to  make  your  world
                                         a  better  place
1. Never dispose of
motor oil, gasoline, or
kerosene by pouring
them down a drain
sewer. One quart
motor oil can make
250,000 gallons of
water undrink-
able. This  is
more than 30
people can drink
lifetime.   2. Convert a
space under your sink or somewhere in
your kitchen for a recycling center. In
1988, Americans recycled over half of
the 80 billion aluminum beverage cans
produced.  3. Drive fuel efficient cars.
A car that gets only 18 miles per gallon
(mpg)—the current average for cars
driving U.S. roads—will produce about
60 tons of carbon monoxide during its
lifetime. A car that gets 26.5 mpg (the
standard set for auto makers' 1989 fleet)
will emit 20 tons less.   4. Purchase
         foods in bulk whenever you
           can. You'll not only save
             money, you'll have
             less  packaging to
             recycle,  or  throw
             away.   5. Have a
             household "environ-
             mental meeting." Get
             everyone involved in
             your    effort   to
conserve water  and electricity,  and to
recycle.    6. Conserve energy and
save on your hot-water bill. Wash your
clothes in cold rather than hot water. A
typical hot wash/ warm rinse load costs
you approximately 58 cents. The same
load in a cold wash/cold rinse cycle
costs only 3 cents.  7. At the super-
market, purchase products with the least
amount of packaging necessary.  8.
Use traps instead of rat and mouse
poisons, roach and ant killers. 9. Protect
groundwater by using less chemical
fertilizer on your  lawn. 50% of the U.S.
depends  on groundwater for drinking
water.  (Fertilizer can  leach  into
groundwater.)  1O.  Avoid aerosol
spray  can  products  that   use
cloroflorocarbons (CFC's). Use stick
deodorants, pump hair sprays, and the
old fashioned  (but fun) shaving cream
bars and brushes. CFC's can remain in
               the atmosphere,
destroying ozone for 70-100 years.
11. Make cardboard recycling bins for
cans. Bottles. Paper. And plastics. Have
your children help you decorate the bins
to make them colorful. Six billion tons of
waste are generated in the U.S. each
year.   12. Reuse plastic and paper
shopping bags. Reuse  glass  jars,
containers and squeeze bottles. Reuse.
Reuse. Reuse.   13. Fix leaky faucets.
Just one drip of water per second from a
leaky faucet can waste up to 200 gallons
of water a month. A leak
that can fill a coffee
cup in ten minutes
can waste up  to
3,280  gallons a
year.   14. Use
batteries instead of
non-rechargeable batteries.
15. Water your lawn or garden in the
early morning  or evening to reduce
evaporation.   16. Weed your lawn or
garden  by hand—rather than employing
hazardous chemicals.  17. Plant trees.
Trees can help offset global warming by
removing carbon dioxide from the
atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is the
leading contributor to the breakdown of
the ozone lays*. Trees also  prevent
erosion and provide shade and beauty to
your home.   18.  Participate in your
community's recycling Program. If it
doesn't have one, help start one. Some
places to start could be your office,
apartment building, or school.  19. Sup-
port environmentally sensitive manu-
facturers that offer "refillable or reusable"
packaging.   2O. Reduce your use of
disposable diapers. Use cloth diapers or
a diaper service. In 1988, approximately
18 billion paper and plastic diapers were
landfilled in the U.S.   21. Trim your
trash—think the Three R's: REDUCE.
REUSE. RECYCLE.   22. Install storm
windows and caulk and weatherstrip
doors and windows. If your windows
aren't insulated, 10-35 percent of your
home's heat may be escaping.   23. Join
a Citizen's Environmental Group. EPA has
a list of groups in your area.  24. Wrap
your water heater with insulation to keep
heat from escaping.     25. Keep your
own coffee cup at work—avoid using
disposable plastic or foam.   26.
Maintain your car properly and adhere to
auto emission standards.   27.
Support fastfood outlets that have
eliminated wasteful packaging.  28.
   If you think someone—devel-
   opers, farmers,  anyone—is
   illegally filling or dredging a
   wetland in your area, notify EPA or
   the Army Corps of Engineers.
   Wetlands  are  vital  natural
   resources. Wetlands are
being destroyed at a rate of 350,000 ,-
-500,000  acres/year.  Between •
1955-1975, more than 11 million
acres of wetlands were  lost
entirely—an area more than half
the size of Ohio. Permits from the
Corps are required to fill or dredge
wetlands.  29. It doesn't cost
you a thing to be a good neighbor. If you
see someone else's litter in the street,
pick it up and deposit it in the trash
barrel. Better yet, recycle any littered
cans or bottles.   3O. Teach children to
love and respect animals. But if you are
a dog owner,  please respect  your
neighbors, too—use a scooper.   31.
