United States
                    Environmental Protection
               Air and Radiation
EPA 430-N-97-009
Fall 1997
ENERGY STAR® Buildings
& Green Lights®
                                                      SF Lights


    You Can

    Bank On

    By joining the ENERGY
    STAR® Buildings
    Program, your
    organization could
    be standing on a
    gold mine of savings.
    Inside this issue of
    the Update, you'll see
    how other
    stretched their
    energy dollars, and
    benefited from the
    Buildings and Green
    Lights® Program.
                 401 M STREET, SW (6202J), WASHINGTON, DC 20460
                   ENERGY STAR FAX LINE SYSTEM • 202 233-9659
        ENERGY STAR/GREEN LIGHTS HOTLINE 1-888-STAR-YES (1-888-782-7937) • FAX 202 775-6680

&  Green  Lights
                                           Financing Your Upgrades
                                             Partners find approaches that work
             The best business opportunities are
             often the ones that require creative
           financing options. Successful businesses
           and public entities know the advantages
           of using a variety of strategies to finance
           their energy-efficiency upgrades. Taking
           advantage of energy-efficient opportu-
           nities is no exception. Many companies
           are finding that creative funding of the
           capital dollars for these improvements
           makes good business sense and is easy to
           do if they know how to take advantage
           of financing  options.  Most energy-
           efficient upgrades will produce far more
           annual energy saving dollars than the
           cost of the funds on an  annual basis.
           These upgrades also provide additional
           benefits in newer equipment and better
           comfort. These benefits can have a pos-
           itive impact on reducing maintenance
           budgets and improving productivity.
               Providence Hospital,
                 Washington, DC
              Providence Hospital in Washington,
           DC, is proof that careful examination of
                             financing options
                             can pay off. Prov-
                             idence Hospital
                             chose  to analyze
                             possible upgrades
on a case-by-case  basis to  deter-
mine potential energy savings. This
individual approach gave the  hospi-
tal the independence to take advan-
tage of different financing options
for separate upgrade projects, thus
maximizing the savings of each pro-
ject while  minimizing investment
   Providence  is currently  working
with  chiller  manufacturer  York
International to replace the facility's
chillers under  a $2.5 million two-
year lease agreement. The improved
efficiency of the steam-driven cen-
trifugal  chillers will save  an esti-
mated $150,000 per year even as the
facility's capacity needs increase, says
Engineering Manager Andy Fox.
   The hospital is  negotiating with
the  electric  utility,  PEPCO,  to
finance  completion   of  lighting
upgrades and  steam  trap  replace-
ment. Providence chose PEPCO as
the financier after evaluating a num-
ber  of  contractor  bids  through
QuickFan, a software program EPA
provided. Fox claims that the soft-
ware enabled Providence  to double-
check the  contractor's  costs and
energy  savings estimates, and pro-
vided him with the tools to make a
more   informed    decision.   The
upgrades under this $1 million pro-
ject will result in  an  additional
                                      $250,000 a year in energy savings,
                                      according to Fox.
                                         How can hospitals and other
                                      organizations  learn  from  Provi-
                                      dence's  success  with  energy-effi-
                                      ciency financing? Fox advises others
                                      to be aware of the type of financing
                                      options available, as well as potential
                                      facility upgrades, and to choose the
                                      methods that best fit  the facility's
                                      individual needs.

                                         City of San Bernardino,
                                         The City of San Bernardino has
                                      shown  how creative financing can
                                      make energy efficiency profitable. A
                                      performance contract with Envest,
                                      an energy service company (ESCo),
                                      provides the city with a $20,000 pos-
                                      itive annual cash flow besides fund-
                                      ing upgrades. This cash flow, in turn,
                                      helped  sell  the City Council on a
                                      loan  with  the California Energy
                                      Commission   for   other  smaller
                                      upgrades. These upgrades have all
                                      paid off within a year, making energy
                                      efficiency a popular issue for the San
                                      Bernardino  City Council.
                                         Energy Manager Janet Mauren
                                      can  attest  to  that.  "Our creative
                                      financing has shown the City Coun-
                                      cil  that projects they didn't think
               2  Success Stories
               4  Tip of the Month
               6  New Publications
               7  Implementation & Facility Reports
               II   Communications Success
               12  Tech Talk
               14  Customer Support
               IS  In the Spotlight
               16  Workshops
iUI l-Dl NB 3
           The ENOKY STAR Buildings *& Green lights Update is a free quarterly publication with a circula-
           tion of more than 50,000. Recipients of the Update include: ENERGY STAR Buildings and
           "Green Lights participants, program prospects, members of Congress, and interested mem-
           bers of the general public. Receipt of this publication is not an indication that /our
           organization is a participant. To add your name to the subscription list or to fad out
           how to join the ENERGY STAR Buildings or Green bghts Programs, call the toll-free
           STAR Hotline at 1-888-STAR-YES (I-888-782-7937),

           Although publication of ail submissions m not guaranteed, the Update encourages  Partners,
           Allies, and Endorsers to submit articles of interest and to provide input for falure
    „,     Please keep in mind that EPA     only to promote enerjy efficiency and does not
 WUi Green aiT/ Part'cy'ar product or service. If your organization wouid like to submit material for pyb-
 ~~ Lights I'c3*on '" *hfi ENERGY SM Buildings & Green Lights Ujxfate, please send materials to:
«E-»»»«5««— Editor, 401 H Street, SW.     Washington, DC     or fax to 202-233-9578.

