Clean Lakes Program
    1990 Annual Report


Clean Lakes Program
     1990 Annual Report
       Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds
            Office of Water
            Washington, D.C.

Prepared by The Terrene Institute for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Publication does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies
of the Environmental  Protection Agency, nor does mention of trade names or
commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
      EPA Regional Clean Lakes coordinators contributed the information for
                  this Clean Lakes Program Annual Report.

    The report was compiled by EPA Headquarters Clean Lakes Program staff;
                       Susan Ratcliffe, project officer.

      Lura Taggart Svestka of JT&A, inc., designed and produced the report.
         Cover photo of Pyramid Lake, Arizona, by Terri Hollingsworth.
                             Distributed by the

                       1000 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.
                                Suite 802
                          Washington, DC 20036
                              (202) 833-8317
                            Fax: (202) 466-8554

Introduction	  1
Region I  	  4
Region II	  7
Region III	  9
Region IV	11
Region V	13
Region VI	16
Region VII  	18
Region VIII	22
Region IX	25
Region X	27
Regional Offices and Coordinators  	31


       The Clean Lakes  Program  moved into the
       final decade of the century clearly commit-
       ted to supporting total lake and watershed
management from initial diagnosis through post-
restoration monitoring. Continuing its grass-roots
orientation as the Federal partner in State lake pro-
tection programs, the Clean Lakes Program covered
the entire scope of its mandate in 1990.
   The 102 newly awarded Clean Lakes cooperative
agreements encompassed all four phases of the pro-

 • State/Tribal  Lake Water Quality Assessments
    (LWQAs): must be  performed biennially  by
    States or Tribes to attain or maintain eligibility
    for Clean  Lakes Program  funding. In submit-
    ting their 1990 Clean Water Act section 305(b)
    reports (April 1990), States were to include the
    information  required by section 314. The Na-
    tional Water Quality Inventory  Report that
    contains this information is  now being pre-

 • Diagnostic/Feasibility Studies (Phase I): must
    be completed first,  to determine the  actual
    work that needs to be done under a Phase II.

 • Restoration/Implementation  Projects (Phase
    II): put into effect the recommendations of the
    Phase I studies.

 • Post-restoration Monitoring  Studies (Phase
    III): determine through monitoring the longev-
    ity,  progress,  and  success of the Phase  II
   Forty-four States, one territory, and 15 Indian
Tribes received financial assistance in Fiscal Year
1990 totalling slightly more than $12 million. Diag-
nostic/Feasibility Studies  (Phase  I)  constituted
more than half the agreements, slightly less than a
third of the financial assistance. About half the Fed-
eral funds went into Restoration/Implementation
Projects (Phase II). Lake Water Quality Assessments
and Post-restoration Monitoring Studies together
accounted for less than $1 million with 14 awards.
  Most  significantly, however. Native American
Indian Tribes dramatically  increased their partici-
pation  in the program.  Fifteen Tribes  became
eligible for—and  received—Clean Lakes financial
assistance this year,  in contrast to three the previ-
ous year and only one in 1987.
Percentage of Clean Lakes FY 90 funds spent on project
 State/Tribal Lake Water Quality Assessments
 Phase I  — Diagnostic/Feasibility Studies
 Phase II  — Restoration/Implementation Projects
 Phase III — Post-Restoration Monitoring Studies

                                            Puerto Rico  isiands
States marked with dots received Clean Lakes FY 90 cooperative agreements.
Indian Tribe Agreements

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
which administers the Clean Lakes Program, main-
tains a special policy for Native American Indian
Tribes that enables a Tribe to be treated as a State.
This reflects  EPA's recognition  of Tribal  govern-
ments  as  independent  authorities for reservation
affairs—sovereign entities, not political subdivisions
of States. Thus, a Tribe designated as a State may
apply for and receive grants to conduct Clean Lakes
and other EPA water quality projects on Tribal lands.
(This report associates the Tribes with States simply
for geographical reference.)
   During Fiscal Year 1990, two California Tribes—
the Colorado River Indian  Tribes and the  Fort
Mojave Indian Tribe—were given State status and
each received $100,000 to conduct Phase I diagnos-
tic-feasibility studies. The Colorado River Tribe will
use the funds to study water quality on Deer Island
Lake and 12-Mile Lake, while the Fort Mojave Tribe
will employ the funds for similar studies of Twin
and Long lakes.
   Another Tribe designated as a State in 1990, the
Pueblo of Acoma, received  $455,454 in Phase II
funding to restore Lake Acomita in New Mexico.
   Seventy-seven  percent of  the LWQA awards
were to Indian Tribes. The Red Lake, White Earth
and Mille Lacs Bands of the Minnesota Chippewa
Tribes continued their Lake Water Quality Assess-
ments. Nine other  Tribes—the Poarch  Band  of
Creek  Indians (Alabama), the  Eastern  Band  of
Cherokees  (North Carolina), Wind River Tribe
(Wyoming),  Blackfeet  Tribe (Montana),  Turtle
Mountain Chippewa  Tribe (North Dakota),  South-
ern Ute Tribe  (Colorado), Nez  Perce and  Coeur
d'Alene Tribes (Idaho), and  Klamath Tribe (Ore-
gon)—received a  total of $362,596  in FY 1990 to
begin or  continue LWQAs. This accounted for 53
percent of the LWQA  financial assistance.

 Uke Water Quality Assessments     13  $   685,066
 Diagnostic/Feasibility Studies       60  $ 4.386,323
 Restoration/Implementation Projects  25  $ 6,649,002
 Post-Restoration Monitoring Studies   4  $   439,875

          TOTAL              102  $12,133.266*

 * Remaining funds from FY 89 allocation included.
Other Program Activities

Information and education are the cornerstones of
the Clean Lakes Program, which continues to sup-
port  the transfer of technical information to the
States and citizens. The Program participates in na-
tional and  international conferences  and citizen
workshops, publishes manuals and other materials,
and continues to support the Clean Lakes Clearing-
house database.

 • Enhancing  States'  Lake  Management Pro-
    grams:  This May 1990 conference in Chicago
    focused on stormwater management and local
    nonpoint source issues. Clean Lakes Program
    regional and headquarters staff participated in
    the sessions.

 • International Lake  & Reservoir Symposium:
    More than  600 people attended  the  North
    American Lake Management Society's 10th an-
    nual  symposium, which brings together the
    citizen  and  lake association community with
    the academic, governmental, and business in-
    terests concerned with lake issues.

 • Regional Workshops:  The Clean Lakes Pro-
    gram continued to support and participate in
    workshops for  citizens  interested in  learning
    how  to protect and manage their lake/reser-
    voir  resources.  Georgia  conducted  such  a
    workshop in May, followed by  Pennsylvania
    and Michigan in June. Although regional in na-
    ture, all these workshops led to the formation
    of State lake associations.

