United States
          Environmental Protection
          Agency
2002 Edition of the Drinking
Water Standards and Health
Advisories

-------
2002 Edition of the Drinking Water
 Standards and Health Advisories
             EPA 822-R-02-038

              Office of Water
     U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
              Washington, DC
               Summer 2002
                           Recycled/Recyclable
                           Printed on paper that contains
                           at least 50% recycled fiber.
                                       o

-------
The Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories tables are revised periodically by EPA's
Office of Water on an "as needed" basis. The Summer 2002 edition of the tables has retained the
content and format changes introduced in the Summer 2000 edition and has added the Chemical
Abstracts Service Registry Numbers (CASRN) for the chemical contaminants.  The following
changes should be kept in mind when using the Tables:

      Reference dose (RfD) values have been updated to reflect the values in the Integrated
      Risk Information System (IRIS), and the Drinking Water Equivalent Level (DWEL) has
      been calculated accordingly. Thus, both the RfD and DWEL will differ from the values
      in the Health Advisory document if the IRIS RfD is more recent than the Health
      Advisory value. The RfD values from IRIS that differ from the values in the Health
      Advisory documents are given in BOLD type. For unregulated chemicals with a new
      IRIS RfD, the lifetime Health Advisory was calculated from the DWEL using the relative
      source contribution value published in the Health Advisory. For regulated chemicals,
      where the revised lifetime value differed from the Maximum Contaminant Level Goal
      (MCLG), no lifetime value was provided in the Table.

      For regulated chemicals,/the cancer group designation  and 10'4 cancer risk reflect the
      status at the time of regulation. For unregulated chemicals, the cancer group designation
      and 10"4 cancer risk reflect the values presently on IRIS. New cancer group designations
      and 10"4 cancer risk values are given in BOLD type.

      Several pesticides listed in IRIS have been re-evaluated by the Office of Pesticide
      Programs (OPP) resulting in an RfD other than that in  IRIS. For these pesticides, the
      IRIS value is listed in the Table, and the newer OPP value is given in a footnote.

      In some cases there is a Health Advisory value for a contaminant but there is no reference
      to a Health Advisory document. These Health Advisory values can be found in the
      Drinking Water Criteria Document for the contaminant.

      With a few exceptions, the Health Advisory values have been rounded to one significant
      figure.

The Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories tables may be reached from the Water
Science  home page at

                            http://www.epa.gov/waterscience

The tables are accessed under the Health Advisories heading.

-------
Copies may be ordered free of charge from

                   SAFE DRINKING WATER HOTLINE
                   1-800-426-4791
                   Monday thru Friday, 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM EST

Copies of the supporting technical documentation for the health advisories can be ordered for a
fee on the Internet at

                   http://www.epa.gov/OST/orderpubs.html

or from

                   Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)
                   1929 Kenny Road
                   Columbus, OH 43210-1080
                   Telephone number 614-292-6717; 1-800-276-0462
                   FAX 614-292-0263
                   e-mail ERICSE@osu.edu
                   Payment by Purchase Order/Check/Visa or Mastercard

For further information regarding the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories, call the
Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791 or 703-285-1093.

-------
DEFINITIONS

The following definitions for terms used in the Tables are not all-encompassing, and should not be
construed to be "official" definitions. They are intended to assist the user in understanding terms
found on the following pages.

Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other
requirements which a water system must follow. For lead or copper it is the level which, if
exceeded in over 10% of the homes tested, triggers treatment.

Cancer Group: A qualitative weight-of-evidence judgement as to the likelihood that a chemical
may be a carcinogen for humans. Each chemical is placed into one of the following five categories:

 Group    Category

 A         Human carcinogen

 B         Probable human carcinogen:
            Bl  indicates limited human evidence
            B2 indicates sufficient evidence in animals and inadequate or no evidence in humans

 C         Possible human carcinogen

 D         Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity

 E         Evidence of noncarcinogenicity for humans

This categorization is based on EPA's 1986 Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. The
Proposed Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment which were published in 1996, when final,
will replace the  1986 cancer guidelines.

10"4 Cancer Risk: The concentration of a chemical in drinking water corresponding to an excess
estimated lifetime cancer risk of 1 in 10,000.

Drinking Water Advisory: A nonregulatory concentration of a contaminant in water that is likely
to be without adverse effects on both health and aesthetics.

DWEL: Drinking Water Equivalent Level.  A lifetime exposure concentration protective of
adverse, non-cancer health effects, that assumes all of the exposure to a contaminant is from
drinking water.

HA: Health Advisory. An estimate of acceptable drinking water levels for a chemical substance
based on health effects information; a Health Advisory is not a  legally enforceable Federal
standard, but serves as technical guidance to assist Federal, State, and local  officials.

-------
       One-Day HA: The concentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to
       cause any adverse noncarcinogenic effects for up to one day of exposure. The One-Day
       HA is normally designed to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day.

       Ten-Day HA: The concentration of a chemical in drinking water that is not expected to
       cause any adverse noncarcinogenic effects for up to ten days of exposure. The Ten-Day
       HA is also normally designed to protect a 10-kg child consuming 1 liter of water per day.