Get personally involved in protecting the
environment in your community. Attend
local  government hearings,   ask
questions about the environmental
effects of projects  — let your
voice be heard.   32. EPA
limits  the  amount  of
pesticides that can be in
food. Take extra precaution
by washing  fruits  and
vegetables before  you eat
them.   33. Reduce
your   electricity
consumption  by
purchasing energy-
efficient appliances.
Look for and use the
yellow energy label on major appliances.
34. Walk to nearby  destinations, or ride
a bike, take public transportation or join
a carpool.  Between  1980-1984,
Americans increased their driving by
almost two billion vehicle miles.   35.
Get more light from your lightbulbs
—keep lightbulbs and lampshades
clean.  36. Radon may cause 5,000 to
20,000 lung cancer deaths per year. Get
your home tested for radon.  It's easy to
fix. Call  EPA for a radon information
packet.   37. Leave asbestos undis-
turbed unless it is  damaged or crum-
bling. Seek expert advice for removal or
containment. (Older homes are most
likely to have asbestos-containing
materials.)   38. Build small, hot fires
using only dried wood. Never burn
household rubbish or treated wood.
    Wood-burning stoves and fire-
     places contribute to air pollution.
     In some communities,  they
       create more carbon monoxide
         than cars do.  39. Paint
         contains  solvents  and
        metals poisonous to people
       and the environment. When
      disposed of improperly —down
      the drain, or on the ground—it
       can contaminate the ground
       and water. Buy only as much
        paint as you need, or give
         leftovers to neighbors  and

                                                               friends. Also, find out how to dispose of
                                                               it properly by contacting EPA.   4O.
                                                               Make your toilet low flow by putting a
                                                               gallon jug of water in the tank. Low-flow
                                                               toilets can use as little as 1-1/2 gallons
                                                               of water per flush compared with the
                                                               usual  5-6 gallons used  for  many
                                                               "conventional" toilets.   41. Recycle to
                                                               raise funds for community projects. In
                                                               1988, Americans earned more than
                                                               $700 million  by recycling  1.5 billion
                                                               pounds of aluminum beverage cans.
                                                                    42. If you suspect that you have
                                                                      lead-based  paint in  your
                                                                        home, don't  remove it
                                                                         unless you've  had it
                                                                          tested. Lead-based paint
                                                                          is  best left undisturbed.
                                                                          Cover it with wallpaper or
                                                                          other building material.
                                                                         Do  not sand or burn it off.
                                                                        43.  If you belong to a club
                                                                      OIL organization, tackle an
                                                                    environmental  improvement
                                                               project for Earth Year 1990. And every
                                                               year.  44. Fix leaky toilets. A leaking
                                                               toilet can waste  up to  200 gallons of
                                                               water/day without making a sound.  Test
                                                               for a leaky toilet by adding food color to
                                                               the  tank. Without flushing, if color
                                                               appears in the bowl after 30 minutes,
                                                               you  have a leak.   45. Replace toxic
                                                               cleaners, polishes and air fresheners
                                                               with less-hazardous vinegar, baking
                                                               soda, lemon juice, cornstarch and  salt.
                                                               For  Example:  Use cornstarch for
                                                               cleaning rugs and upholstery.   46. If
                                                               you  have lead pipes or joints, let the
                                                               water run for several  minutes in the
                                                               morning to flush out the water that has
                                                               been standing in the pipes. The main
                                                               source of lead in drinking water is pipes
                                                               and  soldered joints. High lead exposure
                                                               can  cause anemia, kidney damage and
                                                               digestive problems.  47. Start a home
                                                               composting program. Find a spot in  your
                                                               yard for composting  leaves,  grass
                                                               clippings, and kitchen scraps. This
                                                               makes great fertilizer for  a garden.
                                                               48. Cut down  on the  amount of
                                                               disposable products you buy. Long
                                                               wearing products are usually more
                                                               durable and will reduce the amount of
                                                               waste sent to landfills.  49. Cedar
                                                               chips and aromatic herbs are good
                                                               substitutes for poisonous mothballs.
                                                               5O. Don't keep
                                                               saying, "You're
                                                               gonna do   it."

                                                                                                                        I •
  EPA 905-M-90-003
Our Earth has limited resources. That's why it's so important we conserve and preserve them.