 • Lake & Reservoir Restoration Guidance Man-
    ual: The second edition of this popular guide
    for the lake community was completed, and
    several thousand have already been distrib-
    uted. The original authors
    revised and updated the
    information  contained in
    the Manual, to assure its
    continued applicability to
    lake restoration.
    Monitoring  Lake & Reservoir Restoration:
    This first technical supplement to  the Lake &
    Reservoir Restoration Guidance Manual was pre-
    pared and distributed this
    year.  A  second  technical
    supplement is now  under-
    Clean Lakes Demonstration  Program: 1989
    Annual Report to Congress: Section 314(d) of
    the 1987 amendments to the Clean Water Act
    established  a demonstration  program  to de-
    velop pollution control  techniques for lakes
    that could serve as models for similar restora-
    tion  projects on other  lakes.  This  report
    summarizes  the status of each demonstration
    project and  describes the work undertaken by
    the EPA Clean Lakes Program as well as by
    others involved in these projects.
Clean Lakes Clearinghouse

EPA continued to respond to requests for informa-
tion from citizens, lake associations, States,  and
others throughout the Nation. Two staff with library
and database expertise maintain the Clearinghouse,
continually screening and inputting new material.

                                  Region  I
       Every State in Region I participated in the
       Clean Lakes Program  during  Fiscal  Year
       1990, with two—Maine and New Hamp-
shire— beginning post-restoration monitoring pro-
jects this year. The Region worked closely with the
States in managing the program's activities, particu-
larly in

  Q Guiding the States' preparation of financial
    assistance applications to ensure
    consistency and high quality;

  Q Conducting technical reviews and making
    funding recommendations for all Clean
    Lakes Program applications;

  Q Awarding nine new Clean Lakes
    cooperative agreements with the States;

  Q Managing 37 active projects to ensure that
    interim goals were being accomplished,
    time requirements met, and special grant
    conditions followed;

  Q Visiting many Clean Lakes Phase II projects
    to verify progress toward completion of
    lake restoration; and

  Q Reviewing and providing comments on
    sub-State agreements to ensure regulatory
    control for the maintenance of take projects.
    Such supervision is essential to preserving
    a lake's water quality once restoration has
    been completed.
                             *• Success Story
                             • Regional Office
Success Story: Lake
Lashaway, Massachusetts
The story of Lake Lashaway—the first Clean Lakes
project in Massachusetts—began  when  residents
around the lake found a new way to use their old
   During the 1970s, homeowners living beside
Lake Lashaway were dragging their old bedsprings
along the shoreline in a desperate effort to remove
tangled masses of vegetation that hampered access
to the lake. The lake suffered from nutrient loading
and suspended solids both from its periphery and
its large watershed; fanwort and bushy pondweed
covered much of the surface.
  By 1978,  aesthetic and recreational activities
were so diminished that the Lake Lashaway Com-
munity Association and the two towns bordering
the lake joined forces to fund a eutrophkation
study. In March 1980, EPA agreed to award Phase I
Clean Lakes financial assistance to complete a feasi-
bility study, and, a year later, approved a Phase II
award to restore the lake.
  The major components of the Phase II project
were  the design and construction of a lake level

                       Region I — Active Projects

STATE              PROJECT                      COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

Connecticut         Statewide	LWQA
                   Bantam Lake	Phase II
                   CandlewoodLake  	Phased
                   Lake Warramaug	Phased

Maine              Statewide	LWQA
                   China Lake	Phase II
                   Lake Cobbossee	Phase II
                   Long Lake  	Phase I
                   Webber Lake	Phase II
                   Three Mile Pond 	Phased

Massachusetts       Statewide	LWQA
                   LakeBuel	Phased
                   Lake Cochituate 	Phase II
                   Dunn's Pond	Phase II
                   Hill's Pond  	Phased
                   Lower Mystic Lake	Phase II
                   Porter Lake	Phase II
                   Sluice, Flax, and Floating Bridge Ponds  . Phase If
                   Spy Pond	Phase II
                   Eagle Pond	Phase II
                   Whitman's Pond 	Phase II

New Hampshire      Statewide	LWQA
                   Beaver Lake  	Phase I
                   Mendum's Pond 	Phase I
                   Webster Lake   	Phase I

Rhode Island        Statewide	LWQA
                   Lake Washington	Phase I
                   Olney Pond	Phase I

Vermont            Statewide	LWQA
                   Lake Champlain 	Phase I

                             FY 1990 Awards

                                                                    AMOUNT ($)

Maine              Chickawaukie Lake   	Phase II        141.190
                   Medawaska Lake   	Phase I         88,830
                   Cochnewagon Lake   	Phase III        68,348

New Hampshire      Beaver Lake  	Phase I         27,225
                   Otternick Ponds 	Phase I         99,999
                   KezarLake	Phase III       121,577

Rhode Island        Watchaug Pond 	Phase I        100,000

Vermont            Lake Chemplain 	Phase I        120,000
                   Lake Bomoseen*	Phase II        588.000

TOTAL               	             $1,355,169
* Demonstration project

                                                                        Taken just prior to
                                                                        drawdown of the water
                                                                        level, this photo shows the
                                                                        outlet control structure at
                                                                        the south end of Lake
                                                                        Lashaway, including the
                                                                        fenced catwalk, sluice
                                                                        gate valve, and outlet
                                                                        chamber. Photo by
                                                                        Robert C. Haynes.
control structure to facilitate drawdown. Construc-
tion began in September 1982, and the sluice gate
that controlled the new outlet structure was opened
80 days later.  A full 8-foot  drawdown  had to be
postponed for two years until a retention dam was
built to protect the wetlands that bordered the in-
flowing tributary.
   The outlet structure's effect on the lake was dra-
matic  and  unequivocal.   Before  construction,
nuisance macrophytes covered 70 percent of the
lake; by the winter of 1984-85, the drawdown re-
sulting from the new structure had  decimated the
two populations of macrophytes that  had marred
the lake.
  During six  continuous years of winter draw-
down, Lake  Lashaway has  remained  free of
nuisance macrophytes. Aesthetic and recreational
activities have rebounded,  as has  shoreline man-
agement. In 1985, the two towns bordering the lake
established a new beach, and the lake association
built a permanent boat ramp in 1987 after comple-
tion of a State-funded dredging project. Sail and ski
club  activities are in full swing, and the Massachu-
setts Bass Fishing Club  has put Lake Lashaway
back on its regular  tournament circuit. Moreover,
annual operation and maintenance costs associated
with the control structure are negligible.

