11,, 1981

       /MAR 11 1981

SUBJECT: . statewide 208 Programs
   FROM;  Ernesto perez, P.E.
         208 Project Officer
                  •s: 208 PREFECT DIRECTORS;
         This booklet has been compiled to serve as a management  tool for use  in
         completing the 208 effort in your individual states.   It includes the program.
         strategy and a summary of implementation activities for  each Statewide 208
         Program, prepared in conjunction with information  submitted by each state.
         Some minor items may warrant adjustment pending  final  revised work plans, but
         overall the lists are complete.   A copy of the Region  IV Agricultural Nonpoint
         Source Strategy has also been included.

         It may be helpful to compare your program with others  in the region, as
         several of you are (or have been) working on the same  types of nonpoint source
         categories.  A list of the statewide  contacts and  their  phone numbers has been
         included to facilitate any sharing of information  or problems which might
         prove beneficial to you.

         It is imperative that we make maximum use of the EY'81 resources, and strive
         to have as many programs as possible  ready to proceed  into the years to come.

         If you need any assistance or additional information,  or have any ideas which
         might be helpful to the region as a whole,  please  contact Patsy Beall or
         Ernesto Perez.
EPA Form 1320-6 (Rev. 3-76)


                               STATEWIDE CONTACTS
Alabama Water  Improvement
749 State Office Building
Montgomery, Alabama  36104
Florida'Department of
  Environmental Regulation
2600 Blairstone Road
Tallahassee, Florida  32301

Georgia Department of Natural
Environmental Protection Div.
148 International Blvd.
Suite 800
Atlanta, Georgia  30303

Kentucky Department for Natural
  Resources and Environmental
Century Plaza
1065 U.S. Bypass - 127 South
Frankfort, Kentucky  40601

Bureau of Pollution Control
Post Office Box 10385
Jackson, Mississippi  39209

North Carolina Department of
  Natural Resources and
  Community Development
Post Office Box 28687
Raleigh, North Carolina  27611

South Carolina Department of
  Health and Environmental Control
Bureau of Wastewater and Stream
  Quality Control
2600 Bull Street
Columbia, South Carolina  29201

Tennessee Department of Public
Water Quality Control Division
Room 621, Cordell Hull Bldg.
Nashville, Tennessee  37219
James Warr
Victoria Tschinkel
Leonard Ledbetter
Jackie Swigart
Charles Chisolm

Howard M. Lee
Charles Jeter
Elmo Lunn

James Mclndoe
Mimi Drew
David Word
Jim Fries
Robert Seyfarth
Alan Klimek
Barry Shedrow
Garland Wiggins


                                                        ALABAMA STATEWIDE 208 SUMMARY


1.  General statewide assessment and
ranking of "problem areas by pollutant(f***"***-
and geographical grouping of counties
completed.  (1C)

2.  Statewide ranking of problea
watersheds underway.  (CPG)
3.  Reconnaissance survey of top
priority watersheds by cultldltciplloary
team planned.   (CPG)

4.  Verification of water quality Impacts
in one watershed planned.  (CPG)
Future Needs

1.  Verification of water quality
Impacts in additional watersheds.
Control Needs

1.  Identification of
BMP8 completed.   (1C)
2.  Teat of BMP
effectiveness planned.
Future Needs

1.  Test of BHP
effectiveness in
additional watersheds.
Regulatory /Nonreaulator?
1.  Public lnforaatli-«« tnd  education
prograta developed.   (K>)
2.  Participation  in  ECUP emphasized.
Tuo RCUP project applications developed
and one project eppra.o.i for funding.
                              3.   Consideration of U£ter quality  in
                              ASCS ACP projects
4.  Continuation of  petite information
and education program u&dervcy.   (CPG)

5.  Public neettngs  to identify  pvlorlty
watersheds in each county pl&nned.  (CPG)

6.  Public hearings  for input to plan
revisions planned.   (CfC)

Future Needs

1.  Continuation of  public Information
and education
KEnageaent  t.y.s

1.  Dealgriiit i uu of t/anagec<;nt
agencies  (.S.V  ((U:ntlfied In
the initial ;>lr:n)  by the
Governor  cc.^letcd.  (1C)

2.  Identlf1-stlon of
additional  i. .uLp.caeiit
C(,L-ncies  aiv!  c-.iiictlnns undnr-
uty.   (CPC)

3.  Iniplec.-i L..Tlo\\ r.tatemcntt.
an^ letters "-f  co^u
uu'!orw«y.   (i:
Future  Nac-ii,'.

1.  Managf-. .1 t ection
ti-L'urd  iupi  -  .l
1C •> Initial Grant
CPG • Continuing Planning Grant

                                                        ALABAMA STATEWIDE 208 SU>5HARY
                                                   Construction, Mining, Urban Ston&uater.
                                              Uydrologlc  Modifications, Saltwater Intrusion

1.  General statewide assetstteat planned.
Control Heeds

1.  Identification of
BHPs planned for  future
study.  (CPG)
                                                                               ReRulatory/NonreKiilo i'
1.  No activities ccupltted or planned.
Hanageacnt  Aranclcn

1.  Mo actlvitl«o completed
or planned.
Future Needs
1.  Verification of probleo* may be needed.
2.  Ranking of watersheds and/or problea
areas may be needed.
Future Needs

1.  Test of BMT
effectiveness uay be
Future Needs

1.  Public Information  fetid collection
program taay bt
Vuture Meed..-

1.  Desip.u.. ; loa of
     agencli/..- by tha Coverr.or
    be nc* .!_•!.
                                                                            2.  Inpler. . ;; i.tion HtatL-a.eijts
                                                                            end lette, .  cf  o.otial ttaeut u^y
                                                                            bt: needed.


1.  General statewide assessment and
ranking of problem areas by Major Land
Resource Areas completed-  (1C)
2.  Statewide ranking of probleo water-
sheds by Joint Task Force planned.  (CFG)
3.  Verification of.water quality
Impacts In one watershed planned.   (CPG)-
                                                         ALABAMA STATEWIDE 208 SUKiiARY
                                                  Control Needs
1.  Development  of
BMP manual completed.
2.  Test of  BMP
effectiveness  In  one
watershed planned.  (CPG)
Repulatory/Nonregulatoj-^ Proaraa

1.  Public Infontatlon ciud  education
        developed.  (10)
2.  Continuation of public  information
and education prograa  plr,nuci  ag.-ncy ccticn
1C "  Initial Grant
CPG • Continuing Planning Grant

                    ALABAMA -
   1,  The  Alabama State  Soil and Water Conservation Committee (SWCC)  and
       the  USDA Soil Conservation Service  (SC3)  jointly developed a programmed
       slide  set aimed  at educating the public  ovi  -he Section 208 water
       quality ^ar.£g-=Ecnt pla.-.r.irig pr-i^-v-i .^s  i;; ralates io agricultural
       land.   This slide  sec  was  shown .it  pu^i^c meet ings ana apon reqiieb:
       throughout the State.

   2.  The  Agricultural Conservation Program (AC?) administered by the USDA
       Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service  (ASCS) provided
       funds to implement seven Special Water Quality Projects in the State
       which provided for the application of Best  Management Practices  (BMPs)
       on farms in the selected areas.  The total  funding for the ACP projects
       in FY-1979 was $515,000 at a cost-share rate of 75 percent.  One  of
       the  projects — Swan Creek in Limestone County — features the collection
       of water samples to determine the effectiveness of the installation of
       BMPs.   The equipment and manpower used in the sample collection program
       is being provided by the Tennessee Vallev Authority  (TVA).

   5.   The SCS 208 Coordinating  Committee was  reorganized as the State Rural
        Clean Water Coordinating  Committee and  the membership was expanded
        to  conform with SCS/EPA requirements concerning the Rural Clean Water
        Program (RCWP)  provisions of the Clean  Water Act.

   4.   Two RCWP applications were developed using information contained in
        the Agricultural  Runoff Management Plan and were submitted by  the
        Governor to the SCS.   Based upon a review  of the project applications
        by  EPA personnel, one of  the projects  — Lake Tholocco in Dale County —
        was ranked as the number  one project in Region IV, while the other
        project — Lake Catoma in Cullman  County — was ranked as the  number
        four  project.   These  projects are  designed to provide cost-share monies
        to  local farmers  in the project areas  to implement BMPs recommended in
        the Agricultural  Runoff Management Plan.

   5.   The two RCWP project applications — Lake Tholocco  in Dale County and
        Lake Catoma in Cullman County — developed in FY-1979 for the  SCS/EPA
        Rural Clean Water Program were among 64 project  applications under
        consideration by the ASCS for funding under the  1980 Experimental Rural
        Clean Water Program.  The Lake Tholocco Project was one of thirteen
        projects nationwide selected for funding,  and funding was approved
        at  a level of $2,068,948.

   6.   The Alabama Water Improvement Commission  (AWIC) completed.reports  on
        20  intensive surveys conducted for the purpose of establishing waste
        load allocations for municipal and industrial point source dischargers.

   7.    The seven Special Water Quality Projects  funded  in FY-1979 through
         the ASCS Agricultural Conservation Program were again  funded  in
         FY-1980.  The TVA continued to collect water samples to  test  BMP
         effectiveness at the Swan Creek project  in Limestone Bounty.

    1.   The Alabama Forestry Commission (AFC) established a 16-member Joint
        Committee in February, 1977, to aasist ir: v.he development ar.d
        implementation of the Silviculture... P.ur.rft hana^eusnt r:.c..: anc t:
        disseminate information to the forestry community.
    2.   The AFC Joint Committee continued its efforts, in 'che development ar.c
        implementation of the Silvicultural Runoff Management Plan.  In
        addition,  the AFC developed a programmed slide set aimed at educating
        the forestry community and the public on the Section 208 water quality
        planning program as it relates to forestry operations.  This slide set
        was shown at public meetings and upon request throughout the State.
    3.   The Monitoring Subcommittee of the AFC Joint Committee developed a
        method for monitoring the use of BMPs at silvicultural sites through-
        out the State.  The recommendation of the Monitoring Subcommittee is
        that the AFC be responsible for inspection of harvesting operations
        involving sawmill firms and that the pulp and paper industry be
        responsible for making inspections of harvesting operations involving
        their own firms.   The inspection program by the pulp and paper industry
        was initiated in FY-1979.
     4.  The AFC developed a sixteen minute film for use in educating the public
        and the forestry community on the use of BMPs and the relationship of
        forestry operations and water quality.  The film and the programmed
        slide set developed in FY-1978 were shown at meetings and upon request
        throughout the State.   The AFC Joint Committee continued its efforts
        in the development and implementation of the Silvicultural Runoff
        Management Plan.

Point Sources

    1_  The AWIC initiated a study designed to yield a relationship linkinc
       stream velocity, streambed slope, stream flow, and ~ossibiv ether
       pertinent stream characteristic.':..  When couplet 3d the FY-.93'. ; this
       relationship will improve the estimation of stream velocities in
       those instances where time-of-travel studies have not been conducted
       and will enhances the AWIC's predictive water quality modeling capa-
Residual wastes
    1. Conincidental with the development of the Residual Waste Management
       Plan, the Alabama Legislature (Second Special Session, 1978) enacted
       the "Hazardous Wastes Management Act of 1978".  This Act provides
       the necessary legislative authority to establish and conduct a
       hazardous residual waste management program in the State and vests
       regulatory authority over hazardous wastes management in the State
       Health Department, Division of Solid Wastes and Vector Control
       (now Division of Solid and Hazardous Wastes).


                                                  SUMMARY: Florida 208 Activities as of 9/80—AGRICULllJltE
                                      Control Needs
                                        Regulatory/Nonregulatory Program
       Performed general state-
       wide assessment and ranking
       Verified problems in
       several priority water-
       sheds (I.G.)
       Funded statewide pesticide
       survey to better determine
       pesticide usage by water-
       shed (Sup.)
1.  BMP guide developed (SCS)
2.  BMP's identified for priority
    areas (I.C.)
3.  Funded testing of BMP'a arid
    land management techniques
    for water quality and ubc
    Wovkcd with TAC to d«=v.ilop an
    acceptable nonregulatory prograra
    Worked with lead ag&ucy to request
    etitite budget for staff and cost
    program (in progreau and I.G.)
    Coordinated training workshops for
    Inmicwuers and Extension Service
    personnel on plan (I.G.)
    Developed extensive public education
    and Information program (continuous
    since I.G.)
    Developed exemptions in state storsa-
    vuter rule for agricultural land-
    owneru complying with BMP'8 In plan
       Identified i, r,,.lament, cgencleo
       and  legal authorities (I.C.)
       Developed jllonronee

                                                SUMMARY:  Florida 208 Activities  an  of  9/80—CONSTkUCitON
                                    Control Needs
     General assessment and
     ranking of nondesignated
     areas  (I.G.)
     Problem verification in
     critical areas (2CPP)
   1.   BMP Manual developed (I.G.)
   2.   Controls recommended for
       various types of construction
                                           Regulatory/Nonregulatoi'y  Pi ogr sa
Flrot draft of propose1
sediment and erosion control  law
developed and circulated  (2CPP)
Specific recoimaaiidatlorio saade to
D&jjurtflent of Trannpcr!'.t.tii/n  &nd
other agencies with ireflponsibill-
tico for regulation u£ construction
projects (2CPP)
                                          Manaacaant Agcni.

                                          1.   Possible mnj: : r-i.ven
                                          2.   Pul.lie
 i..i.!  evi-.lunteil

 Ci.1:  i.i'..  !ved on
.tii.-^!'. int cgcnclfea
 Future Needs:

 1.   Development of MLRA-speci-
     flc erosion rate data
     essential  for standards and
     specification manual and
     other implementation
   Future Needs:                            Future Needs:
   1.   Standards and specifications.        1.
       manual developed for control
       of construction runoff           «&  2.
Ar  2.   Determination of actual erosion
       rates from various activities
       in critical areas        ,.        •*  3.
Pacsajjfc of acceptable sedlrjent and
erosion control ritlt ox1  law
Technical assistance to  local, govern-
ments/agencies inteivur.ed  In imple-
menting at the local Level
Training and education for construc-
tion community
                                          Future Needs:

                                       •4 1.   Identification of. fipMroprlel.e
                                              management a;,i=ur.y(iea)
                                       i* 2.   Development of detailed in-
                                              ter^gency ag.rcrtK^i'it'fl on
                                              Imp 1 ementaLli.n of recommended
                                       * 3.   Incorporation .-
                                                     SUMMARY:  Florida  208 Activities as of 9/80—MINING
                                      Control Needs
       Report on mining in Florida:
       commodities, econoalcs, pro-
       cesses (I.G.)
       Assessment of water quality
       effects of mining, specifi-
       cally phosphate
1.  BMP table cross-referencing
    activities causing problems
    with appropriate BMP'a (2CPP)
                                        Regu] atory/Nonregulatoiy Prograti
                                            Work with the Depavrasunt of Natural
                                            Resources to refine reclamation
                                            rules  and regulation (2CCP, ongoing)
                                            Work with Legislature to pass compre-
                                            hensive  mining legislation (2CVt, on-
                                                                                      Management A^.-ncy	
                                                 1.   Departueii'  :>r Hntiiral Re~
                                                     oources prt-M-iH ly \\KH suLli<:f-
                                                     ity to art.i.'iilator ta.l nine re-
                                                     clamation mlris
                                                 2.   208 staff I'll.-? worked closely
                                                    'with DKK i" ruisuve water
                                                     quality c--- ..utieratlons in
                                                     mining ami .-eclaioation rule
   Future Heeds:

ilfr  1.  Development of commodity-
       specific Impact data to
       facilitate legislative
       action on implementation
Future Needs:

1.  Development of reclamation
    techniques, with empliaaie on
    wetlands restoration
2.  Refinement of BMP's for Mining
   Future Needs:

^  1.  Development of  strong legislation
       to control mining  and reclamation
   I.G. - Initial Grant ($912,989)
   Sup. - Supplemental ($316,000)
   2CPP - Second Continuing Planning Grant  ($1,291,445)

   NOTE:  "Future Needs" will be funded  through FY  '80 or  '81 monies;  or carryover from previous grants

  *  FY fl
                                                                                      Future Need's:

                                                                                      1.  Official .IsGljjnatlon of
                                                                                          agement G{_crjoy(les)
                                                                                      2.  MDU with lf:£.d afeancy

                                          SUMMARY:  Florida  208  Activities as of 9/60—SEPTIC TAKiCS/KSSIDUALS
                                   Control Needs
1.  Assessment and ranking
    of 41 nondesignated
    counties completed (I.G.)
2.  Priority watershed studies
    initiated (2CPP)
1.  BMP's identified for soils with
    specific limitations (2CPP)
2.  Research on alternative
    performed (2CPP)
1.  Ev:iatli'_g regulatory {/iru£?&a OIL'S
    10D-6) reviewed and tt'vietd (2CTP
    z.a.1 ongoing)
2.  Proposed rule for *v;.ld

                                                SUMMARY:  Florida 208 Activities as of 9/80— SILVICULTURE
Control Needs
	Regulatory/Monregulatox-y Vrograq
     General problem assess-
     aetit performed for areca
     of state with intensive
     forestry activities (I.G.)
     Site sensitivity atlases
     completed for critical
     areas of state (Sup.)
    Based on probleas identified
    in assessmant, BMP handbook
    developed (Sup.)
    Technical manuals end brochures
    for both professionals and  small
    landowners developed  (Sup.)
    Sites selected for BMP testing
    In a cooperating effort vith  the
    University of Florida, University
    of Georgia, DER and Division  of
    Forestry (Sup., ongoing)
Details of acceptable-,  nonregulatory
proi,vaa worked out with TAC
Hoi-king closely ui.tli forestry COB-
muiiity, developed ex^aptiona to
ctate stormuatev rul.<-.  for forestry
operations complying with non-
vegulatory program  (5.CP1P)-
Training videotape  for equipitmut
oper&tors developed  (Sup.)
Training sessions held for inductry,
field personnel, cud lanjovaoro  (Sup.)
General public education and informa-
tion activities continued (since I.G.)
l.aud Agency  i•') >-M of  Under-
standing >;hi;
developed  C'.C
t-i.:aeii;  '.^
of Foresti y)
porsons Ji<  i.i-
sitblgned to
program, ii>
Ing, trail. J
                                                                    .c.-id agency
                                                                    icy (lilvioloii
                                                                    c.itlf Jed  two
                                                                    Dl vision  to bo
   3.  Continued training siud  education
 I.G.  - Initial Grant ($912,989)
 Sup.  • Supplemental ($316,000)
 2CPP  - Second Continuing Planning Grant ($1,291,445)

 NOTE:   "Future Needs" will be funded either through FY  '80  or '81 monies; or carryover from previous grants

j* FY 91
                                               Future Nsii'.o:

                                            jfe  1.  Offic.1i>! deolgnatlofi  of.
                                                   tnanu£.<-i..-:.L agency
                                                  SUMMARY:   Florida 208 Activities as of 9/80—-URBAN

General Aaacfcuutnt an-J
ranking of nond&ulgoated
areas (I.G.)
Priority watershed studies

Control Needs

BMP manual developed (I.G.)
Specific BMP schemes developed
for priority areas (2CPP)

Regulatory/liinr emulator? Pro>_i:i;a
1. Stete otoriwater rule, to be iiaple-
menteJ by DER, revised c&vjrul
tiuiau (I.G., 2CPP)

Maneges-ant Agency

Lead Ar;t-ucy lu&i..
Staff personnel
by lea.-I agency (i.
specific to St......
nonpolr>t source v
DER Districts t,.;
existing storiu-i,

                                                                                                                                               : tc >'
Future Needs:

1.  Problem verification for
    priority areas not yet
Future Needs:                           Future Heado:
                                                                                                                        Future Neecla:
Development of standards and     ^ 1.
specifications manual for stores-
water management practices
Monitoring of Innovative reccj-  A 1,
mended BMP's
Detenaination of costs of various
BMP'a recoouoended for priority   ^ 3.
areas to be studied
                                            Flnalizution of  stcna-Vcitor  rule, and
                                            identification of  state  fuiiding
                                            sources to  support implemai.iti.tion
                                            Trainl.u™ and education of public,
                                            OB well as  technical  training  for
                                            District DER personnel who  will be
                                            enforcing stormwater  rule
                                            Implementation of  sctlonu vecosEcgnded
                                            In priority watersheds
I.G. - Initial Grant ($912,989)
Sup. - Supplemental ($316,000)
2CPP • Second Continuing Planning Grant ($1,291,445)

NOTE:  "Future Needs" will be funded through FY '80 or '81 monies; or carryover frovo previous gran£s


Actual implementation of reconvnerided managefiiant:  strategies  will  DS  en a
norvregulatory basis.  The Florida Department of Agriculture  and Consumer
Services (FDACS) is the lead agency for  implementation  and  will  work with the
Soil and Water Conservation Districts  (SWCD's).