       Lifetime HA: The concentration of a chemical  in drinking water that is not expected  to
       cause any adverse noncarcinogenic effects for a lifetime of exposure. The Lifetime HA is
       based on exposure of a 70-kg adult consuming 2 liters of water per day. The Lifetime HA
       for Group C carcinogens includes an adjustment for possible carcinogenicity.

LED,0: Lower Limit on Effective Dose,0. The 95% lower confidence limit of the dose of a
chemical needed to produce an adverse effect in 10% of those exposed to the chemical, relative to
the control.

MCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal. A non-enforceable health  goal which is set at a level
at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the  health of persons occurs and which allows
an adequate margin of safety.

MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level. The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in
drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLG as  feasible using the best available analytical
and treatment technologies and taking cost into consideration. MCLs are enforceable standards.

RfD: Reference Dose. An estimate (with uncertainty spanning perhaps an order of magnitude) of a
daily oral exposure to the human population (including sensitive subgroups) that is likely to be
without an appreciable risk of deleterious effects during a lifetime.

SDWR: Secondary Drinking Water Regulations. Non-enforceable Federal guidelines regarding
cosmetic effects (such as tooth or skin discoloration) or aesthetic effects (such as taste, odor, or
color) of drinking water.

TT: Treatment Technique. A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in
drinking water.

-------
ABBREVIATIONS

D                                      Draft
F                                      Final
NA                                    Not Applicable
NOAEL                                No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level
OPP                                   Office of Pesticide Programs
P                                      Proposed
Reg                                    Regulation
TT                                    Treatment Technique
                                        (v)

-------
                               Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Pagel





Chemicals
ORGANICS
Acenaphthene
Acifluorfen (sodium)
Acrylamide
Acrylonitrile
Alachlor
Aldicarb3
Aldicarb sulfone3
Aldicarb sulfoxide3
Aldrin
Ametryn
Ammonium sulfamate
Anthracene (PAH)5
Atrazine 6
Baygon
Bentazon
Benz[a]anthracene (PAH)
Benzene
Benzo[a]pyrene (PAH)
Benzo[b]fluoranthene (PAH)
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene (PAH)
Benzo[k]f!uoranthene (PAH)
bis-2-Chloroisopropyl ether
Bromacil
Bromobenzene




CASRN
Number

83-32-9
62476-59-9
79-06-1
107-13-1
15972-60-8
116-06-3
1646-88-4
1646-87-3
309-00-2
834-12-8
7773-06-0
120-12-7
1912-24-9
114-26-1
25057-89-0
56-55-3
71-43-2
50-32-8
205-99-2
191-24-2
207-08-9
39638-32-9
314-40-9
108-86-1
Standards



Status
Reg.

-

F

F
F"
F4
F4
-
-
-
-
F
-
-
-
F
F
-
-
-
-
-
-



MCLG MCL
(mg/L) (mg/L)

-
-
zero TT1
-
zero 0.002
0.001 0.003
0.001 0.003
0.001 0.004
-
-
-
-
0.003 0.003
-
-
-
zero 0.005
zero 0.0002
-
-
-
-
-
-



Status
HA
Document

-
F'88
F'87
-
F'88
F'95
F '95
F'95
F'92
F'88
F '88
-
F'88
F'88
F'99
-
F'87
-
-
-
-
F '89
F'88
D'86
Health Advisories
10-kg Child
One-
day
(mg/L)


-
2
1.5
-
0.1
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.0003
9
20
-
-
0.04
0.3
-
0.2
-
-
-
-
4
5
4
Ten-day
(mg/L)



-
2
0.3
-
0.1
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.0003
9
20
-
-
0.04
0.3
-
0.2
-
-
-
-
4
5
4

RfD
(mg/kg/
day)


0.06
0.01
0.0002
-
0.01
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.00003
0.009
0.2
0.3
0.035
0.004
0.03
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.04
0.1
-
mg/L at
DWEL Life- 1Q-4
(mg/L) time Cancer
(mg/L) Risk

2
0.4 - 0.1
0.007 - 0.0008
0.006
0.4 - 0.042
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.001 - 0.0002
0.3 0.06
8 2
10
1
0.1 0.003
1 0.2
.
0.1
0.0005
-
.
-
1 0.3
5 0.09
-




Cancer
Group

-
B2
B2
B1
B2
D
D
D
B2
D
D
D
C
C
E
B2
A
B2
B2
 D
B2
D
C
D
   1  When acrylamide is used in drinking water systems, the combination (or product) of dose and monomer level shall not exceed that equivalent to a polyacrylamide polymer
     containing 0.05% monomer dosed at 1 mg/L.
   ?  Determined not to be carcinogenic at low doses by OPP.
   3  The MCL value for any combination of two or more of these three chemicals should not exceed 0.007 mg/L because of similar mode of action.
   "  Administrative stay of the effective date.
   5  PAH = Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
   6  Under review.