                                Region  II
       The use of weed harvesting as a lake man-
       agement technique spawned much interest
       in Region II this year; the Region visited a
number of lake communities in both New York and
New Jersey to provide information on weed har-
vesting. Other activities in Region H's management
of the Clean Lakes Program included:

  Q Management of New York's Onondaga
     Lake, including convening the Onondaga
     Lake Management Conference, awarding a
     $500,000 demonstration grant to help
     finance the conference's work; reviewing
     research proposals, and beginning a Phase I

  Q Completion of Phase II projects in New
     Jersey's Etra Lake and Iroquois Lakes;

  D Completion of LWQA assessments in New
     York, New Jersey, and Puerto Rico; and

  D Site visits to several lakes in New York and
     New Jersey to demonstrate the
     effectiveness of weed harvesting.
• Regional Office

A weed harvester at work.

                      Region II — Active Projects

Puerto Rico

New Jersey
                                                COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
                   Lake La Plata  	Phase II
                   Allerttown Lake   	Phase
                   Lake Hopatcong	Phase II
                   Deal Lake*	Phased
                   Greenwood Lake  	Phase II
                   Saratoga Lake	Phase II
                   Irondequoit Bay  	Phase II
                   BelmontLake  	Phased
                   Van Cortlandt Park Lake	Phased
                   Collins Lake	Phased
                            FY1990 Awards
                                                                   AMOUNT (I)

New Jersey

New York
Manahawkin Lake	Phase II
                   Lake Cnamplain	Phase!
                   LakeOnondaga	Phased
                   Lake George	Phase II

•Demonstration project

                                 Region  III
  ^k    Clean Lakes project in Maryland was com-
  / ^k  pleted during Fiscal Year 1990, as manage-
.X   .^Lment of the Clean Lakes Program in Region
III included the following activities:

   3 Completion of the technical review, grant
     application, and funding recommendations
     for Delaware's LWQA;

   Q Completion of the Loch Raven Clean Lakes
     Project in Maryland;

   O Participation by EPA Clean Lakes staff in a
     workshop on the Loch Raven project
     conducted by the Maryland Department of
     the Environment;

   a On-site visits to Lakes Wallenpaupack and
     Nockamixon in Pennsylvania; and

   3 Completion of sampling for West Virginia's
•*• Success Story
• Regional Office
                                    Region III—Active Projects
               STATE             PROJECT                     COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

               Maryland           Loch Raven Reservoir	Restoration/Implementation

               Pennsylvania        Lake Nockamixon	Restoration/Implementation
                                 Lake Wallenpaupack  	Restoration/Implementation

               Virginia            Lake Chesdin  	Restoration/Implementation
                                 Rivanna Reservoir	Restoration/Implementation
                                 Big Cherry Reservoir  	Diagnostic/Feasibility Study

               Delaware           Silver Lake	Diagnostic/Feasibility Study

                                          FY 1990 Awards
                                                                               AMOUNT ($)

               Delaware           Lums Pond  	Phase I         39,769
                                 Silver Lake	Phase II       101,202

               Pennsylvania        Lake Jean  	Phase I         64,600
                                 Lake Ontelaunee   	Phase I        100,000
                                 Lake Luxembourg	Phase t         44,000
                                 Lake Wallenpaupack  	Phase II       240,529

               Virginia            Big Cherry Reservoir  	Phase II        32,000

               West Virginia        Hurricane Lake  	Phase I         45,500

               TOTAL              	              $667,600

Success Story: Lake
Nockamixon,  Pennsylvania

Created by the Pennsylvania Department of Human
Resources (DER) in 1973, Lake Nockamixon is a
1,500-acre reservoir located  in Nockamixon State
Parkin upper Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The lake
is one of the most popular recreational facilities in
eastern Pennsylvania, drawing fishing, sailing, and
hiking enthusiasts to its waters, which are also a po-
tential water supply.
  Since its creation,  Lake Nockamixon  has been
plagued by low dissolved oxygen concentrations,
high nutrient levels,  and algal blooms. Excessive
nutrients from agriculture,  erosion,  and a large
wastewater treatment facility caused most of the
lake's water quality problems. In response to public
outcry over the poor quality of the water and fish-
ery, the DER appropriated funds to conduct a Phase
I study of the lake. The  study recommended  up-
grading  the wastewater treatment  facility and
implement agricultural BMPs to reduce the sus-
pended sediments and phosphorus in the agricul-
tural runoff.
  To  implement the recommendations, a multi-
agency  steering committee  was  formed.  The
committee included  representatives of  the Bucks
County  Conservation District (BCCD), DER,  the
Pennsylvania Fish Commission, Pennsylvania Bu-
reau of State Parks, Pennsylvania Game Commis-
sion, Bucks County  Health Department,  USDA's
Soil Conservation Service (SCS), USDA's Agricul-
tural  Stabilization  and  Conservation  Service
(ASCS),  and the local  farmers' association. The
steering committee met every six to eight weeks for
about a year to exchange information, solve prob-
lems, and ensure that the Phase I recommendations
were carried out.
  A Federal grant funded the upgrading of  the
wastewater treatment  plant  so  that the facility
could reduce the phosphorus in the effluent. And in
1988, the BCCD obtained Phase II funding to imple-
ment  agricultural BMPs.  Conservation measures
were instituted on 95 percent of the cropland and
pasture land upstream from and draining  into  the

                                 Region  IV
A         great deal of citizen concern about the de-
         eriorating  water  quality  of  Georgia's
         akes—particularly West Point Lake, recipi-
ent of Atlanta wastewater—spawned interest in
protective measures for the State's lake resources.
Region IV  was instrumental in the production of
landmark water quality standards that were enacted
as  part  of historic  water  protection  legislation
passed by the Georgia General Assembly. Other ac-
complishments of the  Region's Clean Lakes Pro-
gram during Fiscal Year 1990 included:

   Q Assisted in drafting landmark lake water
     quality standards for Georgia that were
     subsequently enacted by the Georgia
     General Assembly;

   Q Managed 18 active projects, completing
     LWQAs in Alabama and Florida and a
     Phase II at Lake Jackson  (Florida);

   3 Awarded financial  assistance for
     diagnostic/feasibility studies on a large
     interstate lake—West Point,
     with approximately 23,000
     acres in Georgia and
     approximately 3,000 acres in
     Alabama—that has been
     significantly affected by point
     source pollution (nutrients) and
     toxics; and

   O Supported work on several
     lakes with major nonpoint
     source problems that seriously
     affect their area's economies:
     Georgia's Lakes Lanier (38,000
     acres)  and Walter F. George
     (45,000 acres) have  a combined
     visitor day total of 25.6 million
     per year; fishing in  Alabama's
     Lake Weiss (30,000  acres) is
     estimated to contribute $11
     million to the local  economy.

