United States
Environmental Protection
Washington DC 20460


The Toxk Release
Inventory (TRI) provides a
weojtii of nlvuHUlMNi that
b being accessed doty
across our nation. Qtizens
groups ore fining it mdre-
    j-i- •  I,...i	]  J..J.
pensapie n rarmenng row
efforts to keep theklod
enviromiKnt healthy.
Educators are using TRI to
give their students "rod
He' practice in undying
Lego organizations, the.
iHepjOj and Hiiuiiuiis have
al holed TRI for empower-
ing bdMduob and groups
about toxk chemicals mat
miM hnwt llw «nJhy gf
He h thek area. TRI is
being used by citizens and
businesses to increase
awareness of toxk haz-
ards, and to bring about the
rft IHI mmftttftm j^ul tfjuvu*,
cooporanon ana aunge
thot con hove a dnniutk
tapoct on thousands of
Americans, young and old
                                 "By plating previously nor-
                                 cessible information from
                                 corporate fifes and computers
                                 into the hands of ordinary
                                 dtizens, TRI enables people
                                 to spottaht potuters and
                                 push for emissions reduc-
                                 tions.  In stores of advocacy
                                 reports, dtizens have used
                                 TRI to identify problems and
                                 advance solutions.  TRI is a
                                 dynamic and exporting pro-
                                 gram.  Current eHorts....will
                                 give citizens a greater say
                                 in preventing toxics where
                                 we work, tve and play."
                                 Paul Drum, Coordinator
                                 Working Group on Community
"TRIis a powerful tool to
protect people from toxk
chemkal hazards both on
the job and at home-work-
ers and other community
residents have joined
together to seek reduction
of both toxk chemkal usage
inside the plant and emis-
sions outside of the plant."
Eric Frumin,
Health and Safety Director
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile
Workers Union
"Drinking and breathing is
protected by your Sbrary
card. You can find out what
individual wastes are being
released in your community
by using the Environmental
Protection Agency's Toxk
Release Inventory,  mat-
oak at most major libraries
and many college libraries."
Ann Heanue, Associate Director
American library Association
Washington Office
"Kansas Gty,KSPub6c
Library patrons have used
TRI in ways we never
requests from businessmen,
journalists, and environmen-
tally concerned dtizens.
This year the metro-wide
school debate topkis the
environment, so TRI is again
being used as a unique,
authoritative source of
information.  TRI has
brought us people who
would not have otherwise
used our Sbrary, and it has
provided access to informa-
tion we could not otherwise
obtain from our colection.
Wendy Zumalt,
Adult Services Librarian
Kansas Gty, KS Publk library

"for dassroom instruction,
the principal data base
accessed by our students is
the Joxk Release
Inventory (JRI) required
under Title HI of the
Emergency Planning and
Community Right-To-Know
Act....The significance of
this Act cannot he over-
stated. .-Our students
work in muhicSsdpSnary
research teams on real
world problems and
[acquire] both the informa-
tion retrieval and social
sktts necessary to network
with industry, citizens, and
regulatory persomeL"
Michael Heimon
Professor of Environmental Studies
Dkkemon College, Corbie, PA
"The JRI gives citizens pre-
viously unavailable infor-
mation about the toxic
waste releases of the
largest industries in their
communities. Armed with
TRI information, people can
take local action to protect
themselves from the haz-
ards of exposure to toxk
Research Report by Citizens Fund
                               "The TRI is a good example
                               of why the 1990s are
                               age. It provides reams of
                               information from about
                               20,000 companies on how
                               they dkpose of 325 types
                               of chemkals."
                               Pollution Picture Hazy
                               The Blade, Toledo, Ohio
"The TRI has enabled
grass-roots groups around
the country to expose
dvonk pointers and pres-
sure them to dean up. Local
and national organizations
have used TRI data to gen-
erate scores of investiga-
tive reports — and action
by concerned citizens."
Keeping Jabs on Joxics
by John E. Young in
World Watch Magazine
"The [PCRA legislation
serves a very important
function by enabling indus-
trial workers and concerned
citizens to find out about
materials they work with,
or reside near, that might
have an impact on their
health or safety."
EPCKA Enforcement
Encourages Pollution Prevention
by Robert Nagel, Esq.
Atlantic States Legal Foundation
                               "For the most part, (the
                               TRI) serves the pubBc good
                               'm various ways and proba-
                               bly prompts companies to do
                               things that it otherwise
                               wouldn't have done (to
                               reduce emissions)."
                               Bob Kissell, Senior Consultant
                               DuPont Company
                               Environmental Engineering

Agency for Toxic Substames
and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
ATSDR is a federal public health agency designated
to prevent or mitigate adverse health effects and
diminished quality of life resulting from exposure to haz-
ardous substances. To accomplish its mission, ATSDR conducts
public health assessments and sponsors and conducts research to
increase scientific knowledge in this area. Health-care providers,
state and local agencies, and the public are provided  information and
education opportunities that address the effects of hazardous substances.
Call ATSDR at (404) 639-0727 or write to: ATSDR, 1600 Clifton Road, N.E.,
(E-28), Atlanta, GA  30333.

Academk Institutions The TRI is available in the collections of Federal
Depository Libraries, many of which are located at academic institutions
across the country.  Universities may also employ physical chemists and bio-
chemists who can describe the properties and uses of hazardous chemicals.
Universities with public health curriculum would likely have faculty who are
familiar with risk assessment procedures. Academic institutions, in general,
are good resources for basic information about chemicals and toxigenic
Emergency Management Agencies Every state and most counties
have emergency management agencies that are  responsible for coordinat-
ing emergency preparedness planning and  response. At the local level this
task is often delegated to the police, fire, or medical  service deportment.
Many of these agencies have access to computerized emergency informa-
tion bases, including TRI. These agencies are good resources for basic infor-
mation about known potential chemical hazards in your community.
                                          Environmental and
                                       PiMc Interest Groups
                                  Many groups with an environ-
                              mental or community health focus are
                          knowledgeable about the TRI. These orga-
                          nizations may be able to assist you with
                    your personal concerns about health issues, or
               they may be able to refer you to a particular source.
        Many of the larger organizations have local chapters and
     active grassroots organizations.
Fire Departments Fire deportments are a good source of information
about the hazardous chemicals used by facilities within their jurisdiction.
Since fire departments are often the first to respond to a chemical emer-
gency, they receive materials safety data sheets (MSDS) or lists of MSDS
chemicals and hazardous chemical inventory forms that provide infor-
mation about the properties and effects of a specific chemical.
Facilities Each business or facility that reports chemical releases to the
Toxic Release Inventory is required to designate an individual to serve as
the public contact for inquiries about TRI. The name and phone number
for the contact is included on the actual reporting form  (Form R) submit-
ted by the facility.
UbrariesTRI has been distributed in one or more formats to over
3,000 public libraries and Federal depository libraries across the nation.
Also, libraries can be an invaluable source for other information about
chemicals and their health and environmental effects. Ask your local
librarian to assist you in identifying community resources which can pro-
vide additional assistance.

Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs)  EPCRA also required
the establishment of LEPCs, designated to develop emergency response plans
to prepare for and respond to chemical emergencies. The LEPCs are a focal
point in the community for information about hazardous substances, emer-
gency planning, and health and environment risks. Contact your SERC or call
your local emergency management agency to obtain information on your
Poison Control Centers we located in communities across the country to
assist residents and the medical community in the handling of accidental poi-
sonings. Toxicoloaists at these centers are knowledgeable about acute and
chronic hearth effects that result from exposure to hazardous chemicals. They
can also identify the chemical hazards that are most prevalent in the commu-
nity and can describe preventive and remedial measures required to mini-
mize health problems. Information on your local poison control center is list-
ed in the yellow pages of your telephone directory.
State Emergency Response Commissions (SERC) EPCRA required
each state to designate a SERC, responsible for establishing Local Emergency
Planning Committees (LEPCs) and coordinating their activities. SERCs also
develop procedures for receiving and processing public requests for informa-
tion collected under EPCRA and review local emergency plans.
State and Loco! Agendes Government agendes serving your area are a
vital source of information. TRI reports are filed with the state, as well as with
the Federal Government. Most stales provide access to the data collected, and
many publish analyses of the data. Many state have a counterpart to the U.S.
EPA, as well as a state health department—employing toxicologists, health
and safety officers, environmental specialists, ana others who can provide
assistance. You can locate these agencies in the blue pages or government sec-
tion of your telephone directory or you can call your EPA Regional Office.
 Trade Associations  Health and medical associations, organizations of
chemists and toxicologists, and associations of chemical manufacturers are
good resources for assistance in  interpreting the TRI data and for identify-
ing people with expertise in your area of interest. For a listing of these
organizations consult the Encyclopedia of Associations in the reference
section of your library or check your local yellow pages.
   £adi of the tm regional CPA office! has a TRI Coordinator aid ri%k assessment experts on
   staff, along with information on Title III and a range of related topics, for information on
   TRI reporting requirements or other TRI information contact:
Dwight Peavey (ATR)
Pesticides and Toxics Branch
USEPA Region 1
(For regular mail, continue with:)
JFK Federal Building
Boston, MA 02203
(For courier deliveries, continue with:)
One Congress Street
10th. Floor
Boston, MA 02203
Fax 617-565-4939