-------
                                Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 2





Chemicals
Bromochloromethane
Bromodichloromethane1
(THM)
Bromoform (THM)
Bromomethane
Butyl benzyl phthalate (PAE)3
Butylate
Carbaryl
Carbofuran1
Carbon tetrachloride
Carboxin
Chloramben
Chlordane
Chloroform (THM)
Chloromethane
Chlorophenol (2-)
Chlorothalonil
Chlorotoluene o-
Chlorotoluene p-
Chlorpyrifos5
Chrysene (PAH)
Cyanazine




CASRN
Number
74-97-5
75-27-4

75-25-2
74-83-9
85-68-7
2008-41-5
63-25-2
1563-66-2
56-23-5
5234-68-4
133-90-4
57-74-9
67-66-3
74-87-3
95-57-8
1897-45-6
95-49-8
106-43-4
2921-88-2
218-01-9
21725-46-2
Standards



Status
Reg.
F

F
-
-
-
-
F
F
-
-
F
F
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-



MCLG
(mg/L)
zero

zero
-
-
-
-
0.04
zero
-
-
zero
zero
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-



MCL
(mg/L)
0.082

0.082
-
-
-
-
0.04
0.005
-
-
0.002
0.081
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-



Status
HA
Document
F'89
D'93

D'93
D'89
-
F'89
F'88
F'87
F'87
F'88
F'88
F'87
D'93
F'89
D'94
F'88
F '89
F'89
F'92
-
D'96
Health Advisories
10-kg Child
One-
day
(mg/L)

50
6

5
0.1
-
2
1
0.05
4
1
3
0.06
4
9
0.5
0.2
2
2
0.03
-
0.1
Ten-day
(mg/L)


1
6

2
0.1
-
2
1
0.05
0.2
1
3
0.06
4
0.4
0.5
0.2
2
2
0.03
-
0.1

RfD
(mg/kg/
day)

0.01
0.02

0.02
0.001
0.2
0.05
0.1
0.005
0.0007
0.1
0.015
0.0005
0.01
0.004
0.005
0.015
0.02
0.02
0.003
-
0.002

DWEL
(mg/L)

0.5
0.7

0.7
0.05
7
2
4
0.2
0.03
4'
0.5
0.02
0.4
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.7
0.7
0.1
-
0.07

Life-
time
(mg/L)
0.09

-
' 0.01
-
0.4
0.7
0.04
-
0.7
0.1
-
-
0.03
0.04
-
0.1
0.1
0.02
-
0.001
mg/L at
10^
Cancer
Risk
0.06

0.4
-
-
-
-
-
0.03
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
0.15
-
-
-
-





Cancer
Group
D
B2

B2
D
C
D
D
E
B2
D
D
B2
B24
D
D
B2
D
D
D
B2

    1 Under review.
    2 1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: The total for trihalomethanes is 0.08 mg/L.
    3 PAE = phthalate acid ester.
    4 By the 1999 Draft Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment, chloroform is likely to be carcinogenic to humans by all routes of exposure under high-dose conditions that
    lead to cytotoxicity and regenerative hyperplasia in susceptible tissues. Chloroform is not likely to be carcinogenic to humans by all routes of exposures at a dose level that
    does not cause cytotoxicity and cell regeneration
    5 New OPP RfD = 0.0003 mg/kg/day.

-------
                               Drinking  Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 3





Chemicals
Cyanogen chloride1
2,4-D (2,4-
dichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
DCPA (Dacthal)
Dalapon (sodium salt)
Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
(PAE)
Diazinon
Dibromochloromethane1
(THM)
Dibromochloropropane
(DBCP)
Dibutyl phthalate (PAE)
Dicamba
Dichloroacetic acid1
Dichlorobenzene o-
Dichlorobenzene m-5
Dichlorobenzene p-
Dichlorodifluoromethane
Dichloroethane(1,2-)
Dichloroethylene (1,1-)
Dichloroethylene (cis-1,2-)
Dichloroethylene (trans-1,2-)
Dichloromethane
Dichlorophenol (2,4-)
Dichloropropane (1,2-)
Dichloropropene (1,3-) .
Dieldrin
Diethyl phthalate (PAE)




CASRN
Number
506-77-4
94-75-7

1861-32-1
75-99-0
103-23-1
117-81-7

333-41-5
124-48-1

96-12-8

84-74-2
1918-00-9
76-43-6
95-50-1
541-73-1
106-46-7
75-71-8
107-06-2
75-35-4
156-59-2
156-60-5
75-09-2
120-83-2
78-87-5
542-75-6
60-57-1
84-66-2
Standards