   To encourage the development of university lim-
nology  programs,  States in  this Region have
subcontracted LWQA studies  and/or Phase I activi-
ties to several colleges  or universities,  including
   'Regional Office
Florida State University, University of Georgia, La
Grange College (Georgia), Auburn University (Ala-
bama), the  University of Southern  Mississippi,
Tennessee Technical University, and Murray State
University (Kentucky). North Georgia College  at
Dahlonga also will be doing some work under an ar-
rangement with the University of Georgia.

   Region IV — Active Projects
                             COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
Statewide	LWQA (completed)
Florida              Statewide	LWQA (completed)
                    Lake Jackson   	Phase II
                    LakeMunson	Phase!
Georgia             Statewide	LWQA
                    l-ake Jackson   	Phase I
Kentucky            Statewide	LWQA
Mississippi           Wolf Lake	Phase I
                    Moon Lake  	Phase I
                    Lake Washington	Phase I
North Carolina        Statewide	LWQA
                    ijmstead State Park Lake   	Phase It
                    3igLake  	Phase II
South Carolina        Statewide	LWQA
                    Lake Edgar A. Brown	Phase I
Tennessee           Cove Lake   	Phase I
                    Fall Creek Lake	Phase I
                             FY 1990 Awards
                                                                    AMOUNT ($)
Alabama            Weiss Reservoir  	Phase I         100,000
                    West Point Lake  	Phase I         100,000
Poarch Band of Creek Indians (Ala.)	LWQA          10,000
Florida               LakeLawne   	Phase I         100.000
Georgia              West Point Lake  	Phase I         100,000
                    LakeLanier	Phase!         100,000
                    Lake Walter F. George	Phase I         100,000
Mississippi           Statewide	LWQA         100,000
North Carolina        High Rock Lake   	Phase I         100,000
                    Long Lake   	Phase I         100,000
                    Big Lake  	Phase II        100.000
Eastern Band of Cherokees (N.C.)   	LWQA          15,000
South Carolina        LakeBowen   	Phase I         100,000
                    Goose Creek Reservoir  	Phase I          25,200
Tennessee           Statewide	LWQA         100,000
TOTAL               	             $1,250.200

                                 Region  V
         R»ion V works with many State, Federal,
         id local organizations—including several
         hippewa Indian Tribes— in fulfilling the
mandates of the Clean Lakes Program. The Region
co-sponsored a third annual national meeting for
State lake managers and also participated in annual
State lake association conferences. The Region's ac-
tivities during Fiscal Year 1990 included:

  Q Co-sponsoring the National State Lake
     Managers/Nonpoint Source Conference
     held in Chicago;

  Q Participating in annual conferences
     convened by the Illinois Lake Management
     Association, the Indiana Lake Management
     Association, the Michigan Lakes and
     Streams Association, the Ohio Lake
     Management Society, and the Michigan
     Lake Management Society;

  3 Continuing to work with State agencies, the
     U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and local
     organizations to implement the Sauk Lake
     Demonstration Project in Minnesota;

  3 Working with the Red Lake, White Earth,
     and Mille Lacs Bands of the Minnesota
* Success Story
• Regional Office
    Chippewa Indian Tribes to develop
    laboratory quality assurance programs for
    their LWQAs; and

 -1 Managing 86 Clean Lakes grants and
    beginning to close out several.

                       Region V — Active Projects
                                                  COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

Illinois               Statewide  	LWQA
                    LakePitlsfield  	Phase!
                    Lake Springfield	Phase II
                    Skokie Lagoons	Phased
                    HerrickLake	Phase!
                    Charleston Side Channel  	Phase!
                    McCullom Lake   	Phase!
                    Lake Pickneyville  	Phase I
                    Frank Molten State Park Lakes  	Phase III

Indiana              Statewide  	LWQA
                    Skinner Lake	Phase II

Michigan             Statewide  	LWQA
                    Lake Lansing   	Phase III
                    Elk River Chain of Lakes  	Phase!
                    Lake Mitchell   	Phase!

Minnesota           Statewide  	LWQA
                    Big Stone Lake   	Phased
                    Clearwater Chain of Lakes  	Phase II
Chippewa Tribe Lakes (Minn.)   	Phase!
                    Golden Lake	Phased
                    LakeRipley  	Phase I
                    Tanner's Lake  	Phase I
                    Medicine Lake	Phase II
                    Moore Lake  	Phase II
                    LakeRiley	Phase II
                    Upper & Lower Prior Lakes	Phase I
                    Sauk River Chain of Lakes  	Phase!
                    Big Kandiyohi Lake  	Phase I
                    French Lake	Phase!
                    East Side Lake   	Phase!
                    Florence Lake	Phase I
                    Long Lake	Phase I
                    Aligamet Lake	Phase I
                    Bemidji/lrving Lakes	Phase!
                    Grove  Lake  	Phase!
                    Sallie/Detroil Lakes  	Phase I
                    Sauk Lake	Phase!
White Earth Chippewa Tribe (Minn.)  	LWQA
Red Lake Chippewa Tribe (Minn.)  	LWQA
Mille Lacs Chippewa Tribe (Minn.)  	LWQA
Bay River Chain of Lakes (Minn.)	Phase I

Ohio                Statewide  	LWQA
                    Winton Lake	Phase I
                    SippoLake	Phase I

Wisconsin           Statewide  	LWQA
                    LakeComus	Phased
                    Delavan Lake  	Phase II
                    Lake Henry  	Phased
                    LakeNoquebay  	Phased
                    Milwaukee Urban Lakes	Phase II
                    Upper Willow Reservoir	 .Phased
                    Bass Lake	Phase!
                    Pickerel/Crane Lakes	Phase I
                    Wind Lake	Phase!
                    8 Lakes   	Phase III

                                   Region V — FY 1990 Awards

Chicago Park Lagoons	Phase I        50,000
Sherman Park Lagoon	Phase II        100,000
Skokie Lagoons  	Phase II        430,341
East & West Paris Lakes	Phase!        40,000
Lake Lou Yeager	Phase I        50,000

Portage Lake	Phase!        30,000
Marble-Coldwater Chain of Lakes  .... Phased        115,000
East & West Glen Lakes	Phase I        27,000
HamlinLake  	Phase I        47,250
HigginsLake	Phase I        24,760
Morrison Lake  	Phase II        125.306

Long Year Lake   	Phase I        50,000
Koronis-Rice Lakes   	Phase!        50,000

Dillon Reservoir  	Phase I        50,000
Indian Lake	Phase I!        165,000
Twin Lakes	Phase III        124,950

Fish Lake	Phase I        15,950
DelavanLake   	Phase II        468,000
Bass Lake   	Phase I        10,993