Nora Lopez (MS-lOi)
Pesticides and Toxics Branch
USEPA Region 2
2890 Woodbridge Avenue, Building 10
Edison, NJ 08837-3679
Fax 908-321-6788

Tanks and Pesticides Branch
USEPA Region 3
841 Chestnut Building
Philadelphia, PA 19107
Fax 215-597-3156
Carrion D. Hooey (Trie III)
Pesticides and Toxics Branch
UStPA Region 4
345 Courtland Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30365
Fax 404-347-1681

Karen Turner (SP-W)
Pesticides and Toxics Branch
USEPA Region 5
77 West Jackson Boulevard
Chicago, II 60604
Fax 312-353-4342

Warren Layne (6TPT)
Pesticides and Toxics Branch
USEPA Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 700
Dallas, TX 75202-2733
Fax 214-655-2164

Jim Him (TOPI)
Toxics ana* Pesticides Branch
USIPA Region 7
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
Fax 913-551-7065
Toxic Substances Branch
USIPA Region 8
99918th Street
Denver, (0 80202-2405
Fax 303-293-1229

Pesticides and Toxics Brandt
UStPA Region 9
75 Hawthorne Street
San Fiancisco, CA 94105
Fax 415-744-1073

Phil Wong (AT083)
Pesticides and Toxics frond)
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
Fox 206-553-8338

§ What are these chemicals and
   how toxic are they?

1 Will these chemicals affect my health?

i What other chemicals are made or stored at this facility?

1 What is the government doing about these releases?

i Wow do I find out what's going on in my community?
These are not easy questions to answer. Many factors must be considered
in order to evaluate what risks, if any, you face from the presence of
toxic chemicals in your local environment. Risk is the measure of the
chance that you will experience health problems or the environment
will be degraded. Risk screening uses available information, such as TRI,
to develop a relative estimate or risk for a given set of conditions.
Risks are ranked as high, medium, or low in order to set priorities for
further evaluation.


#/ Ranking the potency of the chemical.

The toxicologicol potency of a diemicd is a measure of a chemical's potential
to harm human health and the environment. Health effects include the poten-
tial to cause cancer, generic damage, reproductive damage, or harm to the
nervous system. Environmental effects incorporate potential for damage to
plants, animals, and fish.

#2  Ranking  the exposure of the chemical.

Regardless of how toxk a chemical is, it cannot do harm unless it has contact
with the environment or a human being. In ranking exposure, you must first
look at the amount of the chemical that is being released...the duration and
the intensity of the releases... and how long the chemical remains in the
environment. Then it is important to define the route of the exposure. Is the
chemical moving through the air, surface water, or ground water? Finally the
exposed population must be defined, as the more people exposed the higher
the likelihood that health problems will occur.

#3  Ranking the potential risk of the  chemical.

Using the potency and the exposure ratings, risk screening identifies the
chemicals, facilities, and routes of exposure that present a  "high", "medi-
um", or low" priority for a follow up investigation. This find step estab-
tshes the probability that a release in a particular area will harm human
health or the environment.

The TRI data is a first link to discovering which chemicals being manufac-
tured, released, or transferred in your community pose a threat to human
health and the environment. The TRI will tell you the names and estimat-
ed amounts of chemicals released in your area during the preceding year.
You can also find out about chemicals that were transferred into or away
from your area for treatment and disposal.
This information alone does not indicate the risks that these chemicals
pose or may pose to human health  and the environment. Small releases
of highly toxic chemicals may be a greater risk than very large releases
of less toxic chemicals.  Though the  TRI data is useful to evaluate the risk
in your community, other information is required to form a complete pic-
ture. A determination of risk depends on the release conditions, extent of
exposure, environmental conditions, and other factors.
Once you become aware of toxic chemical releases
in your community, you can decide what to do
next.  Here are several ideas...
             Learn the foc/s...ln addition to chemical
            release information, TRI contains the names
            and telephone numbers of public contacts at
reporting facilities. Companies are  becoming more sensi-
tive to citizens' concerns about health and the environ-
ment, and some have begun community outreach pro-
grams.  Company officials may provide answers to your
questions that could affect risk screening. They can also
steer you towards local agencies, for example, the Local
Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC).
                                                                                 ' Go to the local library.. Ask your librarian to help you find
                                                                                   information about chemicals in your community. There are
                                                                                   several standard reference works that can help you decide
                                                                      whether further investigation is warranted.

                                                                            prV^ Identify local safety and public health oc/enf/ej...These
                                                                        PH|    groups can help you evaluate what you have learned and
                                                                        m*M    identify any additional information you may need. Most
                                                                      counties have a public health agency staffed by one or more doctors,
                                                                      including a county health officer. Some areas have poison control centers
                                                                      with toxicologists and other staff who may be of some assistance. If you
                                                                      have difficulty identifying appropriate agencies in your area, i
                                                                             hospital or fire department for a referral.
                                                                                              Locate the Local Emergency Planning Committee
                                                                                              (iFPO...The Emergency Planning and
                                                                                              Community Right-to-Know Ad (EPCRA) which
                                                                                  created TRI also established LEPCs to plan for emergency
                                                                                  action in the event of hazardous chemical spills and similar
                                                                                  incidents.  LEPCs are aware of hazardous chemicals used and
                                                                                  stored  by facilities in your area. They receive Material Safety
                                                                                  Data Sheets that detail physical properties and health effects
                                                                                  of hazardous chemicals used by local manufacturers and
                                                                                  other facilities.  LEPCs, while often associated with existing
                                                                                  county-level emergency planning or civil defense agencies,
                                                                                  include representatives of environmental and transportation
                                                                                  agencies, fire fighters, hospitals, the media, community
                                                                                  groups, and others.
     ^f Call the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
     WA   lATSDR)..$to ATSDR is the leading federal public health
 •^ii   agency concerned with risks resulting from chemcial expo-
sure. Located in Atlanta, GA, it was created by the Superfund legislation in
1980. ATSDR makes information on the health effects of hazardous sub-
stances available to the public, conducts health assessments, and sponsors
research. The ATSDR publication series titled Toxicological Profiles charac-
terizes toxicological properties and health effects information for specific
chemicals so they can be understood by a lay person. These publications,
widely distributed to libraries across the country, are invaluable if you are
interested in a specific chemical.  ATSDR maintains contacts with state and
local health agencies throughout the U.S. (For more information, call
ATSDR at (404) 639-0727.)
            Contort EPA for free fact s/iee/s...EPA publishes fact sheets
            that summarize health and environmental effects of TRI
            chemicals.  A typical 4-5 page fact sheet describes the symp-
                                                                       toms that may result from exposure as well as accepted methods of treat-
                                                                       ment.  Fact sheets are free on request when you call the EPCRA Hotline
                                                                       (800-535-0202).  EPA also administers ten regional offices across the
                                                                       country for additional assistance.

                                                                                   Contact your local college or university...Leading experts can
                                                                                   often be found in the academic community, and professors
                                                                                   and staff are often willing to share their knowledge with
                                                                       local residents.  Be prepared to make a few phone calls — several
                                                                       attempts may be necessary to find the right department or person.

                                                                                   Network with neighbors and community 
                                                                            IE  INVENTORY
The Toxic Release Inventory
(TRI) is only as valuable as the
number of people who use the information.
It's as important as ever to raise the awareness of the availability and
value of TRI across the nation. Individuals and organizations are important
"rungs" of the information ladder that links each concerned citizen with
top corporate and government decision makers.