1.   FDACS has requested the following to be included in  its  1981 budget:

     (a) Ten new positions to aid the SWCD's.
     (b) State funds to improve SWCD operations.
     (c) Travel funds for SWCD supervisors to attend annual training seminar
         on 208 implementation.
     (d) $500,000 to begin a state cost  sharing  program for implementation of
         agricultural BMP's.

2.   Four regional two-day workshops were staged around the state to explain
     the Agriculture Plan and the different roles necessary for  implementation.

3.   A contract is presently being developed to  continue  the  public education
     efforts begun by IFAS.

4.   A public information brochure detailing the nature of  the agriculture
     nonpoint source problem and methods of dealing with  it has  been prepared
     by an Ad Hoc committee of various representatives  (including DER 208).

5.   The 208 staff participated in the annual meeting of  the  Agricultural and
     Conservation Service (ASCS) to review the state ACP  plan.   Comments  were
     presented and several adopted for modification of  ACP  practices to more
     adequately result in water quality  improvements.

6.   The 208 staff assisted in preparing revised applications for two RCWP
     projects for possible FY'81 funding.  Much  of the  information  used was
     taken directly from the 208 Agriculture Plan.

7.   Staff members from 208 sit on the State Rural Clean  Water Committee  and
     play a significant role in selecting project areas and in documenting
     water quality problems associated with agriculture.

regulatory approach to Implementation of nonpoint source strategies in

   lt   Training and Education Programs
       A series of six training sessions around the state were held in
       early December, 1B79.  Thesa sessions v/ere for foresters, and
       included presentations by D£R staff. Division of Forestry staff,
       and several research groups.  Also included on the agenda were
       afternoon field trips to existing demonstration or experimental
       forest sites.  In addition, Euckeye Cellulose Corporation requested
       and yecsiveu two private training sessions following the six reg-
       ional workshops.  The result is that all Buc^eya land management
       foresters have now received training.
       DOF has produced a videotape showing good land management practices
       versus poor ones ir. the format of a football game, with scores
       given to foresters using SMP's and penalties assigned to those who
       do not use good land management techniques.   This tape has been
       shown during thirty separate training sessions held by County
       Foresters throughout the state.  The target audiences included
       foresters, loggers, operators, landowners and the general public.
       Also being distributed to foresters and field personnel is a BMP
       training manual.  A landowner handbook,            a shorter
       version of -cr.s 3MP manual, has been prepared and is being distributed
       to all interested individuals.   A newsletter is now being published
       to keep the forestry community abreast of.water quality work in
       progress and BMP changes.                  Over 60,000 leaflets
       designed to introduce landowners to BMP's.for Florida, have been
       printed and are being distributed through the State Extension
   2.  BMP Demonstration Sites

      Negotiations are underway to set aside a total of six demonstration
      project areas around the state on both forest industry lands and
      state forests.

  3.  BMP Evaluation

      A project to-determine amounts of sediment and other pollutants
      lost from forested areas undergoing various degrees of harvest and
      management is being established on St. Joe Paper Company lands in
      Gadsden County.  The Division of Forestry has received 208 contract
      funds from DER to set up the study sites and monitor storm events by
      flow-initiated automatic samplers.   The samples will then be trans-
      ported to DER laboratories for .analysis.  This project should show
      the importance of careful land management in preventing sediment
      and nutrient loss.

         'iV-a privets Yorastry sector Is beginning to demonstrate their
         commitment to making the non-regulatory program work, also.  To
         date, at least one major timber company, owning over one million
         acres 3-; ^   The Environmental Regulation Commission recently designated the
         Suwannae River as an "Outstanding Florida Water".  This designation
         implies that no activities which cause significant degradation to
         the river will be allowed to occur.  Technical  input is being pro-
       ;  vided by 208 staff in the effort to clarify the meaning of the
         term "significant degradation" as applied to the Suwannee River.  Non-
         point source degradation has occurred in this water body due to the
         effects of phosphate mining, and efforts are currently underway
         both to determine the magnitude of these effects and to prevent
         further water quality degradation.

MINING  (cont'd)
            203 r:a7v ;.^s dc-iv^'i:- -i.iy^'vec v.- P.CN mining legislation proposed
                                 "                      "
            ing reclamation regulations (Chapter 1S-C Florida Administrative
            Code) were proposed to the Governor and Cabinet and approved on
            August 25, 1980.  Major procedural changes include requiring the
            operator w submit a concaptua'i pUn for each mine whi:h explains
            how and when all affected lands have been or are to be reclaimed.
            In addition, each applicant is required to submit annually (or
            blannually if he chooses) an application for approval of a proposed
            reclamation and restoration program for the mining unit to be
            mined during the corning year (or two yaar period).  Requirement
            changes Include increased criteria which a mining operator must
            meet to obtain approval of a reclamation program.  The major require-
            ment changes are restoration of wetlands, drainage patterns and
            caria-Jn wildlife habitats; changes in grading re_quirements; and
            ^idit-iorsal vequiramants vor revcgetction and reforestation.  Staff is
                Involved in the implementation of the regulation changes.
      5.    Staff Is currently working on getting 208 mining recommendations
            Implemented in a specific problem area.  Manatee County has requested
            that Lake Manatee be reclassified as an Outstanding Florida Water
            and that a portion of the Manatee River ba raclassified as Class 1-A
            Waters.  Both of these water bodies are located in an area of phos-
            phate reserves which are scheduled to be mined in the near future.
            Studies are currently underway to determine the potential  impact
            of phosphate mining on these water bodies.   Upon completion of these
            studies, recommendations consistent with 208 goals and objectives
            will be made.
         Results of studies conducted during the development of the construc-
    tion element of the initial 208 plan and the first year CPP identified
    specific areas and activities of particular concern.   In addition to
    building construction, both road construction and unpaved roads were
    found to be significant sources of erosion and sedimentation.

         BMP implementation efforts have centered on a statewide approach to
    control sediment and erosion from construction activities and an agency
    specific approach to the abatement of road construction related problems.

1.   Florida  is  in the process of drafting  a statewide sediment and erosion
     control  act.  The first draft was developed  subsequent to meetings with
     FCACS and 7ACD  (Florida Association of Conservation Districts); a second
     prc-carso osssc  en review by SCS, FXZ>,  h-:i';.a  builders.,  and loc^l
     ofjficia-s.  Kbrk en  refining this draft v/iil continue  during the coming

2.   In support  of the proposed legislations,  the 2G3  staff has begun making
     arrangements to cbtain specific erosion and  sedimentation rate data
     through  a series of  contracted studies to be conducted over the next
     year.  The  information will form the basis for establishing performance
     standards,  a key provision of the proposed legislation.

3.   The Department  co-sponsored a seminar  on Erosion  and Sediment Control
     directed towards problems associated with construction.   The target
     audience included:   builders and developers,  SWCD supervisors, and local
     government  officials, agricultural owners and operators,  and the general

4.   The 208  staff is in  the process of reviewing the  state's  enabling
     legislation for SWCD's and the Departments Stormwater  Rule, to see if 208
     recommendations for  construction can be implemented through them.

5.   Staff recommendations will be included in the DOT Design  and
     Specification Manual, which specifies  requirements for road and bridge

6.   The 203  staff has reviewed and commented on  thirty local  government
     Comprehensive Plans  to date, and will  continue to stress  208 goals and
     recommendations as others become available for comment.

Urban Development

The DER stormwater rule is the primary implementation  mechanism for statewide
Stormwater control.  Much effort has been directed toward making enforcement
of the rule more equitable and effective.

1.   Since its adoption on March 1, 1979, the state stormwater rule is
     continuing  to be revised in order to make implementation  more feasible.
     The 208 staff has worked closely with  the DER district offices to make
     the licensing procedure more workable.   Approximately  800 stormwater
     permits were processed between July, 1979, and June, 1980.

2.   The 208 coordinators in the DER District offices  are responsible for
     developing  stormwater abatement measures, and work with applicants to
     develop site-specific management schemes.  In 1981,  DER intends to
     implement a training program for the permitting personnel of district

3.   A contract  is being  developed to help  DER refine  its modeling abilities,
     in order to evaluate the effect of various NFS management systems on
     water quality.

Urban Development  (cont'd)

4.   Several other agencies  are  now exercising  authority in stormwater
     control.  Three of the  five Water Management  Districts are involved with
     regulation of stomwatar discharges.   Several local governments have
     adoy-cac, and corns are revising ordinances  for stcrntwater control.  For
     exanpie, the City of Vero Seacn has established  provisions for site plan
     review which direct the city engineer  to insure  that all new development
     include management practices to comply with criteria specified in the
     state water quality standards.

5.   An exemption was included in the state stormwater rule exempting farmers
     who are in the process  of implementing an  approved conservation plan from
     stormwater licensing requirements.  The rationale was to stimulate
     agricultural producers  to work with their  local  SWCS's and to voluntarily
     apply conservation practices.

6.   208 staff and the DER Division of Permitting  are working with the SCS to
     develop a plan for mutual cooperation  involving  general permitting of
     projects in which the Department has water quality restrictions which
     exceed those of the SCS.

7.   The 208 staff has continued to work in the priority watershed areas
     selected for further study  following the ini  tial phase of the urban
     element of the statewide 208 program.  Active involvement by local
     governments is the principle accomplishment of this effort.   208 concerns
     and recommendations have been  included in  several [tester Drainage Plans.
     DER 208 staff are included  on  the local technical advisory committee for
     the 16th St. Canal Watershed area.  Several county and regional planning
     groups have adopted a number of policies designed to control urban
     stormwater discharges,  based on background information compiled by 208.

Septic Tanks

Regulatory authority for septic  tanks is shared by the DER and the Department
of Health and Rehabilitative Services (DHRS).

1.   The 208 Technical Advisory  Committee,  along with DER staff,.were active
     in revising the regulation  governing septic tanks in Florida.   Some of
     the significant revisions related to water quality which were suggested
     and adopted include:

     (a) Adding a statement  that soils shall provide  suitable percolation.

     (b) Changing techniques for estimating flow capacities from using a guide
         to actual metering  of the  flow, or developing a new flow chart to
         better reflect actual flow.

     (c) Adding provisions that  a percolation test of less than three minutes
         per inch requires an increase of 25% of the  absorption area;  and an
         increase of 50% when the percolation rate is over three  minutes per

Septic Tanks  (cont'd)

     (d) Requiring dosing beds  to ba used when  septic  tanks  are installed too
         lew, cr the water table is too high.

     (e) Requiring three inch displays on trucks  of  licensed septage pumpers
         of permit number, name or company, address  and  telephone number, and
         volumetric capacity of the truck.

     One other major recommendation which was not adopted  related to a
     requirement for detailed soils analysis prior to  issuance  of septic tank
     permits.  DER and the TAG are considering  recommending  it  again.   The
     regulation is undergoing further review, and both rule  and statutory
     revisions will be proposed during the 1981 Legislative  Session.

2.   208 staff has been active  in assisting local government efforts in the
     development and implementation of septic tank ordinances,

3.   208 staff are represented on an interagency  sanitation  task force,
     organized to identify specific causes of bacterial  contamination in the
     Apalachicola Bay area and to propose abatement  procedures.

4.   208 staff initiated an on-going study to locate general sources of
     bacterial contamination, suspected of contaminating shellfish in Wakulla
     County waters and causing human illness.

Clean Lakes Program

Several Florida municipalities have received Phase II  grants for nonpoint
source abatement measures to their lakes.  Management  practices recommended in
208 Plans will be implemented.

Additional Public Participation
                                     v /
1.   The DER has contracted with a Florida music  company to  produce  a songbook
     publication of original music and poetry copyrights about  Florida's
     wetlands and aquatic systems.  The booklet will include music scores,  and
     will be distributed to school choruses as  well  as other interested

                                                                                        GEORGIA  203  ACTIVITY  SUMMARY

                                                                    CONTROL NEEDS
1.  Prepared "tionpolnt Source Technical Tisk Force
    Assessment" (197B)

2.  Assessing the  Ixpact of agricultural nonpolnt
    sources on water quality (FT 80 Progrta)

3.  Monitoring of  groundwater availability and
    quality in Southwest Georgia (ongoing)

4.  Participating  in 'Southwest Georgia Land and
    Hater Resources Study* (ongoing)
1.  Further refine existing State and local
    programs to be used in icpltuntlng proposed
    best oanagement practices.

2.  Develop a nonpolnt source control progran
    without total  dependence on funding under tha

}.  Develop progran to nnltor at least twelve
    areas where on-site agricultural  practices
    have been Instituted (FY 80 project).

4.  Compile and evaluate data to determine practical
    reftnesents in control needs (FY  80 project).

6.  Further refine nonpolnt source control needs
    costs and tista schedules.
                                                                                                                 flfc6UUTORY/Ku;iR£GU./.TOP.Y PROGRAK
1.  firs restoration descnslratlc.) project.

2.  Stalnar on the potential effects of
    Irrigation practices In Esarjia.

3.  Developed and displayed a 203 display
    emphasizing B't'f't.

4.  Ti:eiity SWCD'i have dewla^d  rciju/ca
    conservation pi ins.

5.  Application for Rural Clean Hater* rYcyraa

6.  Water resources progi-aai study tpplication
    for Beaver Creek uatcrjttsd in I'acon County.

                 Future Needs
                                                                                                                 Develop slide presentation: and training

                                                                                                                 Organize a  speakers bureau?

                                                                                                                 Design brochures and other publications.*

                                                                                                                 C&:!pose articles for tug-nines and newspapers.*

                                                                                                                 Establish media contacts and utilize ttio aodia

                                                                                                                 Assist the  Soil and Water Conservation Districts
                                                                                                                 in  developing plans for achieving UPS abatement

                                                                                                                 Conduct demonstrations projects to achieve
                                                                                                                 reduction In contaminant loads.

                                                                                                                 Revise the  voluntary agricultural control
                                                                                                                 program to  fully satisfy the requirements
                                                                                                                 of  SAM -  31 for non-regulatory program.
     llic prograa is l.-li.j tdr.Intster-cd ty the
     Geo:;jia State Soil ^:,j l!il«r Conservation
     CouJttee thro^-_L lu,.el conservation districts.

                      Kultira Heeds

     Further clarify U._- iv,le that each dsstgnated
     Banigtment agsriry will play in ioplcsantino
     thj plan;
stitecents and i:.
williiiBness to p...
                                                                                             GEORGIA -  CONSTRUCTION
                                                                   CONTROL NEEDS
1.  Prepared 'Nonpolnt Source Technical Task
    Force Assessment' (1978).

Future Meeds

1.  Continue to refine the assessment of waters
    affected by construction related nonpotnt
    sources of pollution.

2.  Evaluate water quality Impacts
    from construction activities versus desired
    level of control.
1.  Developed BW> oanual for erosion  and
    sedl&ent control.
future Needs
    Developed prellst »usnary of above BMP
    Revise 8HP carnal  to reflect  localized
    ntads and practices.
                                                                                                              HAMAEEKEHT AGENCIES
                                                                                                                                                            KGULATOrcY/MOHREGULATli; 1  FiiOGRAH
1.  EPD a.talnlstars the State Eros Ion and
    Sedlasntatlon Act which provides for local
    adaption of ordinances.

2.  Kiintaln Inventory of approved plans.

Future Needs

1.  Cti-tlfy and conduct Inventory of certified
    plans as required by air::ni,.:,-iis to Act.

2.  Dovt-lop Inventory of certified ordinances.
                                                  Future Heeds
3.  Notify local governing authorities which have
    not adapted ordinances.                       1.
1.  Revised State Erosion inj sn\^anlit\oa Act.

2.  Conducted three erosion i>,J s::dk^nt control sealnzrs.

3.  Assisted Kacon-BIbb Co. punning board In local
    erosion and sedlsant coiuiul.
4.  Continue stiff training i.

5.  A separate CPD program i
    '   '      the Act.
                                    fo;, to
                                                                                                                                                         Identify local  governlii.; ,'u;i»,-itij» of EPD role In those
                                                                                                                                                         jurisdictions which have cl:io£U nut to  adopt local

                                                                                                                                                    2.   Provide  assistance for tr-_t..!nj and prograo Inplai^ntatlon
                                                                                                                                                         to  local  jurisdictions ut.U!,  have  adopted  local  ordinances.

                                                                                                                                                    3.   Provide  public  awareness prc/>jrs:.i for benefit of local  and E
                                                                                                                                                         erosion  and  sedimentation control  pr&graiii. (ongoing and  .
                                                                                                                                                         proposed FY  61  project)                                  V

                                                                                                                                                    4.   Develop  and  provide In-;•:. vi:;.;  training for progrtn

                                                      GEORGIA - GRDUNDWATEK

1. Identify & prioritize sources
   & potential sources of
   of groundwater pollution.

2. Review SIA study data on the
   1700+ impoundments; categorize
   those reviewing wastes by type
   of waste, geology and hydrology
   of site and other available in-

3. Select and prioritize sites in-
   ventoried by RCRA and evaluate
   re: soil, geology, hydrogeology
   and groundwater.

4. Obtain and evaluation data on
   groundwater quality, and monitor
   as necessary.
Future Needs *

          Regula tory/NonReg ulatory

   1. Develop prcgranis for ground water
      pollution control to include a
      hydrogeologic & soil evaluation
      of the State to categorize & site
      areas as potentially suitable
      for waste disposal, type of
      site development and monitoring
      requ i reman ts.

   2. Develop a groundwater management
      strategy to control and utilize
      groundwater resources for
      drinking water, agriculture and

   3. Develop criteria for the protection
      of groundwaler quality by establishing
      specific requirements to be included
      in site selection and operation of
      sites that receive wastes.
Management Agencies
* FY'81 Workplan

                                                                                                 GEORGIA -  FORESTRY
                                                            CONTROL NEEDS
1.  Prepared "Nonpolnt Source Technical Task
    Force Report*  (1978)

2.  Assessing the  Impact of Forestry on
    Water Quality  In Georgia (fi 80 project)
                  Future Heeds

1.  Develop cost data for laipleosntatlon of
    silviculture controls.

I.  Further refine the voluntary silviculture
    control prograa to fully satisfy the
    requirements of SM4-31 for non-regulatory
    progress.                                 '<

3.  Develop prograa to aonltor bttt oinageisent
    practices (FY 60 project).

  1.   Conducted three seminars  on forestry  practices.

  2.   The Georgia  Forestry Cocnilsslcn has d£vclop£d
      a  proposed It^leMntatlon plan.

  3.   Developed EPD  - Georgia Forestry Cos_ii1sslon  (GFC)
      contract  for Icpl ostentation (ongali.j).

  Future Heeds

  1.   Develop EPD  -  GFC prograa Icpl&icntttlon

  2.   Provide priorities  for smaller geographic areas
      for use In the Rural  Clean Hater Prajrio.

  3.   Refine Implementation goals  and activities for the
      silviculture control  progran.

  4.   Conduct on-slte  surveys to evaluate the effectiveness
      forestry  entitles tttio participated In forestry workshops.1

  S.   Develop slide  presentation and  training a1ds.b

  6.  Organize a speakers bureau.b

  7.  Design brochures and other publications.'*

 8.  Compose articles for aagazlnes  and newspapers.**

 9.  Establish oedla contacts and utilize the uadla effectively.1*

10.  Advise persons  of technical  assistance available and possible
     financial  assistance."

11.  Assist In  supporting and encouraging needed research.0

12.  Develop and carry out other Implementation activities as
            * "- the GFC and EPD  for an effective HPS Implementation
                                                                                                                                                                                   MAHASI-.i-.-hT ACtliCIES
1.  Georgia EPD ultl  olntatn prli^ry
    responsibility  e* 1p:;.u.r;nt1ng agency with
    help of the Gc.iif)!4  Forestry Conralsslon.

Futur-a Heeds

1.  Further clarl.'y  II,::  ralu  that each designated
    tv;nagenent SO'-'' --J will piay  In Implcjicnting
    the plan.

t.  Develop nanagi	t i^c-hcy Impl&v.enUtlon
    statements and  --^ck mancsc.Mcr.t agency
    willingness to  proceed statements.

                                                                                     GEORGIA -  HYDKOLOCIC MODIFICATIONS
1.  Prepared "Nonpolnt Source Technical Task
    Force Assessment'.