Status
Reg.
-
F

-
F
F
F

-
F

F

-
-
F
F
-
F
-
' F
F
F
F
F
-
F
-
-
-



MCLG
(mg/L)
-
0.07

-
0.2
0.4
zero

-
0.06

zero

-
-
zero
0.6
-
0.075
-
zero
0.007
0.07
0.1
zero
-
zero
-
-
-



MCL
(mg/L)
-
0.07

-
0.2
0.4
0.006

-
0.082

0.0002

-
-
0.063
0.6
-
6.075
-
0.005
0.007
0.07
0.1
0.005
-
0.005
-
-
-



Status
HA
Document
-
F'87

F'88
F'89
-
-

F'88
D'93

F'87

-
F'88
D'95
F'87
F'87
F'87
F'89
F'87
F'87
F '90
F'87
D'93
D'94
F'87
F'88
F'88

Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)
0.05
1

80
3
20
-

0.02
6

0.2

-
0.3
5
9
9
11
40
0.7
2
4
20
10
0.03
-
0.03
0.0005
-


Ten-day
(mg/L)
0.05
0.3

80
3
20
-

0.02
6

0.05

-
0.3
5
9
9
11
40
0.7
1
1
1
2
0.03
0.09
0.03
0.0005
-


RfD
(mg/kg/
day)
0.05
0.01

0.01
0.03
0.6
0.02

0.00009
0.02

-

0.1
0.03
0.004
0.09
0.09
0.1
0.2
-
0.009
0.01
0.02
0.06
0.003
-
0.03
0.00005
0.8


DWEL
(mg/L)
2
0.4

0.4
0.9
20
0.7

0.003
0.7

-

4
1
0.1
3
3
4
5
-
0.3
0.4
0.7
2
0.1
-
1
0.002
30

Life-
time
(mg/L)
-
0.07

0.07
0.2
0.4
-

0.0006
0.06

-

-
0.2
-
0.6
0.6
0.075
1
-
0.006
0.07
0.1
-
0.02
-

-
-
mg/L at
10^
Cancer
Risk
-
-

-
-
3
0.3

-
0.04

0.003

-
-
4
-
-
-
-
0.04
0.006
-
-
0.5
-
0.06
0.04
0.0002





Cancer
Group
D
D

D
D
C
B2

E
C

B2

D
D
B2
D
D
C
D
B2
C
D
D
B2
E
B2
B2
B2
D
     Under review.
   2 1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: The total for trihalomethanes is 0.08 mg/L.
   3 1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: The total for five haloacetic acids is 0.06 mg/L.
   * A quantitative risk estimate has not been determined.
   5 The values for m-dichlorobenzene are based on data for o-dichlorobenzene.

-------
                             Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 4





Chemicals
Diisopropyl
methylphosphonate
Dimethrin
Dimethyl
methylphosphonate
Dimethyl phthalate (PAE)
Dinitrobenzene (1,3-)
Dinitrotoluene (2,4-)
Dinitrotoluene (2,6-)
Dinitrotoluene (2,6 & 2,4) 1
Dinoseb
Dioxane p-
Diphenamid
Diquat
Disulfoton
Dithiane(1,4-)
Diuron
Endothall
Endrin
Epichlorohydrin
Ethylbenzene
Ethylene dibromide (EDB)5
Ethylene glycol
Ethylene Thiourea (ETU)
Fenamiphos




CASRN
Number
1445-75-6

70-38-2
756-79-6

131-11-3
99-65-0
121-14-2
606-20-2

88-85-7
123-91-1
957-51-7
85-00-7
298-04-4
505-29-3
330-54-1
145-73-3
72-20-8
106-89-8
100-41-4
106-93-4
107-21-1
96-45-7
22224-92-6
Standards



Status
Reg.
-

-
-

-
-
-
-
-
F
-
-
F
-
-
-
F
F
F
F
F
-
-
-



MCLG
(mg/L)
-

-
-

-
-
-
-
-
0.007
-
-
0.02
-
-
-
0.1
0.002
zero
0.7
zero
-
-
-



MCL
(mg/L)
-

-
-

-
-
-
-
-
0.007
-
-
0.02
-
-
-
0.1
0.002
TT"
0.7
0.00005
-
-
-



Status
HA
Document
F'89

F'88
F'92

-
F'91
F'92
F'92
F'92
F'88
F'87
F'88
-
F'88
F'92
F'88
F'88
F'87
F'87
F'87
F'87
F'87
F'88
F'88
Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)
8

10
2

-
0.04
0.50
0.40
-
0.3
4
0.3
-
0.01
0.4
1
0.8
0.02
0.1
30
0.008
20
0.3
0.009


Ten-day
(mg/L)
8

10
2

-
0.04
0.50
0.40
-
0.3
0.4
0.3
-
0.01
0.4
1
0.8
0.005
0.1
3
0.008
6
0.3
0.009


RfD
(mg/kg/
day)
0.08

0.3
0.2

-
0.0001
0.002
0.001
-
0.001
-
0.03
0.0022
0.00004
0.01
0.0023
0.02
0.0003
0.002
0.1
-
2
0.00008
0.00025


DWEL
(mg/L)
3

10
7

-
0.005
0.1
0.04
-
0.04
-
1
0.07
0.001
0.4
0.07
0.7
0.01
0.07
3
-
70
0.003
0.009

Life-
time
(mg/L)
0.6

2
0.1

-
0.001
-
-
-
0.007
-
0.2
-
0.0003
0.08
0.01
0.1
0.002
-
0.7
-
14
-
0.002
mg/L at
10^
Cancer
Risk
-

-
0.7

-
-
0.005
0.005
0.005
-
0.3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.3
-
0.00004
-
0.02





Cancer
Group
D

D
C

D
D
B2
B2
82
D
B2
D
D
E
D
D
D
D
B2
D
B2
D
B2
D
     Technical grade.
     New OPP RfD = 0.005 mg/kg/day
     New OPP RfD = 0.003 mg/kg/day.
     When epichlorohydrin is used in drinking water systems, the combination (or product) of dose and monomer level shall not exceed that equivalent to an epichlorohydrin-
     based polymer containing 0.01% monomer dosed at 20 mg/L.
     1,2-dibromoethane.