Get involved today—you can make a difference! For more information about how you can
protect the environment, call U.S. EPA at:
                 in Illinois
                                in Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin
                                                                         Safe Drinking Water Hotline 1-800-426-4791
                                                                         Consumer Product Safety Commission 1-800-638-2772
                                                                         Radon 1-800-SOS-RADON
                                                                         Pesticides 1-800-858-7378
                                                                         Waste Minimization Hotline 1-800-424-9346
                                                                         Small Business Hotline 1-800-368-5888
                                                                         Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know 1-800-535 0202
                                                                         National Response Center Hotline (for reporting spills) 1-800-424-8802
                                                                         printed on recycled paper

  Chief  Seattle's   Letter   to
in Washington
sends word that he
wishes to buy our land. But
how can you buy or sell the sky?
The land? The idea is strange to us. If
we do not own the freshness of the air and
the sparkle of the water, how can you buy them?
  "Every part of this earth is sacred to my people.
Every shining pine needle, every sandy shore, every
mist in the dark woods, every meadow, every hum-
ming insect. All are holy in the memory and experi-
ence of my people.
  "We know the sap which courses through the trees
as we know the blood that courses through our veins.
We are part of the earth and it  is part of us. The per-
fumed flowers are our sisters. The bear, the deer, the
great eagle, these are our brothers. The rocky crests,
the juices in the meadow, the body heat of the pony,
and man, all belong to the same family.
  "The shining water that moves in the streams and
rivers is not just water, but the blood of our ancestors.
If we sell you our land, you must remember that it is
sacred. Each ghostly reflection  in the clear waters of
the lakes tells of events and memories in the life of
my people. The water's murmur is the voice of my
father's father.
  "The rivers are our brothers.  They quench our
thirst. They carry our canoes and feed our children.
So you must give to the rivers the kindness you
would give any brother.
  "If we sell you our land, remember that the air is
precious to us, that the air shares its spirit with all
the life it supports. The wind that gave our grand-
father his first breath also receives his last sigh. The
wind also gives our children the spirit of life. So if we
sell you our land, you must keep it apart and sacred,
as a place where man can go to taste the wind that is
sweetened by the meadow flowers.
  "Will you teach your children what we have taught
our children? That the earth is our mother? What
befalls the earth befalls all the sons of the earth.
                   "This we know: the earth does not belong
                to man, man belongs to the earth. All things
                     are connected like the blood that unites
                        us all. Man did not weave the web of
                         life, he is merely a strand in it.
                            Whatever he does to the web,
                              he does to himself.
                                   "One thing we
                                 know: our god is also
                                  your god.  The earth
                                   is precious to him
                                     and to  harm the
                                      earth is to heap
                                      contempt on
                                       its creator.
                                       tamed? What
destiny is a
mystery to us.
What will happen
when the buffalo are all
slaughtered? The wild horses'
will happen when the secret corners of the forest are
heavy with the scent of many men and the view of
the ripe hills is blotted by talking wires? Where will
the thicket be? Gone! Where will the eagle be?
Gone! And what is it to say goodbye to the swift pony
and the hunt? The end of living and the beginning
of survival.
  "When the last Red Man has vanished with his
wilderness and his memory is only the shadow of a
cloud moving across the prairie, will these shores
and forests still be here? Will there be any of the
spirit of my people left?
  "We love this earth as a newborn loves its mother's
heartbeat. So, if we sell you our land, love it as we
have loved it. Care for it as we have cared for it.
Hold in your mind the memory of the land as
it is when you receive it. Preserve the land for
all children and love it, as God loves us all.
  "As we are part of the land, you too are part of the
land. This earth is precious to us. It is also precious to
you. One thing we know: there is only one God. No
man, be he Red Man  or White Man, can be apart.
We are brothers after all."

                          EPA/Illinois 1-800-572-2515
                          EPA/IN, MI, MN, OH, WI 1-800-621-8431
                          Safe Drinking Water Hotline 1-800-426-4791
                          Consumer Product Safety Commission 1-800-638-2772
                          Radon 1-800-SOS-RADON
                          Pesticides 1-800-858-7378
                          Waste Minimization Hotline 1-800-424-9346
                          Small Business Hotline 1-800-368-5888
                          Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know 1-800-535-0202
                          National Response Center Hotline (for reporting spills) 1-800-424-8802
United States Environmental
Protection Agency
Region 5
Office of Public Affairs
Chicago, IL 60604
                                April 1990
                                Doc. #905-M90-003
                                        printed on recycled paper