Success Story: Lake
McCarrons, Minnesota

Lake  McCarrons, an 81-acre lake in suburban  St.
Paul,  had been suffering from algal blooms, weed
growth, low hypoHmnetic dissolved oxygen, exces-
sive nutrient loadings from the watershed and lake
sediments, and excessive sediment deposition in the
lakebed. To combat these problems, a Phase I study
of the lake recommended construction of a sedimen-
tation basin, six small wetland treatment chambers,
and storm sewer sump to trap sediment. The Minne-
sota Pollution  Control Agency  and  the City  of
Roseville  used  a $194,316  Phase II Clean Lakes
award to implement those recommendations.
                    Post-implementation evaluation of the treatment
                 system by the Metropolitan Council of the Twin
                 Cities showed encouraging results. Although the
                 lake's  water quality  and trophic state  did  not
                 change, the detention system  and wetland treat-
                 ment  chambers  did reduce  loadings  of  total
                 phosphorus and  total dissolved  phosphorus, as
                 well as several other pollutants.
                    Analyses of 21 storms that  occurred from Sep-
                 tember 1986 to June 1988 showed that the treatment
                 system had cut total phosphorus loadings 78 per-
                 cent from pre-treatment  levels.  Total dissolved
                 phosphorus had dropped 53 percent; total Kjeldahl
                 nitrogen, 85 percent; total volatile and  suspended
                 solids, 94 percent each; chemical oxygen demand,
                 93 percent;  nitrate, 63 percent; total nitrogen, 83
                 percent; and total lead, 90 percent.

                                Region  VI
       The first Native American  Indian  Clean
       Lakes project in Region VI began during
       Fiscal Year 1990. Three national demonstra-
tion projects are also among the active projects man-
aged by  Region  VI. This year the Clean  Lakes
Program in the Region included the following activ-

  Q Guiding the States' preparation of project
    applications to ensure high quality,
    competitive applications;

  Q Visiting Oklahoma's Lake Hefner to
    observe LORAN bathymetric mapping
    techniques and lake monitoring procedures;

  Q Visiting Oklahoma's Northeast Lake to see
    part of the watershed, and observe
    dredging operations and the final stages of
    the project;

  Q Conducting technical reviews, making
    funding recommendations, and awarding
    funds for six new Clean Lakes projects;
  Acomita Lake
* Success Story
• Regional Office
 O Managing 19 active projects, including
    three national demonstration projects, to
    ensure that workplan requirements and
    grant conditions were met; and

 G Beginning the first Native American Tribes
    Clean Lakes project in the Region by
    awarding funds for a Phase II project to the
    Pueblo of Acoma to restore Acomita Lake.

                                   Region VI — Active Projects
                                         FY 1990 Awards
               Pueblo of Acoma
               (New Mex.)
LakeAcomita	Phased
                                 Meadow Lake  	Phase I
                                 Lake Eufaula	Phase I
                                 LakeChichasha  	Phase!
                                 Statewide	LWQA
                                 Lake Worth*  	Phased

               •Demonstration project



               New Mexico
Beaver Lake*	Phase!
City Lakes  	Phase II

Statewide	LWQA
LakeMcGaffey	Phase!

Statewide	LWQA
Northeast Lake	Phase II
Lake Lawtonka	Phase II
Lake Ellsworth  	Phase I
Lake Hefner  	Phase I
Grand Lake o' the Cherokees  	Phase I

Lake Houston*	Phase I
Lake Worth*  	Phase)
Town Lake  	Phase 1
                  AMOUNT <$)


Success Story: Acomita Lake,
Pueblo of Acoma,  New Mexico

Acomita Lake is a 70-acre reservoir with a 17-square-
mile watershed located  on the Pueblo  of Acoma
about 20 miles west of Grants,  New Mexico. Com-
pleted in 1939, the dam that created the reservoir
was originally built to store irrigation water diverted
from  the Rio San Jose. In 1961, the Pueblo began
stocking rainbow trout, and the lake was managed
for put-and-take fishing as well as irrigation water
   When the lake's water quality deteriorated to the
point that it could no longer sustain a trout fishery,
the lake was drained. A Phase I-equivalent study
concluded that the lake was suffering from exces-
sive sedimentation and nutrient loading from the
Rio San Jose, which was receiving treated  waste-
                 water discharges from the town of Grants. To solve
                 the problem, the Acoma Pueblo used EPA funds to
                 build sediment retaining structures in the lake wa-
                 tershed in 1985.
                    Building on this success, the Pueblo of Acoma
                 was given State status in August 1990—one of the
                 first Tribes in the program's history to be so desig-
                 nated—and  became  eligible  for  Clean  Lakes
                 assistance, which was awarded in September 1990.
                 The Tribe received funding for  a Phase II project
                 that includes designing a constructed wetlands in
                 the upper reach of the reservoir, dredging the reser-
                 voir  to   remove  accumulated  sediments  and
                 increase  depth,  and instituting  restorative mea-
                 sures. The latter are designed to help the lake  once
                 again become  a  high quality fishery.  To that  end,
                 the Clean Lakes project is being coordinated with a
                 Bureau of Native American Affairs dam restoration

                               Region  VII
       The Clean  Lakes Program  in  Region  VII
       worked with all its States and many citizen
       groups to  meet the needs of the Region's
lake resources. Active management of ongoing pro-
jects and outreach to begin new projects and volun-
teer monitoring programs took priority. In addition
to developing guidelines for State applications for
Clean Lakes funds, the  Region began tracking these
projects with a computerized system. Other Fiscal
Year 1990 activities included:

   Q Preparing detailed regional guidelines for
    fiscal year 1990 application development to
    ensure that grant applications would be
    consistent with regulations and program
    intentions. These guidelines included
    checklists to rate project merit and  application
    quality and completeness so applications
    could be ranked for funding;

   Q Awarding supplemental funding for Iowa's
    LWQA to develop and implement a
    comprehensive monitoring strategy
    (including volunteers) for glacial lakes in
    northwestern Iowa;

   Q Announcing FY 1990 awards with press
    conferences and site tours. Thes? events not
    only generated positive publicity for the
    Clean Lakes Program, EPA, States,  and local
    project sponsors, but also kicked off the
    information and education activities for each

   Q Actively managing 15 ongoing Clean Lakes
    projects, including visits to 10 projects, and
    quarterly reviews of each project for
    compliance with scheduled woikplans and
    grant conditions;

   Q Implementing a Clean Lakes Program
    computerized tracking system;

   Q Planning and providing funding for two
    conferences slated for 1991: a regional lake
    management conference in Des Moines
    June 10-12; and "Water Quality Issues of
    the 1990s" sessions for the April conference
    of the Kansas Water Pollution Control
 * Success Story
 • Regional Office
  Q Encouraging initiation of volunteer
     monitoring programs throughout the region.
     These included programs for Cedar Rapids
     and Corydon Lake, Iowa; the Iowa Great
     Lakes; and areas in Nebraska and Missouri. In
     addition, the Region encouraged
     incorporation of citizen monitoring
     components into new Clean Lakes projects;