-------
                               Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 5





Chemicals
Fluometuron
Fluorene (PAH)
Fonofos
Formaldehyde
Glyphosate
Heptachlor
Heptachlor epoxide
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene3
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexachloroethane
Hexane (n-)
Hexazinone
HMX6
lndeno[1 ,2,3,-c,d]pyrene
(PAH)
Isophorone
Isopropyl
methylphosphonate
Isopropylbenzene (cumene)
Lindane r
Malathion
Maleic hydrazide
MCPA8
Methomyl
Methoxychlor
Methyl ethyl ketone
Methyl parathion




CAS
Number
2164-17-2
86-73-7
944-22-9
50-00-0
1071-83-6
76-44-8
1024-57-3
118-74-1
87-68-3
77-47-4
67-72-1
110-54-3
51235-04-2
2691-41-0
193-39-5

78-59-1
1832-54-8

98-82-8
58-89-9
121-75-5
123-33-1
94-74-6
16752-77-5
72-43-5
78-93-3
298-00-0
Standards



Status
Reg.
;
-
-
F
F
F
F
-
F
-
-
-
-
-

-
-

-
F
-
-
-
-
F
-
-



MCLG
(mg/L)
;
-
-
0.7
zero
zero
zero
-
0.05
-
-
-
-
-

-
-

-
0.0002
-
-
-
-
0.04
-
-



MCL
(mg/L)
;
-
-
0.7
0.0004
0.0002
0.001
-
0.05
-
-
-
-
-

-
-

-
0.0002
-
-
-
-
0.04
-
-



Status
HA
Standards
F'88
F'88
D'93
F'88
F'87
F'87
F'87
D'98
-
F'91
F'87
F'96
F'88
-

F'92
F'92

D '87
F'87
F'92
F'88
F'88
F '88 
F'87
F'87
F'88
Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)
2
0.02
10
20
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.3
-
5
10
3
5
-

15
30

11
1
0.2
10
0.1
0.3
0.05
75
0.3


Ten-day
(mg/L)
2
0.02
5
20
0.01
-
0.05
0.3
-
5
4
2
5
-

15
30

11
1
0.2
10
0.1
0.3
0.05
7.5
0.3


RfD
(mg/kg/
day)
0.01
0.04
0.002
0.2
0.12
0.0005
0.00001
0.0008
0.00024
0.006
0.001
-
0.055
0.05
-

0.2
0.1

0.1
0.0003
0.02
0.5
0.00059
0.025
0.005
0.6
0.00025


DWEL
(mg/L)
0.5
1
0.07
7
4
0.02
0.0004
0.03
0.007
0.2
0.04
-
2
2
-

7
4

4
0.01
0.8
20
0.02
0.9
0.2
20
0.009

Life-
time
(mg/L)
0.09
0.01
1
0.7
-
-
-
0.001
-
0.001
-
0.4
0.4
-

0.1
0.7

-
0.0002
0.1
4
0.004
0.2
0.04
4
0.002
mg/L at
10"1
Cancer
Risk
.
-
-
-
0.0008
0.0004
0.002
0.05
-
0.3
-
-
-
-

4
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-




Cancer
Group
D
D
D
B11
D
B2
B2
B2
C
E
C
D
D
D
B2

C
D

D
C
D
D
D
E
D
D
D
   1  Carcinogenicity based on inhalation exposure.
   2  New OPP RfD = 2 mg/kg/day.
   3  Under review.
   4  Draft Ambient Water Quality Criteria for the protection of human health (EPA 822-R-98-004)
   5 The Health Advisory is based on a new OPP RfD rather than the IRIS RfD.
   6  HMX = octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine.
   7  Lindane = y- hexachlorocyclohexane.
   8  MCPA = 4(chloro-2-methoxyphenoxy)acetic acid.
   9  New OPP RfD = 0.0015 mg/kg/day.