2.  Prepared "Hydrologlc Data Collection Strategy*
    document.  (1979)

Future Needs

1.  Further evaluate  the problem area, develop
    proposed solutions and refine Impleoentatlon

2.  Determine stream  nonltoHng program needed to
    evaluate problem  areas and develop solutions.

3.  Determine priorities for special studies and
    research needed to define hydrologlc
    modification problems and solutions.
                                                                             CONTROL MEEDS
Future Heeds

1.  Require application of best «anagar,ent
    practices to meet.

2.  Require use of BIIP's to protect water
    resources for projects subject to A-9S
                                                                                                              RC&UlATORY/KOSiREGIJLATOf.Y PtOCSWJ
1.  Passed legislation granting state
    authority to Issua 404 pantils

2.  Passed legislation to Issue permits  for
    allocation of surface Biter reiwrces

3.  Issue Section <01 Later quality certification
    permits (ongoing)
1.  Further clti-ll'y tha roU that etch designated
    nariageasnl will play In "  "
    the plan.
2.  Develop taMoc	t
    statements ti-.'S :t;.- e.<
    ness to prccc..>l t;ai:c:
agency v. 11 ling-

                                                                                                 GEORGIA -  MINING
                                                            CONTROL NEEDS
1.  Preparation of  the Nonpolnt Technical
    Task Force Report (1978).

2.  Conducted surveys of the lipact of
    mining on surface waters In Elbert and
    Oglethorpo Counties.

Future Needs

1,  Assess the statewide Impact of Bines on
    water quality.

2.  Assess the Impact of lining operations
    exempted froo Act.
(See Regulitory/Monregalatory)
                                                                                                     RtOJUTORY/NONaEeULATOR/ PR03RAH
1.  Implementation of Georgia Surface Mlnluj Act

Future Needs

1.  Evaluate rcsourcaa avalliblc ind iiiii-:.! to  .
    InplERsnt Act.
                                                                                                                       1.  The DHh l.anl Pi-otcct1on Branch  Is
                                                                                                                           responsible Tor lariUiuenttng  the Surface
                                                                                                                           Mining Ac;, 
                                                                                            GEORGIA -  RESIDUAL  WASTES
                                                            CONTROL MEEDS
                                                                                                            HEGULATORY/NOHRE6UUTORY PtiOGSAH
1.  Prepared 'Nonpolnt Source Technical Task
    Force Assessment* (1978)

2.  Conducted survey of potential effects of
    pits, ponds,  and lagoons on groundwater.

3.  Conducting open  du&p  Inventory.

            FUTURE HEEOS

1.  Continue to assess inpact of residual
    wastes on water  quality.

2.  Conduct Inventory of  all municipal open
    dumps and place  on compliance schedule
    as required by Subtitle 0, 94-580.

3.  Conduct Inventory of  all pits, ponds,
    and lagoons Identified by Safe Drinking
    Water Survey  to  have  high potential for
    ground or surface water pollution.

4.  Compile and evaluate  existing groundwater
    quality data, evaluate data collection
    needs, and sample and evaluate groundwater
    quality near  land disposal sites.
    (proposed FV81 project)

5.  More specifically Identify water quality
    problems due  to  residual wastes and further
    Identify needs for controls as part of the
    continuing planning process.

6   Refine cost data for  Implementation activities
    (in five year increments for twenty years) as
    part »f th« continuing planning proctss.
    Inpleeent Georgia  Solid Waste tenagercnt
                                                    1.   Conducted operator  training courses.

                                                    2.   Conducted staff training.

                                                    3.   Developed industrial waste data
                                                        nanagor.ent system.

                                                    4.   Disbursed regional  solid vcste
                                                        planning grants.  .

                                                    5.   Develop and adopted hazardous waste rules.

                                                    6.   Implementing Georgia Solid Uaste Kanage&cnt

                                                               FUTURE  NEEDS

                                                    1.   Develop land spreading guidelines.

                                                    2.   Provide technical assistance and training
                                                        In  all aspects  of solid waste nanagoaent.
1.  The residual waste pro.;,..,., will  bo
    Icplcnented by the EFO.

                                                                                         GEORGIA -  SALTWATER  INTRUSION
1.  Prepared Nonpotnt Source Technical Task Force
    Assessment  (1978)

2.  Monitoring of grounduater In Coastal areas (on-

3,  EPO and  U.S.6.S. are preparing a five year
    study of groundwater avalltblllty and wtth-
    drawal In Southwest Georgia.

4.  The Savannah Urban Study Is addressing
    Intrusion problems and expanded grounduater
    node)Ing needs.

Future Needs

1.  Develop  saltwater Intrusion problem
    assessments for other areas of the
                                                                              CONTROL  NEEDS
(See regulatory/nonregulatory progress)
                                                                                                                       REGULATOW/HQiiHEeULATORY PROGRAM
                                             1.  Local Interests In Brunswick hava formed
                                                 a committee to address local problcaj.
                                                 A draft management plan for the Brunswick
                                                 area is being reviewed by the Division.
                                                                                                                                                                                     iaT ;.;n;ci£s
Future Heeds

1.  Further cUrify ti.s njlc that each desig-
    nated mugi. -:i\i ulll play In
    lLj>lenent1nj tl-' pUn.
                                             3.  Implement Georgia Grouiduatcr Use Act.

                                             Future Needs

                                             1.  Develop managftnsrit plans for other areas
                                                 of the state with lilgh potential for saltwater

                                             2.  Develop procedures for obtaining Information
                                                 on well withdrawals.

                                             3.  Develop public awareness progria.
2.  Develop ntniO'..:. -r.t wsncy
    statements a'.l Lcck tf^tidyemcnt agency
    willingness to proceed stateisants.

                                                                                           GEORGIA  - URBAN  RUNOFF
                                                                        CONTROL KEEDS
                                                                                                                REGULATORY/HONHECUUTORy C&OGRAH
1.  Prepared "Nonpolnt Source Model Ing Strategy"  (1978).

2.  Prepared 'Urban Ston&cater Runoff and Control  Ni«
PS Hasteload Allocations
1.  A total of 176 waste load allocations and/or justifications  were
    provided for municipal, industrial  or private facilities,
2.  Thirty-nine intensive surveys were  conducted in areas  where  present
    treatment levels appeared inadequate.
3.  Predictive assimilative capacity models were prepared  for  the Savannah,
    Lower Ocmulgee and Altamaha Rivers.
4.  The State Water Quality Standards and Stream Classifications were updated
    and approved by EPA.

Nonpoint Sources
     1.  The Environmental  Protection  Agency  conditionally
     approved the "Nonpoint Source  Control  Program"   including
     the agricultural  chapter.
     2.  The Georgia State  Soil  and Water  Conservation  Committee
     (SSWCC) has employed  one full-time  staff member  to coordinate
     the State Agriculture  NPS  Program activities.  This  staff  member
     worked with EPD,  USDA  agencies, local  Soil  and Water Conservation
     Districts (SWCD's)  and others  to  assure  sound coordination of
     all activities.
     3.  The EPD-Water Protection Branch is currently developing  a
     project to determine the NPS effects  of  agriculture  in  Georgia,
     This project will be of 3  years duration and  data  will  be  col-
     lected seasonally in all areas of the  State recognized  as  being
    -.of high potential for  agriculture NPS  water pollution.  (Amended
     CPP "Grant)
     4.  In March, 1979  the SSWCC and  the  Ocmulgee River  SWCD
     sponsored a farm  restoration demonstration  (Project  Clean
     Water South) in Dooly  County,  Georgia.   This  demonstration
     emphasized soil and water  conservation practices necessary for
     meeting Federal and State  NPS  Program  objectivies.   Many  farmers
     throughout the Southeast were  on-hand  to view the  proceedings.
     5.  The Environmental  Protection  Division,  the SSWCC and  the
     U.S. Dept. of Agriculture  are  currently  sponsoring the  "South-
     west Georgia Land and  Water Resources  Study."  This  study  will
     run through June  1981  and,  among  other issues, will  address:

         A.  Establishing environmental  effects  of agricultural
             land expansion without accelerated  land  treatment.
         B.  Establishing effects of limited  water.   (What effects
             would 1 imi ted- water resources  have  on resource  manage-
             ment recommendations on a county or area basin?)

         C.  Establishing or developing land management  strategies
             and recommendations for implementation  on those
             strategies .
     6.  In 1S79 the US DA - Agricultural  Stabilization and Con-
     sery£t:cn Ssrvica d" s JUV^G approximately  $4,5  million for
     the Georgia Agricultural  Conservation Program.   These funds
     were distributed to  farmers in the State who  need assistance
     in practicing adequate soil and water conservation  on their
     7.  The EPD and U.S. Geological Survey collected data on ground-
     water and surface water availability and quality in Southwest
     8.  The SSWCC in cooperation with other State and Federal  agencies
     held a seminar concerning the potential effects of  irrigation
     practices in Southwest Georgia.  This seminar emphasized:
         A.  The need for proper well  drilling  procedures
         B.  The need for careful chemical application
         C.  The need for mechanical integrity  in  the irrigation
     •  ...  D.  The need to  curtail excessive runoff.
     9.  The State developed and displayed a 208 exhibit emphasizing
     10. Twenty SWCD's have developed  resource  conservation plans.
     11. Applications for the  Rural Clean Water Program  were prepared.
     12. A water resources program study  application for the Beaver
         Creek watershed  in Macon County  was prepared.
     13. A contract between EPD and the SSWCC has  been signed to
     carry out demonstration,  assessment  and education activites.
     (Amended CPP Grant).
     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nonpoint Source Control
     Program" including the Forestry chapter.
     2.  The Georgia Forestry Commission  has  designated one staff
     member to excute the Forestry NPS  Implementation Program.   This
     staff member coordinated with EPD, USDA  agencies, professional
     associations, local  Soil and Water Conservation Districts,

         loggers, and other to assure that  a  sound  Forestry
     NFS Implementation Program is being  carried-out.
     3.  The EPD Water Protection Branch  and  the  Georgia  Forestry
     Commission have finalized an agreement for program implementa-
     tion.   Tha wi •:"; Induce various  cemonstration  projects
     and seminars to inform those engaged in  forestry  throughout
     Georgia of the procedures and best management  practices  to
     protect water quality. (Amended CPP  Grant)
     4.  The EPD-Water Protection Branch  is currently  developing a'
     project to determine the NPS effects of  commercial forestry in
     Georgia.  This project will  be of 3  years  duration and  data will
     be collected seasonally in all physiographic areas of the State
     that were determined by the  Forestry NPS Technical Task  Force
     as being of high potential NPS water pollution.  (Amended
     CPP Grant)
     5.  The GFC surveyed all  loggers in  the  state  to  obtain  logger
     6.  The GFC presented a television program in  Columbus  on the
     Forestry - 208 program.
     7.-. Two presentations were given to  the  Georgia  Chapter  of the
     Soil Conservation Society of America by  the GFC  on the  Forestry
     208 program.
     8.  Three seminars and four  demonstration  projects on Forestry
     BMP's  were conducted by the  GFC.
Urban Runoff
     1.. EPD prepared the "Nonpoint Source Modeling Strategy."
     (original 208 Grant).
     2.   EPD prepared the "Urban Stormwater Runoff and Control Needs
     in  Georgia."  (208 supplemental  Grant)
     3.   Two papers were presented regarding Urban Stromwater
     Management in Georgia.
     4.   EPD initiated a three year program to assess the impacts
     of  Urban Stormwater Runoff on receiving streams . (Amended CPP
     5.   EPD is developing  simplified procedures for estimating
     urban Stormwater needs.

     6.  In 1980, the Georgia Legislature passed an.-amended
     Erosion and Sediment Control Act.  (See construction)

     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nor.point Source Control
     Program" including the construction chapter.
     2.  The EPD - Land Protection Branch and the Georgia State
     Soil and Water Conservation Committee drafted amendments to
     the Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act of 1975.  These
     Amendments were passed by the 1980 Georgia General Assembly.
     This allows the State better implementing authority for
     erosion and sedimentation control.  The SSWCC developed a
     slide program which assesses the pros and cons of the state-
     wide Erosion and Sediment Control  Program.
     3.  547 erosion, and sedimentation  control plans  were approved
     statewide in 1979 by local  governments.  These plans were,
     prior to approval, subjected to review for technical adequacey
     by staff of the local Soil  and Water Conservation Districts.
     4.  The EPD in cooperation  with the Georgia State Soil and Water
    -Conservation Committee developed and printed a "Pocket size"
     erosion and sediment control handbook to be used as reference
     in the field by contractors and others engaged in land-disturbing
     activities. (208 Supplemental Grant)
     5.  The Georgia State Soil  and Water Conservation Committee  has
     developed a phamplet describing Georgia's Erosion and Sedimenta-
     tion Act.  This phamplet has been  distributed to all local
     governments and other interested parties in the  State.
     6.  The Georgia State Soil  and Water Conservation Committee
     worked with the Macon-Bibb  Co. Planning Board and the Middle
     Georgia APDC in developing  a manual for erosion  and sedimentation
     control to be used by local developers.
     7.  The Georgia State Soil  and Water Conservation Committee
     and the Georgia Clean Water Coalition held three seminars in
     various areas throughout Georgia to address erosion and sedimen-
     tation control.

Hydrologic  Modification
     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nonpoint Source Control

         Program" including the hydrologic  modification  chapter.
     2.  The State of Georgia has passed legislation  giving  the
     State authority to assure Section 404  "dredge  and fill" re-
     sponsibilities for all waters of the State  that  are not coastal
     nor traditionally navigable.
     3.  The Georgia Water Quality Control  Act  has  been  amended  to
     allow the Division to  issue permits for the allocation of
     the State's surface water resources.  Procedures have  been
     developed to institute this program on a statewide  basis.  .
     Rules to implement this new amendment have been  adopted.
     4.  The EPD continued its Section 401  water quality certification
     efforts.  Approximately 20 certifications  per  month were issued
     in 1979 to protect water quality from  land  disturbing  activities
     occurring in Flood plain areas.
     5.  The Environmental Protection Division  with the  assistance
     of a private contractor completed the "Hydrologic Data  Collection
     Strategy".   (208 supplemental Grant)
     6.  Under the Clean Lakes Program, EPD sampled 160  publicly
     owned lakes and processed 800 water samples.

     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nonpoint Source Control
     Program" including the mining chapter.             . ...
     2.  Staff of the EPD-Water Protection  Branch collected  water
     quality data in an area of Georgia with numerous granite
     quarrying operations  (near Elberton, Georgia).
     3.  Staff of EPD - Surface mined Land  Reclamation Program  con-
     ducted approximately  1500 inspections  to ensure  compliance  with
     the Georgia Surface Mining Reclamation Act  (this Act mandates  the
     utilization of best management practices for nonpoint  source
     control).  Sixty-three new mining operations were permitted
     during 1979 which brings the current total  to  approximately  450
     active operations in  Georgia which are responsible  for  reclamation
     4,  Of the new mine reclamation  permit applications processed
     approximately twenty  were referred to  obtain Section 404 "dredge
     and fill" permits.

Saltwater Intrusion
     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nonpoint Source Control
     Program" including the Saltwater Intrusion chapter,
     2.  The EPD - Groundwater Program is developing a management
     P1 ar. f or n\i n i~,i z i rig the i ntr'_• s ; cn of sal t wa ter into the
     Principal  Artesian Aquifer near Brunswick, Georgia.  In the
     near future the plan will be subjected to the review and
     comment of local governments, citizens, and industries in
     that area.
     3.  The Army Corps of Engineers is continuing its monitoring
     of Savannah Harbor to determine, among other water quality
     factors, the upstream migration of sea water in conjunction
     with its maintenance dredging activities.
     4.  The EPD Geologic Survey Branch and U.S. Geological Survey
     continued their monitoring of the Principal Artesian Aquifer
     near Savannah and  St. Marys, Georgia.
     5.  The EPD Geologic Survey Branch,  U.S.  Geological Survey
     and the City of Albany are conducting  a hydrogeologic
     evaluation of water levels, aquifer  characteristics and
     water quality near Albany, Georgia.

Residual Wastes
     1.  EPA conditionally approved the "Nonpoint Source Control
     Program" including the Residual  Wastes Chapter.
     2.  500 municipal  and 100 industrial solid waste handling
     facilities in Georgia were inspected by EPD staff to ensure
     compliance with the State Solid Waste  Management Act and
     NPS control program objectives.
     3.  The EPD - Solid Waste Management Staff evaluated proposed
     solid waste handling sites (avg. of  15 per month) for accept-
     ability, and reviewed their design and operational plans to
     ensure adherenced  with State Standards.
     4.  The EPD - Land Protection Branch successfully handled the
     disbursement of $1.5 million in State  grant funds to local govern-
     ments, to assist their development and  operation of solid waste

management programs.
5.  The EPD - Solid Waste Management Section conducted a
training course for equipment operators and maintained their
ongoing technical assistance activities.
6.  The EPD - Land Protection Branch obtained fifteen new staff
members to implement a hazardous waste management program state-
wide.  The State has passed enabling hazardous waste management
7.  The EPD - Land Protection Branch has developed draft guide-
lines on the proper techniques for land spreading of sewage
8.  Grants for developing eighteen regional solid waste management
plans were awarded to Georgia's Area Planning and Development
Commissions.  Plans are now in the final stages.
9.  The EPD - Water Protection Branch contracted  with the
University of Georgia for the completion of an inventory of. pits,
ponds and lagoons throughout the State.  In conjunction with this
the Groundwater Program conducted a survey to determine the
potential for groundwater degradation due to the  above.


                                                               Agriculture  •       	"
                                                      KENTUCKY  208  ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
          Control Needs

  1.  Developed background Inform-
      ation, general  problem identi-
      fication of problem areas.
      relative priorities, soils
      data, landuse,  etc.   (I.G.)
PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progres

  1.   None


  1.   Conduct field monitoring at
      selected sites (both chemical
      and biological) to establish
      more specifically water quality
      Impacts, Impact to aquatic
      biota, etc.
  2.   Indicate how assessment will be
      used to develop standards,
      water quality criteria, anti-
      degradation statements, stream
  3.   Identify lakes and streams
  4.   Develop priority list of
      watersheds requiring treatment
      to meet goals

  1.  Deve1o
      cost est
  Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Programs
                          Guide Manual
                    'for practices  (I.G.)
PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress^
  1.  None                         y£


  1.  Refine/evaluate BMP's based on
      further problem assessment/problem
  2.  Redefine "stream" In technical
      guide manual consistent with water
      quality standards
        Hanaqgnei.j Agencies

  1.  Reviewed education programs (I.G.)
  2.  Evaluated need for statewide
      legislation or regulation (I.G.)
  3.  Evaluated need to revise mechanism
      like cost sharing/other Incentive
      programs (I.G.)
  4.  Determined enforcntcnt procedures
  5.  Developed Interaction between CD's
      and government units (I.G.)
  6.  Established mechanism for revising
      BMP guide manual (I.G.)
                                           PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

                                             1.  Finalize specific action MOA and
                                                 scope of work between the Kentucky
                                                 Division of Conservation and the
                                                 University of Kentucky, College
                                                 of Agriculture - Extension for
                                                 developing a agriculture education
                                                 program (2CPP)
                                           FUTURE NEEDS:  EPA Consents

                                             1.  Fully develop voluntary program;
                                                 agencies responsibilities, schedules
                                                 and costs
                                             2.  Fully develop Incentive program;
                                                 costs, milestones, schedules
                                             3.  Establish complaint procedures to
                                                 prosecute NPS polluters
                                             4.  Provide legal opinion that voluntary
                                                 program will meet 20fl(b)(2)(c)

  1.  Estimated i.^i^Gwer and funding
      for preparation of BMP manuals
  2.  Estimated niutipoiter and .funding
      to Install bhPs (I.G.)
  3.  Developed program to evaluate
      effectiveness r.t Implementation
      of agriculture NPS program;
      guidelines, iistes for review,
      monitoring piv«j.^m/strategy
   .  Developed u..d finalized Inter-
      departmental ?iOA between the
      Divisions of VJater, Conservation
      and Forestry for cooperation
      on developlfiy 208 management (I.f
                                            RESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

                                             1.  Finalize expositive MOA between
                                                 Ky. DNREP and thlTUnlversity
                                                 of Kentucky, College of Agri-
                                                 culture, Cooperative Extension
                                                 for develofiir.y the agriculture
                                                 end silviculture education
                                                 programs (2 CPP)

                                                          EPA Co.nne.its
                                                                                                                                 Establish vjoals and milestones
                                                                                                                                 and furthtt refine financial
                                                                                                                                 and manpower  requirements to
                                                                                                                                 apply BMP's (5 yr. increments)
                                                                                                                                 for each agency

            Control N
     Developed background  Inform-
     ation; general problem
     Identification; problem areas,
     soils data, landuse,  relative
     priorities, etc.  (I.G.)
'RESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  1.  None

  1.  Developedlpiecfcfrtcal Guide Manual
      for construction BMPs Including
      cost estimates for practices
                                     PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progess .o

                                       1.  None                   < >'

  1.  Assign priorities  to areas/
     counties with highway
     construction NPS problems
  2.  Based on areas  with construction
     NPS  problems, select areas for
     futher field monitoring  to
     determine actual Impact  to water
     quality, stream biota, etc.