That's why EPA is dedicated to making TRI easy to access for everyone around
the country. In the spirit of the right-to-know legislation, a
concerted effort has been made to offer TRI in a variety of common
formats and at a broad range of public facilities. TRI products have been dis-
tributed to over 4,000 locations, many of which are public libraries where indi-
viduals can use the TRI data free of charge. Many states also make TRI data
publicly available, either on a computerized system or in published reports.
More information is provided below for other sources for obtaining TRI.

                            TRI  PRODUCT FORMATS
                            (MB IBWU lot ordering information)

                             On-line The Toxic Release Inventory
                            data base is a part of the National Library
                             of Medicine's TOXNET system, offering
                             state-of-the-art, user-friendly on-line
                             searching. The system features a variety
                             of on-line user assistance features, a flexi-
                             ble command language, and free text
                             search capability.  Users can print entire or
                             specific portions of the records either on-
                             line or off-line,  as there are a wide variety
For timely information
and assistance about
reporting requirements
under the Emergency
Planning and Community
Right-to-Know Act
(EPCRA) and Toxic Release
Inventory publications:

EPCRA Hotline
Phone (toll free): 1-800-
Hours: 8:30 AM-7:30
PM (Eastern rune)
Days:  Monday — Friday

of customized text options built into the
system. Users can also sort and manipulate
the TRI data. The menu-driven search
package allows individuals with limited
computer skills to use the TRI on-line data-
base efficiently and effectively.
Demonstration diskettes are available to
assist those with limited computer knowl-
edge. With TRI on-line, EPA furthers its
commitment to the spirit of the right-to-
know legislation and expands the accessi-
bility of TRI to our nation's concerned citi-
zens and environmentally conscious busi-
nesses and organizations.

CD-ROM  The complete Toxic Release
Inventory and Hazardous Substance Fad
sheets containing reference material on the
health and ecological effects of the regulat-
ed substances are available on CD-ROM.
(Compact Disc Read-Only Memory is a
medium for retrieving data on a specially
equipped microcomputer. The use of CD-
ROMs has become commonplace in
libraries.) The CD-ROM offers search flexi-
bility comparable to on-line searching, but
often at a fraction of the cost. CD-ROM is
available from the GPO or the  NTIS.

Diskette The Toxic Release Inventory is
available on high density diskette, compat-
ible with the IBM PC microcomputer in
dBASE III PLUS, Lotus 1-2-3, and
Macintosh Excel format. User can select
Right-Jo-Know Network

RTK-Net is on online net-
work concerned with envi-
ronmental issues, in partic-
ular, matters arising from
passage of the Right-To-
Know provisions embodied
in the EPCRA legislation.
This network was original-
ly established in 1989 as a
pilot project by OMB
Watch and The Unison
Institute (two non-profit
organizations), to provide
access to the TRI, fink TRI
with other environmental
datq, and exchange infor-
mation among public inter-
est groups.

RTK Net has since grown
into a full service center,
providing free dial-in
access privileges to gov-
ernment and industry as
welt more complete data
base services, and training
and technical support.
Participants can also com-
municate via e-mail,
exchange documents elec-
tronically, and participate
in "five" and "computer"
conferences. Conference
subjects are selected by
participants and have
included issues pertaining
to health, activism, and
environmental racism.

For more information, con-
tact RTK-Net, 1731
Connecticut Ave., NW,
Washington, DC 20009-
 1146 or phone Unison
Institute at 202-797-7200
You can also register online
by modem at 202-234-
8570,  parameters 8,n,l,
and log in as "publk".

                             either 5.25 or 3.5 inch diskettes by state
                             or for the U.S. The diskettes provide the
                             following data: TRI facility identification
                             number, facility name, county, city, zip
                             code, Standard Industrial Classification
                             (SIC) Code; name of parent company,
                             chemical name and Chemical Abstracts
                             Service (CAS) Registry Number, aggregat-
                             ed chemical releases to the air, land,
                             underground injection, and water, and
                             total chemical transfers to disposal loca-
                             tions and publicly owned treatment
                             works. Diskettes for 1988 and beyond
                             also include the public contact and phone
                             number; longitude and latitude;
                             state/county, Federal Information
                             Processing Standards (FIPS) code,
                             and various EPA-assigned waste permit-
                             ting identification numbers. Diskettes are
                             accompanied by documentation and are
                             available from the GPO or the NTIS.
Microfiche The Toxic Release Inventory fiche is comprised of three
parts. Part 1 includes the introduction and contains a list of regulated
chemicals, a directory of EPA and State TRI contacts, a guide to searching
the fiche, and other reference material. Part 2 is an index to: chemical
substance names; names of facilities, publicly owned treatment works,
JRI User Support
To help you obtain, use and
understand the Toxic
Release Inventory, EPA
operates a TRI User
Support (TRI-US) service.
Specialists ore available to
answer questions, refer
you to the nearest library
where TRI is located, or
assist you in finding just
the information you are
seeking. TRI-US offers
comprehensive search
assistance, on an individual
basis, for both the TRI CD-
ROM and the public online
system, NUW/TOXNET.
Documentation is available
for computerized TRI prod-
ucts, and training is offered
periodically. There is no
charge for this service.
For assistance, call (202)
260-1531 from 8:00 o-m.
and off-site disposal locations; facility city, county and zip code; and chem-
icals released into the air, land, or water. Part 3 contains the TRI submis-
sions for facilities in each State and U.S. Territory. Fiche can be obtained
for the whole United States or for a specific state. The fiche can be
accessed in over 3,000 libraries across the country or it can be ordered
from the GPO.
Magnetic Jtfe Each annual Toxic Release Inventory is available on 9-
track tapes and includes tape documentation. Tapes  can be ordered in
ASCII or EBCDIC format in a 1600 or 6250 bpi density. The reporting
facilities names and addresses are also available on  tape in the same for-
mats and densities with tape documentation. The tape identifies facilities
by name, address, city, state, county, zip code, Standard Industrial
Classification code, Dun and Bradstreet Number, parent company name
and Dun and Bradstreet number, public contact and  phone number, and
TRI facility identification number. The magnetic tapes are available from
the GPO or the NTIS.
Reports Several detailed annual reports on the Toxic Release Inventory
are available, providing summaries, analyses and comparison of TRI data
by year. The reports summarize data on total releases and transfers of
TRI chemicals; geographic distribution of TRI releases and transfers; indus-
trial patterns of releases and transfers; the interstate and intrastate trans-
port of TRI wastes; chemicals with the largest releases and transfers;
waste treatment and minimization, and other insightful analyses. The  lat-
est report is available from the Government Printing Office (GPO).
Reports may not be available for all years.
  To purchase the JRI on CD-ROM, Mkrofkhe, Diskette, Magnetic Jape,
           Reports, or electronic bulletin board (GPO) contact:

                    Government Printing Office (GPO)
                     710 North Capitol Street  N.W.
                       Washington, D.C 20401
                     Phone: (202) 783-3238 (sales)
                    (202) 512-1530 (diskettes, topes)

                     U.S. Department of Commerce
                National Technical Information Service (NTIS)
                         5285 Port Royal Road
                      Springfield, Virginia 22161
              Phone: Toll free 1 -800-553-NTIS (rush orders only)
                        (703) 487-4650 (sales)
                   (703) 487-4763 (computer products)
                                                                                                    For On-line Access contact:

                                                                                                         TRI Representative
                                                                                                     National Library of Medicine
                                                                                                    Specialized Information Services
                                                                                                         8600 Roclcville Pike
                                                                                                     Bethesdo, Maryland 20894

                                              USES TRI?

                                The Toxic Release Inventory is a rich
                            source of data for a broad-based audience
                      "that includes manufacturers, environmental con-
                   sulting firms, trade associations, labor groups, health
professionals, state and local environmental agencies, Local Emergency
                              Planning Committees (LEPCs), and federal
                              agencies. An important and growing user
                              group is concerned citizens who, on their
                              own or through organized groups, use TRI
                              to raise and answer questions about chem-
                              ical releases in their communities.
                                                                    E INVENTORY
                                                                       limiting the amounts of chemical releases
                                                                       allowable under state permits. One neigh-
                                                                       borhood near Houston, Texas worked
                                                                       directly with a local plant to develop an
                                                                       emissions reduction plan, using recent TRI
                                                                       data as the basis for discussions. Gtizens
                                                                       often use the TRI data in combination with
                                                                       other information sources to explore
                                                                       health-related risks in their communities.
EPCRA requires each state to
set up a SERC to designate
local emergency planning dis-
tricts within the state, and
coordinate activities and
review plans of the local com-
mittees. The SERCs serve as
liaison between the state and
EPA, and provide the forum
for coordinating all Title III
information, although another
state agency may be designat-
ed to collect TRI data. Each
SERC works to ensure that its
state programs are integrated
with the federal law to
strengthen enforcement. It
provides leadership, coordina-
tion, technical assistance, and
training — working dosely
with the UPCs —using Its
knowledge to  help individuals
and organizations meet their
responsfetttes under the Ad.
                              Whether the TRI is used to influence local
                              government action, emergency planning,
                              the education of citizens, or to spur indus-
                              try-citizen cooperation, it is clear that it
                              plays an important role in understanding
                              trends in environmental releases and
                              chemical waste management.