-------
                               Drinking  Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 6





Chemicals
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Monochloroacetic acid3
Monochlorobenzene
Naphthalene
Nitrocellulose5
Nitroguanidine
Nitrophenol p-
Oxamyl (Vydate)
Paraquat
Pentachlorophenol
Phenanthrene (PAH)
Phenol
Picloram
Polychlorinated biphenyls
(PCBs)
Prometon
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Propham
Pyrene (PAH)
RDX8
Simazine
Styrene
2,4, 5-T (Trichlorophenoxy-
acetic acid)




CASRN
Number
51218-45-2
21087-64-9
79-11-8
108-90-7
91-20-3
9004-70-0
556-88-7
100-02-7
23135-22-0
1910-42-5
87-86-5
85-01-8
108-95-2
1918-02-1
1336-36-3

1610-18-0
23950-58-5
1918-16-7
139-40-2
122-42-9
129-00-0
121-82-4
122-34-9
100-42-5
93-76-5

Standards



Status MCLG MCL
Reg. (mg/L) (mg/L)
-
F - 0.06"
F 0.1 0.1
.
.
-
-
F 0.2 0.2
.
F zero 0.001
-
.
F 0.5 0.5
F zero 0.0005

.
.
.
.
-
.
.
F 0.004 0.004
F 0.1 0.1
.




Status
HA
Document
F'88
F'88
-
F'87
F'90
F'88
F'90
F'92
F'87
F'88
F '87
-
D'92
F'88
D'93

F'88
F '88
F'88
F'88
F'88
-
F'88
F'88
F'87
F'88

Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)
2
5
-
4
0.5
-
10
0.8
0.2
0.1
1
-
6
20
-

0.2
0.8
0.5
1
5
-
0.1
0.5
20
0.8



Ten -day
(mg/L)
2
5
-
4
0.5
-
10
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.3
-
6
20
-

0.2
0.8
0.5
1
5
-
0.1
0.5
2
0.8



RfD
(mg/kg/
day)
0.1 51
0.0252
-
0.02
0.02
-
0.1
0.008
0.0256
0.0045
0.03
-
0.6
0.077
-

0.015
0.075
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.003
0.005
0.2
0.01



DWEL
(mg/L)
5
0.9
-
0.7
0.7
-
4
0.3
0.9
0.2
1
-
20
2
 -

0.5
3
0.5
0.7
0.6
-
0.1
0.2
7
0.4


Life-
time
(mg/L)
0.1
0.2
-
0.1
0.1
-
0.7
0.06
0.2
0.03
-
-
4
0.5
-

0.1
0.05
0.09
0.01
0.1

0.002
0.004
0.1
0.07

mg/L at
10-4
Cancer
Risk
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 -
0.03
-
-
-
0.01

-
-
-
-
-.
-
0.03
-
-
-





Cancer
Group
C
D
-
D
C
-
D
D
E
C
B2
D
D
D .
B2

D
C
D
C
D
D
C
C
C
D

   1  New OPP RfD = 0.1 mg/kg/day.
   2  New OPP RfD = 0.013 mg/kg/day.
   3  Under review.
   4  1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: the total for five haloacetic acids is 0.06mg/L.
   5  The Health Advisory Document for nitrobenzene does not include HA values and describes this compounds as relatively nontoxic.
   6  New OPP RfD = 0.001 mg/kg/day.
   '  New OPP RfD = 0.2 mg/kg/day.
   8  RDX = hexahydro -1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine.

-------
                           Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 7





Chemicals
2,3,7, 8-TCDD (Dioxin)
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Tetrachloroethane (1,1,1,2-)
Tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-)
Tetrachloroethylene
Trichlorofluoro me thane
Toluene
Toxaphene
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)
Trichloroacetic acid1
Trichlorobenzene (1,2,4-)
Trichlorobenzene (1,3,5-)
Trichloroethane (1,1,1-)
Trichloroethane (1,1,2-)
Trichloroethylene 1
Trichlorophenol (2,4,6-)
Trichloropropane (1,2,3-)
Trifluralin
Trimethylbenzene (1,2,4-)
Trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-)
Trinitroglycerol
Trinitrotoluene (2,4,6-)
Vinyl chloride
Xylenes




CASRN
Number
1746-01-6
34014-18-1
5902-51-2
13071-79-9
630-20-6
79-34-5
127-18-4
75-69-4
108-88-3
8001-35-2
93-72-1
76-03-9
120-82-1
108-70-3
71-55-6
79-00-5
79-01-6
88-06-2
96-18-4
1582-09-8
95-63-6
108-67-8
55-63-0
118-96-7
75-01-4
1330-20-7
Standards



Status
Reg.
F
-
-
-
-
-
F
-
F
F
F
F
F
-
F
F
F
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
F



MCLG
(mg/L)
zero
-
-
-
-
-
zero
-
1
zero
0.05
0.3
0.07
-
0.2
0.003
zero
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
zero
10



MCL
(mg/L)
3E-08
-
-
-
-
-
0.005
-
1
0.003
0.05
0.062
0.07
-
0.2
0.005
0.005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.002
10



Status
HA
Document
F'87
F'88
F'88
F'88
F'89
F'89
F'87
F'89
D'93
F'96
F'88
D'96
F'89
F'89
F'87
F'89
F'87
D'94
F'89
F'90
D'87
D'87
F'87
F'89
F'87
D'93
Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)
1E-06
3
0.3
0.005
2
0.04
2
7
20
0.004
0.2
4
0.1
0.6
100
0.6
-
0.03
0.6
0.08
-
10
0.005
0.02
3
40