  1.  Develop a monitoring program to
      evaluate effectiveness of BKPs for
Regulatory/Nbn-Regulstory Programs
                                                                                                                                    Managa,;,,,l Agencies

  1.  Reviewed education 'programs
  2.   Evaluated need for statewide
      legislation/ regulation

  3.  Evaluated need to revise cost
      sharing mechanism/other Incentive
      programs (I.G.)
  4.  Determined enforc&isnt procedures
  5.  tstabllshed mecluuilsm to update
      BMP guide manual  (I.G.)
  6.  Developed Interaction between
      CD's and other government units
                                                                                 PRESENT WORK:   Incomplete/In Progress

                                                                                   1.   Develop  and finalize specific 9j±llUL
                                                                                       MOA and  scope of work between Ky.
                                                                                       Division of Conservation and the
                                                                                       Ky. Home Builders Association for
                                                                                       n construction education program
                                                                                       (In progress 2 CPP)
                                                                                I FUTURE NEEDS:  EPA Co.ur.snts

                                                                                   1.  Consider/adopt a sediment control
                                                                                   2.  Develop more fully Incentive program
                                                                                   3.  Fully develop non-regulatory program
                                                                                       requirements, agency responsibility,
                                                                                       funding and costs, etc.
                                                                                   4.  Provide legal opinion that program
                                                                                       meets requirements of 208(b)(2)(c)
                                               Estimated hsinpower and  funding
                                               for preparation of BMP  manual
                                                stimated fi>.;fijvo.«jr and
                                                to  Install  BMPsd.G.)
                                                Developed program  to  evaluate
                                                effectiveness of implementation
                                                of  construction NPS program
                                                Including guidelines, dates
                                                for review, h.jnltorlng  strategy/
                                                program  (I.G.)
                                                Developed and finalized
                                                Interdepartiiir.ntal MOA between
                                                the 01 visions"of Water,
                                                Conservation and Forestry for
                                                cooperation on developing 208
                                                management  (I.G.)
                                                                                       PRESENT  WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

                                                                                         1.   None
                                                                                       FUTURE  NEEDS:   tPA Comments

                                                                                         1.   Further  address requirements
                                                                                             to Implement and fund
                                                                                             Installation of BHP's

                                                                Public Participation"


           Control Needs


  Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Programs

  1.  Prepared and distributed Information
      materials regularity (I.G.)
  2.  Conducted public meetings (I.G.)
  3.  Developed and maintain mailing
      list (I.G.)
  4.  Develped 208 progvaifi slide show.
      brochure, display/exhibit (I.G.)
  5.  Provide staff for presentations
                                                                                PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

                                                                                  1.  Provide summaries/status reports
                                                                                      on CPP and division activities
                                                                                  2.  Conduct public hearings twice per
                                                                                      year at 6 locations or assist 15
                                                                                      organizations on public hearings
                                                                                      twice per year (on-going 2CPP)
                                                                               I FUTURE NEEDS: EPA Comments

                                                                                  1.  None, except continuation of effort
                                                                                      and general Improvement of program

                                                                                  * Division Is setting up a citizen's
                                                                                  monitoring program; purchasing video-
                                                                                  tape equipment; developing a computer
                                                                                  file to track multiple violations/
                                                                                  enforcement of small packaged treatment
                                                                                  plants.;t Agencies
Developed etitl finalized MOA
between the IV-IREP and some
Area Development. Districts
(ADD's) to involve public
In decision-;,;uMntj through
hearlngs/mec-Mngs and other
methods. (I.G.)
                                                                                                                           PRESENT WORK:
                                                                                      FUTURE NEEDS:

                                                              -SHvi culture

   1.  Developed background
       Information; general problem
       Identifications; problem
       areas, soils data, landuse,
       etc. relative priorities.

PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

   1.  None


   1.  Conduct field monitoring at
       selected sites (both chemical
       and biological) to establish
       actual water quality Impacts.
       Impact to aquatic biota.

   2.  Indicate how assessment will
       be used to develop standards,
       water quality criteria,
       antldegradatlon statements,
       stream classifications
   3.  Quantify Impacts In critical/
       priority watersheds
Control Needs

  1.  Developed technical  guide manual
      for silviculture BMPs Including
      cost estimates/ft^ practices.
      (I.G.)       IQfn

PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

  1.  None


  1.  Refine BMP selection based on
      additional assessment work;
  2.  evaluate BMPs by monitoring
      before and after management to
      Identify affect on water quality
Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Programs
                                                                                                                                   Hanagei..;.it Agencies

                                     1.  Reviewed education programs  (I.G.)
                                     2.  Evaluated need for statewide
                                         legislation/regulation (I.G.)
                                     3.  Evaluated need to revise cost
                                         sharing mechanism/other Incentive
                                         programs (I.G.) •
                                     4.  Determined enforcement procedures
                                     5.  Established mechtnlsm to update
                                         BMP guide manual (I.G.)
                                     6.  Developed Interaction between
                                         Conservation Districts' (CD) and
                                         other government units (I.G.)

                                   PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

                                     1.  Develop and finalize specific
                                         action MOA and scope of work
                                         between Ky. Division of Forestry
                                         and the University of Kentucky,
                                         College of Agriculture.
                                         Department of Forestry on silvi-
                                         culture education program (2CPP)

                                         * have Implemented 1st phase of
                                         silviculture education program by
                                         conducting a 3-day workshop on
                                         BMP applications.
                                                                                 FUTURE  NEEDS:   EPA  Coffimants

                                                                                   1.  Fully develop voluntary  program,
                                                                                      more  detailed Information on
                                                                                      funding  and manpower and on
                                                                                      Incentive program
                                                                                   2.  Provide  legal opinion  that program
                                                                                      meets 208 (b)(2)(c)

                                           1.   Estimated mi«|)c;.'ar and
                                               funding for prepara-
                                               tion of BKF' manual
                                           2.   Estimated manpower and funding
                                               to  Install Blip's (I.G.)
                                           3.   Developed i>rof,iY.,r, to  evaluate
                                               effectiveness of Implementation
                                               of  silviculture NPS program
                                               Including (jtiidellnes, dates for
                                               review, anJ i..ari1toring
                                               strategy/prugram (I.G.)
                                           4.   Developed arid finalized
                                               InterdeparUiu ,iU1  MOA between
                                               the  Divisions of Water,
                                               Conservation, and Forestry for
                                               cooperation o.< developing 208
                                               management (I.G.)

                                         PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

                                           1.   Finalize executive MOA between
                                               KDNREP and~tFie~Urnvers1ty of
                                               Kentucky. College of  Agriculture,
                                               Cooperative Extension for agri-
                                               culture and silviculture
                                               education program (.2CPP)
                                                                              UTURE NEEDS:   EPA Comments

                                                                               1.   Establish more specifically
                                                                                   goals, milestones, and further
                                                                                   estimate manpower and funding
                                                                                   to apply BHI"s (5 yrs. increments

                                        Surface/Groundwater Quality Criteria and Stream/Aquifer use Class i-fuaiion
        Control Needs •

  1.   Developed surface water
      criteria  Including:

      a.   reviewed published and
          unpublished  data
      b.   mapped and reduced data fo
          suspended solids, pH, tur-
          bidity and Kentucky's
          aquatic biota
      c.   reviewed other  208
          monitoring strategies/
      d.   ascertained  monitoring
      e.   proposed a program and
          alternative  strategies (I.G
  2.   Groundwater - Including

     . a.   Inventoried  existing
          quantity/quality data and
          existing/projected uses
          of major aquifers
      b.   mapped and prepared text on
      c.   suggested a  monitoring
          program (I.G.)  'funded 208
PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  1.   Stream Use Designation Strategy'

      a.   select segments,  evaluate-
          data for each  and determine
PRESENT WORK: Incomplete/In Progress

  1 .  Groundwater

  1   .a;  Identify and evaluate BKPs to
          meet control needs RE: ground-
          water NFS
     . b.i; Incorporate results of areawlde
          management plans
  Rcgulatory/Hon-Regulatory Programs

PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress


  1.  Groundwater

      a. describe existing proposed
         regulatory programs; regulatory
         approach, statutory authority.
         administration and financial
         programs, necessary legislation;
      b. provide legal opinion that
         program will meet requirements
         of  208(b)(2)(c)(1)-(111).
         40  CFR 35.1521-3
        Management Agcncl es
          whether  use  can  be designated

  1.  Developed and finalized MOA
      between Division of Water
      and USGS to Inventory aquifers
      and to collect quality/quantity
      data (I.G.)
PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  1.  Developed arid finalized KOA
      between KGS a«ul DNREP for aquifei
      delineation L-ised on TDS *fundin<
                                                                                      FUTURE HEEDS:   EPA Ccwsnents

                                                                                        1.  Groundwater

                                                                                            a.  clarify role of agencies,
                                                                                                legal authority, funding,
                                                                                                Implementation schedules,
                                                                                                capability and willingness
                                                                                                to assume management
                                                                                            b.  provide legal opinion on
                                                                                                authority of designated
                                                                                            c.  address approval action of
                                                                                                KIPDA MQH plan - provide
                                                                                                mechanism and agreement
                                                                                                with WQAB for program

Control Needs
Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Progress
'RESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  2.   Stream Use Designation

      a.  purchase necessary
          computer equipment
      b.  select sub-basins for
      c.  develop additional  data
          base as necessary
      d.  develop/Integrate analy-
          tical  tools
      e.  define alternative uses an.
          use boundaries
      f.  prioritize remaining basin
      g.  complete use designations
          (2 CPP)
  3.   Groundwater

      KGS Is delineating/character-
      izing aquifers In Kentucky
      based on Total Dissolved
      Solids (TDS) *funded UIC

  1.   Groundwater

      a.   develop  monitoring strategy
          for  provinces where data
          summarization has been
      b.   specify  use of each aquifer
      c.   identify NPS of pollution
          and  their sources affecting
Management: Agencies

'I/JURE NEEDS:  EPA Comments
         •Indicate level NPS must
         be reduced to protect
         particularity assess/
         Identify Impact to water
         quality and the affect of
         the landfill on the quality
         of TOWN BRANCH upstream
         from Lexington
Control Needs
Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Programs
Manager i t .fjcnc j es

                                                               Mining Nt>S

  1.  Characterized natural  water
      quality.  Influence on  biota,  etc
      of watershed where mining acti-
      vities exist; Including

      a.  selection of priority water-
      b.  monitoring to evaluate water
          quality Impacts
      c.  Inventory of non-point source
          Impacting water quality
      d.  literature search  and review
PRESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  1.  Rank each segment or watershed
      on the basis of potential/actual
      water quality problem;
  2.  Continue additional  water
      quality assessments  In priority
      watersheds to quantify actual
  3.  Correlate Impacts with water
      quality standards
          Control  Needs
 RESENT WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

  1.  Evaluate water quality as the
      result of dining methods,
      reclamation, and other erosion
      control measures
  2.  Determine control neasures
      necessary to protect water quality
Rcgulatory/Hon-Reguletory Progress
PRESENT  WORK:  Incomplete/In Progress

   1.   Coordinate with  Surface Mining
       and  Reclamation  personnel on
       developing program  to protect
       water quality
   2.   Provide  legal opinion that
       program  maets the requirements
       of 208(b)(2)(c)

   1.  Finalize.! f-'OA between Nature
       Preserves Couuilsslon and the
       Division of Water to assess
       the Impacts on water quality
       resulting from mining (1.0.)
PRESENT WORK:  Jricc,,r,plete/In Progress
                                         FUTURE NEEDS:   EPA  Cftiwants

                                             1.  Determine cost and  economic
                                                Impacts of control  measures
                                             2.  Establish goals and milestones
                                                for Implwanting BMPs  -  coord-
                                                inate with Surface  Mining and
                                                Reclamation  personnel

                                                 "Other 208 Grant Outputs/Commitments
                                                Implementation Evaluations, Data Base Development and Studies
                                    Control Needs.
  1.  Kentucky River Basin Study -
     (contract w/W. E. Gates and
     Associates to develop the
     capabilities of ADAPT (geo-
     graphic Information system) to
     analyze the Impacts of point
     and non-point pollution in
     the Kentucky River Basin and t
     determine the dynamics of the
     watershed (1 CPP)

  * Phase 1 and II of original con-
   tract were completed except
   Inclusion of LANDSAT landcover

  * Phase III of revised contract Is
   on-going to Include an addltlona
   It)  counties bordering the Kentick
   River Oasin in the analysis
'RESENT WORK:   Incomplete/In Progress

           Data Base

  1.   Kentucky  River Basin Evaluation
                             PRESENT WORK:
                             FUTURE NEEDS:
Regul atory/Non-Regulatory Prograsis
evaluate data base and tes
sensitivity af Information
identify methodologies for
segment priorities, use
designation, and data need
test computer analysis of
watershed and verify outpu
        Management Agencies

                                                                                                                                      Page-  2
    c.   through follow-up
        recona1s sance/1ntens1ve
        surveys (2 CPP)

* delayed at this time pending
2.  Management Information Syste
    Completion - complete data
    base  and acquire computer
    hardware for NPS assessment

* delayed at this time pending
  EPA approval.

     Implementation Evaluations

3.  KIPDA 208 Evaluation of
    Initial Implementation -
    Intensley study a site
    primarily In agriculture
    landuse and to apply BMPs;

     Floyd's Fork Project
    a.   review development and
        finalization of manage-
        ment program; agency
        responsibilities;  coor-
        dinate w/USOA
    b.   effectiveness study of
        BMPs on watershed  - samp-
        ling and modeling
    c.   economic Impact evaluation
        of cooperators (on-going
        I  CPP)
Control Needs.
Regulatory/Non-Reguletory Programs
Manageswut Agencies

                                                                                                                                 Page 3
Implementation Evaluation -
test effectiveness of over-
all 208 programs to Improve
water quality through BMPs;
test effectiveness of
institutional program;
(2 CPP)
Control Needs.
Regulatory/Non-Regulatory Programs
Management A-jeiides


1.   Division  of  Water  is negotiating  with the  ASCS,  SCS,  Land Improvement
     Contractors Association, and  the  121  conservation districts to cost-share
     on a  10-year farm  demonstration  project  incorporating  BMP's.  The exact
     locality of the proposed project has not yet been determined.

2.   The Division is  participating in  the  development of  two demonstration
     forests tentatively proposed  by the University of  Kentucky Department of
     Forestry  and   TVA.    The  objectives   will  be   to   provide  a  visual
     demonstration, of forestry  BMP's expected to have a useful lifetime of 10
     years  and  to  enable  a  NPS  assessment  of  forestry  BMP's and  their
     effectiveness in protecting water quality and soil  productivity.

3.   Approximately 187,000  acres of agricutural  and  forest land were  improved
     in FY-80  through  the  ACP.  The Division of Water  is  presently providing
     technical and  managerial  assistance  to special  ACP WQ  projects  in  five

4.   Through  the  Rural Forestry Assistance  Program,  the Kentucky Division of
     Forestry  has   accomplished   approximately  3,000 acres  of  watershed
     improvements in areas predominantly in forest cover.

5.   The University of Kentucky and  Chevron  Oil Company conducted a program on
     the  use  of  pesticides   in  agriculture.   The  division   of   WQ  and
     Conservation and  the  University of  Kentucky  Extension  Soil specialist
     conducted a 208 panel on the  program.

6.   A  Forestry-WQ  Workshop has been  conducted  as  Phase  I of  the statewide
     silviculture NPS education program.

7.   The SCS  is  involved in 16  operational  PL-566 small -watershed projects in
     central  and  western Kentucky.  Twenty  have  already been  completed,  and
     one is  in the planning phase.   Many of  these  are  expected to contribute
     positively to protecting WQ from NPS pollution.


1.   The  Division   of   Conservation  has  developed  proposed  tax  incentive
     legislation  for installation of construction  of  BMP's  on  housing  and
     light commercial construction sites.

2.   An  intensive educational  program  is  being developed   in  an effort to
     promote the use of BMP's.

     The Kentucky-  Division of Conservation, with  assistance  from the Kentucky
     Soil  and  Water  Conservation  Cornmission,  administers   the Conservation
     Equipment  Revolving  Fund which makes  loans  to  CD's for  the purchase of
     specialized  heavy  earth-moving  equipment for  doing conservation work.
     Through the revolving  fund,  new loans  are made available for interest  and
     loan principal  payments by  the  Districts.  This  equipment  has been used
     to  construct  farm  roads,  land  clearing,  pasture renovation,  etc.,   for
     FY-81, an  additional 2,000  cooperators  have requested conservation plans
     incorporating BMP's.

1.   The Division  is involved  in  several groundwater projects  in the Central
     Kentucky  karst  region:  1.   BRADD  Karst  Study  -  of NFS  groundwater
     pollution of  karst aquifers;  2.  Rio Springs  - to determine the  recharge
     area  for  the  Rio  Springs  aquifer;  3.  Proposed  Barren County  RCWP -  to
     investigate NFS pollution of  the  Mammoth  Cave area,  and  to  implement
     indicated BMP's.


1,   SCS is currently providing technical assistance for three projects  funded
     through  the  Rural Abandoned  Mine Program  (RAMP),  to protect  the  public
     drinking   water   supply   from   acid   mine    drainage  and   excessive
     sedimentation.  Twenty RAMP projects are  in  the planning phase.


                                                            MISSISSIPPI 208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

                                                                   NOVEMBER 15, 1980
1.  Identification of non point
    sources  and estimated magnitudes.
2.  Identification of major  land
    resource  areas In Mississippi.
3.  Established  priority Order
    for land resource  areas.

4.  Potential project  areas
5.    Further assessment In top
     priority area (Miss. Delta).
6.   Identify Impacted waters In
7.   Conduct qualitative field
     reconnaissance surveys.

g    Conduct monitoring where need
     Is  Identified.

9    Develop comprehensive  report
     and priorities in Delta.

1.  Reassess priority areas  due
    to shift in farming practices
    in hill section.

2.  Further assessment in other
    priority areas, as done  in
      Control Heeds

Establishment of BMP'e and
cropping sequences to control
erosion and runoff on croplands.

Estimated program cost was
developed for State.
 Establishment  of agricultural
 208 coordinator.
 BMP demonstration project In

 BMP assessment  monitoring.
                                                                                 Non-Regulatory Prpgrac

                                                                            1.   Identified managecant agency
                                                                                and assisting state and federal

                                                                            2.   Identified implementation roles
                                                                                of agricultural agencies.

                                                                            3.   Five-year implementation
                                                                                schedule was outlined.

                                                                            A.   Extensive public participation
                                                                                in development of plan.

                                                                            5.   Development of education
                                                                                program methodology.
                                                                            6.   Participation In RCWP effort.
                                   7.  Educational program  in Miss.  •

                                   8   Investigate potential  sources
                                       of implementation funds.
                                                                    FUTURE NEEDS
                                               '  Control Needs

                                        1.  Assessment of effectiveness
                                            of BMP's on currently used
                                            agricultural chemicals.

                                        2.  Data on cost/effectiveness
                                            of BMP's.

                                        3.  Develop simplistic, innovmtlvs
      Management t.£t nc_y_

1.  Miss. Soil & ''..for Conservation
    Con.iiieslon dec-1 united as
    management agency.
                                                                         2. •  Develop COM-.,i-ehenalve
                                                                               implementation  plan.
                                          Non-Regulatory Program

                                    1.  Continued public education.
                                    2.  Develop draft cost/share program
                                        to present to legislature.
       Management  Agency

  1.  Determine  program costs  and
      staffing needs.

  2.  Investigate  legislature  needs.

  3.  Develop detailed  MOV's with
      supporting agricultural  agencies.

                                                                  MISSISSIPPI 109 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

                                                                         NOVEMBER 15. 1980

1.  General assessment of NFS
   pollution conducted.
I          Control  Needa
 1.   Need  for  Statewide Sedimentation    1.
     Control Program was  not  identified.

,2.   BMP'* were  Identified.               2.
i                                        I
   Non-Regulatory Program

Use existing authority of BPC
on case-by-cise basis.

Highway Department will enforce
BMP"a related to roud construction.
                                                                                                                                            i;.:^! r
                                                                                                                                    Mississippi Highway Department
                                                                                                                                    deslgnateU L.U management agency
                                                                                                                                    for control of runoff from
                                                                                                                                    State and I'edaral highway
                                                                                                                                    construct i-j.i oltes.

