United States
                         Environmental
                         Protection Agency
                         Washington, D.C.  20460
                                                   Solid Waste
                                                   and Emergency
                                                   Response (5101)
                          EPA 500-F-98-253
                          November 1998
                          www.epa.gov/brownfields/
  &EPA
                        Brownfields  Showcase
                        Community
                        Baltimore,  MD
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                                                                      Quick Reference Fact Sheet
 Brownfields are abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is
 complicated by real or perceived contamination. In May 1997, Vice President Gore announced a Brownfields National Partnership
 to bring together the resources of more than 15 federal agencies to address local cleanup and reuse issues in a more
 coordinated manner. This multi-agency partnership has pledged support to 16 "Brownfields Showcase Communities"—models
 demonstrating the benefits of collaborative activity on brownfields.  The designated Brownfields Showcase Communities are
 distributed across the country and vary by size, resources, and community type. A wide range of support will be leveraged,
 depending on the particular needs of each Showcase Community.
BACKGROUND

The Brownfields National Partnership has selected the City
of Baltimore as a Brownfields Showcase Community. The
city has identified 1,000 acres of vacant and underutilized
former industrial sites located throughout Baltimore as
potential brownfields. More than 400 of these acres reside
in the city's federal Empowerment Zone (EZ).
Baltimore's Brownfields Initiative targets properties in the
Fairfield and Canton areas, as well as sites in East Baltimore
and the southeast and southwest sections of the city, for
cleanupand redevelopment. Fairfield and Canton fell within
the federal EZ. Residents in these low-income,minority
communities have been affected by disinvestment and the
loss ofjob opportunities,
population decline, a
rise in violentcrime and
high school dropout
rates,  and harmful
environmental
conditions which affect
public health.
                                               of its Brownfields Initiative. Community outreach is also a
                                               key element of the initiative.

                                               CURRENT ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENTS

                                               Since the inception ofBaltimore's Brownfields Initiative, more
                                               than 30 sites have been assessed. Four sites are currently
                                               participating in Maryland's voluntary cleanup program (VCP),
                                               and one site has received its liability assurance letter.  High-
                                               lights ofBaltimore's brownfields redevelopment program
                                               include:
                                                Developing a comprehensive geographic information
                                                system (GIS)  inventory of more than 300 vacant and
                                                underutilizedcommercial andindustrial sites;
                     Community Profile
                         Baltimore,  Maryland
Baltimore     has
attempted to tackle
these  issues   by
engaging stakeholders and developing cooperative
partnerships with federal, state, and local agencies as part
Since the Baltimore Brownfields
Initiative began, more than 30 sites
have been assessed through
federal, state, local, and private
partnerships. These partners have
committed significant resources to
brownfields redevelopment,
including an $11.5 million private
investment to convert a brownfield
into an industrial center.
                      • Establishing the $3 million
                      Empower    Baltimore
                      Brownfields Loan and Grant
                      Programfortherevitalization
                      of brownfields in the city's
                      EZ;
                      • Cleaning    up    and
                      redeveloping the  3 3-acre
                      former ASARCO  site in
                      Canton, which has attracted
                      $11.5 million in  private
investment, andhas resulted inthe creation of ISOnewfull-
time permanentjobs. The site is now an industrial center;

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• Working with Baltimore County on regional interests in
 brownfieldsredevelopmentandcommunityrevitalization.

Baltimore has formed partnerships with federal, state and
local entities to comprehensively address brownfields issues.
Partnerships include:

• U.S. EPA,  which awarded Baltimore a Brownfields
 Assessment Demonstration Pilot and a Brownfields
 Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Pilot;

• U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
 (HUD), which designatedafederalEmpowermentZone
 inBaltimore;

• State agencies, including the Maryland Department of
 the Environment (MDE) and Maryland Department of
 Business and Economic Development (DEED);

• Local entities, including the Baltimore Development
 Corporation, theDepartmentofPublicWorks,1heHeal1h
 Department,1heDepartmentofHousingandCommunity
 Development, andlheEmpowerBaltimore Management
 Corporation.  The Department of Planning oversees
 Baltimore' s Brownfields Initiative; and

• Community groups such as the Southeast Community
 Organization, the Baltimore Urban League, and Jubilee
 Baltimore,  as well as academic institutions such  as
 Morgan State University.
SHOWCASE COMMUNITY OBJECTIVES AND
PLANNED ACTIVITIES

Baltimore plans to use the Showcase Communities project
to further accesstechnical and financial resources that would
help bring many of its ongoing brownfields redevelopment
projects to completion. The city's short-term goals are to:
increase employment opportunities in locations accessible
to lower-income populations; cleanup long-standing potential
threats to public health and the environment;  protect the
environment, especially the Chesapeake Bay  watershed;
better accommodate employment-generating growth in
already developed areas, thereby taking advantage of
previously built infrastructure; develop more efficient land
use patterns, thus promoting non-"sprawl" development
patterns; and increase revenue for the city by rebuilding its
tax base.

Baltimore is committed to demonstrating that through inter-
governmental   and  inter-agency   cooperation,
community-driven brownfields cleanup and redevelopment,
leading to neighborhood and urban revitalization, is possible.
                            Contacts

                            Department of Planning
                            City of Baltimore
                            (410)396-8356
Regional Brownfields Team
U.S. EPA-Region 3
(215)814-3129
                           For more information on the Brownfields Showcase Communities,
                                    visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:
                                http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/showcase.htm
Brownfields Showcase Community
November 1998
                               Baltimore,  Maryland
                                EPA 500-F-98-253

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