Ten-day
(mg/L)
1E-07
3
0.3
0.005
2
0.04
2
7
2
0.004
0.2
4
0.1
0.6
40
0.4
-
0.03
0.6
0.08
-
-
0.005
0.02
3
40


RfD
(mg/kg/
day)
1E-09
0.07
0.01
0.0001
0.03
0.00005
0.01
0.3
0.2
0.0004
0.008
0.1
0.01
0.006
0.035
0.004
0.007
0.0003
0.006
0.00753
-
-
-
0.0005
0.003
2


DWEL
(mg/L)
4E-08
2
0.4
0.005
1
0.002
0.5
10
7
0.01
0.3
4.0
0.4
0.2
1
0.1
0.2
0.01
0.2
0.3
-
-
-
0.02
0.1
70

Life-
time
(mg/L)
-
0.5
0.09
0.0009
0.07
0.0003
0.01
2
1
-
0.05
0.3
0.07
0.04
0.2
0.003
-
-
0.04
0.005
-
-
0.005
0.002
-
10
mg/L at
10"
Cancer
Risk
2E-08
-
-
-
0.1
0.02
-
-
-
0.003
-
-
-
-
-
0.06
0.3
0.3
-
0.5
-
-
0.2
0.-1
0.002
-




Cancer
Group
82
D
E
D
C
C
-
D
D
.82
D
C
D
D
D
C
82
82
-
C
D
D
-
C
A
D
    Under review.

   2 1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: The total for five haloacetic acids is 0.06 mg/L.
   3
    New OPP RfD = 0.024 mg/kg/day.

-------
                                Drinking Water Standards  and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 8





Chemicals
INORGANICS
Ammonia
Antimony
Arsenic
Asbestos (fibers/I >10um
length)
Barium
Beryllium
Boron3
Bromate
Cadmium
Chloramine4
Chlorine
Chlorine dioxide
Chlorite
Chromium (total)
Copper (at tap)
Cyanide3
Fluoride
Lead (at tap)
Manganese
Mercury (inorganic)
Molybdenum
Nickel




CASRN
Number

7664-41-7
7440-36-0
, 7440-38-2
1332-21-4

7440-39-3
7440-41-7
7440-42-8
7789-38-0
7440-43-9
10599-90-3
7782-50-5
10049-04-4
7758-19-2
7440-47-3
7440-50-8
143-33-9
7681-49-4
7439-92-1
7439-96-5
7487-94-7
7439-98-7
7440-02-0
Standards



Status
Reg.

-
F
F
F

F
F
-
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
-
F
-
F



MCLG
(mg/L)

-
0.006
zero
7MFL1

2
0.004
-
zero
0.005
45
45
0.8s
0.8
0.1
1.3
0.2
4
zero
-
0.002
-
-



MCL
(mg/L)

-
0.006
0.01
7MFL

2
0.004
-
0.01
0.005
45
4s
0.85
1
0.1
TT7
0.2
4
TT7
-
0.002
-
-



Status
HA
Document

D '92
F'92
D '95
-

D '93
F'92
D '92
D'98
F'87
D'95
D'95
D'98
D'98
F'87
D'98
F'87
-
-
-
F'87
D'93
F'95
Health Advisories
10-kg Child

One-
day
(mg/L)

.
0.01
-
-

0.7
30
4
0.2
0.04
1
3
0.84
0.84
1
-
0.2
-
-
-
0.002
0.08
1


Ten-day
(mg/L)

.
0.01
-
-

0.7
30
0.9
-
0.04
1
3
0.84
0.84
1
-
0.2
-
-
-
0.002
0.08
1


RfD
(mg/kg/
day)

-
0.0004
0.0003
-

0.07
0.002
0.09
0.004
0.0005
0.1
0.1
0.03
0.03
0.0036
-
0.028
0.069
-
0.1410
0.0003
0.005
0.02


DWEL
(mg/L)

.
0.01
0.01
-

2
0.07
3
0.14
0.02
3.5
5
1
1
0.1
-
0.8
-
-
-
0.01
0.2
0.7

Life-
time
(mg/L)

30
0.006
-
-

2
-
0.6
-
0.005
3.0
4
0.8
0.8
-
-
0.2
-
-
-
0.002
0.04
0.1
mg/L at
10^
Cancer
Risk

-
-
-
700-MFL

-
-
-
0.005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-




Cancer
Group

D
D
A
A2

D
-
D
B2
D
-
D
D
D
D
D
D
-
B2
D
D
D
-
    ' MFL = million fibers per liter.
    2 Carcinogenicity based on inhalation exposure.
    3 Under review.
    4 Monochloramine; measured as free chlorine.
    5 1998 Final Rule for Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: MRDLG=Maximum Residual Disinfection Level Goal; and MRDL=Maximum Residual Disinfection Level.
    6 IRIS value for chromium VI.
    1 Copper action level 1.3 mg/L; lead action level 0.015 mg/L.
    8 This RfD is for hydrogen cyanide.
    9 Based on dental fluorosis in children, a cosmetic effect.  MCLG based on skeletal fluorosis.
    10 Dietary manganese.