                                                                                                                                    Bureau of Pollution Control
                                                                                                                                    designated za management agency
                                                                                                                                    for const nice ion runoff not
                                                                                                                                    related to highway construction.
                                                                              FIITIIHR  HEEns

              1.  Determine priority areas or
                  types of projects of concern.
             Control Needs

       Development of  State  Sediment
       Control regulations.

                                                                    MISSISSIPPI 208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

                                                                            NOVEMBER 15, 1980

1.   General  assessment of problems.
                                                             Control Needa
1.   None
        Non-Regulatoty Prograa

1.  Oil & Gas Board to regulate oil
    field activities.

2.  State Board of Health to
    monitor grounduater under
    safe drinking uater program.

3.  Bureau of Pollution Control
    to regulate land treatment
    and underground Injection.
                                                                               FUTL1BE HEEDS

             1.  Classification of groundwater

             2.  Further assessment of Impact*
                 from oil fUlds.
                                    |           Control Needa

                                     1.   Development  of BMP'*.
                                        Non-Regulatory Prograe

                                1.  Educational program.
State Board of Health designated
as managerji:nf ugency for
grounduatei: Pollution control
under the Suf.; Drinking Hater

                                                                  MISSISSIPPI £0#Acn.vm  SUMMARY

                                                                          NOVEMBER  15.  1980
lodlf Icatlor

General assessment  of current
practices and probleas.
           Control Needs

1.   Review of available control
         Regulatory Program

1.  404 Permit Pi-ogram by U. S.
    Army Corps of Engineers.

2.  Water quality certification by
    Bureau of Pollution Control.
          Ma nap  :•_ ^<.t

,1.  Not  design ,...<: J
                                                                            gUTllRK NEEDS
             1.   Assess  Impacts of channelization.

             2.   Assess  loss of wetland* and
                 lapacts on water quality.

                                                                  MISSISSIPPI  208 ACTIVITY  SUMMARY

                                                                          NOVEMBER 15.  1980
                                                           Control Needs
                                                                                     Non-Regulstoty  Prograa
           	                          p .
I.  General assessment of problem      "1.  Existing forest management
    In Mississippi.                        practices were considered
2.  Identification of major  land
    resource areas.

3.  Review of predicted  erosion rate*.
                                              Maim; oiLciiit Agency

                                     l.   Not designated.

            1.  Specific assessment and problem

            2.  In-streaa data collection at
                at active sites.

            3.  Development of priority rankings.
rol Needs Non-Rep
                                        1.   Development  of  BMP's.
Establish a training program
on BMP'a for State foresters,
Industry foresters, operators
and land owners.
1.   Designate a L-armseoont agency.
              * FYfi

                                                                 MISSISSIPPI 203 ACTIVITY S

                                                                        KOVEMBEK 15. 1980

1.   Inventory  of  current  and
    proposed mining operation*.
          Control Needs

1.  BMP'* for reclanatlon Identified.
          Non-Regulatory  Program

 1.  Mississippi Surface  Mining
     and Reclamation Act  of  1977.
 2.  Surface Mine Peralt  Program by
     Bureau of Geology.
                                                                                                                                            Mgi j,';.7:.iefit
                                                                                   1.  Misslsu liipl  fiureau of Geology
                                                                                       deslgnaftjii eg  management agency
                                                                                       for surl'iico  mining.

              1.   Assessment of water quality
                  impacts of mining.
                                                                                      Non-Regulatory Program

                                                                             1.   Education Program.

                        IMPLEMENTATION ACTIVITIES

                           FOR STATEWIDE PLAN
Agricultural NFS

A detailed assessment of NFS impacts on lakes in the Mississippi Delta
has been completed.  Impaired uses were identified along with land use
patterns in the individual drainage areas.  Suggested monitoring sites
have been noted for further assessment.  An educational program will be
initiated to inform the people in this area of the problems existing and
what can be done to correct them.  Similar assessment and educational
programs are being initiated in the rest of the State.

Lagoon Modifications

Further refinement of the treatment process, known as Hydrograph Controlled
Release, has been made during Continuing Planning.  This work included
testing of the automatic release mechanism and development of guidance
on sizing of the storage pond.  At this time, a number of facilities in
Mississippi and other southern states are being planned utilizing this
technology developed for small communities during the 208 Planning
efforts in Mississippi.

Model Verification Studies
The first phase of updating the computer model used to develop wasteload
allocations has been completed.  This will enable the use of the Tsivoglou
equation, O1Conner-Dobbins equation, or direct input of the reaeration

                            H _:.!.•; van;  f.o  til-
                        Mississippi Gulf Coast
                 Areawide Wastewater Management Plan

This report covers activities occuring subsequent  to  our  previous  report  of
November 15, 1979.  Substantial progress has been  made  in establishing  a
Management Plan and its Implementation.

The Gulf Coast Regional Wastewater Management Commission  developed and  supported
legislation in the 1980 Session of the Mississippi legislature  to  create  an
alternative for regional waste management.  The Mississippi Gulf Coast  Regional
Was"-:"••;'•.or Authority '-/as created May 23, 1980, and appointments made  to the
   : •  •  ."  ." :ard on August 13, 1980.

The Cc-amission concurrently secured contract services of  CH M Hill Engineers  and
developed the Mississippi Gulf Coast Areawide Wastewater  Management Plan  Revision
of September, 1980.  That work revised the facilities configuration and determined
the Authority as the least cost most effective management system and  so recommended
'.. is d-3 :~i ^-nation as the management agency to implement the "regional"  portions of
;.ha ?lan.  Local Public Agencies were proposed as  designated management agencies
'"or naplemantation of the '"local" portions of the  Plan.   Public meetings  followed
b" a final Public Hearing were h3ld.  On November  6,  1980, the Governor of
Mississippi so designated and on November 7, 1980, the  Plan Revision  was  approved
'by EPA.

The Authority participated in the Public Hearing process,  adopted  the Plan, and
r3cuas*ad the Governor's designation.  Subsequent  to  this, it has  secured
funding through January 31, 1981, for the purpose  of  negotiation and  securing
of service agreements with local public agencies.

The Department of Natural Resources has approved the  Plan Revision and  is sup-
porting plan implementation through intended NPDES Permit modifications in accord
with Section 208 (e).  A very great deal of controversy has surfaced  due  to the
time drawing near to "sign on the dotted line".

CD: cm



                                                                              NORTH CAROLINA ACTIVITY SUMMARY

 Pollution potential analysis
 for nutrients, pesticides,
 and sediment.
 Prioritizing of sub-basins
 Selection of 2 sub-basins
 for priority area -studies

Problem verification in priority
studies •  .
Actual effects of agriculture on water



    Control Needs

 Identification  of  potential
 BMP cost/benefit manual
 developed  for sediment.

              1.  Identification of actual waters
                  impacted by agricultural NFS.
BMP demonstration and testing in
special studies.
Analysis of water quality and economic 4.
benefits resulting 'from implementation
of BMP's.
Preparation of BMP pamphlets.          5.

Analysis of BMP systems.               ,'

    Non-Regulatory Program

   Established education program
   Training workshops held for
   Ag. lixt., SCS, ASCS, and
   District Personnel.
   Transfer of ACP funds to
   high priority areas.

   Demonstration of success of
   voluntary implementation in
   special studies.
   Participation in programs
   such as RCWP.

   Develop educational methodology.
   Integration of existing programs.
   Implementation of BMP's in high
   priority areas to evaluate effectivness
   of program.

   Continue seeking implementation funds
   through RCWP, P.L. 566, and state
                                                                                           FUTURE NEEDS
                                                   Control Needs

                                        1.  Data on cost/effectiveness of
                                        2.  Development of innovation BMP's.
       Non-Regulatory Program

1.  Develop tracking system.

2.  Develop proposal for state
    economic Incentive program.
       Management A.;cncy

1.  Identified management agency
2.,  Developed inter-agency

3   Request for conditional approval from
4.  Refine institutional arrangements for
                                                                                               Management Agency

                                                                                   •A 1.  Prepare long-range implementation

                                                                                   •ft 2.  Estimate program costs and seek

                                                         NORTH  CAROLINA  208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

1.  Pollution potential analysis
    for sediment.    '

2.  Prioritizing of tub-basin*

3.  Selection of sub-basins
    for priority area studies.

4 .  Problem verification in
    priority  studiea.

5.  Actual effects of construction
    on water  quality.
  Control Heeds

Identification of potential

BMP manual developed for
highway construction

BMP testing In special
studiea for roadside
vegetation as well as
general construction.

Analysis of BMP use on
Highway Construction.
      Regulatory Program

1.  IX)S involvement in DOT field
  i  Inspections.

2. • Notice of Violetions sent to

3 .  A series  of 9 workshops are
    being held statewide to
    educate contractors In
    applying  BMP's.
                                                                                                                                 Management  Agency

                                                                                                                          1.  Identified t,:!.idgcEeiit agency.
2. 'Developed Int-ii
    relationship^ .
                                                                                                                          3.  Request for conditional
                                                                                                                              approval fro^: EPA.

                                                                                                                          4.  Refine institutional arrange-.
                                                                                                                              roetits for lnn>lv.rueritatlon.
                                                                             FUTURE NEEDS

                                             Control Needs

                                    1.  Need analysis of BMP
                                        use In local programs,
                                        on landfills, and In
                                        general construction.

                                    2.  Need BMP effectiveness
                                        to stop urban stream-
                                        bank erosion from urban
                                        Regulatory Program

                               1.  Get Department to
                                   enforce against violators

                               2.  Strengthen Sedimentation

                               3.  Focus on 3 Mandatory
                                   Standards of Act as  part
                                   of enforcement actlvltlec
       Management Aa>.ncy

 1.  Prepare lony-range
     implementation Plan.

 2.  Estimate program costs
     and seek support.

                                                           NORTH  CAROLINA  208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

1.  Pollution potential analysis for  1.
    mining activities

2.  Prioritizing of sub-basins        2.

3.  Selection of 1 sub-basin for      3.
    priority area studies.

4.  Problem verification in priority  4.

5.  Actual effects of mining on
    water quality.
     Control Meeds

Identification of potential   ^

BMP Document for Mining       2.
activities wms developed.

BMP demonstration and testing 3.
In special studies.

Control mechanism for Peat     .
Mining Is currently being
negotiated within the
                                       Regulatory Program

                                  Series of  3 workshops  for Erosion
                                  Control Held  for Miners.

                                  Some BMP's were placed  on mine*
                                  In priority area.

                                  Mining Act was amended to allow
                                  assessment of civil  penalties.

                                  DEM conducted a water  quality
                                  study near Piedmont  mines that
                                  Indicated  that better  control
                                  measures are  needed  because water
                                  quality was severely Impacted.

                                  Push LQS Into enforcing Mining
                                  Act with more vigor  on alluvial
                                  gravel operations.
                                          Mana^c.t..^rit Agency

                                  1.   identified ma,iagea-,nt agency

                                                                                                                              3.  Request foi conditional approve!
                                                                                                                                 from EPA.

                                                                                                                              4.  Refine Institutional arrange-
                                                                                                                                 ments for implementation.
                                                                               FUTURE NEEDS

              1.  Identify actual waters
                  impacted by mining NPS.

              2.  Assess Importance of
                  phosphate mining to
                  coastal eutrophlcatlon.
    Control Heeds

Need Baseline BMP Survey
on Mining Operations.

Need to work with TVA to
secure funding for
revegetatlng orphan mines
in western North Carolina.
    Regulatory Program

Need to Implement more
erosion control practices
on all mining operations
In mountains and piedmont.

Amend Mining Act to Include
mandatory standards a« well
•s placing DOT borrow pits
under purview of the law.
                                                                                Management Agency

                                                                        1.  Prepare long-range
                                                                            implementation Plan.

                                                                        2.  Estimate program costs
                                                                            and seek support.

                                                           NORTH  CAROLINA  208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY

                1.   Inventory of forestry practices
                    which occurred during 1976.

                2.   Prioritizing of  sub-basin*

                3.   Monitor a mountain strea, Prices
                    Creek, for impact* generated by
                    harvest logging.
                4 .  Continue BMP survey and report

                5.  Digest of water quality pro-
                   tection measures being finalised.

                6.  Preparations of printed material
                   and visual aids for I & E

                7.  Coordinate WQMP between state and
                   federal agencies to inform
                   forest owners and operators.
       Control Needs

1.  Development of "Forest
    Practices Guidelines Related
    to Water Quality", the
    forestry BMP document.

2.  Request to State Legislature for
    funding support of forest equip-
    ment operator training program.
           Non-Regulatory Program

     1.  Established educational program.
   1.  Identified management
    2.  Development of a 5-year WQM program. 2.  Developed inter-agency
                                        3  Request for conditional approval
                                           from EPA.

                                        4  Refine InetJtutlonsl arrangements
                                           for lmpl
                                                         NORTH  CAROLINA 208  ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
Solid Waste

1.  Analysis of Pollution Potential of
    solid waste disposal  sites.

2.  Prioritizing sub-basins for  solid-
    waste pollution.

3.  Selection of sub-basins and  specific
    sites for Intensive study of solid-
    waste delated water quality  problems
4.  Adopted groundwater standards and

5.  Problem verification  In priority
   Control Needs

Identification of BHP's            1-

BMP effectiveness analysis
                                                     3.   BMP demonstration and testing.

                                                     .    Analysis of water quality benefits'
                                                          resulting  from BMP use

                                                     5.   Preparation of BMP instructional
                                                          material and dissemination of
   Non-Regulatory Program

Oistrubuted education Information ji.
public presentations on solid

                                   2.   Waste disposal  problems
                                      Facilitate efforts to ensure that
                                      landfills are In compliance with
                                      the State sedimentation pollution
                                      control  law.

                                        Implementation of public Invole-
                                       ment effort for solid, toxic
                                       and hazardous wastes
Manager..-,.t Agency

Identified management agency

developed Interagency


Request  for conditional

    approval  from EPA.

Formalize management agency
             6.  Actual Impacts of selected landfi-
                 1s on adjacent waters
             7.  Conlnuted Inventory of disposal
                                                                            FUTURE  NEEDS

             1.   Inventory of actual waters
                 impacted by solid waste disposal

             2.   Identify all solid waste disposal
                                           Control Needs

                                        1.  Data  on BMP cost/effectiveness
                                        2.  Further development of spphist1«
                                           ated  BMP systems
                                     Non-Regulatory Program

                                      Develop an educational program
                                      for landfill operators.
                                                                                                Locate and  establish an
                                                                                                environmentally  acceptable
                                                                                                hazardous waste  disposal site
                                                                                                in  N.  C.
                                  Management Agency

                                   Prepare long-range Implementation
                                   Estimate program costs and

                                                           NORTH CAROLINA  208 ACTIVITY SUMMARY
i   •

1.   Pollution potential analysis for
    nutrients and bacteria.
2.   Prioritizing of sub-basins
3.   Selection of sub-basins and specif
    sites, for priority studies.

    Problem verification In priority
 .   Actual effects  of septic systems
    on water quality
    Relationship of septic system
    failure to shellfish bed
    Comprehensive Inventory of
    current septage handling practice*
         Control Needs

Identification of effective BMP's 1.
and alternative systems.
BMP manual for small (under 3,000
gallons/day) systems prepared.
Demonstration and testing of
alternative systems In critical
Analysis of water quality and     *•
economic benefits resulting from
implementation of BMP's
Preparation of informational      5.
material on BMP's
        Non-Regulatory Program

    Established education program.

    Demonstration of alternative  system

     Inltatlon'cf the septic system
     technology transfer newsletter
     "Fosse Septlgue."

     Formal training programs for
     snatiarians (continuing).
     Holding formal  workshops  for
     training sanitarians  In soils

     Publication  of educational  news-
     letter on septic systems  for

                                         1.   Identi ficd 'management ager-ir.

                                         2.   Developed inter-agency

                                         3.   Secured forrial  Interagency
                                             cooperative agruments.

                                        4.   Request for conditional

                                             approval f 10,11  EPA.

                                        5    Formalize Management Agency
                                                                                            7.  Analysis of alternative systems
                                                                                                for funding of comnunltles with
                                                                                                needs not answered by 201
                                                                                                facility plan.

                                                                                            9,  Encouraging provision of septage
                                                                                                handling facilities at municipal
                                                                                                wastewater tratment plants through
                                                                                                205-G program.

                      Identification of actual water
                      Impacted  by  septic system
                                                                               FUTURE NEEDS
                                                  Control  Needs

                                            Data on cost/effectiveness of
                                            BMP and alternative systems
                                                        2.   Development of  Innovative syst«mj
                                                            Determination of septage dlspo
                                                            needs  and  system handling
      Non-Regulatory Program
    Finalize technical  recommendat•
    for horizontal  and  verticle
    separation and  disseminate
    findings.                      '

2.  Develop incentive and educatic
    programs to encourage septage
    disposal in municipal systems.
                                                                              Management Agency

                                                                    U.  Prepare long-range  implementation

                                                                    t 2.  Estijnate program costs and  seek

                          1SJORTH CAROLINA IMPLEMENTATION
     1.  Incorporation  of  water quality  concerns  into  ongoing  agricultural
         programs.   Examples of this  are  district  long-range programs  and
         annual   work   plans  which   identify  water   quality  problems  and
         solutions;  and other agency annual  plans of  operations  which have
         improvement in water quality as a primary objective.

     2.  Implementation  of  BMP's  in  three  special  studies  (10  watersheds)
         which  are  being  conducted  in  the  State.   SCS  and  Agricultural
         Extension  personnel  are  primarily   responsible  for .planning  and
         implementation   of  conservation   practices.    These   studies  are
         providing  information   necessary  for  an  iraplementable program such
         as:  any changes  in water  quality after  installation of  BMP's;  the
         effects of various educational  tools;  the  degree of local  interagency
         cooperation  that  can   be  attained;  and  the  overall success of  a
         voluntary  program when adequate  economic  incentives and   technical
         assistance  are  available  in  conjunction  with  a  strong  educational
         program.  Producers  have  been contacted in one project  area and 10%
         of them have agreed to cooperate.

     3.  Identification  of  actual  pesticide  BMP's   and  implementation  of
         selected BMP's through efforts of the ongoing pesticide program.

     4.  In order  to establish  a relationship between pesticide use and .water
         quality,  a special  pesticide  monitoring  study  has  been  conducted.
         Preliminary  indications  show  that following  established  pesticide
         application guidelines, normal  pesticide use  does not result in water
         use impairment.

     5.  To demonstrate the  effectiveness  of  BMP's,  two  similar  fields were
         selected in the Piedmont region of  the State.  Conservation practices
         have been implemented  on  one  site and serves as  the demonstration
         farm.  The other  field  is an example of a  less than ideal management
         system.   Comparisons will be made  between these  sites.   The project
         has  served  as  an  excellent  educational  tool.   Numerous  tours  and
         field days have been conducted  on  the demonstration farm for farmers,
         agency, personnel, and political figures.

     6.  In one  special study area,  where nutrients have  been identified as a
         major water pollutant,  agency personnel have emphasized  soil testing
         in an effort to demonstrate the value of this BMP.

     7.  In  FY'80,  the Agricultural  Stabilization and Conservation  Service
         (ASCS)   had 15  special ACP  projects  ($600,000+)  with  the  primary
         objective of improving water quality in rural areas.

     8.  The ASCS in N.C.  modified  policy  so  future emphasis of  ACP  is  on
         practices which reduce erosion and minimize water quality impacts.

Agriculture (Cont'd)

     9.  In order  to  incorporate water quality concerns into ongoing programs,
         numberous workshops and  training  sessions  have been held on the State
         and local level.

    10.  Economic  analyses  of  splic. nitrogen applications on corn, application
         of swine waste to  com,  and  application of turkey litter to corn have
         been prepared.  Information  will  be useful in ijriplementation of these

    11.  Preparation  of  pamphlets  of  cost/effectiveness  of  all  BMP's   in
         general terms are  being prepared for distribution  to producers.  SCS
         prepared  a  comprehensive  field manual  of the cost/benefits  of soil
         conservation practices for statewide distribution.

    12.  Although  the  RCWP  proposal  for N.C.  was  not  funded,  needed BMP's  in
         the proposed  area  were  installed through  the efforts of  the  SCS 'and
         cost/share funds provided by ASCS.

