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3 Muldon, S.B.; Cauley, JA; Kuller, L.H.; Morrow, L;
Needleman, H.L.; Scott, J.; Hooper, F.J.; Effects of blood
levels on cognitive function of older women.
4 American Heart Association, http://www.
americanheart.org/presenter/jhtml?identifier=4419
5 Brook, R.D.; Franklin B.; Cascio W.; Hong, Y; Howard
G.; Lipsett, M.; Luepker, R.; Mittleman, M.; Samet, J.;
Smith Jr, S.C.; and Tager, I., 2004. Air pollution and
cardiovascular disease. Circulation 109:2655-2671.
http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/109/21/2655
6 Zanobetti, A.; and Schwartz, J., 2007. Particulate air
pollution, progression, and survival after myocardial
infarction. Environmental Health Perspectives
115(5):769-774.
7 Miller, K.A.; Siscovick, D.S.; Sheppard, L; Shepherd,
K.; Sullivan, J.H.; Anderson, G.L.; and Kaufman, J.D.,
2007. Long-term exposure to air pollution and incidence
of cardiovascular events in women. N Engl J of Med.
365(5):447-458.
8 Zanobetti, A. and Schwartz, J., 2002. Cardiovascular
damage by airborne particles: are diabetics are more
susceptible? Epidemiology 13(5): 588-592.
9 Barr, R.G.; Wentowski, C.C.; Grodstein, F.; Somers, S.C.;
Stampfer, M.J.; Schwartz, J.; Speizer, F.E.; and Camargo,
C.A. 2004. Perspective study of postmenopausal
hormone use and newly diagnosed asthma and chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease. Arch Intern Med. 164:
379 - 386.
10 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
http://www.4woman.gov/minority/americanindian/
diabetes.cfm.
11 National Poison Control  Center Data, 1993-1998.
12 Dich, J.; Zahm, S.H.; Hanberg, A.; and Adami,
H., 2004. Pesticides and cancer. Cancer Causes &
Control,8(3), 420-443.
13 Kamel, F. and  Hoppin, JA, 2004. Association of
pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and
disease. Environmental Health Perspective, 112(9),950-
958.
14 Nash, D.; Magder, L.S.; Sherwin, R.; Rubin, R.J.; and
Silbergeld, E.K., 2004. Bone density-related predictors
of blood lead level among pre- and postmenopausal
women in the United States. American Journal of
Epidemiology, 160, 901-911.
15 Carpenter, D.O., 2001. Effects of metals on the
nervous system of humans and animals. International
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental
Health, 14(3), 209-218.
    http://airnow.gov/index.cfm7actioiustatic.
                                    olderadults
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                         jhtml?identifier=4786
      http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/
                                lung/indexhtm
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Arabic translation of: Women and Environmental Health
Publication Number EPA  100-F-08-008
Annotations
1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
http://www.cdc.gov/DHDSP/announcements/ameri can_
heart_month.htm
2 American Lung Association, http://www.lungusa.
http://www.lungusa.org/site/apps/s/content.asp?c=dvLU
K9OOE&b=34706&d^3052283

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