                              Here are some examples...
                              Gtizens  The Emergency Planning and
                              Community Right-To-Know Ad (EPCRA)
                              was written with individual citizens in
                              mind, on the principle that the more citi-
                              zens know the more effective they can be
                              in improving health and safety by avoiding
                              chemical  hazards in their communities. TRI
                              enables citizens to become more aware of
toxic chemicals in their own neighborhoods. It encourages dialogue between
individuals and local companies which can result in a change in current
practices, and improve the local environment. For example, a group of
Minnesota  residents used TRI data to pressure a local firm to reduce the use
of a carcinogen by 90 percent! The state later passed tougher regulations
Businesses Manufacturers can use the
TRI data as a basis for reducing large
stocks of toxic chemicals located in dense
population areas or to lower levels of
chemical releases. TRI data is also used to
cut costs and improve operations.
"Wastes" represent an expense — chem-
ical wastes leftover after manufacturing
must be managed, which may include
treatment or disposal or transportation
away from the facility. Companies are
using TRI to increase awareness of envi-
ronmental business opportunities and, as
a result, reduce the use of toxic chemicals.
TRI is also used to market a chemical or
process that is cleaner, safer, or more cost-
effective for the reporting facilities. Law
firms, real estate companies, and banks
use TRI to identify potential liability issues
associated with a particular parcel of land.
Most important of all, the publicity that
has resulted from the availability of TRI data has caused many companies
to voluntarily pledge toxic chemical release reductions.

Educators  Academic researchers rely on TRI data to conduct important
studies of the environment. Several universities use TRI reports to study
how chemicals are used and develop alternative technologies for the pre-
vention of toxic releases. The Environmental Studies Program at Dickinson
College in Pennsylvania requires its undergraduates to prepare toxic waste
audits on  communities or facilities, using TRI as a resource. According to the
Professor of Environmental Studies, "Our students work in multi-disciplinary
research teams to answer real-world problems, and acquire both the infor-
Appointed by the SERCs, the
LEPCs include representatives
from state and local govern-
ment, law enforcement, civil
defense, fire fighting, first aid,
health, environmental and
transportation agencies, hospi-
tals, broadcast and print
media, community groups, and
businesses that ore subject to
EPCRA requirements. The
LEPCs develop an emergency
plan, which is reviewed annu-
ally, to prepare for and
respond to chemical emergen-
cies. LEPCs also receive emer-
gency release and chemical
inventory information from
local facilities and make this
information available to the
public on request. They also
have the authority to request
information from facilities for
their own planning purposes.
Each LEPC serves as a focal
point for each community for
Information and discussions
about hazardous substances,
emergency planning, and
health and environmental
risks. LEPCs can be effective in
taking steps to educate the
public about chemical risks and
working with businesses to
minimize those risks.

motion retrieval and social skills necessary to network with industry, citi-
zens, and regulatory personnel."
Public Interest Groups Public interest groups make effective use of the
TRI data to educate citizens, prepare revealing company profiles and influ-
ence change. Most often, they use TRI to bring public pressure to bear on
facilities and public officials. For example, the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition
used TRI  to identify companies emitting potentially harmful chemicals and
urged them to cut releases. National public interest groups often publish
reports based on the TRI data. For example, a study highlighting the
nation's toxic polluters and a report naming  companies releasing known
ozone-depleting chemicals were developed as a result of the availability of
the TRI data. The TRI data is also vital for presenting a convincing case to
influence legislators. The Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group fig-
ured prominently in the passage of the nation's first state toxics-use reduc-
tion law,  and many other states have followed suit.
 Labor  Concern for worker safety
  Federal Agencies TRI data is
  used extensively at the federal
  level for a variety of programs.
  Congress relies on TRI to pre-
  pare environmental legislation/
  such as the dean Air Act
  Amendments of 1990. Through
  TRI data, federal lawmakers
  discovered that the nation's
  dean Air Act toxics control pro-
  gram was not adequate. Of the
  top 25 TRI reported dwmkds
  released to the air, only two
  were regulated by the dean
  Ak Act. In 1990, amendments
  to the dean Air Act required
  manufacturers to develop risk
  management plans, shifting the
  initial emergency planning bur-
  den from the mostly-volunteer
  UPC to industry. The Agency
  for Toxic Substances and
  Disease Registry, a federal
  pubfic health agency whose job
  it is to prevent or minimize
  adverse health effects from
  exposure to hazardous sub-
  stances, uses TRI data to set
  gods for improving the
  nation s health. The Inter™
  Revenue Service uses TRI data
  to measure the compliance of
  reporting companies with tax
  laws pertaining to the use of
  toxk substances.
was a key factor in the original passage
of the national right-to-know legislation.
The right-to-know about chemical haz-
ards in the workplace has been a consis-
tent goal of organized labor since the
early 1970s. The Amalgamated Clothing
and Textile Workers Union teamed up
with a Minnesota community and used
the TRI data to pressure their company
to reduce the use of methylene chloride,
a known health hazard to the workers,
and search for safer alternatives. Union
members and activists pressured the
state for tougher regulations that would
force the company to cut emissions by
93%. One worker remarked, "Right-to-
Know provided the catalyst. Once the
community got involved, there was
tremendous pressure on the business to
reduce the risks!" Publication of toxic
release data often generates pressure on
companies to improve environmental
performance. Unions can capitalize on
public awareness to help protect their
State and Local Agencies TRI data is
useful to hospitals, schools, and state
and local governments for emergency
planning and response at the state and
local level. Many emergency manage-
ment agencies, fire departments, and emergency medical services use TRI
to identify chemicals in use and map facility locations for more effective,
quicker response to emergencies. The TRI data is also used to identify the
need for and pass state and local legislation. In 1989, Louisiana used the
TRI data as the basis for passing a new Air Toxics law requiring a 50 percent
reduction of emissions by 1996. TRI is also used in combination with other
data to determine whether companies are complying with environmental
legislation already in effect. For example, TRI data on off-site transfers can
be used to identify chemicals or wastes being transported from a facility, to
verify that the receiving landfill has the proper permits for incoming
amount and type of waste.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) TRI is used by
EPA as a baseline for measuring improvements in companies across the
nation. Company performance records are tracked over time to monitor
efforts, such as the 33/50 program, and to monitor emission reductions
called for under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. TRI is used
throughout the EPA to measure company compliance with other laws and to
target areas where enforcement of other regulations is needed, to gauge
the need for additional regulatory efforts to clean up water, air, and solid
waste problems, and to develop strategies for assessing pollution prevention
Health Officials TRI data can be used to build an information base
on hazardous chemicals used, manufactured, or transported in a state
or community. Health professionals can use this information to better
prepare personnel for emergencies. TRI can help diagnose, treat, or
study health effects resulting from chemical exposure  in the community
or workplace.
Media TRI is important to the education of the community about facilities
and potential hazards in the local area. Many large newspapers, such as
USA Today, the New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal have run sto-
ries on the effectiveness of the right-to-know statute, as have scores of
local newspapers, trade and labor union publications and periodicals.
International  TRI enhances the ability of the world to work as one in
monitoring the earth's environment. Several nations use the data to assist
in their efforts to become more environmentally conscious. Environment
Canada uses the TRI data to determine which industries and chemicals
needed greater regulation in their country and is preparing a National
 Pollutant Inventory modelled on TRI. The Russian Federation Embassy
used TRI data to evaluate companies interested in opening facilities in
their country. Other users of TRI around the world include Great Britain,
continental Europe, India,  and Japan. This is one of the fastest growing
segments of the TRI-user community.

                                  TOXIC  RELEASE  INVENTORY ?