    13.  In  January   1979,   the  North  Carolina   Environmental  Management
         Commission passed  a resolution which  recognized the serious nature  of
         the excessive algae growths  in the Chowan River Basin  and  set forth
         the Commission's intent  to curtail  discharges of nutrients into those
         waters.   The  Commission's   resolution   expressly   found  that  the
         excessive algae  growths  precluded  the  use of  the waters  for their
         intended purposes,  were  precipitated  by an over abundance of nitrogen
         in. the system,  and  could not be  controlled  due  to  the lack  of a
         regulatory mechanism  to  control  nitrogen contributions.   208 water
         quality. monitoring and  analysis  had  revealed that  over 80%  of the
         nutrient input was a  result of non-point sources, with as much as 50%
         from agriultural operations.   In  May  1979, the Commission adopted the
         Nutrient  Sensitive Waters regulation which  established a  means for
         addressing   and    limiting   discharges  of  nutrients   into   waters
         experiencing excessive growths  of aquatic  vegetation.   The Commission
         subsequently  applied   the NSW  classification  to all  waters  of  the
         Chowan  River  Basin,   which  means  no  increase  in  nutrients  over
         background levels  is  allowed unless  the result of  natural variations
         or  that  preventing   the  increase  would   cause  a  serious  economic
         hardship without equal benefit to the public.

    14.  Pour small watersheds in  the  Chowan  River Basin are  being evaluated
         to determine  the water quality impact of agricultural Best Management
         Practices (BMP)  implementation.  Historical  water  quality  data will
         be used to  compare the  water quality before and after  the .BMP's are
         installed.  A majority of the  producers have been contacted  in each
         watershed, and 90% have agreed to cooperate in the project.

    15.  An RCWP application has  been  submitted  for the Black  Creek and Middle
         Creek  watersheds   in  Southern  Wake   County.   These   Neuse  Basin
         Watersheds were  assigned  top  priority in  the 208 Agricultural Plan
         after  SCS  identified  them  as  being  among  the  highest  sediment
         producing  areas in the State.   $2,940,857  was requested  to accomplish
         needed  treatment  in   the 66,218  acre  (27,000  acres  of  cropland)

                    NDRTH CARDLINA  IMPLEMEtf^riOJ ACHTITIfiS
Construetion & Mining

1.  One day training session held on erosion and "sediment control.  Attended
    by approximately 65 people representing 37 local programs.

2.  Seven additional seminars held across State, attended by 75 to. 125 people
    each, covering requirements of the Sedimentation Pollution Control Act,
    BMP's for controlling sedimentation and erosion, and case studies of .
    actual construction projects.

3.  North Carolina DOT, with cooperation from the Land Quality Section,
    published "Guidelines for Control of Erosion and Sediment During

4.  Because of varying levels of compliance with the Sedimentation Pollution
    Control Act from division to division in the North Carolina DOT, the Land
    Quality Section now evaluates each division on a quarterly basis as to
    their effectiveness in installation of control devices, maintenance, and
    controlling off-site sedimentation.

5.  The 208 Plan emphasized the need for reworking eroding roadbanks in North
    Carolina.  As a result, by special appropriation from the North Carolina
    General Assembly, the North Carolina DOT conducted a test project, and
    leveled and vegetated approximately two miles in Wake County.

6.  As a result of the recommendations in the Mining 208 Plan, the staffs of
    the Land Quality Section and the Division of Environmental Management
    conducted workshops in three intensive surface mining regions of North
    Carolina.  Mine operators from the 500 surface mining operations in the
    States were invited.  Discussions included requirements of the Mining Act,
    erosion and sediment control practices applicable to surface mining, and
    vegatative establishment for erosion control and reclamation.

7.  Orphan and abandoned surface mine land in the Mitchell, Avery, and Yan'cey
    County region have been surveyed.  The survey was conducted by TVA
    helicopters with assistance in groundtruthing by the Land Quality Section
    and the USDA-SCS.

8.  As a result of the orphan and abandoned mine survey, the Tennessee Valley
    Authority will be conducting test reclamation projects in western North
    Carolina.  The results of this test project will be TVA's basis for
    requesting funding for complete reclamation in the region.

9.  Floodplain gravel mining can have a devastating impact on trout streams in
    western North Carolina.  The Land Quality Section sponsored a Floodplain
    Gravel Conference in Asheville, North Carolina.  Represented at the
    conference were the Land Quality Section, the North Carolina Wildlife
    Resources Commission, the Division of Environmental Management, the mine
    operators, and the aggregate industry.

10. The Mining Act of 1971 was amended to allow for assessment of civil
    penalties against mine operators found to be mining without a permit.  In
    1980, a nine operator was found gravel mining near a sensitive trout
    stream in western North Carolina.  He received a Notice of Violation, his
    permit application was denied, and he was assessed a $500 civil penalty.
    He was later issued a permit and the penalty was collected in full.

11. Notice of Violation has become an effective alternative for achieving
    compliance on North Carolina Department of Transportation highway
    construction projects.  Its recent use prompted immediate response by DOT
    officials to correct sediment control practices on a major project in
    Greensboro, North Carolina.

12. Tjand Quality Section field personnel now use a checklist prepared by the
    208 staff and the Land Quality Section's Sedimentation Specialist when
    inspecting highway construction projects.  The checklists allow for a
    thorough inspection of the projects as they impact water quality and cut
    down the amount of paper work by the field office staff.

13. In order to assure better implementation of the State's Sedimentation
    Pollution Control Act (SPCA) local participation is necessary.  Pilot
    Construction Notification Programs (CNP's) have been established in the
   'following areas of the State: Buncombe County, Alamance County/Burlington,
    Onslow County, Scotland County, Bladen County and Iredell County/

    These CNP's utilize a local contact (such as the building inspector) to
    provide notification of land disturbing activities covered by the SPCA,
    and will allow the regional Land Quality Staff to. spend less time in
    locating construction sites within their jurisdiction.

Groundwater Implementation Accomplishments

1.  Textile Chemical Company is presently discharging  from  the  lagoons  into
    the City of Salisbury system and not  into entrenchment  sites.

2.  Aluminum Product Plant is recycling the salts  and  acid  waste for reclamation
    and is not disposing the waste in the lagoons.   The  lagoons are used as
    settling ponds for the precipitation  of aluminum hydroxide.

3.  The Textile Dye House has recently under gone  a change  in ownership.  The
    owners are presently reviewing the data collected  during the 208 investi-
    gation.  The new owners are planning  on implementing methods to reduce
    seepage from the lagoons.  The past owners did not line the lagoon, but
    did change some of their dyeing process to reduce  the amount of degradation
    to the groundwater.

4.  The Secretaries of the Departments of Natural  Resources and Community
    Development and of Human Resources have agreed in  writing on their  respective
    responsibilities in solid and hazardous waste  siting and operations.

5.  The Environmental Management Commission has adopted  classifications and
    water quality standards applicable to the groundwaters  of North Carolina.
    Presently the Division of Environmental Management is developing a
    groundwater classification procedure.

6.  The  Environmental  Management  Commission,  on   May   10,   1979,   adopted
    classifications  and water quality standards applicable to th  groundwaters
    of North Carolina.   A procedure  for moving  forward with  classifications
    has been  established  and  presented  to  the Commission  as   an   item  of
    information.    Within    the   next   several   months,   evaluations   and
    classifications  of the State's  groundwaters will  begin on the basis  of a
    priority schedule.

Residual  Wastes
  1. As a result  of increased activity of sediment and erosion control,  for the
    first  time   ever,   the   Land  Quality  Section  of  N.C.   Division  of
    Environmental  Management has sent approximately 27 notices of violation to
    city  or  county   landfills.   Many  of  these  sites  have now  come  into
    compliance with standards  of  the  Sedimentation  Pollution Control Act  of
Water Quality  Standards

  l.The 208 Technical and  Policy  Advisory  Committees  were deeply involved in
    revisions  to  North  Carolina's  water  quality standards.   These  revised
    standards  were adopted  by  the  Environmental  Management  Commission  in
    August,  1979.   Among  the  more  substantive  amendments  adopted  by  the
    Commission were specific numerical standards for over 38  toxic pollutants
    and  other   nore   conventional   pollutants;  a   specific  standard  for
    chlorophyll £  as  a  basis  for  nutrient  control;   specific* restraints  on
    water  quality  degradation  within  mixing   zones;   and  expansion  and
    clarification of the Antidegradation  Statement; and a  regulatory provision
    for  establishing  site-specific  water   quality  standards   for   toxic
    pollutants for which numerical  criteria  had not been specified elsewhere
    in the regulations..
Point Source
  1.  A "study  of   the  increased  capacity   of   streams  to  assimilate  oxygen
     demanding wastes  during  winter  months due  to  higher dissolved  oxygen
     saturation levels and  increased  streamflows  has been  completed.   As  a
     result, seasonal effluent  permits  are  being proposed  which would  allow up
     to  a   doubling  of  the  discharge  of  BOD  wastes for  the  most  severely
     restricted dischargers  during the months of November through March.   An
     estimate of cost  savings  in wastewater treatment  costs  due  to  seasonal
     effluent limits  is projected to be about $2.9 million  per year.

  2.  A memorandum has  been  issued to all "201" project officers  in the Local
     Planning Management Unit  of  DEM  concerning  the  funding  potential  for
     septage disposal,  planning and construction -  at publicly owned  treatment
     works.   This memorandum requires  that  the  project officer make applicants
     for federal funding aware of the  potential  for including  grant-eligible
     septage handling  and  disposal  facilities  in  the planning,  design  and
     construction of municipal facilities.
  3.  The point  source modeling  group has  completed  point source  wasteload
     allocations  for  2213  point source  dischargers.   The modeling'  effort  is
     supported by funding under Sections 208  and 106.

     1.   Silviculture  Best  Management  Practices Survey.  This survey assessed
         the  level  EMP's  applied  during  1979 on nonindustrial private forestland.
         Both harvest  logging  and  mechanical site preparation practices were

     2.   Forestry  Guidelines for  Water Pollution Control.  This document is a
         digest of "Forest  Practices Guidelines Related  to Water Quality"
         and  is intended  to serve  as a field "check list" when BMP decisions
         must be made  regarding forest management.

     3.   Policy changes  to  protect the forest environment.  The Division of
         Forest Resources,  by  policy,  now  requires planning for environmental
         protection  measures when  state  foresters assist forest landowners.

     4.   BMP  leaflets  and a list  of sales  contract provisions prepared.
         Silvicultural  BMP  leaflets have been prepared covering (a) filter
         strips along  streams,  (b)  logging road design,  (c) water bars and
         broad based dips for  logging  roads, and (d) bridges and culverts
         at stream crossings.  The sales contract provisions are water quality
         protection  measures which should  be considered  by landowners for
         inclusion when  preparing  a timber sale or site  preparation contract.

     5.   Willingness to  Proceed Statement.  The Divisions of Forest Resources
         and  Environmental  Management  have executed a memorandum of agreement
         which provides  for implementation as described  in North Carolina's
         Water Quality Management  Plan.

     6.   Programs  for  Society  of  American  Foresters.  Programs have been pre-
         sented to 9 of  the 10 SAF Chapters in North Carolina.
     7.   Training  for  Division of  Forest Resources Personnel.  Water quality
         planning  training  was provided  at one state-wide conference for
         forester  personnel.   At  the 2 1/2-day meeting,  208 was one of several
         forestry  topics  discussed.

                                            SOUTH  CAROLINA 208  ACTIVITY SUMMARY
 1. General Statewide Assessment
 and Preliminary Kanking of Po-
 tential NPS Problem Segments (1C)

 2. I ni I iiitcd BMP Testing To As-
 certain Water Quality Impacts

 3. Problem Verification In Po-
 tential Ay NPS Problem Segments
 (1 CPP, 4/81)

4. Hanking of Verified Ag NPS
Problem Segments (1 CPP, 4/81)

1. BMP Guide Developed  (1C)

2. Identified BHPs by Priority
Ar«as (1  CPP)

3. Revision of BMP Guide (1  CPP,

4. Identify BMPs For Verified
Problem Segments (1  CPP. 4/81)
 arm .viouY/:-:ox-RKa'L,\TORY  PROCP.AM

1 . Developed General Strategy For Non-
Regulatory Ag NPS Control Program (1C)

2. Developed AK Educational and Public
Information Program (I CPP, 6/82)

3. Participated In Broadway Lake HIP
Project (1C, I CPP, 6/81)

4. Participated In Development of Tygcr
River ACP Special Water Quality Project

5. Participated In Development of State
RCWP Program (1C. 1 CPP, 4/81)

1. Designated Management Agencies

2. Determine Financial, Personnel
and Other Resource Requirements For
Program Implementation By Management
Agencies (1 CPP.  10/81)

3. Develop Scheduling and Tracking
Mechanisms To Measure Program Pro-
gress and Management' Agency
Effectiveness (1  CPP, 10/81)
                                      vw.  :-:EF.ns;»r A
                                         -",i: ::r.rr.s:(ir AP
1. Continued Problem Verifi-
cation in Potential  Ag NPS
Problem Segments

2. Reinitiate BMP Testing To
Ascertain Efficacy and Water
Quality Impacts
!.<:.  = Initl.-il
1  C:Y « First  tone.  Plan  i;rt.
1. Continued Identification of        1.  Implement  Ag  NPS  Educational  and
BHPs For Verified Problem Segments    Public  Information Programs
2. Periodic Review of  BMP  Guide
                                     2.  Continued  Participation  In  RCWP,
                                     ACP and  HIP Projects

                                     3.  Develop Ag Demonstration Project
                                     Program  To Enhance  BMP  Implementation

                                     4.  Develop Appropriate  Water Quality
                                     Standards  and Criteria  To Facilitate
                                     NPS Program Implementation  and Measure
                                     Its Effectiveness

                                     S.  Promote Local Soil and Water Conser-
                                     vation District  Involvement
                                           rnrn-c  r.T.rnr-;

                                          1. Continued Program luplet-icutation
                                          By Management Agencies

 1. General Statewide Problem
Assessment of Construetion-
Related NPS Pollution (1C)
                                    CO::TF.OL NEEDS

                                    1. BMP  Guide  Developed  (1C)

                                    2. Revision of BMP Guide  (1  CPP.
1 . Developed General  Strategy For
Regulatory Construction NPS Control
Program  (1C)

2. Developed Draft  Sediment Erosion
Control  Act  (1C)

3. I i/.c  Statewide Sediment Erosion
Control  Act  (I  CIT,  10/80)

'i . Develop Bai:U-up  Voluntary Compliance
Program  (1 CPP,  10/80)
1. Designated Management  Ai'.om-y (HI)

2. Determine  Personnel
and Other Resource  Reipii reiuents For
Program Implementation By Management
Agency (1 CPP,  10/81)

3. Develop Scheduling  and Track inc.
Mechanisms To Measure  Proi'.ram Pro-
gress and ^inngemcnt Agency Effec-
tiveness (1 CPP,  10/81)
j.""i!'Kr_ :.!'i:!>S;(lK APl'LICABLC)

1. Problem Documentation To
Facilitate Passage of Proposed
Statewide Sediment Erosion Con-
trol Act

2. UUP Testing To Ascertain
Efficacy and Water Quality
                                   H'Tl'Rr. NEEDS: (IF  AI'PUCAi;:.;.)

                                   1. Periodic Review of  BMP Guide
i^;---L;-_-:.:_l;::1'•'  APPMC.-.KLF.)

1. Get Statewide  Sediment  Erosion
Control Act Passed

2. hc-vitlop Educational  and Public
Int'urmat ion Program To  Facilitate
Program Implementation
1. Continued Program  lmplcmeat.ition
By Management Agencies
1  CPP
       Initial grant
        first Cont. Plan

                                                                  CKOUN'O  l.'ATHR
1.  General Statewide Assess-
ment and Identification of
Activities Having Adverse Ground
Water Quality Impacts (in)

2.  Inventory of Known/Suspected
Ground Water Contamination Cases
(1 CI'P, 12/80)

J.  Intensive Studies of Six
Selected Ground Wjier Contamina-
tion Cases (1 CPP, 12/80)
1.  Developed BMP Guide (1C)

2.  Identification of BMPs
By Problea Activities (1C)
1.  Plan Adoption of Existing State
and Federal Regulatory Programs (1C)
1.  Designated Manugcuu-nt
Agencies  (1C)

2.  Determine Financial,
Personnel and Other  IU-.-.oiirce
Requirements for  Program
Implementation by M.inap.ement
Agencies  (1 CPP.  JO/ai)

3.  Develop Scheduling  nnd
Tracking  Mechanism-:  to  Measure
Program Progress  and Management
Agency Effectiveness (1 Cl'l',
                                    ITU::.:. ::uri>i;:(ir AIYL;
1.  Verification of Ground Water -ft 1.  Periodic Reviews of BMP
Contamination Cases                 Guide

2.  BMP Testing to Ascertain

3>  Assess Ground Water Recharge
for Middendorf/Tuscaloosa and
Tertiary Limestone Aquifer Systems
                                    1.  Develop Comprehensive Ground
                                    U.iter Strategy

                                    2.  Oevelup Ground Water Quality
                                    Standards System

                                    3.  Develop Public Information
                                    and Education Program  to Facilitate
                                    Program Implementation
                                          coi'vf. :iL!v:'.;
                                          1.  Continued  Program Imple-
                                          mentation  By Management  Agencies
I.C. • Initial !-r;int
1 Cl'l' • First Cone. Plan j-.ri.

                                                              IIYDROI.OGIC MODIFICATIONS
1. General Statewide Problem
Assessment Of NFS Pollution
Associated With llydrologlc
Modifications (1C)

1. BMP Guide Developed  (1C)
 R:-:r.n./.To:iY/:-:o:-:-Hi:ciiL.\ToiiY  PROGRAM

1. Plan Adoption of Existing  State and
Federal Regulatory Programs (IG)
1. Designated Management Agency (1C)

2. Determine Financial,  Personnel
and Other Resource  Requirements for
Program Implementation By Management
Agem-y (1 CPP,  10/81)

3. Develop Schedul Ini1.  .ind Tracking
Mechunisins Tti Moasnrt  Program Pro-
gress and Manugement Agency tffee-
tiveness (1 CHP,  10/01)
 !I"!J.JL;- "'J-!'g : (IF APPL1CAJH.C)

1. Verification of NFS Pollution
Problems Associated With Hydro-
logic Modifications

2. BMP Testing To Ascertain
Efficacy and Water Quality
1. Periodic Review of BMP Guide
 mU—I-JJlL^''-' /.r?Lic.\ui.c)

1. Periodic Program Review To
bnsure Effective Operation
and Protection of Water Quality
1. Continued  Program Implementation
By Management Agency
 l.G.  -  Initial  granr
 1  r.l'P * First Cont.  Plan grt..


1. General Statewide Problem
Assessment of NPS Pollution
Associated With Mining Activites

2. Inventory of Abandoned
Mining Sites (1C)
                            CONTROL  NEEDS
                           1. BMP Guide  Developed (1C)
 Rl'.t.l I. \TO!:Y/:-:iV:-R!:C.i:i.AT»r.Y PROGRAM

1.   Plan Adoption  of  Hxlsting Statewide
Regulatory Program (IG)
                                                                                                                     1.  Designer ed Muna|x>»enL Agency  (IT.)

                                                                                                                     1.  Determine Financial, Personnel
                                                                                                                     and Other Resource Run,u Ireinonls  for
                                                                                                                     Program ImplementsIon  By Management
                                                                                                                     Agency (1 CPP. 10/81)

                                                                                                                     3.  Develop Scheduling and Tracking
                                                                                                                     Mechanisms To Muasure I'rui.iMu  Pro-
                                                                                                                     gress  and Management Agency  Effec-
                                                                                                                     tiveness (1  CPP, 10/S1)
::n.ns:(ir ,\
                            FI-TI:RL :ri-' I'-'-r-i-r-i

I.  IV-riodlc Program Review To Ensure
Effective Operation and  Protection
of Water Quality
                                                                                                                     ) .  Continued
                                                                                                                     By  Management Agency
                                                                 I ii,piemen cat ion

I.  Stncewidu A.ssessnu-nt
and Inventory of Potential
liesidual  Waste Problem
    s  (1C)

 1.   BMP Guide Developed  (1C)

 2.   Identlflent ion of  BNPs
 By  Problem Activities  (1C)
                                                                            HVI'iL'!.. VI i ^Y^; A ^N- P.IC.l'I.A'l i »!!V  r ROC. RAM
1.   l'l:in Adoption of Existing State
Federal  Uepulatory Programs  (1C)
1.  Designated>ai;..'m..-iic  Ancncios

2.  Determine Fin.inri.i),  t'rrsonncl
and Other  Re-sou re o Re<|ii i rumi-nts tor
Program ion By  M:iM.i;:i-nn-'il
Agencies (I  CPH. 10/8))

3.  r)C'vr»'lnr>  S>*hcdnl inc, and Trncl; in;1
Mechanisms to Measure Program Pro-
lircsK and  Manngemonr Apcnry Effi-i--
Clvcness (1  CPP, 10/Hl)
1.  Prohlum Verification in
Potent i;il Residual  Waste Problem

2.  BMP Testing  to  Ascertain
Efficacy and Water  Quality Impacts
F'JTl'RE ::EF.nS:(IF Al'i'LTCAKl.1

1.  Periodic Review of BMP
1 .  Suli-stiite planning

2.  EPA  autliorization of Hazardous
U'.-istc Program

u.  Completion of open dump  inventory
1.  Continued linpli-raentii-
tion By Management Agencies
 l.C.  -  Initial grant
 1 C1T - First Cont. Plan  yrt.