  J Providing guidance and funding for the
     video, "Lake Restoration: an Investment That
     Pays Off," by the Iowa Department of Natural

  -I Adding lake management and wetlands
     components to FY 1991 State-EPA agreements,
     and working with wetlands and nonpoint
     source program staffs to add wetlands and
     nonpoint source components to Clean Lakes
     projects; and

  Q Participating in a field trial of a Soil
     Conservation Service procedure to evaluate
     the trophic condition of waterbodies based
     on assessments of watershed activities and
     management alternatives.
Success Story: Iowa's  Clean
Lakes Program

The Clean Lakes Program has been a key factor in
improving the water quality of Iowa's lakes. In the
past decade, over $6 million of Clean Lakes Program
funding has been matched by State and local funds

                                    Region VII — Active Projects
                                                              COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
Statewide	LWQA
Ahquabi Lake	Phase II
Black Hawk Lake  	Phase II
Iowa Lake	Phase I
Pine Lakes  	Phase I
Swan Lake  	Phase II
Union Grove  Lake	Phase II

Statewide 	LWQA
Lone Star Lake  	Phase II

Statewide 	LWQA
Springfork Lake	Phase I
Swope Park Lake	Phase II

Statewide	LWQA
Lower Elkhorn Lakes  	Phase I
Salt Valley Lakes  	Phase I

         FY 1990 Awards

                                              AMOUNT ($)

Statewide	LWQA           4.500
Little Wall Lake  	Phase I         34,118
Lake Ahquabi 	Phased         24,000
Lake Miami  	Phase I         15,925

Herington Reservoir	Phase I         73,432
Ford County  Lake	Phase II        231,825

Lamar Lake	Phase I         68,000
Jacomo/Prairie Lee Lakes  	Phase I        100,000
RothwellLake	Phase I         47,000

Papio Lakes	Phase I         77,000
Summit Lake 	Phase I         26,600

to develop and/or implement plans to protect and
restore 13 Iowa lakes. The projects have leveraged
funds from  other  sources to ensure cost-effective
water quality protection and improvement, demon-
strated better ways to prevent pollution and restore
lakes, and generated considerable local interest and
support for lake restoration and management. Two
of Iowa's successful Clean  Lakes projects, Swan
Lake and Green Valley Lake, are highlighted here.

Turbidity, sedimentation,  nuisance algal  blooms,
and frequent winter fishkills plagued Swan  Lake, a
130-acre lake in west central Iowa—until a  protec-
tion and restoration plan by the Iowa Department of
                 Natural Resources and Carroll County was devel-
                 oped and implemented with the help of Clean Lakes
                 Program funding.
                    To begin the $601,500 Phase II renovation proj-
                 ect, Swan Lake was drained in 1982. The lake was
                 deepened and dredged material was placed in the
                 upper end to create a wetland.  The restored lake
                 was reduced to 116 acres and  deepened from a
                 maximum of 6 feet to a maximum of 15 feet (an av-
                 erage of 4 to 6 feet). While the lake was drained, an
                 aeration system and 72 units of fish habitat were in-
                 stalled. The entire shoreline was riprapped and 10
                 fishing jetties were built to increase water depth
                 near the shore, improve shore angling areas, and re-
                 duce  wind-generated  sediment  suspension.  In

      addition, two new water sources—a well and a tile
      line—were installed. In 1985, the lake was stocked
      with sport fish.
         The project also included measures to minimi/e
      future nonpoint source pollution on the lake. These
      included construction of diversion terraces to con-
      trol erosion and  runoff, establishment of grassed
      waterways, and the setting aside of highly erodible
      lands under  the U.S. Department of Agriculture's
      Conservation Reserve Program.
         The  project has significantly  reduced  Swan
      Lake's sedimentation and turbidity, and ensured
      survival of the lake's fish populations. These im-
      provements  in  turn have produced significant
      social and economic benefits for the area surround-
      ing the lake. In 1990, visits to Swan Lake State Park
      were  up 170 percent from the number of visits in
      1986,  and camping in the  park more than doubled
Fishing use—and success—dramatically increased following restora 'ion
of Swan Lake, which now has the highest standing stock oflargemouih
bass of any Iowa state lake surveyed.

   during the same period. Between 1982 and 1989,
   the number of anglers at the lake increased more
   than sevenfold, and the catch increased fivefold be-
   tween 1986 and 1990. The lake now has the largest
   standing stock of largemouth bass of any State lake
   surveyed in Iowa.
     Moreover,  the increase in angling value alone
   offset  the project's cost in only  two years. From
   1987 through 1990, the value of fishing at Swan
   Lake exceeded $1.75 million. Between 1986 and
   1990, concession income at the park quadrupled;
   camping receipts in 1990 were 2.5 times higher than
   those of 1986.

   Swan Lake angling value, 1986-1990.
Frequent fishkills plagued both Swan and Green Valley lakes
before restoration.
           Project Cost
Angling Value

Green Valley Lake, a 428-acre lake built in 1952 in
south central Iowa, suffered from numerous water
quality problems. Watershed erosion delivered sedi-
ment and  nutrients to  the  lake,  resulting in
sedimentation, nuisance blue-green algal blooms,
odors, dissolved oxygen deficiencies, fishkills, and
fishery degradation.
  The Iowa Department of Natural Resources used
$368,484 of a Clean Lakes  award plus matching
State and local funds to implement a two-part pro-
gram to reduce  the amount of  eroded soil  and
associated nutrients entering the lake.
  With the cooperation of the Union County Soil
Conservation District and funds from the Iowa De-
partment of Agriculture and Land Stewardship and
the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Depart-
ment first implemented  best management practices
(BMPs) in the agricultural watershed surrounding
the lake. Landowners paid 25 percent of the costs.
   Limestone aggregate dikes were then built in the
two major arms of the lake to retard flow so that
sediment and nutrient loading to the lake would
decline. The dikes were effective sediment and nu-
trient traps, and also helped retard resuspension of
sediment in the upper arms of the lake.
   The  project  decreased  sediment delivery to
Green Valley Lake by half. Water quality improved
significantly: total phosphorus, ammonia, and or-
ganic nitrogen concentrations all decreased; chloro-
phyll  a concentrations dropped fourfold; blue-
green algae abundance decreased  20-fold; and fish
growth rates increased. These changes brought a
positive response from the public:  fishing hours in-
creased 1.5-fold, and swimming activity by nearly
                                                                                     U.S. 34
                                                                                     State 25
                                                                                     2.5 miles
                                               Shelter-"""^   -\
                                              .  . .    •Picnic \
                                              Latrine *n*    Latrine
                    oat Ramp
                     Beach &