                                                                                                 ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                                                                                 & Green  Lights
James Sharer, Gty of Son Bernard/no Facilities Manager (left) and DavidTaylor, ENVEST
Project Manager (right) stand in front of new 200-ton chillers and new chilled water pumps.
could be done can be, and that the
city can reap the  benefits. We've
educated them about the benefits of
energy efficiency."
   Carefully-planned  financing has
played a large role in the immense
successes of the projects, which
included HVA.C systems for five fire
stations and building upgrades for
City Hall. The financing by Envest
was negotiated specifically to bring
about  a positive cash flow. San
Bernardino  has  shown that a little
planning ahead  can go a  long way
toward  effective—and profitable—
energy-efficiency financing.

    City of Philadelphia,

   The city of Philadelphia, a  1996
Green Lights Partner of the Year, has
             shown how highly it
             values energy efficiency.
             The  city  financed
             lighting   improve-
             ments through capi-
    funding,  and  also  received
assistance from the local electric util-
ity, Philadelphia Electric Company
(PECO). Executive Director Judith
Mondre praises the city government
for this  strong  financial  commit-
ment. The city has been very sup-
portive of providing  funding for
energy-efficiency improvements.
   Philadelphia is continuing to build
its investment as it begins construction
on a f 1.1 million pilot building incor-
porating ENERGY STAR Buildings
guidelines. This  project, funded  by
donations from PECO and reduced
costs from vendors in  exchange for
public  recognition, will use recycled
building materials and will become the
first eco-library on the East Coast.
Once the city expands the ENERGY
STAR Buildings Program to the rest of
its facilities, it expects further savings.
According to Mondre, financial sav-
ings is not the chief motivation for any
of the  upgrades. "We are doing this
because it is the right thing to do."

       Duke University,
       North Carolina
   Duke University understands the
old adage "invest in yourself." The
            University's  Board  of
            Trustees confidently ap-
            proved a $3.5 million
            loan to fund  energy-
            efficient  lighting and
water upgrades. Duke is putting the
funding to good use. Already 100 per-
cent of the 3.2  million square-foot
campus has been surveyed, and about
60 percent of the upgrades completed.
   There is a reason for this aggres-
sive approach. Duke expects to make
the $600,000-a-year loan payments
entirely from the energy bill savings
that the upgrades produce. Original
estimates put the payback period for
the lighting and water upgrades at
six  years. Duke's  rapid pace  may
allow the facility to undertake addi-
tional  ENERGY  STAR  Buildings
upgrades as well.

           US  Steel,
        Gary,  Indiana

   The Gary, Indiana, facility of US
Steel saw early on that energy efficiency
             was a wise investment.
             The 40 million square
            | foot plant began up-
             grading  its buildings
             in  1993  with  efficient
lighting and ballasts funded by "seed
money" from the corporation. This
beginning $80,000 investment paid
back in just three months,  and the
savings were re-invested into further
upgrades. US Steel's  energy-effi-
ciency program was  extended  to
additional buildings and expanded to
include upgrades to chillers, insula-
tion, and other load uses.
   As  Tim Briney, Green Lights
Coordinator,  attests, "it just makes
sense"  to be energy efficient. Briney
estimates the plant has saved about $7
million in energy costs since late 1993
from upgrades which cost only $1.2
million. The quick 14- to 15-month
payback of  the upgrades has  con-
vinced him  and  others that energy
efficiency is smart business. Eager to
share its  successes, the  Gary facility
produced a video on its methods and
began an internal educational seminar
mirroring the Green Lights Lighting
Upgrade workshops. EM
                                                                                                         Fall 1997 • 3

UNLHC.Y STAR Buildings
& Green  Lights
                                     TIP   OF  THE    MONTH
                                        ENERGY STAR®  Buildings
                                        Taking energy efficiency a step further
             Having already taken the first step
             toward energy efficiency,  many
          Green Lights participants are ready
          for  the  next step: ENERGY  STAR
          Buildings. By adopting the ENERGY
          STAR Buildings strategy and under-
          taking  building-wide   upgrades,
          ENERGY  STAR  Buildings partici-
          pants are further reducing  their
          energy use, increasing their profits,
          and preventing even more pollution.
          Expanding  on  the  principles  ot
          Green Lights, ENERGY STAR Build-
          ings advocates  a  whole-building
          approach  to  energy  efficiency  by
          maximizing energy and cost savings
          across every corner of your facility
          through the strategic use of energy-
          efficiency technologies. The follow-
          ing are  a few of the reasons why
          ENERGY STAR Buildings  is a logical
          next step for Green  Lights partici-
Greater Energy S
             The Green Lights Program has
          proven that upgrading your facility's
          lighting alone can result in  enor-
          mous  energy and  cost savings.
          ENERGY  STAR Buildings lays  out
          the  plan  for additional  savings
          buried within your building's heat-
          ing, cooling, and fan systems. The
          significant savings that come from
          upgrading your lighting can fund
          other building upgrades and propel
          the overall energy savings to  levels
          not   possible  through  lighting
                                 upgrades alone. The ENERGY STAR
                                 Buildings  Program provides  you
                                 with  a proven  strategy that  will
                                 allow you to prioritize these addi-
                                 tional  upgrades,  and  thus  take
                                 advantage of system interactions.
                                    A Natural Progression
   Because Green Lights is the first
stage  in  the five-stage Buildings
Program, the transition from Green
Lights to ENERGY STAR Buildings is
seamless. As a  successful  Green
Lights  participant,  you  already
understand   the  principles behind
energy-efficiency upgrades and have
demonstrated the ability to imple-
ment  them  profitably.  By signifi-
cantly lowering  your  building's
electricity load through the installa-
tion ot efficient lighting, you have
laid the groundwork for more prof-
itable  and comprehensive upgrades.
For example, lighting  accounts for
20-30 percent  of  a  commercial
building's cooling load.  Therefore,
reducing  lighting energy consump-
tion  reduces the  cooling  load  as
well. This provides  cooling plants
and distribution systems with spare
capacity'  for  future growth  or  the
ability to be downsized.