                                    CONTROL  ::EI:DS
1. Oneral Statewide Assessment    1.  Developed BKP Guide  (1C)
and Preliminary Ranking  of  Po-
tential NFS Problem Segments  (1C)   2.  Identified BHPs by Priority
2. Kefined 1'roblem Assessment
(1 CPP. 10/81)
Areas and  Problem Activities

3. Refined BMP  Guide (1 CPP,
                                       ri!Xi'L.v;••>;;••.• •'::ON-:-::T.L'I.ATIV:Y PROGRAM

                                       I.  Developed  General Strategy For Non-
                                       Ki-gulutory  Silvicultural NPS Control
                                       Program (IG)
                                           1. Designated MimagumcMic A^uncius

                                           2. Determine, I'i'rsonne)
                                           and Other  Resource Rt-qu i n-niuncs  For
                                           Program  Impl t-nent.u ion Uy Management
                                           Agencies (1  CPP. 10/81)

                                           3. Develop Sclit-'dul inj\ niul Tracking
                                           Mechanisms To Measure Program  Pro-
                                           gress  and  Management  Agency
                                           Effectiveness (1 CPP, 10/81) '
         'l'Jl-'1: L' ^•'••i-i-^)

1. Dcvulup EducHtional and Public
Information  Program  To Facilitate
NPS Program  Implementation

2. Develop Appropriate Water Quality
Standards and Criteria To Facilitate
NPS Program  Implementation and Measure
Its Effectiveness
1. Continued  Program Irnpl emi.-ntat ion
hy Management Agency
l.C. " Ini tial j;ranl
]  CPP - First Cunt. Plan  ;-rt.


1.   A contract with the South Carolina Land Resources Conservation Commission
     for $50,000 is pending, to further enhance the agriculture effort.

2.   Agricultural and construction BMP's have been implemented in  the Broadway
     Lake Watershed Model Implementation Project  (MIP), and  the Tyger River
     Special Agricultural Conservation Program  (ACP) project.  A MIP project
     coordinator was hired solely to manage the Broadway project.  Active
     monitoring is being done to determine the efficiency and effectiveness  of
     EMP's concerning NPS loadings from agricultural related areas.

3.   CHEC staff has worked with the Agriculture Stabilization and  Conservation
     Service (ASCS) in the development of ACP applications for funds to
     control agricultural NPS pollution.  A project in Greenville-Spartanburg
     counties has been funded.

4.   DHEC staff have actively participated in the RCWP State Coordinating
     Committee and in the delineation of agricultural NPS Water Quality
     problem areas for RCWP applications.  The first was the Bush  River-Beaver
     Dam Creek watershed.

5.   A $245,000 state cost-share program for BMP's has been proposed by Land
     Resources in its FY'82 budget request.


1.   The Land Resources Conservation Commission has prepared a Statewide
     Sediment and Erosion Control Act and will submit it to the legislature
     this year.

2.   The NACD and Land Resources sponsored a conference concerning
     construction NPS and related BMP's at Clemson University in August, 1980,
     which was attended by representatives from the construction industry and
     governmental and environmental interest-groups.


1.   DHEC has developed and introduced to the legislature a Groundwater
     Protection Act which addresses many of the groundwater concerns expressed
     in the 208 NPS Plan.

2.   The Cooper River Controlled Flow Study report was published in September,
     1979.  It addresses the possible consequences (especially saltwater
     intrusion) of rediversion of the Cooper River on Charleston Harbor and
     its tributaries.  DHEC staff provided use of the Dynamic Estuary Model
     (DEM), which was developed for the Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester Council
     of Governments 208 WQM Plan.

Groundwater  (Cont'd)
3.   A draft  report on  the  "Inventory, Tabulation  and Mapping of Known  or
     Suspected Groundwater  Contaminations"  has  been completed.  It  includes
     sunroaries of 35 documented groundwater contaminations,  a list  of 21
     activities which may contaminate groundwater,  and maps  showing the
     locations of the 35 which are documented.

Public Education

1.   DHEC has published a pamphlet entitled "The South Carolina Water
     Pollution Control  Program", which discusses the State's surface water
     classifications, water classification  standards system, duties of  DHEC,
     citizen  input, permitting, and WQM  208 planning for  South  Carolina-.

2.   DHEC publishes a bi-monthly newsletter,  "Environmental  Quality", which
     reports  on agency  environmental programs.

Residual Waste

1.   DHEC is  currently  performing an inventory  of  all hazardous waste
     dump/storage sites throughout the state.


1.   State  forestry personnel  (per 208 Silvicultural NPS  WQM Plan)  are
     assessing all logging  operations to evaluate  the use of BMP's  - which
     need greater attention from industry,  which are working to improve water
     quality, and which segments of the  industry represent the  greatest water
     quality  problem.

Water Quality Management

1.   A State  208 NPS Management Task Force  was  established in 1976  to
     coordinate the development of a statewide  NPS  control strategy.

2.   This Task Force, in cooperation with DHEC, produced  the State's NPS  WQM
     Plan,  approved by  EPA  on 4/3/79.

3.   The EQC  Advisory Committee was established from an informed core group of
     citizens to advise and make recommendations to DHEC  on  EPA programs.

4.   DHEC 208 staff has completed a report  on the dissolved  oxygen  data from
     South  Carolina's coastal zone, which prioritizes the D.O.  problems.   This
     information has been recommended for use in identifying problem streams
     for re-evaluation  of wasteload allocations and for a more  detailed
     evaluation of discharge conditions.

5.   DHEC 208 has prepared  a planning report "Land  Use Profile", for use  in
     statewide NPS planning activities.

Water Quality Standards

1.   DHEC is conducting a review of the  State's water quality standards,  and
     will recommend changes upon completion.



                                                                          TENNESSEE  208 ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
 Agriculture            Assessment

           1.   Classification of  major land resource
               areas (MLRA'S) according to land use.
           2.   Identification  of  potential  problem
               areas  regionally by counties and major
               river basins.
           3.   Identification of  two  major problem
               areas  in the state and.the gathering of
               all pertinenet data.

           4.   Refinement  of   initial   assessment
               through a sediment monitoring network.
            Control Needs

1.  Identification  and definition of thirty  1.
2.  Pairing  BMP's   according  to   land
    capability classifications.
X  BMP unit cost list.                      2.

4.  Establishment  of projects  designed to
    demonstrate  the  current  technology
    available  to  maintain  and  Improve  3.
    water quality.
5.  Analysis   of   water  quality  benefits
    resulting   from   implementation   of  4-
                                                    Non-Regulatory Program

                                                Establishment   of    an   educational  |.
                                                program  utilizing conservation  system
                                                demonstrations* publications, and public
                                                Directing of implementation funds (i.e., 2.
                                                ACP, RC&D,  FMHA,  &  PL-366) to
                                                Identified  and  documented   critical
                                                areas.                                3.
                                                Successfully  applied   for   a  state
                                                experimental RCWP project.

                                                Implementation of one  RCWP project,
                                                two National ACP Special Projects, and
                                                several State ACP Special Projects.
                                                Attracting      presently     available
                                                implementation . funds   to  identified
                                                problem areas.
                                                                       TENNESSEE  208  ACTIVITY SUMMARY
Forestry               Assessment

           1.   The percentage of forestland  in  each
               physiographic region  of the state has
               been determined.
           2.   The average annual erosion rate* in the
               forestlands referred to above have been
         Control Needs

Development  of basic forest  practice
guidelines for in-service use by Division
Proposed a series of training workshops
for foresters which has begun.

Division of Forestry conducting training
workshops   designed   to   familiarize
foresters with good forestry practices
having an emphasis on water quality.
          Non-Regulatory Program

  1. i. Established an Antidegradation Policy-  1.
      Plan   whose   main   thrust   utilizes
      educational      end  '  informational  2.

  2.   Development  of  additional   training  3.
      workshops  as a part  of  the overall
      Antidegradation  Policy Plan.             4 .
                                                                                                Proposed tlw; State Division of F«v,.
                                                                                                as the Mar.a^iment Agency.
                                                                                                Proposed agencies to assist the Dlvfs'
                                                                                                of Forestry.

                                                                                               Preliminary  tiisoissicns witli
                                                                                               management agtncy.
                                                                                               Defining institutional arrangements.
                                                                               FUTURE NEEDS
1.   Identification  of  areas  where
    erosion potential is the greatest.
2.   Identification    of   high   quality,
    sensitive areas affected by forestry
3.   Priority  ranking of the  above areas
    which have a high erosion potential.
        Control Needs

Development of the proposed  Water
Quality Management Handbook.
Full   implementation  of   planned
workshop series for foresters.
Concentration   of  education   and
training workshops in priority areas.
        Non-Regulatory Program

1.   Administration  of  Antidegredation
2.   Dispensation  of  forestry  guidelines
    through education of foresters.
                                                                                                                                                    Management Agency

                                                                                                                                       1.   Seek conditional/full designation.
                                                                                                                                       2."* Estimation of  implementation cost
                                                                                                                                            and identification of funding source*
                                                                                                                                            for implementation.

                                                                    TENNESSEE  20U ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
           1.   Identification  and description of TVA
               and COE reservoirs according to the
               State's major river basins.
           2.   Identification   of   past  and   present
               channelization according to major river
           3.   Description   of   impacts   that  ve
               experienced through hydromodification

           4.  Prioritizing  of  all  major  State  and
              publicly owned reservoirs  through the
              31<> program.
           5   Ranking  of  TVA-owned reservoirs  by
            Control Needs

1.  Identification   of   possible   stream  1.
    modification controls.
2.  Discussion  of  possible  measures  of
    control of D.O. In and discharged from  2*

3.  Issuance of 404 permits by the COE.
    BMP's for reservoirs being testing in
    special studies by the COE and TVA.      3 •
                                                                                Non-Reffjlatory Program

                                                                            Proposed various ways  the  COE  and  j.
                                                                            TVA  could  cooperate  in  State/EPA
                                                                            Proposed using 404  program and the  j.
                                                                            encouragement    of    flood     plain
                                                                            management    to    control    stream
                                                                            modif icatiojii.                          3 _

                                                                            404  Program  being  administered  by  .
                                                                            Implementation  of  BMP's in TVA  and
                                                                            COE reservoir, by those agencies.        5
      Proposed ti.i ita-&& agencies that OI-V.P
      be  manafcviiiKJU  E-jencies  -  DW-"H :.
      COE, and Y'M.
      Proposed  j_»tr-J  agencies  that  er.,d
      act as assistiisg egsncies.

      Develops 1 1-/.;  of TVA  irriplementitk,.-.
      NPS plans .tVr nil of their properties.
      Request f c-r conditional approval  irr.i .j
      EPA  for  TVA's management agency
      Preliminary discussions with  tia  CC.-E
      for accepting d;sigiiation.
                                                                                   FUTURE NEEDS
          1.   Compilation of 314, TVA and COE
              priority ranking systems.
          2.   Continuation of assessment of  water
              quality        impacts        from
              hydromodification activities.
          3.   Development   of   maps  identifying
              streams        affected   '      by
              hydromodification activities.'
                                       .  Control Needs    s

                             1.   Continuation of the administration of
                                 the 404 Program by the COE.
                             2.   Encouragement  of  the adoption of
                                 flood plain management ordlances by
                                 local governments.
                                                 Non-Regulatory Program  '

                                         1.   Continuation of 404  permit issuance
                                             by COE
                                         2.   Adoption of flood plain management
                                             ordinances by local governments.
             Management Agency

I.   Development oi COE implement&£i&.-e
2. jr Seek  conditional/full approval  for
    COE designation.
    Estimate  TVA and  COE's costs for
    implementing tliiir respective plans.
          try * i

                                                                       TENNESSEE 208 ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
Mining                 Assessment                  •

           1.   Identification    of    critical   stream  |.
               segments with each major river basin
               within the state.
           2.   Assessment of specific mining practices
               contributing to water pollution.          2.

          3.   Identification and prioritization of nine
               eligible  abandoned  mine  sites  In  the  3
               state under the RAMP Program.
       Control Needs

Identification of current programs being
administered and thilr required control
practices for miner*.

Administration of Control Programs and
implementation '  of  'their   required
control practices.
Administration of the permit programs
under the DWQC and the Department of
Analysis of  control practice results at
various mines permitted under NPDES.
          Regulatory Program

    Establishment of a State Surface Mining  1.
    RAMP Program was established.
    Establishment of Federal Mining Act.     2.

    Administration'  of   NPDES  Program,
    State  Reclamation   Program,  other  3.
    OSM(Federal) Programs.
                                                                                          Manfl;v.;iv. ,it
                                                                                    Proposed two. e^iicics - Department
                                                                                    Conservation  Lr.J  Division  oi  Vi'iLt
                                                                                    Quality Control.
                                                                                    Proposed  agencies  to  act
                                                                                    existing role

                                                                                   Preliminary  (iis<:i:>2ions  with
                                                                                   Development      of      institutio
                                                                                   arrangements   and
                                                                                   management  re
                                                                                     FUTURE NEEDS
                      —————            »
              Further  identification  of  problem
              mining  sites eligible in the State's
              Reclamation Plan.
              Priority   ranking  of  those  sites
              identified  above and the  affected
              streams  according to the  degree  of
              their impairment.
        Control Needs

Conduct cost/effectiveness studies on
control practices.
Development  and demonstration  ol
new control practices.
             Regulatory Programs

1.   More   active   administration   ol
    existing programs.  •
2.   Development  of  programs  for  non-
    coal mines.
                                                                                                   mom Agency
                                                                                1. **Seek conaitional/f uli designation.
                                                                                    Develop long  range implementation
                                                                                    plans to estimate the total  cosi  ^ini
                                                                                    identify '  sources   of   funds   lot

                                                                    TENNESSEE 203 ACTIVITY  SUMMARY

Thorough  identification and inventory
of registered and unregistered landfill*
in the state.
Streams [identified where the potential
for   siltation  and leachate  discharge
exists from landfill sites.
Documentation of possible detriment*!
effect* from these waste site*.

Enforcement of the amended Tennessee
Solid Waste Disposal Act.
Monitoring  of  streams  affected  by
landfill cites.
Study   of    innovative    engineering
techniques for landfill design.
             Control Needs

1.  Verifies the need that changes need to
    be made in the methods being presently
    used to dispose of wastes
2.  Discussion of engineering criteria for
    •anltcry landfill design.
             Regulatory Program

t.   Identifies   the   need   for   stronger
    regulation  under the  Tennessee  Solid
    Waste Disposal Act.
2.   Identifies   need   for   comprehensive
    regulations to control waste problem*.
        Mri.r-aemc-.nt Agency

Proposed  tl.^  Division  of Solid  W&.
Ma/tagemecn   sj   tha   mur.agsiii .
Proposed sev..T£J assisting agenci&j.
                                                                                                     Administration  of  State Solid Waste
                                                                                                     Disposal Act.
                                                                                                     Implementation   of    New   Federal
                                                                                                     regulations in the state.
                                           3 .

                                                                                           Preliminary     discussions
                                                                                           Defining institutional arrangements «>\::
                                                                                           clarification   of    the   manager). c>;
                                                                                           agency'* resj^inibilities.
                                                                                  FUTURE NEEDS

           1.  Update  unregistered   landfill 'site
                                                     Control Needs

                                         1.   Development      of     innovative
                                             engineering   techniques   for   waste
                                         2.   Studies         to        determine
                                             cost/effectiveness    of     control
                                                           Regulatory Program

                                              1.   More active enforcement of cute and
                                                  federal regulations.
                                                          Management Ageno

                                             1.^' Seek conditional/full designation.
                                             2.4* Development      of     lon
                                                 implementation plans.
                                             3. A Identification  of  sources fo fundii:,
                                                 for implementation and an estimation
                                                 of the total cost.

                                                                       TENNESSEE 208 ACTIVITY  SUMMARY
 Construct. 1.

Identification of construction - related
problem areas according to major river
Discussich  of  urban  runoff  impacts
experienced  by  four  typical  (mail
Tennessee cities.

Further Identification oi critical areas
within Areawidcs.
            Control Needs

1.  Discussion  of  several   measures  for  1.
    controlling runoff  from construction
2.  Study of available technical papers and
    manuals  that  cover  various  control  „
    techniques for urban stormwater runoff.    •

 3.  BMP  demonstration  and   testing  in
    special studies within Areawides.        •> •
 4.  Development  of BMP  handbooks  by
 5.  Analysis of water quality benefits from
    Implemented  BMP's.
Non-Regulatory/ReguJatory Programs

Discussion  of optional regulatory or
nonregulatory programs that could be
utilized by local governments.

Adoption of local ordinances by  cities
and towns  within  Areawides governing
construction activities.
Voluntary    utilization     of     best
management  practices  by  towns  and
cities for the control of urban runoff.
            _ManuRen>ent A&encies

1.   Proposed local governments lor role.
2.   Proposed  a^cies  tlat  could po&~;
    assist Iocs! govern
    Seeking conditional designatkm of  Ni'S
    management      agencies    •  w::i.T:
    Definition   of  necessary  inititutictt-ii
                                                                                   FUTURE NEEDS
                Identification  of  streams  affected
                within the Areawides and the degree
                of there impairment.
                                                    Control Needs

                                            Coordination  of legal  developments
                                            (e.g. ordinances) among  Areawides
                                            and other NPS Management agencies.
                                            Continued  refinement  of proposed
                                            BMP's • and   identification  of  new
                                            techniques.      /
                                                    Regulatory Programs

                                                More  widespread  adoption  of local
                                                ordinances by towns and cities within
                                                    Management Agencies

                                           Seek conditional  designation  wh..-. :
                                           needed    of     additional     rif ...
                                           Management agencies.
                                           Development     of    . • long-ran}: j
                                           implementation   plans   and   I'na-.f

Management and Coordination

1.   Through the A-95 process, 208 staff has reviewed  200-250 projects  from a
     water quality standpoint, and has made recommendations accordingly.

2.   208 staff has provided technical assistance to  the  five designated
     areawide planning agencies in their grant application and work program
     development processes.

3.   On 7/21/80, the DWQC signed a contract with the Government Finance
     Research Center's Municipal Finance Officers Association to do a detailed
     financial analysis of the impacts of financing  municipal facilities
     construction in thirteen selected cities in Tennessee.


1.   208 staff actively worked with the State Rural  Clean Water Coordinating
     Committee in it's project selection and application processes.

2.   208 staff has attended several meetings related to  Reelfoot Lake,  which
     was selected as an approved RCWP project.

3.   In April, 1980, 208 personnel attended a RCWP Regional Training meeting.

4.   The DWQC took the lead role in determining the  priorities used by  the  SCC
     by supplying the necessary information and guidance needed to develop
     their criteria.

5.   The Division has conducted several intensive surveys in conjunction with
     selected agricultural projects.  One was conducted  in the East Fork
     Mulberry Creek Watershed, the site of a State Special ACP Project.
     Another was conducted in the ChestuSe Creek Watershed, the site of a
     National Special ACP Project.  One other intensive.survey has been
     conducted on Reelfoot Lake (Tennessee's experimental RCWP project) since

6.   The DWQC worked with Moore County farmers, local  agricultural agencies
     and officials from Jack Daniels Distillery in developing and implementing
     farm management plans to improve water quality  and  reduce a potential
     health hazard.  Over 200 farm conservation plans  were developed and
     approved by the SCS and DWQC.

7.   A sediitient sampling network was established jointly with the DWQC  and  the
     USGS in July, 1979, consisting of thirty-three  individual sampling

8.   DWQC has developed a draft proposal to the University of Tennessee
     Agricultural-Extension Service for the development  of a 208 Agricultural
     Public Information Program.

Surface Mining

1.   The Division is currently processing applications for NPDES mining
     permits at the rate of about twenty per month, and as of October, 1980,
     had issued approxijnately 600 permits.

2.   The State Legislature passed a revised State Surface Mining Law which  is
     as stringent as the Federal Act.  The Division of Surface Mining  is  in
     the process of drafting rules and regulations for implementing the new

3.   Orphan and abandoned mine land reclamation activities are conducted  by a
     cooperative agreement between the Department of Conservation and  the TVA,
     and by the USDA Soil Conservation Service.