                                 In 1984 a deadly cloud of methyl
                               isocyanate killed thousands of people
                       in Bhopal, India. Shortly thereafter there was a
                    serious chemical release at a sister plant in West
        Virginia. These incidents underscored demands by industrial work-
   rers and communities in several states for information on hazardous
Materials. Public interest and environmental organizations around the
 country accelerated demands for information on toxic chemicals being
 released "beyond the fence line" - - outside of the facility. Against this
 background, the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
 (EPCRA) of 1986 was enacted.

  The Emergency Planning and
  Community Right-To-Know Act
  (EPCRA) of] 986 is dso
  known as Title III of the
  Superfund Amendments and
  Reauthorization Act of 1986.
  The Act provides for the
  collection and puWk release
  of information about the pres-
  ence and release of hazardous
  or toxk chemicals in our
  nation's communities. The law
  requires industries to partici-
  pate in emergency planning
  and to notify their communi-
  ties of the existence of, and
  routine and accidental releases
  of, hazardous chemicals. The
  god is to help citizens, offi-
  cials, and community leaders
  to be better informed about
  toxk and hazardous materials
  in their communities.
                            The Emergency Planning and
                            Community Right-To-Know Act
                            (EPCRA) of 1986
                            Hailed as one of the most potent pieces of
                            environmental legislation in 20 years,
                            EPCRA's primary purpose is to inform
                            communities and citizens of chemical haz-
                            ards in their areas. Sections 311 and 312
                            of EPCRA require businesses to report the
                            locations and quantities of chemicals
                            stored on-site to state and local govern-
                            ments. This helps communities prepare to
                            respond to chemical spills and similar
                            emergencies. The goal is to reduce risk
                            for communities as a whole.
a transfer of wastes for treatment or disposal at a separate facility.
Facilities are also required to report on pollution prevention activities and
chemical recycling. Reports must be submitted on  or before July 1 each
year and must cover activities that occurred at the facility during the pre-
vious year.

A facility is required to report H it...
  H  Has ten or more full-time employees; and
  H  Manufactures or processes over 25,000 pounds of the
     approximately 300 designated chemicals or  20 chemical categories
     specified in the law, or uses more than 10,000 pounds of any
     designated chemical or category; and
     Conducts selected manufacturing operations in the industry groups
     specified in the U.S. Government Standard Industrial Classification
     (SIC) Codes 20 through 39.
Each year, over 80,000 reports — representing billions of
pounds of chemical releases — are submitted to  EPA by more than
20,000 manufacturing facilities.
                            Through EPCRA, Congress mandated that
                            a Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) be made
                            public. TRI provides citizens with accurate
                            information about potentially hazardous
chemicals and their use so that communities can hold companies account-
able and make informed decisions about how toxic chemicals are to be

Section 313 of EPCRA specifically requires manufacturers to report releases
of more than 300 designated toxic chemicals to the environment. The
reports are submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
and state governments. EPA compiles this data in an on-line, publicly acces-
sible national computerized Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). Many states also
make TRI available. This vast new source of data is indeed a powerful force
for environmental improvement.

Facilities are required to report on releases of toxic chemicals into the air,
water, and land. In addition, they need to report on off-site transfers -
TRI is unique in that it marks the first
time that the public has direct access to
detailed information about releases of
toxic chemicals in their communities.
TRI offers an opportunity for citizens to
increase their knowledge of chemical
usage in their area ana to use this
knowledge to affect community envi-
ronmental policy and change.


 The TRI database includes
information on...
  I  What chemicals were released into
     the local environment during the
     preceding year.
   :  How much of each chemical went
     into the air, water, and land in a
     particular year.


Industry Group
Lumber and Wood
Printing and
Petroleum and Coal
Rubber and Plastics
Stone, day, and Glass
Primary Metals
Fabricated Metals
(excluding electrical)
Electrical and Electronic
Transportation Equipment

                                                                          How much of the chemicals were
                                                                          transported away from the reporting facility for disposal, treatment,
                                                                          recycling, or energy recovery.
                                                                          How chemical wastes were treated at the reporting facility.
                                                                          The efficiency of waste treatment.
                                                                          Pollution prevention and chemical recycling activities.

  EPA's 33/50 Program

  TRI is a strong motivator
  for the prevention of pol-
  lution. More spedfkaly, it
  has been the foundation
  for the implementation of
  the 33/50 Program, a
  voluntary pollution pre-
  vention initiative so
  named because it estab-
  lishes national emissions
  reduction goals lor high
  priority chemical wastes
  — 33 percent reduction
  by 1992 and 50 percent
  five partnership between
  government, industry, and
  the public This program is
  intended to fulfill the
  promise of TRI with real,
  voluntary reductions in
  toxk pollution.
TRI provides the first comprehensive
overview of toxic chemical pollution from
manufacturing facilities in the United States.
However, the law does not cover toxic chemi-
cals that reach the environment from non-
industrial sources, such as dry cleaners or
auto service stations. Reported releases are
annual estimates. The amounts reported
could have been released evenly over the
course of the year or, possibly, in a single
large burst. Though the TRI data base is a
starting point for assessing possible health
effects resulting from industrial chemical
use, the user cannot ascertain levels of expo-
sure or risk without combining TRI informa-
tion with information from other sources.
Even though the TRI reporting base has its
limitations, it provides communities with a
spring board from which citizens can seek
further vital information about toxic chemi-
cals in their area.
                     A Pubk "Report Card"
TRI is a public "report card" for the industrial community, creating a pow-
erful motivation for waste reduction. This annual accounting of the
nation's management of industrial toxic chemical wastes is a valuable
source of information for concerned individuals and communities. Ctizens
can use TRI to evaluate local facilities through comparisons...determine
how toxic chemicals are used...and, with other information, evaluate
potential health risks for their community. Organizations can use TRI
information as a starting point for constructive dialogue with manufactur-
ing businesses in the area.

Following implementation of the Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) of 1990,
TRI reporting has become even more comprehensive. Historically, gov-
ernment agencies and waste generators have tried to resolve environ-
mental problems using "end-of-pipe" waste management practices, that
is, treating or disposing of waste after it has been created.  Pollution pre-
vention strategies focus instead on avoiding creation of wastes by
redesigning  products, changing processes, substituting raw materials for
less toxic substances and other techniques.

With passage of the PPA, Congress adopted as national  policy  an  environ-
mental hierarchy that establishes pollution prevention as the first choice
among waste management practices. For waste that cannot be avoided
at the source, recycling is considered the next best option.  A waste gener-
ator should turn to treatment  or disposal only after source reduction and
recycling have been considered.

Reporting requirements for TRI changed in 1991 as a result of the PPA.
Prior to 1991, facilities were required to report toxic substances released
into the environment and transferred offsite for treatment or  disposal.
Beginning in 1991, facilities were also required to indicate amounts of
chemicals that are recycled, used for energy recovery, and treated on-site.
(Energy recovery means burning the chemical so that resulting heat ener-
gy contributes to subsequent manufacturing operations.) These amounts
must be reported for the past year and  the current year, as well as pro-
jected amounts for the next two years.  Furthermore, facilities must indi-
cate source reduction activities that have been implemented.

These changes to TRI will  highlight the importance of pollution prevention
and encourage reporting facilities to develop and implement strategies for
reducing waste. This new information will also help the public gauge
industry's commitment to improving the nation's environment.  By work-
ing together, businesses and neighboring communities can build on
emerging pollution prevention practices for everyone's benefit.

 It's your right to know about toxic chemicals
 that are being used, manufactured, transport-
 ed, or released into the environment in your
 community. The Environmental Protection
 Agency's Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) pro-
 vides information on toxic chemicals released
 into the environment so citizens, businesses,
 and governments can use this information to
 work together to protect the quality of their
 land, air, and water.

 In 1984 a deadly cloud of methyl isocyanate
 killed thousands of people in India. Shortly
 thereafter there was a serious chemical release
 in West Virginia. These and other incidents
 escalated demands by industrial workers and
 communities in several states for information
 on the hazardous materials in their area.
 Against this background the Emergency
 Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
 (EPCRA) of 1986 was enacted to help commu-
 nities prepare for the possibility of chemical
 spills and similar emergencies.