     Improved Comfort

   While Green  Lights  focuses on
your lighting needs, ENERGY STAR
Buildings can provide a more com-
fortable work environment across
your  entire  building.  Common
building  system  upgrades include
variable speed drives and  digital
temperature controls.  After these
are installed, most facility managers
report  far  fewer "hot/cold"  calls
from employees.  Most participants
report   overwhelmingly  positive
feedback from employees after the
installation  of heating, cooling, and
fan systems, and some have actually
reported an increase in worker pro-
ductivity as  well.

       CFC Phaseout
   Facility managers are aware of the
need to replace the CFC refrigerants
in their chillers, either through the
purchase of new CFC-free chillers
or  by   re-engineering  existing
chillers.  Purchasing new chillers can
be very costly. ENERGY STAR Build-
ings lighting and building upgrades
reduce  your  load  requirements,
allowing replacement chillers to be
smaller and less expensive. This pro-
vides significant financial savings at
the time  of  purchase  as  well  as
throughout the unit's lifetime.

   For more information about join-
ing the  ENERGY STAR Buildings
Program, speak  with your account
manager or a representative at our
toll-free hotline.  ™
   Fall 1991

                                                                                    ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                                                                    & Green Lights
These Green Lights participants have joined the ENERGY STAR® Buildings Program and are
reaping the benefits from its integrated approach.
 MITRE Corporation
   It took just one building to show dramatic savings from MITRE Corpora-
 tion's participation in ENERGY STAR Buildings. Green Lights participant MITRE
 Corporation became an ENERGY STAR Buildings Partner when it decided to
 follow the ENERGY STAR Buildings guidelines during the reconstruction of a
 100,000-square foot building.These upgrades are saving MITRE Corporation
 an estimated $30,000 a year in energy
 costs, even while the building houses 26
 percent more employees than before.
The Principal
Financial Group
  The Principal Financial
Group understands smart
investments. Joining
ENERGY STAR Buildings was
an opportunity for The
Principal to not only save
on operating costs, but
also to do the right thing
environmentally. Upgrades
made so far throughout
its 2  million square-foot
complex save the  com-
pany more than $63,000  a
year  in energy costs. Now
The Principal is planning
to upgrade a pilot building
with  ENERGY STAR  Build-
ings strategies for even
    * '     ^^^^ Financial
                                Mervyn's California
                                  Integrating energy efficiency into
                                everyday business is the secret to
                                Mervyn's success with ENERGY STAR
                                Buildings and Green Lights. To maxi-
                                mize savings, Mervyn's consolidated
                                off-hour work and made individual
                                store managers responsible for
                                energy costs. These measures, com-
                                bined with ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                upgrades such as energy management
                                systems and occupancy sensors,
                                amount to a yearly  energy savings of
                                almost 33.5  million  kWh for
        Sony Electronics
          Sony Technology Center-San Diego has gone the extra mile as an
        ENERGY STAR Buildings participant. Within the rapidly changing elec-
        tronics industry, Sony found a way to not only complete lighting
        upgrades in its seven-building, 1.3 million square-foot campus, but also
        incorporate ENERGY STAR Buildings measures into new construction.
        These investments are expected to bring Sony Electronics significant
        returns, both environmen-
        tally and financially.
                                                                     City of Tempe, Arizona
                                                                       The city ofTempe.Arizona is leading
                                                                     by example by joining the ENERGY STAR
                                                                     Buildings Program. First, the city
                                                                     enjoyed improved lighting in indoor and
                                                                     outdoor facilities from the Green Lights
                                                                     Program. Now, Tempe is following
                                                                     ENERGY STAR Buildings guidelines to
                                                                     upgrade existing structures throughout
                                                                     its more than I million  square feet.
                                                                     Tempe, which was recognized by the
                                    State of Arizona for its
                                    energy consciousness, just
                                    completed upgrades in    •
                                    eleven facilities and plans  •
                                    to continue using the
                                    ENERGY STAR Buildings strategy
                                    in future construction.
                                                                                            City of Tempe
                                      New York State Office of
                                      Mental Health
                                         Energy efficiency has long
                                      enabled the New York State
                                      Office of Mental Health to save
                                      money without compromising
                                      patient care. With the Green
                                      Lights program, the Office of
                                      Mental Health upgraded more
                                      than 51,000 light fixtures and
                                      installed more than 2,700 timers
                                      and occupancy sensors.These
                                      measures reduced agency-wide
                                      energy consumption by 42 per-
                                      cent for savings of more than
                                      $900,000 annually. Confident in
                                      the benefits of energy efficiency,
                                      the Office of Mental Health
                                      joined the ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                      Program and recently completed
                                      building upgrades for  16 million
                                      of its 33     New Yoh- State |
                                      million     /  s~.
                                      square feet.
                                                                                   Office of Mental Health
                                                                                            Fall 1997 • 5

ENERGY     Buildings
& Green Lights
                                  NEW   PUBLICATIONS
                            Upgrade Finance  Planning Made Easy
                                       New step-by-step guides available
            Don't let financing challenges keep
            your organization from taking the
          step from upgrading your lighting to
          performing whole building upgrades
          following the ENERGY STAR® Build-
          ings strategy. A comprehensive build-
          ing-wide  upgrade program amounts
          to more than just energy-savings; it
          also means  real  financial  savings.
          Three  new  publications  explain
          finance basics to help your organiza-
          tion at various stages of planning and
          financing your upgrade strategy.
ness   is
              Business Analysis for Energy-
                 Efficiency Investment^
                          Financing Your Energy-
                             Efficiencv upgrade
      Your Company's
   Newest Profit Center
  Many business owners and lead-
ers  look  at  their  energy bill as
unavoidable   overhead.  If  this
sounds like your company, this doc-
ument is for  you. It shows how to
transform your energy bill  into a
profit center. Whether your busi-
          manufacturing  heavy
       equipment or providing a
       service,  energy is  a raw
       material and a key ingredi-
            ent to your finished
               product.  Energy
               runs your  equip-
               ment,  provides
               comfort and con-
               venience to your
                workers and cus-
                tomers,    and
                 helps fuel your
                 entire  produc-
                 tion   process.
                 Viewed  in this
                 light,  energy
                 use can be seen
                 as  an invest-
                  ment   to  be
                  rather than an
                  expense to be
                   This  docu-
               i    ment    de-
                   scribes  the
                   profits, long-
         term  returns,  low-risk
         returns,  and increased
          productivity of energy
       Financing Your
Energy-Efficiency Upgrade