              Camping   \pOt~;—-Picnic
                          NLatrine Area
                                                Shower & Toi et

                              Region  VIII
      Seven new Qean Lakes projects began in Re-
      gion VIII during Fiscal Year  1990, four  of
      them LWQA awards to Native American In-
dian Tribes. As an integral component of managing
11 active projects, the Region visited project sites to
verify progress. In addition, management of the
Clean Lakes Program in  Region VIII included the
following activities:

  Q Conducting technical reviews a nd making
    funding recommendations for all Clean
    Lakes Program applications;

  Q Awarding financial assistance for seven
    new Clean Lakes Program projects and one
    continuing research program;

  Q Awarding four LWQA grants to Native
    American Indian Tribes;

  Q Managing 11 active projects to ensure that
    interim goals were being accomplished,
    time requirements met, and special grant
    conditions followed; and

  Q Visiting project sites to verify progress.
Success Story: Deer  Creek
Reservoir, Utah

Deer Creek Reservoir, a 2,965-acre impoundment in
northern Utah, has long been an important source of
hydroelectric  power and  drinking and irrigation
water,  as  well  as  a significant recreational and
wildlife area for the region. However, until recently
the reservoir's water quality was adversely affected
by both point and nonpoint pollution sources, re-
sulting in algal blooms and high nutrient levels. A
Phase I Clean Lakes study determined that the total
annual phosphorus load needed to be reduced by 45
percent—about  11,149 kg per year—to reduce the
rate of eutrophication in the reservoi r.
  The Phase I study identified several sources of
the phosphorus: wastewater treatment facilities,
dairies and feedlots, erosion, fish hatcheries, urban
stormwater runoff, irrigation practices, and urban
development. The dairy farmers and feedlots alone
-*r Success Story
• Regional Office
Percent of Sum Important Species Index by Group In
Deer Creek Net Plankton.
       1985     1986    1987    1988    1989
 •ICynanophyta  EElChlorophya  E3 Diatoms

were contributing  about  3,000 kg per year, and
were targeted for Phase II Clean Lakes assistance
awarded in 1985.
   The Phase II program funding enabled the dairy
farmers to institute  best  management  practices
such as piping open  ditches and streams through
corrals and pastures, installing off-stream watering
troughs, building  manure bunkers  to  contain
wastes, installing waste ponds with systems for liq-
uid waste application, and fencing stream corridors
to prevent cattle from entering the water.

                     Region VIII — Active Projects
STATE               PROJECT                      COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

Colorado            Statewide	LWQA
                    Sloan Lake  	Phase II
                    Bear Creek Reservoir	Phase I

North Dakota         Blue-green algae	Special Study

South Dakota         Statewide	LWQA
                    Big Stone Lake	Phase II
                    Lake Herman	Phase II

Utah                Statewide	LWQA
                    Deer Creek Reservoir   	Phase II
                    Scofield Reservoir   	Phase II
                    Pineview Reservoir	Phase I

                             FY 1990 Awards

                                                                    AMOUNT ($)

Southern Ute Tribe (Colo.)	LWQA           7,200

Blackfeet Tribe (Mont.)    	LWQA         36,000

Turtle Mountain Chippewa Tribe (N.Dak.)  	LWQA         17,365

South Dakota         Punished Woman's Lake	Phase II       200,000
                    Campbell Lake   	Phase I        100,000
                    Hendricks Lake	Phase I        100.000
                    Swan Lake  	Phase I        100,000

Utah                East Canyon Reservoir	Phase I        100,000
                    Utah Lake	Phase I        100,000
                    Salem Lake	Phase I         35,000

Wind River Tribe (Wyom.)  	LWQA         74,936

TOTAL                	             $805,501
                Deer Creek Reservoir Average TSI Values.
                                         i    i
             1980 81   82  83  84   85  86   87   88  89   90

Post-implementation  loading estimates show  that
the Phase II project has reduced phosphorus loading
to the reservoir by 1,000 kg per year. Other major
phosphorus decreases have resulted from the aban-
donment  of  two wastewater  treatment plants,
construction of fish hatchery detention ponds, and
operation of the Snake Creek Rural Clean Water Pro-
gram. When additional reductions expected from
the filling of a reservoir upstream from Deer Creek
are realized, the original phosphorus reduction goal
of 11,149 kg per year will have been met.
   In the meantime,  total phosphorus  concentra-
tions in the lake have declined over the past few
years,  and water  quality has  improved  signifi-
cantly.  Algal species composition has shifted away
from blue-green dominance toward a community
dominated by diatoms and green algae, which is in-
dicative of better water  quality. In addition, the
overall average trophic state index has declined.

                                 Region  IX
           Work with Native American Indian Tribes
           figured prominently in this Region's ac-
           tivities during Fiscal Year 1990, with the
Region advising the States and Tribes on applica-
tions that resulted in two new diagnostic/feasibility
studies on Indian lands. Ongoing management of
the Clean Lakes Program in Region IX also included
the following activities:

  G Providing guidance to the States and
     Native American Indian Tribes in
     developing the Clean Lakes project
     applications and work programs for the
     fiscal year 1990 funding cycle;

  Q Managing five ongoing Clean Lakes
     projects, including site visits to several;

  G Awarding financial assistance to nine new
     Clean Lakes projects.
                                       San Francisco

                                                  • Regional Office
                                   Region IX — Active Projects
                                                           COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

Arizona            Statewide	LWQA
                  Roosevelt Lake	Phase I
                  Painted Rocks Lake  	Phase I
California           Statewide	LWQA
Nevada            Statewide	LWQA

                           FY 1990 Awards
                                                               AMOUNT ($)

Arizona            Rainbow Lake  	Phase I        100,000
California           Clear Lake  	Phase I        100,000
                  Eagle Lake	Phase I         96,000
                  Lake Naciminento  	Phase I         76,216
                  Guajome Lake  	Phase I         90,000
                  Big Bear Lake  	Phase I         98,656
Colorado River
  Indian Tribes      Deer Island and Twelve Mile Lakes  . .  . Phase I        100,000
Fort Mojave Indian
  Tribe            Twin Lakes and Long Lake	Phase I        100.000
Nevada            Cave Rock Lake (Lake Tahoe)	Phase II        92,628

TOTAL               	             $853,500

Success Story: Colorado River
Tribes'  and Fort Mojave
Tribe's  Clean  Lakes Programs

This year, two Indian Tribes—the Colorado River
and the Fort Mojave—applied for and received sta-
tus as States. The EPA designation enabled the Tribe
to directly  receive $200,000 for two Clean Lakes
Phase I projects without having to enter into a sub-
State agreement. Among  the first in the program
ever awarded to Native  American  Indian Tribes,
these awards reflect EPA's Native American policy,
which recognizes Tribal governments as sovereign
for reservation affairs.
  To further support the effort, Region IX has es-
tablished a  Native  American  work  group  to
improve coordination among EPA offices and the
Tribes. In addition, a strong outreach effort by the
Water Management Division's senior staff resulted
in the Tribes' involvement in the Clean Lakes Pro-
  The Tribes will use the awards to conduct Phase
I diagnostic-feasibility studies on four lakes, all in
Arizona. The Colorado River Tribes will focus on
Deer Island Lake and Twelve-Mile Lake, while the
Fort Mojave Tribe will concentrate on Twin and
Long Lakes.
                Regional Administrator Daniel W, McGovern (left) and Tribal Chairman
                Daniel Eddy, Jr., sign the Colorado River Tribes'historic application for
                State status. Photo by Jim Tiffin, Parker Pioneer, Parker, Ariz.

