uilding  for  the
by  Recycling      	
  Industrial  Materials
               Industrial materials, such as coal
               ash, foundry sand, construction
               and demolition materials, slag, and
               gypsum, are valuable products of
               industrial processes. These materials
               have many of the same properties
               as the virgin materials they replace.
               Putting these commodities into
               productive use saves resources and
               contributes to a sustainable future.
               Enclosed are examples:

It's Resourceful
          It's Cost Effective
   It's Sustainable

                       Comcast Center -- Located in Philadelphia, PA, the 1.2 million
                       square foot, 58-story skyscraper is owned and developed by
                       Liberty Property Trust with Comcast Corporation as the lead tenant.
                       Through deconstruction of an existing 9-story building that housed
                       the Philadelphia Public Defenders Office, Liberty was able to achieve
                       a 90 percent recycling rate. Discarded oil tanks located under the
                       building were cleaned for reuse to store captured stormwater.
                       This effort removed the potential source of water contamination
                       by old oil tanks and now contributes to water savings. Energy and
                       fuel are saved from removal efforts and the tanks are kept out of a
                       landfill. Combined, the tanks hold up to a total of 12,000 gallons of
                       stormwater for reuse as irrigation water, saving 45,000 gallons of
                       fresh drinking water every year. In addition, 90 percent, or 5.4 million
                         ins, of the construction waste and debris generated throughout the
                       project will be recycled. The new building also contains recycled slag
                       in its concrete, (www.libertyproperty.com)
Dundas Residence --This project, located in Prescott,
AZ, was designed by architect Michael Frerking and con-
structed by P.M. Taylor Development. It is a high mass, pas-
sive heated and cooled home that utilizes the mass as heat
and cool storage. The exterior wall is a 20" thick "poured
soil cement." At the center of each exterior wall is a 4" rigid
foam thermal break, giving the wall an R value exceed-
ing R-20. The walls utilize an ultra high fly ash (type F) "6
sack mix." This combines 2 sacks of Portland cement with
4 sacks of fly ash per yard. Compressive strengths exceed
2400 psi. The Portland cement use is reduced by 67 percent with the s
other future projects will yield as much as 80 percent reduction, (www.
  n of the fly
                                      Woodrow Wilson Bridge Replacement
                                      Project  Located on the Capital Beltway on the
                                      southern edge of Washington, D.C., this project
                                      focused its environmentally friendly practices on the
                                      recycling of construction and demolition materials
                                      from the pre-existing Woodrow Wilson Bridge
                                      (WWB). All  of the asphalt (250,000 cf) on the old
                                      bridge deck was milled and recycled and all of the
    .  r                               structural and bascule steel (8,000 tons) was recycled.
Photo by Frank Greenwell
                                      An estimated  60,000 tons of concrete in the old WWB
is being used to create artificial fish reefs in the Chesapeake Bay and an additional 12,500 tons
of concrete piers and foundations were used on site for  haul road construction, backfill, and
erosion and sediment control. In addition, the wash water and concrete waste coming from
multiple on-site batch plants, tens of thousands of concrete trucks, and  large concrete hopper
barges were collected and recycled. A large portion of the wash water settles out and hardens
into concrete which is either reefed or used on site. The excess wash water is allowed to settle
to avoid turbidity issues, mixed with C02 to balance the  pH, and then  sprayed on Project haul
roads to allay dust. The project also instituted a multi-office recycling program to support the
thousands of professionals working on the project daily, (www.wilsonbridge.com)

                         Naval Facilities Engineering Command Building 33
                          - The developers of Building 33, located in the historic
                ''. ll *     Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., used an existing
                 11      building as the foundation for its new facility. The renovation of
                         the original open-bay factory building was completed in 1998.
                         The new building houses the Headquarters offices of the Naval
                         Facilities Engineering Command.  In addition to using a pre-
                         existing structure, the project incorporated sustainable building
                      features such as ceiling tiles containing recycled newsprint,
                         concrete and concrete masonry units (blocks)  using fly ash, and
                         drywall containing recycled gypsum. Bricks also were recovered
                         during demolition activities, cleaned up, and reused on the site.
(http://www.eere.energy.gov/femp/highperformance/overview.cf m?ProjectlD=495)
Menomonee Valley Industrial Center and
Community Park Project  The 1,200 acre
Menomonee Valley revitalization is the largest Brownfields                 JK^^JJU*'*^!
cleanup in Wisconsin history. The revitalization leveraged      Ir^t|R?OliV^
$700 million, created 4,000 new jobs, and built 60 acres of            ** jL   ^   ^
park space and 4 miles of trails. The Valley's redevelopment        *,   ^**
is a nationally recognized model of public-private partner-
ship and a major civic achievement for Milwaukee. This        photo by Menomonee Valley Partners, ,nc.
project used crushed concrete for building foundations
and roadway subgrade, and broken concrete for subsurface transmissive layer within the
Stormwater Park. In addition, the County Stadium recycling effort will result in 95 percent of
the old ballpark being used again. The Industrial Center and Community Park Project was the
redevelopment of a 140 acre Brownfields site within the Valley. The entire site was raised 6 to
10 feet out of the floodplain. Various types of industrial materials from the Valley were used
in the redevelopment, including foundry sand from the neighboring Falk foundry and nearly
900,000 cubic yards of fill from the  reconstruction of the adjacent freeway. The photo shows
sunflowers growing in the new Menomonee Valley Park, (www.renewthevalley.org)
                             Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr. United States
                             Courthouse -- This facility, located in Miami, FL,
                             was designed by Arquitectonica International (ARQ) and
                             Hellmuth Obata + Kassabaum, Inc. (HOK). The 546,000
                             square foot project includes 14 district courtrooms, two
            fW   ||l flj  ;   |  special proceedings courtrooms, and office space for the
                             U.S. Clerk of Court, U.S. Marshal Service, U.S. Attorney,
                             U.S. Probation and Federal Public Defender. The design
mirrors the American Judicial System by incorporating three distinct elements: A pair of twin
towers which represent the two opposing sides of each argument pierced by a singular and
transparent glass volume which represents the overriding truth and justice. Specifications
required that construction materials be recycled during the demolition of the existing
building and construction of the new facility. This resulted in the diversion of an estimated
2,600 tons of material from Florida landfills. Facility materials included 25 percent maximum
content fly ash concrete, which helped keep the structure as thin as possible and also resist
hurricane and blast forces. In addition, this project incorporated numerous energy efficient
and other environmental features, (www.arquitectonica.com and www.hok.com)
                                       EPA530-F-07-020a   September 2007   www.epa.gov/osw