 The EPCRA also required each state to estab-
 lish a State Emergency Response Commission
 (SERC) and Local Emergency Planning
 Committees (LEPCs) to
 ensure that emergency
 planning procedures and
 coordination of activities to
 ensure the public is protect-
 ed and educated about the
 toxic chemicals being used,
 released, and transported
 in their communities.
Section 313 of EPCRA
requires manufacturers to
report on releases of chem-
icals into the environment
and their transfer for offsite
disposal and treatment A
public interest
group used the
  TRI data to
  spearhead a
campaign that
  resulted in
  the nation's
strongest toxic
law, designed
to cut chemical
wastes by 50%
   by 1997.
                            One Houston,
                            Texas commu-
                             nity worked
                            directly with a
                            local plant to
                              develop an
                            reduction plan,
                            using TRI data
                            as the basis for
                  manufacturing facility is
                  required to report to the
                  EPA and their state gov-
                  ernment if it has 10 or
                  more employees and
                  manufactures or processes
                  over 25,000 pounds or
                  uses more than 10,000
                  pounds of over 300 chem-
                  icals that have been speci-
                  fied in the law. The com-
panies required to report their releases to EPA
are designated by the U.S. Government
Standard Industrial Classification Codes 20
through 39.

The EPA compiles the data submitted by man-
ufacturers in a Toxic Release Inventory, and
makes it available to the public in an on-line,
national computerized database and other for-
mats. The TRI documents releases of toxic
chemicals into the air, water, and land. In addi-
tion, TRI now provides information about
chemical recycling and other practices manu-
facturers are using to reduce the amount of
toxic chemical releases. The TRI is unique in
that it represents the first time that the public
has the right to direct access to detailed infor-
mation about toxic chemicals in their commu-
nity. TRI provides the first comprehensive
overview of toxic chemical pollution from
manufacturers in the United States, serving as
a public "report card" for the industrial com-
munity. The information is vital to the partici-
pation of citizens and businesses in improving
environmental conditions across our nation.

The Emergency Planning and Community
Right-to-Know Act has been passed because
you, as an individual and as part of a commu-
nity, have a right to know what toxic chemi-
cals are being used and transported in your
back yard. Armed with this data you can bring
businesses, citizens, and governments together
to ensure your environment is safe and
                                                  United States
                                                  Environmental Protection
                                                                                                                                                                                      EPA 749-F-93-002
                                                                                                                                                                                      September 1993
                                                 Pollution Prevention And Toxics (TS-793)
                                                  Because  It's Your
                                                  Right To Know!
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                                                                                                                    Printed on paper that contains
                                                                                                                    at toast 50% recycled fiber

    The TRI Database
 includes information on...
• What chemicals were
  released into
  the environment during
  the preceding year.

• How much of each
  chemical went
  into the air, water, and
  land in a
  particular year.

• How much of the chemi-
  cals were transported
  away from the reporting
  facility for disposal,
  treatment, recycling, or
  energy recovery.

 Residents of
   used the
 IEPCRA] law
  to find out
 what dangers
   lurked in
  plants and
  adjacent to
  their homes
 and pressure
 local compa-
 nies to move
toxic chemicals
   to a safer
 storage area.
• How chemical wastes were treated at the
  reporting facility.

• The efficiency of that treatment.

• Pollution prevention and
  recycling activities.

TRI data can be used in many ways.
Concerned citizens use TRI to raise and
answer questions about chemicals in their
community, and use the information to begin
dialogue with local manufacturers. Public
interest groups use the TRI data to educate citi-
zens, prepare company profiles, and urge facil-
ities to improve practices. Businesses use TRI
to improve their operations and increase the
efficiency of toxic chemical use and disposal.
Educators rely on TRI  to conduct studies and
courses on the environment. Labor unions use
the information to improve conditions for their
workers. Students use the data in their studies.
Health professionals use the TRI to build an
information base to help diagnose, treat, and
study health effects from exposure to chemi-
cals in the workplace. International orga-
nizations and government agencies use
TRI data to enhance their nations' envi-
ronmental awareness and as a guide to
develop their own reporting databases.
State and local agencies rely on TRI to
establish emergency planning procedures,
to pass critical legislation, and enable toxic
waste monitoring in communities. Federal
agencies use the TRI to prepare and
implement environmental legislation and
monitor national health risks. The EPA
uses TRI as a baseline for measuring
improvements and company perfor-
mance records, assisting in special pro-
grams that monitor emission reductions,
and target areas where additional legisla-
tion is needed.

The Toxic Release Inventory provides you
with information about potentially toxic
chemicals and their use in your area. This
information provides a foundation for
communities to build partnerships with
nieghborhood facilities. TRI gives you the
data you need to make informed deci-
sions about how toxic chemicals need to
be managed to protect the environment
and ensure the safety of your community.

                          TRI data alone does not
                          tell you whether your
                          health or the safety of your
                          environment is at risk. But
                          using TRI data combined
                          with other information, it

                            One official
                              from a
                            well known
                           Silicon Valley
                           company was
                             quoted as
                           saying that the
                              "right to
                           know" was a
                           factor" in the
                            decision to
                            reduce their
 The right-to-
know has gen-
 erated public
  support for
 tougher laws,
and as a result
 Congress has
 stricter con-
 trols for 189
toxic chemicals
  under the
 revised Clean
   Air Act.
 is possible to estimate
 whether there is a high,
 medium, or low risk posed
 by the toxic chemicals in
 your environment. After
 determining the potency of
 the chemical and the expo-
 sure of the chemical,
 potential risk of the chemi-
 cal can be ranked. This
 process is called risk

 The TRI data is the first
 link to finding whether
 chemicals being manufac-
 tured, released, or transferred in your commu-
 nity pose a threat. Other resources in your
 community are available to assist you in evalu-
 ating risks in your community including your
 local library, local safety and public health
 agencies, the Agency for Toxic Substances and
 Disease Registry (a Federal public health
 agency) at (404) 639-0727, your SERC or LEPC,
 or the EPA EPCRA Hotline at 800-535-0202.


 The Environmental Protection Agency offers
 the TRI data in a variety of common comput-
 er formats and hard copy formats to ensure
 that everyone can easily use  the information.
 TRI is available on CD-ROM, diskette, mag-
 netic tape and microfiche, in addition to
being available on-line via the National
 Library of Medicine's TOXNET System.
Annual reports that summarize and analyze
 the TRI published by state agencies and EPA
are also available. There
are over 4,000 libraries, including 2,400 pub-
lic libraries, that have the TRI on hand for
public use.
            To purchase the TRI
  on CD-ROM, microfiche, diskette, mag-
          netic tape, reports, and
            directories contact:

                Printing Office
          710 North Capitol Street NW
            Washington, DC 20401
               (202) 783-3238 or

              National Technical
             Information Service
         U.S. Department of Commerce
             5285 Port Royal Road
            Springfield VA 22161
           Toll Free 1-800-553-NTIS

      For On-Line access to TRI contact:
          National Library of Medicine
        Specialized Information Services
             8600 Rodcville Pike
             Bethesda MD 20894

For additional help or information, each state
has an EPCRA contact available to assist you.
In addition, each EPA regional office has a des-
ignated TRI coordinator. For information
about state and regional contacts or for more
assistance, call the EPA TRI User Support at

                                       CE ANNOUNCEMENTS
                                          Ifs easy to help spread the word about the public availability of the
                                       Toxic Release Inventory through your local media. Simply prepare a list
                                   of local radio stations, TV stations, and cable companies.  Then distribute the
                                  below announcements to this list on your letterhead, including a contact name
                                   and phone number at the top of the page and your company, organization, or
                              library name and a phone number inserted at the bottom, as indicated
Are there toxic chemicals in your community? Find
out by using the Toxic Release Inventory -TRI -
a database of information available to the public.
                                   Are toxic chemicals being released into your air, land,
                                   or water? You can find out through the Toxic Release
                                   Inventory - TRI - a database of toxic chemical releas-
                                   es available from state environmental agencies, the
                                   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and public
                                   libraries across the nation.

Are toxic chemicals being released into your air, land,
or water? You have the right to know! Get involved
in reducing the risk to your health or your local envi-
ronment. Start by using the Toxic Release Inventory -
TRI -You can access this national database of infor-
mation on toxic chemical releases through public
libraries, state environmental agencies, the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, and on-line through
the National Library of Medicine's TOXNET System.
                              Tag line for each public service announcement:
                                     This is a public service message
                                     from [insert your name here],
                            Call [insert your number here] for more information.