   Energy-efficiency projects  are
unique from most  other business
investments in that they provide an
immediate and predictable positive
cash  flow  resulting  from lower
energy bills. This document discusses
both the familiar and unconventional
payment and financing options and
provides a break-down of evaluation
factors and a side-by-side compari-
son chart  for judging these options.
Whether it's a loan, a capital or oper-
ating lease,  or a performance con-
tract, there is an option for virtually
every type of organization.
                                     Business Analysis for
                                                                               All  organizations employ basic
                                                                            financial analysis tools to  examine
                                                                            the value, risk, and liquidity impacts
                                                                            of investment opportunities. To suc-
                                                                            cessfully compete against other busi-
                                                                            ness investments,  energy-efficiency
                                                                            projects need to be evaluated using
                                                                            the right tools. With  a glossary of
                                                                            terms,  worksheets,  and a  payback
                                                                            chart, this document explains finan-
                                                                            cial analysis tools and presents a
                                                                            framework for using them to analyze
                                                                            building upgrade investments consis-
                                                                            tent with the ENERGY STAR Build-
                                                                            ings Program guidelines.

                                                                               To order  these publications or for
                                                                            more information,  call the  toll-free
                                                                            ENERGY STAR  Hotline at  1-888-
                                                                            STAR-YES  (1-888-782-7937). H
   Rill 199-

                                                                                                       OMB # 2060-0255 Exp. 4/30/99
             SURVEY REPORT
             (fill in sections 1,2,4, and 10 below)
                                                     COMPLETED PROJECT REPORT
                                                     (fill in sections I-10 below)
                                                                                (attach additional pages as needed)
  Company Name:
  Facility Name:
  Facility address:
  Facility type'
                          New Construction?
                                      Facility Manager:
                                      Telephone No./FAX No.
                                      Total Floorspace for this Facility:
                                      Floorspace included in this report:
                                      Is this the FIRST report sent to EPA for this floorspace?
                                                                                                                               sq ft.
                                        (*use codes on back)
per F Fixture
 4. LIGHTING CONTROLS BEFORE UPGRADE   (*use codes on back)
                                                     3. LIGHTING FIXTURES AFTER UPGRADE
                                                                                                (*use codes on back)
per Fixture
                                                             5. LIGHTING CONTROLS AFTER UPGRADE
                                                                                                       ( *use codes on back)
                                     8. LIGHTING SAVINGS
                                                                              9. IMPLEMENTATION METHODS:
    Total Project Cost
    Net Project Cost

    Life Cycle Cost
                                        Lighting Load Reduced
                                        Electricity Reduction
                                        % Lighting Savings
                                        Energy Cost Savings
                                        Internal Rate of Return
                                                                          Equipment Provider*
                                                                          Installation Method*
                                                                          Financing Method*
Your role:
       GL Implementation Director
                              Facility Manager
                                                                        Green Lights Ally assistance received from:
Send to: Green Lights, US-EPA 6202J.401 M St. SW, Washington DC 20460. or FAX to (202)564-9569. For questions, call our technical hotline, toll-free: 1-888-STAR-YES (1-888-782-7937).

       Facility Type
  1000  Office
  1001  Warehouse
  1002  Industrial/Manufacturing
  1003  Retail sales
  1004  HealthCare
  1005  Lodging (hotels, dormitories etc.)
  1006  Assembly (churches, auditoriums, etc.)
  1007  Education (classrooms)
  1008  Food sales and service
  1009  Parking Garage
  1010  Laboratory
  1011  Outdoor

       Fixture Type
    13  Fluorescent-commercial-no lens
    14  Fluorescent- commercial-clear lens
    15  Fluorescent- commercial-translucent lens
    16  Fluorescent - deep cell louver
    17  Fluorescent - small cell louver
    18  Fluorescent- industrial-open fixture
    19  Fluorescent- industrial-enclosed fixture
    36  Exit sign-incandescent
    37  Exit sign-fluorescent
    38  Exitsign-LED
    39  Exit sign-electroluminescent
    40  Exit sign- tritium
    41  Exit sign- luminescent
    43  Incandescent - any
    44  Compact Fluorescent
    45  HID-indoor - any
    46  HID-outdoor - any

       Upgrade Type
   110  Relamponly
   111  Delamp only
   112  Relamp and reballast
   113  Specular reflector/delamp
   114  Reflector/Reballast
   115  New Lens/Reflector/Reballast
   116  New lens/louver
   117  New fixture
   118  Convert Incand. to Fluorescent or HID
   119  Task Lighting

       Lamp Type
    54  T-8
   55  T-10
   56  T-12 Energy Saving
   57  T-12 Cathode cut-out
   58   T-12 High Lumen
   59   T-12 Standard
 60  T-12 High Output (SOOma)
 61  T-12VHO(1500ma)
 62  T-17 VHO(lSOOma)
 63  T-5 single ended
 64  Compact twin-tube
 65  Compact quad-tube
 66  Compact-integrated ballast
 67  Compact-circular
 68  Incandescent-general service (A, PS,T)
 69  Incandescent-Reflector (R, PAR, ER)
 70  Incandescent-decorative
 71  Halogen-general service
 72  Halogen-reflector (R.PAR, MR)
 73  Halogen-tubular
 74  HID-mercury vapor
 75  HID-metal halide
 76  HID-high pressure sodium
 77  HID-white-HPS
 78  Low pressure sodium
 79  T-12 Slimline