-------
                           Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
Summer 2002
Page 9





Chemicals
Nitrate (as N)
Nitrite (as N)
Nitrate + Nitrite (both as N)
Selenium
Silver
Strontium
Thallium
White phosphorous
Zinc
RADIONUCLIDES
Beta particle and photon
activity (formerly
man-made radionuclides)

Gross alpha particle activity

Combined Radium 226 & 228
Radon




Uranium




CASRN
Number
14797-55-8
14797-65-0

7782-49-2
7440-22-4
7440-24-6
7440-28-0
7723-14-0
7440-66-6







7440-14-4
10043-92-2




7440-61-1
Standards



Status M
Reg. (rr
F 10
F 1
F 10



CLG MCL
g/L) (mg/L)
10
1
10
F 0.05 0.05
-
-
-
-
F 0.0005 0.002
-
-



-
-


4
F zero mrem/

yr
F zero 1 5

pCi/L
F zero 5 pCi/L
P zero 300




pCi/L
AMCL3
4000
pCi/L
F zero 30 ug/L



Status
HA
Document
D'93
D'93
D'93
-
F'92
D'93
F'92
F'90
D'93



-

-

-
-




-'
Health Advisories
10-kg Child
mg/L at
One- RfD Life- 10"4
day Ten-day (mg/kg/ DWEL time Cancer
(mg/L) (mg/L) day) (mg/L) (mg/L) Risk
10' 101 1.6
11 11 0.16
-
0.005 0.2 0.05
0.2 0.2 0.0052 0.2 0.1
25 25 0.6 20 4
0.007 0.007 0.00007 0.002 0.0005
0.00002 0.0005 0.0001
6 6 0.3 10 2



4 mrem/yr

15pCi/L

.
150pCi/L




0.003' 0.1 -




Cancer
Group
-
-
-
D
D
D
-
D
D



A

A

A
A




A
   1 These values are calculated for a 4-kg infant and are protective for all age groups.
   2 Based on a cosmetic effect.
   3 AMCL = Alternative Maximum Contaminant Level
   4 Soluble uranium salts.

-------
           Secondary Drinking Water Regulations
Summer 2002
Page 10
Chemicals
Aluminum
Chloride
Color
Copper
Corrosivity
Fluoride
Foaming agents
Iron
Manganese
Odor
PH
Silver
Sulfate
Total dissolved solids (TDS)
Zinc
CAS Number
7429-90-5
7647-14-5
NA
7440-50-8
NA
7681-49-4
NA
7439-89-6
7439-96-5
NA
NA
7440-22-4
7757-82-6
NA
7440-66-6
Status
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
SDWR
0.05 to 0.2 mg/L
250 mg/L
15 color units
1 .0 mg/L
non-corrosive
2.0 mg/L
0.5 mg/L
0.3 mg/L
0.05 mg/L
3 threshold odor numbers
6.5-8.5
0.1 mg/L
250 mg/L
500 mg/L
5 mg/L

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                                       Microbiology
Summer 2002
Page 11

Cryptosporidium
Giardia lamblia
Legionella
Heterotrophic Plate Count
(HPC)
Total Coliforms
Turbidity
Viruses
Status
Reg.
F
F
F1
F1
F
 F
F1
Status HA
Document
F01
F98
F98
-

-
-
MCLG
-
_
zero
NA
zero
NA
zero
MCL
TT
TT
TT
TT
5%
TT
TT
Treatment Technique
Systems that filter must remove
99% of Cryptosporidium
99.9% killed/inactivated
No limit; EPA believes that if
Giardia and viruses are inactivated,
Legionella will also be controlled
No more than 500 bacterial
colonies per milliliter.
No more than 5.0% samples total
coliform-positive in a month. Every
sample that has total coliforms
must be analyzed for fecal
coliforms; no fecal coliforms are
allowed.
At no time can turbidity go above 5
NTU (nephelometric turbidity units)
99.99% killed/inactivated
1  Final for systems using surface water; also being considered for regulation under groundwater disinfection rule.

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                            Drinking Water Advisory Table
Summer 2002
Page 12
Chemicals
Ammonia
Methyl tertiary butyl
ether (MtBE)
Sodium
Sulfate
Status
D'92
F'98
D'02
D'02
Health-based Value
Not Available
Not Available
20 mg/L (for
individuals on a 500
mg/day restricted
sodium diet).
500 mg/L
Taste
Threshold
30 mg/L
40 u.g/L
30-60 mg/L
250 mg/L
Odor
Threshold

20 uglL


Taste Threshold: Concentration at which the majority of consumers do not notice an adverse taste in drinking water; it is
recognized that some sensitive individuals may detect a chemical at levels below this threshold.
Odor Threshold: Concentration at which the majority of consumers do not notice an adverse odor in drinking water; it is recognized
that some sensitive individuals may detect a chemical at levels below this threshold.

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