                                           ESS  RELEASE
                                                                          General Version

                                                      EPA is making a concerted effort to let the public know about the availability of JKI and
                                                  it can be used to promote a safer environment.  Jhe sample press release below provides
                                            background information about JKI.  EPA would like for you to help promote this  unique piece of
                                           environmental information by publishing information about JRI in your news  bulletins, newsletters,
                                            magazines, etcetera. Jhe sample press release below can be tailored to your specific organiza-
                                       tion's needs and is provided as guidance.
                     Citizens  Embrace New Tool To Improve The Environment
    Washington, D.C	Information on chemical releases into the environment
submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency by manufacturers is being used
across the nation by private citizens, citizen groups, governments, businesses and
legislators to improve the quality of the environment.

    According to [YOUR NAME AND TITLE], the Toxic Release Inventory is
being used by diverse groups across the country to positively influence the views of
companies, legislators and the public regarding the overall condition  of our
nation's environment.  The Toxic Re ease Inventory (TRI) was established under the
provisions of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) of
1986. Because the public has unprecedented access to detailed information about
toxic chemicals in their communities, they essentially have a report card on how
industry and its practices affect the environment.
    The TRI is a collection of information on releases of toxic chemicals into the air,
land, and water across the nation.  By law,  certain businesses ore required to
report releases of toxic chemicals into the air, land and water. These businesses
are also required to report to EPA and the state in which they reside, information
on transfers of toxic wastes for transfer to off-site locations along with pollution pre-
vention activities and chemical recycling activities.

    The philosophy behind the TRI is that the public has a right to know what is
happening with chemicals in their neighborhoods and local communities across
the nation.  The TRI is available to the public and is an important resource for dis-
covering potential high- risk chemicals in localities. The TRI enables Americans at
a grassroots level to take responsibility for the local environment and safeguard
their community's quality of life. Equipped with a greater knowledge of chemical
usage in their communities, citizens can use this information to affect environmental
policy and manufacturing practices.
                                                                       [SUBSTITUTE OR ADD INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR
                                                                                    ORGANIZATION HERE.]
                                                                       The EPA has provided TRI to more than 4,000 libraries across
                                                                  the nation.  It is also available for sale in a variety of formats from
                                                                  Government Printing Office (202-783-3238) and the National
                                                                  Technical Information Service (703-487-4650), and on-line through
                                                                  the National Library of Medicine's TOXNET System (301-496-6531).
                                                                  To find out the location of the library nearest you,  contact your EPA
                                                                  regional office or call the  EPCRA Hotline, sponsored by EPA, toll-
                                                                  free at 1-800-535-0202.  For a free TRI Information Kit, call the
                                                                  EPCRA Hotline or write  to:  TRI User Support (TS-793), U.S.
                                                                  Environmental Protection Agency, 401  M Street S.W., Washington,
                                                                  D.C.  20460.

                                         ESS  RELEASE
                                                                         Library Version
                                                      EPA recognizes the important role that libraries play in providing citizens access to
                                                  public information,  libraries are the primary community information resource visited by
                                                people of all ages, and all cultural and socio-economic groups.  With this in mind, EPA chose
                                                libraries to be the primary access  point for obtaining JRI at the local level and provided
                                                 copies of JKI to nearly 4,000 libraries across the country.  Citizens nationwide have easy
                                            access to information about the presence of chemicals in their communities but many do not know
                                      that this information is available to them.

                        EPA would like for you to use the sample press releases below to inform community residents that JKI is in your collection.
The press release can be tailored to meet the individual needs of the library.  It is appropriate for publication in newsletters, newspapers, bulletins, maga-
zines, and other forms of written communication.
                    Libraries  Play Important Role In Improving Environment
Director  of  the
pleased to announce the addition of the
EPA Toxic Release Inventory to its collection.
The TRI is being used by citizens across the
country as a resource for looking at toxic
chemical releases in their communities.

    "The Inventory is among our most potent environ-
mental weapons. The Inventory is really a road map of toxic
chemicals, right down to the local level, and it puts that information
directly at the fingertips of citizens. We all can act to reduce those
risks, and measure the results of our efforts," according to Administrator
Carol Browner, head of the EPA. By promoting citizen access to the Toxic
Release Inventory, libraries can meet the needs of citizens who exercise their
right to know about toxic chemicals being released in their community.
Using this important information, individuals can begin working with local
groups, businesses, and governments to improve cooperation and work
towards safeguarding their local environment.
                      Emergency Planning and Community
                      Right-to-Know Act  (EPCRA), certain busi-
                     nesses are required to report releases of
                   toxic chemicals into the air, land and water.
                 These businesses are also required to report to
                EPA and the state in which they reside, informa-
                   tion on transfers of toxic wastes to off-site
                                 locations along with any
                              pollution prevention activities
                        and chemical recycling activities.

                Our reference librarian will be happy to assist you
   learn more about TRI or to find out the location of the library nearest
you which has TRI in its collection. Please call	
for assistance.  You may also contact your EPA regional office or call
the EPCRA Hotline sponsored by the EPA toll-free at 1-800-535-0202.
For a free TRI Information Kit, call the EPCRA Hotline or write to: TRI
User Support (TS-793), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M
Street  SW., Washington, D.C. 20460, Attn: TRI Information Kit.
    The TRI is a collection of information on releases of toxic chemi-
 cals into the air, land, and water across the nation. Under the

                                                                           STATE TR1 CONTACTS

                                                                  3 faaTBty 'a located, as well as with the U.S. tPA. loA state has designated an agency to receive I HI reports and
                     to-.- puUc k> obtaining and using TRI data. Many states have developed computeriied aata data tees and pabtsh reports HghSghting TKI data for their area.
Keith R. Carter
Alabama [mergency Response Commission
Alabama Department of Envronment
at Management
1751 Congressman W.L Dickinson Drive
Montgomery, AL 36109
Fox (205) 272-8131

Camie Stephen
Alaska State Emergency Response Commission
Government Preparedness
and Response Program
410 Willoughby, Suite 105
Juneou.AK 99801-1795
Fox (907) 465 5244

American Samoa Environmental
Protection Agency
Office of the Governor
American Samoa Government
Pago Pago, AS  96799
International Number (684) 633-2304

Ethel DeMarr
Arizona Emergency Response Commission
(Include "Building 341" when shipping)
5636 East McDowell Rood
Phoenix, AZ  85008

John Ward
(Send Reports and Related Mail to:)
AttK SARA Division
Arkansas Department of Labor
10421 West Markham
little Rock, AR  72205
(Other Correspondence and Spill Reports to:)
Arkansas Department of Pollution Control
and Ecology
8001 National Drive
lime Rock, AR  72209
Fax (501) 570-2129

Steve Homo
Catronw Environmental Protection Agency
555 Capitol Mall
Suite 235
Sacramento, CA 95814
Fax (916) 322-6005

 Winnrtred Bromley
 Colorado Emergency Planning Commission
 Colorado Department of Health
 4300 Cherry Creek Drive South
 Denver, CO  80220-1530
 Fox (303) 759-5355
Suzanne Vougn
Right-to-Know Program Coordinator
State Emergency Response Commission
DEPc/o Waste Management
165 Capitol Avenue
Hartford, Q 06106
(203) 566-4856
Fax (203)  566-4924

Robert Pritchett
Division of Air and Waste Management
Department of Natural Resources
and Environmental Control
89 Kings Highway
P.O. Box 1401
Dover, DE  19903
(302) 739-4791
Fax (302)  739-3106

Pa/neb Thither
(Send Reports to Stephen [. Rickman)
Emergency Response Commission for Title III
Office of Emergency Preparedness
Frank Reeves Center (or Municipal Affairs
200014th Street, Northwest
Washington, DC 20009

Eve Rainey
Florida Emergency Response Commission
Secretary,  Florida Department
of Community Affairs
2740 Centerview Drive
Tallahassee, FL 32399-2100
(800) 635-7179 (in Florida)
Fax (904) 488-6250

Georgia Emergency Response Commission
205 Butler Street, Southeast
Floyd Tower East, Suite 1166
Atlanta, GA 30334
Fax (404) 651-9425

fred M. (astro
Guam environmental Protection Agency
D-l 07 Harmon Plaza
130 Rojas Street
Harmon, Guam 96911
International Number (671) 646-8863 (or 8864)

Hawai State Emergency Response Commission
Havri Deportment of Hearth
 5 Waterfront Plaza, Suite 250C
 500 Alamono Boulevard
 Honolulu, HI  96813
 Fax (808) 586-4370