     Ballast Type
 80  Fluorescent-old standard magnetic
 81  Fluorescent-efficient  magnetic
 82  Fluorescent-hybnd/cathode cutout
 83  Fluorescent-standard  electronic
 84  Fluorescent-integrated electronic
 85  Fluorescent-extended output electronic
 86  Fluorescent-partial output electronic
 87  Fluorescent-dimming electronic
 88  Fluorescent-step dimming electronic
 89  Fluorescent-HO standard magnetic
 90  Fluorescent-HO (SOOma) electronic
 91   Fluorescent-VHO standard magnetic
 92  Fluorescent-compact  magnetic
 93   Fluorescent-compact  electronic
 94  HID-magnetic
 95   HID-electronic
 96  Fluorescent-HO efficient magnetic
 97   Fluorescent-VHO efficient magnetic

     Control Type
100   Manual switching
101   Manual dimming
102  Occupancy sensor
103  Timed switching
104  Timed dimming
105   Daylight switching
106   Daylight dimming
107  Panel level dimming
108   Panel level EMS
109   Power reducer
      Survey/Analysis by
      **Green Lights Surveyor Ally
      **Green Lights Distributor Ally
      **Green Lights Manufacturer Ally
      **Green Lights Utility Ally
      **Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally
      in-house personnel
      electrical contractor
2013  utility representative
2015  lighting management company
2024  Electrical Distributor
2025  other

      Equipment Provided by
2105  **Green Lights Surveyor Ally
2106  * *Green Lights Distributor Ally
2107  «*Green Lights Manufacturer Ally
2108  * *Green Lights Utility Ally
2109  **Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally
2020  lighting equipment supplier
2023  contractor
2027  other

      Installation by
2205  **Green Lights Surveyor Ally
2206  **Green Lights Distributor Ally
2207  **Green Lights Manufacturer Ally
2208  "Green Lights Utility Ally
2209  *'Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally
2030  in-house staff
2031  contractor
2032  utility
2034  other

      Financing by
2037  »*Green Lights Distributor Ally
2038  "Green Lights Utility Ally
2039  **Green Lights Lighting Management Company Ally
2040  internal funds
2041  conventional loan
2042  utility
2043  lease/lease-purchase
2044  shared savings
2045  other
' A Green Lights Ally is a lighting industry
 participant in the Green Lights program.
       You may want to estimate the
       pollution prevention of this
       project for your own use  Use the
       following formulas and factors:
CO2:   kWh/yr
SO2:   kWh/yr
NOx:   kWh/yr

                                                     EPA Regional Emission Factors (see note below)
                                                   REGION 1: CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.1       40     14
                                                   REGION 2: NJ, NY, PR, VI
                                                   Emission per       CO2      SO2    NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.1       3.4     13
                                                   REGION 3 DC, DE, MD, PA, VA, WV
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.6       8.2    2.6
                                                   REGION 4: AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved.         1.5       6.9     2.5
                                                   REGION 5: IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2    NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.8      10.4     3.5
                                                   REGION 6: AR, LA, NM, OK, IX
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.7       2.2     2.5
                                                   REGION 7: IA, KS, MO, NE
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         2.0       8.5     3.9
                                                   REGION 8: CO, MT, ND, SD, LTTT WY
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         2.2       3.3     3.2
                                                   REGION 9: AZ, CA, HI, NV, Guam, Am Samoa
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         1.0       1.1     1.5
                                                   REGION 10: AK, ID, OR, WA
                                                   Emission per      CO2      SO2   NOx
                                                   kWh saved:         0.1       0.5     0.3
                                                        Note: State pollution emission factors are
                                                       aggregated by EPA region  Factors for U S.
                                                     territories are national average emission factors.
                                                     See the Green Lights Lighting Upgrade Manual.

 ENERGY  STAR® Buildings (ESB) Annual Facility Report version i.3,juiy3,1997
                                                                                    OMB #2060-0347  Exp. 4/30/99
 1.  General Information
 Partner Name:

 Facility Name:
 Facility Street Address:

 City, State, Zip: 	
 Facility Square Footage:
 Have you previously submitted a Green Lights Report Form for
 this facility?  Yes	   No	   Don't Know	
 Is this facility your Pilot Building? Yes
 For the Energy Star Buildings Program, will you upgrade ONLY
 the lighting in this facility?  Yes	  No	
 Is this facility new construction?   Yes
                            4. Annual Energy Use and Costs
                                -enter current year utility data
        Baseline (first report only)
        -enter 3 years of pre-upgrade data

Electricity (kWh)
Electricity Costs ($)
Natural Gas (circle one): ccf, mcf, therms
Natural Gas Costs ($)
Fuel Oil (gallons)
Fuel Oil Costs ($)
Purchased steam/hot water (mmBtu)
Purchased steam/hot water costs ($)


 2. Facility Type (check one principal use)
                           5.  Stages Complete
   Changes Relative to Baseline Years
   . Office
   . Warehouse & Storage
   . Mercantile & Service
   _ Lodging
   _ Public Order & Safety
   „ Manufacturing
   . Other (describe):	
. Parking Garage
 Food Sales
. Health Care (in patient)
. Health Care (out patient)
. Food Service
 Public Assembly
.Religious Worship
Stage 1) Green Lights     	%   _
Stage 2) Tune-Up        	%   _
Stage 3) Load Reduction   	%   _
Stage 4) Fan System      	%
Stage 5) Heating/cooling   	%   _
Write "NP" for not profitable if IRR < 20%
(Positive values indicate increase)
Operating Hours
Floor Area
# of Occupants
Plug Loads
Outside Air
 3. Upgrade Cost Information
                           7. Additional Information
Costs Before Rebates Since Last Report($):_
Rebates/Grants Since Last Report($):	
Was a performance contract used? Yes	No	Unsure	
                           Your Name:
                           Phone Number:.