PS Waste Load Allocations

1.   A computer file has been developed which will greatly assist in
     centralizing data and facilitate communication and tracking of permit

2.   Pour streams were surveyed in 1979 with report completed.  Nine stream
     segments were surveyed in 1980, with a report anticipated in early 1981.

3.   The Division is participating in a study to determine the rearation  rate
     of a segment of the Cumberland River.

Residual Waste Control

1.   The Divisions of Water Quality Control and Solid Waste Management signed
     a memorandum of understanding in June, 1980, defining the role of each
     agency in areas where jurisdiction had been unclear in the management  of
     solid waste facilities.

Public Information

1.   A monthly newsletter, the Water Main, was created from the quarterly
     Tennessee 208 and 201 Update, and is currently being mailed to
     approximately 3,300 persons per month free of charge.  It has been mailed
     on a monthly basis since October, 1979.

 2.    Subsequent to the  Public  Participation  activities  associated  with,  adoption  and
      certification  of  the plan, a  public  meeting was  held on  September 11, 1979,
      regarding  the  City  of  Brentwood.   A public  hearing was  held on May 3.1, 1579,
      relative to the CPP.

 -•    iv1err.b-="hlp ~nd attendance  v/a$ maintained in  several committees dealing with
      nonpoint   agricultural  projects.    The  Division   offered  assistance  with  the
      preliminary publicity for the SOS Field Day in Dyer, Tennessee on September 25,

 4.    A half page  advertisement  was run  in  the "Second  Annual  Tennessee Forest
      Festival" Booklet, held in Hardeman County on Spetember 20-22, 1979.

 5.    A slide  show  presentation and  informational talk  was given  to  an audience of
      wastewater treatment plant operators at a 3-day school in Murfreesboro.

 6.    One or several staff members either attended or  participated in the following non-
      Division sponsored activities:

      *   Nashville 208 Water Quality  Workshop - May  19, 1979.

      *   Conservation Farming Field Day, Springhill - June 12, 1979.     ''•'

      *   Crop Production and Erosion Control Field Day,  Milan - July 26, 1979.

      *   Operation: Save Our Soil Field Day, Dyer - September 2.5, 1979.

      *   National   Agricultural  Lands  Study   Workshop,  Memphis -  October 21  -
          November 1, 1979.                                                ;

      *   Public  Participation  Workshop (Region IV), Atlanta - January 31 - February 1,
      *   Nashville 208 Public Forum - March 24  - 25, 1980.

      *   "Working for Clean Water" Citizens Training workshop, Atlanta - June 12-13,

7.        The 208 section "re-activated" the 208 Agriculture Committee to assist with a
          priority ranking system for streams affected by agriculture operations.

8.        The  Division  co-sponsored  a  workshop  on  July 10  with  the Tennessee
          Manufacturers Association on the State NPDES  permit program.  Over  150
          people attended this event which was highlighted by the attendance of EPA
          Region IV  Administrator, Rebecca Hanmer.

9.        The  Division   plans  to  continue   to   meet   the  regulations  on  public
          information/participation activities as outlined in 40 CFR, Part 25.

                                 EPA - REGION IV
 I.   Introduction

 The  purpose of this  strategy  is  to  assess  ongoing  programs,  identify  needs,
 set  goals  and  provide  direction  for the agricultural nonpoint  source  (NPS)
 water quality  management  program in the eight  states of  Region IV.  The
 strategy is designed to assist EPA  and state agency staffs in  the continuing
 planning and implementation activities.

 The  initial 208 Statewids Water  Quality Management Plans were  completed  during
 FY-79.  Problem assessment in these plans  resulted in  identification  of
 problems in terms  of potential pollutants  in most  cases.  These pollutants
 were related to land use  activities.  For  example, sediment  from critical
 eroding cropland is  identified as the greatest potential pollutant  in
 agricultural areas.  Priority areas for treatment  were generally identified by
 large geographic areas.   Because of the nature of  the  assessment, areas  with
 the  greatest intensity of agriculture were generally assigned  the highest

 Proposed implementation programs utilize primarily the existing local, state
 and  federal conservation  and  education programs.   Program elements  include
 education, technical and  cost-share assistance.  A non-regulatory program will
 be used to install Best Management  Practices (BMP's) identified in  the plans.

 Future needs identified in EPA's approval  action letters generally  include:

     1.   Additional  problem assessments to identify specific waters impacted
         by agricultural  activities.
     2.   Develop effective long-term operational programs, and
     3.   Define better, the role of designated management agencies.

Continuing Planning  efforts and  this strategy  are  being  directed to address
these needs.

 In an attempt  to have some consistency between states  and regions,  this
strategy utilizes the ten essential components of  an effective,
self-sustaining program as used  by  other regions.  The components,  or
critiera, are  summarized  along with the general regional status in  Table I.
Since it is difficult to  generalize over such  a broad  area,  some explanation
of the status  is needed.

Most of the states had only limited water  quality  data to assess the  impact of
agricultural activities,  so "potential" water  quality  problems were assessed
based on agricultural activities, soil types,  slopes,  etc.   Priorities were
generally based on major  land resource areas or watersheds,  although  some
states named specific water bodies with high priority.   There  is a  need  to
further identify specific waters affected  by agriculture and set statewide
priorities.  This has been identified as a first-order need  and is  being
developed in each state.


 Qfficial  designation of  agricultural  agencies  as  the management agency has
 been  done in  two  states  (Mississippi  and  South Carolina).   Dtner  states  are
 progressing toward  designating  agencies other  than  the water quality  agency
 for this  function,  which is  considered to  be crucial to  the development  of a
 self-sustaining long-range program.   All of the designated  management
 agencies,  present and  potential, have limited  resources  for implementation.
 Most  have small staffs and must depend on  the  SCS for technical assistance;
 however,  stronger agencies generally  are not available to assume  the
 management functions.

 The Best  Management Practices  (BMP's) identified  in the  statewide plans  are,
 basically, the conservation  practices that have been used for some time  for
 erosion control and other purposes.   Specific  SHIP'S were proposed for the two
 RCWP  areas, Lake  Tholocco in Alabama  and Reel foot Lake in Tenneseee.
 Identified pollutants  included  sediment, nutrients, pesticides, and animal
 wastes.   The  effectiveness of BMP's to control  these pollutants was not
 assessed,  but some  ranking of the BMP's was done.   Non-structural controls,
 such  as integrated  pest  management (IPM) and nutrient management,  are included
 in the BMP lists.

 Technical  assistance for application  of structural  BMP's is provided  almost
 entirely  by the Soil Conservation Service  and,  similarly, provided by the
 Cooperative Extension  Service for non-structual BMP's.   However,  both agencies
 have  limited  resources and could not  support accelerated programs.
 Educational activities have been provided  by both agencies  and attempts  are
 being made to expand current programs to stress the water quality aspects.

 No definite actions have been taken toward providing local  or state
 cost-sharing  funds  for implementation of BMP's  for  water quality  purposes.
 However,  there is some interest in seeking this in  some  areas and two states
have  funded projects with related water quality benefits.

 A regional workshop, held in October, was  sponsored jointly by EPA and the
 National  Association of  Conservation Districts  with state water and
agricultural  agencies  being the prime participants.  Official designation of
management agencies, preparing  commitment  letters,  and development of
implementation progams were the major topics.   It was a  very successful
meeting with several states taking significant  steps toward implementation of
agricultural programs.   Commitment letters and  management agency  designations
are being  prepared by  the states where needed.

II. State Program Assessment and Needs

The assessments of individual state agricultural  nonpoint source  programs are
given in  Table II.  Needed actions are summarized and milestones  listed  where
available.  Some of the  milestones are currently  being developed  and  others
are being revised during the refinement of work plans.   Therefore,  additions
and revisions will be  made from time to time in these tables.


1.  Geographical proritization of problem

Some states have identified specific priority p
blems, but little has been done on statewide
prioritization due to lack of data.  Most state
prioritized land resource areas or watersheds t
on potential problems.
2.  Responsibility for control pollutants
or source categories has been assigned to
designated management agencies.
State soil and water conservation agencies have
been designated in some states as the managemer
agency, but the responsibility is retained by
the water quality agency in several states.
3.  Management agencies responsible for
'implementing the program have:
--technical expertise.
--adequate staff and budget.
—relevant authorities.
—commitment by designated agency.
Technical expertise is available only from SCS
but adequate staff and budget are not adequate
for full implementation.  Authorities for
selected non-regulatory programs are dequote.
Commitment has not been obtained.
4.  Identification of Best Management
Practices (statewide general BMP's
and more specific in priority pro-
blem areas).
Statewide BMP's have generally been selected.
Site-specific BMP's have been limited to the R
5.  Provisions for adequate technical
and financial assistance to implement
the control program.  Might include
state cost-sharing, improved district
funding, tax incentives, and/or

6.  Provisions for an effective
educational program:
—public participation in water
quality management planning and
implementation project planning.
—educational programs on BMP's.
Federal cost-share and technical assistance pt
grams are the primary sources of assistance fc
implementation.  No major local assistance prc
grams have been identified.
Public participation was used effectively in 1
initial planning in some states and the educaii
programs have ranged from very little to mult:
media concepts.
7.  Assignment of responsibilities and
formulation of procedures for BMP
monitoring and inspection on priority
Monitoring responsibilities of RCWP projects
and some special studies is clearly defined.
Little other monitoring responsibilities are

TABLE I (Continued)
8,  Consideration of regulatory alternatives A non-regulatory approach has been adopted
in water quality management planning.        by all states.  No regulatory programs are
                                             proposed in the near future.
9.  Agreement on a schedule of milestones
for implementation to address program
deficiencies and priority watershed
Schedules for implementation were very general
the initial plans and had little practical val
Schedules are being developed in the continuin
planning process.
10. Agreement on a reporting system
(at least annual) on progress made in
No formal agreements on a reporting system, bu
mid-year evaluations have been conducted with
each state.


                                   TABLE 11  State Agricultural Nonpnint
                                                                                                                                   /'age  1 ot 2
 1.  Geographical prioritization of problem water-
2.  Responsibility for control of pollutants or source
categories has been assigned to designated management
3.  Management agencies responsible for implementing
the program have:
—technical expertise .
--adequate staff and budget.
--relevant authorities.
--commitment by designated agency.
4.  Identification of Best Management Practices
(statewide general BMP's and more specific in
priority problem areas).
5.  Provisions for adequate technical  and financial
assistance to implement the control  program.   Might
include state cost-sharing, improved district funding,
tax incentives, and/or others.
 General statewide assessment and ranking of
 problem areas by pollutant and geographical
 grouping of counties completed.  This was
 Based primarily on potential pollutants
 rather than specific problem areas.
 Some designations of responsibilities and
 agencies were made in the Initial plan;
 lowever, no agency for overall management
 of agriculture was designated.
 Designated agencies have expertise to
 assist in implementation, but staff and
 ludget will limit accelerated programs.
 A non-regulatory program is to be implement-
 ed.   Commitment on specific items by assist
 agencies has not been made.
 3MP's have been identified for statewide
 use and for specific RCWP use at Lake
 Assistance comes almost totally from SCS
 and ASCS programs.   RCWP at Lake Tholocco
 and ACP Project on  Swan Creek are special
 water quality projects.
 1.  Statewide ranking of water-
 2.  Reconnaissance surveys.
 3.  WQ impacts in one water-
 1.  Letter from Governor designat
 ing Soil & Water Conservation
 2.  Letter of commitment from
 Memoranda of agreement or commit-
 ment letters from assisting
 Revise as needed.
 Seek additional technical and
 financial assistance for
 priority watersheds.
 Jan. 31, 1981

 Jan. 31, 1981

 Dec. 1, 1981


                                   TABLE II  State Agricultural Nonpoint Implanentation Program
                                                                                                                                   'age  2 of 2
6.  Provisions for an effective educational
--public participation in water quality management
planning and implementation project planning.
--educational programs on BMP's.
7.  Assignment of responsibilities and formulation
of procedures for BMP monitoring and inspection on
priority projects.
8.  Consideration of regulatory alternatives in water
quality management planning.
9.  Agreement on a schedule of milestones  for
implementation to address program deficiencies  and
priority watershed implementation.
10. Agreement on a reporting system (at least annual)
on progress made in implementation.
 An extensive multimedia program was
 carried out in the initial  planning to
 inform the public on WQ problems and
 Monitoring is being done at the RCWP pro-
 ject by li. S. Army.
 Non-regulatory program was adopted.
 Work plan for the CPP is being developed
 and will include some milestones.
 Mid-year evaluation was recently conducted.
 Continue the public information
 and education program.
 Test BMP effectiveness on one
 watershed by AWIC.
 Complete work plan and identify
 implementation milestones.
 Develop formal annual reporting
 schedule and format.

STATE:   !:1i;rida

                                                                                                                                  1  Page  2
                                                                                                    ACTION NEKOED
 1.  Geographical priorttlzuf.on of problem water-
 2.  Responsibility  for control of pollutants or source Mananagement
 categories has  been assigned  to designated management
 3.  Management  agencies responsible for Implementing
 the program have:
 --technical expertise  .
 —adequate staff and budget.
 --relevant authorities.
 --commitment by designated agency.
4.   Identification of Best Management Practices
(statewide general BMP's and more specific  In
priority problem areas).
5.  Provisions for adequate technical and financial
assistance to Implement the control program.  Might
Include state cosUsharing, Improved district funding,
tax Incentives, and/or others.
  tatewide assessment and ranking was .lo.-.e.
Verified problems  in several priority water-
             agencies were identified, but
not officially designated.
 Assistance  comes  almost entirely from SCS
 and ASCS programs.
 'reposed management and assisting agencies
 lave  technical expertise, but do not have
 adequate staff and budgets for extensive
 iMP's have been  identified for statewide use.
Continue verification of WQ pro-
blems in priority areas.
1.  Letter from governor on offi-  Jan. 31, 1981
cial designation.

2.  Letter of commitment.          Jan. 31, 1981
Memoranda of agreement from assist-
ing agencies on commitments.  Seek
state funding fro WQ program.
Revise as needed.
1.  Seek additional funding for
Soil & Water Conservation District

2.  Seek funds for state cost-
sharing on BMP application.


                                                                                                                                     I1 age
                                                                                                    ACTION NEEDED
 6.  Provisions for an effective educational
 —public participation in water quality management
 planning and Implementation project planning.
 --educational programs on BMP's.
7.  Assignment of responsibilities and formulation
of procedures for BMP monitoring and Inspection on
priority projects.
8.  Consideration of regulatory alternatives In water
quality management planning.
9.  Agreement on a schedule of milestones for
Implementation to address program deficiencies and
priority watershed Implementation.
10. Agreement on a reporting system (at least annual)
on progress made in Implementation.
 raining provided for Extension Service per-
sonnel and  landowners.  Developed extensive
 ublic education and information program.
 valuation of BMP
s has been initiated by
 FDER has  indicated  that a regulaory program
 will be used  if non-regulatory  is not
 Work plan is being developed and will in-
 clude some milestones.
 Mid-year evaluation was recently conducted.
                            Continue  public information and
                            education programs.
Continue evaluation of BMP's and
identify successful BMP programs.
                            Evaulate program annually.
                            Complete  work  plan and identify
                            Develop formal  annual  reporting
                            schedule and format.


STATE:  North Carolina


 1.   Geographical prioritizatlon of problem water-
2.  Responsibility for control of pollutants  or source
categories has been assigned to designated management
3.  Management agencies responsible for Implementing
the program have:
--technical expertise .
--adequate staff and budget.
—relevant authorities.
--commitment by designated agency.
4.  Identification of Best Management Practices
(statewide general BMP's and more specific In
priority problem areas).
5.  Provisions for adequate technical  and financial
assistance to Implement the control  program.   Might
Include state cost.-sharing, Improved district funding,
tax Incentives,  and/or others.
                                            ACTION NEEDED
                                                                                                                                   Page  1  of 2
                                                       Pollution potential  analyzed for nutrients,
                                                       pesticides, and sediment.   Prioritized sub-
                                                       jasins statewide.   Selected 2 sub-basms  for
                                                       priority area studies.
Management agency was identified,  but not
officially designated (Soil  and Water Con-
servation Commission).
Proposed management and assisting agencies
have expertise, but do not have adequate
staff and budgets for continuing programs
without 208 funds.
BMP's were identified and will be evaluated
for statewide use.
Assistance is primarily from SCS and ASCS
programs.  ACP funds were transferred to
high priority areas.
                                             1.  Problem verification  in  priorit

                                             2.  Identification  of actual waters
                                             impacted  by agricultural  NPS.
1. Letter from Governor on officia

2. Letter of commitment.
Memoranda of agreement from assist
ing agencies on commitments.
Seek funding of WQ programs.
1. MBP demonstration and testina
in special studies.
2. Analysis of water quality and
economic benefits resulting from
implementation of BMP's.
3. Preparation of BMP pamphlets.
4. Analysis of BMP systems.

Seek implementation funds through
RCWP, PL-566 and state programs.
Develop proproal for state economi
Incentive program.
                                                                                                                                       January 31, 1981
                                                                                                                                       January  31,  1981

STATE:  North Carolina
                                                                                                                            2  of ?.
 6.   Provisions  for  an effective educational
 --public participation  In water quality management
 planning and  Implementation project planning.
 --educational programs  on BHP's.
 7.   Assignment of responsibilities and formulation
 of procedures for BMP monitoring and inspection on
 priority projects.
6.  Consideration of regulatory alternatives In water
quality management planning.
9.  Agreement on a schedule of milestones for
Implementation to address program deficiencies and
priority watershed Implementation.
 10. Agreement on a .reporting system (at least annual)
 on progress made in Implementation.
 Established education program.  Workshop
 held for Extension, ASCS, SCS, and District
 Division of Environmental Management has
 assumed monitoring responsibilities.
 Non-regulatory program was adopted.
 Work plan  is being developed and will in-
 clude milestones.
 Mid-year evaluation was recently conducted.
 1.  Develop  education  methodoloay.

 2.  Integration  of existing program
 1. Implementation of BMP's in
 high priority areas to evaluate
 effectiveness of program.

 2. Continue seeking implementation
 funds through RCWP, P.L. 566, and
 state programs.
 Develop formal annual reporting
 schedule and format.

III.  EPA Region IV Agricultural Nonpoint Implementation Program Needs
Action Needed

A.  Obtain revised assessments that list specific  waters
adversely affected by agriculture NPS pollutants with
reconmended priorities for treatment.

    1.  Meet with each state to establish a common
    objective and establish guidelines for accomplishing.

    2.  Negotiate changes in CPP plans of study or assist
    states develop new plans to meet the agreed to assess-
    ment objectives.

    3.  Follow up as assessment progresses and make
    necessary changes in plans of study needed to achieve
    the objective.

B.  Get official designation of Management Agencies with
adequate authorities and capabilities to implement 208

    1.  Obtain letters of designation.

    2.  Approve designations.

    3.  Obtain letters of commitment.

    4.  Get interagency agreements with management

C.  Establish and support monitoring and reporting
processes to show water quality trends occurring as a
result of implementation,

    1.  Assist in design of PCWP monitoring programs.

    2.  Review data from states on monitoring of special
    projects and send to others when found appropriate.

    3.  Follow-up with each state to track progress.

D.  Assist management agencies develop a comprehensive
implementation plan.

    1.  Using guidance published by the National Assoc. of
    Conservation Districts (NACD) and others, establish
    the general requirements of an implementation plan.
Feb. 1, 1981
Jan. 31, 1981

Feb. 28, 1981

Jan. 31, 1981

Dec. 31, 1981
March 1, 1981


    2.  Meet with each state to create  interest  in develop-
    ing specific implementation plans - provide  guidance
    developed in (1) above.

    3.  Follow up with each state to assist with the develop
    ing ard carrying of the plan.

E.  Develop a common understanding between all parties
    concerned of the educational goals and institutional
    arrangements necessary to establish and carry out an
    educational program.

    1.  Vforking with representatives of EPA & USDA agencies
    at the national level establish broad objectives and
    strategies for an effective education program.  Dsvelop
    an agenda for a regional workshop.

    2.  Conduct a regional workshop for state staffs (both
    state and federal agencies) on the elements»of an effect-
    ive educational program,  Agenda for workshop to be ad-
    justed to meet state needs.

    3.  Support designated management agency efforts to carry
    out educational activities with 208 grant funds.

F.  Encourage states to seek legislative authority and
    additional resources to aid in implementation.

    1.  Provide assistance in review and selection of new
    RCWP projects.

    2.  Assist on State Coordinating Committees  of two RCWP
    projects to keep emphasis on high priority water quality

    3.  Provide assistance, including EMAP, to management
    agencies in seeking implementation funds.