration alert levels for dioxin.  A fishing ban is in effect.  Recent data indicates dioxin
levels in fish tissues are declining.
Record of Decision
                               Signed; September 27,1$90 (Offefte*
                         Signed: June 30,1993 Onsite OU1 (Above Ground)
                               Pending: Onsite OU2 (Below Ground)
Off-site Contamination:
 • Dewater and Cap aeration basin and cap sludge drying beds in the sewage treatment plant.
 • Onsite incineration of digester sludge, sewage collection line sediments, Rocky Branch/Bayou
 Meto flood plain soils/sediments.
 • Line cleaned interceptor lines.
  Other Remedies Considered	

 1. No Action

 2. Incineration of collection line
 sediments, consolidation and capping,.
 deed restrictions.

 3. Incineration of collection line,
 sludges, creek/bayou sediments, cap
 drying beds, deed restrictions.

 4. Incineration of all sediments  and soils,
 cap aeration basins, deed restrictions.

 5. Incineration of all sediments  and soils,
 cap excavation ponds, deed restrictions.
   Reason Not Chosen
Not protective, doesnt comply with ARARs

Doesn't comply with ARARs, requires
zoning changes.
ARARs, not permanent, requires zoning
       changes.
High risk to workers, public and
environment, not cost effective, zoning.

Same as 4. above.
     VERTAC, INC.
                                                                          November 29, 1995

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Community Involvement
• Community Involvement Plan: Developed 1983
• Open houses and workshops: 07/88, 09/88, 02/93, 4/93, 8/93, 12/93, 8/94, 12/94
• Original Proposed Plan Fact Sheet and Public Meeting: 06/86 & 07/90 (Off-site), 4/93 (On-
site)
• Original ROD Fact Sheet:  01/90 inc. support, 10/90 Off-site, 08/93 Onsite
• Milestone Fact Sheets: 11/86, 09/87, 03/88, 04/91, 8/93 (EPA taking over from State), 12/93,
12/94
e Citizens on site mailing list: 266
• Continuous outreach through local satellite office
• Constituency Interest:
       - Highly organized community interest (PACCE, FUSE, ACCA, EGA, AA, NAACP,
       Greenpeace, JPWP, AARF). Elected officials at all levels are keenly aware of and
       interested in this site.
       - Removal action, incineration remedy, original Technical Assistance Grant annulment,
       and multiple operable units have kept community interest at high levels.
       - Response to PACCE
       - Transportation of contaminants to off-site facility
       - Maintain local Satellite office

• Site Repository: Jacksonville City Hall

Technical Assistance Grant	
• Original Availability Notice: 4/88,1/92
• Letters of Intent Received:
       1)  Jacksonville People With Pride Cleanup Coalition (JPWPCUC)
       2)  Vertac Area Citizens Group
       3)  Friends United for a Safe Environment
       4)  People Against Chemically Contaminated Environment

• Grant Award: 05/18/89 to JPWPCUC
• Current Status: Grant award to JPWPCC was annulled 12/91 due to apparent conflict of
interest.

• Availability re-advertised 1/92
• Letters of Intent received:
        1) Jacksonville Superfund Oversight Committee
       2) People Against a Chemically Contaminated Environment
       3) Jacksonville Superfund Cleanup Coalition
       4) Concerned Citizens Coalition (CCC)
• Final Application Received: 2/24/93
• Grant Award: 4/5/93 to CCC
• Current Status: Significant effort and outreach by EPA resulted in consolidation of competing
groups onto the CCC Board of Directors.
 • CRC meeting with Board members.
 • Technical Advisor selected 9/94, ECO, Inc.
 • Contract signed with TA 12/94; document  reviews ongoing.
     November 29, 1995
                                                                            VERTAC, INC.

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Fiscal and Program Management
  Remedial Project Manager (EPA): Rick Ehrhart, 214/665-6765, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
                          M.S. Ramesh, 214/665-6764, Mail Sta. 6SF-AO
  State Contact:  Devon Hobby and Mike Arjmandi (ADPC&E)
  Community Involvement Coord. (EPA): Donn Walters, 214/665-6483, Mail Sta. 6SF-P
  Attorney(s) (EPA): John Dugdale, 214/665-8027, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
                   Jim Costello,  214/665-8045, Mail Sta. 6SF-DL
  State Coordinator (EPA):  Marilyn Owen, 214/665-8508, Mail Sta. 6SF-LL
  Prime Contractor:  CH2M Hill & URS Consultants-EPA; Weston-PRP
Cost Recovery: PRP Lead (Enforcement)

• PRPs Identified:  Approximately 8
• Viable PRPs:  4
Present Status and Issues
•  PRPs are remediating offsite areas under the terms of an Administrative Order.
•  A Public Meeting was held on 4/13/93 to discuss Onsite Operable Unit 1, the remedial
investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) findings and the Proposed Plan.
•  A Record of Decision (ROD) for above ground buildings/equipment (Operable Unit 1; OU1)
was signed on June 30, 1993.
•  PRPs are conducting Remedial Design for onsite OU 1, under the terms of an Administrative
Order.
•  EPA took over the drummed waste incineration project from the State in 6/93. D-Waste
incineration is complete, and the remaining 2000 drums of T-waste will be shipped for offsite
incineration at the APTUS facility.  The onsite incinerator is being demobilized.
•  The RI/FS is complete for Onsite Operable Unit 2 (Soils) and near complete for Operable
Unit 3 (Groundwater). A Proposed Plan for the soils was released in May 1995, followed by a
lengthy public comment period.
• A ROD for the soils operable unit is anticipated to be signed in late  fall 1995.
Cleanup Measurements
•  Remediation of Vertac Superfund Site will reduce environmental risks for the citizens of
Jacksonville, a city with approximately 30,000 residents.
•  About 10,000 cubic yards of highly contaminated waste is expected to be treated by
incineration.  Approximately 25,000 cubic yards of debris resulting from demolition of buildings
and equipment is expected to be placed in a RCRA landfill.
•  The numerous  cleanup actions performed to date have reduced the  further spread of
contaminants and  the threat of exposure to dioxin wastes from the tanks and drums on site. The
Vertac, Inc. site is safer while further studies aimed at identifying further cleanup actions and
current cleanup actions are continuing.
    VERTAC, INC.
November 29, 1995

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