Start date for ESB work in this facility
Are ESB upgrades complete? Yes
Date ESB work ended in this facility
Today's Date:
Please include any explanatory comments about this report on a separate page. When completing the form, it is recommended you follow the instructions on the back of this page.
Send to: ENERGY STAR Buildings, US-EPA 6202J, 401 M St. SW, Washington, DC 20460 or fax to (202) 564-9569. For more information, call toll-free 1-888-782-7937.  #92200

Instructions for  Completing  the ENERGY STAR* Buildings  Annual Facility Report
Please submit baseline data for each facility as soon as possible after joining.  In addition, submit one report with "current year" data for each
participating facility each year. You should submit this report even if you nave not done any projects.

1.      General Information
        Previously Submitted Green Lights  Reports. To assist EPA in accurately tracking your information, indicate whether you nave submitted a Green
        Lights Report Form tor this facility at any time in the past.
        Pilot Building.  Each Partner ana Ally is required to perform a pilot upgrade within the first two years of program tenure.
        Type of Upgrade. Indicate whether this facility will undergo a lighting upgrade ONLY. Partners are required to perform whole-building upgrades on 50%
        of their eligible square footage, and just Green Lights upgrades on an additional 40% 01 their eligible square footage.
        New Construction. Are you reporting on a building that is newly constructed? If so, enter a "Y" in the New Construction box.
2.      Facility Type
        Please check only one facility type.  If this facility has multiple uses, check the principal use. (Use a separate page for comments if necessary.)
3.      Upgrade Cost Information
        Line 1: Enter the amount spent on ENERGY STAR Buildings (ESB) upgrades in  this facility since the last report for this facility was submitted.
        Line 2: Enter the value of all rebates received for work in this facility since the last report tor this facility was submitted.
4.      Annual Energy Use and Costs, and Baseline Data
        In the current year area, simply enter the information found on your utility bill for the most recent completed year.  By year, we mean your organization s
        fiscal year. It is  important that you use the same definition of a year each time you report and that each year covers 12 contiguous months.  In trie baseline
        section, enter data covering the three years prior to your joining the ESB program. We encourage you to submit baseline data for each facility as soon as
        possible after joining.  Once you have submitted the baseline for a building, you do not  need to include it in future reports for that facility. For example, if
        you joined the program in 1996, you should submit baseline data for 1993-95 as soon  as you can. Then, when 1996 ends you should submit 'current
        year"  data for 1996.  You should continue to submit "current year" data (once per year) for each facility until your seven years in  the program have elapsed.
5.      Stages Complete
        Enter a percentage complete for each stage, and indicate whether you have finished each stage.  For example, suppose you upgraded 50% of this facility's
        fan system and no additional profitable upgrades of the system were possible.  Under stage 4 you would write "50%" complete and "Y" to show this stage is
        done because no  more profitable upgrades are possible.  If an entire stage is not profitable, write "NP" on the line with the % after it to indicate "not
        profitable." Profitable upgrades are defined as having an Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 20% or greater.
6.      Changes  Relative to Baseline Yearg
        Enter your best estimate of changes you have experienced in each category since implementing your upgrades. A significant increase in any of these
        categories can help explain an energy use pattern that is rising despite efficiency upgrades.
7.      Additional Information
        Please print your name and enter a phone number where EPA may contact you if there are questions regarding your report.
        Start date for ESB work in this facility. Please enter the date ANY ENERGY STAR Buildings upgrades began in the facility.  Even if the work began
        several years ago, please enter that date, including the year. (An estimate is fine.)
        Are ESB  upgrades complete? Please enter a "Y" if you believe that no more ENERGY STAR Buildings work will be done in this facility.
        Date ESB work ended in this facility.  if you have completed all the work that will be done in this building (that is associated with the program),  please
        enter the date the work ended.  (An estimate is fine.)
if necessary, please attach an additional page with any explanatory comments about the report.

              C O M  M
                                                                                       ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                                                                       & Green  Lights
                 New Jersey TRANSIT... The Way To  Go
NJ TRANSIT saves energy and money while helping to promote area organizations doing the same
   NJ  TRANSIT'S core mission is
   already aligned with pollution
prevention. Their day-in, day-out
work of getting people out of their
cars and onto public transit is an
enormous contribution to cleaning
our air. As new Green Lights® par-
ticipants, they've agreed to upgrade
lighting  systems   in
                                 more than 19 million square feet of
                                 their offices, parking lots, garages,
                                 and stations. When the  upgrade
                                 work is  completed, NJ TRANSIT
                                 expects  to  save  almost 9 million
                                 kWh per year,  and $680,000  in
                                 annual energy costs.
                      tl),v	,c           ,,,
                      *   '
  NJ TRANSIT is also helping EPA
spread the message that pollution
prevention and energy  efficiency
make sense for other area organiza-
tions. Later this fall, public service
advertisements (PSAs) will appear
in NJ TRANSIT buses, trains,  and
subway cars promoting the benefits
of ENERGY STAR Buildings  and
Green Lights. The PSAs also offer
public recognition to other Garden
State  area organizations, such as
Philips Lighting, Merck 8c  Com-
pany, and Rutgers  University,  that
are also members of ENERGY STAR
Buildings and Green Lights.
  "I've been very proud to work
with NJ TRANSIT," said EPA Com-
munications Manager, Kate Lewis.
"In the  short time they've  been
members of Green Lights, they've
demonstrated their commitment to
implementing lighting upgrades as
well as their desire to communicate
the benefits of energy efficiency to
the millions of people that ride pub-
lic transportation every day."™
                                                                      Poster that will
                                                                      appear in NJ TRANSIT'S
                                                                      trains, subways and
                                                                      buses later this fall.
                                                                                             Fa/11997 • 11