 Margaret Bollard
 Idaho Emergency Response Commission
 1109 Main
 State House
 Boise, ID  83720-7000
 Fox (208) 334-3267
Office of Chemkal Safety
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
P.O. Box 19276
2200 Churchhill
Springfield, IL 62794-9276
Fax (217) 782-1431

John Rose
Indiana Emergency Response Commission
5500 West  Bradbury Avenue
Indianapolis, IN 46241
Fax (317) 243-5092

Pete Ham/in
Department of Natural Resources
Wallace Office Building
900 East Grand Avenue
DesMoines,IA  50319
Fax(515) 281-8895

Jon Flint
Kansas Emergency Response Commission
Mills Building, Suite 501
109 Southwest 9th Street
Fax (913) 296-0984

 Valerie Hudson
Kentucky Deportment for
Environmental Protection
Frankfort, KY 40601-1132
Fax (502) 564-4245

Jenny Anderson-Labor
 Department of Environmental Quality
 (Certified mail only to:)
 7290 Bluebonnet Boulevard
 Baton Rouge, LA  70810
 (Other correspondence to:)
 Office of Secretory
 P.O. Box 82263
 Baton Rouge, LA  70884-2263
 Fax (504)  765-0742

 Rayna leibowitz
 State Emergency Response Commission
 Station Number 72
 Augusta, ME 04333
 Fox (207) 289-4079

 PQtrkia  Williams
 SARA Title III Reporting
 Maryland Department of the Environment
 Tanks Inventory Program
 2500 Broening Highway
 Baltimore, MD 21224
 Fax (410)631-3321
Massachusetts Department of
Invironental Protection
Bureau of Waste Prevention
Toxics Use Reduction Program
1 Winter Street
Boston, MA 02108
Fax (617) 556-1090

Kent Kanogy
[mergency Planning and Community
Right-to-Know Commission
Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Environmental Response Division
P.O. Box 30028
Lansing, Ml 48909
(Certified Mail Only:)
300 South Washington Square
Lansing, Ml 4B933
Fax (517) 335-3624

Steve Jomlyanovich
Minnesota [mergency Response Commission
175 Bigelow Building
450 North Syndicate Street
St. Paul, MN 55104
Fax (612) 643-3005

John David Burns
Mississippi [mergency Response Commission
Mississippi [mergency Management Agency
P.O. Box 4501
Jackson, MS 39296-4501
 (Certified Moil Only:)
 1410 Riverside Drive
Jackson, MS 39216
 Attention: Maher or Burns
 Fax (601)352-8314

 Dean Martin
 Missouri [mergency Response Commission
 Missouri Department of Natural Resources
 P.O. Box 3133
 Jefferson Oly, MO 65102
 (Certified Mail Only:)
 2710W. Main Street
 Jefferson City, MO 65109
 Fax (314) 526-3350

 Montana Emergency Response Commission
 Cogswell Building A-107
 Capitol Station
 Helena, MT 59620
 Fax (406) 444-1374

 John Steinauer
 State of Nebraska Department of
 Environmental Quality
 1200 N. Street
 Suite 400
 Lincoln, NE 68509-8922

KeK Hammock
Nevada Division of environmental Protection
333 Nye Lone
Capitol Complex
Corson City, NV 89710
Fax (702) 885-0868

New Hampshire Office of
Emergency Management
Title III Program
State Office Pork South
1 07 Pleasant Street
Concord, NH 03301
Fax (603) 225-7341

Bureau or Hazardous Substances Information
Wviuon of Envromental Safety, Health
and Analytical Program;
Hew Jersey Department of Envromental
Protection and Energy
401 L Slate Street, CN-405
Trenton, NJ 08625
Fax (609) 633-7031

Max Johnson
Hew Mexico emergency Response Commission
(aemkoJ Safety Office
Emergency Management Bureau
P.O. Sox 1628
Santa Fe.NM 87504-1 628
Fax (505) 827-3456

 rVMMni miner
 Hew York Emergency Response Commission
c/o State Department at
 Environmental Conservation
 Bureau of Spill Prevention and Response
 50 Wolf Rood/Room 340
Albany, NY 12233-3510
 Fax (51 8) 457-4332
 North Cantaa emergency Response Commission
 North Cantno Divisional
 116 West Jones Street
 Raleigh, NC 27603-1335
 Fox (919) 733-6327

 Ronald Atteldt
 North Dakota State Division
 P.O. Box 551 1
 Bismarck, NO 58502-5511
 Fax (701) 224-2119

 f. Russelmechom, II
 Division of EnvronmeutalQuatty
 founonwtonH of nw NorfMm
 Mario*, Island*
 Doctor Torres Hospital
 P.O. Box 1304
 Soipon, MP 96950
 International Number (670) 234-6984
Division of Air Pollution Control
1800 Watermark Drive
Columbus, OH 43215
Fax (614) 644-3681

Larry Cafes
OUonofno Dcpoi ttitunt of Hctwtn
environmental Health Administration • 0200
1000 Northeast Tenth Street
Oklahoma City, OK  73117-1299
Fax(405) 271-7339

Dennis Wahhal
Oregon Emergency Response Commission
c/o State Fire Marshall
4760 Portland Road, Northeast
Salem, OR 97305-1760
(503) 378-3473 Extension 231

rcnnsyiVttnio Emergency
Management Council
c/o Bureau of Right-to  Know
Room 1503/Labor and Industry Building
7lh and Forster Streets
Harrisburg, PA 17120
Fax (717) 787-8363

Hector Russe, Chairman
Environmental Quality Board
Banco National Plaza
Avenue Ponce de lean  431
Halo Rey, PR 00917
Fax (809) 766-2483

Martha DelaneyMukahey
Department of Environmental management
Division of Air and Hazardous materials
Attention: Toxic Release Inventory
291 Promenade Street
Providence, Rl 02908-5767
Fax (4011277-2017

 South Canena SffiC - ffCRA Reporting Pain
 ft    |   | ,/|l|.,J|JL imlltr- -      • f
MyJVDiNMf at neoaa ana tnviuwiwniui
2600 Bull Street
Columbia, SC 29201
 Fax (803) 935-6322

 Lee Ann Smith
 South Dakota Emergency Response Commission
 Deportment of Envworment
 and Natural Resources
 Joe Foss Building
 523 East Capitol
 Pierre, SO  57501-3181
 Fax (605) 773-6035

 Betty laves
 Tennessee Emergency Response Covad
 Tennessee Emergency Management Agency
 3041 Sidco Drive
 Nashville, TN 37204
 Fax (615) 242-9635
Becky Kurka, TRI Coordinator
Office of Pollution Prevention
and Conservation
Texas Water Commission
P.O. Box 13087
Austin, TX 78711-3087
Fax (512) 475-4599

Neil Taylor
Utah Hazardous Chemkal Emergency
Response Commission
Utah Division of Environmental
Response and Remeantion
P.O. Box 144840
Salt Lake City, UT 84116

Ray McCandless
Vermont State Health Deportment
10 Baldwin Street
Montpelier,VT 05602
(802) 828-2886
Fax (802) 828-2878
Ms of" 2/18/93, new Mess will be:)
Vermont State Health Department
108 Cherry Street
Burlington, VT 05401
Fax (802) 865-7745

Department of Pkmag and Natural Resources
U.S. Virgin Islands Emergency
Response Commission
Title III
Nisky Center, Suite 231
Charlotte Amalie
St. Thomas, VI 00802
(809) 773-0565 (St. Croix)
(809) 773-9310 (St. Croix Fax)
(809) 774-3320 (St. Thomas)
(809) 774-5416 (St. Thomas Fax)

 Cathy Hams
 Vrajnia Emergency Response Coord
c/o Virginia Deportment of Waste Management
James Monroe Building/ 14th floor
 101  North 14th Street
Richmond, VA 23219
 Fax(804) 371-0193

 Department of Ecology
 Community Right-to-Know Unit
 P.O. Box 47659
 Olympio,WA 98504-7659
 (Fax (206) 438-7759

 CaiL Bradford
 West Virginia Emergency
 Response Commission
 West Ytajria Office of Emergency Services
 Main Capital Building 1, Room EB-80
 Charleston, WV 25305-0360
 Fax (304) 344-4538
Russ Dunst
Department of Natural Resources
101 South Webster
P.O. Box 7921
Madison, Wl 53707
(608) 266-9255
Fax (608) 267-3579

Wyoming Emergency Response Commission
Wyoming Emergency management Agency
P.O. Box 1709
Cheyenne, WY 82003-1709
Fax (307) 635 6017