                                             Region  X

                   During fiscal year 1990, the Region X Clean
                   Lakes  Program  provided  financial  and
                   technical support to a wide range of pro-
            jects, including activities on small community lakes
            as well as major interstate watersheds. Specific ac-
            tivities included the following:

              Q Approving LWQA grants for three Native
                 American Tribes;

              ZD Funding four new Phase I projects;

              U Managing 19 ongoing Clean Lakes projects
                 and closing out one project;

              O Managing a study of a large watershed
                 extending over three States, with the Lake
                 Pend Oreille Clean Lakes project in Idaho
                 at its center;

              3 Co-sponsoring the fourth annual
                 Washington State Lake Protection
                 Association Conference in Spokane;
* Success Story
• Regional Office

  Q Requiring that a total maximum daily
     load/wasteload allocation be submitted to
     EPA upon completion of all new Phase I

  D Visiting four Clean Lakes projects; and

  3 Managing a Phase III study on the
     long-term effectiveness of alum treatment.
                                                              Early in April 1990, representatives from the Departments of
                                                              Ecology and Wildlife and the Water Research Center surveyed
                                                              Giffin Lake's algae, which smothered the lake by June.

                                    Region X — Active Projects
               STATE              PROJECT                     COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

               Idaho              Statewide	LWQA
                                  Lake Pend Oreille*	Phase I

               Oregon             Statewide	LWQA
                                  Devil's Lake  	Phased
                                  Sturgeon Lake  	Phase II

               Washington          Statewide	LWQA
                                  l.ake Fenwick	Phase I
                                  GiffinLake  	Phase I
                                  Green Lake	Phase II
                                  Moses Lake  	Phased
                                  Pine Lake	Phased

               * section 525 project

                                          FY 1990 Awards
                                                                               AMOUNT ($)

               Idaho              Winchester Lake	Phase II        167,212
                                  Cocolalla Lake	Phase!         56,424
                                  Crystal Springs	Phase II         45,000
               Nez Perce Tribe (Idaho)	LWQA          50,735

               Coeurd'Alene Tribe (Idaho)	LWQA          90,000

               Oregon             Devils Lake	Phase II        104,127
                                  Sturgeon Lake  	Phased         30.137
                                  Wamath Tribe   	LWQA          61,360
               Washington          American Lake	Phase I        100,000
                                  Washington Lakes 	Phase III       125,000

               TOTAL              	              $829,635
Success  Story:  Giffin  Lake,

Giffin Lake is a prime fishing, naturalist, and water-
fowl area in south central Washington,  The lake is
popular with senior citizens and the disabled be-
cause of its easy access, and  with bird  watchers
because it is adjacent to a State wildlife refuge.
   In addition, dairy and croplands are an impor-
tant part of the watershed. With so many users and
visitors, it is no surprise that as weeds grew on the
lake, so did the volume of complaints to the Wash-
ington Department of Wildlife.
   In the past, short-term or piecemeal solutions,
such as herbicides,  had been  used to control the
weeds.  But as the  situation grew more complex
and the complaints more numerous,  the Depart-

ment of Wildlife decided to use the comprehensive
approach of the EPA Clean Lakes Program.
  The Department of Wildlife realized that the
challenging diversity of the lake's users repre-
sented an opportunity.   The Department  turned
their complaints into action by including  the di-
verse lake interests in an advisory committee that
includes representatives from  the South Yakima
Conservation District, the Yakima Farm Bureau,
Drainage Improvement  District #12, the Mid-Co-
lumbia Walleye Club, Audubon Society, Washing-
ton State Water Research Center, Yakima County
Senior Information and Assistance Program, and
the Washington Department of Ecology.
   Although the Giffin Lake Phase I study is only a
year old, EPA and the Department of Wildlife are
optimistic about its prospects for success because
this Clean Lakes project addresses the social as well
as the biological complexities of the Giffin Lake


         Regional  Clean Lakes Coordinators
Region 1
CT, ME, MA, NH, Rl, VT
Warren Howard
Water Management Division
U.S. EPA - Region I
Room 2103
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Boston, MA 02203
Tel:  (617)835-3515
Fax: (617} 835-4940

Region II
Terry Faber (2WM-WSP)
U.S. EPA-Region II
Room 805
26 Federal Plaza
New York, NY 10278
Tel:  (212)264-8708
Fax: (212) 264-2194/8100

Region III
DE, DC, Mb, PA, VA, WV
Hank Zygmunt (3WM10)
U.S. EPA - Region III
841 Chestnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19107
Tel:  (215)597-3429

Region IV
Howard Marshall
U.S. EPA - Region IV
345 Courtland Street, N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30365
Tel:  (404)257-1040
Fax: (404) 347-3269

Region V
IL, IN,  Ml, MN, OH, Wl
Tom Davenport (5WQS-TUB)
(Don Roberts)
U.S. EPA - Region V
230 South Dearborn Street
Chicago, IL 60604
Tel:  (312)886-0209
Fax: (312)886-1420
Region VI
Mike Bira (6VV-QS)
U.S. EPA - Region VI
1445 Ross Avenue, 12th Floor
Dallas, TX 75202-2733
Tel: (214)655-7140
Fax:  (214)655-6490

Region VII
Donna Sefton
Water Management Division
U.S. EPA - Region VII
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
Tel: (913)551-7500
Fax:  (913)551-7765

Region VIII
David Rathke (8WM-WQ)
U.S. EPA - Region VIII
999 18th Street
Denver, CO 80202-2405
Tel: (303)330-1574
Fax:  (303)330-1647

Region IX
Wendell Smith (W-3)
U.S. EPA - Region IX
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
Tel: (415)744-2018
Fax:  (415)484-1078

Region X
Judith Leckrone (WD-139)
U.S. EPA Region X
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
Tel: (206)339-6911
Fax:  (206)339-0165/0139


100(1 Connecticut Avenue, NTAV.
      Suite 802
  Washington, DC 20036
    (202) 833-8317
   Fax: (202) 466-8554