ENERGY STAB Buildings ,
&  Green  Lights
                           Common  Myths of Upgrade Technology
                            Understanding Occupancy Sensors and Fluorescent Lamps
             /hen  beginning  your lighting
             'upgrades, choosing new tech-
          nologies  that  are right for  your
          organization can be  very challeng-
          ing. The  ENERGY STAR® Buildings
          and  Green  Lights® Program  can
          help you make an informed decision
          about which leading  edge technolo-
          gies will fit your specific energy-effi-
          ciency needs. When  investigating
          technology choices, you may be con-
          fronted with stories  that could be
          misleading. This article is the first in
          a series intended to dispel the com-
          mon myths associated with energy-
          efficiency upgrades.
                 The lights will go
                   out and leave
                  me in the  dark.
             There are many myths of occu-
           pancy sensors leaving people in the
           dark. Most 'false-ofFs' are due to
           improper installation of the sensors
or use of the wrong sensor technol-
ogy. Four key factors to remember
are: proper technology, location, sen-
sitivity, and time delay.
  First, choose the right technol-
ogy—infrared or ultrasonic. Infrared
sensors require line-of-sight and are
most  sensitive to lateral motion.
Ultrasonic sensors utilize  hard sur-
faces to reflect ultrasonic  frequency
and are sensitive to  motion moving
away from or toward the sensor. Next,
properly locate the sensor so  it can
detect motion  in all areas  of the
lighted space. Common applications
for  wall-mounted sensors include
conference rooms, classrooms, indi-
vidual offices, and storage areas. Ceil-
ing-mounted sensors are best used in
open areas, such as offices, corridors,
and restrooms. Adjust the  sensor for
sensitivity to all typical motions, but
not so sensitive that the sensor will
cause  'false-ons.' Finally, adjust the
time delay to prevent the lights from
switching off when the space is occu-
pied but there is little activity.
              Energy Savings Potential With Occupancy Sensors
             Application                          Energy Savings
             Offices (Private)
             Offices (Open Spaces)
             Rest Rooms
             Storage Areas
             Meeting Rooms
             Conferences  Rooms
             Source: CEC/DOE/EPRI

   Occupancy sensors are
      incompatible with
      electronic ballasts.
   Several years  ago, when occu-
pancy sensors and electronic ballasts
were first used together, some prob-
lems were encountered.  High in-
rush currents from electronic ballasts
were  damaging  the  mechanical
relays used in the older style occu-
pancy sensors and causing failures.
With the advancement in both tech-
nologies these problems have been
overcome. It is still advised, however,
to check with the manufacturers of
each technology to confirm that the
components are compatible.
   Occupancy sensors are
    too expensive and will
     provide no pay back.
  Just look at the skyline of any city
at night. Most people marvel at how
brilliant it looks. What they see is the
glow of the lights in high-rise offices.
Most of these  lights are left  on at
night while the space is unoccupied.
If on all night, each night of the year,
this  usage amounts  to more than
5,000 hours per year. This is a signif-
icant waste of energy and money.
  Based on field research conducted
by EPA, on average occupancy sen-
sors could reduce operating hours by
27%, resulting in  a savings of $125
each year per sensor installation. The
table at the left lists expected savings
from occupancy sensors. Over the
years  the cost  of  sensors  has
decreased, making the payback from
sensors even quicker.
12 • Fall 1997

DILBERT ® by Scott Adams
       I HIRED A TE^P TO
       GO OFF
                                                                                         ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                                                                         & Green Lights
        WORKFORCE .
               IT SEEttS LIKE A
               WASTE  ttAYBE HE
               COULD  FAN  US.
                                                                   DILBERT reprinted by permission ol United Feature Syndicate, Inc.
           MYTH 4:
    Frequent switching of
    fluorescent lamps will
  reduce lamp life, thereby
   increasing annual lamp
     replacement  costs.
   It is true that the life ot a fluores-
cent lamp—measured in hours—will
be reduced if the lamp is switched
more  frequently. However, turning
off the lamps will usually extend the
lamp  calendar  life—measured  in
years. The equation for  calculating
calendar life is as follows:



   For example, consider a lighting
system that  is  operated  at 4,000
hours per year, and has a rated lamp
life of 20,000 hours, assuming three
hours per start. These lamps would
need to be replaced every five years
(their calendar life). Now assume an
occupancy  sensor  will reduce the
operating hours of the lighting sys-
tem by 50 percent, to only 2,000
hours per year. Assuming the occu-
pancy sensor causes the system to
operate only one hour per start, the
rated lamp life is reduced to approx-
imately 14,000 hours. These lamps
now have  a calendar life  of seven
years. Although the lamp  life was
decreased by 6,000 hours, its calen-
dar life was increased by two years!
   There are situations where calen-
dar life may  be decreased. This
occurs when the percent reduction in
rated lamp life exceeds  the percent
reduction in operating hours. Even if
the lamps  had to be replaced more
frequently, the  cost of a new lamp is
minimal compared to the energy it
uses over its life. Typically, energy
costs are about 90 percent of a light-
ing system's life-cycle cost,  and the
lamp material, replacement,  and dis-
posal costs are about ten percent. As
a general rule of thumb:

•  If lamps are  turned off on average
   longer than 2 hours, they will last
   longer than not turning them off.

•  At 8
 ENLRGY STAR Buildings
 &  Green  Lights
                                                     E R   S U P P O RT
                                     What is  the  Bottom Line?
                           Publication Provides "Snapshot" of Green Lights® Progress
   Have you ever looked through piles
   of paper for that one number you
needed? Here's a tool that can sim-
                   plify   your
                    least  when
                    it  comes
                    to Green
                     The  Bot-
                     tom  Line
                      a "snap-
                      shot" of
                       an orga-
nization's Green Lights progress and
demonstrates how energy efficiency
upgrades  affect  an  organization's
bottom line.
  Sent annually to the President or
CEO of each Green Lights partici-
pant, The Bottom Line provides the
key pieces of information needed to
review  an  organization's  Green
Lights accomplishments. The  one-
page, easy-to-read format gives a
simple and informative record of an
organization's annual achievements.
  The Bottom  Line features an
organization's upgrade progress on
an annual basis, highlighting cost
savings, energy savings, and pollu-
tion  prevented. This  information
could be useful when communicat-
ing Green Lights accomplishments
within  an organization or to  the
local  community.
   Be on  the lookout for The Bot-
tom  Line in the months ahead. It
should  arrive  shortly after  the
month of your organization's Green
Lights anniversary,  mi
          ENERGY STAR® Buildings Introduces New Upgrade Workshops
          ENERGY STAR® Buildings is launching a new series of workshops that covers the complete cycle of
          the energy-efficiency upgrade process.The workshops will generally be scheduled once a month
          in cities across the country.
          • "Building Success" is a series of short semi-
          nars introducing the ENERGY STAR Buildings strat-
          egy and its business rationale to top executives.

          • "Building Momentum" gives Partners a
          quick start with their upgrades.The one-day
          sessions help them understand the ENERGY STAR
          Buildings strategy, learn how to establish base-
          lines for their facility, integrate the five stages of
          the upgrade process, understand and choose
          options for financing, and then make it all hap-
          pen. "Momentum" is  directed at the vice presi-
          dent- or program manager-level of an
                                              •  "Building Know-How," designed for facility
                                              managers, is a series of one-day, interactive
                                              technical seminars dealing with building tech-
                                              nology and upgrade-related topics. Currently,
                                              lighting sessions are scheduled around the
                                              country, with other topics to follow.

                                              •  "Building Business" is specifically targeted
                                              toward ENERGY STAR Buildings and Green Lights
                                              Allies.These one-day sessions will lay out the
                                              business rationale for the ENERGY STAR Buildings
                                              strategy and help Allies boost their own busi-
                                              ness by marketing and performing upgrades for
                                              their clients.
14 • Fall 1997

                                                                                             AR Buildings
                                                                                      &  Green Lights
                         I N   TH E
                  Riding the Wave to Energy Efficiency
                            The Beach Boys and ENERGY STAR®
 I he Beach Boys recently proved
 I that surfers can get serious, too,
during   their   endorsement   of
ENERGY STAR® programs at a series
of their  Summer concerts. Their
unprecedented support of a national
environmental initiative adds to The
Beach Boys' extensive list of environ-
mental efforts. Concert-goers heard
how  the ENERGY STAR label—a
symbol of  energy efficiency—can
empower them to protect the envi-
ronment while saving on their energy
  "This is a cause we can really get
behind and support," said Al Jardine,
rhythm guitarist and vocalist for the
band. "Air pollution is a serious issue
in our native state of California as
well as the rest of the country. These
voluntary programs provide a way
that people and businesses can
get  involved in  helping to
solve that issue."
  In addition to The Beach
Boys' agreement with EPA
and  DOE   to   promote
decorated concert sites with
banners  and posters high-
lighting the benefits of energy
efficiency. EPA was also  pre-
sent  at  nearby  booths to
answer  concert-goers' ques-
tions and to provide additional
information about ENERGY
STAR and energy efficiency.
  The Beach Boys' environ-
mental   commitments  and
achievements were recognized
this year  by the  United
Nations. IB
The Beach Boys, with Atmospheric Pollution Prevention
Division Acting Director Kathleen Hogan, at one of the
ENERGY STAR® events this Summer, (l-r) Al Jardine, Mike Love,
Kathleen Hogan, Bruce Johnston)
            ENERGY STAR®
           BUILDINGS AND
           GREEN LIGHTS®
            OF THE YEAR

Reminder:  Watch for Your Application

  The Partner of the Year Contest Deadline is Approaching

      A very important delivery should have arrived in your mailbox
   recently: the ENERGY STAR® Buildings and Green Lights® application
   for Partner and Ally of the Year. Each year, EPA selects several
   ENERGY STAR Buildings and Green Lights participants whose upgrade
  and communications efforts exemplify true environmental leader-
  ship. Past winners of this prestigious environmental award have been
 featured in USA Today, Fortune, and Business Week.
            You have taken a stand for the environment with your
          building upgrades—now stand up and be recognized.
          The contest deadline is December 2, 1997. Please
      send in your completed packet today. Contact your account
manager for further  information.
                                                                                           Fall 1997 • 15

Important Mews
        Effective November 14, 1997,
    EPA phone and fax numbers will change.
     Numbers you have called within EPA
   beginning with 233 will now change to 564.
   The area code and last 4 digits will remain
                the same.

  (e.g., (202) 233-1234 changes to (202) 564-1234)

        This will not affect the hotline.
        888-STAR-YES (888-782-7937)

       Please note this for your records.
        November 19   Washington, DC
          December 9   Chicago, IL
        December 18   Philadelphia, PA

        November 20   Boston, MA
        December 11   Philadelphia, PA
           January 15   San Diego, CA

     To register, or for more information,
          please call the Hotline at
       888-STAR-YES (888-782-7937).
 United States
 Environmental Protection Agency
 Washington, DC 20460
 Official Business
 Penalty for Private Use
                          BULK RATE
                      Postage and Fees Paid
 _^—", Recycled/Recyclable
 CX iL; Pnnted with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
  — ,- contains at least 50°o recycled fiber